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       CATCHMENT  ACTION  PLAN                  T  EST  &  ITCHEN  CATCHMENT  PARTNERSHIP    

         

         

                                         www.ticp.org.uk  


FOREWORD   Protecting  the  Test  and  Itchen  rivers  and  their  catchment  and  the  issues,  pressures  and  challenges   that   affect   this   unique   water   environment   is   vitally   important   to   many   individuals   and   local   organisations  in  the  Hampshire  area.   While   the   catchment   has   a   legacy   of   good   partnership   projects   to   build   upon,   to   make   a   real   difference   there   needs   to   be   an   integrated   approach   to   sharing   knowledge   and   delivering   improvements  that  will  protect  the  Test  and  Itchen  for  the  long  term.     The   Catchment   Based   Approach   is   DEFRA’s   solution   to   help   support   a   more   integrated   system.   It   involves   local   communities   and   organisations   in   decision   making   by   sharing   evidence,   listening   to   ideas,   working   out   priorities   and   seeking   to   deliver   actions   that   address   local   issues   in   a   cost   effective  way.   By  working  together  we  can  take  the  necessary  steps  to  deliver  the  improvements  needed  to  protect   and  enhance  our  local  river  catchments.           Paul  Jose    

Director, Wessex  Chalk  Stream  &   Rivers  Trust          

             Debbie  Tann  

                                       Chief  Executive,  Hampshire  &  Isle  of  Wight                      Wildlife  Trust  

                                                                   

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VISION          

 

“a healthy  water   environment  which  is  valued   and  nurtured  by  residents,   businesses  and  the  wider   community”      

 

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY      

BACKGROUND The  Test  &  Itchen  are  widely  regarded  as  two  of  the  finest  chalk  streams  in  the  world,  supporting  a   rich   diveristy   of   flora   and   fauna   which   is   unique   to   chalk   stream   environments.   Despite   this,   they   face   significant   pressures.   The   EU   Water   Framework   Directive,   designed   to   drive   improvements   in   the  status  of  rivers,  lakes,  coastal  waters  and  groundwater,  provides  a  unique  opportunity  for  us  to   further  enhance  the  ecological  and  chemical  quality  of  our  precious  chalk  rivers,  providing  benefits   for  the  environment  and  for  society  .   DEFRA   recognise   that   the   involevement   of   local   stakeholders   is   a   crucial   part   of   the   solution   to   improving   the   state   of   our   water   environment   and   have   established   a   Catchment   Based   Approach   policy   framework   to   enable   stakeholders   to   collectively   plan   and   deliver   actions   at   a   catchment   scale.   The  Test  &  Itchen  Catchment  Partnership   is  bringing  together  a  diverse  range  of  local  organisations,   businesses  and  individuals  to  collectively  agree  priority  issues  and  actions  that  will  be  delivered,  in   partnership,   for   the   benefit   of   the   water   environment.   This   Catchment   Action   Plan   encapsulates   the   partnerships  aspirations  and  will  guide  the  delivery  of  actions  into  the  future.  

KEY  THEMES      

The Partnership  have  undertaken  a  stakeholder  led  review  of  the  catchment  using  4  key  themes  of;   WATER   QUALITY,   WATER   QUANTITY,   CHANNEL   /   HABITAT   /   BIODIVERSITY   and   RECREATION   &   COMMUNITY  ENGAGEMENT.   Within   these   key   themes   the   partnership   have   combined   the   views   and   opinions   of   local   stakeholders   with   a   broad   spectrum   of   supplementry   data   and   evidence,   to   agree   issues,   to   map   existing  activity  and  to  identify  opportunities  for  the  catchment  partnership  to  deliver  complimentry   actions.     OUTCOMES   The   partnership   have   collectively   agreed   a   short   list   of   initial   priority   projects,   primarliy   focused   around  delivering  improvements  to  ‘Water  Quality’  and  ‘Water  Quantity’.  The  priority  projects  are   listed   below   and   further   information   on   the   actions   and   delivery   of   each   project   will   be   shown   on   the  Test  and  Itchen  Catchment  Partnership  website:  www.ticp.org.uk    

A. WATER  QUALITY:    

1. 2. 3. 4.

Sediment Pathways  Project*   Non-­‐Mains  Sewerage  Project   Groundwater  Quality  Project   Anglers  Monitoring  Initiative  *  

               C.  CHANNEL  /  HABITAT  /  BIODIVERSITY     1. Keeping  Rivers  Cool                  *          Multifunctional  Wetlands  Project  

B. WATER QUANTITY         1. Multifunctional  Wetlands  Project*  

                 *        Sediment  Pathways  Project  

               D.  RECREATION  &  COMMUNITY  ENGAGEMENT     1. Rivers  Week                    *        Anglers  Monitoring  Initiative    

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CONTENTS BACKGROUND   1.0.  INTRODUCTION                           1.1.  Catchment  Based  Approach       1.2.  Test  &  Itchen  Catchment  Partnership     1.3.  Catchment  Action  Plan    

     

     

     

     

     

     

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2.0 CATCHMENT  BACKGROUND           2.1.  Location                     2.2.  Geology  &  Soils     2.3.  Land  use  and  Population                   2.4.  Environment  and  Landscape  Features                 2.5.  Ecosystems  Services                      

3.0. STRATEGIC  REVIEW           3.1.  Stakeholder  Engagement     3.2.  Designated  Sites                             3.3.  Water  Framework  Directive  (WFD)     3.4.  Plans,  Strategies  &  Projects    

       

KEY THEMES    

4.0. WATER  QUALITY           4.1.  What  are  the  issues?         4.2.  Where  are  the  pressures?       4.3.  What  is  already  being  done?     4.4.  What  can  the  partnership  do?    

       

       

       

       

       

       

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5.0. WATER  QUANTITY           5.1.  What  are  the  issues?       5.2.  Where  are  the  pressures?       5.3.  What  is  already  being  done?     5.4.  What  can  the  partnership  do?      

6.0. CHANNEL  /  HABITAT  /  BIODIVERSITY       6.1.  What  are  the  issues?       6.2.  Where  are  the  pressures?     6.3.  What  is  already  being  done?       6.4  What  can  the  partnership  do?      

7.0. RECREATION  &  COMMUNITY  ENGAGMENT     7.1.  What  are  the  issues?       7.2.  Where  are  the  pressures?     7.3.  What  is  already  being  done?     7.4  What  can  the  partnership  do?      

OUTCOMES  

8.0. PARTNERSHIPS  FOR  ACTION         8.1.  Summary  of  opportunities           8.2.  Prioritisation  of  Opportunities     8.3.  Projects  and  Partnerships  for  Action       8.4.  How  can  you  get  involved?          

       

       

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BACKGROUND

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1.0 INTRODUCTION     1.1.  The  Catchment  Based  Approach  (CaBA)   The   ‘Catchment   Based   Approach’   is   part   of   the   UK’s   solution   to   improving   the   Chemical   and   Ecological   Status   of   our   waters   under   the   European   Union’s   Water   Framework   Directive.   Whilst   many   other   solutions   have   been   identified,   DEFRA   recognises   the   value   of   bringing   local   stakeholders   together   under   a   single   umbrella   to   collectively   agree   and   deliver   actions.   The   Catchment  Based  Approach  policy  framework  will  see  issues  being  identified  and  tackled  at  a  much   more  local  level,  giving  local  stakeholders  the  opportunity  to  get  involved  with  planning  and  delivery   of  environmental  improvements.     Throughout   England,   Catchment   Partnerships   are   being   established   under   the   Catchment   Based   Approach  and  many  are  developing  catchment  plans  which  will  guide  the  work  of  the  partnerships,   and   will   also   help   to   inform   larger-­‐scale   strategic   plans   that   the   Environment   Agency   is   putting   in   place  for  each  of  the  11  River  Basins  Districts  in  England  &  Wales.  These  River  Basin  Management   Plans   set   out   the   priorities   and   actions   to   deliver   Good   Ecological   Status   (or   Potential)   to   be   implemented  between  2016  and  2021  (the  second  management  cycle  of  WFD).  The  diagram  below   shows  the  timescale  the  Environment  Agency  is  working  to  in  order  to  deliver  and  implement  their   plans.   Following  on  from  the  first  cycle  of  River  Basin  Management  Plans  and  the  subsequent  ‘Challenges   and  Choices’  consultation,  draft  River  Basin  Plans  are  currently  being  prepared   for  the  second  cycle.   These  were  put  out  for  consultation  in  November  2014  and  following  this  the  River  Basin  Plans  will   be  finalised  in  late  2015,  for  implementation  between  2016  and  2021.     Figure  1:  Timetable  for  River  Basin  Management  Planning  under  WFD                      

           

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However, CaBA   is   about   much   more   than   just   complying   with   the   Water   Framework   Directive.   It   provides  an  opportunity  for  those  individuals  and  organisations  who  have  an  interest  in  the  rivers,   lakes   and   groundwater   bodies,   as   well   as   those   whose   activities   benefit   from   them,   or   have   the   potential   to   impact   upon   them,   to   come   together:   to   highlight   issues,   identify   priorities   and   participate   in   delivery   of   actions   to   address   them.     This   includes   river   owners,   fishery   and   wildlife   organisations,   land   owners   and   farmers,   water   companies,   industry   and   other   businesses   and   the   wider  community.   1.2.  The  Test  &  Itchen  Catchment  Partnership  (TICP)   The  Wessex  Chalk  Stream  &  Rivers  Trust  (WCSRT)  and  the  Hampshire  &  Isle  of  Wight  Wildlife  Trust   (HIWWT)  are  co-­‐hosting  the  Catchment  Partnership,  with  funding  from  DEFRA  and  others  sources  to   develop  this  action  plan  and  co-­‐ordinate  delivery  of  the  actions  proposed  in  it.   A   core   group   of   key   delivery   organisations   representing   fishery   and   wildlife   interests,   farming   and   aquaculture,   the   water   industry,   local   authorities   and   the   government   environmental   bodies   has   been  set  up  to  direct  and  steer  the  Catchment  Partnership.    This  group  currently  includes:                             Participation  from  communities  and  interest  groups  is  crucial  to  the  Catchment  Based  Approach,  so   the   Catchment   Partnership   has   also   established   a   wider   stakeholder   group   to   actively   encourage   local   stakeholders   to   feed   their   views   into   the   partnership   and   help   deliver   action   on   the   ground.   The   partnership   has   already   worked   with   a   wide   range   of   stakeholders  including;   local   authorities,   the   watercress   and   fish   farming   industry,   fisheries   groups,   riparian   owners,   land   managers   and   farmers.    

