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Week of May 21, 2012

Vol. 2, Issue 14


by Patricia L. Cook This Tidbits examines breakfast around the world. Many studies say breakfast is the most important meal of the day, but when it comes to what people think should be on the breakfast table, there are quite a few differences. • The word breakfast means “to break the fast,” meaning to eat again after hours of sleep and no food. Numerous nutritional studies have shown that people who skip breakfast are more likely to have problems with metabolism, weight and concentration. • The first use of the word “breakfast” was in the 15th century when it was likely that porridge or bread was eaten. The first appearance in print that “breakfast is the most important meal of the day,” was not from a medical professional or scientist; it was in the book “Metamorphosis” by German writer Franz Kafka in 1915. • The typical full breakfast in the United States and Canada is based on the “full English breakfast,” although in many households this type of breakfast is now more likely to be reserved for weekends and holidays. When more people lived on farms and got up early for manual labor, a large breakfast was common. Now, it is not unusual to start the day with simply cereal or toast along with milk, juice and/or coffee. • So, what does a “full English breakfast” include, and when did this custom start? • In the 19th century, when men started to work regular hours in offices, two-course breakfasts became popular. They would start with porridge and then have bacon, eggs, tea and more later. This became known as the “full English breakfast” during the time of World War I when lighter, quicker breakfasts became popular. • A customary “full English breakfast” has bacon and eggs as the star of the plate. They might be accompanied by sausage, fish, toast and marmalade, grilled tomatoes and muffins or other breads. Typically, the British would start with orange juice, cereals, stewed or fresh fruit and tea. • A full breakfast for the English may also have included oddities such as baked beans and black pudding. Black pudding is generally made by mixing pig’s blood with pork fat and oatmeal or barley. It is so popular in northern England that a festival is dedicated to it: the World Black Pudding Throwing Championships! • The Irish also love a full breakfast like the British, in-

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Page 2 For Advertising Call 251-285-4116 THE BOLD AND THE BEAUTIFUL Stephanie informed Brooke that her daughter would not be walking down the aisle anytime soon. Amber’s plan appeared to be working as Caroline shunned Rick at work. Brooke confronted Liam about why he destroyed the annulment papers. Amber swooped in to declare her love to Rick after he was rejected by Caroline. Thomas confessed to Ridge how Caroline was his fashion muse. Hope interrupted Amber’s seduction of Rick. Caroline appeared to be hiding a secret about her family. Bill crashed Karen’s dinner party. Brooke’s disdain for Amber was further solidified after finding out about her latest scheme. Katie returned home with big news for Bill. Wait to See: Steffy gives Liam an ultimatum. Bill makes Deacon an offer he can’t refuse.

It’s funny how appliances come and go out of fashion. Take slow cookers -- in the ‘70s we all used them, then in the ‘80s we denied we owned one! Come the 21st century and slow cookers are back in style. Try this bean recipe and you’ll see why! 3 (16-ounce) cans great northern beans, rinsed and drained 1 cup chopped onion 1 (15-ounce) can tomato sauce 3 tablespoons real bacon bits 1/4 cup sugar-free maple syrup In a slow cooker, combine great northern beans, onion and tomato sauce. Stir in bacon bits and maple syrup. Cover and cook on HIGH for 3 to 4 hours. Mix well before serving. Makes 6 (3/4 cup) servings. ¥ Each serving equals: 218 calories, 2g fat, 14g protein, 36g carb., 1,691mg sodium, 9g fiber; Diabetic Exchanges: 2 Meat, 1 1/2 Starch, 1 1/2 Vegetable.

