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Issue 28

June 13 - June 19, 2008 Adgator Media

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Q: What did one traffic light say to the other? A: “Don’t look, I’m changing!”

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2nd Quarter 2008 Week 25 Jun 15 – Jun 21 Page 1

TIDBITS TIDBITS TAKES TAKES AA DRIVE DRIVE TO TO VIEW VIEW THE THE

ISSUE 2008.25

Urban Landscape pages 1-4

Franklin Pierce pages 5-6

They’re Calling Your Name pages 7-8

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URBAN URBAN LANDSCAPE LANDSCAPE by John R. Groesbeck

by John R. are Groesbeck America’s highways decorated with a wide assortment signals, America’s highwaysofaretraffic decorated with aradio wide towers and roadside buildings. We see them assortment of traffic signals, radio towers and as we traverse our nation’s thoroughfares. roadside see them traverse But howbuildings. do they We work, what asdowethey do, our nation’s thoroughfares. But how do they and what do they mean? work, whattraffic do theylights do, andare whatcontrolled do they mean? • Most by timers housed in a control box. The next • Most traffic lights are controlled by timers time you’re a pedestrian at anext traffichoused in a control box. The time light crossing, look around and you’ll you’re a pedestrian at a traffic-light probably see a metal box near crossing, one of look around and probably see aInside metal the corners of you’ll the intersection. box the computer corners of the that near boxone areofthe andintersectimer that Inside controlthatthe the redand and tion. boxlength are theofcomputer tigreenthat lights. Engineers study the red traffic mer control the length of the and patterns at major intersections and time green lights. Engineers study the traffic patthe lights to keep the flow as smooth as terns at major intersections and time the possible. lights to keep the flow as smooth as possible. • Particularly busy intersections might be • Particularly intersections might be fitted fitted with busy Induction Vehicle Detectors (IVDs) to manage theDetectors traffic signals. with Induction Vehicle (IVDs) Ifto you seethe a thin linesignals. of asphalt a manage traffic If youforming see a thin largeof square the pavement nearonthe line asphalt on forming a large square the “stop line,” that’s probably the sensor pavement near the “stop line,” that’s probawire. As a vehicle moves over it, a signal bly wire. As a vehicle over goesthetosensor the control box. Video moves Detection it, a signal goes to the control DeCameras (VDCs) servebox. theVideo same tection Cameras (VDCs) the same purpurpose. They’re moreserve expensive, but are mounted so there’s pose. They’reabove moreground, expensive, but no are need to tear up the road surface to install mounted above ground, so there’s no need to them. tear up the road surface to install them.

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Tidbits® of Ogden, North Davis and Morgan

• Recipe Substitutions: If you need 1/2 cup tartar sauce, mix 6 tablespoons of mayonnaise with 2 tablespoons of pickle relish. • Getting bugged by bugs? Here are some plants that are said to repel mosquitos: Citronella grass (although, this one is tropical and very large), catnip, rosemary, marigolds, horsemint and “mosquito plants.” • If you go to a lot of cookouts in the summer, try this tip to avoid overeating: Keep a drink in your dominant hand. You’ll be less likely to graze on high-fat chips and other snack foods. Need a little something? Hope for a veggie platter. But whether it’s veggies or chips, grab a couple and then WALK AWAY from the table before you can hit the dip. • “For fun pancake shapes, use a turkey baster. Fill it with pancake batter, then spell or draw on a heated and oiled pan. Just make sure your letters are backward to start with; they look better when flipped!” -- E.L. in Washington • If you make your own bread from time to time, save the bags and ties from storebought breads. They are the perfect size, and they can be reused with ease. • “This is my husband’s diet tip. At first I thought it was hilarious, but I can’t argue with the results: He’s lost almost 35 pounds. Before he sits down to a meal, he tightens his belt a notch. He can still breathe and everything, but it makes it uncomfortable to overeat. He eats more slowly, too.” -- J.J. in Florida Send your tips to Now Here’s a Tip, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 328536475 or e-mail JoAnn at heresatip@yahoo.com. (c) 2008 King Features Synd., Inc.