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1.3.  The  Catchment  Action  Plan   The  aim  of  the  Catchment  Action  Plan  is  to  set  out  the  actions,  agreed  by  the  partnership,  that  will   deliver   the   environmental   improvements   needed   to   work   towards   achieving   the   partnership’s   shared  vision  for  the  catchment.   The  Catchment  Action  Plan  is  divided  into  two  parts:   1. The   first   part   is   this   ‘background   document’,   which   describes   the   catchment,  the   key   issues,   the   existing   actions   and   finally,   the   opportunities   for   the   Catchment   Partnership   to   deliver   complimentary  actions.     2. The  second  part  of  the  Catchment  Action  Plan  will  be  ‘web-­‐based’,  with  a  series  of  project-­‐ specific  action  cards  being  hosted  on  the  TICP’s  website.   This  ‘background  document’  begins  with  an  overview  of  the  catchment’s  key  characteristics  and  an   outline  of  the  current  environmental  status.     It   then   looks   at   4   key   themes   of;   water   quality,   water   quantity,   ‘channel   /   habitat   /   biodiversity’   and   recreation.   Within   each   of   these   themes,   the   plan   identifies   the   main   issues,   the   existing   actions   being   delivered   to   address   these   issues   and   the   opportunities   for   the   catchment   partnership   to   deliver  improvements.   The  priority  projects,  outlined  in  the  final  section  of  this  document,  will  form  the  basis  for  the  second   ‘web-­‐based’  part  of  the  Catchment  Action  Plan.   The  actions  and  delivery  mechanisms  specific  to  each  project  will  be  shown  in  action  cards  that  will   be   displayed   on   the   Test   &   Itchen   Catchment   Partnership’s   website.   These   will   be   frequently   updated  as  projects  progress.   www.ticp.org.uk   This  format  is  intended  to  allow  the  Catchment  Action  Plan  to  be  a  fully  working  document,  which   will   be   adapted   and   developed   as   new   evidence   emerges,   priorities   are   identified   and   actions   are   implemented.                            

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2.0. CATCHMENT  BACKGROUND     For   the   purposes   of   this   partnership,   we   have   adopted   the   ‘management   catchment’,   shown   below,   that   the   Environment   Agency   uses   for   monitoring   and   reporting   under   the   Water   Framework   Directive   and   for   managing   the   availability   of   water   for   abstraction.     The   Test   &   Itchen   management   catchment   combines   the   hydrological   catchments   of   the   Rivers   Test   and   Itchen,   along   with   the   underlying  groundwater  bodies,  the  Southampton  Water  and  the  Solent.     2.1.  Location   The   catchment   drains   approximately   1,760   square   kilometres   of   land,   in   the   county   of   Hampshire,   with   both   rivers   rising   from   springs   on   the   chalk   downs   at   their   respective   sources   near   Ashe   and   Hinton  Ampner,  before  flowing  through  predominantly  rural  parts  of  the  county,  until  they  reach  a   shared  estuary  in  Southampton  Water.  

é Fig 2: Boundary Map - Test & Itchen Catchment

 

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Infrastructure regulating the service Geology & soils

2.2. Geology  &  Soils  

Soil typology Infrastructure regulating service

Soil is the medium in which plants grow and is a vital habitat that supports a huge diversity of Theanimal biggestspecies challenge assessing the provision land of forfood, recreation andinmicro-organisms. Fertile of soilresources is criticaland for accessible the production timberand andcultural activitie current of those essential opportunities across the and landscape catchment andSoils to examine the way fibre,provision and it is therefore for our survival economic prosperity. also influence the that these op

The geology  of  the  catchment  is  dominated  by  chalk  waccessed hich   covers   80%   to  9and 0%   of  the   cinatchment,   and   andofmanaged. when this assessment made can the of level of provision services be assessed and com character our localOnly landscapes play a keyhas rolebeen the regulation environmental thatsuch I required by thecycling, residential and communities. as nutrient water water carbona storage. comprises  large,  mostly  unconfined,  aquifers  that  provide   the   majority   oquality, f  business flow   tflow o  bregulation oth  rand ivers,   s  well   The data presented here gives flavour of the infrastructure that exists – public rights of way remain to be mapped, b levels of access to greenspace/open assessed in more detail. !in   the   as   providing   drinking   water   for   the   catchment   and   the   s" urrounding   area.    spaces The  tocbehalk   downland   upper  catchment  is  covered  mainly  by  shallow,  well  drained,  calcareous,  flinty  and  silty  soils.   (www.landis.org.uk)$

3 4: Soil Types - Test & Itchen è Fig

FREE$ALTERNATIVE:$EU$Soils$ Database.$Free$from$the$European$ Soil$Portal$(eusoils.jrc.ec.europa.eu).$$

Recreation Overview

è Fig 3: Solid Geology - Test & Itchen

UPGRADE$DATA:$NatMap$Vector$ from$NSRI$Cranfield.$

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In contrast,  in  the  lower  parts  of  the  catchment,  the  Rivers  Dun,  Blackwater,  and  Lower  Test,  and  the   Bow  Lake,  and  Lower  Itchen,  flow  over  tertiary  clay  geology  where  soils  are  more  prone  to  structural   degredation.   2.3.  Land  use  and  Population   The  Test  and  Itchen  is  a  largely  rural  catchment  and  the  majority  of  land,  approximately  1,100  sq  km   or  62%,  is  used  for  farming.       The   main   agricultural   activity,   accounting   for   80%   of   agricultural   land,   is   arable   farming   and   includes   the  production  of  wheat,  barley,  oats  and  oil  seed  rape.  There  are  also  a  number  of  mixed  farming   and   livestock   enterprises,   most   of   which   are   concentrated   in   the   lower   catchment   and   the   river   valleys.     The  river  valleys  are  also  home  to  the  watercress  industry,  which  relies  on  plentiful  supplies  of  high   quality  spring  water  for  its  watercress  growing  operations.   The   main   centres   of   population   within   the   catchment   are   Southampton,   Andover,   Winchester,   Eastleigh  and  Romsey.  The  catchment  population  is  approximately  725,000  (2011  Census)  with  the   highest  population  densities  in  Southampton,  which  creates  significant  pressure   on  water  resources   and  increased  levels  of  pollution  entering  the  Southampton  Water.  

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è Fig 6: Population density

è Fig 5: Landcover type

              2   .     2.4.  Environment  and  Landscape  Features   In   terms   of   both   landscape   and   biodiversity,   the   catchment   contains   a   number   of   sites   of   local,   national  and  international  importance,  with  a  diverse  range  of  habitats  supporting  a  rich  variety  of   species.     To   the   east,   a   substantial   part   of   the   upper   Itchen   catchment   is   included   in   the   South   Downs   National   Park   and   similarly,   most   of   the   Bourne   Rivulet   catchment   and   part   of   the   upper   Test   catchment   is   within   the   North   Wessex   Downs   Area   of   Outstanding   Natural   Beauty   (AONB).   The   river   valleys   themselves   also   attract   a   number   of   statutory   designations   that   reflect   the   importance   of   their   unique   chalk   river   systems   and   the   diversity   of   species   they   support.   Significant   portions   of   each  of  the  Test  and  Itchen  Rivers  are  designated  as  a  Site  of  Special  Scientific  Interest  (SSSI),  as  well   as   large   swathes   of   the   floodplain.   In   addition,   the   River   Itchen   is   also   designated   as   a   Special   Area   of   Conservation   (SAC)   under   the   EC   Habitats   Directive,   recognising   the   international   importance   of   chalk   river  habitat  and  the  species  it  supports.   The   current   configuration   of   the   river   is   the   result   of   re-­‐engineering   for   land   drainage,   water   mills,   water   meadows   and   navigation   over   a   long   period   of   time.   These   functions   have   long   gone,   as   has   the   associated   income  that  paid  for  the  maintenance  of  the  complex   river  system,  which  is  now  semi-­‐derelict  in  parts.       è Fig 7: Designated Sites  

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There are   many   relict   weirs   and   control   structures   along   the   river   and   several   reaches   where   the   already   modest   gradient   was   removed   to   maintain   a   head   of   water   to   power   waterwheels   or   to   spill   water   into   the   meadows.     These   man-­‐made   features   are   part   of   our   industrial   and   agricultural   heritage  but  can  be  in  conflict  with  aspirations  for  a  fast-­‐flowing,  silt-­‐free  river.       2.5.  Ecosystems  Services     Ecosystems   services   can   broadly   be   described   as   the   benefits   we   receive   from   the   natural   environment.     Unlike   the   traditional   geographic   units   that   have   been   used   to   manage   society,   such   as   parish,   borough  and  county  boundaries,  river  catchments  offer  a  natural  management  unit  (a  hydrological   ecosystem)   from   which   to   identify   the   mechanisms   via   which   the   natural   environment   provides   benefits  to  society.       We  derive  an  array  of  ecosystems  services  from  our  river  catchment  landscapes,  including:   Ø The  provision  of  clean  drinking  water   Ø The  disposal  of  waste  water   Ø The   regulation   and   attenuation   of   water   e.g.   flood   water   storage   in   extreme   rainfall   events   Ø Habitats  for  wildlife     Ø Water  supply  for  Industrial  abstraction   Ø Agriculture   Ø Aquaculture  &  fisheries   Ø Shellfisheries   Ø Culture  and  recreation,  particularly  recreational  angling   Ø Port  activities   Ø Power  generation   However,  over  the  past  century  our  catchment  ecosystems  and  the  services  they  provide  have  come   under   increasing   pressure   from   conversion   of   natural   habitats,   pollution   of   land   and   water,   exploitation  of  terrestrial  and  freshwater  resources,  invasive  species  and  climate  change.  The  result   is   that   the   provision   of   the   ecosystems   services   we   depend   on   has   been   skewed   in   favour   of   the   production  of  food,  fibre  and  fuel  to  the  detriment  of  many  other  vital  services.   A   healthy   water   environment   is   essential   in   preventing   further   development   of   this   trend   and   for   sustaining  the  on-­‐going  delivery  of  ecosystems  services.            

