IMPROVING CONNECTIVITY AND LIVEABILITY AMONG FAMILIES AND COMMUNITIES DURING THE PANDEMIC
FLEXIBLE LIVING SPACE
Families and Communities living during the Pandemic The sudden hit of pandemic to humanity put the world into a huge distress. New challenges and changes have interfered with our daily lives. One most significant change that I felt greatly that definitely affected many people is the freedom to engage in social interaction. From the beginning of the pandemic until the current situation, I have constantly observed how my neighbourhood responded to the situation. I believed everyone started to put more attention towards kinship and friendship. Things that we used to take for granted as it is always readily available has suddenly appeared so important and valuable. Hence, my project is to focus on the idea of bringing people together within families and communities that we have built over time during the context of the pandemic. I hope my project will allow people to continue to appreciate the importance of relationship between families, friends and neighbours.
Events of the Pandemic
The isolation within one’s home during the pandemic has brought about a few undesirable incidents such as the articles above showed people demostrating eccentric behaviour like throwing objects out of their homes and also an increase in domestic violence. The long periods of time spent in a confined space, has resulted in causing harm and unstability to the mental welbeing of people. As the mental welbeing is affected, the physical welbeing is being implicated as well bringing an adverse effect towards the overall welbeing of people. This is one important factor the led me to reconfiguring the original space of the HDB flat to try improve and suit the needs of the occupants. Figure.1- https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/cnainsider/covid-19-throws-stark-relief-what-victims-of-domestic-abuse-face-12710682 Figure.2 - https://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/singapore/man-arrested-throwing-chairs-yishun-hdb-block-12647536
01 FLEXIBLE LIVING SPACE The first part of the project investigates the problems arises from the pandemic. The aim is to create and design living spaces in response to the pandemic issue, in order to satisfy and better accommodate the different needs of people due to the sudden change of lifestyle due to the lock-down period. As the lifestyles of people revolve around their own homes now, the few main needs of the people that will be focused on are defined spaces, private and communal spaces and flexibility within spaces. What I hope to achieve is to create a space that will be beneficial and feasible for the people at its best potential towards the new lifestyle as a result of the pandemic. The space will focus more towards the overall wellbeing of people, allowing them to dwell and engage in activities normally even without leaving their homes such as working, exercising, hobbies and playing. Most importantly, to me, a home is meant for a family to be able to live comfortably and happily together. The space should allow every member of the family to engage in their personal activities and also activities together so to promote the idea of living harmoniously. This space is supposed to allow people to better sustain themselves within their own homes during covid-19 but it is also a workable space for people even after or without a pandemic scenario hence it will be a long-lasting design.
THE INVESTIGATION INVOLVES:
A LARGE FOCUS TOWARDS PEOPLE RATHER THAN THE ENVIRONMENT SOCIAL ELEMENTS OVER ENVIRONMENTAL ELEMENTS OVERALL WELLBEING OF PEOPLE INCLUDING PHYSICAL AND MENTAL WELLBEING
• • • • • • •
MAIN DESIGN FACTORS
CLEARLY DEFINED SPACES GREENERY PRIVATE OUTDOOR SPACE WORK FROM HOME FUNCTIONALITIES FLEXIBLE SPACE PHYSICAL ACTIVITIES DAILY RITUALS IN HOMES
WITH THE COMBINATION OF FLEXIBILITY MULTIFUNCTIONAL SPACES AND FURNITURES PROVIDING BETTER ACCOMODATION THAT ALLOWS PEOPLE TO BETTER SUSTAIN THEMSELVES IN THEIR HOMES
PROPOSED SITE POPULATION Over 80% of the Singapore population stays in HDB hence hopefully this project can introduce a new configuration of interior space within HDB flats to better fit the currents needs during the pandemic.
PERSONAL EXPERIENCE I chose my own HDB flat because having lived there for a long period of time, I have experience physically and emotionally how it feels to be in a HDB flat. I am also very familiar with my neighbours and I am able to understand how they felt during the lock-down period besides my own family.
