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TIDBITS® BRINGS YOU UNUSUAL WORDS, Part 1 by Kathy Wolfe This week’s Tidbits is for all the logomaniacs out there — all those people obsessed with fancy words! • There are fancy names for things we see every day; for example, that little metal band that encircles your pencil eraser is known as a ferrule. A harp is not only a musical instrument, but also the hoop on a lamp that holds the lampshade in place. • If your boss offers encomiums about you, consider yourself honored. Expressions of high praise have been sent your way! You certainly

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be done away with. • Do you have something interesting that you collect?

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covers, while labeorphilists accumulate beer bottle

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An

entredentolignumologist’s

hobby is collecting unique toothpicks. Are you a timbromaniac? That’s just a fancy name for an enthusiastic stamp collector. • If you’re feeling stressed, lalochezia is not the answer. That’s when you use profane or abusive language to alleviate your tension. • Those who are misocapnists should stay away from those who are nepheligenous. The former hate the smell of tobacco smoke, while the latter produce clouds of the stuff.

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Page 2

Tidbits® of Salina UNUSUAL WORDS (continued): • It’s no compliment to be called a coof, dizzard, dunderhead or gump. These are synonyms for a complete numbskull. Likewise, snarge, yazzihamper, cullion and poltroon all refer to an utter jerk. •

This election year we might see a lot of

girouettism from politicians. This means they may change their position on issues in order to follow popular opinion. It’s interesting to note that the French word for weather vane is girouette, a device that features a little rooster that goes back and forth, depending on the way of the winds. Some politicians are experts in lolodacity, the practice of spitefully criticizing their opponent with true or untrue words, in other words, “hitting below the

1. INVENTIONS: Who developed the process of pasteurization? 2. FOOD & DRINK: What is the liquor cassis made from? 3. POP CULTURE: When was the Pillsbury Doughboy introduced in TV ads? 4. ASTRONOMY: What is a “maria”? 5. GEOGRAPHY: What is the capital of South Dakota? 6. LITERATURE: The 2004 movie “Christmas with the Kranks” was based on which novel? 7. MOVIES: Who was the first black man to win an Oscar? 8. ROYALTY: What is Prince Andrew’s official title? 9. SPORTS PERSONALITIES: What was the boxing champion Muhammad Ali’s original name? 10. U.S. PRESIDENTS: What kind of dog did President Bill Clinton and his family have?

belt.” There very well may be some eccedentesiasts during the campaign, that is, those who fake a smile, especially on television. • Some of our body parts have pretty unusual names. For example, the groove on your upper lip under your nose is known as a columella nasi. That bony bump on the side of your ankle is called a malleolus, while the bony tip of your elbow is your olecranon. We’ve heard of a curlicue, but what’s a purlicue? That’s the little web of skin between your thumb and forefinger. And how about your armpit? It’s officially known as an oxter. Ladies often pluck their glabella, that little flat area between the eyebrows. • What do eggs, bacon, oatmeal and toast have in common? They’re all jentacular, that is, pertaining to breakfast. • Do you know the difference between innocuous and noxious? An item that is innocuous is not injurious to your health, while something that is noxious will cause harm. • The loqu- root of many words comes from the Latin for “to speak.” Those on the witness stand are supposed to be veriloquent, speaking nothing but the truth. The preacher in the pulpit is sanctiloquent, speaking of sacred things. A politician is often flexiloquent — evasive and vague. Do you jabber

PHOTO: Larry Hagman Q: I’ve been hearing about the new “Dallas,” but haven’t been able to find it on the schedule. Please tell me the show wasn’t scrapped before it even aired! -- Cara D., via e-mail A: Don’t you worry: “Dallas” returns to TV for 10 episodes on TNT beginning Wednesday, June 13, at 9/8c with a two-hour season premiere. You’re not the only one who’s excited. Personally, I can’t wait to see what the new generation of Ewings has in store for us -- and Larry Hagman as J.R. will be up to no good, for sure. ** Q: I was dismayed to read that “GCB” wasn’t renewed for a second season! Is there anything we can do to save this show? -- Vivian D., via e-mail A: I’m not sure if we can save the show -- if you read my column regularly, then you know I LOVE this show! -- but we

sure can try. First, there is a website set up where you can sign a petition: SaveGCB.com. I spoke with two of the series stars about its cancelation, and they are just as sad as we are. Eric Winter, who plays Luke Lourd, told me that “GCB” deserved to be saved because “the ‘GCB’ fans are the real deal. They’re passionate and they love their show. This is an extremely creative and smart show that just needs more of a chance to take off and run.” Mark Deklin, who plays Blake Reilly, echoed Eric’s sentiments, telling me: “What’s really touched me the most is the way the fans have embraced Blake and Cricket. The outpouring of love and loyalty across all the social media has been astounding. So my gratitude to the fans is huge, as is my admiration and affection for my colleagues. On the night we got the news that we weren’t being renewed for a second season, I got a text from Miriam (Shor, who plays Cricket) that said, ‘I will miss you most of all, Scarecrow.’ If there was a moment in which I got a little choked up, it was probably the moment when I read that text. I’ve become incredibly fond of the Caruth-Reillys.” *** Q: Can you tell me if my favorite show, “Harry’s Law,” will return next season? -- Laurie B., Canton, Mich. A: This is the part of my job that I hate: Telling good readers like you when a network has canceled their favorite show. “Harry’s Law” really struggled with ratings its second season -- my guess is fans didn’t/couldn’t keep up with all the day and time changes that NBC kept dealing it. *** Readers: I have had dozens of people write in to ask about the fate of NBC’s “Community,” and I am thrilled to report that the offbeat comedy has been renewed for a 13-episode fourth season. While it might be shorter than normal, let’s just be glad we even got another season with this talented group! Write to Cindy at King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475; or e-mail her at letters@ cindyelavsky.com. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.

