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Caterina Tiazzoldi | Academia

info@tiazzoldi.org Via Agostino da Montefeltro 2 10134 Torino, Italy +39 345 6133730 +011 3157 411


Spring 2013 Politecnico di Torino

Design Studio, DAD Politecnico di Torino First year housing design studio

Critic Architecture: Caterina Tiazzoldi Critic Structure: Mario Sassone Critic Urbanism: Luca Staricco


Syllabus From the cell to the city: The first year studio is an multidisciplinary class integrating an architecture studio, with urban design studio and structure studio. Sun slice draws upon a lesson learned from the history of the city, that autonomous housing can be effectively brewed into the city. It is a contemporary version of the terraced house that shaped the urban identity of Europe from the XIVth well into the XIXth century. Sun slice combines the advantages of autonomous housing (flexibility, freedom, variety) with the advantages of urban density (efficient use of soil, contest responsiveness, shared spaces and services). The class is going to engage the relation between geometry and material manipulation and the discovery of the space performance at the urban architectural and structural level. This course has ten specific aims, developed over the period of 12 weeks:

Aims The studio objective is to design and individual house to be contained in a envelop of 4 meter x 13 meter x 13 meters. 1. To understand the relation existing between human body and constructed artifacts 2. To understand the relation between an architectural artifact and urban environment 3. To understand the relation between an architectural artifact and its structural organization

Procedures 1. To survey the architectural characteristics of ceilings, base boards, doors, screen dividers, window moldings, and doorframes. 2. To learn from research, interviews and case study analysis basic programmatic function of the building. 3. To derive from a reclaimed object, precise geometric characteristics to develop a tridimensional model for the construction of an artifact. 4. To compute series of transformations in a tridimensional form from the application of a set of recursive abstract manipulations through deformers and Boolean operations. 5. To represent a precise set of drawing instructions for the adaptability of the abstract tridimensional model to programmatic properties inherent to the design brief. 6. To develop knowledge through drawing survey of existing construct to foster the insertion of the new building component as a phemelolgical, structural and urban response 7. To articulate a basic set of drawing instructions based on a tridimensional model 8. To develop an individual creative process that is capable to use a feedback communication between user and generator, essential in a reflexive system


Objectives On completion of this course, students should be able: 1. to acquire fundamental architectural design skills 2. to understand the role and standard of vertical residential buildings. 3. to associate the care for experimentation with precision and attention to design representation 4. to synthesize as in graphic information, the organization of orthographic representation of tridimensional information according to architecture and design conventions 5. to develop a culture that the experiential qualities of a space can rely on the articulation of its spatial tectonics and the integration of building components 6. to evaluate and combine two or more building components to drive the generation of new living experiences capable to motivate the creative process 8. to develop an ability to associate subjective and phenomenological parameters

Evaluation Criteria 1. Number of students in the group 2. Site analysis 2 boards 3. (general view 1/2000, infrastructure, other buildings ecc‌. (autocad + illustrator) view 1/50, mapping demographics, people, cost area, elevation 1/500, plan 1/500, 4. Integration of Project in the Site. 5. Aggregation Studies: how the aggregation of different units create a urban quality. 6. Geometry exploration and editing according to the use of space . How geometry is adapting to human needs, site, flow, circulation and environmental conditions. 7. Typological studies focused on the quality of the research and typology selected (I gave 2 extra points for student which engaged on typological studies that were different from individual family house) 8. Quality of Space. 9. Control of Architectural Standards 10. Quality of Representation in 2D drawings 11. Quality of Representation in perspective drawings, 3d sketches and renderings 12. Presentation of the pritzker prize selection


Assignment 1:

To design a small residential unit. We are going to discover the relation between the geometry and the space habitability.

Step 1: Who is leaving in the house you are designing Describe and draft the list of the inhabitant of your unit. Who are they? Why do they leave together? What do they need? What do they do? Which activities do they share with the other member of the house? Which activity do they do by themselves? How big is the house?

