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Official Publication of the Archdiocese of Dubuque Sunday, February 19, 2017 Vol. 97, No. 7 www.thewitnessonline.org Mailed 2/16

Refugee resettlement in unsettled times

Catholic Charities staff & refugees discuss program in archdiocese amid controversies over executive order, immigration, security Pages 3, 13 Chance Muhango (left), a refugee resettled in Cedar Rapids last month, & Siwacu Gidioni, a translator for Catholic Charities who came as a refugee to the U.S. nine years ago. (Photo by Dan Russo/The Witness)

Archbishop Jackels begins a series called the ‘Fourth H,’ which focuses on how we worship at Holy Mass Page 2

Natives of archdiocese to record Christian album; will perform at cathedral

Waverly’s Saint’s Café among Harvest of Blessings beneficiaries in 2016

Page 4

Pages 8-9


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Mission Priorities of the Archdiocese of Dubuque: 1) Strengthening programs for on-going education in the faith 2) Enhancing the Sunday assembly for Holy Mass 3) Teaching stewardship as a way of life 4) Promoting vocations in general, and priesthood in particular Learn more at DBQArch.org/Priorities

Mission Priority topics featured in this issue: Faith Formation Forming Adults in the Faith In his column this week, Dave Cushing further discusses the challenges of forming adults in the Catholic faith amidst growth and changes in the church. - page 5

Stewardship Harvest of Blessings A series of stories and photos explains some of the ways the Harvest of Blessings grants offered by Catholic Charities were used by recipients around the archdiocese. - pages 8-9

Enhancing the Sunday Assembly

Archbishop’s ‘Fourth H’ Series Archbishop Michael Jackels introduces his “Fourth H” series, which will provide weekly instruction on how and why we celebrate Holy Mass. It will be communicated through various platforms, including The Witness. - page 2

Vocations Keys to a Lasting Marriage The longest married couples, according to Worldwide Marriage Encounter, discuss the keys to making a marriage last. - page 14

Wisdom of the Saints: “The Mass is the most beautiful and the best thing in the Church. At the Mass, Jesus Christ giveth Himself to us by means of the Most Holy Sacrament of the altar, which is the end and the purpose of all the other Sacraments.” —St. Alphonsus Maria de Liguori

Archdiocese

Archbishop Jackels begins ‘Fourth H’ series Weekly instruction on how we worship at Holy Mass By Archbishop Michael Jackels Witness Publisher One of the mission priorities for the Church in the Archdiocese of Dubuque is to enhance the experience of the Sunday assembly at Holy Mass. And one of the ways for us to work toward this goal is to pay attention to what may be called the four H’s: hospitality, hymns, homily, and how (to worship). Regarding how to worship, our Church sets as a goal that we all, priests and congregation alike, participate in Holy Mass fully, consciously, and actively. And for that to happen, it is important for us to know and understand why we do what we do. Catholic worship uses a lot of different postures, gestures, words, actions, and objects. Normally, a person who wishes to communicate something is the one who chooses the word, gesture, posture to express what is in his/her mind and heart. However, when we celebrate Holy Mass, we are using words, gestures, and postures that someone else chose to express

to be agents of transformation to make the world different, better. Therefore, in the interest of enhancing the experience of the Sunday assembly at Holy Mass, I have prepared a series of short articles devoted to one of the four H’s: how (to worship). They will tell about the different postures, gestures, words, actions, and ­objects used during Mass, with an eye to help­ing us to take part fully, consciously, and actively in Mass. The articles will appear in The Witness and on the Archdiocesan website. They could also be printed in the parish bulletin, or read before the beginning of Sunday Mass, or used in faith formation programs. The importance of enhancing the exper­ i­ ence of the Sunday assembly at Holy Mass can be learned from what Vatican II said about the Mass: • It is the source and summit of our Christian life. • It is the best way we have to show others the mystery of Christ and the real nature of the true Church. • It is the primary and indispensable source from which we are to derive the true Christian spirit. Can you think of anything more important?

ICC releases statement on collective bargaining bill Immigration, fetal parts trade, school choice updates By Tom Chapman Iowa Catholic Conference Executive Director DES MOINES — Please contact your legislator regarding House File 265, the successor bill to HSB 67. The bill is a piece of “enforcement-only” immigration legislation. It passed the House Public Safety Committee last week and is eligible for debate on the floor.

Scripture Readings

Index Archdiocese.................................... 2-5 Community..................................... 6-7 Archdiocese.................................... 8-9 Faith Alive.........................................10 Spirituality........................................11 Column/Media..................................12 Nation/World..............................13-15

what he/she was thinking and feeling about worship of God. And so it is a challenge for us to learn what all the different postures, gestures, words, actions, and objects used at Holy Mass Archbishop are meant to express. We learn this so to learn Jackels the interior spirit of Catholic worship, things like reverential fear of God, mystery, humility, asce­ ticism, thanks­giving, and praise. And we do that to make that interior spirit our own, allowing it to pass through to the postures, gestures, words, actions, and objects that we ourselves use at Holy Mass. Without this effort, when we attend Mass, our main (and maybe only) focus might be obeying the rules, which results in something not very attractive or satisfying, spiritually speaking. A rule-based practice of religion eventually descends into legalism, which wants to know how late you can arrive for Mass and it still counts, and gives no thought to leaving early. Nobody can be happy with that state of affairs. Rather, we participate in Holy Mass, not only to offer worship to God, which is right and just, our duty and our salvation, but also to be transformed, and

A subcommittee meeting is scheduled in the House to consider Senate File 2. The bill passed the Senate on Feb. 2. It sets up a state-funded family planning program, which is in­tended to duplicate a current federal-state proTom gram. The main change Chapman is that abortion providers would not be able to receive funding. Bill on collective bargaining Identical bills, which significantly change collective bargaining rights for pub­lic sector workers, were introduced at the legislature recently. The bills, House File 291 and Senate File 213, are mov-

SEVENTH SUNDAY IN ORDINARY TIME Lv 19:1-2, 17-18 1 Cor 3:16-23 Mt 5:38-48

MONDAY Sir 1:1-10 Mk 9:14-29

TUESDAY Sir 2:1-11 Mk 9:30-37

Week of Feb. 19-25

WEDNESDAY 1 Pt 5:1-4 Mt 16:13-19

THURSDAY Sir 5:1-8 Mk 9:41-50

FRIDAY

Sir 6:5-17 Mk 10:1-12

SATURDAY Sir 17:1-15 Mk 10:13-16

ing quickly through the process and may reach the floor for debate soon. In light of the legislature’s debate on the issue, the Iowa Catholic Conference has again released its statement on “Labor and the Common Good” issued in 2011. The statement was created in response to previous efforts to limit the collective bargaining rights of public employee unions. It has been sent to all legislators and the governor. The statement recalls the church’s teach­ ing on the common good and the rights of workers. It reflects the teachings of the Catholic Church beginning with Pope Leo in 1891 and the writings of Popes Pius XI, St. John XXIII, Paul VI, St. John Paul II, Benedict and Francis. (Please turn to Page 4)

Stewardship A way of life In today’s first reading, the Israelites are urged to love their neighbors as themselves. In the Gospel, Jesus spells out how we are to do that — to give generously to those who ask of us and not to turn our backs on those who seek to borrow.


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Refugee resettlement in unsettled times Catholic Charities program & current events explored By Jill Kruse Witness Editorial Assistant A recent executive order issued by President Donald Trump has cast a shadow of uncertainty over Catholic Charities’ Refugee Resettlement Program in the Archdiocese of Dubuque. The Jan. 27 executive order, “Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States,” placed a 90-day ban on people entering the U.S. from seven countries – Iraq, Iran, Syria, Libya, Yemen, Somalia and Sudan – and also suspended the entire U.S. refugee resettlement program for 120 days to review the vetting process to ensure those being resettled pose no risks to national security. A week after it was issued, a federal district court judge out of Seattle placed a nationwide restraining order temporarily blocking key aspects of the president’s executive order. That decision was upheld on Feb. 9 by a three-judge federal appeals panel that refused to reinstate the travel ban.

It is unclear today what will become of the president’s executive order. It could be further appealed in the courts – possibly even to the U.S. Supreme Court – or it could be revised and reissued. Tracy Morrison, the executive director of Catholic Charities for the archdiocese, said she is waiting to see what happens with the executive order and how it will

impact her agency and the people they serve. “We have 59 refugees from various countries who have been screened and vetted and have been approved for resettlement in the United States, and we have said, ‘yes,’ we can resettle them. And now with everything up in the air, we just don’t know for sure what will happen with them,” Morrison said. “While the Feb. 9

ruling marks a significant victory for the millions of people who are fleeing their home countries to escape violence and persecution or who have been impacted by the travel ban, it is only a provisional one.” Refugee resettlement has a long history in the Archdiocese of Dubuque. Established in 1940, the resettlement program is Catholic Charities’ longest serving archdiocesan ministry. “Some of the largest groups of refugees to be resettled in the archdiocese were Hungarian refugees in the mid-1950s and then Vietnamese refugees at the end of the Vietnam War in the mid-70s,” Morrison said. In recent years, most refugees have come to the archdiocese from the countries of Myanmar (Burma) and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Others have come from Iraq, Somalia, Sudan and Bhutan. In fiscal year 2016, Catholic Charities resettled 96 refugees in the Archdiocese of Dubuque. So far for federal fiscal year 2017, which began Oct. 1, 2016, Catholic Charities has resettled 34. “We believe strongly as a church that our social teaching guides us to protect the most vulnerable and refugees certainly fall in that category. And so we feel it’s important to be able to do our part,” Morrison said. (Please turn to Page 13)