Send a Handwritten Thank You to Teacher “Mr. Wold, you taught me how to read and write,” begins the thoughtful thank-you book 5-year-old Emmett Brown is making to give to his kindergarten teacher on the last day of school. Emmett eagerly practices his new skills as he sounds out words and writes them with a sharp pencil. “I think your glasses are cool when you read to us,” he continues, energetically dotting the “i” and crossing the “t.” “Making a little book or card is a personalized way of showing teachers how much they have made an impact on young lives,” says his mom, Wendy Brown, mother of two and blogger of her inspiring site about the art of handwriting, (www. brownink.co) Computers are a way of life for kids, but she believes it’s important to make room for paper, pencils and pens, too. “Emmett was going to write a card for his teacher, but when we discovered a create-your-own-books kit at a toy store, he got excited to make it a bigger production,” she said. To get started, Wendy and Emmett talked about the school year and then she helped him create topics for each page. Using photos, stickers and magazine pictures, the pages feature nature outings, ice skating, night sky watches and even the birth of Mr. Wold’s baby girl. The “Words of the Day” page lists Emmett’s favorites -- groundhog, The White House and chrysanthemum. On the “I like your one-liners” page he writes “It’s the weekend, baby!” and he also glues on a tiny note from Mr. Wold: “Emmett, I’m hog wild for you.” Your school-age kids can show their appreciation to their teachers by putting energy behind a pen or pencil, too. Help them make their own small book by stacking nice paper and punching holes along the side. Bind them together by weaving ribbon or string in and out of the holes. If you prefer, make a card by folding heavy paper in half or use a large sheet of construction paper cut in half lengthwise. Tape the short ends together to make a long strip and make accordion folds. Jot thoughts and attach pictures on each section. *** Donna Erickson’s award-winning series “Donna’s Day” is airing on public television nationwide. To find more of her creative family recipes and activities, visit www.donnasday. com and link to the NEW Donna’s Day Facebook fan page. Her latest book is “Donna Erickson’s Fabulous Funstuff for Families.”


Page 3

For Advertising Call (785) 404-1000 UNUSUAL WORDS (continued) idiotically? You’re being stultiloquent! Likewise if you’re inianloquent, you’re speaking foolishly and saying silly things. And we all know people who are longiloquent, in other words, remarkably longwinded. •

Listen carefully! The “achoo!” sound of your

sneeze is formally known as sternutation. That funny noise you make when you swallow is a gwick. The sound that ketchup makes while flowing from the bottle is a glink. You can also refer to that ketchup sound as a blodder. • You remember old what’s-his-name, don’t you? What is his name anyway? Sounds like you’re suffering from lethonomia, the propensity to forget names. •

A marriage between a young woman and an

older man is known as alphamegamia. If you and your spouse are about the same age, your union is isonogamic. • We’ve all suffered, at one time or another, from lethologica. That’s the inability to recollect the exact word for something. However, if you become obsessed with trying to remember that word, you have loganamnosis. • Being pancreatic has nothing to do with your pancreas.

It

means

you

consider

yourself

proficient in all types of sports. If this describes you, you’ve probably experienced nikhedonia, the delight received from envisioning your victory.

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chirotonsor, another word for barber. Ever feel like just tearing your hair out? We all have on occasion, but those with a compulsion to do so suffer from trichotillomania. • Tasks that are sclerotic, recondite, scabrous, onerous, arduous or vicissitudinous are just plain difficult! • Planning an elephant ride in the future? Don’t forget your howdah, that little riding seat that fits

“That Woman: The Life of Wallis Simpson, Duchess of Windsor” by Anne Sebba (St. Martin’s Press, $27.99) Reviewed by Larry Cox Wallis Simpson wasn’t strikingly beautiful or especially brilliant, but she was a clever, determined woman who almost single-handedly changed the course of British history during the 1930s. Born Bessie Wallis Warfield in 1896 in Baltimore, she dropped her first name because it sounded too bovine, and then set out to reinvent herself. With wit and a sense of style, she charmed her way into the social circles of the upper-class elite and earned a reputation as an almost unstoppable force when it came to getting what she wanted. As Wallis once wrote, “It was not quite enough for me to be ... the life of the party or to spend my existence merely taking part in good conversation. I wanted more out of life.” In 1916, Wallis married Lt. Earl Winfield Spencer, but the marriage was dissolved a decade later. In 1928, while in London, she married Ernest Simpson, an American-born Briton, and through his connections she met Edward, the Prince of Wales, at a party in 1931. As Wallis mesmerized the Prince, their growing romance was problematic. For starters, Wallis was a divorcee and still very much married to Simpson. The relationship between Wallis and Edward became very public in 1936, the year of Edward’s accession. Wallis obtained a divorce, and the King made it clear that he intended to marry her, even if it meant giving up the throne. Give it up he did. Wallis and Edward were married in a small ceremony in France in 1937. One of Edward’s major disappointments was that his wife was never accepted by the Royal Family. The Queen Mother never mentioned her by name, only as “that woman.” Many books have been written about Wallis Simpson and the sensational “romantic story of the century.” Things are, however, never quite as they seem, and that is why the story of the Duke and Duchess of Windsor remains so fascinating. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.

