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CATA LOGUE

c a g

a t lXL o u e

- 2008/2014 -

A collection of works

Thomas Bourdaud

Architect . Urban Designer. Explorer National School of Architecture Nantes . France


Cover : «Les Oriflammes», Sébastien Lefèvre, Fête des Lumières 2012, Lyon . Personal picture 2


CATA LOGUE - 2008/2014 -

A collection of works

XL

CONTENTS

Curriculum Vitae

4

From Regeneration to Recovery

8

> THESIS PROJECT

YEAR 5 The IKEA Effect

20

> RESEARCH THESIS

Toponymic Loire Valley L’Îloquet

24 30

YEAR 4 Squeet’it up! Hanspaulka Wenceslas Square Origami House

38 42 46 50

YEAR 3 The Harmful Wonder The Juke Box Misery Gallery

56 60 64

> BACHELOR’S DEGREE FINAL PROJECT

YEAR 2 Nueva Lima Bamboo Bridge Students Welcome Pop-up Facade

72 76 80 84

YEAR 1 Double Heights

90 3


THOMAS BOURDAUD . Curriculum Vitae Architect . State Degree

graduate in February 2014 with the Jury’s Honors and Research Distinction CONTACT apt. B402, 37 rue Crucy 44000 Nantes FRANCE +33 (0) 761 333 647 thomas.bourdaud@gmail.com HYBRID POSTURES

The following document present a hybrid curriculum during which roles have been various. As an architecture student I have experiences several positions : designer, searcher, practitioner, teacher, mediator... Whatever these positions are, facing the project or the research topic is a constant matter. Such an exercise is like being a tightrope walker and as one faces different temporalities, a position takes precedence on the others. But experiences convoke various tools. The project becomes the space where all positions come together. Therein lies the link between education and research, learning and practising ; where worlds converge. Moving through these worlds can therefore reveal hybridisation. As Georges Perec writes is «to live is to move from one space to another, trying hard not to bang yourself...» (Espèces d’espaces, 1974), yet to bang yourself through life is to learn and an architect’s role is to learn from his bangs so he can invent and form links between spaces and worlds. What I take on from this curriculum is the complementary aspect of the searcher’s and the practitioner’s positions. It has made my taste for project perpetual.

EXPERIENCE SAMOA Ile de Nantes www.iledenantes.com Since September 2012

F.A.U. Fouquet Architecture et Urbanisme, Nantes February 2013 - March 2013

LAUA Research Laboratory, ensa Nantes www.laua.archi.fr September 2012 - February 2013

LINEA Architectes www.lineaarchitectes.com July 2012 - August 2012

Roulleau Architecte www.roulleau-architecture.com Feb 2011 - June 2011

IKEA Nantes www.ikea.fr/nantes Sept 2006 - August 2011

4

Mediator for the Urban Project Ile de Nantes : Phase 2 > Part-time employee, in charge of guided tours through the project exhibition at HANGAR 32 and site visits with various public groups: schools, students and profesionals (promoters, urban planners, urban designers, architects... from France and Europe).

Study Assistant on the Prospective Study for Angers Loire Metropole > Part-time intern, studying the potential of the city of Angers (Maine et Loire, France) becoming a more attractive Metropolis in the near future. Different topics were investigated: demography, sociology, environment, transport, culture and tourism.

Teaching and Research Assistant (Master’s degree internship) > Part-time intern, contribution to the social study into ways of living in housing and teaching assistance for a sociology workshop about social housing estates for Bachelor Students, led by M.P. Halgand (historian) and E. Pasquier (sociolog) members of the LAUA. Additional work for the Mater’s Degree Research Thesis

Visualiser and 3D Modeler > Full time employee, modelisation of a school for a public competition, in order to make a presentation video of the project. Modelisation and design of interior spaces, lockers and classrooms, for a middle school project located in Saint-Herblain, near Nantes.

Construction Supervisor Assistant (Bachelor’s degree internship) > Part-time intern, observation and assistance during weekly meetings, following the construction of Wooden Collective Housing Estate in le Pellerin, near Nantes.

Customers Assistant > Part-time employee at the weekends, manning the customer assitance desk and at the Recovery Service, listening and giving advice, dealing with the damaged furniture and its refurbishment. Processing the after-sales records, repairing and installing the goods. Speaking with local and international customers.


EDUCATION February 2014

State Degree of Architecture > with the Jury’s Honors . Research Course

2012/2013

Master’s Degree of Architecture - year 2 > Research Course - LAUA Research Laboratory

2011/2012

Master’s Degree of Architecture - year 1 > ERASMUS Exchange

ensa Nantes School of Architecture ensa Nantes School of Architecture FA-CTU Prague Faculty of Architecture

2008/2011

Bachelor’s Degree of Architecture

ensa Nantes

2006/2007

Preparatory Course of Visual Arts

Cine Creatis Nantes

2005/2006

Bachelor in English Litterature - Year 1

University of Nantes

June 2005

Baccalaureate of Science - with honors

Lycee Renoir Angers High School

> GCA- A-Levels equivalent

EXPERTISE Computer drawings, Graphic design and layout > Full proficiency in Adobe Creative Suite : Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign > Full proficiency in AutoCAD > Proficiency in ArchiCAD, Revit and Vectorworks

Modelisation and 3D visualisation > Full proficiency in Google Sketchup, V-RAY and Maxwell plugins > Proficiency in Rhinoceros, 3Ds Max and Artlantis

Research, communication and mediation > Ability to define a methodology for working on a project, for individual and collective work. > Comfortable with the writing of study reports and oral presentations to groups > Pedagoci and didactic approach for a project or a research topic

Languages > Bilingual English written and spoken, TOEIC score 860 > Basic Spanish

EXTRAS Personnality > Calm temperament and open-minded, independent and voluntary, patient and attentive curious and observant

Personnal Interests > Cinema (Gus Van Sant, Christophe Honoré, Jacques Demy, Jacques Tati...) > Photography (Jeff Wall, Martin Parr, Cindy Sherman, Thomas Demand...) > Books (Hanif Kureishi, Brett Easton Ellis, Bruce Begout, Georges Perec...) > Exhibitions and Art Galleries > Travelling (Canada, United States of America, United Kingdom, Australia, Portugal, Belgium, Italy, Germany, Hungary, Austria, Denmark, Sweden, Czech Republic, France, Poland, Netherlands, USA, Canada) > Sports (Running, Swimming, Cycling, Yoga...)

Personnal Activities > Furniture design with recycled elements > Photography (buildings, people...) > Theatre (Improvisation)

5


THOMAS BOURDAUD . Curriculum Vitae

> rese

> 1st Internship LAUA lab

Situated Inventory

RESEARCH

LIVI

> research thesis LAUA lab

resear

The IKEA effect

How does it impact the ways of living ?

> Studio Streets & Squares FA CTU PRAGUE

PROJECTS

Squeet it up !

Hybrid Typologies of public spaces in Prague

> Design Assistant

OUT OF SCHOOL

LINEA Architectes

> Med

> Student job

SAM

IKEA

june 2011

curriculum ensanantes

december 2011

Master 1 erasmus Czech Republic

6

june 2012

Ma


Hybrid Positions & Temporality

earch internship LAUA lab

ING IN HIGH SOCIAL HOUSING IN NANTES

> paper in LAUA, Lieux Communs n°16

rch and educationnal experiences

«The IKEA effect, when fictive living ideals influence real ways of living»

> Studio Utopies Ligériennes ensanantes

The Agri-cultural Cantine

A new shared local network

> Studio Changing Cities ensanantes

From Regeneration to Recovery

A critical exploration of housing renewal programs

> Research assistant

f.a.u.

diator for the urban project IDN

MOA Île de Nantes

aster 2

december 2012

june 2013

december 2013

february 2014

thesis project

7


8


FROM

REGENERATION TO

RECOVERY

MASTER’S DEGREE

THESIS PROJECT

A critical exploration of housing renewal programs in Belfast

9


FROM REGENERATION TO RECOVERY .

