Issue 02 | April 2012
American Hardwood Export Council Supplement Wood flooring trends for 2012 The merits of meranti Managing your waste wood Pick of the Dubai WoodShow exhibitors PLUS Timber industry news, new products, exhibition previews and listings and more
ANALYSIS | INTERVIEWS | DESIGN | SUSTAINABILITY | TECHNOLOGY
From the publisher
Issue 02 | April 2012 ndtechnology.com
Supplement od Export Council American Hardwo for 2012 Wood flooring trends i The merits of merant wood Managing your waste ors WoodShow exhibit
Pick of the Dubai
, news, new products PLUS Timber industry more s and listings and exhibition preview
INTERVIEWS ANALYSIS |
SUSTAINAB | DESIGN |
HNOLOG ILITY | TEC
Cover photo: Interholco Factory, Switzerland
A ISSUE 02 | APRIL 2012 Timber Design & Technology Magazine Publisher Andy MacGregor email@example.com +971 55 9199 783 Marketing Manager Eric Hammond firstname.lastname@example.org +971 4 455 8400 Editor Ujala Ali Khan email@example.com Design Creative Pocket +971 50 427 9688 International Representatives Rabia Alga AntExpo Org. | Turkey +90 216 541 0390 firstname.lastname@example.org
Timber Design & Technology is published 6 times a year by Citrus Media Group (powered by WillyMac Associates FZ LLC) Level 14, Boulevard Plaza - Tower One, Emaar Boulevard, Downtown Dubai, PO Box 334155, Dubai, UAE
year ago I visited the Dubai WoodShow as the publisher of a magazine for the Middle East Interior Design community. It quickly became apparent when talking to a number of the major exhibitors that there was no publication being produced in the region that was addressing the subjects of importance for the timber industry here. ‘Education’ was a word I heard again and again. Our intention therefore is to talk to industry experts worldwide, to find out the most important topics we can cover in each issue that will help to provide some of this education. The feedback we received after our launch issue in February has been very encouraging and we have already received a lot of suggestions for interesting and informative topics for the forthcoming issues. In this issue, we have looked at the challenges of managing waste wood, how the EPD system is helping manage environmental performance and we have overviewed Accoya - the worlds new ‘high performance’ wood. We plan to have an in-depth regional feature in every issue. In this issue, you will also find a supplement dedicated to American hardwoods OR dedicated to the American Hardwood Export Council. I am looking forward to distributing copies of this issue to visitors and suppliers at this years Dubai WoodShow. I hope to meet as many industry professionals as possible during the three days and continue to build up our list of hot topics we can share with our readers in the coming months. I await your feedback and suggestions.
and is printed by Masar Printing Press Great care is taken to ensure the accuracy of the contents of Timber Design & Technology but the publishers accept no responsibility for any errors or omissions. All contents are © 2012 Citrus Media Group and may not be reproduced in any form without prior consent. Letters and readers’ contributions may be edited at our discretion.
April 2012 | www.timberdesignandtechnology.com
American black walnut the library at Zayed University, Abu Dhabi, UAE
Keeping carbon out of the atmosphere. Naturally. American hardwood.
Each kilogram of U.S. hardwood product stores the equivalent of 1.835 kilograms of CO2 for as long as it remains in use.
For more information visit: www.americanhardwood.org Follow us on Twitter
In this issue
CONTENTS 12 SUSTAINABILITY
Maximum Effect, Minimum Impact Environmental Product Declarations – the next generation tools to measure, verify and report the environmental impact of products and services
All Eyes on Accoya Solid wood sourced from fast-growing sustainable forests, with zero toxicity and excellent dimensional stability and durability
Flooring Trends 2012 As showcased at DOMOTEX
Dubai WoodShow preview
19 AHEC SUPPLEMENT
Musing over Meranti Explore the properties of meranti - a wood of worldwide commercial importance
Looks, Books and Top Honors American walnut creates a conducive and inspiring mood for reading and learning at Zayed University’s new AED 3 billion Campus Library
40 MARKET REPORT
Exports par Excellence in 2011 USDA hardwood export data for 2011 reveals that shipments to most markets in the MENA region showed positive growth in 2011
Forward with Forests Two research reports released by Global Industry Analysts bode well for the global timber market
42 SHOW PREVIEW
6th Dubai International Wood and Wood Machinery Show Set to take place from 3-5 April 2012 at the Dubai International Convention & Exhibition Center
50 TECH TALK
Trash to Treasure Management of wood waste
Q&A with Hugh Morris On the World Conference in Timber Engineering 2012
Settling the Superficial ‘Seeing deeper’ with top furniture designer David Trubridge Why American Hardwoods? A massive hardwood producing capacity, combined with a wealth of knowledge and experience in timber processing - just a few of the reasons to choose American hardwoods
PLUS p7 Latest News p58 Calendar April 2012 | www.timberdesignandtechnology.com
FARLIN GROUP OF COMPANIES ARE VERTICALLY INTEGRATED WITH AN ESTABLISHED PRESENCE WORLDWIDE IN TIMBER LOGS, SAWN TIMBER, PLYWOOD, PANEL PRODUCTS AND COAL FOR ENERGY SECTORS. Te l : 0 4 8 8 0 9 8 8 9 | Fa x : 0 4 8 8 0 9 7 7 9 | w w w. fa r l i n d u b a i . c o m
BASF at the Middle East Coatings Show in Dubai BASF - A supplier to the coatings market worldwide - showcased its coating solutions, including new innovations for the furniture and flooring, printing and packaging, automotive and transportation, and industrial sectors, at the Middle East Coatings Show, which took place at the Dubai International Convention and Exhibition Centre, 12-14 March 2012. BASF showed off its complete toolbox of solutions for the furniture and flooring industries. Among the products highlighted were three innovations in water-based UVcurable dispersions for wood and plastic coatings: Laromer WA 9057 which provides good chemical resistance and very low yellowing; Laromer UA 9060 which has excellent scratch and chemical resistance; and Laromer UA 9064 which provides low yellowing, excellent hardness as well as scratch and chemical resistance. All three products are VOC-free.
Thomas Klein International complete the design of ‘Public’ THOMAS KLEIN International (TKI), the Dubai-based restaurant consultants, and their Chicago architectural office PS Studio, have completed the design concept of ‘Public’, a new café located in Jumeirah Lakes Towers, which will cater to the residents and businesses in the JLT community, and will be open for lunch and breakfast. The simple and minimalist design for the interior features innovative and aesthetic use of light wood for the counters as well as the furniture, combined with grey slate walls, as well as a light-hued concrete floor, which provides subtle combinations of roughness, smoothness and softness. Public, located in Lake View Tower 1 in Jumeirah Lakes Towers, is owned by Greek investor Theodore Zaravinos, and is due to open in April, 2012.
Lumber futures may rise HAKAN EKSTROM, President of Wood Resources International LLC - Washington-based industry researcher that has tracked wood prices since 1988 - has predicted that lumber futures may rise in 2012 on account of increased log and lumber imports by China. China increased imports of logs and lumber by 37 percent in 2011 to a combined 46.3 million cubic meters (1.64 billion cubic feet). The value of the imports rose 57 percent to USD 8 billion last year. According to Ekstrom, lumber futures may rise as much as 15 percent this year from USD 261.10 per 1,000 board feet, the price at the end of 2011 in Chicago. Canada, the world’s biggest exporter of lumber, shipped as much wood to China as it did to the U.S. last year, indicating a shift in demand. April 2012 | www.timberdesignandtechnology.com
B.C. softwood lumber exports to China surpass billion dollar mark CHINA - which now accounts for 32 percent of British Columbia’s total volume of exports of softwood lumber - has seen lumber exports from B.C. rise by more than 1,500 percent since 2003: from USD 69 million to almost USD 1.1 billion in 2011. Total softwood lumber expor ts by B.C. increased by 7 percent last year to USD 3.8 billion. The United States remains the largest market for B.C lumber, accounting for almost USD 1.6 billion of expor ts. Japan, the recipient of USD 648 million wor th of B.C. lumber in 2011, is the third-largest market followed by South Korea. Expor ts to South Korea rose by 30 percent to USD 55.6 million, while those to India climbed 327 percent to USD 10.6 million. In spite of the global economic slowdown, it is expected that B.C. expor ts of softwood lumber to China will continue to grow in 2012 as the Chinese government pursues its aggressive housing strategy.
The Middle East Coatings Show
Congo invites Indian companies to invest in timber
THE MIDDLE East Coatings Show - the largest dedicated coatings event in the Middle East and Gulf Region for raw materials suppliers and equipment manufacturers for the coatings industry - took place at the Dubai International Convention and Exhibition Centre from 12 till 14 March. The popularity of the 2012 edition meant an extension of the exhibition into an additional fourth hall. The show clearly illustrated that, as the economy recovers from the slowdown, the construction activities in many of the Middle Eastern and African countries are resuming, leading to increased demand for paint additives in the region. This expected growth in the number of construction projects, after the recovery of the economy, is set to boost the demand for paint additives in architectural applications in the Middle East and Africa.
www.timberdesignandtechnology.com | April 2012
FORESTRY AND Environment Minister Henri Djombo of Congo-Brazzaville - not to be confused with its larger neighbor, the Democratic Republic of Congo - attended the 12th edition of the Delhi Sustainable Development Summit (DSDS) and invited Indian companies to invest in the timber industry in his country, which is home to one of Africa’s largest forest expanses. Djombo expressed interest in cooperation with India in science and technology, agriculture, railways, information technology, industry, health and pharmaceutical sectors, and highlighted that Congo is the first tropical country in the world to have 2.5 million hectares of certified forest cover. Exports to India are set to double by 2015. On the economic front, India and Congo have a total trade of USD 650 million. The main items of India’s imports from the central African country are metallic ore and metal scrap, organic chemicals, pearls, semi-precious stones, oil seeds and petroleum while India exports rice (non-basmati), tea, spirits and beverages, power loom fabrics, pharmaceuticals and meat products.
Market for green building materials continues to grow ACCORDING TO the ABI Research market study ‘Green Building Products: Cement, Insulation and Wood Products Help Engineer a Greener World’, the global market for green building materials will grow from USD 455.3 billion in 2008 to reach USD 571 billion by 2013. The US Office of the Federal Environmental Executive defines green building as a two-part practice.The first part is increasing the efficiency with which buildings and their sites use energy, water, and materials. The second is reducing building impacts on human health and the environment through better design, construction, operation, maintenance, and removal - the complete building life cycle. Green building practices rely on techniques and products that are better for the environment than industry-standard techniques and products. Green building products may include insulation with greater energy efficiency, concrete produced in an environmentally-friendly manner, or wood products from well-managed forests. Green building products are a key market within the global environmental movement.
DOMOTEX Middle East moves to Istanbul
American Softwoods at Dubai WoodShow 2012
AFTER SIX years in Dubai, the MENA region’s leading fair for carpets and floor coverings moves to Istanbul. The first Istanbul edition is scheduled to take place from 30th November till 2nd December 2012 at the CNR EXPO exhibition ground, Istanbul. Alexander Kühnel, General Manager of Turkey with its 73 Hannover-Messe International Istanbul million inhabitants has advanced to rank 17 among the strongest economies in the world, and - at the same time - registers one of the highest growth rates worldwide. In the second quarter of 2011, the country’s GDP increased by 8.8 percent, while the rate for the entire 2010 was an extraordinary
AMERICAN SOFTWOODS (AMSO), the promotional partnership formed by three major U.S. softwood trade associations, is participating in the sixth edition of the Dubai International Wood and Wood Machinery Show (Dubai WoodShow), which will be held from 3-5 April 2012 at the Dubai International Convention and Exhibition Centre (DICEC). AMSO’s participation is aimed at encouraging the use of American softwoods for both internal and external projects and increasing awareness of its commercially available species. The announcement follows record exports of American softwoods to the MENA region in 2011 with over USD 18 million worth of lumber being shipped to the region. According to the latest data released by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), the total value of American softwood exports to the MENA region for the period of January to December 2011 grew to USD 18.09 million, which represented a 9 percent increase over the previous year. To date, Egypt remains the top destination
8.9 percent. According to reliable forecasts, this trend is expected to continue, in particular in the construction sector. Demand for carpets and floor coverings in Turkey is calculated as 210 million sqm in 2012 alone. Said General Manager of Hannover-Messe International Istanbul, Alexander Kühnel, “Our exhibitors profit directly from the boom in Turkey. DOMOTEX is a brand commanding strong trust in this region. This should translate into a high level of acceptance both on the part of Turkish and foreign floor covering suppliers as exhibitors, and on the part of purchasing managers and agents, wholesale and retail traders, architects, planners, investors and property developers from Turkey, the MENA region and central Asia, as visitors .”
for American softwoods accounting for over USD 6.101 million of the total figure closely followed by Jordan, wherein exports totalled USD 3.484 million. In the GCC, Saudi Arabia and the UAE emerged as the top markets with exports of over USD 1.188 million and USD 930,000 respectively. More importantly, exports to Saudi Arabia and the UAE grew by 67 percent and 30 percent respectively - a sign of the potential for growth in the region. Given the tremendous scope for further growth, AMSO is looking to leverage its presence at the Dubai WoodShow to further increase
in addition to distributing technical publications on the applications of American softwoods. The show will provide a platform for the participating softwood exporters to interact directly with decision-makers in the wood industry and further promote the strength, flexibility, versatility and beauty of American softwoods. The participating companies include the Forest City Trading Group, Olympic Industries, Elof Hansson, BCH Trading, Tolleson Lumber, Canadian Wood Products, L.S. Sundher Ltd, and the Tumac Lumber Company.
knowledge and exposure of American softwoods to the UAE and to a wider Middle East audience. At the Dubai WoodShow 2012, the American Softwoods pavilion will showcase the strength and variety of the different US softwood species
Charles Trevor, Consultant to American Softwoods
April 2012 | www.timberdesignandtechnology.com
Biofuel from contaminated lumber A DEVICE that can decontaminate radioactive lumber and efficiently create bioethanol from it has been developed by researchers at the Tokyo University of Agriculture. In joint research with other universities in 2009, Masaru Ichikawa, a visiting professor at the university developed a method of producing bioethanol from lumber and straw that proved more efficient than existing methods. After the lumber or straw is dried and pulverized, it is vaporized into carbon monoxide and hydrogen with water vapor whose temperature ranges between 800 and 1,000 degrees Celsius. A metal catalyst is then applied to produce ethanol with 97 percent purity. With this method around 500 kilograms of bioethanol can be produced per metric ton of source material - four times more than through other methods - providing hope for the production of low-cost bioethanol. According to Ichikawaâ€™s calculations, 10 kilograms worth of filters should be enough to process around 100,000 metric tons of lumber.
Vietnam to make ecological wood from rice hull DR NGUYEN The Hung from the Physics Institute of the Vietnam Institute of Science and Technology recently completed scientific research work on making ecological wood from hull, the cover of the rice grain. Rice is the main food for Vietnamese people. Its by-products - rice straw and rice husk - are thrown away. Every year, Vietnam uses 38-40 million tons of rice, while the amount of rice hull accounts for up to 20 percent, or 8 million tons. Only a small part of rice hull is used for cooking, while the other part is thrown away or burnt, which causes
10 www.timberdesignandtechnology.com | April 2012
pollution and disrupts the ecological cycles. Dr. Hungâ€™s process involves grinding hull into a powder, which is mixed with glue and additives to create material balls. These allow the manufacture of ecological wood planks from which people can make wooden furniture products which are much cheaper than that made of natural timber. Testing has revealed that the wood made of hull has portability equivalent to that of natural wood, while the ability to bear compression is higher than natural wood.
