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TIDBITS® EXPLORES A WORLD OF SCIENCE by Blue Sullivan Through

their

discoveries,

research

and

inventions, scientists from across the globe have made countless improvements to education, medicine, physics, chemistry and many other fields. Learn more about some of the most prominent scientists from around the world. • One of the most recognized figures in history, German-born Albert Einstein was born with an unyielding curiosity and thirst for knowledge. The Nobel Prize winner is credited with unlocking secrets of the universe, and is perhaps most famous for his Theory of Relativity research.

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• Well ahead of his time, Austrian scientist Gregor Mendel mastered genetics and discovered how

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chemistry. Credited with discovering the force of

science world to recognize his genius. Initially his ideas were written off as ludicrous. modern physical science, made many scientific advances in the fields of natural science, mathematics,

astronomy,

mechanics

and

gravity, he is still considered by many to be the “greatest and most influential scientist that has ever lived.” Turn the page for more!

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Tidbits® of Salina A World of Science (Continued) • French chemist and biologist Louis Pasteur is best known for creating the method of pasteurization to keep milk and wine from spoiling in addition to creating vaccines for a number of diseases including rabies. Oddly enough, when Pasteur was in school, his teachers considered him to only be mediocre at chemistry. •

All coffee fanatics have Melitta Bentz to thank.

Bentz was a typical German housewife that went on to invent the coffee filter, 300 years after coffee had been discovered. She revolutionized the idea of using paper to filter out the unwanted residues. •

Before he made his contributions to our

knowledge about space (as well as creating his many inventions), Italian born Galileo Galilei wanted to be a musician. His father insisted that

1. GENERAL KNOWLEDGE: Where is the historic military base Fort Bragg located? 2. LITERATURE: Who wrote the novel "The House of Mirth"? 3. HISTORY: Who was the last pharaoh of Egypt? 4. AD SLOGANS: What company's well-known advertising slogan is "Mmm! Mmm! Good!"? 5. FAMOUS QUOTATIONS: Who once said, "Everywhere is within walking distance if you have the time"? 6. INVENTIONS: What machine did Johannes Gutenberg invent? 7. MATH: A fraction is an example of what kind of number? 8. MUSICALS: The song "New York, New York" comes from what musical? 9. SCIENCE: What does a herpetologist study? 10. MOVIES: In what 1960 movie did the character Norman Bates make his appearance?

he go to medical school, yet Galilei never received his degree from the University of Pisa. He did, however, go on to publish “The Starry Messenger,” presenting among many other findings that Earth was not the center of the universe. • Although he might have found proof for the Earth not being the center of the universe, Galilei was not the first to introduce this concept. Mathematician and astronomer Nicholas Copernicus first claimed that the sun was the stationary object that Earth revolved around. His idea was disregarded by most, but he is credited as the initiator of the Scientific Revolution. •

German chemist Robert Bunsen is famous for

the Bunsen burner, although he never actually invented the iconic scientific tool; he merely improved it. •

Although most scientists get their start in

universities, it is only appropriate that Laszlo Jozsef Biro, inventor of the ball point pen, began as a journalist and editor. His brilliant idea stemmed from his annoyance at writing with a fountain pen. •

Changing forever the music industry, German

immigrant Emile Berliner revolutionized sound recording by being the first person to start recording on flat disks or records. He went on to invent the gramophone and records. Did you know

Aside from his gig on “Single Ladies,” you can catch him soon on the big screen in “Austenland,” which is about an American woman (played by Keri Russell) who goes to England for a fantasy vacation where you interact with people from Jane Austen books. Ricky told me: “I play Capt. George East. Basically, Jane Seymour is running a brothel, and we’re paid to romance the women who come to the resort. My character is Caribbean. He doesn’t really fit into the ‘Pride and Prejudice’ time. But you’ve got your Mr. Darcys there, and your other Austen characters. He’s a former soap actor, and he thinks he’s the best thing since sliced bread. It was very fun to play.” *** Q: I know this is the final season of “The Closer,” but it hasn’t been on in months, and I am afraid I missed the finale! -- Delia D., via e-mail A: “The Closer” returns to TNT after a six-month hiatus to air its final six episodes. So tune in Monday, July 9, at 9 p.m. ET/PT as Kyra Sedgwick and company bring seven years of this groundbreaking and record-breaking show to an end. *** Q: Can you tell me what one of my favorite actresses, Thandie Newton, has coming up? -- Pete W., Omaha, Neb.

PHOTO: Ricky Whittle Q: I really like this season of “Single Ladies” on VH1. Can you tell me more about Ricky Whittle? He plays Charles on the show. -- Candice W., Columbus, Ohio A: The hunky U.K. native got his start in sports, which segued into modeling, and now he’s poised to take Hollywood and the acting world by storm. I asked Ricky recently about how he got his start in acting and he told me simply: to meet girls. “At the time, I’d loved to have said I did it because I wanted to be recognized as a great actor, but I was shallow. I was young. I’ll be honest -- at that time I was at university, and I was in the library six days a week reading books. I thought, ‘Do I want to stay in the library, or do I want to be on TV and get lots of girls?’”

