The Barge June 2012 – A.S. XLVII In this issue...
Curia Baronis�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������2 A Letter from their Excellencies Three Rivers�������������������������������������4 A Letter from the Chronicler of Three Rivers�������������������������������������5 Herbalism�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������6 Herbalism�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������7 Baronial Calendar: June 2012����������������������������������������������������������������8 Baronial Calendar: July 2012�����������������������������������������������������������������9 Herbalism�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������10 Arts and Sciences Calender�����������������������������������������������������������������11 Arts and Sciences Calender�����������������������������������������������������������������12 Weekly Activities�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������13 Weekly Activities�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������14 Weekly Activities�����������������������������������������������������������������������������������15 Event Distance Chart����������������������������������������������������������������������������16
Julian Ó Néill The Newsletter of the Barony of Three Rivers
Baron and Baroness
Baron Josef von Rothenburg Baroness Slaine ni Chiarain David Haselbauer and Mary Haselbauer
firstname.lastname@example.org / email@example.com
Aldred Lyccidfelth Paul Bender
*** OPEN ***
Annora Reyner Ariel Tuley
Minister of Arts & Sciences
Minister of Youth
Judith of Three Rivers
*** OPEN ***
Gwendolyn Verch Morgaine
Lucia Octavio da Siena
Gwendolyn Sweezey firstname.lastname@example.org
Eowyth þa Siðend
Julian Ó Néill
Duncan Fearmac MacLeod
Aleksei Rusinovich Kent Jordan
Archer Marshal Eirik Thorkelsson Patrick Danzer
This is the June 2012 issue of the The Barge, a publication of the Barony of Three Rivers of the Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc. (SCA, Inc.). The Barge is available from Michael Kennedy (Julian Ó Néill) at chronicler@threeriver. org or at 135 Venice Circle, Saint Charles, Missouri, 63304. It is not a corporate publication of SCA, Inc., and does not delineate SCA, Inc. policies. Copyright © 2012 Society for Creative Anachronism, Inc. For information on reprinting photographs, articles, or artwork from this publication, please contact the Chronicler, who will assist you in contacting the original creator of the piece. Please respect the legal rights of our contributors. Administrivia: This publication was made with Adobe InDesign CS 5.5 using Minion Pro, Old English Text MT, Trajan Pro, Lucidia Bright, and Black Chancery fonts. The front cover graphic is © 2008 Michael Kennedy (Julian Ó Néill). All rights reserved and used with permission. Our feature story, “Herbalism” is © 2012 Christine McCormick (Aemiliana Villiani). All rights reserved and used with permission.
A Letter from their Excellencies Three Rivers Unto the People of Three Rivers, from Josef and Slaine, Baron and Baroness, Greetings! With June comes the War of the Lilies, and one of the highlights for this event for Us every year is the party thrown by Our Barony on Friday evening coinciding with the fireworks. This party is the result of many hands and many hours of work, and highlights the generosity of the members of this group. From those who make and donate food and drinks, to those who cook/prepare and serve it, and those who provide the infrastructure so that it can be done so easily, we have consistently been in awe of the wonderful job you have done. This generosity was shown again recently, with those who came to the aid of Geoffrey and Maddie in their time of need. It reminds Us that no matter how far away you go, members of the populace are still family. Also in the spirit of generosity, Lady Gwen is again organizing the construction of a boat for the Wings of Hope, “Hope Floats” regatta. Last year, with the sweat and materials from many people, the Barony built a Viking longship which amazed all who saw it and raised over $4,000 for this charity (much of it from Baronial members). We look forward to seeing the Spanish Galleon now under construction, and know that it will be there by the generosity of this wonderful Barony. With the many examples of Our people’s generosity with their time, talent, and treasure, please help Us by letting Us know who has donated thusly to making Our Barony do so well.