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3.0. STRATEGIC  REVIEW   The  partnership  has  carried  out  a  strategic  review  of  the  catchment,  using  a  multi-­‐tiered  approach,   which  builds  upon  crucial  evidence  provided  by  stakeholders  at  a  series  of  stakeholder  workshops.   The  additional  evidence  used  to  supplement  the  views  and  opinions  of  local  stakeholders,  includes   information  on  designated  sites,  Environment  Agency  data  from  monitoring  and  reporting  under  the   Water  Framework  Directive,  as  well  as  various  plans,  strategies,  projects  from  across  the  catchment.   3.1.  Stakeholder  Engagement     To   develop   this   stakeholder   led   Catchment   Action   Plan,   the   Partnership   sought   to   engage   key   stakeholders   in   the   catchment   to   share   their   views   and   priorities   regarding   potential   issues   and   actions  for  delivering  improvements.   In   November   2013,   the   Partnership   circulated   an   invitation   to   over   90   stakeholders   in   the   catchment,   inviting   them   to   attend   an   inaugural   Stakeholder   Group   meeting   for   the   Test   &   Itchen   Catchment  Partnership.   The  meeting  took  place  at  Sparsholt  College  on  5th  December  2013  and  was  attended  by  a  range  of   stakeholders,  including  local  businesses,  councils,  water  companies,  landowners,  fisheries  managers,   government  organisations  and  NGOs.     Following  the  inaugural  meeting,  a  number  of  workshops  were  held  for  individual  stakeholder  sub   groups,  including  Local  Authorities,  Agriculture,  Watercress  and  Fish  Farming.  The  workshops  helped   identify   existing   work   being   carried   out   in   the   catchment   and   also   helped   establish   priority   issues   and  stakeholder  aspirations  for  delivering  environmental  improvements.   An   additional   workshop   was   proposed   for   a   ‘Riparian   Owner   /   Angling’   sub   group   but   following   recent   stakeholder   consultation,   through   the   Test   &   Itchen   River   Restoration   Strategy,   it   was   considered   that   further   engagement   would   be   unnecessary   duplication   and   that   it   would   be   more   appropriate  for  the  Partnership  to  seek  to  support  delivery  of  the  Restoration  Strategy.     The   engagement   process   undertaken   as   part   of   the   Test   &   Itchen   River   Restoration  Strategy   (RRS)   included  ad  hoc  initial  site  visits  in  October  2012,  a  consultation  evening  in  November  2012,  which   was  attended  by  60  stakeholders,  and  a  second  consultation  evening  in  March  2013.     The   partnership   has   focused   stakeholder   engagement   around   key   organisations   and   individuals   with   direct   links   to   the   Test   &   Itchen   Rivers.   This   approach   has   been   taken   because   key   regulatory   priorities  for  the  Test  &  Itchen  catchment  are  closely  linked  to  the  nature  conservation  status  and   wider  benefits  of  the  waterways  as  SSSI  (and,  in  the  case  of  the  Itchen,  SAC)  rivers.  We  recognise  the   importance   of   working   closely   with   the   key   landowners   and   stakeholders   whose   actions   and   operations   can   impact,   both   positively   and   negatively,   the   conservation   status   of   the   protected   rivers.  We  also  recognise  that  the  requirements  of  the  nature  conservation  legislation,  as  well  as  the   nature  of  the  ownership  of  the  rivers  and  floodplains,  (the  rivers  are  primarily  privately  owned  and   managed,   and   have   limited   public   access),   places   constraints   upon   the   kind   of   activities   the   partnership   may   wish   to   promote.   Clearly,   the   generation   of   improvements   requires   collaborative   actions  with  river  owners/managers.  

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The partnership  also  recognises  the  importance  of  wider  engagement  with  the  public  and  intends  to   move   to   wider   consultation   and   engagement   once   initial   support   for   this   plan   and   its   direction   of   travel   have   been   established   within   the   currently-­‐engaged   stakeholder   community.   A   phased   approach  was  felt,  by  the  partnership,  to  limit  the  risk  of  creating  unrealistic  expectations  amongst   local   communities,   or   alienating   those   key   stakeholders   whose   cooperation   will   be   required   for   undertaking  almost  any  works  within  the  catchment.     3.2.  Designated  Sites   The   River   Itchen   and   River   Test   Sites   of   Special   Scientific   Interest   (SSSI)   are   amongst   the   country’s   finest  examples  of  chalk  river  systems  and   associated  habitats.    They  are  legally  protected  under  the   Wildlife   and   Countryside   Act   1981   and   through   the   Water   Resources   Act   1991   and   the   Water   Industry   Act   1991.   The   designation   helps   Natural   England   to   ensure   better   protection   and   management  of  the  SSSI  units,  safeguarding  their  existence  for  the  future.   è Fig 8: Test & Itchen: SSSI Condition  

There  are  14  riverine  SSSI  units  in  the  Test  and  Itchen  catchment,  8  of  which  are  on  the  River  Test   and   the   remaining   6   on   the   River   Itchen.   Natural   England   undertakes   periodic   condition    

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assessments, which   examine   the   physical,   hydrological,   ecological   and   water   quality   condition   of   each  unit  for  habitats  and  species.  The  condition  of  the  SSSI  Unit  is  then  classified  as  being  either:   Favourable  condition  /  Unfavourable  recovering  /  Unfavourable  no  change  /  Unfavourable  declining.   As  shown  in  Figure  5,  none  of  the  14  of  the  riverine  SSSI  sites  in  the  Test  and  Itchen  Catchment  are   considered   to   be   in   ‘Favourable   Condition’.     Based   on   condition   assessment   data   from   2013   and   2014  all  8  units  on  the  River  Test  are  currently  classified  as  ‘unfavourable  no  change’.  On  the  River   Itchen,   the   most   recent   condition   assessments,   from   2010,   indicate   that   all   6   units   are   also   in   ‘unfavourable  no  change’  condition,  although  these  units  are  scheduled  to  be  re-­‐assessed  in  2015.   In   addition   to   the   SSSI   designations,   the   River   Itchen   is   also   designated   as   a   Special   Area   of   Conservation   (SAC)   under   the   EC   ‘Habitats   Directive’,   which   provides   an   additional   level   of   protection.   As   such,   the   River   Itchen   is   classed   as   a   Natura   2000   site   and   falls   under   the   Improvement   Programme   for   England’s   Natura   2000   sites   (IPENS).   As   part   of   this   programme,   Natural   England   has   recently   drafted   a   Site   Improvement   Plan   (SIP)   for   the   River   Itchen   SAC.   The   plan   sets   out   issues   affecting   the   SAC   which   cannot   be   tackled   by   existing   measures,   and   which   require  additional  action  such  as  funding  mechanisms  or  policy  changes  to  be  put  in  place  in  order  to   tackle  them.   3.3.  Water  Framework  Directive  (WFD)   In  2009,  the  baseline  year  for  reporting  and  monitoring  under  WFD,  the  Environment  Agency  divided   the  Test  and  Itchen  catchment  into  62  individual  waterbodies.  For  rivers,  canals,  lakes,  transitional   and  coastal  waterbodies,  the  ecological  and  chemical  status  of  each  waterbody  was  assessed,  with   the   results   giving   rise   to   an   overall   classification   of   ‘Good’,   ‘Moderate’,   ‘Poor’   or   ‘Bad’   overall   status.   For  groundwaters,  a  quantitative  and  a  chemical  status  are  used  to  give  rise  to  an  overall  status.     The   waterbodies   in   the   Test   &   Itchen   Catchment   meet   a   mixture   of   Good,   Moderate   and   Poor   Ecological  Status  in  the  2009  classification  (shown  in  Figure  9).Waterbodies  such  as  the  Anton,  the   Dever,   middle   Test,   Candover   Brook,   Cheriton   Stream,   Arle   and   upper   parts   of   the   River   Itchen   all   meet  Good  Ecological  Status  in  the  baseline  year.   However,  parts  of  the  Upper  Test,  Bourne  Rivulet,  Pilhill  Brook,  River  Dun,  Blackwater,  Monks  Brook,   Highfield   Stream,   Sholing   Common   Streams   all   meet   Moderate   Ecological   Status   requirements.   Whilst   the   majority   of   the   River   Itchen,   from   below   Eastleigh   up   to   Ovington,   the   Westwood   Streams,  Bow  Lake,  Faibourne  Streams  and  the  Lower  Test  are  at  Poor  Ecological  Status  in  the  2009   assesments.   The  latest  interim  classifications  from  2013  show  there  to  be  some  improvement  to  several  of  the   waterbodies  since  2009.  The  Lower  Test  and  lower  parts  of  the  Itchen  have  been  reclassified  from   Poor  Status  in  2009  to  Moderate  Status  in  2013.  However,  there  has  also  been  some  deterioration,   for  example,  parts  of  the  Dever,  the  Anton,  Upper  Test,  Candover  Brook  and  Cheriton  Stream  have   all  been  downgraded  in  2013.   The   majority   of   waterbodies   not   meeting   Good   Ecological   Status   are   failing   for   Water   Framework   Directive  elements  such  as,  fish,  invertebrates  and  phosphate,  amongst  a  number  of  other  reasons   for  failure.    

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è Fig 9 & 10: Test & Itchen: Surface Water Overall Status 2009 vs 2013

è Fig 11 & 12: Test & Itchen: Groundwater Chemical Status 2009 vs 2013

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è Fig 13 & 14: Test & Itchen: Groundwater Quantity 2009 vs 3013

                    For   groundwater,   there   have   been   no   significant   changes   between   2009   and   2013,   the   River   Test   Chalk  and  the  River  Itchen  chalk,  which  are  both  responsible  for  the  majority  of  surface  water  flow  in   both  rivers,  are  failing  for  chemical  status  as  they  contain  high  concentrations  of  Nitrates  and  there   is  evidence  of  localised  contamination  from  solvents  and  pesticides.  The  groundwater  quantity  in  the   Itchen  Chalk  is  also  still  failing  in  2013  interim  assesment. The  transitional  and  coastal  (TraC)  waterbodies  (Southampton  Water  and  Solent),  which  are  fed  by   the  catchment’s  surface  waters,  also  show  no  improvement  from  2009  to  2013.   è Fig 15 & 16: Test & Itchen: TRaC Waters Overall Status 2009 vs 2013  

               

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3.4. Plans,  Strategies  &  Projects   In   addition   to   the   information   on   designated   sites   and   WFD   data,   there   is   a   considerable   body   of   work,   both   past   and   present,   which   has   been   undertaken   to   address   issues   across   the   whole   catchment   or   within   certain   individual   waterbodies.   The   majority   of   this   activity   has   been   documented  in  the  various  plans  and  strategies  listed  below.     The   Partnership   has   undertaken   a   review   of   the   activities   and   actions   contained   in   these   various   plans  and  strategies  in  order  to  highlight  the  main  issues  and  pressures  on  the  water  environment   and  to  identify  where  the  Partnership  might  be  most  effective  in  delivering  actions  that  will  lead  to   environmental  improvements;  potentially  by  working  within  the  remit  of  existing  projects  or  plans,   or  by  working  alongside  them  to  undertake  those  activities  not  already  being  delivered.         Ø

2005 Winchester  BAP  -­‐  A  local  biodiversity  action  plan  for  the  district  of  Winchester  –  Hampshire   &  Isle  of  Wight  Wildlife  Trust  

Ø

2006 Itchen  Navigation  Heritage  Trail  Project  -­‐  Hampshire  &  Isle  of  Wight  Wildlife  Trust   Test    &  Itchen  Catchment  Abstraction  Management  Strategy  -­‐  Environment  Agency     Southampton  City  Council’s  Biodiversity  Action  Plan  –  Southampton  City  Council  

Ø

2007

River Itchen  SSSI  Water  Level  Management  Plan  -­‐  Environment  Agency   River  Test  SSSI  Water  Level  Management  Plan  -­‐  Environment  Agency   Ø

