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Issue 14 - Week of February 10, 2013


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Sports • Cooking Financial Focus • Trivia Puzzles • Games


DOLPHINS by Janet Spencer

The cerebral cortex is the part of the brain that thinks, imagines, and plans. The larger it is, the more intelligent the animal. A dolphin’s cerebral cortex is larger than a human’s. Dolphins also have more folds in their brains than humans do. Let’s take a look at what dolphins can do. • Like bats, dolphins navigate perfectly, even when unable to see, by using sonar. In the forehead of each dolphin is a pocket of oil or fat called the melon. This is used to focus the sound of the sonar blasts into a beam, like a magnifying lens focuses light. The sound bounces off an object and returns to the dolphin as an echo, containing information on the size, texture, and movement of the object. The dolphin receives the echo through fat deposits in its jaw. • A dolphin can identify objects up to half a mile away, detecting an item as small as a vitamin pill at the far end of a large pool. They also have manners when sounding their echolocation and avoid ‘spraying’ others with sound, focusing their sonar through a narrow window between other dolphins. • Dolphins may be able to make sounds loud enough to stun fish. One researcher who went swimming in a pool with an agitated dolphin had his eardrum burst by such a sound. Some scientists theorize dolphins may use sonar to project images into the brains of other dolphins.

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DOLPHINS (continued):

• It is difficult to study the language of dolphins because when there are two or more dolphins present, it is impossible to tell which animal is making which sounds. However, a scientist developed a microcomputer that’s fastened by suction cups to each dolphin’s head. It records each sound and the time it was made, which can be matched up to videos made of the dolphin to see what the animal was doing at the time.

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A PROBLEM Dolphins frequently hang out with schools of tuna. Fishing for tuna used to entail only poles and lines, but in the 1960s, the tuna fleets switched to mile-long nets called purse seines that are wrapped around an entire school and closed like a draw-string purse. Unable to reach the surface, dolphins drown. When


• Sailors in the late 1800s came to depend on a generous porpoise known as Jack to guide them through the French Pass, a dangerous rocky waterway off the coast of New Zealand. Jack piloted every ship that came through the treacherous currents until 1903, when a drunk passenger on a ship called the Penguin shot and wounded him. Fortunately, Jack recovered and resumed his duties. For an additional nine years, he guided all ships- all except the Penguin.

• Dolphins identify themselves and each other with “signature whistles” that act as a name. They express emotions by repeating their “name” in different “tones of voice.” Researchers have recorded and identified signature whistles of individual dolphins. When those dolphins are taken into separate tanks for medical care, they repeat their names with variations that scientists interpret as fear or apprehension, communicating their state of mind to other dolphins. • Dr. Jarvis Bastian, a University of California psychologist, taught two dolphins named Doris and Buzz a game. They were taught to press the lever on the left when they saw a flashing light and the lever on the right when they saw a steady light. Then he taught them a new twist: when the light came on, Doris had to wait until Buzz pressed his lever first, then she was to press her lever. When they had this down pat, Dr. Bastian then placed a barricade between the two dolphins so that they couldn’t see each other. Only Doris could see the light. When the light was flashed, Doris waited for Buzz to press his lever. Buzz, not knowing the light was on, did nothing. Doris then gave off a burst of whistles and clicks, and Buzz immediately pulled the correct lever. He pulled the correct lever every time the test was repeated.

purchase “dolphin-safe” tuna. The price was raised by a few cents to cover the cost of new nets which would allow dolphins to escape. Unfortunately, some foreign tuna companies still use the old methods. Furthermore, many people in the world consider dolphin meat a delicacy.

one member of their pod becomes entangled in a net, the other dolphins stay to help it rather than fleeing. This causes many more to die. The population of spinner dolphins decreased by 80 percent in the 1970s due to tuna fishing. Most major tuna companies now

• In 1999 when 5-year-old Elian Gonzales found himself alone and adrift at sea after his mother and her companions drowned while escaping from Cuba, he survived by clinging to a floating inner tube. When rescuers found him, he was surrounded by dolphins who had broken waves for him and driven away sharks for the two terrible days he floated alone in the ocean.

