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July 18, 2012 Published Locally
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TIDBITS® BRINGS YOU SOME BRAIN-Y FACTS by Kathy Wolfe It’s amazing to ponder that a small three-pound organ controls a person’s entire body! Take some time to consider these facts about the human brain, brought to you this week by Tidbits. • There are about 100 billion neurons, or nerve cells, in the brain, which gather and transmit signals. That’s about the same number of stars there are in our galaxy! It’s these nerve cells that compose what is often referred to as “gray matter.” About 100 trillion connections exist among those cells, and not one neuron touches another one. These connections are known as
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synapses, and they allow the information to flow from one neuron to another. Each nerve cell can have up to 40,000 synapses. • Changes in the synapses are associated with learning and retention of information.
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a new connection is created. When synapses deteriorate, memory loss and changes in brain function often occur. Studies indicate that people who perform mentally stimulating tasks are less likely to develop dementia. Researchers have determined that stress interferes with transmission, and nerve cells actually shrink from the effects of stress. Deterioration has also been linked to drug use and excessive alcohol consumption, as well as the chemicals in certain
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Tidbits® of Salina BRAIN-Y FACTS (continued): • Information is processed by your brain at speeds up to 268 miles per hour (120 meters per second). There are more electrical impulses generated in a single day by the brain than by all the world’s telephones. The brain’s energy is sufficient to illuminate a 25-watt light bulb. • The two hemispheres of the brain are bridged by the corpus callosum, tissue that enables the two parts to communicate. This part of the brain is 11 percent larger in those people who are ambidextrous — able to write with both hands. • The cerebellum, located at the base of the skull, coordinates muscle movements and balance. Impairment in this area results in the loss of ability to walk or reach out and grab something.
1. GEOGRAPHY: What state is home to the most of the Yellowstone National Park? 2. TELEVISION: What was Norm’s wife’s name in the sitcom “Cheers”? 3. ANIMAL KINGDOM: What is a group of toads called? 4. PERSONALITIES: What 1950s television newsman signed off his broadcasts with the words, “Good night and good luck”? 5. LANGUAGE: What does recalcitrant mean? 6. MUSIC: What famous duo performed “Foggy Mountain Breakdown”? 7. MEDICAL: What common condition is known as cephalalgia? 8. INVENTIONS: Where were cross-bladed scissors invented? 9. LITERATURE: Who wrote the novel “Dracula”? 10. MOVIES: What famous actress played an uncredited bit part as a Halloween ghoul in the movie “E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial”?
• Your brain uses 20 percent of all the blood circulating throughout your body. It flows through the 100,000 miles of blood vessels in the brain. All it takes is eight to 10 seconds of lack of blood to the brain for you to lose consciousness. • The brain also uses 20 percent of all the oxygen we breathe. It can live for four to six minutes without oxygen before damage begins to occur. Lack of oxygen for five to 10 minutes will result in permanent damage. • The horseshoe-shaped hippocampus is crucial in the process of transferring short-term memory into long-term memory. It’s responsible for forming, organizing and sorting memories. • The brain begins to shrink in mass by about 0.25 percent a year after age 30. By age 80, as much as 20 percent of the nerve connections in the hippocampus may have been lost. Only 30 percent of 80-year-old brains perform as well as those of young adults. •
Wernicke’s Area and Broca’s Area are both
important in the area of language. While Wernicke’s is responsible for comprehension of speech, Broca’s is involved in the production of speech. If Wernicke’s Area is damaged, a person loses the ability to understand language. He or she can speak clearly, but the combination of words makes
been up to lately? -- Rhiannon G., via email A: The Poison frontman has been touring with Def Leppard and Lita Ford this summer, as well as promoting his new line of pet clothes, toys and accessories. Bret Michaels’ Pets Rock collection is available only through PetSmart (in stores and online at petsmart.com). As the owner of the cutest Boston terrier in the world, I couldn’t wait to speak with Bret about his new line of doggie-wear. Bret explained the collaboration between himself and PetSmart: “They’d all come up to my house (in Arizona, where PetSmart is based), and I would show them a design, and I’d show them the stuff my pets were playing with. We would talk about it and we would draw some stuff up, and then they would take it back and work on it. It was very collaborative. As you know, safety is a huge factor, along with durability.” But just because Bret had a hand in designing a doggie tutu, it doesn’t mean he’s gone soft. He told me: “In the music business, you might get lucky for a record or two, but you’re not going to survive 25, 26 years unless you know the business side of the entertainment business, which is really tough. It really gave me a thick skin. I’ll say this about any musician who’s lasted more than two years: You’ve really gotta be on your game. It’s tough to get into the business -- to get that break -- but it’s way tougher to stay there.” *** Q: Is it true that a movie is in the works based on the “Shattered Union” video game? -- Vinnie P., Springfield, Ohio
Photo: Bret Michaels
Q: One of my favorite shows this season, “Pan Am,” was canceled. Is it on DVD? -- Pat S., via email A: “Pan Am” is not yet available on DVD; however, you can own all the episodes via Amazon. The show is available for instant viewing on your PC, Mac, compatible TV or other device. Simply go to Amazon.com and search “Pan Am” to learn more. *** Q: Can you tell me what one of my favorite rock stars, Bret Michaels, has
