o r k er
CELEBRATION Issue 13
Exclusi ve i ntervi ews w i th creati ve geni uses Mi chael Pearce and Astri d Goldsm i th
The best m usi c, TV and fi lm s of 2017
A celebrati on of women , di versi ty, i nclusi vi ty and more...
Here's a toast to 2018 and to the celebr ations of the past year !
30 Years of Erasm us and undergraduate research at the Uni versi ty of York
T he Yorker Team Edit or s
Eugene Ng, Violet Daniels M an agin g Dir ect or
Emma- Louise Downe M ar k et in g Dir ect or
Rebecca Cuthber t Fin an ce Dir ect or
Akshay Soni Con t r ibu t or s Bethany White, Patr ick Crellin, Isabelle Kennedy, Mir una Radu,Oscar Jeffer son, Paige Hender son, Imogen Willis, Gretel Kar plus, William Br adshaw
Editors' Note A warm hello to all readers! As we embark on a new year it is commonplace to reflect on the year before. 2017 has been written off by many, as a year of disaster and tragedy. Indeed, it was in many ways. However, this issue aims to celebrate everything positive about 2017. Despite widespread belief, positivity can be found in many corners, if only we take the time to look. 2018 is going to be an exciting year for the Yorker, both myself, and Eugene are fulfilling our new roles in working to produce our first ever magazine. This fills me with so much excitement and positivity, I cannot wait to continue my role as Editor as the year progresses. As this is my first magazine I would like to thank everyone involved for their kindness and patience in helping me find the ropes and take on this role ? I wouldn?t have been able to do it without you. And thank you to all writers for producing such invigorating, inspiring and positive content; ?Celebration?would not have happened without you.
When I first read the drafts submitted by our writers, I was surprised by the cohesiveness in taking a political and international approach to the theme- celebration. With this in mind, I wanted to create a cover page that captures the essence of this but in a somewhat more abstract and creative approach. On the cover, the flags of the different countries represent the international realm of this issue-the political discussions, international celebrations and the diverse team of members here at the Yorker. The creation of flags using food is linked to our association of dining together during celebrations and how food is, always seen as the central piece that brings people together during celebratory events. The team and I have had a great time putting this issue together and we hope that this will be a little piece that lightens your day. Here's to more enlightening celebrations for the rest of 2018!
A Year in Review 6 Best Albums of 2017 8 Best TV Ser ies of 2017 10 Best Films of 2017 12 A Celebr ation of Women 14 Celebr ating Under gr aduate Research 17 30 Year s of Er asmus 20 Michael Pearce 23 Astr id Goldsmith 26 Champion Education in its own Right 30 2018 Celebr ations 32 The Boys are coming up Roses 35 Dr agon 37 The Celebr ation 38
2017 A YEAR IN REVIEW Words by: Isabelle Kennedy A quick browse of the past 12 months takes us through the inauguration of Trump, increasing geopolitical tensions, worsening inequality, and political incompetence in our own country. I doubt anyone would argue that 2017 has been an easy year. We end it having survived, but many of the issues present at the beginning of the year have not been solved, or have manifested into new ones. In an effort to brighten up the end of 2017, and the beginning of the 2018, here are some of the positive events and moments that can be taken from 2017.
Protest Undoubtedly, there have been many things to protest about in 2017. We kicked the year off with worldwide women?s marches protesting the beginning of the Trump administration. Huge crowds gathered in cities worldwide and demonstrated their commitment to the ongoing fight for women?s equality. Closer to home, people gathered in London to demonstrate against government policy and continued acceptance of an increasingly controversial American government. We saw marches in support of our NHS, to save science impacted by Brexit, to end period poverty. Despite the depressing reality that these are still very much issues that need to be tackled head-on, it is Progress encouraging to see such crowds in support of many Despite backward government policy, particularly in different causes. the US, worldwide progress has been seen in 2017. At the beginning of December, Australia passed a historic bill to allow same-sex marriage in the country, as did Germany in the summer. We also saw popular resistance to the rise of hate groups and far-right groups across the world. The victory of Emmanuel Macron over far-right Marine Le Pen, regardless of one?s view of the man himself, undoubtedly represents a rejection of such rhetoric in Europe, as does the success of Doug Jones in Alabama for America. Regardless of personal politics, the rise of youth political engagement, particularly in the UK?s general election demonstrates a positive engagement with democracy across society. For many, 2017 has been a year of political awakening, and increasing political engagement.
Conversations Increasingly, conversations surrounding acceptance, as well as conversations which confront the norm, have come to the fore this year. Most notably, TIME magazine?s ?Person?of the Year ? the #MeToo movement. This conversation, as it were, opened up an industry-wide harassment scandal within entertainment, sparking greater awareness of the plight of many women in male-dominated industries. Although it is heartbreaking that such conversations are still necessary in 2017, the fact that such allegations have made such headlines, perhaps demonstrate the increasing progress of the world in believing women who come forward with such stories. And evidently, some conversations have had an impact across the world. In Saudi Arabia, women are finally permitted to drive, whilst India has recognized the importance of freedom of sexuality for every citizen. It isimportant to remember, however, that the fight for change isfar from over. Millionsstill live in poverty, at home and abroad, whilst othershave fled their homesdue to conflict or disaster. Acrossthe world, full equality hasnot been achieved. Thisyear?sprogressdoesnot equate to successbut merely bringsuscloser. So, thisyear; let us encourage one another, fight against bigotry and hate, and build on the improvementswe?ve seen so far.
BEST AL BUMS OF 2017
Words by: Miruna Radu
A new year has begun, which means it?s the perfect time to travel back in time and look at what 2017 had to offer in terms of music.
10. M ack lem or e ? GEM INI Release dat e: Sept em ber 22, 2017 Gen r e: Hip-h op/ Rap GEM INI is M ack lem or e?s f ir st solo albu m in 12 year s, 9 of w h ich h e spen t r eleasin g m u sic as par t of t h e du o w it h Ryan Lew is. Alt h ou gh t h e lat t er w asn?t pr esen t f or t h e cr eat ion of GEM INI, ot h er popu lar n am es like Kesh a, Sk ylar Gr ey an d Lil Yach t y ar e f eat u r ed on t h is albu m . GEM INI is f u n , easy t o list en t o an d m akes you w an t t o sin g alon g. Th r ee t h in gs ever yon e n eeds som et im es if you ask m e.
8. Calvin Har r is ? Fu n k Wav Bou n ces Vol. 1 Release dat e: Ju n e 30, 2017
9. Ten der ? M oder n Addict ion Release dat e: Sept em ber 1, 2017 Gen r e: Alt er n at ive/ In die, Dan ce/ Elect r on ic Ten der ar e a Lon don -based du o an d ver y n ew t o t h e m u sic scen e. If you h aven?t h ear d of t h em bef or e, don?t w or r y, you can list en t o t h eir debu t albu m , M oder n Addict ion , an d you w ill get t h e per f ect sen se of w h at t h eir sou n d is like. Th e albu m is var ied, m ean in g t h at som e t r ack s ar e m or e poppy w h ile som e lean m or e t ow ar ds t h at elect r on ic t r an scen den t al sou n d. I t h in k t h is is a ver y good debu t albu m , per f ect f or t h ose m om en t s w h en you w an t t o r elax.