Josef and Slaine Baron and Baroness Three Rivers 4
A Letter from the Chronicler of Three Rivers
Greetings unto the populace of Three Rivers,
The month of June brings us the War of the Lilies. Per tradition, the Barony will be hosting the traditional Fireworks party on Friday, June 15th. The event traditionally starts at sundown. Volunteers are still needed for the party. Check with Angela for further information. The month of July brings us several classic Calontir events. The Barony of Three Rivers Birthday Bash will be held on the first full weekend of July. Check with the Birthday Bash event stewards for volunteer opportunties. The second full weekend of July brings us Coronation near Omaha, NE. The July Coronation will be unique in that it features both incoming and outgoing royalty from Barony of Three Rivers. Raid or Trade will be held in Boone, IA on the third weekend of July. Finally, the last weekend of July hosts the beginning of Pennsic War and the Wings of Hope Boat Race. Volunteers and donations are still needed for the Wings of Hope Boat Race project. Check with Fernando or Gwendolyn for details on this large scale charity project. If you have any questions, concerns, or articles for The Barge, please contact me at email@example.com. I will follow up as soon as possible. Thank you for supporting The Barge. In service,
Julian Ă“ NĂŠill 5
Herbalism Ly. Aemiliana Villiani, OT, LM, AoA
Of course, the first garden was the Garden of Eden. Gardening was the first and oldest profession. People have been smitten ever since. One of the seven wonders of the ancient world were the hanging gardens of Babylon. My personal theory is that those hanging gardens were terraced and huge window boxes. In the middle ages, gardens supported the castles and nobility, the cloistered religious and everyone in between. They not only fed them, but provided aid for physical and mental health as well. Beauty and utility had common purpose. Urban centers always had people depend on potted plants and containers for the common herbs and fresh greens. Gardens were also mentioned by St. Antony the Hermit in the 4th century and then again by St. Benedict in the 6th when he made his monastic rule. Knowledge of period gardening despite these two sources was scarce until the 9th century. In the 9th century, Charlemagne issued a decree in 812 c.e. that includes a list of eighty nine plants that he wanted grown in his imperial gardens. (Bayard, 7) Examples includes radishes, carrots, lettuce, and cucumbers as well as orach, madder, costmary and lovage.The second document (c. 816-20) are surviving plans of the Benedictine monastary gardens at the Abbey of St. Gall in Switzerland. St. Gall is still a living example of how a cloistered garden was arranged. Included in the plans were vegetable gardens, flower beds in the cloister garth, and the infirmary garden. No space was wasted because the cemetary was used as a fruit and nut orchard. Larger fields of cereals, root crops, vineyards and orchards were outside of the monastary walls and not included in the plan. St. Gall was representative of the gardens portrayed in art and literature throughout the middle ages. The third source is from the journal of a 9th century monk called Walahfrid of Strabo, abbot of Reichenau. It is from his poem, Hortuculus that he is best known today. Typical features of period gardens were raised rectangular beds, and included walls, fences, trellises, and hedge. Plants such as boxwood and thyme made trimmed living benches to sit on and fragant places to drape laundry for drying. Other embellishments included arbors, trained trees, fountains, and statuary, both classical and of saints. Usual plans were geometric and rectangular to best utilize, (Baynard, 10) By the 13th century, ornamental gardening was well advanced and in 1260, Albertus Magnus 6
(teacher of Thomas Aquinas), the Dominican scholar, wrote On Vegetables and Plants. In this treatise, he writes on how to keep a good lawn â€œwhere grass will cover the surface like a green cloth.â€? Around this lawn are to be planted rue, sage and basil as well as flowers such as violet, columbine, lily, iris, and roses. Sweet trees and perfumed flowers were favored also like grapevine, apples, pears, pomengranites, sweet bay trees, and cypresses. Period growing techniques included growing young plants in nurseries, grafting, cultivating rare and unusual plants brought home by Cathay merchants and trips to crusades, and gardeners exchanged plants, seeds, and cuttings. All of the garden tools remain the same as today with the obvious exception of power tools. There are even pictures of lawn mowers that are much like to modern powerless push mowers. As gardening was both popular and practica, there were instruction books as well. One of the most popular was written in 1300 Bologna by a lawyer named Petrus de Crescentiss. His treatise was Opus Ruralium Commodurum (The Advantages of Country Living) and was a working manual on botony, animal husbandry, beekeeping, and many other aspects of farming and gardening. Herbs and flowers were also important as they were used in dyes, medicines, cosmetics, perfumes and insecticides. Famous treatises include works by Hildegard Von Bingen, Tacuinum Sanitatus, Walahfrid of Strabo, and Goodman of Paris. Rennaissance resources included Culpeper, Da Vinci, and the physician, Nostradamous. In my next article, I will specifically discuss how to plant container gardens and medical and cosmetic use of herbs and flowers, as well as explain how the Greek philosophy of humors affected medicine, psychology and how plants were used to heal. So what if I wish to start my gardens now Aemiliana? At the end of this article is an extensive annotated bibliography that will be useful in putting together your personal garden of eden. Bon chance and happy digging and planting.