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Page 3

URBAN LANDSCAPE (continued): •

Some cities have installed audible pedestrian crossing signals at busy intersections to aid the sight-impaired. The signals “chirp” when it’s safe to cross east and west, and “cuckoo” when it’s clear north and south. The square, screen-like manhole covers that you see near curbs usually cover storm drains. The pavement is angled so that water will flow off the road and down the storm drain. A catch basin near the top serves to trap lost objects like baseballs, coins, and car keys. A large vacuum truck cleans out each catch basin several times per year to keep the drain from clogging up. There are many different shapes and sizes of water towers, but they all serve the same purpose: to supply running water to the surrounding area. Water towers are tall because every foot of height provides 0.43 PSI of pressure to help push the water to its destination. The average tower reservoir holds about 1.5 million gallons of water, which is pumped up into the reservoir through the “stalk,” the large pipe that runs from the ground to the bottom center of the tank. Have you ever looked up while driving and noticed large orange spheres among the high tension wires? Those balls are aircraft warning markers, found in wires near airports. When looking up from the ground, wires are easily visible against the blue sky, but when a pilot looks below him, the wires tend to blend in with the scenery. The bright orange balls make it more obvious where lines cross. Similarly, you may have noticed that the guy wires attached to some tall electrical or communication towers have brightly colored plastic balls threaded on them. These are bird deflectors and are usually found near marshy areas in order to prevent waterfowl from flying into the wires and becoming injured. Whether it’s a skyscraper, an electrical tower, or a radio antenna; once a structure tops 200 feet in height, the Federal Aviation Administration gets involved. Such a structure must feature some sort of blinking Aviation Warning Light. Strict guidelines dictate the candlepower strength of the beacon, which may be either red or white light. (Red is used in areas with frequent nighttime air traffic). The lights must be connected to an appropriate control device (photo cell, timer, etc.) so that the brightness is automatically adjusted in relation to the sky’s illumination. Wires are strung among utility poles using a specific hierarchy. Poles that sport more than one level of wires are called “joint poles.” A typical joint pole is divided into three areas: Supply Space (the upper-most wires), Neutral Space (in the middle), and Communications Space (the lowest wires). Here’s how the sequence breaks down: The Supply Space may contain many layers of wires, ranging from static wires (which protect the lower wires from lightning) to transmission wires, which move high voltage circuits between electrical substations. The Neutral Space is an unused, “buffer” area to separate the electrical wires from the communication wires. If you guessed that the Communication Space is used for telephone and television cables, you’re correct. They’re positioned lowest because they are most likely to need change or repair. Street lights in some residential areas are fitted with a small rectangular box on the supporting arm (just under the lamp). These are wireless Internet routers that allow neighborhood residents to connect to the Internet without using phone, DSL or cable lines. The routers require electricity, which is why they’re usually piggybacked on street lights. Have you ever noticed what appears to be a large concrete igloo near a highway? That’s a storage building for road salt or sand. Several different styles of structures may be used for this purpose, but the two most popular are the igloo-like dome and the metal arch Quonset type. Road salt has to be kept in covered buildings in order to keep it dry. Those storage buildings are usually located in lonely fields with plenty of room for the trucks to line up and get loaded. Most larger municipalities offer ‘Traveler Information’ via an AM radio station. The information they broadcast is provided by the Highway Advisory Radio system. Using a roadside HAR box, highway engineers and emergency personnel can dial a special number and speak into the receiver to change the information that is being broadcast. The box is a three-foot-tall, roadside metal cabinet mounted on a pedestal. You’ve likely seen them while driving, but have probably never seen one in use. Those rows of three-sided reflectors found on some rural roads are designed to warn deer, not cars, of oncoming traffic. When headlights hit one reflector, the light bounces to the next and so on. The deer sees a line of light and will hopefully either freeze in place or run the other way. There are scores of roadside structures that might seem of interest, and we hope this article has introduced you to some of them. But please refrain from trying to get a closer look at (or inside) them. First of all, you’re vulnerable anytime you’re on the side of a road. Secondly, towers, metal boxes and utility buildings may carry dangerous voltage levels. Most importantly, as we’ve explained, these structures all have specific, important purposes. Let them do their jobs!

Taking the Struggle Out of Exercise By Andrea Renee Wyatt, M.S.S., C.S.C.S.

Q: Recently I consulted a doctor about having surgery to help me lose weight. I need to lose 100 pounds total, and my physician has agreed to do the surgery, but ONLY if I begin changing my lifestyle to incorporate better nutrition and exercise. I really want to have the surgery to lose weight, but exercise has always been a struggle for me. I don’t know where or how to begin. Help! A: Starting an exercise program can be a challenge. What to do, where to start and how to continue are some of the questions asked by people beginning an exercise routine. Let’s begin by taking one question at a time to help get you started. What to do? Oftentimes, this is the reason many people start and then quickly end their exercise regime. One way to answer this question is to ask, “What do I like to do?” If you can find a physical activity that you enjoy, or can tolerate doing, this is a great place to start. You might not mind walking, swimming, riding a bicycle or even playing tennis or shooting baskets. This can get you moving, and as you begin to move more and more, it may open you up to doing more exercise. If you begin an exercise program with activities you don’t enjoy or even despise, you may be able to grit your teeth and get through your workouts for a while, but you’ll soon lose interest and motivation. Find something you enjoy, and get moving. Where to start? Now that we have started to think about “what” we are going to do, it’s time to figure out how to begin. Start slow, but develop a schedule that can keep you

on task. If you wait for the time to magically appear for you to exercise, that time may never come. With hectic schedules and other priorities, scheduling time to exercise is imperative. Once you have scheduled the time, start with a few minutes of exercise and build on it. You might only be able to walk a few blocks your first couple of weeks, but as you become more conditioned and your body begins to adjust to your moving, you’ll find it easier to walk farther and farther. Start slow and continue to progress. How do I stay motivated? This has to be the hardest question of all. There are some people who truly do not like to exercise. If this is your situation, I would suggest understanding the importance of exercise first and why it is so important to your body. To stay motivated, solicit the help of friends or workout buddies. Develop a support system of people in your life who will not only verbally encourage you, but be willing to come by your house and pick you up when you are having a tough time getting yourself to exercise. Hiring a certified personal trainer is another greata option. Making a standing appointment with a personal trainer can help you create a system of accountability and also maximize your time while completing an exercise program designed personally for your goals. Exercise can be a challenge, but the benefits are worth every bead of sweat. Always consult a physician before beginning an exercise program. If you have a fitness or training question, write to Andrea in care of King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475

(c) 2008 King Features Synd., Inc.