GENERAL HOSPITAL Sam found comfort from McBain, while Jason turned to Elizabeth for support. Carly and Tea were like oil and water. Heather was jealous of the time that Luke and Anna were spending together. Olivia found the timing of Maggie’s death rather disturbing. Michael assured his father that he had no problem testifying against Starr. Johnny was determined to win back Carly. Spinelli announced the identity of Lisa’s killer in court. Kate prepared to confront Connie with the help of her psychiatrist. Starr was arraigned for attempted murder. Wait to See: Alexis receives a surprise visitor. Edward and Monica receive some unsettling news. THE YOUNG AND THE RESTLESS Nikki told Jack that she would consider his marriage proposal, leading Victor to walk away in disgust. Ashley told Tucker that it was over after he strayed yet again. Paul worried that Ricky was just like Isabella. Chelsea turned down Victor’s multimillion-dollar bribe to leave town. Billy encouraged Jack to believe in himself after he swore he felt something in toe. Harmony tried to drive Neil away by telling him that she slept with Tucker. Chelsea told Victoria that she couldn’t be bought off and that she wanted to be a part of her baby’s life. Victor turned to Sharon for comfort after his heartbreak over Nikki. Wait to See: Ricky seeks out Danny Romalotti. Sofia makes a decision about her marriage. 1. Who had a hit with “There! I’ve Said It Again” and when? 2. Who wrote “Lyin’ Eyes”? Name the band that released the song. 3. Which entertainer was responsible for “You Can’t Rollerskate In a Buffalo Herd”? 4. Name the duo that wrote and released “The Boxer.” 5. What are Car, Scratch, Melt and Security? 6. Which duo released “Maneater”? Answers 1. Bobby Vinton, in 1963. Vinton also topped the charts with “Blue Velvet” and “Mr. Lonely.” 2. Don Henley wrote the song in 1975, and it was released by the Eagles. The band received a Grammy, even though the song only went to No. 2. 3. Roger Miller, of “Dang Me” and “England Swings” fame. Over the years, Miller was awarded a long list of Grammys. 4. Simon and Garfunkel, in 1968. The sounds repeated in the chorus are there because Simon never got around to writing words by the time they cut the song. 5. Those are the common names of Peter Gabriel’s first four albums, designated by what was on the cover. Gabriel preferred to have them numbered instead, as in I, II, III and IV. 6. Daryl Hall and John Oates, in 1982.

Special Baked Beans

DAYS OF OUR LIVES Even though he no longer had any blood ties to the DiMeras, EJ was determined to take over the family empire. Roman asked Rafe to respect that Carrie was a married woman. Lexie was thrilled to learn that Cameron once worked with autistic children. Lucas told Will that he was fine with him being gay. Later, Lucas advised Sami to fix her relationship with their son or she would lose him forever. EJ promised Nicole that he would always be in her life now that she was carrying his child. Celeste warned Cameron that she had a bad premonition about Abigail. Lexie’s friends and family transformed the town square into a replica of Paris. Stefano was arrested for trying to make an illegal arms deal. Wait to See: Stefano has the CIA on his side. Lexie collapses.