TYPOLOGY In Commonwealth Close, the older HDB flats have also smaller typology. During the lock-down, being isolated in a smaller space compared to a larger space is more detrimental to a person’s wellbeing hence I feel there is a need to reconfigure the original space to make it more breathable for the occupants.
HISTORY My HDB estate was built around 1960 to 1966 when Singapore was gaining independence while solving the problem of the shortage of houses, a problem brought forward during the British Colonial rule. As it was a rush and an immediate action, the HDB flats being built only focus towards fulfilling the basic needs of the people required in the house. Therefore, I feel that there was a lack of consideration towards the wellbeing of the people living within the space and during the lock-down when people are isolated within their homes for long periods of time has caused them much discomfort.
SITE - BLK 86 COMMONWEALTH CLOSE
ANALYSIS OF SITE SURROUNDINGS
The image above shows the different typology of buildings around the site. Before the pandemic lock-down, these buildings are actively engaged by people. Many of people living in the HDB actually works at the nearby commercial buildings. Another interesting thing of the HDB blocks is that they are located on a small hill and has a gradual increase in elevation in a circular motion up the hill.
The white path being marked out shows the human circulation around the site used by the residents and passers-by. The residents normally travel around the neighbourhood using the pathways to meet their friends and families to engage in social interaction. However due to the pandemic lock-down, they are no longer able to utilize the pathways and engage in their activities.
Sounds and noises used to be constantly produced around the surrounding because of the different activities being engaged by the people before the pandemic. During the lockdown, noises could only be heard coming from the HDB flats. This shows how the residents’ daily lives have changed as they are unable to engage in their outdoor activities.
The site itself is surrounded by greenery which makes a good balance between manmade and nature. The only issue of the pandemic is that people are unable to come into contact with greenery around physically but only with other senses like hearing, seeing or smelling. The circled areas are commonly used areas which has trees sheltering people from heat and provides a good contrast between nature and manmade.
Nodes to show the few major activities happening and reacting within the site. Such activities comprise of eating, social interaction and exercising. Due to the pandemic, people are not able to have such interactions hence it is important for me to know what are the common activities and try to bring in within the homes.
How natural sunlight enter the HDB flats now is really important since everyone will be spending their time within their homes. Some spaces required more natural lighting entering like living room and working space during the day due to the higher usage by people but spaces like toilet do not.
EXTERIOR OF SITE Zooming closer to the exterior of the site which includes spaces from the ground floor and also the corridors of the hdb block. This analysis is to better understand the activities happening and also the use of space by the residents which can be factors to taken into consideration when I am designing my space.
In between green spaces between 2 blocks of flats which is commonly utilized by occupants living on the 1st storey like gardening and extra open space.
Another flat green space however it is not allowed to be used for outdoor activities except for burning of incense papers which already reduces the chances of social interaction.
INTERIOR SPACE OF 3-ROOM FLAT Images of the interior to give a better understanding of the different spaces within the house and also how the spaces function. It also gives a better view of the size of the different spaces which allows me to think about my designs and how to reconfigure the space to fulfill the needs of people better during the pandemic.
A constant typology of 3-room flats across the whole block of flats with a corridor space that can be used.
Corridor space to my actual home which is at the corner of the hdb block.
Entry to my house. The corridor was bought and it has become an extension to my living room and the bedroom. During the pandemic, the space has been used as an extra space to hang clothing and sometimes used as a space for contemplation while looking out of the window.
My living room space and the connection to the kitchen area. During the pandemic, it is the most important space for us to interact with each other together as it is the common area between the bedrooms.
Kitchen space including an extension space with a small toilet. Currently it is used to house the washing machine and also extend the overall kitchen space.
Original toilet space within the kitchen which is also considerably small. During the pandemic, having an extra toilet is crucial as family members might use the toilet at the same time.
The bedroom I share with my brother. During the pandemic, It was difficult for us to have our individual space as we shared the space.
