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Issue 13 | April 2014

NHG Timber: The natural source of world hardwoods and quality softwoods Metsätapiola awarded for its wooden architecture at the ‘Iconic Awards’ Ongreening plywood ‘Bird’s nest’ steals the show at Ecobuild 2014 American Hardwoods: Special Middle East Supplement Wood-Plastic Composite Lumber vs. Wood Decking PLUS Timber industry news, new products, exhibition previews and listings and more

A N A L Y S I S | I N T E R V I E W S | D E S I G N | S U S T A I N A B I LApril I T2014 Y | | T E C H N O L O G Y1

modified wood by Accsys Technologies


Commercial Headquarters, India

Maritime Harbour Office, Vilanova de Arousa, Spain Louis Vuitton facade, Cancun, Mexico

Created from sustainably sourced wood and completely non-toxic, Accoya® is a revolution in wood technology: - Guaranteed for 50 years above ground - Guaranteed for 25 years below ground - Exceptional dimensional stability - Outstanding coating performance for low maintenance - Consistent quality throughout - Available as FSC® and PEFC™ certified wood - Cradle to Cradle Gold certified Private residence, France



2 | April 2014

ACCOYA® and the Trimarque Device are registered trademarks owned by Titan Wood Limited, a wholly owned subsidiary of Accsys Technologies PLC, and may not be used or reproduced without written permission.



Editor’s comment Cover Image: Image © Broadleaf Consulting

Ecobuild, the world’s leading event for sustainable design, construction and the built environment, took place earlier in March this year. Fittingly, the founders of, a new webbased global platform devoted to green building professionals and the profiling of green building technologies, decided to launch their platform at this year’s edition. They decided to build a pavilion for the event that was shaped like a ‘bird’s nest’ using plywood, and which was intended to echo

Issue 13 | APRIL 2014

Ongreening’s goal of capturing and filtering the world’s knowledge of green data. This unique bird’s

Timber Design & Technology Magazine

timber’s credentials as a truly sustainable building material. As such, our sustainability feature focuses

Director Andy MacGregor +971 55 849 1574 Marketing Director Eric Hammond +971 4 455 8400

nest-shaped plywood pavilion attracted significant interest at the show and served to further cement on the launch of Ongreening and its tremendously successful pavilion at Ecobuild. Our April issue coincides with the Dubai WoodShow, the biggest wood industry trade show in the Middle East Region, which takes place from April 8 - 10, 2014 and will host more than 500 companies from 40 countries. As the official media partner for the event, we have thrown the spotlight on some of the key exhibitors taking part at the event, including the likes of Accsys Technologies, Swedish Wood and Alfred Vesely Timber Export, who are all making their debut at the show this year. In addition, the American Hardwood Export Council (AHEC) has once again partnered with us to publish a special Middle East supplement that highlights the increasing demand for American hardwoods

International Sales Director James Hamilton

and the potential for further growth with thermally-modified American hardwoods opening up new

Editor Tony Smith

growing usage of timber globally for external applications. A case in point being Accoya, an industry-

International Correspondent Eamonn Ennis +91 98676 54952

year, we had a chance to sit down with Paul Clegg, CEO of Accsys Technologies PLC, a UK incorporated

International Representatives Rabia Alga AntExpo Org. | Turkey +90 216 541 0390 Elias Aggelopoulos Med Expo | Greece +30 210 2931011

possibilities for suppliers and specifiers. This issue will also be distributed at the Outdoor Design Build & Supply Show, especially given the leading modified wood product that delivers outstanding levels of performance, stability and class one durability whilst remaining 100 percent non-toxic. Making its debut at the Dubai WoodShow this environmental science and technology company, and the brains behind Accoya and Tricoya. In a span of over 7 years since its launch, Accoya has already reached customers in over forty countries and six continents around the world and the potential for this ‘high technology wood’ is extremely positive. The issue also features several established players including the likes of NHG Timber, who have been supplying the region with hardwood products consistently since 1996. Specializing in the sourcing of tropical and temperate timbers with a special focus on West Africa, the company prides itself on the knowledge and dedication of its team as well as its strong working relationships with its suppliers, all helping to provide a first class service to its buyers. As always, I would like to encourage you to log on to the website - - for the latest updates and please get in touch if you have any suggestions for subjects we should consider covering.

Timber Design & Technology is published 6 times a year by Citrus Media Group (powered by WillyMac Associates FZ LLC) Level 14, Boulevard Plaza - Tower One, Emaar Boulevard, Downtown Dubai, PO Box 334155, Dubai, UAE

is designed by UC Design Pvt. Ltd. and is printed by MASAR Printing Press Great care is taken to ensure the accuracy of the contents of Timber Design & Technology but the publishers accept no responsibility for any errors or omissions. All contents are © 2014 Citrus Media Group and may not be reproduced in any form without prior consent. Letters and readers’ contributions may be edited at our discretion.

April 2014 |







An excellent guide on choosing hardwoods and wood-based products from Malaysia, providing useful information on: Malaysia’s sustainable forestry management and certification Why Malaysian hardwoods are the preferred choice for cost- and energy- efficient timber applications that are durable, classy and attractive The environmental benefits of Malaysian hardwoods as a renewable, recyclable product that uses less energy over its life cycle than other building materials The Malaysian timber industry’s capability in supplying high quality timbers and wood products to suit any application or design specifications

For general feedback or enquiries, please email us at

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MTC HEAD OFFICE 18th Floor, Menara PGRM No. 8 Jalan Pudu Ulu, Cheras 56100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Tel: +60 3 9281 1999 Fax: +60 3 9282 8999 Email: | April 2014

For a free copy of the magazine, please contact the office nearest to you. MTC LONDON 24 Old Queen Street London SW1H 9HP United Kingdom Tel: + 44 207 222 8188 Fax: +44 207 222 8884 Email:

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Ongreening plywood ‘Bird’s nest’ steals the show at Ecobuild 2014

Ecobuild 2014 marked the official launch of Ongreening

17 MARKET REPORT Market prospects look good but price volatility is expected to increase

Outcomes in 2014 are tied to a number of key drivers both supply- and demand-related


P12 P14

Wood-Plastic Composite Lumber vs. Wood Decking

A comparison of performance characteristics and environmental attributes

26 the source NHG Timber: The natural source of world hardwoods and quality softwoods

NHG Timber Ltd. has been trading for over 30 years having been founded by Nick Goodwin


29 supplement American Hardwoods

Special supplement looking at American hardwoods and their applications

50 design & décor Metsätapiola awarded for its wooden architecture at the ‘Iconic Awards’

Building design calls for the extensive use of wood for structural and cladding purposes

58 comment Grow more trees, use more wood

What if the green economy would lead to a ‘revolution’ in forestry by providing a new perspective on conservation and sustainable use?

62 technology TI: A leading manufacturer of high pressure laminates

P32 P50

PLUS p8 Latest News

64 wood works WOOD.b: Timeless, classic wooden bicycles from BSG

p66 Showtime April 2014 |


Farlin group of companies are vertically integrated with an established presence worldwide in timber logs, sawn timber, plywood, panel products and coal for energy sectors.

6 | April 2014

T: +971 4 8809889 F: +971 4 8809779 April 2014 |



Rare opportunity to shape China’s impact on global forests produced the draft guidelines for sustainable overseas trade and investment in forest products. The meeting was part of a larger three-day event, which ran from March 25 - 27, which aimed to promote legal, sustainable trade and investment in forest products. Discussions were held on topics such as the role of China in the global timber trade; opportunities and changes for Chinese forestry enterprises; and the current status of production and trade in rosewood, a highly valuable but overexploited form of tropical timber. As a supporter of the event, the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) arranged for several of its partners from government agencies, civil society and private sector interests in Africa and Asia to attend. “China’s authorities are keen to learn from international experts about ways to ensure that Chinese companies dealing in timber and timber products do so sustainably,” said Xiaoxue Weng, a researcher in IIED’s China team. “This meeting is important because stakeholder consultation is a critical component of good forest governance,” said James Mayers, Head of IIED’s Natural Resources Group. “China’s influence on distant forests is growing. This creates opportunities to ensure that trade Chinese policymakers and international forestry experts met in

and investment can provide forest dependent communities with the

Shanghai on March 27, 2014 and discussed draft guidelines that

economic and environmental benefits that are the foundation of

will affect how Chinese businesses involved in the timber trade can

sustainable forestry.”

operate. One of the key issues discussed included timber tracking

The three-day meeting was co-organized by the Research Institute

systems, which can improve supply chains by ensuring only legally

of Forestry Policy and Information of the Chinese Academy of Forestry

harvested wood reaches the market. More importantly, the meeting

and the Center for International Forest Products Trade of the State

provided international stakeholders with a rare opportunity to share

Forestry Administration of China, with support from Forest Trends, the

their views with policymakers at China’s State Administration of

European Forest Institute’s EU FLEGT Facility, IIED, the Worldwide Fund

Forestry and the Chinese Academy of Forestry, which have co-

for Nature (WWF) and the Global Environmental Institute.

American Wood Council and Canadian Wood Council announce EPDs for Medium Density Fiberboard and Particleboard The American Wood Council (AWC) and Canadian Wood Council (CWC) have announced the release of new environmental product declarations (EPDs) for medium density fiberboard (MDF) and particleboard, bringing the available EPDs for North American wood products to nine. Based on international standards (ISO 14025 and ISO 21930), EPDs have worldwide applicability and include information about product environmental impacts such as use of resources, global warming potential, emissions to air, soil and water, and waste generation. “We are pleased to partner with the Canadian Wood Council to make these EPDs available. With the growing interest by the design community to select products for which EPDs are available, we are confident the MDF and particleboard EPDs will be popular,” said Robert Glowinski, President and CEO, AWC. EPDs are standardized tools that provide information about the environmental footprint of the products they cover. The North American wood products industry has taken its EPDs one step further by obtaining third-party verification from UL Environment, a business unit of Underwriters Laboratories and an independent certifier of

Composite Panel Association (CPA). “CPA members are proud to have

products and their sustainable attributes.

supported the development of the Life Cycle Inventory and Life Cycle

“The composite panel industry is based on the recovery of forestry


Assessment reports upon which these EPDs are based. Specifiers,

residuals to fabricate high-value construction and consumer products,

designers and fabricators now have an important new tool to

and our EPDs yet again showcase the unmatched environmental

objectively compare wood products with those made of plastic, metal

performance of renewable wood,” said Tom Julia, President of the

or other materials.” | April 2014


Malaysia: 2013 furniture exports top USD 2.2 billion 2013. In addition, Malaysia was the eighth ranked global furniture exporter. In recent years Malaysian exporters have been facing growing competition from Chinese furniture exporters as well as exporters in Vietnam where, in 2013, furniture exports were worth USD 4.5 billion. However, Industry analysts speculate that the furniture industry in Malaysia will expand to meet growing demand, particularly as manufacturers in China face increasing production costs, especially rising wages. Currently, Malaysian production costs are about the same as those in China but are not expected to increase significantly in the short term. Analysts also point out the success of Malaysian producers in meeting international quality and delivery requirements. The Malaysian government is making a determined effort to get manufacturers to move up the value chain and become ‘brand International demand for Malaysian furniture remained strong in 2013

manufacturers’. This is in contrast to the early days when the

and furniture exports topped USD 2.2 billion (RM 7.4 billion) last year.

Malaysian furniture industry developed its trade in rubberwood

America, Japan, Australia, Singapore and UK were the top buyers in


Green jobs, sustainable forest management and wood processing in Southern Africa Forest resource depletion due to the effects of climate change, forest fires and failing reforestation, as well as sub-standard and wasteful logging and wood-processing practices, are some of the challenges faced by the forestry and wood industry in the countries of the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC). In response, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) have joined forces to assist with the development of sustainable forestry and wood-processing sectors in the region. Representatives of forestry education and training institutions from Malawi, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe, together with FAO and UNIDO officials, met for a three-day project development meeting in George, South Africa. Participants at the meeting validated the findings of an initial situation analysis of a project titled ‘Strengthening Forestry Training Centers and Wood Industries for Green Employment in the SADC Region.’ One of the participants, Professor Josh Louw from the Nelson

Jukka Tissari from FAO said, “FAO can bring its expertise in

Mandela Metropolitan University’s Natural Resource Management

sustainable forest management, including forest inventories

Department in George, said, “We have similar challenges related

and valuation techniques, which are important in ensuring that

to sustainable forest resources management and utilization. The

the primary resource is developed sustainably. The region-wide

expertise exists within the region and this should be utilized by

move towards private sector-led small-grower forestry calls for a

creating regional South-South collaboration between the SADC

strengthening of social forestry and entrepreneurship skills. UNIDO


has a role to play in training and job creation in the forestry and

Joyce Gombe, Principal of the Zimbabwe College of Forestry

wood industries, which are crucial aspects for rural employment and

and Forest Industries Training Centre (FITC), added, “We can learn

poverty reduction. By joining forces, FAO and UNIDO can achieve a

from each other and duplicate best practices among the different

bigger impact on the overall task of developing a sustainable forestry

institutions. For example, the FITC in Zimbabwe is a unique institution

and wood industry in SADC region.”

in the SADC region, offering in-depth training in primary wood

The results from the meeting will be used to develop a fully-fledged

processing and saw doctoring. This expertise should be better utilized

regional programme, with national projects, with an initial inception

in the region.”

phase of 6-12 months. The project will use innovative teaching and

UNIDO and FAO had jointly mobilized funds for a preparatory

training techniques such as virtual learning environment, mobile and

assistance grant to carry out an initial situation analysis and

distance learning methods, as well as public-private development

stakeholder consultation. The collaboration follows a memorandum of

partnerships, to connect the countries and stakeholders in the SADC

understanding signed between the two organizations to cooperate in

region with best practices abroad in order to maximize and share the

the field of forestry and wood industries, among others.

strengths that each country has to offer.

April 2014 |



FDI in timber processing tops USD 51 million in Burma foreign investment in timber processing. “We usually exported wood to India as logs before, but not anymore. So, businessmen there have no other choice but to come and do business inside our country,” said Htun. Burma is one of the last countries in the world that still allows for the export of unprocessed logs, and raw timber makes up the majority of its wood export. As a result, the country has failed to build up a woodprocessing industry that can add value to the vast quantity of timber that Burma produces. In an effort to reduce deforestation and the outflow of unprocessed timber, the government has banned the export of raw logs by April 1, 2014; however sawn wood exports will be allowed. India, China and Thailand are the biggest importers of Burmese timber, which is estimated to have a total worth of more than USD 1 billion per year, according to US-based research group Forest Trends, which estimates that about half of all timber is exported to India. Burma’s timber industry has long been dogged by unsustainable practices and corruption, and is largely controlled by tycoons with Image © Soe Zeya/Reuters

connections to the former military regime. The unregulated crossborder timber trade to southern China passes through conflict-torn

Foreign investment in Burma’s timber industry reached USD 51 million

northern Burma and is being taxed by ethnic insurgent groups and

last year and India was the biggest investor with six investment

Burma Army units. Consequently, Burma has suffered from high rates

projects representing about half of all investments. According

of deforestation, while a recent increase in agro-industry investment -

to statistics from the Directorate of Investment and Company

such as rubber and palm oil plantations - is driving further forest losses,

Administration, which is under the Ministry of National Planning and

Forest Trends has warned.

Economic Development, eight timber-processing licenses were granted

Last year, the European Union lifted trade restrictions on Burma, but

to foreign firms in the fiscal year 2013-2014, out of which India

the country would need to reform its timber sector in order to gain

had acquired five, Singapore two and Korea one. The figures indicate

access to the EU export market. Burma’s government has shown an

that timber processing attracted a total of USD 51 million in foreign

interest in such reforms and is in discussions with the EU about the

investment last year, with India investing USD 26.04 million, while

joint implementation of a Forest Law Enforcement Governance and

Singapore and South Korea invested USD 24.26 million and USD 0.93

Trade (FLEGT) action plan. Further, the Myanmar Timber Association, a

million, respectively.

government body in charge of regulating the timber industry, has said

Minister of Environmental Conservation and Forestry Win Htun said that Burma’s upcoming log export ban had prompted an increase in

that an increase in trade in high-quality timber with the EU would be a boon for Burma’s timber industry.

eVolo magazine announces the winners of its 2014 Skyscraper Competition eVolo magazine has announced the winners of its 2014 Skyscraper Competition. The first place was awarded to Yong Ju Lee from the United States for his project ‘Vernacular Versatility’, which reinterprets traditional Korean architecture in a contemporary mixeduse high-rise. The second place was awarded to Mark Talbot and Daniel Markiewicz from the United States for their project ‘Car and Shell: or Marinetti’s Monster’, which proposes a city in the sky for Detroit. In addition, the recipients of the third place were YuHao Liu and Rui Wu from Canada for their project ‘Propagate Skyscraper’ that investigates the structural use of carbon dioxide in skyscrapers. The 2014 edition marks the ninth anniversary of the competition established in 2006 to recognize outstanding ideas for vertical living through the novel use of technology, materials, programs, aesthetics, and spatial organizations. eVolo magazine received 525 projects from 43 countries in all continents and the jury, formed by leaders of the Image © eVolo

architecture and design fields, selected 3 winners and 20 honorable mentions. Some of the honorable mentions include a skyscraper that filters

winning entry in its next issue on account of the fact that the project

the air of polluted cities, a sky village for Los Angeles, a 3D printed

incorporates the use of wood as a structural component and opens

tower in the desert, and a vertical transportation hub among other

a number of possibilities to bring an old construction and design

innovative projects. Timber Design & Technology will be profiling the

tradition to the present day with efficiency and beauty.

