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Digital Design - Module 02 Semester 1, 2018 Tianshan Su

875734 Samuel Lalo Studio 12


Week Three

Reading: Kolerevic B. 2003. Architecture in the Digital Age

Kolerevic described three fundamental type of fabrication techniques in the reading. Outline the three techniques and discuss the potential of Computer Numeric Controlled fabrication with parametric modelling. (150 words max)

Three fundamental types of fabrication techniques are subtractive fabrication, additive fabrication and formative fabrication. Subtractive fabrication is the process of taken specifc volume of material out of the solid. A dedicated computer system perform basic CNC instructions which can control the motion. Additive fabrication means constructing the structure by adding materials layer-by-layer. The outside edge of the structure ais shaped by computer- controled trowels and will be filled with concrete or other materials.By using additive fabrication, Accurate amount of materials are put in the accurate posotion. Formative farication changes the solid’s shape by heating or steaming, it canbe seen as a process which involves the use of mechanical forces. This kind of fabrication may used among the production of molded glass and plastic sheets.

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Week Three

Surface Creation

Different surfaces have been created using Grasshopper and each of them create their own spaces between. Directions of the surface edges could be easily changed and modified by those sliders.

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Surfaces (Red ones for final used)

The fianl surface that I chose is the fourth one. It has a quite flat surface and a more twisted surface. Unlike the thrid one, the space they cretae is more open towards the sky so that it will give people a feeling of freedom and not depressed by the structure.

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Week Four Panels & Waffle

Triangular shaped elements constructs the more flat side. Many openings were designed to let the sunshine went through the structure and to provide shadows during seasons, it may give people a better visual effect. The twisted side is full of “dynamic� and would attract attentions from passengers.

The waffle structure is used to support the two different surfaces. It consists of nine horizontal supports and eighteen vertical ones.

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Panels(Red ones for final used)

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Week Four

Laser Cutting

Waffle structures sent to laser cut

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Laser Cutting First, I need to unroll my surfaces and then use the commend “dupedge” and “planarsrf” to get the outline of the patterns. After that, tabs need to be placed correctely arounf the edges. When I was making tabs, I did not realize that my tab was 1mm wide and then I found it is quite difficult to stick the patterns together because of the 1mm tab. Next time I will definitely pay attention on the width of tabs and be more careful while preparing for laser cutting. A nother points that I would like to mention is for the Rhino file of the laser cutting, tabs and the patterns need to be placed on the different layers in orfer to get the exact cut surfaces and the half cut parts, that is, place where needs to be fold or joined with other elements. At the same time, type of the boards that are going t use must be mentioned in the file to get everything processing well. Panels sent to laser cut

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Week Five

I have tried different shapes to boolean the large cube. Attractor points and random Attractor have been used while at this stage.

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Isometric view of the whole booleaned structure

Multiple Spaces were hiden inside the booleaned cube. I have tried cubed, rectangular and diamond shapes for this project. The final definition that I developed is the polatonic cube and truncations were added to form difference between the original cube. At the same time, it creates angles that could be further developed.

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Week Five

Isometric

The 3D printed part of the whole structure is a cube based part. The main consistent is the space at middle of the structure. The stucture was divided into four parts. Firstly, the midle part of the iteration. A large interspace are created by the walls on the three side. This area can be used as a theatre hall or a gallary space. Secondly, a more open space at the top of the structure. For this area, people can sit and enjoy the sunshine. This might become an ideal place for people who love sunshine. The third area will be the space at the bottom of the structure, children can play games at this point. A hidden space can be seen as the fourth point. The wall on the right hand side can be opened in order to provide a larger area forpassengers to sit on. At this time, an antrance towards the back of structure appears. Exhibitions can be held at this zone and a lot more private space are formed.

Isometric view of the booleaned structure

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The Plateform Lighter Grey: The wall becoming a plateform for people to relax. Darker Grey: The entrance towards the back space of the structure.