A: Thandie is set to star in the DIRECTV original suspense-drama called “Rogue,” which begins production in August and will air summer 2013 for a 10-episode run. Thandie plays a morally and emotionally conflicted cop named Grace, who is tormented by the possibility that her own actions contributed to her son’s death. Grace’s search for the truth is further complicated by her forbidden relationship with the crime boss who may have had a hand in the death. *** Q: Is Josh Lucas from “The Firm” married? Does he have children? -- Ann N., Fairport, N.Y. A: The handsome 40-year-old -- whose show “The Firm” was recently canceled by NBC -- married his girlfriend, Jessica, in early March. The two also are expecting their first child together. Write to Cindy at King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475; or e-mail her at letters@cindyelavsky.com. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.

Jambalaya Sausage Kebabs This bayou blast offers up smoky, savory flavor -- stacked with kielbasa, veggies and Cajun-spiced rice. Precooked sausage helps you get the meal on the table in about 30 minutes. 8 (12-inch) wooden skewers or 4 long metal skewers 2 small (about 6 ounces each) zucchini, cut diagonally into 3/4-inch-thick slices 1 red pepper, cut into 1 1/4-inch pieces 1/2 small Vidalia onion, cut into 4 wedges, keeping wedges intact 1 tablespoon olive oil 1 teaspoon olive oil 2 teaspoons Cajun seasoning 1 package (16 ounces) light kielbasa or other fully cooked smoked sausage, cut diagonally into 1-inch chunks 1 large stalk celery, chopped 1 package (8.8 ounces) white rice, fully cooked 1 medium tomato, chopped 2 tablespoons water 1. Prepare outdoor grill for covered direct grilling over medium heat. Meanwhile, soak wooden skewers in water 15 minutes. 2. In large bowl, toss zucchini, pepper, onion, 1 tablespoon oil, and 1 teaspoon Cajun seasoning. Alternately thread vegetables and kielbasa onto skewers. 3. Place skewers on hot grill rack. Cover grill and cook 10 to 12 minutes or until kielbasa browns and vegetables are tender-crisp, turning skewers occasionally. Remove skewers to platter; keep warm. 4. In nonstick 10-inch skillet, heat remaining 1 teaspoon oil over medium heat. Add celery and remaining 1 teaspoon Cajun seasoning. Cook, covered, 5 minutes or until celery softens, stirring occasionally. Stir in rice, tomato and water. Cover and cook 3 minutes or until rice is hot. Serve rice with kebabs. Each serving without rice: About 320 calories, 18g protein, 9g carbohydrate, 26g total fat (8g saturated), 2g fiber, 76mg cholesterol, 1,160mg sodium. Each serving rice: About 85 calories, 2g protein, 17g carbohydrate, 1g total fat (0g saturated), 1g fiber, 0mg cholesterol, 150mg sodium. For thousands of triple-tested recipes, visit our website at www. goodhousekeeping.com/recipefinder/. (c) 2012 Hearst Communications, Inc. All rights reserved


Page 3

For Advertising Call (785) 404-1000 A World of Science (Continued) that the first records were made of glass long before they switched to plastic? •

Marie Curie, one of the most famous female

scientists, is celebrated for her discovery of the mysterious element radium. She completely altered the way scientists thought about matter and energy and paved the way for the treatment of many diseases. • Glorified for his work with atomic theory, England native John Dalton achieved his findings due to his high interest in meteorology. He kept weather records until his death and published a book titled “Meteorological Observations.” He later went on to explain his conclusions about atoms in “New System of Chemical Philosophy.” •

Scottish scientist James Watt was considered

a “delicate” child and spent a great deal of his childhood homeschooled by his mother and was considered slow in many academic areas — except for math.

Watt eventually invented the steam

engine, and after Parliament granted him a patent that prevented anyone else from making a similar machine, Watt went on to control a steam engine dynasty. • Known as the Father of Geometry, ancient Greek Mathematician Euclid published his ideas in “The Elements,” and his teachings influenced Western mathematics for more than 2,000 years. Since it is estimated that he lived from 325 BC-265 BC, little is

Immensely famous for his printing press,

Johannes Gutenberg began as a goldsmith and businessman before making his contributions as a scientist and inventor. Gutenberg forever altered the method and speed by which books were distributed to the public. • German physicist Wilhelm Rontgen is known for