Dress up your projects with sustainable beauty
WHITE OAK BEECH MAPLE/SYCAMORE ASH WALNUT EUROPEAN CHERRY SPRUCE/FIR DOUGLAS PINE
F R A N C E I S T H E L E A D I N G S U P P L I E R O F H A R DWO O D P RO D U CT S I N E U RO P E
Promoting French Lumber and Wood Products 6, rue François 1er - 75008 Paris - France Tél. : +33 (0)1 56 69 35 92 • Fax : +33 (0)1 42 56 32 70 E-mail : email@example.com
MAXIMUM EFFECT Minimum Impact
Employing next generation tools to measure, verify and report the environmental impact of products and services Today, the global market has an increased demand for science-based, verified and comparable information about environmental performance of products and services. The EPD system aims to help organizations communicate the environmental performance of their products (goods and services) in a credible and understandable way. As global interest in environmental initiatives grows, international protocols for science-based environmental labeling of products continue to advance. Central to recent developments is the system of Environmental Product Declarations, or EPDs.
What are EPDs? Simply put, EPDs seek to provide relevant, verified and comparable information about the environmental impacts of goods and services. Amongst the hundreds of labels intended to signify the environmental attributes of various products today, most focus on one or two product attributes. Others are more comprehensive but lack commonality in scope or evaluation methods to allow straightforward comparisons of products. EPDs - voluntarily developed documents that provide standardized, third-party-verified data on a product’s environmental performance - address this issue holistically. The EPD concept grew out of the development of ISO standards focused on environmental management, life cycle assessment, and environmental labels and declarations. Environmental life cycle assessment, or LCA, provides a mechanism for systematically evaluating the environmental impacts linked to a product or process and for guiding process or product improvement efforts. It measures environmental impacts associated with a product or service, such as raw material acquisition, energy use and efficiency, content of materials and chemical substances, emissions to air, soil and water and waste generation. Though governed by international protocols that guide how they are conducted, LCAs of different products may use different boundaries (i.e. they may or may not include key 12 www.timberdesignandtechnology.com | April 2012
steps in raw material procurement, product use, or end-oflife disposal), making comparisons of results difficult. ISO has addressed this problem by requiring that EPDs be based on a set of Product Category Rules that specify the parameters to be considered for a given family of products. Unlike other environmental labels, an EPD is not a seal of approval. It doesn’t promote a products’ environmental benefits, but simply discloses verified environmental impact information. An EPD includes data on both project attributes and on environmental impacts like climate change, depletion of the stratospheric ozone layer, acidification of land and water sources, formation of photochemical oxidants, etc. An EPD is applicable to all types of products and services - including timber and timber products - and can facilitate purchase decisions and encourage sustainability and reduction of environmental impacts. To meet ISO requirements, an EPD must meet three criteria: Use Product Category Rules for the relevant product type Be based on a Product Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Provide an EPD Report certified and signed by an outside expert Therefore, an EPD is a single source for finding scientifically robust and transparent product performance information about a product’s environmental With the European performance, verified by Union proposing a qualified third party.
Why EPDs? The arrival of EPDs is good news for the timber industry, as it promises to be a reliable tool to help differentiate competing environmental
regulations that mandate EPDs, and a growing movement to embrace EPDs in Europe and Asia, acceptance and adoption of the system in the GCC may not be far behind
Sustainability performance claims, while also having the potential to be a means of enabling manufacturers, architects, builders and consumers to fully understand the implications of timber products they specify and use. As the design community and clients demand the most environmentally responsible solutions, science-based, holistic comparisons are more essential than ever. Life cycle analyses and EPDs will offer independent measurements that environmentallyconscious architects, engineers and owners can trust. In other words, EPD data, which can appear on a label or may reside in product literature, can facilitate responsible purchasing. Without proper disclosure from manufacturers, architects may select a product that claims to save energy, but is actually detrimental when the total environmental impact is measured. The use of EPDs greatly reduces confusion about technical information on products as well, by providing a standardized format for communication of all impacts of a product or service - economic, environmental, human health, mechanical, safety and other attributes of the product type. Rather than having to identify ten or more different documents to understand different aspects of a product’s performance, it is possible to find them integrated into a single source. Product EPDs are useful in providing details required in specification documents as well as product information required in applications for certification in the various green building systems around the world. EPDs provide the level of transparency required increasingly by government agencies around the globe and by private sector companies wanting to measure, verify and report the impacts of the products and services they purchase using next generation tools.
EPDs and the global timber industry The European-based International Organization for Standardization (ISO) started work on EPDs in 1993. In 2002, EPDs were brought into focus with a study commissioned by the European Union Director General for Environment to document and evaluate national and sectorial EPD initiatives. A 2005 European platform on LCA spurred further attention, and EPDs grew slowly within the European Community until a recent burst of activity, notably by the German Institute for Construction and the Environment (IBU), which has now developed building product EPDs for floor coverings, roofing, wood products and other categories. In 2009, France mandated that after January 2011 all ‘large-volume’ consumer products have an EPD consistent with the French standardization body ANFOR. The French government also gave the go-ahead to a one year experimentation period for EPDs effective 1 July 2011, after which it will evaluate the situation with an eye toward mandating EPDs for a wide range of domestic and imported products. It is anticipated that this policy will become commonplace in other EU countries as well. Europe as a whole is quite advanced in the number of EPDs related to wood, with individual EPDs for oriented strand board, particle board, plain structural timber, sawn-dried timber and cross laminated timber, among other products. New EU regulations may mandate the use of EPDs in the construction industry, as there is regulatory pressure to minimize carbon footprints. In North America, the desire for credible information on product environmental performance presented in a
The arrival of EPDs is good standardized format is driving EPDs. Within the North American news for the timber industry, wood industry there is substantial as it promises to be a reliable interest in looking at PCRs tool to help differentiate (Product Category Rules, which are a specific set of requirements competing environmental and guidelines for developing an performance claims EPD) among several industry groups and they are in the beginning stages of developing EPDs for structural wood products. The American Hardwood Export Council is currently in the final stages of an LCA study project, which will provide a Life Cycle Inventory data for sawn lumber and veneers of a selection of American hardwood species, as well as LCAs and carbon footprints for product groups such as flooring, doors and furniture, comparing them with products manufactured in alternative materials. Japan is also fairly advanced in EPD development. The Japan Environmental Management Association for Industry (JEMAI) started an ecological labeling program in 2002, and has been developing it systematically ever since. The Canadian wood products industry is also taking a leadership role by adopting EPDs to advance environmental considerations and values in the building construction sector. With the European Union proposing regulations that mandate EPDs, and a growing movement to embrace EPDs in Europe and Asia, acceptance and adoption of the system in the GCC may not be far behind. The benefits of EPDs are far reaching. EPDs are a low cost method to decrease the environmental impacts on the economy, and ongoing measurement provides an embedded continuous improvement mechanism. The beauty of an EDP is that it allows users to weigh what is important to them in a given situation, be it life cycle impacts such as greenhouse gases, air quality, solid waste generated, or energy efficiency, and make an informed choice about a product based on their value system.
LEED and EPD The US Green Building Council has recognized EPDs in its new LEED Pilot Credit 43 released in June 2011. Credit can be earned via two pathways that can be combined - the certification pathway and the EPD pathway. The certification pathway rewards products with third-party labeling or certification for single or multiple environmental attributes. The EPD pathway rewards products with a life cycle assessment report or with an EPD. The stated intention is to bring awareness of certification and labeling to all products and materials (rather than singling out only some materials such as wood) and to provide an incentive for more informed material selection based on data transparency and knowledge of product life cycles. Third-party certification provides a rating but no data, while EPDs provide data but no rating. The new pilot credit recognizes the usefulness and value of both in helping inform product selection. Advocates say that EPDs help bring more multi-attribute awareness to LEED, which currently emphasizes single-attribute characteristics like recycled content and local manufacturing in its materials and resources credits.
April 2012 | www.timberdesignandtechnology.com 13
All Eyes on Accoya Imagine a solid wood that is sourced from fast-growing sustainable forests, has zero toxicity and provides dimensional stability and durability that exceeds even the best tropical hardwoods. Such a wood exists
The performance characteristics of Accoya compete with the best, oldgrowth tropical hardwoods, which are far more costly than Accoya
It’s a wood that can replace increasingly scarce tropical hardwoods, treated woods and less sustainable materials in new and existing outdoor applications. A wood that will act as a better carbon sink during its extended life span and can be safely recycled at the end. Accoya - the world’s leading high technology wood - is the perfect answer for builders looking for a sustainable, environmentally-friendly product, which matches or exceeds the durability and stability of the very best tropical hardwoods. This high performance wood - brainchild of Accsys Technologies - is created from sustainably-sourced softwood which undergoes a proprietary, non-toxic acetylation process that permanently modifies the wood to the core. The result is an environmentally-friendly solid wood with excellent durability, dimensional stability and beauty. The acetylation process was studied for over 80 years before Accsys Technologies built its production facility in 2007, and then introduced Accoya to the North American market in 2008. The Accoya production process takes sustainablysourced, fast growing softwood and, in a non-toxic process that ‘enables nature’, creates a new durable, stable and beautiful product - that has the very best environmental credentials. It is perfect for demanding applications such as windows and doors, where it is important that tolerances are tight yet regardless of the conditions, they open year round. Accoya is perfect for siding where wood’s natural beauty is desired, but sustainability and high performance are of the utmost importance. In decking, where it is important that boards do not warp, twist, bow or split, Accoya is up to the challenge as well. The exceptional properties of durability, stability,
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strength and beauty have even led to Accoya being used as the main construction material in a heavy traffic road bridge with a highly original design.
Sustainability Accoya is helping to protect the world’s precious hardwood resources and is guaranteed for 50 years in exterior use and 25 years when used in the ground. This long life also provides an added benefit - helping to reduce carbon emissions. The wood is sourced from sustainable sources, including FSC and has class leading environmental credentials such as Cradle to Cradle Gold certification by the highly prestigious McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry (MBDC) organization. Accoya acetylated wood creates beautiful and sustainable possibilities, even in demanding applications. Most commercially available
THE ACETYLATION PROCESS
Project RE: Focus - Accoya wood was used for adjustable exterior screens around a house designed and constructed by the University of Florida team for the 2010 International Solar Decathlon competition in Madrid, Spain
glues can be used with Accoya, and it can be machined in the same way as unmodified wood and machines more like a harder wood. It does not require any specialized equipment and is no harder on tools than wood such as oak. It can also be coated like an unmodified wood. Because Accoya is so dimensionally stable and durable, the coatings last significantly longer even in the harshest of conditions, maintenance of the coating system can be increased up to 10-15 years (3-5 years is the average for unmodified wood under normal circumstances). Accoya typically costs in the range of an African mahogany. The performance characteristics of Accoya compete with the best, old-growth tropical hardwoods, which are far more costly than Accoya. It is also suitable for a wide range of applications, including window frames, doors/shutters, cladding/siding, decking, garden furniture, bridges, and boat building.
Acetylation effectively changes the free hydroxyls within the wood into acetyl groups. This is done by treating the wood with acetic anhydride, which comes from acetic acid (known as vinegar when in its dilute form). When the free hydroxyl group is transformed to an acetyl group, the ability of the wood to absorb water is greatly reduced, rendering the wood more dimensionally stable and, because it is no longer digestible, extremely durable. The acetylation process permanently modifies the wood from the surface to the core. For example, if a 4” x 4” x 4’ piece of Accoya were machined into toothpicks, every toothpick would have the exact same performance characteristics. Acetylation causes no significant change in the strength of wood. Hardness, however, is increased by up to 10 percent, unlike thermal modification by which strength is typically reduced by 15-25 percent. The process is relatively environmentally-friendly as well. The chief byproduct of the process is acetic acid, which is non-toxic and biodegradable, and can be recycled into the compound used for the acetylation, acetic anhydride, or sold into the substantial acetic acid market. Besides a small amount of natural resins isolated from the wood, the acetylation process produces very little waste.
Outstanding Performance Extensive laboratory and field testing by leading institutes around the world (including in New Zealand, USA, UK, Sweden, Malaysia, Indonesia, Russia, the Netherlands and Japan) has shown the performance of acetylated wood to be extremely reliable. Accoya has been thoroughly tested for dimensional stability, durability, UV resistance, paint retention and in-ground conditions to ensure optimal performance. For many years it has been - and continues to be - used by scientists as the benchmark against which other treatments and modifications are measured. Guaranteed for 50 years in above ground exterior use and 25 years for in the ground use, Accoya also helps to protect the world’s precious hardwood resources. Currently, Accoya is commercially available only with the radiata pine base. Accsys Technologies has successfully acetylated many different types of wood in an R&D environment and plans to commercially introduce Accoya with other bases in the near future.
Heavy Traffic Road Bridges made of Accoya in the Netherlands
ACCOYA APPLIED In Sneek, The Netherlands, multiple heavy-traffic bridges have been made entirely of Accoya glued laminated timber (glu-lam) beams and have been certified for an 80-year life. When converting a Quonset hut and warehouse into an office complex near the large West 7th development project in Fort Worth, Texas, applications of Accoya included lap siding, rain screens, and an additional profile on the warehouse. Accoya was chosen for the rain screens to take advantage of its thermal insulation qualities, which limit heat absorption. The University of Florida’s Solar Decathlon house also uses Accoya for the five adjustable shading devices that surround the exterior. These screens also act as protection against rain and wind and provide privacy control. The screens can endure extreme weather conditions without compromising strength or durability.
April 2012 | www.timberdesignandtechnology.com 15
Naturally Beautiful Accoya creates beautiful and sustainable possibilities, even in demanding applications. Not only is its durability proven, but it has also been shown to retain its appearance, requiring much less frequent maintenance than most other solutions. This gives added reassurance to manufacturers, architects, specifiers, builders and property owners alike and makes Accoya the ideal choice for a diverse range of external applications.
Non-Toxic Accoya is non-toxic. The proprietary acetylation process used to produce Accoya adds nothing to the wood that is not already naturally present, protecting the environment from the harmful effects of poison in treatments leaking into the earth. This also means that Accoya may be safely reused and recycled.
preferred but Accoya may be safely incinerated for bioenergy or composted.
Carbon Footprint Accoya is an environmentally compatible substitute for carbon intensive building materials such as steel, concrete and aluminum. In many applications, its service life is much longer.
Dimensional Stability Swelling and shrinkage is reduced by 75 percent or more in Accoya. Doors and windows open effortlessly year round. Paints and varnishes last 3 or 4 times longer, greatly reducing maintenance costs.
High Durability The most durable wood possible, it is more durable than teak and other highly durable woods, making it perfect for outdoor use.
Long Lasting Accoya lasts at least 50 years above ground and 25 years in ground.
Rot and Insect Barrier Accoya is indigestible to insects and micro-organisms and is therefore more resistant to decay. Protected from wood-destroying fungi, Accoya is virtually rot-proof.
Perfect for Coating Sustainably Sourced All Accoya is produced from well-managed sustainable sources, including FSC, PEFC and other regionally certified woods.
Easier to coat: less preparation and sanding between coatings required. Accoya has improved dimensional stability and UV resistance. The process improves the life of coatings. It is perfect for transparent, translucent and opaque coatings.
Consistent Supply All Accoya is produced from abundantly available and fastgrowing sources such as radiata pine. Radiata pine yields 28 cubic meters per hectare per year. By comparison, bamboo yields 11 cubic meters per hectare per year, and teak yields 6 cubic meters.
