A p r i l
2 0 1 6
Letter from the Editor
It’s amazing how the days just seem to slip away. One minute we’re celebrating Christmas, and then we’re celebrating Easter and setting our clocks forward one hour—and spring is here and summer is on the horizon. And in Austin, Texas, we have much to look forward to this spring. For the first time, the Circuit of The Americas™ track will see both two- and four-wheeled World Championship events. We’ve also got Austin Reggae Fest and Fashion Week coming up this April. While I sip my coffee and contemplate these upcoming festivities, my mind is drawn to the Long Now Foundation’s 10,000 Year Clock project. It’s being built to counteract our shortterm perspective, and to encourage the long-term perspective—10,000 years from now when we no longer exist. It’ll be a mammoth clock with horizontal gears that will be 8 feet in diameter, weighing 1,000 pounds. And then we have Bas, en route to becoming a master watchmaker, working with the smallest thing known to man: a hairspring approximately 6 mm in diameter. It’s a nice juxtaposition of articles. We hope you enjoy them. And now I’ll consider the short-term perspective and finish my coffee. Then I’ll look at how we can help our customers in their choice of a watch, and in their choice of personal accessories. I can’t help but wonder though, what will a watch look like 10,000 years from now? We hope you enjoy this issue of Timepiece Magazine.
E. Mark Baran Publisher
The Clock of the Long Now
A fascinating 10,000 Year Clock is being built to act as a counterpoint to today’s short-horizon perspective. We have the “now” of this moment in time, and we have what the 10,000 Year Clock represents: the “Long Now” which is a time in the future. It forces our minds out of the “now” of this moment, into the “long now” of tomorrow—one we can’t imagine.
p.16 The Making of a Watchmaker – Part VII
A rare glimpse into the journey of becoming a master watchmaker.
p.20 The Perks and Provenance of Daylight Saving Time
For over a century, Americans have been springing forward in the spring and falling back in the fall. Read and discover why we continue to change our clocks.
p.29 What it takes to become an Ironman
Find out what it takes. This article provides a glimpse into the training and gear required.
Around the world in 80 watches
Long Now of the
A 10,000 Year Clock: A monumental endeavor to act as a counterpoint to today’s short-horizon perspective
By Máire O’Callaghan
Where do you construct a 10,000 Year Clock that won’t corrode in 100 centuries? The Clock’s environment is more important than the Clock’s material. For longevity, this perfect environment is the Sierra Diablo Mountain Range in Texas: outside a high dry desert and inside an even temperature across all seasons. It is also dry and dark inside the mountain, making it an ideal environment for the 10,000 Year Clock.
The 10,000 Year Clock project began with an observation and idea by polymath inventor, computer engineer, and designer Daniel Hillis: I cannot imagine the future, but I care about it. I know I am a part of a story that starts long before I can remember and continues long beyond when anyone will remember me. I sense that I am alive at a time of important change, and I feel a responsibility to make sure that the change comes out well. I plant my acorns knowing that I will never live to harvest the oaks.
I want to build a clock that ticks once a year. The century hand advances once every 100 years, and the cuckoo comes out on the millennium. I want the cuckoo to come out every millennium for the next 10,000 years.
Daniel Hillis and Stewart Brand, a cultural pioneer and trained biologist, launched the non-profit The Long Now Foundation to build the first 10,000 Year Clock. Stewart Brand clarified some of the reasoning behind the founding of the organization:
Civilization is revving itself into a pathologically short attention span. The trend might be coming from the acceleration of technology, the short-horizon perspective of market-driven economics, the next-election perspective of democracies, or the distractions of personal multi-tasking. All are on the increase. Some sort of balancing corrective to the short-sightedness is needed—some mechanism or myth which encourages the long view and the taking of long-term responsibility, where ‘long-term’ is measured at least in centuries. Long Now proposes both a mechanism and a myth. Established in January 1996, the Foundation’s goal is to develop clock and library projects and to become the source for a long-term cultural institution. Its mandate is to “foster responsibility in the framework of the next 10,000 years.”