“Drop Dead Healthy: One Man’s Quest for Bodily Perfection” by A.J. Jacobs (Simon & Schuster, $26) Reviewed by Larry Cox Bestselling author A.J. Jacobs (“The Year of Living Biblically” and “The Know-It-All”) chronicles his two-year quest to retool his body from a “mushy, easily-winded, moderately sickly blob” to a perfect specimen in his new book, “Drop Dead Healthy.” Think of it as a “Super-Size Me” in reverse. His first step was to compile a list of things he needed to do to improve his health. The list soon became a whopping 70 pages that including goals such as eating more leafy green vegetables, watching more baseball (since it lowers blood pressure), lifting weights, humming to prevent sinus infections and even winning an Academy Award, since he read that Oscar winners live three years longer than non-Oscar winners. Jacobs broke down his body into various parts, from lungs to stomach to brain to lower back and beyond. As his wife rolled her eyes and made occasional pithy observations, Jacobs trudged on, implementing a “Vice Diet” that included more chocolate, booze and coffee, since he reasoned that chocolate is high in antioxidants, alcohol is good for the heart in judicious amounts, and coffee lowers the odds of certain types of cancer. He explored the benefits of “chewdaism,” chewing on food for up to 100 chomps per mouthful. He also added raw foods to his diet, learned portion control and figured out ways to eliminate as much sugar as possible. Part memoir, part adventure, part how-to manual, “Drop Dead Healthy” is laugh-out-loud funny and tests our culture’s assumptions and obsessions with what makes for good health. Brimming with data, photographs and a narrative that is both inspiring and witty, Jacob’s saga will have you laughing so hard it will flood your bloodstream with endorphins, making you feel healthier after just a few pages. It could be just what the doctor ordered. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.

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1. Snow White and the Huntsman (PG-13) Kristen Stewart, Chris Hemsworth 2. Men in Black III (PG-13) Will Smith, Tommy Lee Jones 3. Marvel’s The Avengers (PG-13) Robert Downey Jr., Chris Evans 4. Battleship (PG-13) Taylor Kitsch, Alexander WANT TO RUN Skarsgard YOUR OWN BUSINESS? 5. The Dictator (R) Sacha Baron Cohen, Jason MantPublish a Paper in Your Area zoukas If You Can Provide: Sales Experience · A Computer · Desktop Publishing Software · A Reasonable Financial Invest ment 6. The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel (PG-13) Judi Dench, We provide the opportunity for success! Bill Nighy 7. What To Expect When You’re Expecting (PG-13) Cameron Diaz, Jennifer Lopez www.tidbitsweekly.com 8. Dark Shadows (PG-13) Johnny Depp, Helena Bonham Carter 9. Chernobyl Diaries (R) Jonathan Sadowski, Jesse McCarthy 10. For Greater Glory (R) Andy Garcia, Catalina Sandino Moreno

De-Cluttering For Mental Health Q: My husband has claimed pretty much the entire garage with his workshop, tools and lawn-care equipment. A lot of it is necessary, but he just keeps collecting stuff. He’s got least three of the same screwdrivers and wrenches, and endless jars of old screws, nails and fasteners. I’d love to be able to park one of our cars in there. Or at least, you know, walk around without tripping over stuff. How can I get him to clean out the place without starting a feud? -- Carol T., Providence, R.I. A: Getting your husband to neaten up what’s become his man-cave can be a real chore. He probably sees as necessary what you see as extraneous: those extra sets of tools have a purpose, at least in his mind. Talk directly to him about it -- the trick being not to accuse, nag or cajole him. He may not

be very receptive to your request that he give you enough space to park the car in the garage, but tell him that’s what you want. Don’t build it into an argument; he’s likely to just dig his heels in and not budge at all. Instead, try to get him to talk about what he’d really like to do with the space. It’s hard to work in a messy workshop; did he have any projects planned that he hasn’t yet started? Does he really just want a place to get away for a few hours? Find out what he wants, and see if you can work from there. One option you might bring up is that the extra tool sets and other unneeded items can be sold by throwing a yard sale or putting them up online on a sales or auction site. The profit can be used to buy an item for the workshop, like a power tool, a refrigerator or an old couch. HOME TIP: A tackle box is one way to store different sizes and types of fasteners like bolts, nuts, washers, and so on. It’s portable and allows for quick access to the items you need to complete a repair. Send your questions or tips to ask@thisisahammer.com, or write This Is a Hammer, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.

(

PHOTO: “Forever Marilyn” HOLLYWOOD -- Aug. 5 marks 50 years since the strange and curious death of Marilyn Monroe. The former Norma Jean Baker is still one of the highestearning and recognizable images from Hollywood’s history. Today many people believe her supposed suicide was a carefully orchestrated murder to keep her from exposing Kennedy secrets. Some of her personal effects were sold recently for more than $6 million at auction, and in May, a 25-foot statue of MM by artist Stewart Johnson was erected in Palm Springs, Calif. It’s the scene from “The Seven Year Itch” of her standing on the subway grating with her dress blowing up. “Forever Marilyn” weighs 34,300 pounds, has legs 14 feet high and a head-and-torso section 10 feet high and 7 feet wide. It’s on display for a year where PS Resorts plans the Desert Fashion Plaza revitalization. The statue cost $78,000 in private donations to assemble, insure and transport from Chicago, where it was formally

