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by Blue Sullivan Through their discoveries, research and inventions, scientists from across the globe have made countless improvements to education, medicine, physics, chemistry and many other

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German-born Albert Einstein was born with an unyielding curiosity and thirst for

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To Your Good Health By Paul G Donohue M.D.

Suspicious Pap Smear Isn’t Death Sentence DEAR DR. DONOHUE: Will you please say a few words about the prognosis and treatment of cervical cancer? My daughter, 45, was told at a recent checkup that she has a few cells of this kind, and she is reacting as if she has received a death sentence. Since it was caught early, should her outlook be more cheerful? -- J.B. ANSWER: All women are indebted to Dr. George Papanicolaou, who developed the Pap smear for the early detection of cervical cancer. The cervix, by the way, is the necklike projection of the uterus into the vagina. It was the site for the most common cause of cancer death in women before the Pap smear came into wide use. That was in the early 1940s. Since then, deaths from cervical cancer have been cut in half, with about 4,200 deaths occurring annually and 12,200 new cases detected each year. Most of the deaths are in women who did not have Pap smear testing. I’m not clear what you mean by “a few cells of this kind.” If the cells obtained on a smear show lowgrade changes, a woman’s chances of having cervical cancer are close to zero. Follow-up smears are the only treatment needed. If the cells show high-grade changes, the doctor will perform a colposcopy. Colposcopy is an examination of the cervix with an instrument that has a magnifying lens so suspicious areas can be readily seen and biopsied. Results determine what the next steps should be. However, at these stages -- long before the cancer has spread -- it is still quite curable. Your daughter can trust her doctor to take the appropriate steps depending on the results of her Pap test. She does not face a death sentence. If she has any questions about her diagnosis, she should call her doctor for an explanation of her test results. The booklet on cervical cancer and Pap smears deals with these issues in detail. Readers can obtain a copy by writing: Dr. Donohue -- No. 1102W, Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. Enclose a check or money order (no cash) for $4.75 U.S./$6 Canada with the recipient’s printed name and address. Please allow four weeks for delivery. DEAR DR. DONOHUE: My husband and I are both 28. We have one child, a son. My husband felt a lump in his testicle and saw our family doctor. It turned out to be cancer. He was operated on. The doctor discussed many things with us, but we never discussed the prognosis. We need to know: What’s the usual life span of someone who has had testicular cancer? -- L.R. ANSWER: If your husband had a seminona, one of the common varieties of testicular cancer, and if it was in its early stages, your husband’s chances of living a long, full life are very high, over 95 percent. Your husband’s story is something that all young men should take to heart. Testicular cancer is a cancer of young men, most often males between the ages of 15 and 35. The earliest sign is a small, painless lump in the testicle.

Help for Spouses Spouses and family members of veterans who need services and benefits from the Department of Veterans Affairs are often the ones who have to deal with the paperwork. Having a source for information and assistance can be immensely helpful. A fairly new website is shaping up to be a onestop source of information for the spouses of veterans. “The Veterans Spouse, Resources for the Family” at was started by two women, one the wife and daughter of career military veterans, and the other the wife of a soon-to-be veteran. While the site is just now up and running, it’s loaded with information that can help you. Here’s a partial list of contents: --How to file an appeal, along with a sample letter. --A template for general letters, along with a link to correct addresses to send them to. --A simplified guide to burial benefits. --Information on caregiver benefits and lots of links. --Eligibility for the death pension. --Clothing allowance for veterans with a prosthetic or special cream medication, with link to application. --Substitution of Claimant: If a veteran dies during the benefits process, another person, a family member, may apply to continue the claim. --Fiduciary appointment, when the VA decides it will appoint someone else to handle a veteran’s finances. --An Overview of Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Department of Veterans Affairs (CHAMPVA). --Child-support information (No, it’s not protected. Veterans must pay court-ordered support.) --How to handle apportionment (garnishment of benefits). Check out and bookmark it in your browser so you’ll know it’s there when you need it.