2008         The  Local  Biodiversity  Action  Plan  for  Test  Valley  –  Test  Valley  Borough  Council   River  Anton  Enhancement  Strategy  -­‐  Environment  Agency  /  Test  Valley  Borough  Council   Your  Test  Valley  Plan  -­‐  Test  Valley  Partnership   Test  &  Itchen  Countryside  Access  Plan  -­‐  Hampshire  County  Council  

Ø

2009     South  East  River  Basin  Management  Plan  -­‐  Environment  Agency     Stockbridge  River  Restoration  Strategy  -­‐  National  Trust   Winnall  Moors  Restoration  -­‐  Hampshire  &  Isle  of  Wight  Wildlife  Trust   North  Wessex  Downs  AONB  Management  Plan  –North  Wessex  Downs  AONB  

Ø

2010

North Solent  Shoreline  Management  Plan  -­‐  New  Forest  District  Council  

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Eel Management  Plans  for  the  South  East  River  Basin  District  –  Environment  Agency   PUSH  Green  Infrastructure  Strategy  –  UE  Associates   Rural  Sediment  Tracing  Project  –  Environment  Agency   River  Test  &  Itchen  Shading  Strategy  -­‐  Environment  Agency  /  Natural  England   Solent  Forum  Business  Plan  –  Solent  Forum   WWF  Rivers  on  the  Edge  –WWF   Living  Landscapes:  Basingstoke  and  Deane  Borough  Council  Natural  Environment  Strategy   -­‐  Basingstoke  and  Deane  Borough  Council   South  Downs  National  Park  (SDNP)  Nitrate  Modelling  Project  –  SDNP  Authority   Ø

2011   River  Itchen  Sea  Trout  &  Salmon  Catchment  Summary  -­‐  Environment  Agency   River  Test  Sea  Trout  &  Salmon  Catchment  Summary  -­‐  Environment  Agency   Catchment  Sensitive  Farming  South  East  &  Thames  River  Basin  District  Strategy  -­‐  Catchment   Sensitive  Farming  /  Natural  England   Monks  Brook  and  River  Itchen  INNS  Project  -­‐  Eastleigh  Borough  Council  

Ø

2012   Biodiversity  Action  Plan  for  Eastleigh  Borough  2012-­‐22  -­‐  Eastleigh  Borough  Council  

Ø

2013     Romsey  Waterways  &  Wetlands  Enhancement  Strategy  -­‐  Test  Valley  Borough  Council   Test  &  Itchen  Abstraction  Licensing  Strategy  -­‐  Environment  Agency   Test  &  Itchen  Diffuse  Water  Pollution  Plan  -­‐  Environment  Agency  /  Natural  England     Solent  European  Marine  Sites  (SEMS)  Delivery  Plan  –  SEMS  /  Solent  Forum   Draft  Water  Resources  Management  Plan  for  2015  –  2040  –  Southern  Water   Draft  Business  Plan  for  2015  –  2020  –  Southern  Water   Test  &  Itchen  Restoration  Strategy  -­‐  Environment  Agency   Hampshire  Minerals  &  Waste  Plan  -­‐  Hampshire  County  Council   Hampshire  Groundwater  Management  Plan  -­‐  Hampshire  County  Council   Hampshire's  Local  Flood  Risk  Management  Strategy  -­‐  Hampshire  County  Council  

Ø

2014 River  Itchen  SAC  Site  Improvement  Plan  –  Natural  England  

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River Catchment   Invertebrate   Fingerprinting   Programme   –   Wessex   Chalk   Stream   &   Rivers   Trust     South  Downs  National  Park  (SDNP)  Partnership  Management  Plan  –  SDNP  Authority   Water  Resources  Management  Plan  for  2015  –  2040  –  Southern  Water     The   views   and   opinions   provided   by   stakeholders   and   the   additional   data   and   evidence,   gathered   as   part   of   the   partnerships   strategic   review,   have   all   been   used   in   the   next   section   of   the   plan   to   identify  issues,  existing  actions  and  opportunities,  within  four  key  themes;   Ø Ø Ø Ø

Water Quality   Water  Quantity     Channel  /  Habitat  /  Biodiversity     Recreation  and  Community  Engagement.  

                                 

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KEY THEMES  

                         

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4.0. WATER  QUALITY    

         

AIMS: Reduce  nutrient  input  from  point  sources  of  pollution  and  mitigate  soil,  nutrient  and   pesticide  losses  from  diffuse  sources.    

4.1. What  are  the  issues?     Nutrient  Enrichment   Nitrogen   and   phosphorous   containing   compounds   are   natural   and   vital   components   of   a   healthy   aquatic   ecosystem.   However,   when   released   into   the   environment   as   a   result   of   human   activities,   they  can  alter  the  finely  balanced  equilibrium  of  nutrients  cycling  through  the  ecosystem  and  drive   the   uncontrolled   and   unbalanced   growth   of   aquatic   plants   and   algae   in   a   process   called   eutrophication.   This   can   lead   to   severe   problems   for   aquatic   organisms,   the   ecological   health   of   a   waterbody   and   for   humans   who   also   depend   on   the   water   for   drinking,   recreational   use   or   the   production  of  food  such  as  watercress  and  fish.   Sediment  and  Turbidity   Turbidity  is  a  measure  of  how  much  suspended  material  there  is  in  water.  There  are  many  factors   that   can   cause   turbidity   to   increase   but   the   most   common   is   the   presence   of   soil   and   mineral   sediments  in  the  water  column.  These  materials  are  often  released  following  disturbance  of  the  river   or   lake   substrate,   but   they   can   also   enter   the   water   as   a   result   of   erosion   and   run-­‐off   from   the   land.   Increased   turbidity   results   in   significant   ecological   impacts   by   blocking   the   penetration   of   light   to   aquatic  plants,  clogging  the  gills  of  fish  and  other  organisms  and  by  smothering  benthic  habitats.  It   can  also  increase  the  intensity  and  cost  of  treating  water  for  drinking.   Microbial  &  Parasitic  Contamination   Microbial  pollutants,  derived  from  human  and  animal  faecal  matter,  pose  a  significant  risk  to  human   health,   either   when   people   come   in   contact   with   the   river   or   bathing   waters   and   when   contaminated  water  is  abstracted  for  drinking  water  treatment.  They  can  also  have  severe  negative   impacts   on   the   ecological   health   of   the   river   by   increasing   turbidity   and   reducing   the   levels   of   dissolved   oxygen.   The   main   mechanisms   by   which   faecal   material,   parasites   and   faeces-­‐derived   substances   enter   the   water   course   are   from,   direct   ‘voiding’   into   the   water   by   livestock,   leaching   from  manure  and  slurry  stores  and  from  consented  and  unconsented  discharges  of  human  sewage.   Pesticides     Chemicals  used  to  kill  and  control  ‘pest’  organisms  are  commonly  referred  to  as  ‘pesticides’.  When   used   with   care,   they   can   deliver   substantial   benefits   including;   the   availability   of   good   quality,   reasonably  priced  food  and  well  managed  urban  environments.  However,  despite  these  benefits  it  is   essential  to  note  that  large  amounts  of  pesticides  often  miss  their  intended  target  and  are  lost  into   the  environment  where  they  can  contaminate  non-­‐target  species,  air,  water  and  sediments.    By  their   very   nature,   pesticides   can   pose   a   significant   threat   to   ecosystem   health,   biodiversity   and   human   health  if  they  are  not  used  with  appropriate  care  and  consideration.  

23


4.2. Where  are  the  pressures?   è Fig 17: Water quality priority areas, drivers and receiving features  

  There   are   three   principal   locations   where   degradation  of  the  water  quality  in  our  streams   and   rivers   can   result   in   the   loss   of   ecosystems   service   provision;   1)   within   the   aquatic   ecosystems   themselves,   2)   at   downstream   locations   in   the   river   system,   and   3)   where   water  is  abstracted  for  the  provision  of  drinking   water.  Distribution  of  these  features  across  the   catchment   is   shown   in   the   map   in   Figure   17.   These  features  are  critical  in  targeting  any  work   proposed  in  the  Catchment  Action  Plan.      

WFD classifications   also   provide   a   good   indication   of   where   the   main   pressures   exist.   The   groundwater  ‘chemical  status’  map  illustrates  that  the  groundwater  which  supplies  the  majority  of   base  flow  to  the  rivers  and  streams  in  the  catchment  is  failing  in  the  majority  of  places  for  nitrates,   pesticides  and  solvents.  The  classification  for  ‘phosphorous’  and  for  ‘diatoms’,  as  shown  in  the  maps   in  Figure  20  and  21,  also  provide  an  indication  of  nutrient  pressures  on  surface  water  quality.   è Fig 19: Groundwater Status (2013)  

è Fig 18: WFD Overall Status (2013)

               

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è Fig 20: Phosphorous Status (2013)  

è Fig 21: Diatom Status (2013)

           

regulating service tnfrastructure sources of pollution

Open spaces, green spaces and blue spaces

22

hat biggest the contamination catchmentthe can be caused by a wide array or differentland pollutants in different The challenge in in aassessing provision of resources and accessible for recreation and cultural activities is mapping the ns, and provision that theseofpollutants can each beacross derivedthe from a number of different sources, it is vital urrent those opportunities landscape catchment and to examine the toway that these opportunities were the contribution that different of assessment contamination make to made the pollution in of different sections ccessed and managed. Only sources when this has been can theload level provision be assessed and compared to the level atchment. hat I required by the residential and business communities.

Map 3:  Risk  Maps  

are a huge number of pollutants that can be derived from so-called point sources (outfalls, discharges, The data presented here gives flavour of the infrastructure that exists – public rights of way remain to be mapped, but will allow the mis-connections, etc..) and it is important to consider the location and contribution of these alongside evels of access to greenspace/open spaces to be assessed in more detail. ! ation of the different diffuse sources when making an assessment of the water quality problem in a ent and designing a programme of interventions to correct it.

Data / information

Notes

Nature reserves

National Nature Reserves (NNR) and Local Nature Reserves (LNR) are the best sites in England for seeing wildlife.

NE dataset from NE GIS data website www.naturalengland.org.uk/publications/data

Access Land NE dataset from NE GIS data website www.naturalengland.org.uk/publications/data

People can access ‘open access land’ or ‘access land’ across Britain without using Public Rights of Way

The maps  below  indicate  areas  at  highest  risk  from  pollution.  Either  from   proximity  to  aWoodlands  point   source   Publically accessible with public access can be woodlands mapped using data from the Forestry of   pollution,   or   as   shown   in   the   map   on   the   right,   from   diffuse   pollution.   The   diffuse   pCommission. ollution   risk   is   derived   from   assessing  " a   combination   of   factors   such   as   land   use,   soil   risk,   slope   and   Public open spaces (parks Thehydrological   English Heritage 'Register of & gardens) & other visitor Historic Parks and Gardens of special attractions (open farms, historic interest in England‘ currently connectivity.   Should$be$obtained$from$the$Forestry$ Commission$or$Woodland$Trust

SepOc$Tanks$idenOfied$as$properOes$ (AL2,$VectorMap$or$MasterMap)$ with$no$EA$Discharge$Consent$and$ not$on$the$sewer$network.$

Road$runoff$risk$sites$idenOfied$ where$main$roads$cross$main$rivers.$

leisure parks)

English heritage GIS website

identifies over 1,600 sites assessed to be of national importance.