7. WizKid ? Sou n ds Fr om t h e Ot h er Side
Gen r e: Fu n k , Pop, Dan ce Fu n k Wav Bou n ces Vol. 1., an ot h er albu m w h ich w as on r epeat last su m m er , is t h e f if t h st u dio albu m f r om t h e Scot t ish DJ an d pr odu cer Calvin Har r is. Alt h ou gh Har r is su r pr ised t h e w or ld w it h a com plet ely ch an ged sou n d w h en h e r eleased t h is albu m , I don?t t h in k m ost of u s w er e disappoin t ed. Th e albu m didn?t seem like h is st yle at all, bu t t h e m or e I list en ed t o it , t h e m or e I en joyed it . It ?s on e of t h ose albu m s t o play at a bar bequ e w it h you r f r ien ds in t h e back yar d of t h e h ou se.
Release dat e: Ju ly 14, 2017 Gen r e: EDM , R&B, Af r obeat Sou n ds Fr om t h e Ot h er Side, SFTOS f or sh or t , is t h e t h ir d albu m f r om t h e Niger ian sin ger WizKid. Th is is on e of t h e albu m s I?d been list en in g t o on r epeat over last su m m er . It ?s ver y u pbeat an d it m ak es you w an t t o bu st a m ove ?w h er ever w h en ever ?, t o qu ot e Sh ak ir a. Play it at an y par t y an d you w on?t go w r on g w it h it .
6. Halsey ? h opeless f ou n t ain k in gdom
5. Not h in g bu t Th ieves ? Br ok en M ach in e
Release dat e: Ju n e 2, 2017 Gen r e: Syn t h -pop h opeless f ou n t ain k in gdom is t h e secon d albu m f r om t h e Am er ican sin ger Halsey. Th is is a con cept albu m t h at r evolves ar ou n d a st or y sim ilar t o t h e on e of Rom eo an d Ju liet . It t ak es place in a sor t of pu r gat or y w h er e t w o you n g people f r om ver y dif f er en t back gr ou n ds f all in love. h opeless f ou n t ain k in gdom dif f er s f r om Halsey ?s debu t albu m becau se it lean s m or e t ow ar ds t h e pop gen r e, w h ich w as h er in t en t ion f r om t h e begin n in g as sh e r epeat edly said in var iou s in t er view s.
Release dat e: Sept em ber 8, 2017 Gen r e: Alt er n at ive r ock Br oken M ach in e is t h e secon d st u dio albu m f r om t h e Br it ish ban d Not h in g bu t Th ieves. Th ese gu ys ar e ver y t alen t ed an d t h ey pr oved it w it h ever y t r ack on t h e albu m . Com par ed t o t h eir debu t albu m , Br ok en M ach in e is f ier cer , m or e passion at e. It ?s on e of t h ose albu m s t o add t o you r ?t o-list en -t o? list , in case you h aven?t alr eady.
4. Hey Violet ? Fr om t h e Ou t side
3. Galan t is ? Th e Aviar y Release dat e: Sept em ber 15, 2017 Gen r e: EDM In t h e t h ir d place, w e h ave Th e Aviar y, yet an ot h er secon d albu m , t h is t im e f r om t h e EDM du o Galan t is. Ju st lik e WizKid?s SFTOS, Th e Aviar y is bou n d t o lif t t h e spir it s at a par t y w it h it s u pbeat , f u n t r ack s. Galan t is in clu ded on t h e t r ack list f ou r sin gles t h at w er e r eleased in 2016, am on g w h ich t h er e ar e ?No M on ey ?an d ?Love on m e?w h ich you m u st ?ve h ear d at least on ce. If you lik ed t h ese t w o, t h en you ?ll pr obably en joy t h e w h ole albu m .
Release dat e: Ju n e 16, 2017 Gen r e: Pop, Rock An ot h er soph om or e albu m is Fr om t h e Ou t side by t h e Am er ican ban d Hey Violet . I t h in k t h ese gu ys w er e m or e f ocu sed on an Am er ican au dien ce w h en t h ey cr eat ed t h is albu m , bu t I t h in k ever yon e can r elat e t o you t h?s issu es, like br oken h ear t s, f or bidden love an d so on . Be w ar n ed! Th e t r ack s ar e ver y cat ch y so you m igh t f in d you r self h u m m in g on e of t h em w h en you least expect it .
1. M ISSIO ? Lon er
2. Im agin e Dr agon s ? Evolve Release dat e: Ju n e 23, 2017 Gen r e: Pop, Rock Wh ile I?m aw ar e t h at som e m igh t n ot agr ee w it h m e on t h is, Evolve is on e of m y f avou r it e albu m s n ot on ly f r om 2017 bu t f r om t h e last f ew year s at least . Alt h ou gh on t h e f ir st list en I w asn?t t h at im pr essed, t h e son gs gr ew on m e w it h t im e an d n ow I?m r an k in g t h e albu m on t h e secon d place on t h is list . I t h in k Evolve is a ver y good t h ir d albu m f r om t h e Am er ican ban d an d I t h in k t h ey m an aged t o cr eat e som e icon ic an d ever last in g son gs - ?Believer ? an d ?Wh at ever It Takes?especially.
Release Dat e: M ay 19, 2017 Gen r e: Alt er n at ive/ In die An d t h e f ir st place goes t o? * dr u m r olls* ? Lon er by M ISSIO! Lon er is t h e debu t st u dio albu m f r om t h e Am er ican du o, M ISSIO. Th e f ir st t im e I list en ed t o t h e albu m , I lik ed all t h e t r ack s, w h ich obviou sly doesn?t h appen of t en an d t h e m or e I list en ed t o it , t h e m or e I f ell in love w it h it . Lon er is dar k , m yst er iou s an d com pellin g. If you list en t o it on ce, you ?ll f in d you r self w an t in g t o list en t o it again . Th is w h y I t h in k Lon er deser ves t o be t h e best albu m of 2017.
BEST T V SERI ES OF 2017 This time we are celebrating the Best TV series of 2017. From crime bosses to comedy graffiti, murdererous mums and mad mindreaders, 2017 gave us some brilliant TV. Here are the top shows that our writers chose. Patrick Crellin chooses OzarkDespite its similarities to Breaking Bad, Ozark was a brilliantly entertaining and unpredictable crime thriller with two brilliant central performances by Jason Bateman and Laura Linney. Netflix?s series really gave Bateman a character to savour, a savage-tongued yet morally ambiguous chancer with a lot to lose. However, the real star was Julia Garner, who brought a real scene stealing quality to her role as Ruth Langmore, one of the best characters of the TV year. She?s right up there with Laura Dern?s Renata Klein in Big Little Lies and Holt McCallany?s Bill Tench in Mindhunter. This may not be the biggest TV show of the year, but it is one of the best!