A clock, such as the Clock of the Long Now, that is built to last 10,000 years forces people to focus their thoughts and imaginings on a time that does not yet exist—a perfect counterpoint to our many predicted apocalyptic events: deteriorating fundamental older technology that still underlies the most crucial systems today, the Armageddon that will take place in 2020, and an asteroid that will collide with the Earth in 2026. This is just a very small sample of doomsday predictions. In fact, if nothing else, it is surprising that we are here at all.
People First, let us take a look at some of the other people involved in the project and the progress of the construction of the 10,000 Year Clock.
Other people involved in the project include:
• Alexander Rose – Executive Director and Clock Project Manager was hired in 1997 to build the Clock with Danny Hillis, with whom he shares several design patents on the 10,000 Year Clock.
• Brian Eno – A founding Board Member and rock musician who named the organization The Long
Now Foundation to provide an expanded sense of time: the “long now” of centuries. He also composed the never-repeating melody generator that rings the Clock’s chimes inside the mountain.
Danny Hillis – His organization Applied Minds, Inc. leads the design of the Clock. •
Jeff Bezos – Founder and CEO of Amazon.com provided the property and funding. •
Machinists, Inc. – Metal fabrication specialists who have delivered many of the Clock’s parts.
Penguin Automated Systems, Inc. – Has provided guidance on the underground site development.
• Stuart Kendall – CEO of Seattle Solstice, masters of custom-design stone objects, developed a saw to cut the spiral staircase of the Clock chamber.
Swaggart Brothers, Inc. – The company is the prime contractor for the 10,000 Year Clock Project.
Cloc The Clock
In 1989, Danny Hillis first thought of the “Clock of the Long Now.” In the early days, Alexander Rose worked with him to sketch out and test ideas for how the clock might work. Their work culminated in an exquisitely machined prototype that started ticking on New Year’s Eve 1999. The first prototype of the “Clock of the Long Now” is on display at the Science Museum, London, England. After that, Alexander Rose managed the building of other prototype components, such as the mechanical computer that sequences the clock’s chimes, the orrery and the solar synchronizer. These are on display in the Long Now Foundation’s San Francisco office.
In the summer of 2009, excavation began on the Texas desert site where they will install the clock deep underground. This multi-decade project continues slowly as the site is in a difficult to access remote area of west Texas. The site poses numerous challenges, requiring many innovative ideas to solve. In December 2011, Jeff Bezos reported that the Clock team had completed the 12½-feet diameter, 500-feet deep vertical shaft for the roughly 200-feet Clock, using a raise boring mining technique: instead of top-down drilling, a large diameter reamer is pulled up to the surface from the bottom, using a smaller diameter pilot. It is much more efficient as the rubble falls down beneath the advancing bore and is removed from a horizontal shaft at the bottom. At that time, the next major step was to cut the spiral stairway using a robotic stone cutting saw in the 500-feet vertical tunnel that is 12-feet in diameter. While that is underway, they are also manufacturing and testing the components of the Clock. To carve the rock to create the spiral staircase, Seattle Solstice invented a unique stone-slicing robot that will continuously grind out the stairs—at the rate of a few stairs per day. The robot will incrementally creep downward while the debris falls into a central shaft.
According to the Long Now Foundation, here is what it will be like to visit the clock. When you climb the stairs you will first see the counterweights of the Clock’s drive system in the form of a huge stack of stone disks. They will be about the size of a car and weigh around 10,000 pounds. How far you climb will depend on when the clock was last wound, you could be climbing for 75 feet before you arrive at the weights.
As you continue to climb, you reach the winding station, a horizontal windlass or capstan—reminiscent of the turnstile that winds up an anchor on the old sailing ships. To push around the capstan of the Clock and to lift its 10,000 pound stones, you will need company, probably two or three companions. When you have rotated it as far as it will go, you will have wound the 10,000 Year Clock.
As you continue climbing the stairs, about another 70 to 80 feet, you will pass 20 mammoth horizontal gears or Geneva wheels. These will be eight feet in diameter and each weigh 1,000 pounds. When the Clock is complete, you will be standing in front of a mechanical computer that calculates the over 3.5 million different melodies that the chimes will ring inside the Sierra Diablo Mountain Range over the centuries. As the chimes never repeat, it means that your visit to the Clock is unique—only you and your companions will listen to those chimes ringing out across the mountain range. An experience you will never forget. And because of this, because your experience is unique, you will have a sense of time progressing, no endless recycling from this masterpiece of a clock. And it does calculate as cut into the gears will be an elaborate system of slots and sliding pins, rather like the Babbage Difference Engine performing digital calculations that generate the next sequence of the ten bells. Think about this: the Clock calculates without electricity, using your stored energy to move its physical logic gates and bits.