A WORLD OF SCIENCE (CONTINUED) • French chemist and biologist Louis Pasteur is best known for creating the method of pasteurization to keep milk and wine from spoiling in addition to creating vaccines for a number of diseases including rabies. Oddly enough, when Pasteur was in school, his teachers considered him to only be mediocre at chemistry. • All coffee fanatics have Melitta Bentz to thank. Bentz was a typical German housewife that went on to invent the coffee filter, 300 years after coffee had been discovered. She revolutionized the idea of using paper to filter out the unwanted residues. • Before he made his contributions to our knowledge about space (as well as creating his many inventions), Italian born Galileo Galilei wanted to be a musician. His father insisted that he go to medical school, yet Galilei never received his degree from the University of Pisa. He did, however, go on to publish “The Starry Messenger,” presenting among many other findings that Earth was not the center of the universe. • Although he might have found proof for the Earth not being the center of the universe, Galilei was not the first to introduce this concept. Mathematician and astronomer Nicholas Copernicus first claimed that the sun was the stationary object that Earth revolved around. His idea was disregarded by most, but he is credited as the initiator of the Scientific Revolution. • German chemist Robert Bunsen is famous for the Bunsen burner, although he never actually invented the iconic scientific tool; he merely improved it.

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For Advertising Call 205-552-5502 A WORLD OF SCIENCE (CONTINUED) • Although most scientists get their start in universities, it is only appropriate that Laszlo Jozsef Biro, inventor of the ball point pen, began as a journalist and editor. His brilliant idea stemmed from his annoyance at writing with a fountain pen. • Changing forever the music industry, German immigrant Emile Berliner revolutionized sound recording by being the first person to start recording on flat disks or records. He went on to invent the gramophone and records. Did you know that the first records were made of glass long before they switched to plastic? • Marie Curie, one of the most famous female scientists, is celebrated for her discovery of the mysterious element radium. She completely altered the way scientists thought about matter and energy and paved the way for the treatment of many diseases. • Glorified for his work with atomic theory, England native John Dalton achieved his findings due to his high interest in meteorology. He kept weather records until his death and published a book titled “Meteorological Observations.” He later went on to explain his conclusions about atoms in “New System of Chemical Philosophy.” • Scottish scientist James Watt was considered a “delicate” child and spent a great deal of his childhood homeschooled by his mother and was considered slow in many academic areas — except for math. Watt eventually invented the steam engine, and after Parliament granted him a patent that prevented anyone else from making a similar machine, Watt went on to control a steam engine dynasty • Known as the Father of Geometry, an cient Greek Mathematician Euclid published

his ideas in “The Elements,” and his teachings influenced Western mathematics for more than 2,000 years. Since it is estimated that he lived from 325 BC-265 BC, little is known about his life. • Born into a prominent family of wealth, Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro followed in his family’s footsteps to practice law but couldn’t shake his interest in the natural sciences. He studied physics and math in private for years before he published his hypothesis about molecules that was eventually labeled Avogadro’s Law. • Immensely famous for his printing press, Johannes Gutenberg began as a goldsmith and businessman before making his contributions as a scientist and inventor. Gutenberg forever altered the method and speed by which books were distributed to the public. • German physicist Wilhelm Rontgen is known for discovering X-rays and received great recognition for his findings, including streets named in his honor, countless awards and the Nobel Prize in Physics. • German physician and bacteriologist Robert Koch made a discovery that changed medicine forever: All diseases were not caused by bad air but instead by bacteria. He was able to find the causes of such deadly diseases of tuberculosis, cholera and the cycle of anthrax. Koch won the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1905. • Although he was expected to enter the medical field, Frederick Sanger’s interest in nature and science was too strong. Because of his work with proteins and DNA, Sanger won two Nobel Prizes in Chemistry, one in 1958 and one in 1980. He was the first person to find a protein sequence.