My parents’s room which is connected to the extra corridor space. During the pandemic, my parents spend more time in their rooms watching shows on their electronic devices or doing their hobbies at the extra corridor space.
PRECEDENT PROJECT 1:THREE GENERATION HOUSE
Fig.3 The image above shows a project called the 3-generation house designed by Dutch architecture firm, BETA. The whole house is designed intentionally with a central yellow staircase that connects the spaces on every floor together. It is planned that each floor of the building accommodates a different age group of the family from young to old. The common areas for gathering are located at the ground floor which includes indoor and outdoor spaces. The design focuses on the flexibility within the whole space where everyone is connected but there is a level of privacy provided for the family to engage in individual and group activities. This is one design aspect I would like to implement into the design of my space where there is a medium to bring people together but also providing the necessary individual space when required.
Figure.3 - https://www.dezeen.com/2019/04/22/three-generation-house-amsterdam-beta-netherlands-yellow-staircase/
Using the 3-generation house project, I tried the method of splitting the different age groups in a household across a whole floor of flats wiithin the HDB or across the whole HDB of different floors. The idea of splitting the living spaces to different age groups is to allow occupants from the same age group to have common activities they could do together but the living spaces are still connected therefore people of different groups are still able to interact with each other.
PRECEDENT PROJECT 2:MJE HOUSE
Fig.4 The image above shows a apartment owned by a spanish family, the MJE House designed by PKMN Architecture firm. The interesting element of this project is the usage of modular storage walls that rotates and moves in certain angles to create new spaces such as extra bedrooms for guests. This provides the occupants the flexibility to have a large space for gathering and smaller spaces to read a book or take a nap. The few elements that I was interested in integrating to my own design was the use of movable walls and furniture as it allows a space to be multifunctional with ease. These design strategies make up the flexibility I had in mind.
Figure.4 - https://www.dezeen.com/2016/01/10/mje-house-pkmn-architectures-apartment-spain-rotating-walls/
PLAN OF LAYOUT 1
PLAN OF LAYOUT 2
The 2 image shown above are actually floorplans of the MJE House which shows the different possible layouts within the whole space. These images have shown the different levels of privacy I wish to achieve within design of my space. Layout 1 shows a more open concept where family member could have larger space for easier physical and visual interaction. With the walls ‘hidden’, the entire space looks more spacious without restriction. Layout 2 shows a space which demostrates a more private concept by spliting house into smaller spaces. Activities like working or sleeping requires a more compact and private space. I have mark out the different areas on layout 2 to show the different usage of spaces.
Then I tried out variations for how the wall moves to create certain spaces and whether is it feasible for the given space.
To allow flexibility within spaces to switch between private and public spaces within homes, I looked into walls and furnitures that is movable and able create new spaces within spaces. I began exploring by sketching out how walls can actually move around.
The sketches below shows the interaction of the moving wall within 2 bedroom space to create different sizes of spaces to accomodate different activities.
Investigating different directions of how a wall can move in order to fit and function within the space of the HDB flat I am designing on.
Sketches below shows the experimentation of integrating multifunctional furniture and movable walls together in a space to allow different activities to happen when it is wanted by the occupants.
I decided to replace movable walls with a new element, sliding doors. Movable or rotatable are unable to function properly in a tight space such as my HDB flat due to factors such as weight, angle and distance.
The main transformable furniture I am looking into is known as the murphy bed. It is a bed that has multifunctional purposes where it is able to transform to other functions such as a sofa, table or hanger.
Sliding panels/doors on the other hand has similar function as movable walls as they are capable of seperating and connecting spaces together as well. They are also lighter in weight and more practical in a smaller living space. They also able to give some extra spaces easily because it do not have to consider the angle and distance of a typical swing door.
COMBINATION OF 2 HDB FLATS Another idea was to the combine two HDB flats together to create a larger living space for a family and larger space also gives a bigger flexibility and appriopriate distance between people to create the correct level of privacy and togetherness at different occasions.
