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Tiffany Swift landscape architecture + urban planning portfolio


LOS ANGELES | Redefining the Road In Progress

Los Angeles is in the midst of a mobility transformation. In the next few years, Autonomous Vehicles (AVs) will begin sharing the streets, and with that comes an opportunity to continue LA’s progress and redefine the road. The roads of the near future have the potential to move people around more efficiently in addition to serving many other purposes: counteracting urban

heat island, building community, providing urban habitat, cleaning stormwater, and encouraging healthier lifestyles. This project proposes policies and design strategies for low, medium, and high density areas of Los Angeles and reimagines key locations along Van Nuys Blvd through this transition.

THE MESSY TRANSITION R&D

TESTING

DIFFUSION

FULLY AUTOMATED

SATURATION

100%

50%

25%

Google AV development

2005

2010

AV pilot projects

2015

CA DMV allows level 3 AVs, no human driver

ale s% AV S

75%

AV Rideshare/Taxis Launch (level 3/4)

High End Consumer AVs launch

AV buses + shuttles common in cities

a

h AV S

Rideshare Companies convert fleets to AV

(level 3/4)

Rethinking curbside design / management

2025

2030

el %

Trav f o re

Converting parking to other uses

Restricting human drivers Redesigning Roads and Freeways removing lanes, widths, sidewalks

TS HIF S CY OLI P + URE T C T RU S A R INF

Considering congestion pricing or no car districts

Considering dedicated AV highway lanes

2020

URBAN TRAFFIC

2035

2040

2045

2050

Illustrator

Source: Taming the Autonomous Vehicle: A Primer for Cities (2/17), Govtech.com (3/10/17), Curbed.com (5/16/17), Autonomous Vehicle Implementation Predictions (9/17), Business Insider (9/27/17)

2055

2060

?


Rhino, Photoshop


LOS ANGELES | Redefining the Road In Progress

2057 Van Nuys Blvd

Van Nuys at Orange Line

Metro Orange Line

2027

Laser cut models, 1” = 50,’ AutoCAD


bike

path

Paco i

Van Nuys at Pacoima Wash Pa Wa coim sh a

Van Nuys Blvd

ma W ash

B

A Van Nuys Blvd

A cycletrack

Van Nuys Blvd

Inlet

Rocky Riparian Basin

Permeable Paver Edge

Alley

Apartment Building

B

Foot bridge ArcMap, Rhino, Illustrator, Photoshop

Meadow

Paved central spine

Grassland

2 way cycletrack


SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY | Organized Dispersal Fall 2016

150’ 75’

FIREBAUGH

300’

N

1

1

12

9

10

11

-33 CA SAN JOAQUIN RIVER

1 2

MENDOTA 3

View 1 4

Mendota and Firebaugh are two struggling agricultural towns in the San Joaquin Valley facing poverty, unemployment and soil contamination from years of unsustainable agricultural practices. This studio began with the premise that agrarian Syrian refugees resettle in the San Joaquin Valley which acts as a catalyst for mutually beneficial changes. The pilot project along the San Joaquin River employs a shifting framework of clearings and stands to organize rural settlement, saline soil remediation, and new sustainable agricultural economies along the infrastructure of existing agricultural canals.

5

Ceanothus cuneatus

Salt Tolerant, Native Bee Forage

Transition from agriculture to settlement or aquaculture clearing

Salt Tolerant, Flowering Deciduous Tree

6

Prosopis glandulosa

Defines spaces within settlement clearing

8

Salt Tolerant, Deciduous Shade Tree

Eucalyptus camaldulensis

Frames clearings for settlement + aquaculture

1

Clearings for Settlement

2

Remediation Crops (1/4 acre)

3

Intercropped Almonds

5

Solar Evaporators

6

Fee Fishing Ponds

7

River Viewing Decks 8 + Campground

9

Soccer Field

10

Outdoor Market & Plaza

11 Forest Park

4 Aquaculture Ponds

12

7

Bike Path + Pollinator Hedge Community Kitchen Gardens

6

Rhino, Photoshop, Illustrator


Remove 1/4 acre blocks of sick almonds Replace with saline remediating market crops

Proposed Rural Settlement

ed po s Pro e Bik h Pat

Intercrop healthy almonds with pollination + remediation plants

Pro p

ose

dA

qu

ac ult ure

Po n

ds

San Joaquin River

ArcMap, Illustrator

Canal bike path along the aquaculture ponds and diversified almond orchard.