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Tidbits® of Ogden, North Davis and Morgan

Indy’s Luster Returns Recession? Not at Indy this year, as more than 300,000 fans returned to the hallowed grounds we race fans call Indianapolis Motor Speedway. Scott Dixon earned the biggest victory of his career in winning the 92nd Indianapolis 500. Here are some interesting facts on the race: • Scott Dixon won his first Indy 500 in his sixth start. • Of the 33 cars starting this year’s Indianapolis 500, 10 had numbers that have never won the race (numbers 10, 11, 18, 19, 22, 33, 41, 67 and 02). This was the first year that the number 06 was used. Car No. 3 has the most wins, with 10. • This is the third Indianapolis 500 victory for Chip Ganassi. He’s tied with Mike Boyle, Leader Card (Bob Wilkie) and Pat Patrick for the third-most “500” wins. Roger Penske has 14, and Lou Moore has five. Ganassi won in 2000 with Juan Pablo Montoya and was coowner with Pat Patrick of the 1989 winner driven by Emerson Fittipaldi. • This is the fourth time that car No. 9 (Dixon) has won the Indianapolis 500. The last time was 2000 with driver Juan Pablo Montoya. • Julianne Hough, a professional ballroom dancer who teamed with two-time Indianapolis 500 winner Helio Castroneves to win ABC’s “Dancing with the Stars,” also is a singer and performed the national anthem. She recently released her first album. • Dixon is the first native New Zealander to win the Indianapolis 500. He led 115 laps, the most laps led by a race winner since Juan Pablo Montoya led 167 laps in 2000. • Vitor Meira finished second in the 500 for the second time in his career. He also finished second in 2005. Meira has five top-10 finishes in six Indy starts. • Marco Andretti finished third, his second top-three finish in three starts. He finished second as a rookie in 2006. He also recorded the fastest lap of the race (224.037 mph) on lap 161. His father, Michael (1992), and his grandfather, Mario (1978), also recorded the fastest lap of an Indianapolis 500 race. Mario won the 500 in 1969, the sole win by an Andretti. • Ed Carpenter, stepson of Speedway president Tony George, finished fifth, his best finish in the Indianapolis 500. • 1996 Indianapolis 500 winner Buddy Lazier improved 15 positions during the race, the most of any driver. He finished 17th after starting 32nd. It raised his Indianapolis 500 career total to 6,665 miles completed, which moves him past Michael Andretti for eighth on the all-time mileage leader list. • Dixon won from the pole position. It’s the 19th time the winning car has started from the pole. • Fifteen cars finished on the lead lap, one short of the record of 16 set in 1959. The 1931 and 1962 Indianapolis 500 races also had 15 cars finish on the lead lap. • Nine drivers led laps during the race. The Indy 500 record is 12 lap leaders in 1993. • Two drivers led the 2008 Indianapolis 500 for the first time. Mario Moraes and Ed Carpenter each led three laps. • The 30 laps led by Dan Wheldon raised his Indianapolis 500 career total to 234 laps, the most among active drivers. • Tony Kanaan led his record seventh consecutive Indianapolis 500. He has led every 500 in which he has competed. It’s good to have the real Indy 500 back. (c) 2008 King Features Synd., Inc.

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For Advertising Call 1.801.513.9878 Finding the Right Repair Shop Several years ago, a major TV news magazine exposed the automotive repair industry in a scathing report about unnecessary repairs. Many of the bigname franchises and factory stores were exposed. The report points to a car owner’s predicament, namely: How to find reputable service? Finding the right “repair home” for your car is fairly simple. If you jump from garage to garage, you’ll never establish the needed relationship with the owner and the employees, so find a “home shop” and become a regular customer. Sure, there’s a chance you’ll stumble across some unethical mechanics along the way. They won’t know you from Adam, and won’t really care. If a repair shop has “burned” you, don’t go back. Take the time to find a shop that offers competent work at a fair price, and make that place your regular stop. As for my personal auto maintenance, I rely on a

father-and-son team I’ve known for 38 years. They operate a small garage that is clean, well-stocked and big on service. It’s also a friendly place to go. And if they tell me it’s time for new ball joints, I know they’re telling the truth. Car owners, thus, have a responsibility to establish a good relationship with a repair shop. It will become a lasting part of your life, and does not have to be troublesome. Remember, too, that many franchise shops are honest places to do business and can be excellent service options. It’s up to you to find that place, whether it’s the new-car franchise where you bought your car or a father-and-son team. Good luck, and remember as the complexity of new car mechanicals and computers continue to evolve, you may be forced at times to use the dealer. Write to Greg Zyla in care of King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 328536475, or send e-mail to gzyla@ptd.net.

(c) 2008 King Features Synd., Inc.

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Stir-fry is the easiest way to get your veggies and to have something that is quick and easy. If you need to serve an extra body, just throw in a few more veggies.

Directions

SAUCY CHICKEN STIR FRY Ingredients 3 cups purchased raw stir-fry vegetables 8 ounces skinned and boned uncooked chicken breast, cut into 1/2-inch pieces 1/2 cup Kraft fat-free mayonnaise 1 teaspoon dried minced garlic 1 tablespoon reduced-sodium soy sauce 1/2 teaspoon ground ginger 2 cups cooked rice

In a large skillet or wok sprayed with butter-flavored cooking oil, cook vegetables for about 5 minutes or until just tender, stirring often. Remove from skillet. Add chicken pieces to skillet and cook for about 4 minutes or until tender. Add cooked vegetables. Mix well to combine. Stir in mayonnaise, garlic, soy sauce and ginger. Remove from heat. For each serving, place 1/2 cup rice on a plate and spoon about 1 cup chicken mixture over top. Serves 4. HINTS: 1) 1 cup raw broccoli, 1 cup raw cauliflower, 3/4 cup carrots and 1/4 cup green onion may be used in place of purchased stir-fry vegetables. 2) Usually 1 1/3 cups uncooked instant or 1 cup regular rice cooks to about 2 cups. • Each serving equals: 215 calories, 3g fat, 17g protein, 30g carbs, 419mg sodium, 31mg calcium, 3g fiber; Diabetic Exchanges: 1 1/2 Meat, 1 1/2 Vegetable, 2 Starch/Carb; Carb Choices: 2. Visit Healthy Exchanges at www.healthyexchanges.com, or call toll-free at 1-800-766-8961 for more information about the only national food newsletter for diabetics, heart/cholesterol concerns and healthy weight loss.