The final chamber is the face of the Clock. It is huge, about 8 feet in diameter, displaying the natural cycles of astronomical time, the stars and the planets, and the galactic time of Earth’s progression. If you look deeply into the Clock you will also see the time of day. But, if you want the correct time, then you have to “ask” the clock as it will show the time given to the last person to visit. The Clock saves energy by not moving its dials unless they are turned by a visitor. The Clock calculates the correct time, but to do so the visitor has to wind its display wheel. After that, there is one last wheel to wind for the calendar, and once wound it will show the current date and time.
Even if there are no visitors to the Clock, it is designed to run without human help. The Clock will use the energy captured by changes in the temperature between day and night to power its timekeeping function. As the Clock is on top of a mountain, the diurnal difference in tens of degrees in temperature is highly significant. The differential power is transmitted to the interior of the Clock by long metal rods. And as long as the sun shines and day turns to night, the Clock is independent, it can keep time itself. It is an amazing feat: the more sun, the colder the nights, the more power is generated, much more than what is needed for the pendulum. The power bleeds over into the Clock weights, which means that in ideal conditions over time the sun will actually wind up the chimes sufficiently for them to ring even when there are no visitors.
As well as the Clock’s main cavern, a series of small grottos, or anniversary chambers—1 year, 10 years, 100 years, 1,000 years, and 10,000 years—are being built, but their contents will be a surprise. Behind the main chamber’s dials, the stairs continue to the surface, which is capped with a cupola of sapphire glass. That is all you will see of the Clock from outside the mountain peak. To visit the Clock will be a huge endeavour, just like the building of the Clock. It is located several hours away from the closest airport and the trail is rugged, rising almost 2,000 feet above the valley floor, and then you will be climbing the stairs to view the Clock of the Long Now until you finally arrive at its marvellous face marking the hour, the day, the year, the century, the millennium, and the procession of the equinoxes. The 10,000 Year Clock is an immense undertaking to focus on a future that none of us will see. But what we are focusing on is not today, not the immediate now, but at the Long Now—to every millennium when the Cuckoo calls from the Clock of the Long Now. If you want to learn more about the 10,000 Year Clock and its fascinating story, contact the Long Now Foundation.
The Making Part of a Watchmaker
The journey to become a master watchmaker continues By MĂĄire Oâ€™Callaghan
Bas Quadaekers is putting in the many hours needed to become a master watchmaker, learning the smallest details of craftsmanship and the incredible intricacies involved in the process to render a piece perfect. From his early practical lessons at Vakschool Schoonhoven, Netherlands, when he learned how to saw and file a square 40 × 40 mm brass plate, how to file the plate completely right angled, and how to disassemble and assemble simple hand winding mechanical movements, Bas has come an incredible distance on his road to becoming a specialized and skilled craftsman.
Replacing a balance staff
Bas’ latest assignment was to replace a balance staff. He had to make sure that the center of gravity of the balance wheel was exactly in the center. If it wasn’t positioned correctly, the watch would lose or gain time in certain positions. Finally, Bas had the tough task of replacing the hairspring. He started with a Unitas 6431/6445 movement, which is a large manual wind movement, taking the balance wheel off the bridge, then the hairspring and roller off the balance staff. Once Bas had finished this, he had a completely stripped balance wheel. Once he had stripped the balance wheel, he had to place it in the lathe and turn into the staff with a chisel until it was taken out of the balance wheel. Bas then examined the balance wheel. At this point, if it is not bent, he can take a new staff, placing it into a staking tool and then placing the wheel over the staff to make a new riveted edge to hold the staff in place. Once Bas had achieved this, he placed the roller and gently pushed it on the staff with the staking tool and made sure it was secure. When Bas placed the roller with its roller jewel, the balance wheel was able to get the impulse from the pallet fork once it was placed inside the movement.