A critical exploration of housing renewal programs in Belfast

RESEARCH PROJECT, URBAN PROPOSAL & ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN

Belfast Lough

LOCATION Belfast, NI TOPIC Housing Typologies, Population and Religion

Shankill Road

City Centre

February 2014 . ensa Nantes THESIS PROJECT

urn Lisb

d Roa au

TEACHING TEAM Susan Dunne architect, FR/Ireland Graciela Torre architect, FR/Argentina Marie Paule Halgand architect, FR Sebastien Argant landscape architect, FR

e Orm

Roa d

Fa lls

Ro ad

> Territorial investigations, urban explorations, mapping analysis

Rivers Motorways Main roads Railway

Main infrastructures in Belfast

TERRITORIAL INVESTIGATIONS . Belfast a dispersed and fragmented city The substantive issue of this work is the study of political powers upon housing and urban fabric and how they are interelated. What are the architectural responses to social conflicts and is the transformation of the built environment solving problems, maintaining it or generating greater ones ? Belfast thus appears as a specific case study to look at both a traumatised urban fabric and its inhabitants as traumatised human beings. The preliminary investigations were conducted when we had to acquaint ourselves to a city that we did not know. The objective was to produce analytical mapping and bring forward problematics regarding historical, political, urban and social issues. Urban explorations were made during the study trip in Belfast. Confronting our distant investigations to the reality of the city was to go exploring the sites we had identified. But it was also to go further and look sensitively at other areas. Thus we found The Village, a large housing area in South Belfast, which is currently under a Regeneration Program but for some reasons it is a failure on the urban and social levels. A large area has been demolished right in the core of the neighbourhood where there used to be 500 terraced houses.

75 +++ 60 > 75 40 > 60 20 > 40 10 > 20 0 > 10

Concentration of terraced houses (%/ha)

80 > 100 Protestants 50 > 80 Protestants 50 > 50 Mixed areas 50 > 80 Catholics 80 > 100 Catholics

Population per religious affiliation (%/ha)

This site appears as a case study for the interpretation of what is a Housing Renewal Program and how it can dismantle a neighbourhood instead of regenerating it. Unionist flags in the mainly protestant area of Shankill 10

4 +++ 2>4 1,5 > 2 1 > 1,5 0,5 > 1 0 > 0,5

Concentration of vacant houses (num/ha)


URBAN EXPLORATIONS . Finding The Village

Royal Victoria Hospital

Falls oad sR

Fall

Arellian Nursery School

Shaftesbury ea Orm

Arellian Nursery School

ad u Ro

Arellian Nursery Donegall Road School School

Shaftesbury Community Centre Belfast City Hospital

Botanic

Windsor Women Centre

Windsor Women Centre

The Bog Meadows Nature Reserve

Fane Street Primary School

Blackstaff

Queen’s University

Windsor Olympia Leisure Centre

Methodist College

Ormeau Park

Belfast City Hospital

The Botanical Garden

Windsor Park Stadium

Lis bu rn

Ro ad

Queen’s University

Ballynafeigh

N

250m

Public amenities in South Belfast

The Palm Tree House in the Botanical Gardens

Through its very name the Village has been an important community area in Belfast for many years. We are now seeing the start of the regeneration of this proud area through demolition of unfit housing to make way for new homes built to very high standards. Housing Minister Nelson McCausland

URBAN L RENEWA AREA

IMPROVEMENT AREA Retain & Improve

2008 The Village U.R.A. URBAN RENEWAL AREA DECLARED

new WWC TATE building

38 new homes

REDEVELOPMENT AREA Demolish & Rebuild

> High levels of disrepair > 1/3 Unfit ageing housing > 1/5 Vacant homes

reconstruction 105 terrace houses

27 new homes

Grassing the urban gap

reconstruction 322 terrace houses

demolition

2011

PHASE 1

2013

PHASE 2

2015

2018

Timeline of the Current Renewal Program

"We created a white canvas and now we don’t know what to do with it..." - Robin Hawe, NIHE -

interviewed in Belfast, October 17th 2013

The demolished area in the area of The VIllage in South Belfast 11


Before Regeneration

Soudan St. in July 2008 (Google Street view)

After Regeneration

Soudan St. in October 2013 (personal picture)

URBAN ANALYSIS . Local resistance and challenges Which recovery process can face the dismantled Village that could influence further Housing Renewal Programs in Belfast ?

unfriendly pedestrian ways

PHYSICALLY land-locked

strong unionist feeling of belonging racism low levels of education SOCIALLY failing schools

enclosed by main infrastructures

land-locked

dead-end streets

high unemployement

physical borders

the renewal only lies on housing market monofunctional area

closed shops

FUNCTIONNALLY land-locked

few community assets

feeling of being left behind

economy crisis stopped the regeneration

blocked MANAGEMENT

physical impact on the urban gab

conflictual exchanges with the NIHE

N

The four statements of a land-locked neighbourhood 12


Faces from Belfast (personal picture)

Goals for an alternative renewal process Now the aim of the study is to come up with a proper answer to the challenges that were identified. The impact has to be local on the urban gap, the neighbourhood and its inhabitants but also to resonate at larger and less tangible scales. For this it is necessary to consider the territorial and urban approach and how the proposal is rooted into it. In order to introduce the proposal it is essential to formulate goals to achieve.

Towards recovery by engagement

Involve the inhabitants in the Renewal Process of the neighbourhood in order to heal the human and urban traumas.

Towards attractivity by mixity of use Change the image of the area with the implementation of mixed use programs and reinfore local activities.

Thus the study attempts to give an answer to the problematic that was mentionned previously : Which Recovery Process can face the dismantled Village that could influence further housing renewal programs in Belfast? The importance is given on the different temporalities of the project as some steps are key ones to achieve in order to make possible the following ones. The process invites The Village to make a move towards its Urban Recovery and the Wellbeing of its inhabitants. To develop this intention here are the four goals that we propose and their corresponding strategies.

Towards an opened-up neigbourhood

Improve the existing pedestrian crossings over the physical borders and clarify the streets organisation to provide a clear public space.

Towards a self-built community

Initiate housing improvement and reconstruction on cooperative and flexible principles to meet current needs and anticipate future evolutions.

13


OP ----

HBOUR

OD -----HO

RE-CRAFT THE VILLAGE . A cooperative process towards recovery

PHA Self-built community

HO

COO

LOCAL

Recovery by engagement

C

URBAN

Attractivity by mixity of uses

ME

G

TERRITORIAL

Open up’ Neighbourhoods

PHASE 1 : Open-up

PHASE 2 : Recover

PHASE 3 :

Rebuild

Programs dynamics and interdependence of scales

As an extension to remaining houses, the Self-built Cooperative will take place in the site to create a Living Construction Site that will go with the construction of the new public programs. Rather than just grassing the land, as suggested by the NIHE, it is about demonstrating it could have positive and innovative effects on the neighbourhood. The intention is to create a centrality in the neighbourhood. The development of a large public space in the centre of The Village will make possible public occupations and appropriations by the inhabitants. In a long term view of the process the attractivity of the area is regained and the need for new housing is encreasing. Thus new housing will be rebuilt on the site, by the inhabitants, maintaining the original street organisation but providing a new type of terraced houses. The New housing type provides a flexible and modular architecture so it can adapt to the diversity of tenure types and evolve in time. 14

Inhabitants

Associations

Local Authorities

Architects Stakeholders of the self-built housing cooperative

PU SP


URBAN RECOVERY . Recompose the dismantled fabric

Do n eg

all Ave nu

e

Donegall Road

Broa d

St.

St.

St. Molt ke

Don eg

hpark

all A venu e

Fren c

Ebor St.

Roc kv

iew

St.

