Page 13

There are   many   relict   weirs   and   control   structures   along   the   river   and   several   reaches   where   the   already   modest   gradient   was   removed   to   maintain   a   head   of   water   to   power   waterwheels   or   to   spill   water   into   the   meadows.     These   man-­‐made   features   are   part   of   our   industrial   and   agricultural   heritage  but  can  be  in  conflict  with  aspirations  for  a  fast-­‐flowing,  silt-­‐free  river.       2.5.  Ecosystems  Services     Ecosystems   services   can   broadly   be   described   as   the   benefits   we   receive   from   the   natural   environment.     Unlike   the   traditional   geographic   units   that   have   been   used   to   manage   society,   such   as   parish,   borough  and  county  boundaries,  river  catchments  offer  a  natural  management  unit  (a  hydrological   ecosystem)   from   which   to   identify   the   mechanisms   via   which   the   natural   environment   provides   benefits  to  society.       We  derive  an  array  of  ecosystems  services  from  our  river  catchment  landscapes,  including:   Ø The  provision  of  clean  drinking  water   Ø The  disposal  of  waste  water   Ø The   regulation   and   attenuation   of   water   e.g.   flood   water   storage   in   extreme   rainfall   events   Ø Habitats  for  wildlife     Ø Water  supply  for  Industrial  abstraction   Ø Agriculture   Ø Aquaculture  &  fisheries   Ø Shellfisheries   Ø Culture  and  recreation,  particularly  recreational  angling   Ø Port  activities   Ø Power  generation   However,  over  the  past  century  our  catchment  ecosystems  and  the  services  they  provide  have  come   under   increasing   pressure   from   conversion   of   natural   habitats,   pollution   of   land   and   water,   exploitation  of  terrestrial  and  freshwater  resources,  invasive  species  and  climate  change.  The  result   is   that   the   provision   of   the   ecosystems   services   we   depend   on   has   been   skewed   in   favour   of   the   production  of  food,  fibre  and  fuel  to  the  detriment  of  many  other  vital  services.   A   healthy   water   environment   is   essential   in   preventing   further   development   of   this   trend   and   for   sustaining  the  on-­‐going  delivery  of  ecosystems  services.            


Profile for TICP

TICP Catchment Action Plan (low res)  

TICP Catchment Action Plan (low res)  

Profile for ticp