Testing the center of gravity
This is when the intricacies of Bas’ assignment got tougher. He had to take a poising tool with two adjustable ruby edges, which enabled Bas to see if there was an incorrect center of gravity. Bas clarified, “It’s pretty hard to explain the whole procedure, but you basically look to see if the wheel keeps wanting to roll to one particular side. If this is the case, you mill a little pit to get rid of that wrong center of gravity. Mine had, of course, a center of gravity in the balance wheel, even so, it took me a few hours to get rid of it because there is no way of knowing how much you need to mill—you just need to do it and get the experience while getting it right.”
Replacing the hairspring
Working with the smallest thing known to man Bas then had to place a new hairspring into the hairspring collet, which is a small ring that holds the hairspring that is placed on the balance staff. He found this extremely frustrating. As Bas said, it is one of the smallest things known to man: “Try pulling the middle of a hairspring through a tiny hole on the side of a small ring with two tweezers and then make it stay in there with an almost invisible conical pin.” It took him a few hours to accomplish this highly intricate and difficult task. With a tool specifically designed to determine how long the hairspring needs to be, Bas had to check to see if the hairspring was too long and the number of ticks per hour. In this case, it was 18000. As Bas explained, “If the hairspring is too long it will make less ticks and it will run too slow; if the hairspring is too short it will make more ticks and it will run too fast.” Once Bas had the correct length, he tested the movement on the regulating machine to ensure it kept good time in six positions. He said it was much more complicated than that as he needed to bend the hairspring’s end, test the center of gravity on the regulating machine, and mill the pits again if it wasn’t perfect.
Finding the right fit
That is what Bas has done. He has found the perfect niche, and even though his tasks are intricate, and at times troublesome and frustrating, the rewards of seeing a watch come to life are countless. Today, he is closer to his goal of becoming a master watchmaker than yesterday. His tasks are becoming more complex with a higher learning curve. He knew when he started his watchmaking career at Vakschool Schoonhoven that he would be learning to blend art and science, and to work with the smallest tools to create pieces of inward and outward beauty. And he is doing just that. And we are privileged to follow him as he continues his journey towards becoming a specialized and skilled craftsman. I was thinking how wonderful it would be to one day wear a watch that Bas has either worked on or created. Imagine that!
The Perks & Provenance of
Daylight Saving Time By Máire O’Callaghan For over a century, Americans have been springing forward in the spring and falling back in the fall—in some cases cursing and in some cases celebrating. Daylight Saving Time (DST) usually adds one hour to standard time, meaning that sunrise and sunset are one hour later on the clock than the day before. Increased use of daylight hours and conserving energy were the primary reasons. The debate on the benefits of DST, or otherwise, continues to this day.
Let’s look at how DST came about and why it continues.
Benjamin Franklin and William Willett In 1784, Benjamin Franklin first conceived of DST when he was an American delegate in Paris. He wrote a satirical essay on the subject for the Journal de Paris—An Economical Project for Diminishing the Cost of Light—claiming that adjusting the clocks in the spring could be a good way to save on candles. Franklin is often erroneously given credit for devising DST, but he proposed a change in sleep schedules—not a change in the time itself. Then in 1907, London builder and promoter of British Summer Time, William Willett, proposed advancing clocks 20 minutes on each of four Sundays in April and putting them back four Sundays in September. Willett did not live to see DST become law, dying of influenza in 1915 at the age of 58.
World War I and World War II
Railroad Time Zone System in 1883 Bill Mosley, a public affairs specialist at the United States Department of Transportation (US DOT), remarked that DST dates back to the heyday of railroads. “In the early nineteenth century … localities set their own time,” Mosley said. “It was kind of a crazy quilt of time, time zones, and time usage. When the railroads came in, that necessitated more standardization of time so that railroad schedules could be published.” In 1883, the US railroad industry established official time zones with a set standard time within each zone. Eventually, Congress signed the railroad time zone system into law in 1918.
It took World War I to bring Willett’s dream to fruition. During World War I, DST began nationally across the US and the UK, the primary reason being to conserve resources for the war effort by making better use of daylight. After the war, DST was observed in the US for seven months during 1918 and 1919; however, it proved so unpopular that it was later repealed. When the US went to war again, Congress reinstated DST on February 9, 1942. Until September 30, 1945, time in the US was advanced one hour to save energy year round.