Bethany White chooses Big Little Lies HBO?s limited series was a guaranteed smash hit from the start. Led by some of the most talented and driven women in the industry, Big Little Lies was a concise and punchy seven-episode murder mystery which didn?t reveal its victim until very late on. The calibre of talent was off the charts and it resulted in a host of outstanding dramatic performances that bagged plenty of awards and nominations. Tackling tricky themes including domestic abuse, Big Little Lies was a triumph that will have you hooked.
Ben Hewitt chooses The SinnerThe Sinner is one of the most intriguing mysteries of recent years. Jessica Biel is excellent as a young mother who brutally murders a stranger at the beach. The show offers a twist on the whodunnit as it becomes more of a ?whydunnit?instead. The mystery is so strong and compelling that you?ll be desperate to work out what the solution is and once the answers are revealed you will not be disappointed.
Callum Brown chooses American VandalIn our post Making a Murderer world, true-crime narratives have taken the television, film and even podcast world by storm. So, it was about time someone took the popular concept and used it for its comic potential. American Vandal posed the question ?Who drew the graffiti??and I watched it in one sitting. I?ve watched it through a couple more times since my initial viewing and realised that the show?s real strength isn?t in its comedy, but in its storytelling and characters. I found American Vandal much more compelling than any other mystery on TV in recent memory and is well worth a watch.
Martina Rocci chooses MindhunterEven though it was released at the end of 2017, Mindhunter was the series everyone was talking about this year. Set in 1977, the series is based on the true story behind the beginning of criminal profiling at the FBI. The show is a breathtaking journey into the minds of the most notorious serial killers. The series and the characters attempt to understand the actions of vicious and sadistic mass murderers and every second is magnetic. The series accompanies this fascinating plot with multifaceted and dynamic characters, and masterful cinematography.
Camille Hatcher chooses LegionChoosing a favourite film of the year was difficult, too difficult in fact to choose one. But choosing my number one TV show of 2017? There was no contest. FX?s Legion takes the crown for me, because it?s like nothing I?ve ever seen before. David Haller, who hears voices, is informed that he isn?t schizophrenic as he?s believed his whole life, he?s in fact a telepath. It?s unlike any other ?superhero?story I?ve seen: it?s intelligent, witty, unbelievably tense, and (fittingly) completely insane. 8 months on, I?m still thinking about it. It?s genius. Just watch it.
BEST FI L MS OF 2017 Here are our choices for the top films of 2017. From superb sequels and grieving ghosts to drumming drivers and 80s action, cinema in 2017 gave us a lot to celebrate: Bethany White chooses Wonder WomanIt?s been a big year for women in Hollywood, especially in recent months, but the film that has been paving the way is Wonder Woman. The film tells the story of Diana of Themiscera on her path to become Wonder Woman. The film stormed the box office and was a resounding success with audiences and critics proving that female-led superhero films can be smash hits. With a great, well-executed story and loveable performances from Gadot and Chris Pine, it?s one of the most charming films of the year and put a huge smile on my face.
Patrick Crellin chooses Blade Runner 2049This was a hotly anticipated film with a lot to live up to. In a world where most sequels stink and ruin the legacy of their original, Blade Runner 2049 was not only one of my favourite films (tied with the harrowing and heart-breaking Wind River) of this year, but one of my favourite films of this century. From its stunning cinematography (Roger Deakins take a bow), to Ana De Armas?superb breakout performance, this film was sheer perfection. A financial flop but a critical success, if you weren?t convinced the first time, give it a second watch. It only gets better.
Ben Hewitt chooses Baby DriverAfter much debate I decided to choose the film I could easily watch multiple times as my pick for best of the year. Edgar Wright?s direction is exhilarating as he finds new and innovative ways in which to integrate a fantastic soundtrack into action sequences. The film is tense, exciting and masterfully shot and Ansel Elgort is utterly charming as Baby who drives his way through some of the greatest car chase scenes committed to film. The soundtrack is also the best of the year.
Callum Brown chooses Paddington 2It's honestly rather difficult to describe why Paddington 2 was my favourite film of 2017, because it?s not really any one thing that makes it so wonderful. It?s more the feeling it gives you. Like that Christmas morning feeling, it has such a childhood-like glee that appealed to me hugely. From its razor-sharp comedy to the sheer amount of heart in every scene, Paddington 2 is the ultimate antidote to a year so full of negativity and upset. This film might just help to restore your faith in humanity and bear-kind and deserves to be celebrated.
Jacob Boyle chooses A Ghost StoryAn exploration of loss and legacy; David Lowery?s A Ghost Story ponders one?s place in the universe. It walks the line of pretentiousness, balancing protracted speeches about the purpose of art with extended periods of quiet, including one four-minute-long shot of two-time Academy Award Nominee Rooney Mara eating pie. The pacing is patient and deliberate, yet the film never becomes boring, reflecting the unwavering onslaught of time, and inviting the viewer to engage in its existential themes. Controversial Oscar winner Casey Affleck is also considerably more tolerable when covered in a sheet.
Martina Rocci chooses Atomic BlondeAtomic Blonde is the action movie we were all waiting for. Charlize Theron is Lorraine Broughton: an MI6 agent sent to Berlin on a dangerous mission in 1989. Beatrix Kiddo crossed with Blondie?s Debbie Harry, Broughton is a stylish weapon of mass destruction who throws punches to the strains of Bowie, New Order and Queen. Rarely has cinema seen a heroine so fashionably resourceful and unapologetic. A well-directed spy thriller, Atomic Blonde perfectly balances the punching and the fighting with an edgy, late-1980s aesthetic: a truly atomic movie.
A CEL EBRAT I ON OF WOMEN Words by: Violet Daniels
2017 has been a year of success for women.
There have been many significant female achievers in 2017 and it is impossible to give coverage to them all. However, the prominence of women within the political sphere has been increasing in 2017. Emily Thornberry, a Labour MP for Islington South and Finsbury, rose to media fame for openly attacking inherent sexism still existing within media corporations such as Sky News. In an interview in September 2016 that went viral on the internet ever since, shows Thornberry accusing presenter Dermot Murnaghan of patronising her when she failed to give names of prominent political figures. Thornberry spoke out about her feelings of underlying sexism that still exists within media corporations,
The year began with the W omen?s March on 21st January 2017 in W ashington DC, where 4.5 million women across seven continents attended to express their dissatisfaction over America?s new president, Donald Trump and his countless sexual misconduct allegations. It may seem a failure for women, as the United States have a President who has exploited so many women, however his exposure to the world highlights the extent of female power. The sheer number of women who attended the march after Trump?s inauguration, illuminates the endless possibilities of female voice and empowerment ? women in 2017 are far from silent, but a loud and ever growing, strengthening voice. Additionally, in October 2017, ?Thereisalwaysmoretobe the sexual allegations of Harvey done... thereiscertainly a Weinstein, a prominent American film producer were announced to the lot moretobedoneby the world, another act of exposure that Tories, andI certainly has strengthened the female voice. think sometimes, whenit From only these two examples, we can see that female sexual comestosexism, someSky exploitation is an ongoing problem, but the extent of media coverage and presentersneedtolook at women speaking out about their themselves, too? ? experiences must be praised and we need to continue to encourage them, The success and revival of female to strengthen the female agency prominence in British politics can further. greatly be attributed to the legacy of
Jo Cox, the Labour MP who died on the 16th June 2016. Her legacy and her unjust and unfair death has inspired many women and existing MPs to speak out and inspire a generation of young women to rise up and speak out. 2017 marked the release of her autobiography written by her husband, Brendan Cox and the, ?Jo Cox W omen in Leadership programme?aiming to train and prepare women for Westminster politics. Even in her unfortunate death, her legacy and hopes of female empowerment live on. 2017 also marked the year where Malala Yousafzai, a now Pakistani activist and Nobel Peace Prize winner and former victim of a Taliban shooting in 2012 began her journey at Lady Margaret Hall, University of Oxford. Not only is Malala an advocate for inspiring and defending the rights to female education, but a figure that women in South Asia, the Middle East and across the world all look up to. From an attempt to end her life for the female pursuit of education, Malala is now at one of the best University?s in the world, her vision and life continues to inspire women everywhere, and is a major cause for celebration.