10 | April 2014


CLT to make its breakthrough in the U.S. market A super-strong engineered wood product popular in Europe, known as cross-laminated timber (CLT), is coming to America under a joint venture involving a Coeur d’Alene-based lumber producer. The Austrian Johann Offner Group and Idaho Forest Group, which operates five mills in North Idaho, America, have announced plans to sign a partnership to produce cross-laminated timber (CLT), which will be distributed in the American market. “The family-owned companies together will market and distribute CLT building systems in the U.S. as soon as this year,” said Marc Brinkmeyer, Chairman of the Idaho Forest Group. “Idaho Forest Group, which distributes lumber all over the U.S. and also exports to Asia, will be the first company to sell CLT in this country.” Brinkmeyer has monitored the development of engineered wood for five years now and has seen ‘very cost-effective, attractive buildings’ made from CLT components. The US-based company will initially import CLT, but has plans to start producing it in 24-36 months. CLT was invented in 1996 by the Austrian company KLH, which now is a subsidiary of Johan Offner Group. CLT is presented as an alternative to traditional building components, such as concrete, masonry and steel. CLT consists of layers of lumber oriented at right angles to one another and glued together to form rigid panels with exceptional strength and stability. Those panels then are made into building components such as walls and floors.

FAO launches new satellite-based data on forest resources on the ‘International Day of Forests’ The FAO released new satellite-based data on the occasion of the

America, Africa and Asia - with the biggest loss in absolute terms in

‘International Day of Forests’, which confirmed that forest areas

tropical South America, followed by tropical Africa, whereas gains in

continue to decline globally, with the biggest losses of tropical forests

forest area were reported for subtropical and temperate Asia.

occurring in South America and Africa. According to the FAO, improving

The world’s forests are distributed unevenly with just under half

information on forest resources is a key factor in halting illegal

the world’s forests in the tropical domain (45 percent of total forest

deforestation and forest degradation. The announcement was timed

area), about one third in boreal (31 percent) and smaller amounts in

with the ‘International Day of Forests’ which is celebrated annually on

temperate (16 percent) and subtropical (8 percent) domains. This is the

March 21 and the FAO is using this year’s celebration to discuss ways

first consistent survey to show the changes in forest land use for those

to improve the availability of information on the state of forests at all

four main ecological domains over the past 20 years. To develop the

levels: nationally, regionally and globally.

survey, FAO worked with more than 200 experts from 107 countries.

“If we want to be serious about halting deforestation, in line with FAO’s Zero Illegal Deforestation challenge, this must be premised on the availability of sound information and data,” said Jose Graziano da Silva, FAO Director-General.

The work is the result of a partnership between FAO, its member countries and the European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC). Graziano da Silva also underlined today that the local forest communities play a crucial role in responding to two major challenges

The FAO has been championing the use of satellite technology to

that forests are facing today: deforestation and forest degradation. At

track forest changes. The new assessment of changes in the world’s

the same time, he noted, they are among the world’s most vulnerable

forests shows the decline of forest land use between 1990 and 2010.

populations. He urged governments to support vulnerable populations

According to the updated survey, the area of forest cover decreased by

and adopt better governance policies to enable millions of people who

some 5.3 million ha/year, corresponding, over the period 1990-2010,

rely on forests for their livelihoods to benefit from numerous forest

to a net loss equivalent of nearly 4 times the size of Italy or the size

products and services.

of Colombia. The updated findings of a global remote sensing survey

“In 2014, we are celebrating the International Day of Forests

show that total forest area as of 2010 is 3.89 billion hectares or 30

in the context of the International Year of Family Farming,” said

percent of the total land area of the Earth.

Graziano da Silva. “Forest people are part of this group of family

Worldwide, the gross reduction in forest land use caused by

farmers, pastoralists, artisanal fishers, and indigenous and traditional

deforestation and natural disasters over the 20-year time period

communities. They represent hundreds of millions of families that

(15.5 million hectares per year) was partially offset by gains in forest

play a key role in guaranteeing food security in many countries. In

area through afforestation and natural forest expansion (10.2 million

many cases, they are also directly responsible for the sustainable

hectares per year). There were considerable regional differences in

management of forests and natural resources. But, at the same time,

forest losses and gains. The area of tropical forests declined in South

they are among the world’s most food insecure.”

April 2014 | 11


Completed GCC construction projects register a 27 percent increase in value in 2013

Construction projects across all building sectors worth USD 69.91 billion

residential sector accounted for almost half of the overall 2013 market

were completed in the GCC in 2013 according to a study conducted

with a market share of 42.6 percent (USD 3.33 billion). The commercial

by Ventures ME and commissioned by dmg events. The research also

sector followed with a 17.9 percent share corresponding to a value of

looked into 2014 and estimated that projects worth USD 83.41 billion

USD 1.40 billion and the hospitality sector with 13.4 percent share and

(representing an increase of 17.43 percent) would be completed this

a value of USD 1.05 billion.

year whilst projects valued at USD 82.2 billion would be awarded

According to the Ventures ME study, figures for 2014 are expected

across the year. According to Ventures ME, the value of the GCC Interior

to increase further for both the building construction and interiors

Contracting and Fit-out market last year was estimated at USD 7.81

markets. The healthcare sector is expected to grow by 250 percent from

billion. Whilst this represented an 8 percent increase over 2012, the

a value of USD 2.4 billion registered in 2013, to an estimated value

projected growth rate for this year is 18 percent, which translates into

of USD 8.4 billion. The UAE in particular will be the country with the

an estimated value of USD 9.2 billion by the end of the year.

majority of healthcare buildings completed worth a total value of USD

With residential (43.3 percent), commercial (18.2 percent) and

3.19 billion - almost five times the value registered in 2013 - followed

educational (10 percent) segments leading the way, 2013 has been a

by Saudi Arabia with USD 3.09 billion and Qatar with USD 1.7 billion.

positive year for the construction market. USD 69.91 billion worth of

Kuwait is also worth highlighting with the value of projects completed

projects were completed with a further USD 71 billion worth of projects

moving from USD 47 million in 2013 to an estimated USD 317 million

awarded. Hospitality, medical and retail buildings were also completed

in 2014. Despite the huge increase in the healthcare sector, the building

- with total values of USD 4.6 billion, USD 2.4 billion and USD 1.8 billion

construction market will still be led by the residential and commercial

respectively. The research showed that Saudi Arabia and the UAE rank in

sectors that together will account for over half of the market share

the top two positions for all sectors with the exception of education and

concentrated particularly in Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Qatar.

healthcare for which Qatar ranks top with completed projects worth USD

Out of an overall estimated market value of USD 9.2 billion, the

4.6 billion in the educational segment (KSA - USD 1.01 billion; UAE - USD

residential sector will account for 35.9 percent and USD 3.33 billion in

714 million) and worth USD 1.12 billion in the healthcare segment (KSA

value, followed by the hospitality sector at 19.8 percent and USD 1.82

- USD 482 million; UAE - USD 570 million).

billion of value and the commercial sector with 15.7 percent and USD

The report also showed that the value of the GCC Interior Contracting

1.44 billion in value. When compared to 2013 figures, the healthcare

and Fit-out market in 2013 was USD 7.81 billion - an increase of 8

sector will see the biggest growth with a huge 256 percent increase and

percent when compared to 2012. Saudi Arabia was the largest market

reaching a value of USD 672 million. Further, the retail interiors market

with a 47.4 percent share (USD 3.7 billion) followed by the UAE and

is expected to see the biggest drop in value from USD 393 million to

Qatar valued at USD 2.39 billion and USD 953 million respectively. The

USD 308 million.

UAE wood industry to witness cumulative 126 percent growth rate in next 7 years The UAE wood industry is expected to register cumulative growth

to 10, 2014, will have participation of over 500 companies from 40

of 126 percent over the next 7 years driven by the boom in the

countries, an increase of 7 percent compared to the previous edition.

construction sector as part of the Expo 2020 buildup, according to

Walid Farghal, Director General of Strategic Marketing & Exhibitions,

the organizers of the Dubai WoodShow 2014. This growth will be

organizers of the Dubai WoodShow said: “We anticipate more than

powered by rising investments towards real estate and infrastructure,

10,000 visitors to the show. The exhibition area has increased to

in addition to the other expansion projects across the country.

13,428 sqm, compared to 12,629 sqm in the previous edition. We are

The organizers said the event has received overwhelming response

delighted with this success achieved since 2006 when we launched

from international timber firms who are looking to establish a regional

the exhibition with 75 exhibitors from 15 countries. We also expect

presence through Dubai to meet anticipated demand as part of the

increase in the volume of commercial deals due to the growing demand

buildup for Expo 2020. The Dubai WoodShow, to be held from April 8

for home and office furniture.�

12 | April 2014

April 2014 | 13


Ongreening plywood ‘Bird’s nest’ steals the show at Ecobuild 2014 T

he 2014 Ecobuild exhibition

based global platform devoted to

years as a leading building designer

at London’s ExCel center

green building professionals and

and sustainability consultant on

opened recently and a unique

the profiling of green building

cutting-edge sustainable buildings,

bird’s nest-shaped plywood pavilion

technologies. As such, the

I found out that as architects,

designed for Ongreening’s stand

organization required a pavilion

we spend too much time looking

at the event stole the show. The

and lecture theatre that would make

for reliable information on green

timber structure was designed by

them stand out from the crowd at the

building schemes and products

Multienergy and Politecnico di Milano,

world’s largest event for sustainable

while we should use that time

engineered by Ramboll UK and

design, which took place at the ExCel

in a more productive way,” said

supported by TRADA, Coillte, DHH,

center in London from March 3 - 5,

Alfonso Senatore, CEO and Founder,

Global HiTech and other sustainable-

2014. DHH Timber Products provided


driven companies. The look of the

the birch plywood for the structure,

pavilion, which attracted significant

while Coillte Panel Products supplied

platform focused on sustainable

attention, was intended to echo

OSB for the flooring for the pavilion.

building, green rating systems and

Ongreening’s goal of capturing and

“I strongly believe innovation

As a new revolutionary online

building products, Ongreening has

filtering the world’s knowledge of

happens when we start sharing

a mission to spread knowledge and

green data.

knowledge and disciplines

innovation, disseminate green best

work together. Having worked

practices across the globe while

internationally for more than 15+

providing free access to current

Ecobuild 2014 marked the launch of, a new web-

14 | April 2014


Image © Ongreening

information on a wide range of green

Ongreening will make the professional

very early design stages. Many hours

building-related guidance, news and

life of thousands of green consultants

were then spent on the computational

technologies, and much more. The

much easier,” added Senatore.

model, before our team was able

platform has been designed to enable

to generate the fabrication detailed

share ideas and amplify the impact

Using form-finding techniques

of their remarkable projects and

“We had the unique opportunity

team to test a range of timber-based


to create a very innovative and

materials and it carried out the final

sustainable design while pushing

structural calculations,” said Rosa

information but it is often difficult

the boundaries of the emergent

Sannia, Director of Multienergy and

to get the right document without

technologies. The design of the

designer of the pavilion.

wasting a lot of time. Thus, the

pavilion was an exciting experience

idea of a new revolutionary web

and started as usual by testing the

geometry was generated using

platform dedicated to green building

initial ideas on a 1:20 scale sketch

parametric form-finding techniques

professional came out. That’s

model. Powerful computational

by Ramboll. The structure itself is, a transparent and

modeling techniques, then, were used

unique in that it uses thin 6.5mm

independent source of reference for

to generate the early shape of the

birch plywood timber laths, which

sustainable building practices, green

stand. The structural and installation

are bent into shape, creating a so-

rating schemes and products. I hope

strategy was clearly identified at the

called ‘bending active’ structure,

building-industry professionals to

“The web is a great source of

drawings for the CNC machine. Ramboll brilliantly assisted our

The pavilion’s bird nest-like

Image © Ongreening

April 2014 | 15


which is incredibly stiff and acts like a monocoque, enabling the shell to carry most of the stresses. The timber laths are aligned along geodesic lines between pre-seeded generation points set out using a parametric model. The primary geodesic members are restrained by secondary laths of the same narrow and thin profile of plywood with a simple bolted connection. This method allowed the use of straight and short length pieces of timber, making it more practical to purchase, transport and build compared with other similar looking structures. Image © Ongreening

“The Ongreening pavilion was a tremendous opportunity to marry the flexibility, beauty and strength

year. According to the organizers,

and we believe both the industry and

of timber with the most advanced

the event bore witness to renewed

Ecobuild are firmly set for growth,”

computational design techniques

optimism for the green construction

said Alison Jackson, Group Director

and generative modeling. The thin

sector as Ecobuild experienced a

of Sustainability & Construction,

plywood lath structure was then

three percent rise in visitors with

Ecobuild. “The strategic move to bring

generated as a series of geodesic

44,538 sustainable built environment

all Ecobuild’s conference and seminar

lines propagating on the surface.

professionals flocking to the world’s

content down on the show floor has

Each member was a straight element

leading event for sustainable

been very successful with our two

and because of the inherently stiff

design, construction and the built

arenas filled to the brim each day

double curved form the minimum of

environment. Hosting an eclectic

along with six seminar theatres.”

material was needed. The finished

mix of MPs, industry experts and

structure was highly sustainable and

household names such as Janet

very quick to build. It is a testament

Street-Porter, former London Mayor

to the adaptability of timber and its

Ken Livingstone and Kevin McCloud,

relevance to the modern construction

Ecobuild’s highly coveted conference

environment,” said Stephen Melville,

programme also drew an impressive

Director, Buildings - Ramboll


Computational Design.


“We are thrilled and immensely proud of the event delivered this year and the hard work Ecobuild’s partners,

Ecobuild displayed the work of some

exhibitors and visitors have done to

of the industry’s most innovative

push forward the green construction

leaders from across the world over

agenda. Despite the recession, green

the course of its three-day run this

construction is now turning a corner Alfonso Senatore Image © Ongreening

Project Details Client Ongreening Architects & Designers Multienergy, London Alfonso Senatore, Rosa Sannia, Anna Tsareva, Claudia Galassini, Elsa Sanfilippo, Giorgio Napoli, Nikyar Neshat, Lisa Scaglione, Shi Wei Structural Consultants Ramboll UK Other Consultants TRADA Image © Ongreening

16 | April 2014


Market prospects look good but price volatility is expected to increase Outcomes in 2014 are tied to a number of key drivers - both supply- and demand-related


he outlook for global lumber markets in 2014 hinge on demand forces in the key

consuming regions of the world, according to the International WOOD MARKETS Group. More specifically, it will be the lumber demand trends in the U.S., China and Western Europe that will shape global markets in 2014 and beyond. The following analysis by WOOD MARKETS is derived from its consultants’ extensive travels and market investigations that, in turn, are the basis of six of its strategic outlook reports and analyses that were produced in the second half of 2013. While the supply dynamics are becoming more constrained in some areas, the ability for sawmill capacity to ramp up production is an all too familiar dynamic that continues to overshadow the global lumber market. However, if global demand can achieve a 4 percent (or higher) gain in 2014, the outlook should be very good for lumber and sawnwood prices.

April 2014 | 17


In the November issue of the WOOD MARKETS Monthly International Report, a 3.4 percent gain is forecast for 2014, which will result in favorable - but not spectacular lumber prices. The U.S. market outlook for 2014 (and beyond) was assessed in great detail in WOOD MARKETS 2014 - The Solid Wood Products Outlook: 2014 to 2018. While there will be a definite tightening in supply side dynamics in Canada, U.S. output is expected to drive lumber production over the coming five-year period. However, it is the pace of U.S. housing starts that will set the tone for the lumber (and panel) markets in 2014. After a strong gain in new U.S. housing starts of 28.5 percent in 2012 (an increase of 175,000 over 2011), 2013 will end up with a more lackluster gain of only 18.5 percent (+145,000 units) or about 925,000 new housing starts. In 2013, the North American lumber supply chain became more balanced - starting in the second quarter - as production started to swamp overall demand. By the fourth quarter, a much better balance between supply and demand had developed, setting the stage for a good start to 2014. However, without strong gains in new residential housing starts increases of 20 percent of more (or 175,000 or more units), it is more likely to just be a ‘good’ year overall, but still could feature some supply chain shocks during the year that could create price spikes both up and down. WOOD MARKETS is predicting a steady growth in housing starts in

The lumber demand trends in the U.S., China and Western Europe will shape global markets in 2014 and beyond

2014, but less than the 20 percent that is needed to support a very

Russell Taylor

strong market. North American lumber production is also expected to increase by almost 3 billion bf (+5.4 percent) in 2014 - an increase over 2013’s estimated gain of 2.6 billion bf (+5 percent). The stud lumber segment is expected to see the most volatility when U.S. housing starts increase rapidly (i.e., more than 175,000 units per year) and/or as the supply chain tightens. From the detailed analysis covered in WOOD MARKETS’ North American Stud Industry & Market Outlook to 2017, North American stud lumber capacity has been essentially unchanged since 2009 as some mills have closed while others have

18 | April 2014



restarted. Canadian SPF represents

volumes of imported studs or further

over 50 percent of all stud lumber

production in North America, higher

production but with Canada facing

and sustained lumber prices will be

in global export markets as log and

overall declines in its lumber output

needed. Over the next five years,

lumber imports continue to increase.

within about two years (declines in

total North American stud demand

This situation has been exasperated

B.C. will not made up by the rest of

is forecast to experience an annual

by the fall in total Russian log exports

Canada) future supply growth in SPF is

compounded growth rate of almost 10

since 2007 (from 52 million m3 to 18

unlikely. And there is almost no stud

percent - much higher than dimension

million m3) as the Russian industry

lumber production in southern yellow

lumber. And the prospects of a lumber

has suffered from rising domestic

pine. As a result, studs could become a

‘super-cycle’ coupled with record high

logging and transportation costs

scarce commodity given the significant

lumber prices are very possible by

despite a reduced log export tax that

fiber supply constraints that will

2016 (perhaps as early as 2015 for

came into effect in September 2012.