Tava nagh

St.

way

Don eg

all G arde

ns

N

General Plan of The Village . PHASE 3

Open block & Shared plots

Available structure

Minimal living space

Maximal living space

A new hybrid typology of housing block 15


BUILDING REGULATIONS

Twin Houses

Family Houses

4 X 30m² mini

Architectural concept

Housing typologies

A TIMBER STRUCTURE, EASY TO BUILT & EASY TO EXTEND

1 . Structural arches

2 . Structural beams

3 . Partition framework

4 . Floor and roof structures

5 . Insulation and openings

6 . Cladding

Urban Section 16

2 X 65m² mini


din

Regulations Building

illage Recovery The V

olume built v imum Max

m² 2x 65

ily Houses or Fam ace f g sp l livin ima Min

0 m² 4x3

extension scenario 1

extension scenario 2

THE SELF-BUILT HOUSING . Evolution scenarios

+

+

Family Houses

Twin Houses

Bedroom 3

Bathroom 2

Bedroom 4

l ima Min

for ace g sp livin

Houses Twin

Outdoor Terrace

Landing Bedroom 2

Outdoor terrace

Outdoor terrace

Studio Outdoor terrace

Landing

Outdoor Terrace

Bedroom 1

Landing

Bedroom 4

Bedroom 3

Bedroom 2

Outdoor Terrace

Outdoor terrace

Bedroom 2

Bedroom

1st floor

Bedroom

1st floor

Kitchen

Bathroom

Kitchen

Kitchen

Shared Room

Bedroom 1 Dining Room

Dining Room

Living Room

Kitchen

Garden Garden

Patio

Living Room

Collective Kitchen

Living Room Living Room

Bedroom 1

Garden

extension scenario 1 extension scenario 1

Living Room Garden

extension scenario 2 extension scenario 2

Ground floor

Ground floor

Cross section

Cross section

terrasse terrasse

terrasse

Dining Room

Living Room

terrasse

terrasse

terrasse

terrasse

terrasse

terrasse

terrasse terrasse

17 jardin

jardin


18


YEAR 5

Semester 9 THE IKEA EFFECT MASTER’S DEGREE RESEARCH THESIS

Semester 10 TOPONYMIC LOIRE VALLEY L’ÎLOQUET

19


20


THE

IKEA EFFECT MASTER’S DEGREE

RESEARCH THESIS

How does it impact the ways of living?

21


THE IKEA EFFECT . How does it impact the ways of living? RESEARCH THESIS LOCATION Nantes, FR Prague, CZ TOPIC Sociological research about the ideal of living broadcasted by the swedish furniture company and how it influences the contemporary ways of living. > individual research work based on a professional experience which turned out to be an observant participation and initiated the research problematic DIRECTOR OF RESEARCH Elisabeth Pasquier sociolog, FR Research Laboratory LAUA Jan 2013 . ensa Nantes Year 5 . Master 2 . Semester 9

The «yellow and blue box» the worldwide famous store

INTRODUCTION TO THE RESEARCH My point of view was subjective before becoming objective. From this personnal experience came a thinking that led me further than the original research intended. This analysis is the result of five years working for a major furniture brand and at the same time studying architecture. My studies opened up for me the field of social sciences applied to the urban and the housing context, and my student job even though a financial need enabled me to question the merchandising of a living ideal : the IKEA ideal. Because social studies into ways of living are not an exact science but a committed and alive one, it is in this case stimulated by the coming together of many varied and contrasting trends. It was at the end of my Bachelor’s degree while thinking about the coming Master Thesis work that I started mesuring up the material I had in hand. The work experience turned out to be an observing participating one as a young ethnographer in an investigation field difficult to undertand. This part-time position was subject to strict behaviour rules but showed me some internal procedures of a store such as IKEA and made me understand the values of an iconic globalisation company. So then why should I write a Thesis about IKEA ? Is the Swedish giant a housing standardisation machine ? More than selling kit furniture would it be trying to suggest a kit life – a ready-made one sold on catalogue – an IKEA-ised life ? Why is not IKEA a simple furniture resaler and why does it fascinate people so much ? Is it only furniture and decoration or may it be architectural space congestion ? There are so many questions about one topic. Envied, copied, misused and criticized, the Swedish brand challenges, seduces or frightens the individual customer. From the irresistible fascination of the fan to the rejection of customer frustration, postures identified are manifold. The Swedish Giant questions individual personalities. Thus we can only admit the impact IKEA has on comsumption patterns and ways of living. My research was then initiated by a study year abroad, in Prague, Czech Republic, that helped in taking a more objective view. The resignation from the yellow polo employee role, the many readings of theorical books and immersive visits in several IKEA stores (Nantes, Prague, Brest, Paris...) and all the interviews with inhabitants were part of the investigation. It is then in the writing task that the opposition of the various points of view alllowed the problematic to make sense. From a descriptive state to an interpretation of a representation, indigestible notes became intelligible writing. Interpretation guided by my individual sensitivity and my personnal experience. The exploratory work, of which the ongoing themes were the stage scenery and inventory methods, allowed isolated realms to echo. Historical issues resonated with how practices of housing had changed relating to the development of the consumer society since the 1950s. The furniture appears as a witness of these changes. This thesis is the result of a controversial questioning from the discovery of Social Sciences and the work practice in a large furniture company. It presents a broader way of thinking on the change of ways of living in housing. What does IKEA sell ? What does IKEA product ? In the end what is the IKEA effect ?

22


A page from the parody catalog

CONCLUDING ELEMENTS By making everyday moments true events IKEA brings further the stage scenery method of living models. The everyday is described as a succession of events to which IKEA constantly contributes. From my position of particpant observer I was able to confront myself to the internal management of the store. Responding to strict methods, the co-worker’s task must be seen as a pleasure time however it has to follow the values and the ideology of the company. IKEA wants to be a place for self development of the employee but by this doesn’t it risk to be a place of alienation to these same values? A ‘link with affections’ relationship is generated from making the everyday an event. A relationship between IKEA and its employees but also with its clients. This link structures the commercial activity and causes fascination and rejection of the model. Going to IKEA has become a moment of fun. Thus the consumerist practice of the masses becomes a widespread hobby. The purchase becomes an event, like the visit to the store, the consultation of the catalogue and assembling the shelf. This pleasure coupled to leasure makes it obvious that there is an analogy with the world of toys. The comparative inventory of models spread into toys and the ones exposed in the stores follows this analogy. Would pieces of kit furniture finally be the toys for adults, construction toys at a real size ? The personalisation encouraged by the appropriation of the everyday set and the stimulation of individual skills give sense to the sentence : to build yourself while building. Therefore massively standardised furniture, spotted in several interiors is found to be part of different lay outs that depend on inhabitants’ personalities. The globalisation context raises questions. The border between pleasure and nightmare is quite narrow in a world of globalised consumption and the race to low-price/high benefits rythms workers of the IKEA phenomenom. Their set is a blue and yellow shed in which is exposed a set in kit form: an ideal of living whose manual is universal. IKEA holds a world leader position in the furniture and decoration market with fierce competition. Its position is occupied by the broadcasting of models of ways of living and by the marketing strategy. It gives IKEA the monopoly in the commercialisation of a living ideal. The limits of such a position would then be cultural dominance of IKEA and standardisation of lifestyles. Could the risk be a total IKEA lifestyle ? Yet if the home becomes a consumer product the act of living is not a by-product (Pierre Bourdieu 1979) and remains under the influence of a population’s own cultures. But we can fear that with the domination of a global living culture the IKEA effect implies a way of living with global influences. Could this be a mainstream way of living ? (Frederic Martel 2010) In the commercial sphere, lifestyles standardisation is real but among the private sphere of housing it is interpretated by the inhabitants’s own appropriation. Rather than a dreaded homogeneisation the IKEA model then would suggest a proliferation of ways of doing (Michel de Certeau 1970) stimulated by infinite modular elements and clever building games. Then could these ways be the continuation of childhood pleasures in the clever constuction of the living 