Naturally Insulating Accoya offers improved thermal insulation in comparison with commonly used wood species. It is ideal for applications where energy conservation is important.
UV Resistant 100 percent Recyclable Because Accoya contains no toxic chemicals, it is fully reusable and recyclable. Of course, reuse is always
Accoya has superior resistance to UV degradation when translucent coated. Its natural appearance lasts longer. Accoya is the ultimate substrate and coating life is increased.
Retained Strength and Hardness The process does not compromise the woodâ€™s strength, rather, the hardness is increased. High strength to weight ratio makes it suitable for challenging applications.
Consistent Quality Consistent, measurable modification quality from surface to core. No need to apply chemical preservatives when cut or planed.
Machinability Accoya is easy to machine and process manually, creating no challenges for product manufacturers and end users. Decking made from Accoya
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modified wood by Accsys Technologies
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HARDWOOD EXPORT COUNCIL Special Middle East Edition
The Sustainable Alternative This special feature is provided with the compliments of the American Hardwood Export Council (AHEC) EXPERT OPINIONS | INTERVIEWS | CASE STUDIES |
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American Hardwood Export Council
The GOOD, the BAD, and the TRUTH Is cutting down trees good or bad? Shouldn’t we preserve the world’s forests? Why use wood, when we can use something else? AHEC’s Rod Wiles shares his thoughts ... Felling trees usually provokes a strong emotional reaction. Bad stories about the mismanagement of forests have dominated the media and most people would agree that cutting down trees is detrimental to forests and to the planet as a whole. The truth, however, is rather different. In fact, if done in a sustainable way, using timber is both beneficial to the world’s forests and good for the environment. Large swathes of our planet’s forestland is being converted into farmland - partially due to the underutilization of forest resources, and the relative comparative ease of resource utilization if the same land was used for farming. Conversion of forested land to agricultural land can have many adverse effects. In order to feed the world’s rapidly expanding population, you could be forgiven for thinking that turning forestland into farmland is a good thing. However, it actually causes chemical, physical and biological alterations in soil and can lead to soil erosion, alterations in soil micro-organisms, reduction in biodiversity, chemical contamination of soil and water, alterations of natural mineral cycles, displacement of native species and disruption of ecosystems. All of this can be avoided by protecting our forests, which play a pivotal role in preserving our environment. They act as a natural carbon sink and contribute to carbon sequestration. In a sustainably managed forest, a balance is maintained between increasing forest carbon stocks and the yield of timber. Simply put, the more forests (and the more trees in our forests) the better chance we have of looking after our planet. ‘More trees’ does not necessarily mean that we should stop cutting down trees, however. Effective forest management and regeneration are key to protecting and even increasing the world’s forest resources. This might seem counter-intuitive, but the facts do speak for themselves: several studies conducted recently concur that a ‘great reversal’ is underway as the world’s forests have begun to recover after centuries of loss and decline. A study by the scientists at the Rockefeller University in the USA and the University of Helsinki in Finland highlights that forest area in North America, Europe and Asia is rising and the ‘density’ of forests is actually increasing in all regions of the world. This means that for each hectare of forest, the volume of standing timber and
therefore the tonnage of carbon stored and kept out of the atmosphere is higher now than in the past. If we look more closely at the supply and demand dynamics of American hardwoods, on the one hand there is the rising demand for timber and on the other hand, there is proof that US hardwood forests are growing healthily. This comes from the detailed analysis of US government forest inventory data gathered over the last 60 years, which shows that the volume of hardwood standing in US forests increased by more than 100 percent, from 5.2 billion m3 to 11.4 billion m3 between 1953 and 2007. It is remarkable to note that this huge expansion of the resource has actually taken place over a period of significant increase in global wood demand. I see this as testament to the long-term commitment to good forest governance and sustainable hardwood production in the United States. And then we have the data released so far from an ongoing Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) study by PE International, which reveals the strong environmental performance of American hardwoods. One finding particularly relevant - and encouraging - to the MENA region is that the sequestration of carbon during the growth of American hardwood trees more than offsets total carbon emissions during extraction, processing and shipment of kiln dried lumber to the MENA region, illustrating the extremely low Global Warming Potential (GWP) of American hardwoods. The low (even negative) carbon footprint of American hardwoods should encourage architects and interior designers in the MENA region to work with the diverse palette of US hardwoods across the multitude of projects being built here. By working with American hardwoods and by ensuring that the forest products sector continues to flourish through a continued demand for timber and timber-derived products, architects and designers may very well be directly contributing to the sustainability of the timber industry and the regeneration and management of forests globally. Looking at the bigger picture: the economic vibrancy of the forest products sector will contribute to the healthy growth of forests, and may also help influence sustainable forestry policies and practices that align with the sustainable supply and demand of timber - a win-win for the environment on all counts.
The volume of hardwood standing in US forests increased by more than 100 percent, from 5.2 billion m3 to 11.4 billion m3 between 1953 and 2007
Rod Wiles, AHEC Director for Africa, Middle East, India and Oceania
April 2012 | www.timberdesignandtechnology.com 21
American Hardwood Export Council
EXPORTS PAR EXCELLENCE IN 2011
USDA hardwood export data for 2011 reveals that shipments to most markets in the MENA region showed positive growth in 2011 Despite unsettled political and economic climate in some parts of the Middle East and North Africa, the construction and interiors sectors in the region have recovered well from any effects of the global financial crisis and demand for wood products has picked up considerably. This demand is reflected in the export figures of American hardwoods for 2011. Total exports of American hardwood lumber (sawn timber) to the MENA region during 2011 reached 56,732 m3 and a value of USD 49.253 million. While this represented a 1 percent decrease in volume and 7 percent decrease in value over the previous year, this decline was entirely due to a reduction in exports to Egypt, which was the main destination for US hardwood lumber in 2011. In fact, with the exception of Egypt, exports to the region’s main markets grew significantly, rising by 30 percent in volume to the United Arab Emirates, 39 percent to Saudi Arabia and 67 percent to Turkey. “As a material, American hardwoods look good, have a wide range of colours and grain patterns and versatile working properties, making them the perfect choice for interior applications and furniture. During 2011, these facts were validated by the high demand we witnessed in the MENA region,” said Roderick Wiles, AHEC Director for Africa, Middle East, India and Oceania. “2010 was also a good year, where we saw healthy growth in export figures to the region and it is encouraging to see that, in 2011, the trend continued.” With respect to hardwood veneers, direct shipments to the MENA region reached a total value of USD 20.63 million in 2011, rising by 10 percent from
Total exports of American hardwood lumber to the MENA region during 2011 reached 56,732 m3 and a value of USD 49.253 million 22 www.timberdesignandtechnology.com | April 2012
the previous year. These numbers do not, however, take into account US hardwood veneers shipped to the region from other supplying countries, such as Italy, Germany, Turkey and China. While US hardwood lumber exports to Egypt declined significantly during 2011, shipments of veneer grew by 32 percent to a value of USD 9.3 million. One reason for the disparity is that stocks of US hardwood lumber ran high in Egypt in 2010. Direct shipments of US hardwood veneers to Turkey also picked up during 2011 and rose by 12 percent on the previous year. This trend is expected to continue, as the Turkish construction, interiors and furniture sectors continue to enjoy buoyant market conditions and as American hardwoods become better known in the market. In terms of species, shipments of US hardwood lumber to the MENA region during 2011 were dominated by red oak, which accounted for 45 percent of total exports at 30,978 m3. This marked a 14 percent increase over the previous year. Increases were also seen in the volumes of white oak, walnut and tulipwood shipped to the region, whilst shipments of ash declined significantly. Architects and interior designers in the region have shown increasing interest in American black walnut in recent years, while projects being specified today are often featuring American white oak. This European trend has spread to the region along with the designers themselves, many of whom come from Europe, Australia and North America. This is particularly relevant in the UAE, where the majority of the region’s architects and designers are based. In terms of US hardwood veneers shipped to the region during 2011, red oak was also the dominant species, accounting for 42 percent of total exports and reaching a value of USD 8.75 million. Walnut and white
American Hardwood Export Council
oak were the other two major species shipped in veneer form from the United States.
Log exports While AHEC is mandated to promote the export of value-added American hardwood products, it is, nonetheless, important to track shipments of US hardwood logs around the world. In 2011, total US hardwood log exports to the MENA region reached a volume of 46,278 m3 and a value of USD 26.35 million. This represents an 11 percent decrease in volume and a 9 percent decrease in value over the previous year. The major destination for US hardwood logs in 2011 were United Arab Emirates (13,692 m3), Turkey (9,447 m3) and Egypt (6,801 m3). In fact, the UAE has emerged as an important market for US hardwood logs, but evidence suggests that the majority of these are reexported to a wide range of nearby countries. In terms of species, red oak accounted for some 29 percent of all log shipments, while white oak, walnut, ash and tulipwood made up the remainder.
Outlook for 2012 Exports of American hardwood to the MENA region are expected to rise in 2012, as the region’s economy and construction sector start to recover slowly but steadily. Following the surge in the volume of exports in 2011 to major markets in the region (30 percent in volume to the United Arab Emirates, 39 percent to Saudi Arabia and 67 percent to Turkey), growth in 2012 should follow the same track. “The impressive growth in 2011 exports illustrates that there is a wider understanding, acceptance and application of American hardwoods across the entire
Shipments of US hardwood lumber to the MENA region during 2011 were dominated by red oak
MENA region,”said Wiles. “Rapid development in a number of countries across the region is bound to place higher demand for wood products in the interiors and furniture sectors in 2012, and we are confident that American hardwoods will have a significant share in the supply.” Countries in the Gulf region - particularly UAE, Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Kuwait - with their relatively stable political and economic situation, have benefited from the uncertainty shrouding other countries in the world, as investors have diverted capital towards them from other part of the region. Construction, which had slowed down immensely in 2010 and picked up a little pace in 2011, is going to continue to rise in 2012. Apart from an increase in the number of construction projects in the region, another factor that may drive export figures up is the growing trend of intra-Gulf trade and of re-exporting to neighbouring countries. For example, data reveals that about one-third of all hardwood lumber imported into the UAE is re-exported. “The uncertainty experienced in markets such as Egypt and in some other parts of the region in early 2011 dissipated towards the end of the year, and we are positive that the trend will continue in the same direction. Fair growth in the economic sector and a significant movement towards recovery from the global financial crisis has seen the entire region stabilize, and we are confident that this will reflect positively in the year ahead,” concluded Wiles.
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American Hardwood Export Council
LOOKS, BOOKS & TOP HONORS
American walnut creates a conducive and inspiring mood for reading and learning at Zayed University’s new AED 3 billion Campus Library
External view of the Zayed University Library
Home to the approximately 150,000 books from the Zayed University library collection, the new Zayed Campus Library is one of the largest university libraries in the Middle East. The new library at the Zayed University campus in Abu Dhabi is not just the largest, it may well be one of the best designed: it grabbed top honors, winning the award for ‘Outstanding Use of American Hardwood in a project’ at the Commercial Interior Design (CID) Awards 2011. This category was sponsored by the American Hardwood Export Council, who will also be supporting the 2012 edition of the CID Awards in the same capacity. The library’s concept - based on a traditional amphitheatre, where students sat around a circular based theatre while the teacher would lecture from the centre of the theatre - sets the tone and mood for reading, learning and contemplation, whilst showcasing the beguiling qualities of American walnut. Eminently found in the heart of the new Zayed University campus in Abu Dhabi, the library has been designed by Hadi Teherani, an internationally reputed German architect. Construction of the new facility took over seven months to complete and has been widely
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received and praised by both students and faculty alike as an attractive and very endearing venue for research and reading. AHK Interiors, a leading interior design, project design and management firm was awarded the joinery works for the new Abu Dhabi campus and signed an AED 15 million (USD 4 million) contract with Al Habtoor Murray and Roberts Venture. The contract included the construction and implementation of fixed joinery, general cupboards, feature glass walls, timber floors and radial shelving. The new Zayed Campus Library, which is one of the largest university libraries in the Middle East, measures approximately 40,000 square meters and is part of the 28 new buildings that have been completed for the new campus inside Khalifa City. Particular focus was given to the library, which is the university’s premier learning resource facility for both students and faculty. The library, which has been valued at over AED 3 billion, takes on a circular arena-like setting and houses around 150,000 books from the Zayed Library collection. The architects followed a design concept based on the traditional amphitheatres of yore, where students sat around a circular based theater while the teacher
American Hardwood Export Council
Aerial view of the Zayed University Library
would lecture from the centre of the theatre. AHK Interiors decided on showcasing the dark earthy color of American walnut throughout the whole library, proving its strong aesthetic presence from the library’s flooring and bookshelves, to the wall featured wood cladding. The AHK design team was asked to present the library in such a way that it showcased a jointless veneer appearance, highlighting the continuous flow of the natural grain of American hardwood to be used. The group was also requested to be consistent in the colors that they had hoped to achieve for the overall feel of the library. “We had chosen to use American walnut across the whole library because of its strong characteristics like its straight grained appearance and its durability, being highly resistant to heartwood decay. Basically, this new library lives, breathes and emanates the key beauty provided by such a strong and durable hardwood like American walnut. In fact, the walnut successfully features a modern look while still keeping true to the nostalgia of historic libraries. It was also able to warm the environment and simultaneously provides a modern, classic and comfortable feeling,” said Carrie Das, Design Manager, AHK Interiors. Construction for the library took at least seven months
with over 200 workers working on and off site. The initial two months were spent in AHK’s 15,000 square meter closed area furniture factory in Antalya, Turkey, ensuring the delivery of the best quality service in terms of production. Activities in the Turkey factory included the production of the 17 tonne 30 mm veneered MDF; cutting the MDF according to the curved radius on the CNC machine and have it wrapped around the structured steel elements and all perforated sheet welded joints and structural steel elements were to remain concealed behind the veneered shelves and vertical gables. The following five months covered the installation of structural steel elements, veneered MDF installations, timber floor installation and the welding and installation of the powder coated perforated sheeting. All woodworks produced from the AHK Turkey factory comply with all requirements defined by ISO 9001:2000 Quality Management System and ISO 14001:2006 Environmental Management System. “Our participation in creating a world-class educational facility illustrates our skills in combining aesthetic and operational requirements to produce harmonious and complete results that exceed our clients’ expectations. This
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American Hardwood Export Council project also reflects our move to expand our services and expertise by setting a standard of excellence according to internationally accepted values,” added Mike Swain, Project Manager, AHK Interiors. During the implementation of the design, the team also had to deal with key challenges in installing American walnut. The first concern involved the installation of the shelves, which had a height of four meters and the laminate had to be book matched to maintain the specified continuous grain lines. In terms of grain alignment, the top of each bookcase, which was clearly visible from the third floor, had to be aligned from the center point to the laminate on top. The designers tried to avoid the use of light colors as the staining of the American walnut followed a clear finish and showcased the dark earthy color of the hardwood. Also, a chief concern during the construction of the library was the slight damage and minor scratches on the wood, which were very difficult to repair and conceal. Lighting was also a key issue, with the architects design allowing light to pass from seven metres above the walnut flooring, and has been designed to suit the walkways between the shelves. “Our design team was presented with three key requests for the new library. The first request was that we had to present the library in such a way that it showcased a jointless veneer appearance, highlighting the continuous flow of the natural grain of American walnut. The group was also requested to be consistent in the colors that we had hoped to achieve for the overall feel of the library,” said Swain.