China continues to be a key wildcard

allow for only moderate production increases in Eastern Canada and essentially no net increases in Western Canada. Parts of the U.S. West are facing a tightening log supply and this could further constrain stud lumber production, especially if China bids up the price of log exports from the coast region. Aside from the U.S. West, stud lumber mills are expected to be operating near full capacity in the next few years with limited incremental production available. This scenario will require increasing volumes of imported studs from Europe to meet some of the increased demand. However, to attract the necessary

April 2014 | 19


China continues to be a key wildcard in global export markets as log and lumber imports continue to increase survey. The lowest (negative) margins were in Europe. These mills have the highest log costs in the world (outside of China) and must also absorb the highest freight costs to access the U.S. market. Consequently, European mills were the least competitive to the U.S. market in 2013 and will need Erosion of the competitiveness of the

to rein it in, it looks like the market

delivered lumber prices well above

Russian forest industry and its lack

is stabilizing and avoiding a boom/

the USD 500/Mbf mark (C&F East

of cost control of log exports remains

bust scenario, which is good news

Coast) before substantial volumes will

a critical issue however. To offset

for exporters of softwood logs and

be exported.

declining log exports, Russian sawn


lumber production has increased by

China continues to influence global

“All of these industry and market dynamics will be further discussed at

about 30 percent during the last ten

log prices as well as prices in many

WOOD MARKETS’ 4th Annual Global

years, while lumber exports have

domestic log markets, especially

Log and Lumber Conference, to be

increased by over 50 percent (led

where logs can be easily exported.

held on May 7, 2014 in Vancouver

by the growing presence of Chinese-

China’s ability to outbid sawmills for

B.C. Other global topics will also be

owned sawmills in Eastern Russia).

sawlogs along the U.S. west coast

discussed, including the impact of

Russian lumber exports to China

(as well as the B.C. Coast and in New

other export markets (such as India

have grown from about 500,000 m3

Zealand) has been strongly evidenced

and Japan) as well as the many

in 2002 to about 7 million m3 (4.4

since 2010. Whilst China has a huge

dynamics of other supplying or

billion bf - nominal count) in 2013.

and widening fiber supply gap, it also

exporting regions. Combining all of

This has resulted in huge changes

has the world’s lowest cost sawmills.

WOOD MARKETS recent research,

in China’s imported log and lumber

Consequently, China can afford to

analysis and forecasts with a number

supply and has also created a number

pay some of the highest prices in the

of exceptional international speakers

of winners and losers as global trade

world for saw logs (and, at times, for

should yield a very insightful synopsis

flows have been radically altered.

softwood lumber). The analysis shows

on the future direction of markets,

WOOD MARKETS’ latest monthly

that with reduced Russian log supplies,

trade and prices,” concludes Russell

China Bulletin outlines how China’s

China will remain a competitive

Taylor, President, International WOOD

new government has plans to open

threat to many domestic sawmills in

MARKETS Group Inc.

up China’s economy that will include

countries that can export saw logs to

improved market access for foreign


investors. The new plans also include

WOOD MARKETS also analyzed

steadily increasing urbanization as

the delivered lumber costs to the

part of China’s development strategy

U.S. South market from five North

and that means further direct or

American regions as well as mills in

related investments in the housing

Europe. Mills within the U.S. South

market. Although China’s housing

featured very low delivered log

market sizzled for most of 2013,

costs and had the highest delivered

despite the government’s attempts

lumber margins of all regions from the

20 | April 2014

About International WOOD Markets International WOOD MARKETS Group ( comprises wood products industry, market and business consulting services for the global industry. The firm maintains a global database and also offers numerous industry or market specific multi-client reports, including its landmark WOOD Markets Monthly International Report. WOOD MARKETS has maintained an office in China since 2005 and also publishes the monthly China Bulletin. Strategic business assessments matching the timber resource to the global commodity and specialty wood products market, coupled with feasibility analyses of timber processing options, are trademark skills of the firm.

A leading manufacturer of high pressure laminates

Phone: +971 2 5511546 Fax : +971 2 55 10509 P.O. Box: 35030 Abu Dhabi - UAE

April 2014 | 21


Wood-Plastic Composite Lumber vs. Wood Decking A comparison of performance characteristics and environmental attributes

Image Š AHEC

22 | April 2014



lastic ‘lumber’ products began appearing in the late 1980s.

Figure 1 Growth in Global Demand for Wood Plastic Composites, Cellulosic, Plastic Lumber and Natural Fiber Composites, 2008-2016

The major selling points are

that it is free of potentially hazardous chemicals and made from long3,500,000

lasting, low-maintenance, recycled materials. It is often promoted as


an environmentally preferable alternative to other decking materials. of wood-plastic composite decking and plastic lumber and environmental properties of these products. Early plastic lumber products lacked adequate structural stiffness, often resulting in sagging park benches and picnic tables. The next

2,500,000 Metric Tons

This article examines the performance

2,000,000 1,500,000 1,000,000 500,000 0 2008

generation of products featured fiber





reinforcement using wood, agricultural

Building products


fibers, fiberglass, and other materials.


Other consumer/Industrial

The addition of fiber reinforcement

Source: (July 13, 2013)

markedly improved overall strength and stiffness, and rapid growth in wood and natural fiber polymer

agricultural fibers and fiberglass.

Plastic composite materials

composites consumption followed.

While use of a high percentage of

are being used today in making a

While the recent economic slowdown

recovered plastic is common (100

wide variety of products. Decking

in North America and Europe slowed

percent is not unusual), some brands

for outdoor applications and auto

consumption growth, markets are

contain markedly less recycled plastic

interiors represent the largest market

now rebounding, with rapid growth

content and little to no post-consumer

for wood-plastic composites in both

expected (Figure 1).

plastic content.

North America and Europe.

If WPC lumber were to have a service life double or even triple that of solid lumber, the environmental performance measures would nonetheless decidedly favor solid lumber

performance to date suggests that

A bit of investigation into WPC

Wood-plastic composite (WPC) lumber is made primarily from high-density polyethylene (HDPE), recovered from the waste stream mainly in the form of used milk containers or recovered plastic bags, and from wood wastes (often planer shavings) that have been ground to a fine powder. A 50:50 mixture of plastic and wood is common. A few WPC products make use of lowdensity polyethylene, polypropylene, or polystyrene plastics and various materials other than wood, including

caution may be in order when considering such products. For instance, various sources document a number of problems that have been encountered with plastic composite decks and a recent study offers new information to help evaluate environmental impacts. Documented WPC problems include: • Mold and mildew development • Biodeterioration • Moisture cycling • UV degradation • Fading • Discoloration

Environmental impacts of decking production and use In March 2009, Canada’s FPInnovations Forintek Division released a 142-page summary of a life cycle assessment of western red cedar (WRC) siding, decking, and alternative products. WPC decking made using virgin polyethylene, and WPC decking made using 100 percent recycled polyethylene were among the product options examined. The study was done in compliance with the international life cycle inventory (LCI) and life cycle impact assessment

April 2014 | 23


Figure 2

Source: FP Innovations (Mahalle and O’Connor) 2009

(LCIA) standards promulgated by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). For every environmental measure, wood-plastic composite decking made using virgin polyethylene corresponded to the highest values and greatest impact (Figure 2). Also,

WPC products have many of the same limitations as wood in exterior uses emissions throughout its life cycle. But what if plastic decking lasts a

wood for many applications. These products have a high recycled content, are relatively new, under constant development, and are likely to improve over time. WPC products, on the other hand, have many of the same limitations as wood in exterior uses, a reality that

for every measure, WRC decking

very long time? Though not explicitly

requires a dose of caution for anyone

yielded the lowest values and the

examined in the FP Innovations

considering their use. Moreover,

lowest environmental impacts, and by

study, the effect of extraordinary

a robust life cycle assessment

a wide margin. Comparing the WPC

product life can be seen through

indicates that even though WPCs

decking made with recycled plastic

re-examination of Figure 2. Note that

may be made completely, or nearly

(yellow bars) and WRC decking (green

even if WPC lumber were to have a

so, from recycled content, the

bars) again shows impact measures

service life double or even triple that

overall environmental impact of

associated with WRC decking to be far

of solid lumber, the environmental

WPC products is nonetheless large

lower. With respect to global warming

performance measures would

as compared to impacts linked to

potential (far left bars), note that the

nonetheless decidedly favor solid

traditional solid-wood decking

value for WRC is negative (less than



carbon contained within the wood of

The Bottom Line

Article reprinted with permission from

the decking product itself is greater

Wood plastic composites provide

Dovetail Partners. To download the full

than the equivalent greenhouses gas

an exciting alternative to solid

article and list of references, visit:

zero); this is because the quantity of dovetailplasticdeck0710.pdf

About Dovetail Partners Dovetail Partners provides authoritative information about the impacts and trade-offs of environmental decisions, including consumption choices, land use, and policy alternatives. Dovetail is a highly skilled team that fosters sustainability and responsible behaviors by collaborating to develop unique concepts, systems, models and programs. Dovetail Partners is a 501(c) (3) nonprofit corporation. More information is available at

24 | April 2014

• • • • • • •

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April 2014 | 25

the source

Stuart McBride with Teak logs Image Š NHG Timber

NHG Timber: The natural source of world hardwoods and quality softwoods 26 | April 2014


HG Timber Ltd. has now been trading for over 30 years having been founded by Nick

Goodwin who has spent his entire working life in the timber trade. The family run business has continued to grow, developing new source areas and widening its product portfolio, and is presently trading with over sixty-five countries and offering a wide range of products. Specializing in the sourcing of tropical and temperate timbers with a special focus on West Africa, the company prides itself on the knowledge and dedication of its team as well as its strong working relationships with its suppliers, all helping to provide a first class service to its buyers. The MENA region is an area, which is well used to rapid change and the businesses that serve it respond and develop to suit. And it is refreshing to note that one of these dynamic companies - NHG Timber - has been supplying the region with hardwood products consistently since 1996. As such, many readers will be familiar

the source

NHG has been supplying the MENA region with hardwood products since 1996 Decking Owing to the popularity and demand for hardwood decking, NHG supplies a wide range of species from South America, the Far East and Africa. In addition, the company is also able to source material that is certified should

Ben and Guy Goodwin with Sipo logs Image © NHG Timber

a buyer request for the same.

Semi-finished products As suppliers wish to add more value to their products, NHG Timber has become more involved in promoting dimension parts, for example squares and cut-tosize blanks, mouldings and laminated sections. The Far East, Europe and North America have been more advanced in developing these products but increasingly Africa is converting more of its huge resource in this way.

Logs Whilst always keen to support suppliers in maximizing value from the forest by marketing processed products, there remains a demand in some markets for logs. Where it is practical to offer, NHG

Dabema, as used at the Park Hyatt Dubai Image © NHG Timber

supplies logs from Africa, Europe and North America to those buyers wishing

with NHG logos adorning packs of

Softwood Lumber

Sapele, Okoume and many other

Specializing in clear grade lumber

timbers in various markets in the Gulf.

from North America, NHG Timber has

MENA region

This success has been built up not only

developed markets in Europe and

Nick Goodwin founded NHG Timber in

on account of its deep and practical

the Middle East for these products.

1981 after his earlier career working

product knowledge, but also by forging

Products include Western Red Cedar,

in the West African forests and is

long-term relationships with clients

Douglas Fir and Southern Yellow Pine.

obviously passionate about the

to control their own yields.

based on mutual respect and trust. Timber Design & Technology takes a closer look at NHG Timber.

Products Hardwood Lumber NHG Timber specializes in hardwood lumber in both standard specification and fixed dimensions, marketing the full range of temperate and tropical species from the four corners of the globe. The company trades not only in well-known species but also promotes and develops new species, grades and specifications, to the benefit of both buyers and suppliers. Image © NHG Timber

April 2014 | 27

the source

Image © NHG Timber

product. He says, “As a company, we have enjoyed working with our clients in the MENA region, where we have been able to gain their loyalty by consistently providing a good service and good timber. We visit our supply sources in Africa at least once every two months which means we can

European Oak and European Beech,

Today, NHG has successfully established a strong brand name and reputation in the market

secure supply of well known and not

the latter an important species for the region. In addition, the full complement of species traded is rounded off by Stuart McBride, who sources American hardwoods and Burma Teak from several well-established, quality minded suppliers. Stuart, as well as Nick, has been

so well known species.”

traveling to the Gulf region several for the sawmill in using the previous

times a year since 1996 to the

you can call it that, is researching and

forest resource in a more effective

extent that it is practically a second

marketing new species suitable for the

and environmentally friendly manner,”

home! Nick states, “The reason for

market and hitting price expectations.

adds Nick.

the regular visits to clients is mainly

In fact, Nick’s favorite ‘hobby’, if

“One thing I admire about our clients

Nick’s interest in ensuring the

because we do not employ a local

is that they are not afraid to try

longevity of timber supply is natural

agent, unlike many of our competitors.

something new, and there are several

enough, especially since two of his

Everyone in the company is both

new species that are being used with

sons work with him in the business.

specialized in their source area and

great success in the market. Actually it

Guy works with his father in securing

has a good understanding of all the

puts our European customers to shame,

African supply and heads up sales to

products we sell. We find that one

who are by their nature far more

Lebanon, Jordan and North Africa.

of the main problems in the market

conservative. Widening the number

His younger son Ben is specifically

is the lack of detailed knowledge of

of species being used is much better

responsible for procurement of

issues such as grade, measure and technical properties of species, so by visiting regularly we can be on hand to assist directly and support clients with timely, accurate information. We believe that this sets us apart from the competition, some of whom we have noted over the years, can be fair weather friends.” Today, NHG has successfully established a strong brand name and reputation in the market. According to Nick, the company is always looking to expand and find new customers to serve, who will in turn benefit from their professionalism, product knowledge, and more often than not, a new and surprising timber to

Image © NHG Timber

28 | April 2014


Special Middle East Supplement

This special supplement is provided with the compliments of the American Hardwood Export Council (AHEC)

April 2014 | 29

american hardwoods

Middle East Design. American Hardwood.


he Middle East has shown considerable

sources, awarded building projects in the

interest in American hardwoods since

GCC reached a total value of USD 71 billion

AHEC launched its market development

last year and there is a forecast growth of

program in the region some 15 years ago.

18 percent in the interiors sector in 2014.

That interest has been translated in to solid

Residential and hospitality projects will

growth in imports of American hardwood

account for the majority of interior fit-out

lumber and veneer, with a rise of 80 percent

contracts in 2014 and these will be focused

in the value of imports during the past five

in Saudi Arabia and the UAE.

years alone.