displayed. There’s controversy already: Is it art, an eyesore or too big for its space? The Palm Springs Chamber of Commerce hopes it’ll draw more tourists to Palm Springs. The real question is: Why are we still so obsessed with everything Marilyn Monroe, Elvis Presley and “The Wizard of Oz”? *** The recent Tom Selleck TV movie, “Jesse Stone: Benefit of the Doubt,” the eighth in the series, brought in more than 13 million viewers, won its night and beat the pants off the “Billboard Music Awards.” Yet CBS announced that this would be the last one. Why would it kill a ratings grabber like that? For the same reason given by NBC when it canceled Kathy Bates’ “Harry’s Law.” While both grabbed high ratings overall, they were lower in the 18-49 demographic needed to attract high-paying sponsors. When will networks learn that older folk have money and buy lots of products too? If you want more Jesse Stone movies, write to CBS. *** Are movie studios with blockbuster films running scared? Given the low boxoffice performances of “John Carter,” “Battleship” and “Dark Shadows,” Paramount Pictures moved the release of “G.I. Joe: Retaliation” from June 29 to March 2013. It removed all the merchandise from stores and lost its hefty investment in Super Bowl ads. Paramount says it wants to turn it into a 3D movie and build up Channing Tatum’s part now that he’s a star. A nice trick, since he died in the first “G.I. Joe” film. Meanwhile, Brad Pitt’s film “World War Z” has been moved from December to June 2013, and Jeremy Renner’s action-adventure film “Hansel and Gretel: Witch Hunters” was pulled last March and will now open in January. See what happens when you cater to the 18-49 demographic? I rest my case! Send letters to Tony Rizzo’s Hollywood, 8306 Wilshire Blvd., No. 362, Beverly Hills, CA 90211.


Tidbits® of Salina

Page 4

Suspicious Pap Smear Isn’t Death Sentence DEAR DR. DONOHUE: Will you please say a few words about the prognosis and treatment of cervical cancer? My daughter, 45, was told at a recent checkup that she has a few cells of this kind, and she is reacting as if she has received a death sentence. Since it was caught early, should her outlook be more cheerful? -- J.B. ANSWER: All women are indebted to Dr. George Papanicolaou, who developed the Pap smear for the early detection of cervical cancer. The cervix, by the way, is the necklike projection of the uterus into the vagina. It was the site for the most common cause of cancer death in women before the Pap smear came into wide use. That was in the early 1940s. Since then, deaths from cervical cancer have been cut in half, with about 4,200 deaths occurring annually and 12,200 new cases detected each year. Most of the deaths are in women who did not have Pap smear testing. I’m not clear what you mean by “a few cells of this kind.” If the cells obtained on a smear show low-grade changes, a woman’s chances of having cervical cancer are close to zero. Follow-up smears are the only treatment needed. If the cells show high-grade changes, the doctor will perform a colposcopy. Colposcopy is an examination of the cervix with an instrument that has a magnifying lens so suspicious areas can be readily

Autographs Q: I bought a signed photo of Jean Harlow at an antique shop for $1,500. It is a beautiful portrait, and I am about to have it framed. Before I do, I want to send you a Xerox of the photo to see if you can help me date it and perhaps tell me how much you think it is worth. -- Bob, Homestead, Fla. A: Jean Harlow didn’t sign many photographs. She was too busy making films. She turned that task over to her mother, and the two women had very different signatures. I am certain that you have one of the photos signed by Harlow’s mother, and as such not worth a fraction of what you paid. I suggest you return the photo to the dealer for a refund. *** Q: I have a letter signed by John F. Kennedy thanking me for my volunteer work during his presidential campaign. I have kept it for more than 50 years, but the time has come to sell it. Any suggestions? -- Ben, Macon, Ga. A: First you need to have it authenticated. The sobering fact is that most presidential letters since about 1960 were signed by auto-pens. These are special machines that -- 24 hours a day, seven days a week -- sign letters such as the one you have. To find out if it is, indeed, a personal letter from JFK, the time has come to consult with an autograph expert. I recommend Brian Kathenes, a certified appraiser of autographs and related materials. His contact information is P.O. Box 482, Hope, NJ 07844; www.nacvalue.com; and brian@ nacvalue.com. *** Q: I have a sheet of first-class postage stamps that are 12 cents. Any idea of when they were issued? -- Ken, Abilene, Texas A: Your stamps were issued between 1981, when the postage rate was hiked from 10 cents, to 1985, when it jumped again to 15 cents per stamp. *** Q: I have an original soundtrack recording of “M*A*S*H.” I have been offered $30 for it. -- Susan, Portsmouth, Va. A: Take the money and run. According to several price guides I consulted, your LP was issued in 1970 and is worth about $10 in above-average condition. Write to Larry Cox in care of King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475, or send e-mail to questionsforcox@aol.com. Due to the large volume of mail he receives, Mr. Cox is unable to personally answer all reader questions. Do not send any materials requiring return mail. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.