The end result is a warm and circular reading and research facility that holds 4,500 bookshelves between metal mesh made up of 12,000 sqm of walnut veneer with seven different levels ranging from 3m to 8m in height and has proven to be truly inspirational and conducive to learning. The library instantly captures the eye with its shelves being presented in a circular row setting with special sections housing search computers and sitting areas where students can spend time reviewing and reading the books. In fact, the centralized seating area provides a contrast view from the third floor. The tiered shelves harmoniously match the ceiling’s tiered design. The library also has a reverse wall behind the reception counter, which ably blends well with the bookshelves and the contrasting off white second reception desk. “We are very pleased with the results achieved in using American walnut for this project. The end product has an amazing feeling of a traditional library amidst a modern facility like the new Zayed University campus. So far, we have been getting very good feedback from students, faculty and visitors saying it is a great space,” added Vicki Aronis, Design Manager, Al Habtoor, Murray & Roberts. The new Zayed University Campus in Khalifa City covers an 80-hectare expanse that will house all academic buildings, recreation facilities and residential accommodation. The final build out of the campus will eventually provide education facilities for 6,000 students, as well as related faculty and support staff. Khalifa City is part of the UAE capital’s move to concentrate the government, academic and knowledge-based sectors, accommodating departmental offices and embassies, as well as national health and educational institutions. “The CID Awards is a well-established event for the design sector and our continued association with it will allow us to throw the spotlight on American hardwoods in the Middle East. Given that wood has not only enjoyed a renaissance, but has become an essential material for architects across the globe, we are eager to raise awareness about American hardwoods within the specifying community across the MENA region. These awards continue to provide a unique and exciting opportunity to see some of the very best projects and we are looking forward to seeing the nominations for this year’s awards,” concluded Wiles.
Close-up of the library shelves
American walnut flooring at the Zayed University Library
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American Hardwood Export Council
SETTLING THE SUPERFICIAL ‘Seeing deeper’ with top furniture designer David Trubridge ‘Minimum material for maximum effect’ is a core creative mantra behind the international success of David Trubridge - one of the southern hemisphere’s most successful contemporary furniture and lighting designers. The New Zealander, who describes wood as ‘the only true material’, has achieved celebrity status at the top end of contemporary furniture and accessory design. Since the sensational first major international outing of his American ash and hoop pine plywood ‘Body Raft’ recliner at the Milan furniture fair more than a decade ago, the character and exotic flavours of Trubridge’s creations have been eagerly awaited by the design press. When Italian design guru Giulio Cappellini announced he wanted to manufacture the body raft, Trubridge was on his way as a ‘designer’. “Cappellini was the kingmaker in those days - the person everybody wanted to be associated with. Having him endorse me was a massive jump up from just producing craft pieces,” says Trubridge. Four years after, Trubridge won an important Japanese design award for a kitset hanging lamp system (made at the time with Australian hoop pine plywood). That launched a second major advance in the global success of the David Trubridge brand, with its underpinning ethos of ‘wild nature, artistry and design’. Still based in the Hawke’s Bay region of New Zealand’s North Island - but in more salubrious and substantial premises than the shed at the end of his garden where it all began - Trubridge’s lights and furniture are popular with interior decorators for bars, cafes and hotels. They are available through Gallery Bench in Ash distributors across Europe, the US (65 Design Within Reach
Liferaft - another iconic Trubridge design in American ash
Neptune’s Necklace: Trubridge lighting and public seating (Oregan pine) in a shopping complex
April 2012 | www.timberdesignandtechnology.com 27
American Hardwood Export Council stores), the Middle East and Australia. A committed conservationist and with three-quarters of his production exported from the bottom of the world, his ‘minimalist’ production and design philosophy is no surprise. The light range, with its distinctive South Pacific names like kina, nikau, koura and the big-selling original coral, was relaunched in kitset form at Milan in 2011. “The communication tries to tell the story of how much more efficient the kitset is compared to the built up product - plus you get the pleasure of making it yourself. We are turning the kitset thing around as a reason to buy, and also reducing the carbon footprint,” he says.
Coral Natural: The Coral light has become a contemporary classic for David Trubridge
Trubridge believes designers should be more active in changing the way we live. “Through the evolution of humankind, design has been about creating structures and things to help us survive. But that has totally reversed - design is actually causing our destruction because we are making all this stuff we don’t need.” “We are destroying our environment by using up non-renewable resources and polluting what we have got, just to produce more stuff to sell as a consumer fashion. And designers are implicated in this because they create new designs to replace last year’s ones - regardless of whether they are aesthetically or technologically different.” Rather than just reshape things or introduce small styling changes, Trubridge tells students at his international workshops to redesign the process and don’t take anything for granted. “Don’t assume, for instance, that people sit at a table. They might, but why assume that? Designing tables is not about round or square legs, or mouldings on the edges. The real design process is about re-evaluating the eating process. So don’t design a table design eating!”
The beautiful wood
Nananu features American ash and Australian hoop pine plywood
Born in the UK where, had it not been for a drunk smashing him up in a car accident in his final year of a naval architecture degree, Trubridge may never have had the chance to fully explore art, design and craft: the three essential elements in everything his company produces. Carving wood while convalescing, he realized he would sooner be a sculptor and artist than spend his days looking at shipyards in Belfast or Liverpool. Along the way he also acquired woodworking and furniture-making skills, which soon became more lucrative than sculpting. But it was a part-time job as a forester on an English estate that shaped his lifelong commitment to wood. “The old forester I worked with knew about an oak log on the estate that maybe we could recover and saw up. When we
Glide: Classic, clean lines and fine detailing in American ash - typifying Trubridge’s South Seas influence
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American Hardwood Export Council found it, all I could see was a pile of fungus on the forest floor. But the forester knew about its hidden treasure, and when we got it to the mill and opened it up - there was this beautiful wood inside. For me, that was the moment of transition between the forest, the outside world I loved and the furniture I wanted to make.” A circuitous sea voyage to the South Seas and a recession or two later, Trubridge is as far from being a bespoke traditional wooden furniture maker as he could be. He may use other materials for some designs, but he holds firmly to the belief that the day he found the old oak log and saw its inner beauty was the day he became ‘connected’ with wood. “The material is constantly renewable and, in a way, carries the thumbprint of nature into our homes. I know it and I understand it. Trees have grown out of the soil, just like we have. Wood has a life to it - and it is that quality that we relate to.”
The ash factor In a return to the company’s roots, Trubridge’s designers are working on a new range of wooden furniture pieces for top US art furniture dealer and Philadelphia gallery owner Lewis Wexler. “This is a good opportunity to come up with some fresh ideas in a bit of a ‘back to furniture’ move. We have three pieces in mind, and almost certainly in American ash. But they won’t be ‘sculptures or one-off pieces’. That seems a waste of time to me.” He likes American ash because it suits the way he builds: minimal material for maximum effect. “It is part of our environmental thing - a design (ethos) that appeals to me: light and delicate; not overbearing. Ash makes that possible.” The Trubridge approach to furniture and lighting is to build thin skins that get their strength from compound curvature. Ply can normally only bend in one direction at a time, but with the company’s coral light for instance, the wood is cut so it can bend in different directions to build a sphere. “And we will do the same with the new furniture. It has always been a challenge to me to find a way to create a structure strong enough to take weight using this (parametric) system. It must be thin enough to bend, but that generally means it will be too weak to take heavy weight. And if it is strong enough to take the weight, it won’t bend.” The answers for the Trubridge team will probably come from laminated, thinsection wood. “We need a long piece of very straight-grained, stable and clear timber like ash to accomplish this. There is probably no other like it and the way they grow it produces perfectly straight timber - strong, but supple for bending, and ideal for what we do.”
David Trubridge’s showroom and workshop in New Zealand
ABOUT DAVID TRUBRIDGE David Trubridge (www.davidtrubridge.com) lives in Havelock North, Hawke’s Bay, New Zealand. His wife Linda is a sculptor and artist, his elder son William is the world freediving champion (15 world records) and lives in the Bahamas, and his second son Sam is an international multimedia production designer.
A great believer in the power of wild places to initiate truly creative thought, Trubridge frequently ‘goes bush’ for inspiration. He returned from a spell in (treeless) Antarctica on a New Zealand arts fellowship convinced that design need not be about objects at all. “It is more about processes … redesigning the way we live!” “In our cities and lifestyles we are assailed by stimuli that you can never quite get away from. For me it is going somewhere to find the stillness so I can see deeper into myself … Not just catching the light off the surface, but getting down into the depths.” “I find that in the mountains, in the forest and even in the frozen wastes of Antarctica. I need to go there to find the call; where the ideas come from. I’m not looking for shapes or forms - they come later. It is much more nebulous; more a direction, an idea, a feeling; something to put form around later.” “It allows the superficial surface stuff to settle (so I can) get into the depth and, hopefully, find those new ideas and thoughts that lead to something. I find this when I am away from the crowds - initially anyway.” He wants to produce products that offer something extra - applying design thinking to make things people want, with less ‘stuff ’, energy and carbon. And he is not standing still. In Milan last year Trubridge revealed his ‘Dream Space Dome’ - adopting an architectural approach for the first time to build complex structures with minimal material use. Intended as a breakout space for VIP receptions and small shopping spaces within larger areas, the 4.5 m x 2.5 m structure is made with 5-mm-thick, thermally modified, plantation-grown pine. It is heated for exterior durability, giving the wood the appearance of American walnut. Apart from some aluminium base strips, the entire structure was delivered to the show flat-packed in a suitcase. When you talk to David Trubridge it definitely is a case of ‘watch this space’. April 2012 | www.timberdesignandtechnology.com 29
American Hardwood Export Council
A massive hardwood producing capacity, combined with a wealth of knowledge and experience in timber processing, has turned the United States into the largest producer of sawn hardwood in the world today
Lumber grading inspector
Successful today due to a legacy of processing native hardwoods that dates back to the first European settlers and a history of sustainable forest management, the US hardwood industry has been well managed decades before certification systems evolved. Home to more temperate hardwood species than any other region of the world, American forests continue to be a trusted source for sustainable and legally harvested timber. In the global timber market, there are many reasons to choose American hardwoods over other materials - wood or non-wood. Compared to non-wood substitute materials, American hardwoods are abundant, natural and more beautiful. From an environmental perspective, they are renewable, have a lower carbon footprint, use less energy to manufacture and create less pollution during manufacturing.
Energy Efficient and Carbon-neutral Natural wood products are among the most energyefficient to produce. The process of converting wood into usable building products requires considerably less energy than most other materials, such as steel, aluminum, glass, concrete and brick. Advanced technology and manufacturing assures the least wood waste and efficient use of wood by-products as well, meaning that much of the energy needed to produce American hardwood products is bio-energy. A 2007 study of 20 hardwood sawmills in the North Eastern United States revealed that 75 percent of the 30 www.timberdesignandtechnology.com | April 2012
energy required to manufacture kiln-dried lumber is derived from biomass (such as tree bark, saw dust and wood off-cuts). As a result, even less carbon dioxide is emitted when producing American hardwood lumber than when producing many recycled materials. Hardwood forests naturally regenerate themselves and do not need to be replanted. In comparison to many other species of timber, American hardwoods are more abundant, sustainable, legally harvested and consistently well manufactured.
Sustainable by choice A total of 73 percent of US hardwood forestland ownership lies with private landowners. Of this 73 percent, only 14 percent with industrial owners. Despite the fact that the majority of the forestland is privately owned, US hardwood forests are sustainably managed. Owners of these forests engage in sustainable practices not due to government pressures and protocols, but out of their own sense of responsibility. Responsible forest management practices by US hardwood forestland owners not only provide a sustainable supply of hardwood, but also ensure the overall health of a thriving forest - clearly demonstrated in the volume of hardwood forests, which have more than doubled since the 1950s. The sustainability of US hardwood forests has been well documented by scientists at the Rockefeller University in the USA, whose research highlights that forest area and
American Hardwood Export Council density in North America is increasing. A parallel between rising demand for timber and the healthy growth of forests is also spotted in the detailed analysis of US government forest inventory data gathered over the last 60 years, which shows that the volume of hardwood standing in US forests has increased by more than 100 percent, from 5.2 billion m3 to 11.4 billion m3 between 1953 and 2007. This huge expansion of the resource has taken place over a period of significant increase in global wood demand and is testament to a long-term commitment to good forest governance and sustainable hardwood production in America.
FAST FACTS ON AMERICAN HARDWOODS Selection
Quality control In addition to being abundant, well managed, and sustainable, American hardwoods undergo production processes that carefully and consistently control and ensure the highest quality. Strict quality control processes include careful harvesting and proper handling, storage and end-coating of lumber and logs; all of which prevents staining, mold, end-checking and oxidative enzymatic stains. Of all the value-added processes undertaken by the American hardwood industry in preparing lumber, kiln-drying is probably the most important. It is this process which allows for a naturally unstable product to remain stable throughout its journey to the end user overseas, as well as in processing and final application.
Nearly two dozen abundant commercial species provide plenty of color, grain variation and pattern. American hardwood forests offer more choices than any other temperate hardwood forest in the world.
Healthy American hardwoods are ideal for healthy environments. They donâ€™t trap dust, dirt and other allergens.
Kiln-drying lumber allows for uniform drying in a carefully controlled environment, which minimizes checking, warping and bowing, creating a stable product ready for shipment and further processing. Kiln-dried wood will remain dimensionally stable and last longer due to the moisture content having been sufficiently reduced. The heat and steam used in kiln-drying also serves to eliminate pests and disease in the green lumber. Grading after kiln-drying ensures delivery of a quality-controlled product, which minimizes wastage. Satisfactory kiln-drying - which results in a hardwood lumber board far more stable than one which has been air-dried - can only be achieved through having the proper equipment, by employing the correct techniques and by having a full understanding of the material. The American hardwood industry has extensive experience of drying hardwood lumber. In fact much of the research over the last 35 years related to drying temperate hardwood has emanated from the United States.
The USDA Forest Service reports that more hardwoods grow than are harvested each year. Since 1953, the volume of hardwoods in American forests has increased 119 percent. Supply is increasing, and it is sustainable.
High quality exports There is a strong and sustained domestic demand for all grades of American hardwoods. The domestic market understands the usage of various grades and is able to apply lower grade hardwood for particular and relevant uses, leaving the higher grade material for use only where absolutely necessary. Therefore, the US is able to offer significant volumes of higher grade material for export. In October 2008, the American Hardwood Export Council (AHEC) launched a Responsible Purchasing Policy for Exporters (RPP) to provide a further assurance that American hardwoods exported by AHEC members derive from legal and sustainable sources, meaning that buyers can rest assured on quality, legality and sustainability.
Natural Regeneration By mirroring natural occurrences, hardwood forestry practices are a long-established form of bio-mimicry that supports natural regeneration.
Responsible Harvesting In American hardwood forestry, based on regional climate factors, single-tree selection is a preferred harvesting method. Foresters choose individual trees for harvest based on a complex array of considerations.
Life Cycle Costing When considering life cycle costing, the useful life of American hardwoods can span generations, making them more favourable and cost effective than most other materials.
Energy Efficient Kiln-dried lumber being prepared for export
It takes less energy to make products from wood than other materials. Making products from aluminum, glass, plastic, cement or brick can require as much as 126 times more energy than making them from wood.
Carbon Negative Healthy trees reduce greenhouse gases in the atmosphere by removing carbon dioxide, storing carbon and releasing oxygen.
Easy on the Environment Virtually every part of a log is used as lumber, veneer or by-products, and finished products are re-useable, recyclable and biodegradable.