With all this in mind, we plan to focus

Roderick Wiles

timber structures and street furniture, we hope to see American hardwoods featured

on raising awareness of new technology

in an even wider range of applications in the

embraced American hardwoods and today,

offered by the U.S. hardwood industry,

Middle East in the near future.

the United States is the number one supplier

such as thermal modification, in the coming

of temperate hardwoods to the Gulf. We

months. This relatively simple, but carefully

sponsor of the Commercial Interior Design

now see American species being used in

controlled heating process applied to a select

Awards for the fourth consecutive year.

a wide range of new projects, including

few American hardwood species effectively

The category, Outstanding Use of American

luxury hotels, iconic restaurants, bars and

turns non-durable interior timber in to

Hardwood in the Middle East, attracted a lot

nightclubs, designer retail outlets, private

a material that can be used outside and

of entries in 2011, 2012 and 2013, with The

villas and public buildings, such as schools,

even in high moisture environments. Later

Hub designed by LW Design and completed

universities, airports and government offices.

this year, we hope to be able to work with

by AMBB Interiors in American ash winning

local Middle East designers and thermally

the award last September. The number and

also looks bright, following Dubai’s winning

modified U.S. hardwood suppliers in a joint

standard of entries is expected to be even

bid to host the World Expo 2020, which will

effort to demonstrate the product’s true

higher this year and we look forward to

underpin renewed confidence in the property

potential. With the current vogue for timber

presenting the award on September 15 in

sector in the GCC region. According to various

cladding and decking, as well as exterior


The Middle East’s designers have

The future for U.S. hardwoods in the region

30 | April 2014

Later in 2014, AHEC will be a major

american hardwoods


ustainability has become one of the great buzzwords of the new millennium. The word has become so universal that

in 2009 a report on contemporary newspeak by the Center for Policy Studies claimed it had become ‘heavily used and abused’ and branded it ‘potentially dangerous and vacuous’. According to the author of the report, ‘sustainability’ is now linked to

Putting the credibility back into ‘sustainability’

anything from development to transport, housing or communities and is ‘a word whose very looseness and lack of clarity makes it a perfect prefix for any activity where approval is being sought’. There is truth in these assertions. But sustainability remains a hugely useful concept. It is a complex idea about meeting needs - for food, materials, and social welfare - without damaging the capacity of the planet to satisfy these needs over the long-term. The problem is not so much in the word itself, but in the fact that sustainability is so often poorly understood and rarely applied with rigor. Policy makers and practitioners have also often lacked the tools necessary to put genuine sustainability into practice. However, there is a growing band of people determined to change that. Many of these people are involved with wood. That is no coincidence. It’s no overstatement to say that the forestry sector invented the very idea of sustainability. The concept originates in forest management methods pioneered in Germany over two hundred years ago. In 1804, the German forestry lecturer Hartig described sustainability (which he referred to as ‘Nachhaltigkeitsprinzip’) in the following way: “Every wise forest director has to have evaluated the forest stands to utilize them to the greatest possible extent, but still in a way that future generations will have at least as much benefit as the living generation”. Since then, foresters have gained a deep understanding of natural eco-systems garnered from the experience of active management - both good and bad - over many generations. One key lesson from this experience is that managing human interventions with nature involves trade-offs. If you set aside all your forest for wildlife, you reduce availability of land for food or building materials. If too much timber is taken from a forest, you damage soils, waterways and biodiversity. Another lesson is that everything depends on context. Nature is enormously variable and managers have to work with this variability and not against it. Some forests and soils are resilient and lend themselves to intensive management. Others are fragile and may be better left untouched. Many of the greatest environmental disasters (the U.S. Image © AHEC

April 2014 | 31

american hardwoods

dust bowl, cattle farms in the Amazon) have come about from attempts to apply practices successful in one region in a different environment elsewhere. The final lesson is that managing this complexity requires information - a combination of accurate data (on forest dynamics, soil types, human needs etc.) and appropriate tools to ensure this is readily accessible to managers and practitioners. So for wood professionals, sustainability is a concept which is ripe with meaning, supported by increasingly clear definitions and standards, information and decision making tools. It’s a concept that needs to be nurtured, developed and explained. It’s also a concept that can be usefully applied to other sectors and industries, Image © Petr Krejci

always remembering the three lessons of trade-offs, context, and information systems. In recent years, great strides have been made in Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), the scientific analysis of the full environmental impact of products and materials from cradle to grave. More comprehensive LCA data is coming available on a widening range of industries. Computer modeling tools are being developed that can make this data readily available at critical points in the decision-making process. One area where the sustainability concept has particular power is in design. Designers are some of the most influential people on the planet – shaping the materials and products that we all consume. As such, the significance of the AHEC/RCA ‘Out of the woods’ project is in the fact that it brings the knowledge of sustainability inherent

Image © Petr Krejci

to the wood sector together with the latest scientific understanding of environmental life cycle assessment (LCA) and the skills of the design community. It makes use of innovative new information systems so that a vast amount of data relating to the environmental impact of design decisions can be assessed even before a product makes it to market. It begins to show how genuine sustainability can be assessed in real time. Achieving this requires collaboration

Sustainability is a concept which is ripe with meaning, supported by increasingly clear definitions and standards, information and decision making tools

to as carbon footprint. But the model also measures the potential of each chair design to increase damaging acidification in the environment, eutrophication (excess run-off of fertilizers which degrades rivers and streams), and levels of so-called ‘photochemical smog’, which blights many urban areas. The RCA students came to the project with a lot of assumptions about the best

across a range of disciplines not often seen working together. The AHEC/RCA

recording precisely the amount of material

way of incorporating ‘sustainability’ into

project brought together the sustainable

and energy used. This data was entered

their designs. Normally these assumptions

forestry and technical knowledge of wood

into a computer modeling system and

would have to be accepted at face value

products inherent to AHEC and Benchmark,

combined with a vast amount of other data

by manufacturers and consumers. However

the knowledge of art, culture and design

systematically gathered by PE and AHEC on

the computer modeling system allowed for

inherent to the Royal College of Art (RCA),

the environmental impact of all the materials

a more rigorous assessment of the validity

and the knowledge of environmental LCA

and energy required.

of the sustainability claims. It showed how

and computer modeling inherent to PE

Finally the computer modeling system

designers in the future would be able to

International. The RCA students were set the

generated a comprehensive environmental

amend designs so that they produce genuine

task of designing a chair with ‘sustainability’

profile of each chair measuring

sustainability gains before they go into mass

established as a key design requirement

environmental effects across a range of


at the very start. Then they manufactured

‘impact categories’. The most familiar of these

a prototype at the Benchmark facility

is Global Warming Potential, often referred

32 | April 2014

In approaching sustainability, some of the students sought to revert back to nature,

american hardwoods

using unprocessed wood to reduce energy inputs. Some increased their reliance on recycled materials or the waste products of other processes, such as woodchips and offcuts. Some focused on creating classic relatively simple and durable products with a ‘timeless’ feel. They reasoned that these are more likely to be kept for a long time, even as tastes and fashions change, thereby reducing disposal and the need for regular replacement. Others took an opposing view and worked towards ‘dematerialization’, creating products, which contain more air than matter. While not necessarily durable, these products can be disposed of regularly without creating much waste. The environmental profiles generated for each design suggest that none of these

Image © Petr Krejci

strategies is perfect. As with sustainable forestry, there are always trade-offs and

Looking ahead, AHEC plans to build on

the most appropriate balance depends entirely on context. Recycling may be best if there is a reliable and good supply of recycled material close to hand, but not if huge amounts of energy are required to separate out and transport this material to the manufacturer. Dematerialization may be suitable for light-weight fashion items or

Designers are some of the most influential people on the planet - shaping the materials and products that we all consume

what has been learnt in the ‘Out of the Woods’ project to help refine sustainability tools for the design community. The project has provided a valuable starting point and put hardwood at the front edge of the emerging debate on ‘green’ design to deliver products with a positive environmental profile. The journey has begun in a most

cheaper furniture, but is hardly appropriate

creative and exciting way and there is no

for products like benches that need to be a very positive role and to specifically

doubt it has informed and benefitted all

inform the debate about how to measure

the designers and partners involved. What

set out to make environmental comparisons

accurate environmental profiles for designs

happens now will depend on the will of the

with products from other materials.

in American hardwoods. This valuable

design community and their manufacturers

Comparing environmental performance

information will now be taken forward to

to embrace the challenge and start to deliver

will come later as more industries create

the wider industry as an indicator of just

environmentally positive products that

LCA tools in response to ‘green’ policy

what can be achieved with relatively simple

consumers can have confidence in while

development. But we have been able to

modeling, provided accurate LCA data exists

retaining the need for them to be attractive,

confirm the potential for wood to play

for the primary raw material.

functional and cost effective.

weight bearing or around for many years. The AHEC/RCA project deliberately did not

Image © Petr Krejci

April 2014 | 33

american hardwoods

Exports of U.S. hardwood lumber and veneer to the MENA region reach USD 90.49 million in 2013

The Hub


otal exports of U.S. hardwood lumber

value of USD 64.14 million and a volume of

Pakistan and Turkey and growth seen in

and veneer to the Middle East and

90,941 cubic meters, marking an increase

Saudi Arabia.

North Africa (MENA) region reached

of 3 percent and 1 percent respectively

A closer look at the numbers also revealed

USD 90.49 million for the year 2013,

over 2012. However, it is interesting to note

that direct shipments of U.S. hardwood

according to the American Hardwood Export

that exports of U.S. hardwood lumber to

veneers to the MENA region during 2013

Council (AHEC), the leading international

the MENA region in 2013 were 80 percent

reached a total value of USD 26.36 million,

trade association for the American

greater in volume than in 2008. The main

rising by 9 percent over the previous year.

hardwood industry.

contributing factors to this remarkable

However, American hardwood veneers are

growth are the take up of American

also shipped to the region from European

hardwood lumber in new markets, such as

countries and China, while veneers are also

According to the data released, exports of American hardwood lumber reached a

produced in the region - notably in Turkey from imported American hardwood logs. In addition, U.S. hardwood log exports to the MENA region reached a value of USD 23.44 million and a volume of 44,643 cubic meters last year. “In volume terms, Pakistan, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, UAE and Egypt emerged as the key markets in the region for U.S. hardwood lumber. Turkey grew to become the number one destination in terms of value. Interestingly, while the volumes exported to Pakistan were much higher than those shipped to Turkey last year, the unit values of the lumber were relatively low in comparison, at USD 529 per m3 and USD 590 per m3, respectively. Turkey’s imports of U.S. hardwood lumber last year were at an average unit value of USD 713 per m3, owing, in part, to the large volumes of white

Phoenix Brewery Image © AHEC

34 | April 2014

oak shipped to the market,” said Roderick

american hardwoods

Chapel of St. Albert The Great Image © AHEC

Image © AHEC

Wiles, AHEC Director for Africa, Middle East, South Asia and Oceania. In terms of species, 29 percent of the volume of U.S. hardwood lumber shipped to the MENA region during 2013 was accounted for by red oak (26,294 cubic meters), which was exactly in line with the previous year. In addition, shipments of white oak and tulipwood to the region picked up significantly last year, rising by 19

Nieuwegein’s Theatre Image © AHEC

percent to 11,846 cubic meters and by 25 percent to 9,676 cubic meters respectively. Exports of hickory lumber to the region grew

number of new construction projects have

for the first quarter of this year have been

considerably last year, rising by 27 percent

recently been announced, they are not likely

set. AHEC is confident that if all goes as

to 6,040 cubic meters, but this was almost

to reach the timber specification stage for

smoothly as is hoped, the Egyptian market

completely accounted for by shipments

some time to come. We anticipate the first

could see renewed stability and economic

to Pakistan. At the same time, exports of

half of 2014 to show some readjustment

growth later this year.

tulipwood grew to their highest levels yet at

in the UAE hardwood market, but expect

9,767 cubic meters.

demand for U.S. hardwoods to pick up

strategy for 2014, Wiles said: “Through

significantly later in the year.”

2014, AHEC will re-focus its strategy in

Commenting on the UAE market, Wiles said: “The UAE’s imports of U.S. hardwood

One MENA market that showed

Outlining AHEC’s education and promotion

the MENA region on education aimed at

lumber saw a fairly significant decline last

remarkable growth in demand for U.S.

all elements of the ‘timber chain’, whether

year, falling by 28 percent in volume and

hardwood lumber last year was Egypt, to

it is specifiers (architects and interior

26 percent in value as compared to 2012.

which exports grew by 45 percent in volume

designers), end users (furniture and joinery

Much of this decrease can be accounted

and 58 percent in value as compared to

manufacturers) or importers and distributors.

for by the fact that a few major projects

2012. This is particularly surprising, given

AHEC intends to conduct seminars across the

were completed in 2013 and stocks of

the volatile political and, therefore, unstable

region, highlighting positive developments

U.S. hardwood lumber on the ground were

economic situation in the country, which has

such as the growing acceptance of thermally

already very high. A large proportion of the

prevailed since February 2011. However,

modified U.S. hardwoods, which can be used

demand for American hardwoods in the UAE

in the aftermath of the July 2013 military

in exterior applications, such as decking and

is project-dependent and, while a massive

coup in Egypt, new presidential elections


April 2014 | 35

american hardwoods

Thermal modification of American hardwoods A hot topic

Ben Percy


Image Š AHEC

hermally-modified timber (TMT) is not

introduced, rather fittingly, in Scandinavia,

dimension of the timber being treated. The

a new concept. The ancient Vikings

as a way of improving the durability and

temperature reaches 180 to 215 Celsius,

knew that when building defensive

stability of native softwoods. More recent

subject to the level of durability required.

fencing for fortifications, poles made from

experimental and development work has

The process requires an inert atmosphere,

timber with a burnt surface lasted longer

shown that the thermal modification process

devoid of oxygen, to prevent combustion

than those without. Modern studies on the

works equally well with some American

and this is usually either steam or a vacuum.

possible benefits of TMT began in the 1930s

hardwood species and the first commercial

During the process the chemical and

and 40s in Europe and the United States,

kilns were introduced into North America in

physical properties of the timber undergo

but no product reached commercialisation.

the mid 2000s.

permanent change.

It wasn’t until the late 1990s that the first

The TMT process is essentially a high

The two most beneficial effects of the TMT

commercial method of thermal modification

intensity kiln schedule that lasts between 3

process are dramatically improved stability

that we recognise today was first

and 4 days, depending on the species and

and durability of the timber. The latter is

36 | April 2014

american hardwoods

particularly relevant to species that have an inherently low natural durability, such as American ash and tulipwood. After the process the moisture content of the timber is 4 to 6 percent. The equilibrium moisture content is permanently reduced, which means that the timber does not react to changes in humidity as drastically as in its natural state - in effect reducing the ability of the timber to absorb moisture and so greatly improving its stability. The durability is improved by removing the hemicelluloses and carbohydrates from the wood, which are the main food sources for wood destroying fungi. Recent independent durability testing conducted at the Italian timber research laboratory, CATAS, has shown that the durability of four American hardwood

Infinity Bench by Martino Gamper Image © AHEC

species - ash, tulipwood, soft maple and red oak (quarter sawn) - can be improved to durability class 1 (very durable), which is

treated timber and tropical timber for most

the highest rating possible and equal to that

external applications. There are no special

of tropical timber species such as ipe. This

handling precautions required with TMT and

now means that these species can be used

there are no environmental issues associated

for exterior applications such as cladding,

with wood disposal, or issues of leaching

decking, shade structures and high quality

of chemicals whilst the timber is in service.

outdoor furniture.

Also, there are no potential sustainability or

Other benefits of thermal modification include a reduction in thermal conductivity

legality issues that may be associated with some tropical timber species.

by around 20 to 25 percent, which

There are disadvantages, but these

is a significant benefit for window

are few. Bending strength is reduced,

manufacturers. Surface hardness is also

so major structural applications are not

improved, although this is yet to be

recommended. However, engineering by

quantified. The other major characteristic of

finger jointing and glue lamination is still

TMT is a change in appearance; the colour of

possible. The process is not suitable for

the timber will darken and this is influenced

thicknesses over 50mm.

by temperature and species. TMT also

There are now around 120 TMT operations

machines beautifully, particularly American

around the world, with nearly 100 in Europe

soft maple.

and 10 in the United States producing

Thermally-modified U.S. hardwoods offer a real alternative to traditional preservative

The two most beneficial effects of the TMT process are dramatically improved stability and durability of the timber

commercial quantities of thermally-modified timber.

Thermally Modified Ash Bench Image © AHEC

AHEC and thermallymodified American hardwoods

AHEC has a mission to demonstrate the performance. versatility and aesthetic appeal of U.S. hardwood species, providing valuable inspiration, knowledge and confidence to designers, architects and manufacturers globally. For the London Design Festival in 2012, AHEC teamed up with designer Martino Gamper to create an imaginative 6 meter long bench, which featured a sophisticated patchwork pattern. The ‘Infinity Bench’ was designed as a highly functional outdoor seat made from thermally-modified American hardwoods supplied by Northland Forest Products in the United States. The ‘Infinity Bench’ celebrates color, texture and shape through the use of four different species ash, red oak, soft maple and tulipwood. AHEC has also collaborated with Ben Percy, a young Australian designer, to produce benches created from thermallymodified American ash supplied by Britton Timbers in Australia. Thermally-modified American hardwoods are in increasing demand in Australia, as they offer weather and decay resistance, making them ideal for the Australian outdoor lifestyle. Percy displayed his Ash benches at Sydney Indesign in August last year. Here in the Middle East, AHEC is currently in discussions with a leading Emirati designer to create an installation using thermallymodified American hardwoods, which will be on display in the fourth quarter of 2014.

April 2014 | 37

american hardwoods

American ash recreates the rich and emblematic elements of Polynesian culture at Sofitel The Palm Dubai Located on the iconic Palm Jumeirah, the hotel boasts 361 island chic inspired guest rooms and suites, as well as 182 fully serviced apartments

38 | April 2014

american hardwoods

Image Š Éric Cuvillier

April 2014 | 39

american hardwoods


ofitel Luxury Hotels celebrated the inauguration of Sofitel The Palm Dubai as its flagship Dubai property

in a lavish opening ceremony in November 2013. More than 1,500 guests attended the exclusive soirée at the resort, which is located on the east crescent of Palm Jumeirah. An array of local and international dignitaries and celebrities were in attendance along with Gregory Maliassas, Senior Vice President, Sofitel Middle East, Africa and Indian Ocean, and world renowned French botanist, Patrick Blanc, the inspirational creator behind the unique vertical gardens featured throughout the property. Nestled within the tranquil groves of the Palm Jumeirah, the resort is encapsulated by Image © Éric Cuvillier

a private 500-meter stretch of pearlescent beach, enabling guests to indulge in breathtaking sea views overlooking the shores of the east crescent. Totaling more than 100,000 square meters, Sofitel The Palm Dubai’s distinct French luxury offering is embraced by rich and iconic elements of Polynesian culture and civilization. With an abundance of stunning organic architecture and lush vertical gardens, the resort reflects a timeless spirit and tropical allure. “Sofitel The Palm Dubai is well set to cater to the UAE’s ever growing luxury leisure

The property’s one-of-akind design transports guests on a sensory discovery, driven by the indoor green walls, the lush outdoor gardens and the 500m long private beach

tourist market, as well as business travelers

enjoying the aromas and treats from the BBQ. Spread over 3 levels, 2LIV Nightclub provides party goers unparalleled views of the Arabian Gulf and the ultimate in nighttime fun. Encompassing 2,500 square meters and 28 treatment rooms, So Spa offers guests the ultimate in relaxation and rejuvenation incorporating traditional Tahitian spa treatments. In addition, 1500 square meters of meeting space including a ballroom and 4 conference rooms ensures that the hotel can cater for conferences,

seeking refreshing locations beyond the

boasts a multitude of food and beverage

meetings, incentives, events and weddings,

mainstream downtown addresses,” said

outlets, namely Studio du Chef, offering a

accommodating up to a maximum of 700

Gregory Maliassas. “The rare design elements

modern take on traditional French cuisine;


conceptualized by MIRK Architecture and

Porterhouse, the property’s signature

Patrick Blanc allow guests a total sense

steak restaurant; Manava, the all-day

standard resort-like hotels in the city and

of escapism from the bustle of the city of

dining restaurant; Hong Loong, offering

by combining traditional Sofitel hospitality


authentic Chinese cuisine; Moana, where

with the Polynesian theme, and from the

delectable seafood is prepared with fresh

feedback we have received thus far, we feel

and suites, as well as 182 serviced

local ingredients, while Maui Beach Bar

we have fulfilled this aim,” said Christophe

residences, ideal for lengthier stays and

and Restaurant allows guests to relax while

Schnyder, General Manager, Sofitel The Palm

The hotel offers 361 guest rooms

“We wanted to create an alternative to the

Dubai. “The property’s one-of-a-kind design transports guests on a sensory discovery, driven by the indoor green walls, the lush outdoor gardens and the 500m long private beach.”