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Chocolate-Almond Strawberries If you love strawberries as much as I do, then you’ve been watching the patch as steadfastly as I have (and it really doesn’t matter if your “patch” is in your backyard or at your grocery store). Strawberries With Chocolate-Almond Cream Sauce is the current “most favorite” strawberry recipe for you to try. 4 cups sliced fresh strawberries 1 (4-serving) package sugar-free instant chocolate fudge pudding mix 2/3 cup nonfat dry milk powder 1 1/2 cups water 1/2 cup reduced-calorie whipped topping 1/2 teaspoon almond extract 1 tablespoon mini-chocolate chips 1 tablespoon slivered almonds 1. Spoon 1 cup sliced strawberries into 4 dessert dishes. In a large bowl, combine dry pudding mix, dry milk powder and water. Mix well, using a wire whisk. Blend in whipped topping and almond extract. Evenly spoon about 1/2 cup pudding mixture over strawberries in each dish. 2. In a small bowl, combine chocolate chips and almonds. Evenly sprinkle 1 1/2 teaspoons chips mixture over top of each. Refrigerate for at least 15 minutes. Serves 4. ¥ Each serving equals: About 158 calories, 2g fat, 6g protein, 29g carb., 398mg sodium, 2g fiber; Diabetic Exchanges: 1 Fruit, 1/2 Fat-Free Milk, 1/2 Starch.

1. Is the book of Dan in the Old or New Testament or neither? 2. Prudence, courage, temperance, justice, faith, hope and charity are the seven “what”? Deadly sins, Archangels, Virtues, Horsemen 3. From Genesis 31, who told Laban that he had gone 20 years without a decent sleep? Adam, Jacob, Moses, Noah 4. Which book of the New Testament (KJV) is divided into three parts (books)? Corinthians, Timothy, Peter, John 5. From Numbers 22, what prophet had a talking donkey to ride on? Nimrod, Rehoboam, Balaam, Zimri 6. What did Abraham name his son whom Hagar bore? Herod, Joshua, Asa, Ishmael

Product Recalls Will Make Your Head Spin Only a fraction of defective auto, food and product recalls make it into the newspaper or the nightly news. Hundreds more occur quietly with consumers left unaware -- unless someone is made ill or is injured. Here are some examples: --A prescription compounding pharmacy was notified by the Food and Drug Administration that sterile preparations it produced were contaminated with microorganisms and fungal growth. The preparations were for human and veterinary use. --Nine brands of dog food have been recalled for Salmonella, with 17 cases (as of this writing) of their owners

being made ill as well. --An auto manufacturer has recalled certain models due to power-steering hose deterioration, which causes steering fluid to leak onto the catalytic converter. Due to high temperatures, smoke and fire can result. --Mushroom slices have been recalled because the mushrooms may be contaminated with the chemicals carbendazim, fluoranthene and pyrene. Carbendazim is a fungicide (which also was found in orange juice imported from Brazil earlier this year); fluoranthene and pyrene are carcinogenic toxins. --Organic baby spinach with the potential to be contaminated with Salmonella has been recalled. --An automaker has recalled one of its models because the diagnostic module can reset itself, which can lead to either accidental airbag deployment or the airbag not deploying at all during a crash. --Bagged salads have been recalled due to potential contamination by Listeria. The list of things that can harm us is long. Salmonella in

papaya, dog food and sprouts. Spinning toothbrushes that overheat and melt, causing shock and burns. Undeclared milk in chocolate bars. Undeclared allergens in chicken, lasagna, turkey burgers and sausage. The best way to learn about recalls as they happen is to sign up for email alerts at all of the government’s sites: -- Food safety and inspection. -- Recalls of consumer products, boats, food, medicine, cosmetics and environmental products. -- Vehicle recalls, as well as the service bulletins, at the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s website. Sign up for email alerts, and start by doing a search on the make and model of your vehicle. -- Keep an eye on Food Safety News for up-to-date information foodborne illness outbreaks and recalls. Use a disposable email address and sign up for recall alerts.