Issue 6 | Volume 4 | 2015
The war victim Nadia Murad is largely unheard of but was one of the 5,000 Yazidi women, who were captured by ISIS and enslaved by the regime. She managed to escape and became a human rights activist, telling people about the experiences of herself and other women that the regime had enforced upon them. ISIS kept these women as primarily sex slaves but also stripped them of all their human rights and removed them from their communities. They aimed to leave them with no legal status as a way of purification. Nadia Murad and her bravery is so significant for informing the world of these experiences, she is now the ambassador for the Dignity of Survivors of Human Trafficking of the United Nations. As we approach 2018 the January post-Christmas regret is felt by many and also portrayed by media outlets. The pressure for self-improvement and weight loss is expended by the media. We are told to lose weight and start the training for that beach body and those Instagram bikini pictures. YouTubers and fitness bloggers release their meal plans and exercise regimes and social media goes wild as people upload ?post-workout selfies.?Of course, exercising is great and has many benefits but the goal of improving one?s body should not be the only benefit that is portrayed by the media. The pressure this installs on women, (and of course, men too) is monumental and is something that needs to be addressed. Instead on focusing on losing
weight and getting that bikini body, we should be thinking about the mental health improvements that exercise can insure and how this can improve our mentality, sleep and overall wellness.
The Body Positivity Movement has gained a lot of attention across all social media platforms. Its central message advocates the importance of self-care and acceptance of all body types for overall individual health and wellbeing. It encourages us all to be more accepting of all body types and not just the generic body that is used within the media and fitness industry. It has been criticised by many as a group that encourages obesity and unhealthy lifestyles through its aim of body acceptance rather than putting the pressure on exercise and dieting. It has been argued that the movement plays a part in the obesity crisis and strain on the NHS. But the obesity crisis is a problem that has been around long before the movement and one that is has deeper roots than a movement celebrating body image and acceptance.
The root of all obesity and overeating cannot be blamed on a single movement, we must start treating the epidemic as an addiction and mental health problem, in the same way anorexia is deemed an eating disorder. The fitness industry has a lot of responsibility to take for this, but it does not rest entirely on them.
"""'2017 hasbeen a year of monumental f emale empowerment and successbut thisshould not disguisethe extent that f eminism isstill an ongoing battle. '
In the UK, we still have a gender pay gap ? women
makeup47%of the workf orceandin 2012, ÂŁ28,000 wasthe averagesalary f or a f ull timemaleworker, whereasit wasÂŁ23,000 f or women. The inequality is still a problem despite ever present empowerment. Feminism should not be needed as equality should be a given, but this is not the case and so, we shall continue the fight into 2018.
Celebr ating Under gr aduate Research at the Univer sity of York 2017 marked the first year in a new research venture at the University of York; we became the latest addition to the group of institutions to run the Laidlaw Scholarship. Funded by Lord Laidlaw of Rothiemay, the scholarship is an opportunity for undergraduate students to undertake their own research project supported by a supervisor, and a leadership and management qualification highly sought by graduate employers.
As one of the 25 scholars selected this year, I can vouch for the variety of topics covered in the projects that were undertaken and the enthusiasm of those participating. From diagnosing Parkinson?s Disease to the psychology of self-esteem, writing music with a computer programme to the social mobility of YouTube, there?s a diverse range of new and
Words by: Bethany White
exciting ideas coming from the undergraduate studentship, and the scholarship is a great support structure which has allowed these ideas to progress.
The Chartered Management Institute Level 5 qualification is currently unique to the York Laidlaw scheme, proving that the York team are going the extra mile to equip undergraduate students with the skills employers desire. Consisting of a Development Centre and two sets of Leadership Training days throughout the scheme, this training gives a boost to the students by enabling them to understand the way they learn and what roles and work environments suit them best. It also provides the tools for each individual to reflect upon their skills, strengths and what can be built upon in the future.
In November, the university hosted this year ?s Laidlaw Scholarship Conference which brought together many of the institutions, including University of Leeds and University of St Andrews, to share in their research and discuss their scholarship experience. With guest speakers including Sonia Bate, a leader in leadership, and Finbar Hawkins, Creative Lead at Aardman Digital, the day was full of inspiration and ideas for how we can make an impact with our work.
realise and better understand themselves. 2018 will bring a new cohort of Laidlaw scholars, and another 25 new research projects. Visit york.ac.uk/laidlaw to find out more about last year ?s scholars and whether you could be next! Applications for the 2018 scholarship open 8th January.
All this energy being channeled into undergraduate research is incredibly encouraging. Organising a funded scholarship programme proves that there is interest in and importance placed upon the ideas and ambitions of undergraduates, and the dedicated team who run it make that clear through every step of the process. This scholarship gives students a chance to experiment and explore at no cost to themselves, to discover whether research is a route they might pursue in the future and to
Celebrating 30 Years of Erasmus
Words by: Miruna Radu
Most people will remember 2017 as the year when the terrorist attack at Ariana Grande?s concert in Manchester happened, when Sophia, the world?s first android citizen, said she wants a baby, when Catalunya asked for independence, to name a few. While these are important events, very few know that in 2017, Erasmus +Programme celebrated its 30th anniversary. For most people, this wouldn?t mean much, but for students, I think it should, because 30 years of Erasmus means 30 years of great studying opportunities abroad for students all over Europe. So, let?s take a minute of silence and appreciate this achievement. Unaware of this celebration at the time, I applied for a term abroad in Finland at the University of Helsinki and it was one of the greatest adventures I?ve had since I began my studies. The biggest highlight of my time abroad was the group of friends I made, a group which was so diverse and full of life, it was hard to get bored whenever we were together. Our group consisted of the healthiest and most active girl I?ve ever met from Germany, the classy and funny girl from Switzerland, the kind-hearted girl from Russia, two goofy guys from Italy, the quite but smart boy from The Netherlands, the girly girl from Belgium, the sassy girl from Namibia, the ?too cool for school?girl from Catalunya, the photographer girl from France and me - the Romanian girl studying in the UK.