A: Jerry Bruckheimer is in the very early stages of development. He has joined with Disney and screenwriter J. Michael Straczynski (creator of “Babylon 5”) to bring the video game to life, perhaps sometime in 2013. *** Q: I loved Frances Conroy on “Six Feet Under” and “American Horror Story.” What else can I see her in? -- Deanna R., via email A: Frances is all set to play June Carter Cash’s mother, Maybelle Carter, in the Lifetime original movie “Ring of Fire,” which is set to air later this year. The movie stars Jewel as June and Matt Ross as Johnny, and centers on June and her rise to fame, from singing with her sisters to her solo career to her third (and longest) marriage to Johnny Cash. Write to Cindy at King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475; or email her at firstname.lastname@example.org. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
Pork Chops with Glazed Peaches 1/3 cup Dijon mustard 1/4 cup packed light or dark brown sugar 1 tablespoon bottled steak sauce 4 pork loin chops, each 3/4-inch thick Parsley sprigs, for garnish Glazed Peaches (below) 1. In medium bowl, with fork, mix Dijon mustard, brown sugar and steak sauce. Add pork chops, turning to coat chops with mustard mixture. 2. Place pork chops on grill over medium heat. Cook pork chops until lightly browned on both sides and chops just lose their pink color throughout, about 10 to 12 minutes, brushing with mustard sauce remaining in bowl and turning them occasionally. Place pork chops on 4 dinner plates; garnish with parsley sprigs. Serve with Glazed Peaches, if you like. Serves 4. 3. Glazed Peaches: About 10 minutes before serving, cut each of 4 medium-size peaches in half; remove pits. In small bowl, with spoon, mix 2 tablespoons light or dark brown sugar with 1 tablespoon water. Place peach halves on grill over medium heat and cook 5 to 8 minutes, brushing peaches with brown-sugar mixture and turning peaches occasionally, until hot and lightly browned. Each serving (without peaches): About 280 calories, 12g total fat (4g saturated), 54mg cholesterol, 630mg sodium, 15g carbohydrate, 26g protein. Each serving of peaches: About 65 calories, 0g total fat (0g saturated), 0mg cholesterol, 5mg sodium, 16g carbohydrate, 1g protein. For thousands of triple-tested recipes, visit our website at www.goodhousekeeping. com/recipefinder/. (c) 2012 Hearst Communications, Inc. All rights reserved
For Advertising Call (785) 404-1000 BRAIN-Y FACTS (continued): no sense. Those with an impaired Broca’s Area understand language, but can’t properly form the words to produce speech.
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• If you’re having trouble focusing on a task and can’t complete a sequence of movements or solve a problem, you may have an impairment of the frontal lobe of the cerebral cortex. This area can also produce mood changes, changes in personality and social behavior, and an inability to interact with others. • Talk about using your brain to its full potential! Ben Pridmore is a world champion memorizer who memorized 96 historical events in just five minutes. It took this accountant just over 26 seconds to memorize the order of a shuffled deck of cards. His trick is to create associations between the
1. Ted (R) Mark Wahlberg, Mila Kunis 2. Magic Mike (R) Channing Tatum, Alex Pettyfer 3. Brave (PG) animated 4. Tyler Perry’s Madea’s Witness Protection (PG-13) Eugene Levy WANT TO Tyler RUNPerry, YOUR OWN BUSINESS? 5. Madagascar 3: Europe’s Most Wanted (PG) animated Publish a Paper in Your Area 6. Abraham Vampire Hunter (R) Benjamin If You Can Lincoln: Provide: Sales Experience · A Computer · Desktop Publishing Software A Reasonable Walker,·Rufus SewellFinancial Investment We provide opportunity for success! 7. Prometheus (R) the Noomi Rapace, Michael Fassbender 8. Moonrise Kingdom (PG-13) Bruce Willis, Edward Norton www.tidbitsweekly.com 9. Snow White and the Huntsman (PG-13) Kristen Stewart, Chris Hemsworth 10. People Like Us (PG-13) Chris Pine, Elizabeth Banks
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items he is memorizing. • Ever wonder why you can’t tickle yourself? It’s
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because your brain is able to distinguish between unexpected touch and your own touch. •
Research confirms that brain waves are more
active when you are dreaming than when you are awake. If you’re average, you’ll have between four and seven dreams a night over the course of one to two hours. • Think about it! The average brain does just that — It produces about 70,000 thoughts on a normal day. • Certain scents can trigger memories, for
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example, the smell of roses might bring a family member’s funeral into vivid focus. This is because the olfactory nerve, the one that registers smells, is very close to the amygdala, that part of the brain
By Samantha Mazzotta
connected to emotions and their memories, and also to the hippocampus, an area associated with memory. If these areas are damaged, the ability to identify certain scents can be affected. •
Want to increase your brain power? Reading
aloud promotes brain development, as do music lessons, which boost the brain’s organizational ability. Children who learn two languages by the age of five will develop a denser gray matter. Those who grow up in a stimulating environment can have up to a 25-percent greater ability to learn. • Do all you can to keep your brain healthy! Avoid stress, which has been shown to affect brain structure and function. Studies show that artificial flavorings and preservatives also have a negative “A Ship Without a Sail: The Life of Lorenz Hart” by Gary Marmorstein (Simon & Schuster, $30) Reviewed by Larry Cox Lorenz Hart almost singlehandedly reinvented what an American song lyric should be. His incomparable words to songs such as “Manhattan,” “Thou Swell,” “There’s a Small Hotel” and “My Funny Valentine” were smart, sophisticated and unforgettable. When blended with the brilliant music of Richard Rodgers, they helped raise the bar for other songwriters throughout the 1920s and ‘30s. The son of Jewish immigrants, Hart wrote his own lyrics and created shows for summer camps in the Adirondacks