è Fig 23: Diffuse Pollution Risk Map

è Fig 22: Point sources of Pollution

www.services.english-heritage.org.uk/ NMRDataDownload/

Lakes & reservoirs

OS Open Data - Strategi

Designated Bathing Waters EA dataset from Geostore www.geostore.com/environment-agency

Accessible heritage sites English heritage GIS website www.services.english-heritage.org.uk/ NMRDataDownload/

Urban areas OS Open Data - Strategi

Larger waterbodies are popular recreational resources (blue spaces) for people wanting to do water sports, angling, swimming etc. A bathing water is one where a large number of people ~100 people) are expected to bathe at any one time. Many World Heritage Sites/Landscapes and Scheduled Ancient Monuments (SAMs) have public access.

Assessing the provision of the service

Urban areas themselves are key recreational spaces.

Linear features

Source apportionment Data / information

Notes

The sources of different pollutants occurring in a Public Rights of Way Includes footpaths, permissive paths & catchment can be estimated a variety of data, water bridle paths.

Cycle routes & long Important recreational infrastructure. Source Apportionment GIS (SAGIS) is one of these distance paths

tools, which estimates the load, concentration and Minor roads, tracks and Important recreational infrastructure for sources of nutrient across paths pollution in waterbodies walking, cycling etc. an entire catchment area.

! 45

Point attractions Data / information Car parks OS Open Data - Strategi

Accommodation Heritage/historical interest attractions

Notes Important recreational infrastructure. The$Source$ApporOonment$GIS$ (SAGIS)$tool$(CaBA$Data$Package)$ indicates$the$scale$and$sector$ Important recreational sources$of$phosphate$polluOon. $

infrastructure.

Important recreational infrastructure.

25

Water Quality

(PROW)

quality monitoring and modelling techniques. The


4.3. What  is  already  being  done?   Regulatory  Action:     The  entire  catchment  is  included  as  a  Nitrate  Vulnerable  Zone  and  all  farmers  receiving  a  single  farm   payment,  from  the  EU,  have  to  comply  with  Good  Agricultural  and  Environmental  Condition  (GAEC)   standards   in   addition   to   UK   and   European   legislation.   There   are   also   a   number   of   areas   that   have   been  designated  as  Source  Protection  Zones,  Safeguard  Zones  or  Drinking  Water  Protected  Areas  in   order   to   protect   public   drinking   water   supplies.   In   addition   to   this,   there   is   legislation   controlling   discharges  to  surface  water  bodies  and  groundwater.   Plans  &  Strategies:   South  East  River  Basin  District  Management  Plan  -­‐  Environment  Agency       The   Environment   Agency’s   first   cycle   River   Basin   Management   Plan   provides   an   overarching  view  of  current  status  and  actions   required  to  meet  the  obligations   of   the   Water   Framework   Directive.   The   plan,   published   in   2009,   outlined   a   handful   of   key   actions   for   the   Test   and   Itchen   Catchment.   These   included   measures  to  address  water  quality,  particularly  addressing  diffuse  pollution  from   agriculture   and   point   source   pollution   from   sewage   treatment   works,   as   well   as   watercress  and  fish  farming  operations.       Ø Test  &  Itchen  Diffuse  Water  Pollution  Plan  -­‐  Environment  Agency  /  Natural   England    

Ø

This   plan   is   dedicated   to   addressing   diffuse   pollution   across   the   riverine   and         coastal  SSSI  units  in  the  Test  and  Itchen  Catchment.  It  calls  for  the  continuation  of   the  existing  land  management  schemes,  shown  below,  and  also  identifies  a  need   for  further  evidence  to  secure  future  mechanisms  to  reduce  diffuse  pollution.  In   addition  to  looking  to  build  a  stronger  evidence  base  it  sets  out  a  number  of  ‘on   the   ground’   actions   aimed   at   a   range   of   stakeholders,   including   the   agricultural   sector,  fisheries  managers,  watercress  farming,  local  authorities  and  residents.     Ø Environmental  Stewardship  Schemes  &  New  Environmental  Land   Management  Schemes  –  Natural  England  /  DEFRA     Environmental   Stewardship   is   an   agri-­‐environment   scheme   that   was   open   to   all   farmers   and   provided   a   financial   incentive   for   entering   into   voulantry   management   agreements   to   deliver   environmental   enhancements   and   protection.   The   scheme   offered   a   number   of   ‘soil   and   water’   options,   which   incentivized  farmers  to  protect  water  courses,  for  example  planting  buffer  strips   adjacent  to  a  water  course  to  prevent  run-­‐off.  The  scheme  is  due  to  be  replaced   by  New  Environmental  Land  Management  Schemes  (NELMS)  in  2015.      

26


Ø Catchment Sensitive  Farming  South  East  &  Thames  River  Basin  District   Strategy  -­‐  Catchment  Sensitive  Farming  /  Natural  England     The   strategy   outlines   the   approach   for   the   delivery   of   the   3rd   Phase   of   Catchment   Sensitive   Farming   in   the   South   East   river   basin   district.   It   sets   out   the   list   of   measures   available   to   farmers   to   help   mitigate   the   impact   of   their   activities   on   the   water   environment   and   shows   the   priority   areas   for   targeting   advice   and   funding  in  the  Test  and  Itchen  Catchment.  There  is  a  degree  of  uncertainty  over   what  funding  will  be  committed  to  Catchment  Sensitive  Farming  beyond  2015.       Other  Initiatives:   Ø Rural  Sediment  Tracing  Project  –  Environment  Agency   Ø Anglers  Monitoring  Initiative  –  Riverfly  Partnership   Ø South  Downs  National  Park  (SDNP)  Collaborative  Nitrate  Modelling  Project   –  SDNP  Authority   Ø River   Catchment   Invertebrate   Fingerprinting   Programme   –   Wessex   Chalk   Stream  &  Rivers  Trust     Ø Draft  Business  Plan  for  2015  –  2020  –  Southern  Water   Ø Development  of  a  Catchment  Management  Strategy  –  Portsmouth  Water     4.4.  What  can  the  partnership  do?   Sediment  Pathways:   The   Test   &   Itchen   SSSI   Diffuse   Water   Pollution   Plan   identifies   an   opportunity   for   the   Catchment   Partnership   to   co-­‐ordinate   efforts   with   local   authorities   to   reduce   sediment   and   other   contaminants   (eg   pesticides,   oils   etc)   from   tracks,   roads   and   urban   areas,   as   well   as   other   activities   and   landholdings.  This  opportunity  has  also  been  independently  identified  by  a  number  of  stakeholders.   Non-­‐Mains  Sewerage:   The   Test   &   Itchen   SSSI   Diffuse   Water   Pollution   Plan   also   identifies   an   opportunity   for   the   Catchment   Partnership   to   deliver   an   awareness   campaign   for   best   practice   management   of   non-­‐mains   effluent.   Again,   a   number   of   stakeholders   particularly   from   the   upper   catchment   have   indicated   that   they   would  be  supportive  of  this  kind  of  approach.   Diffuse  Water  Pollution  from  Agriculture:   Stakeholders   agree   that   the   Partnership   should   explore   opportunities   for   catchment   management   and   delivering   on-­‐farm   advice   to   support   work   already   being   carried   out,   particularly   through   Catchment  Sensitive  Farming,  to  mitigate  diffuse  water  pollution  from  agriculture.     Groundwater  –  Nitrates:   There   is   an   opportunity   to   support   the   forthcoming   delivery   phase   of   the   Collaborative   Nitrate   Modelling   Project,   utilising   catchment   management   as   a   tool   for   mitigating   the   rising   levels   of   nitrates   in   the   catchment’s   chalk   aquifers.   Targeting   nitrates   will   also   afford   an   opportunity   to    

27


address other   agricultural   practices   that   are   contributing   to   diffuse   water   pollution   issues   in   the   catchment.   Monitoring:   There   is   an   opportunity   to   help   improve   early   warning   signals   for   pollution   incidents   by   engaging   local   communities   and   particularly   the   angling   community   to   expand   the   coverage   of   the   Riverfly   Partnership’s  Anglers  Monitoring  Initiative.                                                

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5.0. WATER  QUANTITY  

         

AIMS: Increase  water  attenuation,  slow  run-­‐off,  improve  resilience  to  low  flows  and  increase   aquifer  re-­‐charge.    

5.1. What  are  the  issues?     Abstraction  and  low  flows   The  Test  &  Itchen  supply  much  of  Hampshire’s  public  water  needs,  including  a  large  proportion  of   the   Isle   of   Wight’s   requirements.   There   are   a   number   of   significant   surface   water   abstractions   as   well   as   groundwater   abstractions   from   the   chalk.   The   catchment   also   supports   a   large   number   of   commercial  fish  farms  and  watercress  growers  who  are  dependant  on  reliable  and  abundant  water   supplies.   Although   the   majority   of   abstraction   is   non-­‐consumptive   and   returns   water   locally   the   overall   impact   of   abstraction   puts   pressure   on   flows   and   can   potentially   lead   to   rivers   not   having   enough  water  to  support  a  healthy  ecosystems.   Flooding   With   changes   in   climate   affecting   rainfall   patterns   and   larger   areas   of   land   being   covered   for   development   and   thus   loosing   their   natural   ability   to   drain   water,   flooding   has   become   an   increasingly  apparent  issue  in  recent  years.  Groundwater  flooding  is  a  particular  problem  for  many   parts  of  the  catchment  and  following  heavy  rainfall  events  it  is  often  exacerbated  by  surface  water   flooding.      5.2.  Where  are  the  pressures?   There   are   a   number   of   locations   in   the   catchment   landscape   where   a   reduced   ability   to   maintain   base   flows   during   periods   of   low   rainfall   will   exert   a   negative   impact.   Water   quantity   has   a   direct   bearing   on   the   effluent   volumes   that   can   be   discharged   from   point   sources   of   pollution,   where   sufficient  flows  are  needed  to  ensure  the  effluent  is  diluted  appropriately  downstream.  Abstraction   licenses   for   drinking   water   supplies   also   depend   on   maintenance   of   sufficient   base   flows   and   similarly,  rivers  and  streams  require  sufficient  flow  during  dry  periods  to  remain  in  good  ecological   condition.   At   the   other   end   of   the   spectrum,   there   are   many   locations   where   the   unregulated   release   of   water   from   the   land   and   into   our   rivers   can   pose   a   threat   to   people   living   in   the   catchment   and   cause   community   disruption.   In   addition   to   residential   properties   there   may   also   be   locations   where   important   buildings   and   other   critical   infrastructure   are   at   risk   of   flooding.   The   properties   and   infrastructure   at   risk   of   being   flooded   are   shown   in   Figure   26   which   cross-­‐references   settlements   against  flood  risk  zones  and  surface  water  flood  risk  areas  to  identify  where  there  is  a  risk  of  flooding   and  damage  to  property  or  threatening  human  health  and  safety.      