The other wonderful thing about my experience was the academic freedom that the exchange students were given at the University of Helsinki. Academic freedom meant that we were able to choose courses from any department we wanted, not only ours. I?m doing Criminology at the University of York, and I realised it wasn?t my calling soon after I started studying it, so to be able to study other subjects was of great help to me. I took courses from the department of philosophy, psychology, European studies and economy and I know it sounds like a clichĂŠ, but that really did widen my horizons.
"For most people, this wouldn?t mean much, but for students, I think it should, because 30 years of Erasmus means 30 years of great studying opportunities abroad for students all over Europe. "
Apart from friends and studying, there was also the travelling that I really enjoyed. I don?t know what it?s like in other Erasmus countries, but in Finland, there were plenty of organised trips to different places. There were trips to Lapland, where the village of Santa Clause is, to Tallinn, St. Petersburg and to Stockholm, which were all very close to Helsinki if you took the ferryboat. There is also a trend among Finnish people to rent a cottage in the middle of nowhere and spend a few days there. Some of my friends and I decided to do just that and we had an amazing time. The place was so quiet and peaceful - we had the lake next to us, we were surrounded by woods and during the night, the stars shined so bright since there were no artificial lights around us. Of course, I couldn?t help but make a few jokes from time to time about how a lot of horror movies
start with a group of friends staying in the middle of nowhere. But, no one showed up at our window with a chainsaw and there were no strange noises coming from the woods, so I think it?s safe to say we were safe. You?re probably wondering why I haven?t mentioned anything about the nightlife yet. Well, you should know that Finnish people are not the biggest party animals. Not that this would be a problem, but it did take me a while to understand how the pubs and clubs were so empty during the week. However, because of that, we enjoyed the weekends so much more and we were able to focus on work from the university during the week. This was my experience as an exchange student in a nutshell,
but I hope it helped you get a sense of what it?s like to study abroad with Erasmus. If my stories raised your interest, contact your department and ask them about this, because most of them offer opportunities with Erasmus. And, if you do end up going abroad with Erasmus, you should be proud that you were one of the students who helped Erasmus celebrate another year.
Words by: Patrick Crellin
M ich ael Pear ce on Beast An exclusive interview with director Michael Pearce on one of his latest films he directed,'Beast', and his career so far.
How h elpf u l h as t h e sh or t f ilm r ou t e in t o f u ll len gt h f ilm been f or you ? It?s been incredibly important. You can take different routes in ? making commercials, music videos, documentaries etc., but short films taught me how to tell a dramatic story and how to work with actors, as well as all of the other aspects of filmmaking ? art direction, lighting, music, sound design. Also, financiers are understandably reticent to fund someone to make a feature if they haven?t seen evidence they can tell a story effectively in a shorter format. It?s not the only route but it?s probably the most common because of what you learn and means you have clear evidence of what you?re capable of.
of a seemingly perfect community. However, I didn?t want to do a factual retelling of those events, or tell a conventional police procedural. I was interested in exploring such a story from the close POV of a woman who might be intimately involved with a monster. So, it became very important for me that the mystery surrounding Pascal is matched by our curiosity surrounding Moll?s psychological state: is she a woman courageously standing beside an innocent man? Is she someone who discovered humanity where others couldn?t? Is she blinded by love and unknowingly in physical danger? Or is there a more sinister dimension to her ? is she taking revenge on the people that oppressed her? Wh at w as you r in spir at ion Could she also be a Beast? f or Beast ? How difficult was it to get the I grew up in Jersey and I knew I backing to make it? wanted to make my first film It was simple in some ways as it there; it has a very unique was just two financial entities ? landscape ? scenic and wild ? the BFI and Film4, but difficult but it?s also quite conservative inasmuch as it takes time to get in terms of its values and its your partners to believe in the culture. As a child it was both project and support you. There freeing and a little stifling. was lots of conversations and In the ?60s there was a child script meetings before they molester, dubbed ?The Beast of fully backed the film, Jersey?, who kidnapped and something like 18 months. assaulted children. He evaded capture for ten years but eventually was caught. Even How h as t h e f ilm been when I grew up in the ?80s he r eceived in you r h om elan d of was still a spectre that haunted Jer sey? the island. It also had a The film hasn?t screened there powerful effect on my yet. A lot of friends from Jersey imagination; that darkness who now live in London have could hide beneath the surface seen the film and really
enjoyed it (if that?s the right term) and the Jersey media has been very supportive as the film has been received well abroad and they?re proud of an Islander making something which is being celebrated internationally.
How st r ict ar e you abou t st ick in g t o t h e scr ipt ? Generally, I stay pretty close to the script, I need it to work before we go into production. There?s already too many elements that could sabotage your vision as you start making the film that I think you need a very solid platform to work from. However, I?m not, and don?t want my cast and crew to be, too beholden to the script, and you have to be responsive to what?s happening on the day. When I see opportunities to improve what?s on the page then I try to keep myself open to that as much as possible. I think a lot of my favourite directors are meticulous planners but are also have a healthy dose of creative spontaneity and it?s what gives their films a real sense of design and precision in the form but also a lot of life in front of the lens. How did you cr eat e t h e ch ar act er of M oll? Lots of things feed into the mix, people I know which I take elements from, often photography, I will have a few key images that help route that character in a concrete and
visual way. I will look at their characterisation ? their clothes, likes, dislikes, class, status etc. and also dive in deep ? their values, the specific experiences that forged them as a character. Ultimately a character is defined by their behaviour ? what they decide to do, and that?s quite an organic process as you write. A character just decides to do something and that?s what defines them. My characters start as quite archetypal at the beginning and then I explore them through some of the above approaches and hopefully am able to discover a three-dimensional and unique character and bring them to life. Of course, when you then cast an actor the character takes another transformation as they bring their own interpretation of who that person is. Wh at ar e t h e advan t ages of
w r it in g an d dir ect in g as opposed t o ju st dir ect in g? You know your characters, world and story inside out. This really helps when you don?t have the time or resources to execute what you planned as you?re able to improvise very quickly on set, and decide quickly what to focus on. I think even if you don?t want to write all of your films it?s a great experience for a director to write their shorts and first feature as you improve your story muscles and I think will be able to collaborate more effectively with the writers you work with.
brutal, but would love to do it on a bigger canvas.
An y advice f or f ilm st u den t s t r yin g t o m ak e t h eir w ay in t o t h e f ilm w or ld? Watch films. Make films. I was very surprised at film school how uninterested some students were in cinema. I don?t think you have any real chance at making a career unless you?re deeply passionate about the medium. So, I would suggest to watch as much as you can, get acquainted with the masters from every continent and every era and learn from them. And make short films, that?s when you take your theory into Wh at ?s n ext f or you ? practice, you can?t get good at I don?t know yet, I?m reading making films by just thinking lots of material, would love to about them. They?re the two, find something set here and perhaps most obvious (but something set in the US. I think surprising how many people I?ll continue to want to make don?t do it) bits of advice ? character-focused genre films watch and make. that are emotional as well as
Beast is released on 28th April 2018. For more information, visit michael-pearce.com
A chat with Astrid Goldsmith Words by: Bethany White
2017 marked the seventh year of the Aesthetica Short FilmFestival in York, a BAFTA-qualifying festival which celebrates short filmin a variety of genres and forms. One of the films in the Official Selection was an animation called Squirrel Island: ?When a renegade grey squirrel and a hunted acorn find themselves trapped on a hostile island, they uncover a horrifying red squirrel plot.? Having screened in 30 filmfestivals, it?s been a huge success.