Rhino, Photoshop


CULVER CITY | Urban Ecotone Strategic Plan Spring 2016

Culver City Arts District

SANTA MONICA MTNS MID CITY INE EXPO L

SANTA MONICA

10 FWY WEST ADAMS PALMS

5F 40 WY

MAR VISTA VENICE

O LL

BA

PACIFIC OCEAN

NA

CULVER CITY

CR

The Jefferson Corridor is a neglected space between downtown Culver City and the Baldwin Hills, cut up by Ballona Creek. The proposed green spine along Ballona Creek and the powerline right-of-ways unifies the area with new open spaces that provide recreation, urban agriculture, community events, and wildlife habitat. This framework performs ecological services of stormwater capture and filtration as well as pollution mitigation.

West Adams

UC

TIV

EL

AN

DS C

AP

COMMUNITY HUB

Downtown Culver City

A

BALDWIN HILLS

E

B

The Baldwin Hills

INDUSTRIAL WILDLIFE CORRIDOR

WILDLIFE HABITAT

Kenneth Hahn Recreation

K EE

PHASE 2: WILDLIFE HABITAT

A

LADERA HEIGHTS

PR OD

C

MARINA DEL REY

1 mile

8’ 30’

52’ elev.

10’

100 yr floodline

31’

35’

80’ 36’ elev.

Residential

Outlook Park & Planted Banks

Bike Path

90’

Ballona Creek

Habitat Corridor

B

144’

6’ 6’

8’ 10’

8’ 10’

12’

10’

71’ elev. 14’

8’

100 yr floodline 80’ 54’ elev.

Hayden Tract Pocket Park & Dining District

Terraced Banks & Bike Path

Ballona Creek & Platform Bridge

8’


N

1” = 500’ 250’

500’

1000’

10 freewa

y

PILOT PROJECT

W. Adams Blvd gton

in Wash

Blvd

National Bl

vd

Jefferson Bl

La Cienega Blvd

vd

Rodeo Rd

Baldwin Hills Scenic Overlook

76’ elev. 145’

Wildlife Buffer Zone

Jeff

erso

n Blv

d

Kenneth Hahn Park

Habitat Pocket

100’ elev.

8’

8’

7’

12’

6’

5’

50’

50’

Jefferson Blvd

Plaza

10’

Inglewood Oil Field

Ballona Creek Bike / Pedestrian Path Wildlife Corridor Pedestrian Bridges Riparian Habitat Pocket Scrub / Woodland Habitat Buffer

Wildlife Habitat Phase 2 Habitat Pocket Park Productive Landscape Affordable Housing Plaza Trees

10’ 12’

Terraced Banks

Illustrator, Photoshop; Group work with Rachel Ison & Jade Orr


CULVER CITY | Urban Ecotone Pilot Project Spring 2016

The pilot project is a creative hub, productive landscape, and restored habitat located at the confluence of Ballona Creek and Centinela Creek. This public space celebrates the unique forms and materials of the site: the inclined planes of the channelized creeks, the water tank, and the triangular facets of the Centinela peninsula. These forms are fragmented and reconstructed to create new spaces that connect Culver City, Mid City and West Adams neighborhoods.

Buffalo Bayou Promenade by SWA

Shaded Bike Path

Ishihara Park by Studio MLA

Swale

MFO Park by Raderschall Landschaftsarchitekten

Water Tank Viewing Deck

24th Street Elementary Edible Garden

Orchard

Wildflowering LA by Fritz Haeg

Art Meadow

Single Family Home

C

Buffering Oak Mound

Southern California Oak Woodland


Stone Edge Farm by Andrea Cochran Landscape Architecture

Centinela Creek Existing

Southern California Oak Woodland

Erythrina caffra

Centinela Creek

Salvaged Concrete Land Art

Flowering Street Trees

Original Bank

100 yr floodline

Ballona Creek

Malibu Creek

Oak Woodland

“The Unfinished” by Michael Parker

Riparian Flood Plain

Ballona Creek Existing

AutoCAD, Illustrator, Photoshop


GUANGZHOU | Analysis of Historic Alleys Spring 2017

Guangzhou is a rapidly developing Chinese city which has retained some pockets of traditional urbanism in the Liwan District. Here, the alleys are still the heart of neighborhood social life, host of the informal economy and primary circulation route for pedestrians, bicycles and motorbikes.