NOISREV TNEDUTS KSEDOTUA NA YB DECUDORP PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT VERSION
PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT VERSION
PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT VERSION
MIRRORED FLAT PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT VERSION
PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT VERSION
PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT VERSION
PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT VERSION
PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK NOISRESTUDENT V TNEDUTVERSION S KSEDOTUA NA YB DECUDORP
SPATIAL PLANNING Using different shapes and angles to plan for different spaces within the house for activities that occupants within a home will engage in through the use of quick sketches.
SPACE FOR WORKING/STUDYING:
SPACE FOR EXERCISE:
SPACE FOR FAMILY GATHERING:
SPACE FOR DINING TOGETHER:
SPACE FOR YOUNG FAMILY MEMBERS:
SPACE CONFIGURED FOR THE ELDERLY:
WORKING WITH A SINGLE APARTMENT UNIT
However, after going through some brainstorming, I realised the combination of 2 flats is unnecessary because I have come to a decision to work within the space constraint of a single apartment to really target and try to elevate most of the problems that people who are living in smaller HDB units have encountered during the pandemic lock-down.
PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT VERSION
PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT VERSION
PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT VERSION
Looking at the HDB space, it is not wide but it has a long space. I decided to separate the space into 3 parts of different privacy level from sharing, semi-private to private. The sharing space will be where all the utilities are located at and for the private space will be the bedrooms. As for the central area, it will be the semi-private space acting as a connection between the public and the private.
Spliting the space on plan with red marking PRODUCED BY AN AUTODESK STUDENT VERSION
FINAL SPATIAL PLANNING
A simpler diagram to show the relationship between the 3 separated space of the HDB flat and also showing the level of privacy within the space.
Spatial Planning for different activities that happens around the space. As I am exploring the organisation of spaces, what I found most interesting was the possibility of creating different new spaces through such a small HDB flat. I was able to utilize the spaces within the flat I have not engage with.
FINALISED DESIGN The image on the right shows the finalized reconfigured design of the space where each space is being coloured coded to demarcate them specifically for different uses.
A private space for working or studying or having some alone time. A smaller space for better concentration and without getting disturbed. It acts as a meditative space as well. The window allows natural sunlight and the user to look out of the window when taking a break.
Toilet sliding door which is also a holding shelf that works both side, one facing the toilet and the other facing the bedroom.
The sliding door that separates the bedroom into 2 spaces for children sharing the room and both spaces can house different activities at the same time.
The sliding door can be open allowing siblings to play and engage in different activities together.
Opening the sliding door of the master-bed room allows the connection with the walkway to create a larger space/ living room space for people to watch tv or chat with each other.
Bedroom space that includes a side sofa beside the window to act as a meditative space as well.
Opening the sliding door at the kitchen area together with the master-bed room sliding door allows cooking and a bigger space for eating together as a family.
Kitchen space also includes space for a washing machine and some extra space for storage for items. It also shows the walkway that connects all the spaces together.
With all the sliding door opened, it allows the maximum usage of space within the space of the house. It also allows a bigger playing area for children.
Section to show the family watching tv together.
END OF PART 1
Resting hours at night
02 VERTICAL CORRIDOR The second part of the project is to investigate and speculate the current situation of the pandemic progressing from the first project. As the pandemic situation slowly heads towards a better outcome, there is an increase in the need of social interaction and gathering of family and friends. As I have worked within the interior space of the HDB flat, I decided to look into the exterior spaces of it. This led me to speculate the design and creation of a space within the block of flats to allow people to have social interaction and connecting them together vertically. I want to create a warm and comfortable space that is totally opposite of the cold hard concrete of a HDB building. A new space that is never seen within the typology of the HDBs which could show a strong contrast. The main focus that I would want to bring out of this project is how a space could bring out the intimacy between people across the whole block. With the ongoing pandemic, hopefully this project can remind everyone to better appreciate the kinship and relationship they have.