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(SAMs) have public access.

Urban areas

Urban areas themselves are key recreational spaces.

OS Open Data - Strategi

Linear features Data / information

è Fig 24: Base flow priority areas & features

Notes

Public Rights of Way Includes footpaths, permissive paths & Priority areas for drought alleviation è Fig 25: Water reliability (% of the time) (PROW) bridle paths.

There are a number of locations in a catchment landscape Cycle routes & long Important recreational infrastructure. where a reduced ability distance paths for an ecosystem to maintain base

flows in rivers during periods of lowImportant rainfallrecreational will exert a Minor roads, tracks and infrastructure for negative impact. paths walking, cycling etc.

Water quantity in a river has a direct bearing on the effluent volumes andPoint concentrations attractions that can be discharged from

45

point sources of pollution. Sufficient flows are required to Data / information Notes ensure that effluent is diluted appropriately downstream.

Where abstraction intake licences exist for drinking water OS Open Data - Strategi supply there is a clear need for baseflows to be maintained.

 

Car parks

Important recreational infrastructure.

Accommodation

Important recreational infrastructure.

Rivers also require sufficient flow during dry periods to remain Heritage/historical interest Important recreational infrastructure. in good ecological condition. attractions

#

    Drinking Water Abstractions

 

Data / information

Notes

Drinking Water Protected Areas (DrWPAs)

WFD waterbodies where drinking water for public supply occurs are designated Drinking Water Protected Areas (DrWPAs) – these can be mapped from the EA WFD Classification data.

EA dataset from Geostore www.geostore.com/environment-agency

Abstraction Locations

EA dataset from Geostore www.geostore.com/environment-agency Not currently included as not obtained yet.

Sewage effluent dilution – Sewage Treatment   Works è Fig 26: Infrastructure at risk from flooding

ological Health

Data / information

ation

Notes

ogical health

Waterbodies where flow may be driving degradation in ecological health can be identified from the EA’s Reason for Failure database

$Database$can$be$

www.services.english-heritage.org.uk/ NMRDataDownload/

Sewage Treatment Works (STWs) EA dataset from Geostore www.geostore.com/environment-agency

Abstraction locations are obtained in the EA’s NALD Abstraction Licences dataset. Permitted details for these abstractions are not included in the data, but can be obtained from the EA or water company locally.

è Fig 27: Historic flood map

Notes

Private water supplies

STWs can have a significant impact on

Should be recorded by Local Authorities, but not included as not currently available.

water quality - STWs can be mapped using the EA Discharge Consents dataset (optionally in comparison or supplemented with water company data).

These low volume abstractions (<20m3/day), where treatment is often minimal, can be severely impacted by degraded raw water quality. Have been mapped by some Local Authorities, who took responsibility for their regulation in 2011, but this would require local investigation

         

         

30


5.3. What  is  already  being  done?   Regulatory:   To   take   water   from   rivers,   groundwater   and   other   sources,   an   abstraction   license   from   the   Environment   Agency   will   generally   be   required.   Similarly,   to   create   or   alter   an   impoundment,   permission  will  be  required  from  the  Environment  Agency  to  obtain  an  impoundment.     Waterbodies  that  are  used,  or  planned  to  be  used,  for  the  abstraction  of  water  intended  for  human   consumption;  and  providing,  or  planned  to  provide,  a  total  of  more  than  10  cubic  metres  of  water   per   day   on   average,   or   serving,   or   planned   to   serve,   more   than   50   people   have   been   classified   as   Drinking  Water  Protected  Areas.   Finally,  for  flood  risk  management  purposes,  the  Water  Resources  Act  1991  and  associated  byelaws   require   an   application   for   consent   from   the   Environment   Agency   to   cover   any   works   that   are   proposed  in,  over,  under  or  adjacent  to  main  rivers.   Plans  &  Strategies:   South  East  River  Basin  District  Management  Plan  -­‐  Environment  Agency       The   Environment   Agency’s   first   cycle   River   Basin   Management   Plan   provides   an   overarching  view  of  current  status  and  actions  required  to  meet  the  obligations   of   the   Water   Framework   Directive.   The   plan,   published   in   2009,   outlined   a   handful  of  key  actions  for  the  Test  and  Itchen  Catchment.  With  regards  to  water   quantity,  the  plan  identified  actions  to  modify  abstraction  licences.         Ø Test  &  Itchen  Abstraction  Licensing  Strategy  -­‐  Environment  Agency  

Ø

This Licensing  Strategy  sets  out  how  water  resources  are  managed  in  the  Test  &   Itchen   CAMS   area.   It   provides   information   about   where   water   is   available   for   further   abstraction   and   an   indication   of   how   reliable   a   new   abstraction   licence   may  be.  In  the  Test  catchment  there  is  only  water  available  for  abstraction  at  high   flows  with  any  reliability  but  there  is  a  restricted  amount  of  water  available  at  mid   flows.  In  the  Itchen  catchment  future  abstraction  is  restricted  to  very  high  flows.       There  is  a  presumption  against  issuing  new  consumptive  licenses  from  the  Chalk   of  the  Test  and  Itchen.  The  Restoring  Sustainable  Abstraction  (RSA)  process  is  also   on-­‐going   to   review   those   existing   abstraction   licences   which   may   be   damaging   the   environment.   The   strategy   sets   out   the   approaches   to   be   taken   in   specific   areas  of  the  catchment.  Under  the  Restoring  Sustainable  Abstraction  programme,   the  Environment  Agency  is  changing  two  water  company  licences  and  three  fish   farm   licences   on   the   Itchen.     It   also   takes   any   opportunity   to   reduce   or   recover   under-­‐used  or  unused  licences.   Ø SSSI  Water  Level  Management  Plans-­‐  Environment  Agency  

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Water Level   Management   Plans   (WLMPs)   are   required   where   drainage   and/or   flood   control   may   affect   the   nature   conservation   interest   of   water–dependent   SSSIs  such  as  the  Rivers  Test  and  Itchen.     The   Itchen   WLMP   identified   actions,   preliminary   cost   estimates   and   a   forward   programme   for   the   on-­‐going   delivery   of   the   WLMP.   Subsequent   phases   of   feasibility,   detailed   design   &   implementation   have   seen   work   undertaken   to   all   necessary   key   structures   in   order   to   enable   appropriate   management   of   water   levels.   Subsequently,   the   project   partners   have   been   working   to   develop   'Hatch   Operating   Protocols';   these   are   voluntary   agreements,   which   set   out   how   individual  structures  should  be  managed,  and  agreement  of  HOPs  for  all  relevant   structures  is  the  final  outstanding  action  under  the  Itchen  WLMP.   The  Test  WLMP  set  out  a  long-­‐list  of  potential  actions,  which  were  subsequently   screened  and  prioritised  to  generate  an  ordered  list  of  12  proposals.  These  works,   which   included   structure   modification,   ditch   clearance   and   improvement   of   vegetation   management   practices,   were   taken   forward   for   feasibility   work   in   2008.   We   have   been   unable   to   find   information   on   what   work   has   been   completed.   Ø Hampshire  Groundwater  Management  Plan  -­‐  Hampshire  County  Council    

The plan   provides   settlement-­‐specific   action   plans   for   a   short   list   of   10   Hampshire   settlements   seen   to   be   at   most   risk   from   Groundwater   flooding.                                                           Within  the  Test  &  Itchen  Catchment  there  are  Settlement  Action  Plans  for  4  of   the   10   high   risk   areas   in   the   County;   including,   Kings   Worthy,   Appleshaw,   Bourne   Rivulet   Villages   and   Preston   Candover.       The   settlement   action   plans   provide  a  risk  assessment  of  groundwater  flooding  for  each  area  and  provide  a   review   of   existing   mitigation   measures,   as   well   as   suggesting   a   range   of   additional   site-­‐   specific   measures,   with   a   particular   emphasis   on   community   engagement   in   delivering   actions   and   building   awareness.   Hampshire   County   Council   have   also   been   piloting   the   ‘Parish   Lengthsmen   Scheme’   which   allows   for   a   local   level   of   maintenance   responsibility,   for   road   and   land   drainage,   and   can  help  with  reporting  during  flood  incidents.   Ø Hampshire's   Local   Flood   Risk   Management   Strategy   -­‐   Hampshire   County   Council     The  strategy  aims  to  provide  an  overall  strategic  direction  for  local  flood  risk   management   for   the   next   fifteen   years.   It   is   seen   as   the   first   step   in   a   continuous   process   of   understanding   flood   risk   management   and   securing   funding   to   deliver   improvements   to   local   flood   risk   management.   The   strategy   includes   a   county-­‐wide   risk   assessment   of   fluvial,   coastal,   sewer,   surface  water  and  groundwater  flooding.       In  addition  to  the  description  of  generic  measures,  there  is  also  a  separate    

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Action Plan,   which   contains   248   ward-­‐specific   action   plans,   each   of   which   contains   a   risk   assessment   for   the   ward   and   a   proposal   of   site-­‐specific   measures  to  improve  flood  management.     There   is   a   strong   emphasis,   in   the   strategy   and   the   action   plan,   on   developing   partnership   working   between   authorities,   agencies,   other   interested   parties   and   community   groups.   Similarly,   the   strategy   highlights   the   importance   of   delivering   multiple   benefits   (e.g.   to   biodiversity,   natural   processes   and   amenity)   to   attract   funding   from   local   and   national   government.     Ø Water  Resources  Management  Plan  for  2015  –  2040  –  Southern  Water     Water   Companies   plan   their   resource   management   activities   on   a   25   year   basis,   updating   plans   every   5   years.   The   plans   seek   to   balance   supply   and   demand,   whilst   taking   into   account   costs   to   the   consumer   and   to   the   environment.   After   a   period   of   consultation,   Southern   Water’s   plan   was   published   in   October   2014.   In   the   Company’s   ‘Western   Area’   which   includes   Hampshire  and  the  Isle  of  Wight,  there  are  challenges  faced  in  achieving  this   balance.  The  plan  includes  a  commitment  to  reviewing  the  options  currently   proposed   to   secure   water   resources   in   this   area,   to   ensure   that   the   most   appropriate  schemes  are  selected.     5.4.  What  can  the  partnership  do?   Resource  Efficiency     With  Southern  Water  as  a  key  member  of  the  partnership’s  Core  Group,  the  remaining   partners  are   all  well  placed  to  engage  with  Southern  Water’s  activities,  including  resource  efficiency  campaigns.   With   the   Partnership’s   help   there   is   an   opportunity   to   enhance   the   environmental   perspective   of   these  campaigns.   Increase  Resilience  to  Low  Flows   In  relation  to  actions  identified  in  the  Abstraction  Licensing  Strategy,  there  is  an  opportunity  to  work   with   licence   holders   to   improve   sustainability   where   flows   fall   below   the   EFI,   this   could   include   river   restoration  works  to  improve  resilience  to  low  flows.     Natural  Flood  Risk  Management     There  is  a  strong  emphasis  on  partnership  working  and  community  involvement  in  the  existing  plans   to   tackle   flood   risk   and   management.   The   TICP   could   be   well   placed   to   help   develop   the   community   aspects   of   these   plans,   particularly   working   with   landowners   and   riparian   owners   to   develop   natural   flood  risk  management  measures  such  as  strategic  woodland  and  wetland  creation.  