Tell u s a lit t le bit abou t you r self an d w h at you do. I?m a stop-motion animator specialising in puppet stop-motion, and I?m also a commercial model maker. I?m currently in the process of writing my next film whilst drawing a graphic novel, but I?m mainly an animator.
How lon g h ave you been an im at in g? Since I was about 12 ? very on and off! My parents gave me a Super 8 camera for my twelfth birthday and I?d been making models up until that point with FIMO modelling clay models from the age of about four. I got to the point where I wanted to start making them move, and so I started making little
three-minute films in my bedroom using sets made out of cereal boxes and lighting them with my bedroom lamp. Later, I did an MA in animation, but then I dropped out of animation for quite a few years while I was a model maker, and then came back to it to make Squirrel Island.
M ovin g on t o Squ ir r el Islan d, w h at spar ked t h e or igin al idea f or t h e f ilm ? I kept reading a lot of articles on my commute to work about native species that were being threatened, and the ways in which the government agencies were handling this. Those articles were all illustrated with red squirrels, because they?re really cute, and people are really attached to red squirrels because they?ve been anthropomorphised over the years in things like Squirrel Nutkin. And the way people were dealing with the grey squirrel problem always seemed really barbaric ? people taking matters into their own hands, trapping and killing grey squirrels, trying out sterilisation techniques. I watched a documentary where the Earl of Northumberland employed a sniper who killed 22.000 grey squirrels on his estate. I went to the Isle of Wight, which is one of the only places in England where there are still red squirrels because
they?ve killed all the grey squirrels in order to maintain that habitat; it seemed like something out of a sci-fi film to me. It was this very managed environment where you could go to conservation areas and manmade hides, go in and watch the squirrels come out to feed. It was as though they were living in a manmade bunker underground, then at feeding time they?d get the message to come out and feed for human pleasure. I?ve always been interested in human impact on the natural world, and this particular thing seemed to suggest there was a very high level of human intervention and it really made me question why, and why everyone was totally OK with this being allowed to happen when it?s entirely our fault that they are in the country in the first place. We were the ones who brought them here 200 years ago.
How did you k n ow w h en you w an t ed t o m ake t h e f ilm an d
com m it t o t ellin g t h is st or y? That happened over a really long period of time; I started writing a much shorter film, but I?d been thinking about making something and I was writing down notes for a children?s book and then it got much darker, and I thought maybe it was time I wrote another film. For about a year I was just making notes and researching, going to places like the Isle of Wight and Brownsea Island as well ? which is even weirder, and that?s actually where the Scouts originated from, so that?s why you?ve got that crossover in Squirrel Island between Scouts and squirrels! It is just an extraordinary place that feels like it?s still in the 1950s. I didn?t really know how I was going to pull the film off, but I bought a 16mm camera then spent three months storyboarding and thought, I?ll just take it one scene at a time and see how it goes! Then eight years later I finally managed to finish.
Wh at is it abou t sh oot in g on f ilm t h at appeals t o you ? Was it an elem en t of n ost algia or f or t h e pu r pose of t h e st or y you w er e t ellin g?
The reason my parents got me a Super8 is because we didn?t have a TV at home; some of my friends had video cameras which they were doing frame-by-frame stuff on, but we didn?t have anything to plug the video camera into after I?d shot, so it made the most sense to shoot on film and show it on a projector I think people do feel nostalgic when they watch animation that was shot on film because it looks like things that they watched in the ?70s in their childhood. That was definitely something that I wanted to include in Squirrel Island because I did want it to have that feeling of an archive film that somebody found somewhere and it?s deliberately a bit out-of-time ? all the technology in the film is quite analogue. It?s just what I like to do. I did shoot on digital when I did my MA and for me it really slows the process down. It removed some of that magic because your head is a little bit out of the performance when you just have to check the framing all the time, so I prefer that not knowing. You don?t really get that anywhere else in life. Ar e t h er e an y sm all det ails you can give u s abou t t h e gr aph ic n ovel or t h e f ilm you ?ve got plan n ed? Wh at can w e expect f r om you n ext ?
as it was the only option that was available to me. But because I taught myself how to animate on that medium, that?s what I?ve always felt most comfortable with and it?s always felt really exciting to me as well. It?s that feeling of risk, of danger, you don?t really know what is going to happen and how it?s going to turn out until you get the processed film back, and then it?s like this amazing gift from the lab where you get to watch back the movements that you put on film.
The graphic novel is called The Age of Remnants, and it?s an alternative theory of the universe! My film that I?m writing is a stop-motion feature film. I?ve been calling it a pagan musical about landfill, but that?s just because I haven?t really got the pitch down yet! But it does involve Morris-dancing badgers and deformed rats. I?m hoping to seek some funding for that so that it doesn?t take 20 years to make. We?ll see what happens. I?m hoping to be able to afford to employ people this time, get a small studio going here in Folkestone and give some graduates some jobs ? that would be really amazing.
Find out more about Astrid Goldsmith?s work at her studio?s website: mockduck.co.uk
Champion Education in Its Own Right Ever since the introduction of the ÂŁ9000 fee, the question of value for money has featured in the debate. The defence is the classic capitalist one; the market will decide. The students are consumers and they will make a choice based on who is offering the best value for money. Over chargers or under performers will be left by the wayside. The immediate problem with this is that there is no difference in price. A massive tranche of the top universities charge
Words by: Oscar Jefferson
the maximum price. There is no attempt to offer ?value?at the top level of higher education. At the first opportunity, the universities eyes lit up and as many as could went for the big money. Since it is such a large proportion, there is no real choice. Either go for a top institution for the full price or compromise massively for a dive down the league table to save your money. There is no gradient and thus no real choice.
overpriced, stop going. Here is where we get to why the universities can charge what they do. They know that employers value higher education. Salaries increase significantly for graduates. Thus, they know students will not go elsewhere, and that they have carte blanche to charge ÂŁ9,250. Universities know that they can charge whatever they legally can even if that vastly exceed the value of the teaching they provide.
Why then simply cut the universities off? If it is
"Either go for a top institution for the full price or compromise massively for a dive down the league table to same your money. There is no gradient and thus no real choice." 30
The responsibility, however, does not lie just at the university?s door. The reason they are able to charge so much, for an often mediocre educational experience is because students are not buying an education. They are buying a degree. Students?increased interest in outcome over education leads to grade inflation as it is in no one?s interest to dish out anything less than a 2.1. Many students would pay ÂŁ27,000 for the degree qualification, rather than the actual learning process. The solution is twofold. Firstly, representation.