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go away for the summer in order to do a lot of

they cut their own hair, while others go to the

Or scan with your smart phone to go to our site:

Information in the Tidbits® Paper is gathered from sources considered to be reliable but the accuracy of all information cannot be guaranteed.

Translation, please! Sun-worshipers frequently

• Some folks are autotonsorialists, meaning

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(c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.

• Heliolaters often estivate in order to apricate.

sunbathing.

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By Samantha Mazzotta

Getting the Most From Your Air Conditioner Q: I have a window-mounted air conditioner that I use in the summer months. During the winter, it’s stored away. This year, it doesn’t seem to be cooling as well as it did in the past. Do I need to charge it with freon or something? -- Bailey T., Wheeling, W.Va. A: I’m not sure how old your window-unit air conditioner is, but refrigerant (R-22 freon) doesn’t typically need to be replaced in the first couple of years of the unit’s life. Additionally, purchasing and handling of freon is now regulated, so you would need to contact a refrigeration professional to check and charge the unit. Before laying out money for that repair, there are other ways to improve your air conditioner’s cooling capability: --Make sure the unit is mounted properly in the window and isn’t tilting downward or upward.

PHOTO: Robert Redford HOLLYWOOD -- It was bound to happen. In April, Ashton Kutcher signed on to play Steve Jobs in the upcoming bio-pic, “Jobs,” and Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak endorsed him as the apple of his eye to play Jobs. Now, Sony is throwing its hat into the ring with a Steve Jobs film, based on Walter Isaacson’s bestseller, “Steve Jobs.” Having a hot, “in” actor like Kutcher on board is a big deal, but Sony has leveled the playing field by hiring “West Wing” creator and “Social Network” Oscar-winner Aaron Sorkin to write and direct its film. By the by, Sorkin has acquired the rights to “The Politician” for his next project. It’s about the downfall of former U.S. Sen. John Edwards as written by key staff member Andrew Young. This year we had two Snow White pictures, (“Mirror, Mirror” and “Snow White and the Huntsman”), and now we have two Steve Jobs films. Which studio will do the best job(s)? ***

--Check to see if siding, bricks, leaves or other debris are blocking the louvers on the outside of the unit. --Keep curtains and furniture away from the unit while it’s operating, to ensure good airflow into the room. --Make sure the air-conditioning unit is clean, including the coils and the intake filter on the front of the unit. --Start the air conditioner at a medium or low fan setting and a moderate temperature, even on hot days. After 20 minutes, lower the temperature to the setting you want. --Note the time of day that the room feels hottest, and note the position of the sun. Closing the curtains on windows that don’t have an air-conditioning unit can reduce the amount of sun-generated heat in the room. --If you have a ceiling fan, even in another room of the house, use it to your advantage. Reverse the direction of the fan blades (the switch is located on the metal housing for the fan blades) so that air is pulled up by the fan rather than pushed down. Cool air normally sinks, so the fan will stir that air and make the whole house more comfortable. Send your questions or comments to ask@thisisahammer.com, or write This Is a Hammer, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.

Robert Redford will direct himself in “The Company You Keep,” based on the 2003 Lem Dobbs novel. Redford plays a former Weather Underground militant wanted for bank robbery and murder, who has successfully hidden from the FBI for more than 30 years as an attorney. When his identity is exposed, he becomes a fugitive while trying to find the one person who can clear him. He has surrounded himself with some of the best: Susan Sarandon, Julie Christie, Shia LaBeouf, Sam Elliott, classical child singer Jackie Evancho (as his daughter), Anna Kendrick, Chris Cooper and Stanley Tucci. Redford’s last film, “The Conspirator,” didn’t hit its mark at the box office. We need to support him on this one! *** Who would have thought when “Avatar” toppled “Titanic” as the No. 1 box-office grosser of all time that there would be a new contender for the top spot so soon? By the time you read this, “The Avengers” will have moved up from No. 11 to No. 4 after grossing $1.03 billion in its first two weeks. “Avatar” sits in the top spot with $2.8 billion, while “Titanic,” newly released in 3D, is fast moving upward from $2.2 billion. At this rate, “the Avengers” is packing enough heat and muscle to kick “Avatar’s” box-office butt and sink “The Titanic” before you can name all six of its superheroes! *** BITS ‘N’ PIECES: If you’re dying to meet pop princess Katy Perry, there’s no need to go to one of her concerts. Just lunch at The Chateau Marmont, where she dines a lot while redoing her nearby house. ... Why do you suppose Johnny Depp walked the red carpet for his new film, “Dark Shadows,” but skipped his own after-party? Could it have been the reviews? Send letters to Tony Rizzo’s Hollywood, 8306 Wilshire Blvd., No. 362, Beverly Hills, CA 90211.