GOLDCRAFTER Jewelry & Repairs Floyd Harper 645 E. Crawford (785) 787-0428

seen and biopsied. Results determine what the next steps should be. However, at these stages -- long before the cancer has spread -- it is still quite curable. Your daughter can trust her doctor to take the appropriate steps depending on the results of her Pap test. She does not face a death sentence. If she has any questions about her diagnosis, she should call her doctor for an explanation of her test results. The booklet on cervical cancer and Pap smears deals with these issues in detail. Readers can obtain a copy by writing: Dr. Donohue -- No. 1102W, Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. Enclose a check or money order (no cash) for $4.75 U.S./$6 Canada with the recipient’s printed name and address. Please allow four weeks for delivery. *** DEAR DR. DONOHUE: My husband and I are both 28. We have one child, a son. My husband felt a lump in his testicle and saw our family doctor. It turned out to be cancer. He was operated on. The doctor discussed many things with us, but we never discussed the prognosis. We need to know: What’s the usual life span of someone who has had testicular cancer? -- L.R. ANSWER: If your husband had a seminona, one of the common varieties of testicular cancer, and if it was in its early stages, your husband’s chances of living a long, full life are very high, over 95 percent. Your husband’s story is something that all young men should take to heart. Testicular cancer is a cancer of young men, most often males between the ages of 15 and 35. The earliest sign is a small, painless lump in the testicle. *** Dr. Donohue regrets that he is unable to answer individual letters, but he will incorporate them in his column whenever possible. Readers may write him or request an order form of available health newsletters at P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. (c) 2012 North America Synd., Inc.

A World of Science (Continued) discovering X-rays and received great recognition for his findings, including streets named in his honor, countless awards and the Nobel Prize in Physics. • German physician and bacteriologist Robert Koch made a discovery that changed medicine forever: All diseases were not caused by bad air but instead by bacteria.

He was able to find the causes of

such deadly diseases of tuberculosis, cholera and

Jeweler’s Corner By Floyd Harper, Master Jeweler DID YOU KNOW ***STONE ALERT*** If you have ever lost a diamond, birthstone or any other precious or semiprecious stone, then you are aware of the importance of having your jewelry prongs checked by a professional bench jeweler. However, there are a lot of people who think the prongs, bezel, channel, etc. on a ring that holds your stone in, will last forever and they don’t. I’ve seen rings that the customer just wants to have cleaned or sized and after I inspect the rings I discover the only thing holding the stones in is dirt, NOW OPEN hand cream, cookie dough or whatever. Think about it and have your professional bench jeweler check your & just Bakery jewelry. YouDeli may save yourself 157 N. 7th, Salina, KS from the expense oflb buffalo replacing Hungry? Try the 1/2 burger! a stone(s). Deli Sandwiches, Cheese Steaks, Gourmet Hamburgers,

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the cycle of anthrax. Koch won the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1905. • Although he was expected to enter the medical field, Frederick Sanger’s interest in nature and science was too strong. Because of his work with proteins and DNA, Sanger won two Nobel Prizes in Chemistry, one in 1958 and one in 1980. He was the first person to find a protein sequence. FAMOUS LANDMARKS OF THE WORLD: A Golden Gate Spanning across the Golden Gate Strait in the San Francisco Bay area, the Golden Gate Bridge is still one of the most beautiful bridges in the world. •

After four years of construction that began in

1933, The Golden Gate Bridge was opened to the public on May 28, 1937. With its total cost of 35 million dollars, the bridge was completed under budget and ahead of schedule. • The 1.7-mile-long bridge links San Francisco with Marin County.


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Page 5

A Golden Gate (Continued) • The chief engineer was Joseph Strauss,

by Samantha Mazzotta

who faced immense opposition in the project’s beginning stages. •

Construction was deemed nearly impossible

because

of

the

harsh

working

conditions

surrounding the Golden Gate Strait, including swift currents, strong winds that reached up to 60 mph and deep water. Construction also began during the Great Depression. •

It is estimated that around nine million people

from around the world visit the Golden Gate Bridge each year. •

Upon its completion, The Golden Gate Bridge

had the longest suspension span in the world, 4,200 feet. This record held until the Verrazano Narrows Bridge was constructed in New York City in 1964. Today, the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge in Japan has the longest span. •

The two towers each rise 746 feet in the air

above the water and 500 feet above the roadway. There are 600,000 rivets in each tower. • The bridge has five lanes and charges a $6 cash toll on the south entrance. The toll was 50 cents one-way and $1 round trip on opening day • On opening day, The San Francisco Chronicle referred to the bridge as a 35 million dollar steel harp. • The Golden Gate Bridge is painted a distinctive orange color, called “International Orange,” not only because it increases visibility for passing ships, but also to serve as an appealing contrast to the cool colors of the ocean and sky. Sherwin Williams currently provides the orange paint. • Painting The Golden Gate Bridge is an on-going task; it protects the bridge from the high salt content in the air that causes rust and corrosion. • Today, the bridge weighs a total of 887,000 tons, less than its original weight of 894,500 tons as a result of new decking material. •

Twelve workers lost their lives during the

bridge’s construction, way under the estimated 35. This was due in large part to the safety regulations instituted by Joseph Strauss, including hard hats, daily sobriety tests and a large safety net. This net saved the lives of 19 men. •

Before the bridge’s construction, the only way

to get across the San Francisco Bay was by ferry. The bay became flooded with ferries by the 20th century.

