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Care for Your Eyes


he human body has a very prominent structure, which is the light of the body. These structures are so important , that if they are absent, defective or normal has a far reaching effect on your whole being. These structures are called the Eyes. The human eye is an organ which reacts to light and pressure. As a sense organ, the mammalian eye allows vision. Human eyes help to provide a three dimensional, moving image, normally coloured in daylight. Your eyes are incredibly complex. They work hard from the minute you wake up to the minute you go back to sleep, constantly taking in information about the world around you. The human eye works just like a camera. In the same way that a camera lens focuses light onto a photosensitive surface, your eyes focus light onto the retina. 20/20 vision just means you have normal eyesight. Contrary to popular belief, having 20/20 vision isn’t anything remarkable. Rather, it means that you can read a chart from 20 feet away in normal lighting conditions. Wider pupils can suggest excitement. Any positive thought can serve to dilate your pupils. For example, when you look at someone you are attracted to, they will expand up to 45%. However, dilating pupils can also mean you are scared. Your eyes become tired when you read or stare at a computer for extended periods of time. This is because you blink less often and you are not relaxing the muscle inside your eye. If this happens to you often, you should make sure that you have an up-to-date prescription. It’s impossible to sneeze with your eyes open. Your eyes and nose are connected by cranial nerves, so the stimulation from a sneeze travels up one nerve to the brain, then down another nerve to the eyelids, typically prompting a blink. Smokers have almost double the chance of experiencing dry eye. Tobacco smoke is known to irritate eyes - even second hand exposure to the smoke can worsen dry eye, particularly for contact lens wearers. The sun’s rays have been linked to eye damage. Several eye conditions, such as cataracts and pterygia, have been associated with exposure to UV rays. To protect your eyes from the dangers of the sun, you should wear well fitted sunglasses, preferably a wraparound style. Many eye injuries are surprisingly quick to heal. Our bodies understand that our eyes are

very important to us, and many eye injuries can be recovered from very quickly. For example, with the correct care, a minor corneal scratch will heal in around 2 days. Tears help protect our eyes from infection. Any dirt and dust that has managed to pass the defense of our eyelashes and brows is washed away by tears. They keep our eyes clean and moist and a filled with antibodies that fight infection. Currently, Eye transplants are currently impossible due to the sensitivity of the optic nerve. Surgeons are currently unable to wire the optic nerve to the brain because it contains over 1 million nerve cells. This means a transplanted eye would not transmit signals to the brain and therefore fail to produce sight. Women are advised to throw away your eye makeup after three months. Creamy or liquid eye makeup, such as mascara, is the perfect breeding ground for bacteria. This can cause eye infections. You should never share eye makeup with friends. Swapping your eye makeup can lead to nasty infections. This is because makeup applicators can easily carry bacteria and you don’t want to trade germs with others. Diabetes affects the blood vessels of your eyes. If these blood vessels become blocked or leak then the retina, and perhaps your vision, will be harmed. This is called Diabetic Retinopathy and affects 40% of people who suffer from Type 1 diabetes and 20% of people who suffer from Type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is usually first detected during an eye test. Sufferers of type 2 diabetes often have no noticeable symptoms. If this is the case, then the condition is often first noticed during eye examinations due to tiny hemorrhages leaking from blood vessels at the back of the eye. You blink on average 4,200,000 times a year. The purpose of blinking is to lubricate the eyes. Adults blink around 15 - 20 times a minute, which researchers say is more than the required amount to keep the eyes moist. Oily fish, vitamin A and vitamin C all help to preserve good eyesight. Studies have found that eating oily fish at least twice a week (such as salmon or mackerel), can help reduce the risk of age-related macular degeneration - a common cause of blindness in old age. Vitamin A and vitamin C also maintain good eye health. At conception, Your eyes start to develop just two weeks after conception. This is one of the reasons why it is so important for a pregnant woman to take care of her own body so that her, .Cel, ͸΀͸ͽ͝͝Ϳͺ͝ͽ͞ unborn child can develop properly. Certain conditions can cause your eyes to twitch. These include: Eye Strain: In this day and age, eye strain is a major culprit of eye twitches. The reason is Our overexposure to screens—whether it be a computer, smartphone, or tablet. Lack of Sleep: Not only can an insufficient amount of sleep result in grogginess and mood changes, it can also cause eye twitches. It is thought that people between the ages of 26 and 64 should get approximately 7 to 9 hours each night, many individuals are getting much less. Stress: Ah, stress, a foe that many of us are all too familiar with. Not only has it been linked to a variety of serious conditions such as heart disease, depression, and Alzheimer’s disease, it is also the number one cause of eye twitches. AlcoholandCaeineConsumption:According to Shape, Many experts believe that the stimulants in caffeine and/or the relaxant properties of alcohol can bring on a twitchy eye, especially when used in excess. Dry Eye: Eye twitches can also result from dry eye, a condition that occurs due to “excessive evaporation of the tears or an insufficient flow of tears. Eye Irritation: In some cases, eye twitches may be more severe in nature, causing the eyelid to close completely. According to studies, these types of twitches are often the result of irritation on the surface of the eye (the cornea) or the conjunctiva, which are the “membranes lining the eyelids. Nutritional DeďŹ ciencies: Eye twitches may also be an indication that you’re not getting enough of certain nutrients, most commonly magnesium. Try increasing your intake by consuming more magnesium-rich foods such as spinach, almonds, and oats. Age Related Eye Diseases: As one gets older, there are certain diseases that would come up. Everyone age 50 or older should visit an eye care professional for a comprehensive dilated eye exam. Many eye diseases have no early warning signs or symptoms, but a dilated exam can detect eye diseases in their early stages before vision loss occurs. Early detection and treatment can help you save your sight. Even if you aren’t experiencing any vision problems, visit your eye care professional for a dilated eye exam. He or she will tell you how often you need to have one depending on your specific risk factors. r"HFSFMBUFE.BDVMBS%FHFOFSBUJPO ".%

