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PUBLICATIONS

WEDNESDAY

6•22•2011 Vol. 43 No. 15

Airshow News

Single Sky

Rotorcraft

True Grit

Engines

Air traffic rebound drives SES

AgustaWestland Takes Over BA609

Typhoons take the fight to Gaddafi

PW1000G Consortium in the Works

The massive, multi-national Single European Sky program appears to be making progress, but huge challenges remain unsolved.  Page 6

Bell Helicopter finally agrees to sell its share of the languishing civil tiltrotor program to its eager Italian partner.  Page 16

Operation Unified Protector is giving the Eurofighter Typhoon an opportunity to make its combat debut, flown by RAF pilots.  Pages 27

TM

UAVs

Pratt & Whitney plans to create a consortium with its IAE partners to advance the geared turbofan, but Rolls-Royce may not join.  Page 38

IAI Panther and ETOP.  Page 16 Schiebel Camcopter.  Page 19 Thales Watchkeeper.  Page 24 Northrop Grumman Global Hawk.  Page 27 Boeing Phantom Eye.  Page 28

BOEING’S DREAMS COME TRUE

MARK WAGNER

Not content with bringing one Paris show debutante here to Le Bourget this week–the 747-8 Intercontinental–Boeing yesterday deployed its 787 Dreamliner, which arrived from Seattle in the late afternoon. The U.S. airframer, which has historically eschewed ostentatious displays on the airshow circuit, has seriously upstaged its rival Airbus on the latter’s European home turf.

Big jet deals soon dispel recovery doubts by Charles Alcock Another day, and plenty more dollars. The second day of the 2011 Paris Air Show saw yet more major orders for airliners and the engines that power them. According to pricing analysis by AIN, the sales tally at Le Bourget on Tuesday reached almost $25 billion–not counting associated support contracts. This means that in the first two days of the show, the industry has already generated at least $60 billion in new business. By way of comparison, the 2008 Farnborough International airshow–the last major

aerospace fair ahead of the global financial crisis–raised around $52 billion in a whole week. Airbus feathered its nest with a string of commitments and orders worth around $10.8 billion. As widely predicted ahead of this week’s show, it was the burgeoning backlog for its new A320neo narrowbody that has dominated transactions at Le Bourget. The CIT leasing group signed a memorandum of understanding for 50 A320neos in a deal worth up to $4.5 billion. JetBlue Airways inked a $3.6 billion MOU for up to 40 of the reengined twinjets. Garuda Indonesia sealed another MOU covering 10 A320neos and 15 of the existing A320 model, at a prospective combined value of some $2.1 billion. TransAsia Airways of Taiwan provided Airbus with its only firm contract

Continued on page 37 u

Airbus and IAI team for low-cost AEW on C295 by Chris Pocock Airbus Military’s partner on the C295 AEW program was revealed here yesterday as IAI Elta Systems. The pair has been working on the airborne-earlywarning project for nearly a year. The Israeli company is designing a new, fast-rotating active-scan antenna that can also do high-resolution sector scans when halted. The partners said that the acquisition and operating cost will be “a fraction of previous AEW systems.” “Together we will open a new market in affordable AEW for law enforcement, border patrol and event protection,” said Airbus Military CEO Domingo Urena. He added that early flight tests have

already validated the aerodynamics of the rotodome. The prototype is flying without the Elta mission sensors, which also include signals intelligence (SIGINT) and an optional, belly-mounted, multimode radar for surface surveillance. These components will be integrated only when a customer is identified. (There were hints that one could emerge from current operators of the Casa CN235/C295 series, perhaps in Latin America.) Flying at 20,000 to 24,000 feet, a C295 AEW could offer an unrefueled endurance of up to eight hours time on station

Need air transport news? Sign up for AIN Air Transport Perspective.

Continued on page 37 u


Paris

Airshow News

TM

FOUNDED IN 1972 James Holahan, Founding Editor Wilson S. Leach, Managing Director Editor-in-chief – R. Randall Padfield INTERNATIONAL EDITOR – Charles Alcock Pressroom managing Editor – R. Randall Padfield PRODUCTION DIRECTOR – Mary E. Mahoney the editorial team Liz Moscrop Jeff Apter Julian Moxon Bill Carey Chris Pocock David Donald Gregory Polek Thierry Dubois Olivia Saucier Curt Epstein Ian Sheppard Bernard Fitzsimons Matt Thurber Ian Goold Chad Trautvetter Kirby J. Harrison Paolo Valpolini Vladimir Karnozov

David Donald

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PROBABLEMENT The Greatest (Air)Show on earth Despite the wildly vacillating weather and the usual maddening traffic backups, the world’s aviation industry once again set up its biennnial shop at Le Bourget Airport to peruse the latest innovations in the civil and military arenas of flight.

Embraer is mulling a KC-390 civil freighter by David Donald Embraer is looking at the possibility of a stretched civil version of its KC-390 tanker/ transport, but not until the current task of developing the military version has been completed. A freighter version would most likely have fuselage plugs added fore and aft of the center section, not only increasing internal capacity, but also providing sufficient fuselage length for a side cargo door. Orlando Jose Ferreira Neto, senior v-p of the newly created Embraer Defense and Security business, commented that a commercial version would probably employ the

same engines as the military KC-390. “The [stretched] aircraft would be heavier,” Neto said, “but the military performance requirements regarding takeoff lengths are very stringent. In the commercial world you have a lot more margin.” He also noted that the commercial sector was “more about volume. In the military world it’s mostly about weight.” A commercial variant would not be available before 2018, while the company focuses on fulfilling its Brazilian air force development contract for the tanker/transport. Currently,

that program is entering a 12-month joint-definition phase, and a number of suppliers have been announced. Further major equipment suppliers will be revealed in the coming weeks, including the engine provider. Discussions between the air force and Embraer concerning the engines are reportedly finalized, although Neto would not be drawn on a selection, or even if a selection had been made. CFM and IAE are being considered to supply the 28,000-pound-thrust engines.

Overall, the KC-390 program is on track to deliver two prototypes in 2014, with Part 25 certification completed in 2015 and military qualification in 2016. Brazil has committed to buying an initial batch of 28 aircraft, and Embraer expects the contract for them to be signed in the second half of 2013. Altogether the company already has commitments for 60 aircraft, and significant additional interest. Regarding cost, Neto said, “We have to be competitive with the C-130J.” o

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Embraer wants to complete the military KC-390 tanker/transport first, and may then offer a commercial freighter version.

4  Paris Air Show News • June 22, 2011 • www.ainonline.com

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Europe’s traffic rebound drives SES development by Julian Moxon & Ian Sheppard

Fabulous FABs

While the SES effort appears to be making good progress, with no perceived technical or financial issues, it remains subject to institutional and organizational challenges so typical of many such large-scale European programs. Later this year a report is due on the all-important establishment of functional airspace blocks (FABs), the multi-national

chunks of airspace designed to minimize the fragmentation that has always plagued efforts to rationalize European ATM. FABs are seen as a critical element of an efficient European air traffic system, but according to Bo Redeborn, Eurocontrol’s principal director of ATM, “significant issues” remain. “It’s not going very well. We put a lot of effort into creating the nine functional airspace areas, but when it comes to the crunch, national service providers and governments are not prepared to give up their national airspace to create them,” he commented. As a result, the most basic requirement of FABs–the need for countries to yield sovereignty over their airspace–remains stuck in bureaucratic mire and threatens to delay the entire SES project. “The philosophy is great,” said Redeborn, “but at committee level we don’t see much progress. I can’t see delivery on FABs being on time to meet the December 2011 deadline.” Under pressure to move things forward, the European Commission appointed a special FAB coordinator in July 2010 charged with banging heads together to get states to agree on the necessary measures. “We have to have FABs, but we need to make a final push,” added Redeborn. Managing the System

Meanwhile, on another front, a major SES milestone is finally

Under the SES program, controllers will no longer concern themselves with national airspace but will instead handle traffic in functional airspace blocks.

line if things go wrong. “The really difficult issues we will face are not technical but social,” he said. In the future, SES air traffic controller strikes, for example, will be less effective because the system will be easily able to reroute aircraft around the strike area, but this could serve only to inflame the strike situation. In some ways, elements of the SES are already arriving, almost by default. “There has been a lot of progress with shortening routes, harmonizing frequencies and combining support functions,” said Redeborn. “All service providers are safetycertified and there is a common European position in international forums.” On the air traffic management (ATM) navigation side, pilots are now given continuous descent approaches into many airport terminal areas and continuous climb departures to upper airspace, helping to ease delays due to overcrowding. At a May 25 hearing of the European Parliament’s transport

in the cards. Member states have agreed to give Eurocontrol overall responsibility for network management of the SES system. This vital task, which Redeborn said will “introduce a new chapter in European aviation,” will effectively give the agency legal powers to manage the ATM network, and even to “name, shame and blame” underperforming service providers. The system will work on the basis of key performance indicators in the areas of safety, environment, capacity and cost efficiency and will work through the existing Eurocontrol Performance Review Commission, which will have the right to make changes to improve the network without having to seek member states’ approval. In practice, Eurocontrol will have to be sensitive as to how it carries out the network management job, but there is no doubt that it is the only organization anywhere near capable of doing so. Redeborn applauds the move, but pointed out that it also places the agency on the firing

Sesar ATM Master Plan

committee, SESAR executive director Ky reported that the European Commission is currently working on a proposal for the deployment phase of SESAR. In this regard, he told the politicians that it is essential to have “one single authority that is fully accountable for the program and can make decisions where individual stakeholders groups are unable to reach agreement.” He added that it is equally important from an international standpoint that the U.S., China, Brazil and other leading states have a single interlocutor in front of them to discuss and negotiate on standards and timelines. In Ky’s opinion, another requirement for successful deployment is to make the new “aviation intranet”–SWIM (system-wide information management)–work. “In practice, this integration is extremely complex because it creates dependencies between investments of stakeholders groups that can have diverging interests,” Continued on page 8 u

SESAR Skeptics Have Their Say

EUROCONTROL

6  Paris Air Show News • June 22, 2011 • www.ainonline.com

EUROCONTROL

The global economic recession gave pause to the relentless growth in air traffic over recent years, not least in Europe. But according to Eurocontrol air transport activity, traffic is on the move again, with last summer’s 5-percent increase confirming the recovery of the industry. Current predictions are for a doubling of 2009 levels by 2030, ­amounting to around 16.9 million movements per year. “Everyone knows that the current air traffic management system cannot cope with such an increase,” said Patrick Ky, executive director of the €2.1 billion ($2.9 billion) SESAR program, which is the research arm of the huge Single European Sky (SES) development effort. So this is a timely moment, perhaps, for the latest move by the multi-national SESAR Joint Undertaking (JU) running the program. In March the JU revealed that SESAR is set to begin producing its first concrete “deliverables” this year (see box).

Not everybody is convinced that SESAR is on track. At the March 2011 ATC Global conference in Amsterdam speakers called for states to do far more to consolidate and cut costs by combining ATC centers and working closely together. “The air navigation services system has reached the end of its lifecycle and there are various visible symptoms–there is national protection everywhere… [and] user charges are still defined by cost rather than the value of services rendered,” complained Danny Weder, CEO of Swiss air navigation service provider SkyGuide. “There is only one solution and it involves a fundamental shift of mindset. I’m not convinced there is enough will yet [among politicians], but we must find the courage to change.” Irish Aviation Authority chief executive Eamonn Brennon said that Weder’s comments reflected a consensus that there is something wrong with Europe’s ATM business model. “Everyone says that SESAR is a good thing, but it’s years away…the EC says SES II [the EC legislative package designed to make SESAR happen] solves everything…and everyone says that the future will be cheaper–only it’s more expensive now,” he stated. “Yet often when you cash in the benefits, you’ve forgotten what the cost was.” Brennon accepted that European airspace capacity could be increased through SESAR, that safety could be increased tenfold and that there could be a 10 percent reduction in emissions through more efficient routings. But as for the fourth stated aim of SESAR–ATM costs being cut–his response was firm: “Not a chance.” –I.S.


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by Julian Moxon On May 10 a giant Airbus Beluga transport aircraft landed at Pau Pyrénées airport in southern France. On the face of it this was a perfectly normal event, yet it heralded a new era in European navigation: the first touchdown of an aircraft using the new Egnos satellite-based augmentation system. The arrival of Egnos (European geostationary navigation overlay service) is an important milestone toward the longawaited deployment of the European Galileo satellite navigation system. This year and 2012 will see the first four operational

satellites orbited by Soyuz rocket. By 2014, the hope is that 18 satellites will be in their geostationary locations and have achieved initial operational capability. The full 30-satellite constellation is planned for deployment by 2019, although the necessary €1.9 billion ($2.7 billion) of funding remains subject to European Parliament approval. The Beluga landing followed the European Commission’s announcement on March 2 that Egnos, which consists of transponders on three geostationary satellites linked to a network of more

Traffic rebound drives SES

of aircraft are equipped. The result is a stalemate.” Ky supports incentives to early movers, which he said can be available through operational benefits or financial benefits. “On the operational benefits, we are currently working on the notion of ‘Best equipped, Best served,’ which will help, but this faces a lot of resistance in particular from operators,” he explained. “On the financial incentives, we are currently looking at different types of financial instruments, such as project bonds and airlines equipage funds, that could be used to at least initiate the change process. “The vast majority of SESAR investments are going to be made by industry, but I believe public

uContinued from page 6 he told the committee. An example of this dilemma is the need to replace VHF radio (essentially 1950s’ technology) with digital communication. In this respect, said Ky, VHF cannot be put to one side until all flying aircraft are digitally equipped. “The airlines are therefore looking at each other, waiting for the other to invest because the more aircraft that are equipped, the cheaper it becomes,” he explained. “On the ground, air navigation service providers do not want to equip until a minimum number

money can serve as a seed that will leverage private investments into the successful and timely deployment of new technologies,” he concluded. “This

A Single European Sky will equip controllers to handle the growing traffic volume–expected to double by 2030.

SESAR Achieves First Targets The SESAR Joint Undertaking (JU) has recently carried out an extensive review to see whether there are any early results that could benefit the aviation community. The outcome has been the first of five planned annual “releases,” which will concentrate on 29 validation exercises covering “efficient and green terminal airspace operations, the initial four-dimensional trajectory, end-to-end traffic synchronization and integrated and collaborative network management.” Following are some examples of those releases: French ATM service provider DSNA, together with Airbus, Eurocontrol and the UK’s NATS, will work on ­ ­upgraded midair collision tools. A SESAR consortium consisting of eight service providers will carry out air traffic control exercises using a remote tower prototype. Eventually, remote towers will allow traffic at medium-sized airports to be controlled remotely from a single, large, air traffic services center. NATS will carry out new approach procedures u­ sing satellite technology at the UK’s Southampton Airport, ­ ­aiming to reduce disruptions due to poor weather while ­increasing the cost-effectiveness of approach operations. Eurocontrol, Swedish service provider LFV and ­Airbus will carry out flight trials for controlled-time-of-arrival ­using four-dimensional capabilities. The aim is to enable pilots and air traffic controllers to share the same flight ­information during descents and departures.

“The staff involved in the SESAR project are keen to deliver results,” said Patrick Ky, executive director of the SESAR JU. He explained that the next release will concentrate more on four-dimensional ATM features, while data exchange technology will continue to be developed and activities will be performed at airports to improve surface management and runway throughput. In the terminal airspace area, efforts will concentrate on advanced continuous descent approaches and continuous climb departures to further increase efficiency and lower the environmental impact. SESAR consists of no fewer than 300 projects and 16 work packages, involving 110 companies and 2,200 experts working in 23 countries. Program participants include 200 airline representatives and a 60-strong international validation team. Recently, 13 new industrial partners have been added to link with other countries, such as Canada, and to include more of the industry from outside the European Union “to guarantee that SESAR technologies will be interoperable with other regions of the world.” EU industrial partners are encouraged to enter reciprocal arrangements across the Atlantic, especially with U.S. companies working on NextGen. Earlier this year, the EU and the U.S. signed a memorandum of cooperation to coordinate activities on their respective SESAR and NextGen programs. The SESAR JU also is working with ICAO to ensure that global ­uniformity of ATM standards.–J.M.

