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August 1, 2012
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TIDBITS® OFFERS A “Reality” Check by Blue Sullivan Through programming successes like “American Idol” (still the most watched series
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on television in the United States), “reality TV” has grown to be a huge part of the programming broadcast on both cable and network television. The emergence of reality programming as one
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of the most successful and profitable genres found on television would seem to suggest this is a relatively new invention. Actually, it stretches all the way back to the 1940s. Here we’ll recount
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reality programs in America and worldwide. • In 1948, the first “reality show” aired. It was Allen Funt’s “Candid Camera,” a precursor to MTV’s popular prank show “Punk’d” (currently hosted by pop superstar Justin Bieber and a revolving rotation of young entertainers). Unlike
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“Punk’d,” which focuses on pranks played on celebrities, “Candid Camera” featured mild
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pranks played on everyday individuals, and captured their reactions. • “Candid Camera” actually emerged from another “reality show” from another medium, a 1947 radio version with the same concept called “Candid Microphone.” “Candid Camera” was followed after each broadcast by another
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of Education and as a community volunteer with many organizations, including The Salina Symphony, The Stiefel Theatre and the Boy Scouts. Married for 42 years to Margaret, they have two adult children and live on a farm west of Salina. Bruce’s late Grandfather, R. Bruce Johnson, proudly served Saline County in the Kansas House in the 1960’s. Bruce is running because Kansas faces a coming financial crisis with future unbalanced budgets resulting in billions of dollars of deficits. Kansas needs Representatives who can work together to solve this crisis and balance the budget for the good of all Kansans. Bruce is such a person.
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Tidbits® of Salina A “Reality” Check (continued): audience, who chose the winner. It was the first example of public voting determining the outcome of a TV show, predating “Idol” by decades. •
The longest running reality show in the United
States is “Cops,” which has been gracing our sets since 1989. • MTV likes to tout its series “The Real World” (a success since the early ‘90s and still going strong) as the father of what most think of as modern reality TV, but that distinction probably goes to PBS’ “An American Family.” The 1973 series followed a family as they went through a divorce. •
“An American Life” was so influential that it
inspired a well-reviewed cinematic satire by comedian and filmmaker, Albert Brooks. 1979’s “Real Life” follows a filmmaker (played by Brooks) who is so inspired by the success of the PBS series
1. ADVERTISEMENTS: What product was advertised in TV ads featuring a cartoon character named Charlie the Tuna? 2. BIBLE: How old was David when he become king of Israel? 3. LANGUAGE: What dance and music style from the Portugese language means “new trend”? 4. GENERAL KNOWLEDGE: What is the name of the airport in Atlanta? 5. MUSIC: What was the theme song of country/western singer Gene Autry? 6. MYTHOLOGY: In Greek mythology, what was Pegasus’ unique characteristic? 7. GOVERNMENT: What U.S. government agency’s motto is, “And ye shall know the truth and the truth shall make you free”? 8. GEOGRAPHY: What is the name of the island where Nassau is located in the Bahamas? 9. MATH: What is the distance around a polygon? 10. TELEVISION: What was the name of Angus MacGyver’s employer in the “MacGyver” drama series?
that he tries to replicate it with a different family, with unexpectedly dire results. •
The incidence of reality programming on TV
today is higher than it has ever been. One in four programs in primetime is reality based. In addition to its popularity with audiences, the genre is popular with TV executives for its cost-saving benefits. The average reality show costs about $500,000 per episode, compared to $2 million for a sitcom. •
Although reality TV has been a viable genre
for over six decades, it’s taken a while for the Emmys to take notice. The first award in the genre, “Outstanding Reality-Competition Series,” was given in 2003 to “The Amazing Race.” • In 2008, an additional category was added honoring “Best Reality TV Show Host.” It went to “Survivor” host Jeff Probst, who has since become a repeat winner in the category. • Reality shows aren’t just influential in the United States. Singer Susan Boyle’s 2009 audition on the UK’s popular show “Britain’s Got Talent” has been viewed 120 million times on YouTube. • Reality television has also reached the Muslim world. In 2010, a show called “Imam Muda” pitted contestants in a variety of challenges. These challenges included tests of Islamic theory, the
PHOTO: Steven Tyler Q: I heard a rumor that Steven Tyler won’t be back as a judge on “American Idol.” Please tell me it isn’t true. He’s one of the main reasons that I watch the show! -- Diana W. in West Virginia A: The Aerosmith rocker recently announced he will indeed quit the show to focus on the band. Steven said, in true Steven style: “I’ve decided it’s time for me to let go of my mistress, ÔAmerican Idol,’ before she boils my rabbit. I