Design Philosophy In an attempt to take luxury back to basics, the Sofitel The Palm Dubai has been modeled on a Polynesian village, fresh with green foliage, cabana-style fittings, and flowing water features that greet guests as soon as they step inside. The lush, green, vibrant environment is the brainchild of Mahnaz Liaghat, CEO, Mahnaz International Design & Planning, and formerly the Design Director of MIRK, who has paid particular attention to the island theme. The lobby itself is set below a traditional, natural wood cabana, complete with tranquil water elements that Image © Éric Cuvillier

40 | April 2014

complement guest relaxation areas.

american hardwoods

A special feature of the ground floor is a ‘living wall’ vertical garden planted by renowned botanist Patrick Blanc. The garden seemingly stretches for miles before the eyes as guests’ first venture into the hotel, and provides a wonderful ‘outdoors indoors’ experience. The Koru, a traditional fern symbolizing the embodiment of new life, accentuates the special vertical garden. Its spiraling tendrils add movement and life to the botanical feature. In addition, corridors and smaller spaces have been specially designed to evoke the fresh feeling of a green village, with plenty of American ash, bamboo, and earthy-toned surroundings. Taking a stroll through the hotel is in fact like walking through the woods, with dappled sunlight peeking through the treetops. Image © Éric Cuvillier

According to Mahnaz, the client intended the resort to be a place of rediscovery and enchantment. As such, the design draws upon the style of the French Polynesian islands through a modern interpretation and translation of culture. Iconic symbols support the overarching design concept that gives the resort its unique and memorable identity. These symbols have been incorporated throughout the design to unify the feel and tone of the individual spaces. The positive message each carries with it reinforces the overall purpose of the resort itself. “Our challenge was how to make a six story building feel like a Polynesian resort. More importantly, we wanted to showcase a new way of defining ‘luxury’ through the experience the resort provided. In keeping with the ‘less is more’ ethos, we have designed the resort incorporating natural (first-generation) materials such as stone,

Image © Éric Cuvillier

wood, water and nature, and combined this

with subliminal design cues, in other words the fourth dimension, that influences our subconscious mind to make a space feel great and complete,” said Mahnaz.

Polynesian themes Wherever guests wander, they are accompanied by traditional Polynesian motifs. Intricate details of the Koru, Gecko, Tiki, Turtle, Butterfly, and Tiare flower can be spotted on doors, walls, and floors; all of which symbolize peace, freedom, energy, connection, life, and new beginnings. A tiki comes in many forms, offering protection from evil spirits and its traits can take the form of what one wants the tiki to express. It is thus only fitting that the main entrance to the hotel features the tiki symbol on the massive wooden doors. According to Mahnaz, Image © Éric Cuvillier

the wooden ceiling of the entranceway is

April 2014 | 41

american hardwoods

similar to what is found inside the lobby, offering guests an invitation to explore. A space can be a simple transition, a passage to a paradise just beyond. As such, the lobby of the Sofitel The Palm Dubai carries the guest through to the resort outside, where personal rediscovery awaits. The ceiling is designed as a cabana and features the extensive use of American ash to reinforce the experience. In addition, simple and pure water features and vertical walls of floral plants surround the two sides of the lobby, immersing one in a lush green and vibrant environment found in traditional Polynesian villages. To emphasize the experience, lights bounce off the dynamic wood on the ceiling and combine with the green wall to give a truly spiritual meaning to this memorable space. Further, natural materials like water, stone, and wood, and the contrast of captured dark and light shadows and shades symbolize a journey through villages and passages to new experiences. Mahnaz adds: “The reed ceiling and a path draw you towards a ‘Wall of History’ that has been designed to recall aspects of a traditional Polynesian village and their infusion within a modern setting. The wall visually explains the meaning behind the symbols used within the design, and as you walk through the rest of the resort, you begin to feel the connection to the tradition and culture. In addition, vertical plantings and the sharp contrast of light and dark escaping from the edges through the retail corridor create a soft and pleasant connection. The awning-like ceiling is designed to resemble a walk through alleys

departure ticket to remember, according

as if one were walking through nature.

between villages.”

to Mahnaz. The lift lobby, which acts as a

Throughout the corridors, the subtle

transition between the different Polynesian

mixture of light and shadows and shades

include the checkout counter with its

islands, combines wood and reeds and

bouncing off wood and stone symbolizes

sculpted American ash wood trunks - a

indirect light to bring memories back

the journey through villages and passages

Other noteworthy elements in the hotel

to new experiences. In addition, the impressive ballroom celebrates life and its richness through the use of American ash in its ceiling, which has been designed to represent the bottom of a canoe in the ballroom. The canoe, which is integral to Polynesian culture, represents the progress along life’s journey and is a symbol of changing life, travel, and adventure.

Natural Living Subtle design, natural raw materials and attention to detail combine perfectly in each room and residence at the Sofitel The Palm Dubai. Its 361 unique rooms and suites and 182 residences have been designed to provide a relaxed environment that focus on the beauty and simplicity of nature. For this reason, furniture and fixtures have Image © Éric Cuvillier

42 | April 2014

been carved out of natural dark woods,

american hardwoods

Image © Éric Cuvillier

Image © Éric Cuvillier

predominantly stained American ash, raw stone and pale onyx. Indirect lighting in all living spaces evoke standing under trees in a forest, with the sunlight dappling through hundreds of leaves, making guests feel as though they’re really in a Polynesian village. Inside, exotic-looking stained American

Image © Éric Cuvillier

Subtle design, natural raw materials and attention to detail combine perfectly in each room and residence at the Sofitel The Palm Dubai

ash, vibrant, rich colors, and understated

Embracing the Outdoors The low-rise haven evokes elegance and serenity with its organic architecture: smooth lines, curves, and contours fall effortlessly on the eyes. Venturing out into the resort is like taking a stroll through a village, along brick pathways, meeting thatched-roof huts that gradually wind down

luxury features in every room. Each

reconstituted African walnut in an attempt to

to the unspoiled seafront. Lined with palm

bathroom has been created with open-air in

stay within the original budget. However, the

trees, the secluded stretch of beach affords

mind, with natural stone underfoot and rain-

client was keen on an exotic wood, which

magnificent views over the east crescent of

shower fittings overhead. Centralized stone

at the time did not match well with the

Dubai’s iconic Palm Island, and as far as the

baths overlook the airy living spaces while

design aesthetics of the project. As a result,

eyes can see out into the crystal blue waters

touches of blue and purple textiles complete

we selected American walnut and created

of the Arabian Gulf.

the understated luxury allowing one to relax

the initial mock up rooms. However, the

in a stone bath surrounded by onyx-adorned

quantity of walnut required for this project

epitomizes understated luxury combined

details overlooking the living space and

meant that it would have taken over five

with the utmost comfort. As our portfolio

balcony, or simply rest in the rooms inspired

years to source. American ash, with its open

continues to grow across the world, we

by nature. All in all, blooming colorful florals,

grain finish and coarse uniform texture, was

strive to meet the sophisticated needs of

the extensive use of ash and indirect light

the next best alternative that was readily

today’s versatile travelers who expect and

bouncing off stone and wood combine to

available, in line with the budget, and could

appreciate beauty, quality and excellence.

create a peaceful and serene moment in

satisfy the design requirements of the

I am confident that this spectacular resort

every room.

project. Looking at the resort today, I am

will attract both global and regional

proud that it stands as a unique product that

discerning travelers and groups,” concludes

is a testimony of the complete design.”


Explaining the decision to use American ash, Mahnaz says: “Originally we specified

“The new Sofitel The Palm Dubai

April 2014 | 43

44 | April 2014

show preview


Dubai WoodShow T

he Dubai International Wood and Wood Machinery Show (Dubai WoodShow), the biggest wood industry trade show in the Middle East region, takes place from April 8 - 10, 2014 and will host more than 500 companies from 40 countries. The annual event is a convergence point for producers, manufacturers, importers, exporters, traders, suppliers and end-users in the wood industry chain and provides an

excellent opportunity for regional and international companies and agents to showcase and learn about wood and woodworking and to build new strategic relationships with buyers, traders and investors. This year’s edition is poised to complement the industry’s continuing efforts to encourage the use of more wood, in keeping with green, sustainable building and construction, government policies and practices. The show will also aim to celebrate Dubai’s winning bid to host the coveted and prestigious Expo 2020, the world’s largest event, which is expected to attract more than 25 million visitors. The Expo 2020, a strong catalyst for further UAE growth and specifically in Dubai, is a welcome boost for the construction sector given the recently announced and potential projects in preparation for the event. Timber Design & Technology throws the spotlight on some of the exhibitors at the show this year.

Québec Wood Export Bureau (QWEB) QWEB is a non-profit organization with a mission to showcase and promote wood products from Québec in export markets. Its primary responsibilities include overseas promotion of Québec value-added wood products and gathering overseas market information; conveyance of this information to members and the provision of ongoing assistance to these members of the exporting process; organization of investigating missions to overseas markets together with member producers and making arrangements for overseas buyers to visit Québec manufacturers; and production and distribution of multilingual technical, environmental and promotional material on the Québec wood industry. Working for Québec’s wood products industry, QWEB aims to consolidate existing markets by increasing overseas customer awareness and confidence in the commitment and ability of Québec wood manufacturers to export maintaining continuity and quality; identify and quantify new specific overseas markets where potential exists for Québec value-added wood products and to introduce member suppliers to those individual markets compatible with their product potential; and provide the market information necessary to assist suppliers in producing according to a variety of overseas market needs. As such, QWEB participates in several international wood and building products Image © Stéphane Groleau

trade fairs each year and is involved in commercial policy issues in order to secure and access overseas markets.

Canadian Wood Products (CWP) Canadian Wood Products, headquartered in Montreal, specializes in the procurement and delivery of lumber products. The company’s global network of offices enables it to respond promptly to any imbalances in supply and demand. In addition, CWP creates value by carefully managing time, location, quality, product and logistics. As an FSC-certified company, CWP has a responsibility and commitment to help clients build sustainably whilst respecting the industry’s strictest environmental norms. CWP focuses its efforts on certain specialty products in order to offer a service of high quality. Its traders are in touch with forest products suppliers around the world. As such, the company offers a range of products including certified lumber, commodities, hardwoods, MSR lumber, premium lumber, tropical woods, and pallet components amongst others.

Image © CWP

April 2014 | 45

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Alfred Vesely Timber Export Alfred Vesely Timber Export was established in Austria in 1946. Today, the company remains a traditional wood exporting company, which mainly deals in the export of sawn softwoods to the Middle East. As one of the leading suppliers of sawn softwood to the Middle East and North and Eastern African countries, the company primarily deals in spruce and fir woods and, to some extent, pinewood as well. In addition to the MENA region, markets in other countries are also being developed. As Austria has no direct access to the sea, the company ships via the Adriatic port of Koper in Slovenia. Through its office in the port, the company is able to dry, soak, press package, bundle and label the wood in preparation for export. Subject to the terms of sale, the company can deliver European softwoods (spruce, fir, pine) in addition to Southern Yellow Pine and Dark Red Meranti. The sawn softwood is delivered in 0-III Lev quality in accordance with the Image © Alfred Vesely

Austrian wood trade standards.

Interpro Forest Products The Interpro Group was incorporated in 1990 in British Columbia, Canada and has four companies worldwide and multiple satellite offices operating under this entity. Over the past 20 years, the company has grown from a locally based and regionally serviced wholesaler of lumber into a global forest products business with worldwide operations in three key divisions. Its exporting division consists of lumber, sawn wood, and panel products, which are exported and distributed by Interpro Forest Products and Interpro Forest Products Dubai. Interpro Forest Products is the organization’s chief exporter and works alongside with its global satellite offices. The regional headquarters of the export division, Interpro Forest Products Dubai markets products exclusively into the Middle East and Asian subcontinent. Its Dubai-based manufacturing subsidiary, Interpro Wood Industries LLC (IWI), is a custom manufacturer of wooden packaging and handling material, furniture components, value-added wood products and customized packaging solutions. In addition, the group has its own reloading facility located in New Westminster, British Columbia - Interpro Intermodal Inc - which provides worldwide logistics and distribution services to much of Interpro’s exports.

Wemhöner Surface Technologies Technology, quality, and innovation have been the three pillars in the success story of Wemhöner over more than 85 years. Traditionally linked with the wood based panel industry, the furniture industry and their suppliers, Wemhöner, which was founded in 1925, employs around 250 people who produce machines and equipment for value adding of wood based panels. Today machines and machine lines are produced on a production area of more than 12,000 m². Wemhöner first exported presses to countries outside Europe in the 1950s, pioneering the opening of formerly sealed markets in Eastern Europe and Asia. Today, Wemhöner is among the top providers of presses and panel line equipment for wood and nonwood products on account of its ability to observe and respond to market changes whilst also pacing its technological advances. Through careful planning and solid craftsmanship, Wemhöner has proven its continued expertise and knowledge and has established itself as a firm technological leader.

46 | April 2014

Image © Wemhöner

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Farlin Timbers FZE Farlin Timbers FZE, a subsidiary of the globally renowned Farlin Group of Companies, is a leading supplier of timber in the Middle East with a reputation synonymous with quality and reliability among its partners. Dedicated to excellence and customer service, it is little wonder that they are the trusted partner of choice for a wide variety of products, including timber logs, sawn timber, plywood, MDF and panel products from across the world. Farlin Timbers is an integral part of the Farlin Group of Companies - the Singapore based multinational that provides superior quality materials to diverse industries globally. A 24-year legacy of experience has helped forge the Group as a highly successful global organization with a turnover in excess of USD 1 billion and a reputation of integrity, honesty and reliability in the international market. With offices across the world committed to unparalleled service and competitive value, the Farlin Group is an outstanding choice of all building materials and energy sectors needs.

Swedish Timber Swedish Wood spreads knowledge, provides inspiration and encourages development relating to wood, wood products and wood construction. It has a goal to increase the use of wood in Sweden and in selected international markets through information and inspiration. In addition, Swedish Wood also aims to highlight wood as a competitive, eco-friendly and sustainable material. As a department within the trade and employer organization - Swedish Forest Industries Federation - Swedish Wood is supported by the Swedish sawmill sector. Swedish Wood promotes wood and wood products in markets of particular interest to the Swedish sawmill industry. All marketing is based around sustainable forestry. The goal of its international wood promotion program is to increase the value of the Swedish sawmill industry’s exports and to strengthen the image of the Swedish sawmill industry and Swedish wood products abroad. An international group consisting mainly of marketing directors from a number of member companies governs the international initiatives.

Accsys Technologies Accsys Technologies PLC is a UK incorporated environmental science and technology company focused on ‘sustainability’ through the development and commercialization of a range of transformational technologies. These technologies are founded upon the acetylation of solid wood and wood elements. The primary focus of the business is on the production and licensing of Accoya® solid, modified wood and Tricoya® wood elements technology. Manufactured through the company’s proprietary acetylation process, these products exhibit superior dimensional stability and durability compared with other natural and treated timber and wood elements (wood chips, fibers and particles). Accsys’ operations comprise three principal business units: Accoya wood production at its wood production facility in Arnhem, the Netherlands; technology development, focused on a programme of continuous development of and improvements to the process engineering and operating protocols for the acetylation of solid wood and the development of technology for the acetylation of wood elements; and the licensing of technology for the production of Accoya wood and Tricoya wood elements Image © Accsys Technologies

across the globe.

April 2014 | 47

show preview

Malaysian Timber Council (MTC) The Malaysian Timber Council (MTC) was established in January 1992 to promote the development and growth of the Malaysian timber industry. MTC was formed on the initiative of the timber industry. It is incorporated as a company limited by guarantee under the Companies Act 1965. The Council is governed by a Board of Trustees, whose members are appointed by the Minister of Plantation Industries & Commodities. MTC’s main objectives are to promote the Malaysian timber trade and develop the market for timber products globally, to promote the development of the timber industry by expanding the industry’s manufacturing technology base, increasing value-adding in production and increasing the pool of knowledge workers, to augment the supply of raw materials for the timber-processing industries, to provide information services to the timber industry and to protect Image © MTC

and improve the Malaysian timber industry’s global image.