Refugees share stories, react to executive order, immigration debate By Dan Russo Witness Editor CEDAR RAPIDS — His faith in Christ and music were essential for Chance Muhango as he, his parents and seven siblings dealt with the monotony and uncertainty of life in a refugee camp. “I’m a Christian; I can’t stay without praying,” said the soft-spoken young man as he sat in his uncle’s home in Cedar Rapids. “Since we have nothing to do in the camp, after school I was singing in three choirs, which means from Monday to Sunday, I was at the church every day after school.” In camps like the one Muhango came from refugees are not allowed to leave the confines of the camp. Some endure tough conditions for decades rather than going home to fates that could be worse. “When you are in a refugee camp, since you are not getting all the basic needs, you are very stressed, so when I’m going to church, I’m trying to reduce my stress,” explained Muhango. The 21-year-old native of the Democratic Republic of the Congo arrived Jan. 17 in Cedar Rapids and is receiving help from Catholic Charities’ Refugee Resettlement Program. His family fled violent ethnic and political conflict in the Congo, ending up in a camp in Malawi supported by the United Nations and Jesuit Relief Services, among other agencies. There he spent five years with 15,000-17,000 other refugees from around Africa. After interviews, se-

Chance Muhango (left), a refugee living in Cedar Rapids, with Caleb Gates, his Catholic Charities case manager. (Photo by Dan Russo)

curity checks and health screenings, he finally got the opportunity for a fresh start. “We had everything ready,” said Caleb Gates, Muhango’s Catholic Charities case manager. “His parents and siblings are in the process to come here. He was the first one, but because he’s over 18, that’s why he’s on his own case.” Now, he doesn’t have to wake up at 3:30 a.m. in the cramped dwelling he shared with his family of 10 to wait in line at the water pump or worry about whether they’ll be enough food for a meal after school. He can just turn on a faucet or open a refrigerator. His uncle’s home in Cedar Rapids has electricity, space and other conveniences he never could have hoped for in

the camp, but Muhango is not at ease. His body may be in America, but his heart is still far away. “Of course, I was not happy because I left my parents, brothers and sisters,” he said. “I wished to come with them. Now I don’t know when they are going to come.” Muhango’s tale of suffering, patience and separation are common among refugees, as Siwacu Gidioni can attest. She sat next to Muhango as he told his story, occasionally helping him clarify his statements with brief exchanges in Swahili, an African language they both speak. Gidioni, now a U.S. citizen, does translation work for Catholic Charities as an AmeriCorps intern. She came to America nine years ago at 14-years-old. Her parents and siblings fled conflict in Burundi and went to Tanzania. They first came to Texas, and in 2013 moved to Iowa. “We were there (in the refugee camp) for 11 years,” she said. “We didn’t know if we were going to come to America. That dream you don’t have. You’re just like, ‘Ok, we’re going to stay here.’ My sister was 21. They took her out of our case. They said they were going to bring her but they never did. She’s in Mozambique now because they closed all those camps. It’s painful.” After graduating from high school, Gidioni went to work immediately, supporting her younger siblings since her parents were ill. Both she and Muhango hope to become social workers some day. But for now, those goals are not their primary concern. In light of the divisive political

debate over immigration and security going on in the United States, they are constantly thinking of their family members in Africa. “I want to concentrate with education but since my family is (in Malawi), it’s very difficult to say, ‘I can do this,’” said Muhango. Reactions to the executive order President Donald Trump’s executive order took effect after Muhango arrived in Cedar Rapids. The temporary 120-day halt to refugee resettlement that was part of the order has been stopped, at least until the matter makes its way through the U.S. court system. The order, if re-imposed, would also temporarily ban foreign travelers from seven mostly Muslim countries as the vetting process for people from those nations is reviewed, according to the order. Although Muhango and Gidioni’s native countries and the ones where their loved ones now live are not part of the order, they both expressed concerns that the policy could be expanded to include other countries or that refugee resettlement into the United States could be blocked entirely. “You never know,” said Gidioni. “Next time it could be Congo and Tanzania. We are worried about that.” Aside from Gidioni’s sister, her husband is also still in Africa. She recently went to visit him there, and as a U.S. citizen was able to travel without incident. (Please turn to Page 6)


PAGE 4 February 19, 2017

Archdiocese

Couple recording Christian music; to perform at cathedral By Jill Kruse Witness Editorial Assistant SOLON — Two years ago, musicians Alicia and Chuck Brock began looking at the lyrics of some of Christianity’s most familiar, traditional hymns and composed new music for them. The songs they created will soon appear on a 12-song album and can be previewed at a Feb. 25 performance at St. Raphael Cathedral in Dubuque. The Brocks’ cathedral performance will be a combination of music, prayer and reflection, with the couple sharing some of the history and scriptural inspiration behind the hymns on their album. Their performance will begin at 6:30 p.m. and is free and open to the public. Chuck and Alicia live in Solon and are the parents of three young sons. Alicia works for the Iowa City Community School District, while Chuck is the director of music and youth ministry at Solon’s St. Mary Parish. Both are natives of the Archdiocese of Dubuque. “We both grew up in families involved in music ministry,” Alicia said. “Chuck grew up sitting next to his dad on the ­piano bench at church (Sacred Heart Parish, Maquoketa), and I grew up singing with my family for Mass at Resurrection Parish (Dubuque). We met in 2006 as members of the Newman Singers (at the University

Alicia and Chuck Brock, natives of the archdiocese, will perform at St. Raphael Cathedral to raise money for the recording of an album of Christian music in Nash­ ville, Tennessee. (Photo courtesy of the Brock family) of Iowa) and have been making music together ever since.” Chuck primarily plays the piano and Alicia focuses mainly on vocals.

The album they are scheduled to record this March in Nashville, Tennessee – titled “How Great Thou Art” – will be the first they produce as husband and wife.

The couple said they never initially set out to create an album together. “It started with taking the lyrics from the poem used in the hymn “How Great Thou Art,” by Carl Gustav Boberg to write a song for a retreat we were helping lead,” Alicia remembered. “During the retreat, we discovered that people connected with the meaning of the lyrics in a new way.” From there, the couple began to take a closer look at the prayers and poems other traditional hymns are based upon. They started writing new music for some of them, and the outcome was the creation of a number of original songs based on some of their favorite hymns, such as “Amazing Grace,” “Faith of Our Fathers” and “Immaculate Mary.” In August of 2016, the Brocks were approached by Carrick Ministries, a Catholic non-profit ministry group that works with Catholic musicians to help them record and promote their music. Though excited about the prospect of creating their own album, the Brocks said they were initially hesitant to say, “yes” because of their family and their careers. But ultimately they decided to take advantage of the opportunity in the hope that their music might inspire others. “It is very humbling to know that God is using us to spread his message through music,” Alicia said.

ICC releases statement on collective bargaining bill (Con’t. from p. 2) The bishops are particularly concerned about provisions which limit the items that can be bargained as well as what an arbitrator can award for a pay raise. “It’s important to remember that the benefits many of us enjoy today are the result of negotiations between unions and management,” said Bishop Richard Pates of the Catholic Diocese of Des Moines. Bishop Pates is also the chair of the Iowa Catholic Conference board. “It is safe to assert, I believe, that ‘compensation’ today includes not just the money in the pay envelope but items like healthcare insurance, paid vacations, a 40 hour work week, a minimum wage, retirement considerations and disability insurance. The bills being proposed make substantial changes to what can be negotiated in terms of benefits and even additional dollar compensation. They are also selective in terms of whom the terms of the proposed legislation apply to.” The bishops also acknowledge the challenges the government faces in balancing its budget. Click here for the rest of the news release. Go to our Action Center if you would like to find your legislator and make a contact on the legislation. Other news from State Capitol We’re disappointed that neither chamber has taken action to increase the minimum wage. The minimum wage in Iowa has fallen behind other nearby states. The only bill moving is HSB 92, which, among other provisions, makes it impossible for

cities to increase the wage on their own. The Iowa Catholic bishops have supported an increase in the minimum wage because of its current failure to provide sufficient resources for individuals to form and support families. SF 52, a bill to prohibit the trafficking of fetal parts, passed out of subcommittee on Feb. 7. Polling was released last week by the Iowa Alliance for Choice in Education showing strong support to create an Edu­ca­tion Savings Accounts (ESA) program in Iowa. Results showed 70 percent of Iowans – a super-majority – indicated their support for the creation of Education Savings Accounts that provide all families with a grant of state funds to pay for approved educational expenses for school, including private school tuition, tutoring, therapies for special needs, or some combination. TV ads to educate the public about ESAs are now running in many parts of the state. Click here for a sample message to send to your legislators in support of ESAs. We would appreciate your prayers for our bishops and legislators as they get together for the annual ICC Legislative Breakfast on Tuesday at the State Capitol. It’s an informal way for the bishops and our board and committees to talk issues with legislators. Conscience Protection Act Cardinal Timothy M. Dolan and Archbishop William E. Lori – as chairmen of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops’ Committee on Pro-Life Activities and Ad Hoc Committee for Religious Liberty, re-

spectively – wrote to both Houses of the United States Congress on Feb. 8, urging support for the Conscience Protection Act of 2017 (H.R. 644, S. 301). The Conscience Protection Act, they wrote, is “essential legislation ­protecting the fundamental rights of health care providers … to ensure that those providing much-needed health care and health coverage can continue to do so without being forced by government to help destroy innocent unborn children.”