• Dolphins in the oceanarium in San Francisco were taught to “clean house.” They received a reward of fish for each piece of trash they brought to their trainer. A dolphin named Mr. Spock kept on bringing a steady stream of soggy bits of paper. Finally, the trainer discovered that the dolphin had hidden a big brown paper bag in a corner of the pool, and was tearing off a tiny piece at time. • At the Kewalo Basin Marine Mammal Lab in Hawaii, trainers were working with two bottlenose dolphins. Together the two trainers tapped two fingers of each hand together, making the symbol for “in tandem.” Then they both threw their arms in the air in the sign language gesture that meant “creative.” The instruction was, “Do something creative together.” The two dolphins broke away and began swimming around the tank together. Then in perfect choreography they leapt high into the air while simultaneously spitting water out of their mouths. Because dolphins don’t normally carry water in their mouths, it was obviously a move that had to be planned and synchronized before they left the water, proving that this was not a matter of two dolphins playing Follow the Leader. When more games of “Tandem Creative” were played, the dolphins did such things and backpedalling and then waving their tail flukes, or doing simultaneous back flips. The trainers were always surprised. • Off the shores of a town called Laguna in Brazil, dolphins and men have teamed up for generations. Fishermen line up in the shallow water off the shore with their nets. When the dolphins locate a school of mullet, they “herd” the fish towards the fishermen. While the fishermen fill their nets, the dolphins feast on the leftovers

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Permanently Silence a Squeaky Floor


: The floor squeaks loudly when I walk over a couple of spots in my living room. I read somewhere that you can stop these squeaks by sprinkling talcum powder between the boards. But my floor is covered by carpet. Is there any other way to fix the squeaks? -- Squeaking Mad in Memphis


Financial Gift Ideas for Longtime Valentine Love is in the air this week, as Valentine’s Day rolls around again. During the course of your life, you’ve probably sent your share of flowers and candy. But if your valentine is also your spouse — and, in particular, your long-time spouse — you may want to go beyond roses and chocolates this year to give a gift that can help lead to financial security. You can choose to make financial gifts in a number of ways, of course, and some of them could provide an immediate financial impact. But you may want to look even further down the road and consider what you can do for your spouse in the areas of insurance planning and estate considerations. For starters, do you have sufficient life insurance to help provide for your spouse and any children who may not yet be adults? Many people rely solely on their employers’ group insurance, which is often insufficient to adequately cover all the costs associated with maintaining their families’ lifestyles — not to mention future costs, such as paying for college. How much life insurance do you need? There’s no one right answer for everyone, so you may wish to consult with your financial advisor. Life insurance isn’t the only type of protection you need to consider — because you don’t have to die to lose your income. In fact, statistically speaking, you are more likely to become disabled during your working years than you are to die — which is why you need adequate disability income insurance. Your employer may provide disability coverage, but, as was the case with life insurance, it may not be sufficient. So you may also need to consider adding a private policy. While it’s important to maintain adequate life and disability insurance, it’s still not enough to ensure your spouse will be taken care of if he or she outlives you. You also need to ensure that your estate plans are in order. Toward that goal, you will need to work with your legal advisor to create the necessary legal documents, such as a will, a living trust, a durable power of attorney or whatever other arrangements may be appropriate for your situation. In generating your estate plan, you must consider many factors: the amount of assets you have, how you want them divided, when you would like them distributed, and so on. In any case, estate planning can be complex, so you will need to work with your legal and tax advisors before putting any strategy into place. Life insurance, disability income insurance and an estate plan don’t sound like particularly romantic gifts. And you can’t really just “give” them on Valentine’s Day because it will take some time to assemble the insurance coverage and estate planning arrangements you need. But if you haven’t fully worked on these key parts of your financial strategy yet, perhaps Valentine’s Day will be a good time to start — because once you’ve got all your protection needs and estate planning taken care of, you’re really giving your valentine some gifts that are designed to last a lifetime. Edward Jones, its employees and financial advisors are not estate planners and cannot provide tax or legal advice. You should consult your estate-planning attorney or qualified tax advisor regarding your situation. This article was written by Edward Jones for use by your local Edward Jones Financial Advisor.