Strongwood Strongwood General Trading LLC is an international trading company providing construction materials solutions to meet a wide range of specifications and requirements. The company set up its office in Dubai, United Arab Emirates with the aim of supplying softwoods, plywood and MDF for use in construction in the Middle East. Since then, it has rapidly grown to become a leading supplier of softwoods, hardwoods, plywood and MDF to the UAE and wider Middle East region as well as to global markets. As the agents of SVEZA, the world’s largest producer of Birch plywood, the company’s participation at Dubai WoodShow 2014 will serve to highlight SVEZA’s Film Faced Birch Plywood - a highquality plywood with special film. The product has a laminated surface that stops moisture from penetrating and that provides resistance to abrasion, aggressive environments, fungus and mold. Further, its’ edges are sealed with water-resistant acrylic paint. This type of plywood is widely used in the construction Image © Strongwood

industry in formwork systems for cast-in-situ construction.

American Hardwood Export Council At the Dubai WoodShow, the American Hardwood Export Council (AHEC), the leading international trade association for the American hardwood industry, will be hosting a pavilion with individual booths occupied by twelve U.S. hardwood exporting companies along with the Hardwood States Export Group (HSEG) - a coalition of major eastern U.S. hardwood exporting states. AHEC’s participation at the show is aimed at strengthening strategic business relationships in this region and generating further awareness about U.S. hardwoods, particularly the environmental and sustainability credentials and legality of the American hardwood resource. The American Hardwood pavilion will serve to highlight the variety of American hardwood species while also throwing the spotlight on the benefits of the value-added processes undertaken to supply such a high quality and high yielding raw material. Representing the committed exporters among U.S. hardwood companies and all the major U.S. hardwood production trade associations, AHEC runs a worldwide programme to promote American hardwoods in over 50 export markets, concentrating on providing architects, specifiers, designers and end-users with technical information on the range of Image © AHEC

48 | April 2014

species, products and sources of supply.

April 2014 | 49

design & décor

Metsätapiola awarded for its wooden architecture at the ‘Iconic Awards’ Building design calls for the extensive use of wood for structural and cladding purposes

50 | April 2014

design & dĂŠcor

Image Š Mandi Halonen

April 2014 | 51

design & décor


etsätapiola, the Metsä Group’s office won its category in the ‘Iconic

Awards’ competition organized by the German Design Council. The award in the office building architecture category was presented to Helin & Co Architects, who designed the building. According to the jury, the special features of the building include innovative wooden structures in the personnel restaurant and the extraordinary workspace solutions, designed to accommodate the move to working in open plan offices. This is also reflected in the façade of the building. Metsätapiola is a property company jointly owned by the Farmers’ Social Insurance Institution Mela and the Metsä Group located in Tapiola, Espoo in Finland. “The Iconic Awards is a comprehensive design award event, which emphasizes aesthetics, structures and expediency. All these are evident in the Metsätapiola office building in an exemplary manner.

also part of the regeneration of South

it avoids, both within and without,

The building also demonstrates

Tapiola. Some old turnkey exposed-

the institutional atmosphere normally

the developer’s wish to make an

aggregate concrete houses from the

associated with office construction

impressive and appropriate head

70’s had been demolished, a new

and its combination of a seemingly

office for a company functioning

office building had appeared, some

rational use of space with technical

within the forest industry; a prime

buildings were being renovated, and


example is the wooden personnel

a new group of housing blocks was

restaurant, where one feels the

being built. The essential starting

where team space, floor conference

power of wood at its strongest. In my

point is the location in Tapiola, which

rooms, fixed small spaces, and

opinion, the innovative structure of

has a valuable tradition of humane

meeting rooms support the needs

the restaurant has wider significance,

dialogue between architecture and

of a modern and changeable work

since a similar space can be adapted


community. In addition, the use of

Work is focused on open spaces,

daylight is strongly stressed as a

to different situations and uses,”

The facades are structured as

said Pekka Helin from Helin & Co

abstract metaphors of birch forest

means of saving energy. Further, open


with varying vertical angles. An

spaces are grouped to look over the

According to Helin & Co, the project

important consequence of this is a

sea and detached rooms over the

was part of an estate complex owned

great variety of interiors, rhythms,


by the Metsäliitto Cooperative and

and fluid sea views. At the same time

Wood plays a central role as a prominent material in offices and meeting rooms, and in their furnishings. The old and new office spaces are joined by a single-story restaurant and multipurpose space, the architecture of which is based on the finest products of the Metsä Group’s own industry. It was intended that the space should be operationally as flexible in use and column free as possible. The main supports are trestles, in which the pillars are made from milled laminated veneer timber and the double beams from gluelam. Skylights open between the trestles, while the secondary infills are insulated wooden panels. Highly

Image © Antti Laiho

52 | April 2014

finished components were brought

design & décor

Image © Mandi Halonen

to the site and the demanding installation and finishing completed in a very short period.

Image © Antti Laiho

healthier work environments. According to Helin & Co, one of the

natural stone. “Metsätapiola’s award winning

principles followed when building

wooden architecture is an excellent

Metsätapiola was to take advantage

example of how wooden products

development of the expressive main

of the developer’s extensive expertise

can be used for top quality design as

supports required consideration of

in the use of wood in both structures

well as for their ease of adaptability

many options and cost analyses, as

and cladding. An example is the main

in demanding projects. Our wood

well as visual, structural and analogue

entrance of the restaurant, which is

products can be used for impressive

modeling. There was intensive and

made completely of wood utilizing

structures which are simultaneously

interesting cooperation between

Kerto beams, plywood and Kerto casing

load bearing,” added Ari Tiukkanen,

the architect and the production

elements and narrow wood battens on

Senior Vice President, Building and

organization’s structural designer.

the ceiling. The light from the skylights

Industry at Metsä Wood.

The building has been awarded a

located between the beams increases

LEED Gold certificate, which is rare

the sculpture-like quality of the wooden

among Finnish office buildings.

structures. When it came to the choice

LEED certification aims to reduce

of other materials, it was decided that

environmental effects of construction

these also should be genuine and

and building use and to develop

strong natural materials: brick and

For the interior spaces,

Project Details Location: Revontulenpuisto 2, Espoo, Finland Building completion: 2012 Architect: Helin & Co Architects Structural designer: Vahanen Group Construction consultant: Haahtela-yhtiöt Client: Kiinteistö Oy Metsätapiola Solutions used: Glulam, Kerto®, Roof element

Image © Antti Laiho

Type: Commercial and office buildings

April 2014 | 53



ccsys Technologies PLC is a UK incorporated environmental science and technology

company focused on ‘sustainability’ through the development and commercialization of a range of transformational technologies. These technologies are founded upon the acetylation of solid wood and wood elements. The primary focus of the business is on the production and licensing of Accoya® solid, modified wood and Tricoya® wood elements technology. Manufactured through the company’s proprietary acetylation process, these products exhibit superior dimensional stability and

Accsys Technologies: A world leader in wood technology

durability compared with other natural and treated timber and wood elements (wood chips, fibers and particles). Accsys’ operations comprise three principal business units: Accoya wood production at its wood production facility in Arnhem, the Netherlands; technology development, focused on a programme of continuous development of and improvements to the process engineering and operating protocols for the acetylation of solid wood and the development of technology for the acetylation of wood elements; and the licensing of technology for the production of Accoya wood and Tricoya wood elements across the globe. Timber Design & Technology learns more about Accsys Technologies and its world-leading timber modification process and products.

Accoya® Accoya is an industry-leading modified wood product, and a truly innovative solution to the need for sustainable, durable and environmentally sound building materials. It is manufactured by Accsys Technologies, using its proprietary acetylation process that effectively converts sustainably grown softwoods and non-durable hardwoods into what is best described as a ‘high technology wood’. As one of the most advanced modified wood products on the market today, Accoya delivers outstanding levels of performance, stability and class one durability whilst remaining 100 percent non-toxic. Exceeding the high quality and aesthetic attributes of tropical hardwoods, it boasts excellent environmental credentials by using Image © Accsys Technologies

54 | April 2014


woods sourced from FSC certified and sustainable forests as well as being Cradle to Cradle Gold certified. Headquartered in the UK, and manufactured in the company’s commercial scale production facility in the Netherlands, the wood has global appeal. Distinguished by its durability, dimensional stability and, perhaps most importantly of all, its reliability (in terms of consistency of both supply and quality), Accoya wood is particularly suited to exterior applications where performance and appearance are valued. Unlike most Image © Accsys Technologies

tropical and European hardwoods, its color does not degrade when exposed to ultraviolet light. Moreover, the


Accoya wood production process does

Similar to Accoya in terms of

not compromise the wood’s strength

technology, Tricoya provides

or machinability.

engineered wood panel products, such

The combination of UV resistance,

as MDF, with a level of durability

dimensional stability, durability

and dimensional stability that is

and retained strength means that

comparable with or superior to non-

Accoya wood offers a wealth of

wood products while offering all of

new opportunities to architects,

the advantages of wood - including

designers and specifiers. These

a high strength to weight ratio and

benefits result in lower maintenance

excellent durability, stability and

and total cost of ownership while

machining properties. Significantly,

using a higher sustainable and

Tricoya enables MDF panels to be

environmental responsible building

competitive with non-wood materials,

material. Since its launch in 2007,

opening up markets in a huge number

Accoya has reached customers in

of new applications, which have

over 40 countries and six continents

previously been the preserve of

around the world. It has been used

plastics, metals, resin and cement

deliver such superior performance

the world over in a range of projects

based products. Applications include

that it has long been used as the

including creative architectural

external signage and façade cladding,

‘gold standard’ against which other

plans, encouraging excellence

wet room wall linings, external panels

methods are measured. Tricoya

in the field and demonstrating

and the manufacture of outdoor

combines this science with years of

high levels of innovation in use.


proprietary research and investment

Examples of applications of Accoya

Paul Clegg Image © Accsys Technologies

The proprietary technology behind

by Accsys Technologies. Currently,

include locations where hardwood

Tricoya is based on wood acetylation,

exploitation of Accsys’ proprietary

alternatives would have previously

a process that has been studied

technology relating to Tricoya Wood

been considered such as cladding,

by scientists around the world for

Elements is carried out through

decking, bridges, outdoor furniture

more than 80 years. This method of

Tricoya Technologies Limited, a joint

and window and door production.

improving wood has been proven to

venture between Accsys and INEOS Industries Holdings Limited.

Manufacturing capability Accoya and Tricoya are produced using a process called Wood Acetylation, which increases the amount of ‘acetyl’ molecules in wood, thereby changing its physical properties. When carried out to a sufficient level throughout the wood, this process protects wood from rot by making it ‘inedible’ to most microorganisms and fungi, without - unlike conventional treatments - making it toxic. It also greatly reduces the wood’s tendency to swell and shrink, Image © Accsys Technologies

making it less prone to cracking

April 2014 | 55


and ensuring that, when painted,

Solvay exclusive rights for a minimum

spread across the global economy.

it requires dramatically reduced

of 15 years to produce and sell

Clegg is confident that as the supply


Accoya within the Council of Europe,

chain grows, Accoya will continue

excluding the territories of Belgium,

to be a high performance, premium,

in Arnhem, the Netherlands, which

Ireland, Luxembourg, the Netherlands

sustainable wood product that will be

was originally designed with an

and the United Kingdom, which will

put to a variety of different uses.

annual maximum production capacity

be retained by Accsys. As part of the

of 30,000 m3. Through a mixture of

agreement, Solvay aims to build its

Future growth

fundamental process improvement

own Accoya manufacturing plant by

According to the most recent interim

upgrades as well as optimizing

2016. This will allow Accsys to focus

management statement released, in

existing processes, the Engineering,

on building markets outside of Europe,

the nine months to December 2013,

Research and Development, and

with production at the Accsys plant

the volume of Accoya sold increased

Operations Departments succeeded in

reflecting increased demand from

by 89 percent compared to the same

significantly improving this capacity.

other markets. Solvay will manage

period the previous year, with total

As a result, the design capacity for the

production and supply of Accoya for

revenue increasing by 71 percent

Arnhem facility currently stands at

its European territories.

to EUR 23 million, and revenue

Accsys has a manufacturing plant

over 40,000 m3 per annum. The increased production capability

Market potential

from Accoya alone increasing by 58 percent, to EUR 18.4 million. In

also helped to improve the company’s

Accsys Technologies aims to continue

addition, the company ended 2013

economic value to potential

growing its global supply chain

with a strong balance sheet indicating

technology licensees by providing a

with the appointment of quality

a cash balance of EUR 14.4 million as

much greater capacity for the same

timber distributors to make Accoya

of December 31, 2013.

level of capital expenditure, thereby

available to even more markets in

leading to a substantial increase in

future. According to Paul Clegg, CEO

agency agreements are now in place

Return on Capital Employed. As of

of Accsys Technologies, phenomenal

covering most of Europe, Australia,

the end of 2013, Accsys’ current

growth and sales success is predicted

Canada, Chile, China, India, Mexico,

manufacturing plant in Arnhem, the

to continue, as the company

Morocco, New Zealand, parts of South-

Netherlands, has been running at a

continually strives to seek new ways

East Asia and the USA. According

profit. With the company increasing

to increase sustainability, to build on

to Clegg, revenue from the sale of

production at the plant, Accsys is

its environmental credentials, and to

Accoya and demand for the product

in a very strong position to react to

bring game-changing and innovative

will continue to increase across all

growth in demand in new and existing

ideas to the building industry.

markets, and this can be attributed

markets over the coming years.

Accsys Technologies’ acetylation

A total of 57 Accoya distributor and

to sales success from both old and

technology is available to be licensed

new distributors. Growth in the North

agreement with international chemical

by companies for sales, marketing

American and Asian markets will be

company Solvay, which was finalized

and production of Accoya and

a priority for Accsys over the coming

in December 2013, saw Accsys grant

Tricoya, allowing its application to be

years, concludes Clegg.

More recently, a licensing

Image © Richard Stonehouse

56 | April 2014


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Grow more trees, use more wood What if the green economy would lead to a ‘revolution’ in forestry by providing a new perspective on conservation and sustainable use?


he forest debate has always

the protection of key ecosystem

and extension of forests would lead

been polarized between the

services such as water catchment,

to additional ecological, economic

more ecologically oriented

cleaning of air and storage of CO2,

and social benefits. Similarly, when

approach, of ‘grow more trees’ to

housing of multiple species of flora

forests are sustainably managed,

increase forest biodiversity, mitigate

and fauna and preventing natural

extraction of wood would also be

climate change and ‘save’ forests

disasters (among the main functions).

of benefit to aging forests. A recent

from use, and the ‘use more wood’

Increased forest coverage would thus

study by UNECE-FAO (The European

approach, of those that rely on

help those functions to remain on a

Forest Outlook Study II) concludes,

the profitability of forests and its

solid basis.

for instance, that ‘to maximize the

products and services to support the

Then, the product. If wood was

forest sector’s contribution to climate

discovered today, there would

change mitigation, the best strategy

be much publicity about what an

in Europe is to combine forest

is not an oxymoron and seems to

extraordinary material it is, for both

management focused on enhancing

satisfy both views, as it contains, in

its technical features as well as its

carbon accumulation in the forests

its own definition, the parameters of

sustainability. Wood is becoming

(long rotations and a greater share

sustainable economic growth based

clearly an alternative to many other

of thinning) with a steady flow of

both on the conservation of natural

materials whose ecological footprint

wood for products and energy. In the

resources and their sustainable use.

is larger and often unsustainable.

long term, when the sequestration

When it comes to forests, it is easy

Many studies confirm that the life

capacity limit of the European forests

to visualize what this concept could

cycle analysis of wood proves it to

is reached, the only potential for


be positive and effective vis-à-vis

further mitigation would be regular

its carbon neutrality, impact on the

harvesting in order to store carbon in

paper or article on forests which

environment and people’s health and

harvested wood products or in order

does not recall their many essential

its post recycling phase.

to avoid emissions from the use of

economy. The concept of the ‘green economy’

First, the resource. There is no

ecological functions, including

58 | April 2014

In both cases, increasing the size

non-renewable materials and energy


Image © proHolz, Austria

building and communicating this

have also been provided through

information to a wider public. Forests

analysis of the experience of firms

wood’ motto however should not be

for and in a green economy is also

supplying the Asian markets with

taken naively. It is not only a matter

the focus of their work for the

climate-proof and earthquake-safe

of increasing planting and harvesting

coming years.

wood derived construction products.

sources. The ‘grow more trees, use more

more. The sustainability of the entire

For instance, through the annual

If the future of the economy and

value chain should be of concern,

publication of the Forest Products

innovation lies in more trees, they

from the way forests are managed

Annual Market Review, UNECE

do not need to all come from forests.

through to the final, post-consumer

and FAO look at trends in timber

The Outlook Study for Europe in fact

use of the wood product. In the pan-

markets, and assess new potentials

identifies the supply of landscape

European region, guidance on the

for new products and innovative

care wood (for instance from urban

sustainable management of forests

solutions. During the last decade, this

highway trees, hedges, orchards, etc)

and their products and services is

annual study has been witness to

and post-consumer (recycled) wood

developed by two bodies that work

an exponential growth of wood for

as having an enormous potential and

closely together: the FAO European

energy, the number one renewable

these sources of wood are expected

Forestry Commission and the UNECE

energy in the region. The study

to grow in the next 20 years by

Committee on Forests and the Forest

also keeps its antennas out for new

50 percent. This will contribute to


innovations and new uses of wood.