while still a teenager. He began collaborating with composer Richard Rodgers in 1919. It was an improbable team, since Rodgers was highly organized, movie-star handsome, extremely social and heterosexual, while Hart was short, insecure, homosexual and an alcoholic. Despite their differences, the two men created some of the most cherished gems in the American songbook. Their collaboration is documented in fascinating detail in a new book about Hart by Gary Marmorstein, who has written extensively about film, theater and popular music. At least four Rodgers and Hart musicals --- “On Your Toes,” “Babes in Arms,” “The Boys from Syracuse” and “Pal Joey” --- have become timeless and enduring. In addition to their work on Broadway, the songwriting duo also worked in Hollywood on projects such as “Mississippi” for Bing Crosby, and “Love Me Tonight,” which co-starred Jeanette MacDonald and Maurice Chevalier. “Love Me Tonight,” which some critics consider the best movie musical ever, introduced one of the Rodgers and Hart’s most sensational and appealing songs, “Isn’t It Romantic.” Hart’s writing reflected a sweet nostalgia that was counterbalanced by lyrics that were often cynical, funny and ironic. According to Marmorstein, he brought a unique wit and elegance to popular music, in spite of -- or perhaps because of -- his less than romantic personal life. This is an indelible portrait of a genius who was much like the lyrics he wrote: at times exuberant, at times melancholy, but always brilliant. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
Leak Stop in a Can? Q: I’ve seen ads for a spray-on leak fixer that’s advertised for leaky gutters, damaged shingles and other problem areas. What’s your take on this? Should I order a can? -- Jerry in Sedona, Ariz. A: My first thought about this kind of fix-all product is that it may be a great help as a temporary patch, but a damaged gutter or shingle eventually will need to be fixed properly. And major damage, such as a ripped or cracked gutter, probably won’t hold up long with a spray-on patch. I haven’t tried the product in question, so I could, of course, be wrong about its capabilities. However, there are other spray-on rubber brands available at hardware and home-improvement stores. None that I’ve seen claim to
PHOTO: Susan Lucci HOLLYWOOD -- When “All My Children” was canceled, we reported that its biggest star, Susan Lucci, was headed for “Desperate Housewives,” but we were proven wrong ... sort of. Producer Marc Cherry had other plans for Lucci. Now we know what they were. Lucci will topline the new Lifetime series “Devious Maids,” originally made as a pilot for ABC, about five maids who work for rich Beverly Hills families. The Lifetime Network said it would be interested if ABC wasn’t. If only we could’ve been a fly on the wall when Lucci was told, “You know how you had to relocate to Los Angeles when “All My Children” moved from New York to Hollywood ... well, now you’ve got to relocate to Atlanta for this one!” ABC would have paid top dollar for the show, which Cherry is producing with “Desperate Housewives” star Eva Longoria, but Lifetime is
fix leaks and large cracks; they’re advertised as sealants and as spray-on nonslip surfacing. They also cost much less, on average, than the product being advertised on television, especially with the cost of shipping and handling removed. If you decide to purchase the product, I’d say it would likely work best as a sealant for gaps around things like air conditioning ducts and where pipes emerge from the wall. Using it to patch areas or objects that bear weight -- like the joints between gutter sections, cracks in a deck’s wood flooring and so on -- is probably not a good use for the product. For patching the roof, I’d be very careful about using it: Eventually, a leaky area of the roof will need more permanent repairs. Replacement of damaged shingles or flashing, as well as repair of the damaged area, could be hindered, not helped, by the presence of spray-on rubber. HOME TIP: Need to mark the location of a leak so you can find it while on the rooftop? In the attic, locate where the water is coming in a drive a 10-penny nail upward so that it pushes up the shingle above. Send your questions or tips to firstname.lastname@example.org, or write This Is a Hammer, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc. a cable network and the show had to scale down and shoot in Georgia to cut costs. Former “Melrose Place” hunk Grant Show also is on board. “Devious Maids” will debut sometime in 2013. A primetime show, even on cable, is a step up for Lucci -- if she can keep her career from going south! *** Cheyenne Jackson, who had a recurring role on “30 Rock,” has joined Michael Douglas and Matt Damon in the HBO Liberace biopic “Behind the Candelabra,” which starts filming this month. The “out” actor, who married his physicist partner of 10 years, recently admitted, “I’m not allowed to say who I’m playing, but it’s pretty exciting.” Gee, let’s see ... I don’t know, could he be one of Liberace’s former boyfriends? *** A source close to Dennis Wilson and the biopic “Drummer” tells me that Aaron Eckhart has bowed out of playing the late Beach Boy. Eckhart suddenly decided to do “Olympus Has Fallen,” in which he plays the president of the United States as the White House is under attack from terrorists. Gerard Butler plays his head of security; Angela Bassett and Ron Livingston also star. And, here we go again ... “White House Down,” with almost the same plot, is shooting with Oscar-winner Jamie Foxx as the president and Channing Tatum as his head of security. Eckhart already has filmed “The Expatriate,” playing an ex-CIA agent on the run with his daughter as his employers mark them both for termination, and has the title role in “I, Frankenstein.” He plays the monster, now named Adam, who’s revived in the future to stop a war between two immortal clans. “The Expatriate” will be released in September, with “I, Frankenstein” due out in 2013. Guess playing the most famous movie monster and the president of the United States makes playing a Beach Boy pale by comparison! Send letters to Tony Rizzo’s Hollywood, 8306 Wilshire Blvd., No. 362, Beverly Hills, CA 90211.
