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Lander College for Men, Kew Gardens Hills, Queens ​hey friends not long ago I reread Angela Duckworth's great book grit for the second time and about a year Duckworth is an Ivy League psychology professor with a background in neuroscience and in corporate consulting interesting stuff dr. Duckworth studies what differentiates highly successful people from everyone else in a nutshell she boils it down to two primary factors what do you think those are passion and perseverance what she calls grit of course there's more to it than that specifically there are three other primary things that will discuss below but passion and perseverance are the two primary ingredients present in highly successful people duck with Duckworth further identifies that life's most successful people choose to proceed their greatest passion as their self defined like purpose a purpose that contributes to other people purpose is so beneficial because it provides greater fuel for the exceptional beliefs actions and perseverance we must have to achieve our greatest potential selves and work passions are powerful motivators life purpose that's even more powerful if fuels the engine of a sustained exceptional behavior in action over the long haul it also energizes perseverance which is necessary to exceptional personal actualization and success perseverance for its part the second primary quality and highly successful people perseverance infers that there will be obstacles there will be frustrations and setbacks on our path to exceptionalism and success in fact almost certainly all paths to greatness encounter many obstacles frustrations and setbacks again and again and again you know other similar words other than perseverance such as persistence might seem at first blush may be appropriate rather than or along with Severus but persistence important though it is lacks an important element necessary to achieving greatness and that is found in perseverance that's the encountering of significant obstacles and setbacks yet persevering through and past them driven on by our passion and purpose when we persevere it's through substantial obstacles we don't need to persevere through average or moderate obstacles persistence is enough to overcome average or moderate obstacles perseverance is necessary to be great but being and succeeding great is not a matter of natural talent and Duckworth clearly articulates and establishes this while certain aptitudes are necessary to success in most or all purposes Duckworth's research shows that the most talented naturally talented people rarely if ever succeed at levels as high as those with lesser natural talent but who embody what she calls grit grit is it more important than natural talent don't get me wrong skill is necessary but skill can be learned so long as we have some reasonable semblance of natural ability skill can be learned for example imagine two tennis players let's say tennis player number one has immense natural talent in fact player number one is a 10 on a natural talent scale of one to ten with ten being highest but let's say that their passion to succeed their sense of purpose in life mission in tennis is only a five what's more their perseverance is only a five and contrast this to tenth tennis player to let's a tennis player two is a seven in natural talent but their passion is a ten the passion is so strong that they view growing and succeeding as their best tennis player is their high life purpose they're deeply passionate about becoming the greatest tennis player ever or at least the greatest tennis player that they could personally ever possibly be this is their life mission this is their purpose what's more player number two has a perseverance level to match their passion their sense of perseverance is a nine on a bad day and a ten most of the time they ritualistically meticulously and habitually practice each minut skill necessary to being their greatest when they're unable to perform to the level they're driven to reach this does not demoralize terribly frustrate or dissuade them at all in fact it only Stokes their passion and perseverance even further whereas tennis player number one becomes fairly often frustrated disheartened and distracted especially when they're called to hard work or when they encounter setbacks and little disappointments okay I mentioned the Duckworth elaborates on the two primary traits of a highly successful person there are several other important hallmarks of highly successful people first let's recap the two primary traits what were they number one was passion highly successful people discover something for which they feel great passion their passion fuels two important things it gives them a clear direction in which to habitually and energetically move they know where they're going each day and number two gives them the energy of the passion to doggedly work at actual izing their passion a purpose five important elements are hallmarks of purpose include number one purpose is our singular life main thing actualization of our purpose also includes a succession of smaller goals we must master in the short and intermediate term in order to win and succeed number two neither passion nor purpose are necessarily obvious to us early in if we're not born with it usually in fact they typically require prolonged personal exploration of many things probably at a young age before we find our passion and define it as a purpose the third element of passion and purpose we must actually get our hands dirty when we explore our potential passions and purpose we

must actually do the thing and not just think about it read about it or hear about it in order to identify and adopt our purpose number four not every aspect of our passion and purpose is going to be fun it's not going to all be stimulating or energizing there will be aspects it may be downright mentally or physically painful you know many masters of professional sports hate some or all the practice that they must richest ritualistically perform and at high meticulous levels but they're so passionate and purposeful about winning of being their best that they do have actually practice to improve and the fifth thing the Masters the Great's these people don't just practice or engage in their passion for the sake of doing the thing when they practice and they practice methodically they practice with specific growth goals in mind with the intention of improving one thing at a time improving and practicing perfecting it over over and over they know where they are now and they get performance feedback almost always through a coach feedback that allows their coach and them to analyze adjust and improve and practice some more they keep on moving and improving each sub skill to be their best practice is rarely wasted by simply engaging in their skill without specific measurable goals in mind performance though is when they put it all together and flow in their zone of excellence all right back to the primary two things what was the second primary trait of success highly successful people person it's highly successful people tenaciously optimistically work virtually every day towards mastering their passion they maintain habitual focus on their passion and purpose on their constant improvement so that they might achieve their greatest potential and success they're