23


NO

eau l’Aumône Angers nezert la l a Paperie e la Bourrée Huetter ert le Tertre les Ormeaux le Petit les Frênaie la Co Rocher le Buisson la Croisette la Roë la Quantiniè mérillais les Moulins Bellevue la Baumette les la Quantin arandières de la Butte BeaumanoirFaveraux les Gobourg la Rive les Eclateries la Croix Verte ngue L’Enfer l’Aubinière les Tourelles Lisandrais Pruniers la Clar le Prieuré Roche Bel-Air Château la Roseraie Orgemondst-Augustin Val de Maine Marotte les Petis Car yla Guinnaie Brillant Salpin la Maraichère Orgemont Montplaisir le Val la Croix Verte l de Maine Malaquais Frémur les Trois Paroisses le Vissoir la Gaudraie les Perrins Ste-Anne la Piquellerie la Camp Vivier Petite le Puits de César les Grandes la Fontaine Monnaie les Belligan de Pellières Dauloge Rezé le Frémureau la Barrée Maisons la Pyramide les Tellières la Piverdière le Grand Malestroit les Rochelles ière Rivet Malaquais les Châtelliers la Pollière la Chesnaie le Pin Carrière de Villen le Champ le Grenouille la Grange les Maisons les Landes Bossé la Baudrairie l’Ebaupin la Macheferri le Plessis le Hutreau ère Frémas Rouges Vernusson uillons Harland le Ruisseau Patience La Guillebotte Charruault la P le Clos la Bussonnière la CroixleVilliers Moulin Carré le Cou de Chevreau Sorges Vic rouvée Beauvais Lorelle Mélinais la Jollivetterie Pouillé St-Aubin Bel-Oeil le Maupertuis la Grande Champ Fleuri la Boulé la Coulée la Melleterie Petit Vicomte he Bouchemaine lePort les Buttes la Rentournée le Mur Blanc Plaisance la Petite île s le Grand Jard le Pré le Haut la Saulaie a Maison les Grollets Pign Drapeau Pressoir le Verger Ste-Gemmes-sur-Loire Neuve les Ponts-de-Cé Empiré Belle Poule ue Ecornuaille la Cornouaille l’Oser la Filerie l’île au Bourg es Non-Folies la roche Monpla Île aux Chevaux l’île Marière l’Ermitage Port-Thibault Pont Dummacus le Moulin les Sables e Bâtiment St-Maurille la Copardière les le Bois n les Aireaux Boureau la Bicherie ngeadière île Gemmes le Mûrier les Fondreaux les Murailles Vieux Port-Thibault Villeneuve la Dube Beau-Soleil St-Jean-de-la-Croix l’Aireau la Boire les MaraisleLeBeauNid le Bois d’Erigné a Pointe Plessis les Verdières les Rivièr Croissant Bourreau les Grandes eray le Vieux Bourg Mazeau les Airées les prés de Bourg Plaines urteau Port-Thibault la Sauterelleles SaulaiesPort-Gaurion la Godillonière Le Bosquet Boure Almont Juigné uarne les Caprois les Verdelets Malaquais sur-Lo La Roche Erigné Les Bédaudière le Bois Bel-Essor oix La Roche de Mûr les Aireaux les Ga Rond la Jubeaudière le Ruau le Brûlon La Claire Pré de Serraut La Fontenelle Chasle le Louet la Gazellerie Brunette la Bourrelière la Masse Haut Perche Erigné Chambretault Montgilet au St-Pierre Remblaye le Champ la Thioire Port Bitoudu Moulin Mûrs Erigné x les Jubeaux Treillebois le Brûlon Le Grand Clos le Bo nt le Bois Pont au Le Grand la Vazée Guil Rabault Port-qui-tremble du Loup la Grande Ouche Moulin Haut Perche Le Tertreau Gagnebe la Coulée Robine les Châtelliers La Chênaie la Laudière Grésillon la Grande La Roche Noire a Taure Vallée Les NouettesLes Frich Petit Princé les Roches la Gaignonnière Lanserre Grand Claye le Clos de la Martigneau L la Baugenterie Vonnerie les Gilardières La Véronnière Les Martins Bonnegagne Solbré les Brosses Gaigné s Porcheries la Noé Rozé La Jordonnière La B La Gachetière Versillé le Grand Vau Chesneau les Ruelles Denée Le Plessis La Gagner Rochambeau Souvenelle les Rogeries s Places La Justicion le Plessis La Motouse La Hurlière la Noue la Bourrelière Raffray Pétigné L’Epinay la Riaffaudière La Maillardière Bas-Versillé Les Baluères Coin ntelon le Puit Rouillon La les Joncs Puy Chartrain Le Bréard La Monièrerie Chauvigné Fontenoy Pièces de la Roche La Chardonnière les Grands Le Bois la Raberge L’Epinay Sarrazin le Temple Moulins oulin Neuf Les Petites Planté B la Genauderie le Puy la Coudre La Grande Métairie Fontanelles Bel-Air odée le Ruau le Point Le Moulin le Fief les Violettes La Gran La Cressonières Châruau n aux Moines Pierr la Jouberderie le Landreau du JourClosneau Malnoue L’Erable St-Melaine- L’Appartenanc Villeneuve sur-Aubance Petits Champs a Voie le Pavillon Fontenille la Perray les Lardes Touch ogesles Bouvettes Trainebois Les Refoux Gaubo Chaud le Vivier Soulainesles Hauteurs le Doc la Jarretière la Fresnaye Cahier La Tachonnière sur-Aubance umerie les Humeaux Croix Blanche Le Plessis La Morinière Le Grand Clos

24

les Gagneries Les Ronzières


ORD

TOPONYMIC

LOIRE VALLEY

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Besnardiè la Roseraie le Grand les Regains les Rouages les Loges Ronceray Narcé Prés d’Amont les Communaux le M Les Rouchoux les Longues la Pompe le Haut Gillard Prés d’Abas de la Machelouse Balises neuve Napoléon les Gagneries le le Bejas le Gillard la Haie Moulin de la la Petite Vallée les Charnières Chaussée les Verdelais le Coin le Grand Breille Petite Bougette les G l’Épinay Les comte les Grands Présl’Aiguillette le Bout VimairieRonzières Moulin de Croix du Moulinle Chaussepiedla Plaine Beauvillain les Closeaux Charbonnier la Courtinièr e le Frênay la Gagnerie les Douze Arpents la Boiserie le Haut la Grande les Rouches Charbonnierles CoinsGa Beausse la Mare Rue les Pêcherie le Clos Chemin le Bois de e le Pré aux Saulau Chapelle la Boire Chapelle le Hautles Prés Clos la Chalotière la F la Boire St-Josephdu Saule de la Salette Buisson nerolles le Large Quatre-Vingts aux Canes Chevaux Arpents P le Chemin des la Bohalle la Rue les les Baillis la SoupesonièreChemin la Boire le Grand de 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les Moilons Cotillon Cheman Grande Rayages la Maugaudière le Mo rie le Chêne de Re Bois la Loge écuelle les Casses la Basse Bois des Quatres Croix le Bois Brinçon n de l’Eclanchau la Forêt Vert le Gaignardière la PièceLes Quatres Croix Par la Queue la Marillée Buchêne Charte-Pie St-Jean les Caquinsle Beau Renard la Haute Bois du de Bruyère la Fosse le Saulsou Bataillou la Pe la Croix de Forges Gaignardière a Grande Fontaine Hallay Littré aux loups les Trente Le Bourg Dion les VigneauxVare la Chalinière la Vallinière Boissellées le Clos du les Noëls la Reinière l Grand Les Fontenelles les Jallières la Croix la Longuerelle Rocher les Belbelleries la Gr Beaumont Viau Bouhière Ferme des Prés la Garenne Forges la Renauderie Var le Gaé Fresneau nde Petit La Roche Bois le Bois Mozé Montsabert Patouillet la Pigeaudiè la Patûre Le Haguineau re Beaumont Orggné au Boeufs La Roche deCleman les Touches la Caillère les Marais de ce les Fontenelles Chenédée les Ferrandières la Reinière Grande Le Cbs Brossay les Brandes Bois de heronde laMaison la Planche la Basse Roche les Noirolles de Chêne les Fumelard ourg L’Homois les Grouas Chateau Roquet Puymenier Prés la Lande BoisMartinière les la Grande Landevert Blain les Bea Domaine d’Avrillé la Sevriété Quatre Rues Saugé aux Moines deChonte les Épinettes Chaussée

