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CHAPTER VI A Climate of Injustice


Seefeld – Spires and Mountains in the Tyrol Austria has to rank high as one of the most beautiful countries in Europe and the locals know how to look after it – Austria is impeccably lean and re-cycling is taken very seriously. The Tyrol arguably provides the most familiar images Of Austria with jagged peaks, snow-capped mountains, green pastures and onion-domed churches. Although temperatures in the mountains are a little lower than in the valleys, May through September is respectably warm. Moving around Austria is easy as the roads are very good with autobahns that all have a single toll charge, and a train service that is very punctual service.


The gap between the developed and developing world is widening 54 nations are poorer now than in 1990 20 of these countries are in Sub- Saharan Africa

Half of humanity lives on less than ÂŁ1.50 a day

In the UK the average person spends ÂŁ300 at Christmas


Seefeld Seekirche In the heart of the Austrian Tyrol the village of Seefeld occupies a high mountain plateau and offers unrivalled alpine vistas. With grassy pastures carpeted in wild flowers, forested slopes and rugged peaks it is hard to think of a more tranquil destination. Activities around Seefeld include lake swimming, mountain biking and paragliding. Hiking opportunities are endless and access into the mountains is made easy by way of the many cable cars and the funicular. For those more adventurous the ‘Stubaier Hohenweg’ is of the finest multi-day tours of the Alps, and good white-water rafting can be organised from Imst in the Inn Valley.


Food consumption 790 million the number of people in the world malnourished 45 the percentage of the total meat and fish consumed in the world by the people of the wealthier nations, who account for only 20% of the world’s population 30 the percentage of people in the developed world who are obese, food consumption in the developed world continues to increase If all the hot dogs & hamburgers eaten in Disney World each year were lined up they would stretch from Orlando to Philadelphia 140,000 The number of gastric bypass operations performed by surgeons in US every year


Krimmler Falls Away from the Tyrol, central Austria has much to offer and the best base from which to explore this region is Zell am See. This charming resort has its own lake, which is suitable for swimming, and lift system for access in to the mountains. Close by can be found one of Austria’s most popular tourist attractions, the Krimmler Falls. The best way to get to the falls from Zell am See is on one the six daily trains that run along the Pinzgaubahn. The train stops 4km short of the falls, from where a beautiful hike or bus takes you the rest of the way. The main rafting and kayaking in the area can be organised from Taxenbach. Summer skiing is available on the Kitzsteinhorn.


Waste The amount of waste produced in the developed world has tripled in the last 20 years 700K The amount of waste produced by an average US citizen per year Walt Disney World produces 70 tonnes of waste a day 99 the percentage of items purchased in the UK that are disposed of within 6 months 73 the percentage of all waste in the UK that ends up in landfill - 90% of this could be recycled, composted or used for energy Retail Therapy A term used to describe a spending spree to makes us feel better - unfortunately, the more we spend the more of our world we destroy


Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse The Hohe Tauern National Park is in striking distance from Zell am See. The park was created in 1971 in order to protect some of Austria’s highest mountains from human encroachment. Tourist offices in Zell am See and Heilingenblut offer good advice about hiking and other activities in the park. The main wildlife to look out for is the Chamois and Marmot. One trip that must not be missed is the Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse. This spectacular toll road is open from mid May to late October, and affords fabulous views of Austria’s highest peak, the Grossglockner. If you do not have your own transport a daily bus service runs from Zell am See.


Water Earth is the water planet It contains an almost unimaginable 1.4 billion cubic kilometres However, 95% of it is seawater, which we can’t drink Water consumption in the developed world 680 litres a day – an average New Yorker 250 litres a day - an average French citizen, of which < 0.5% is for drinking 150 litres a day – an average English citizen Water consumption in the developing world 4 litres a day an average Kenyan The average person in the developing world uses the equivalent in a single toilet flush 40 the percentage of the world’s population that has scarce water supply. This figure is likely to increase to 65% by 2025


Heilenglenblut At the eastern end of the Grossglockner Hochalpenstrasse lies Heiligenblut, one of the most attractive in the Alps. The village is dominated by the impressive spire of the Pfarrkirche St Vinzenz, while in the background lies the 3798 metre snow-clad summit of the Grossglockner.


Health and Education 1/5 of the world’s people have no modern healthcare system 11 million the number of children aged under 5 that die each year from treatable disease In 1854 John Snow removed the handle from the pump on London’s Broad Street, which resulted in the discovery of the mode of transmission of Cholera In 2010 over 2 million children will die from diarrhoeal disease such as Cholera – this need not be the case


Hallstatt Although Austria is blessed with many beautiful lakes, the prime lake-land area is the Salzkammergut. The main lakes within this region are the Wolfganagsee, Traunsee, Mondsee and Hallstattersee. All of the lakes have their own attributes but without doubt the jewel in the crown is Hallstattersee. The lake is surrounded on all sounds by towering mountains, and even the village of Hallstatt lies directly under a cliff face. On the south side of the is the lake is the village of Obertraun from where a cable car provides public access to the very impressive Dachstein Caves. The same cable car system continues upwards to some stunning hiking areas. The Hallstattersee is also famed for its salt mines and is a good spot for a swim.


10% of the money spent on health research is spent on the health of 90% of the world’s people In order to improve our own healthcare the developed world is poaching doctors from abroad In Ghana – 9 doctor’s to every 100,000 patients Mozambique has only 500 doctors for a population of 18 million To satisfy all the world’s sanitation and food requirements would cost only US $13 billion - roughly the same amount that the people of the US & European Union spend on perfume a year And what about education? It would cost $6 billion a year, on top of what is already spent, to put every child in school - that is < 1% of what the world spends on weapons each year


The Dachstein Range The Salzkammergut region can simply be enjoyed for its stunning scenery or you may wish to get into the mountains themselves. Freytag & Berndt produce numerous walking maps. Hikes are marked on maps as blue if easy, red intermediate and black difficult. In the northern part of the region the Wolfgangsee offers excellent opportunities for hiking and mountain biking. The lakes also offer good opportunities for water sports in the way of sailing, windsurfing and in some areas water skiing.


Energy consumption The developed world is primarily responsible for climate change 60% of the world’s energy is used by the 20% of the world’s population that live in develop countries 40% of the world’s population has no electricity Yet it is the developing world that is most at risk Climate change could cut food production in developing counties by up to 25% in the next 50 years. 98 % of deaths resulting from ‘natural disasters’ occur in developing countries The USA has 5% of the world’s population but produces 25% of world’s greenhouse gases A quote from President George W. Bush in March 2006 explaining why the US pulled out of the Koyoto agreement ‘It would gravely damage the US economy’ President Barrack Obama has pledged a new era of cooperation and progress in climate change from the US – much hangs on these words


Lake Gosausee and the Dachstein Range One of the less well-known lakes in the region is the Gosausee, which lies approximately 15km from Hallstatt. An easy walk around the lake affords spectacular views of the Dachstein range. Summer skiing is available on the Dachstein Glacier.


Ecological footprint ‘The ecological footprint’ of the US is double that of Europe and 7 times that of Asia or Africa An average person uses 2.28 hectares of land/year in terms of resources US - the figure is 9.7 UK – the figure is 5.35 Mozambique – the figure is 0.47 1/3 of the world’s biodiversity has been annihilated in the past 35 years We are consuming the Earth’s resources 30% faster than it can replenish them


Chapter VI - A Climate of Injustice