Keep a level head in an up-and-down market Dustin Friend

Financial Advisor 10184 W Belleview Ave, Ste 120 Littleton, CO 80127 720.922.3433


: Talcum powder is a good temporary fix for squeaky floorboards (as noted in my new book, “101 Best Home Repair Tips,” available from Amazon). But eventually the squeaks come back anyway. If you’re not inclined to pull back the carpet repeatedly to apply powder between the boards, try a more permanent solution. Do you have access to the underside of the living room floor, such as in the basement or the crawlspace under the house? If so, you either shim the nearest joist or secure the subflooring to the squeaky boards to reduce the noise. To shim the floor, have a helper walk around the living room while you listen below for squeaks, and mark the noisy areas. Next, mark the joists (the large boards running perpendicular to the floorboards underneath the floor) on either side of the squeaky area. Coat a shim (a thin wedge of wood, available at most home-improvement stores) with a thin layer of wood glue, and hammer the shim into the gap between the joist and the subfloor on each side of the squeak. You may need to add a couple of shims on each side, and have your helper test the area each time. If that doesn’t completely rid your floor of squeaks, try attaching the subfloor to the floorboards in the squeaky area more tightly. You do this by driving wood screws through the subfloor layer into the bottom of the floorboards. Be careful to select screws that will not punch through the floorboards. Place the screws into the center of the squeaky area -- two should do it, but if you need three or more, go ahead. What if you can’t access the underside of the floor? This is where you’ll need to roll back the carpet and address the boards from above. To avoid marring the floorboards, hammer finishing nails between the squeaking boards, angling them so that they go into one edge of one of the boards. The nails should be flush with the floorboards. Space them a few inches apart along the squeaky area. If that doesn’t do it, you can secure the floorboard to the subflooring from above. This will mar the board, as you’ll need to drive a finishing nail (or if necessary, a wood screw) directly through the center of the squeaky floorboard into the subflooring. Use a nail set or another nail to drive the finishing nail slightly below the wood’s surface. Then cover it with wood filler whose color matches the color of the floorboard. HOME TIP: Talcum or graphite powder are just temporary fixes for squeaky floors. Apply either one between the offending boards and brush away excess. Send your questions or tips to, or write This Is a Hammer, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. (c) 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.

Owning Your Own Pet Business DEAR PAW’S CORNER: I’m a pet owner (two cats, a very mellow Chihuahua and two parakeets), and for a couple of years now I’ve been thinking of starting a business as a dog walker or pet sitter. Some of my friends and my boyfriend are trying to talk me out of it, saying pet sitters don’t make any money, and it’s an undignified job. What do you think? -- MaryAnne K., Syracuse, N.Y. DEAR MARYANNE: If you think that you can be successful at something, then you probably can. I’m sure your friends are trying to talk you out of it because they care about you, but in the end, it’s about what you want. And frankly, caring for pets is hardly undignified -- it’s an incredibly important job. There’s also high demand for quality pet care in major cities. The most important part of starting your business is to do your homework -- not just learning about pet sitting, but running a business as well. Sign up for small business or entrepreneurship classes and/or groups in your area (some are offered free or at low cost). Visit your local SBA (Small Business Administration) office to learn about federal programs and loans available to you. Learn about the pet-sitting and dog-walking industry by checking out these organizations: Pet Sitters International ( and the National Association of Professional Pet Sitters ( They offer resources, advice, training, online referral services, group health and dental insurance plans, and even certification. One of the best things you can do is talk to pet sitters and ask questions. How do they provide quality pet care to their customers? What is the business climate like in your area? Learn as much as you can about running a pet sitting business. Send your questions or comments to, or write to Paw’s Corner, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. For more pet care-related advice and information, visit (c) 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.

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Tidbits® of the Foothills LOCAL SPORTS