A sensitive approach to the Loire Valley Heritage

25

la Haie Chaussée les Verdelais le Coin l’Épinay le Bout Vimairie

C


TOPONYMIC LOIRE VALLEY . A sensitive approach to the Loire Heritage RESEARCH AND URBAN PLANNING LOCATION La Bohalle and Saint Mathurin sur Loire, FR

réseau ferroviaire Levée de Loire cours d‘eau circuit Loire à Vélo Aires urbaines Parc Naturel Régional Loire Anjou Touraine Périmètre incrit au patrimoine mondial de l‘UNESCO Cadrage d‘étude sites d‘étude

20 km Le Mans Paris Orléans

Rennes

Angers Metropole

Saint-Nazaire

Bourges

PNR Loire Anjou Touraine

Le Croisic

Nantes Metropole

> collective research and fieldwork on site with local stakeholders. Sensitive approach of the large scale of the urban metropolis and its relation to rural areas.

TEACHING TEAM Pascal Amphoux architect geograph, FR Fabienne Legros architect, FR Elisabeth Pasquer sociolog, FR June 2013 . ensa Nantes Year 5 . Master 2 . Semester 10

Tours Métropole

Paris Le Mans

PROGRAM A new network of programs in relation to the Loire Heritage

Saumur

Cholet

Poitiers

Pornic Cholet Bordeaux

La Rochelle

The city of Angers, a Metropole in the Loire Valley

REGULATORY & METROPOLITAN ANALYSIS réseau ferroviaire gares en services

vers Segré

Levée de Loire limites comunnales

vers le Mans & Paris

cours d‘eau Angers-Loire Métropole

Bauné

bassin agricole Parc Naturel Régional Loire Anjou Touraine Périmètre incrit au patrimoine mondial de l‘UNESCO

Angers Loire Métropole limite PNR

2 km

Angers

Andard Corné

Communauté de communes Vallée Loire Authion

Mai

ne

Brain-sur-Lauthion Bouchemaine

La

On the edge of the Loire Metropolis of Angers, La Bohalle and Saint Mathurin are two small towns along the Loire river. They both are distinctive from the urban development on the dike, an edification built by men to protect houses from the river floods. Every town has extended turning their back to the river, towards the inlands where the plains are very fertile and conducive to intense agricultural activity.

Ste-Gemmes-sur-Loire

les Ponts-de-Cé

la Daguennière

Saint-Mathurin sur-Loire

la Bohalle

La Loire

The proposal is to reveal the immaterial Loire, in between the three structural Loires : the river, the road and the rail. A new network of programs provides an experimental structure to maintain an promote local uses. The aim is to emerge with a shared and reasoned agri-culture. The network crosses various activities such as food, culture, accomodation and public space. Each one of the proposed programs calls in a field of activity in a complementary way with other programs, existing and new ones.

Topographical interpretation 26

St-Sulpice

Savennières

vers Nantes

la Ménitré Blaison-Gohier

Béhuard

vers Saumur & Tours

Metropolitan map

Flood regulations

Heritage easements


la Bohalle

The dike on the river front of Saint Mathurin-sur-Loire

REVEAL THE IMMATERIAL LOIRE la Loire Ferroviaire

ligne TER Angers - Saumur > infrastructure & connexion

la Loire Macadam

la Loire Fluviale

levée de Loire XV° RD 952 > infrastructure & protection

la Loire Immatérielle

voie marchande et irrigation des sols > paysage et agriculture

circuit Loire à Vélos & associations > initiatives & vie sociale

la Bohalle

ver

sA

nge

rs

Brain-sur-l'Authion Saint-Mathurin-sur-Loire

The last housing estate in la Bohalle la Ménitré

The three Loires concept

Brain-sur-l'Authion

arret Tram-Train

fond structurant

la Loire Ferroviaire

voirie principale voirie secondaire

ligne TER Angers - Saumur > infrastructure & connexion

délimitations communales zones urbanisées bâti cours d‘eau

la Loire Macadam la Bohalle levée de Loire XV°

RD 952 > infrastructure & protection

la Loire Fluviale

la Loire Immatérielle

voie marchande et irrigation des sols > paysage et agriculture

circuit Loire à Vélos & associations > initiatives & vie sociale

le Carrefour

mobilités métropolitaines ligne TRAM-TRAIN

arret Tram-Train

arrêt TER conservé circuit Loire à vélo existant circuit Loire à Vélo proposé passeurs de Loire

*

!!

la Loca-thèque

la Daguennière

Champ alimentaire

*

la Bohalle

restauration Locavore

la Marsaulaie

relais-vente Paniers

Saint-Mathurin-sur-Loire

points de Vente directe

le Carrefour

Marchés de producteurs

Champ culturel

*

foyers d‘initiatives lieux d‘exposition la !!Daguennière

* la Garicole

!!

!! *

la Loca-thèque

l'Îloquet

lieux de documentation

*

Champ hébergement

la Marsaulaie

gîte ou dortoir insolite

Saint-Mathurin-sur-Loire

chambre à la ferme

*

Champ espace public

la Garicole

patrimoine bâti inscrit

*

!! * Blaison-Gohier l'Îloquet

patrimoine bâti reconverti haltes Loire à Vélo

Saint-Sulpice

réappropriation de la Levée

périmètres d‘intervention

Saint-Rémy-la

Nouvelles haltes Loire à Vélo

nouveaux programmes 1 km

la M Blaison-Gohier Saint-Sulpice Saint-Rémy-la-Varenne

A new inter-municipality network of programs 27


PROSPECTIVE OF THE MOBILITY IN THE LOIRE VALLEY Val de Loire enVISION mouvance Vision prospective des mobilités ligériennes

Le tram-train sifflera 7 fois

Emblème métropolitain et interface avec le réseau des transports publics Nouvelle ligne de tram-train entre Ancenis et Saumur Réseau ferroviaire existant

ANGERS

Gares et arrêts créés Gares et arrêts amplifiés Ligne A du tramway Angevin Prolongement ligne A Ligne B du tramway (tracé à l‘étude)

Les grands chemins de la métropole

Bouchemaine

Un nouveau réseau de mobilités douces

St-Gemmes-sur-Loire

ANGERS

Les Ponts-de-Cé

Circuit Loire à Vélo existant “Chevelus“ Loire à Vélo densifié “Dendrites“ piétonnes, chemins piétons, sentiers grande randonnée... Chemin de Saint-Jacques de Compostelle

Sai Savennières

Béhuard

Mouvance en eaux vives

Le retour des bateaux-bus entre la Maine et la Loire Navette urbaine, 1 bateau tous les 1/4 d‘heure Navette quotidienne, 2 à 3 bateau par jour Navettes touristiques estivales (Loire de Lumière), 2 à 3 bateau/jour, de mai à septembre Gares fluviales crées

St-Gemmes-sur-Loire

Gares fluviales amplifiées

Bouchemaine

Données patrimoniales

Les Ponts-de-Cé

Limites administratives et structures paysagères Cours d‘eau Zones inondables Limites communales étudiées

Périmètre inscrit à l‘UNESCO

Bouchemaine, les trois quais

Sur les franges de l’agriculture

LILALO, l’IBA, la Fabrique et l’Eau vive

La vie du vin,

Bords de Maine :

Les Domaines coopératifs du Hutreau :

IBA Val de Loire,

Un pôle métropolitain des vins et paysages de Loire

Edifices remarquables

La grande halle aux deux étangs,

PNR Loire-Anjou-Touraine 0

Lorsque le pont ne touche plus terre Symboliser les coulées, relier Savennières, libérer Béhuard

Zones urbanisées

2,5

5km

Trois interfaces entre le fer, la route et le fleuve

La gare fluviale, le chemin d’hiver et autres folies...