Bring the community within the HDB closer and more connected
The space created is able to function within the current pandemic context and also in the future (Post-Pandemic). Promotes better social interaction which improves the wellbeing of people by focusing on the current needs of the people living in the HDB.
The HDB block does not have a voiddeck or a common space for the residents to gather and interact. There might be a open green space however it has a sign that says the public are not able to use it freely. It shows a lack of communal space around the HDB blocks.
The external facade of the hdb block which I look at as an opportunity to have extensions of design from the corridor of the hdb flats.
The tight and small corridor space outside of the flats put a physical restriction to activities that residents are able to do outside their homes. Only minor planting and placement of smaller furniture such as shoe racks is suitable. Growing of plants have always been a regular activity for the residents.
The lack of a communal gathering space such as a voiddeck and the compact spaces between houses reduces the opportunity for social interaction on a common ground. Given the circumstances of the current pandemic issue, what if there is another outbreak which causes the residents to be able to only bond within their HDB block, will the residents be able to socially interact and engage each other? Hence I would to take this opportunity to work on the corridor space within the HDB block by creating addtional space to the corridor to make up for the lack of communal space for social interaction.
PRECEDENT PROJECT 1 : MAGIC BREEZE VILLA
CIRCULATION Another component from the Magic Breeze Villa is the planning of the different type of circulation from the different activities done by the occupants. I differentiate the 2 different circulation into slow and fast. One which is meant for slowing down the pace of one’s life where people interact, exercise, relax or talking a stroll. As for the other would be a faster path that is meant for running, rushing or travelling. This was one component I could incorporate into the HDB corridor and creating a new corridor system for my HDB that can make up for the lack of space and communal area around my neighbourhood.
Image of the corridor for better understanding
Figure.5 - https://www.archdaily.com/tag/magic-breeze-landscape
Fig.5 The image above shows Magic Breeze Villa, a project located at India designed by PENDA design studio. The project is a series of luxurious stacked duplex sky villas with huge balcony gardens which focuses on integrating greenery closely with the daily lives of the occupants. However, the design intention that I was interested in was the shared garden space by the villas. The planning of the landscape together with the pathways created within the garden led me to think about how could I actually apply the idea of different paths with the corridor spaces that could improve spatial quality and also social interaction. The inclusion of the green landscape was another element I would like to implement. This could allow the residents to actually finally engage in activities they desire like planting within the block during the pandemic. The modular placement of the landscape was also another component I feel could fit in with the modularity of the HDB blocks.
PRECEDENT PROJECT 2 : 79&PARK STOCKHOLM RESIDENTIAL
SURROUNDINGS OF THE HDB
Fig.6 The image above is another precedent I have investigated which is the 79&Park Stockholm residential building by Bjarke Ingels Group located at Sweden. The building consists of prefabricated units of a standardized size in an elevated pattern that continues through the whole building space. This creates a pattern which looks like platforms being stacked like giant steps. The design element that I was interested in was the roof garden space which allows a connection across the whole building but is subtly separated by each modular platform. This provides an opportunity of gathering but yet have a level of privacy if different group of people would like to gather at different spots. This provides a controlled form of interaction but yet not making the occupants feel restrained. Hence, I felt that this was one strategy that I could implement in my design due to the pandemic situation which allows people to gather but provides an appropriate distance to interact safely. Another interesting aspect was the elevation of the building which has similarity as my neighbour where all the HDB blocks have a increase in height shown by the image on the right.
Figure.6 - https://www.archdaily.com/905534/79-and-park-big
The image shown above is an overview of my neighbourhood where all the HDB blocks can be seen. As the HDBs are built on a hill, the HDB blocks actually has a gradual increase in height in a circular motion up the hill. This has a similarity to the 79&Park stockholm residentials design which I thought of applying to my design which will fit into the site context.
IDEATION PROCESS OF CORRIDOR DESIGN SHAPES AND PATTERNS
DIVIDING THE SPACE
Trying out different shapes and variations of pattern with the corridor. I was looking for a interesting pattern but also functional so to allow the occupants to have a more spacious corridor and also able to do their hobbies such as planting.