reducing waste disposal problems, in

In 2012-13, the review highlighted

general, as well as increased wood

are the ‘watchdogs ‘ of the forests

how bioplastic innovation from wood

supply. Another step towards a

in the region, monitoring constantly

derived sources is replacing a large

greener economy.

their status, assessing trends and

range of conventional oil-based

developing future outlook studies,

polymer products, another step

through innovative return and

advising countries on policies,

towards a greener economy. New

recycling programmes and increased

providing assistance and capacity

directions for future innovations

investments in recycling facilities

In simple words, these two bodies

Enhancing the recycling of wood

April 2014 | 59


is also high on countries’ agendas. This would involve the recuperation of a different range of products, from railroad ties to flooring and construction debris, which will be diverted from landfill and find a new life. Once again, one more step towards a greener economy. Another important step towards the recognition of the many virtues of wood is the transition of the construction sector towards sustainability and green building. Increasingly, codes and regulations are addressing issues related to environmental impact and material performance, including the environmental impacts generated by the life cycle of the structure itself and its components. In some instances this has led to the increased use of wood as a low impact building material, generating little waste, being carbon neutral and thermal efficient while saving time during the construction phase. A slow but steady move towards green wooden buildings is perceivable and it is likely to increase

If wood was discovered today, there would be much publicity about what an extraordinary material it is, for both its technical features as well as its sustainability

in the coming decades, as proper

companies are already increasingly committing to sustainability and extensively using these materials. This seems to be another important step towards a greener world and a more sustainable economy. How to support the transition of the forest sector towards a green economy was also the focus of the discussion of the UNECE and FAO forest bodies at their last meeting in December 2013, which took place in

communication about their qualities

are produced from wood pulp, such

Rovaniemi, in the heart of the Finnish

are also matched by increased

as lyocell and modal are used in the

Lapland. During discussions it became

aesthetic features. Briefly, wooden

fashion industry because of their

clear that the forest industry is heir

buildings are no longer perceived as

valuable properties. They are natural,

to a ‘forest of new opportunities’

old fashioned and artistically poor

smooth, and strong and are, or can

including the creation of jobs and

constructions but have gained the

be, produced in a more sustainable

increasing income, especially from

status of successful, modern and

way, unlike rayon or synthetic

innovative products. Such is its

sustainable architecture.

textiles. For all these reasons,

versatility that many things that can

they have become an excellent

be made from oil can be made from

products to support the transition

alternative to other natural textiles


towards a green economy can be

such as cotton and wool. Their

experienced in many areas, including

manufacturing process is often more

document for the sector, the

the fiber industry as well as the

environmentally friendly and the

Rovaniemi Action Plan for the Forest

textile and garment sectors. For

products easy to recycle. Fortunately,

Sector in a Green Economy. This

instance, many cellulose fibers that

several designers and clothing

document is a blue print for forests

The potential for forests and forest

The meeting adopted an important

and a ‘green new deal’ and creates a partnership of governments as well as many different forest stakeholders around concrete actions that should move the sector forward. The Plan proposes that by 2020 the forest sector in the region uses all its resources wisely and economically, contributes to the mitigation of climate change, cares for and builds up its workforce, provides products and services of high consumer value, seeks the active participation of civil society and bases its governance on evidencebased decision making. The Plan consists of actions clustered under Image ©Metsa Group

60 | April 2014

5 pillars, which together form


About the Author

the backbone of the future forest

must rapidly enhance its capacity to

sector: 1) Sustainable production

effectively communicate scientific

and consumption of forest products;

findings that address the needs,

2) A low carbon forest sector; 3)

concerns, and interests of consumers

Decent green jobs in the forest

and the marketplace’.

sector; 4) Long term provision of

As is true for other products, a

forest ecosystem services; 5) Policy

key element to increasing the use

development and monitoring of the

and popularity of wood products

forest sector in relation to a green

is marketing. Without adequate


communication about its many

The plan is an important tool at

virtues, there will be no transition in

the disposal of the forest sector.

forestry towards a green economy.

However, as highlighted in the

It is thus important that the ‘forest

UNECE-FAO Forest Products Annual

voices’ are heard within other

Market Review, ‘To secure wood’s

sectors, and forests are portrayed

place within a green economy

in their true light, as an important

- including green energy, green

source of sustainability.

building, green consumer goods and green trade - the forest products

*All publications quoted in the article can

sector must renew its commitment to

be found on the UNECE-FAO Forestry

being at the leading edge of science.

and Timber Sections’ website at:

Even more importantly, the sector

Paola Deda is currently the Chief of the UNECE/FAO Forestry and Timber Section in Geneva. Paola holds a PhD in territorial/environmental planning and has held different positions and responsibilities within the United Nations, including at: the United Nations Department of Economic Affairs in New York (Division for Sustainable Development); the Secretariats of two UNEP Biodiversity Conventions in Montreal and Bonn; the UNEP Environment Management Group and UNECE in Geneva. She has published several articles on the sustainable use of natural resources, and has participated as contributing author to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. Prior to joining the United Nations, Paola worked as researcher at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver and the University of California at Berkeley. Paola has a 14 year-old daughter, Georgia.

April 2014 | 61


TI: A leading manufacturer of high pressure laminates T

echnical Industrial for

participation at the Dubai WoodShow

cladding; compact laminate; special

Laminating Sheets LLC was


project laminates; technical laminate;

established in Abu Dhabi

TI is the only HPL manufacturer

chemical resistant laminates; and custom laminates.

in 1995 and is a manufacturer of

in the UAE and part of a group

high-pressure laminates (HPL). Over

of companies, which includes

the course of the past 15 years, the

Simplex International Construction,

HPL with a thickness ranging from

company has grown to cater not

a construction company; Stratex

0.71mm to 32mm but can offer

only to the MENA region but also

Boards Production; and Square

customized sizes in line with its client

to international markets, and has

General Maintenance, which has been

requirements. Also, the company

emerged as one of the leading HPL

providing construction, renovation

currently offers more than 250 colors

manufacturers in the region. Timber

and maintenance services for over 20

and designs. Given that HPL is one

Design & Technology talks to Eldar

years. Today, the company produces

of the most durable materials, even

Mullayanov, General Manager /

a range of HPL sheets including HPL

suitable for the extreme climate in

Partner, TI, ahead of the company’s

for interior design; HPL for exterior

this region, TI has developed a unique

62 | April 2014

The company produces standard


Image © TI

Image © TI

Image © TI

Image © TI

Image © TI

Image © TI

technology for exterior cladding using HPL. In addition, the company is also promoting its range of HPL for interior and exterior furniture. According to Mullayanov, its rich experience in the manufacturing of HPL and wide logistics network, enables it to provide the highest level

According to Mullayanov, HPL is laminated to a panel utilizing a variety of adhesives

Industry Analysts, the world market for decorative laminates was projected to reach USD 23.6 billion by 2012. This was primarily on account of an expected revival in the construction industry after the year 2009 and a rise in remodeling and refurbishments of houses. More recent reports show that U.S. demand

of service for its customers. Given that high pressure laminates can

and pressure (more than 1,000 PSI).

for decorative laminates is forecast

be used for countertops, tabletops,

As phenolic and melamine resins are

to advance 5.5 percent per year to

flooring, cabinetry, case goods, and

thermoset plastics, the curing process

12.4 billion square feet by 2015. The

furniture, Mullayanov is confident

transforms the resin into plastic by

cabinet market will remain the largest

of growth and expansion across the

a cross linking process that converts

segment, while flooring will record


the paper sheets into a single, rigid

the most rapid gains. In addition,

laminated sheet. Thermosetting

saturated papers will grow the fastest

creates strong, irreversible bonds that

within the dominant low pressure

contribute to HPL’s durability.

overlays product segment, followed

High Pressure Laminates High pressure laminates have evolved from the original plastic laminate.

According to Mullayanov, HPL

by decorative foils.

Considered to be one of the most

is laminated to a panel utilizing a

durable decorative surface materials,

variety of adhesives. Particleboard

continuous innovation is expected to

they are available with special

or MDF are the preferred substrate

trigger product end-use diversification

performance properties including

because they provide a stable,

from conventional uses to newer, and

chemical, fire and wear resistance. In

durable, consistent and economical

more novel applications. The wide

addition, special grades of HPL can be

foundation. Due to its durability,

range of designs, colors, textures,

post-formed around curved edges by

HPL is a common choice for

and styles are helping keep consumer

the application of heat and restraint.

horizontal surfaces including flooring,

interests sufficiently kindled. While

As such, special custom laminates can

countertops and desktops. It also

designs, and textures that closely

be produced to match the theme or

performs well in horizontal and

emulate stone, natural tile, wood,

décor of any environment.

vertical applications for high traffic

metal and ceramic are evergreen

settings such as hospitality, office

favorites, digitally produced images

produced by saturating multiple

furniture, healthcare, retail casework,

and patterns in vivid, and bold colors

layers of kraft paper with phenolic

commercial interiors and educational

are a rage in the marketplace. As a

resin. A layer of printed décor


market leader in the region, TI is well

High pressure laminates are

paper is placed on top of the kraft paper before pressing. The resulting

Global demand

sandwich is fused together under heat

According to a report by Global

Mullayanov is confident that

poised to leverage growing market demand and consumer acceptance of high pressure laminates.

April 2014 | 63

wood works

WOOD.b: Timeless, classic wooden bicycles from BSG D

esigned in Strasbourg by

for a store that specialized in urban

bike and influenced by a passion for

Thierry Boltz and Claude

bikes. Given that Boltz used his bike

cycling, the concept incorporates

Saos, WOOD.b is constructed

on a daily basis, he had an idea for

the use of a unique frame system:

using beech plywood and steel.

an environmentally friendly bike that

it draws functional elements from

Hand-made to order in France by

incorporated quality and ecological

traditional bike parts, but delivers

BSG, and matched with a mixture of

materials. Taking his concept to

a refined metal and layered wood

components old and new (from Brooks

Saos, the two started working on a

veneer package. Boltz believes that

saddles to hydraulic disc brakes), the

prototype in the second half of 2012.

by using treated plywood for the main

new urban bicycle has turned heads

A year later, WOOD.b has turned from

frame, they have delivered a higher

throughout the cycling community

a concept into reality.

degree of comfort to the rider.

ever since its launch in September of last year.

Wood.b was born from a shared

Pairing a beech plywood frame

passion for cycling and the everyday

with steel parts, BSG have been able

use of this mode of transportation

to give their WOOD.b bikes a classic,

WOOD.b initially came to him in 2010

by the two designers. Originally

architectural quality. The bikes are

when he was working on the design

conceived as a high-quality urban

designed to use standard bike parts

According to Boltz, the idea for

64 | April 2014

wood works

Image © BSG

Image © BSG

Image © BSG

According to Boltz, the idea for WOOD.b initially came in 2010 when he was working on the design for a store that specialized in urban bikes According to Boltz, whilst WOOD.b is being offered with four different configurations, however the principle of construction of the bikes stays the same in all four of them. The Image © BSG

differences lie in the specific choice of speeds and brake systems, all of

like steel Columbus forks and bases.

- Duomatic, Inter 7, Alfine 11, and

which allows complete customization

This means that despite the unique

Dualdrive - and the company has

of the bike. The bike is made-to-order,

frame, WOOD.b owners can take their

filed an international patent for the

which means that BSG can guarantee

bikes to any bike shop to have them

WOOD.b design. Incorporating wooden

a high quality product and also cater

serviced. This also enables owners to

handle bars and splash guards for

to different customer preferences. So

customize the mechanical elements to

added style and presence, owners are

it might look like a work of art, but it’s

their own liking.

also invited to personalize their bikes

meant to fully function as an urban,

To date, BSG have developed

by choosing the tint of wood and the

timeless bicycle. Which is absolutely

four different WOOD.b bike frames

color of the stainless steel elements.

solid, dynamic and comfortable!

April 2014 | 65


Top Industry

Exhibitions coming up This season

Outdoor Design Build & Supply show

Image © Outdoor Design Build & Supply Show

The second edition of the Outdoor Design Build & Supply

to the Dubai Expo 2020 proposed site, as much as AED

show, the only dedicated trade show for the outdoor

235 million worth of landscaping projects are set to

design and supply sector in the GCC, is set to take place

begin in the next six years. This is in addition to the

from March 31 - April 2 at the Dubai International

already approved budget dedicated for a diversity of

Convention & Exhibition Center. Organized by the Dubai

landscaping projects in Dubai. In short, the industry’s

Municipality, the show will showcase a wide range of

growth is expected to spur further demand for landscape

hard and soft landscaping products and services. With

contractors, outdoor lighting, recreation and park

the real estate sector witnessing renewed growth, and

equipment, water features, playground equipment, flooring

governments becoming increasingly focused on green

solutions, irrigation and water management innovations,

space development, the GCC region’s landscaping industry

horticulture, planning and design services, among others.

will witness growing demand for energy and water-

The organizers of the show are confident that the

efficient technologies as well as qualified horticultural and

positive outlook for the regional landscaping industry

agricultural engineering experts.

will come as good news to hundreds of landscape service

The UAE currently stipulates that nearly 25 percent

providers who will gather at the 2014 edition of the

of the project development area must be set aside for

event. The event will showcase a wide range of hard

landscaping, in addition to various emirates across the

and soft landscaping products and services including

country focusing on building new parks and landscaped

landscape contractors, outdoor lighting, recreation and

zones. Statistics from Dubai Municipality show that

park equipment, water features, playground equipment,

over the last 30 years in Dubai alone, the number of

flooring solutions, irrigation and water management

landscaping projects completed per year has risen by over

innovations, horticulture, planning and design services

600 percent, reflecting the emirate’s dedication towards

and much more. In addition, it will also serve as a unique

increasing urban green spaces. Dubai Municipality also

platform to interact and network with important industry

estimates that the total green space in the emirate has


increased by over four million square meters in the last three years to 28 million square meters by 2012, and this is set to grow in line with the Government’s commitment to creating more sustainable outdoor environments. With several real estate and infrastructure projects in the design and construction stage in Dubai, in addition

66 | April 2014

Date: 31 March - 2 April Venue: Dubai International Convention & Exhibition Center Location: Dubai, United Arab Emirates WEBSITE:



equipment for primary processing of the timber; drying rooms for timber and equipment; machinery and equipment for chemical treatment of the wood, timber and surfaces; and auxiliary machinery and equipment. The show will also highlight technologies associated with timber as an energy resource; paper production; mobile equipment for forestry and forest industry; energy saving, environment protection and work safety; and recycling of raw materials and waste materials. As such, the exhibition will allow specialists representing the forestry and other related sectors to establish their business relations, offer professional consultations, evaluate the industry and the recent trends, get acquainted with offers, choose the cooperation partners and certain products.

The fourth edition of the biennial TECHNODOMUS International Expo of Wood Technology for the Furnishing and Construction Industries will take place from April 9 - 12 at the Rimini Expo Center. Over the course of four days, companies at TECHNODOMUS will be able to engage with a captive audience comprising of industry members and showcase the latest technical innovations for the wood and woodworking industry. According to the organizers, the 2012 edition attracted 300 companies, who represented the most important players in the woodworking and window frame and door manufacturing sector. The last edition also marked the inauguration of a new section - Technoframe - dedicated to the manufacturing chain of window frames and doors - in wood and in other materials, such as aluminum and PVC -

Date: 25 - 27 April Venue: Kipsala International Exhibition Center Location: Riga, Latvia WEBSITE:

with a hall entirely dedicated to it. The exhibition will also host conferences and workshops involving speakers from universities, leading journalists,


professionals and institutions, offering delegate an opportunity to debate key topics and emerging trends in the woodworking industry. This will serve to complement the exhibition where leading manufacturers of machines, parts, accessories and tools for the woodworking industry will present their latest products and technological innovations.

Date: 9 - 12 April Venue: Rimini Expo Center Location: Rimini, Italy WEBSITE:

Forest and Wood 2014 Forest and Wood 2014, the 14th International Forest

The inaugural AFRIWOOD 2014 is being organized

Management and Woodworking Exhibition, is being

by Expogroup in Nairobi, Kenya with a view towards

organized to offer professionals the opportunity to follow

becoming the platform for creative ideas and new

the developments in the forest industry, developments in

technologies, as the attention of wood manufacturers and

the technologies, as well as to acquaint visitors with the

traders turns to innovative resources that would initiate

practical use of timber and related products and the latest

business. According to the organizers, Kenya, the hub of

information about what’s new in the sector. Held annually,

the East African Continent, will become the place where

the exhibition will feature leading players involved with

the wood industry will meet. As such, the organizers hope

wood working machinery, equipment, methods and auxiliary

to encourage trade visitors, professionals and serious

equipment; machinery, equipment, methods and auxiliary

buyers from all over the continent to use AFRIWOOD as

April 2014 | 67


an opportunity to strengthen ties with new customers, network and catch up on the latest technologies. AFRIWOOD 2014 aims to be the event for the latest innovations and technologies and will become the platform

Date: 12 - 14 May Venue: Pazhou Complex Location: Guangzhou, China WEBSITE:

of progress across the wood and woodworking sector for Africa. As a highly specialized show, AFRIWOOD provides an excellent opportunity for local and international

Project Qatar

companies to showcase and learn about wood and to build new strategic relationships with buyers, traders and investors globally. The visitor profile will include

Project Qatar will be back for its 11th edition from May

manufacturers, importers, traders, distributors, converters

12 - 15, 2014 at the Qatar National Convention Center

and end-users in the wood industry and the organizers

(QNCC). The event attracts key buyers and industry leaders

expect 12,000 trade visitors over the course of three days.

looking for the most up-to-date technology and stateof-the art equipment available on the market. Firmly

Date: 02 - 04 May Venue: Kenyatta International Conference Center Location: Nairobi, Kenya WEBSITE:

established as Qatar’s most important exhibition for highlighting the latest products and services needed for Qatar’s fast growing construction sector, the show has become a must-attend event for regional and international industry professionals.