The student voice is divided among a divide National Union of Students (NUS) and within Student Unions themselves. Students need to unite behind a coherent body not bogged down by bureaucracy and fringe issues. Student unions have overstepped their remit and no longer focus on student problems. An NUS debate on climate change seems not only pointless but rather narcissistic.
poor teaching and demand value for money. They then need to broadcast this message through institutions to the universities. Celebration of education, rather than settling for an outcome, should be the objective. At the moment, the universities are reaping all the benefits with no fear of a reaction. It is time to demand value and demand an education, which at the moment, many students simply are not getting.
Secondly, students need to rediscover the love for education. They need to challenge each other intellectually, challenge
"Students need to rediscover the love for education. They need to challenge each other intellectually, challenge poor teaching and demand value for money. They then need to broadcast this message through institutions to the universities. Celebration of education, rather than settling for an outcome, should be the objective." 31
CELEBRATION S IN 2018
2018 Win t er Olym pics & 2018 FIFA Wor ld Cu p
During 2018 we are set to see prominent celebrations of sport, namely the Winter Olympics and the FIFA World Cup. Firstly, the 2018 Winter Olympics will be held in Pyeongchang, South Korea in February, with an estimated 90 nations competing in 15 different sport disciplines. This will be the second time South Korea will be hosting an Olympic event (after hosting the Summer Games in Seoul in 1988), and Pyeongchang will be the third Asian city to host the Winter Olympics. Secondly, the 2018 FIFA World Cup will be held in Russia from June to July. In the end of 2017, England were drawn to play Belgium, Panama and Tunisia in the tournament. The Independent labelled this draw as ?forgiving? to England, potentially providing a ?clear path? to the quarter-finals. The final tournament will involve 32 national teams competing over the month, with the final taking place on 15th July in Moscow. The last FIFA World Cup took place in 2014, hosted by Brazil, in which Germany were victorious.
Har r y & M egh an?s Royal Weddin g & An ot h er Royal Baby
One of the biggest news events of 2017 was that Prince Harry and the American actress, Meghan Markle, were engaged. It was later announced that the royal wedding is now set for the 19th May 2018. They will get married in St. George?s Chapel, within the grounds of Windsor Castle, where Harry was christened as a baby. In more royal family news, Kate Middleton is expected to give birth to her and William?s third royal baby. We don?t know much officially about the gender or name of the unborn baby, but we do know that Kate is due in April 2018 (confirmed by Kensington Palace). The general public have already begun betting on what the name is most likely to be, with Alice having odds of 8/1 for a girl, and Arthur or Henry having odds of 10/1 for a boy.
150th anniversary for Meiji restoration This year will be the 150th anniversary of the Meiji restoration, an event which restored imperial rule to Japan, known as ?the birth of modern Japan?. Before this, Japan had been ruled by the Tokugawa shogunate, a military dictatorship, since 1603. In 1868, Emperor Meiji was restored to power, allowing the country to modernise and connect more with the outside world. Because of this event, Japan was able to transform from a weak state into one of the most influential powers in Asia.
100th anniversary for end of World War I Obviously one of the biggest anniversaries this year will be the centennial of the armistice which ended World War I, on 11th November. This ultimately ended the four-year war which resulted in great loses for all nations involved. The Independent has stated that the UK will stage events throughout 2018 to mark the anniversary, including many commemorative services across the country and abroad, as well as many informative exhibitions in the Imperial War Museum.
50th anniversary for Martin Luther King?s assassination 2018 also marks the 50th anniversary of the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Dr. King was one of the most important activists during the African American fight for civil rights in the mid-twentieth century. Ultimately he was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee in 1968. The US? National Civil Rights Museum set up a year-long commemoration for the ?MLK50?, which began in April 2017 and will end in April 2018, with various events happening throughout this time.
The Boys ar e Coming up Roses Words by: Paige Henderson Alan Bennett?s acclaimed play The History Boys, charting a group of grammar school boys in 1980s Sheffield, is a subtle killjoy amongst a literature of school day celebration. Both sides of the political spectrum celebrate that state of aspiration. To illustrate the socialist interpretation of that term, a few lines from James Oppenheim?s 1911 protest song do a far better job than any dictionary can: ?Hearts starve as well as bodies: Give us Bread, but give us Roses!? The premise is simple. Working-class boys and girls deserve pleasure and enjoyment beyond the basic sustenance of one?s body. But it is also a protest that sang, said American journalist Ray Stannard Baker, remarking upon the series of strikes the song inspired. Its call was uplifting, motivating, and humanizing. The aspiration of Oppenheim?s words was celebrated when it was sung out by workers across the United States. But Oppenheim?s roses imply the extraneous and the luxury. I beg of Oppenheim?s words to disclose what indeed comprises this luxury realm of goods and services. Knowledge, for one, is deemed a privilege. But for me and countless other young working-class students, the opportunity to get good grades at school has been the single biggest leg-up in improving my life prospects. Government-issue roses: obtained. Of course, not all roses are created equal. Studying within the confines of the A-Level curriculum, I was not aware what other roses I needed to acquire, what veritable fields lay outside the confines of my Newcastle comprehensive. Knowledge is classified information, and working-class students take the brunt of a higher education system which values elitist learning they never even dreamed of. Various literatures concern themselves with
stories of bright young ruffians acquiring these roses: The grades to get into university and crucially, the knowledge required to get into Oxbridge, and to get by in university. The History Boys takes to heart the tragedy of realizing that these two types of knowledge are not synonymous. According to sickly Tory sentiments of pulling oneself up by the bootstraps, The History Boys should have turned out very differently. Eight grammar school boys achieve sparkling A-Level grades. Indeed, they do reach the dizzying spires of Oxford and Cambridge. A celebration of aspiration, surely? The boys seem to have acquired their roses, the luxury of a fine education at the oldest institutions to grace this blessed isle. Getting there tells a different story, however. In Nicholas Hytner?s 2006 film adaptation, the boys? quest to greatness hits an obstacle as soon as they collect their A-Level results. Enter Hector, nĂŠe Mr Hector. One-part teacher of precious yet useless knowledge and one-part lovesick puppy, Hector foretells the trials and tribulations that the unknowing boys will come to face. Parroting the titular character
of Shakespeare?s Henry IV, Hector recounts how ?happiest youth?looking at the Book of Fate would be sure to ?shut the book, and sit him down and die." This is not exactly the hopeful advice one expects to hear upon what is traditionally the most celebrated day in a teenager?s life.
to be said about ?getting on?.To race to reach Oxbridge is much like a failed sexual encounter. The boys are distanced from the knowledge previously unavailable to them, and so experience no pleasure in joining with it. Feeling it is something they must do; however, the boys finish the exchange promptly and efficiently.