Addition of extra spaces such as balconies and also testing out different shapes of balconies. Since my HDB blocks do not have a balcony, It could be a acceptable strategy for occupants to utilize the space. However , another consideration such a small space might not be convenient for people to interact or gather.
I also look into whether can I actually split the corridor up by the use of a dividing element where I can create spaces of different sizes to allow activities of different privacy to function. Below is a simple sketch to demostrate how a corridor space can be divided.
Changing the standard straight corridor to a curve one which creates openings and allow a form of visual interaction between 2 floors.
Stacking platforms together which an idea inspired from the precedent, 79&PARK STOCKHOLM residential.
Space of different sizes are mark out in red to show privacy. The smaller the space, the more private.
Colour coding the corridor space was also another idea to mark out spaces of different activities.
However, It was difficult to work with such a small space and I was unable to find any design opportunities hence I also look at the staircase of the HDB.
EXTERNAL CORRIDOR SPACE
I look the staircase spaces and the staircase landings whether is it possible to include any design to allow some of the spaces to actually become a space for interaction. I tried to incoporate the fast and slow circulation concept on the staircase where one side is for walking and the other for exercising.
I decided to move to the exterior of the corridor space which allows me to have more opportunity in creating and designing.
Looking at the facade of the HDB and the precedent studies I have studied on, I was looking into the ability to connect the residents vertically. Hence from the stacking design of the 79&Park StockHolm Residential, I was trying to create pathways and platforms that actually allows connection with different levels of the HDB.
I started exploring with a more organic form to connect spaces vertically together but it does not fit in with the modularity of a HDB block.
However, there were problems faced as well. The space of the stairs and the staircase landing was too small to design on and not much opportunities as well. The staircase is also a fire escape staircase hence safety issues might arises in times of emergency.
Moving on from the organic shape, I tried a modular and constant repetition. This created a series of ‘giant steps’ across the HDB blocks which I feel that it fit in with the modular shape of the HDB block and also the gradual increase of height of HDB blocks in the neighbourhood.
Following on, I started planning out how the vertical corridor should connect the whole block together. If every floor has a external corridor, the residents would not required to move up or down the block to utilize the space which defeats the purpose of my design intention to connect people together vertically. Hence, by spliting the space equal across the block, It gives the opportunity for residents to travel around. Using the space created to guide the residents through the journey.
Pockets of spaces created by stacking the different platforms together which could become spaces of different usage.
POCKET OF SPACES
Finally, I started testing out how platforms can create a connected space and also a path that could go across the HDB blocks. I used the method of stacking and slightly staggering the platforms to create pocket of spaces to house different activities and uses.
STEPS OF THE DESIGN EVOLUTION The diagrams below shows how the design of the project has progress according with the design considerations discovered through the explorations during the ideation process.
Adding space onto the facade of the building that connects with the corridor space.
Separating the space so that different levels across the block could be equally connected.
Creating openings by staggering the platforms to allow sunlight to be able to flow into the HDB and the space created would not be blocked out the natural lighting.
The idea of stacking and elevating to connect the space in order for the residents to be connected vertically across the building.
The addition of greenery across the design to allow residents to be close with nature and also able to do their planting hobbies.
INITIAL STAGE OF FINAL DESIGN
The colour coding is to mark out the 2 different circulation paths across the HDB block, the blue one which is the original path I have decided it is meant for the fast pace of our lives where it is a direct path to the stairs or the lift. As for the green path, it is the path to slow down our lives, where we can actually relax and enjoy in a common area for the residents.
The initial creation of design with the use of modular shapes like sqaures and rectangles which fits in with the modularity of the HDB block I am working with and the surrounding HDBs as well. Through these images I was trying to visualize the relationship between the orginal corridor and the created “corridor”.
The red arrows to show the way to the entry point of the vertical corridor.