HIERARCHY OF URBAN SOCIAL SPACE

CITY SCALE Large parks along the Pearl River

DISTRICT SCALE Shopping streets for the district

X2

7:30 am Sweeping

X4

ArcMap, Illustrator; Group work with Peter Woodley

A DAY IN THE ALLEYS OF GUANGZHOU

7 am Deliveries

NEIGHBORHOOD SCALE Alleys as semi-public backyards

8 am Market

8:30 am School Dropoff

10 am Mahjong

12 pm Lunch

1 pm Laundry


MORPHOLOGY OF ALLEYS A

B

COMMERCIAL LANE ENTRY

Arch attached to buildings

C

INFORMAL GATHERING SPACE

PAVING + DRAINAGE

Tarp

Shops spill into lane Food vendor

Metal gates to control access

Plastic chairs + folding tables

Edge vs. center paving

Curb inlet

Rhino

3 pm Play Time

4 pm Tea + Games

7 pm Shopping

9 pm Beers + Chatting

11 pm Heading Home

Photoshop


ARROYO SECO | Revealed Ground Fall 2015

2. 3.

LA

e Riv

Mt Washington

r

Elysian Park

yo Arro

4.

Debs Park

5.

o S ec

1. 6.

7.

DTLA Sycamore Grove Park and Debs Park are divided by major streets, rail, the channelized Arroyo Seco, and freeway. Fieldwork and historical mapping revealed three guiding site conditions: storm drains, mature tree canopy, and circulation. A series of iterative models refined the landscape framework of edge mounds and swales. These components buffer the park’s noisy edges, organize new programs and add biodiversity to the park, while preserving much of park’s existing assets.

B KEY

9. 10. 11. 12.

Lifting the ground around existing trees A 20. 19.

Daylighting the stormdrains + preserving only Platanus racemosa

18. 17.

Daylighting the stormdrains + preserving all existing trees

13.

14.

1. BIOSWALE 2. GYM 3. TENNIS COURT 4. FACETED MOUND 5. HOMELESS SERVICES 6. MAINTENANCE 7. COMMUNITY GARDEN 8. INFILTRATION BASIN 9. AMPHITHEATER 10. PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE 11. PICNIC 12. RESTROOM 13. DOG PARK 14. PLAYGROUND 15. 110 FREEWAY 16. COMMUNITY CENTER 17. FIGUEROA BLVD 18. BIKE SHARE 19. PLATANUS RACEMOSA 20. QUERCUS AGRIFOLIA

16.

15.

Laser cut models, Illustrator

8.

100'

200’

300’

NORTH

Illustrator


DRY STATE

FLOOD STATE Tennis Courts

Gym

Homeless Services

Amphitheater

Maintenance

Picnic Area Bioswale

Water Flow

Community Garden Playground

Bioswale

To Arroyo Seco Bridge

Bike Share Dog Park

Community Center

Infiltration Basin

Faceted mounds Dog Park

Overflow pipe to Arroyo Seco

Bioswale

Rhino, Illustrator

Overflow pipe to Arroyo Seco

A

Figueroa St

Edge Mound Picnic Area

Restored Warm Season Lawn

Main Paths

Restored Warm Season Lawn

Grassy ramp

110 Fwy Pedestrian Bridge

Figueroa St

Edge Mound Playground

Bioswale

B

Dog Park

Bike Restored Edge Path Lawn Mounds

110 Fwy

Photoshop, Illustrator


Board

arrier

6” min, 24”

Fabric

PERFORMATIVE SYSTEMS ANALYSIS | Green Roof Integrated Water System Spring 2017

Integrated Stormwater Capture and Reuse System How can green roof systems best capture and reuse stormwater or integrate with other systems to do so? SUNY ESF Gateway Center | Architerra / Andropogon Tiffany Swift Arch 535 | Spring 2017