The Entrance towards innar space Dark Grey: The entrance towards the back space of the structure. The back side of the structure, where exhibitions may taken place.

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Week Six Task 01

Lofts

1.1

1.2

{150,150,150}

{50,150,150}

{100,0,150}

1.3 {150,30,150}

Key

1.4

{0,150,150}

{75,0,150}

{0,0,0}

{0,0,150} {75,150,150}

Attractor / Control Points (X,Y,Z) Attractor / Control Curves Grid Points

{150,0,50}

{150,0,0}

{0,75,0} {0,150,0}

{37.5,150,0}

{0,150,0}

{50,0,0}

Paneling Grid & Attractor Point

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

{Index Selection}

2.1

2.2

2.3

{0,0,0} {Index Selection}

2.4

{50,128,150}

{142,91,63}

{48,62,70}

{53,8,0}

Paneling

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

{Attractor Point Location}

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

+

+

+

+

Photograph of Task 1

Task 01 Matrix

The two surfaces that I chose may form a sense of comparison for one is more flat and the other is quite curved. The attraction point was placed at the center of the surfaces, that was because I want my panels to be centralized and have a beauty of symmetry. Openings have been placed on panels to allow sunlights go through and to make the whole structure be more sturdy while suffering from strong wind.

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Week Six Task 02

Grid Manipulation

1.2

1.3

Key

1.4

{0,0,0}

{-7,-13,162}

{153,162,163}

Attractor / Control Points (X,Y,Z) Attractor / Control Curves Grid Points

{-7,-13,162}

{-3,-32,-25}

{155,-25,-36} {0,-41,-7} {Point Attractor}

Sphere Distribution

Module 02 - Task 02

1.1

2.1

{Point Attractor}

{Point Attractor}

2.2

2.3

2.4

{Random Attractor}

{Random Attractor}

3.4

{-140,39,29}

{Point Attractor}

Sphere Transformation

Tianshan Su - 875734

{Point Attractor}

{Point Attractor}

{0,169,-136}

3.1

3.2

3.3

{Consistent Scaling}

{Consistent Scaling}

{Consistent Scaling}

{Consistent Scaling}

Design Matrix 1:5

As the structure is based on a cube. So it can be flexible. Rotations and additional elements can be applied at anytime.

Task 02 Matrix

Photograph of Task 2

The place where the booleaned shape creates a more opened space and could be used as a space for people to enjoy the sunshine.

The attractor point was placed at one corner of the box so that my definitions can be ranged in a organized way, which is randomly from large to small. Then random attractor was used to make sure there are enough spaces between definitions so that different spaces can be separated and have theri own usages. As it is a place for use, the bottom of the definition might be flat so it allows people to walk freely, so I chose this shape. -

The wall could be laid down, so that a plateform will be created which allow more people to sit or move in the structure. When the wall becomes a plateform, the hiden space appears.

A more private space of te strusture for it only has one surface facing the public. It is a good place for bad wheather. It can be a theatre or a gallary.

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Children can play at bottom of the structure.

Light Grey: Plateform created by the original wall. Dark Grey: Enterance for the inner space.

Axonometric 1:2 Solid boolean using 3.2 morph itteration. 0

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60mm

The innar space of the structure


Week Six

Final Isometric Views

Final isometric view of task 1

Final isometric view of task 2

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Appendix

Process

Script of the waffle structure

Top view of the waffle structure

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Perspective view of the waffle structure


Appendix Process

Laser cutting panels

Laser cutting waffle structures I realized that I didn’t put the waffle structure correctly in the cut layer in the template, so I printed another piece. When I take them back, I found that it have been cut.

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Appendix

Process

In Processing...

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Appendix Process

Top View of the structure

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Appendix

Process

Panels on the more flat surface

Panels on the curved surface 20


Appendix Process

Details of the panels

Shadows been created

Waffle Structure 21


Appendix

Process

Booleaned Structure after Rotation

Booleaned Structure after Rotation

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