The full text of their letter to the Senate is posted at: www.usccb.org/issues-and-action/religious-liberty/conscience-protection/upload/Conscience-Protection-ActDolan-Lori-Ltr-to-Senate-02-08-17.pdf. Don’t forget to download the VoterVoice app on your smartphone, then enter your email address and search for “Iowa Catholic Conference.” It’s the easiest way to find your member of the General Assembly and take action on our alerts.

‘Penny Wars’ raise money for charity

In celebration of Catholic Schools Week, the staff and students at Newman Catho­ lic Schools in Mason City participated in “Penny Wars.” It was a fun week filled with friendly competition and generous hearts. The middle school and high school raised a total of $2,178.21. All proceeds go to The Epiphany Baby Pantry at Epiph­ any Parish, Mason City. (Contributed photo)


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PAGE 5 February 19, 2017

Disciple’s Corner

Adapting adult faith formation as the church grows and changes

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ccording to Joe Paprocki, the author of “A Church On the Move,” one of the biggest challenges facing the church today is the continuing formation of adults. Like many others, Paprocki is convinced that generally “we are not doing a good job of forming adults into disciples of Christ.” No doubt there are many reasons for this failure, but as I suggested last time I think the biggest one is that many Catholic adults are confused about how or why it makes a difference to be disciples of Christ and, in turn, Catholic Christians. For what it’s worth, I think the confusion or dismay arises out of the fact that the church is growing and changing — some would say, maturing; it is becoming for the first time in its history a truly universal church, in a world very different from any it has experienced over the past 2,000 years. That idea alone, that the church is a living organism which grows and adapts to the times and circumstances, is itself somewhat disconcerting to older Catholics who were taught that the church can never change. But more than that, there is always in human growth a stage where a person (a

DAVE CUSHING DBQWCAF@dbqarch.org

family, a community, or in this case, the church) is no longer exactly what they used to be but still not quite what they are in the process of becoming — a stage in which the past and the future overlap, or if you will, blur. This “in-between” can be confusing and uncomfortable. Ask anyone who has raised a teenager about the confusion and angst involved in being or parenting an individual who is precariously suspended between childhood on the one hand and adulthood on the other. Life in the church is always guided by Scripture, and the growth we are exper­ i­­encing today is rooted in our recovery, over the past century and a half or so, of the profound implications of the Incarnation — the mystery by which God entered into human history in the very person of

GodSelf, Jesus Christ. By its very nature, this event blurred the comforting distinction between the human and the divine, between here and there, between the past and the future. In a much broader sense than we usually realize, we are living (and have been since the death and resurrection of Jesus) in an “in-between” time — no longer what we used to be, but not yet what we are in the process of becoming. I hope to identify these implications in the next and last column on adult faith formation. For now, I just want to suggest that this has profound implications for adult faith formation in ways which we maybe have not fully appreciated. What do you think? Pray and Reflect Use one or more of the following questions for personal reflection, group dis­cus­­ sion or private journaling: • On a scale of 1 (low) to 5 (high) rate how much you sense that the church is growing or changing in ways that are not entire­ly clear or comfortable. How would you have rated your perception five years ago?

• What are some of the signs of growth and change which you see in the church today? Which seem good, which seem prob­ lematic to you? Have you lived in “in-between times” in your personal or family life before? Do you see similarities between that experience and the church today? How well are we equipped to help our children, grandchildren and students life in the “in-between time”? • I think this “in-between time” in the church is ... Join the Conversation Add your comments to this week’s discussion at facebook.com/FaithLeaders­ Corner/. Dave Cushing is director of adult faith formation for the Catholic parishes in Wa­ terloo. The Disciple’s Corner is sponsor­ed by the Archdiocese of Dubuque’s Office of Faith Formation and Education and is funded through the Archdiocesan Edu­ ca­ tional Development Board. It is de­ ­ sign­ed to help catechists, teachers, par­ ents, grandparents, guardians and other adults grow in their appreciation of their role as disciples of Jesus Christ.

St. Jude School kindergarten teacher receives EduCare award

Michele Riley is pictured with her kindergarten class of Cedar Rapids’ Holy Family Catholic School System/St. Jude Elementary. (Contributed photo)

CEDAR RAPIDS – Michele Riley, kindergarten teacher at Holy Family Catholic School System’s St. Jude Elementary in Cedar Rapids, has been awarded the Educare Award of Excellence in Catholic Education. The award is sponsored by the Educare Company and the Kevin and Rebecca McCarville family. A plaque and $1,000 unrestricted cash gift is presented annually during Catholic Schools Week to honor the dedication and contributions of educators serving in Catholic education. Riley has taught kindergarten at Holy Family for 22 years. An outstanding teacher who cares for each of her students as if they were her own, Riley strives to create a classroom environment that is enriching and stimulating and that helps her stu-

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dents feel safe to explore, initiate learning, and express themselves educationally and spiritually. Riley is a strong proponent of Catholic education and is a parent to two children who have attended Holy Family and Xavier High School. Holy Family School System provides a preschool through eighth grade educational program at three centers, St. Jude Elementary Center (Preschool, grades K-2), St. Ludmila Elementary Center (Preschool, grades 3-4) and LaSalle Middle School (grades 5-8). Their mission is to provide all students with a Christ-­ centered education that is future oriented, grounded in educational excellence, and fosters a sense of community true to the teachings and traditions of the Catholic Church.

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Community

PAGE 6 February 19, 2017

Coming events ANKENY Christian Experience Weekend (CEW) The Christian Experience Weekend (CEW) is a renewal weekend for adults designed to enable them to more deeply experience themselves and their relationship to God and the Christian community. A men’s CEW will be held at Our Lady’s Immaculate Heart Catholic Church in Ankeny beginning in the evening of Friday, Feb. 17 and concluding the afternoon of Feb. 19. For more information, contact Mike Tjarks via email (mdt1961@mchsi.com) and/or via phone 515-689-3433. You can also visit http://olih.org/ cewretreats/. DUBUQUE A Pray on Words St. Raphael Cathedral and St. Patrick Church are sponsoring a three-day retreat on praying with Scripture 7-8 p.m. on March 19-21. The first night at the cathedral will feature a talk by Father Alan Dietzenbach speaking on reimagining the word. On March 20 at St. Patrick, Dr. Amanda Osheim, a professor of theology at Loras College, will speak on praying with the word. Finally, Brenna Cussen Anglada, a member of the Catholic Worker Farm, will speak at the cathedral on singing the word — the practice of Taize prayer. For more information, visit www.cathedralstpats.org. Hope House Meals Hope House serves community meals, to which all are invited, on Sunday and Monday evenings at 6 p.m. About 2025 people on average share in the meal. The following Sundays and Mondays are currently available: March 5, 12, 19 & 26; April 2, 9 & 23. Please consider preparing and serving one of those meals with a faith-sharing group or with friends. If you want to schedule a date or want more information, please call Tom Johnson at 563-582-9079. Planned Giving Seminar Holy Spirit Parish will be holding a planned giving seminar called “Where There’s a Will There’s a Way��� on March 15 at 6:30 p.m. Call 563-583-1709 for more details and to register.

City Wide Bible Study Presenting Jeff Cavins, study of “Ephesians: Discover Your Inheritance.” This study provides insights on Paul’s letter to the Ephesians and reveals how God’s great love can transform our lives. Offered Tuesdays beginning Feb. 7; time 8:30-10 a.m. or on Thursdays 7-8:30 p.m. for eight weeks in St. Columbkille’s Presentation Hall. Workbook cost is $20. Register by email to r1berge@msn. com or call 563-451-2939. DYERSVILLE Recognizing God’s Call Father David Schatz, vocation director for the archdiocese, and a seminarian will speak on hearing God’s call followed by a Holy Hour with Archbishop Jackels 7-9 p.m. Feb. 22 at St. Francis Xavier Basilica in Dyersville. All are invited. WATERLOO Catholic Speaker Series Speakers in this series are made possible in part by a grant from the Archbishop Kucera Center for Catholic Intellectual and Spiritual Life at Loras College and from various other cooperating partners. The next speaker will appear on Thursday, March 3. Father Dale Launderville, OSB. The topic will be “Global Warming — A Prophetic View of Collective Responsibility.” Free dinner: 5-6 p.m. (reservation required). The presentation is 6:30-9 p.m. at the church hall, St. Edward Parish, Waterloo. Freewill offering. The event is open to the public. Father Launderville will examine the current debate over climate change and discuss the relevance of the Old Testament prophets’ message in the 21st century. Father Dale Launderville, OSB, is professor of theology at St. John’s School of Theology and Seminary in Collegeville, Minnesota. Disclaimer: Presentation of speakers in this series does not constitute agreement or endorsement of the speakers, their personal opinions, or organizations they are affiliated with, by the Catholic parishes in Waterloo or the Archdiocese of Dubuque.

Mass to commemorate Fr. Mazzuchelli SINSINAWA, Wisconsin — The annual Mass to commemorate the death of Venerable Samuel Mazzuchelli, OP, will be held at St. Patrick Church, Benton, Wisconsin, at 1:30 p.m. Sunday, Feb. 26, 2017. The Mazzuchelli Assembly Fourth Degree Knights of Columbus invite everyone to attend and join them for a social in the parish hall afterward. Father Mazzuchelli died in the house near the church Feb. 23, 1864, and is buried in the parish cemetery. The house is open for tours during warm-weather months.