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¥ On June 29, 1613, the Globe Theater, where most of Shakespeare’s plays debuted, burns down. The Globe was built in 1599 from the timbers of London’s very first permanent theater, Burbage’s Theater. The galleries could seat about 1,000 people, with room for another 2,000 “groundlings,” who could stand around the stage. ¥ On June 28, 1888, writer Robert Louis Stevenson and his family leave San Francisco for their first visit to the South Seas. Stevenson, an adventurous traveler plagued by tuberculosis, was seeking a healthier climate. His novel “Treasure Island” was published in 1883. ¥ On June 27, 1922, the American Library Association awards the first Newbery Medal, honoring the year’s best children’s book, to “The Story of Mankind” by Hendrik Willem van Loon. The Newbery Medal seeks to encourage originality and excellence in the field of children’s books. ¥ On June 26, 1948, in response to the Soviet blockade of land routes into West Berlin, the United States begins a massive airlift of food, water and medicine to the citizens of the besieged city. For nearly a year, supplies from American planes sustained the more than 2 million people in West Berlin. ¥ On June 25, 1956, the last Packard rolls off the production line at Packard’s plant in Detroit. The classic American luxury car used the famously enigmatic slogan “Ask the Man Who Owns One.” ¥ On June 30, 1962, Sandy Koufax strikes out 13 batters and walks five to lead the Brooklyn Dodgers over the New York Mets 5-0 with his first career no-hitter. Koufax went on to throw three more no-hitters, including a perfect game on Sept. 9, 1965, in which he allowed no hits and no walks. ¥ On July 1, 1979, the Sony Walkman -- the world’s first low-cost, portable music player -- goes on sale in Japan. The initial production run of 30,000 units looked to be too ambitious, as only 3,000 were sold at $150 apiece in the first month. Some 200 million sales later, Sony retired the cassette Walkman in 2010.

1. GENERAL KNOWLEDGE: Where is the historic military base Fort Bragg located? 2. LITERATURE: Who wrote the novel ÒThe House of MirthÓ? 3. HISTORY: Who was the last pharaoh of Egypt? 4. AD SLOGANS: What companyÕs wellknown advertising slogan is ÒMÕm! MÕm! Good!Ó? 5. FAMOUS QUOTATIONS: Who once said, ÒEverywhere is within walking distance if you have the timeÓ? 6. INVENTIONS: What machine did Johannes Gutenberg invent? 7. MATH: A fraction is an example of what kind of number? 8. MUSICALS: The song ÒNew York, New YorkÓ comes from what musical? 9. SCIENCE: What does a herpetologist study? 10. MOVIES: In what 1960 movie did the character Norman Bates make his appearance?

Q: I really like this season of “Single Ladies” on VH1. Can you tell me more about Ricky Whittle? He plays Charles on the show. -- Candice W., Columbus, Ohio A: The hunky U.K. native got his start in sports, which segued into modeling, and now he’s poised to take Hollywood and the acting world by storm. I asked Ricky recently about how he got his start in acting and he told me simply: to meet girls. “At the time, I’d loved to have said I did it because I wanted to be recognized as a great actor, but I was shallow. I was young. I’ll be honest -- at that time I was at university, and I was in the library six days a week reading books. I thought, ‘Do I want to stay in the library, or do I want to be on TV and get lots of girls?’” Aside from his gig on “Single Ladies,” you can catch