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Brain Bleeding From Aneurysm DEAR DR. DONOHUE: A friend of mine, 46 years old, with a wife and two children, died of a stroke. I also heard he died of a subarachnoid hemorrhage. Are they the same? He was the picture of health and was devoted to exercise. Could his exercise be responsible? He was almost a fanatic about it. -- P.M. ANSWER: A subarachnoid hemorrhage is a special kind of stroke. It’s due to the bursting of an aneurysm on one of the brain arteries. Aneurysms are small, balloon-like protrusions of a brain artery. They’re weak spots. “Subarachnoid” indicates that the artery is below one of the brain’s coverings -- the arachnoid. It’s the same place where cerebrospinal fluid circulates. A rush of a large volume of blood into this space compresses the brain and compromises its function. The increased pressure on the brain adds to the threat of death. Sometimes these weak bulges have been there from birth. In most instances, they arise during life. High blood pressure, smoking and excessive intake of alcohol contribute to their development. From 10 million to 15 million Americans have a cerebral aneurysm. Only a small percentage of these people die from it. At the onset of bleeding, the involved person complains of a terrible headache, the worst he or she has ever had. The person then becomes unresponsive and slips into a coma. This sort of stroke has a high fatality
rate, around 50 percent. Answering your question about your friend’s devotion to exercise and its influence on his death is hard. Exercise did not cause the aneurysm to form. In unusual circumstances, it might have caused the aneurysm to break. Straining to lift a very heavy load while simultaneously holding the breath has been described as a possible reason for rupture of this kind of artery problem. The booklet on strokes describes the more common stroke causes and their treatment. People can order a copy by writing: Dr. Donohue -- No. 902W, Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. Enclose a check or money order (no cash) for $4.75 U.S./$6 Canada with the recipient’s printed name and address. Please allow four weeks for delivery. *** DEAR DR. DONOHUE: Recently a friend passed away from CreutzfeldtJakob disease. The total course of the disease took about 10 weeks, although some recall subtle changes earlier. This has been described as human mad cow disease, or very rapid Alzheimer’s. What can you tell us about it? -- T.H. ANSWER: It’s an infection due to a new kind of germ, one that is totally protein. No other living thing, if this truly is living, is composed only of protein. The germ is called a prion. When it finds its way into the brain, it causes a rapidly progressive and profound dementia. The prion might have been there for decades, however, before signs appear. It is a truly rare disease that occurs in all parts of the world. Most of the time, it is fatal in a short time, about one year. No medicine stops its progress or improves its symptoms. Transmission of CJ disease to family members living under the same roof as the patient has not been described. *** Dr. Donohue regrets that he is unable to answer individual letters, but he will incorporate them in his column whenever possible. Readers may write him or request an order form of available health newsletters at P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475.