Tidbits® of Salina

Page 4

When Heart Becomes a Feeble Pump DEAR DR. DONOHUE: Six months ago, my wife died in her sleep. She said she just felt shaky and tired out around 6 p.m. When I turned on my light at 4 a.m., I immediately knew she had died. I was told she died of congestive heart failure. She told me she had this two months prior to her death. Was there something we could have done? I carry guilt with me every day. Is congestive heart failure a death sentence? -- S.F. ANSWER: Heart failure indicates that the heart has become a weak pump. “Congestive” often is added to “heart failure” to emphasize that the failing heart causes blood to circulate poorly. Fluid oozes out of vessels and congests body organs, especially the lungs and makes breathing difficult. Congestion also shows in swollen ankles and feet. However, not all people with heart failure show the signs of congestion. Shortness of breath when lying down, waking from sleep gasping for breath, coughing during the night and the inability to get enough air to accomplish even light physical tasks are signs of heart failure. I can assure you that the world’s most renowned heart doctor would not have expected your wife to die in her sleep because she said she felt tired and shaky. You are entitled to feel sad, but you do not deserve to feel guilty. Heart failure comes from heart arteries clogged with cholesterol, from heart

valve malfunction, from high blood pressure and from heartbeat disturbances like atrial fibrillation. Treatments are available. Water pills draw water from an overfilled circulation, and that eases the burden on the heart. Other medicines increase the strength of the heartbeat. Special pacemakers can restore synchronous beating to the heart’s out-of-sync pumping chambers. Congestive heart failure is not always a death sentence. My sincerest condolences to you and your family. The booklet on heart failure describes this common condition in greater detail. Readers can order a copy by writing: Dr. Donohue -- No. 103W, Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. Enclose a check or money order (no cash) for $4.75 U.S./$6 Canada with the recipient’s printed name and address. Please allow four weeks for delivery. *** DEAR DR. DONOHUE: While trying to get out of the bathtub, I slipped and hit my chest against the side of the tub. My husband took me to the emergency room. X-rays showed two broken ribs. The ER doctor seemed to think this was nothing, but it was truly painful. He gave me a prescription for pain medicine, and that was it. Should some kind of splint be applied? How long does it take rib fractures to heal? -- M.K. ANSWER: An uncomplicated rib fracture -- one in which the ends of the fracture are in alignment -- can be treated with pain relievers alone. Admittedly, even the small movement of breathing in and out worsens the pain, but your medicine ought to take care of that. Sometimes rib belts are put on patients to keep the fracture ends from moving. Whether they do much good is disputed, and they can be uncomfortable. You can expect your ribs to heal in six weeks. *** Dr. Donohue regrets that he is unable to answer individual letters, but he will incorporate them in his column whenever possible. Readers may write him or request an order form of available health newsletters at P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475.

UNUSUAL WORDS (continued):

Little Big Books Q: I have several Big Little Books, all copyrighted between 1939 and 1941, depicting the adventures of such boyhood heroes as The Phantom, Buck Rogers, The Lone Ranger, The Green Hornet and Dick Tracy. Do these books have any value? --Gene, Goodyear, Ariz. A: Yes, they do. The first Big Little Book, “The Adventures of Dick Tracy,” was published by the Whitman company just before Christmas in 1932. The books are distinctive in that they look like a 4-inch block of wood sawed off the end of a two-by-four. Check out the Big Little Book Club, P.O. Box 1242, Danville, CA 94526. To get an idea of current prices, go to www. biglittlebooks.com. *** Q: Last year, I acquired a miniature cast-iron sleigh with eight reindeer that move up and down when pulled. It looks very old, but I can’t find anything specific about it. Can you help? -- Don, Sun City West, Ariz. A: The picture you sent makes me think the sleigh is not as old as you think. This obviously is a Christmas table decoration, and the paintwork doesn’t appear to be as detailed as in most of the older pieces I have seen. A good place to begin your research might be to invest in a fairly good guide. A used copy of “The Collectors Encyclopedia of Toys, Banks, Cast Iron Windup Autos and More, with Prices” by L-W Books is available for $6.94 at www.amazon.com. *** Q: I have a scale that I believe is from about 1937 or earlier. It is the same one seen in the movie “A House Without a Christmas Tree.” It was manufactured by the Hobart Company in Dayton, Ohio. Any idea of how old it is and what its value would be? -- Inge, Granite City, Ill. A: I’m not sure if your scale has a three- or 30-pound capacity. There is a difference when it comes to prices. The three-pound scale was often found in candy shops, the larger ones in other retail outlets. The scale was manufactured throughout the 1930s and ‘40s. I found one of the smaller scales being offered in an online auction for $40. Write to Larry Cox in care of King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475, or send e-mail to questionsforcox@aol.com. Due to the large volume of mail he receives, Mr. Cox is unable to personally answer all reader questions. Do not send any materials requiring return mail. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.