strayed from my first love, Aerosmith, and I’m back.” His news came the day before Jennifer Lopez announced that she, too, was leaving the show. I’ll tell you, I wouldn’t mind seeing Richard Marx and Debbie Gibson in the judges’ chairs. *** Q: Please tell me that “Falling Skies” will be back next summer for another season! -- Jeffrey D., via e-mail A: TNT’s blockbuster science-fiction drama about how the world fights back after an alien invasion definitely will be back next summer for a 10-episode third season. This no-brainer decision (“Falling Skies” is cable’s No. 1 drama in the 18 to 49 age market, and is No. 2 in 25 to 54, behind TNT’s other breakout hit, “Dallas”) will continue the quest of Noah Wylie’s Mason, Will Patton’s Weaver and Moon Bloodgood’s Dr. Glass as they lead the 2nd Mass resistance group toward survival and, hopefully, the kicking of some alien butt off the planet Earth. *** Q: What has Shaquille O’Neal been up to lately? -- Roger G., Franklin, Miss. A: Shaq just signed on to star in a new series for truTV tentatively titled “Upload with Shaquille O’Neal.” The show will be hosted by comedian Gary Owen and co-star Shaq and comedian Godfrey, as well as a special guest for each of the 10 episodes. They will scour the Internet looking for the funniest online videos to comment on, and they’ll also create their own viral videos, pull pranks and parody current pop-culture stories. Shaq had this to say about his new venture: “I’ve been a fan of truTV for a long time, and I look forward to working with my good friends Gary Owen and Godfrey. I’ve always tried to entertain people, and I know this show will deliver big laughs.” *** Q: I remember a while back that Kelsey Grammer announced he and his wife were expecting. Has she had her baby yet? -- Barbara D., via e-mail A: Kelsey, 57, and Kayte, 31, announced earlier this year that they ecstatic couple were expecting twins. Kayte gave birth to a healthy baby girl in mid-July, but tragically, the baby’s twin brother did not survive. The couple said in a joint statement: “A glorious birth with a lingering sadness is ours today. We choose to celebrate the life that has been given us. We proudly introduce our Faith (Evangeline Elisa Grammer) to the world today looking forward to the days ahead and the children yet to come.” Write to Cindy at King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475; or e-mail her at email@example.com. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
Stuffed Chicken Breasts Garlic-and-herb cheese and roasted peppers are the surprise filling for these boneless breasts. Accompanied by a lemony herb couscous, this dish is elegant enough for guests but easy enough for a family weeknight dinner. Stuffed Chicken Breasts 4 (about 1 1/4 pounds) medium skinless, boneless chicken-breast halves 1/4 cup (about half 4.4-ounce package) light garlic-and-herb spreadable cheese 1/4 cup jarred roasted red peppers, drained and chopped 8 whole fresh basil leaves, chopped 1 teaspoon olive oil, extra-virgin 1/2 teaspoon salt 1/4 teaspoon coarsely ground black pepper Lemon and Basil Couscous 1 tablespoon olive oil, extra-virgin 1/2 teaspoon salt 1/4 tablespoon coarsely ground black pepper 1 cup couscous 1 cup loosely packed fresh basil leaves, coarsely chopped 2 tablespoons fresh lemon juice 1. Prepare Stuffed Breasts: With tip of knife, cut each chicken breast from a long side, keeping knife parallel to surface of breast, to form a deep pocket with as small an opening as possible. 2. In small bowl, combine cheese, peppers and basil. Spread 1/4 cheese mixture in each chicken pocket. Rub outside of chicken with oil and sprinkle with salt and pepper. 3. Prepare Lemon & Basil Couscous: In 2-quart saucepan, heat oil, salt, pepper and 1 1/3 cups water to boiling over high heat; stir in couscous. Cover saucepan; remove from heat and let stand at least 5 minutes. 4. Meanwhile, place chicken on grill over medium heat and cook 12 to 15 minutes or until juices run clear when thickest part of breast is pierced with tip of knife, turning over once. 5. To serve, add basil and lemon juice to couscous, and fluff with fork to mix well. Spoon couscous onto 4 dinner plates and arrange chicken on top. Each serving chicken: About 255 calories, 35g protein, 4g carbohydrate, 10g total fat (5g saturated), 0g fiber, 113mg cholesterol, 560mg sodium. Each serving couscous: About 205 calories, 6g protein, 37g carbohydrate, 4g total fat (1g saturated), 3g fiber, 0mg cholesterol, 295mg sodium. For thousands of triple-tested recipes, visit our website at www.goodhousekeeping.com/recipefinder/.
For Advertising Call (785) 404-1000 A “Reality” Check (continued): counseling of teenagers and the recitation of the Quran. The winner received a job as an Imam, along with a free scholarship in Saudi Arabia and
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a new car. •
The most popular reality show in the United
States is “American Idol,” but few know its origins. “Idol” was created in the ‘90s by Simon Fuller. Fuller rose to prominence as the manager, and some would say manufacturer, of pop sensation The Spice Girls. He was so important to the group’s success that the British press dubbed him “Svengali Spice.” When the group suddenly fired him, Fuller devised a way to create a group over which he had full control, thus “Idol” was born. • “American Idol” was actually supposed to be an online show when Fuller created it in 1997. However, the lack of high-speed internet in most
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homes made the idea unfeasible, so Fuller went to television to broadcast his idea instead. • “American Idol” is actually a spin-off of a similar program in Great Britain called “Pop Idol.” After agreeing to be one of the judges on the upstart American version, Simon Cowell nearly quit in the last week before the first episode aired. Cowell worried that his confrontational, distinctly British personality would not work with American audiences. • In the nonfiction book “American Idol: The Untold Story,” author Richard Rushfield interviewed
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Cowell about his nearly quitting the show before it ever aired. Cowell said, “I remember calling my lawyer, and I said, 'I don't want to do it. I haven't signed the contract. Get me out of it.” •
By Samantha Mazzotta
Fortunately, Fox producers managed to talk
Cowell out of abandoning the show. They convinced him he’d have “free rein” and wouldn’t need to alter his abrasive persona for American viewers. One other judge did back out at the last moment, however. Originally, the show was to feature four hosts, but a Los Angeles radio DJ named Stryker quit the show at the last minute. • Stryker was worried the “cheesy singing contest” would hurt his image. With no time to recast, the show decided to go with three judges instead. In an ironic coincidence, Stryker later served as the house DJ for the daytime talk show hosted by Ellen DeGeneres. DeGeneres was briefly added as a fourth judge on “American Idol.”