I would like to return to my earlier speculation over the definition of luxury. In the History Boys, horns are locked over this very question: what else do the boys need beyond stellar grades to get to and, more crucially, to get on, at Oxbridge? In Hector?s classroom, knowledge is not power, but pleasure. Learning may or may not help you ?get on?, to use Hector?s sneering phrase. But there is no denying the sheer unadulterated pleasure of being curious, curious about things, people, times, places and spaces. Boys will be boys; they turn the classroom?s desks into the beds of a French brothel. In Hector?s world, boys pretend to sleep with each other while practicing French grammar: would Dakin like to stretch out on the bed in the conditional or the subjunctive? The tableau is completed: an un-trousered Dakin lights an imaginary cigar, enter the headmaster. The latter?s sneer reminds us Hector?s classroom is a fortress, a stronghold of sorts, protecting the boys from a world where knowledge must have its purpose, and as a result, only sanctioned knowledge must be available. Should I ever meet Hector, I thought to myself aged sixteen, I would be sure to tell him all about my kooky fascinations, namely J.D Salinger?s Glass children, in the surety he would adore my pursuit of extracurricular interests. I would acquire knowledge for my own personal store, not to spew out to a sexually frustrated, forlorn examiner in a heavy-eyed suburb of North East England.
I felt this presence of two educational worlds all too strongly during my first year at university. I would happily effuse about my beloved Glass family but was encouraged towards getting to grips with an untouched canon of Shakespeare before pursuing my own ?modern? interests. Posner, the self-styled homosexual Jew from Sheffield, is demanded to give up his love of Mozart in favor of a more obscure musician. Hard-work and curiosity, keynotes of right-wing aspiration, can only get young people so far. I arrived armed with enough cutlery and pens to supply the utensil needs of a small army. But without the academic encyclopedia of the privately educated, I struggled to say the clever things that linked Shakespeare to Ovid, obscure things about the Renaissance, which merited the grins of my various tutors.
Looking back, it isn?t difficult to work out why Hector was so appealing to my Sixth Form self. He was the cure to a sickness of box ticking and hoop jumping. He was my cultural co-conspirator. The wise yet wistful father figure who taught me that exams are important, but so is dancing to ?When I?m Cleaning Windows?. Outside my classroom window, however, pleasure in learning can only go so far, another lesson learned by countless re-watches of Bennett?s play. Lacking the flair of their privately educated counterparts, the boys are given a recap of what they?ve missed, courtesy of newcomer Irwin. Hytner intersperses snapshots of long hours at the library with Irwin?s provision of truth-bending knowledge. To get on, one must lose their interests in favor of a more established list of what will get one noticed. How best to write an essay about the Reformation, Irwin asks. Replace sturdy, robust facts with the shocking and the sensational. Thus begins a lesson on the number of Christ?s foreskins, a lesson which boys and girls of a more private education would surely remember. Irwin?s toe-curling attempt at sexiness and provocation is met with Dakin?s biting ?Ooh, Sir! You Devil!?. This analysis is not just the proclamation of an adolescent lothario, but sharply summarises all there is
For generations of working-class students, hard work is often not enough to get on and get by at university. Inclusion in the institutions of academia needs to reach beyond quotas which increase certain minority groups. To ensure that working-class students feel comfortable and can thrive, universities need to cater for a further education system which has not made all students equal.
Dr agon Dockyards mix seacurs & smells, & the roaring dragon tells that This is my hell. Peopled, perhaps, & soaring Above the parted crowd, Becoming too hot & loud. Such a crowd, too hot & loud, & such half- remembered ghosts, The unghostly cannot be found. Feathers are splayed azure with green, & its pawless dance makes me wonder Whether this is some underwater scene. This is a dream, & from that serpentine Phantom my feat retreat, & this is the fever Encroaching sleep. Strange beast would never have known had H e not raised hell, the yeast of these streets Sounding death- bells, & now I run thru herbal Smells, its yowling summons me towards hell. A dragon- hell, where swartest mass is lit by Occasional blasts, the seething beasts like centipedes, Squelching inmates between numerous weavings. Dragon, spare me & I shall forswear impiety, Cast out trumpery. Rod alone shall serve me, From our caboose nought shall be given me, & I shall moderate myself into quiet senility. Stroll the rotten husk, ignite caught fish & the night, Recall lost doxies, & relive each fight. An original poem by Gretel Karplus
The Celebration Words by: William Bradshaw Par ty - boy tem p er ed by gl ass, m i xed r ed w i t h w h i t e, or gu l p i sh ly d ow n ed each , r ed d en i n g l i p s an d teeth . T h e tem p estu ou s d evou r er of m en , gor y w i th each sn ap at an ar m or l eg, su ck i n g u p br ai n s f r om egg- cr acked h ead s. H i s w h i t e sh i r t r ed d en ed , too, l i ke th e gar b of k n ee- sn ap p er s, sor ti n g th e scr eam i n g cr ew, as good as d ead , w i th h ack saw or l ead to th e h ead . O th e ar tl ess cu tti n g of f l esh i n to bl ood - bl oom i n g f l esh , bi r th i n g a r ed tow er , a beau ti f u l f l ow er , a r ose f r om th e toe, an d l etti n g l oose th e bi r d - bat ter ed son g, an d th en th e gon g, th e h ead - h am m er h as th em gon e. O so gon e i s h e, p ar ty - boy, gon e as y ou r l over on a tr ai n , d r i ven aw ay, to som e h or r en d ou s p l ace, som e ci ty of sm oke, som e h ear tl ess ch oke, an d h e?s d ead an d bu r i ed th ey say, an d h ow w as y ou r d ay ? Q u i t e f i n e, th an k y ou . H ow i s th e sou p ? N ot too bad , n ot too bad . W h o i s th at l ad ? W h at l ad ? T h at l ad th er e. N o, th er e. See h i m ? Yes. W h at abou t h i m ? H e?s abou t to top p l e over , I sw ear . Can ?t y ou see th at? N o, n o. O w ai t, y es! H e?s d r u n k as h el l . T h at ?s Tom m y ?s boy. O , w h at a m ess h e?s m ak i n g of h i m sel f . H ar d ly d o an y good f or h i s f ath er . Bet Tom m y ?s sp i n n i n g i n h i s gr ave at al l th at excess. H e n ever w as on e f or excess, w as h e? N o, n ot at al l . Q u i te Ep i cu r ean . N ot at al l th e oth er en d of th e h ed on i sti c sp ectr u m . K n ow w h at I m ean ? Cer tai n ly d o, I cer tai n ly d o. Sh am e, sh am e. N ow w h er e i s th e l oo? O ver th er e, by th e stai r s, besi d e th e r ed - batter ed h en , th e r ed - batt er ed son g, th e bi r d son g, ch i r p i n g al on g, so f ar al on g, th e w i n d i n g r oad , th at i s th e p ar ty, th e en d l ess p ar ty, of ai m l ess cel ebr ati on an d d r u n ken w or d s, of m am m al i an m ati n g p r acti ce. O th e en d of m an i s a d r u n ken m an , p u k i n g h i s i n n ar d s d ow n th e h i gh w ay, w h o took th e w r on g r ou te h om e. D i d h e? Yes, I su p p ose h e d i d . T h ey f ou n d h i m sp l atter ed by th e ear ly m ou r n i n g- p ai n . H i p h i p , h oor ay ! H i p h i p , h oor ay ! N ow, I m u st f i n d m y tr ai n .