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Similarly, the  TICP  could  help  deliver  the  wider  benefits  to  biodiversity,  natural  processes,  amenity   etc,   that   are   considered   to   be   an   important   part   of   accessing   funding   from   central   and   local   government,  to  deliver  flood  risk  management  improvements.   Co-­‐ordinate  Water  Level  Management     Through   previous   projects,   stakeholders   have   suggested   that   coordination   of   water   level   management   amongst   river   managers   should   be   improved.   There   is   an   opportunity   for   the   Partnership   to   facilitate   this   and   enable   better   communication   between   nearby   owners   to   keep   them  informed  of  issues  or  action  taken.                                              

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6.0. Channel  /  Habitat  /  Biodiversity       AIMS:  Increase  connectivity  with  the  floodplain,  reduce  impoundment  and  barriers  to  fish,    

         

improve resilience  to  increasing  temperatures,  enhance  habitats  for  wildlife  and  control  invasive   species.  

6.1 What  are  the  problems?   Structure  and  Function   Chalk   streams   have   been   historically   modified   to   suit   a   variety   of   human   purposes   such   as   agriculture,  fisheries,  flood  risk  management  and  the  development  of  watercress  beds  and  mills.  The   various   modifications   have   altered   the   natural   character   of   the   river   and   led   to   systems   being   potentially  over-­‐widened,  over  deepened,  impounded  and  disconnected  with  the  floodplain.   Barriers  to  Fish     In   channel   weirs   and   structures   are   generally   linked   to   negative   impacts   on   the   physical   and   ecological  condition  of  the  river.  In  addition  to  altering  the  depth  and  velocity  of  flow,  structures  can   also  impact  on  the  biological  connectivity  of  the  river  by  limiting  fish  and  invertebrate  passage.   Riparian  Management     The  Test  and  Itchen  supports  a  thriving  fisheries  industry  and  the  majority  of  the  river  is  intensively   managed   to   accommodate   sport   fisheries.   Inappropriate   vegetation   management   practices   can   impact   on   the   diversity   of   riparian   habitats,   over   widening   of   section   and   the   rivers   ability   to   restore   it’s  natural  features.   Water  Temperature   Climate  change  models  forecast  that  average  summer  air  temperature  will  rise  by  between  2  and  4   degrees   celsius.   Rivers   and   the   freshwater   ecosystems   they   support   are   particularly   sensitive   to   changes   in   climate   and   water   temperature.   For   example   a   rise   in   water   temperature   above   22   degrees  celsius  for  more  than  seven  consecutive  days  can  be  lethal  for  brown  trout.     Non-­‐native  Invasive  Species     Traditional   chalk   stream   flora   and   fauna   faces   increasing   pressure   from   a   range   of   non-­‐native   invasive   species   that   have   taken   hold   within   the   catchment.   These   include   Himalayan   Balsam,   American  mink  and  most  recently  the  American  signal  crayfish.   6.2  Where  are  the  pressures?   There   are   numerous   sources   of   data   and   evidence   available   to   show   the   assessment   of   ecological   health  and  biological  richness  across  the  catchment.  Designated  sites  are  classified  according  to  their   condition   and   rivers   and   other   aquatic   ecosystems   are   assessed   via   a   number   of   metrics,   included   in   the  WFD  ecological  assessments,  some  of  which  have  been  be  mapped  in  Figures  28-­‐33  to  highlight   where  certain  pressures  are  most  significant.  

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è Fig 28: WFD Ecological Assessments

   è Fig 29: SSSI Condition Assessments  

  è Fig 30: Potential barriers to fish  

è Fig 31: Physical modification (EA)

                   

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6.3. What  is  already  being  done?   Regulatory:   There  are  14  riverine  units  within  the  Test  and  Itchen  Catchment  that  are  legally  protected  as  Sites   of   Special   Scientific   Interest.   The   River   Itchen   is   also   designated   as   a   Special   Area   of   Conservation   (SAC)  affording  it  a  further  layer  of  protection  through  the  EC  Habitats  Directive.     Plans  &  Strategies:   South  East  River  Basin  District  Management  Plan  -­‐  Environment  Agency       The   Environment   Agency’s   first   cycle   River   Basin   Management   Plan   provides   an   overarching  view  of  current  status  and  actions  required  to  meet  the  obligations   of   the   Water   Framework   Directive.   The   plan,   published   in   2009,   outlined   a   handful   of   key   actions   for   the   Test   and   Itchen   Catchment.   These   included   measures  to  address  fish  passage,  enhance  habitats,  monitor  salmon  and  control   invasive  non-­‐native  species.  

Ø

Ø Test  &  Itchen  Restoration  Strategy  -­‐  Environment  Agency   The   Test   &   Itchen   River   Restoration   Strategy   focuses   on   the   in-­‐channel   and   riparian  restoration  necessary  to  support  chalk  stream  flora  and  fauna,  achieve   the   SSSI   favourable   condition   required   to   fulfil   the   requirements   of   numerous   legislative   drivers,   improve   climate   change   resilience,   and   to   secure   the   wider   commercial  and  amenity  value  and  the  ecosystem  services  provided  by  the  two   rivers.  It  defines  River  Restoration  as  “measures  that  are  designed  to  return  the   physical  form  (morphology)  of  the  river  and  the  subsequent  ecological  features   present,   back   towards   their   natural   condition”.     Actions   have   been   identified   which   tackle   the   reasons   for   adverse   conditions   of   the   SSSI,   and   which   were   confirmed  by  the  key  findings  of  a  walkover  survey.    Reaches  were  assessed  and   recommendations   made   to   either   restore,   rehabilitate,   or   conserve   and   enhance.   Ø River  Itchen  SAC  Site  Improvement  Plan  –  Natural  England   The  plan  identifies  the  priority  actions  that  are  required  to  improve  the  existing   unfavourable   condition   of   the   River   Itchen   SAC.   It   calls   for   the   delivery   of   the   River   Restoration   Strategy   as   the   main   mechanism   for   delivering   channel,   habitat   and   biodiversity   improvements   but   also   identifies   actions   for   controlling   invasive   non-­‐native   species   and   encouraging   appropriate   scrub   management,   grazing   and   weed   management.   Similarly,   it   identifies   implementation   of   the   Diffuse  Water  Pollution  Plan  as  the  main  mechanism  for  improving  water  quality   and   identifies   key   actions   in   reducing   sediment   from   road   runoff   and   other   pathways,   quantifying   and   addressing   the   problem   of   phosphate   inputs   from   septic   tanks,   review   of   discharge   consents   for   watercress   and   fish   farms   and   the   continuation   of   Catchment   Sensitive   Farming   after   2015   and   continued    

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implementation of   HLS   projects   under   NELMS.   Finally   it   also   identifies   actions   to   address   low   flow   issues   through   the   water   level   management   plans   and   abstraction  licensing.   Other  Initiatives:   Ø Itchen  Navigation  Project  -­‐  Hampshire  &  Isle  of  Wight  Wildlife  Trust   Ø River  Anton  Enhancement  Strategy  -­‐  Environment  Agency  /  Test  Valley   Borough  Council   Ø River  Test  &  Itchen  Shading  Strategy  -­‐  Environment  Agency  /  Natural   England   Ø Stockbridge  River  Restoration  Strategy  -­‐  National  Trust   Ø Winnall  Moors  Project  -­‐  Hampshire  &  Isle  of  Wight  Wildlife  Trust   Ø Monks  Brook  and  River  Itchen  INNS  Project  -­‐  Eastleigh  Borough  Council   Ø Romsey  Waterways  &  Wetlands  Enhancement  Strategy  -­‐  Test  Valley   Borough  Council     6.4.  What  can  the  partnership  do?     Community  Action  Groups   The   Partnership   should   explore   opportunities   to   support   and   expand   existing   Community   Action   Groups;  including  TARCA,  FIN,  the  Upper  Itchen  Initiative  and  the  Bourne  Rivulet  Initiative.   River  Restoration   There  may  be  collaborative  opportunities  with  a  number  of  existing  initiatives,  including  the  Test  and   Itchen   SSSI   River   Restoration   Strategy,   Anton   Enhancement   Strategy   and   Romsey   Waterways   and   Wetlands   Environment   Strategy   to   help   deliver   enhancement   works   and   help   integrate   river   restoration  and  biodiversity  objectives  to  increase  synergies.     Non-­‐Native  Invasive  Species     There  are  several  initiatives  that  the  Partnership  could  look  to  help  expanded  upon  and  add  value  to   work   that   is   already   underway.   These   include   the   work   being   carried   out   by   Eastleigh   Borough   council   to   control   non-­‐native   invasive   species   and   mink   control   activity   being   undertaken   by   the   South  Downs  National  Park  Authority.   Water  Temperature     The  delivery  of  the  ‘Keeping  Rivers  Cool’  project  is  already  underway  but  could  be  enhanced  through   partnership   support,   particularly   for   making   contact   with   key   landowners   whose   land   may   benefit   from   works,   and   by   coordinating   volunteer   planting   teams   in   areas   where   capacity   is   currently   limited.   Best  Practice  Training     Many  of  the  plans  in  existence  refer  to  the  need  to  raise  awareness  of  best  practice  management  for   rivers,   including   aspects   such   as   the   management   of   riparian   and   in-­‐channel   vegetation,  

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enhancement techniques,  and  techniques  for  managing  impacts  such  as  public  access.  Utilising  the   technical   knowledge   and   educational   skills   of   the   Wessex   Chalk   Stream   &   Rivers   Trust,   Hampshire   &   Isle   of   Wight   Wildlife   Trust   and   other   wider   partners,   the   partnership   could   look   to   develop   and   deliver  training  sessions  or  site  visits  on  ‘river  enhancement’  for  volunteers,  domestic  landowners,   and  rural  land  managers.   There   is   also   an   opportunity   to   add   value   to   existing   delivery   groups   by   organising   a   centralised   delivery  of  training  events  for  existing  volunteer  groups,  such  as  TARCA,  FIN  and  others.  This  would   make   best   use   of   available   funds   for   each   of   the   groups,   and   would   create   the   opportunity   for   volunteers  (and  staff)  to  meet  to  share  best  practice  and  learn  from  each  other’s  experiences.   Public  Engagement     As   well   as   engaging   volunteers,   domestic   landowners,   and   rural   land   managers   through   sharing   of   best   practice   training,   the   partnership   can   also   seek   opportunities   to   engage   with   the   wider   community  to  share  information  about  issues  facing  the  local  water  environment  and  encouraging   involvement  with  supporting  the  work  of  the  partnership.                          