on the back of a pachyderm. How about a ride in a

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montgolfier? That’s a fancy title for a hot air balloon. A balloon that uses both gas and hot air is called a rosiere. • If you’re wearing a pauldron, rondel, rerebrace,

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1. Preheat oven to 350 F. Line 13- by 9-inch metal baking pan with foil; lightly grease foil. 2. In medium bowl, combine 1 1/2 cups flour and 1/2 cup confectioners’ sugar. With pastry blender or two knives used scissor-fashion, cut in margarine or butter until mixture resembles coarse crumbs. 3. Sprinkle crumb mixture evenly in pan. With floured hands, firmly pat crumbs onto bottom of pan to form a crust. Bake crust 15 to 17 minutes until lightly browned. 4. Meanwhile, grate peel from lemons to equal 1 teaspoon and squeeze juice to equal 1/3 cup. In large bowl, with mixer at high speed, beat eggs until thick and lemon-colored, about 3 minutes. Reduce speed to low; add lemon juice, lemon peel, granulated sugar, baking powder, salt and remaining NOW OPEN 3 tablespoons flour, and beat until blended, occasionally scraping bowl. 5. Pour lemon filling over warm crust. Bake 15 minutes or until filling is just set and golden around edges. Remove pan Deli & Bakery to wire rack. Place remaining 1 tablespoon confectioners’ 157 N. 7th, Salina, KS sugar in sieve and use to sprinkle over warm filling. Cool Hungry? Try the 1/2 lb buffalo burger! completely in pan on wire rack. Deli Sandwiches, Cheese Steaks, 6. When cool, cut lengthwise intoGourmet 3 strips,Hamburgers, then cut each strip Fresh Baked Bread, Cheesecake, Cinnamon Etc. crosswise into 12 bars. To store, cover panRolls, and refrigerate.

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forget to bring your pavise — your shield! •

A vomitory sounds like a place you’d go if you

were nauseated, but it’s actually a corridor in a large stadium leading to the grandstands. • A person who engages in abligurition is spending excessive amounts of money on food and drink.

Spinach and Cheddar Wheat Strata However, the one who skips out of Whole the restaurant without paying is swedging. Slices ofhis firmbill whole-wheat bread are layered with frozen chopped

spinach and will sharpknow cheddar cheese, then baked in a light egg custard. • Mathematicians that a zenzizenzizenzic a day ahead, refrigerate overnight, and bake the next number isAssemble one that is raised to the eighth power.

morning for a delicious brunch. Or assemble and bake the same day

• $ and %and and @ are that is, symbols serve with grammalogues, a salad for a light dinner. that denote a word — $ for “dollars,” % for “percent” 4 teaspoons Dijon mustard

and @ for8“at.” slices firm whole-wheat sandwich bread

1/2 cup (2 ounces) shredded sharp cheddar cheese

package (10 ounces) frozen WORLD: chopped FAMOUS 1LANDMARKS OF THE spinach, thawed and squeezed dry

HOOVER 2DAM cups low-fat (1 percent) milk

4 large eggs the Colorado River on the Stretching across

4 large egg whites 1/2 teaspoon salt magnificent Hoover Dam, providing 1/4 teaspoon coarsely ground black pepperpower to

border between Arizona and Nevada towers the

residents of Nevada, Arizona and California. Follow

1. Grease 8 by 8-inch glass baking dish. Spread 1/2 teaspoon

along andmustard learnonmore this Eighth Wonder of in 1 side about of each bread slice. Place 4 slices bread

baking dish, mustard side up. Top with half of cheese, all of spinach, then remaining cheese. Place remaining bread slices in dish, mustard side up. 2. In medium bowl, with wire whisk or fork, beat milk and remaining ingredients until blended. Slowly pour egg mixture over bread slices. Prick bread with fork at 1-inch intervals and press slices down so egg mixture can be absorbed more easily. 3. Cover dish with plastic wrap and refrigerate at least 30 minutes or overnight to allow egg mixture to be absorbed thoroughly. 4. To bake, preheat oven to 350 F. Uncover baking dish and bake strata 55 minutes to 1 hour, until knife inserted 1 inch from center comes out clean. Remove strata from oven and let stand 5 minutes before serving. Each serving: About 400 calories, 11g total fat (4g saturated), 155mg cholesterol, 640mg sodium, 39g total carbs, 5g dietary fiber, 18g protein. For thousands of triple-tested recipes, visit our website at www.goodhousekeeping.com/recipefinder/.