Baronial Calendar: June 2012 Monday
Tuesday Wednesday Thursday
• Officer’s Meeting (7p)
• Lilies War: • Lilies War: Shattered Crystal Fluers vs. Oak Ball Leaves Battle • Officer’s Meeting (7p) (tentative)
• Gryphon’s Mark Project Night
• Weekly Meeting (6p)
• Lilies War: Rorys • Lilies War: Court v. Duncans Battle and Lilies Ball
• Weekly Meeting (6p) • Bardic Circle (7p)
• Weekly Meeting (6p) • Historical Garb of India (7p)
• Lilies War Begins (Paradise, MO / 242 mi)
• Lilies War: Three Rivers Party and Fireworks
• Lilies War: First Court and Taste of Calontir
• Lilies War: Battle of the Evil Barons Battle
• Lilies War: Final Court • Lilies War Ends
• Known World Dance and Music Symposium (Columbus, OH / 418 mi) • Known World Heraldic and Scribal Symposium (Warwick, RI / 1,146 mi) • Pre-Norman Invasion and Pennsic War Practice (Columbia, MO / 124 mi)
Arts and Sciences and reoccurring event information can be found in the back of The Barge.
Baronial Calendar: July 2012 Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday
• Officer’s Meeting (7p)
• Independence Day
• Weekly Meeting (6p)
• LOCAL: Birthday Bash (Creve Coeur, MO)
• Un-slung Heroes (Oak Grove, MO / 229 mi)
• Officer’s Meeting (7p)
• Gryphon’s Mark Meeting
• G.M. Project Night
• Weekly Meeting (6p) • Site Dinner (7p)
• Weekly Meeting (6p) • Six Board Chest Class Part I (7p) • Weekly Meeting (6p) • Six Board Chest Class Part II (7p)
• Pennsic War Begins (Slippery Rock, PA / 621 mi)
• Coronation (Elkhorn, NE / 458 mi) • Raid or Trade (Boone, IA / 391 mi)
• LOCAL: Wings of Hope Boat Race (Saint Louis, MO) • Feast of Eagles (Overland Park, KS / 261 mi)
Is your activity not listed here? Contact the Chronicler at firstname.lastname@example.org to add your event today!
• Baynard, Tania - Sweet Herbs and Sundry Flowers - New York, NY: Boston: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1985 Describes gardening practices of the middle ages with excellent documentation. Gives extensive lists of period herbs and flowers documented in period to use in a N. American garden and also discusses the philosophy of gardening through the ages. • Lewis, Eleanor - Better Homes and Gardens, Container Gardens - Des Moines, IA: Meredith Corporation, 2001 Gives Practical advice and planting suggestions to get started. Lots of pictures so you can visualize end product. • Frederick, Carter - Better Homes and Gardens Complete Guide to Container Gardening - Des Moines, IA: Meredith Corporation, 2010 More extensive that Lewis’ book and goes into more detail for shade, vegetables, and seasons. • Clark, Graham - Success with Shade Loving Plants - Lewes, East Sussex: Guild of Master Craftsman, 2007 Excellent guide to shady plants and planting layouts as well as basic gardening techniques. Gives a glossary of plants and where they originate which is helpful to help figure out if it was a plant they may have had access to in period. • Caplan, Adam and James - Urban Eden - Kyle Cathie, 2004 Describes how to use container gardening in really tight spaces such as window sills and balconies. A good resource for apartment dwellers and those who can’t or don’t want to dedicate to traditional gardening. • Culpepper, Nicolaus - Culpepar’s Color Herbal - New York, NY: Sterling Publishing Co, Inc., 1983 A modern rendition of the classic. Lists of herbs and plants alphabetically, describes their humors, ruling