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Tidbits® of Ogden, North Davis and Morgan

“A child’s education should begin at least one hundred years before he is born.”

-- Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. • Do you suffer from pogonophobia? If so, you don’t have much to worry about in this largely cleanshaven day and age. Pogonophobia is simply a fear of beards.

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• I’m sure you’ve heard in recent years about Americans’ steadily increasing girth. It’s not just our waistlines that are getting bigger, though; our homes are, too. In 1950, the average new house provided 290 square feet for each family member living there. By 2003, that figure was 893 square feet, or more than three times as much space as 50 years earlier. • The next time you’re enjoying a sweet potato, you might consider the enormous distance it probably traveled before arriving at your dinner table. Eightyfive percent of the world’s yams come from China. • It was noted American poet Allen Ginsberg who made the following sage observation: “Whoever controls the media, the images, controls the culture.”

• The small Minnesota town of Whalen is home to a unique celebration every year: the Stand-Still Parade. Yep, it’s a parade that doesn’t move. Instead of spectators lining a parade route and floats driving past, at this event the floats stand still and the people mill around to view them. • The first Band-Aid brand bandage didn’t exactly look like the Band-Aids we’re familiar with today. For instance, it was 3 inches wide and 18 inches long. A bit of overkill for a scraped elbow, I imagine. • The carnival treat that we in the United States know as cotton candy is called “barbe a papa,” or “father’s beard” in French. • Researchers aren’t clear on exactly why it’s true, but studies show that women are better at guessing people’s ages than men are.

(c) 2008 King Features Synd., Inc.

Cutting Costs Through Misdiagnosis Each time the Department of Veterans Affairs takes two small steps forward, something happens to send it a giant step backward. In this case, it was an e-mail that got loose from the VA. In the e-mail, a psychologist for a VA medical center in Texas “suggested” that they stop making diagnoses of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and call it Adjustment Disorder instead. At first I thought that perhaps this was an e-mail from someone low on the policymaking totem pole. Turns out, however, that the sender is the PTSD program coordinator. A “suggestion” from one’s boss has a way of becoming reality. Of course, the VA secretary jumped all over it, saying it wasn’t VA policy. Of course, the House and Senate Veterans Affairs committees want an investigation. And of course, the employee who sent the e-mail is staying on the job after being “counseled.” How many similar “suggestions” are quietly offered up in hallways and conference rooms? How many other cases are there of misdiagnosis to save a benefits buck? So what does all this mean? It means that each time a veteran is told, “No, you don’t have PTSD,” the question will hover overhead: Is this less-than-PTSD diagnosis just a way to save money on disability benefits? *** Meanwhile, if you’re out in public in your uniform and people are giving you “a sign,” don’t be alarmed. This sign, with the hand starting at the heart, moving down to the belly, and then extending is out to you, is the Sign of Gratitude, as in “Thank you from the bottom of my heart.” Check out the Gratitude Campaign Web site: www.gratitudecampaign.org. Write to Freddy Groves in care of King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 328536475, or send e-mail to columnreply@gmail.com. (c) 2008 King Features Synd., Inc.

HOLLYWOOD ... Nicolas Cage is set to star in “Bad Lieutenant,” a remake of the 1992 cult classic about a corrupt cop who is heavily involved in drugs, gambling and sex. Born Nicolas Coppola, he changed his name so as not to trade on the fame of his uncle, Francis Ford Coppola. Now living in the Garden District of New Orleans, Nic has been a great help to that city by donating large sums of money to repair the ravages of Katrina. His personal life has been filled with marriages and liaisons, one of the most memorable being Lisa Marie Presley. I recently learned he has a 17-year-old son named Weston by former girlfriend Christina Fulton. Tom Cruise is celebrating a 25-year career in films. And well he should. It has been a most successful quarter-century, putting him right at the top of the heap. But NOT his appearances in public. They have often come under criticism for some of his capers. However, it looks as if he and Katie have settled in with daughter Suri after his trial runs with Mimi Rogers and Nicole Kidman. Big Excitement last month when one of the gorillas escaped its confines and walked about the Los Angeles Zoo. However, the errant animal was lured back into its home with ice cream, bananas and other goodies. Which calls up the fact that the zoo just presented the 38th annual Beastly Ball, emceed by Betty White. Guests wore safari outfits and mingled amongst the animals before feasting on food from L.A.’s finest restaurants. Such is life in “The City of Glamour and Glitter.” Matthew McConaughey loves to bare his biceps,