The Uniform Time Act of 1966 From 1945 to 1966, no US law existed concerning DST; thus, states and localities were free to observe DST or not. By 1966, approximately 100 million Americans were observing DST through local laws and customs—it was a confusing kaleidoscope of local practices. The Uniform Time Act of 1966, a US federal law, changed that: DST was to begin on the last Sunday of April and to end on the last Sunday of October. It provided the foundation for alternating between DST and standard time. The law does not require that everyone observes DST, it says that if it is observed then it must be done consistently.
Slight change to DST in 1986 In 1986, President Reagan signed Public Law 99359, changing DST slightly: from 1:00 a.m. the last Sunday in April to 1:00 a.m. on the first Sunday in April, while still ending at 2:00 a.m. on the last Sunday in October. Even so, it’s still a bit haphazard: in 1973 DST was observed all year, instead of just in the spring and summer. It can also be confusing as different countries and states have different change dates. And then if you live near the equator, there is no DST because day and night are nearly the same length. Also, if you live close to the North or South Poles the longer daylight period is in the summer. Therefore, DST is not particularly helpful or advantageous.
New law passed in 2005 took effect in 2007 Even though there were many detractors, especially farmers who said they were seriously affected by DST, an extension was added, prolonging the months in which we live with DST. US Congress consulted Dr. David Prerau, author of Seize the Daylight: The Curious and Contentious Story of Daylight Saving Time, on adding about a month to the previous schedule. “Most people think the effects of the extension are good,” commented Prerau. “There are always those who disagree, but the purpose is to try to make the most people happy.” US Congress added about a month to accumulate as much light as possible; consequently, avoiding the darkest months of the winter. This new law was passed in 2005 and took effect in 2007. We now have eight months of DST and four months of standard time. To balance the start and end of DST, three or four weeks were added to the spring. Furthermore, this meant that DST was extended to cover Halloween evening—a time when, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, pedestrian accidents are four times higher than on any other evening of the year among pedestrians aged 5 to 14 years old. This extension should lead to a decrease. Now we begin DST at 2:00 a.m. on the second Sunday in March, and we end it at 2:00 a.m. on the first Sunday of November—these were set in the US Energy Policy Act of 2005.
Why continue springing forward and falling back We continue because DST offers many substantiated benefits: •
In 1986 when DST was changed slightly, US Congress noted “more daylight outdoor playtime for the children and youth of our Nation, greater utilization of parks and recreation areas, expanded economic opportunity through extension of daylight hours to peak shopping hours and through extension of domestic office hours to periods of greater overlap with the European Economic Community.”
In the 1970s, a US Law Enforcement Assistance Administration study found that in Washington, DC, violent crime was reduced 10% to 13% during DST.
In 1975, studies conducted by US DOT showed that DST trims the entire country’s electricity usage by a small but significant amount—about 1% each day by reducing the use of electricity. This corresponds to a national savings of 40 to 50 megawatt hours per day. Its poll also indicated that Americans liked DST because “there is more light in the evenings / can do more in the evenings.”
In 1975, US DOT conducted a two-month study covering March and April. It found a 0.7% decrease in fatal motor vehicle accidents compared to standard time. Even though small, it was estimated that approximately 50 lives were saved and 2,000 injuries avoided. The Department also estimated that $28 million was saved in traffic accident costs.
In 1976, a survey of 2.7 million people in New South Wales, Australia, found 68% liked DST. And in New Zealand, power companies found that power usage decreased 3.5% when DST began. In the first week of DST, peak evening consumption usually dropped around 5%.
In his book published in 2005, Seize the Daylight, Prerau stated, “It’s been found to reduce energy usage by doing something called load smoothing so you’re going to generate energy more efficiently and therefore have less effects on pollution.” Load smoothing is separating out electrical loads throughout the day to deal better with the peaks and valleys of energy use.
A 2006 report from the US Department of Energy anticipated electricity savings of four-tenths of a percent per day of extended daylight time, totalling 0.03% of annual electricity consumption. Regarding the environmental impact, the non-profit group American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy estimated the prolonged period of daylight time would cut carbon emissions by 10.8 million tonnes.