with ERIC GOODMAN Next year is here for the Broncos By Eric Goodman

The Broncos no longer have to wait until next year. It’s here. That’s the beauty of the final snap at every Super Bowl; every team gets a fresh start. For the Broncos, it couldn’t have come soon enough following one of the most heartbreaking losses in franchise history. The city of Denver is still in mourning even 48 hours after the Ravens won the title. Many Broncos fans feel “it should have been us,” while many players privately feel the same way. Even though parity reigns supreme in the NFL, teams like Jacksonville and Buffalo know a great offseason won’t lead to the postseason. In a league that boasts, “Anything can happen on any given Sunday,” there are a handful of teams who are perennial locks to make the playoffs every year – the Patriots, Ravens and Packers – while there are few franchises who’ve earned the right to call themselves annual partygoers instead of party crashers. The Broncos are one of those teams. As long as Peyton Manning is the starting quarterback, history suggests this organization will always contend for a title. And the scary thing is this team should be better next season. Even Las Vegas odds makers feel the smart money is on the Broncos to make it to the Super Bowl at the end of the 2013 season. This organization has hiked out of the wilderness following too many seasons of mediocrity. And the vision on the road ahead is clear, only a Super Bowl title will be acceptable. Expectations are burdensome, but it’s better to have them than to not have any at all. Two years removed from a trip to the AFC Championship Game in 2005-06, high expectations morphed into hope followed by the surreal reality of trying to get the top pick in the draft. Those days seem like an eternity ago. The Broncos are now one of the favorites to win it all and it’s fueled by Manning, a pair of dynamic young wide receivers, a solid offensive line, a pair of terrific pass catching tight ends, one of the best defensive players in football in Von Miller, a Hall of Fame cornerback, and up-andcoming defensive stars in Wesley Woodyard and Chris Harris. There’s definitely room for improvement, but the foundation has been laid for this upcoming season. The team is talented and boasts playmakers on both sides of the ball. Manning will be another year removed from his four neck surgeries, with a full year operating this offense in his hip pocket. And don’t underestimate their new offensive coordinator, Adam Gase, who promises to be “pedal to the metal” with his play-calling. You can say John Fox has the final decision on play calling in critical moments, but Gase’s pedigree is influenced by two of the most aggressive offensive coordinators in NFL history: Mike Martz and Josh McDaniels. There’s finally continuity on defense. Privately, most Broncos players are thrilled Jack Del Rio didn’t get a head-coaching job. Familiarity on defense has never bread contempt with the slew of guys who’ve walked through the revolving door of the defensive coordinators office. Whether or not you believe the Broncos were only one Rahim Moore mistake away from winning the Super Bowl, one fact is undisputable: This franchise is the closest of any team in Denver to winning a title – by far. Many have compared this Broncos group to the team that was shocked by Jacksonville in the 1996 playoffs. Both teams were talented enough to win a championship and neither did. After the Broncos lost to the Ravens, I walked out of Sports Authority Field with Ed McCaffrey and asked him if this felt like the ’96 season. He said it did to an extent and added, “The next day all of us expected to be in Denver preparing for the next playoff game, so no one had flights back to their offseason homes. So there were about 30 of us who worked out together the day following the loss. It was at that moment I felt we could be something special the following season.” They certainly were. There’s plenty of room for upgrades on this roster, but overall it’s a talented team. The question

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is whether these players will want to forget the Ravens loss or use it as motivation. The answer is easy if they know their Broncos history. The Super Bowl party is over and the time for self-pity is up. If these guys are serious title contenders, the first rep on the weight bench should have synced up with Joe Flacco lifting the Lombardi Trophy. Next year is upon us. (c) 2013 Eric Goodman

Put a Ring On It

SPORTS QUIZ By Chris Richcreek

1. Who was the last major-leaguer before Texas’s Nelson Cruz (2011, 2012 versus Toronto) to have two career eight-RBI games against the same team? 2. Who replaced Tony La Russa as manager of the Chicago White Sox in 1986? 3. In 2011, Wisconsin’s Russell Wilson set a record for most consecutive games with at least one TD pass (38). Who had held the mark? 4. Between 1984 and 2012, name the team that won only one NBA title during that span. 5. In the 10-year span between the 1972-73 and 1981-82 seasons, a Montreal Canadiens goalie led the NHL in goals-against average how many times? 6. How many times has Michigan State played in the men’s Division I soccer championship? 7. Name the winning jockey in three of the four Kentucky Derbies held between 2007 and 2010. Answers 1. Dave Kingman (1976, 1978), versus the Los Angeles Dodgers. 2. Jim Fregosi. 3. Texas Tech’s Graham Harrell (36 games). 4. Dallas, in 2011. 5. Seven times. 6. Four times. The Spartans lost in 1964 and ‘65, and were co-champs in ‘67 and ‘68. 7. Calvin Borel won in 2007 and 2009-10. (c) 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.