cluding black pudding. They are likely to include white pudding and soda bread on the table as well. White pudding is similar to black except it doesn’t contain blood. Both of these “puddings” are formed into sausages. • Large Scottish breakfasts also include dishes similar to those of the English, but they may add potato scones, haggis and oatcakes. Haggis is another odd sausage, made from chopped lamb’s heart, lungs and liver mixed with suet, oats, onions and seasonings and usually boiled. (Hungry yet?) • If you are wondering when boxed cereals became popular for breakfast, this occurred in the late 1880s and was prompted by a backlash against large breakfasts. Many thought these large morning meals were leading to health problems. Cereal pioneers like W.K. Kellogg, Henry Perky and C.W. Post developed products that became extremely popular. Cereals were very important when eggs and bacon were rationed during World War II. • There are many places in the world where the morning meal is not much different from other meals. • In Mexico, it is not unusual to have beans and cheese served with tortillas. Just as for other meals, spicy food is welcomed at breakfast. • In Thailand, you’ll find a spicy fish dish with mint and pork and served with rice offered by street vendors in the morning. Other dishes are available as well, dishes very similar to those served at mid-day and evening meals. • China is a very large country with a diverse population representing many cultures, so there are multiple variations in breakfast foods. Probably the most common breakfast dish nationwide is rice porridge with pickled vegetables. Some people include hard-boiled eggs and steamed bread as well. In the north, many enjoy hot soy milk and fried dough sticks that are like unsweetened doughnuts. On the streets in China you can find a wide variety of steamed breads, noodles and dumplings, some with meat or veggie fillings. Until recently, cow’s milk was not a part of Chinese diets. Now consumption of cow’s mike is encouraged, as is eating Western-style bread, as the Chinese have begun to follow the Western way of making children big and strong. • In Russia, oladi are a popular breakfast food. Similar to pancakes, oladi are fried, soft inside and have a crispy edge. They’re usually eaten with sour cream, jam, honey or fresh berries. • Another country with a popular pancake offering is Sweden. Pannkakor is a thin, flat cake, fried on both sides, similar to a crepe. It is usually served with a fruity filling. • The French are known for the pastries they enjoy for breakfast — or anytime with a cup of strong coffee. The croissant is one of the famous pastries for which the French have been given credit, and they do serve them beautifully, but it was actually adapted from an Austrian pastry in that originated in the mid-1800s. • The Austrian “kipferl” or “kipfel” was brought to Paris by Austrian August Zang when he opened a Viennese bakery in 1838 or 1839. French bakers loved the pastry and started imitating Zang’s “kipferl.” Their pastries became the “croissant,” which is French for crescent. • Many places like the croissant now, including Portugal and Spain. Stuffed croissants and plenty of coffee are very popular at breakfast time. Another quick Spanish specialty is Pan a la Tomate, which is simple but delicious. It consists of bread rubbed with garlic and tomato and then topped with olive oil and salt. • In Iceland, a hot and hearty breakfast is needed to fight off the dark, icy cold mornings. Hafragrautur, or oatmeal, is served with raisins, nuts and brown sugar. • Whether you want a hot bowl of cooked cereal, cold cereal or a full English breakfast with eggs, bacon and more, we hope reading this Tidbits will encourage you to try something new. Enjoy the “most important meal of the day!”

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1. POLITICS: How long did Margaret Thatcher serve as prime minister of Great Britain? 2. LANGUAGE: What does the Greek prefix “ornitho” mean? 3. HISTORY: How did the Native American leader Crazy Horse die? 4. GEOGRAPHY: Where is the highest waterfall in the world? 6. LEGEND: What was the name of King Arthur’s legendary sword? 7. ART: Who painted “Christina’s World”? 8. ENTERTAINERS: How many times were actors Richard Burton and Elizabeth Taylor married? 9. LITERATURE: Which one of Charles Dickens’ novels was unfinished at his death? 10. MATH: What does the symbol “r” stand for in geometry? Answers 1. 12 years 2. Bird 3. Stabbed with a bayonet while trying to escape custody 4. Angel Falls (Venezuela) is 3,212 feet high. 6. Excalibur 7. Andrew Wyeth 8. Twice 9. “The Mystery of Edwin Drood” 10. Radius

HOLLYWOOD -- It was bound to happen. The success of “The Artist” has prompted Paramount Pictures to restore “Wings,” the first best-picture Oscar winner and the only other silent film to win best picture. Paramount will partner with Cinemark to test market it to see if silent films can really come back. Of course, 85 years ago there wasn’t a rating system in place. The film was submitted for a rating and received a PG-13 because of its “war violence.” If the demand is there, they WILL show it! *** In a continuing effort to create a new “Wizard of Oz,” Summertime Entertainment will release the animated “Dorothy of Oz” in 2013, in IMAX and 3D, with a screenplay by L. Frank Baum’s great-grandson, Roger S. Baum. The story takes place the next day and has the voices of “Glee’s” Lea Michele (Dorothy), Dan Aykroyd (The Scarecrow), Kelsey Grammer (The Tin Man), Jim Belushi (The Cowardly Lion) and Bernadette Peters (Glinda the Good Witch). In addition, there are new characters such as China Princess, voiced by “Smash’s” Megan Hilty; Marshal Mallow by Hugh Darcy; Wiser the Owl by Oliver Platt; Tugg by “Star Trek” Captain Picard, Patrick Stewart; and the villain of the piece, The Jester, by Martin Short. With a cast like that, it could be magic time for the kid in all of us. *** More than a year ago, “The Oprah Winfrey Show” had a “Sound of Music” reunion, and we told you the seven actors who played Von Trapp children were putting together a coffeetable photo book. “The Sound of Music Family Scrapbook” is now available in most bookstores and at *** Ever wondered what happened to Taylor Hicks after he won “American Idol” in 2006 and released his self-titled CD later that same year? Well, he starred in a revival of “Grease” on Broadway in 2008 and released a second CD, “The Distance,” in 2009. Then in May 2011, he opened ORE Drink and Dine Restaurant in Birmingham, Ala., and in June, headlined a concert that raised $2.2 million for the recovery of tornado victims in his home state. Hicks was in New Orleans the night before Hurricane Katrina hit in 2005 and was given a free airline-ticket voucher when his flight was canceled. He used the voucher to fly to Las Vegas, where the then-29-year-old auditioned for “Idol.” He now is set for a return engagement for eight weeks at Bally’s Hotel and Casino on the Vegas strip, beginning June 26. He’s the first “Idol” winner to headline Las Vegas. Taylor is hoping he can turn Vegas into a “Hick” town and extend his run!