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BRAIN-Y FACTS (continued): effect on IQ. And a seven-year study reported that
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those who eat seafood at least once a week have a 30-percent lower occurrence of dementia. • The third leading cause of death in America is by
Catalina Vase Brass Bed Q: I inherited a vase from a distant relative. It is marked “Catalina Pottery,” I have bed beenthat unable find the Q: I havebut a brass I'vetobeen toldcompany is more listed than in a any of century old. Any information you canCalif. provide me would be my reference books. -- Betty, Ramona, appreciated. -- Pottery Susan,Company Danville,was Va. founded in 1927 on Santa A: The Catalina A: I examined yourthebrass bedof Catalina Island.the Thepicture pottery you didn’tsent, reallyand attract attention appears to be from the Victorian era. It was probably serious collectors until about 10 years ago. The small company manufactured between 1890 and about 1915. Most beds of produced vases, trinket bowls for several years, adding this type generally sellboxes in theand $350 to $650 range, depending dinnerware 1931. In 1937, production ended when the operation on conditioninand demand. was purchased by Gladden, McBean & Company. *** Especially are the Head1863 Vases produced byused Catalina. Q: I have adesirable Springfield Model rifle that was by a family member Civil you tell me Many are sellingduring for wellthe above theWar. $250Can mark. Since you more didn’t give about firearm? Steve, Ariz. me anythis details about--your vase,Cottonwood, I can’t give you an idea of value. I reA: It was a percussion rifle musket made by theCatalina National cently saw a fan-shaped vase made in 1935 by the Pottery Armory in Springfield, Ill. By 1863, Springfield was the only Company in an antique shop and priced for $175. government arsenal under Union control, since Harper's *** had been destroyed by a Confederate raid in 1861. Ferry Q: I have a to picture that was made byWeapons the F.W. Deval Company, According Warman's Civil War by Graham manufacturers of tube colors, varnishes. material Smith, the Model 1861 was paints such aand success thatThe both Springfield and private contractors rushed to Whom produce feels like plaster, but the picture is hand-painted. canasI contact many as they SinceNorth the Union couldn't interrupt to findrifles out more aboutcould. it? -- Irene, Chili, N.Y. production introduce design, modified A: With any to piece of art, itaisnew always a goodthey ideaslightly to get the opinion it, and it was sold as a Springfield Model 1863. This is a of an expert. That means hiring the services of a good art appraiser. highly desirable Civil War weapon. To determine its value, There are two types of appraisals, verbal and written. The verbal you should consult a competent arms dealer. appraisal is an oral opinion and usually less expensive. A written *** appraisal required purposes. find a Q: I have isangenerally umbrella stand for thatinsurance was made by the To Roseville certifiedCompany appraiser, contact the1915. Appraisers of America, Pottery in about It is inAssociation the Mostique pattern. --http://appraisersassoc.org, Ron, Alton, Ill. 212-889-5404; the American Society of A: The Mostique pattern is one of the most common Appraisers, http://www.appraisers.org, 702-478-2228; or the InternaRoseville patterns after Pine Cone. According to 206-241-0359. Warman's tional Society of Appraisers, www.isa-appraisers.org, Roseville Pottery by Mark F. Moran, most pieces had You should expect to pay for this service, whether verbal or written. textured glazes of gray or tan, and many are not marked. I *** not find an umbrella stand in this guide, but typical could Q: I have Grammy Awards archive 15 silver prices for athis pattern are $350 to collection $450 for acased wall in pocket; a boxes, each$110 container with and four acassette tapes plus book featuring jardiniere, to $140; matched pair of avases, $325 to $350. about performers and hit songs during the 1970s and information *** ‘80s. Any suggestions about where I can sell this set? -- Bettie, Q: My lateAriz. sister bought some rose-colored dishes. I would Surprise, like to know how muchtape they are worth. -- Bobby, Russellville, A: Cassettes and other formats are difficult to sell. Since you Ala. live near Phoenix, I recommend you contact some of the used music A: Your question is impossible to answer since you did not shops inme thatwith city. the name of the pattern and other pertinent provide information. Write to Larry Cox in care of King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box Write to Larry Cox care of King Service, 536475, Orlando, FLin32853-6475, or Features send emailWeekly to questionsforcox@ P.O. Box Due 536475, FL 32853-6475, or send aol.com. to theOrlando, large volume of mail he receives, Mr. e-mail Cox is to email@example.com. to the large volume of mail unable to personally answer allDue reader questions. Do not send any he receives, Mr. Cox is unable to personally answer all materials requiring return mail. reader questions. Do not send any materials requiring return mail. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
stroke. This occurs when blood supply to a part of the brain is disturbed, the result of a blockage, Go Crazy About Books at Your Town Library
such as a clot, or by a lack of blood flow, such as a burst blood vessel or hemorrhage. The function
Some things in life are still free -- like your neighborhood library. If you haven’t dusted off your library card in awhile, put it into action this summer, step inside a local branch and be amazed by the innovative activities and services you’ll find. You’ll likely discover that frequenting your library as part of your weekly routine is a healthy habit that will keep minds of all ages sharp all summer long. Check out these “free of charge” ideas:
of the affected area is severely affected, including
Storytime Contact your library for dates and times when you and your preschoolers or grandkids can gather with neighbors to enjoy readings of engaging picture books. Singing, acting and crafts often are included. “Afterward, look for books based on a particular theme,” suggests Jeanne O’Grady, program librarian for Santa Cruz, Calif., public libraries. “For example, choose a topic such as ‘food’ and check out a menu of fun, nutrition-related books with appetizing titles such as ‘Cucumber Soup’ by Vicki Leigh Krudwig, ‘Little Pea’ by Amy Rosenthal and ‘Rah, Rah, Radishes!: A Vegetable Chant’ by April Pulley Sayre.” Once you read one of the books, enjoy preparing a snack or meal using the book for inspiration. “Reinforce new vocabulary you have just read by narrating what you are actually doing as you prep the ingredients and eat the food,” she says. “Kids simply can’t resist the sounds of fun words like asparagus, artichoke and macaroni.”
E-books The list of library e-book titles for iPads, Nook and other readers is growing. Go online, check out your choice and download free of charge. Pre-trip prep Before you leave on vacation, find useful travel books, maps, magazines and conversational language-learning CDs to enrich your travel experience. For long, cross-country car trips, don’t forget to check out audio books before you hit the road.