Because the Super Bowl is what it is, largely a media-fueled monstrosity of a sporting exposition, most all of our questions have been answered (except for Ray Lewis’ role in an unsolved Atlanta murder). Still, controversy abounds and several questions do remain after the contest between the Baltimore Ravens and San Francisco 49ers. Here, I will do my best to clarify a few things for you, our valued reader. 1. It was not the most exciting Super Bowl in history. It may have the most surreal Super Bowl in history, but it wasn’t the best or most exciting ever. That award goes to Super Bowl 36, in which first year quarterback Tom Brady takes the New England Patriots down the field without any timeouts and wins the game over the St. Louis Rams on the final play. 2. The 49ers were the better of the two teams. At first blush, 49ers running back Frank Gore’s post-game comments about the 49ers being the better team, that the Ravens got away with one, seemed like poor sportsmanlike whining. At least that’s what I thought until I saw the stat comparison. The 49ers had more first downs, more yards from scrimmage, more passing yards, more rushing yards, more average yards per pass and rush and, arguably, more heart. What can’t be argued is that the Ravens scored more points. 3. Ravens quarterback Joe Flacco was not the most valuable player in the game. Flacco was definitely the better of the two quarterbacks, but you can make a more convincing case that 49ers quarterback Colin Caepernick did more to lose the game than Flacco did to win it. Caepernick failed to spot a wide-open Randy Moss at least twice during the game. Granted, Flacco played a helluva game. He was rocketing passes sideline to sideline with increasing speed and accuracy and was unstoppable on third down. But I’m tired of quarterbacks winning these MVP awards. Picking a quarterback for MVP is like saying John Lennon is your favorite Beatle. We know, we get it ... who’s your next favorite then? Besides, Ravens receiver Jacoby Jones was the MVP. He picked himself off the turf to convert a great catch into an electrifying 52-yard touchdown. The 108-yard kickoff return to start the second half was the best kickoff return I have ever seen. He looked like a man running across a field of children. Those two touchdowns provided the winning margin and kept Baltimore’s head wrapped around the fact that winning the game was well in reach if their defense could just hang on through the inevitable 49ers comeback try. 4. Beyonce was lights-out. Beyonce had my 3-year-old son’s rapt attention. He sat straight up and stared the entire time. His tastes run more along the Elvis and Johnny Cash side of the music spectrum, but after the performance he turned to me with a look that seemed to say, “What the heck was that?” Of all the questions from the game, that was the easiest one to answer: “If you want it, you better put a ring on it.” Ask anyone on the Ravens, they know a thing or two about rings now, too. Mark Vasto is a veteran sportswriter who lives in Kansas City. (c) 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.

Tidbits® of the Foothills THE KITCHEN DIVA By Angela Shelf Medearis

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Wine vs. Grape Juice

Research has long supported the recommendation of one glass (5 ounces) of red wine for heart health, but many non-alcohol drinkers want to know if grape juice offers the same health benefits? The answer is yes, if it’s 100 percent purple grape juice. “You get similar benefits, but red wine would provide those health benefits at a bit higher level,” shares Susan Mills-Gray, Nutrition & Health Education Specialist with the University of Missouri Extension. When grapes are fermented, the process creates/liberates tannins, which are the beneficial compounds found in red wine. Tannins act as antioxidants in suppressing production of the peptide responsible for hardening arteries. Grapes and red wine also share the health benefits from resveratrol, an antioxidant found in the skin of red and purple grapes. Resveratrol promotes healthier blood vessels, which leads to better blood flow and overall improved heart health. Resveratrol has been found to block immature fat cells from developing and functioning, which can prevent/reduce body fat. Resveratrol is also found in blueberries, cranberries, peanuts and peanut butter. Most grape juice is made from the Concord grape. The Concord grape is far from ordinary. This little purple fruit (and its cousin the white Niagara grape) packs quite a nutrition punch to help fuel healthy, vibrant lifestyles. Concord grapes have natural plant nutrients called polyphenols, including many of the same ones found in red wine. Not only do polyphenols give Concord grapes their vibrant color, these plant nutrients also act as antioxidants and deliver benefits to help promote overall health. What’s more, research suggests that Concord grapes make one heart-healthy juice. Most 100 percent grape juice is made with whole Concord grapes -- skin, seeds and all -- and contains no added sugar, color or flavor. Getting enough fruits and vegetables each day is important for overall health. In particular, most people fall short on getting enough vibrantly colored, blue and purple fruits and vegetables, which only account for about 3 percent of total fruit and vegetable intake. That’s not great news, because a diet rich in a wide variety of colorful fruits and vegetables ensures the broadest range of vitamins, minerals and beneficial plant nutrients. Dark-skinned blue and purple fruits, like the Concord grape and grape juice, provide plant nutrients not found in many other colors of fruits and vegetables. In fact, according to a national survey, consuming blue and purple fruits and vegetables is associated with healthier eating patterns in children and adults, and overall better health in adults. Drinking the right amount of 100 percent juice made with Concord grapes can be a smart way to add purple fruit to the diet and to liven up your day. But it’s important to remember that many purple grape juices aren’t made with Concord grapes, which means they may not have the same amount of plant nutrients, and therefore have less natural polyphenol power. Check the label to make sure that the grape juice that you’re buying is 100 percent grapes. “The typical rule of thumb is that if you don’t drink alcohol, you shouldn’t start, so 100 percent purple grape juice is certainly a good option,” adds Mills-Gray. Juice also contains slightly less calories than wine -- juice has 4 calories per gram, wine has 7 calories per gram. So, enjoy the benefits of the juice of the vine without the alcohol and drink 100 percent grape juice! GRAPE JUICE SMOOTHIE Here’s an especially heart-healthy drink. Not only is it low in fat, but red grapes contain the same phytochemicals found in red wine that protect against heart disease. To freeze grapes for this recipe or for a great frozen snack, place the individual grapes on a tray and place them in a freezer. When frozen, pour the grapes into a re-sealable bag and store in the freezer. 1/2 cup grape juice, chilled 1/4 cup plain low-fat yogurt 1 cup frozen, seedless red grapes In a blender, combine grape juice, yogurt and grapes and blend until mixture is smooth and frothy. Pour into 1 tall glass. ***