Q: I can barely stand the wait -- when will “Pretty Little Liars” be back? -- Sissy R., via e-mail A: The third season of the hit ABC Family series “Pretty Little Liars” will be back and raring to go on Tuesday, June 5, at 8 p.m. The series picks up with Aria, Emily, Spencer and Hanna dealing with the fact that Mona is the mysterious “A” who’s been blackmailing them. While the character died in the book series on which the TV series is based, actress Janel Parrish, who plays Mona, has been upgraded to a series regular and will play a bigger role in the upcoming season. However, just because Mona’s been outed as “A,” it doesn’t mean she murdered Allison -- that culprit is still on the loose. *** Q: My family has been waiting anxiously for the season-three episodes of the “Downton Abbey” series to be aired. Our relatives in Europe have already seen the latest continuing episodes of the popular British series. Can you tell us when we can expect season-

three episodes to start here in the U.S.? -- Tom S., Hartford County, Conn. A: Your European relatives might be confusing season two with season three, as season three is still in production. While Europe will get to see the third season before us -it’s scheduled to air on ITV in England in September, and here in America on PBS in January 2013 -- I can guarantee you that, as of now, they haven’t seen any more than you have. *** Q: I’m a big fan of Scott Aukerman, and I especially love his podcast, “Comedy Bang! Bang!” I heard that it is going to become a TV series. Is that true? -- Jonathan V., via e-mail A: You heard right! Writer/comedian Scott Aukerman -who is best known for his work with “Mr. Show with Bob and David” and for co-creating “Between Two Ferns with Zach Galifianakis” -- will indeed be bringing his hilarious podcast to the small screen. IFC has picked up “Comedy Bang! Bang!” which premieres Friday, June 8, at 10 p.m. To gear up for the show -- which will feature such big-name stars as Zach Galifianakis, Amy Poehler, Seth Rogan and Elizabeth Banks -- go to to see Jon Hamm show off his freestyle skills on an improvised jam about the classic TV show “Taxi.”

And check the website often, as new webisodes will air throughout the season. *** Q: In my opinion, the fourth season of “Southland” was the best yet. Please tell me it’s been renewed for another season! -- Matt F., Sacramento, Calif. A: It would seem that the powers that be at TNT agree with your assessment of “Southland,” as they have renewed the hit cop series for a 10-episode fifth season, which is scheduled to begin airing in February 2013. As the date gets closer, I’ll be sure to fill my readers in on all the details.