him soon on the big screen in “Austenland,” which is about an American woman (played by Keri Russell) who goes to England for a fantasy vacation where you interact with people from Jane Austen books. Ricky told me: “I play Capt. George East. Basically, Jane Seymour is running a brothel, and we’re paid to romance the women who come to the resort. My character is Caribbean. He doesn’t really fit into the ‘Pride and Prejudice’ time. But you’ve got your Mr. Darcys there, and your other Austen characters. He’s a former soap actor, and he thinks he’s the best thing since sliced bread. It was very fun to play.” Q: I know this is the final season of “The Closer,” but it hasn’t been on in months, and I am afraid I missed the finale! -- Delia D., via e-mail A: “The Closer” returns to TNT after a six-month hiatus to air its final six episodes. So tune in Monday, July 9, at 9 p.m. ET/PT as Kyra Sedgwick and company bring seven years of this groundbreaking and record-breaking show to an end. Q: Can you tell me what one of my favorite actresses, Thandie Newton, has coming up? -- Pete W., Omaha, Neb. A: Thandie is set to star in the DIRECTV original sus-

pense-drama called “Rogue,” which begins production in August and will air summer 2013 for a 10-episode run. Thandie plays a morally and emotionally conflicted cop named Grace, who is tormented by the possibility that her own actions contributed to her son’s death. Grace’s search for the truth is further complicated by her forbidden relationship with the crime boss who may have had a hand in the death. *** Q: Is Josh Lucas from “The Firm” married? Does he have children? -- Ann N., Fairport, N.Y. A: The handsome 40-year-old -- whose show “The Firm” was recently canceled by NBC -- married his girlfriend, Jessica, in early March. The two also are expecting their first child together.

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Age Has Its Rewards Now that summer is here and we’re all out and about more often, we need to find ways to cut our expenses. There are discounts available in more places than you’d suspect. Asking for discounts locally can be a bit difficult if you’ve never done it. No one wants to stand in a checkout line talking with a cashier about your age while others are waiting, but I’ve discovered the easiest way to get started: Make a list of all the places you generally go: grocery stores, retail shops, theaters, restaurants, hair salons, bookstores and anywhere else. Call them all up and ask whether they offer a senior discount. Ask what the specific discount age is, because some places use 55, or 60, or 62 or even 65. Ask if there are any restrictions. For example, grocery stores often limit the senior discounts to one day a week. Movie theaters might give the discount only during matinees on certain days of the week. Once you have your list of places that offer a senior discount and know what to expect, you’ll be more willing to ask for it. If you’re about to travel, ask about discounts for various modes of transport, as well as for rental cars and motels. If you’re a member of AARP, the opportunities widen. Go online to discounts. and click through the offerings. You’ll find shopping, dining, entertainment, home, technology, travel and more. Be sure to click on Local and put in your ZIP code for offers near you. Fifty percent discounts aren’t out of the ordinary. Once you start using the discounts you’ve earned, be sure to ask everywhere. You’ve earned them!

FAMOUS LANDMARKS OF THE WORLD: A GOLDEN GATE Spanning across the Golden Gate Strait in the San Francisco Bay area, the Golden Gate Bridge is still one of the most beautiful bridges in the world. • After four years of construction that began in 1933, The Golden Gate Bridge was opened to the public on May 28, 1937. With its total cost of 35 million dollars, the bridge was completed under budget and ahead of schedule. • The 1.7-mile-long bridge links San Francisco with Marin County. • The chief engineer was Joseph Strauss, who faced immense opposition in the project’s beginning stages. • Construction was deemed nearly impossible because of the harsh working conditions surrounding the Golden Gate Strait, including swift currents, strong winds that reached up to 60 mph and deep water. Construction also began during the Great Depression. • It is estimated that around nine million people from around the world visit the Golden Gate Bridge each year. • Upon its completion, The Golden Gate Bridge had the longest suspension span in the world, 4,200 feet. This record held until the Verrazano Narrows Bridge was constructed in New York City in 1964. Today, the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge in Japan has the longest span. • The two towers each rise 746 feet in the air above the water and 500 feet above the roadway. There are 600,000 rivets in each tower. • The bridge has five lanes and charges a $6 cash toll on the south entrance. The toll was 50 cents one-way and $1 round trip on opening day.