Halte à Bouchemaine !

Un processus de préservation active du triangle horticole à Sainte-Gemmes-sur-Loire

Un parc d’ampleur métropolitaine impulsé par un réseau d’acteurs solidaires

Le chemin des cultures Gemmoises,

Un espace public intermodal à rayonnement métropolitain

Gare ferroviaire et gîte urbain sur l’étang du Boulet

Centre fonctionnel et symbolique du triangle horticole de Ste Gemmes-sur-Loire

Prairie publique :

Dessus-dessous :

«Césame, ouvre-toi !» :

La lisière, la passerelle et le débat

La Gare routière et la place du marché

La mutation du quartier de l’hôpital, renouvellement urbain d’une hétérotopie

Trois programmes pour une nouvelle polarité dans la métropole angevine

Un laboratoire d’expérimentations architecturales en zone inondable

La Fabrique,

Un lieu métropolitain de réemploi, recyclage et coproduction du mobilier

L’eau vive,

Un forum d’échange des passionnés de Loire et bar à bottes

Savennières

Béhuard

28

sque le pont ne touche plus terre

liser les coulées, relier Savennières, libérer Béhuard

Bouchemaine, les trois quais Trois interfaces entre le fer, la route et le fleuve

Sur les franges de l’agriculture Un processus de préservation active du triangle horticole à Sainte-Gemmes-sur-Loire

LILALO, l’IBA, la Fab

Trois programmes pour une nouve dans la métropole angevine


brique et l’Eau vive

elle polarité

In a collective territorial approach we established a dialog between a prospective vision at the towns scale and at the scale of the whole Loire Valley. Mobility appeared as a central figure for all the group projects. In order to clarify the common transport strategy, a prospective vision of the Loire Valler built itself within the reflection. This new mental map sets potential interactions between modes of transport and ways of living. Then the territory is explored according to different temporalities and perceptions.

La Bohalle Saint-Mathurin-sur-Loire

Saint-Sulpice La Ménitré

Blaison-Gohier

Saint-Sulpice sauvé des eaux Réhabiliter le Château, Réinvestir les plaines & Ré-animer les rives

La Cantine agri-culturelle

Entre la Bohalle et Saint-Mathurin, un nouveau réseau de proximité partagé

29

La Levée des Am

Une stratégie de réactivati et du Port Saint-Maur à La


30


L’ÎLOQUET

A cultural wharf in the Loire Valley

31


L’ÎLOQUET . A cultural wharf in the Loire Valley ARCHITECTURAL & URBAN DESIGN LOCATION Saint Mathurin sur Loire, FR PROGRAM A hostel and an public space on a dock > individual development of a project’s architectural concept, first identified by the team and corresponding to the common strategies

TEACHING TEAM Pascal Amphoux architect geograph, FR Fabienne Legros architect, FR Elisabeth Pasquer sociolog, FR June 2013 . ensa Nantes Year 5 . Master 2 . Semester 10

The Unesco Heritage River front of Saint Mathurin

RESTORATION OF THE DOCK AS A FRIENDLY PUBLIC SPACE

New mobility pattern

A continuous and friendly space

Various access to the riverside

The river front of Saint-Ma-

thurin offers a «post-card like» view from the Loire. But looking closer at it reveals the rear view facades with its contrasting architectures from different eras and sometimes vernacular. Old buildings of the 16th and 17th centuries crumbling, extension of modern houses ... The hypothesis of the redevelopment of the existing wharf - a major road from Angers - involves a reversal of the Loire front and changes it’s perception. The old houses are now facing the river towards the wharf.

!! *

gare TER

l'Îloquet la Maison de Loire Mairie Levée du

église Saint-Mathurin

Roi Ren

The project proposes the modification of traffic in the town center. The wharf becomes a large public space user friendly for pedestians and bicyles. The parking lots are then shared upstream. The practical challenge is to create passages and spare the existing gaps in order to permeabilize the houses located between the town and the wharf.

é

qu

ai

de

Ju

in

19

le «Lieu-dit»

40

Levée Jeanne de Laval

circuit Loire à Vélo

Situation plan 32

la Garicole


1

2 3

4 General plan for the redevelopment of the wharf

THREE PLACES FOR ONE HOSTEL PROGRAM

existing driving-school

kitchen existing local shop hall

-RDC1:200 public passage

automatic book dispenser

interior patio

café & restaurant

dormitory 1

open stage

room «Côté Bourg» art & reading studios

-R+11:200

existing apartment

public stairs

public terrace

room «Côté Loire»

The River Bedrooms

dormitory 2

The Cultural Café

The Dormitories

33


SEQUENTIAL CROSS SECTIONS OF THE DOCK

1 . The River Bedrooms

2 . The New Public Stairs

THE LOIRE FACADE, REAR AND FRONT

34


3 . The Cultural CafĂŠ

4 . The Dormitories

35


36


YEAR 4

Semester 7 SQUEET IT UP !

HANSPAULKA WENCESLAS SQUARE

Semester 8 ORIGAMI HOUSE

37


38


SQUEET IT UP !

Hybrid typologies of public spaces in Prague

39


SQUEET IT UP ! Hybrid typologies of public spaces in Prague RESEARCH PROJECT & URBAN DESIGN LOCATION Prague, CZ PROJECT research on different typologies of streets and squares > team work for the proposal of urban transformations in selected sites STUDENTS TEAM Lynette Liew Singapore Samantha Wong Singapore Lucia Benadikova Slovakia Thomas Bourdaud FR TEACHING TEAM Henry Hanson landscape architect, US Petr Klápšte ing. architect, CZ Martin Barry landscape architect, US January 2012 . FA-CTU Prague Year 4 . Master 1 . Semester 7

Four Case Studies in the urban aera of Prague

INTRODUCTIVE CASE STUDIES : TRANSPORT NODES

Hanspaulka

Petrské Namesti

Namesti Mirù

What is a street and what is a square ? Are they functions interchangeable or even combined, and how do we design for it ?

As an initial study of typologies of streets and squares in the city of Prague four sites in varying distances from the centre were selected. The basis was the study of the interelation of streets and squares and their mobility systems. Upon the investigation of these sites, Hanspaulka presentad itself as a locale mixed character: Was it a street, or was it a square ? Continuing in this vein of thoughts, Wenceslas Square was introduced into the study of a hybrid type of public space : a squeet. 40

Public Transport connections within the Case Studies sites

Kbely


COMPARATIVE STATEMENTS: HANSPAULKA & WENCESLAS SQUARE

KEVIN LYNCH’S APPROACH : EDGES, NODES AND LANDMARKS

41


HANSPAULKA . A place encouraging appropriation & community cohesion

Built between 1930 and 1950 according to the principles of Garden Cities, the residential area of ​​Hanspaulka is a set of modern style villas. Today the main landscape feature is a large «green aisle» but it is mainly used by dog walkers. Both sides of it are used as car park, limiting the access and the appropriation by residents. The issue of redevelopment of this aisle goes beyond the use and questions the actual inhabitants’ behaviour. Preferring their car to move into the neighborhood, even to drop their children to the school, it is a source of pollution and safety problems. The re-organization of «soft-mobility» patterns within the aera would create a peaceful space inviting public appropritation by the inhabitants, still cloistered in their private plots. The green aisle on Na Hanspaulce today