PHOTO: Scott Aukerman


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¥ On May 31, 1859, the massive clock-tower bell known as Big Ben, located at the top of the 320-foot-high St. Stephen’s Tower, rings out over the Houses of Parliament in Westminster, London, for the first time. Just two months later, however, the heavy striker cracked the bell. ¥ On May 30, 1911, the inaugural Indianapolis 500 is run at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway in Indiana. With the exception of a break in 1917 and 1918 for World War I and from 1942 to 1945 for World War II, the 200-lap, 2 1/2-mile race has been run every year. ¥ On June 1, 1926, Norma Jeane Mortenson -- who will become known as the glamorous actress and sex symbol Marilyn Monroe -- is born in Los Angeles. During World War II, a photographer “discovered” the naturally photogenic Norma Jeane while she was working in a California munitions factory. ¥ On May 29, 1932, the so-called Bonus Expeditionary Force, a group of 1,000 World War I veterans seeking cash payments for their veterans’ bonus certificates, arrive in Washington, D.C. One month later, that number had swelled to nearly 20,000 strong. ¥ On June 3, 1956, Santa Cruz, Calif., authorities announced a total ban on rock and roll music at public gatherings. Just two weeks later, Time magazine reported on similar bans enacted in Asbury Park, N.J., and San Antonio, Texas.

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¥ On June 2, 1967, Capt. Howard Levy, 30, a dermatologist from Brooklyn, is convicted by a general court-martial of willfully disobeying orders. Levy had refused to provide basic instruction in skin disease to Green Beret medics, saying it would be used as a “tool of political persuasion” in Vietnam. He did 26 months hard labor and was dismissed from the service. ¥ On May 28, 1987, Matthias Rust, a 19-year-old amateur pilot from West Germany, takes off from Helsinki, Finland, and travels undetected through more than 400 miles of Soviet airspace. After Rust landed his small Cessna aircraft in Red Square by the Kremlin, an American diplomat in the Soviet Union joked, “Maybe we should build a bunch of Cessnas.”

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Dog’s Hair Isn’t Growing Back DEAR PAW’S CORNER: I recently read your column on pet allergies. I have an English Setter that has had fleas and a skin problem. “Ladybird” has lost a lot of hair, and it doesn’t seem to be growing back. Can you give me some tips on getting her hair to grow back? Is medicine available for this? -- Edward S. Owensville, Mo. DEAR EDWARD: Hair loss can be symptomatic of many conditions, not just in English Setters but many breeds. So if you haven’t taken Ladybird to the veterinarian yet, schedule an appointment. The vet should rule out any underlying illness, including thyroidism, and can give you advice on looking for a skin or food allergy. The frequent scratching that occurs with a flea infestation can result in scratched and broken skin, sometimes leading to an infection. And, many dogs are allergic to the “flea dust” left behind by fleas -- literally, their droppings -- and can continue having a reaction, including hair loss and frequent scratching, after the fleas are gone. A skin infection can be treated with antibiotics. An allergic reaction can be treated, in the short term, with a steroid, which will reduce irritation and swelling. Be sure to dust, vacuum and thoroughly clean your home, including bedding and furniture, to reduce the allergens -- including flea dust that was left behind -- in Ladybird’s environment. Keep in contact with your vet about any improvement or lack of improvement in her condition. Her hair could take several weeks to grow back fully, but you want to make sure the source of the skin problem is dealt with.

Kes Won’t Stop Believing After watching him win the Aaron’s 499 at Talladega on May 6, Roger Penske said of Brad Keselowski, “Obviously, one of the goals in my life is to sit up on that stage (as Sprint Cup champion) in ... Las Vegas, and I think he’s the guy who can make it happen. “This year, hopefully.” Penske, one of American motorsports’ preeminent figures, has seen drivers in his employ win 15 Indianapolis 500s and championships in a variety of forms of racing. He’s never won a Sprint Cup championship, though. Until May 6, he had never won at Talladega Superspeedway. Keselowski, winning for the second time this year and sixth in his career, could do for Penske what Rusty Wallace, Bobby Allison, Kurt Busch, Ryan Newman and others could not. Keselowski finished fifth in the Chase last year. “At Talladega, you don’t take a thing for granted,” Keselowski, 28, said. “Not a thing, because you don’t know what’s going to happen. I didn’t take for granted that we had this race won, no.” In the third turn of the final lap, Keselowski, who had surged to the lead on the next-to-last lap, managed to get his Dodge separated from Kyle Busch’s Toyota. His winning margin, 0.304 of a second, was comfortable by Talladega standards. Keselowski was careful not to read too much into the victory. “You know, Daytona and Talladega are only four races on our cir-

cuit,” he said. “How many races are we going to do? Thirty-eight, with the (Budweiser Shootout) and the (Sprint All-Star Race). ... There are a lot of races. You’ve got to be good at all of them to be champion.” Keselowski won the Nationwide Series title in 2010. “You just don’t know,” he added. “You’ve just got to keep pushing, moving forward. The second you think you have become a champion, everybody else evolves in this sport and gets ahead of you. “It’s a never-ending journey.”