Father Mazzuchelli began his ministry in the 1830s with native peoples of the upper Midwest, providing education and attempting to right the injustices they faced. Later he traveled farther west to serve the new immigrants while founding parish communities, building schools and churches, serving in civic as well as religious affairs, and establishing the congregation of Dominican Sisters of Sinsinawa who continue his mission of Gospel service. This is the 153rd anniversary of Father Mazzuchelli’s death.

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19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 1 AMERICAN MARTYRS RETREAT HOUSE 2209 N. UNION RD. CEDAR FALLS, IOWA 50613 319-266-3543 April 7-9: Men’s Retreat Retreat Contribution: AMRH requests a contribution of $135 per person for the weekend ($25 deposit secures your reservation and is credited to your offering for the retreat). Holy Hour of Adoration Join us on Tuesdays (except the third Tuesday of the month), 6:30-7:30 p.m. in the Retreat House Chapel. SINSINAWA MOUND, SINSINAWA, WIS. 608-748-4411 WWW.SINSINAWA.ORG/MOUNDCENTER March 3: 7 p.m. concert. Our Holy Father, Pope Francis, has challenged us to become more merciful and courageous like Jesus. For many years, the music of Dan Schutte has anchored the faith of Christians and inspired us to draw ever closer to God. Using music, stories and prayerful reflection, Schutte invites us all to live with joy and compassion in the reflection of God. Dan Schutte has been composing music for worship for more than 40 years. Many of his most celebrated pieces, including “Here I Am, Lord,” “City of God” and “Sing a New Song,”

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Sikitu Muzaniwa, a relation of Muhango’s who has been living with him since his arrival and was a refugee herself, said most in their situation want to come to America to be safe and contribute to society. “We just come here to look for peace,” she said. Reactions to the executive order from people they know still in refugee camps were intense. “They are so worried, crying because they watch the news every day,” explained Gidioni When asked if the idea of providing more money for resettling refugees in

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come from his years of collaboration with the St. Louis Jesuits. His more recent pieces still exhibit that enduring ability to reach into people’s hearts and draw them into prayer. Dan Schutte continues to be part of the standard repertoire for Christian worship worldwide. He is on of the best-known, most prolific and influential composers of Catholic music for the liturgy. SHALOM SPIRITUALITY CENTER 1001 DAVIS ST. DUBUQUE, IOWA 52001 563-582-3592 WWW.SHALOMRETREATS.ORG/ March 1-3: Lenten Retreat led by Father Dan Crosby, OFM CAP; Option One - One Day: Ash Wednesday, March 1, 9 a.m.-4 p.m. Option Two - Three Days: March 1, 9 a.m. - March 3, 1 p.m. Option One - Ash Wednesday One-Day Retreat Offering: Commuter: $50. Includes lunch. Pay in full at time of registration. No early bird discount available for one-day retreats. Option Two - Three-Day Retreat Offering: Overnight: $140. Includes two breakfasts, three lunches & two dinners. Commuter: $105. Includes three lunches & two dinners. $50 Nonrefundable deposit due at time of registration. Register & pre-pay by Wednesday, Feb. 22.

Mt. Mercy: no to football for now CEDAR RAPIDS — Mount Mercy University has officially decided not to add football to its athletic roster at this time, but will reconsider in the future. University leadership cited fully-occupied residence halls and a strategic focus on its growing graduate and online programs as principle reasons for the decision. The possibility of adding a football program was carefully explored during the

past year, involving faculty, staff, students, alumni and community members. “While there is much support for football, it was clear that an excellent student-athlete experience—which is so im­portant to us—could only be realized if campus residence hall space was available,” said Paul Gavin, director of athletics.

Fundraisers Feb. 19 • St. Mary, Williams — Soup Supper, 4-6:30 p.m., free will donation, carryouts available. • Delhi Hopkinton KC Council #12695 — Pancake Breakfast, 7:30 a.m.-12 noon., Hopkinton Community Center. March 3 • St. John, Placid — Fish Fry, 4:30-8:30 p.m. at church, adults $10, carryouts $11, children 5-10 $5, preschoolers free. Pies $10. March 10

• St. Thomas Aquinas Pastorate — Fish Fry, 4:30-8:30 p.m. at Cascade American Legion Hall, adults $10, children 5-12 $6, 4 and under free, carryouts $11 (also being held April 7). • St. Gabriel, Reinbeck — Fish Fry, 5-7 p.m. at church, adults $8.50, children 5-12 $5, 4 and under free, carryouts $11. March 19 • St. Bernard, Alta Vista — St. Patrick’s Supper, 3-6 p.m., $10 adults & children, $11 at door.

Refugees share stories, react to executive order (Con’t. from p. 3) She is concerned that this could change. Muhango expressed similar fears about refugee resettlement and travel being stopped. Gidioni and Muhango acknowledged legitimate concerns many Americans have over terrorism — a refugee from Somalia, one of the seven countries affected by the executive order, was killed by police in November 2016 during an attack at Ohio State University, for example. Gidioni emphasized, however, that a very small number of incidents by bad actors does not represent the majority of refugees. “If one person does bad stuff, it doesn’t mean everyone is bad,” she said.

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“safe zones” in countries closer to the states people are fleeing would help, one of the policies currently being debated by political leaders, Gidioni was not optimistic about the prospect. She recalled life in the camp in Tanzania. “We just need freedom, not worrying about whether we’re going to die tonight,” said Gidioni. “I don’t think money is the issue. Freedom is the issue. If you have money back home, you have fear that they might kill you. Anything might happen at any time. Back home, my mom had a job. They came to our housing — they broke the door down. They did that three times. They took everything.”

Muhango, Gidioni and Muzaniwa were hopeful that despite the tense debate gripping the nation about immigration policies, the United States will continue to accept refugees, and that opportunities for emigration to safer countries would eventually come to those they love that are still in refugee camps. For now, Muhango is still adjusting to a new country and waiting for a reunion with his family. “I wish to live with them again,” he said. “I have missed them a lot.”


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Death Notices BELLEVUE Julie Knake, age 61, died Jan. 23. Private service, Jan. 28. Interment in St. Joseph Cemetery. CASCADE Mary A. Noonan, age 81, died Jan. 24. Funeral from St. Matthias Parish, St. Martin Church, Jan. 28, Rev. Douglas Loecke officiating. Interment in Holy Family Cemetery, New Melleray. CEDAR RAPIDS James R. Earl, age 81, died Dec. 30. Private service, Jan. 3, Deacon Michael Klappholz officiating. Interment in Mt. Calvary Cemetery. Arthur Haverly, age 96, died Jan. 15. Funeral from All Saints Parish, Jan. 27, Rev. John Flaherty officiating. Interment in Mt. Calvary Cemetery. Cora Klappholz, infant, died Dec. 31. Funeral from All Saints Parish, Jan. 6, Deacon Michael Klappholz officiating. Interment in Mt. Calvary Cemetery. Leo Peiffer, age 88, died Jan. 5. Funeral from All Saints Parish, Jan. 21, Rev. John Flaherty offi­ciating. Interment in Cedar Memorial Cemetery. Margene H. Rule, age 82, died Feb. 2. Funeral from All Saints Parish, Feb. 16, Rev. John Flaherty officiating. Interment at a later date. CLARION Daryl Reiland, age 73, died Feb. 5. Funeral from St. John Parish, Feb. 11, Rev. Jerry Blake officiating. Interment in St. John Cemetery. CLERMONT Cathy L. Scheidel, age 52, died Jan. 19. Funeral from St. Peter Parish, Jan. 24, Rev. James Brokman officiating. Interment in St. Benedict Cemetery, Decorah. CRESCO Betty A. Ihns, age 77, died Feb. 6. Funeral from Notre Dame Parish, Feb. 10, Rev. Dennis Cain officiating. Interment in Calvary Cemetery. DUBUQUE David H. Gebhart, age 75, died Jan. 31. Funeral from Church of the Resurrection Parish, Feb. 4, Rev. Joseph Hauer officiating. Interment in Mt. Olivet Cemetery, Key West. Rosemary Hoffman, age 90, died Feb. 2. Funeral from St. Anthony Parish, Feb. 6, Sr. Margaret Anne Kramer, PBVM, officiating. Interment in Mt. Calvary Cemetery. Frederic M. Rohner, age 99, died Feb. 4. Funeral from St. Joseph the Worker Parish, Feb. 9, Rev. Gabriel Anderson officiating. Interment in Mt. Calvary Cemetery. DYSART Leland R. Stein, age 72, died Jan. 17. Private service, Jan. 23. Interment in Dysart Cemetery. EARLVILLE Ula M. Roling, age 76, died Jan. 23. Funeral from St. Joseph Parish, Jan. 28, Rev. Jeffrey Dole officiating. Interment in St. Joseph Cemetery.