and he gets to do it for the world in his next film, titled “Surfer Dude.” When he is not before the cameras, you can find him running or working out on the beach at Malibu on the Pacific. Kristen Chenoweth is set to star in “Into Temptation” -- and get this for a plot: She will play a suicidal prostitute who confesses to a priest that she is going to commit suicide on her upcoming birthday. The priest wants to intervene, but he doesn’t know what she looks like because she was outside the confessional. However, he sets out to find her. And that’s all we’ve been told. You can bet your last buck that somehow he will. That’s showbiz. Ray Liotta usually plays dramatic or hard characters, but now he’s batting those gorgeous green orbs in a comedy. It’s titled “Youth in Revolt,” in which he plays a cop who falls in love with the mother of a sexually obsessed youth whom he is trailing. He recently wrapped “Observe and Report,” and ready for release are “Crossing Over” and “Powder Blue.” See what I mean by busy?! *** BITS ‘N’ PIECES: Christina Aguilera sold her home in the Hollywood Hills above Sunset Boulevard for $7.9 million! ... Angelina Jolie loved voicing Tigress in the animated film “Kung Fu Panda.” She didn’t have to worry about how she looked. ... Kiefer Sutherland’s new main squeeze is Siobhan Bonnouvrier, style director for Allure magazine. (I’m glad I only had to write her name; I wouldn’t start to know how to pronounce it.) ... Word is that Kirk Douglas used to change into his pajamas when guests stayed too late, hinting it was time to go home.

That piece of pavement found between the regular freeway and the exit ramp is called the “gore zone.” The name comes from the word “gore” which means a triangular piece of land.

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Page 7

INCREBLE

Sagging Ceiling Needs a Lift

By Samantha Mazzotta Q: Last spring, my roof sprang a leak and water stained the ceiling in my daughter’s second-floor bedroom. We fixed the leak and repainted the ceiling. However, now the new paint is cracked and, looking closer, I noticed a seam appearing along the ceiling and small, round depressions -screw holes, perhaps? What’s going on? -- Laura L., Wytheville, Va. A: The ceiling is starting to sag downward, it appears. But all is not lost -- because you’re describing a wallboard ceiling, you can shore up the sagging fairly quickly. First, make certain that no other water damage is occurring by checking the attic or crawlspace above for dampness over or near the bedroom ceiling. You also should be able to determine the extent of the damage from the old leak, and make sure no mold has taken hold on the underside of the wallboard. Always repair any leaks before fixing leak-related damage. To repair the sag, prop up the wallboard with a T-brace. You can make this yourself -measure the distance from the ceiling to the floor, and cut a 2-by-4 board to that distance, plus one-half inch. Cut a second 2 by 4 to a length of 4 feet and attach it to one end of the long board to make a “T.” Set the cross-piece (the top of the T) at the center of the sagging ceiling, lengthwise. Place the bottom of the brace atop a piece of plywood (to protect the floor). Slide the bottom of the brace forward until the brace is completely straight. To secure the ceiling, place new wallboard screws along the popped seam (or joint), about 4 inches from the old screws. Be sure to screw them into the ceiling joists -- the wooden beams above the ceiling. Wallboard’s strength is in its paper skin, so the screws should depress the paper slightly without breaking through. For sagging sections that aren’t along the joint, place screws through them and into a joist (locate the joist by aligning the new screws with old fasteners). Once the sagging is fixed, repair the surface by scraping away chipped paint and sanding rough areas. Place wallboard tape over the repaired seam, then smooth compound over the area and feather. Let dry, then repaint.

HOME TIP: Some wallboard patching

jobs will show through no matter how much you try to disguise them. Consider using textured paint and some creative brushstrokes to create a stippled surface that will draw the eye away from patch areas.

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Send questions or home-repair tips to homeguru2000@hotmail.com, or write This Is a Hammer, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. (c) 2008 King Features Synd., Inc.

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Tidbits® of Ogden, North Davis and Morgan

Credit-Card Rules About to Change

Credit-card companies are in an uproar: The Federal Reserve Board has proposed some industry-rattling changes to unfair credit-card practices. Here are some of the proposed changes to the Federal Trade Commission Act. No more two-cycle billing: Currently if you receive a credit-card statement showing you owe $100 (and interest on that money), and if you make a $40 payment, the credit card company can then turn around and bill you again for the interest on the whole $100 in the previous billing period. The new rule would ban this practice. Rate increases on pre-existing balances: If you make a purchase on a card, under present rules the bank can suddenly increase your interest rate while you’re still paying it off. The new rule would prohibit this practice unless the rate increase is because of a change in a variable rate, a promotional rate expires or if you’ve not made a payment within 30 days. Time to make payments: The new rule would require that you receive your statement at least 21 days ahead of the payment due date. Additionally, if the payment is received by 5:00 p.m. on the due date, it must be considered as having been received on time.

Paying lower-rate balances: Currently if you have different rates on a card due to purchases and cash advances and make more than the minimum payment, the bank can apply the extra cash to the balance with the lowest rate, thus getting more interest out of you. The new rule would require a method more equitable to consumers to divide up the payment. Fees for credit-card holds: If a hold is placed on your card (when the total amount isn’t yet known, such as at a motel), credit-card companies can no longer charge a fee if you go over your credit limit simply because of the hold. Subprime credit cards (those requiring a deposit to open the account) will see a few changes, too. Consumers will be advised that getting the best interest rate will depend on various factors, such as credit history and income. The changes are supposed to become rule by the end of the year. David Uffington regrets that he cannot personally answer reader questions, but will incorporate them into his column whenever possible. Write to him in care of King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 328536475, or send e-mail to columnreply@gmail.com.