A study was published in February 2007 in the B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy (Vol. 7, Issue 1, Article 11). The study—Short and Long Run Effects of Daylight Saving Time on Fatal Automobile Crashes— confirmed in some measure that DST helps prevent accidents, “DST has no significant detrimental effect on automobile crashes in the short run; and significantly reduces automobile crashes in the long run with an 8% to 11% fall in crashes involving pedestrians, and a 6% to 10% fall in crashes for vehicular occupants in the weeks after the spring shift to DST.”
Many studies in the US and UK have found that the DST daylight shift reduces net traffic accidents and fatalities by close to 1%. Any increase in accidents in the dark mornings is more than offset by the evening decrease in accidents.
Daylight Saving Time in 2016 Spring forward, fall back is supposed to trigger our memory to set our clocks forward one hour in the spring at the start of DST, and one hour back in the fall when DST ends. Today, many of us don’t have to worry about setting our clocks as our smartphones, computers, tablets, and some digital watches, do it for us. And as long as we don’t see any new laws adjusting the current schedule for DST, then we can relax. And if you have to reset your watches, alarms and microwaves, then this year you spring forward at 2:00 a.m. March 13 and fall back 2:00 a.m. November 6. For those of us who celebrate DST, who love the seemingly long spring, summer and fall evenings, we can once again delight in springing forward. As David Letterman said, “Don’t forget it's Daylight Saving Time. You spring forward, then you fall back. It's like Robert Downey, Jr., getting out of bed.”
What it takes
to become an
Ironman By Máire O’Callaghan
Do you have a year to spare? We’re not talking about a year of leisure to travel the world, but about a year of intense physical and psychological challenges.
It’ll take about a year to train for the Ironman Triathlon. Even so, it’ll probably be a few years before you reach Ironman status. You might be an exceptional runner or cyclist, but to become a multi-sport Ironman finisher, you’ll need patience, stamina and a training schedule that enables you to progress at a predetermined and defined rate. The Ironman Triathlon is one of a series of long-distance triathlon races organized by the World Triathlon Corporation (WTC). You only have 17 hours to complete the Ironman, which usually starts at 7:00 a.m. You have a mandatory cut off for the 2.4-mile (3.86 km) swim at 9:20 a.m., for the 112-mile (180.25 km) bicycle ride it’s 5:30 p.m., and for the 26.2-mile (42.2 km) marathon run it’s midnight. To be an Ironman, you have to complete the triathlon within these timings. In other words, you swim for 2 hours, 20 minutes; cycle for 8 hours, 10 minutes; and marathon race for 6 hours, 30 minutes—without a break. You want to become an Ironman? Check out the Training and Equipment lists below. They are not definitive, but they will give you an idea of some of the essentials for training and some of the equipment you’ll need to buy
TRAINING TO BECOME AN
IRONMAN Find a partner
It’s a lonely pursuit training to become an Ironman. You don’t necessarily need a coach, it would be an advantage, but you do need a partner so you can motivate each other and keep each other company during long training sessions. You’ve got months of training, so a buddy to share it with, to share your pre-Ironman Triathlon fears and achievements, is definitely nice to have.
Buy the official Ironman Training Software. You can pick up the TrainingPeaks Athlete Edition: “With TrainingPeaks Athlete Edition you’ll train smarter, not just harder. Log your workouts; plan your season; and analyze your heart rate, power, pace and other data.” Alternatively, you can buy a Training Plan, choosing from thousands of programs written by the world’s leading coaches.
Train for hours and learn to recuperate
The Ironman Triathlon lasts a day, so get used to the idea of training for hours, whether it’s swimming, cycling, or running. Be consistent when you train hard, when you recuperate, and when you take a rest day.
Keep a diary of your training and its effects. It will help keep you on track and provide motivation as you progress because you’ll see what you’ve accomplished over the long term.