GUTTENBERG James E. Niemeyer, age 83, died Feb. 3. Funeral from St. Mary Parish, Feb. 6, Rev. Marvin Bries officiating. Interment in St. Mary Cemetery. LAWLER John J. Meissen, age 82, died Feb. 2. Funeral from Our Lady of Mt. Carmel Parish, Feb. 6, Rev. Kyle Digmann officiating. Interment in Our Lady of Mt. Carmel Cemetery. MANCHESTER Mary J. Knutson, age 62, died Feb. 4. Funeral from St. Mary Parish, Feb. 7, Rev. John Kremer officiating. Interment in Oakland Cemetery. MASON CITY Ramona L. Scholl, age 83, died Feb. 2. Private service, Feb. 8, Rev. Neil Manternach officiating. Interment in Elmwood-St. Joseph Cemetery. MASONVILLE Thomas L. Duggan, age 74, died Feb. 4. Funeral from Immaculate Conception Parish, Feb. 8, Rev. Joseph Schneider officiating, Interment in St. Mary Cemetery. NEW HAMPTON Eugene C. Schultz, Sr., age 94, died Feb. 5. Funeral from Holy Family Parish, Feb. 10, Very Rev. Brian Dellaert officiating. Interment in Calvary Cemetery. Celine Whiteman, age 88, died Feb. 3. Funeral from Holy Family Parish, Feb. 7, Rev. Msgr. Carl Schmitt officiating. Interment in St. Mary Cemetery. OELWEIN Dorothy Gloede, age 85, died Feb. 2. Funeral from Sacred Heart Parish, Feb. 7, Rev. Daniel Kirby and Rev. James Kirby officiating. Interment in Woodlawn Cemetery. John H. Kerns, age 75, died Feb. 4. Funeral from Sacred Heart Parish, Feb. 8, Rev. Paul McManus officiating. Interment in Woodlawn Cemetery. OSAGE Jean Bensend, age 60, died Jan. 2. Funeral from Sacred Heart Parish, Jan. 6, Rev. Raymond Burkle officiating. Interment in Sacred Heart Cemetery. Patricia Wetter, age 87, died Jan. 28. Private service, Feb. 1, Rev. Raymond Burkle officiating. Interment in Orchard Cemetery, Orchard. PARKERSBURG Albert F. Johnson, Jr., age 92, died Jan. 17. Funeral from St. Patrick Parish, Jan. 26, Rev. David Kucera officiating. Interment in Pleasant View Cemetery, Applington. Elizabeth L. Johnson, age 83, died Jan. 21. Funeral from St. Patrick Parish, Jan. 26, Rev. David Kucera officiating. Interment in Pleasant View Cemetery, Applington.

EDGEWOOD Virgil E. Hunt, age 90, died Feb. 2. Funeral from St. Mark Parish, Feb. 6, Rev. John Haugen officiating. Interment in St. Mark Cemetery.

ROCKWELL Francis X. McKinnon, Sr., age 77, died Jan. 27. Funeral from Sacred Heart Parish, Feb. 2, Rev. John Gossman and Very Rev. Kenneth Gehling officiating. Interment in Sacred Heart Cemetery.

GILBERT Raymond G. Pepper, age 92, died Jan. 27. Funeral from SS. Peter & Paul Parish, Feb. 3, Rev. Jon Seda officiating. Interment in SS. Peter & Paul Cemetery.

VINTON Matthew C. Kremer, age 83, died Feb. 4. Funeral from St. Mary Parish, Feb. 9, Rev. Ardel Barta officiating. Interment in Evergreen Cemetery.

Jim Schneider

1640 Main • 3860 Asbury Rd., Dubuque 582-7221

WATERLOO Thomas L. Bernard, age 71, died Feb. 2. Funeral from Sacred Heart Parish, Feb. 7, Rev. Kenneth Stecher officiating. Interment in Mt. Olivet Cemetery. Robert M. Flynn, age 85, died Feb. 3. Funeral from St. Edward Parish, Feb. 8, Rev. Scott Bullock officiating. Interment in Mt. Olivet Cemetery. Loung Le, age 44, died Jan. 24. Funeral from St. Edward Parish, Feb. 6, Rev. Scott Bullock officiating. Interment in Mt. Olivet Cemetery. Agnes M. F. Sullivan, age 97, died Jan. 29. Funeral from Sacred Heart Parish, Feb. 3, Rev. Kenneth Stecher officiating. Interment in Mt. Olivet Cemetery. WEST UNION Ann N. Minger, age 90, died Jan. 23. Funeral from Holy Name Parish, Jan. 28, Rev. James Brokman and Rev. Dale Rausch officiating. Interment in St. Francis de Sales Cemetery, Ossian. WILLIAMS Judy Jenison, age 73, died Jan. 20. Funeral from St. Mary Parish, Jan. 24, Rev. Rick Dagit officiating. Interment in St. Mary Cemetery. ANNIVERSARIES OF DEPARTED PRIESTS FEBRUARY 19: Most Rev. Mathias Loras, 1st Bishop of Dubuque, 1858

FEBRUARY 19: Rev. Nicholas U. Keffeler, St. Patrick, Watkins; St. Paul, Newhall; and St. John, Blairstown, 1948 FEBRUARY 19: Rev. Peter J. Friedmann, St. Aloysius, Calmar, 1955 FEBRUARY 20: Rev. Henry P. Nosbisch, retired, St. Ansgar, St. Ansgar, 1970 FEBRUARY 21: Rev. Valentine J. Hlubeck, St. Joseph, Chelsea, 1966 FEBRUARY 22: Most Rev. Joseph Cretin, 1st Bishop of St. Paul, Minnesota,1857 FEBRUARY 22: Rev. Joseph N. Schemmel, Holy Rosary, La Motte, 1982 FEBRUARY 22: Rev. Ronald J. Axen, retired, Sacred Heart, Fillmore, 2003 FEBRUARY 23: The Venerable Samuel C. Mazzuchelli, O.P., St. Patrick, Benton, Wisconsin, 1864 FEBRUARY 23: Rev. Msgr. Thomas J. ­Rooney, retired, Immaculate Conception, Charles City, 1961 FEBRUARY 24: Rev. Dennis P. Cregan, St. Patrick, Ryan, 1939 FEBRUARY 24: Rev. Robert J. Dolter, Loras College, Dubuque, 1974 FEBRUARY 25: Rev. Robert E. Moran, SS. Peter & Paul, Petersburg, 1986 FEBRUARY 25: Rev. Msgr. William H. Bless­ ing­ton, retired, St. Mary, Strawberry Point, 2002

Obituaries Sr. Janita Curoe, BVM DUBUQUE — Sister Janita Curoe, BVM, 87, of Marian Hall, 1050 Carmel Drive, Dubuque, passed away Friday, Feb. 10, 2017, at Marian Hall. The Natural Burial Rite of Committal was held Feb. 11, 2017, in the Marian Hall Chapel. A memorial service was held Monday, Feb. 13, 2017, with shared stories followed by liturgy. Burial was in the Mount Carmel Cemetery. Sister Janita taught elementary school and was principal in Davenport, Iowa; Chicago; Memphis and Chattanooga, Tennessee; and Clarksdale and Jackson, Mississippi. She served as county literacy coordinator and volunteer tutor in Canton, Mississippi. She was born in Bernard, Iowa, on March 28, 1929, to William Edward and Marie Powers Curoe. She entered the BVM congregation Sept. 8, 1946, from Sacred Heart Parish, Fillmore, Iowa. She professed first vows on March 19, 1949, and final vows on Aug. 15, 1954. She was preceded in death by her parents; sisters: Mary Curoe, BVM (St. Richard), and Catherine Pfab; and brothers: Robert, Richard and John. She is survived by a sisterin-law, Janice Curoe, Dubuque; a brother-in-law, Irvin Pfab, Iowa City, Iowa; nieces; nephews; and the Sisters of Charity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, with whom she shared life for 70 years. Memorials may be given to Sisters of Charity, BVM Support Fund, 1100 Carmel Drive, Dubuque, IA 52003 or online at www.bvmcong.org/whatsnew_obits.cfm. Leonard Funeral Home & Crematory, 2595 Rockdale Rd., Dubuque, IA, 52003 was in charge of arrangements.

Sr. Kathleen Doherty, BVM DUBUQUE — Sister Kathleen Doherty, BVM (Patrick Louis), 94, of Caritas Center, 1130 Carmel Drive, Du­buque, passed away Thurs­day, Feb. 9, 2017, at Caritas Center. Visitation was from 9-11 a.m. on Tuesday, Feb. 14, 2017, in the Marian Hall Chapel, followed by a pray­er service at 11 a.m. Funeral liturgy was at 1:30 p.m. Burial was in the Mount Carmel Cemetery. Sister Kathleen was an elementary and secondary school teacher in Sioux City, Iowa; Hempstead, New York; and Chicago, where she also served as parish secretary and adult education teacher; and as alumnae association coordinator/treasurer. She was born in Waterloo, Iowa, on Aug. 24, 1922, to Patrick Brown and Mary Salz Doherty. She entered the BVM congregation Sept. 8, 1945, from St. Joseph Parish, ­Waterloo. She professed first vows on March 19, 1948, and final vows on Aug. 15, 1953. She was preceded in death by her parents. She is survived by cousins and the Sisters of Charity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, with whom she shared life for 71 years. Memorials may be given to Sisters of Charity, BVM Support Fund, 1100 Car­mel Drive, Dubuque, IA 52003 or online at www.bvmcong.org/whatsnew_obits.cfm. Egelhof, Siegert and Casper Funeral Home, 2659 JFK Rd., Dubuque, IA 52002 was in charge of arrangements.