(c) 2008 King Features Synd., Inc.

1. Casey Stengel managed in 10 All-Star Games 2. Third base, which has 11 representatives in the Hall of Fame. 3. Troy Davis of Iowa State in 1995 and 1996. 4. He had seven consecutive 50-point games during the 1961-62 season. 5. Mike Bossy of the New York Islanders (1980-81 through 198283). 6. Tyson Gay, Michael Johnson and Carl Lewis. 7. Hale Irwin was 45 when he won the U.S. Open in 1990.

While your local Tidbits paper attempts to screen advertisers, we advise readers to use good judgement in responding to ad claims. Beware of “too good to be true” claims. Contact the appropriate consumer agency before sending payment. If a “company” offers you a loan for an advance fee, never, never send a payment, give credit card, bank account or personal information. For information on such loans, write FTS: Washington, DC, 20580. Phone numbers beginning with the “900” prefix are toll calls and you will be charged for calling such numbers.

EVENTS OGDEN UNION STATION DANCE, 2501 Wall Ave., 25 and over, every third Friday of Each month. Great music and food. LDS Standards. Info: Pervin at 773-7464. (4/7)

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Page 9

Low Vitamin D Linked to Depression Researchers in Amsterdam did a study of seniors between the ages of 65 and 95 to determine how vitamin D plays a part in depression. They discovered that 14 percent of seniors with depression also had low levels of vitamin D in their bloodstream. One thing the researchers couldn’t determine, however, is which came first: the depression or the low level of vitamin D. If a senior is depressed and doesn’t go out much (sunlight) and doesn’t follow a good diet (foods with adequate vitamin D), it could be that the depression caused the low levels of vitamin D. On the other hand, it could be that a low level of vitamin D in the bloodstream caused the depression. The parathyroid gland secretes a hormone that works in conjunction with vitamin D, and there must be a balance. The good news is that both can be rebalanced. Vitamins and more sunlight could turn the situation around and treat depression.

A fact sheet from the National Institutes of Health says that most people can get enough vitamin D through exposure to sunlight. It’s been suggested that 5-30 minutes of sun exposure twice a week can give us enough vitamin D -- under ideal circumstances. Less than ideal considerations are cloud cover, the season of the year and even the geographic latitude where we live. It’s possible to get too much of the fixes, however. Too much sunlight can cause skin cancer. And we can’t just buy a bottle of vitamin D and think it’s going to solve depression. Instead we need to consult with our doctors (who will likely do a blood test to check the vitamin D level) to see if there’s a way to first adjust our diets to include enough Vitamin D. Matilda Charles regrets that she cannot personally answer reader questions, but will incorporate them into her column whenever possible. Write to her in care of King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475, or send e-mail to columnreply@gmail.com.

(c) 2008 King Features Synd., Inc.

Who Says Dads Don’t Count? “Do we have to pack light, or can we pack as God intended a girl to pack?” my 15-yearold daughter asked as we readied for our trip. Somewhere between marriage and the years I traveled with small children, I learned to pack the bare minimum for myself and tried to pass that technique on to my kids as they got older. My motto was, “Be a no-fuss-no-muss traveler.” I took only that which was practical - ugly but comfy shoes, loose clothing, very little makeup, brush, toothbrush and a good book. I didn’t take my favorite shampoo because most hotels have a shampoo/condition combo. I left behind perfume and lotions and jewelry because ... well, it’s just not practical. On a trip, I could get ready almost faster than my husband and son and be out the door and on my way to a day full of sightseeing. I looked homely, yes, but boy was I proud of how much stuff I didn’t cram into my suitcase. This all worked fine until we went on vacation with my best friend and her daughter. When my daughter walked into their hotel room and watched as they unpacked their suitcases, she stood with her mouth wide open. They brought

hair-care products, perfume and jewelry, makeup and multiple outfits with matching shoes, as well as their own pillows from home. My daughter turned to me and said, “Mom, we pack like guys.” Our friends smelled good each night at dinner, and their hair and makeup looked beautiful. They packed femininity with them. I went back to my room and looked at the contents of my suitcase -- so sparse, tidy and boring. My daughter was right; we packed like my husband and son. And although I’m still an advocate of packing light, our trip with friends reawakened in me something I knew as a teen: It’s fun to be a girl -- even when you are on a trip. “Next vacation,” I said to my daughter, “we’re packing like girls.” And so we did. And it didn’t take up any more room than packing like a guy -- OK, well, maybe a little more room, but not much. We took all the curling irons, perfumes and shampoos. We threw in pretty outfits with matching shoes. I don’t think my husband recognized his traveling companions. The tomboys were replaced with real girls, and we cluttered the hotel room with our frilly, good-smelling items from home. These days I’m more likely to say, “Let’s pack as God intended a girl to pack.”

Write to Taprina Milburn in care of King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. (c) 2008 King Features Synd., Inc.