• On opening day, The San Francisco Chronicle referred to the bridge as a 35 million dollar steel harp. • The Golden Gate Bridge is painted a distinctive orange color, called “International Orange,” not only because it increases visibility for passing ships, but also to serve as an appealing contrast to the cool colors of the ocean and sky. Sherwin Williams currently provides the orange paint. • Painting The Golden Gate Bridge is an on-going task; it protects the bridge from the high salt content in the air that causes rust and corrosion. • Today, the bridge weighs a total of 887,000 tons, less than its original weight of 894,500 tons as a result of new decking material. • Twelve workers lost their lives during the bridge’s construction, way under the estimated 35. This was due in large part to the safety regulations instituted by Joseph Strauss, including hard hats, daily sobriety tests and a large safety net. This net saved the lives of 19 men. • Before the bridge’s construction, the only way to get across the San Francisco Bay was by ferry. The bay became flooded with ferries by the 20th century. • The Golden Gate Bridge can be crossed by automobile, bike or foot. There are many tours available. • Illuminated with 128 lights, the bridge is a spectacular sight at night. Some of the most famous viewing destinations are South Vista Point (the most popular), North Vista Point, Land’s End, Baker Beach and Conzelman Road. • On May 26-27, The Golden Gate Bridge will celebrate its 75th anniversary with The Golden Gate Festival, which will include music, dance, entertainment, arts and exhibits.

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Do Pets Really Need Vaccinations? By Samantha Mazzotta

DEAR PAW’S CORNER: A friend of mine told me that annual vaccinations for my cat and two dogs were unnecessary and a total scam. He said I only have to vaccinate them every three years and that veterinarians are just part of a big racket. What do you think? -- Janine H., Knoxville, Tenn. DEAR JANINE: I think you should talk to your pets’ veterinarian before making a decision that could negatively affect their health, and maybe yours. Vaccinations don’t just protect pets against rabies. They also receive vaccinations, particularly as puppies and kittens, for distemper, feline leukemia, parvovirus and a number of other serious and potentially fatal diseases. There are diseases that can also pass between pets and humans, and vaccinations can prevent them.

“Pets can easily contract Giardia and Leptospirosis from standing water or damp grass,” said Dr. Meg Connelly of the Willard Veterinary Clinic in Quincy, Mass. “Many dogs love swimming in water, sniffing around in the mud or rolling in the wet grass. Unfortunately, without immunization protection, these pets are at risk for contracting a serious or even fatal illness that can easily be spread to humans.” Keeping shots up to date is one of the best ways to prevent both your pets and you from becoming ill. And even though they seem pricey up front, they are nothing compared to the cost of medical care if a pet should become ill from a disease it could have been vaccinated against. Again, talk to your pets’ vet about which shots they need regularly and when they need to get them. If cost is a factor, many cities and towns sponsor low- or no-cost vaccination clinics that will get pets up to date with their shots for a reasonable price.

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For Advertising Call (205) 552-5502 UNITED STATES OF SCIENCE The United States has been home to a great deal of renowned scientists over the years, each offering their own unique expertise and contributions to society. Below are some of the most famous American scientists and their accomplishments. • Perhaps one of the most famous American scientists and inventors, Benjamin Franklin is credited with discovering electricity, and his inventions include the bifocal lens, lightning rod, carriage odometer and more. • A brilliant scientist and businessman, Thomas Edison is best known for inventing the electric light bulb. Other inventions include the motion picture camera and phonograph. • Research chemist Percy Lavon Julian was a pioneer in the medical field for his work with medicinal drugs synthesized from plants and for producing hormones such as testosterone and progesterone from plant sterols. • Most famous for concocting the recipe for peanut butter, George Washington Carver had a fruitful career in improving and/or inventing products such as axle grease, instant coffee, adhesives, buttermilk, bleach, metal polish, plastic and more. • Portland, Oregon, native Linus Pauling was an expert in molecular structure and chemical bonds. He has authored more than 350 publications in his field and was named the Humanist of the Year in 1961. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1963. • Famous for his contributions to the space program, Carl Sagan served as an advisor for NASA and solved many space exploration mysteries surrounding planets including Venus and Mars in addition to briefing astronauts before they journeyed to the moon.