Do Pets Really Need Vaccinations? DEAR PAW’S CORNER: A friend of mine told me that annual vaccinations for my cat and two dogs were unnecessary and a total scam. He said I only have to vaccinate them every three years and that veterinarians are just part of a big racket. What do you think? -- Janine H., Knoxville, Tenn. DEAR JANINE: I think you should talk to your pets’ veterinarian before making a decision that could negatively affect their health, and maybe yours. Vaccinations don’t just protect pets against rabies. They also receive vaccinations, particularly as puppies and kittens, for distemper, feline leukemia, parvovirus and a number of other

serious and potentially fatal diseases. There are diseases that can also pass between pets and humans, and vaccinations can prevent them. “Pets can easily contract Giardia and Leptospirosis from standing water or damp grass,” said Dr. Meg Connelly of the Willard Veterinary Clinic in Quincy, Mass. “Many dogs love swimming in water, sniffing around in the mud or rolling in the wet grass. Unfortunately, without immunization protection, these pets are at risk for contracting a serious or even fatal illness that can easily be spread to humans.” Keeping shots up to date is one of the best ways to prevent both your pets and you from becoming ill. And even though they seem pricey up front, they are

nothing compared to the cost of medical care if a pet should become ill from a disease it could have been vaccinated against. Again, talk to your pets’ vet about which shots they need regularly and when they need to get them. If cost is a factor, many cities and towns sponsor low- or no-cost vaccination clinics that will get pets up to date with their shots for a reasonable price. Send your questions or comments to ask@pawscorner.com, or write to Paw’s Corner, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. For more pet carerelated advice and information, visit www.pawscorner.com. (c) 2012 King Features Synd.,


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Tidbits® of Salina A Golden Gate (Continued) • The Golden Gate Bridge can be crossed by automobile, bike or foot. There are many tours available. • Illuminated with 128 lights, the bridge is a spectacular sight at night. Some of the most famous viewing destinations are South Vista Point (the most popular), North Vista Point, Land’s End, Baker Beach and Conzelman Road. •

On May 26-27, The Golden Gate Bridge will

celebrate its 75th anniversary with The Golden Gate Festival, which will include music, dance, entertainment, arts and exhibits. United States of Science The United States has been home to a great deal of renowned scientists over the years, each offering their own unique expertise and contributions to society. Below are some of the most famous American scientists and their accomplishments. • Perhaps one of the most famous American scientists and inventors, Benjamin Franklin is credited with discovering electricity, and his inventions include the bifocal lens, lightning rod, carriage odometer and more. • A brilliant scientist and businessman, Thomas Edison is best known for inventing the electric light bulb. Other inventions include the motion picture camera and phonograph. • Research chemist Percy Lavon Julian was a pioneer in the medical field for his work with medicinal drugs synthesized from plants and for producing hormones such as testosterone and progesterone from plant sterols. • Most famous for concocting the recipe for peanut butter, George Washington Carver had a fruitful career in improving and/or inventing products such as axle grease, instant coffee, adhesives, buttermilk, bleach, metal polish, plastic and more. • Portland, Oregon, native Linus Pauling was an expert in molecular structure and chemical bonds. He has authored more than 350 publications in his field and was named the Humanist of the Year in 1961. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1963. •

Famous for his contributions to the space

program, Carl Sagan served as an advisor for NASA and solved many space exploration

Product Recalls Will Make Your Head Spin Only a fraction of defective auto, food and product recalls make it into the newspaper or the nightly news. Hundreds more occur quietly with consumers left unaware -- unless someone is made ill or is injured. Here are some examples: --A prescription compounding pharmacy was notified by the Food and Drug Administration that sterile preparations it produced were contaminated with microorganisms and fungal growth. The preparations were for human and veterinary use. --Nine brands of dog food have been recalled for Salmonella, with 17 cases (as of this writing) of their owners being made ill as well. --An auto manufacturer has recalled certain models due to power-steering hose deterioration, which causes steering fluid to leak onto the catalytic converter. Due to high temperatures, smoke and fire can result. --Mushroom slices have been recalled because the mushrooms may be contaminated with the chemicals carbendazim, fluoranthene and pyrene. Carbendazim is a fungicide (which also was found in orange juice imported from Brazil earlier this year); fluoranthene and pyrene are carcinogenic toxins.