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Graham Johnson 801-513-9878


Page 10

Tidbits® of Ogden, North Davis and Morgan ALL THE PRESIDENTS’ TIDBITS:

FRANKLIN PIERCE

Still Chipper After All These Years

BICYCLES (continued): • In the 1890s, the first “modern” bicycles appeared: chain-driven vehicles with similarly-sized tires. These were safer than the high-wheel models (and were even called “safety bicycles” as a result), but proved a step backwards in comfort. While the long spokes of high-wheel bikes absorbed bumps and ruts, the smaller wheels on these new bikes, particularly when coupled with the hard-rubber tires of the era, made for jarring, unpleasant rides. • More than a million bicycles were sold in the United States by the time 1895 rolled around, but one last improvement would propel the bicycle into the must-own category: the pneumatic tire. Under the guidance of the Pope Manufacturing Company (which made bicycles), the Hartford Rubber Works produced America’s first pneumatic tires in 1895. Providing a much softer ride, they soon became a standard feature on all bicycle models. • Dozens of smaller-scale improvements boosted the speed, comfort, longevity and performance of bicycles during the 20th century. As women began to find them as necessary as men, two varieties of bicycle were made. Men’s bikes were built with an extra stabilizer bar across the top of the bike. Women’s bikes omitted the bar, providing for easier mounting and dismounting of the vehicle when wearing skirts. • The 1970s saw the development of two bicycle extremes. First came bicycles that took you nowhere. Otherwise known as exercise bikes, these training aids first hit the home market at the beginning of the decade. Then, as time went on and the energy crisis sent fuel prices skyrocketing, mopeds appeared. These bicycle/motorcycle hybrids, most popular with city-centered business workers, could either be pedaled like a regular bike or powered using a small, low-powered gasoline engine.

For the young Chipper Jones, coming home was not an option. Afraid that their baseball wunderkind was receiving preferential treatment at Taylor High School in Pierson, Fla. -- the same school his father taught at -- his parents decided to send him to a place where he wouldn’t ever be assured a place on the roster or given a handout just because he was the teacher’s son. So Chipper packed his bats and mitt, leaving rural Florida for Bolles High School, a boarding school just outside the city of Jacksonville. At first, Chipper (his real name is Larry ... “Chipper” was a nickname given to him by family who thought he was a “chip off the ol’ block”) blanched -- he missed his friends, and he missed playing baseball with them every day. “It turned out to be the best thing that my parents ever did for me,” Jones recalls. “It forced me to grow up, to overcome my fears and insecurities, to be challenged academically, and to play sports in a place where I wasn’t already guaranteed a spot because of my past performance.” After being drafted by the perennially suffering Atlanta Braves in 1990, all anyone much cared about was his future performance. After tearing his ACL in 1994 and missing the entire season, Jones cracked the Braves lineup for good in 1995. From that season on, Jones, now 36, has presided over one of the greatest baseball dynasties ever and turned in thrilling seasons at 2nd Quarter 2006 the bat and in theWeek field22 with astonishing regularity. In 1999, Jones May 28 - Junwon 3 the MVP, becoming the first player ever to hit more than .300 (.319), slug more than 40 homersBack (45)Page and doubles (41), draw 100 or more walks (126), RBI (110) and runs scored (116), while stealing 20 or more bases (25). Jones’ Braves -- also led by John Smoltz and Tom Glavine -- as we all know, have had a hard time converting Division Championships into World Series wins. Despite Jones’ strong postseason statistics (.288, 13 homers, 47 RBI) in 20 postseason appearances, the Braves have only managed to win 10 games and one World Series. Also, there have been off-the-field problems. A young Chipper Jones was a regular on the party circuit in the mid-1990s, and it was learned that he had a child out wedlock, ending his first marriage and forever tarnishing his golden-boy reputation. Through it all, however, Chipper’s swing stayed sure and steady. He hit his 400th home run this season, and as of late May, he was putting up Nap Lajoie and Rogers Hornsby-type numbers -- his batting average hovering around the .420 range. Now a seasoned veteran, who’s to say Jones can’t bring another title home for the Braves? Mark Vasto is a veteran sportswriter and publisher of The Parkville (Mo.) Luminary. (c) 2008 King Features Synd., Inc.

1. Who holds the major-league mark for most All-Star Games managed? 2. Which position (not counting designated hitter) has the fewest members in baseball’s Hall of Fame? 3. Who was the last college football Division I player to rush for 2,000 yards in two different seasons? 4. Wilt Chamberlain holds the NBA record for most consecutive games of 50 or more points. How many games is it? 5. Who was the first NHL player to tally 60 or more goals in three consecutive seasons? 6. Track star Maurice Greene is one of four U.S. men to win three gold medals at a world track championship. Name the other three. 7. Entering 2008, who was the oldest male golfer to win the U.S. Open?