8  Paris Air Show News • June 22, 2011 • www.ainonline.com

The launch of the first two satellites of Europe’s Galileo global navigation satellite system is scheduled for October.

minimums compared to conventional nonprecision approaches–without the need for an instrument landing system and irrespective of barometric altimeter limitations. “This will provide real benefits to all airspace users in terms of airport accessibility, reduction of delays and cancellations while maintaining high safety levels,” added Redeborn. The plan is for all European airports to be Egnos-equipped, but this will not happen overnight as in order to use it for approaches air navigation service providers must first publish procedures and aircraft must be equipped with certified receivers and be approved for operations. France leverage power will be even stronger if it is consistent with public policies and can be backed by public guarantees.” There is still a long way to go before the full benefits of the SES become apparent. Some of the obstacles seem insurmountable–shortages of European runways, difficulties with releasing airspace reserved for the military

is currently taking the initiative: “We aim to publish as many procedures as we can,” said the DGAC’s Benoit Roturier. “By 2020 all of France’s 100 airports should be Egnos-capable. We see many benefits, notably improving safety on smaller runways where no vertically guided approach is available.” Egnos is interoperable with the U.S. satellite-based wide angle augmentation system (WAAS),

Continued on page 12 u

and strike action by air traffic controllers being only a few. In the end, however, the same pressures that gave rise to the original need for the SES–accommodating a huge growth in traffic without creating unacceptable delays–likely will force politicians to see through the necessary measures. The SES will come; it is just a matter of when.  o

Natnav Coming of Age EUROCONTROL

First Egnos touchdown reveals satnav promise

than 40 ground stations and four control centers, had become available for commercial exploitation. Egnos procedures here at Paris Le Bourget Airport were published in time for the airshow, and today (3:30 p.m. to 6:00 p.m. in auditorium room 3) the European Space Agency, Eurocontrol, the European Commission and French space agency CNES, will hold a workshop aimed at explaining the Egnos system and how it will benefit aviation users. For the aviation community the arrival of Egnos is “a major milestone for satellite technologies in aviation as it will allow the use of satellite systems for both horizontal and vertical positioning,” said Eurocontrol principal director of air traffic management Bo Redeborn. Egnos is expected to provide significant reductions in decision

It is only in the past few of years that GPS approaches, pioneered in Alaska in the 1990s, have started to become available. These form another element of a future, efficient system where aircraft are managed in time as well as space, take efficient paths and don’t waste burning fuel in unnecessary holds. Also, ADS-B has been rolled out as an alternative surveillance system to radar, based on digital information rather than crude, pulse-firing technology where aircraft identification can take up precious time. With approaches, the WAAS system in the U.S. has allowed differential correction of GPS position errors and with Egnos (European geostationary navigation overlay system) coming online this year the first approaches are coming on line at locations such as Pau is southern France, for initial testing. Also under development is Europe’s own GPS system, Galileo, although that is bogged down in funding issues. Nevertheless, the true potential of GPS technology will soon start to be seen and even the smallest, most remote airfields could benefit from ILS-like approaches (in fact, what pilots see will be no different with current ILS systems). Larger airfields can look forward to Category III precision approaches to a decision height of 50 feet or less, with ground-based augmentation ­systems (GBAS), although to date GBAS has entered general use only for so-called special Category I (SCAT I) approaches (for example, Wideroe Dash 8s can use this at six airports already). The ability to support multiple ­approach paths is a big advance on current ILS systems. GBAS is just one technology being advanced through SESAR–and, for example, through the program Park Air Systems is developing a Cat II/IIIcapable GPS-only GBAS for first installation at Germany’s Frankfurt Airport in 2013. Egnos provides wide coverage (eventually extending from western Europe to Africa, eastern Europe and Russia) but less accuracy–down to from 10 meters to two meters or less. This means it will also support RNP 0.3, which is good enough for LPV approaches. It opens up possibilities for curved approaches, ideal for airfields where ILS is not ideal or was never an option–or just for fitting in with noise abatement and more fuel-efficient ­approaches at any airport. In fact, with the support of the ACCEPTA project, more than 50 LPV approaches using Egnos are lined up for completion this year–and it is just the start. –I.S.


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Egnos touchdown shows satnav value uContinued from page 8 which is widely available. Egnos/WAAS compatibility means that satellite-based augmentation system (SBAS) receivers already developed by the major avionics manufacturers

can be fitted to European aircraft. This, along with the fact that there are no charges associated with Egnos usage, will keep costs down while speeding European deployment. The Galileo system has experienced major delays, having originally targeted a 2008 in-service date. However, the deployment phase begun in that year

has been successful, the two development satellites–Giova A and Giove B–having been operating very satisfactorily, validating the technology for the subsequent satellites and ensuring the use of the frequencies allocated to the program by international authorities. According to Paco Salabert, Eurocontrol’s focal point for

global navigation satellite systems (GNSS), the delays are the result of “the technical complexity of the satellites along with funding issues typical of such large European programs.” With only 18 satellites currently funded and deployment of the planned 30 still uncertain, the aviation community is asking what advantages a potentially

limited system might provide. Salabert is adamant that there would still be benefits. He pointed to Galileo’s total compatibility with the 20-satellite U.S. global positioning system, the resulting 38-satellite constellation providing “a much more robust system than GPS only.” In the forthcoming world of performance-based navigation (PBN), in which navigation accuracy is defined by performance rather than by the quality of the navigation sensors, he said it will provide a “stepchange” in quality. Gradual Deployment

Thinking is now moving toward a possible two-stage approach to deployment of the full Galileo constellation. Under plans now being discussed, the first 18-satellite constellation would reach full availability in 2018, with the full 30 satellites joining the 24 GPS satellites around 2025. Under this scheme, three initial services would be provided: open service, public regulated and search and rescue. The planned safety of life and commercial services would be tested from 2014 and come on line as the 30-satellite system reaches full operational capability. Aviation will use the open service in combination with GPS. According to the European Union/U.S. satellite navigation working group, tests already carried out under different environmental conditions have demonstrated that the combined GPS-Galileo system will provide “noteworthy performance improvements” compared to a single satellite system. Eurocontrol’s strategy for the introduction of GNSS is based on a “gradual reliance on satellite navigation that has as its final goal its use as a sole service.” The agency added, however, that the system must demonstrate that it is “the most cost-beneficial solution to the aviation community.” This is a likely outcome as the actual use of the satellites will be free, the only cost to the airlines being the purchase and installation of receivers, and certification of the installation for each aircraft type. It will clearly be a long time before aviation receives the full benefits of a full dual-constellation GNSS, but meanwhile, satellite-based augmentation systems, such as Egnos, will yield significant benefits, in particular to the general aviation community, by offering a cost-effective option to meeting PBN-based navigation requirements. o

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IAI’s VTOL Panther prowls skies electrically interest. Its autonomous vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) capability lends it to a variety of tasks, including shipborne operations, where the launch versatility of a traditional VTOL UAV is needed, but also offers the better endurance characteristics provided by fixed-wing vehicles. IAI Malat has applied the same concept to a smaller UAV known as Mini Panther. This is a 26-pound machine with a 4.4-pound IAI Micro Pop payload. It has an endurance of 1.5 hours and operational altitude of 1,500 feet. For immediate observation capability from either a stationary position or moving vehicle, Malat has conceived the ETOP (electrical tethered observation platform). This uses four electrically driven rotors to lift a 44-pound payload into the air. It can be deployed very rapidly with a single click, and hover at a predetermined height up to a maximum of 330 feet, an altitude it can reach in 30 seconds. As its name suggests, ETOP is tethered to the launch platform by a cable through which

IAI’s ETOP (above) can be deployed in seconds to lift a surveillance payload up to 100 meters above the ground. The Panther UAV (right) uses tilting-wing propellers, allied to a rear fuselage lift rotor, to provide vertical takeoff flexibility with long endurance.

communications and sensor data is transmitted. The cable also allows power to be fed to the aerial platform from a ground source, providing unlimited endurance as long as a power supply can be maintained. o

DAVID McINTOSH

On display in the IAI corral outside the Israeli Pavilion are two of the company’s latest concepts for providing observation capability. Developed by the Malat division, both can take off and land vertically, and use electric power for ultra-quiet operations. Panther is a 143-pound UAV that combines the advantages of both fixed- and rotary-wing flight. Although shaped like a fixed-wing aircraft, it takes off vertically under the power of three lifting propellers. Under automatic control, it can then transition to forward flight by tilting the wing-mounted propellers, with the rear fuselage propeller shut down when the vehicle has reached sufficient airspeed for wingborne flight. Mission endurance is six hours, and the Panther can fly at 40 knots loiter speed at a typical operational altitude of 3,000 feet, out to a range of 38 miles. Payload is 22 pounds, and is featured here with IAI’s Mini Pop EO/IR(electro-optical/infrared) /laser-pointer turret. Panther has been flight-tested and has aroused considerable

DAVID McINTOSH

by David Donald

Twin Otters join Peruvian air force

AgustaWestland takes full control of BA609 tiltrotor with Bell buyout

by David Donald

by Mark Huber

The government of Peru is due to accept the first of a 12-aircraft order for the Viking Twin Otter Series 400 next week. This represents the biggest sale to date of the rejuvenated utility transport, which was put back into production by Viking (Hall 3 Stand E79) at Victoria, British Columbia, in 2007. The sale to Peru, and another order announced here in Paris, increases the estimated order backlog to more than $300 million, with production guaranteed thru 2014. Peru’s new-build Twin Otters will join five legacy aircraft that remain in service, for which Viking also provides OEM support, as indeed it does for the entire range of de Havilland Canada heritage aircraft (DHC-1 to DHC-7). The new aircraft will be configured

with both wheel and float undercarriage for a variety of tasks in remote regions. Worth almost $100 million, the Peruvian deal also includes spares, equipment and training. Viking has also received an order for four Series 400 aircraft with wheeled undercarriage from Airfast Indonesia. To be delivered in 2012 and 2014, the quartet will join three legacy Twin Otters on charter work for the mining industry. In the process of re-launching Twin Otter production, Viking modernized the aircraft significantly, while retaining its legendary rough-field capability. The Series 400 features a Honeywell Primus Apex avionics suite, upgraded PT6A-34 engines, greater use of composites and simplified electrical and lighting systems. o

16  Paris Air Show News • June 22, 2011 • www.ainonline.com

AgustaWestland is buying out Bell’s stake in the BA609 civil tiltrotor program from Bell Helicopters. Financial terms of the deal, announced by AgustaWestland’s new CEO Bruno Spagnolini and Bell CEO John Garrison here at the Paris Air Show yesterday, were not disclosed. Under the proposed agreement, subject to regulatory approval, Bell will continue to provide engineering, program management services and key component manufacture on what will now be known as the AW609. Garrison stressed that the agreement does not include any technology transfer from the military Bell/Boeing V-22 Osprey tiltrotor. He said Bell will continue to invest in that technology with the goal of entering the V-22 in the Pentagon’s anticipated joint multirole (JMR) helicopter program.

Announced 15 years ago in 1996, the 609 program was originally a partnership between Boeing and Bell. At that time, the six- to nine-passenger 609 was priced at $8 million; however, the current unit cost is believed to be approaching $30 million. After Boeing withdrew from the program, Bell and Agusta formed the Bell/Agusta Aircraft Co. in 1998 to develop the 609 as a joint venture. The first 609 prototype flew in 2003 and a second joined the program in 2007. Through the first quarter of this year, the pair had accumulated nearly 600 flight test hours. At one point in the protracted program, the aircraft had attracted 80 orders but it is unclear how many of these are still in effect. Talking to AIN, Garrison hinted that the resource demands

of Bell’s other programs drove it to divest itself of the BA609. “This decision,” he said, “is going to allow Bell to increase our investment on the revolutionary V-22 and to develop the nextgeneration tiltrotor technologies for U.S. Department of Defense programs and other applications, as well as to increase our investment in our innovative commercial product line.” The twin P&WC PT667A-powered 609 has a maximum takeoff weight of 16,800 pounds, and preliminary flight test data indicates the aircraft has an unrefueled range of 700 nm (boosted to 950 nm with auxiliary fuel tanks), a cruise speed of 275 knots (maximum forward speed 310 knots) and a service ceiling of 25,000 feet. In utility configuration it could carry up to 12 passengers and crew.  o


MBDA lifts wraps on Perseus ramjet maritime strike missile by David Donald Perseus also is envisaged as a 300-kilometer (160-nm) range weapon, with a speed of around Mach 3 for high-altitude transit and high-angle maneuvering attacks against targets in their vulnerable cone. Alternatively, the missile can fly a low-level sea-skimming profile at Mach 2-plus. Providing that level of performance will be a revolutionary new continuous detonation wave engine (CDWE) ramjet. Sensors will be built around a multimode active e-scan radar with synthetic aperture and Doppler beam sharpening, and a laser radar (ladar) for terminal phase imaging and target recognition. The missile will also include a semi-active laser guidance capability that MBDA believes will remain important for time-sensitive targeting. A satellite datalink will be incorporated, using thin-profile active antenna arrays. One innovative area of the concept is the warhead design. The missile will have a single main warhead of around 200 kilograms (440 pounds), but can also release The ramjet-powered Perseus concept envisions the use of two 40-kilogram (88-pound) laterally released effector submunitons to increase the effect inertially guided effectors of a single missile attack. from lateral bays, each of which will be provided with narios, including anti-ship attacks and a individual target coordinates by the main variety of likely overland/coastal targets. missile as it nears impact. The three sepIt is seen as a potential replacement for arate warheads allow a wide spread to be Exocet-class anti-ship missiles, and also achieved for some targets, but if a unitary for stand-off land-attack weapons, such blast is required, then the effectors remain on board the missile to add their blast as the Scalp/Storm Shadow. Developed after consultation with the effect to the central warhead. Perseus has reached an advanced concept Royal Navy and Marine Nationale, Perseus is a stealthy, high-speed weapon with high stage thanks to the work of a nine-person agility to defeat the projected air defenses team within various MBDA design offices. of the future. It is sized at less than five The company suggests a likely developmeters (16.5 feet) in length and under 800 ment time of 15 to 20 years for Perseus, kilograms (1,760 pounds) in weight, and is with the CDWE motor being one of the envisaged for vertical launch from surface critical technologies. Nevertheless, Wadey combatants, tube launch from submarines believes strongly that “there are emerging markets for this type of weapon.” o and, of course, air launch from aircraft.

DAVID McINTOSH

Multinational missile developer and manufacturer MBDA showed off the results of its second concept-visions initiative–the CVS 401 Perseus maritime strike missile–yesterday at the Paris Air Show. The company launched the initiative to “inspire engineers, customers and suppliers to shape the missile systems market for 2030 and beyond,” according to Steve Wadey, MBDA’s executive group technical director and UK managing director. The first campaign looked at dismounted soldiers operating in urban environments, which resulted in the Sniper and Enforcer missile concepts. This year’s program studied maritime strike challenges. Perseus is the result. It is a concept for the kind of missile that would be required in maritime sce-

Hamilton Sundstrand has formed a pair of partnerships to develop new auxiliary power units. With China’s Avic Engine Holding it is going to launch a new APU for the commercial airliner market. Separately, it has allied itself with France’s Microturbo to produce APUs for business jets. The U.S. group has started design and development work on a new-generation, common-core family of APUs for single-aisle airliners. Avic is responsible for non-hot-section components. The partners have yet to specify particular aircraft applications for the new units, but Avic is

involved in the development of the new ARJ-21 regional airliner. The first applications for the new APU being prepared with Microturbo will be Bombardier’s Global 7000 and 8000 business jets. Safran subsidiary Microturbo will design, certify and supply modules and components for the APU and installation system. Separately, Hamilton Sundstrand has extended its repair and exchange agreement with Air New Zealand to provide repair and asset management services for the airline’s expanded fleet of Boeing 777s.–J.M.