Wood Guangzhou

Project Qatar’s 2013 edition surpassed all expectations, including its previous edition in 2012, thanks to an overwhelming response from both exhibitors and visitors. According to the organizers, the 2013 edition hosted 2,100 local and international exhibitors from 50 countries spread across 62,000 sqm of indoor and outdoor exhibition space. In addition, the event featured over 3,000 brands and marked a record increase of 16 percent in surface area, and 45 percent in international participation. The show provides a unique and dynamic platform for buyers and suppliers to make contacts and drive future developments in Qatar’s multi-billion construction sector. In addition, exhibitors benefit from massive exposure to premier regional agents, dealers, buyers and distributors. To maximize the number of exhibitors, trade buyers, business developments and opportunities, Project Qatar 2014 will be held concurrently with Qatar Stone Tech 2014 and Heavy Max 2014.

The third edition of Wood Guangzhou, a key exhibition for wood and wood products in China, will take place at the Pazhou Complex from May 12 - 14. Over 180 industry-related enterprises from USA, Canada, Malaysia, Russia, Germany, Portugal and Serbia participated in Wood Guangzhou 2013, and the organizers are confident of exceeding those numbers this year. According to the organizers, the reason to host the show in Guangzhou was because over 21 percent of China’s wood manufacturers are located in South China’s Guangdong Province, which is China’s largest furniture-manufacturing base. As such, Wood Guangzhou 2014 will be an influential platform for the wood and woodworking industry. The show is being organized in light of the fact that the consumption of wood in China has increased at rates higher than the GDP growth. This can be attributed to the fact that as one of the world’s largest producing states of wood furniture and wood floor, China has a huge demand for wood. In addition, houses built with wood are increasing in popularity and so the applications for wood not only internally but for structural uses is also increasing. The fair attracts companies involved in the trading of logs, sawn timber and all kinds of added-value wood products. This year, the organizers have announced that they expect over 650 exhibitors over the 12,000 sqm of exhibition space.

68 | April 2014

Date: 12 - 15 May Venue: Qatar National Convention Center Location: Doha, Qatar WEBSITE:


WoodEX For Africa WoodEX for Africa is the foremost event in Africa focusing exclusively on the timber industry, and creates the ideal platform for woodworking professionals to be on the frontier of the timber industry and to network with key industry players. Now in its third year, the event demonstrates the value of wood as a sustainable, renewable and versatile product, and is a showcase for introducing European trends into the African marketplace. Through WoodEX for Africa exhibitors and project partners can grow their business on the African continent and connect with existing and potential customers easily and cost-effectively. According to the organizers, the show is being held three


months later than usual this year, as this date fits in better on the international timber industry calendar. The event will showcase innovative timber and woodworking products and services such as woodworking machinery, decking, flooring, structured timber, timber treating, saw milling and logging, pulp and paper manufacturing and wood material and veneer production. In addition, special attention will be placed on expanding the show’s exhibition areas for machinery, tooling, kitchen and furniture manufacturers and

Machines and systems for solid wood processing in WEINIG quality

accessories fittings and decor materials. WoodEX for Africa has established itself as the perfect platform for reaching target customers, forging business relationships and promoting the use of new technologies in Africa. The event is also the showplace for the latest innovations and technologies and has become the platform of progress across the wood and woodworking sector for the region. Specialized trade visitors who are

S4S and profiling Automation Tool / grinding systems

knowledgeable, professionals and serious business buyers from all over the world use this event as an opportunity to strengthen ties with new customers, make valuable new contacts and catch up on the latest trends and technological developments.

Ripping / cross cutting Scanner technology Optimization

Windows and doors Furniture Surface sections

Finger-jointing Tenoning Coping

Your expert Date: 05 - 07 June Venue: Gallagher Convention Center Location: Midrand, South Africa WEBSITE:

WEINIG OFFERS MORE April 2014 | 69



INDEX has grown to have 9 dedicated show sectors, consisting of furnishings, furniture, lighting, kitchen & bathroom, objets, outdoor living, surfaces & finishes,

The 2014 edition of XYLEXPO, organized by Italy’s National

textiles and INRETAIL. Each year, the show also delivers

Association of Woodworking Machinery Manufacturers

a range of features and events designed to add value to

(ACIMALL), will feature semi-finished products, furniture

the overall visitor experience, encourage industry debate,

supplies, raw materials, hardware and all other wood

celebrate innovation, and recognize and reward some of

based products along with the most innovative array

the key players in the industry. Some of the key events

of machinery, tools and equipment available today to

this year include INDEX & workspace at INDEX Product

operators and buyers. Backed by its 46 years of success, the

Design Awards; INDEX Design Talks; INDEX Trend Tour;

show is firmly established as the largest biennial exhibition

INDEX Majlis Design Competition; INDEX Artists’ Avenue;

for the woodworking sector. The only Italian exhibition

and the Student Design Challenge.

supported by EUMABOIS, the show presents everything in woodworking technology, from forestry machinery to finishing processing. The organizers expect to host over 450 exhibitors in a net exhibition area just below 30,000 sqm this year. For five days, thousands of skilled professionals from all over the world will come to see the best woodworking technologies first hand, as well as the best materials and components for furniture manufacturing. XYLEXPO puts global manufacturers in direct contact with an audience of international business operators and is therefore the ideal place to catch up with old customers, to meet new ones, to build partnerships and to size up the international competition.

Date: 19 - 22 May Venue: Dubai International Convention & Exhibition Center Location: Dubai, United Arab Emirates WEBSITE:

Carrefour Du Bois With its complete timber concept, the Carrefour International du Bois is the only tradeshow of its kind in Europe. Organized by Atlanbois and The Grand Maritime Port de Nantes Saint Nazaire, the event attracts great interest both in France and abroad. Firmly established as Date: 13 - 17 May Venue: Fiera Milano Location: Milan, Italy WEBSITE:

a leading trade event amongst timber professionals, the show hosts over 500 exhibitors and attracts almost 10,000 visitors from 60 countries over the course of three days. A biennial event, the 2012 edition saw a host of institutional events run alongside the trade show including


nearly 30 conferences, general assemblies and internal meetings making this an extremely important event for decision makers and for the entire French and European timber industry. The show provides an ideal setting to keep

INDEX International Design Exhibition is shaping up for

up with new products and innovations in the construction

another successful edition. The Middle East and North

industry with the Timber Techniques and Solutions area,

Africa’s largest and longest established interiors and

attracting project managers, architects, quantity surveyors

design exhibition - now in its 24th edition - will take

and designers, as well as any professional keen to adopt

place at the Dubai International Convention & Exhibition

sustainable timber-based solutions.

Center May 19 - 22, 2014. Architects, interior designers, contractors, specifiers, industry professionals and consumers will be able to see innovative surface materials, decorative paints, flooring, parquet, marble & ceramics, metal and glass finishes and natural stone finishes products at the show.

70 | April 2014

Date: 04 - 06 June Venue: La Beaujoire Exhibition Center Location: Nantes, France WEBSITE:


FMC China

Image © FMC China

Furniture Manufacturing & Supply China (FMC China)

& Investment Council, French Timber Industry Association,

celebrates its 20th anniversary in 2014 and will be staged

Taiwan Woodworking Machinery Association (TWMA),

at the Shanghai World Expo Exhibition & Convention Center

Yuhang Home Textile Pavilion, and Asian International

(SWEECC) from September 10 - 13, 2014 concurrently

Furniture Material Trading Center (AIFM). On the occasion

with FMC Premium 2014 and Furniture China 2014, one of

of its 20th anniversary, the organizers anticipate increased

the biggest furniture shows in the world. According to the

exhibitor and visitor participation on account of several new

organizers, they expect to host 850 domestic and overseas

attractions being launched at this year’s edition.

exhibitors at the show this year in an area covering around

The 2014 edition will introduce a new concept of special area of exhibits under the following categories:

59,000 sqm. FMC China provides the best woodworking machinery

Woodworking Machinery, CNC Machinery, Upholstered

and furniture raw materials for the furniture production,

Furniture Machinery, Coating Machinery, Furniture

decoration and engineering fields. Firmly established

Adhesives and Coating Machinery, Office Furniture

as a key exhibition for the furniture manufacturing and

Accessories and Components, Furniture Hardware and

woodworking sectors, the show covers cabinets, doors,

Fittings, Wood and Surface Décor, Furniture Fabric and

architectural design, engineering contracting and decoration,

Upholstery Components. In addition, the organizers plan

bringing many opportunities for furniture manufacturers,

to limit entry to registered professionals and also aim to

decoration manufacturers while attracting the best, most

invite senior decision makers from leading domestic and

comprehensive and professional trade buyers.

international companies.

The last edition attracted 790 exhibitors and 33,834

Following on from the success of the First Leading

trade buyers from 120 countries. In addition, seven

Brand Collection, the organizers have announced plans to

groups and associations shared their new technologies

organize the second Leading Brand Collection at the show

and products onsite including the State of North Carolina

this year. The aim is to bring together nearly 100 furniture

Pavilion, American Hardwood Export Council, Swedish Trade

manufacturers, new products and new technologies, along with excellent high-tech support in order to provide a solid foundation to allow China to become the leader in furniture manufacturing. The China Furniture Association advocated in 2012 that ‘to develop China from a major furniture manufacturing country to a great powerful country’ cannot be accomplished without talented furniture designers, sophisticated production equipment and raw material support. FMC China 2014, as the most professional furniture manufacturing supply platform, is responding positively to the China Furniture Association.

Date: 10 - 13 September Venue: Shanghai World Expo Exhibition & Convention Center (SWEECC) Location: Shanghai, China WEBSITE: Image © FMC China

April 2014 | 71


INDEX 2014 set to attract over 21,000 trade visitors from across the region Samantha Kane-Macdonald Image © Index


NDEX International Design Exhibition is shaping up for

02. How is this year’s edition positioned?

another successful edition. The

surfaces & finishes, textiles and INRETAIL.

03. What are the main objectives for this year’s edition?

Middle East and North Africa’s largest

INDEX 2014, the 24th edition of

and longest established interiors

the show and the 2nd edition in

and design exhibition - now in its

the new date range - is more trade

24th edition - will take place at the

focused and strategically designed

Dubai International Convention &

with the buyer in mind - there are

The most important aspect is that

Exhibition Center from May 19 - 22,

dedicated sectors so that buyers can

we connect suppliers with buyers. If

2014. Architects, interior designers,

easily navigate the show and find

this is achieved then both the show’s

contractors, specifiers, industry

the right products and services for

exhibitors and visitors will have a

professionals and consumers will

their projects / portfolios / stores.

successful event.

be able to see innovative surface

Essentially INDEX is a comprehensive

materials, decorative paints, flooring,

sourcing platform for all architecture,

parquet, marble & ceramics, metal

design and interiors professionals.

and glass finishes and natural stone

The show aims to cover all interior

finishes products at the show.

and exterior designs sectors under

Timber Design & Technology talks to

one roof, occupying 30,000 square

Samantha Kane-Macdonald, Event

meters of exhibition space organized

We have many show features to

Director, INDEX, ahead of the event.

in nine product-specific show sections:

ensure that our visitors have an

furnishings, furniture, lighting, kitchen

interesting and inspirational show

& bathroom, objets, outdoor living,

experience. The ‘Contemporary

01. In retrospect, what were the major achievements of the 2013 edition?

04. Are there any events such as awards, seminars and workshops at this year’s edition?

Last year was a very big year for the show because we moved our dates from the autumn to spring. However, this had no impact on the effectiveness of the show - according to the official figures released, the 750 participating companies at the INDEX and Office Exhibition shows generated more than USD 205 million in sales and orders. The two events took place simultaneously and the results serve to confirm their role as the leading MENA events for the interior and commercial interior design community.

72 | April 2014

Image © Index


Image © Index

Majlis Design Competition’ finalists

We will have approximately 700

will be displaying their projects at

companies exhibiting at INDEX 2014

the show with the final judging and

of which 221 are new. We had 21,000

winner announcement set to take

visitors in 2013 and we’d be delighted

place on the first day. In addition,

to increase this significantly in 2014.

there is a self-guided ‘Trend Tour’ that highlights new and interesting products. The Design Talks, a free to attend seminar series, once again has

06. Who are some of the new exhibitors making their debut at the show this year?

excellent speakers and topics and we

08. Can you tell us a little bit more about INDEX Surfaces & Finishes? The 2014 INDEX Surfaces & Finishes will occupy Halls 7 and 8 of the Dubai World Trade Centre and, over a gross space of nearly 4,000 sqm, will display leading global flooring brands and innovative surface materials. Canada

are delighted to have Roderick Wiles

I wish I could list all 221 of them

and USA exhibitors have increased

from the American Hardwood Export

but here’s a few as a sneak preview:

65 percent compared to INDEX 2013

Council present this year plus over 20

LG Hausys (Korea), Kansai Paint

edition. Bluewater Wood Alliance

topics discussed over the 4 day event.

Middle East, Dogtas (Turkey), Jagorta

Canada Pavilion, Wagner Meters, Dur-A-

The Middle East North Africa

(Hungary), De Poortere (Belgium) plus

Flex Flooring and Wickham Hardwood

Interior Design Awards ceremony

there’s a national pavilion of over 20

will be showcasing their wood

will take place on the first day of the

companies from South Africa for the

flooring and wood flooring protection

show (we received 88 entries this

first time.

solutions at INDEX 2014. The American

year across 15 categories) plus we also have the Product Design Awards. Further, we are also very proud to host the ISG Tasmena Student Design

07. How does INDEX aim to be different from other industry fairs?

Challenge - The 2014 Student Design

Hardwood Export Council (AHEC) will be participating in INDEX Design Talk 2014. Titled ‘Designing with American Hardwoods’, the seminar session will be focusing on the different types of

Challenge theme is ‘100 Years’.

INDEX offers a very international

American hardwoods available, on

Students were asked to design a

range of exhibitors and is proud to

their applications and will show some

piece of furniture for an imagined

have 44 countries represented. An

examples of how they have been used

future scenario and the final teams

example of how the show has evolved

in interior design projects around the

will present models of their products

is the launch of INDEX Surfaces &


at INDEX. Lastly, there is the INDEX

Finishes in 2012, which focuses

Some of this year’s exhibitors will

Artists’ Avenue - an art gallery on

exclusively on surfaces, flooring

feature new cutting edge technologies

the show floor, which brings together

and finishing products. The flooring

and products, such as the Belgian brand

regional and international artists.

sector of INDEX is the fastest growing

- 2Tec2, one of the major high tech

product sector in INDEX with growth

flooring solution exhibitors participating

rates on average of 40 percent year

through its MENA distributor - EKA

on year. As such, INDEX is currently

Group. In addition, leading European

the largest dedicated trade fair

laminate flooring brands continue their

platform in MENA region for the latest

support at INDEX, including BipanFloor

design flooring products and wood

Italy, Kronotex from Germany and

suppliers from the region and abroad.

Forbo flooring from France.

05. How many visitors and exhibitors are likely to be there at the fair this year? What percentage of them are repeat exhibitors and how many of them are new?

April 2014 | 73


EXPO Calendar Outdoor Design Build & Supply Show

31st March - 2nd April Dubai International Convention & Exhibition Center Dubai, UAE

Dubai WoodShow

8th - 10th April Dubai International Convention & Exhibition Center Dubai, UAE Technodomus 11th - 14th April Rimini Fiera Rimini, Italy Forest and Wood

25th - 27th April Kipsala International Exhibition Center Riga, Latvia Dremasilesia

25th - 27th April Poznan International Fair Ground Katowice, Poland


2nd - 4th May Kenyatta International Conference Center Nairobi, Kenya

Wood Guangzhou 12th - 14th May Pazhou Complex Guangzhou, China Project Qatar

12th - 15th May Qatar National Convention Center Doha, Qatar ZOW Moscow

12th - 15th May Pavilion 75, V.V.C Exhibition Moscow, Russia XYLEXPO

13th - 17th May Fiera Milano Milan, Italy EXPOKOS

14th - 17th May Prishtine Fair Ground Prishtine, Kosovo

74 | April 2014



19th - 22nd May Dubai International Convention & Exhibition Center Dubai, UAE

3rd - 5th June Kazanskaya Yarmarka Exhibition Center Kazan, Russia



20th - 23rd May Palace of Sports Lwow, Ukraine

3rd - 6th June Kazanskaya Yarmarka Exhibition Center Kazan, Russia


Carrefour Du Bois

21st - 23rd May Belarus Expo Center Minsk, Belarus

TMT Workshop 2014

22nd - 23rd May Institut f端r Holztechnologie Dresden (IHD) Dresden, Germany php?id=465&L=1

4th - 6th June La Beaujoire Exhibition Center Nantes, France

China Furniture & Woodworks

6th - 9th June Dalian Star-Sea Convention & Exhibition Center (DSCEC) Dalian, China

17 - 20 NOVEMBER 2014 Dubai World Trade Centre 11:00 - 19:00 Daily


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Timber Design & Technology Middle East - April 2014  

The only magazine for Timber industry professionals published in the Gulf region.