AMD is a disease associated with aging that gradually destroys sharp, central vision. Central vision is needed for seeing objects clearly and for common daily tasks such as reading and driving. Learn more about AMD. Signs and symptoms of age-related macular degeneration: Blurred vision, Reduction in vision relating to detailed activities such as reading and recognising faces - Colour distortion r$BUBSBDU A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye. Vision with cataract can appear cloudy or blurry, colors may seem faded and you may notice a lot of glare. Signs and symptoms of cataracts: Cloudy vision: Poor night vision Double vision, Glare from bright lights Cloudy ďŹ lm over the natural lens ËžĂ“Ă‹ĂŒĂ?ÞÓĂ?ĂŁĂ?Ă“Ă?Ă?Ă‹Ă?Ă?Ë? Diabetic eye disease is a complication of diabetes and a leading cause of blindness. The most common form is diabetic retinopathy which occurs when diabetes damages the tiny blood vessels inside the retina. ˞ÖËĂ&#x;Ă?Ù×ËË?Glaucoma is a group of diseases that can damage the eye’s optic nerve and result in vision loss and blindness. It is usually associated with high pressure in the eye and affects side or peripheral vision. Ă“Ă‘Ă˜Ă?Ă‹Ă˜ĂŽĂ?ã×ÚÞÙ×Ă?Ă™Ă?Ă–Ă‹Ă&#x;Ă?Ù×ËË? Blurred vision Headaches Sickness and vomiting Multi-coloured halos Pain in the eyes r%SZ&ZF Dry eye occurs when the eye does not produce tears properly, or when the tears are not of the correct consistency and evaporate too quickly. Dry eye can make it more difficult to perform some activities, such as using a computer or reading for an extended period of time. r-PX7JTJPO Low vision means that even with regular glasses, contact lenses, medicine, or surgery, people find everyday tasks difficult to do. Reading the mail, shopping, cooking, seeing the TV, and writing can seem challenging. But, many people with low vision are taking charge. It is important to know , that there are various treatments available for all of the eye ailments, and a quick visit to your eye specialist would do you much good.



he recent endorsement of Governor Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi of Enugu State for a second term in office by the Prelate of the Methodist Church of Nigeria, His Eminence, Dr. Samuel ‘Emeka kanu Uche was quite weighty and inspiring. The supreme head of the Methodist Church in the country, while delivering a sermon at the thanksgiving service for the family of the former President of the Senate and a chieftain of the All Progressives Congress (APC), Senator Ken Nnamani in his country home, Amechi Uwani, Enugu South Local Government Area, which was attended by Gov. Ugwuanyi, among others, declared that the governor’s re-election in 2019 was sacrosanct. He said that the governor deserves a second term because of his outstanding performance and judicious utilization of the lean resources of the state to impact positively on the lives of the people. The Prelate added that Gov. Ugwuanyi has “done very well� in office, stressing that “even those in the graves, if they are allowed to vote, will vote for you�. Describing the governor as a God fearing leader, who “loves and honours God�, the cleric said: “Therefore, whatever you want in the next dispensation you will get it�. Declaring further his stance on the forthcoming elections, Dr. Uche unequivocally stated that any governor or politician who wants to be re-elected in 2019 “must perform� as “that is the best campaign; to give the people the dividends of democracy�. According to him, “I welcome Gburugburu (Gov. Ugwuanyi) the performing governor of Enugu State. This man is using the resources given to him very well to develop the state�. From the foregoing, it is an undisputable fact that the supreme leader’s verdict on Gov. Ugwuanyi