--Organic baby spinach with the potential to be contaminated with Salmonella has been recalled. --An automaker has recalled one of its models because the diagnostic module can reset itself, which can lead to either accidental airbag deployment or the airbag not deploying at all during a crash. --Bagged salads have been recalled due to potential contamination by Listeria. The list of things that can harm us is long. Salmonella in papaya, dog food and sprouts. Spinning toothbrushes that overheat and melt, causing shock and burns. Undeclared milk in chocolate bars. Undeclared allergens in chicken, lasagna, turkey burgers and sausage. The best way to learn about recalls as they happen is to sign up for email alerts at all of the government’s sites: www.fsis.usda.gov -- Food safety and inspection. www.recalls.gov -- Recalls of consumer products, boats, food, medicine, cosmetics and environmental products. www.nhtsa.gov -- Vehicle recalls, as well as the service bulletins, at the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s website. Sign up for email alerts, and start by doing a search on the make and model of your vehicle. www.foodsafetynews.com -- Keep an eye on Food Safety News for up-to-date information foodborne illness outbreaks and recalls. Use a disposable email address and sign up for recall alerts. David Uffington regrets that he cannot personally answer reader questions, but will incorporate them into his column whenever possible. Write to him in care of King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475, or send e-mail to columnreply@gmail.com. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.

mysteries surrounding planets including Venus and Mars in addition to briefing astronauts before they journeyed to the moon.


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TOP TEN VIDEO, DVD as of June 11, 2012 Top 10 Video Rentals 1. This Means War (PG-13) Reese Witherspoon 2. The Grey (R) Liam Neeson 3. Chronicle (PG-13) Dane Dehaan 4. Red Tails (PG-13) Terrence Howard 5. The Woman in Black (PG-13) Daniel Radcliffe 6. Contraband (R) Mark Wahlberg 7. One for the Money (PG-13) Katherine Heigl 8. The Vow (PG-13) Channing Tatum 9. The Devil Inside (R) Fernanda Andrade 10. Haywire (R) Gina Carano Top 10 DVD Sales 1. Red Tails (PG-13) (Fox) 2. This Means War (PG-13) (Fox) 3. The Secret World of Arrietty (G) (Buena Vista) 4. The Woman in Black (PG-13) (Sony) 5. The Grey (R) (Universal) 6. Chronicle (PG-13) (Fox) 7. Underworld: Awakening (R) (Sony) 8. The Vow (PG-13) (Sony) 9. One for the Money (PG-13) (Lions Gate) 10. Game of the Thrones: The Complete First Season (TV-MA) (Warner)

1. Entering 2012, how many

consecutive years had it been since the New York Yankees had a losing season? 2. Who is the only player to belt four home runs in two different World Series? 3. Name the last offensive rookie before center Maurkice Pouncey in 2010 to start every regular-season game for the Pittsburgh Steelers. 4. Who holds the record for most 3-point field goals made in the NCAA men’s basketball championship game? 5. Name two NHL goalies to have scored a goal in both a regular-season game and a playoff game. 6. When was the last time the U.S. won a gold medal in men’s track 5,000 meters? 7. Who held the record for biggest margin of victory in the LPGA Championship before Cristie Kerr won by 12 shots in 2010?

On June 29, 1613, the Globe Theater, where most of Shakespeare’s plays debuted, burns down. The Globe was built in 1599 from the timbers of London’s very first permanent theater, Burbage’s Theater. The galleries could seat about 1,000 people, with room for another 2,000 “groundlings,” who could stand around the stage. On June 28, 1888, writer Robert Louis Stevenson and his family leave San Francisco for their first visit to the South Seas. Stevenson, an adventurous traveler plagued by tuberculosis, was seeking a healthier climate. His novel “Treasure Island” was published in 1883. On June 27, 1922, the American Library Association awards the first Newbery Medal, honoring the year’s best children’s book, to “The Story of Mankind” by Hendrik Willem van Loon. The Newbery Medal seeks to encourage originality and excellence in the field of children’s books.

It is still not known who made the following sage observation: “Never attribute to malice what can be adequately explained by stupidity.” If you are an aficionado of the word game Scrabble, you probably know that there are only five words that can be played using a q but no u. In case you’re not in the know, those words are “faqir,” “qaid, “ “qoph, “ “qindar” and “qintar. “ In 1774, surveyors in Maryland marked off a parcel of land by mistake. The error was immortalized when the town that grew up on that land adopted the name Accident. The English word “mistletoe” comes from an Anglo-Saxon phrase that means “dung on a twig.” It seems that the branches where mistletoe is often found have white splotches on them, which some say resemble bird droppings. The martial art that is known today as karate actually originated in India and spread to China before becoming popu-

lar in 17th-century Japan, where it was dubbed karate, which means “empty hand” in Japanese. These days you’ll rarely see an elected official with a beard, but facial hair wasn’t always considered to be a liability in politics. In fact, it’s been reported that Abraham Lincoln was inspired to grow a beard while he was running for president in 1860 because of a letter from an 11-year-old girl. Grace Bedell wrote to Lincoln that a beard would make him “look a great deal better, for your face is so thin. All the ladies like whiskers.” When the United States bought Alaska from Russia in 1867, the going price was 2 cents an acre. *** Thought for the Day: “Nothing gives an author so much pleasure as to find his works quoted by other learned authors.” -- Benjamin Franklin (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.

