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Homelessness in Los Angeles County According to the Institute for the Study of Homelessness and Poverty at the Weingart Center, an estimated 254,000 men, women and children experience homelessness in Los Angeles County during some part of the year and approximately 82,000 people are homeless on any given night. Unaccompanied youth, especially in the Hollywood area, are estimated to make up from 4,800 to 10,000 of these. Although homeless people may be found throughout the county, the largest percentages are in South Los Angeles and Metro Los Angeles. Most are from the Los Angeles area and stay in or near the communities from which they came. About 14 to 18 percent of homeless adults in Los Angeles County are not U.S. citizens compared with 29% of adults overall. A high percentage - as high as 20 percent - are veterans. African Americans make up approximately half of the Los Angeles County homeless population - disproportionately high compared to the percentage of African Americans in the county overall (about 9 percent). Other Facts About the Homeless Population in Los Angeles: ● The average age is 40 - women tend to be younger. ● 33% to 50% are female. Men make up about 75% of the single population. ● About 42% to 77% do not receive public benefits to which they are entitled. ● 20% to 43% are in families, typically headed by a single mother. ● An estimated 20% are physically disabled. ● 41% of adults were employed within last year. ● 16% to 20% of adults are employed. ● About 25% are mentally ill. ● As children, 27% lived in foster care or group homes; 25% were physically or sexually abused ● 33%-66% of single individuals have substance abuse issues. ● 48% graduated from high school; 32% had a bachelor degree or higher (as compared to 45% and 25% for the population overall respectively).

Race

General Population

Homeless Population

Latino

47%

33%

White

30%

14%

African American

9%

50%

Asian/Pacific Islander

12%

2%

Other

2%

Less than 1%

● ● ●

Source: Institute for the Study of Homelessness & Poverty at the Weingart Center

http://www.lahsa.org/homelessness_data/results.asp Homelessness Data & Demographics: Selected Results


Listed below are selected results from the 2005 and 2007 Greater Los Angeles Homeless Counts. Please visit our Full Reports section for access to the complete results of these studies, including additional data on chronic homelessness, ethnicity, gender, age, veterans, mental illness, substance abuse, HIV/AIDS, survivors of domestic violence, and people with disabilities. Please contact us at 213.683.3333 if you have questions about how to interpret and cite these data.

City & County

2005

2007

2009

City of Los Angeles

48,103

40,144

24,915

Los Angeles Continuum of Care (includes all of LA County excluding the cities of Glendale, Long Beach & Pasadena

82,291

68,608

42,694

Los Angeles County (including all cities)

88,345

73,702

48,053

Service Planning Areas (SPAs)

2005

2007

2009

Antelope Valley (SPA 1)

3,544

1,815

2,419

San Fernando Valley (SPA 2)

11,275

6,411

3,312

San Gabriel Valley (SPA 3)

9,254

9,942

2,780

Metro Los Angeles (SPA 4)

20,023

22,030

11,093

West Los Angeles (SPA 5)

6,860

6,703

5,538

South Los Angeles (SPA 6)

16,787

11,670

8,514


East Los Angeles (SPA 7)

7,178

5,580

4,517

South Bay / Harbor (SPA 8)

7,369

4,457

3,954

2005

2007

2009

Homeless Individuals

61,015

50,677

37,809

Homeless Families

19,882

16,643

4,885

Unaccompanied Youth (persons less that 18 years old)

1,394

1,888

638

Selected Populations in Los Angeles continuum of Care

http://www.bringlahome.org/overview/definitions.htm

Results from the 2010 Santa Monica Homeless Count

In 2010 the City of Santa Monica opted to begin conducting a city-wide Homeless Count on an annual basis. This commitment goes above and beyond the federal and regional requirements to conduct bi-annual homeless counts. The community responded with equal enthusiasm and dedication, with over 160 community members turning out to walk and drive every street, park, alley and underpass to enumerate homeless individuals in the City over the course of one evening. Employing the improved methodology implemented in the 2009 Homeless Count, we are able to more accurately compare results to 2009 and provide the most complete count findings to date. The data will serve as a benchmark from which further reductions in homelessness will be tracked and the success of local efforts to reduce homelessness evaluated. Last year, the 2009 Count showed an overall reduction of 8% city-wide as compared to 2007. This year’s results are based on a one-year comparison between 2009 and 2010. Results The 2010 Santa Monica Homeless Count showed a significant reduction in the number of homeless individuals living in Santa Monica. � The overall homeless population declined 18.9% from 2009


2007 total = 999 2009 total = 915 (8% reduction over 2007) 2010 total = 742 (18.9% reduction over 2009 / 25% reduction over 2007) ● The 2010 point-in-time homeless count is 742 o This includes a point-in-time street homeless population of 264, a shelter and institutions population of 423 individuals, and 55 cars/encampments. o 71% were single individuals, while 29% were members of families. · There was a 68% reduction in the number of identified encampments and a 59% reduction in the number of people identified living in cars as compared to 2009. This reduction is consistent with findings in urban areas across the county over the past several years, which is acknowledged to be due to changes in federal priorities, better data collection methods, and expanded access to affordable housing for homeless and at-risk households. The City understands that this visual point-in-time count is useful in telling us “what” is happening in our city, but alone, it cannot fully reveal “why”. This local reduction can be attributed to a number of factors, including the city’s implementation of the Action Plan to Address Homelessness, better collaboration and coordination of services, new housing subsidies and rental assistance programs, and innovative programs such as the Homeless Community Court and Project Homecoming. Over the next six months, the City will do additional analysis of this data, comparing it with data from our service providers and regional partners to try to establish if this is truly a sustainable trend. Methodology On January 27, 2010, over 160 community volunteers were divided into 70 small teams, each of which was assigned a specific geographic area of the city. Together, volunteers covered every street and alley in Santa Monica, a total of 226 linear miles. Volunteers were instructed to tally every homeless individual they encountered as well as every car, RV, tent or box in which someone appeared to be living. Homeless individuals in shelters, jails, motels, and hospitals were simultaneously counted by staff at each facility in the city. This method of visual enumeration is one that is accepted by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, and is used by many other communities across the country, including Los Angeles County. While larger jurisdictions employ a mix of a visual count in selected census tracts combined with a statistical projection of homelessness in un-counted tracts, the City has chosen to do a full visual count of all 19 census tracts within the city boundaries. o o o