plants (Old Farmers Almanac still does this too btw) traditional uses and modern uses. Also has color illustrations of the plant. • Garzoni, Giovanna - Florentines: A Tuscan Feast 1600-1670 - Great Britain: Pavillion Books, Ltd., 1992 Mostly a cookbook of late period Italian food but has period still lifes and excerpts from contemporaries about festivals and food philosophy. Also has a period recipe for Leek and potato soup and a commentary how it was thought to be poison for almost 50 years. Also has my strawberry sauce receipt in it. • Johnson, Dean & Cramer, James - Window Boxes Indoors and out 100 projects and planting ideas for all 4 seasons - Storey Publishing, 2004 Good suggestions for scented window boxes, vegetables, and herbs as well as all 4 seasons. • Smith, Charles - The Beginner’s Guide to Edible Herbs: 26 Herbs Everyone should Grow and Enjoy - Storey Publishing, 2010 Good basic guide to herbalism and growing seasons and zones and also has a nice selection of receipts and ideas for the herbs as well. • Zyvatakakas, Betty and Sonia - Eating Shakespeare: Recipes and More from the Bard’s Kitchen Toronto, ON: Prentice Hall Canada, 2000 Although again a cookbook, and an Elizabethan one at that, it has a variety of vegetables that would have been period such as lima beans, pumpkins, sweet potatoes, and Jerusalem artichokes (Canadian pototoes) and Virginia pototoes(white) as well as a wide variety of herbs used too. I particularly enjoyed the excerpts from Shakespeare’s plays using food as insults and innuendo.
Arts and Sciences Calender
Unfinished Object Night
7:30 PM: Shattered Crystal Ball at Lilies War
Baronial Meeting Site: Room 8 Tables and chairs will be set up in Room 8 for working on projects. Consider this an opportunity to devote time to a last-minute project before Lilies! Also, our chatelaine Ariadne will be holding a beginner’s camping essentials class. Some brave newcomers decided just last week to go to Lilies, and they need advice. Experienced campers are encouraged to join the discussion.
Lilies War Permanent Shelter The annual Shattered Crystal Ball and Dance Social is an evening of European style dancing. It is held at the permanent shelter starting at around 7:30 PM.
After Evening Court: Lilies War Ball Lilies War Battlefield (tentative) The theme of this year’s Lilies Ball is “Bring a Lover, Flirt with Another.” The ball will begin after court.
June 8th through June 17th
Lilies War Arts and Sciences Classes Various A&S tents around the Lilies War site The War of the Lilies provides many opportunities to take Arts and Sciences RUSH courses. Check with the RUSH Tent for more information and schedules.
Gather to tell war stories (old and new) and sing. Beginning as soon as people feel like it, outside if the weather is pleasant and inside if it isn’t.
Arts and Sciences Calender
July 19th and July 26th
7:00 PM: Historical Garb of India: What Not to Wear by Sisuile Butler
7:00 PM: Six-Board Chest Class
Sisuile Butler A historical overview of how men and women wore sari, with documentation. Excellent information if you would like to wear these warm-weather clothes.
Dammo Utwiler In this two-week series, you will make a small six-board chest. Materials fee: $5 Class limit: 6
Please contact the A&S Minister, Judith of Three Rivers, if you would like to teach a class this night.
No classes scheduled due to site dinner.