DAVID McINTOSH

Hamilton Sundstrand partners on new auxiliary power units

A Lot of Mouths to feed. At first blush, these heavy lifters could be a pod of hungry whales responding to the dinner bell. While the Boeing 747-8 freighter on top at least looks to be happily fed, the Lockheed C-5M Galaxy seems to be waiting to devour whatever comes its way. Perhaps the beast is eyeing the security patrol as its next multi-course meal.

www.ainonline.com • June 22, 2011 • Paris Air Show News  17


z CTT Wins New Humidification Contracts CTT Systems’s Cair cabin humidification system has been picked for installation in an Airbus ACJ319 being outfitted by Lufthansa Technik-subsidiary Bizjet International in Tulsa, Oklahoma. The Cair System is designed to provide humidification of extremely dry aircraft cabins without causing condensation. At the same time, it produces a relative humidity of about 20 percent, compared with the 3- to 5-percent humidity typical in an aircraft cabin. It is based on evaporative-cooling technology and uses a method that also precludes the transfer of bacteria with the aircraft. CTT Systems, sharing an exhibit here with Copenhagenbased Satair (Hall 3 B30), continues to improve cabin environments, and the airline and private jet industries appear to be gaining an appreciation of the environmental and health advantages of CTT’s cabin technology. Last month, the Swedish company received an order from Flydubai for 31 zonal drying systems to be installed in the United Arab Emirates-based airline’s fleet of Boeing 737-800s. According to Flydubai CEO Gaith Al Gaith, for one aircraft in service for a year, the zonal drying system is expected to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by approximately 69 tons, nitrogen oxide emissions by 440 pounds, hydrocarbon particle emissions by 77 pounds and carbon monoxide emissions by 1,056 pounds.

z Ktech Acquisition Boosts Raytheon’s Capability Raytheon last week completed the acquisition of the key business assets of Ktech, an Albuquerque, New Mexico-based company that specializes in pulsed power and directed energy. Raytheon Ktech is now part of Raytheon’s missile systems business area. It will enhance the company’s development efforts in the field of non-kinetic weapons, such as high-power microwave (HPM). Non-kinetic weapons aim to incapacitate or destroy the electronic heart of a target without the need for total destruction. Mike Booen, Raytheon’s v-p advanced security and directed energy systems, explained that the company is looking at a variety of platforms and applications but recognized that UAVs are “an obvious area to look at. Warfighters may well want a reusable asset.” Booen would not be drawn on any timescale, but said, “There’s an appetite for this capability right now.”

z Bombardier Inks Global 8000 Order with VistaJet Bombardier Aerospace (Chalet A256) announced the sale of 10 of its new Global 8000 business aircraft to charter provider VistaJet, which becomes launch customer for the type. The firm order is valued at around $650 million, bringing the European operator’s order backlog of Bombardier aircraft to $2 billion. The long-range 8000 is due to enter service in 2017. Last month VistaJet placed an order at the European Business Aviation Convention and Exhibition (EBACE) for six Global 6000 and two Challenger 605 jets. The company is expanding rapidly across developing markets, such as Asia, the Middle East, West Africa and Russia/CIS, where there are more VistaJet’s Thomas Flohr and Bombardier’s Steve Ridolfi requests for longer range aircraft. “We are seeing unprecedented demand in fast-growth regions, which account for over 75 percent of all our flights,” said VistaJet chairman Thomas Flohr. He added that the customers in those locations frequently fly sector legs of typically ranging from five to ten hours. The Canadian airframer has also enjoyed success with Australia’s AVWest, which placed firm orders for four Global 7000 and two Global 8000 types, two of which were placed earlier this year. The total value of this order is approximately $400 million U.S.

Reliability, maintainability will make F-35 affordable by Bill Carey and Chris Pocock The deputy program officer of the Lockheed Martin F-35 Joint Strike Fighter program office said Tuesday that predictions over escalating costs of the nextgeneration multi-role fighter will be proven wrong because of built-in reliability and maintainability aspects. With the program facing renewed scrutiny by the U.S. Congress and Department of Defense (DOD), Air Force Maj. Gen. C.D. Moore described long-term cost projections as uncertain, and said the program is making progress in its tenth year of development. Moore was followed on stage during a Paris Air Show press briefing by a representative of the defense ministry of Norway, the latest partner nation to order F-35s, who said the ministry “expects the [F-35] price will be close to the price we anticipated and forwarded to Parliament.” Rear Adm. Arne Roksund, head of the department for defense policy and long-term planning, linked further procurement of F-35s by Norway to support of that nation’s Joint Strike Missile (JSM) development. Looking to stem cost and schedule overruns, the U.S. DOD earlier this year restructured the F-35 production timeline, adding 13 months and $4.6 billion to the development phase. Yet another restructuring is planned this year, reportedly this fall, after the Pentagon projected a near doubling of

the F-35 unit cost to $133 million, a cost trajectory called “unacceptable” by Ashton Carter, undersecretary of defense for acquisition. And most recently on Friday last week, the Senate Armed Services Committee approved language in the fiscal 2012 Defense Authorization Bill requiring that low-rate initial production (LRIP) Lot 5 aircraft funded in FY2011 be procured by fixed-price contract, and that the contractor, Lockheed Martin, “absorb 100 percent of costs above the target cost.” The Norwegian parliament on June 16 authorized the acquisition of four F-35s for training purposes, with delivery in 2016. Roksund said the restructuring of the F-35 program under U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates earlier this year convinced the Norwegian defense ministry the program has stabilized, although he expressed hope of “no more surprises.” But Roksund also linked further F-35 procurement–the defense ministry has expressed a requirement for 56 aircraft–on ­selection of the precision-guided, high subsonic JSM, under development by Kongsberg of Norway, as well as on next-generation “armor-piercing explosive” ammunition. The JSM is designed to fit into the internal weapons bay of the F-35A and C versions, and can also be carried on external stations. The missile passed preliminary design review last year

and further development has begun since the parliamentary decision last week. “The Norwegian political objective is to achieve an industrial return of value equal to the purchase” of F-35s, Roksund said. “The size and complexity of the process to complete development and integration of the weapon on the F-35 is a major undertaking for a small nation. Active support from relevant F-35 partner nations in this matter is therefore vital.” Moore said the F-35 program is conducting a technical evaluation of missile candidates and “JSM will be one of those candidates.” The F-35 is the Pentagon’s largest international cooperative program. Eight partner countries are collectively contributing $4.9 billion to the system design and development phase (SDD). They have projected a total buy of 705 aircraft as follows: Australia 100, Canada 65, Denmark 30, Italy 131, the Netherlands 85, Norway 56, Turkey 100 and the UK 138. Only Denmark has yet to confirm its choice of the F-35. It will decide next year, after holding a competition in which the Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet is the main challenger. In Australia, the Netherlands, Norway and especially Canada, there has been political controversy over the choice of the F-35, especially while the final acquisition cost is still uncertain. In theory, the international partners will pay the same price for their aircraft as negotiated by the U.S. services for each lot, whether it is in low-rate initial production or in the subsequently planned multiyear procurement.  o

DAVID McINTOSH

news clips

if it’s june in an odd-numbered year, it must be paris While the weather has been nothing that the Paris visitors bureau would boast, the crowds come to Le Bourget anyway.

18  Paris Air Show News • June 22, 2011 • www.ainonline.com


DAVID McINTOSH

Sukhoi Superjet has to go on a diet by Gregory Polek American launch customer Interjet of Mexico. Specifically, the SSJ100 needs to shed some 1,750 pounds, a United Aircraft Corp. official said following a roundtable luncheon hosted by UAC president Mikhail Pogosyan.

Meanwhile, Interjet’s planned hot-and-high operations will require somewhat more than the standard range of 1,645 nm the airplane now offers. The Paris Air Show SSJ100 debutante will fly directly to Toulouse after the show for EASA trials. Following

Pratt plans consortium for Pure Power turbofans by Julian Moxon A consortium along the lines of International Aero Engines (IAE) will be created for the Pratt & Whitney PW1000G geared turbofans (GTF) later this year, according to Dave Hess, Pratt & Whitney president. At present comprising Pratt & Whitney and two of its three IAE partners–MTU and Japanese Aero Engines Corp. (JAEC)–the new consortium will be responsible for development, marketing and after-sales support of the PW1000G Pure Power turbofans, currently chosen to power the Airbus A320neo, Bombardier CSeries, Mitsubishi MRJ and Irkut MC-21. The shares each partner will hold has not yet been decided, but a source at MTU said the German manufacturer, which is responsible for the low-pressure turbine and the first four stages of the high-pressure turbine, “would have at least 15 percent” of the engine. JAEC, which builds the fan of the IAE V2500, will have a smaller share, he added. Other significant contributors to the program include Avio and Volvo, who will function as risk-sharing partners, said Hess. What about Rolls-Royce, the “missing” IAE partner? When Airbus was considering the PW1100G for the A320neo, according to sources, the airframer had put considerable pressure on the Rolls-Royce to join the program so that Airbus could offer supplier continuity under the IAE banner to customer airlines. Rolls-Royce never agreed on the geared turbofan concept, however. Nor did it believe there was a business case for re-engining the existing

737 is Sky-high

Characterized by soft blue LCD lighting overhead, sculpted sidewalls and window reveals designed to draw passengers’ eyes to the airplane’s windows, the Sky Interior in Air Berlin’s 737-700 also includes larger, overhead bins that add to the openness of the cabin.

single-aisle aircraft, and preferred instead to focus on developing an all-new powerplant for an all-new aircraft. Hess told AIN that while P&W’s preference to power a Boeing competitor to the A320neo was for a “clean-sheet design to optimize the GTF’s excellent performance,” a downsized version of the PW1100G could still offer “double digit” fuel-burn improvements. While attractive to Boeing, the idea would certainly run up against the contractual deal that gives CFM exclusivity on all New Generation 737s, however. DAVID McINTOSH

The Sukhoi Superjet 100 will eventually welcome a new, larger sibling, possibly one as large as 130 seats in capacity, but not until the original SSJ100-9– on display here at Le Bourget– loses some weight for Aeroflot and gains some range for Latin

DAVID McINTOSH

Superjet needs to shed weight to satisfy customers in Russia and Latin America.

the trials, it will go to Dubai for from Moscow to St. Petersburg. hot-weather testing and then to The Russian flagcarrier expects Mexico for high-altitude work. delivery of its second airplane The company hopes to gain some time in August. EASA certification by the end By the end of the year, Sukhoi of the year and deliver the Inter- Civil Aircraft ex­pects to deliver jet’s first of 15 airplanes nine more airplanes to on firm order some Aero­flot and one more time next year. Sukhoi to Armavia. reports holding firm Despite the airorders for a total of 170 plane’s weight chalSuperjets. lenges, Pogosyan Now proving itself expressed satisfaction in revenue operations with the airplane’s under Russian certiearly operational perfication standards for formance and conAeroflot and Armavia, fidence that its sales Mikhail Pogosyan the SSJ100 boasts figures would mark98-percent dispatch edly improve, once it reliability during its two proves itself in service over an months in service. To date, extended time period. the SSJ100 has flown more “We understand a lot is than 270 hours during some ahead,” Pogosyan said. “But the 120 flights. project is a success. The [SSJ100] Aeroflot flew the airplane is the best regional airplane on for the first time on June 16 the market today.”  o

CSeries Engine Flies

On Monday, the PW1000G flight-test program took to the skies with the first flight of the PW1524G engine (destined for the Bombardier CSeries) mounted on the inner pylon of a P&W Boeing 747SP flying testbed. The test program will involve eight engines over the next 18 months, with engine certification set for 2012 and entry into service the year after. Bob Saia, Pratt & Whitney, executive vice president, next-generation product family, said the flight-test engine “performed even better than we expected. To date we have accumulated more than 400 hours of full engine ground testing and we are delighted with the initial results, which have demonstrated the geared architecture’s benefits of low fuel consumption, low noise and robust design.” o

Air France Industries KLM Awaiting Big Engine Test Cells Air France Industries KLM Engineering and Maintenance (AFI KLM E&M) is to set up a new $64 million engine test cell facility at Paris Roissy Charles de Gaulle Airport. The very big engine maintenance offering will be operational in 2012 and complements the company’s recent investments in the Constellation building at Paris Orly Airport, and an electron-beam welding machine at Amsterdam Schipol Airport in Holland. The first production test cells are set to arrive in Roissy in June 2012. “AFI KLM E&M’s substantial investment in VBEs, with the new Constellation engine shop and now this new engine test cell, puts us in an excellent position to provide a strong alternative to OEM’s services,” said senior v-p engines Anne Brachet. “This ETC will have capability for engine run-ups on the Engine Alliance GP7200 [installed on the Airbus A380], GE90-94 [Boeing 777] and GE90-115 [Boeing 777] families of powerplants. It will allow us to shorten turnaround times.” EPCOR, an AFI KLM E&M subsidiary, has signed a contract covering auxiliary power unit (APU) component maintenance with Transavia, for Dutch low-cost carrier’s Boeing 737 fleet. Transavia is also part of the Air France KLM Group. EPCOR is approved to perform maintenance and overhaul of Honeywell and Hamilton Sundstrand APUs. –L.M.

www.ainonline.com • June 22, 2011 • Paris Air Show News  19


4 times quieter than its competitors, the CSeries family of aircraft is surpassing the industry noise restriction standards. Its advanced structural materials, optimized design and new engines make it light and efficient, leading to a 20% fuel burn advantage and 20% less CO2 emissions* — the greenest aircraft in its class. Which all makes the CSeries aircraft as responsible as it is profitable.


Bombardier, CSeries and CS100 are Trademark(s) of Bombardier Inc. or its subsidiaries. * 4 times quieter, 20% fuel burn advantage and 20% less CO2 emissions vs. average in-production aircraft of 110-seat & 130-seat categories @ 500 nm. The CSeries aircraft program is currently in development phase and as such is subject to changes in family strategy, branding, capacity, performance, design and / or systems. All specifications and data are approximate, may change without notice and are subject to certain operating rules, assumptions and other conditions. The actual aircraft and configuration may differ from the image shown.


news clips z Boeing and Avic Plan To Build Training Center Boeing and China’s Avic have signed an agreement to set up a joint-training center specifically aimed at improving the quality of products made in China for Boeing aircraft. Avic has also been awarded a contract to build 1,000 Boeing 737 rudders by the U.S. company. The Avic-Boeing Manufacturing and Innovation Center (MIC) will be based in Xi’an, in the Shaanxi province, and signals a “new phase” in the relationship between the two companies, said Geng Ruguang, Avic executive vice president. The Avic-Boeing MIC will “increase our efficiency and capacity to supply high-quality parts for Boeing airplanes,” he added. The Center will be opened in early 2012 and will provide classroom and hands-on training for Avic employees. The training is expected to replicate Boeing’s system for achieving sustainable manufacturing quality. Currently, Avic manufactures components for the Boeing 737, 747-8 and 787. Boeing is the largest foreign customer for China’s aviation industry, having purchased more than $1.5 billion worth of aviation hardware since the 1980s. The recently awarded contract for 737NG rudders “will establish Avic as a center of excellence for rudder manufacture,” said Ray Connor, Boeing v-p and general manager of commercial airplanes supply chain management and operations.

Azul is so impressed with the ATR 72-600 that it has signed up for another ten.