“Marilyn in Fashion: The Enduring Influence of Marilyn Monroe” by Christopher Nickens and George Zeno (Running Press, $30) Reviewed by Larry Cox It was 50 years ago this summer that Marilyn Monroe was found dead in her Los Angeles home. She didn’t just leave an indelible mark on our pop culture, she continues to do so. Although there have been countless books written about the incandescent movie star, legendary sex symbol and cultural icon, a new book by Christopher Nickens and George Zeno celebrates her life through the clothes that she wore. It is divided into two main sections: “Part One: The Designers” examines such heavy hitters as Oleg Cassini, Dorothy Jeakins and Emilio Pucci, who created her ensembles, and documents where she wore them and how they impacted fashion trends. “Part Two: A Fashionable Miscellany” explores everything from Marilyn’s hats and outwear to her makeup and hairstyles. Monroe’s transformation from wholesome Norma Jean to sultry screen siren is -- of course -- the stuff of legends. With hundreds of rare and never-before-published photos, and insights from the designers, co-stars and Monroe herself, “Marilyn in Fashion” offers a behind-the-screens glimpse at one of the most extraordinary people of the 20th century. Nickens has written best-selling biographies of Bette Davis, Marlon Brando and Elizabeth Taylor. Zeno, an illustrator, has amassed one of the world’s largest privately owned collections of Marilyn Monroe images and memorabilia. Together, they present the star in a fresh, new context. Monroe had little formal education, and despite the public confusing her with the dumb blondes she portrayed on screen, she proved that she was much more. According to Nickens and Zeno, Monroe was intelligent, ambitious, shrewd, innately talented and -- in every sense of the word -- a star. She developed a standard of beauty that continues to resonate even 50 years after her untimely death. “Marilyn in Fashion” is a fitting tribute to the style evolution of one of Hollywood’s ultimate icons.
When Rain Barrels Violate HOA Rules Q: I keep a very nice lawn in the front and back of my house, along with a small kitchen garden and several flowers and shrubs. To water it -- especially in this dry, hot summer -- I try to use “gray” water as well as water collected in rain barrels placed under my downspouts. Recently I received a notice from my homeowners’ association that the rain barrels are against the rules and will have to be removed. How can I convince them that these are not just environmentally friendly, but also the reason I’m able to keep my yard green and growing as required by the HOA rules? -- Red-Taped in Roswell, Ga. A: While I’m not an expert in dealing with homeowners’ associations, my first thought would be that you should review the most recent copy of your HOA’s rules. You’ll want to find out what rule or rules the association is referring to, and if rain barrels are specifically mentioned. You’ll also want to find out what your rights are as a member of the HOA, how you can appeal the notice, how long you have to comply and whether you can get that deadline extended. Several years ago, a friend of mine renting in a townhouse community
PHOTO: Marilyn Monroe HOLLYWOOD -- What really happened to Marilyn Monroe? Fifty years after her untimely death on Aug. 5, l962, Monroe is earning more money than she did in her prime. At that time, she was making $100,000 a picture, yet she only had $2,605 in her bank account. “Marilyn Monroe: A Case for Murder,” by Jay Margolis, pieces together the last days of MM’s life with a ton of documentation and multiple quotes to corroborate every detail presented. The book asserts, “In l983, during his last interview, (former MGM star) Peter Lawford labeled himself a co-conspirator, along with his brotherin-law (U.S. attorney general) Bobby Kennedy and MM’s psychiatrist, Dr. Ralph Greenson, to the death of Marilyn Monroe.” Why would they want to murder Marilyn Monroe? “Marilyn threatened to hold a press conference at which she planned to
related a story to me. The condo association only allowed owners to be members, not renters. And it had set up, early in the community’s history, rules that only owners could access the community amenities like the pool and clubhouse. The trouble was, more than 80 percent of the residents were renters -- meaning very few actual residents could use those amenities. My friend took action, attending association meetings every month and speaking each month, until she convinced the association to vote on whether to allow renters to use the amenities. The vote passed easily. I’m relating the above story as an example of what can be accomplished through persistence when it comes to these associations. Talk directly to the HOA, and talk with members of your community about the rain-barrel issue. What’s really bothering the association about your rain barrels? Is it an aesthetic issue? Is it worried about mosquitoes hatching in the rain barrels? There are solutions to the problem -- such as moving the rain barrels out of sight of the street, camouflaging them behind shrubbery and covering the barrels to prevent mosquitoes from breeding. Get out the word, too, about the environmental benefits of using rainwater, as well as the cost savings from doing so. Chances are many homeowners will agree with you -- but not if they don’t know about the issue. HOME TIP: HOAs can be either a headache or a boon to homeowners. Be aware of your HOA’s rules and bylaws, and be a participant in the association to advocate effectively for changes or improvements to your community. Send your questions or tips to email@example.com, or write This Is a Hammer, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
announce her assignations with both the president (JFK) and the attorney general (RFK),” Margolis writes. According to reports, Monroe was supposed to have swallowed 47 Nembutal and 17 chloral hydrate pills. Yet Dr. Thomas Nogushi, who performed the autopsy, noted, “The stomach was almost completely empty.” The book reveals MM affairs with JFK and then Bobby, while also having an affair with her psychiatrist. “According to Lawford, Bobby convinced Dr. Greenson that Marilyn (planned to) publicly reveal his affair with her. Lawford ( concludes Greenson had been ‘set up’ by Bobby to murder his star patient.” “Morris Engleberg, one of Joe DiMaggio’s best friends, wrote in his book, ‘DiMaggio had given his son a manila envelope containing a statement concerning Monroe’s death, to be opened after he died.’ Joe DiMaggio Jr. said, “She wasn’t going to kill herself, not when she was about to remarry my father.” “On Sept. 18, 1965, Bobby Kennedy attended a ceremonial line-up, for Mickey Mantle, at Yankee Stadium. When Bobby reached out his hand to shake DiMaggio’s, DiMaggio quietly turned and walked away from him.” The book also addresses “My Week With Marilyn,” in which Colin Clark alleged he had an intimate week with Monroe. Apparently, Clark’s two books, “Marilyn and Me” and “My Week With Marilyn,” contain massive contradictions. “In his second book, Clark wrote he was alone with Marilyn while her husband, Arthur Miller was away for a week. Since Miller returned on September 5th, there was no room for Mr. Clark to be alone with Marilyn anytime. Even Colin Clark’s own brother called him a liar.” Just before she died, Marilyn worked out her differences with 20th Century Fox, was to resume shooting “Something’s Got to Give” with Dean Martin, and planned to remarry Joe DiMaggio. “Marilyn Monroe: A Case for Murder” presents the best case yet about what might have happened 50 years ago! Send letters to Tony Rizzo’s Hollywood, 8306 Wilshire Blvd., No. 362, Beverly Hills, CA 90211.