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Catholic Charities

Archdiocese of Dubuque



SAINTS CAFÉ—From July-Dec 2016, St. Mary Waverly parishioners donated 457 volunteer hours to prepare, serve and cleanup for the six meals. Our parishioners also provided delicious desserts... decorated Christmas cookies in December, cupcakes with sprinkles, etc. They take pride in showing their love in a special treat! Community businesses have noticed the good these meals provide and have donated baked goods, vegetables, sandwiches, etc. The area college students, scout programs and others have asked to volunteer because they see the importance of the meals. This has helped our parish witness what working together can do! St. Mary serves a meal once every month. But by coming together with other faith organizations this meal happens every week. Last year during Lent, our parish partnered with Catholic Charities to sponsor two Burmese refugee families moving to Waterloo. We partner with Sacred Heart Parish's (Waterloo) outreach program to find good used furniture for the Burmese families in their community. Once the example of cooperation is formed for one project, that cooperation can grow into other opportunities of service. St. Mary Eldora—Local Emergency Fund—Sister Connie Howe explained to parishioners the “who’s, what’s, and why’s” of the Local Emergency Fund. She explained how this joint effort between St. Mary Catholic Church and St. Paul Lutheran Church was designed to help our neighbors in need. The second collection on August 27, as well as donations that followed resulted in $1001. These funds, as well as the $500 Harvest of Blessings Grant, were distributed as emergencies arose (Quarter 2 and 3 of 2016 saw needs for food, water bills, rent, gas, etc.) and they will continue to be distributed as more emergencies arise. Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Dubuque provided the matching Harvest of Blessings grant. Our local parish was able to raise funds toward this project. Parishioners were able to recognize the partnership that exits between the local church and the larger diocesan church. In addition, this project enabled us to work ecumenically with our Lutheran brothers and sisters through the Local Emergency Fund. Catholic Social Teachings embrace the words of Jesus: “What you do for the least of my people, you do for me.” MT 25:40 This project enabled us to become aware of the basic needs that exist in our own neighborhoods. Hopefully, our eyes have been opened to the needs of others and we have willingly done our part to help alleviate the suffering of others.

Sacred Heart Waterloo The Caring for Cardinals Project —is an ongoing monthly give away that takes place during the school year.

The program is offered to any family with a student at Sacred Heart grade school who would like to participate. Families may choose to participate as needed month by month. Each family that signs up is given paper and personal supplies that will allow them to use their personal income on other items that month. An example of a typical giveaway would include bar soap, shampoo, Kleenex, toilet paper, toothpaste, paper towels, laundry soap and dish soap. On average the monthly give away assisted 41 families that consisted of 180 people during 2016. This project is a group effort that involves the Parish, Parishioners and the School. The members of the Social Concerns Committee coordinate the project but we continually ask for and receive assistance from the Parish and Parishioners in the form of updates and feedback, donations, volunteer time and prayers for the success of the program and the recipients.

Waterloo Catholic parishes—COR has collaborated with Catholic Charities, Hospitality House, and EMBARC (Ethnic Minorities of Burma Advocacy and Resource Center) to meet the needs of the people of the broader Waterlooo community. EMBARC began in someone’s living room and was very limited by lack of space. COR provided office space and meeting space at a limited cost that allowed them to greatly expand their programs to the Burmese refugee community in Waterloo. We have referred many guests to the services of Hospitality House, Catholic Worker, and Catholic Charities. COR provides a space for Hospitality House to offer a weekly community meal. COR is a space for Catholic Charities to store furniture temporarily that is usable at COR until a family needs it. We are also working with Catholic Charities to pilot a Bible study for inmates recently released from prison to be held at COR. COR has really become a place in which bridges of trust can be built or reestablished with those that are alienated from the church for whatever reason.

St. Anthony Dubuque Take Away Hunger— This project has done a great job of helping to foster community service among members of the parish and beyond. To help raise the additional funds required to host a food packaging event (beyond that funded by the grant), a used book sale was planned for November 4, 5 and 6, 2016. The book sale has been a traditional fundraiser for this effort. Not only was service provided by the planning team, but also by 50 volunteers who have been collecting books, with over two dozen weekly sorting the books. A cadre of volunteers also will staff the event throughout the weekend, with others participating by making purchases. A food packaging event occurred the first week in December and also required dozens of volunteers to promote and coordinate the event, unload supplies, sort the food stuffs, pack and seal the food into bags, and pack the bags into boxes. Other volunteers will be involved in transportation of the boxes. This project is truly a team effort, with the St. Anthony Take Away Hunger project leveraging the combined resources of the Archdiocese and Catholic Charities in the form of the Harvest of Blessing grant, and the funds raised by the parishioners to gather enough to make possible another food packaging event. To date, hundreds of volunteers have worked together to provide hundreds of thousands of meals to some of the world’s hungriest. The help of the Archdiocese and Catholic Charities makes the parish members feel that they are not alone, but that they also have the support of the larger church community.

The Cathedral of St. Raphael & St. Patrick—recording equipment to enhance Mass—The Cathederal was a Year of Mercy pilgrimage site and also holds various Archdiocesan programs and liturgies. We lacked the proper equipment to be able to record and disseminate media for such programs and liturgies in order to allow the homebound of our parish to be able to experience some of these events. With the purchase of the recording equipment we are now able to record high-quality sound for liturgies and other programs so that we can share with people who are unable to attend due to illness, being away for winter, etc. With large elderly populations this becomes very important during the cold weather in particular. We are currently restructuring and restoring ministries to the homebound. We anticipate being able to record portions of liturgies so that those who make home visits to the sick and elderly will be more comfortable by going with a digital recording of the homily and/or Mass on their visits. St. Patrick's is using similar equipment to record liturgical celebrations or guest speakers to share those events with the homebound and those who speak other languages. In order to reach out to them more fully, being able to have a high quality recording is essential to outreach. One particular project that was in direct collaboration with Catholic Charities was recording and producing an “Immigrant Know Your Rights” video that was presented by Catholic Charities staff and recorded by St. Patrick staff. The video has subsequently been shared throughout the State of Iowa to all four dioceses as well as through the Iowa Catholic Conference. As we continue to learn new and innovate ways to utilize this equipment we will be able to have more events sharable to a broader community, particularly through our website, so that these liturgies or events can be used as opportunities for nursing home groups, or other parishes to experience the events/liturgies.

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Faith Alive

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Natural family planning: Why and what By Theresa Notare Catholic News Service When it comes to sex and birth control, you may have heard that the Catholic Church says a resounding “NO!” This myth couldn’t be further from the truth. Catholic teaching on love, sex and “responsible parenthood” is a resounding “YES!” — to God’s plan for men and women. Natural family planning is part of this “Yes” because it respects God’s plan for married love. Let’s take a look. — God’s plan for married love God designed married love to be total, fruitful, faithful and exclusive. It mirrors God’s own Trinitarian love. This means that husband and wife offer themselves to each other as a gift. There is no “taking” here, just “offering” and “receiving.” There is no exclusion of God’s gifts, like denying God’s will, the nature of marriage, one’s person or fertility. Anything that counters the meaning and integrity of the marital act and God’s call for life is avoided (e.g, artificial contraception, sterilization, pornography, in vitro fertilization or surrogacy). God willed that married love involves the entire person, including reason, a well-formed conscience in God’s truth and fertility. It also means that husband and wife understand that openness to new human life is not an “add on” but an essential element of married life — indeed God himself entrusted husband and wife with the gift of life. This is true whether a couple is fertile or not. When discerning if God is calling them to bring new life into the world, this also means that married couples ought not treat it casually. What does all this have to do with natural family planning (NFP)? Catholic teaching on the nature of human sexuality, marriage, conjugal love and responsible parenthood reflects God’s loving design. The significance of NFP is that it is the instrument to help husband and wife live that reality. NFP respects God’s plan, doing nothing to obstruct his design. That is why the church supports NFP use in marriage. — NFP science NFP is the general title for the scientific and moral methods of family planning that can help married couples either achieve or postpone a pregnancy. NFP methods provide fertility education that is informative and practical. The facts of human reproduction form the basis of all NFP methods. Specifically, NFP methods attempt to identify the fertile window of husband and wife. The fertile window is the combination of information about the woman’s day of fertility (ovulation, which occurs only within a 12-hour to 24-hour period) and that of the man’s fertility (sperm, which can live in a fertile woman’s body for up to five days). When a woman is fertile, her reproductive hormones will send messages that yield specific and observable signs. Recognizing the pattern of those physical signs forms the basis for most NFP methods. — NFP methodology NFP methods provide guidelines to help couples pinpoint their “fertile window.” Most methods teach couples how to track this information. How well a couple follows their method’s guidelines will determine the effectiveness. When a couple discerns that God is calling them to conceive, they may use the fertile window for conjugal relations. Conversely, when spouses discern that it is time to avoid a pregnancy, they will abstain from sex during this time.

NFP helps us communicate, brings us closer to God, couples say By Anna Capizzi Catholic News Service

Dr. Anne Nolte, founder of the National Gianna Center for Women’s Health and Fertility in New York that specializes in natural family planning, chats with patient Judith Guzman Dec. 30, 2009. NFP is the general title for the scientific and moral methods of family planning that can help married couples either achieve or post­pone a pregnancy. (CNS photo/Gregory A. Shemitz) Periodic sexual abstinence is the NFP means to avoid a pregnancy. No drugs, devices or surgical procedures are ever used. — Does NFP work? Any couple can use NFP. The key is to learn the method well, be aware of your family planning intention (achieving or avoiding pregnancy), cooperate with each other and apply the guidelines consistently. NFP does not depend upon a woman having regular menstrual cycles. That said, sometimes couples may need help when they can’t easily interpret their fertile signs or are in a special reproductive circumstance, such as breastfeeding. In those cases, NFP teachers can assist. When looking for an NFP method to learn, you should know that there is no “best method.” All NFP methods are based on solid science. Choosing a method depends upon how much fertility information a couple needs and can live with! — Who’s who? Each NFP system is organized according to the information that they teach. There are methods that teach how to interpret only the cervical mucus sign. Others teach multiple fertility signs (sympto-thermal). Still others are called sympto-­hormonal because they include information from a fertility monitor. And a few do not teach the signs of fertility but instead rely upon mathematical formulas of real NFP charts. In the United States, there are a number of NFP providers. The U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops website provides a list of these providers (www.usccb.org/nfp/ awareness-week/nfp-providers.cfm). — Give NFP a chance! NFP provides sound fertility education. It is environmen­ tally safe and has no harmful side effects. NFP education is also economical. Most providers charge fees for instruction and any resources — that’s it! Most important, NFP respects God’s plan for marriage. It promotes ­spousal respect, chastity and mindfulness of God’s will. It may not always be easy, but if a couple perseveres, NFP can help to strengthen their relationship with each other and God. Theresa Notare is the assistant director, Natural Fam­ i­ly Planning Program of the Secretariat of Laity, Mar­ riage, Family Life and Youth at the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops.