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Page 5

HOOVER DAM (continued): the Modern World.

by Samantha Mazzotta

• Construction on the dam began in the midst of the Great Depression in 1931, at a site about 25 miles (40 km) southeast of Las Vegas. The first step was to divert the roaring Colorado River away from the construction site. Tunnels as large as four-lane highways were blasted through the walls of Black Canyon, diverting the water and enabling workers to work in the canyon bottom. •

About 3.25 million cubic yards of concrete

were used in the construction, more than 5 million barrels. Between 7,500 and 10,800 barrels were required daily. The first concrete was poured in June of 1933, and every month, about 160,000 cubic yards of concrete were necessary until the cement work wrapped up in May 1935. This all contributed to the final weight of the dam — over 6.6 million tons! The amount of concrete contained in the dam and power plant would pave a 16-footwide (4.9-m) highway from San Francisco to New York City or a 4-foot-wide (1.2-m) sidewalk around the Earth at the equator. The dam is as thick at its base as two football fields laid end-to-end — 660 feet (201 m). •

An average of 3,500 workers labored on the

project daily, with the all-time high of 5,218 workers one day. Seven years were allotted for the construction, but the project was completed in just under five, at a cost of $165 million. • Although it was finished long before the deadline, it certainly wasn’t without its pitfalls. Over a onemonth period in the exceptionally hot summer of 1931, daytime high temperatures averaged nearly 120° F (49° C), resulting in the deaths of 16 workers. The final death total for the entire project was 112. • The first person to perish on the Hoover Dam project was a surveyor named J.G. Tierney, who drowned while scoping out the ideal site, nine years

before

the

groundbreaking.

Ironically,

Tierney’s son Patrick was the last to die, perishing exactly 13 years to the day later, while working on the dam’s construction. •

At the time of its completion in 1936, Hoover

Dam was the largest in the world. Standing 726 feet tall (221 m), it is nearly 200 feet (61 m) taller than the Washington Monument. It now ranks as the second tallest dam in the nation behind California’s Orofino Dam and is the 18th highest in the world. It hosts more than a million visitors each

Preventing Dog Attacks DEAR PAW’S CORNER: My dog, “Andie,” is a pretty laid-back border collie, well-socialized to other dogs and people. However, I am dismayed when a child runs up to her or another strange dog to pet or hug her. Andie tolerates these “surprise hugs” well, but other dogs may not be so well-trained. Can you please remind your readers about the right way to approach a strange dog? -- Carol J., Pittsburgh DEAR CAROL: You got it! Approaching a dog, even a dog you know, should be done with caution and respect. Parents need to teach their children how to

behave around dogs. More than half of the 4.7 million Americans bitten by dogs last year were children. The American Veterinary Medical Association (avma.org) and Prevent the Bite (preventthebite.org) have joined the U.S. Postal Service to call attention to preventing dog bites. Here are some tips: --Never leave a baby or a small child alone with a dog, even the family pet. --Teach children not to approach strange dogs, run up to dogs to hug them or try to pet them through a fence. --Always ask permission of a dog’s owner before petting the dog. You should pet the dog first before letting your child pet the dog. --Learn the right way to approach and pet a dog, including your own dog. It should first be able to see you and sniff

you. If the dog tenses, bristles, growls or backs away, back off. --Do not approach tethered or confined dogs, sleeping dogs or mothers taking care of puppies. --If you’re passing a dog, whether on or off a leash, walk steadily and calmly past, without making direct eye contact. Never run. Send your questions or comments to ask@pawscorner.com, or write to Paw’s Corner, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. For more pet care-related advice and information, visit www.pawscorner.com. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.


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Tidbits® of Salina HOOVER DAM (continued): year. •

Lake Mead, America’s largest reservoir, was

formed by the water accumulated by Hoover Dam. It extends 112 miles (180 km) behind the dam and is a favorite recreation area for visitors interested in fishing, water skiing, boating and swimming near sandy beaches. Several communities were evacuated to create the reservoir and their remains sit at the bottom of this body of water. Also resting at the bottom of the lake is a B-29 Superfortress that crashed there in 1948. •

Hoover Dam’s generators provide about four

billion kilowatt hours of hydroelectric power each year for public and private utilities serving 1.3 million people. The water running through the generators is enough to fill 15 20,000-gallon swimming pools every second. FAMOUS CHEFS Hey, what’s cookin’? This week, Tidbits teaches you about a famous chef of our era. In the words of Julia Child, “Bon appétit!” • Julia Child didn’t have aspirations of becoming a famous chef. After graduating from Smith College, she became a copyrighter in the advertising department of a home furnishings firm, followed by several more years writing for publications and working in advertising. During World War II, the 6-foot, 2-inch (1.88 m) Julia was classified too tall to enlist in the WACS or WAVES and went to work as a typist at the OSS, the predecessor to the CIA. Before long, she was doing top secret research in the Secret Intelligence Division. After the war, she married a fellow OSS employee Paul Child, who introduced Julia to fine cuisine. When Paul’s job took the couple to Paris, Julia and two friends began teaching cooking, while developing a cook book. The 734-page “Mastering the Art of French Cooking” was released in 1961 and quickly became a best seller, one still in print today. Twenty more titles followed. She debuted on television in 1963 with “The French Chef,” earning the firstever Emmy Award for an educational program. The cover of Time magazine featured her in 1966, dubbing her “Our Lady of the Ladle.”