Angela Shelf Medearis is an award-winning children’s author, culinary historian and the author of seven cookbooks. Her new cookbook is “The Kitchen Diva’s Diabetic Cookbook.” Her website is To see how-to videos, recipes and much, much more, Like Angela Shelf Medearis, The Kitchen Diva! on Facebook and go to Recipes may not be reprinted without permission from Angela Shelf Medearis.(c) 2013 King Features Synd., Inc., and Angela Shelf Medearis

By Healthy Exchanges

Smothered Onion Chicken Breast Take a pound of chicken breast -- what do you get? An ultra-comforting dish that’s good enough for company. 16 ounces skinned and boned uncooked chicken breast, cut into 4 pieces 1 1/2 cups chopped onion 1 (10 3/4-ounce) can reduced-fat cream of chicken soup 1 teaspoon dried parsley flakes 1. Preheat oven to 350 F. Spray an 8-by-8-inch baking dish with butter-flavored cooking spray. 2. In a large skillet sprayed with butter-flavored cooking spray, lightly brown chicken pieces for 5 minutes on each side. Evenly arrange chicken in prepared baking dish. 3. In same skillet, saute onion for 5 minutes. Stir in chicken soup and parsley flakes. Lower heat and cook for 2 to 3 minutes. Evenly spoon soup mixture over chicken pieces. 4. Cover and bake for 30 minutes or until chicken is tender. When serving, evenly spoon sauce mixture over chicken pieces. Freezes well. Makes 4 servings. ¥ Each serving equals: 196 calories, 4g fat, 28g protein, 12g carb., 351mg sodium, 1g fiber; Diabetic Exchanges: 3 Meat, 1 Vegetable, 1/2 Other Carb. (c) 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.

Healthy Tiramisu We’ve replaced egg yolks and mascarpone with reduced-fat cream cheese and lowfat milk, and we used just a bit of whipped cream. Our cocoa-topped 175-calorie dessert will leave you feeling light as a feather! 2/3 cup hot water 2 tablespoons brandy 1 tablespoon instant espresso powder 1 tablespoon sugar 1/4 cup sugar 1/4 cup whipping cream 1 box (8-ounce) reduced-fat cream cheese (Neufchatel), softened 1/4 cup low-fat (1 percent) milk 1/2 teaspoon vanilla extract 1 tablespoon cocoa powder 1. In small bowl, stir together hot water, brandy, espresso powder and 1 tablespoon sugar until sugar dissolves. 2. In medium bowl, with mixer on medium speed, beat cream until soft peaks form when beaters are lifted. 3. In large bowl, with mixer on mediumhigh speed, beat cream cheese and 1/4 cup sugar until fluffy, about 4 minutes. Continue beating; add milk and vanilla in a slow, steady stream. Beat until well-mixed and fluffy, about 2 minutes. 4. With spatula, gently fold whipped cream into cream cheese mixture. 5. In 8- by 8-inch baking dish, arrange half of ladyfingers, flat sides up, in single layer. Pour half of brandy mixture evenly over; let stand until absorbed. 6. Spread half of cream cheese mixture evenly over ladyfingers. Top with remaining ladyfingers, flat sides up. Brush remaining brandy mixture over ladyfingers, allowing liquid to be absorbed before each addition. Spread evenly with remaining cream cheese mixture. 7. Sift cocoa powder evenly on top. Cover with plastic wrap and refrigerate at least 4 hours or overnight. Garnish with chocolate curls, if desired. Serves 9. ¥ Each serving: About 175 calories, 9g total fat (5g saturated), 55mg cholesterol, 180mg sodium, 18g carbohydrate, 4g protein. For thousands of triple-tested recipes, visit our website at (c) 2013 Hearst Communications, Inc. All rights reserved