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Viruses Not the Only Cause of Hepatitis DEAR DR. DONOHUE: For the past year, my wife has had to deal with autoimmune hepatitis. It’s something that hardly anyone knows about or understands, and that makes it even more difficult to cope with. Everyone thinks she has an infection. I can only haltingly explain what she has. Will you tell your readers about this illness? -- D.R. ANSWER: Say “hepatitis,” and people automatically think of a viral infection. Say “cirrhosis,” which is sometimes the last stage of hepatitis, and people think of alcohol as the cause. Not all hepatitis is virus-caused, and not all cirrhosis is alcohol-caused. Your wife’s illness is an example. Her liver is inflamed (hepatitis), not from an infection but from an attack on her liver by her immune system. The reason why a person’s immune system, a system designed to keep us healthy, turns on the liver is obscure. Signs that the immune system is the cause are demonstrable by finding antibodies in the blood. Antibodies are the ammunition the immune system makes to fend off dangerous invaders. One special antibody, the anti-nuclear antibody, is a big indication that the liver has come under an immune attack. The course of autoimmune hepatitis is unpredictable. It might be mild with few symptoms, or it may take a more aggressive course in which the skin and eye whites turn yellow, where fatigue is immobilizing, where abdominal pain is common and where the skin develops an itch.
Quite often, a liver biopsy is the procedure that provides evidence of autoimmune hepatitis. Prednisone, one of the cortisone drugs, often is the treatment of choice. It reins in an out-of-control immune system. Another immune-modifying drug, azathioprine, can be added to the regimen. It sounds like your wife is responding well to treatment (from parts of your letter that I had to delete). The booklet on hepatitis details the various forms of the illness, and how they are acquired and treated. Readers can obtain a copy by writing: Dr. Donohue -- No. 503W, Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. Enclose a check or money order (no cash) for $4.75 U.S./$6 Canada with the recipient’s printed name and address. Please allow four weeks for delivery. *** DEAR DR. DONOHUE: What is the procedure for removing a tick attached to your skin? Can you remove it yourself, or should it be removed only by a physician? -- T.R. ANSWER: It’s safe for people to remove ticks on their own. You need tweezers with fine grooves on their lower, inner surfaces. Grasp the tick as close to the skin as you can and as close to the tick’s head. Gently but firmly pull the tick straight out, at a right angle to the skin. Don’t crush it. Don’t bother with popular techniques such as coating the tick with petroleum jelly or applying a just-blown-out match to it. *** DEAR DR. DONOHUE: Is Prozac addicting? Can you take it for life? -- D.L. ANSWER: Prozac isn’t addicting, but the drug should be stopped gradually rather than abruptly. People with recurring bouts of depression can take it for extended periods of time. *** Dr. Donohue regrets that he is unable to answer individual letters, but he will incorporate them in his column whenever possible. Readers may write him or request an order form of available health newsletters at P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475.