Azul converts options for 10 ATR 72-600s by Ian Sheppard ATR revealed yesterday that Brazilian carrier Azul Lanhas Aéreas had signed up for another 10 ATR 72-600s, and that the European turboprop manufacturer, in a gradual “strip tease” of show orders, will have announced customers for a total of 78 additional aircraft– worth $2.4 billion at list prices– by the time the trade days are over. ATR chief executive Fillipo Bagnato indicated that he liked the strip-tease approach. ATR will end up with its highest backlog ever, said Bagnato: 223 aircraft worth a total of $5 billion, representing three years of

z Saint-Gobain Promotes Advanced Polymers French plastics specialist Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics is showcasing materials made from its Meldin 7000 lightweight, hightemperature polymer on Stand E138 Hall 2B. According to the company, the polymer produces finished components that have better dimensional stability, chemical resistance and thermal-insulation properties, are up to 50 percent lighter and last longer than their aluminum equivalents. These components are used in auxiliary power units, air-conditioning systems, actuators and landing gear systems. Saint-Gobain has also added to its range of exterior seals and window gaskets for aircraft. The window seals are designed with static waterproofing to improve aerodynamics and reduce leakage, to better maintain cabin pressurization. For interior applications, the company’s Lindau, Germanybased division also provides a range of silicone sealants for internal structures, such as galleys, cabin baggage compartments toilets, emergency exits, dampening plates and furnishing panel seals.

production. It has delivered 929 of 1,152 aircraft ordered, some 40 percent of which have been placed since 2005. It intends to reveal two more -600 customers before the show is over. The Azul order converts 10 of the 20 options the airline already held into firm orders (the carrier had ordered 20 ATR 72-600s, plus the 20 options, at last year’s Farnborough airshow). Gerald Lee, Azul vice president and co-founder, said that the airline has been impressed by the six ATRs it has leased since March. “They have made a real difference,” he said.

Due to its recent success, Bagnato admitted that ATR needs to do “a second ramp-up,” having already boosted production rates in 2006 and 2007. “Next year we will have to increase our volume by 35 percent as we move from 53 deliveries in 2011 to 72 in 2012,” he said. “As a consequence, we will jump from $1.3 billion to $1.8 billion next year.” ATR predicts a market for 3,000 turboprop airliners over the next 20 years, said Bagnato. In response to a question about a new 90-seat ATR, he said, “Around a third of that [3,000] could be for a larger turboprop.” Bagnato also announced that ATR had been accredited to the ISO 14001 environmental standard, which he said proved that, “We are not only a producer of green airplanes, we are producing [them] in a green way.” o

Sukhoi and Alenia launch executive version of Superjet SSJ airliner

z ST Aerospace and Marubeni Lease Engines

by Gregory Polek

ST Aerospace of Singapore and Marubeni Corp. of Tokyo have concluded a joint venture to form an engine-leasing company in Singapore. The company, Total Engine Asset Management (Team), will be owned equally by ST Aerospace and Marubeni (Hall 6 D4). Team’s initial portfolio will include the CFM International CFM56-3, CFM56-5B and CFM56-7B engines that mainly power narrowbody aircraft, such as the Airbus A320 and Boeing 737. The joint-venture company plans to invest $100 million worth of assets in the first two years, with equity of $40 million. Chang Cheow Teck, ST Aerospace president, said the engineleasing business broadens ST Aerospace’s range of aftermarket services, including engine technical management and maintenance-by-the-hour.

Sukhoi Civil Aircraft and Alenia Aeronautica yesterday announced the launch of an executive version of the Sukhoi Superjet 100 (SSJ100) regional jet. Dubbed the SBJ, or Sukhoi Business Jet, the project wild fall under the responsibility of Italian support and marketing arm Superjet International, the

GREGORY POLEK

z PPG Launches Opticor Advanced Transparency Brand At Paris 2011, PPG Industries’ aerospace transparencies group is launching Opticor, the brand name for its new craze-resistant, high-performance transparency material. According to PPG, it is the first transparent plastic developed in more than 50 years for aerospace applications. “Opticor meets the aerospace industry’s needs for a lightweight transparent plastic that maintains optical clarity while offering the ability to be formed into complex shapes,” said Anthony Stone, global director for new business development and innovations for transparencies.” It is on display here at the PPG stand (Hall 2b D94) on a G650 passenger-window mockup.

DAVID McINTOSH

22  Paris Air Show News • June 22, 2011 • www.ainonline.com

joint venture between Alenia and Suhoi Holding. Scheduled for certification in 2014, the SBJ will cost some $50 million, depending on configuration, Superjet International CEO Carlo Logli said during a press briefing here. Logli estimated a market of between 80 and 100 airplanes

over the next 20 years, centered primarily in North America, the Middle East and the Russian Federation. Based on the SSJ100-95 platform, the SBJ will come in VIP, corporate and government configurations. Additional fuel tanks in the cargo hold will provide the aircraft with a range of almost 4,300 nm, compared with the Superjet From left, Jacques Desclaux, CEO of Power Jet; Vladimir Prisyazhnyuk, president of 100’s standard 1,645 Sukhoi Civil Aircraft; and Carlo Logli, CEO of nm, allowing it to fly Superjet International. nonstop from Paris to New York. The launch of the new business jet comes just two months after entry into service of the SSJ100 with Armavia. During the first two months of operation, the airplane flew for more than 268 hours during 119 missions. o


Thermal treatment goes global as Bodycote expands services by Bill Carey Thermal-processing specialist Bodycote has signed a 10-year renewal contract with Rolls-Royce to provide its services in the UK and potentially other parts of the world, including North America and Asia. The company’s Dallas, Texas-based aerospace and defense division also has announced the planned opening this year of a new vacuum, heat-treatment facility in Mexico to provide outsourced thermal processing to major aerospace and power-generation suppliers in the area. Bodycote’s core business involves improving the properties of metals and alloys so that parts, components and end-products are thereby stronger, safer and longer lasting. It does this with thermal processes that include heat treatment, metal joining, surface technology and hot isostatic pressing (HIP). The company has 170 accredited facilities in 27 countries. Tracy Glende, president of the Bodycote Aerospace, Defense & Energy business, told AIN the company’s expansion

supports customers who are simultaneously globalizing their supply chains while looking to reduce their overall number of suppliers. Bodycote, he said, “is well positioned to help our customers attack that problem” by enabling them to complete processing within the region without transporting parts back to their main facilities. The contract renewal with Rolls-Royce involves direct support of the manufacturer from Bodycote’s on-site facility within the Rolls-Royce Precision Casting facility in Derby–the foundry for turbine blades used in Trent series engines–as well as five additional UK locations. The company will provide Rolls-Royce with heat treatment, HIP, thermal spray coatings and metal joining, including brazing and electron-beam welding of engine cases. The vacuum, heat-treatment facility in northwest Mexico, scheduled to open in the third quarter of this year, is the first of its kind in the region, according to Bodycote (Hall 2B F137).  o

Singapore Airshow aspires to worldwide event leadership

final_bmt_1-4Vad_0611outl.indd 1

6/7/11 2:26:41 PM

by Kirby J. Harrison

KIRBY J. HARRISON

The Singapore Airshow (Chalet D54) is consistently among the world’s top three airshows and has aspirations of taking over the top spot in 2012. According to Angelica Lim, the Singapore show’s general aerospace and defense group manger, the 2012 event expects 259 delegations from more than 80 countries, more than 900 exhibitors and in excess of 53,000 paid visitors. The popular aviation leadership and Asia Pacific security conferences, she said, differ from those of other shows in that the key speakers are buyers rather than sellers. The 2012 edition is also expanding to accommodate the changing role of defense in the face of growing terrorism, piracy and other issues.

“The Land Defense Pavilion is a new feature designed to meet the changing defense landscape,” said Lim. “This dedicated pavilion underlines the significance of high-tech, land-based defense products and technologies.” Lim also pointed out that throughout the Asia Pacific region much of the ground inventories of the various militaries are in the later phases of their life cycles, and most cannot be repaired or upgraded to meet new challenges in a changing world. More to the point, she added, emphasizing the importance of the Singapore Airshow on a global stage, is that “thirty percent of global landdefense spending over the next five years will come from the Asia Pacific region– approximately $1.65 trillion.” Also new next year will be an expanded Russian presence with a larger national pavilion, and, for the first time, a Japanese pavilion. There are also new corporate hospitality suites to allow firms to host clients “in comfort and style.” Lim noted that in terms of return on investment, the Singapore Airshow is consistently among the world’s top three airshows, “and usually among the top two.” But she gave impression that it will settle for nothAngelica Lim, representing the Singapore Airshow at Paris, ing less than the top spot. o said the 2012 event is already 85 percent sold out.

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www.ainonline.com • June 22, 2011 • Paris Air Show News  23


As the British Army prepares to deploy Watchkeeper to Afghanistan later this year, Thales is working on mission systems for future naval and MALE UAV platforms.

news clips z Raytheon To Protect Boeing KC-46 Aerial Tankers

z L-3 Provides Standby Instruments for Citation Ten L-3’s Avionics Systems (Static F186) continues its success in the field of providing electronic standby instrument systems (ESIS) with further selections of the company’s products for high-profile aircraft programs. Cessna Aircraft has selected the L-3 GH-3900 ESIS for the latest Citation Ten model, the system replacing conventional electromechanical standby instruments with a combined flight and navigation data display on a three-inch screen. Emphasizing L-3’s capability in this arena is the selection of the company’s ESIS for the international variants of the Boeing F-15 Eagle and F/A-18 Super Hornet. L-3 will provide two GH-4200 reference standby display (RSD) instruments for the F-15, and a single RSD and GH-4000 reference standby display repeater (RSDR) for the F/A-18. Both systems provide attitude, altitude and airspeed data in a layout that matches that of the primary systems. Heading, slip/skid, vertical speed and navigation data can be added as options. The RSD/RSDR features an integrated air data sensor card and has direct connections to the pitot/static system, removing the need for a separate air data computer.

z GEnx-1B, Air India Join TruEngine Program GE Aviation has launched its GEnx TruEngine program on the GEnx-1B engine and granted TruEngine designation to Air India’s GEnx-1B engine fleet. Air India has ordered GEnx-1B engines for its 27 Boeing 787-8 aircraft. Under a 2010 GE branded services agreement (GBSA), Air India will be licensed to perform maintenance and overhaul work on the GEnx-1B engine, which means the carrier will follow GE-issued engine manuals service bulletins and other maintenance recommendations. Qualification for TruEngine status involves a two-step process that includes the customer declaration and a submittal of maintenance records to ensure the overhaul practices, spare parts and repairs used to service an engine match GEissued engine manuals, service bulletins and other maintenance recommendations. The TruEngine designation is available for the more than 1,300 GEnx engines on order. According to GE, the TruEngine designation enhances marketability and asset valuation of an engine and provides operators with new benefits, such as line maintenance and aircraft-on-ground responsiveness guarantees, life-limited parts scrap-for-cause warranty option, the TRruEngine suite of digital fleet-management applications and a content-assurance guarantee.

z Liebherr and Avic To Build Comac C-919 Landing Gear Liebherr Aerospace of Germany and Avic of China are to form a joint-venture company for the manufacture of landing gear for the Comac C919 aircraft. The joint venture between Avic’s subsidiary Landinggear Advanced Manufacturing Co. and Liebherr Aerospace Lindenberg became a reality when the contract was signed here at the Paris Air Show. According to Liebherr, the joint venture includes assembly and testing activities for landing gear for the Chinese market and will potentially extend its activities to other geographical markets.

24  Paris Air Show News • June 22, 2011 • www.ainonline.com

Modified Watchkeeper ready for future roles by Bernard Fitzsimons The $1.6 billion Watchkeeper program for the British Army has made Thales the biggest UAV company in Europe, and in its UAV systems laboratory, also known as the Soul battlelab near Bordeaux, the company’s engineers are exploring the requirements for future ground control stations and mission systems. Watchkeeper, on show here outside the Thales pavilion, is due to start operations in Afghanistan at the end of this year, said Jean-François Henrio, vice president, airborne mission systems, in the Soul lab earlier this month, and training is under way at Larkhill in the UK. But the task of UAVs is to provide information with varying degrees of detail to specific levels of command, and the French and other armies do not have the same command structure. So the lab is used to develop mission concepts and simulate their execution. “We can generate different flight plans, different types of threat,” he said. “And to convince the French army that Watchkeeper would be useful for them, we need to simulate connections to their real command and control tools.” Thales is also looking at sensor options and man-machine interface concepts, such as the application of Google Earth technology for the AngloFrench Telemos medium-altitude, long-endurance (MALE) UAV, expected to enter service toward the end of the decade. “We take the best technology from the Web and make sure it can provide benefits to users,” he commented. Thales has been “pushed to the limit in terms of certification and airworthiness,” Henrio said, since Watchkeeper is the first UAV to be certified to civil aviation standards, a prerequisite to operating over European territory with inhabited areas. “One thing blocking acquisition by France or Spain is the question of what to do with the assets when they come back from Afghanistan. Can you use them

for internal surveillance? Often the answer is no, because unlike the southern border of the U.S. where nobody lives and you can get a permit to fly Predator drones, in Europe that is not possible.” Watchkeeper has come through a “formidable level of testing to pass certification,” he said, and the safety case is currently undergoing final validation by the UK Ministry of Defence for service introduction in the second half of this year. Thales is also turning its attention to rotary-wing UAVs for

Thales Says MoD Not Concerned about Watchkeeper Thales officials denied at the Paris Air Show on Tuesday that the Watchkeeper development program had been formally added to a new “Projects of Concern” at the UK Ministry of Defence. This was implied in an MoD statement last week that spoke of “naming and shaming” failing defense projects. Thales UK admitted a delay of some months for software integration, partly caused by the need to respond to some Afghan theater requirements that had changed since the contract was signed five years ago. In the meantime, Thales has been providing an interim UAV capability to the British Army using Elbit Hermes 450s on a “fee-for-service” basis. –C.P.

KIRBY J. HARRISON

Boeing may not be saying much about the configuration of the KC-46 aerial tanker, but Raytheon revealed that it will be protecting the next U.S. Air Force tanker. The company announced a contract from Boeing to supply ALR-69A radar-warning receivers and antijam GPS receivers. The ALR-69A has previously been fitted to Lockheed Martin C-130s and F-16s. “Our advanced digital open architecture provides increased sensitivity and the ability to accurately identify threat signals much earlier in today’s dense urban environments,” noted Mark Kula, vice president of Tactical Airborne Systems for Raytheon’s Space and Airborne Systems (SAS) sector. Raytheon’s GPS receiver “is the first to integrate highperformance digital anti-jam capabilities into a single product,” according to Joe Kiser, program manager Integrated Technology programs for Raytheon SAS.

naval applications. The French navy wants to save its limited fleet of helicopters for missions, such as anti-submarine warfare and combating piracy, Henrio explained. So together with the navy and armaments agency DGA the company is developing the necessary technologies. The first prerequisite is the ability to land a one-ton UAV on the deck of a French frigate in harsh sea states, he said. “If we can’t, the system is of no use.” Thales has already demonstrated the ability of the Magic automatic takeoff and landing system it developed for Watchkeeper. In the U.S., Boeing’s Unmanned Little Bird modification of the MD 530F helicopter was landed on a moving truck standing in for a frigate in sea state zero. The next step is to do tests on a three-axis table, then waterborne tests up to sea state five. Henrio said he is aware of Anglo-French government discussions that might result in a joint requirement for a rotary-wing UAV. “It would make sense to use the expertise that Thales has developed on both sides of the English Channel,” he said.  o

GEnx Engine Fan Case Highlights Volvo Stand The GEnx fan case built by Volvo Aero (Hall 2A B197) for the General Electric turbofan engine on Boeing’s new 787 Dreamliner makes Volvo team members (left to right) David Carlsson, Elin Karlsson and Joanna Eriksson appear short. In the past five years, Volvo’s North American subsidiary has emerged as a major player in the engine fan-case market.