Though Brad Keselowski won at Talladega, the driver says he’s got a lot of races to go, and he’s “got to be good at all of them to be champion.” (John Clark/NASCAR This Week photo)

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Page 6 For Advertising Call 251-285-4116 ¥ Want to pump up a dying charcoal



Big and Small ABC’s


lighter fluid. Even if the coals look really gray, they could be hot on the inside. The stream of fluid CAN catch fire. It’s too dangerous. Put new briquettes in with the old, and start those using a long stick match. ¥ “When grilling with charcoal, keep a clean spray bottle filled with plain water handy, and use it to keep flare-ups from blackening your food. When the coals have died and you’re ready to clean up the ashes, mist the ashes first. It will keep them from making a dust cloud.” -- U.L. in Georgia ¥ From charcoal grilling expert Kingsford, here’s a great tip to use when grilling chicken: “When applying a dry rub to chicken pieces, it’s often hard to keep the rub affixed, and it’s even more difficult to keep the chicken’s original, golden color. Try ‘painting’ chicken pieces with yellow mustard prior to applying the rub. Not only will the rub stay in place, your

From a super-size “S” to a teeny tiny “T,” these one-of-a-kind, hands-on ABC’s make learning the alphabet creative and fun for the whole family. GIANT ABC’s Draw and cut out large block alphabet letters on 12-inch-by-12-inch pieces of poster board, one for each letter. If you wish, you may start with just a few letters, such as the letters of your child’s name. Take the first letter you have cut out and tell your child that you are going to look for things that begin with the sound of that letter. Decorate the top of each letter by clipping pictures from magazines or collecting small items and gluing them to the corresponding letter. For example, glue leaves you collect on a fall walk to an “L,” buttons to a “B” and a real zipper on a “Z.” Apply a coat of lipstick to your child’s lips and let her smother the letter “K” with kisses. For the letter “J,” cut the letter into several pieces. Reattach the pieces with brass paper fasteners to make flexible joints. We covered our “J” with junk from the kitchen junk drawer! Save your collection of these creative letters and practice the sounds again and again. MINI ABC REFRIGERATOR MAGNETS Cut poster board in 2-1/2-inch-by-2-1/2-inch squares. Write an alphabet letter freehand on each square with a marker. Or, go to your word-processing program on your computer, find your favorite font and print out letters the size of the squares. Look for creative fonts on programs specifically designed for scrapbooking or making stationery and greeting cards. Cut out and glue the printed letters to the squares. Decorate the handwritten or printed letters with craft supplies, small beads, buttons, ribbon, glitter, paints in squeeze bottles, or simply color them with crayons and markers. Attach a piece of self-sticking magnetic strip (available at hardware and craft stores) on the back of each letter. Make duplicates of common letters so that you’ll have plenty on hand for displaying a word or even a complete sentence on your refrigerator door. Store extras in a small box.

final product will be visually appealing -- without any trace of mustard flavor.” ¥ When wrapping vegetables in foil packets to grill, make the seams on the sides. This way, the veggie packets can be turned over for even cooking and to avoid burning on one side. You can even label the outside of the foil in permanent marker. It won’t affect the taste of the food. ¥ To cover a picnic table in windy conditions, choose a fitted bed sheet. A kid-friendly alternative is to cover a table entirely with white butcher paper, taped at the seams and secured underneath with strong tape, such as duct tape. The kids can busy themselves drawing placemats and decorations for everyone in crayon while the adults do the grilling.

¥ It was our 16th president, A b r a h a m Lincoln, who made the following sage observation: “No matter how much cats fight, there always seem to be plenty of kittens.”