April 2012 | www.timberdesignandtechnology.com 31
American Hardwood Export Council
HAKKASAN DUBAI: The dragon takes flight in the heart of Dubai
In the Dubai restaurant, the interior design is an evolution of the Abu Dhabi project, and also includes large amounts of sustainable American red oak
After conquering the UAE capital, Michelin starred and premier Chinese restaurant, Hakkasan, opened the doors to its new Dubai branch at the very posh Jumeirah Emirates Towers, showcasing its signature blend of Chinese culture and cuisine combined with the mystique of the Arabian region. The opening marks the entry of a totally unique experience in fine dining, and includes trademark Hakkasan elements - a dining area, lounge and blue-lit bar section. The new facility is divided into sections separated by carved wooden lattice screens made of American red oak, providing a cosy and heart warming complement to the luxurious interior of the restaurant. The 152-seat restaurant, which means ‘Hakka’, Chinese dialect and ‘San’, the Japanese form of addressing someone, features a dramatic entrance via a slate stone walkway and has two private dining rooms and Ling Ling lounge in black, gold and white, giving diners a more relaxed feeling that makes for good conversation or just lounging around and taking in the sights. New to the network is an outdoor terrace, which seats an additional 88 people, and proves to be equally fantastic with its spotlight on cascading wooden pavilions, that have been made out of American red oak, surrounded by a wall of lush green vegetation. Backed by the success and overwhelming reception gathered from Hakkasan Abu Dhabi, which opened in June 2010, Hakkasan aimed at opening a new branch in Dubai, retaining the same chic-ambience of the original London restaurant however made more significant with
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the infusion of an Arabic touch. The design of the new Dubai branch was once again handled by Hakkasan’s long time design partner Gilles and Boissier, a leading Parisbased interior design firm. Gilles set up his 14-strong team design studio eight years ago with his partner Dorothée Boissier and is based in Paris. He is currently working on another Hakkasan venue due to open in New York and currently has 40 projects on the go. Haruo Morishima, Design and Development Executive, Hakkasan, joined the Hakkasan in-house design team in 2003. Commenting on the design of the space, Morishima says: “We wanted to create a theatre with this design, something to make people feel like they were not in Dubai. A seduction on the senses through its ambience.” “The venue used to be a gym and we were lucky because there were not the usual challenges regarding technical details such as back of house because Jumeirah Group helped us every step of the way with planning and Government regulations. It was the smoothest project I have ever done and took seven months to complete,” adds Morishima. The Gilles and Boissier design remained true to the signature modern-ethnic Hakkasan elements, which include handcrafted and embroidered finished furniture and marble made Chinese forms. Spread across the main dining area are the restaurant’s trademark wooden lattice work that gives diners a cage-like appeal and further permeated by the dimly lighted signature blue glass in steel frame structure. Created specifically for the venue is a 16-metre
American Hardwood Export Council
Michelin starred Chinese restaurant puts the spotlight on American red oak at newly opened Jumeirah Emirates Towers establishment
bar made of stainless steel and glass. The dark wood of the tables and screens contrasts with lighter tones of the backlit blue glass and white latticing in the Ling Ling lounge, which alludes to the old school decadence of Chinoiserie, punctuated with black and gold traditionally drawn panels. Hakkasan Dubai’s design gives homage to the emotional aspects of the venue, aiming to highlight the impact made by each space and the emotion or mood that follows the experience. The restaurant’s unique feel is the result of using the Chinese mystical art of Feng Shui, which attunes the layout and design of the restaurant with the social dynamics of the facility space or how people would interact in each of the sections. Woods Bagot, a global design studio specialising in the design and planning of facilities, served as the executive architects for the Hakkasan Dubai project. Having also handled the execution of Hakkasan Abu Dhabi, the leading design firm has been signed on as the executive architect for all upcoming Hakkasan global projects - with the New York branch already under construction and designs for branches in San Francisco and Los Angeles also in their development stages. “We have also begun design work on San Francisco and Los Angeles, with another two sites under negotiations. This global relationship is led by our London studio, which is around the corner from Hakkasan’s headquarters in Soho. In addition to the executive architect role, Woods Bagot is also the concept designer for the new Hakkasan at the St. Regis Hotel in Doha,” said Duncan Parkinson,
Principal, Woods Bagot. According to the Woods Bagot design team, one of the main challenges posed in the execution of the design was the construction of the restaurant’s terrace and bar areas. The venue was originally designed as a gym and converting the area into a restaurant called for negotiations with Jumeirah Estates management, DEWA and the Office of Civil Defense to make revisions in the original blueprints and integrate provisions for gas supply fume extraction and increased water supply. To do this, certain parts of the area’s curtain wall needed to be taken down to allow smooth access to the terrace. Also, underground services like pipelines and such were remodelled and rerouted to give way to the new gas pipes and increased water supply. “Access to the large terrace area necessitated demolition of parts of the curtain wall which meant revisiting the structural design from 1998. It was also criss-crossed with underground services which made the construction of the terrace challenging,” adds Steven Velegrinis of Woods Bagot. With both traditional Chinese and Arabic design sharing certain elements such as screens and latticework (mashrabiya), the design of Hakkasan Dubai evolved as a modern international interpretation of eastern Chinese design - a fact acknowledged by Gilles and Boissier and Woods Bagot in the delivery of the project. The Woods Bagot team have in fact pointed out that the large presence of American red oak and marble remain as signature elements of the design, which can easily be noticed by customers familiar with both the Abu Dhabi and Dubai branches. “In the Dubai restaurant, the interior design is an evolution of the Abu Dhabi project, and also includes large amounts of sustainable American red oak. The oak and marble ‘cages’ are still the signature element of the design. Customers that are familiar with both rooms will notice the similarities and also the subtle differences between the two,” says Velegrinis. Another challenge that Woods Bagot faced was the procurement and delivery of the restaurant’s unique components that were sourced from different parts of the globe. “Items such as the AV equipment, custom design wine fridges, specialty kitchen equipment from numerous suppliers in Europe, custom designed leathers and joinery from France and timbers form the USA were all specified, imported and coordinated on site within the programme. Our joint desire to make the garden terrace a memorable place meant that we needed to procure the right kind of mature trees and determine a way to build the first major green wall in Dubai. Fortunately we managed to get quite a special result and the terrace is a unique feature for the Dubai Hakkasan restaurant,” concludes Parkinson. Located at the Boulevard, on the ground level of the Emirates Tower’s Hotel, Hakkasan Dubai has its own private entrance and offers valet parking for its customers. The newly-opened restaurant is the sixth global Hakkasan branch and the second for the UAE. The Abu Dhabi branch has already received numerous accolades, including the prestigious ‘Restaurant of the Year’ award at Abu Dhabi Gourmet Stars Awards and the ‘Best Restaurant of the Year’ and ‘Best Far Eastern Restaurant of the Year’ awards at the annual What’s On Abu Dhabi Awards 2012.
PROJECT PARTICULARS Project Name: Hakkasan Restaurant at the Jumeirah Emirates Towers Hotel, Dubai
Client: Hakkasan Ltd. UK
Executive Architect: Woods Bagot
Interior Designer: Giles & Boissier
Lighting Design: Firefly Lighting Design
Dimension: 13,000 sq.ft
Wood Species: American red oak
General Contractor: Decovision LLC
Project Manager: Woods Bagot
Photographer: Victor Romero
April 2012 | www.timberdesignandtechnology.com 33
Flooring Trends 2012 Both concern for the environment and the uncertain state of the economy influenced the flooring trends for 2012, as showcased at DOMOTEX DOMOTEX - the world’s leading tradeshow for floor coverings - drew to a close this January with a total of 45,000 visitors who attended to take in the latest flooring trends for the year. Due to increased interest in environmentally friendly and economical products, some of the biggest trends highlighted by 1,371 exhibitors over the span of four days were wider planks and scraped wood flooring - both of which go hand in hand with demand for natural, eco-friendly floors: the must-have traits for wood flooring in 2012. Natural curved wood flooring, which emerged as a hugely favored product innovation, follows the same theme of eco-friendliness. “It wasn’t nature that created straight floorboards: it was the limitations of technology,” said Dutch flooring company Bolefloor, as they debuted naturally curved wood flooring during DOMOTEX Hannover. Bolefloor claims this flooring is a return to a natural state: floors as nature intended. Optimization technology means savings of the natural resource. Not only is the surface aesthetically appealing, but it also allows more floors per forest. Designers at Coswick Hardwood Inc. stated that consumer demand for wide plank hardwood flooring will increase in 2012, as a growing number of homeowners and interior design professionals favor the look of wide, natural wood flooring over narrow strips of traditional parquet. Coswick’s new collection of wide plank hardwood flooring presented at DOMOTEX is called Arts & Crafts Collection and features seven designer styles of oak flooring with innovative eco-friendly oil finishes. The trend for wider hardwood flooring was overwhelmingly obvious at the show. Among the new and innovative flooring products showcased by nearly 200 manufacturers, various styles of wide plank, natural looking wood floors were most common. Wider flooring planks start from 5” and go up to 7-8” or even wider, depending on species, finish and construction. Tatyana Zhigar, principal designer at Coswick Hardwood Inc. said that the growing trend in flooring is for a wide plank, brushed in order to emphasize the texture of natural wood, and oiled in order to preserve its warmth. “This means that the more the floor looks and feels like authentic wood, the better,” added Zhigar. Pauline Madani, Managing Director & Owner, Nordic Homeworx LLC, says that the general rule is that a wider plank can be more appreciated in larger spaces, while narrower planks are more suitable for smaller spaces. “We have clients interested in both wide and narrow floors, but in the end it is a matter of personal taste and budget. With over 150 Kährs floors to choose from, our clients always find a floor suitable for them,” says Madani. April 2012 | www.timberdesignandtechnology.com 35
For many manufacturers, achieving an effect of authenticity is done through lowering wood flooring grades and offering products that include a very high number of natural imperfections, swirls and knots - a whole spectrum of natural wood characteristics that make real hardwood flooring so unique. Another prominent trend that reflects the preference for a ‘natural’ look is scraped wood flooring. The hand scraped wood finish is popular not only because of its character, but also because it can endure a rough-and-tumble household. For people with kids and pets - or simply active lifestyles - scraped wood flooring is the answer. It has a lot of character and can hold up under a good licking without losing its character. “We have entire collections made up of floors that are all uniquely hand scraped to enhance the wood’s structure,” says Madani. “A great amount of manual work is put into hand scraped floors, providing a truly rustic character. One of our bestsellers is a fully hand scraped floor called Oak Oyster from Kährs Artisan Collection. However, one thing to keep in mind when choosing hand scraped wood flooring is that you have to be more aware with regards to the maintenance of the floor, as any large knots or dents can be more strenuous to rid of dust and dirt.” Aside from producing hardwood floors that preserve the authentic look and feel of natural wood, manufacturers increasingly opt in for using lumber that originates from sustainable forests, formaldehyde-free glues, as well as finishes that contain no toxic VOC emissions. This tendency is expected to strengthen throughout 2012. Engineered wood flooring, constructed of sandwiched finished wood and plywood, is going to remain a popular choice in 2012 due to it durability in high-humidity areas. This flooring looks identical to solid wood flooring and can be sanded and refinished. But unlike solid wood that can twist and warp, this product stands up well in areas of moisture. “Engineered wood flooring is the best alternative when choosing wood flooring for a residence or commercial space in the UAE,” says Madani. “With fluctuating weather and immense humidity, engineered wood flooring performs the absolute best, while solid wood flooring could start warping and cracking. However, we recommend our clients to maintain a normal room temperature between 18°C and 24°C. The relative humidity of the air must be less than 60 percent before, during and after installation.” She adds that Nordic Homeworx exclusively supply and install Kährs engineered
Kahrs’ Oak Oyster hand scraped floor
Engineered wood flooring
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Flooring wood floors. Being engineered means that the floor is more even, stable and impervious to climate changes than solid wood flooring. Kährs flooring is also more eco-friendly than solid wood flooring since the core material is crafted from a fast-growing wood species, which means that there is less of a drain on natural resources. “There are no disadvantages with engineered wood flooring,” states Madani confidently. When asked whether consumers in UAE have any specific preference when it comes to wood flooring and whether any prevalent trends are observed, Madani says that that the market today is much more open-minded towards wood flooring and is choosing it over marble or tile flooring. “Trends are constantly changing and choosing material can be difficult when thinking long term, but one thing is for sure, the use of sustainable and healthy products is here to stay,” she divulges. “Preference in color is always changing as with any ongoing fashion trends, but we do still see a very large demand for classic walnut floors. However, the biggest demand we have is definitely for stained oak floors. We call oak the King of the Forest, and we mean it. From our over 150 wood floors, oak makes up approximately 80 percent of our collections, and is grown and harvested close to Kährs’ factory in Sweden. It is the fastest-moving wood species for us, especially due to its versatility. It can be stained, hand scraped, brushed, etc. It can look anything from entirely rustic and country to city-sleek and modern. This is why most of our clients prefer oak over any other wood species.” Madani predicts natural and stained oak floors being the main trend in 2012. For residential projects, she sees a demand for natural and white-stained oak floors of both rustic and calm grading, whereas for commercial projects she sees the trend of darkstained oak floors. “I personally recommend raw, vintage Scandinavian flooring for 2012. Our latest collection, Kährs Craftsman Collection - a range of 1-strip oak floors - is characterized by their dramatic, rustic look and high designer value. The floors’ natural and rustic look is the result of Swedish innovative spirit combined with 150 years of wood experience,” concludes Madani. As for what’s falling out of favor, high on the list for Madani is red-colored wood flooring. “Over the years we have seen a steady decrease in interest red-colored wood flooring, for trends are moving towards the more natural, airy and Scandinavian floors.”
NATURALLY CURVED WOOD FLOORING FROM BOLEFLOOR Bolefloor curved-length flooring meets the true definition of unique: each floorboard is as individual as the tree it came from. No two Bolefloors are alike. Bolefloor technology combines wood scanning systems, tailor-made CAD/CAM developments and innovative optimization algorithms for placement software developed by a Finnish engineering automation company and three software companies in cooperation with the Institute of Cybernetics at Tallinn University of Technology. Bolefloor scanners’ natural-edge visual identification technology evaluates ‘imperfections’ such as knots and sapwood near the edges or ends so that floors are both beautiful and durable. The process manages and tracks each board from its raw-lumber stage through final installation. Every board is cut using the finest in Homag woodworking machinery. This flooring offers a design solution for almost any situation - residences, commercial spaces, retail environments, or display floors - and works in any setting where intimate, natural, and individual interiors are desired. This technology has also been employed to create walls and even ceilings. The flooring comes in three quality grades: Select (with no sapwood or dark knots on the face plane), Natural (sapwood and small dark knots present) and Rustic (sapwood, dark knots and cracks up to 2mm may be present).