Civil boom balances defense gloom in UK

The UK aerospace trade organization ADS said that despite a drop in defense orders, 2010 proved to be a fairly good year because of products such as this Eurofighter Typhoon.

by Ian Sheppard ADS, the trade organization for the UK aerospace, defense and security industries, has reported that new defense orders slumped by 29 percent in 2010 due to the stringent defense cuts by Britain’s new coalition government. Despite this, 2010 proved to be a fairly good year for total aerospace revenue, which was up by 2.1 percent to £23.1 billion ($37.8 billion). However, the total value of civil and military orders was down 11 percent to £29.1 billion ($47.7 billion), even though civil orders were up by 3 percent on the previous year to £19 billion ($31.1 billion). UK employment in the sector

fell by 4 percent to just over 96,000, an increase in productivity per employee of 6 percent, said ADS. The data is recorded in the latest ADS annual Aerospace Industry Survey, published on June 9. The organization said the survey showed that the UK’s aerospace industry remains the largest of any European country and is “second only to the U.S. worldwide,” which has a 17-percent market share. Overall spending in the UK on aerospace research and technology development remained unchanged on what are already “historically low figures,” reported ADS. Research and technology spending, however, was

INTOSH DAVID Mc

up by 7 percent in the civil sector, while it was down 5 percent for defense. The U.S. remains the UK’s largest aerospace trading partner, according to the report. Exports to the U.S. stood at £6.4 billion ($10.4 billion) in 2009, but the balance of trade decreased further to a £3.5 billion ($5.7 billion) deficit. The UK, meanwhile, had a trading surplus with the rest of the European Union of £1.8 billion ($2.9 billion) in 2009. “The good news is that the sector as a whole has come

BILL CAREY

Deliveries of Boeing’s AH-64D Block II Apaches to the U.S. Army are to begin this fall.

First of Block III Apaches move on down Boeing’s line by Bill Carey The first three AH-64D Block III Apaches, the latest update of the attack helicopter, were advancing through production this month at the Boeing Global Strike facility in Mesa, Arizona, in advance of first deliveries to the U.S. Army this fall. Last October Boeing was awarded a $247 million U.S. government contract to begin low-rate initial production (LRIP) of the Block III Apache, initially for eight Lot 1 aircraft. The LRIP phase covers 51 aircraft for the Army, and,

according to the Army’s Apache program manager, will include the start of production of 30 helicopters ordered by Taiwan, the first export customer of the Block III. The Army plans to acquire 690 Block III Apaches through 2027, most of them remanufactured Block Is and IIs, but with 56 newly built to replace training and combat losses. New fuselages will be incorporated as of ship 44 to zero-time airframes, which have an operational life of 10,000 hours,

out of a difficult year in good shape,” commented Graham Chisnall, ADS managing director of aerospace and operations. “We are now seeing substantial growth expectations on the civil side, where the industry is set for huge ramp-ups in production on programs like the A320. Plus we’re seeing new programs kicking in like the [Boeing] 787, the CSeries and the A350.” One factor troubling small and medium-sized members of ADS is the struggle to raise the capital they need to invest in boosting production capacity for

said Mike Burke, Boeing director of Rotorcraft Business Development. Boeing counts 11 international customers, with 250 new and remanufactured Apaches on order. The Taiwan order calls for 30 AH-64D Block III Apaches fitted with the mast-mounted Longbow firecontrol radar as well as Longbow Hellfire missiles, Stinger air-to-air missiles and other equipment. Army Col. Shane Openshaw, the Apache project manager at the Redstone Arsenal in Huntsville, Alabama, confirmed the production start for Taiwan. Other Apache international buyers are Egypt, Greece, Israel, Japan, Kuwait, The Netherlands, the UAE, Singapore, Saudi Arabia and UK. Designed as a tank killer in the 1980s, the attack helicopter remains relevant “because of the continuous improvement that we’ve made in this aircraft, and all these block upgrades, plus the continuous improvement we’ve made in between the block upgrades,” Burke said. “Today it is the number-one weapon system in the street fights in the global war on terror. That’s why it’s relevant today.” The Block III upgrade features improved GE Aviation T700-GE-701D engines with enhanced digital electronic engine control units, improved drive system and transmission, composite rotor blades and extended range fire-control radar and missiles. Pilots’ situational awareness is enhanced through a cognitive-decision aiding system that fuses sensor information. Computer processing power is increased and based on an opensystem architecture enabling easy replacement of processors. The software-defined joint tactical radio system voice and data radio, when available, will be inserted during Block III production. Among technology advances,

the ramp-up. “Perversely, they are most at risk during the climb out from the recession because lenders have pulled up the drawbridge and won’t make funds available,” claimed Chisnall. Nonetheless, ADS believes its members deserve great credit for improving their annual productivity by 6 percent in response to the recent downturn. “They’ve introduced better working methods, improved processes and [at least in the case of larger companies like Rolls-Royce] have made big investments in technology,” Chisnall concluded.  o

Openshaw said Block III Apaches will be capable of Level 4 operational control of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), including the MQ-1C Grey Eagle and RQ-7 Shadow and their sensor payloads. “We’ll have Level 4 interoperability out of the box with Block III,” he said. Asked about the possibility of workload issues associated with flying an unmanned aircraft, Openshaw said the Army “had a concern” initially, but that user studies in 2009 confirmed Apache crews would not be overtaxed by UAV control. Block IIs Still Built

The Boeing Mesa factory receives torn-down Apache airframes from the Corpus Christi, Texas Army depot, and is producing three or four remanufactured Block IIs a month. Boeing reports 47 Block II Apaches will be delivered this year to the Army and international customers. The Army has extended the Block II program until 2013, meaning Block II and III Apaches for two years will be manufactured at the same time on parallel lines. Helicopters for Block III Apaches are being disassembled by Science Engineering Services near the Redstone Arsenal. The plan is to produce six Block III helicopters monthly in Mesa, increasing to possibly 10 aircraft a month by 2013, said Fred Robinson, Boeing’s Apache production manager. In addition to Block II and III Apaches, the facility produces the AH-6i light attack/ reconnaissance helicopter and A160 Hummingbird unmanned helicopter. o

www.ainonline.com • June 22, 2011 • Paris Air Show News  25


Sikorsky looks to boost international sales we’ve targeted that product,” said Carey Bond, president, Sikorsky Global Helicopters and chief marketing officer. Complementing that effort will be the recently awarded Turkish Utility Helicopter Program. Sikorsky in May said it won the $3.5 billion program to provide 109 T-70 Black Hawks, a Turkish derivative of the S-70i, for use by several different agencies in that country. Turkish Aerospace Industries (TAI) will assemble the aircraft in Turkey, with components supplied by Sikorsky and other companies. The parties are in the process of negotiating a contract and obtaining export approvals. “That’s big, and it’s not just a helicopter order. It’s broader than anything we’ve done in terms of co-production,” said Mick Maurer, president of Sikorsky Military Systems. “It really helps solidify the franchise of the Black Hawk in the international market.” Maurer said the long-term program with TAI eventually will support international Black Hawk deliveries beyond Turkey. “That will be a 20- to 30-year program, and as part of that program, they will also be part of our supply chain on the S-70i,” he said. “So we’ll actually be delivering some S-70is out of

Saab’s Gripen demo shows off upgrades by David Donald The Saab Gripen Demo, a two-seat technology demonstrator, is one month into its latest phase of a trials campaign aimed at showing off technologies and modifications, which could be applied to the basic design in upgrades and newbuild machines. The aircraft is on display in the Paris Air Show static area (Stand 132). The mods include AESA (active electronically scanned array) radar, redesigned main undercarriage for greater internal fuel and a more powerful GE F414 engine. The Gripen Demo is approaching 200 flights since launching Phase 1 trials in May 2008.

Having been laid up for several months for modification, the technology demonstrator flew again on May 19 to embark on the Phase 3 campaign. The latest configuration has a new openarchitecture avionics suite, which allows the segregation of functions that are critical and noncritical to flight safety. Using an Ethernet-based architecture, new elements that are missioncritical, rather than flight-critical, can be inserted and tested without having to revalidate the system as a whole. Another change is in the rear cockpit, which now sports two large Rockwell Collins displays. The Gripen Demo can be

26  Paris Air Show News • June 22, 2011 • www.ainonline.com

Turkey as well as Poland. The Turkish capacity is for Turkey and also for what we believe will be some incremental business that we wouldn’t have received without them as an ally in helping to market our product in some other places where we’d really have little presence.” Under a foreign military sale approved this spring, Sikorsky will deliver 15 UH-60M Black Hawks to the Swedish Defence Materiel Administration in 20112012. The latest model Black Hawk, with small modifications for Sweden, including a rescue hoist, will be built in the U.S. The company said robust orders from the U.S. military, sustaining the production line through 2020, help drive international sales. Another foreign military sale, to Australia for 24 MH-60R Seahawks, was announced earlier this month.

It also said it sees a long life for the CH-148 Cyclone, a derivative of the S-92A commercial search-and-rescue helicopter developed for the Canadian Forces. Sikorsky was awarded the contract for the Canadian Maritime Helicopter Program in November 2004 to replace aging CH-124 Sea Kings. The first “fully compliant” Cyclone is scheduled for delivery in July 2012, with delivery of all 28 helicopters by December 2013, according to the Canadian Forces. Sikorsky has already delivered paramilitary configured S-92s, dubbed H-92s, to the Saudi Ministry of the Interior and other users. New derivatives and international customers will be a hedge for the company against declining overall U.S. military spending. Despite the ongoing utility of the Black Hawk, as well as the

maritime Seahawk, Sikorsky is battling the downturn. The company recently announced 400 layoffs at its Military Completions Center in Horseheads, New York, citing flattening military orders and the need to stay competitive. Jeffrey Pino, Sikorsky president, expressed confidence in the prospects of the Black Hawk line and the CH-53K Super Stallion under development for the U.S. Marine Corps. The Marines are seeking 200 vastly improved heavy lifters to replace CH-53Es and Ds. The K model passed a critical design review last summer and is expected to fly in late 2013. Pino described the “Kilo” as second in priority for the Marines to the F-35B Joint Strike Fighter. o

operated with decoupled cockpits, so that the back-seater can call up different displays and perform different tasks to the pilot in the front cockpit, which retains the original displays for the time being. This functionality is an increasingly important capability for two-seaters in operational scenarios. The Gripen has recently entered service in Thailand,

and last month integration of the Denel A-Darter, an imaging, infrared air-to-air missile, was completed in South Africa. Another weapon shortly to join the Gripen portfolio is the small diameter bomb, with integration trials currently being undertaken for the Swedish fleet. In the meantime, the JAS 39C Gripen has earned its

“combat-proven” tag through operations over Libya by the Swedish air force. Flying from Sigonella in Sicily since April 22, eight Swedish Gripens have undertaken air-supremacy missions, and reconnaissance sorties using the Saab SPK 39 modular reconnaissance pod system. Over 300 reconnaissance sorties have been flown to date.  o

Saab’s new Gripen Demo, a two-seat technology demonstrator, roared into Le Bourget Monday carrying dummy Meteor and Iris-T missiles.

A derivative of Sikorsky’s S-92A commercial search-and-rescue helicopter is being developed for Canadian Forces as the CH-148 Cyclone.

MARK WAGNER

Sikorsky Aircraft Corp. (Hall 3 D108) is displaying two helicopters at this year’s Paris Air Show that are key to expanding the company’s international footprint, executives said. The S-70i Black Hawk, exhibited outside the United Technologies Corp. chalet (A344), is making its first appearance at a major international airshow. On the static line (F210) is the CH-148 Cyclone multi-mission helicopter Sikorsky is building for the Canadian Forces, another Paris debut. First deliveries of the S-70i, a lower cost Black Hawk derivative assembled at Sikorsky’s PZL Mielec facility in Poland, are set to begin in the next several weeks to the Saudi Ministry of the Interior. The aircraft on display is one of six assembled and flight-tested to date at PZL Mielec, which Sikorsky acquired in March 2007. Sikorsky reports further interest in the S-70i from other agencies in Saudi Arabia as well as countries that operate older, L-model S-70A Black Hawks, including Chile, Brazil, Mexico, Columbia and Brunei. The company plans to ramp up production to two aircraft a month at PZL Mielec by late 2012. “From an emerging country standpoint, the S-70i is a perfect airplane, and that’s really where

DAVID McINTOSH

by Bill Carey


Typhoons take the fight to Gaddafi in combat debut by David Donald

USAF Block 40 Global Hawk set for first flight this week by Chris Pocock Northrop Grumman officials, during a Paris Air Show briefing, reported that the first Block 40 Global Hawk high-altitude UAV for the U.S. Air Force is scheduled to make its first flight this week equipped with the Northrop Grumman/ Raytheon radar technology insertion program (RTIP) sensor. Ed Walby, Northrop Grumman business development director, sang the praises of the state-of-the-art sensor. “The RTIP is the only radar that can do concurrent MTI and SAR. The MTI scan is faster than JSTARS and covers a 30-percent larger area,” he said. The USAF is scheduled to receive 12 RTIPequipped Block 40s to be based at Grand Forks AFB, North Dakota. The Block 40 Global Hawk with the RTIP sensor also forms the basis for Northrop Grumman’s proposal to NATO for an alliance ground surveillance system. The company is hoping that this long-gestating requirement may firm into a contract for six air vehicles by the end of this year. The ground stations would be provided by European industry. Northrop Grumman officials also said in Paris that the first example of the Euro Hawk, the signals intelligence (SIGINT) version of the Global Hawk for the German air force, will soon make a transatlantic ferry flight to Manching airbase in

Germany. The flight is expected to occur next month, after the Euro Hawk’s 11th and last round-robin test sortie from Edwards Air Force Base in California this week. Once the UAV reaches Germany, EADS Cassidian will fit the integrated signals intelligence system (ISIS) that it has developed so that the Euro Hawk can replace the German air force’s alreadyretired Atlantic SIGINT aircraft. Ten test flights are scheduled from Manching in the second half of this year before the Euro Hawk moves to the German air force’s operational base at Schleswig-Jagel in northern Germany. More flights there should lead to a formal handover in mid-2012. Only this first Euro Hawk and ISIS system are currently contracted, but Marcus Heller, program manager for EADS Cassidian, is hoping that the German air force will confirm four more air vehicles and a second set of ground stations next year. The development of ISIS in Germany “allows national access to source code,” he noted. The COMINT and ELINT subsystems of ISIS share the same antennas, in fuselage fairings and under-wing pods. Meanwhile, the first flight of the broad-area, maritime surveillance (BAMS) version of the Global Hawk for the U.S.

a superb air-to-air radar picture, Link 16 connectivity and a highly effective defensive aids suite to the mix, while the Tornado force has many years of experience in the air-to-ground role, unlike the Typhoon community. Squadron Leader Joel commented that most dual-mode weapons have been launched in GAINS (GPS-aided inertial navigation system) mode, and that any laser guidance that has been employed has been mostly provided by the Tornados. The question of whether the Typhoon

A British Eurofighter Typhoon launches for a mission over Libya from Italy’s Gioia del Colle air base with Enhanced Paveway II bombs. Italian Typhoons have also been in action, flying air supremacy missions from Trapani with AMRAAM and Iris-T (infrared search and track) missiles.

has self-designated laser weapons in the Libyan operation yet was left unanswered, and no comment was made about whether previously reported cutbacks in training had left RAF pilots short of air-to-ground currency at the outbreak of operations. o

Navy is scheduled for next The broad-area, maritime surveillance (BAMS) spring, according to Walt Kreversion of the Global Hawk will survey large ocean areas with its multi-sensor suite. itler, Northrop Grumman business development director. Ahead of that event, the Navy is flying two development aircraft with three Block 10 Global Hawks that were declared surplus to Air Force requirements. The company foresees production of as many as 68 dedicated BAMS air vehicles to provide almost global ocean coverage from five worldwide bases. Kreitler explained that while the Boeing P-8 Poseidon will replace the P-3 Orion in anti-ship and anti-submarine warfare, the bulk of the P-3’s maritime surveillance tasking will be assumed by the BAMS system. “Maritime surveillance is a 360-degree business,” he added, by way of introduction to the BAMS sensor suite, which includes Northrop Grumman’s own multi-function active sensor, a “spinning” X-band active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar; the Raytheon MTS-B electrooptical/infrared (EO/IR) sensor ball; and an electronic support measures (ESM) system. The BAMS requirement has driven various improvements to the The RTIP (radar technology insertion program) surveillance radar Global Hawk airframe is seen here fitted to the first Block 40 Global Hawk. The first flight that may be retrofitted of this combination should take place this week. to USAF versions.  o