Superman.” The role was a risky one, though -not in front of the camera, but during his numerous public appearances. It seems that fans wanted to test the strength of the Man of Steel, so they often kicked and punched him. At a 1953 appearance in Detroit, one boy pulled out his father’s loaded .45 Army Colt and aimed it at Reeves’ chest. By telling the boy that the bullets would bounce ¥ If you are a stay-at-home mom, you probably off his own chest and ricochet into the crowd, won’t be surprised by a recent study that found harming others, Reeves managed to get the boy to lower levels of stress in mothers who work put the gun down. outside the home than in those who stay with their kids all day. ¥ Though unenforced (and likely unenforceable), there is a law on the books in Tennessee that bars ¥ George Reeves is best known for playing the atheists, preachers and duelists from holding title role in the 1950s TV show “Adventures of elected office.

¥ Are you lissotrichous? If you don’t have curls in your hair, you are. Of course, you may not be able to tell if you are atrichous (bald), a condition that may be caused by trichotillomania, the compulsion to pull out your own hair. ¥ If you’ve been married for 40 years or more, you can be pretty confident that the union will last. Only 1 in every 1,000 marriages of such duration end in divorce. *** Thought for the Day: “I have only one superstition. I make sure I touch all the bases when I hit a home run.” -- Babe Ruth

For Advertising Call 251-680-7052 Lack of Fiber Blamed for Diverticulosis DEAR DR. DONOHUE: I am a 55-year-old man who finally bit the bullet and had a colonoscopy. My doctor had badgered me to have one for the past five years. I don’t have cancer. I don’t have polyps. I do have diverticulosis. I didn’t know I had it before the scope exam. I’ve never had even a twinge of pain. What is this, and what do I need to do about it? -- H.L.

LAVA ROCK Lava rock is rock formed from the cooling and solidification of lava issued from volcanoes. In North America, most lava rock is located in the continent’s western half. • Molten rock beneath the earth’s surface is referred to

ANSWER: A diverticulum is a small, balloonlike protrusion of the colon lining through the muscle wall of the colon and onto its outer surface. By “small,” I mean that diverticula range from 0.2 inches to 0.4 inches (0.5 cm to 1 cm) in largest diameter, around the size of a pea. Their cause appears to be a lack of fiber in the diet. In places where the diet has lots of fiber, diverticulosis is rare. In North America, it’s rampant. Fiber keeps undigested food from drying out. Dried food residue requires powerful contractions of the colon muscle to push it along. Those contractions also push the colon lining through the colon wall, creating a diverticulum. Diverticulosis is frequently a silent affair, not causing any troubles. Diverticulitis, on the other hand, is an inflammation and infection of diverticula. That is quite painful. It produces abdominal pain on the left, lower side of the abdomen, often with nausea and vomiting. The diverticula also can burst and release bacteria into the abdominal cavity,

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a serious situation. Severe diverticulitis must be treated in the hospital with IV fluids and IV antibiotics. To prevent diverticulosis from becoming diverticulitis, increase your fiber intake. Fiber is the indigestible coverings of many fruits, vegetables and grains. White flour is refined wheat -- wheat without its outer coat, the bran. Bran and other sources of fiber draw water into undigested food and make it easily pushed along the entire length of the colon. We’re supposed to get 25 to 35 grams of fiber a day. Beans, whole-grain cereals, whole-grain breads, dates, prunes, unskinned apples and pears are examples of fiber-rich foods. If you cannot get enough fiber from foods, then commercial products such as Fiberall, Metamucil, Citrucel and FiberCon can provide it for you. The booklet on diverticulosis provides more details on this common condition and its complication -- diverticulitis. To order a copy, write: Dr. Donohue -- No. 502W, Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. Enclose a check or money order (no cash) for $4.75 U.S./$6 Canada. with the recipient’s printed name and address. Please allow four weeks for delivery. *** DEAR DR. DONOHUE: My doctor’s nurse studied my ears with great interest the last time I was there. I asked what she was looking at. She said I had a crease in my earlobes, and it’s a sign of heart disease. I looked in a mirror. I do have a crease. Does it mean I have heart disease? -- J.K. ANSWER: Right in the area where an earring is worn, some people have a transverse crease. At one time a fuss was made about it being a sign of heart disease. If it is, it’s not a reliable sign. I have those creases too.