The image above is to show the contrast between a straight walkway and a stacked walkway which brings people on a journey and slow down on their hectic life.
An illustration of how the space created can actually function like having a space to gather or resting. It is to also show the calm and relaxing atmosphere that the space is supposed to give off to the residents to allow them to dwell around. This gives the comparison between the corridor and the created space as well to show how different the spaces are being used by the residents.
A different perspective of the design to show different activities that the residents can actually engage in such as walking a dog, planting, strolling and a taking a break.
The use of wood gives a contrast to the HDB’s concrete structure. Wood is considered a soft material providing a warm and comfortable visually. It also demarcates a different pathway from the original concrete flooring of the HDB.
Greenery compliments very well with wood as both are natural materials to a design. Plants and grass regulate humidity and also it improves the wellbeing of a person. The softness of grass allows people to relax or exercise on it. Planting is also a common hobby of the HDB residents.
Glass makes a space looks more spacious due to its transparent qualities. It also allow visual interaction for people which makes the space more welcoming as they are able to see what is happening.
Perspective showing the overview of how the space connects through the whole space. The circled areas are the entry point to the vertical corridor.
NIGHT One of the entry points to the vertical corridor. This perspective is to show the contrast between 2 pathways where the materials differ from one another.
The evening/night time where people could go for a nice stroll after dinner or work. It is also a space for people to destress by looking at the night sky and just having some alone time.
Along the journey through the pathway, there are small planter pots where residents could actually grow smaller plants to make the pathway more vibrant.
The different platforms also allow people to relax at their own chosen spot. The grass patches will allow a more comfortable sitting and also demarcate the walking path and the sitting areas.
The journey through the walkway will bring us to a central space which allows a larger group of people to gathering. It also has planting areas for the residents to plant a larger variety of plants. They can also do some simple bodyweight exercises or take a jog across the whole vertical corridor.
WHAT COULD HAPPEN 20 YEARS LATER Different angle of the central area of the vertical corridor.
As the plants continue to grow and taken care of by the residents, the whole space itself becomes a urban forest. As plants and greenery are always changing, it makes the space always interesting as it is never the same when having the journey through the vertical corridor.
A space for a group of people to gather and interact.
Perspective to feel the calm and relaxing effect from the vertical corridor. A space that one can dwell in for a long period time.
END OF PART 2
The visual interaction between different levels of the vertical corridor
03 INTERCONNECTION The third expansion of this project acts as a continuation of part 2 of the project. The main objective of my project is to be able to bring people together and have the social interaction people need. With that being said, there are friends and families that actually live in the HDB blocks that are right beside each other. Since I have design to connect people vertically across a block, I have decided to bridge the connection between 2 blocks together to widen the radius of interaction within the community. Part 1 of the project starts within a home, Part 2 works with the whole block and for Part 3 is about starting a connected community. I believe that throughout the pandemic, it has caused many families and friends unable to see each other for a long period time. Hopefully, this project can reflect how everyone felt when going through the pandemic. Part 3 of the project will be the conclusion of my project and for my project as a whole, I just want this project to be a meaningful project for everyone that sees it.
To allow engagement between residents of 2 HDB blocks
Promote the importance of the different relationships developed between families and friends. The space will continue to bridge people together in the future and maybe across the whole community in the neighbourhood
The size of the in-between space of the 2 block of flats facing each other has provide the opportunity to design a connective space. The connective space can be connected onto the vertical corridor from part 2 as well having a nice flow of circulation across 2 blocks.
Another space I have looked at is the green space between the back of 2 HDB flats. There is an adequate mix of different type of greenery which makes a space really beautiful. However, after some considerations, I have decided not to work with this space because the resident living on the 1st floor has actually planted a huge number of plants and used the space as an outdoor space for them to relax or let their kids play.
The shelter walkway was another space I have considered. Before the pandemic started, this space used to be heavily used by the residents to travel or even just standing around. During the pandemic, the space has become unuse and quiet hence I was thinking of designing the space to bring it back to life. However, I was unable to find a proper link to part 2 of the project.