supremely confident in themselves and in their vision in their mission in their purpose but and this is important in spite of their confidence and drive they know and feel like they're never good enough yet they're driven to constantly improve and this fuels their discipline at Virtua practice they're okay with not being satisfied with himself it's not demoralizing they understand and appreciate that this is a huge motivating force alright so I said there are several other qualities Duckworth's research uncovered the first of these three is what Duckworth calls hope now I am going to admit it on this point I'm going to part with Duckworth some and it might just be semantics in our definitions and feelings of the word hope but to me greatness requires something more compelling more potent and specific than hope because in hope we can still very clearly imagine mediocrity or failure we can imagine that we might never achieve our potential that it's out of our control for my mind hope isn't strong or certain enough it's not within our control ideally we want to be absolutely confident in certain that we can and we will and we must succeed and it's within our power we can make it happen but and this is crucial we must recognize and accept that we will have to work tenaciously hard and smart over our lifetime it's not just going to happen on its own it is within our control but we must make it happen the certainty that I speak of absolutely does still include the possibility of failure but failure only as possible if we don't a bitumen our actions and habitual ritualistic high-level skills practice and application the systematically habitual practice and application of greatness always requires only in this discipline focus in action can we become our best this demanding reality is a source of inspiration and motivation for these successful people whereas in a less driven person it will act as a source of frustration demoralisation and/or procrastination right the next primary quality the Duckworth identifies really important effort effort is passion applied in action and effort is the big common denominator in success the common denominator most people mistakenly think that the most successful people are the most talented people it's simply not true Duckworth's research shows that talent isn't as important to success and greatness as is grit yes we do need a certain level of specific skills to succeed we need certain attitude a CFO must have some inherent level of proficiency in financial and accounting skills someone who lacks natural talent to some degree in math will never make an acceptable CFL all right in a world-class American football player must have some certain relative size speed and athletic ability or they'll never be able to play pro football and so on however for greatness so long as we have sufficient natural aptitude we need not be the naturally greatest Duckworth's research shows that grit is more important than natural talent we must have some inherent ability at our passion or all of the practice in the world may not make a big enough difference I mean cliff if they think of as old TV shows like American Idol and very untalented people a lot of passion but no natural aptitude but skill itself is not enough skill and applied skill not utilized is skill wasted put in simplistic terms Duckworth has a formula for success and that is talent times effort equals skill skill times effort equals achievement what's the common denominator in each of those equations effort application of natural talent to develop skills then the application of the skills we develop to achieve success Harvard University did a study in 1940 and Duckworth speaks about this study among others in 1940 Harvard University took sophomore Manning gave them a five-minute steeply angled treadmill test that was cranked up to a speed that allowed the average man to stay on for only four minutes by design the treadmill was both physically and mentally exhausting Harvard contacted the young man every two years after the original study to follow up and get details of their lives decades later the psychologist George violent vant I think it is followed up on the test subjects and the accumulated data on the lives after the Harvard study his follow-up studies showed that grid at age 20 was a great indicator of life success turns out that run time on the treadmill at age 20 was a reliable predictor of psychological

adjustment throughout life da court said Duckworth says that he has been math right someone twice as talented but half as hard-working is another person might reach the same level of skill yet produced dramatically less over time because as drivers are increasing their skills they're also employing their skills skill and applied is skill wasted Duckworth points out that skill is not the same as achievement without effort without applying your skill in your realm your talent is nothing more than unmet potential without effort your skill is nothing more than what you could have done but didn't remember her formula from above was what talent times effort equals skill skill times effort that equals achievement success another example Duckworth uses is that of a celebrated New York magazine cartoonist Roz Chast chaste shared with Duckworth that even at the extremely elevated stage of her career she's at her rejection rate remains 90% 9 0 90 % rejection rate Duckworth was surprised and thought that this rejection rate must be oddly and unusually high for someone so accomplished and acclaimed as chaste so Duckworth asked the cartoon editor at New Yorker Bob Mann cough how typical this sort of rejection rate is well bank officer Duckworth that the rate is in fact unusual statistically the rejection rate for cartoonists is over 96% so let's get to the important thing in this video and in your life and that is you being totally honest and candid with yourself how gritty would you say you are what is your rejection rate what have you been willing to risk I'd be willing to guess that unlike chaste your rejection rate is not 90% probably not even 50% you know there are three great sayings that encourage you and I to cease our passion our purpose our potential in our life and the first is successful people fail far more than most people ever even try second one is you miss 100% of the shots that you don't take and the third in the end we only regret the chances we didn't take or the risks we didn't take we never regret the chances we did take the risk we did take as I'd like to say you and I can only fail if we don't try or if we give up everything else is an education inspiration or motivation so what are you passionate about how does or can that serve life other people and where within you burns your determination to learn to practice to improve to be your best and to apply your skills to your passion you know seals and Croft noted in their brilliant song from my childhood wife so they say is for the fools and they let it slip away the only risks you will ever regret are the risks that you never took know yourself know your passions believe in yourself believe in your passions be dogged ly tenacious in pursuing your passions your purpose your dream you will never ever ever regret that you did until the next video peace personal power and massive amounts of intrinsic deeply purposeful prosperity my friends you Marist Brothers.