       

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7.0 Recreation  &  Community  Involvement  

         

AIMS: To  promote  opportunities  for  local  communities  to  learn  about,  enjoy  and  help  protect  the   water  environment.    

7.1. What  are  the  issue?   The  main  issue  come  in  seeking  to  balance  the  sensitivity  of  valuable  nature  conservation  areas  with   the   potential   stresses   and   disturbance   of   public   access,   whilst   also   recognising   the   importance   of   open  green  spaces  in  maintaining  the  health,  well  being  and  quality  of  life  of  local  communities  in   the  catchment.      

7.2. Where  are  the  pressures?  

Since people   are   the   main   drivers   for   recreational   resource,   the   pressures   on   provision   of   recreational   infrastructure   will   generally   be   greatest   in   and   around   areas   with   a   high   population   density.   è Fig 34: Population Density    

è Fig 35: Recreation infrastructure

 7.3.  What  is  already  being  done?   Regulatory:   Public   Rights   of   Way   and   the   Countryside   and   Rights   of   Way   Act   2000   provide   the   public   with   a   legally  protected  right  to  pass  and  re-­‐pass  along  certain  routes  and  areas  of  the  countryside.      

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Plans &  Strategies:   Ø Natural  Green  Space  Standard  (ANGSt)  –  Natural  England       Natural   England   has   developed   a   nationally   consistent   standard   for   the   provision  of  open  space  called  the  Accessible  Natural  Green  Space  Standard   (ANGSt).   ANGSt   is   a   useful   measure   for   determining   the   provision   of   open   space   in   the   wider   landscape,   as   its   standards   apply   specifically   to   natural   greenspace,   but   it   is   widely   accepted   that   it   is   not   easily   applied   to   dense   urban   environments   where   open   space   is   more   likely   to   be   provided   via   parks   and   playing   fields   rather   than   high   quality   natural   greenspace.   Most   importantly,  this  driver  for  recreational  resources  is  entirely  located  where   there  are  people  to  use  them.     Ø Test  &  Itchen  Countryside  Access  Plan  -­‐  Hampshire  County  Council     This  plan  is  part  of  Hampshire  County  Council’s  ‘Rights  of  Way  Improvement   Plan’  and  looks  at  the  rights  of  way  network  across  the  catchment  as  well  as   other  opportunities  for  people  to  enjoy  the  countryside.  It  identifies  a  series   of  issues  and  the  necessary  actions  to  address  them.  One  of  the  key  issues   relates  to  demand  for  more  access  to,  along  and  on  waterways.  Suggested   actions   include   options   to   enhance   existing   access   and   increase   opportunities  through  events.    

www.naturalengland.org.uk

‘Nature Nearby’ Accessible Natural Greenspace Guidance

March 2010 1

Test and Itchen

Nature Nearby: Accessible Natural Greenspace

Countryside Access Plan for the Test & Itchen 2008-2013

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6/11/08 10:55:52

Other  Initiatives:   Ø Itchen  Navigation  Project  -­‐  Hampshire  &  Isle  of  Wight  Wildlife  Trust     7.4.  What  can  the  partnership  do?   Public  Engagement  and  Education   There   is   an   opportunity   for   the   partnership   to   add   value   to   existing   work   by   providing   centralized   promotion   of   new   or   existing   opportunities   for   access,   such   as   volunteering   opportunities,   guided   walks,   including   visits   to   private   sites,   waymarked   &   circular   routes   and   intellectual   access,   all   of   which  help  to  raise  awareness  about  the  importance  of  our  rivers  for  wildlife  and  for  the  provision  of   ecosystem  services.  The  improved  promotion  of  existing  opportunities  may  also  help  to  reduce  the   perception   that   access   is   inherently   restricted,   and   reduce   calls   for   new   access,   which   can   create   tension  between  users.        

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OUTCOMES

                           

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8.0. PARTNERSHIPS  FOR  ACTION     8.1.  Summary  of  Opportunities     The  opportunities  identified  by  the  partnership’s  strategic  review  of  issues  and  existing  actions  are   summarised  in  the  table  below.     A.  WATER  QUALITY  

1.  Sediment  pathways:  reduce  the  amount  of  fine  sediment  reaching  the   watercourse.   2.  Non-­‐mains  sewerage:  raise  awareness  of  negative  implications  of  poorly   managed  private  sewerage  and  promote  best  practice.   3.  Diffuse  pollution  from  agriculture:  Engage  with  landowners  and  farmers  to   support  existing  work  to  mitigate  soil,  nutrient  and  pesticide  loss.  Particularly   with  regards  to  groundwater.   4.  Monitoring:  Engage  with  anglers  and  local  communities  to  increase   coverage  of  existing  river  fly  monitoring  programme.  

B. WATER   QUANTITY  

1.  Resource  Efficiency:  work  with  water  companies  to  help  deliver  water   efficiency  campaigns.   2.  Resilience:  work  with  abstraction  license  holders  to  deliver  river   restoration  works  that  will  improve  resilience  to  low  flows.   3.  Natural  flood  management:  Increase  water  attenuation  with  strategic   woodland  and  wetland  creation.   4.  Co-­‐ordinate  water  level  management:  facilitate  communication  and   agreement  between  water  level  managers.    

C. CHANNEL  /   HABITAT  &   BIODIVERSITY  

1.  River  Restoration:  Explore  collaborative  opportunities  to  deliver  river   restoration  works.   2.  Best  Practice  Training:  Centralise  and  deliver  best  education  and  training.   3.  Invasive  Species:  Help  expand  and  add  value  to  existing  INNS  initiatives.   4.  Water  Temperature:  Enhance  delivery  of  ‘Keeping  Rivers  Cool’.   5.  Community  Action  Groups:  Work  with  and  support  existing  delivery   groups.    

D. RECREATION  &   COMMUNITY   ENGAGEMENT  

  1.  Community  engagement  and  education  to  promote  opportunities  for  local   communities  to  learn  about  and  enjoy  the  water  environment.              

     

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8.2. Prioritisation  of  Opportunities     Having  established  a  number  of  opportunities  for  action,  the  partnership  sought  to  prioritise  these   by  creating  a  framework  of  partnership  projects  that  will  enable  core  partners  and  stakeholders  to   work  together  to  deliver  actions  that  will  lead  to  improvements  in  each  of  the  opportunity  areas.   A   series   of   20   outline   project   proposals   was   developed   to   reflect   each   of   the   opportunity   areas.   These   project   proposals   were   then   presented   as   part   of   a   Pledge   Event   in   June   2014,   at   which   stakeholders   were   invited   to   help   prioritise   projects   by   voting,   providing   suggestions   on   how   projects   could   be   developed   and   by   pledging   their   support   to   help   deliver   projects.   This   process   embodied   the   stakeholder   involvement   and   partnership   ethos   of   the   catchment   based   approach,   with  priorities  for  action  being  determined  by  the  level  of  stakeholder  support.     Following   the   pledge   event,   a   further   prioritisation   exercise,   based   upon   consideration   of   the   strategic  review  of  the  catchment,  the  results  of  stakeholder  engagement  and  the  expertise  of  the   core  group  members,  was  undertaken  by  the  steering  group  at  a  meeting  in  July  2014.       8.3.  Projects  and  Partnerships  for  Action   The  initial  projects  that  the  partnership  has  collectively  agreed  to  take  forward  are  show  in  the  table   below.   Those   areas   not   shortlisted   will   not   be   ignored   but   will   be   revisited   periodically,   and   incorporated  into  future  work  plans  as  directed  by  future  reviews.      

Priority Projects      

A. WATER  QUALITY:    

1.  Sediment  Pathways  Project                2.  Non-­‐Mains  Sewerage  Project                3.  Groundwater  Quality  Project                4.  Anglers  Monitoring  Initiative                      C.  CHANNEL  /  HABITAT  /  BIODIVERSITY     1. Keeping  Rivers  Cool                  *          Multifunctional  Wetlands  Project  

B. WATER QUANTITY         1. Multifunctional  Wetlands  Project                      *        Sediment  Pathways  Project  

D.  RECREATION  &  COMMUNITY  ENGAGEMENT     1. Rivers  Week                    *        Anglers  Monitoring  Initiative    

For  each  of  the  initial  projects,  ‘Project  Initiation  Documents’,  have  been  drafted  and  working  groups   including   core   partners   and   wider   stakeholders   have   been   established   to   create   a   series   of   partnerships  for  determining  and  delivering  actions  within  each  project  area.  

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Further information   and   web-­‐based   ‘Action   Cards’   for   the   individual   projects   will   be   available   through   the   partnership’s   website   -­‐   www.ticp.org.uk   -­‐   which   will   comprise   the   second   part   of   this   Catchment  Action  Plan  and  will  continually  be  updated  as  projects  progress  and  are  delivered.   8.4.  What  can  you  do  to  get  involved?   There   are   a   large   number   of   individuals   and   organisations   who   are   actively   involved   in   the   catchment  partnership  and  that  would  welcome  the  support  of  other  stakeholders  in  the  catchment,   so   If   you   feel   you   can   contribute   to   the   partnership   in   any   way   or   would   like   to   find   out   more   information  about  how  you  can  help  by  getting  involved  the  please  contact  either:    

                                                               

www.wcsrt.org.uk  

www.hiwwt.org.uk  

Also,  please  see  the  links  below  for  ideas  and  advice  that  relating  to:   Riparian   owners   and   fisheries   managers:   Contact   us   to   find   out   about   delivering   river   restoration   works   and   potential   funding   opportunities   through   the   Test   &   Itchen   River   Restoration   Strategy.   Keep  us  informed  of  issues  affecting  the  river  in  your  local  area.     Farm   businesses:   Contact   your   local   Catchment   Sensitive   Farming   officer   and   Campaign   for   the   Farmed   Environment   coordinator   for   advice   on   how   to   protect   soil   and   water   resources,   improve   wildlife  and  save  money.  Visit:  www.cfeonline.org.uk     Community:   Contact   your   local   rivers   trust   or   wildlife   trust   to   find   out   about   volunteering   opportunities:  Wessex  Chalk  Stream  and  Rivers  Trust  and  Hampshire  and  Isle  of  Wight  Wildlife  Trust.   Get  in  touch  with  Southern  Water  to  discover  how  you  can  help  save  water.  Contact  the  River  Fly   Partnership  to  find  out  about  opportunities  to  get  involved  in  the  Anglers  Monitoring  Initiative.  Visit:   www.riverflies.org  /  www.southernwater.co.uk      

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www.ticp.org.uk

 

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Profile for TICP

TICP Catchment Action Plan (low res)  

TICP Catchment Action Plan (low res)  

Profile for ticp
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