Your Social Security Updates Move Online Until 2011, the Social Security Administration mailed yearly updates to every person who’d paid into Social Security. Those updates showed the facts and figures that would be used if the recipient applied for benefits, whether for retirement or disability. In other words, it was crucial that the information be correct. It’s still crucial, but now the information has to be accessed online at the SSA website. When you go to the online site, you’ll need to create an account with a password. You’ll be asked for your name, birth date, phone number, mailing address, and yes, your Social Security number. With all the daily cautions not to enter any personal information on the Internet, many of us are hesitant to type in the most important information of all, our Social Security number. However, there are safeguards that can be taken to ensure that the information is safe. Allsup, Inc. [www.allsupinc.com], a financial-planning group, recommends the following: --Don’t use a public computer. Your Social Security number could be available to the next person who uses that computer. --Don’t use Google or any other search engine to find

the SSA website. Go directly there by typing in the URL: socialsecurity.gov --Don’t tell anyone your password. --If you receive an email that looks like it came from the SSA, and if it asks for personal information, don’t respond. It’s a scam. The SSA is never going to contact you that way. If you’re leery of using your home computer to put in all that personal information (especially if you have an unsecured wi-fi connection or if you’re not sure of your virus protection), you can go to any Social Security office and sign up for an account login. Once you have your statement, check it carefully. Since retirement and disability benefits are based on the taxes you paid and the length of time you worked, check Your Earnings Record on the form. Do the numbers match what your W-2s show? If there are any discrepancies at all, contact SSA right away. Look at Your Estimated Benefits. That is what you can expect to receive at different retirement ages or if you need to collect Social Security disability benefits. The SSA will send statements by mail to those who are age 60 and older if they have not applied for benefits, and one time to 25-year-olds. David Uffington regrets that he cannot personally answer reader questions, but will incorporate them into his column whenever possible. Write to him in care of King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475, or send e-mail to columnreply@gmail.com. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.


Page 7

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TOP TEN VIDEO, DVD as of May 28, 2012 Top 10 Video Rentals 1. The Vow (PG-13) Channing Tatum 2. Contraband (R) Mark Wahlberg 3. Underworld: Awakening (R) Kate Beckinsale 4. Haywire (R) Gina Carano 5. Mission: Impossible -- Ghost Protocol (PG-13) Tom Cruise 6. New Year’s Eve (PG-13) Lea Michele 7. Joyful Noise (PG-13) Queen Latifah 8. We Bought a Zoo (PG) Matt Damon 9. War Horse (PG-13) Peter Mullan 10. The Darkest Hour (PG-13) Emile Hirsch Top 10 DVD Sales 1. Underworld: Awakening (R) (Sony) 2. The Vow (PG-13) (Sony) 3. Mission: Impossible -- Ghost Protocol (PG-13) (Paramount) 4. Joyful Noise (PG-13) (Warner) 5. Contraband (R) (Universal) 6. Haywire (R) (Lions Gate) 7. Thor (NR) (Paramount) 8. Captain America: The First Avenger (PG-13) (Paramount) 9. Game of the Thrones: The Complete First Season (TVMA) (Warner) 10. New Year’s Eve (PG-13) (Warner) Source: Rentrak Corp.

1. Who was the last player before Toronto’s Jose Bautista in 2010 to belt more than 50 home runs in a season? 2. How many consecutive seasons, entering 2012, had Philadelphia’s Ryan Howard tallied at least 30 home runs? 3. Johnny Unitas holds the NFL record for most consecutive games with at least one TD pass (47, 1956-60). Who has the most since the 1970 NFL merger? 4. Who holds the record for most points in a men’s basketball NCAA Tournament game? 5. Since the NHL lockout season of 2004-05, only three rookies have averaged more than a point a game. Name two of them. 6. How many consecutive starts at the Daytona 500 did Michael Waltrip have before failing to qualify in 2012? 7. Who was the only player to win a “golden slam” -all four of tennis’ majors, plus a gold medal in Olympic singles play, in a calendar year?

On June 11, 1509, King Henry VIII of England marries Catherine of Aragon, the first of six wives he will have in his lifetime. When Catherine failed to produce a male heir, Henry divorced her against the will of the Roman Catholic Church. On June 15, 1877, Henry Ossian Flipper, born a slave in Thomasville, Ga., in 1856, becomes the first black cadet to graduate from the United States Military Academy at West Point, N.Y. Flipper was never spoken to by a white cadet during his four years at West Point. On June 16, 1884, the first roller coaster in America opens at Coney Island, in Brooklyn, N.Y. Known as a switchback railway, it traveled approximately 6 mph and cost a nickel to ride. On June 12, 1942, Anne Frank, a young Jewish girl living in Amsterdam, receives a diary for her 13th birthday. A month later, she and her family went into hiding from the Nazis in rooms behind her father’s office. Anne’s diary, detailing their two years in hiding, was published in 1947.

It

was celebrated physicist Albert Einstein who made the following sage observation: "Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new." It was in 1917 when one Dr. Walter G. Walford wrote an article warning readers of the perils of tight collars and ties, claiming that such constricting neckwear caused illness by retarding the flow of blood to the brain. It's fairly well known that seahorses are monogamous, staying with the same mate until death. Many people don't realize, however, that these fish are so devoted that every day they reaffirm their union with a morning greeting dance. When Ronald Reagan's daughter, Patti, got married, there were more security personnel than guests in attendance. America got its first paved street back in 1647. It was, unsurprisingly, in New York City. The fastest known star is traveling through space at a rate of 3.5 million miles per hour.