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Sagan received numerous NASA awards including the Exceptional Scientific Achievement Award, Apollo Achievement Award and Distinguished Public Service Award. He also authored numerous best sellers and was awarded the Pulitzer Prize. • American rocketry pioneer Robert Goddard, considered the father of modern rocket propulsion, built the first rocket to use liquid fuel. It wasn’t until 14 years after he died in 1945 that he was awarded a gold medal by Congress. It is said that his first thoughts of rockets came to him while pruning cherry trees as a boy. • Nobel Prize winner Barbara McClintock is one of the most famous American female scientists in the world. She is most recognized for her work and discoveries with chromosomes and genes. She was the first woman to win an unshared Nobel Prize, which she was awarded in 1983 in Physiology or Medicine. • Mesmerized by the stars as a young boy, Clyde Tombaugh first decided to build a telescope because he was dissatisfied with the one he owned. Although he built more than 30 telescopes in his lifetime, Tombaugh is most famous for discovering Pluto. • Although Clyde Tombaugh is credited with discovering Pluto, Astronomer Percival Lowell paved the way for him. Lowell predicted the existence of a planet beyond the orbit of Neptune. He’s also received recognition for his extensive studies on Mars and Uranus. • Before he became a world-class astronomer and mathematician, Benjamin Banneker’s first great feat was building the first striking wooden clock made completely in America. After teaching himself astronomy and advanced math, he went on to publish his almanac, which became an instant best seller.

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¥ The English word “mistletoe” comes from an Anglo-Saxon phrase that means “dung on a twig.” It seems that the branches where mistletoe is often found have white splotches on them, which some say resemble bird droppings. ¥ It is still not known who made the following sage observation: “Never attribute to malice what can be adequately explained by stupidity.” ¥ If you are an aficionado of the word game Scrabble, you probably know that there are only five words that can be played using a q but no u. In case you’re not in the know, those words are “faqir,” “qaid, “ “qoph, “ “qindar” and “qintar. “ ¥ In 1774, surveyors in Maryland marked off a parcel of land by mistake. The error was immortalized when the town that grew up on that land adopted the name Accident.

¥ The martial art that is known today as karate actually originated in India and spread to China before becoming popular in 17th-century Japan, where it was dubbed karate, which means “empty hand” in Japanese. ¥ These days you’ll rarely see an elected official with a beard, but facial hair wasn’t always considered to be a liability in politics. In fact, it’s been reported that Abraham Lincoln was inspired to grow a beard while he was running for president in 1860 because of a letter from an 11-year-old girl. Grace Bedell wrote to Lincoln that a beard would make him “look a great deal better, for your face is so thin. All the ladies like whiskers.” ¥ When the United States bought Alaska from Russia in 1867, the going price was 2 cents an acre. Thought for the Day: “Nothing gives an author so much pleasure as to find his works quoted by other learned authors.” -- Benjamin Franklin

BIBLE TRIVIA ANSWERS: 1) Neither; 2) Virtues; 3) Jacob; 4) John; 5) Balaam; 6) Ishmael

1. North Carolina 2. Edith Wharton 3. Cleopatra 4. CampbellÕs Soup 5. Steven Wright 6. Printing press 7. Rational number 8. ÒOn the TownÓ 9. Amphibians and reptiles 10. ÒPsychoÓ

Tidbits of Hoover, Pelham, Alabaster & Helena!  

Tidbits of Hoover, Pelham, Alabaster & Helena!