Engineered wood flooring
April 2012 | www.timberdesignandtechnology.com 37
We explore the properties of meranti - one of the most widely-used tropical timbers
PROPERTIES • • • • • •
Average overall strength and hardness Stable Good nailing and gluing properties Smooth finishes but some tearing of interlocked grain Takes finishes well Moderately slow drying with a tendency to warp, thick material may check and end split • Little movement in performance • Easy to work with hand and machine tools
DURABILITY • • • • •
Heartwood is moderately durable In general, naturally resistant to decay and insects Sapwood liable to attack by powder-post beetle Not resistant to marine borers Generally rated as resistant to preservative treatments, sapwood reported to be moderately resistant to permeable, varying with species
MAIN USES • • • • • •
Veneer and plywood Joinery Flooring Furniture and cabinetwork General construction Boatbuilding
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Meranti represents a wood of worldwide commercial importance. As a veneer, much of it becomes plywood, plywood paneling, cabinets, and hollow-core doors. In lumber form, meranti is worked into light structural framing, moldings, and trim and low-cost furniture. In outdoor projects, the wood has little durability. Meranti is the trade name used within the timber industry to designate a selected number of tropical species of rainforest trees from the Shorea family. It is endemic to Southeast Asia with the majority of species growing throughout Malaysia and Indonesia, although it can be found in parts of the Philippines and Northern India as well. There are thousands of common names for various species from the genus Shorea, but the names ‘Philippine mahogany’ and ‘lauan’ are often substituted for meranti. To understand the breadth of species that fall under the description of ‘meranti’, we must first note that meranti is separated into four groups on the basis of heartwood color and weight: light red, dark red, yellow, and white. About 70 species of Shorea belong to the light Meranti is widely sought and dark red meranti groups, 22 species to the after throughout Europe, Asia white meranti group, and 33 species to the and North America. However, yellow meranti group. The group most used is the red group. strong demand for its cheaper Most of it is light red or pinkish in color, the replacement, Chinese birch, has average dry weight is 550 kg/m3 but it may be caused a contraction in global as low as 400 or as high as 705. The dark red material is at the upper end of this range. production volume
Properties Often used as a false ‘mahogany’ for products such as windows, conservatories and doors, meranti is similar in color and grain to mahogany. Sometimes referred to as Philippine mahogany, meranti’s grain texture is rougher than true mahogany and it does not have dark colored deposits in its pores. Meranti is an interlocking grain, non-resinous wood. The interlocked grain allows minimal uneven wear between growth rings, making meranti highly desirable over other tropical species such as Keruing, which may have oily cores. Light red meranti is light red to pinkish-brown when freshly cut. The texture is rather coarse but even, and the grain varies from straight to interlocked, with the stripe figure often appearing. Gum canals are often present and may show as whitish lines on planed and sanded surfaces but the gum is white and crystalline, and not sticky. The wood takes stains and finishes well. This type of meranti is used for joinery, paneling, louvre doors, furniture, light construction and plywood. The other types of meranti (dark red, yellow and white) all tend to be heavier and perhaps more suited to structural uses, but they may also be used for the same purposes as light red meranti. All the meranti groups are machined easily except white meranti, which dulls cutters as a result of high silica content in the wood. The light red and white merantis dry easily without degrade, but dark red and yellow merantis dry more slowly with a tendency to warp. The light red, white, and yellow merantis are not durable in exposed conditions or in ground contact whereas dark red meranti is moderately durable.
Meranti Construction Usage This tropical hardwood has density varying from 25 to 50 lbs/cu ft. Itâ€™s resilience and relatively low cost of manufacture make it ideal as a utility wood product for noncosmetic usage such as container, flatbed truck and van lining, RV construction, drawer bottoms and sides, etc. Because of its consistent grain and uniform color, it is also laminated and rebranded for use in cabinetry and flooring within the United States. In parts of Mexico, red and pink species are sought after for cabinetry and woodwork, where the cosmetic face is directly exposed. In the US, uses include joinery, furniture and cabinetwork, moulding and millwork, flooring, and general construction. Common uses for dark red meranti include plywood, interior furniture, general construction, concrete forms, veneer, and boatbuilding. Some dark red meranti is also used for decking. Meranti is also used to construct boats where its rainforest properties allow it to fair well to exposure to moisture. These woods are generally BS1088 certified if going to UK markets, and are bonded using some sort of Phenol or Urea Formaldehyde waterproof resin.
Manufacture and Production Meranti is widely sought after throughout Europe, Asia and North America. However, strong demand for its cheaper replacement, Chinese birch, has caused a contraction in global production volume. As a result, hundreds of factories throughout Malaysia and Indonesia have closed down. In addition, as a result of its Critically Endangered conservation status, it is no longer produced in the Philippines and quotas have been strictly reduced throughout most of Indonesia. The global demand of meranti remains uncertain in the world of plywood manufacture.
Mature Meranti trees
A Meranti Yellow Balau deck
April 2012 | www.timberdesignandtechnology.com 39
FORWARD WITH FORESTS Great news for the timber industry: the market for forest products is looking up We take a look at two research reports released by Global Industry Analysts, both of which bode well for the global timber market. A report by Global Industry Analysts on the comprehensive global outlook on the Forest Products Industry claims that the global market for forest products is expected to maintain steady growth over the next few years, primarily driven by factors such as resurgence in housing construction after a three-year low, increasing urbanization in developing countries, and growing demand for wood energy.
Forest products wield influence The forest industry plays a critical role in a countryâ€™s economy right from supporting the production of a diverse variety of forest based products towards generating employment and providing recreational and tourism opportunities. Given the important role played by forest products in the world economy in influencing economic progress and human well being, itâ€™s opportunities galore for the industry in the upcoming years. The omnipresent use of forest products in everyday life can be put into perspective by the fact that wood is universally demanded. With forests emerging into a bridge that connects to the envisioned transition towards a green economy, planted forests are forecasted to grow, in turn generating production opportunities for forest products. The forest industry is governed by various government regulations, and international trade policies. Production of forest products in the upcoming years will be positively influenced by technologically superior forest and plantation management practices capable of producing highly productive yields per acre of land. Increased globalization in trade and heightened levels of environmental awareness will continue to lead forest product companiesâ€™ to focus on creating competitive value for their product offerings by providing 40 www.timberdesignandtechnology.com | April 2012
detailed information regarding product characteristics, including origin of raw material, manufacturing process and performance of product in service. While non-wood forest products such as edible fruits and nuts, mushrooms, herbs, spices, condiments, gums, resins, and aromatic plants among others have been gaining relative importance of late, wood and wood products continue to remain major contributors to the global forest products industry. Growing importance of wood energy, driven by favorable government policies and financial incentives for alternative energy sources is also driving tremendous demand for wood and wood products. Increasing prices of traditional
Market report energy sources such as oil and coal, and vulnerability of nuclear power plants to natural disasters such as earthquakes and floods, as seen in the recent case of Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan, are further driving increased demand for alternative energy sources such as wood energy, thereby driving up demand for wood and wood products across the globe. Moreover, resurgence in housing construction after a considerable period of lethargy due to the recent economic recession augurs well for the forest products market, especially for wood panels and sawn softwood.
Furniture and Fixtures Another research report by Global Industry Analysts titled â€˜Furniture and Fixtures: A Global Outlookâ€™ provides an aerial view of the global industry, and identifies major short to medium term market challenges, and growth drivers. Regional markets elaborated upon include United States, Canada, Japan, France, Germany, UK, Russia, China, India, Korea, Brazil, Mexico, Saudi Arabia, and the UAE, among others. The report observes that the furniture market operates in close call with the housing industry, which was severely affected by the economic downturn. Despite the recovery, growth remains unstable as customer confidence continues to waver in view of the volatile economic environment in Europe, soaring gasoline costs and subdued employment rates. With no significant increase in personal incomes or in sale of homes, the furniture market is yet to pick up pace. Faced with declining margins and intensely competitive conditions, several manufacturers shifted their production operations to emerging nations as part of efforts to cut costs. Furniture sales are expected to recover with improvement in housing sales. Factors such as value and product mix, innovative marketing and capacity to maintain and deliver inventories of fabric and furniture frames continue to influence sales of furniture. Though replacement sales offer potential opportunities, reduced discretionary spending and prolonged replacement cycles continue to hamper growth prospects.
While the growing levels of sophistication of modern lifestyles will continue to drive gains in this market, the present financial troubles are casting the spotlight on cost effective, massmarket products.
Asia leads the way According to this report, long-term growth in the global furniture and fixtures market is expected from Asia, owing to steady economic growth and rising standards of living. Further, increasing migration towards urban areas, rising disposable incomes, and changing lifestyles are expected to offer favorable prospects for market participants. Flourishing property industry and tourist industry in developing economies is expected to foster the demand for hotel and residential furniture, along with other high-end products. Globalization and changing consumer behavior is contributing to the increased demand for luxury furniture in emerging markets such as China, Russia, India, and Brazil. The furniture industry offers a wide array of innovative products for all age groups, with a special focus on teenagers and retirees. While furniture products for tweens and teens are designed keeping in mind changing tastes and needs, furniture products for retireesâ€™ feature multi-functional, compact and comfortable furniture. The furniture industry is witnessing a shift towards multifunctionality furniture due to additional flexibility, functions and smaller size. The use of multi-functionality furniture not only frees up space but also provides solutions for storage problems, particularly for small or cluttered homes. Further, the furniture industry is also influenced by the growing environment awareness and stringent legal requirements, which are compelling companies to develop eco-friendly products and choose eco-friendly raw materials. Manufacturers are increasingly opting to produce furniture from alternative material and recycled products such as wood from old buildings or reclaimed wood, thereby driving the demand for green furniture.
The omnipresent use of forest products in everyday life can be put into perspective by the fact that wood is universally demanded
April 2012 | www.timberdesignandtechnology.com 41
Dubai WoodShow Preview
6th Dubai International Wood and Wood Machinery Show The Dubai International Wood & Wood Machinery Show is the leading specialized show in the Middle East bringing together manufacturers, suppliers, contractors and traders and giving them a direct access to decision makers involved in the wood industry This show is a platform for visitors and exhibitors to establish profitable relationships and an excellent opportunity for great business deals and furthermore to create an international networking structure. This highly specialized show provides an excellent opportunity for regional and international companies and agents to showcase and learn about wood and woodworking and to build new strategic relationships with buyers, traders and investors. The exhibition will display the latest products and innovations in MDF, plywood, hardwood, softwood, veneers, timbers, parquet, laminates, finished wood merchandise, paper products, as well as wood machineries and related products and services. Most of the major woodworking machinery distributors and manufacturers in the UAE as well as top suppliers of international wood products are participating in this year’s show so it’s definitely something not to miss!
Storti Woodworking Machinery Set to take place from 3-5 April 2012 at the Dubai International Convention & Exhibition Center, the 2012 edition promises to live up to show’s 6-year history of success as the regional landmark event for wood trade and investments. As a must-attend event for anyone who is passionate about wood, the Dubai International Wood & Wood Machinery Show is the UAE’s largest convention for distributors, suppliers, interior designers, furniture manufacturers, carpenters, wholesale traders and retailers, building material manufacturers, construction suppliers and project developers.
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STAND J5 Storti was established in 1960, producing small woodworking machines. Since then market demands have changed and Storti has changed in line with these demands. Today, Storti offers all kinds of machines for woodworking plants. These include strong, flexible plants for wooden pallet nailing, for wood processing and for log sorting. Storti’s machines nail from 12 to 13 pallets per minute with automatic and manual feeding. Their sawmill machines feature canter technology, prismatic, multi-rip saws and log band saws, while the log sorting machines offer a perfect solution for companies interested in log sorting to obtain the best cutting
Dubai WoodShow Preview yield and in checking the purchased log volumes. Based on over 50 years of woodworking, the Storti team prides itself in being able to offer customers assistance with not just machines, but also with feasibility studies, business plans, personalized planning of productive processes, engineering and general contracting for complex wood working plants. After-sales services include planning of installation and realization, training, technical assistance at the plant and remote assistance. The star highlight from Storti at Dubai WoodShow will be the FLEX 61/62 nailing line with rapid settings. This line is suitable for companies that require faster and more efficient production of 2-way pallets.
Hamriyah Free Zone Authority (HFZA)
STAND H3A Already home to several of the biggest players in the local timber market, HFZA will use the Dubai WoodShow as a platform to showcase its strengths and advantages in a bid to attract more woodworking and timber related companies. More than 1,300 new companies joined the HFZ bandwagon in 2011 and attracted more than USD 6 billion in FDI (foreign direct investment). The HFZA team highlights its work-friendly environment, minimum regulations, transparency and red carpet treatment as some of the reasons why more companies are choosing to set up base there. In 2011, HFZA extended its services into several new markets, most recent being Taiwan and Kazakhstan. Their global coverage now encompasses more than 138 countries, and sights are set on penetrating newer markets to empower investors in their ventures. HFZA plans to keep on investing in innovation, eco sustainability, customer-centric policies and internationalization.
SEMINAR ON TIMBER LEGALITY 4th April 2012 Organizers of the Dubai WoodShow view responsibility towards forestry and good governance as a key issue in timber trade, and are accordingly conducting a seminar on assuring verified legal timber products to meet new requirements in the global market, and its impact on the Middle East and GCC markets. This one-day conference will focus on the need for good governance and on certification and assuring the legality of timber products. Industry leaders sharing their knowledge are: Rachel Butler, European Timber Trade Federation Adam Grant and Caitlin Clarke, World Research Institute USA Dr. Scott Bowe, PhD, Department of Forest and Wildlife Ecology, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Wisconsin, USA Dr. Iman Santoso, Director General Forest Utility, Indonesian Ministry of Forestry Robianto Koestomo, Chairman of The Permanent Committee on Forest Products of the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry
and representing five reputable and well established Canadian forest products manufacturers: Ainsworth Engineered, Dunkley Lumber Ltd., Carrier Lumber Ltd., Millar Western Forest Products Ltd. and Sundance Forest Industries Ltd. Since 1993, Interex has represented and acted as the export arm of these five forest products manufacturers in all overseas markets. Recently, focus has expanded and resources have been increased to better serve the Middle East and emerging markets. In addition to these five companies, Interex represents several Canadian and European manufacturers under exclusive marketing arrangements. As a larger group operating under one sales and marketing umbrella, Interex can offer a diverse range of products, sizes and species. Shipping to over 35 overseas markets with offices in Japan and Canada, and local representatives in major markets, Interex will be present at the Dubai WoodShow to strengthen ties with current business partners and to create new business.
Interex Forest Products Ltd.
STAND A25 Interex Forest Products is a well-established and respected Canadian exporter of lumber and panel products owned by
April 2012 | www.timberdesignandtechnology.com 43
Dubai WoodShow Preview
STAND K3 Founded in 1955 by Johann Felder, inspired by the pioneering spirit of the post-war era, Felder expanded continuously through the years. Today the family-owned company operates as the Felder Group on the world market, with its brands Hammer (for hobby and small business requirements and a fantastic price-performance ratio), Felder (for the professional and everyday woodworker) and Format-4 (the top class solution for small business and industry). Since its founding, products made by Felder have been able to maintain their leading position thanks to many patents and innovative solutions. In addition to the company’s global success, Felder has received awards such as the Bavarian State Prize in 1983 and 1991, the IF Design Award and the AdolfLoos Prize among others. The Felder group offers a multitude of machine types in every performance and price class. The range of machines includes jointers, planers, table saws, saw-shapers, combination machines, horizontal mortise, line boring machine, band saws, edgebanders, edge sanders, wide belt sanding machines, dust extractors and power feeders. All these woodworking machines are 100 percent designed and manufactured in Hall in Tirol, Austria. Regardless of which woodworking machine the customer wants, Felder claims that their machines will never let anyone down.
STAND K2A Since being established in 1929, Barberan has been delivering solutions in coating, printing, drying, profile wrapping, laminating, postforming and profile sanding with a wide range of complimentary machines. These machines are designed to improve productivity and reduce manufacturing costs, taking into consideration respect for the environment. Barberan is located in Castelldefels, Barcelona, Spain; an outstanding location for exporting worldwide considering its proximity to the port and airport of Barcelona. At this edition of the Dubai WoodShow, Barberan and German Tech Machinery will display a foil laminating machine, a model Compact Line, a wrapping machine suitable for aluminum and PVC profiles, model PUR-33-L with a primer application station, an independent melting unit, and a high gloss roller finishing line for melamine overlayed panels. The star attraction will be Barberan’s newly-developed roller coating process that achieves a spectacular high gloss finish on panels overlayed with melamine. The results obtained, up to now, could only be achieved by spraying machines or curtain coaters. In comparison with these application systems, the roller coating allows a lacquer saving of more than 50 percent while achieving the same or even better results. Demos for all these machines will be conducted at the stand several times a day throughout the show.