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A “Reality” Check (continued): •
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“Idol” fixture Ryan Seacrest nearly wasn’t on
the show as well. After being chosen for the show, contract negotiations stalled between the network and Seacrest’s father, who served as his manager. Seacrest signed his contract mere hours before the
Whiskey Bottles Brass Bed Q: ISince 1970sbed I have been collector, especially Q: havethe a brass that I'veabeen toldand is more than interested a in Jim Beam bottles. I need to sell collection century old. Any information youmy can provideand meappreciate would beany help you can give me. -- Danville, Peter, Albuquerque, N.M. appreciated. -- Susan, Va. A: examined the picture you to sent, brassseem bed to be as A: IJim Beam bottles are difficult sell,and and your they don’t appears to be from the popular with collectors asVictorian they wereera. threeItorwas fourprobably decades ago. One manufactured between 1890 andJim about 1915. beds of of the better clubs is the Evergreen Beam Club,Most 509 NE 165th, this type generally sell in the $350 to $650 range, depending No. 154, Seattle, WA 98155; www.jimbeamclub.com. For bottle queson condition and demand. tions, contact Tom at firstname.lastname@example.org. *** ***I have a Springfield Model 1863 rifle that was used by a Q: Q: I have three ingots theWar. 1973Can Triple-Crown winner, family member duringhonoring the Civil you tell me more about this firearm? -- Steve, Ariz. Secretariat. They were struck inCottonwood, limited editions, and each has a cerA: It was percussion rifle musket made byreal thevalue. National tificate of aauthenticity. I would like to know their -- Efren, Armory in Springfield, Ill. By 1863, Springfield was the only Kissimmee, Fla. government arsenal under Union control, since Harper's A: I examined the Xerox copies you sent me and noted that the Ferry had been destroyed by a Confederate raid in 1861. ingots were issued by Silver Creations, Ltd., of Emerson, N.J. That is According to Warman's Civil War Weapons by Graham where you difficult, since I was not able Smith, the should Model begin. 1861 This was might such be a success that both to track down an private addresscontractors or even verification the company Springfield and rushedthat to produce as still exists.rifles Your as nextthey option is to Since show them to an established coin dealer many could. the Union couldn't interrupt production introduce new design, slightly in modified in your area.toI predict youaare going to be they disappointed what you it,discover. and it was sold as a Springfield Model 1863. This is a highly *** desirable Civil War weapon. To determine its value, you should consult a competent arms dealer. Q: I have hundreds of sports cards and thousands of comic books *** thatI have originally belonged to my late I want know what they Q: an umbrella stand thathusband. was made by to the Roseville are all worth. -- Rhonda, Albuquerque, Pottery Company in about 1915. It isN.M. in the Mostique pattern. For comics, I recommend the Comic Book Checklist & Price --A:Ron, Alton, Ill. Guide, features moreisthan comics with current values. A: The which Mostique pattern one125,000 of the most common Roseville afterby Pine Cone. According Warman's This book patterns was compiled Maggie Thomson, BrenttoFrankenhoff Roseville Moran, most and Peter Pottery Bickford,by all Mark comicF.book experts. It ispieces $19.95had and available textured glazes of gray or tan, and many notcards, marked. through the publisher, www.Krause.com. For are sports thereI could not find an umbrella stand in this guide, but typical are also excellent references, including The Standard Catalogue of prices for this pattern are $350 to $450 for a wall pocket; a Football Cards 24.99), and The Standard Catalogue jardiniere, $110(KP to Books, $140; and a matched pair of vases, $325of Baseball to $350. Cards edited by Don Fluckinger (Krause, $39.99). *** *** Q: latea sister boughttelephone. some rose-colored dishes. Q: My I have black dial-up What is it worth, andIiswould anyone like to know how much -- Bobby, Russellville, interested in buying it? -- they Trudy,are Sunworth. City, Ariz. Ala. A: The black dial-up phones are fairly common and seem to be sellA: Your question is impossible to answer since you did not ing in the $10 to $25 range in metro-Phoenix near where you live. provide me with the name of the pattern and other pertinent information. Write to Larry Cox in care of King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FLin32853-6475, or Features send e-mailWeekly to questionsforWrite to Larry Cox care of King Service, email@example.com. Due Orlando, to the largeFLvolume of mail heorreceives, Mr. Cox P.O. Box 536475, 32853-6475, send e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. to thequestions. large volume of send mail any is unable to personally answerDue all reader Do not he receives, Mr. Cox is unable materials requiring return mail. to personally answer all reader questions. Do not send any materials requiring return mail. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
first episode was shot. Summer Fun With Seashore Shells
FAMOUS LANDMARKS OF THE WORLD:
Hunting for treasures at low tide along a favorite beach is one of life’s simple pleasures for tots, teens and adults alike. There’s so much to see, smell and discover in nature’s giant sandbox -- scampering crabs, colorful seaweed, seagulls, jellyfish (they may sting you!) and all those shells. If you’re lucky, you’ll find lots and lots of shells to hand pick and bring back home for a lasting souvenir of the day. Here are some simple lessons and activities that you can do with your young kids and grandkids when you get home. For those who aren’t hitting one of the coasts this summer, look for bags or baskets full of shells at neighborhood tag sales and thrift stores. Some specialty toy and craft stores sell them, too.
USS Arizona Memorial
CLEAN If you have just collected shells at a beach, wash them in a bucket with mild detergent and set them out in the sun on a towel to dry. Use old toothbrushes to scrub the sand out of crevices. Let school-age kids try a science experiment with broken pieces. Place a piece in a jar and cover the piece with vinegar. Set overnight. Did it disappear? Explain that shells are composed of calcium carbonate. The acid in the vinegar dissolves the compound.
• Managed by the National Park Service, the USS
EXAMINE Sort them by type in piles, and find their names online or in a field guide. Challenge your preschooler to arrange the shells from each pile in rows from largest to smallest. Talk about how the surfaces feel and use adjectives to describe colors and features. Use a magnifying glass to observe details. You might be surprised to discover the colors of the rainbow inside some. Abalone shells have brilliant, rainbow-like hues. PUT SEASHELLS ON DISPLAY Create a bowl full of memories, and keep it on an end table or on the center of your dining-room table for everyone to see. For a dramatic display, use a large, low pasta serving dish with edges. Fill it half-full with clean sand, and arrange shells and other favorite mini seashore finds on top. Set flat shells such as scallops or clams upright in the sand. For added attractions, tuck in a travel postcard, a trip photo in a small Lucite frame and a tiny sailboat or other purchase from a souvenir shop. 157 N. 7th, Salina, KS *** Hungry? Try the 1/2 series lb buffalo burger! Donna Erickson’s award-winning “Donna’s Day” is airing on public television nationwide. To find more her creative family Deli Sandwiches, Cheese Steaks, GourmetofHamburgers, recipes andBaked activities, visit www.donnasday.com and link Fresh Bread, Cheesecake, Cinnamon Rolls, Etc.to the NEW Donna’s Day Facebook fan page. Her latest book is “Donna PUT YOUR SANDWICH CLAMPS TO GOOD USE! Erickson’s Fabulous Funstuff for Families.” ALSO DAILY SPECIALS OFFERED (c) 2012 Donna Erickson Dine In or Carry Out Distributed by King Features (785) Synd. 404-6058
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A cornerstone of World War II, the USS Arizona Memorial sees more than a million visitors every year come from around the world to pay reverence to the battle of Pearl Harbor. • Located around two miles west of the Honolulu Airport, the USS Arizona Memorial is on the island of Oahu. Arizona Memorial consists of the actual memorial along with a shore-side visitor center. •
During the battle of Pearl Harbor, around 1,777
crewman lost their lives on the USS Arizona, and it is the burial ground of almost all of them. •
Of all the ships on Battleship Row affected by
the attack, the USS Arizona was the most heavily damaged with four direct hits. A total of 12 ships were sunk and nine damaged during the battle. • Construction of the USS Arizona began in 1914 in New York; the ship was originally called battleship number 39. On the morning of December 7, 1941,
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USS Arizona Memorial (Continued): Arizona’s first hit came at approximately 8:10 a.m.
