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TRICOT FACTORY

Winterswijk, The Netherlands - 2008 | THE UNPROGRAMMED | THOM KUIPERS

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INTRODUCTION The textile-factory G.J. Wilmink Winterswijk, popularly called “the Tricotâ€?, was a collection of industrial buildings and structures which were found in the early 1890’s. The economical success of the textile-factory led to an increase of planning permissions early last century. When the buildings were abandoned in the 80’s and 90’s, the complex became a huge contrast to itself; to the glorious factory it once was. 6HYHUDOĂ€UHVRFFXUUHGDQGWKHFRPSOH[ZDVKHDYLO\GDPDJHG

Winterswijk, The Netherlands - 2008

TRICOT FACTORY - G. BELTMAN

After a detailed en carefully performed “save and demolishâ€? process, the two main historical buildings of the complex remained for re-use. After this process, a transformation became real for the complex. According to the local government the complex should provide a new function: residential. This transformation was designed by “de Architecten Cieâ€?. The complex transformed from a abandoned heavily damaged textile-factory into a living, unique residential complex with a rich textile history. The facade which shows the fragments can be read like a catalogue of architectural history. 7KH QHZ ORIWDSDUWPHQW SURĂ€WV IURP WKH RULJLQDO  PHWUH KHLJKW WKH bare supporting structures and cast-iron window frames. 7KHGZHOOLQJVĂ€WVHDPOHVVLQWRWKHH[LVWLQJIRUPDQGWKDQNVWRWKHLUDUrangement around a central core they take optimum advantage of the available expanses of the facade. Internal verandas on east and west side allow for heat regain and make an outdoor with respect for the monument. 7KHGHVLJQZDVUHZDUGHGZLWKWKHĂ€UVWSUL]H$UFKLWHFWXUH7URSK\ Achterhoek 2006 award.1 Picture by Thom Kuipers

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1 :RRQFRPSOH[7ULFRW:LQWHUVZLMNDFTXLUHGRQ-XQH http://www.cie.nl


5HVHDUFKGHĂ€QLWLRQ Every space that can be erased, without affecting the original program or function from functioning, is unprogrammed.

5HVHDUFKGHĂ€QLWLRQ Everything that reasonably could have been part of the program requirements, is programmed space. All the other surface is un-programmed.

TIMELINE Picture by www.kennisbankherbestemming.nu

1912

Finished building



%XLOGLQJDEDQGRQHGDQGSDUWO\GHVWURLHGE\Ă€UHV

2005

Commision modern residential complex

2008

Finished transformation building into modern residential complex

Building/refurbishment/demolishing User/function/equipped

Picture by Thom Kuipers

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ORIGINAL DRAWING - GROUND FLOOR

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ORIGINAL DRAWING - FIRST FLOOR

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ORIGINAL DRAWING - SEC-

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ORIGINAL DRAWING - THIRD FLOOR

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ORIGINAL DRAWING - SECTION A-A

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ORIGINAL DRAWING - SECTION B-B & C-C

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ANALYSIS The Tricot-factory mainly houses two functions. In fact it is only one function GZHOOLQJV DVWKHRWKHUIXQFWLRQLQWHQGHGIRUWKHJURXQGรRRUZDVQHYHUUHDOL]HG7KHEXLOGLQJFDQEHVSOLWLQWRWZRSDUWV7KHJURXQGรRRUZLWKWKHPDLQ KDOODQGDFFHVVWRWKHVWDLUVDQGHOHYDWRUVIRUWKHKDELWDQWVDQGWKHร€UVWVHFRQG DQG WKLUG รRRU ZKLFK FRQVLVW RI GZHOOLQJV DQG D VPDOO SHUFHQWDJH KDOO and stairs. The building was build in the time the textile-industry was rising in the east of the Netherlands, and was designed in a recognisable grid system for textile-factories by that time. , KDYH DQDO\VHG WKH EXLOGLQJ DFFRUGLQJ WR GHร€QLWLRQ WZR DQG WKUHH :KDW FDPHWROLJKWZDVWKHIDFWWKDWLQERWKGHร€QLWLRQVWKHHQWLUHJURXQGรRRUFDQ be seen as un-programmed. This space is enormous and yields lots of opportuQLWLHVEXWWKHUHLVQRVSHFLร€FSURJUDPPHGHYHORSHG7KDWPHDQVWKDWDOPRVW a third of the entire building is un-programmed. &RPSDULQJWKHรRRUVDERYHLWFDQEHVDLGWKDWWKHDUFKLWHFWRIWKHWUDQVIRUPDWLRQLQDOUHDG\GLGDร€OOLQH[HUFLVH$OPRVWHYHU\VSDFHKDVDVSHFLร€F SURJUDPDQGDFFRUGLQJWRWKHGHร€QLWLRQVVRPHVPDOOSDUWVFDQEHVHHQDV un-programmed, like the elevator and hallways. 7KH RQO\ GLIIHUHQFH EHWZHHQ WKH WZR GHร€QLWLRQV LV LQ WKH FRUH RI WKH EXLOGLQJ7KHFRUHKRXVHVWKHVWDLUVKDOOZD\VDQGHOHYDWRU7KHVHFRQGGHร€QLWLRQ provides an elevator as un-programmed, the other as programmed. Also the PDLQHQWUDQFHKDOOLVGLIIHUHQWO\DQDO\VHGDFFRUGLQJWRWKHGHร€QLWLRQV $QRWKHUVWULNLQJIDFWLVWKHKHLJKWRIWKHOHYHOVZLWKDKHLJKWRIPHWUHLWLV HQRUPRXVIRUGZHOOLQJVWDQGDUGV7KHRULJLQDOKLJKWZKLFKDOVRZDVPHWUH could not be expanded by the transformation process and therefore the arFKLWHFWNHSWWKHRULJLQDOรRRUV,WFRQWULEXWHVWRKLJKTXDOLW\DSSDUWPHQWVZLWK an overwhelming high ceiling.