Learn about nutrition
Test your food intake before the Triathlon. Research shows that consuming 1.5 to 1.8 grams of carbohydrate per pound of body weight is ideal for improving performance. (Jackie Berning, Ph.D., R.D., sports nutrition and metabolism professor at the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs.) For example, if you are a 150-pound runner, that translates to 225 to 270 grams of carbohydrate–or about 1,000 calories. According to the American College of Sports Medicine, the key is to eat about three to four hours before the race. Eat your last 25 to 30 grams of carbohydrates 30 to 60 minutes before the start. Either an energy gel or chews with 12 to 16 ounces of water or 16 ounces of a sports drink. During the events, you’ll need bottles of a sports drink, water and snacks such as energy bars.
NUTRITION AND EQUIPMENT Before the race •
Watches, sport sunglasses, power meters, a heart rate monitor strap, charging cords for devices and cell phone, blunt scissors to trim stickers and race numbers into a more aerodynamic shape
Compression clothing, but only if you believe it works as its efficacy has not been proved
Training clothes for your final workouts
Casual clothes and comfortable footwear
For swimming •
A few goggles so you can test them pre-race, taking two pairs with you on race day
Waterproof sunscreen, body glide or lube, chamois cream
Padlock, towels, stopwatch, ear plugs, water bottle, swim metronome, anti-fog goggle spray or baby shampoo, de-chlorinating shampoo and conditioner
Athletic bathing suits two to three pairs and swim caps
Tri shorts and top, tri suit or speedsuit
For biking •
A road or triathlon bike with clipless pedals
Bike pump, Spare tubes and chain lube, patch kit, levers, pump and/or CO2 cartridges
Tool kit for repairs on the road and a road ID, route map and cell phone
Sunglasses, sunscreen, chamois cream, aero bottles on the front of your bike
Heart rate monitor, power meter, GPS watch or bike computer (speedometer/odometer)
Aero helmet(s) and cycling shoes with cleats or Triathlon-specific cycling shoes and cycling gloves
Padded cycling shorts and jerseys
For running •
Race belt, GPS watch or stopwatch, heart rate monitor
Energy gels, anti-chafing cream, vaseline, powder, band-aids
Running shoes, hat or visor
Shorts and running t-shirts or singlets
Training for the Ironman Triathlon, you’ll find you’re so focused and disciplined that life is, although exhausting, exhilarating while undergoing the rigors and challenges of your training program. For months you’ve ruthlessly focused on a single, grueling undertaking. And then, inevitably, it’s done. You’ve set an incredible personal record, you’ve met your goals, and you’re intoxicated with your amazing accomplishment. Unfortunately, a letdown is inevitable. You have to revert back to an ordinary life and settle into an established routine at home and at work. To offset that, you need to make plans for after the event, plans where you continue to meet physical, emotional and mental goals. Planning ahead, whether it’s a vacation, time with family and friends, or training for another event, you’ll avoid the “what now downward spiral” and, instead, look forward with anticipation. After all, you’ve achieved a feat that 99% of the world’s population cannot, and you’ll feel that if you can accomplish the Ironman Triathlon, then you can accomplish almost anything.
Wearing a Bell & Ross 02-92 Phantom on an impromptu Helicopter Flight—because that’s how I live.
Checking out my Maurice Lacroix Pontos S at the train station—trying to get to a party on time.
These drinks combined with a Rolex Submariner tells me it’s time to miss work.
Having fun trying on a few of the new watches from Time2.Vote.
Wearing a Panerai Luminor while enjoying a drink and smoke at the cigar bar.
I sometimes work … mostly with a Montblanc Timewalker watch while taking notes with a Montblanc pen.
Okay, I’m not actually looking at my IWC Aquatimer at the art show … I’m checking out the “art.”
Chilling at a BBQ w ith a Maurice Lacroix Pontos S on a purple NATO strap.
My Bell & Ross 03-92 is telling me it’s time to make a new “friend.”
I love my IWC Aquatimer. I hate painting.
Ulysse Nardin Maxi Marine Diver about to take the boat out for a spin.
Serie s #8
Ulysse Nardin Maxi Marine Diver about to enjoy the best looking waffle it has ever seen.
Audemars Piguet Royal Oak Schumacher enjoying some entertaining live sports.
If you look closely, there’s a Rolex Submariner in the foreground of this photo.
Trying on—and falling in love with—the anti Apple watch: the Moser Swiss Alps watch.
d l r o w e h t d n u o Ar s e h c t a w in 80 37