As the last proponent of slavery to hold the office of president, Franklin Pierce put the nation on a road that would inevitably lead to Civil War. He’s the subject of this week’s All the Presidents’ Tidbits. • Franklin Pierce was born on November 23, 1804, in Hillsborough, New Hampshire. His birthplace was a tiny log cabin on the banks of the Contoocook River, so the youngster naturally took up fishing as a hobby. He grew up in a proper house nearby, and excelled in school. He attended Bowdoin College in Maine, where he met a young writer who would become a lifelong friend: Nathaniel Hawthorne, author of The Scarlet Letter. • After graduating third in his class from Bowdoin College in Maine, Pierce studied law under several notable attorneys. 1827 was a banner year; Pierce was admitted to the New Hampshire bar, and then his father Benjamin was elected governor of the state. With a high-profile dad already in office, the bright, handsome, young attorney was a cinch to succeed in politics. Franklin Pierce won election to the New Hampshire House in 1828 and the U.S. House in 1832. Five years later, at the age of 32, he became the youngest member of the U.S. Senate. • In 1834, Pierce married Jane Appleton, the daughter of the former president of his alma mater, Bowdoin College. The new Mrs. Pierce didn’t much care for politics or life in Washington, D.C., and longed to return to New England. After Franklin served six years in the Senate, he resigned his post, and the couple returned to New Hampshire. The Democratic Party wouldn’t leave him be, and his efforts led him to a new job as a federal district attorney. In 1846, he signed on with the Army to fight in the Mexican War. • As a Brigadier General, Franklin Pierce led more than 2,000 men to participate in the fall and occupation of Mexico City. He returned home in 1848 to pick up where he left off, but his Party came calling again when his name won consideration for their presidential nominee for 1852. He won the election more for his silence than his platform. By remaining mum on the issue of slavery, he sidestepped the key issue and didn’t create any enemies. Pierce’s youth and good looks continued to serve him well as he whipped his Whig opponent, Winfield Scott, in the polls. When Franklin took office in 1853 at the age of 48, he was the youngest president to-date. • Of course, wife Jane was none too pleased with her husband’s election. Just weeks before Franklin’s inauguration, the couple’s only surviving child, a son named Bennie, was fatally injured during a train accident while the family was on their way to attend a funeral. Jane felt that this was God’s way of “clearing Franklin’s calendar” so that he could focus on the work he had to do. She never recovered emotionally, and rarely left the White House during her husband’s term. • Pierce supported the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which allowed states to decide the issue of slavery for themselves. It caused a huge rift in the political landscape of the nation. Some viewed the move as a thinly-veiled attempt to open all new territories to slavery; this group went on to form the Republican Party. Instead of working to heal that wound, the president focused his attention on foreign policy. He signed the Gadsden Treaty, which gave the U.S. additional land in the southwest. He also considered expanding even further south by annexing Cuba. Pierce’s lack of attention to national affairs forced his party to refrain from renominating him in 1856.

(c) 2008 King Features Synd., Inc.

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Page 12

Tidbits® of Ogden, North Davis and Morgan Grow a Pizza Garden

It’s time to begin planting your summer herb and vegetable garden. This year add some whimsy to the family project by designing a circular plot with sections shaped like pizza slices. Fill each triangular area with herbs and vegetables that will grow and mature in time to place on the sauce of fresh barbecued or baked pizzas. Grow a pizza garden in three basic steps: 1. If this is your kids’ first garden, keep it reasonably small and manageable. Create a clever border by arranging large white rocks in a complete circle to represent the crust of the pizza. Arrange wooden dowels flat on the soil like the spokes of a wheel to divide the circle in neat triangles. Be sure to allow ample room in some sections for larger plants, such as tomatoes. 2. Sow seeds and plant plants. Good choices are: tomatoes, peppers, onions, basil, oregano and parsley. Set “pizza slice” clay markers in the ground to identify the plants as they germinate and grow. (See directions below.) If you don’t have a backyard garden, plant a few

pizza ingredients in container gardens on a sunny patio or deck. 3. Water, weed, fertilize and watch the plants grow throughout the summer. Enjoy the pleasure of harvesting your garden together. Tip: When autumn comes, clip healthy herbs from your garden and wash and dry completely. Place into plastic bags, drizzle a little olive oil into the bag and freeze. Use as you prepare fall soups, pasta sauces and pizza. Make pizza-slice clay markers: Roll out self-hardening clay or clay that can be baked in the oven (available at crafts stores) to 1/4 inch to 3/8 inch thickness. Cut out 4-inch to 5-inch pizza-slice shapes. For younger kids, make a cardboard template and set on the clay. Let your child carefully cut around it with a dull butter knife. Poke a craft or Tinkertoy stick into an edge of each slice. Set the marker on a cookie cooling rack to air dry according to product directions. When hard, paint the pizza slices with acrylic paints with images of a tomato, onion, basil, etc. When dry, an adult may apply nontoxic varnish to protect the surface from rain. If the stick slips out of the clay, secure in place with Elmer’s glue. (c) 2008 Donna Erickson Distributed by King Features Synd.

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Neutered Male Cat Still Sprays By Samantha Mazzotta

DEAR PAW’S CORNER: I have a 5-year-old neutered male cat, “Boba,” who sprays urine. I always thought that neutered males didn’t do this. It seems like this happens every spring. Do you have any suggestions of how to make him stop? He is an indoor cat and doesn’t go outside at all. I don’t know if that is what is making him do this, or if it is something that can be stopped. Thank you for any help you can give me. -- Going Crazy in New York

DEAR CRAZY: Spraying is an instinctive reaction in male cats, and neutering doesn’t always completely eliminate the behavior. Neutering does make the concentrated urine much less pungent, so at least there’s that. Male cats mark their territory by spraying, so the action can be habitual even though the reason for spraying is gone. You’ll need to observe Boba closely to determine why he is spraying. Do you have other cats, or any

other pets? How does he react to these animals? Does he react to the sight of another cat outside the window? Does he only spray in the springtime? Where and when does the spraying occur, exactly? Rule out any underlying illnesses with a trip to the vet (who can also recommend additional steps or even anti-anxiety medication to mellow Boba out). Cats tend to spray in the same areas over and over again, no matter how much you clean. Try putting out some deterrents -- like putting his food and water near the (cleaned up) spraying area, or placing fresh citrus rinds or perfumed soap over the area. If you see Boba start to spray, make a loud noise immediately to try and distract him -- several repetitions of this and he will start to associate his spraying with you not being too happy.

Send your tips, questions and comments to Paws Corner, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475, or e-mail them to pawscorner@hotmail.com.

(c) 2007 King Features Synd., Inc.

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Tidbits Issue 28