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Designed to Build. Malamulo Hospital | Malamulo, Malawi

Fall 2013 | Design IX - Harnish | Tom Frank, Eike Maas, Brandon Saiz


The Big Idea.


If doctors are happier, patients are healthier.


Concepts.


Priorities

User:

Community:

Client:

- Privacy/sociability - Climatic comfort - Security

- Contextual

- Cost effective - Long-term solution


A place to be alone.

User

A place for family.

A place for neighbors


A place for community.

Community


Innovatively cost effective.

Client


.


Site & Context.


Area map


Photos


Photos


Photos


Banana Tree Mango Tree

Papaya Tree Mango Tree

Papaya Tree

A Western view of the rolling hillsides and mountain range in the distance

A steep slope begins at this area of the site

N

0

1m

5m

Initial analysis

10 m

The main path which is the entrance to the site


Climate.


January

May

September = 10,000 Lt of rainfall = 10,000 Lt of water used

February

June

October

March

July

November

April

August

December

Rain


o

62 98

51

o

o

East

North

South 98 51

o

o

62

West

Sun

o


Wind


The Solution.


Making home in a foreign place.


Site Plan N


Site social zones N


Program Use Private Space: Social Space: Interior: Exterior: Communal Space: Utility:

23.6 sq m (%) 29.6 sq m (%) 23.9 sq m 5.7 sq m 5.3 sq m 13 sq m (%)

Program Use Private Space: Interior: Exterior: Social Space: Interior: Exterior: Utility:

35 sq m 6.8 sq m 31.1 sq m (%) 23.9 sq m 7.2 sq m 14.1 sq m (%)

COMMUNAL INTERACTION

2-BEDROOM HOUSE Bedrooms:

2

Bedrooms:

3

Bathrooms:

1

Bathrooms:

2

Total Area: Interior: Exterior:

71.5 sq m 60.5 sq m (%) 11 sq m (%)

2-BEDROOM23.6HOUSE sq m (%)

Program Use Private Space: Social Space: Interior: Exterior: Communal Space: Utility:

29.6 sq m (%) 23.9 sq m 5.7 sq m 5.3 sq m 13 sq m (%)

Bedrooms:

Bathrooms:

INTIMATE BENCH

SECT

FLOOR PLANS

3-BEDROOM HOUSE

Accomodates: 2 - 4 individuals (bedrooms may be either shared or contain a large bed for 1 or 2 people)

LIVING

41.8 sq m (%)

25mm

2-bedroom & 3-bedroom houses 15mm = 1m

Accomodates: 3-5 individuals (2 of the bedrooms may be either shared or contain a large bed for 1 or 2 people) Total Area: Interior: Exterior: Program Use Private Space: Interior: Exterior: Social Space: Interior: Exterior: Utility:

86.9 sq m 72.9 sq m (%) 14 sq m (%) 41.8 sq m (%) 35 sq m 6.8 sq m

223.9 sq m31.1 sq m (%)

LIVING / KITCHEN

3-BEDROOM HOUSE

PICNIC TABLE

Bedrooms:

3

Bathrooms:

2

7.2 sq m

1

14.1 sq m (%)

Accomodates: 2 - 4 individuals (bedrooms may be either shared or contain a large bed for 1 or 2 people) Total Area: Interior: Exterior:

71.5 sq m 60.5 sq m (%) 11 sq m (%)

Program Use Private Space: Social Space: Interior: Exterior: Communal Space: Utility:

23.6 sq m (%) 29.6 sq m (%) 23.9 sq m 5.7 sq m 5.3 sq m 13 sq m (%)

Accomodates: 3-5 individuals (2 of the bedrooms may be either shared or contain a large bed for 1 or 2 people) Total Area: Interior: Exterior: Program Use Private Space: Interior: Exterior: Social Space: Interior: Exterior: Utility:

86.9 sq m 72.9 sq m (%) 14 sq m (%) JoJo

41.8 sq m (%) 35 sq m 6.8 sq m 31.1 sq m (%) 23.9 sq m 7.2 sq m 14.1 sq m (%)

Floor Plans garden / trench system

kitchen

hallway

bathroom

garden / JoJo


Existing Duplex

2-Bedroom House

3-Bedroom House

Houses 16 people total

Houses 16 people total

Houses 18 people total

Square Meters

Price Per Square Meter

Square Meters

Price Per Square Meter

Square Meters

Price Per Square Meter

93 (1 half unit) x $242.00 $22,510.00

70 (1 unit) x $242.00 $16,940.00

85 (1 unit) x $242.00 $20,570.00

372 (all units) x $242.00 $90,025.00

140 (all units) x $242.00 $33,880.00

170 (all units) x $242.00 $41,140.00

$90,025.00 / 16 people = 5,630.00 per resident

$75,000.00 / 18 people = 4,160.00 per resident

our design proposal costs $1,460.00 LESS per inhabitant

Comparative Analysis


One house - interior sociability


Living Room and Kitchen


One house - indoor/outdoor sociability


Communal Zones


Two houses


Picnic Table Moment


Personal Moment


1 1 Underground Cistern 6,000 LT JoJo tank reference 6,000 Lt JoJo tank from website PDF 2 Above ground 2,500 LT JoJo tank This receives its water from gutters.