by geologists as magma. Once this molten material is expelled through a volcano onto the earth’s surface, geologists then refer to it as lava. • Lava cools rapidly in air or water, sometimes in a matter of minutes or hours. Because cooling is rapid, lava rock appears very uniform and (as geologists describe) finegrained. By contrast, granite is a coarse-grain rock, and when examined closely, it has a spotted appearance due to the many minerals in the rock. Lava rock generally is uniform in color with no spotty appearance. • Lava rock that cools very rapidly looks like dark glass; rocks of this type are called obsidian. Some ancient cultures used obsidian to make rock-cutting tools. • Lava rock that cools less rapidly forms basalt and rhyolite. Outcrops of basalt are very prevalent in the Pacific Northwest states of Washington, Oregon and Idaho. • An interesting place to see an array of lava rocks is Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve near Arco, Idaho. There you will see and can explore former lava tubes, volcanic cinder cones and rocks of varied, interesting shapes. In fact, this area was visited by NASA astronauts in 1969 while training for their visit to the moon. • Craters of the Moon has within its boundaries another geological feature associated closely with volcanoes called the Great Rift. The Great Rift is the earth’s conduit through which lava moved to form the rock formations at Craters of the Moon. Lava coming through the Great Rift is also responsible for the Wapi Lava Field in southern Idaho. • Lava rock is a material with multiple practical uses. Landscapers use it extensively for mulch in flower beds and gardens because of its attractive red or black color, its fire resistance and its ability to hold heat and moisture. Lava rock is also used in grills and fireplaces to distribute heat more evenly across and between multiple heat sources (for example, multiple burners in a grill). • Lava fields are expanses of lava rock resulting from solidification of lava from one or more volcanic eruptions. Lava fields show up on aerial photographs as black splotches against typical earth hues of brown, grey and green. In the United States, lava fields are prevalent in the Pacific Northwest. • If you are interested in seeing lava before it cools to lava rock, two places to visit are Stromboli volcano in Stromboli, Italy, and Kilauea volcano in Hawaii. Stromboli is one of the Aeolian Islands located in the Tyrrhenian Sea, west of the Italian peninsula. Because the volcano has been active for much of the last 2,000 years and its eruptions are visible from long distances at night, it is known as the “Lighthouse of the Mediterranean.” • The Kilauea volcano is located on the island of Hawaii, the largest of all the Hawaii islands. Eruptions have been nearly continuous since 1983. Lava erupting from the cinder-and-spatter cone, named Pu`u `Ō `ō, flows through a tube system about 6.8 miles (11 km) to the sea.

Home Health Care Choices Made Easier It’s not easy making medical decisions when we have no previous experience, but Medicare has just made it easier to make decisions about home health care. The “Home Health Care CAHPS Survey” results have been posted online as part of the Quality Care Finder. The QCF already lets us compare hospitals, nursing homes, dialysis facilities, physicians and Medicare plans -- and now we do the same with home health care. For example, hospitals are compared for rates of readmission and deaths, and whether the hospitals use recommended treatments for serious conditions such as pneumonia and heart attack. Nursing homes can get up to a five-star rating, depending on the quality of the care. The information looks at pain control, whether patients are given flu shots, special services, and health and safety inspections. Dialysis treatment centers are compared in areas such as whether anemia was controlled, whether home dialysis is offered and what services are provided. The physicians portion of the database lets us get to know a doctor before we make an appointment. Does he or she have a medical specialty or clinical training? One benefit is learning whether a doctor accepts Medicare payments as the full amount. The Medicare plan finders allows us to search for the plan that covers the drugs we need, and compares plans based on quality ratings and costs. Home health care, the newest addition to the database, looks at services provided, such as skilled nursing, physical care and speech therapy. The agencies are compared in how they manage pain and treat wounds. Patient experiences are part of the information.

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Tilda Swinton in “We Need to Talk About Kevin”

Tidbits of Mobile  

Vol2 Issue 14

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