POTENTIALITIES OF REDEVELOPING THE NEIGHBORHOOD

A landmark for Hanspaulka

Fully pedestrian neighbourhood

Flexible shared space of public interest

Community Envolvement

Appropriation of the Green Spaces

New mobility pattern

LONG SECTION OF THE NEW DEVELOPMENT

The Orchard Garden 42

The Community Square

The Residential Alley


On the Shcool Plazza

SITE PLAN OF THE NEW DEVELOPMENT

5

2 1

3

4

6

Zoomed section of the Community Square

The School Plazza

The Leisure Plains

The Learning Centre 43


SEQUENTIAL CROSS SECTIONS ALONG THE GREEN AISLE OF HANSPAULKA

1- The Orchard Garden

2- The Community Square

3- The Residential Alley

44


4- The School Plazza

5- The School Plazza

6- The Leisure Plains

45


WENCESLAS SQUARE . Restore the pleasure of short distances

Main artery structuring the city centre of Prague, Wenceslas Square is a historic landmark both for locals and international tourists. Constantly evolved over the centuries, this place has seen the invasion of car traffic, with the construction of the High Way, at the expense of the tramway and pedestrian safety. Currently the question of redevelopment includes issues on a more global scale and questions, as well as Hanspaulka, the urban practices of public spaces. Located in a denser and busier urban context, the following redevelopment proposal gives way to the tramway and provides a shared space for users of downtown Prague, restoring their pleasure of short distances movement. The High Way at the top of Wenceslas Square

POTENTIALITIES OF RESTORING THE SQUARE AS A QUALITY PUBLIC SPACE

Improve pedestrian connection to Main Station

Relation between underground & overground public spaces

Engagement of the Central Space

Rediversion of the highway

Reduce of car use in the City centre

Tramway re-connection

LONG SECTION OF WENCESLAS SQUARE RESTORED The Event Square

46

The Flanery and Direct Stairs towards the Mustek Transport node


Coming out from the underground station

SITE PLAN OF WENCESLAS SQUARE RESTORED

1

2

3

4

5

6

Section of the New Mustek Transport node The Flanery Gardens

The Proclamation Square

The National Museum

47


SEQUENTIAL CROSS SECTIONS ALONG WENCESLAS SQUARE RESTORED

1- The Event Square

2- The Event Square

3- The Mustek Transport Node 48


4- The School Plazza

5- The Flanery Gardens

6- The Proclamation Square 49


50


ORIGAMI HOUSE

A place for physical and intellectual training

51


ORIGAMI HOUSE . A place for physical and intellectual training ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN LOCATION Césky Budejovice, CZ PROGRAM A students house & a sports hall > individual proposal of an urban concept and development of the architectural concept

TEACHING TEAM Viktor Kratky architect, CZ Luis Marquez architect, CZ May 2012 . FA-CTU Prague Year 4 . Master 1 . Semester 8

Urban integration into the historical core of Césky Budejovicé

URBAN STRATEGIES

1 - Pubic pathways

2 - Reinforcement of the block

With a major tourist attractivity accorded to its historical center, the city of Cesky Budejovice, in the south-west of the Czech Republic, is also renown for its world-famous beer, the Budweiser Budwar. But the it is also proud of its reputation as a dynamic and vibrant student city.

In the central core of the city, an enclosed carpark inside a housing block is transformed into an open public space and a place for community life. By offering local students a cultural «foyer» and a sports hall, the project of the Origami house shows itself as a new urban landmark, radically contrasting with the surrounding architectures. The «foyer» takes place in the tower, with a café and an exhibtion gallery, while the roof of the sports hall becomes the central pedestrian aera of the program. Ground Floor plan 52

3- Mixed-use program

4- Architectural contrast


Overview of the new public space

ARCHITECTURAL CONCEPT

Inside the Sports Hall

Structural principle

Cross Section of the Sports Hall 53


54


YEAR 3

Semester 5 THE HARMFUL WONDER THE JUKEBOX Semester 6 MISERY GALLERY BACHELOR’S DEGREE FINAL PROJECT

55


56


THE HARMFUL WONDER

The urban mobility metamorphosis

57


THE HARMFUL WONDER . The urban mobility metamorphosis URBAN DESIGN LOCATION Nantes, FR PROGRAM A public crossing with multi-use programs > team work for the study of a Highway interchange and proposal of a scenario for its transformation STUDENTS TEAM Thomas Bourdaud FR Constance Desenfant FR Enora Cordier FR TEACHING TEAM Pascal Amphoux architect geograph, FR Mathieu Chaumet architect, FR DorothĂŠe GuĂŠnot architect, FR Bruno Plisson architect, FR Elise Roy architect sociolog, FR Jan 2011 . ensa Nantes Year 3 . Bachelor 3 . Semester 5

Night lights on the ring road Highway

A ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE TURNED INTO A WONDERFUL MULTI-USE PUBLIC SPACE 2010

2020

2030

Time Transect of the metamorphosis

Located on a Highway interchange in the north of the Nantes Metropole, this project is based on a prospective vision and questions the uses of such a harmful infrastructure. How to turn it into a wonderful place? The creation of a new crossing from one side to another offers a safe area for pedestrians and bicycles but also a car-park, a drive-in cinema, a promenade and even an observatory. Above the roadways of the interchange, the crossing links the moving flows and gives a new perception of the site. No more congestion. Each and every user finds its place and everybody can acces the Periway, a new Tram line put in the middle of the ring road highway. This promenade becomes the focal point of different temporalities and also a place for intermodality. A utopian scenario for a dynamic project. A human kinetic movement connected to a renewed urban terProjected Tramway network in the metropolitan area of Nantes ritory. 58

2050


Long-term appropriation of the Highway

VISION FOR THE METAMORPHOSIS OF THE HIGHWAY INTERCHANGE

Encourage the emergence of enclosed areas

Balance the mixity of users

First trip for the Periway !

Promenade Exchange nodes Periway line Tram-Train line

> 2020

Decongest the traffic flow Conversion goals 59


60


THE JUKE BOX

An interactive concert-hall above the ring road

61


THE JUKEBOX . An interactive concert-hall above the ring road ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN LOCATION Nantes, FR PROGRAM A concert-hall and a public square related to the new Highway crossing > individual work for the proposal of a hybrid program for a public building and an interactive public space

TEACHING TEAM Pascal Amphoux architect geograph, FR Mathieu Chaumet architect, FR DorothĂŠe GuĂŠnot architect, FR Bruno Plisson architect, FR Elise Roy architect sociolog, FR Jan 2011 . ensa Nantes Year 3 . Bachelor 3 . Semester 5

Current view of the project site

DEFINING GOALS FOR THE REDEVELOPMENT OF THE CURRENT SITE

Provide local users a proper public square

Appease the acces to the existing facilities

The new pedestrian court in front of the Jukebox building is a proper public square where one can find any uses. Passing by, meeting someone, cultural animation, each and everyone finds its place according its mobility rythm. The Jukebox is a dynamic architectural continuity to the crossing. Suspended in a sounding, the concert-hall takes place into the interior volume. At night, the interior walls are enlighted and give the perception of the building as an interactive device with the light flows of the Highway. Interaction at multiple scales, from user to territory, the building becomes a medium for expression and a true media for communication. The building facade is thus a public space itself. 62

Masterplan of the redevelopment of the site

Articulate different temporalities of use


Projected vision of the Jukebox at the end of the crossing

HOW TO MAKE A BUILDING INTERACTIVE WITH ITS ENVIRONMENT?