Northrop Grumman

Typhoon missions average 5.5 hours, with a number of refuelings. Owing to the large number of tanker types deployed by NATO to support Operation Unified Protector, this can be one of the most challenging aspects of the mission. “Getting fuel is a challenge as each tanker is different, and diverting to Malta is a real possibility every time you fly,” said Squadron Leader Rupert Joel, Executive Officer of No. 11 Squadron. “Every mission is like the hardest trail you’ve ever done, plus you’re dropping bombs.” Strict rules of engagement in place to minimize the chances of civilian casualties place further stress on the pilots. “For every target we need to positively identify it and look at potential collateral damage,” explained Joel. “Because we have to do things so carefully it can take 20 or 25 minutes before we get weapons away. Even with time-sensitive targets we still need to go through the process.” Operating the Typhoons alongside Tornados has proven beneficial to both sets of crews. The Typhoon brings

Northrop Grumman

NATO’s Operation Unified Protector has given the Eurofighter Typhoon the opportunity to finally make its combat debut, with both the British Royal Air Force (RAF) and Italian air force aircraft involved in the operation. RAF operations over Libya have been mounted by a six-aircraft detachment at Gioia del Colle in southern Italy, from where they are operating alongside 12 Panavia Tornado GR.Mk 4s. The RAF Typhoons have been flying both air-supremacy and air-interdiction sorties. The latter missions are flown in mixed pairs with Italian air force Tornados, the combined formation offering flexibility in weapon options through the carriage of 1,000-pound Enhanced Paveway IIs (EPWIIs) by the Typhoons, and 500-pound Paveway IVs and Brimstone by the Tornados. The Typhoons generally operate with pairs of advanced medium-range air-to-air missiles (AMRAAMs), advanced shortrange air-to-air missiles (ASRAAMs) and EPWIIs, plus two tanks and a Litening III laser designator pod.

www.ainonline.com • June 22, 2011 • Paris Air Show News  27


by David Donald Hawker Beechcraft is displaying for the first time the latest addition to the company’s customer demonstration fleet, a King Air 350ER configured to highlight the type’s adaptability to a variety of special missions. Appropriately, the aircraft carries the registration N1459, corresponding to the number of special-mission turboprops that had been sold by this spring. “This aircraft represents our commitment to the worldwide special-mission market,” said Jay Gibson, recently appointed as HBC’s v-p special missions. “The unique configuration is designed to showcase the outstanding flexibility and versatility of the King Air 350ER.” N1459 has four specific equipment sets installed–two externally and two internally–all of which are FAA-certified and available from the factory. The external equipment includes a belly-mounted radome for digital search radars, which can be optimized for either maritime or

overland use, and a lift platform for carrying electro-optical/ infrared sensor turrets, such as the Star Safire HD or MX-15. This platform allows the turret to be retracted to minimize drag during transits to and from the operational area. Internally, the demonstrator has a troop-carrying fit on the port side, with five Aviation Fabricators seats to demonstrate the full 11-seat configuration. The interior can be rapidly reconfigured for other uses. Among those tasks could be aeromedical evacuation, for which the starboard side of the demonstrator’s cabin is outfitted with two Spectrum Aeromed medical sleds and a medical cabinet. After its appearance in Paris, the demonstrator will embark on a sales tour around Europe, Africa and Latin America. Hawker Beechcraft has achieved significant sales in the special-mission sector with the King Air 350ER, and demand continues to grow. A number of contractors of-

Phantom Eye approaches first flight at Edwards by David Donald Boeing’s Phantom Works has taken a number of important strides toward flying the Phantom Eye high-altitude long-endurance unmanned aircraft system (UAS). The first vehicle has just completed

12 days of ground vibration and structural mode interaction tests at the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center at Edwards Air Force Base, California. It has also had its fuel tanks filled for the first time.

fer intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) equip­ment fits based on the aircraft, which itself has increased fuel that allows a California-Hawaii sector to be flown. ISR-configured King Air 350ERs are in use with the Iraqi air force, and the type is the platform for the similar MC12W Project Liberty aircraft, outfitted by L-3 Communications for the U.S. Air Force. L-3 is one of four contractors– along with Boeing, Northrop Grumman and Lockheed Martin/Sierra Nevada–vying for a major contract from the U.S. Army. The Emarss (enhanced medium-altitude reconnaissance and surveillance system) program aims to provide around 36 ISR aircraft, originally intended to enter service in Afghanistan next year. Boeing was announced as the winner last November, but the losing bidders protested and a new award will be made. Whichever systems contractor is chosen, Hawker Beechcraft will provide the King Air 350ER as the platform. As special-mission King Airs proliferate, Hawker Beechcraft is expanding its customer-support organization. The company has established a service center in Baghdad to support the Iraqi air force’s six King Airs, as well as to provide a Phantom Eye is powered by a pair of four-cylinder, 2.3-liter engines, based on a Ford motor engine and each generating 150 hp. What is remarkable is that they are fueled by hydrogen, held in two large tanks. Nitrogen was used for the first tank-filling tests, which focused on fueling procedures and assessment of the air vehicle in its full-weight configuration. Boeing has developed the Phantom Eye as a technology demonstrator for a UAS that can fulfill a variety of roles, including persistent ISR and communications relay. The demonstrator is designed to stay aloft for up to four days, flying at 150 knots at an altitude of 65,000 feet with a 450-pound payload, but ultimately Boeing is planning for larger vehicles with greater endurance and payload capacity. Originally due to fly earlier this year, Phantom Eye is now scheduled to make its first flight from Edwards in late summer. o

Boeing’s Phantom Eye demonstrator is at NASA Dryden, undergoing tests in preparation for a first flight later this summer.

28  Paris Air Show News • June 22, 2011 • www.ainonline.com

King Air 350 displayed for the first time here by Hawker Beechcraft can be adapted to a variety of special missions. It will embark on a sales tour after the show.

base from which to support T-6/AT-6 Texan international customers in the future. The company recently was awarded a follow-on contract for training as part of its contractor logistic support (CLS) provision role for the Iraqi air force’s Peace Dragon aircraft (five configured for ISR, plus one for light transport).

DAVID McINTOSH

HBC demos missionized King Air 350ER here

In addition to its maintenance support, HBC will provide three technicians and two instructors at New Al-Muthana air base to train Iraqi air force personnel. The Peace Dragon fleet typically flies six sorties each day, and has racked up some 2,750 hours in more than 1,200 sorties since HBC’s CLS role began in July last year.  o

Bright Skies for Breitling Winner Breitling (Static AA168) recently ran a photo competition on Facebook that had the theme of capturing the spirit of aviation. Jeremy Hampton from Overland Park, Kansas, won first prize with a picture of a child admiring an aircraft (above) that beat 5,000 other entries. The honor also got him an all-expenses-paid training course for a pilot’s license. Second-prize winner Tyler Rogoway, from Portland, Oregon, didn’t do too badly either. As a reward for his shot of an airliner on final approach (below) he won a flight with the Breitling Jet Team, the largest civilian professional jet display team. The winners were chosen by a panel that included actor and pilot John Travolta, air-to-air photographer Katsuhiko Tokunaga and Yves “Jetman” Rossy. –L.M.


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Leasing firms plot course for coming order boom by Gregory Polek

DAVID McINTOSH

Steven Townend, the depThe world’s aircraft leasing industry appears to have weath- uty managing director and chief ered the proverbial storm of the commercial officer of BOC Aviglobal recession and now looks ation, the largest leasing comwell positioned to exploit air- pany in Asia, said although he craft placement opportunities in sees new capital coming from markets such as China, in par- Asian interests such as his own ticular. However, such opportu- [the Bank of China owns BOC nities won’t come without their Aviation], the vast number of challenges, according to some of small leasing companies in the the leasing company bosses who region will dwindle, leaving the appeared at this spring’s Interna- market to fewer, yet larger interests. “I think there’s tional Society of Transsome huge volumes port Aircraft Traders to be dealt with,” (ISTAT) conference. said Townend. “I Air Lease Corp. chief do see new capiSteven Udvar-Hazy, for tal coming in, from one, cited multiple proAsia, from our part jections for production of the world, and of 100-seat and larger in five years time I jets over the next five don’t think we’ll be years of 5,000 units, 40 the only major lespercent of which, he sor that’s owned by said, will involve operAsian interests. That ating leases represent- Air Lease founder and might be banks or ing $100 billion worth CEO Steven Udvar-Hazy that might be insurof financing. “Seven has said that leasing or eight of the oper- groups like his will provide ance companies as we’ve seen in other ating lessors will have financing for as much as 40 percent of airliners parts of the world.” to do the heavy lifting delivered over the next Hazy said that to come up with $100 five years. the world’s lesbillion worth of aircraft financing…That’s the sors will have to look more magnitude we’re facing as the toward Asia and educate institop-tier lessors,” he said. In tutions that run “hot and cold summary, the next five years will depending on the cycle we’re present tremendous opportu- in.” The Air Lease boss stressed nity for those lessors, said Hazy, the importance of demonstratbut also a daunting challenge in ing that lessors have proved terms of management, resources themselves much more stable and able to generate consistent and access to capital markets.

For leasing companies like Aviation Capital Group, which includes Airbus A320s in its portfolio, emerging markets in Asia and elsewhere now account for a fast-growing portion of overall business.

profits through multiple cycles than have the airlines. “Whereas our airline customers have had tremendous volatility in their earnings, we have a much more stable, a much more predictable business model as long as we select the right assets.” ‘Tested by Fire’

Townend concurred with Hazy’s assessment of the airlines, again emphasizing the differences between the model used by the leasing companies and that of the world’s air carriers. “The biggest costs to the airline industry have tended to be labor and fuel,” said Townend. “For any of us it’s really the cost of your aircraft and the cost of your funding, and the key for anybody to be successful and come through will be do get both of those down as far as they can.” Recently, however, the airlines appear to have found their stride, making decent profits for

French firm touts component testing by Thierry Dubois Avnir Engineering (Hall 4 Stand AB132) is here promoting its skills in devising test campaigns for aerospace components, such as its recent test of a helicopter’s electric harness holder against vibration and temperature stress. The twoyear-old French company, with offices in Paris and Lyon, has an 11-member workforce and is looking to recruit more people. Avnir’s resources have been expanded through a partnership with Schneider Electric which is located in Grenoble, where it has a test laboratory. “We use their high-level facilities; in exchange, we share our expertise in aerospace, where testing methods are more robust than what they

usually do,” Christophe Ulrich, Avnir’s CEO, told AIN. Schneider’s laboratory enables Avnir to perform “accelerated aging” trials. For example, the electric harness holder that it tested for Eurocopter has to be totally reliable as it is located near the main gearbox. Evaluations involved a temperature range of 130 degrees Celsius (from minus 55 C to plus 75 C). Simultaneously, the harness underwent random vibrations of an average 12.5g, with peaks at 36g. After three hours of this testing on each axis, the project had effectively simulated the full life of the component (several dozen thousand flight hours). In fact,

30  Paris Air Show News • June 22, 2011 • www.ainonline.com

two harness holders of different sizes, with the larger one being for the AS365 N3+ Dauphin rotorcraft, were assessed at a time. Extensive Testing Options

In addition to these types of tests, Avnir is experienced in performing other tests, including for lightning effects, electromagnetic interference and bird impact. It also recently conducted an explosion test for French aerospace group Intertechnique, the goal of which was to ensure that a military aircraft’s fuel system could endure an explosion without causing a fire. Avnir’s other main customers are Dassault, both for its civil and military aircraft, and

the first time in years due largely to their ability to “rightsize” and consolidate. To CIT Group president Jeffrey Knittel, that begs the question of whether or not lessors need to follow suit. “Size is important for those lessors that are buying from the OEMs,” said Hazy, who added that scale might not prove as important to those more engaged in sale-leasebacks. “It’s a very transparent transaction because the lessor is buying from the airline, the airline knows what the cost is; it’s simply a money-over-money type transaction,” Hazy said of sale-leasebacks. “So scale there may not be as important…But for those of us who are massive buyers of new aircraft–and in my career it’s now pushing 2,000 new aircraft from the major manufacturers–scale is really important, not only in terms of financial strength but in the ability to cater to lots of different customers the French defense procurement agency (DGA). Aerospace accounts for about 70 percent of the company’s business, with the rest coming from the energy sector, including nuclear segment players. Apart from testing, Avnir is involved in research and development: for example, it has developed an on-board sensor that measures both oil density and viscosity. Ulrich, who has had experience in creating start-up companies, explained that he wants to achieve sustainable growth. While customers are clamoring for him to hire more engineers quickly, he said, he has chosen “not to go too fast.” The target number of employees is 30 in 2013. According to Ulrich, revenues in 2010 amounted to €225,000 ($315,000) and are predicted to hit €600,000 ($840,000) this year. o

in different circumstances.” Leasing companies and airlines alike certainly needed to adjust to varying, yet mostly unpleasant circumstances while weathering the last economic downturn, during which “massive” purchases of aircraft became a rarity. Still, both sectors emerged in relatively strong condition. GECAS president and CEO Norman Liu praised the aviation business at large for its “incredible” resilience following the events of Sept. 11, 2001, the SARS epidemic and the Iraq War, all events that perhaps might have helped prepare the industry for the recession. “People just know how to work through things,” he said. “It’s a testament to everyone in the business. “After 9/11 I was surprised [by the industry’s rebound],” he said. “This time I wasn’t surprised as much because there’s one thing that’s going on that’s been a constant, which is emerging markets growth.” Hazy called globalization “a stabilizing force,” but also credited lease management teams with learning how to navigate crises better by working on fleet solutions rather than simply placing aircraft. “Overall, I think we emerged better than the airlines because we were tested by fire.” Still, Knittel argued that the airlines, too, actually emerged from this latest recession in better shape than they had in past downturns. Townend agreed, but he pointed to the preceding fuel price hikes as the reason. “I think that what happened this time around was because we had that huge fuel spike first, particularly here in the U.S., people had already reacted,” said Townend. “They already pulled capacity out; they al­ready cut all their costs, and they probably were therefore in much better shape to deal with the downturn.” o


See us at Stand F146, Hall 2B


Rockwell Collins delivers first software-defined ARC-210 radio

FLIR Systems Shows Thermal-Camera Core

by Bill Carey When Rockwell Collins officially celebrated the first full-rate production delivery of its ARC-210 RT-1939(C) Generation 5 radio to PMA 209, the air combat electronics program office of the U.S. Naval Air Systems Command in late April, it marked a milestone. The handover was significant in that the fifth-generation ARC-210 “is the first airborne software-defined radio to hit the market,” said Troy Brunk, Rockwell Collins senior director, airborne communications products. Just a week earlier, PMA 209 completed a review that found the Gen5 radio meets requirements, making it available for procurement by fleet users under the Navair production contract. The ARC-210 Gen5 radio is a multiband, multimode ­ receiver-transmitter operating in the V/UHF frequency range, providing extended coverage from 30 to 941 MHz for military and public service radio bands. Rockwell Collins has delivered more than 30,000 ARC-210 radios used on 182 platforms since the start of the product line in 1990. The radio has evolved over successive generations with new capabilities added through software updates. The Gen5 radio features a software-defined communications architecture supporting multiple waveforms and embedded programmable cryptography, the first military airborne transceiver to do so, according to Rockwell Collins. It will support insertion of tactical secure voice, integrated waveform, combat net radio and soldier radio waveform capabilities. “The ARC-210 Gen5 radio is the firstto-market solution capable of p ­ roviding networking and modern cryptographic functionality that the U.S. military needs for its airborne platforms,” said Bruce King, Rockwell Collins general manager of communications products. “It provides a clear pathway for the Department of Defense to acquire an affordable, reliable and secure networking solution for any type of aircraft.” Brunk said Rockwell Collins already dominates the UHF airborne market space, with the ARC-210 representing “the de-facto standard radio” of the U.S. Navy and U.S. Air Force. The company also supplies some radios to the U.S. Army and U.S. Coast Guard. It currently is supplying mainly the fourth-generation ARC-210 RT-1851(C) radio, known as “The Warrior,” to the U.S. Navy and U.S. Air Force, as well as some third-generation radios. Eventually, production of the fourth-generation radio will begin to ramp down,

Brunk said. Initial platforms expected to implement the Gen5 radio, a form-andfit replacement for existing radios, are the MH-60 helicopter, V-22 tiltrotor and F/A-18, F-15 and F-16 fighters. Shipboard Applications

The company expects to deliver about 300 Gen5 radios this year, including 90 low-rate initial production (LRIP) models­. Of those 90, 20 were delivered to PMA 209 and 70 to PMA 213, the naval air traffic management systems program office. PMA 213 is running the joint precision approach and landing system (JPALS) program. Through JPALS, which is comparable to the civilian GPS local area augmentation s­ystem, aircraft will receive differential GPS c­orrections from a shipboard station via datalink, providing U.S. Navy aircraft carriers with all-weather landing capability. Rockwell Collins is implementing the airborne UHF datalink for JPALS in the ARC210 Gen5 radio. In September 2008, Raytheon was awarded a $233 million contract for the

Marking the first production delivery of Rockwell Collins’ ARC-210 Gen5 radio are Bruce King, senior vice president of operations (left), and Col. Chris Athearn, commander of the Defense Contract Management Agency in Minneapolis.