Step 2: To design a house by editing primitive geometry

Design a residential unit by editing a primitive geometry. 1. To select a primitive geometry a cone, a cube, a cylinder, a sphere, a pyramid and hexagon 2. To draft a primitive geometric: plan, section (hand drawing or AutoCAD drawing or rhino drawing ), and 3d model 4. To insert a human figure in your drawing to see how does it fit. 5. To design an house by only using your original primitive. (you can copy, scale it, rotate it) 6. To develop a plan including humans, furniture, entrances, stairs. 7. To develop an elevation including humans and furniture 8. Scale them give them the right proportions 9. Locate the member of you family in the plan and elevation you are designing and see how the space is reacting. 10. To adapt the geometry requirement you can copy your original primitive (6 to 10 times). While you copy it you can move it on the (X,Y,Z) , you can scale it on the axe XYZ.


Deliverables:

due by Tuesday march 12. Student will work in small groups 2-3 persons and will develop the following deliverable. 1. Family members draft and representation. A set of drawings to the scale of 1/50 drawing describing the inhabitants of your unit. Draft and represent  their activities during the day. Draft and represent them in different positions (4 position for each member). (AutoCAD, Rhinoceros  or hand drawing)

Deliverable format A4 document AutoCAD, Rhinoceros or hand drawings saved as pdf file Please make sure you are respecting real scale and proportions. Proposal for a small residential unit deriving from an aggregation (6-10 elements) of your original primitive geometry 1.  Plan scale 1/50 including furniture 2. Sections scale 1/50 including people, furniture and vertical connections. 3. Small 3d digital model or physical  model with human figures inside To write few lines about how you think your primitive geometry responds to design standards? How is it efficient? What do you like about it and what you don’t like? NB: The class evaluation criteria will be based on the concept, application of the concept to the space, technical solutions, representation techniques. the use of 3d modelers (rhino) and image editors (Photoshop)  are strongly recommended but not mandatory


week 4


Final Assignment A1 Boards – prof. Starico A1-1 -several plans of the site from scale 1:10000 to 1:500 -density analysis A1-2 -layers of the urban structure (see prof. starico’s teaching materials) Layer of the city: main and secondary roads commercial buildings residential buildings  empty spaces green area hospitals, schools and universities A1-3 -site section 1:500 (project elevation with urban context) -site plan with aggregation 1:500 (search magazine for graphic representation) -renders of the aggregation, and integrated in site

A1 Boards – Prof. TIazzoldi A1-4 (aggregation board) - concept of the aggregation+ flow and circulation system (general concept - schematic images) - aggregation in detail + public and private space - closed view of 3D renderings with people - 4 elevations with the surrounding (site section), 2 sections of the 6 unites aggregation in scale 1:200 or 1:100 - all the plans of the aggregation A1-5 (sun slice building) - plan, section and elevation in scale 1:50 A1-6 (typology, material and 3D) - material analysis of the building - research of the typology - renderings Models - model in scale 1:1000 (your project models + the shared model of the surroundings) - model in scale 1:200 Previous project board - 1 A3 board contains the most important features of your previous project

A1 Boards Prof. Sassone A1-7 - structure analysis in plans (2 or 3) in scale 1:50/1:20 - structure analysis in sections (2 or 3) in scale 1:50/1:20 - schemes of bracing system - structural analysis: diagrams>loads>actions>1 calculation (have all these steps in your analysis)


9

STRUCTURE

STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS HORIZONTAL LOADS

F1 = (5.8/2)(9.7/2)(0.64kN/m2) F2 = 0.7(9.7/2)(0.64)+(2.2)(9.7/2)(0.4)(2.9/2)(9.7/2)(0.4) F3=2.9/2(9.7/2)(0.4)+(2.9/2)(9.7/2)(0.4)

MOMENT DIAGRAM OF LATERAL FORCES

DIAGRAM OF BRACING SYSTEM


7

STRUCTURE

BRACING SYSTEM

B

B

B

A

A

B

Section A-A

B

B

Section B-B



Polito 2013