The figure on the Heisman trophy was sculpted from a real person. Warren Mulrey played football for Fordham University when John Heisman chose him to be the model for the new award. If you're like the average American, you use 2 gallons of water every time you brush your teeth. So turn off that faucet while you brush! If you like squash, corn, beans, pecans, chili peppers, pumpkins, maple syrup or cranberries, you have Native Americans to thank -- they're the ones who taught Europeans to gather and use these foods. In fact, by the end of the past century, fully one-third of all crops grown in the United States were of Native American origin. It's not easy to contemplate, but before there was toilet paper, American colonists used corncobs. *** Thought for the Day: "Nothing pains some people more than having to think." -- Martin Luther King Jr. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc. .

On June 14, 1951, the U.S. Census Bureau dedicates UNIVAC, the world’s first commercially produced electronic digital computer. UNIVAC, which stood for Universal Automatic Computer, used thousands of vacuum tubes for computation and was the forerunner of today’s digital computer. On June 13, 1966, the Supreme Court hands down its decision in Miranda v. Arizona, establishing the principle that all criminal suspects must be advised of their rights before interrogation. The roots of the Miranda decision go back to 1963 when Ernesto Miranda confessed to a crime and later recanted, unaware that he didn’t have to say anything at all. On June 17, 1972, five of President Richard Nixon’s re-election employees are arrested for burglary in the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate Complex in Washington, D.C. An investigation unveiled a scheme of political sabotage and espionage designed to discredit Democratic candidates. Equipment used during the burglary had been borrowed from the CIA. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.


Page 8

EDITOR’S NOTE: DVDs reviewed in this column will be available in stores the week of June 11, 2012.

PHOTO: Robert Downey Jr. in “Sherlock Holmes”

Tidbits® of Salina

PICKS OF THE WEEK “Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows” (PG-13) -- Robert Downey Jr. puts his swagger and eccentricity into Sherlock Holmes in this second installment of Holmes as directed by Guy Ritchie. Don’t expect a slowly unraveling mystery -- this movie is more like the adventures of Iron Man if he didn’t have his suit and lived in Victorian-era England. Just like last time, it has more explosions and brawling than you might remember from the original stories, but the resulting experience is more fun than you expect. Besides action, Downey and Jude Law (back as Dr. Watson) have plenty of quips. The story also mixes in more brain with its brawn, as Holmes is pulled into the mind games of Moriarty. “Good Deeds” (PG-13) -- When Tyler Perry steps out of the fat suit and wig, he’s all business. This movie starring, written and directed by the prolific Perry is one of his serious ones, and the movie will not let you forget it. Perry plays Wesley Deeds, an uptight, wealthy businessman who has had his whole life handed

to him since he was born. While Deeds questions whether his life is the one he wants, he forms a bond with a destitute single mother who cleans his office. The central relationship isn’t a romantic one, but a centerpiece for the script’s meditations on morality, fairness and charity. It’s ultimately a thoughtful, sober drama. “In Darkness” (R) -- As the Nazis march through Poland, an anti-Semitic sewer worker finds himself taking money from Jews in exchange for hiding them in the city sewers. The film is based on the true story of Leopold Socha. As he realizes how much risk he’s taking just to get money out these desperate people, he becomes uncertain of his motivation. Could it be money, fear or humanity? DOG OF THE WEEK “Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance” (PG-13) -- Nick Cage returns to the role of Johnny Blaze, a motorcycle stunt man who’s made a pact with the devil. In exchange for saving his father’s life, Blaze sometimes becomes the Ghost Rider, a supernatural bounty hunter with a flaming skull head and a flaming chain

weapon that he swings from a motorcycle engulfed in flames. Come on. Take the one of the kookiest men in Hollywood, cast him as a superhero with a flaming skull in a sequel directed by the guys who did “Crank” and “Crank: High Voltage,” and you would expect something more exciting -- or at least something notably more insane than its banal predecessor. Nope. This movie rides right out of your memory with the spirit of vengeance. TV RELEASES “Missing: The Complete First Season” “Entourage: The Complete Eighth and Final Season” “Scandal: The Complete First Season” “GCB: The Complete First Season” (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.

Trivia Quiz

Answers 1. Alex Rodriguez of the New York Yankees had 54 in 2007. 2. Six. 3. New Orleans’ Drew Brees has done it in 43 consecutive games, starting in 2009. 4. Notre Dame’s Austin Carr had 61 points against Ohio in 1970. 5. Sidney Crosby, Alex Ovechkin and Evgeni Malkin. 6. Twenty-five consecutive years. 7. Steffi Graf, in 1988.

Answers 1. Louis Pasteur 2. Black currants 3. 1965 4. Also known as a sea, a maria is a dark region on the moon. 5. Pierre 6. “Skipping Christmas,” by John Grisham 7. Sidney Poitier won for his role in “Lilies of the Field.” 8. Duke of York 9. Cassius Clay 10. Buddy, a Labrador retriever


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