2

n with nnels Alvar AlvarGrassland Grassland PlantCommunity Community Plant

rproof brane

4

1

Jute JuteErosion Erosion Control ControlFabric Fabric

3 7 6” min, 24” max

Lightweight Lightweight Growing GrowingMedia Media FilterFabric Fabric Filter

4

5

DrainageBoard Board Drainage Geomembrane GeomembraneRoot RootBarrier Barrier

2

Insulation with

Insulation with Drainage DrainageChannels Channels

8

Waterproof Waterproof Membrane

6

4

Membrane

3 7

9 4

5

3 8

6

9

4 3

7

6

4

1

10,000 sq ft Intensive Green Roof (6-24” planting media ) holds 50% of water falling on roof

2

Alvar Grassland plant community

3

Great Lakes Dune plant community

4

Overflow pipe to cistern

5

Underground Great Lakes Dune plant community 3 Cistern

6

Permeable Paving

7

Tree trench (48” deep) captures upper roof runoff and road runoff

9 10

11

12

5

4

1 7

6 9

8

11

12

10 5

4

8

2

Rhino, Illustrator

Alvar Grassland plant community

4

Overflow pipe to cistern

5

Underground Cistern

6

SUNY ESF Gateway Center Syracuse, NY Architerra / Andropogon

10,000 sq ft Intensive Green Roof (6-24” planting media ) holds 50% of water falling on roof

Permeable Paving

8

Overflow pipe to rain garden

9

Rain Garden8

10

Overflow to city stormdrains

11

Control Gate Valve

12

Tree Bypass12for Freezing Tree BypassWeather for Freezing Weather

7

Tree trench (48” deep) captures upper roof runoff and road runoff Overflow pipe to rain garden

9

Rain Garden

10

Overflow to city stormdrains

11

Control Gate Valve


PERFORMATIVE SYSTEMS ANALYSIS | History and Flows of Remediated Marsh Spring 2017

Oil Field (1924-1989)

2

3

Water Flow - Winter

4

Water Flow - Summer

5

Plant Maintenance

6

Seasonal Bird Locations

1

Contaminated Soil Removal

Fall / Winter

On Site Propagation Nursery Spring

Summer

Madrona Marsh Torrance, CA Off Site Weed Disposal

Rhino, Illustrator


ZAATARI | Camp Urbanism Analysis Fall 2016

Daraa Ramtha

SYRIA Mafraq

JORDAN

Zaatari Refugee Camp

DESIGN OPPORTUNITIES IN CAMP URBANISM

Amman

Azraq Refugee Camp

The humanitarian crisis in Syria is explored spatially through the shifting urbanism of Zaatari Refugee Camp in Jordan. Zaatari has transitioned through three main phases of settlement, from the initial emergency response with limited open space, to a gridded master plan of increasing diversity of open spaces, to the current state of appropriated private space as Zaatari has become more of a permanent settlement.

April 25, 2013 202,993 people

July 29, 2012

Sept 25, 2012 25,000 people

Wasted water below water tanks

Feb 10, 2014 129,783 people

May 1, 2014 101,402 people

Flooding of tents built near wadi (seasonal streams)

Jan 7, 2015 84,808 people

Ornamental and edible gardens by refugees

Aug 14, 2016 79,133 people

100 families

AL ZAATARI REFUGEE CAMP OPENS

Built in 9 days by UNHCR & JHCO

511 hectares = full camp extent 314 hectares 216 hectares

AutoCAD, Illustrator, Photoshop; Group work with Deyu Zhuang

Trees allowed in Zaatari

Zaatari closes to new arrivals

Major camp grid and infrastructure complete

Camp Restructure Project: addresses, relocation, new caravans


2012

EMERGENCY CAMP

2013

Tent rows radiate from the existing main road. A block of campwide infrastructure near the main entrance and inconsistent organization of infrastructure among shelters.

Current Camp Extent

2014

Previous Camp Extent

District Infrastructure

New Infrastructure Roads

APPROPRIATED SETTLEMENT

Consistent grid for public infrastructure, but shelters are frequently reorganized into new arrangements by residents.

Consistent grid from camp authorities organizes public infrastructure and caravan shelters. Tent layout varies from rows to irregular clusters.

Shared amenities (kitchens, bathrooms, schools, etc)

Undeveloped Space

MASTER PLANNED CAMP

New Shelter Roads

Tents

Shared Neighborhood Infrastructure

Existing Infrastructure Roads

Caravans

Residential Neighborhood Pockets

Existing Shelter Roads

Wadi (seasonal stream)

Private Courtyards

Tiffany Swift Portfolio Spring 2018  
Tiffany Swift Portfolio Spring 2018  
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