by Samantha Mazzotta
• The Memorial is part of the WWII Valor in the Pacific National Monument, which also includes the USS Oklahoma Memorial, USS Utah Memorial and other historic quays and bungalows. • The Memorial is accessible only by boat, and The Memorial Tour is about 75 minutes long. Tickets
Hot Cars and Pets Can be Deadly Mix
are free. They do, however, go rather quickly and usually run out by 12 p.m. on most days. •
With the recent revitalization of the Visitor
Center, the total area of the Memorial is about 17 acres. The Memorial site itself is 184 feet long. • The Memorial consists of three sectors: the entryway, general area (designed for observation) and the shrine room, which houses a marble wall
DEAR PAW’S CORNER: I can’t leave my dog “Shadie” alone in the house, so I have to take her with me when I go shopping. How long can I keep her inside my car before it gets too hot? My friend says 20 minutes, if I keep the windows cracked a little. -- Danielle F., Atlanta
engraved with the names of all those who lost their lives. •
Construction of the Memorial began in 1949,
was completed in 1961, and it was dedicated in May 1962. • Alfred Preis was the Memorial’s architect. He says of the Memorial’s design, “The overall effect is one of serenity. Overtones of sadness have been omitted to permit the individual to contemplate his own personal responses... his innermost feelings." • Visitors frequently drop flowers into the water in honor of those who lost their lives. •
A photograph taken of the USS Arizona in the
aftermath of the attack was plastered across the front pages of newspapers and soon became the image that most Americans associated with Pearl Harbor. • Although it’s been more than 70 years since the fall of the battleship, oil still leaks from ruptured bunkers. •
The Memorial and Pearl Harbor are two of the
top tourist destinations in Hawaii. •
The Visitor Center is open every day from 7 a.m.
to 5 p.m. and is only closed three days a year — Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Year’s Day. • the
Although security has been heightened since September
cameras are still allowed, but purses, personal bags, backpacks, etc. are prohibited. Baggage storage is available.
DEAR DANIELLE: How about never? A parked car in the summer heat, even with the windows open a bit to let in airflow, can quickly heat up to extreme temperatures. Neither
pets nor humans can stand the quick rise in temperature -- so being left in a parked car can prove fatal. If you’re planning to go out for a few minutes to pick up some groceries or handle a quick errand, leave Shadie at home. Your dog should be able to handle a short period without you. If Shadie doesn’t handle it well, such as getting agitated, chewing up furniture or shoes, there are training solutions to solve that problem. Another solution, if you must bring your dog, is to bring along a trustworthy friend who is willing to sit in the car with the dog, with the motor running and the air conditioner on to keep it cool. Your friend will need to monitor Shadie while you shop.
But this has its own pitfalls -- I don’t know many people willing to wait around while their friend is in the store. Again, I can’t stress enough how important it is to not leave Shadie alone in the car, for even a few minutes. She easily could suffer heat exhaustion or stroke. Instead, invest some time helping to resolve Shadie’s separation anxiety so she’ll be happy and healthy at home. Send your questions or comments to ask@pawscorner. com, or write to Paw’s Corner, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. For more pet care-related advice and information, visit www.pawscorner. com.