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BEETLE JUICE So you’re not interested in eating bugs? Well, you better start reading the ingredients labels a bit more closely… • The cochineal beetle lives on prickly pear cactus plants in places such as Peru and the Canary Islands, sucking their sap. The eggs of the beetle, wrapped inside a cocoon, are bright red. In fact, the eggs are so red that a pregnant female cochineal beetle whose body harbors unlaid eggs will, if squashed, yield a bright red pulp. Long ago the Mixtec Indians collected the female cochineal beetles and crushed them to a powder. The dried bug dust was used to create a color-fast red dye for fabrics that is still used today. It’s consid-ered to be superior to all synthetic dyes. But these red bugs color more than just clothing. • Dye made from cochineal beetles is called carmine. In the 1800s food manufacturers began to use carmine to dye sausages, candy, jam, shrimp, maraschino cherries, and other things. The cosmetic industry used it to color lipstick and rouge. The pharmaceutical industry used it to color pills. Carmine was a very common until a red dye made from coal tar became more popular in the 1870s. However, when coal tar dyes were found to be carcinogenic, carmine came back on the scene. Look at the ingredients of red foods and beverages in your supermarket today for either “carmine” or “cochineal extract.” Many kinds of juice, yogurt, ice cream, cough syrup, gelatin, and candy may contain beetle powder for coloring. The advertising for such products may legitimately claim, “All natural ingredients!” because, after all, what’s unnatural about a beetle? If you don’t want to eat crushed beetles, look for ‘artificial coloring’ on the ingredients label. • In 1996, some 640 metric tons of cochineal was harvested in Peru. That accounts for 85 percent of the world’s production. • Now let’s take a look at candy, especially chocolate candy such as chocolate covered raisins, chocolate mints,

chocolate coated peanuts and so forth. Anything that tends to get sticky is covered with shellac. What exactly is shellac? Shellac comes from the poop produced by the scale beetle Lac-cifer lacca, which lives in India and South Asia. The beetle makes a living eating tree sap, particularly of several species of soap-berry, acacia, and fig tree. It then excretes di-gested sap and covers itself with a hardened shell of this resinous matter to protect itself from predators while it goes through its larval stage. Twigs covered with these bugs are then scraped off, and the scrapings are ground up, washed, melted, filtered, dried, and dissolved in denatured alcohol to form a varnish for furniture. Food grade varnish, a type of confectioner’s glaze, can also be produced from Laccifer lacca which is very popular with food manu-facturers because it maintains its gloss even in high humidity; it doesn’t get sticky or dull; and it adheres easily to many food surfaces. Of course, the label is not going to list bug poop as an ingredient. No, it’s usually got a sugar coated name such as ‘confectioner’s glaze or ‘resinous glaze.’ “Lac” from which we get our word shellac, comes from the Persian word meaning “hun-dred thousand” because it takes so many of these tiny bugs to produce lac in any quan-tity: 100,000 bugs, each the size of the head of a pin, can yield perhaps a pound of shel-lac.

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H o l ly wo o d By Tony Rizzo