7:00 PM: Officers Meeting
6:30 PM: Gryphon’s Mark Activities Night
What: This is where the
What: Teaching, assisting,
and companionship for assorted projects. Call ahead to find out about the night’s activities. Where: Home of Wayne of the Heights, 17 Snow Hill Drive, St. Peters, MO Contact: Wayne of the Heights, 636-397-1323 or 314517-4516
business of running the barony is decided. Officers meeting is open to anyone who would like to attend. If you are thinking of running an event or submitting a bid, you are encouraged to talk to the officers or attend an officers meeting. Where: 310 Clark Avenue, Webster Groves, MO Contact: Josef and Slaine, 314-918-1062
6:30 PM: Archery Practice
6:30 PM: Gryphon’s Mark Contact Group Meeting
What: The weekly imformal
archery practice session. Loaner archery equipment and instruction is available. Where: Home of Dammo, 2319 Bristow Ave., Charlack, MO Contact: Cuilen Kirk, 314313-9624 or archery_marshal@ threeriver.org
What: General meeting for
the St. Charles contact group, Gryphon’s Mark. Where: Home of Wayne of the Heights, 17 Snow Hill Drive, St. Peters, MO Contact: Wayne of the Heights, 636-397-1323 or 314517-4516 13
First Thursday 7:00 PM: Site Dinner Fundraiser
6:00 PM: Weekly Populace Meeting, A&S Class, Fighter Practice
What: This is a dinner that
we hold on the first Thursday of every month at the weekly Baronial meeting. It raises money to help pay for our meeting site and has proven to be an anticipated social evening as well. Every month a different set of volunteers supplies a delicious home-cooked meal. We sell those meals for donations of $5 (or less as suits your budget. We’re flexible.) We’re also willing to just sell a dessert or a side dish if that’s all you want. Where: Baronial Meeting Site, in the Gymnasium and Kitchen Contact: Elynor and Isen
What: Business meeting for
the Baronial populace. All are welcome and the meeting is open to the public. A weekly A&S class is held in conjunction with the meeting. Contact the A&S minister for more information or to schedule a class. Fighter practice includes SCA combat practice and instruction. The fighter practice on the last Thursday of each month is oriented especially toward newcomers. Where: Olivette Community Center, 9723 Grandview Drive, Olivette, MO; SCA meets in Room 8 and the gym, in the northwest wing of the Community Center. Contact: Aldred Lyccidfelth, 314-324-1112 (meeting); Luckie of Falcon’s Keep (A&S class); Sir Duncan Fearmac MacLeod (fighter practice)
Second Thursday 7:00 PM: Middle Eastern Dance
Armoring with Grimwulf
What: This is an informal
What: Teaching and assisting
Middle Eastern (belly) dance teaching session for any skill level. No experience is necessary. Dances will be taught. Where: Baronial Meeting Site. Contact: Gwendolyn Verch Morgaine
for armoring and leatherwork, etc. Armoring is a dirty process, so donâ€™t wear your good clothes. Materials are relatively inexpensive, but not free. I ask only that you pay for what you consume. Tipping is appreciated. Where: 424 Hazelgreen Drive St. Louis, MO 63119 Contact: Grimwulf Harland, 314-359-7163; please email or call ahead.
Third Thursday 7:00 PM: European Dance What: This is an informal
European dance meet up. No experience is necessary and dances will be taught. Where: Baronial Meeting Site. Contact: Tzipporah Ebrea DaPessaro
Event Distance Chart Missouri
From Barony of Three Rivers (Saint Louis, MO) to: Iowa
Barony of Forgotten Sea Shires of Amlesmore College of Bellewode Shire of Calanais Nuadh Shire of Crystal Mynes Shire of Lost Forest Shire of Lost Moor Shire of Midgaards Crossing Shire of Oakheart Shire of Wyvern Cliffe
Kansas City Hallsville Kirksville Rolla Joplin Warrensburg Saint Joseph Eldridge Springfield Jefferson City
248 mi 130 mi 212 mi 107 mi 288 mi 217 mi 305 mi 170 mi 217 mi 133 mi
Shire-March of Grimfells
Barony of Coeur dâ€™Ennui Canton of Axed Root Shire of Deodar Shire of Flinthyll Shire of Heraldshill College of No Mountain Shire of Shadowdale
Des Moines Ames Cedar Rapids Burlington Mason City Grinnell Iowa City
348 mi 395 mi 284 mi 218 mi 421 mi 324 mi 262 mi
Wichita Parsons Lawrence Topeka Leavenworth Manhattan Hays
446 mi 334 mi 287 mi 311 mi 280 mi 367 mi 513 mi
Kansas Barony of Vatavia Shre of Bois Dâ€™Arc Shire of Carlsby Shire of Crescent Moon Shire of Dun Ard Shire of Spinning Winds Shire of Westumbria