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inability to move limbs, understand speech or see. • An elephant’s brain may be larger than a human brain, but its percentage of total body weight is much smaller. The human brain is about 2 percent of total body weight, but the elephant’s is just 0.15
FAMOUS LANDMARKS OF THE WORLD: THE TOWER BRIDGE Spanning the Thames River in London is the Tower Bridge, one of the world’s most recognizable landmarks. Did you know it’s the only bridge on the Thames that can be raised and lowered to allow ships to pass through? Follow along and see what else you may not know about this edifice. • Many people make the mistake of thinking the Tower Bridge is the same as London Bridge. London Bridge is the next bridge upstream, a mile west of Tower Bridge. Several London Bridges have in fact “fallen down” as the nursery rhyme proclaimed. One
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TOWER BRIDGE (continued): was actually sold to an American businessman
by Samantha Mazzotta
in 1968, dismantled, and reconstructed in Lake Havasu, Arizona. • The Tower Bridge was proposed to help cope with the increased commercial development along the river during the latter half of the 1800s.
Canine Influenza Is Very Contagious
A traditional style of bridge was not an option because it would not allow tall-masted ships to reach the port facilities located between London Bridge and the Tower of London. A “bascule” bridge was required, one with a roadway that could be raised to allow tall vessels to pass through. This term comes from the French word bascule, meaning “seesaw.” •
More than 50 designs were submitted for
consideration. Once the design was selected, construction began in 1886 and continued for eight years. More than 430 workers labored on the project. The first step was to sink two enormous piers containing 70,000 tons of concrete into the riverbed. The framework of 11,000 tons of steel was next, followed by granite and stone work to cover the steel. Open-air pedestrian walkways were installed 143 feet (44 m) above the river between the tops of the two towers, enabling those on foot to cross the bridge while the roadway was raised. However, most pedestrians merely waited to cross until the bridge closed rather than climb the stairs. As a result, the walkways were closed in 1910. They reopened 72 years later, as the site of a public Tower Bridge museum. •
The Bridge was officially opened in June of
1894 by the Prince of Wales (who later became King Edward VII, the great-grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II). Not every Londoner was a fan of the new edifice, with one critic stating, “A more absurd structure than the Tower Bridge was never thrown across a strategic river.” The raising of the bridge was accomplished by a hydraulic system, powered by pressurized water kept in large storage units. A new electro-hydraulic drive system replaced the old system in 1974, followed by a computerized system in 2000. • During Queen Elizabeth II’s Silver Jubilee in 1977, the bridge was painted red, white and blue as part of the celebration. Prior to that, it had been chocolate brown and a greenish-blue color. • More than 40,000 people cross the 800-foot-long (244-m) span each day. The bridge can be raised
DEAR PAW’S CORNER: What is dog flu? A friend at the dog park told me that I need to ask the veterinarian about getting my dog vaccinated against it. -- Gladys in Dallas DEAR GLADYS: Canine influenza, or dog flu, is a new illness that was first documented in 2004. Since then, it has been found in dogs in 38 states, with more than 100 cases recorded in Texas. Dogs that become ill with canine influenza have symptoms that include runny nose, coughing and a fever. Just as in humans, the illness can become
very serious because dogs can get dehydrated, or can develop a secondary infection like pneumonia -- conditions that can be deadly. Furthermore, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, canine influenza is highly contagious and can be easily transmitted between dogs. (It can’t be transmitted to humans.) An information release from Jefferson Animal Hospital in Baton Rouge, La. says that many infected dogs appear healthy at first, meaning it’s more likely that an ill dog will spread influenza to other dogs at meeting places like dog parks, doggie daycare, and grooming and boarding facilities. The really depressing fact about this flu is that almost every dog exposed to it will become ill unless they’re
vaccinated, because it’s such a new virus that dogs have no immunity to it. The best way to prevent the spread of canine influenza is to get your dog vaccinated. Contact your veterinarian about the availability and cost of this vaccination. Learn more about this illness at http://www.doginfluenza.com. Send your questions or comments to ask@pawscorner. com, or write to Paw’s Corner, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. For more pet care-related advice and information, visit www.pawscorner. com. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
Tidbits® of Salina TOWER BRIDGE (continued): to an 83-degree angle in just five minutes — an amazing feat considering each bascule weighs 1,000 tons! River traffic always takes precedence over road traffic, but 24-hours notice must be given in order to have the bridge raised for a ship. Because many days often go by without the bridge lifting, it is considered good luck to witness the opening.
DYSLEXIA Dyslexia afflicts both young and old, regardless of intelligence. Tidbits relays some information about the most common learning disability in children as well as facts about some familiar folks who have risen above its effects. • Dyslexia is caused by a deficiency in the brain’s ability to translate images from eyes or ears into understandable language. It’s not the result of vision or hearing problems, neither is it a sign of mental retardation. In fact, highly intelligent and creative people are affected. It’s estimated that over 40 million Americans have dyslexia. Some researchers believe that as much as 17 percent of school-aged children have the disability. • “Primary dyslexia” is a dysfunction of the left side of the brain and is a hereditary disorder that causes individuals to struggle with reading, spelling and writing into the adult years. With “visual dyslexia,” there is difficulty with number and letter reversals such as transposing letters or words, reading “tab” for “bat,” and confusing a “d” with a “b.” “Auditory dyslexia” results in trouble with the sounds of letters. A child may not remember or understand what he has heard, sometimes missing parts of words or sentences. He also may have a problem finding words to express his thoughts. • Symptoms of dyslexia in a child include late talking, difficulty rhyming, inability to comprehend rapid instructions or remember sequences, trouble understanding what he hears, and seeing words or letters in reverse. He may not be able to follow more than one command at a time. The sooner dyslexia is diagnosed, the better the results. Teens and adults might experience difficulty with time management, reading aloud, learning a foreign language, memorization and understanding jokes.