did not come to many as a surprise, especially the people of Enugu State who are at home with the good works of the governor and his strength of leadership which have impacted positively on their lives, as the true heroes of democracy. The avalanche of goodwill, acceptance and tremendous support being enjoyed by the governor from all spheres of the society, have also remained unbeatable in the annals of the state. It would be recalled that Gov. Ugwuanyi enjoyed similar goodwill during the 2015 governorship contest, following his unique demeanor and uncommon style of leadership as a caring, humble, peaceful, visionary and God fearing leader. What is more inspiring is the fact that this is the first time in the history of Enugu State, where a governor, in less than two and half years in office, is receiving such gale of spontaneous commendations and uninfluenced endorsements for re-election from both political leaders and revered institutions. Kudos must, therefore, go to the people’s governor for spearheading an inclusive and result-oriented leadership that has brought to the fore a peaceful, progressive and united Enugu State of the founding fathers’ dreams. Undoubtedly, Ugwuanyi’s passion and disposition to peace, good governance and the well-being of the masses, especially the lowly in the society, in spite of the nation’s daunting economic challenges and political differences, have endeared him to the people. His uncommon leadership style has remained the nexus between him and the people and has also rejuvenated the fabrics of peace, unity and harmony among political leaders in the state, irrespective of their political affiliations, to forge a common force for the development of the state. The above gives credence to the recent statement by the National Vice Chairman of the All Progressives Congress (APC) in the South East region, Hon. Emma Eneukwu that “Gov. Ugwuanyi has created a peaceful atmosphere that has made it possible for everybody to be one when it comes

to issues concerning the state�. The APC Chieftain, who spoke at the reception organised by Enugu State Government for a staunch member of APC in the state and the Nigerian Ambassador to Republic of India, Major Gen. Chris Eze (retd), in respect of his appointment, commended the governor for his bi-partisan approach to governance. Similar pleasant remarks had been made by other chieftains of the APC, such as Senator Ken Nnamani, Senator Jim Nwobodo and the Director General of Voice of Nigeria, Mr. Osita Okechukwu, who had at various fora applauded Gov. Ugwuanyi for his political maturity, bi-partisan disposition and respect for everyone irrespective of political leanings. On Ugwuanyi’s re-election in 2019, it is on record that the governor has been receiving chains of endorsements from virtually all spheres of the society, including the religious institution. First to endorse him were the Traders, who shut all the markets in the state and mobilized massively to the popular Michael Okpara Square, Enugu for a solidarity rally in support of his re-election in 2019. They said that they were at home and very happy with Gov. Ugwuanyi for his visionary leadership and the empowerment programme initiated by his administration, where 100 lucky traders win N50,000 each every month to assist them grow their various businesses. His political party, the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) at all levels in the state has also endorsed his re-election. The Anglican Communion, through the Archbishop of Enugu Ecclesiastical Province, Most Rev. Dr. Emmanuel Chukwuma has equally given its endorsement to Gov. Ugwunayi’s re-election come 2019. The Archbishop stressed that the governor deserves a second term because of his commitment to peace, good governance, love for the poor masses and development of the Church. Rev. Fr. Ejike Mbaka, the fiery priest and Spiritual Director of Adoration Ministry Enugu Nigeria (AMEN) described Gov. Ugwuanyi as a Godly

leader, who has brought peace to the Ministry in particular and the state in general, declaring that he deserves a second term in office. Workers of the state under the auspices of Trade Union Congress of Nigeria (TUC), during a oneday symposium passed a vote of confidence in the governor for “his administration’s giant strides in just two years in office� and asked him to “carry go in 2019�. Recently, teachers in the state totaling over 21,000 staged a mass solidarity rally for the governor in appreciation of his good works in the state and the remarkable achievements in the education sector and declared their firm support for him in 2019. Just a few days ago, tricycle operators in the state under the auspices of Association of Tricycle Riders Transport Union unanimously adopted Gov. Ugwuanyi as their gubernatorial candidate for the 2019 governorship election in the state. The jubilant transporters, who came out in their numbers, during an interactive meeting with the governor, held at the Michael Okpara Square, Enugu, stated that they “are fully committed to your second term in office for your good works in Enugu State and commitment to our welfare�. The story was the same, when the governor held a similar meeting with Okada Riders in the state, who equally backed his re-election in office, saying: “we are today celebrating your victory come 2019 elections�. The state chapter of Inter Party Advisory Council (IPAC), the umbrella organization of all the political parties in the country recently applauded Gov. Ugwuanyi for his effective leadership, which it said has engendered peace and good governance in the state “at a time when recession has become a ‘customized excuse’ for elected leaders for non-performance�. The body in a statement by its state chairman and secretary, Barr John Nwobodo and Mr. Ken Onyekaonwu, added that they were highly Cont’d on Pg. 37

Saturday 10th February 2018  
Saturday 10th February 2018