Tidbits® of Salina Get The Picture? Since we spent some time on the stars of reality television, it seems appropriate to allot a little space to the medium that provided them stardom. Here are a few interesting pieces of information about the invention that helped shape the modern age. • The first displayed image on a television was only 30 grainy lines. It was displayed in the year 1926 by J.L. Baird. The digital image currently seen on our TV sets is nearly 35 times as dense. In addition to being a much clearer image, the digital signal of
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modern televisions is 1,080 lines. • Until late last year, the largest plasma TV available for purchase was a 103-inch plasma sold by Panasonic. It comes at the budget-unfriendly (except for the fabulously wealthy) price of $70,000. • However, Panasonic unveiled an even larger one at the most recent Consumer Electronics Show (known as the “Super Bowl of Technology”) in
Salina & Abilene
Las Vegas. The 152-inch Panasonic 3D Plasma TV
can be had by the true television connoisseur for • July 1, 1941, marked the broadcast of the very first advertisement in TV history. It occurred prior to a baseball game between the Philadelphia Phillies and the Brooklyn Dodgers. • The ad for Bulova Watches was 20 seconds long. The price for those 20 seconds of airtime was only $9. • To put it in perspective, in 2008, a 30-second ad during the Super Bowl broadcast went for $2.7 million. It was the most expensive airtime in the world to that point. • The shortest TV commercial ever produced was for a Canadian music and video channel called MuchMusic. It was created by a Canadian named Tharanga Ramanayake. He produced 12 different versions of the commercial. Each of these was a half a frame long. That’s the equivalent of 1/60th of a second! Even those with the shortest attention spans would have a pretty hard time registering that. The first of these micro-commercials was aired on January 2, 2002. • The current struggle over piracy that has been the focus of the music, movie and gaming industries is by no means the first piracy issue addressed in the
It’s Time for Mid-Year Financial Review
Have you done a mid-year financial review? A summer day when it’s just too hot to go outside is the perfect time to check your progress on your financial goals for the year. Start with your 2011 tax return and check the taxes you paid on your income. Did you get a large refund? Or did you have to pay more with your return? Neither is desirable. If your refund was large (more than a few hundred dollars), you’re giving the government an interest-free loan of your money through the year. If you ended up having to pay more than a few hundred dollars, your calculations for tax withdrawals through your place of employment need some adjustments. Go online to the IRS site (irs.gov) and search for “2012 withholding calculator” and click on IRS Withholding Calculator. Have your pay stubs ready and follow the steps. If you see that you need to make adjustments at work to the amount withheld from your paycheck, give your employer an updated W-4 form. Look on the IRS site for Publication 919, which is the step-by-step instruction for adjusting withholding.
If you have personal-finance computer software but haven’t kept it up, bring it up to date so you can use the sorting features to assess your spending. Most of the software will let you categorize by spending and income types, allowing you to pinpoint areas where you might not be on track. For example, if your overall 2012 budget allowed for a certain amount of discretionary spending per month (generally called “miscellaneous”) and you find you’ve gone over that amount, you’ll be able to make adjustments. If you need to buy personalfinance software, get a brand that keeps all the information on your computer, not the type that “stores” all your financial information at a site on the Internet. Check your savings interest rate. Are you on target? Search online for “best savings interest rates” in your area to determine the best place to keep your long-term money for maximum growth. Remember that in the case of an emergency, you’ll need fast access to your cash, but don’t forfeit interest if you can help it. Short-term Certificates of Deposit with staggered due dates will still allow you to get to your money quickly without compromising your interest with penalties for early withdrawal. David Uffington regrets that he cannot personally answer reader questions, but will incorporate them into his column whenever possible. Write to him in care of King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475, or send email to email@example.com. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
courts. In 1970, when Sony first began selling video cassette recorders (or VCRs) capable of recording shows off television, they were sued by the film studios for copyright infringement.
Sony would be vindicated by the Supreme Court.
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TOP TEN VIDEO, DVD as of July 16, 2012 Top 10 Video Rentals 1. 21 Jump Street (R) Jonah Hill 2. Wrath of the Titans 3D (PG-13) Sam Worthington 3. Mirror Mirror (PG) Julia Roberts 4. Safe House (R) Denzel Washington 5. Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows (PG-13) Robert Downey, Jr. 6. Wanderlust (R) Paul Rudd 7. Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance (PG-13) Nicolas Cage 8. A Thousand Words (PG-13) Eddie Murphy 9. Project X (R) Oliver Cooper 10. Seeking Justice (R) Nicolas Cage Top 10 DVD Sales 1. 21 Jump Street (R) (Sony) 2. Wrath of the Titans 3D (PG-13) (Warner) 3. Mirror Mirror (PG) (Fox) 4. Sherlock Holmes: A Game of Shadows (PG-13) (Warner) 5. Act of Valor (R) (Fox) 6. Safe House (R) (Universal) 7. John Carter (PG-13) (Buena Vista) 8. Project X (R) (Warner) 9. Journey 2: The Mysterious Island (PG) (Sony) 10. The Artist (PG-13) (Sony) Source: Rentrak Corp.
1. In 2010, Ryan Braun became the third Milwaukee Brewer to have three consecutive 100-RBI seasons. Name the first two. 2. Who was the last A.L. pitcher before Tampa Bay’s James Shields in 2011 to have at least 11 complete games in a season? 3. Which NFL team ended the 1972 Miami Dolphins’ 18-game winning streak the next season? 4. In 2012, the Kentucky Wildcats men’s basketball team set an NCAA title game record with 11 blocked shots. Which schools had held the mark? 5. Bobby Orr is the only NHL player to top other defensemen in scoring by more than 20 points in a season six times. Who else did it five times? 6. The first four gold medal winners in the men’s Nordic combined at the Winter Olympics were from what country? 7. When was the last time before 2011 that a U.S. team won golf’s World Cup?
On Aug. 9, 1936, at the 1936 Berlin Olympics, black American track star Jesse Owens wins his fourth gold medal of the Games in the 4-by-100-meter relay. His relay team set a new world record of 39.8 seconds, which stood for 20 years. On Aug. 6, 1945, an American B-29 bomber, the Enola Gay, drops the world’s first atom bomb over the city of Hiroshima, Japan. Some 80,000 people are killed as a result of the blast, and another 35,000 are injured. At least 60,000 more would be dead by the end of the year from the effects of the radioactive fallout. On Aug. 7, 1959, the U.S. unmanned spacecraft Explorer 6 is launched into an orbit around the Earth. The spacecraft featured a scanner that transmitted a crude picture of the Earth’s surface from a distance of 17,000 miles. The photo, received in Hawaii, took nearly 40 minutes to transmit.