JPALS system development and demonstration phase, heading a team that included Rockwell Collins, Northrop Grumman and SAIC. Raytheon is performing the shipboard integration piece of JPALS. Brunk said Rockwell Collins anticipates a contract from Navair for the ­airborne piece of JPALS. First software delivery would be in July 2012, allowing further development and testing of airborne and shipborne links. The system tentatively would be integrated into the fleet in Fiscal Year 2014. o

FLIR Systems (Chalet C2) is introducing here in Paris its new thermal-camera core, called Quark, which it says provides high-quality infrared imaging and reliability. Salient characteristics of Quark include its small volume (less than 0.5 cu in), its low mass (less than 20 grams) and a shock rating of 800 gs. Wafer-level packaging of the microbolometer sensor facilitates Quark’s compact design, according to FLIR, while Quark’s capabilities make it adaptable for a variety of applications.

Founded in 1978 and headquartered in Portland, Oregon, FLIR designs, manufactures and supports thermal imaging systems and subsystems for industrial, scientific, government, commercial and n firefighting applications. 

Le Bourget museum offers children’s section by Thierry Dubois The Air and Space Museum here at Le Bourget has a new section dedicated to children–Planète Pilote. The 10,000sq-ft area features about 40 experiments for small hands, explaining how aircraft fly and how astronauts live. The space is open to children aged 6 to 12, who may spend up to 75 minutes at a time there as they are encouraged to independently explore what’s on offer. Aerospace basics are explained for youngsters but some older visitors will certainly enjoy the experience as a refresher course. For example, to understand the principle of lift on a wing profile, you can direct an air nozzle onto a wing structure. The experiment shows that for an aircraft to fly, airspeed must be greater on the upper surface than on the under surface. A neighboring, rotating device demonstrates how a minimum speed is necessary for takeoff. In the navigation section, an artificial horizon is linked to an aircraft model. The visitor can look at the relationship between the model’s attitude and the information displayed on the instrument. A similar experiment is available with a compass. Then at the “airclub” installation, the kids have to follow air traffic control instructions in a scaled-down flying pattern. Young would-be aviators also can step into the cockpit of an Airbus A320 (EADS is a financial partner in Planète

00  Paris Air Show News • June 22, 2011 • www.ainonline.com 32

Pilote). They can sit in a Cessna 150 and they can even try their hand at flying a simulator, in which they are at the (simplified) controls of an aerobatic singleseater. They are supposed to follow a “highway-in-the-sky” type flightpath, flying through virtual circles. Helicopters are not forgotten. Visitors can sit down in a “pedal helicopter,” try out the actuators and feel the downwash. In another experiment, they can differentiate cyclic and collective pitch controls. As for space, visitors can use a fan to get feathers airborne. When the pressure decreases and gets close to a vacuum, the Kids can learn and have fun at the Air and Space Museum here in Le Bourget, and there is plenty for adults to enjoy too.

fan still spins but the feathers drop, demonstrating the importance of air to flying! Kids also can tour a mockup of an international space station module. Although some parts of Planète Pilote do not seem to be sufficiently kid-proof, AIN recommends this amusing and highly educational visit. Leaflets and signs are in French, English and German. While there is no entry fee during the Paris Air Show at the museum’s main entrance, Planète Pilote has one: €6 ($8) per person. For more information see: www. museeairespace.fr/. o


Washington seeks to become ‘Silicon Valley of composites’ by Bill Carey Boeing’s difficulties in outsourcing Washington state aims to claim that mansections of the 787 Dreamliner are well tle. The state’s leading aerospace cluster documented. From that troubling experi- of 156 companies employing 82,000 peoence, however, an opportunity was born ple counts 40 or more companies involved in the U.S. state of Washington, once the in composites. Included within this undisputed home of Boeing commercial smaller cluster are companies involved in “prepreg” materials­–composite fibers airliner programs. With its emphasis on lighter-weight infused with resin and preformed into construction, achieved through the use of shapes before curing–as well as research carbon fiber composites on the fuselage, and development, nondestructive testing, wings and other structural components, the tooling, fabrication and assembly. Dreamliner helped open the door to wider Long History in Composites application of composites in other industries, said Michael Fancher, senior proWashington state has a legacy in comgram manager with the National Center posites dating to the 1960s, when aircraft for Manufacturing Sciences, in Bremerton, interiors company Heath Tecna of BellWashington. “Driven by aerospace pri- ingham supplied composite materials to marily, the sourcing of advanced compos- the defense industry. Composites played an ites, both the raw material and important role in the development the forms that can be used to of the 777 in the 1990s, accountmake things, has come down in ing for 12 percent of the structural cost,” Fancher said, citing the 787. weight of that aircraft (compared For Washington state, disadto 50 percent on the 787), and vantaged by Boeing’s decision are used in the empennage, floor to outsource major sections of beams and aerodynamic fairings. the 787 globally, composites repToray Composites (America), resent a promising new growth a subsidiary of Toray Industries market and a way to retain manof Japan, established a plant in Washington governor ufacturing in the state, as well as Christine Gregoire Frederickson in the early 1990s to expand it beyond aerospace to supply composites for the 777 into automobiles, shipbuilding, alterna- program. The facility manufactures cartive energy and other industries. Fancher bon-fiber prepreg materials using epoxy equates the future of composites to the resins and carbon fiber from Toray’s faciliexpansion of the aluminum industry after ties in Japan and Alabama. In 2006, Toray World War II, but cautions that advanced Industries and Boeing signed a production manufacturing processes and workforce agreement for $6 billion worth of carbon competence lag the coming demand. fiber, and Toray now is sole-source sup“We believe the expansion of the sup- plier for epoxy prepreg materials used in ply chain will be driven more in paral- primary structures of the 787 Dreamliner. lel with development and validation of C&D Zodiac, formerly Northwest manufacturing processes, and we don’t Composites of Marysville, won a $400 see any reason why that can’t be local,” million contract from Boeing in 2005 to Fancher said. “We think there’s going to provide interior linings for the 787 passenbe an explosive growth where applications ger cabin and cargo hold. Other companies of composites in new industries like elec- provide composites for a range of comtric vehicles and such is upon us. There’s mercial and military platforms. Janicki tremendous opportunity to capitalize on Industries of Sedro-Woolley is considered that, but we look around and we don’t see one of the world’s largest composites toolthere is any Silicon Valley of composites.” ing companies, according to the WashingIn composites, as in aerospace, ton State Department of Commerce.

Aerospace workforce by state, by quarter 2004-2010 100

CA

90

CT

Thousands of workers

80 70

KS

60 50

OH

40

TX

30 20

WA

10 0

2004 2004 Q1 Q3

2005 2005 2006 2006 Q1 Q3 Q1 Q3

2007 2007 2008 2008 2009 2009 2010 2010 Q1 Q3 Q1 Q3 Q1 Q3 Q1 Q3

In recent years Washington has been building an aerospace cluster, with a specialization in composites.

34  Paris Air Show News • June 22, 2011 • www.ainonline.com

Boeing’s Washington production lines benefit from the skills of its locally based composites suppliers.

“Boeing obviously was very interested in composites, but that whole sector really emerged in the sixties when Heath Tecna began filling orders for the defense industry,” Washington governor Christine Gregoire told AIN. “While it started in the airplane industry, now it’s grown well beyond that.” Bolstering the state’s aerospace industry is a priority for Gregoire, now in her second term. It has been a tenure marked by the 2008 Boeing machinists’ strike and the company’s controversial selection in October 2009 of North Charleston, South Carolina, as the site of a second 787 assembly line. “Obviously, the centerpiece of our aerospace industry is Boeing. But since I have come into office, we’ve come to understand that we ought to be emphasizing an aerospace cluster in our state [with] a number of suppliers, focused not just solely on Boeing, but on their suppliers and, frankly, suppliers to any other manufacturer of airplanes,” Gregoire said. “What we have done is dramatically emphasize the growth of our supplier network across the state to the point where we are at more than 600 supplier companies.”

With support from FAA, the universities and industry partners are at the leading edge of composites research and development. Mark Tuttle, a professor of mechanical engineering at UW and director of AMTAS, explained where that research is pointing. “The next generation composites that are being developed will be what is termed ‘multifunctional,’” he said. “For example, the current systems are not very electrically conductive, and that has meant that aircraft designers have had to worry a lot about, for example, lightningstrike protection. If we could develop a composite material system that has high stiffness-to-weight ratios and is also more electrically conductive than current systems, that would simplify the design of lightning-protection systems.” Tuttle was involved in a project with Boeing and the Hexcel Corp. facility in Kent, Washington, to develop analysis tools for Hexcel’s HexMC product, a carbon-fiber epoxy molding material applied in Boeing 787 window frames,

Boosting Composite Expertise

In advancing aerospace, Gregoire has focused on workforce training and research issues. In 2009, she established the Washington Aerospace Council, a high-level board designed to identify statewide worker training needs. The council membership includes representatives of Boeing, supplier companies, the executive director of the state board for community and technical colleges and the presidents of Washington State University and the University of Washington. Mobilizing the state’s community colleges and research institutions is another thrust of the governor’s aerospace strategy. There are currently 15 graduate students enrolled across three departments in the Advanced Materials and Transport Structures (AMTAS) program at the University of Washington, which is focused on composites being used in transport aircraft structures. UW-Seattle serves as the lead university of the AMTAS consortium, which includes Washington State University, Edmonds Community College, Oregon State University, the University of Utah and Florida International University along with industry partners. AMTAS, in turn, is part of the FAA Joint Advanced Materials and Structures Center of Excellence, a designation awarded to UW and Wichita State University in late 2003.

Toray Industries, one of several Washington firms with composites expertise, supplies epoxy prepreg materials for the 787’s primary structures.

brackets, fittings, Intercostal reinforcing beams and other structures. The aim of the research is to reduce the level of testing necessary for the new material system. Boeing is honing its own composites expertise. In December, Boeing Fabrication, part of the company’s Commercial Airplanes business, took over the former Boeing Defense Systems composites facility in Seattle and renamed it the Advanced Developmental Composites Facility. Under Defense Systems, the facility supported F-22 wing and aft-section production. Commercial Airplanes reportedly is considering it for 787-9 structures, bringing in-house work that was outsourced on the 787-8. “We’re planning to leverage that capability…so we can support airplane development into the future,” said Boeing Fabrication spokesman Don Schmidt. “Their role will be to harden those [composites] processes so that at some point in the future, we may not have to source those.” o


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Le Bourget Airport looks to tap bizav’s bounceback by Jeff Apter

JEFF APTER

JEFF APTER

Paris Le Bourget Airport is press- and much needed improveing ahead with the second phase of its ment of public transporta20-year modernization and development tion. This will connect Le Visitors to Dassault Falcon Service can watch the activity on the ramp from its upgraded lounge area. The FBO plans to begin a plan, having had to delay it two years Bourget to the 80-mile automodernization of its crew rest area with high-tech armchairs. ago in response to the financial crisis. mated rapid transport sysThe first phase of the program was com- tem planned to connect pleted in 2009, and this improved several the French capital’s north and west sub- 10-percent increase in business in the first urbs from Charles de Gaulle Roissy Air- quarter of 2011. key buildings and provided better access. Landmark Aviation, a newcomer to Le Included in the second phase are plans port to the La Défense business district. for a new four-star hotel on-site that Two stations will serve the town of Le Bourget, is building a new VIP FBO with Bourget–one adjoining the pres- ultra-modern facilities that feature a very would be built by Le Bourget ent regional line (RER) and the large hangar and private parking able to owner Aéroports de Paris other at the airport near the Air accommodate business jets up to the size of (ADP), with financing provided A340-600 widebodies. The company, which and Space Museum. by the Groupe Ségur real estate Despite the recent downturn, has more than 40 facilities in the U.S. and venture. The hotel will be manLe Bourget’s existing FBOs seem Canada, plans to update the VIP facility at aged by the Marriot chain and is to have weathered the storm. the “H0” building, which is expected to be due to open in time for the 2013 Several of the companies, which operational at the end of 2012. According Paris Air Show. provide high-caliber ground han- to general manager Denis Bourgois, LandADP chief executive Pierre Michel de Ronne, dling and support to business jet mark considers the present site as the center Graff confirmed that some Le Bourget operators and their passengers, of its expanding FBO network in Europe. 258,000 square feet of space is to managing director Dassault Falcon Service already has have been upgrading facilities, or be made available to companies wanting to expand on this site. The air- plan to do so, as part of the wider effort to modernized its executive terminal with a lounge that directly overlooks its adjoinport authority wants to further develop make the airport fit for the 21st century. ing the ramp area. The facility is about to Le Bourget as a hub for business aviation Modernizing and Improving get further upgraded with the modernizacompanies, and especially for small- and Advanced Air Support (part of the tion of the flight crew rest area, with new medium-sized enterprises. Le Bourget, which was once the Jet Services Group, which is owned by high-tech armchairs. The exterior of the French capital’s main air transport gate- Groupe Ségur) last October opened a joint building is also getting a makeover, feaway before the opening of Charles de state-of-the-art FBO at Le Bourget with turing a new paint job in Dassault colors. In response to operator demand, DFS Gaulle Roissy and Orly airports, has ExecuJet Europe. Jet Services invested since become the busiest business avi- $1.4 million in modernizing the 1923 is increasing the size of its weekend shift ation airport in Europe. After seeing a building and now it is spending a further inside the terminal to support customsevere drop in traffic following the finan- $13 million to improve its Uni Air Entre- ers and also is extending the FBOs opencial crisis of 2008, activity bounced back prise maintenance operation at the site ing hours on Saturdays and Sundays to 6 a.m. to 10 p.m. (from 9 a.m. to 7 p.m.). to grow by 3 percent in 2010. The first and add another pair of hangars. The refurbished facility now fea- Ramp staff continue to be available quarter of 2011 saw growth increasing to almost 5 percent compared with the same tures two passenger lounges and a pilot around the clock. In 2010, DFS handled 5,186 movelounge, as well as a separate relaxation period last year. According to Le Bourget manag- room for crew and two bedrooms with ments, representing a modest recovery on ing director Michel de Ronne, traffic en-suite bathrooms, plus a snooze-room. the recent low point of 5,017 movements in at what remains Europe’s busiest busi- The facility also offers a wireless Internet 2009 (a drop of more than 2,300 from 7,392 ness aviation gateway, hit a low point in connection, satellite TV, catering, park- in 2008). The first quarter of 2011 (typically 2009 when movements fell 11 percent on ing, meeting rooms and a complete con- a quiet period) saw 1,384 movements. DFS the previous year to 57,900. In the boom cierge service. Adjoining the building are managing director Bernard d’Yvoire said year of 2007, the total had been as high a 172,200-sq-ft hangar and 193,750 sq ft this by no means indicates that the busiof ramp space. AAS averages 25 to 30 ness aviation downturn is over, but it does as 66,800 movements. Le Bourget’s renewal and expansion movements daily, up from just six before appear to be a promising improvement, especially given the increased prevalence of project (due to run through 2023) is an Jet Services acquired it. Several other FBO developments are larger jets in the movement mix. integral part of the French government’s Dubai-based JetEx Flight Support is major strategic long-term urban develop- already under way at Le Bourget. Unijet, ment plan for the greater Paris area. Deci- based in Le Bourget for 40 years, plans the first Middle East executive air charsions taken in consultation with elected to inaugurate its new FBO early next ter company to establish permanent local authorities include the long awaited year. The eco-friendly terminal and FBO operations in Europe with its FBO at Le will adjoin Unijet’s Bourget. The terminal is close to the air44,789-sq-ft half of port’s main entrance. The layout of the the “K1” Jacque- facility’s four separate large VIP lounges line Auriol hangar. enables privacy for different groups and According to com- within groups where this is appropriate pany owner Dannys according to Middle East cultural pracFamin, the economy, tices. The facilities include a prayer area, which since 2007 conference rooms, Internet access, showhas led to a 28-per- ers and crew rest rooms. The site provides cent decrease in Uni- parking space for up to 30 aircraft and is jet flights–mostly in claimed to be the only FBO at Le Bourget the charter and air able to accommodate the Airbus A380. Dubai-based JetEx Flight Services About 30 percent of JetEx’s client base ambulance sectors– boasts four separate VIP lounges is making a grad- at Le Bourget is from the Middle East, 40 to accommodate different groups. ual recovery with a percent from Europe and 10 percent from