wasn’t very nice to me.” HOLLYWOOD -- Joseph Gordon-Levitt has come a long way from playing Tommy *** Soloman on “3rd Rock from the Sun” (1996Josh Hutcherson may be the new sequel king. 2001). Among his many films since 1992 Having done “Journey to the Center of the are “A River Runs Through It,” “Angels in Earth” (2008) with Brendan Fraser, and the Outfield,” “Halloween H20: 20 years “Journey 2: The Mysterious Island” last year Later,” “10 Things I Hate About You,” “(500) with Dwayne (The Rock) Johnson, he’s now Days of Summer,” “G.I. Joe: The Rise of the preparing for “Journey 3: From the Earth to Cobra,” “Inception” and “50/50.” In 2012 he the Moon,” with Dwayne Johnson had four major films, “The Dark again starring. Then Josh stars in Knight Rises,” “Premium Rush,” “The Hunger Games: Mockingjay “Looper” and “Lincoln.” 1” due Nov. 21, 2014, and “The He received raves at the Sundance Hunger Games: Mockingjay 2” Film Festival for “Don Jon’s due Nov. 20, 2015. The cast also Addiction,” which he wrote, includes Jennifer Lawrence, Liam directed and starred in with Hemsworth, Woody Harrelson, Scarlett Johansson, Julianne Philip Seymour Hoffman and Moore and Tony Danza, with Donald Sutherland. cameos by Channing Tatum and *** Anne Hathaway. In his next film, Fans of “Downton Abbey” are “Sin City: A Dame to Kill For,” up in arms that Dan Stevens, the he stars with Jessica Alba, Josh Joseph Gordon-Levitt dashing Matthew Crawley, has Brolin, Rosario Dawson, Bruce become the toast of New York while starring Willis and Mickey Rourke. The film, directed with Jessica Chastain in “The Heiress,” which by Robert Rodriguez, is due out Oct. 4. Did closed Feb. 4 on Broadway. He recently we fail to mention Joseph Gordon-Levitt starred with Alicia Silverstone, Sigourney turns only 32 this month! Weaver and Malcolm McDowell in the *** currently released “Vamps,” and will be seen Now that “Lincoln” is a smash, we’ll soon later this year in “Summer in February.” have no less than three films about former “Downton Abbey,” season 4, may be his President Ronald Reagan. In “Reagan”, based last, since he’s been offered several projects on two books by Paul Kengor, Jon Voight that could keep him in the U.S. working will play a KGB agent who shadows Reagan, on Broadway or in films. From “Downton and Jane Fonda will play first lady Nancy Abbey” to downtown Broadway, we suppose, Reagan in “The Butler.” Fonda wrote Mrs. like Superman, he’s able to leap tall buildings Reagan, seeking her advice as she prepared in a single bound too! for the part. Jane was surprised that Nancy was happy with her portrayal, explaining, (c) 2013 King Features Synd., Inc. “Because back when she was feisty, she


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¥ “It can be tricky to add new keys to a key ring, especially if you don’t have much of a fingernail. I have found a foolproof way to get the key started. Just use a staple remover. It works wonders!” -- T.R. in Indiana ¥ If you have small scratches in your wood furniture, try this old trick: Rub a walnut over dings to cover them up. Or find a matching brown crayon, rub it lightly into the scratch, and finish with a hair dryer held 10 inches away for about 10-15 seconds. It melts the wax of the crayon, and then you can buff it with a soft rag. Any excess is swept away, and the color remains. ¥ Got small kids? If your little one keeps rolling out of his bed, here’s a tip: Use a pool noodle tucked under the fitted sheet, lengthwise along the edge of the bed. It’s just enough of a bumper to send a sleeping child back to the center of

¥ “If you have mismatched picture frames that you’d like to use, try spray-painting them all the same color. I had several that were different colors and a little bit beat up, but I wanted to use them in one big group. I painted them all glossy black, and they look great!” -- W.F. in Arkansas ¥ Hanging shoe racks are a wonderful organizational tool -- especially the ones made of plastic that have see-through pockets. You can use them on the back of your bathroom door for small towels and toiletries, or how about on the back of baby’s door as a diaper organizer? My favorite use is on the back of my garage door to hold all the cleaning bottles and solutions with other supplies. They are nice and high, and out of reach of little hands. Send your tips to Now Here’s a Tip, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475 or e-mail JoAnn at (c) 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.

1. GEOGRAPHY: What country lies northwest of Colombia? 2. FOOD & DRINK: What kind of food is fusilli? 3. POLITICS: How many popular votes separated Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy in the 1960 presidential election? 4. LITERATURE: What 19th-century novel starts with the line, “There was no possibility of taking a walk that day”? 5. TELEVISION: On “Bonanza,” what was the name of the character played by Michael Landon? 6. GENERAL KNOWLEDGE: What was the popular name of the Scottish outlaw Robert MacGregor? 7. MEDICINE: What is the function of the chemical substance called heparin? 8. PERSONALITIES: Who is the chef on the “Barefoot Contessa” cooking show? 9. BUSINESS: Which merchant used the five-and-dime-store concept to create one of the largest retail chains in the world? 10. GAMES: What is the standard weight of a shot put used by men in competition? Answers 1. Panama 2. Pasta 3. Just more than 100,000 4. “Jane Eyre,” by Charlotte Bronte 5. Little Joe 6. Rob Roy 7. Prevents blood clotting 8. Ina Garten 9. F.W. Woolworth 10. 16 pounds (c) 2013 King Features Synd., Inc.

Issue 14  

Issue 14 Tidbits of the Foothills, the Neatest Little Paper Ever Read

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