It was beloved American comedian and film star Groucho Marx who made the following sage observation: “There’s one way to find out if a man is honest -- ask him. If he says ‘Yes,’ you know he is a crook.” The ancient Egyptians were known to use crocodile dung as a contraceptive. You may be surprised to learn that when the hit 1950s TV show “I Love Lucy” had its premiere, Lucille Ball was already 40 years old. Talk about sneaky: In order to get a photo of Bing Crosby in his coffin, The National Enquirer tabloid had a reporter dress as a priest and sneak into the private funeral service. To top it off, on his way out of the service, the disguised journalist told ABC reporter Geraldo Rivera not to pester the family at such a sensitive moment. Every year, about $500 million is spent on beads for Mardi Gras.
Ever wonder how the statuette taken home by winners of the Academy Awards got its nickname? Evidently, in 1931 a secretary at the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences saw the statuette for the first time and exclaimed, “Why, he reminds me of my Uncle Oscar!” The comment struck the fancy of a reporter who was present, and he put it in a story about the awards, and the name stuck. Are you acersecomic? If your hair has never been cut, you are. Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee was not himself a slave owner. He reportedly did not believe in the institution of slavery. If this is an average week, three manmade artifacts hurtling into the atmosphere from space will crash into the Earth. *** Thought for the Day: “The world is round; it has no point.” -- Adrienne E. Gusoff (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
On Aug. 11, 1965, in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles, a riot began that eventually ranged over a 50-square-mile area. With the assistance of thousands of National Guardsmen, order was restored five days later. The violence left 34 dead, 1,032 injured, nearly 4,000 arrested and $40 million worth of property destroyed. On Aug. 8, 1974, President Richard Nixon announces his intention to become the first president in American history to resign. With impeachment proceedings under way against him for his involvement in the Watergate affair, Nixon finally bowed to pressure from the public and Congress to leave the White House. On Aug. 10, 1981, Pete Rose of the Philadelphia Phillies gets the 3,631st hit of his baseball career, breaking Stan Musial’s record for most hits by a National Leaguer. It was only Rose’s 2,886th game; it had taken Musial 3,026 games to set the mark. On Aug. 12, 1990, fossil hunter Susan Hendrickson discovers three huge bones jutting out of a cliff in South Dakota. They turned out to be part of the largest Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton ever discovered, a 65 million-yearold specimen. Amazingly, the skeleton was more than 90 percent complete. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
Tidbits® of Salina
USD 305 Aug. 13 First day of school K-5 Gr. 6&9 (no school Gr. 7,8,10,12) Aug. 14 All grades attend Sacred Heart Jr/Sr. High Aug. 15 1st. day of school ST. MARY'S GRADE SCHOOL Aug 14th First Day of School, Dismiss @1:20 Salina Christian Academy Aug. 29 School resumes SOUTHEAST OF SALINE August 15 First day of school 1-12 August 16 First day of school Kdg. ELL-SALINE August 20 First day of school
Tough Road for Gordon
PHOTO CUTLINE: Former NASCAR Cup champion Jeff Gordon knows that with seven races before the Chase, he’s going to have to win more than once to get into the so-called playoffs. (John Clark/NASCAR This Week photo)
Never has four-time champion Jeff Gordon gone through a season like this one. Gordon, who turns 41 on Aug. 4, failed to make the Chase, NASCAR’s version of what other sports call playoffs, in 2005, but that year he finished 11th in the final point standings. At present he is 17th, winless and 89 points out of the top 10. In a span of seven races, the chance of Gordon reaching the top 10 (by regular season’s end) is almost nil. He could make the Chase as a wild card, but that almost certainly would require a pair of victories. Gordon finished sixth in the Lenox 301 at New Hampshire Motor Speedway, but at this point, it makes little difference. Gordon must win and knows it. Indianapolis Motor Speedway is next up on the schedule July 29. Gordon is the only NASCAR driver with four Brickyard victories. He can ill afford to let this one pass without winning a fifth. “We’ve made some gains this year, and the speed has shown many times, just the results haven’t,” Gordon said. “But I think back to last year at Indianapolis and how good we were, and that’s what memory
I’m going to have going in there this year; how can we be that good, and improve on our performance versus our competition in these next several weeks.” Gordon finished second to upset winner Paul Menard at Indianapolis last year. “The urgency to win starts in Daytona in February, so we’re not doing anything different than we have all year long,” Gordon said. “We’re just trying to cross our T’s and dot our I’s and just do everything right. We know how hard it is to win, and we also know how easy it can be when you do things right and have a fast race car. “Is there urgency? Yeah, absolutely. One win is going to be great, but it’s still not going to get us into the Chase, I don’t believe. We know we’ve got to put a string of races together here to get ourselves in that opportunity to win more than one race.” It’s quite a challenge, even for one of NASCAR’s all-time greats, and the regular season is winding down. *** Monte Dutton covers motorsports for The Gaston (N.C.) Gazette. E-mail Monte at firstname.lastname@example.org. (c) 2012 King Features Synd., Inc.
Answers 1. Richie Sexson (2001-03) and Prince Fielder (2007-09). 2. Baltimore’s Scott Erickson had 11 in 1998. 3. Oakland beat the Dolphins Sept. 23, 1973. 4. UConn (2011) and the University of Florida (2006). 5. Paul Coffey. 6. Norway’s skiers won in 1924, ‘28, ‘32 and ‘36. 7. It was 2000.
Answers 1. StarKist tuna 2. 30 years old 3. Bossa nova 4. Hartsfield International 5. “Back in the Saddle Again” 6. Pegasus was a winged horse 7. Central Intelligence Agency 8. New Providence 9. Perimeter 10. Phoenix Foundation