New Online Banking Dangers It’s been trickling out in the news: International thieves have been siphoning millions of dollars out of bank accounts all over the world using methods that haven’t been seen before. What’s different this time? First, the thefts are automated by a highly sophisticated process, and viruses are able to get around typical online security measures. Second, these thefts appear to be beyond the ability of banks’ security systems to handle. Now, more than ever, it’s important to be cautious when you do your banking online. If you don’t bank online, and never have, don’t start now. If you open an account or your bank wants to update your information and it asks for an email address, say that you don’t have one. That way you won’t expect to ever get email from the bank. If email does show up, it will be from a scammer who is hoping you’ll type in your personal information. If you have been routinely checking your
balances online or doing any online banking, take extra precautions now. If anything at all looks different on the screen (even if it has an explanation, such as “We have a new look!”), do not click any icons or type in any information. If you receive an email from your bank that includes a link, do not click. It might be a phishing email designed to intercept your information as you type it in. Your money can be transferred out while you’re sitting at the computer, with you none the wiser. If it’s necessary to access your account, type in the URL you usually use. Be careful where you wander on the Internet. Many sites are compromised and will automatically download a virus into your computer. Set your virus software to automatically update. If you have Java or Adobe Reader, keep them updated as well. Visit the website of your virus-software manufacturer. In the past you’ve likely only gone to the site to get answers to problems, or to upgrade your software. Now you need to read the latest news about the online thefts and learn as much as you can about how to protect yourself. David Uffington regrets that he cannot personally answer reader questions, but will incorporate them into his column whenever possible. Write to him in care of King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475, or send email to firstname.lastname@example.org.
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TOP TEN VIDEO, DVD as of July 9, 2012 Top 10 Video Rentals 1. Safe House (R) Denzel Washington 2. Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows (PG-13) Robert Downey, Jr. 3. Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance (PG-13) Nicolas Cage 4. Wanderlust (R) Paul Rudd 5. Hungry Rabbit Jumps (R) Nicolas Cage 6. Project X (R) Oliver Cooper 7. Big Miracle (PG) Drew Barrymore 8. Man on a Ledge (PG-13) Sam Worthington 9. This Means War (PG-13) Reese Witherspoon 10. John Carter (PG-13) Taylor Kitsch Top 10 DVD Sales 1. Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows (PG-13) (Warner) 2. Project X (R) (Warner) 3. Act of Valor (R) (Fox) 4. Big Miracle (PG) (Universal) 5. Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance (PG-13) (Sony) 6. Safe House (R) (Universal) 7. John Carter (PG-13) (Buena Vista) 8. Journey 2: The Mysterious Island (PG) (Warner) 9. Wanderlust (R) (Universal) 10. True Blood: The Complete Fourth Season (TV-MA) (Warner) Source: Rentrak Corp.
1. Since 1988, only two players have stolen as many as 78 bases in a season. Name either one. 2. Who was the last player before Toronto’s Jose Bautista in 2011 to have the most home runs in a month for five consecutive months? 3. Name the last year before 2011 in which there were fewer than two running backs selected in the first round of the NFL Draft. 4. Three men’s basketball players have been named to the NCAA Final Four All-Tournament team three times each. Name two of them. 5. The Detroit Red Wings set an NHL record in 2011-12 with a 23-game home winning streak. Who had held the mark? 6. Who was the oldest driver to win a season championship in NASCAR’s Cup series? 7. Between 1978 and 1987, a total of three men won 10 U.S. Open singles tennis titles. Name two of them.
On July 28, 1868, following its ratification by the necessary three-quarters of U.S. states, the 14th Amendment, guaranteeing black Americans citizenship and all its privileges, is officially adopted into the U.S. Constitution. On July 24, 1911, American archeologist Hiram Bingham gets his first look at Machu Picchu, an ancient Inca settlement in Peru. Machu Picchu is believed to have been a summer retreat for Inca leaders, whose civilization was wiped out by Spanish invaders in the 16th century. The site itself stretches an impressive 5 miles. On July 26, 1931, a swarm of grasshoppers descends on crops throughout Iowa, Nebraska and South Dakota, devastating millions of acres. The swarm was said to be so thick that it blocked out the sun and that grasshoppers could be could shoveled with a scoop. Cornstalks were eaten to the ground and fields left completely denuded.