ELD system fot the interactive facades Conceptual diagram for the Jukebox program

Cross section of the concert-hall and the underground passage 63


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MISERY GALLERY BACHELOR’S DEGREE

FINAL PROJECT

A quarry for artists

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MISERY GALLERY . A quarry for artists ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN LOCATION Chantenay, Nantes, FR PROGRAM An exhibiton gallery and residential studios for artists > individual work for the proposal of an urban concept and the development of the architectural project, from large scale plan to detailed drawings

TEACHING TEAM Jean Robein architect, FR June 2011 . ensa Nantes Year 3 . Bachelor 3 . Semester 6

Aerial view of the project site

A FORMER QUARRY ON THE BANKS OF THE RIVER LOIRE

Close to the old stone quarry of Misery, the project site is located in Chantenay, a former working class area in the city of Nantes. Stones that were extracted for the quarry were mainly used to build some bridges along the river Loire. Today Chantenay is a fashionable quarter and welcomes numerous artists’ studios and exhibition galleries. At the time of the development of the urban centre and of the river banks this site has an exceptional landscape potential. It is although compressed between the rock cliff and the river. The following proposal is the Misery Gallery, a «quarry» for artists. This set of studios and apartments for artists is inserted so as to create a link between the upper street and the lower riverbank. The party took is the dialogue between the cliff and the Loire, introduced by the vertical empty project. The Gallery invites passers-by to enter, walk through the different spaces and contemplate the landscape framed by the architecture. 66

Masterplan of the redevelopment of the site

Landscape section on the river-side 3


Outdoor cinema on the Open-air Gallery

A GALLERY WITH FLEXIBLE EXHIBITON SPACES

Ground floor plan

Floor plan of the Open Air Gallery and the Mezzanine 67


ARCHITECTURAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE PROJECT AND INTERIOR VIEWS

Upper Gallery

Artists Studios

Reception Hall

Cross section in the main exhibition building

Restaurant

Mezzanine

Grand Gallery

Cross section in the Grand Gallery and the restaurant

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A performance in the Upper Gallery

Vue sur la Loire depuis la Gallerie Ha

Thomas BOURDA

The panoramic restaurant

Exhibitons in the Grand Gallery 69


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YEAR 2

Semester 3 NUEVA LIMA BAMBOO BRIDGE Semester 4 STUDENTS WELCOME POP-UP FACADE

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NUEVA LIMA

A tower to capture the clouds

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NUEVA LIMA . A tower to capture the clouds EXTREME DESIGN LOCATION Lima, Peru PROJECT Elaboration of an architectural repsonse to extreme climate or geographical situations. > team work, experimental computer modeling and 3D rendering STUDENTS TEAM Thomas Bourdaud FR Felix Ratez FR Simon Rousseau FR TEACHING TEAM Michel Bertreux architect, FR Louis Paillard architect, FR Freddy Bernard designer, FR StĂŠphane LagrĂŠ architect, FR Jan 2010 . ensa Nantes Year 2 . Bachelor 2 . Semester 3

The Climatic and geographical context of the city of Lima

LIMA, AN OVERPOPULATED CITY WITH NO RAIN Lima, capital city of Peru is trapped beetween the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Montains. The air is saturated with humidity but because of the climate and the topography it never rains and the city is covered with a permanent cloud. With 8 million inhabitants the overpopulation becomes anarchic and the lack of drinking water alarming. In this project the mountain becomes structure and architecture. It takes root in the city and spreads in the sky to catch the water that is in the cloud.

How to get drinkable water from the clouds ? 74

The structural system of the tower


An architecture taking its roots in the mountain

HOW TO LIVE IN A MEGASTRUCTURE?

The condensation nets and the viewing platform at the top of the tower

Agricultural fields on the mountainside 75


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BAMBOO BRIDGE

Let’s use the natural fibers

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BAMBOO BRIDGE . Let’s use the natural fibers STRUCTURAL DESIGN LOCATION Nantes, FR PROGRAM A 2.5m long footbridge > workshop for the proposal of a scale 1 model of a footbridge STUDENTS TEAM Thomas Bourdaud FR Samuel Coquereau FR Aurélien Colineau FR Justine Creugny FR Maud Delarue FR Constance Desenfant FR Eric Dugué FR TEACHING TEAM Francis Miguet architect, FR Benoit Boris ing. architect, FR December 2009 . ensa Nantes Year 2 . Bachelor 2 . Semester 3

Recovered bamboo rods

HOW TO ASSEMBLE BAMBOO RODS TOGETHER ?

The starting instruction was the following: «Build a bridge to cross a lengh of 2.5m, supporting a maximum width of 0.5m, thickness and limited arrow. The bridge must be as light as possible, using as little material as possible and resist the equivalent weight of 8 people. The selected material was then bamboo, for its light weight and its good resistance both to tension and compression. The rods were recovered in a garden and assemble according to a principle of sub-trendue and prestressed beam. The bridge withstood the weight of 8 people without breaking but with a signifiant boom and a high shear force 78

Using natural rope to tie the stalks


assemblage des ĂŠlĂŠments de contreventement

WALKING ON A BRIDGE

Preloading the structure with a counter-bow

Testing the completed bridge 79


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STUDENTS WELCOME

An accomodation for interspace appropriation

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STUDENTS WELCOME . An accomodation for interspace appropriation ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN LOCATION Nantes, FR PROGRAM Students accomodations > individual proposal of an urban concept and development of the architectural concept

TEACHING TEAM GaĂŤlle Breton architect, FR Louis Paillard architect, FR June 2010 . ensa Nantes Year 2 . Bachelor 2 . Semester 4

Masterplan of the project

OPTIMISATION OF THE VOLUME

Maximum template

Transparent Ground Floor

Bending Facades

Angles rifts

Though it has a pinched shape in the angle of the plot, the project integates itself in order to offer a simple floor plan. The interior volume is surrounded by a gallery, made of a metalic structure, supporting the skin facade that is made of perforated metal shutters. The aim is to provide students an additionnal living space. This gallery is thus a modular interspace reserved to students. The facade becomes a space for appropriation. The building’s enveloppe combines lightness and sophistication to maintain a relationship with its external environment. The internal circulation is not just a corridor. There are commun double height spaces for collective activities and community life. 82

Ground Floor plan

First Floor plan


One of the commun working spaces

APPROPRIATION OF THE INTERSPACE

Inside one of the accomodations

Cross section of a student accomodation

Floor plan of a student accomodation

A mobile cabinet window

Cross Section of the building 83


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POP-UP FACADE

A book to quake the city

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POP-UP FACADE . A book to quake the city VISUAL DESIGN LOCATION Nantes, FR PROGRAM Handmade pop-up book > workshop based on photographic approach and experimental pop-up systems

TEACHING TEAM Arnaud Théval visual artist, FR June 2010 . ensa Nantes Year 2 . Bachelor 2 . Semester 4

Historical building facade in Nantes city centre

PLAYING WITH THE CITY TO REVEAL IT IN A PLAYFUL WAY

Play with the city and make an object allowing the reader to interact with the theme of quake. When turning the pages, the reader makes the scenery change and participates in its transformation. Under his eyes is held the decontruction of a historical facade of Nantes city centre: the «Île Feydeau» one. Supporting the myth that these buildings would have been displaced by «giants» (the readers) when playing with the city. The architectural elements fold and unfold as details arise from the pages as if they want to escape. Thus manipulating the book reveals the city in a playful and animated way. 86

The handmade book binding


Watching the elements fall

TURNING THE PAGES, WATCHING THE FACADE QUAKE

Manipulating the pages

The final book 87


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YEAR 1

Semester 2 DOUBLE HEIGHTS

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DOUBLE HEIGHTS

Apartment building on the Ile de Nantes

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DOUBLE HEIGHTS . Apartment building on the Ile de Nantes ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN LOCATION Nantes, FR PROJECT 4 units apartment building > individual work, sketches, cad drawings and models

TEACHING TEAM Miguel Macian architect, FR Matthieu Germond architect, FR June 2009 . ensa Nantes Year 1 . Bachelor 1 . Semester 2

Aeral view of the project site

STACKED HOUSING TYPOLOGIES

Located in the renewed urban fabric of the ツォテ四e de Nantesツサ, this small empty plot benefits from a dual east/west orientation. The project includes four units of housing, each of a varying typology, stacked in a sculpted volume. Each unit has a double height living space, providing luminosity and generous views for all the residents whereas intimate spaces such as bedrooms bathrooms are single height. This configuration makes all housing two-sided and getting all the orientations of the plot.

Stacked housing concept 92

GF

1st F

2nd F

4th F

Floor Plans of the different apartments


The Upper Floor terrace (model picture)

The East-side facade (model picture)

A TWO-SIDED ORIENTATION BUILDING

Transversal Cross Section 93


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Thomas Bourdaud

Master Student in Architecture April 2014 Nantes . France For online version and other works go to issuu.com/thomasbourdaud


CATALOGUE 2008/2014