14 Themerson et al, The Films of Stefan and Franciszka Themerson, 13. Transcription from original letter in Polish appears on page 52. 15 Jacques Derrida, Archive Fever: A Freudian Impression, trans. Eric Prenowitz (Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, 1993), 4. 16 Themerson et al, The Films of Stefan and Franciszka Themerson, 9. Transcription from original letter in Polish can be found on page 48. 17 Michel Foucault, The Archeology of Knowledge (London: Routledge Classics, 2005), 139. See also, Claire Gilman, “Asgar Jorn’s Avant-Garde Archives,” in Guy Debord and the Situationist International: Texts and Documents, ed. Tom McDonough (Cambridge: MIT Press, 2001), 202-203. 18 Walter Benjamin, “Theses on the Philosophy of History,” in Illuminations, trans. Harry Zohn (New York: Schocken, 1968), 255. 19 Walter Benjamin, Sixth Thesis on the Philosophy of History. Cited in Michael P. Steinberg, Walter Benjamin and the Demands of History (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996), 1. Here Benjamin refers to ideas of Leopold von Ranke (1795-1886) who is known to be the father of modern historical scholarship. For Ranke’s ideas see, for example, “The Ideal of Universal History: Ranke,” in Fritz Stern, ed., The Varieties of History: From Voltaire to the Present (New York: Vintage Books, 1973), 54-62. 20 Hal Foster, “An Archival Impulse,” October 111 (2004): 3–22; 3–6, 21–22. 21 Daniel Birnbaum, “Stick-up Artist: the Art of Pierre Huyghe,” Artforum International 39, no. 3 (November 2000), 130-33. 22 Joan Gibbons, Contemporary Art and Memory (London: I. B. Tauris, 2008), 108. 23 Daniel Protopopoff, “The remake effaces its age,” CinemAction, 53 (1989), 13. 24 For Themerson’s descriptions of this device see the 1957 letter to Ernest Lindgren and the 1963 letter to Bruno Alfieri. Quoted in Themerson et al, The Films of Franciszka and Stefan Themerson, 14-17; 21-22. 25 In 1973 Stefan Themerson reconstructed the screenplay for Europa, and in a 1988 letter, to Piotr Zarębski, he provided an outline of the structure of the film along with commentaries. For the 1973 screenplay, see Themerson et al, The Films of Franciszka and Stefan Themerson, 27-29; for the 1988 letter, see ibid, 34-36. 26 The location of the original scenario is unknown. 27 Gerard Berréby, Documents relatifs à la fondation de l’Internationale Situationniste (Paris: Allia, 1985), 113-123.