On June 26, 1948, in response to the Soviet blockade of land routes into West Berlin, the United States begins a massive airlift of food, water and medicine to the citizens of the besieged city. For nearly a year, supplies from American planes sustained the more than 2 million people in West Berlin. On June 25, 1956, the last Packard rolls off the production line at Packard’s plant in Detroit. The classic American luxury car used the famously enigmatic slogan “Ask the Man Who Owns One.” On June 30, 1962, Sandy Koufax strikes out 13 batters and walks five to lead the Brooklyn Dodgers over the New York Mets 5-0 with his first career no-hitter. Koufax went on to throw three more no-hitters, including a perfect game on Sept. 9, 1965, in which he allowed no hits and no walks. On July 1, 1979, the Sony Walkman -- the world’s first low-cost, portable music player -- goes on sale in Japan. The initial production run of 30,000 units looked to be too ambitious, as only 3,000 were sold at $150 apiece in the first month. Some 200 million sales later, Sony retired the cassette Walkman in 2010. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.


Page 8

Tidbits® of Salina

Wait Till You Hear What He Got Suspended For ...

PHOTO CUTLINE: NASCAR suspended Kurt Busch from the Pocono race weekend following comments he made after a Nationwide Series race at Dover to Bob Pockrass of The Sporting News. (Photo: Getty Images for NASCAR)

Maybe it’s just one more unexpected check to be cashed in the price of being big-time. Maybe NASCAR wanted to be a mainstream sport but didn’t know how to manage it. Maybe NASCAR just sold its soul to the devil, as if it ever resided with anyone else. Maybe the time for the inevitable payback had to come sometime. The devil generally doesn’t refinance. I just don’t get it anymore. I started writing about stock-car racing full time almost 20 years ago, and it’s only just now that it seems to me everything is totally out of control. Perhaps my memory fails. My daddy used to say at least five times a day that something was “the funniest thing ever was,” and it wasn’t my observation that his life or mine was getting progressively funnier. At the time, the June 3 400-miler from Dover International Speedway left the high definition of my Magnavox, I thought Kurt Busch was a funny guy. I thought he’d dealt with an apparent difference with another driver skillfully. I laughed when I heard him say, “Hey, I’m on probation. I can’t even pick my nose the right way.” Though briefly I pondered the no-

tion that anyone could pick his nose “the right way,” I let it pass. The older Busch brother isn’t a constant snarler. During this latest strifemarred season of his, he’s spent much more time talking about how much fun he was having roughing it with an underfunded team than how much fun he thought it would be to beat up a reporter if not for that pesky probation. Similarly to picking one’s nose correctly, I have almost no idea what kind of reporter Kurt would beat up. My colleague Bob Pockrass is a thoroughly modern journalist who believes as much in the pen’s superiority over the sword as Kurt believes that journalists don’t make enough money to be immune from vigilante justice. In an upset, NASCAR sided with a writer over a racer. Have they lost their minds? Little money can be made from championing the writer’s cause. TV’s different. Those guys and gals have value. I wasn’t even in the capital of Delaware, but what happened still chills me to the bone. A favor from NASCAR is no less fretful than one from the Mafia. Everything comes with conditions. Once upon a time, teams showed up at tracks with race cars that started out as passenger cars. Over time, to go fast and hurt fewer people, the

cars on the track strayed so far from the cars on the street that, in recent years, they had almost nothing in common. The sport went from mechanics squeezing the most speed possible out of cars to NASCAR taking charge of competitive balance. “Don’t worry, we’ll make all the cars just alike. They’ll all go the same speed, and the only variable will be the driver sitting behind the wheel. That sounds fair, doesn’t it? We’ll take care of everything.” And the teams didn’t have to spend so much time figuring. They just spent lots of money instead. Forgive me if I get a bit uneasy at NASCAR taking action to level the playing field on which the racers and writers compete. I’m leery of the Journalism of Tomorrow. Meanwhile, Kurt Busch is apparently going to be sitting home for a spell, too, and all because said that if it weren’t for probation, he’d beat the tarnation (not his real word) out of a reporter. What’s the world coming to? Bill France, elder and younger alike, always said we weren’t worth killing. The sudden change makes me uneasy. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.

Trivia Quiz

Answers 1. Nineteen seasons. 2. The Dodgers’ Duke Snider (1952, 1955). 3. Wide receiver Ron Shanklin, in 1970. 4. Indiana’s Steve Alford (1987), Oklahoma’s Dave Sieger (1988) and Kentucky’s Tony Delk (1996) all hit seven in a championship game. 5. Philadelphia’s Ron Hextall and New Jersey’s Martin Brodeur. 6. It was 1964 (Bob Schul). 7. Betsy King won by 11 strokes in 1992.

Answers 1. North Carolina 2. Edith Wharton 3. Cleopatra 4. Campbell's Soup 5. Steven Wright 6. Printing press 7. Rational number 8. "On the Town" 9. Amphibians and reptiles 10. "Psycho"


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