FILL-IN EXERCISE ,QRUGHUWRUHVHDUFKWKHDGDSWDELOLW\RIWKHFKRVHQEXLOGLQJWZRร€OOLQH[HUFLVHVKDYHEHHQGHYHORSHG6LQFHWKHJURXQGรRRUSRVVHVVHVE\IDUWKHPRVW un-programmed space, I have chosen to focus on that particular level. Two QHZIXQFWLRQVKDYHEHHQGHYHORSHGRQWKHJURXQGรRRUDZHOOQHVVFHQWUH DQGDJ\P%HFDXVHWKHXSSHUรRRUVZHUHDOUHDG\ร€OOHGE\WKHQHZGHVLJQLQ ZLWKDSDUWPHQWVWKHSRVVLELOLW\WRFUHDWHGZHOOLQJVRQWKHJURXQGรRRU has not been researched. Gym. The gym has been designed from the inside out; the spaces that require a closed wall without daylight, like for instance the changing rooms, were sitXDWHGร€UVWDURXQGWKHFRUHRIWKHEXLOGLQJ7KHUHVWRIWKHVSDFHLVร€OOHGZLWK areas to train strength workouts, a group lesson room and a bar / reception. Wellness. The wellness mainly has the same starting perspective as the gym. It also has been designed starting around the core of the building, and using the โ€œblindโ€ walls to situate the saunas and changing rooms. Around the big pool, there is a great transparent faรงade which can be opened on the short side of the building. If the weather is good enough, visitors can enjoy the nice weather from the pool. As mentioned above, the saunas are close to the changing rooms and to the ice-pools. In the area around the bar and entrance, there are 2 whirlpools. Directly around the bar there are a few โ€œhangspotsโ€, to relax afterwards or wait for someone.

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GYM - GROUND FLOOR

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GYM - SECTION A-A

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GYM - SECTION B-B & C-C

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WELLNESS - GROUND FLOOR

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WELLNESS - SECTION A-A

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WELLNESS - SECTION B-B & C-C

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CONCLUSION

GROSS-NET RATIO

$IWHU WKH DQDO\VLV DQG ÀOOLQ H[HUFLVHV LW FDQ EH VDLG WKDW WKLV EXLOGLQJ KDV ORIGINAL LAYOUT: a high potential to give place to a lot of different functions in the un-pro- 7KH UDWLR RI XQSURJUDPPHG SURJUDPPHG DQG XQGHÀQHG DUH VKRZQ RQ the adjacent page. A few remarkable things came to light. First, the un-programmed space. JUDPPHGVSDFHLVDOPRVWRQHWKLUGRIDOOWKHà RRUDUHDRIWKHEXLOGLQJ,QWKLV $FFRUGLQJWRWKHUHVWRIWKHEXLOGLQJÀOOLQJXSKDVDOUHDG\EHHQGRQH7KH particularly case, it says that one third of the building is not in use. Besides top three levels are completely stuffed with apartments, which has been that, something that also can be seen as remarkable is the fact that in both GRQHYHU\FDUHIXOO\7KDWPDNHVWKDWRQO\WKHJURXQGà RRULVVXLWDEOHIRUWUDQV- GHÀQLWLRQVWKHXQGHÀQHGVSDFHLVQRWPRUHWKDQDIUDFWLRQRIWKHWRWDOà RRU formation and re-use by other functions. Also because of its high ceiling, the area, hardly noticeable. VWUXFWXUHGRHVQRWLPSHGHIRUDQHZÀOOLQ Another great advantage of this building is the fact that the facade is suitDEOHIRUDQHZÀOOLQZLWKRXWDQ\DGMXVWPHQWV:LWKLWVJUHDWJOD]LQJIDFDGH the building creates many opportunities for any function. Transparent parts can be blinded easily and, where needed, the great transparent facade does not impede for any local regulations.

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NEW LAYOUT: After applying the new layout to the building, the percentages raise to 85-95 SHUFHQW,WFDQEHVDLGWKDWWKHĂ€OOLQH[HUFLVHLVGRQHHIĂ€FLHQWO\DOPRVWHYHU\ XQSURJUDPPHG VSDFH RQ WKH JURXQG Ă RRU LV QRZ SURJUDPPHG 7KH Ă RRUspace has not been increased; it was not possible to create a new level within WKHPHWUHFHLOLQJKLJKW


DEFINITION 2, ORIGINAL

DEFINITION 2 GYM

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DEFINITION 2 WELLNESS Programmed space:

Programmed space:

87%

88%

$UHDPò

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Growth: 0%

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Programmed space:

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66%

91%

92%

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Thom Kuipers - Tricot Factory Winterswijk Unprogrammed