Edouard Chambon, is just 9.18 seconds. And it was set in 2008. It was double Nobel Prize-winning chemist and peace activist Linus Pauling who made the following sage observation: “The best way to have a good idea is to have lots of ideas.” The acre as a unit of measurement has been with us for quite some time. Originally, an acre was considered to be the amount of land that could be tilled in a single day by one man behind one ox. If you’ve seen the movie “The Wizard of Oz,” you might remember that in the Emerald City, the horses were a variety of bright colors. No special effects there -- the set designers simply rubbed the animals with Jell-O powder to achieve the bright hues. Those scenes had to be shot very quickly, though, since the horses had a tendency to lick off their colors. If you spent some part of the 1980s trying to puzzle out a solution to a Rubik’s Cube, you may be surprised to learn that the world record, held by Frenchman
You may not have learned about it in school, but during the summer and early autumn of 1859, the United States and the British became involved in a conflict known as The Pig War. In June of that year, a pig on American soil was shot by a British infantryman in Canada. In response to the provocation, the American militia camped out on the border for four months, until the British finally apologized. No lives were lost (other than the pig’s). Those who study such things say that the lightning on Jupiter is 1,000 times more powerful than the lightning here on Earth. *** Thought for the Day: “A person who trusts no one can’t be trusted.” -- Jerome Blattner (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
On July 27, 1943, Joseph Stalin, premier and dictator of the Soviet Union, issues Order No. 227, which came to be known as the “Not one step backward” order, in light of German advances into Russian territory. The order declared, “Panic makers and cowards must be liquidated on the spot. Not one step backward without orders from higher headquarters!” On July 29, 1967, a fire on the USS Forrestal stationed off the coast of Vietnam kills 134 service members, injures hundreds and destroys 20 planes. The deadly fire on the U.S. Navy carrier began with the accidental launch of a F-4 Phantom jet rocket, which hit a parked A-4 Skyhawk jet. On July 23, 1976, members of the American Legion arrive in Philadelphia to celebrate the bicentennial of U.S. independence. Soon after returning home, many began suffering from a mysterious form of pneumonia, which would become known as Legionnaires’ disease. The final tally was 221 cases, including 34 deaths. On July 25, 1985, Rock Hudson, Hollywood leading man, announces through a press release that he is suffering from acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). Hudson was the first major celebrity to go public with such a diagnosis. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
Tidbits® of Salina
Stenhouse Ready for Starring Role
PHOTO CUTLINE: With Matt Kenseth leaving Roush Fenway Racing at the end of the year, 24-year-old Ricky Stenhouse Jr. will step into Kenseth’s ride. (John Clark/NASCAR This Week photo)
Ricky Stenhouse Jr. will begin the 2012 season exactly where he wants to be. This year Roush Fenway Racing couldn’t come up with enough sponsorship to put Stenhouse, the reigning Nationwide Series champion, in Sprint Cup. Owner Jack Roush cut his Cup operation from four to three, leaving Stenhouse to defend his title in NASCAR’s leading support series. Things change. Matt Kenseth recently announced he would be leaving Roush Fenway Racing at year’s end. Kenseth gave Roush its first Cup championship in 2003 and is a veteran of 13 years at the sport’s premier level. The move, which won’t be effective until season’s end, opens a spot for Stenhouse, a 24-year-old from Olive Branch, Miss. “I was kind of shocked when I heard the news,” Stenhouse said. “I thought for sure that we would have a fourth car (again) and definitely didn’t see Matt (Kenseth) going anywhere, but you have to take advantage of each situation you’re in, and we have to go into next year ready to go and learn as much as we can, and try to finish this year off on a strong note.” Stenhouse, who once competed for Tony Stewart’s USAC sprint and midget teams,
doesn’t think the impending move will do anything but help his bid for a second consecutive Nationwide Series title. “I think I can go into it with more confidence and more pep in my step,” he said. “I think the team is pumped about it and excited for me.” Roush expressed disappointment at Kenseth’s decision to leave, but confidence that Stenhouse is ready to fill the void. “His (Kenseth) leaving the team creates a window, a hole if you like, for which we have very capable, able, ready, enthusiastic, motivated and ambitious drivers,” Roush said. “We actually have two of them ready to fill voids. One of them is Ricky Stenhouse, and of course, the other is Trevor (Bayne). The plan is for Trevor to be in some kind of a full-time ride next year, and of course, Ricky is the heir apparent to the (No.) 17 program.” *** Monte Dutton covers motorsports for The Gaston (N.C.) Gazette. E-mail Monte at email@example.com. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
1. Montreal’s Marquis Grissom in 1992 and Jose Reyes of the New York Mets in 2007. 2. Philadelphia’s Jimmie Foxx in 1933-34. 3. It was 1984. 4. Lew Alcindor, Bill Walton and Patrick Ewing. 5. The 1975-76 Philadelphia Flyers and the 1929-30 Boston Bruins each had a 20-game home winning streak. 6. Bobby Allison was 45 when he won the title in 1983. 7. Jimmy Connors (1978, ‘82, ‘83), John McEnroe (1979-81, ‘84) and Ivan Lendl (1985-87).
Answer 1. Wyoming 2. Vera 3. A knot 4. Edward R. Murrow 5. Resistant to authority 6. Lester Flatt and Earl Scruggs 7. Headache 8. Early Rome, about 100 A.D. 9. Bram Stoker 10. Debra Winger (Nurse Zombie carrying a Poodle)