STAND H3A KLEIBERIT HotCoating® is an innovative coating based on a reactive, PUR hot melt system. It is solid at room temperature and is melted with a pre-melter before being applied to the substrate - coat weight is adjustable depending on customer requirements. The chemical cross linking with humidity of the PUR material results in a very resistant surface which is extremely shock and wear resistant (up to AC3). An additional very thin layer (inline) application of KLEIBERIT’s UV curing TopCoat allows for precise variations in gloss level and variations in colouring. Not only does KLEIBERIT HotCoating® offer many advantages in comparison to traditional lacquering technology, customizing features such as staining or printing (digital or direct) can also be easily integrated into the KLEIBERIT HotCoating® inline process. This means that wrapping materials such as veneer and decorative paper can be individually designed and finished in a single piece flow according to customer requirements. 44 www.timberdesignandtechnology.com | April 2012
Dubai WoodShow Preview
STAND D2B Ilim Timber is amongst the world’s top ten producers of sawn timber. The company’s production facilities are located in Russia, Germany and USA. In addition to the two German sawmills and planing mills (Ilim Nordic Timber in Wismar and Ilim Timber Bavaria in Landsberg) the group also boasts five further sites: three in Russian (Ust-Ilimsk Sawmill in Ust-Ilimsk, Ilim Bratsk Sawmill and Ilim Bratsk Plywood Mill in Bratsk) and two in USA (Tolleson Lumber in Perry and in Preston). Ilim products are sold in Russia and Europe, Middle East and North Africa, Asia and China. The company is Russia’s major exporter of sawn timber to China. Ilim Timber has its own forest resources in Russia and long-term contracts with strategic suppliers. In production, Ilim use top quality softwood: Angara pine, Siberian larch, Bavarian spruce and Southern Yellow Pine. At Dubai WoodShow, Ilim will be showcasing its various offerings to existing and potential new customers.
STAND I1B Danzer Group comprises wood processing companies specialized in the manufacture of decorative real wooden surfaces and sawn timber from high-quality hardwoods. Danzer is a reliable supplier and partner to wood processing companies all over the world when it comes to purchasing first-class hardwood from North America, Europe, Africa and Asia. More than thirty different species of wood are available across Danzer’s European, African and American lumber yards for further processing in the furniture industry, stair construction or interior fittings. The range of Danzer products includes dimension lumber and furniture components of solid wood. At Dubai WoodShow, Danzer Group presents its product line of lumber from high quality hardwood species. Additionally, the Danzer Group is showing its high competence in surface wood - the highest value use of this fascinating, natural and exciting raw material. The production of sliced veneer is being highlighted to show the natural, unique beauty of this precious gift of nature.
Short-CyCle PreSS lineS Wemhöner Short-Cycle Press Lines upgrade wood based panels. Worldwide.
Internationally, first-class finished wood based panels influence the design of furniture and living space. Wemhöner Surface Technologies has been designing, producing and installing Short Cycle Press Lines for more than 40 years worldwide, which are state-of-the-art when it comes to speed, reliability and efficiency. Wemhöner short-cycle press lines produce with up to 250 cycles per hour and pressing area dimensions of up to 13.0 meters long and 2.3 meters wide. They set the standard for the production output in the furniture and laminate flooring industry. Wemhöner Surface Technologies – we create your surface.
Wemhöner Surface Technologies GmbH & Co. KG
Planckstraße 7 32052 Herford | Germany Phone + 49 5221 77 020 Fax + 49 5221 77 0239 www.wemhoener.de sales @ wemhoener.de
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Dubai WoodShow Preview
Wemhöner Surface Technologies
STAND D3C Wemhöner first exported presses to countries outside Europe in the 1950s, pioneering the opening of formerly sealed markets in Eastern Europe and Asia. Today, Wemhöner Surface Technologies doesn’t take being a market leader lightly. Being among the top providers of presses and panel line equipment for wood and non-wood products requires a keen eye for observing market changes and pacing technological advances. Additionally, customers’ expectations are not only focused on sustainable solutions but also longevity of the equipment they acquire for their facilities. Through careful
46 www.timberdesignandtechnology.com | April 2012
planning and solid craftsmanship, Wemhöner has proven continued expertise and knowledge and has established itself as a firm technological leader. Showcased at Dubai WoodShow will be Short-Cycle Press Lines (panel lines that allow for incredible flexibility and customization for producing Thermo Fused melamine boards for furniture or laminate flooring), Membrane or 3D Variopress Lines (a solution in pressing techniques that fulfils design demands and lamination needs with or without membrane), Through feed Press Lines (for production of flat veneer panels for doors, furniture parts and engineered wood flooring), and Lightweight Panel Lines (a complete production package allowing customers to create lightweight panels according to specified standards).
Farlin Timbers FZE
STAND F1 Farlin Timbers FZE, a subsidiary of the globally renowned Farlin Group of Companies, is one of the fastest growing material trading companies in the Middle East with a reputation synonymous with quality and reliability among its partners. Dedicated to excellence and customer service, it is
Dubai WoodShow Preview
little wonder that they are the trusted partner of choice for a wide variety of products, including timber logs, sawn timber, plywood, MDF and panel products from across the world. Farlin Timbers is an integral part of the Farlin Group of Companies - the Singapore based multinational that provides superior quality materials to diverse industries globally. A 24-year legacy of experience has helped forge the Group as a highly successful global organization with a turnover in excess of USD 1 billion and a reputation of integrity, honesty and reliability in the international market.Â With offices across the world committed to unparalleled service and competitive value, the Farlin Group is an outstanding choice of all building materials and energy sectors needs.
STAND K1A In the early seventies, the Durante brothers established Sirca, which has gone on to become one of the leading Italian companies in the wood coatings market today. With a widespread network of specialized distributors in more than 40 countries, Sirca focuses a lot on research and development: more than 20 percent of the staff consists of technicians, analysts, testers and colorists. This enables Sirca to forecast new market trends and to satisfy those demands as soon as they arise. Since1973 Sirca has progressively conquered its position in the Italian market for wood painting, and today the company has over 400 employees and sells in 48 countries. Sirca management attributes this success to its investment in the best possible technology.
First live demonstration in the Gulf-Region
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Dubai WoodShow Preview
German Tech Machinery (GTM)
STAND L2 From planning to implementation and from production plans to improving operation efficiency, the functional and technical expertise of German Tech Machinery, coupled with considerable industrial knowledge allows them to offer valued customers the best service in the Middle East region. As experts on all kinds of machinery and technologies related to woodworking, GTM offer not just the right products, but also the best consultancy and advice to all sectors requiring machinery and technical assistance in the woodworking industry. On their stand at Dubai WoodShow, GTM will feature machinery and experts from the following German woodworking machinery companies: • Holz-Her GmbH • Hans Weber Maschinenfabrik GmbH • Otto Martin Maschinenbau GmbH & CO.KG • Al-Ko Therm GmbH • Lange Maschinenbau
WIN WITH BOSCH
At this year’s edition, 70 visitors to the Dubai WoodShow stand the chance to win woodworking tools such as power drills and dust dry extractors. Dubai WoodShow has teamed up with Bosch to reward three lucky attendees every hour during the show.
Date: 3-5 April 2012 Venue: Halls 2 & 3 Location: Dubai International Convention and Exhibition Center Timings: 10:00- 18:00 Exhibition Size: 12,000+ square meters Expected Visitors: 6,000+ specialized trade visitors Expected Exhibitors: 250+
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STAND G2G Baillie Lumber is one of North America’s largest hardwood lumber manufacturers, distributors and exporters, providing hardwood logs, hardwood lumber and proprietary grade hardwood lumber products. Founded in 1923 by James A. Baillie, Baillie has grown from a regional supplier of American hardwoods to an international hardwood manufacturer that can ship hardwood lumber to any region of the world. Baillie’s hardwood manufacturing facilities are spread throughout the eastern United States. Partner mills and suppliers in USA and internationally supplement Baillie’s own hardwood manufacturing capabilities giving a breadth of species availability unmatched by other hardwood manufacturers. In addition to standard rough lumber, Baillie works with customers to co-create customized hardwood lumber products that help their business succeed. These products are designed specifically with the customers manufacturing process in mind. They offer custom lumber solutions that give customers more usable lumber in each unit, which further maximizes their efficiency. At the Dubai WoodShow, Baillie aims to strengthen its position as the preferred single source for the worlds’ hardwoods.
GERMAN TECH MACHINERY
World Class German Wood-Working Machines
GTM supply solutions for all your machinery and tooling requirements. Our industry knowledge and technical expertise is backed up by the most effective after sales service in the Gulf region. +971 4 447 1788 | INFO@GERMANTECHMACHINERY.COM | WWW.GERMANTECHMACHINERY.COM
Trash to Treasure One of the biggest challenges that the timber industry faces is the management of wood waste that results from various production processes
Studies all over the world have demonstrated that furniture scraps and waste, plywood waste, and hardwood or sawmill residue can be successfully composted 50 www.timberdesignandtechnology.com | April 2012
The industry generates significant amounts of wood waste that is more often than not, sent to a landfill for disposal: a process that costs a lot in transport and disposal fees. Mountains of wood waste can be seen around the outskirts of Dubai and the other Emirates. A possible solution to this problem is to treat wood waste as a resource, rather than as a problem. This can be achieved by recycling and re-utilization of wood waste as compost. Composting is an aerobic biological decomposition process that converts biodegradable solid organic matter, such as wood, into a stable humus material at elevated temperatures (40 - 60째 C). Composting wood waste reduces the waste volume, detoxifies the waste and transforms the waste into a product that can be used as a soil amendment. Composting also increases the organic matter content and improves the
water-holding capacity and the texture of the soil. The material that results from the process of composting can be, for example, used as a fertilizer that, among other things, can improve the characteristics of soil (porosity, ability to retain water, etc.) and can act as an agent for prevention of land degradation. Studies all over the world have demonstrated that furniture scraps and waste, plywood waste, and hardwood or sawmill residue can be successfully composted. A composting operation can be implemented at a plant site and requires limited knowledge, equipment, and space. MICO, a company based in Hohenbrunn near Munich, Germany, has developed a new production process of compost extraction with which it was possible to produce a liquid compost, which is more concentrated and aerobic and can be stored longer, and therefore
Tech Talk gives the user more flexibility. Liquid Compost produced by the patented MICO System guarantees high quality standards. We spoke with Georg Boehm, a representative of MICO, who told us more about the need for and benefits of composting wood waste: Q: Why is wood waste or timber a problem in the UAE and neighboring regions more so than in the West? A: In America, Asia and Europe, the disposal of matured or construction timber is dealt with by incineration. Construction timber ends up mostly in huge incineration plants that produce electricity and district heating. Untreated matured timber and industrial wood waste are chaffed for use as wood chips or briquettes in private homes and business enterprises for heating reasons. Both these acts are - in times where we are attempting to reduce CO2 emissions worldwide - questionable. Then there are countries with huge natural energy sources, which have no need to use matured or construction timber for energy production. The question arises here that if this timber is not utilized for energy production, then how else would it be disposed of? Q: What is the problem that was observed in the UAE in regards to wood waste? A: Huge mountains of construction timber exist in the deserts of the UAE. These are the consequence of the
Georg Boehm, MICO
great construction boom witnessed by the country in the last decade or so. With no need or inclination to utilize this timber for energy production via incineration, these mountains just keep getting bigger. In 2011, this observation led a German company that produces chaff cutters, to contact MICO Ltd. in Germany with the query whether chaffed construction timber can be composted using MICO-Eluate (liquid compost). MICO started tests by using MICO Compost-Eluate for composting construction timber and untreated industrial wood waste in close cooperation with the University of Hohenheim-Stuttgart, Germany. Natural wood, chipboards, and other wood products were used for these tests. Q: What is the benefit of compost? A: Compost - with its storage capacity of water and with its ability to change the minerals makeup of the ground - is an almost indispensable natural resource and conditioner. Composting of chaffed timber by mixing with horse or camel manure and lawn cuttings raises the carbon-nitrogen ratio, making the speed of the normal decomposition process much longer (up to 6 months). The composting of matured timber by using MICO Compost-Eluate shortens the decomposition process substantially. Q: How did you proceed with the composting? A: The timber was chaffed first, then sprinkled with MICO compost-Eluate and then finally, mixed with horse manure and lawn cuttings. A compound of 70 percent chaffs, 20 percent lawn cuttings, and 10 percent horse manure yielded the most optimal, useful and economic results. With very dry wood it proved beneficial to soak the chaffed pieces in an immersion bath of MICO Eluate before mixing with the other components. Per kilogram, chaffed wood can soak up 1 liter Eluate watered down to a ratio of 1:10. Chipboard can soak more than natural wood. The high concentration of microorganisms in the eluate results in an immediate start of the decomposition process. During the regular turning of the heaps (one or two times a week), which is necessary for mixing the outside layer of the heap with the already more decomposed material inside and bringing oxygen into the heap, the heaps were sprayed by eluate more times.