Santa Monica The homeless population in the City of Santa Monica differs in some key aspects from the homeless population nationwide. Differences include a higher percentage of chronically homeless individuals, higher rates of mental illness and substance use, lower rates of veterans, more women, and a higher average age. The statistics cited below are from an Urban Institute report, Ending Homelessness in Santa Monica: Current Efforts and Recommended Next Steps, commissioned by the City of Santa Monica in 2006. It is estimated that there are between 2,300 and 3,000 people who are homeless on any given single day in Santa Monica. This includes people in homeless shelters or transitional housing facilities and people sleeping outside. 91% are single, 7% are couples, and 2% are families with children. 60% are men, versus a national average of 80%. 53% are white, 35% are African-American, 11% are other or mixed-race. 14% are Hispanic (these people were also categorized in this study in racial categories as white, African-American, other or mixed). 24% have co-occurring addiction and mental health issues. 56% have addictions but no mental health issues.


14% are mentally ill but do not suffer from addictions. Median age is 42 (versus mid-30s nationally). 10% are veterans (versus 23% nationally). 33% meet the definition of “chronic homelessness,” meaning that they have a disability and have been homeless for one year or longer, or have been homeless four or more times in the past three years. OPCC is the largest and most comprehensive provider of services to homeless people in Santa Monica and on the Westside of Los Angeles. test

Homeless Definitions Chronic Homelessness - An unaccompanied homeless individual with a disabling condition who has either been continuously homeless for a year or more or has had at least four (4) episodes of homelessness in the past three (3) years. Homeless - A person is considered homeless only when he/she resides in one of the places described below: ● In places not meant for human habitation, such as cars, parks, sidewalks, abandoned buildings (on the street). ● In an emergency shelter. ● In transitional or supportive housing for homeless persons who originally came from the streets or emergency shelters. ● In any of the above places but is spending a short time (up to 30 consecutive days) in a hospital or other institution. ● Is being evicted within a week from a private dwelling unit and no subsequent residence has been identified and the person lacks the resources and support networks needed to obtain housing. ● Is being discharged within a week from an institution, such as a mental health or substance abuse treatment facility or a jail/prison, in which the person has been a resident for more than 30 consecutive days and no subsequent residence has been identified and the person lacks the resources and support networks needed to obtain housing. ● Is fleeing a domestic violence housing situation and no subsequent residence has been identified and the person lacks the resources and support networks needed to obtain housing.

Sub-Population Definitions General Groups: Family - Family is defined as any of the following: Minor parents with child(ren); one or more adults with legal custody of minor child(ren); a couple in which one person is pregnant; grandparents or others who are legal guardians with child(ren) present; multi-generational families with grandparents, parents (adult child) and minor


child(ren). Individual - A person over age 18, not accompanied by minor child(ren). Specific Groups: Domestic Violence, Families - Families that are homeless due to an abusive partner. The abuse could be physical, mental, or emotional. The cause of the family homelessness or housing instability must be related to domestic violence. Domestic Violence, Individuals - Individuals who became homeless because of an abusive partner. The abuse could be physical, mental, or emotional. Dually Diagnosed, Individuals - Individuals who are substantially limited in one or more major life activity by mental illness and alcohol or drug addiction. Persons with other diagnoses qualify under multiple diagnoses. Elderly Homeless - An elderly homeless individual is 62 years old or older. Homeless Emancipated Foster Youth - Young adults who have reached majority age (18 years), were in the foster care system and who now have no other home. Homeless Veterans - An eligible Veteran is defined as one who: (1) served on active duty in the US armed forces for more than 160 days and was discharged with other than a dishonorable discharge; (2) was discharged or released from active duty because of a service connected disability; or (3) served on active duty during a period of war, or in a campaign or expedition to which a campaign badge is authorized. Individuals with Disabilities - A person has a disability if she or he has at least one of the following: (1) has a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits a major life activity, (2) has a record of such an impairment, or (3) is regarded as having such an impairment. Individuals with multiple diagnoses - Individuals whose ability to live independently is impaired by two or more of the following conditions: Physical disability (including HIV/AIDS), mental disability, substance abuse. This may include a diagnosis of multiple physical disabilities, multiple mental disabilities, or the combination of the two. Mentally Ill, Families - Families in which at least one member is substantially limited in one or more major life activity by mental illness, based on confirmed clinical diagnosis, or initially by referral or staff assessment and later confirmed by clinical diagnosis. Mentally Ill, Individuals - Individuals substantially limited in one or more major life activity by mental illness, based on confirmed clinical diagnosis, or initially by referral or staff assessment and later confirmed by clinical diagnosis. Substance Abuse, Individuals - Individuals who have acknowledged addiction problems related to alcohol and drug use and who seek services or housing to support their sobriety.


Youth, 12-24 - Unaccompanied persons, age 12 to 24. Youth may have run away or were forced out of their home and are not in the company of a parent or guardian, and who may or may not be legally emancipated.


West Los Angeles Homelessness overview