4

3 Pump Electric pump that maintains pressure in lines. 4 Percolation Piping Distributes excess rainwater and grey water not used by toilets back into the planting beds surrounding the home 5 Over Flow Piping When the above ground JoJo fills to its maximum capacity the excess water is then diverted to the underground cisterns for maximum water retention.

Site white/greywater management

3 2

5


Site blackwater management


3

1

10

5

6

5 4

7

8

6 9 2

8

9

1 Underground Cistern 6,000 LT JoJo tank Reference 6,000 lt JoJo tank from website PDF or sheet 8.3 2 Above ground 2,500 LT JoJo tank This receives its water from gutters. Reference sheet 8.4 3 Grate to filter out sediment and debris Two small concrete pads support the grate to prevent uneven settling 4 Solar Hot Water Heater Tank Roof mounted on the north facing roof. Reference sheet 8.6 5

Solar Hot Water Panels The water from the roof mounted catchment tank (4) releases water into the panels to heat the water. Water lines stem from the bottom of the panels and gravity maintains pressure in the lines. Reference sheet 8.6

6 Pump and filter Electric pump that keeps pressure in lines and has the triple filtration system. Wall mounted system.

House water management

7 Percolation Piping Distributes excess rainwater and grey water not used by toilets back into the planting beds surrounding the home 8

Over Flow Piping When the above ground JoJo fills to its maximum capacity the excess water is then diverted to the underground cisterns for maximum water retention.

9 Gutter system Gutter are only located on southern facing roofs because they divert rainwater into the above ground 2,500Lt tanks (2) 10 Trench system (dotted lines) The trench system is made out of bricks and flows the grading on site diverting water to the grate (3) and once filtered, into the underground cistern (1)


House water management e

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w so so w at s a la la ys er rh r h ter t e lin c ot m e ot ap w ne pe w at a xt ne te er t o t ra rh pa ho th te ea ne tw e s te l sc th at r re rou er en g lin th h e in is l th t o in e w th e g al e o l w es at er be ca hin p d ju th st e as so th lar e ho ot t he w r s ate ys r p te a m ne do ls es an d


grout fill to roofing (a vernacular building method)

gum pole purlin 100mm

gum pole truss 250mm wood plank under gum poles (2x8) 50mm x 200mm steel tie-down wood to brick

steel ventilation grate pre-cast concrete lintel 50mm x 200mm metal window casing

window frame window leveling grout brick drip shelf soldier course finish plaster 20mm - 50mm

wire mesh reinforcing tile floor

Foundation sections

rubber moisture barrier

concrete screed floor 100mm thick metal mesh reinforcing moisture barrier gravel and brick rubble 100mm thick

corrugated metal roofing

aluminum gutter

gum pole 200mm

2,500Lt JoJo tank


JoJo

garden / trench system

kitchen

3,0 m

4,0 m

Wall sections

hallway 1,6 m

bathroom

garden / JoJo

2,2 m

2,4 m


PRIVATE & SOCIAL SPACE The definition of ‘home’ is nebulous at best and varies across people and cultures. Yet, home is one of the most fundamental pillars in our lives; it’s wherever we keep all of our memories, the details of our lives that make us human. Without ‘home,’ we are lost. When two starkly different cultures with different definitions of ‘home’ intersect, home can be hard to define for both the locals and those just arriving. It can be hard to find or retain a place for familiar habits to exist. This is the case in Malamulo, and with the stress of running a busy hospital already omnipresent, home is what doctors need to stay happy and keep patients healthy. So, how can we find or make home where the West and Africa meet? It begins with understanding the humane details of how people de-stress, interact, and open their minds to one another. By carefully planning for these types of events and interactions, we can create an environment in which ‘home’ happens.

Home.

In order to assure doctors and/or students staying at these houses personal comfort, privacy and sociability are each vital. The residents need a place to escape and find solitude, while at other times opportunities for social interaction. The

organization aims to create social opportunities at a variety of scales. The organizations of entrances and porches allow either greater or lesser opportunities for social encounters depending on location. For example, the houses are grouped in sets of two which have adjacent porches within an 8m distance allowing cross-porch conversation if desired; as well as a more intimate grass area containing a picnic table. The four houses are organized so that more public spaces of each house(front porch, kitchen, and living room) are facing the site’s path entry and the walking path within the site while the more private spaces(bedrooms, bathrooms, and private porch) are located in the back of each house and not visible from walkways. The public and private spaces of each house are clearly divided by a hallway which establishes a barrier which visitors should understand not to enter(or enter for the bathroom and experience privacy). Additionally, there are plans for foliage spaces surrounding each house with suggestions for varying distances and heights for plants against different program uses of the houses in order to create more privacy for certain spaces within the houses.


Home.

Designed to Build  

Housing for Doctors at Malamulo Hospital in Malamulo, Malawi; Fall Semester 2013

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