36  Paris Air Show News • June 22, 2011 • www.ainonline.com

North America, with the remaining 20 percent from other areas. According to JetEx, traffic is now recovering, with an average of 25 movements daily in January and February representing about 20 percent of the airport’s total traffic for those periods. About half of the movements at JetEx involve NetJets flights following an agreement concluded a year ago with the fractional ownership provider. Apart from minor changes, Universal Aviation France has no immediate plans for further updating its FBO, which was recently refurbished. According to managing director Sandrine Jackson, activity is now recovering slowly from the crisis. The company has a new agreement with Jet Aviation to establish a line maintenance and AOG support operation at the airport and is employing Jet Aviation personnel for the task. Signature Flight Support continues to reinvest in its facility with new ground equipment, including de-icing units, capable of servicing all types of aircraft. Signature’s regional vice president for Europe and the Middle East Steve Gulvin told AIN its facilities are very modern and have seen significant investment over the past few years. “We will continue to invest where appropriate and are looking at extending our current ramp footprint in 2011,” he said. Last year, Signature introduced a Flight Support Service, which coordinates handling, fuel and third-party requests at all business and general aviation airports within France. All requests are coordinated via its operations at Le Bourget. All of Signature’s Le Bourget employees, including management, recently underwent the company’s “Service with a Leading Edge” program, which the company has organized in partnership with the Ritz Carlton. The FBO has also put in a dedicated kids area for younger customers. Also part of the FBO pack at Le Bourget is Escadrille Mercure. This is a sister company to executive charter operator Aero Jets Darta. Finally, at the reserved zone in the northeast of the airport, U.S.-based X Jet is establishing what it says will be an exclusive VVIP “Members Only” club and hangar for a number of select aircraft owners, mirroring its venture in Denver, Colorado. The project is due for completion at the end of 2012. o


Four Engines Are Better Than Two The Colomban Cri-Cri used to be the world’s smallest twin-engine airplane. Now it is the one of the world’s smallest four-engine airplanes and the smallest four-engine electrically powered airplane. Designed in the 1970s, the diminutive airplane reportedly has exceptional aerobatic performance. The e-version made its official maiden flight here at Le Bourget last year. Now, where did I put my multi-engine rating?

Korean Air signs for CSeries as P&W flies by Ian Sheppard

and a self-protection suite would be included. Avishai Izhakian, IAI Elta business development manager, described the new radar as a fourth-generation followon to the Conformal AEW system on the Gulfstream G550 for

the Israeli air force. It features a compact, tiled, one-piece array for the radar and a separate array for the IFF (identification, friend or foe) system, spinning together within the rotodome at nearly twice the speed of previous similar systems, such as the APY-9 on

MARK WAGNER

gave the Safran-General Electric partnership a $60 million contract for the same engine type for three A319s. Pratt & Whitney also got a significant share of powerplant business generated by the A320neo with CIT selecting the new PW1100G turbofan for its aircraft. The undisclosed “major network carrier” that on Monday placed an order for 10 of Bombardier’s new CSeries airliner yesterday selected the PW1500G to power them. Finally, Air Austral signed a $240 million contract for GP7200 engines. These are for the two A380 widebodies that it has on order.  o

Korean Air has signed a letter of intent for 30 Bombardier CS300s, becoming the Asian launch customer for the CSeries and helping to dispel nervousness that runaway Airbus A320neo sales could consign the new 130seat airliner to the history books. Announcing the deal at Bombardier’s impressive CSeries pavilion/auditorium at the show yesterday, Gary Scott, Bombardier Commercial Aircraft president, also revealed that on Monday Pratt & Whitney carried out the first test flight of the PW1500G geared-turbofan engine for the aircraft. Bombardier also projected an animated film onto the side of the cabin mockup, which proclaimed a 12-percent cost advantage for the CSeries over “re-engined aircraft,” a clear swipe at the A320neo. The Korean flagcarrier intends to place a firm order for 10 aircraft and secure options for a further 10 (sealing delivery positions), plus purchase rights for another 10. Walter Cho, Korean Air senior v-p, was bullish about the prospects of

uContinued from page 1 covering six A321neos, valued at around $635 million. Boeing landed its own crop of new business totaling some $7.1 billion. This was headed by a deal with leasing group GE Capital Aviation Services for a pair of the new 747-8 Freighters and eight 777-300ERs. Russia’s Aeroflot placed an order for eight 777-300ERs worth some $2.2 billion. Norwegian Air Shuttle announced orders for 15 737-800s costing $1.2 billion, and Malaysian Airlines pitched in just over another $800 million with a deal for 10 of the same type. Bombardier got yet more very welcome validation for its CSeries program, with letter of intent being signed with Korean Air for 10 options and 10 purchase rights for the CS300 model. If the deal is fully consummated its value could rise to just above $1.5 billion. The Canadian airframer’s business aircraft division also got lucky. Europe-based operator VistaJet–arguably the best customer in its history with an estimated $2 billion backlog– signed a deal for 10 Global 8000 jets valued at $650 million. Commercial support for the Russian Superjet grew with Indonesian carrier PT Sky Aviation signing a “heads of agreement” for a dozen of the SSJ100-95s. This pending deal is valued at just over $379 million and deliveries are due to begin next year. But the jet makers didn’t have the show all too themselves yesterday. ATR is already having its best ever Paris salon and by the end of the week expects to have logged 78 firm orders here, plus 32 options. On Tuesday it was the turn of Brazil’s Azul Linhas

Aereas to order 10 of the latest ATR72-600 model valued at approximately $224 million. Rotary-winged business is picking up too. Sikorsky landed an order from China Southern Airlines subsidiary Zhuhai Helicopter Branch, which is to buy a pair of S-92s and an S-76C++ rotorcraft. In the engine stakes, CFM International was once again a big winner. Leasing group ILFC placed a $950 million order for Leap engines to power its already-selected A320neos. Saudi Arabia’s National Air Services spent $620 million on CFM56-5B turbofans to power the 20 current-production A320s it is to receive. And Tibet Airlines

Airbus teams with IAI uContinued from page 1 (TOS) at 200 nm from base. Inflight refueling would extend the TOS. Network-centric datalinks

MARK WAGNER

Big jet deals dispel doubts

Airbus is tapping Israeli expertise in airborne early warning technology to develop its C295 aircraft for this role. Here at the table Airbus Military CEO Domingo Urena-Raso, left, and Nassim Hadas, right, president of IAI’s Elta Systems, seal the deal.

firming up the order, while Scott added, “We’ve essentially agreed to everything. It’s just subject to some approvals.” The first aircraft will be due for delivery in the second quarter of 2015, and Cho said that the airline would also firm up the options and purchase rights “very soon”

In demand–the Bombardier CSeries.

after the order was finalized. He said that the aircraft will have eight business-class seats, the rest being economy seating. “The CSeries is expected to complement our widebody fleet and we will be embarking on a route expansion program,” Cho explained. The carrier has evidently already identified 40 potential destinations for the aircraft, which has a 2,950-nm range with 130 passengers.  o the E-2D Hawkeye. The radar’s weight and power consumption are much reduced, according to Izhakian. The design enables radar tracks to be initiated “within seconds” and held despite any banking or pitching of the AEW platform, Izhakian continued. Detection ranges will be “very similar to today’s high-end systems,” he added. Full 360-degree coverage is available in the rotating mode, while the stationary sector mode offers 120-degree ground-stabilized coverage at extended ranges. As an option, the C295 AEW could also be fitted with Elta’s EL-2022 multimode radar under the forward fuselage. This provides ground moving target indication and synthetic aperture radar (SAR) modes, including inverse and classification SAR for maritime surveillance. The aircraft’s sensor data can be viewed at six onboard workstations plus an airborne command post. The Airbus Military fully integrated tactical system (FITS) that is already developed and operating on maritime surveillance C295s, will be adapted to the AEW mission.  o

www.ainonline.com www.ainonline.com • April • June 2011 22, • Aviation 2011 • Paris International Air Show News  37 00


Boeing says 787 widebody is everything customers dreamt of and ready for EIS by Gregory Polek With some 30 airplanes in various stages of completion parked outside the 787 production line in Everett, Washington, Boeing’s goal to deliver at least a dozen of the carbon-fiber jetliners after it gains expected certification this year might seem as remote as its aim to meet each of its customers’ mission requirements. But not only does Boeing think it can deliver between 12 and 20 of the revolutionary airplanes by year-end, 787 program head Scott Fancher told reporters during a pre-Paris media briefing that the mostly composite jetliner will execute every mission its operators call on it to perform. “As of today there are no

customer missions that we cannot make,” he said. “And we work very closely with our customers to understand what that means. We’ve got block points that are going in at multiple locations to take weight out of the airplanes. We’ve got a series of engine improvements that both Rolls-Royce and GE are planning on. Over the next couple of years the combination of those two things will further improve the efficiencies of the airplane.” Meanwhile, Boeing is counting on a deal to lease a hangar from Aviation Technical Services on the south end of Everett’s Paine Field to alleviate much of the pressure on delivery

Marshall is ready to fill UK maritime patrol need Marshall Aerospace (Hall cost-cutting defense review 2 E158) is bidding to fill the scrapped a fleet of nine soon-toUK’s maritime surveillance enter-service BAE Systems Nimgap by some of the rod MRA.4 aircraft. Observers FILE:modifying PARIS 2011 ILLUSTRATOR STUFF/147-MARSHALLS.EPS Royal Air Force’s Lockheed have since questioned official Martin C-130Js. Last year, a assurances that AgustaWestland ESM

EXTERNAL LONG RANGE TANKS

OBSERVATION AREA

SONAR BUOY STORAGE RACK

ESM ASRA (AIR SEA RESCUE APPARATUS)

MISSION EQUIPMENT RACK A/C INTERFACE PANEL

MODIFIED RAMP

SONAR BUOY DEPLOYMENT TUBES

SEARCHWATER 2000AEW RADAR (DEPLOYED POSITION)

FIVE TACTICAL WORK STATIONS EO TURRET

ESM

38  Paris Air Show News • June 22, 2011 • www.ainonline.com

schedules. The hangar, which can hold up to five 787s, houses a dedicated staff and will serve as something akin to an extra assembly line to complete the airplanes still in need of varying degrees of out-of-sequence work. In early June Boeing had already begun what Fancher called pre-work inside the Everett factory on a pair of Royal Air Maroc 787s, the first two airplanes scheduled to undergo the process at ATS. “When each airplane was built, there were a series of design changes still flowing through the system…or qualitydriven changes,” said Fancher. “So not all of those changes were Merlin helicopters and unmodified C-130Js could adequately substitute in long-range antisubmarine, anti-ship and searchand-rescue roles for the UK. The “quick change” conversion would use some of the equipment that was developed and delivered for the Nimrod MRA.4. The Thales Searchwater radar would be installed on the C-130J’s lower rear ramp door, and be lowered in flight from a stowed position. Sonobuoys would be deployed through chutes on the same doors, taken from a storage rack nearby. An electro-optic turret would be added beneath the nose, presumably for the MRA.4’s Northrop Grumman Night Hunter II EO/IR system. ESM antennas would be fitted to the wingtips, forward and rear fuselage. Five tactical workstations would be installed in the fuselage, compared with seven in the MRA.4. –C.P.

incorporated into every airplane that was built [and now] we have to bring all those airplanes up to that delivery standard.” Those changes fall into two categories, he explained. “One of those categories involves things a little more structural in nature. Many of you are aware that we had a quality issue with the horizontal stabilizers. Even though Alenia is delivering on schedule with the required quality, we still had to rework a number of airplanes that were already delivered. So that’s a good example of the pre-work that we’ll do before it goes into this ATS facility at the south end of Paine Field.” Boeing plans to reach a monthly build rate of 10 airplanes by the end of 2013–seven in Everett and three at the company’s new plant in Charleston, South Carolina. To reach that rate on the schedule it has set, Boeing will need to stabilize the airplane’s configuration and, in so doing, achieve a repetitive build, increase productivity and quality and cut flow times. By Fancher’s estimation, the company has already made “good progress” in terms of its production system. “As we complete the test and certification program, we’ve seen…design changes heal over quickly,” he said. “In fact, there are relatively few if any design changes at the front end of the pipeline.” Fancher described the design changes in question as isolated in nature, a point he called “really important to us” because a lack of systemic or interrelated

changes means further stability, quality and flow. Much of the out-of-sequence work left to do involves the mid-body sections that come from the former Global Aeronautica operation in North Charleston. “I’m not going to get into that kind of detail, but I’ll tell you that the center body of the airplane is structurally the most complicated part of the airplane,” said Fancher. “It is very typical, from a change perspective, that it is the last part of the airplane to settle down.” Meanwhile, wing trailing edges supplied by Boeing Australia were conspicuously missing from airplanes Number 38 through 41 as they traveled down the line in Everett. “We’ve had some delivery issues with trailing edges on the wing,” Fancher confirmed. “We’ve got a recovery plan for those trailing edges, and actually none of those deliveries are pacing airplane deliveries at this point.” Now some three years behind schedule, the 787 can ill afford any further threats to the socalled pacing of deliveries–or certification. Hoping to deliver 20 airplanes this year, Boeing still needs to fly its 787s some 300 hours to complete function and reliability testing and ETOPS approvals. At the time of the press tour, Boeing had produced all but about 150 of the 4,200 so-called certification products required by the regulatory authorities, and needed to send only some 35 more to the FAA. o

Unmanned Schiebel Camcopter is flying solo again in Paris Austria’s Schiebel (Hall 4 A40) is flying its Camcopter S-100 drone in the daily flying display here in Paris. Imagery from its onboard camera is being transmitted live to the airshow’s TV The Schiebel Camcopter S-100 drone is flying in station. the aerial display. In 2009, it became the first UAV In 2009 the Camcop- to fly at the Paris Air Show. ter became the first UAV “The Schiebel S-100 was (unmanned aerial vehicle) to fly at the biennial Paris event. developed entirely in compliIt has also flown at IDEX in ance with manned aviation stanAbu Dhabi and during the G-20 dards and requirements [and] the Summit in Seoul, South Korea, drone meets all preconditions for where it also assisted with secu- its participation in the Paris Air Show,” the company stated. rity surveillance. The Camcopter has a threeThe company said that stringent safety standards have been meter wingspan, maximum applied with Schiebel having to takeoff weight of 200 kilograms obtain an EASA flight permit (440 pounds) and an endurance of more than six hours. –I.S. for the aircraft.

MARK WAGNER

DAVID McINTOSH

The first Boeing 787 arrived here late yesterday afternoon, just as the throngs of showgoers filed out of Le Bourget for the day. Boeing plans to keep Dreamliner ZA001 on the display line for the next two days.

ESM


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Paris Airshow News 6-22-11