PRECEDENT PROJECT 1: RENTAL SPACE TOWER
Fig.7 The image above shows a project called Rental Space Tower done by Sou Fujimoto. It is designed in a way that all of the basic needs of a home such as kitchen, dining, living, etc. are spreaded across the whole space for all the occupants to use when needed. This minimizes the private spaces and maximized the common areas to allow better social interaction and gathering. This project is similar to my project which focuses on connectivity and the material used is also wood. However, what caught my attention was the linkways between the whole space which is shown by the image on the right.
Figure.7 - https://archeyes.com/rental-space-tower-sou-fujimoto/
The image aboves shows the how the linkway connects 2 spaces together and I like the fact that it is such a open space but the it gives off such a intimate feeling. This is one of the elements that I would like to include for the part 3 of my project to further improve the intimacy between 2 blocks of HDB flats.
PRECEDENT PROJECT 1: KIMMEL QUARTER
Fig.8 Another precedent I have looked into is the Kimmel Quarter which was redeveloped by Danish firm, Schmidt Hammer Lassen Architects. It is space that will be transformed into a mixed-use building consisting of offices, a hotel, and a variety of public facilities. The project has many different spaces and each of them are designed to fit in with the activities happening there. One particular space I was interested in was the atrium for people to rest and also acts as a linkway to move across spaces.
Figure.8 - https://www.archdaily.com/891224/schmidt-hammer-lassen-wins-competition-for-redevelopment-of-riga-historic-quarter
The atrium is in between 2 structures and has a glass roof with trellis-like features with it which cast a gentle shadow over the space in the day giving off a gentle and calm atmosphere. I really like the idea of trellis as a form of shelter as it is normally not fully covered and is something I would want to implement in my connection between 2 blocks. The positioning of the sitting also gives me an idea of separating different paths of the connection subtly to move around. It is also a good measure for the ongoing pandemic.
I did simple sketches to try to link part 3 of the project together with part 2 using a form of central space that people from 2 different blocks can meet and interaction at the central area.
Using structures as a element of the connection to slow down people’s movement and also divides the space for people to utilize.
Putting structures linearly with the connection to open different pathways. It also subtly seperates people but people are still able to move around easily.
I tried out a few ways to create different pathways for circulation. I also used one of the design strategy as a guide from the a previous precedent, Magic Breeze Villa. Looking at the pandemic situation I believe there is still a need for a certain distancing hence I would want to create pathways that allows interaction but in a appropriate distance. At the same time, I want the connection to slow down people’s lives as well similar to the vertical corridor that I have created. Another variation by slanting the structures creating different angles which makes movement more interesting. There are still the pathways at the sides which allows faster movement.
I tried working with curves as well but it makes travelling across the connection messy and it does not fit in with the modular context of the site and the project.
Circulation system from the Magic Breeze Villa
I decided to work with the 2nd exploration which is the placement of linear structures because it can create pathways of different sizes for people to move around. Bigger space means a larger group move across and a smaller space is meant for people who are travelling alone.
Initial planning with basic shapes to visualize how will the structure connect.
Adding a bridging element together with the stacking design from the vertical corridor to create a connection
Adding the trellis structure to work as a shelter and also a medium for the separation of pathways. The choice of materials are similar to the vertical corridor to show that it is a continuation from the structure. The size of the platforms are also standardized like the vertical corridor so that it could limit the number of people on a single platform.
The image shows how the space connects from one block to another and also the different paths that be used. The trellis acts as a form of shelter and also creates a separation between spaces. The size of the space determines the level of intimacy of the space.
Showing the contrast between the space with a trellis and the space without. There is a different level of visual and sound interaction between the 2 spaces.
Connection at different levels to allow more interaction between 2 blocks of flats and also giving more opportunities for different groups of people to gather.
The overview of the entire project.
END OF PROJECT
A project that consists of 3 episodes