MICO Compost Extraction System
Q: How long does the whole process take? A: In just 8 weeks a high quality of compost can be achieved. After 12 weeks, you get the optimum quality. The decomposition process can be advanced (6 to 8 weeks) if the chaffed timber is frayed additionally to give the microorganisms more surface area to work. Q: How did you deal with chemically coated wood? A: A special additive proved successful especially with treated wood, which not only encourages the decomposition of hydrocarbon compounds of the wood protection agents, but also helps to decompose high-molecular ingredients (lignin, cellulose and secondary ingredients) relatively faster. This additive is a special mix of nutrients for the micro-organisms, which are able to decompose these high-molecular hydrocarbon compounds. Q: How can the resulting compost be used? A: The compost from treated wood could be used optimally and safely in landscaping, gardening, farming, nurseries, sports fields and golf courses etc. Since the compost from untreated timber contains no debris at all, it can be used in the food sector without any problems. However, the compost from treated construction timber contains minor traces of chemical, therefore it is not recommended for use in the food sector without laboratory tests to attest that no harmful contents exist in the compost. April 2012 | www.timberdesignandtechnology.com 51
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EXHIBITIONS COMING UP THIS SEASON TECHNOMEBEL FAIR FOR WOODWORKING AND FURNITURE PRODUCTION
TECHNOMEBEL is a B2B exhibition, which attracts producers and distributors from the woodworking and furniture industry - from machines and technologies for woodworking to materials and accessories for furniture production. The exhibition is divided into two main categories: materials and accessories for the furniture industry; and machines and tools for woodworking, furniture production, plus technologies for the woodworking and furniture industry. The interest of Bulgarian and foreign companies in the exhibition has remained constant in the last few years 90 percent of the exhibitors in the 2011 edition were repeat exhibitors. Companies from neighboring Turkey participated collectively for the third consecutive time. Exhibitors from Germany, Greece and Slovenia were traditional participants in the fair as well. TECHNOMEBEL is a great venue for business negotiation, exchange of experience and ideas, acquaintance with market leaders and branch development trends, market and competition research. It offers exhibitors the chance to participate in the most specialized exhibition for woodworking and furniture production in Bulgaria, with ideal conditions for establishment of business contacts and for negotiations with a professional audience. Exhibitors are also promised the opportunity to see demonstrated products, establish new contacts and strengthening their existing ones. DATE: 24-28 April VENUE: Inter Expo Centre LOCATION: Sofia, Bulgaria TIMINGS: 10am-7pm (except for 27 April, until 3pm) EXHIBITION SIZE: 4,000 sqm EXPECTED VISITORS: 7,500+ EXPECTED EXHIBITORS: 350+
THE 5TH ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL BIOMASS CONFERENCE AND EXPO The Biomass Conference and Expo unites industry professionals from all sectors of the world’s interconnected biomass utilization industries - biobased power, thermal energy, fuels and chemicals. Organized by BBI International, this event brings current and future producers of bioenergy and biobased products together with waste generators, energy crop growers, municipal leaders, utility executives, technology providers, equipment manufacturers, project developers, investors and policy makers. It’s a true one-stop shop - the world’s premier educational and networking junction for all biomass industries. International Biomass Conference and Expo is where future and existing producers of biobased power, fuels and thermal energy products go to network with waste generators and other industry suppliers and technology providers. It’s where project developers converse with utility executives; where researchers and technology developers rub elbows with venture capitalists, and where Fortune 500 executives and influential policy makers sit side-by-side with American farmers and foresters. International Biomass Conference and Expo is the largest, fastest-growing event of its kind. In 2012, this event is expected to draw nearly 1,500 attendees. In 2011, the event drew nearly 1,400 attendees and doubled the attendance of the inaugural show.This growth is fueled by a world-class Expo and an acclaimed program. The 2012 program will include 30-plus panels and more than 100 speakers, including 90 technical presentations on topics ranging from anaerobic digestion and gasification to pyrolysis and combined heat and power, all within the structured framework of five customized tracks: • Pellets and Densified Biomass • Industrial and Commercial Thermal Energy • Biomass Power • Biogas and Landfill Gas • Advanced Biofuels and Biobased Chemicals DATE: 16-19 April VENUE: Colorado Convention Center LOCATION: Denver, Colorado, USA TIMINGS: 7am-7pm (except for 19 April, 8am-5:30pm) EXHIBITION SIZE: 54,255 sqm EXPECTED ATTENDEES: 1,500+ EXPECTED SPEAKERS: 100+
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FORST LIVE Forst Live in Offenburg is one of the leading demo shows for forestry technology, wood energy and biomass in Germany, where visitors can experience all aspects of wood from planting to harvesting and the many possibilities of its use. In addition to the field of forest machine technology a priority issue lies on renewable energies. The show is aimed primarily at decision makers in the forestry and agriculture, construction and municipal economy, timber crafts and energy industry as well as interested end consumers. The show features practical demonstrations on machinery and equipment involved in forestry and renewable energy technologies. Experts in this field get the chance to educate those interested in forestry, and also get to communicate amongst themselves on ideas and new techniques that can help better their work. Over 260 exhibitors will showcase their offerings in the areas of forestry, timber industry, renewable energies and the general outdoors. Displays will include mobile sawmills, tree stump grinders, woodworking machines, wood splitters, lifts, crane splitters, mobile sawmill technology, saws and wood chip heating systems. DATE: 13-15 April VENUE: Messe Offenburg LOCATION: Offenburg, Germany TIMINGS: 9am-5:30pm EXHIBITION SIZE: 3,500+ sqm EXPECTED VISITORS: 20,000+ EXPECTED EXHIBITORS: 260+
TRANSLES RUSSIA 2012 Transles Russia is a specialized exhibition on transport and storage logistics of timber cargo. It focuses on the technologies for water, air and land transportation of timber. The goal of the exhibition is to demonstrate the latest developments in the sphere of technologies and equipment for timber transportation, handling and storage, building of wood-roads, timber storages and ports as well as making optimal transport, industrial and trade logistic schemes in the forestry complex. DATE: 2-5 April VENUE: All-Russian Exhibition Center LOCATION: Moscow, Russia TIMINGS: EXHIBITION SIZE: EXPECTED VISITORS: EXPECTED EXHIBITORS:
TECHNODOMUS In 2010, Technodomus (The International Expo of Wood Technology for the Construction and Furniture Industries) achieved hugely satisfying attendance figures in line with high expectations. There were 30,865 visitors from the trade, of whom 31 percent came from abroad. The main objective of the 2012 edition - the third staging of Technodomus - is to establish it as the leading Italian trade show for the industry, attracting increasing numbers of international exhibitors and visitors and staging targeted encounters between the supply and demand sides in order to broaden companiesâ€™ sales horizons, particularly in foreign markets. Leading manufacturers of machines, parts, accessories and tools for the woodwork industry will get together over five days to present their latest products and technological innovations. Rimini Fieraâ€™s modern and practical exhibition rooms will be home to a show based on specific themes: from large plant equipment to traditional machinery for primary and secondary wood processing, catering to big companies as well as small carpentry workshops. The exhibition will once again feature a wide range of professional conferences and workshops that allow participants to update their skill sets and discuss hot topics. These events are organized together with universities, research institutes, trade associations, magazines and industry experts. DATE: 20-24 April VENUE: Rimini Fiera LOCATION: Rimini, Italy TIMINGS: 9:30am-6pm (except 24 April, 9:30am-5:30pm) EXHIBITION SIZE: 42,000 sqm EXPECTED VISITORS: EXPECTED EXHIBITORS:
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Showtime technological developments in timber engineering and the growing opportunities it provides for sustainable construction. Registration is now open for this event. DATE: 15-19 July VENUE: LOCATION: Auckland, New Zealand TIMINGS: EXHIBITION SIZE: EXPECTED ATTENDEES: EXPECTED SPEAKERS:
WORLD CONFERENCE IN TIMBER ENGINEERING 2012 Australia and New Zealand will jointly host The World Conference in Timber Engineering 2012 in Auckland, New Zealand, from the 15th to 19th July. This conference includes manufacturing, design, construction and research with particular emphases on structural design for extreme events, and on the future of timber engineering. With over 450 abstracts accepted and presenters from 36 countries, this is a very significant event for the structural timber industry. Three keynote speakers have been announced for the event. The first, Professor Hans Blass from Germany, is considered a world leader in timber engineering research. Professor Blass initiated the application of self-tapping screws in efficient timber connections, and has closely collaborated with manufacturers in developing very large screws for high load applications in large structures. He has developed clear design procedures and contributed to international standards that have resulted in a 400 percent increase in commercial timber construction in Europe in less than a decade. The second speaker, Robert Malczyk, co-founded the Vancouver design firm Equilibrium Consulting and pioneered the use of state-of-the-art timber technologies in British Columbia. He has been involved in over 500 projects, many of which have won him awards for his involvement in their designs. He is also a member of the Canadian Timber Code Technical Committee and will be speaking on post-disaster serviceability issues for timber buildings. The third speaker, Peter Busby, is the managing director of North American architectural firm Perkins+Will. A founder of the Canada Green Building Council who values renewable wood for its carbon reducing capability, he will discuss the companyâ€™s timber projects in view of sustainable values. This event aims to provide a venue to learn the latest
gulfBID 2012 will be the 6th Edition of the annual exhibition for the Construction industry in the Northern Gulf. The event brings leading suppliers, brands, equipment and services face-to-face with clients and buyers. Whatever the stage of a project, gulfBID promises to supplement it with inspiration, up to the minute products and technologies, and facilitates the order process. From conception, to design, to procurement - gulfBID has it all. For exhibitors, this is an opportunity to talk to clients en masse, raise their presence in the marketplace, showcase products and services, and accomplish brand awareness in just three days. For visitors, this is a chance to experience this unique and prosperous market first hand, meet with top companies who will share powerful local business knowledge to inspire and assist in delivering and executing successful, profitable construction projects. gulfBID is home to nearly 200 exhibitors representing the core sector of the construction industry, allowing the specification of a huge range of products and services, including building and construction, water technology and environment, heating, ventilation and air conditioning, cleaning and maintenance, glass and metal, bathrooms and ceramics, marble and machinery, and construction plant, machinery and vehicles. DATE: 24â€“26 April VENUE: Bahrain International Exhibition & Convention Centre LOCATION: Manama, Bahrain TIMINGS: 10am-1:30pm and 4-8pm EXHIBITION SIZE: EXPECTED VISITORS: 6,000+ EXPECTED EXHIBITORS: 200
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PROJECT QATAR 2012 Project Qatar will be back for its 9th edition from 30th April till 3rd May 2012. This highly successful show is the 9th International Trade Construction, Building, Environmental Technology & Materials Exhibition, attracting key buyers and industry leaders looking for the most up-to-date technology and state-of-the art equipment available on the market. Project Qatar is now established as Qatar’s most important exhibition for highlighting the latest products and services needed for Qatar’s fast growing construction sector and has become a destination of choice for regional and international industry professionals. The show provides a unique and dynamic platform for buyers and suppliers to make contacts and drive future developments in Qatar’s multi-billion construction sector. Exhibitors benefit from massive exposure to premier regional agents, dealers, buyers and distributors. The 2011 edition surpassed all expectations, including its previous edition in 2010, thanks to an overwhelming response from both exhibitors and visitors. Project Qatar 2012 promises to be bigger and better following the massive construction developments in the country. DATE: 30 April – 20 May VENUE: Doha Exhibition Center (DEC) LOCATION: Doha, Qatar TIMINGS: 3-8pm EXHIBITION SIZE: 52,000 sqm EXPECTED VISITORS: 43,000+ EXPECTED EXHIBITORS: 1,750+
Pagina SIRCA x fiera mondo verde
LOW VOC INNOVATION
Dubai Woodshow 2012 Hall 3 Booth n° K-1a
Sirca S.p.A. - Viale Roma 85 - Sandono di Massanzago (PD) Italy www.sirca.it - www.sircamea.com Tel. +39 049 9322364 - e-mail: email@example.com 56 www.timberdesignandtechnology.com | April 2012
CALLING Hugh Morris, Senior Lecturer at the University of Aucklandâ€™s Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering answers some questions about The World Conference in Timber Engineering 2012 Q: How would you describe this conferenceâ€™s contribution to the
global timber industry? A: The World Conference provides an event for the industries related to structural timber and a broad range of researchers, engineers and architects to learn the latest developments related to large-scale timber and commercial construction and discuss innovation and technologies for growing this sector. It also provides very important networking opportunities where delegates can discuss problems, solutions and the future of the industry. Q: What were the most significant outcomes of the last edition of
following the extreme event. We look forward to this concept being developed and advantages of structural timber for other aspects of disaster resistance being presented and discussed. Q: You have over 450 abstracts and presenters from 36 countries.
How do you select what topics/areas to highlight or feature? A: Several key themes were notified with the call for papers and so contributors nominated which of these were appropriate. Papers were predominantly selected based on the quality of the work that the abstract represented. Where there were a number of high quality papers in one area this was featured more prominently.
the conference? A: A range of over 650 delegates attended a wide range of presentations at the last conference in Italy in 2010. I am sure that each person came away having a sense of the international state-of-the-art in their area of interest or expertise and aware of new opportunities. European technological developments in large screw connections and crosslaminated timber were prominent. Q: What are your objectives for the 2012 edition? A: Our objectives are to hold an outstanding event that makes international delegates welcome and enthuses them to further develop opportunities and overcome obstacles to make low carbon sustainable timber structures a preferred construction option. In addition we hope that New Zealand and Australian hosts will be able to showcase our beautiful countries, and local timber technology. Q: Have any new items been added to the conference agenda
this year? A: With the extensive worldwide disasters of last year including the earthquake and tsunami in Japan and the earthquake here in Christchurch (which resulted in the worldâ€™s third largest insurable losses ever) it has led to a theme on post-disaster resilience. Timber construction technologies have major advantages for earthquake resistance and the key additional performance factor of continuing to function with minimal downtime
Q: What are some of the specifics that attendees/visitors can look
forward to this year? A: We will have a conference of high technical quality but will additionally have social functions and opportunities for delegates to enjoy. We will hold the conference welcome function in a new large span timber building that houses a museum of historic aircraft and have developed a comprehensive set of pre-conference and post-conference tours that have both technical and tourism value already available on the website. In addition there is a well developed partner programme which will allow delegates to bring partners or families and enjoy the whole New Zealand experience. Q: Personally, which aspects of the conference are you most
keenly looking forward to? A: I am looking forward to hosting a number of international friends in the sector and showcasing the exciting things we are doing as well as hearing the latest and greatest and enjoying this with a wide range of students, industry friends and colleagues from New Zealand. Q: What are the long-term plans for the Conference? A: The next World Conference on Timber Engineering in 2014 will be held in Quebec, Canada. During the Auckland conference the WCTE Coordinating Council will consider applications for the 2016 event. April 2012 | www.timberdesignandtechnology.com 57
EXPO CALENDAR 6TH DUBAI INTERNATIONAL WOOD & WOOD MACHINERY SHOW
LESDREVTECH MINSK - TRADE FAIR FOR FORESTRY AND WOODWORKING
3-5 April Dubai International Convention & Exhibition Center Dubai, UAE
23-25 April Minsk Expo Minsk, Belarus
MODEKO FURNITURE, DECORATION, HOME AND OFFICE EQUIPMENTS EXHIBITION
INTERKOMPLEKT / INTERZUM MOSCOW 2012 (11th International specialized exhibition of components, accessories and materials for manufacture of furniture)
4-8 April Culturepark Fair Ground Izmir, Turkey
www.eforfair.com/en_modeko.htm HOLZHAUS 2012 (16th International Specialised Exhibition Holzhaus) 9-13 April VVC Moscow, Russia
www.holzhaus.ru FORST LIVE 13-15 April Messe Offenburg Offenburg, Germany
www.forst-live.de LIGNO NOVUM – WOOD-TECH BUDAPEST 15-18 April Hungexpo - Budapest Fair Center Budapest, Hungary
www.lignonovum.hu WINDOWS, DOORS & ROOFS 2012 17-20 April Belexpo - 14 Minsk, Belarus
www.greenexpo.by 360 INTERIORHOME 2012 18-21 April Ifema - Parque Ferial Juan Carlos I Madrid, Spain
www.mueble-madrid.ifema.es TEKHNODREV 2012 (International Specialized Exhibition of Technologies, Equipment and Tools for Forestry, Logging, Woodworking and Furniture) 19-22 April Lenin Stadium Khabarovsk, Russia
www.restec.ru FOREST AND WOOD RIGA 2012 19-22 April Riga International Exhibition Centre Riga, Latvia
www.bt1.lv/mk TECHNODOMUS 2012 20-24 April Rimini Fiera Rimini, Italy
58 www.timberdesignandtechnology.com | April 2012
24-27 April VVC Moscow, Russia
www.interkomplekt.ru TECHNOMEBEL FAIR FOR WOODWORKING AND FURNITURE PRODUCTION 24-28 April Inter Expo Centre Sofia, Bulgaria
www.bulgarreklama.com GULFBID 2012 24-26 April Bahrain International Exhibition & Convention Centre Manama, Bahrain
TECHNIBOIS EXHIBITION OF CARPENTRY AND JOINERY 26-28 April Espace Gruyère Bulle, Switzerland
www.technibois.ch AMEUBLEMENT ET DECORATION 2012 27 April - 8 May Paris Expo Porte de Versailles Paris, France
www.foiredeparis.fr PROJECT QATAR 2012 30 April - 3 May Doha Exhibition Centre, Doha, Qatar
www.projectqatar.com WOOD WORLD - EGYPT 2012 24-27 May Cairo International Convention & Exhibition Centre Cairo, Egypt
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