In a Nutshell It’s a common misconception that the Catholic Church requires married couples to have an unlimited number of children. The church asks couples to prayerfully and prudently dis­cern what God is telling them by their circumstances and in their hearts as to the best timing and number of children he’s calling them to have. Natural family planning is the general title for the scientific and moral methods of family planning that can help married couples cooperate with God’s plan to either achieve or postpone a pregnancy.

“It was shocking for us how it worked,” said Aryn and Sean Sylvester, referring to their use of natural family plan­ning (NFP) in the early days of their marriage, some 16 years ago. Just four months prior to their wedding day, the Phoenix-­ based couple realized that “we wanted to do something to provide for the spacing of births and postpone pregnancy, but we did not want to do anything artificially.” Raised as Catholics, they knew the Catholic Church’s teaching on NFP “on some level,” but didn’t know where to turn. After connecting with an instructor, they learned the sympto-thermal method, which involves monitoring and charting a woman’s fertility indicators such as cervical mucus and basal body temperature. “Basically, we just embraced it — as scary as it was,” said Aryn, “it was just one of those leaps of faith.” “We started talking about a subject we had never talked about,” she admitted. “We started talking about sexual intimacy right away because you kind of have to.” For the couple, the experience has been transformative. “It changed our perspective of what love is,” said Aryn. “Lines of communication opened way up,” said Sean, and it “changes the dynamic of the relationship” and how you view your spouse. “We approach things from a united perspective.” Good communication has likewise been a happy result of using NFP for Beth and Kevin Mitchell, a couple from La Crosse, Wisconsin, married 13 years. “It opens up your communication line, which in turn opens up to the spiritual factor,” said Kevin. Beth said the practice “helps remind me on a monthly or daily basis that God’s in control — he’s in control of my body and our relationship.” “So often I get the question from my family: Are we having (more) kids? How many are we going to have? Things that I don’t have the answer to because we leave a lot of that up to God,” explained Beth. “We let God have a hand in that say.” And God has had a say. The Mitchells first turned to NFP two years into their marriage when they wanted to have children — a testament to the fact that NFP works in two ways: achieving or postponing pregnancy. A 2003 study examining the sympto-thermal method found that 80 percent of couples seeking to achieve pregnancy conceived during the first six cycles of a woman’s reproductive cycle. Now, five children later, the Mitchells are “more intensely following the rules” and appreciating the challenge of showing “physical closeness without being sexually intimate.” “I don’t think society today appreciates that’s even possible,” said Beth, but it’s something she values. “Knowing that anytime Kevin wants to rub my back doesn’t have motives behind it; it’s just because he loves me.” All NFP methods require a period of abstinence for couples avoiding pregnancy, which proves difficult for some. The Sylvesters refer to abstinence as a type of “fasting” that’s “automatically built” into their marriage, and was “an area of struggle for us in the beginning.” But with fasting comes spiritual gains, and the couple call abstinence “one of the great benefits of NFP.” “Abstinence is not easy,” said Aryn Sylvester, but “it changes the way you look at your spouse. It can rekindle things.” And, her husband added, “it forces you to relate to your spouse in a way that you might not be used to. It can become more acute or more in your face, after you’ve been married longer.” The Catechism of the Catholic Church states that “these methods respect the bodies of the spouses, encourage tenderness between them and favor the education of an authentic freedom” (No. 2370). One person using a device or taking a pill, said Beth Mitchell, “will not foster any ‘mutual-ness’ like this does. It’s a partnership versus one person being a gatekeeper.” Follow Capizzi on Twitter: @annamcapizzi.


Spirituality

PAGE 11 February 19, 2017

Sunday’s Word

Reflections

Only in God is my soul at rest

Welcoming the stranger

February 26, 2017 EIGHTH SUNDAY IN ORDINARY TIME Is 49:14-15 Can a mother forget her infant? Ps 62:2-9 Only in God is my soul at rest 1 Cor 4:1-5 Servants of Christ and stewards Mt 6:24-34 Do not worry about your life http://www.usccb.org/bible/readings/ 022617.cfm

T

he case can be made that the thread of continuity running through the Sermon on the Mount is trust. This means trust in God, without a doubt, but also trust in one another. The Gospel for today makes this its explicit theme. It is already suggested in the short first reading from Isaiah. In this somewhat sur­ prising passage, God Yahweh is compared to a mother nursing her babe, Jerusalem. The counsel of trust that is sounded here is echoed in the reading from First Corinthi­ ans, as Paul tells the community members of Corinth that they should be trustworthy servants. The loyal servant is added to the nursing mother as an image of one who can be trusted. By this time we are ready to hear the message of the Gospel reading. The pas­ sage begins and ends with a call to avoid worrying, repeated like a refrain. In be­ tween these two refrains two examples are drawn out to some length. We are familiar with the idea that three necessities of life are food, clothing and shelter. The Gospel reading takes up the first two of these in turn. The passage develops each in a similar fashion. First raising the topic question, food or clothing, it follows with an exam­ ple. In the case of food, it is the birds of the sky. They are fed even though they do not sow or reap. And yet, “you,” the disciple, are more important than they. And in the case of clothing, take a look at the grass of the field. You are more important than they. So, do not worry. Does this say that we should just relax, and let God take care of things. Just sit back, and enjoy the scene? All human ef­ fort is futile? Not necessarily. The passage distinguishes between where we can in fact make a difference, and where we can’t—“Can any of you by worrying add a single moment to your life-span?” It suggests that worrying about that which we cannot change is useless. It doesn’t say more than that. But still, that is quite enough. We still find it hard to avoid being troubled by that which we cannot control. Again, the advice is to move for­ ward in a spirit of trust in God. And in one another, I think.

REV. ROBERT R. BECK, D.MIN. Robert.Beck@loras.edu This is radical news, and I wonder how many actually succeed in living in complete trust in God. St. Francis? St. Charles de Foucauld? The Little Sisters of the Poor? In any case, it would seem, not many. Perhaps this can serve as an illustra­ tion: Since this is the last Sunday before Lent, we leave Matthew’s Gospel for now. We return to Matthew after Pentecost, but then we will be in chapter 10. So we do not get to hear the conclusion of the Sermon on the Mount.

The concluding parable is a famous one, the story of the Two Builders, one building a house on sand, the other on rock. In our tradition, we have a story somewhat sim­ ilar—the nursery tale of the Three Pigs. In both cases, there is the flimsy building contrasted with the firm. And we know the lesson of the Three Pigs. It is about security, strong walls, safety alarms and anything else we can muster to save our property. But what is arresting about the parable is its introduction. “Whoever hears these words and does them” will be like the one who built on rock. And, “everyone who listens to these words of mine but does not do them” will be like the foolish one who built on sand. Who hasn’t heard these words? And what are they about? Not bricks and guard dogs, but trust. Just trust. For reflection: Why do we worry? Father Beck is professor emeritus of re­ li­­­­gious studies at Loras College, Dubuque.

I

n the Hebrew Scriptures, that part of the Bible we call the Old Testament, we find a strong religious challenge to always welcome the stranger, the for­ eigner. This was emphasized for two rea­ sons: First, because the Jewish people themselves had once been foreigners and immigrants. Their Scriptures kept re­ minding them not to forget that. Second, they believed that God’s revelation, most often, comes to us through the stranger, in what’s foreign to us. That belief was inte­ gral to their faith. The great prophets developed this much further. They taught that God favors the poor preferentially and that consequent­ ly we will be judged, judged religiously, by how we treat the poor. The prophets coined this mantra (still worth memoriz­ ing): The quality of your faith will be judged by the quality of justice in the land; and the quality of justice in the land will always be judged by how orphans, widows and strangers fare while you are alive. Orphans, widows and strangers! That’s scriptural code for who, at any given time, are the three most vulnerable groups in society. And the prophets’ message didn’t go down easy. Rather it was a religious af­ front to many of the pious at the time who strongly believed that we will be judged religiously and morally by the rigor and strictness of our religious observance. Then, like now, social justice was often re­ ligiously marginalized. But Jesus sides with the Hebrew proph­ ets. For him, God not only makes a pref­ erential option for the poor, but God is in the poor. How we treat the poor is how we treat God. Moreover the prophets’ man­ tra, that we will be judged religiously by how we treat the poor, is given a norma­ tive expression in Jesus’ discourse on the final judgment in the Gospel of Matthew, Chapter 25. We are all familiar, perhaps too familiar, with that text. Jesus, in ef­ fect, was answering a question: What will the last judgment be like? What will be the test? How will we be judged? His answer is stunning and, taken bald­ ly, is perhaps the most challenging text in the Gospels. He tells us that we will be judged, seemingly solely, on the basis of how we treated the poor, that is, on how we have treated the most vulnerable among us. Moreover at one point, he sin­ gles out “the stranger”, the foreigner, the refugee: “I was a stranger and you made me welcome … or … you never made me welcome.” We end up on the right or wrong side of God on the basis of how we treat the stranger. What also needs to be highlighted in this text about the last judgment is that neither group, those who got it right and those who got it wrong, knew what they were doing. Both initially protest: the first by saying: “We didn’t know it was you we were serving” and the second by saying:

FATHER RON ROLHEISER, OMI www.ronrolheiser.com “Had we known it was you we would have responded.” Both protests, it would seem, are beside the point. In Matthew’s Gospel, mature discipleship doesn’t depend upon us believing that we have it right, it de­ pends only upon us doing it right. These scriptural principles, I believe, are very apropos today in the face of the refu­ gee and immigrant issues we are facing in the Western world. Today, without doubt, we are facing the biggest humanitarian crisis since the end of the Second World War. Millions upon millions of peo­ple, un­ der unjust persecution and the threat of death, are being driven from their homes and homelands with no place to go and no country or community to receive them. As Christians we may not turn our backs on them or turn them away. If Jesus is to be believed, we will be judged religious­ ly more by how we treat refugees than by whether or not we are going to church. When we stand before God in judgment and say in protest: “When did I see you a stranger and not welcome you?” Our gen­ eration is likely to hear: “I was a Syrian ref­ ugee, and you did not welcome me.” This, no doubt, might sound naïve, over-idealistic and fundamentalist. The issue of refugees and immigrants is both highly sensitive and very complex. Coun­ tries have borders that need to be respect­ ed and defended, just as its citizens have a right to be protected. Admittedly, there are very real political, social, economic and security issues that have to be ad­ dressed. But, as we, our churches and our governments address them we must re­ main clear on what the Scriptures, Jesus and the social teachings of the church un­ compromisingly teach: We are to welcome the stranger, irrespective of inconvenience and even if there are some dangers. For all sorts of pragmatic reasons, polit­ ical, social, economic and security, we can perhaps justify not welcoming the strang­ er; but we can never justify this on Chris­ tian grounds. Not welcoming strangers is antithetical to the very heart of Jesus’ message and makes us too-easily forget that we too once were the outsider. Oblate Father Ron Rolheiser, theo­lo­­ gian, teacher and award-winning au­ thor, is president of the Oblate School of Theology in San Antonio, Texas. Now on Facebook www.facebook.com/ ronrolheiser.


Column/Media

PAGE 12 February 19, 2017

Coming of Age

B

The ‘whole life’ approach

efore this year’s March for Life, seven major Catholic organizations sent a letter to the president and congressional leadership asking them “to prioritize human life and to promote policies that will enable life to flourish.” This included the need to focus on issues such as the refugee crisis, global conflict and violence, immigration, health care, climate change, the need for a more just criminal justice system and an end to abortion. This “whole life” approach was em­braced by many marchers, who bore witness to the truth that every person is created with intrinsic dignity and value — that all human life comes from God and is sacred. Several young marchers showed this through their signs and prayers, which called for an end to abortion but also focused on other pro-life issues (like an end to the death penalty and assisted suicide, as well as calls to action to promote human rights and opportunities for people to thrive).

MARIA-PIA NEGRO CHIN www.catholicnews.com They showed that defending the right to life of the unborn opposes trying to qualify some lives as more valuable or more deserving of human rights than others. Respecting all life mirrors Jesus’ teachings and inspires us to care for the most vulnerable, including the poor, the stranger, the elderly and the sick. Here are some ways young pro-lifers can, and do, continue their commitment to the protection of human life and the promotion of human dignity. — Pray. Offer a rosary for the lives of the most vulnerable. Pray to the Holy Spirit for courage before standing up for life in public. Participate in activities like 40 Days for Life, a campaign focused on ending abor-

tion through prayer, fasting and peaceful vigils. (The next campaign starts March 1.) — Support life in all of its stages. Give support to local, national and international organizations that care for those who are vulnerable in the community. Catholic Charities helps hundreds of thousands of people in the United States to break the cycle of poverty, abuse and neglect, and empowers them to lead self-sufficient and dignified lives. — Advocate. Support your diocese’s prolife efforts or start a pro-life group in your parish or your school. (Studentsforlife.org has suggestions and resources on how to do this.) Ask your diocese’s pro-life committee, or peace and justice office, about the issues of concern in your state. Then, contact your elected officials to discuss laws that reflect a “consistent ethic of life.” This “whole life” approach includes supporting legislation that provides alternatives to abortion, including funds to expand health care, nutrition and education and services for parents and children. It includes promoting palliative care for those who are dying, preventing the

legalization of physician-assisted suicide and supporting efforts to end the death penalty. — Volunteer and donate. Your time can save lives and help people to have the tools to have dignified lives. Contact a local pro-life agency, like the Gabriel Project, Project Rachel or shelters for mothers and their babies to find out how you can help. You can participate in 5Ks to raise funds, organize fundraising drives and donate items people may need. Your donations can make a big difference for organizations that run on shoestring budgets. — Stay educated and educate others. Our actions to respect, protect, love and serve every human life can speak volumes. Learning how to answer questions about what being pro-life means is also important. Reading the “Youcat,” the youth catechism of the Catholic Church, is a good place to start. Share this knowledge with your friends so they, too, can fully understand the value of all human life. And may your actions celebrate the gift of life every day.

Books

Film

‘Lion’ based on true story; Lego Newsweek editor writes about takes Batman in new direction faith and culture in new book “Lion” (Weinstein) The incredible true story of Saroo Brierley (Dev Patel) and his 20-year odyssey to locate his birth mother (Priyanka Bose) in India, is retold in this uplifting and emotional film, directed by Garth Davis. As a 5-year-old boy, Saroo (Sunny Pawar) falls asleep in a boxcar and is transported 1,500 kilometers from home. Unable to remember his family name and home village, he is put up for adoption, and winds up in Australia in the care of a loving couple (Nicole Kidman and David Wenham). Yet, as he grows into manhood with a promising career and a girlfriend (Rooney Mara), he is haunted by his lost childhood, and sets out on an epic quest to retrace his long-ago train journey and locate his relatives. A celebration of family, the movie also sends a strong pro-life message by underscoring the joys and merits of adoption, and showing that a child can be loved and shared equally by two sets of parents. Unfortunately, the elements listed below preclude endorsement for younger viewers who might otherwise have profited from this touching narrative. Mature themes and two brief nongraphic nonmarital sex scenes. The Catholic News Service classification is A-III — adults. The Motion Picture Association of America rating is PG-13.

“The Lego Batman Movie” (Warner Bros.) With his longtime adversary the Joker (voice of Zach Galifianakis) leading an army of bad guys in a bid to prove that he is Batman’s (voice of Will Arnett) most important enemy, the amusingly self-absorbed version of the Dark Knight first seen in 2014’s “The Lego Movie” will have to learn some lessons in humility, teamwork and emotional openness if the villains are to be vanquished. The Caped Crusader will have to accept the help of the trio of supporters — would-be adoptive son Dick Grayson, aka Robin (voice of Michael Cera), love interest Barbara Gordon, aka Batgirl (voiced by Rosario Dawson), and father figure (as well as butler) Alfred Pennyworth (voice of Ralph Fiennes). Fast-paced fun is the order of the day in director Chris McKay’s animated treat for viewers of almost every age. Still, scenes of danger and a bit of potty humor as well as a few joking turns of phrase designed for grownups suggest that small fry would best be left at home. The Catholic News Service classification is A-II — adults and adolescents. The Motion Picture Association of America rating is PG — parental guidance suggested.

By Brian T. Olszewski Catholic News Service “Getting Religion: Faith, Culture and Politics from the Age of Eisenhower to the Era of Obama” by Kenneth L. Woodward. Convergent (New York, 2016). 447 pp. $30. In the introduction to “Getting Religion,” Kenneth L. Woodward states two goals for writing it: to “provide an account of American religion, culture and politics over the past 50 years by someone who was fortunate enough to be in the right place at the right time to witness events and people in ways that others never could or did; and to challenge some competing narratives through my personal reflections on what happened and why.” That he far surpasses those goals is just one reason why this book is essential reading. In the first two chapters, Woodward blends autobiography with a description of how he saw the United States during the 1940s and ‘50s. The second part of the book provides an extensive look at the ‘60s and early ‘70s. Two factual errors detract from the overall quality of this work. One is that the promulgation date for Blessed Paul VI’s encyclical “Populorum Progressio” is

listed as 1961 instead of 1967. Woodward also refers to Jesuit Father Robert Drinan as “the only Catholic priest ever elected to the U.S. Congress.” Father Gabriel Richard was elected to the U.S. House as a nonvoting member in 1822. Nonetheless, one would be hard pressed to find anyone else who could write this book as well as Woodward. His 38-year tenure as the religion editor at Newsweek, combined with knowledge of and lifelong practice of his Catholic faith, are all the credentials he needs.

Cartoon of the Week


Archdiocese

PAGE 13 February 19, 2017

Refugee resettlement in unsettled times (Con’t. from p. 3)

In the Archdiocese of Dubuque, Catholic Charities only handles what are called “U.S. tie cases,” meaning the agency only resettles individuals who already have relatives living in the archdiocese who they will be joining. Cedar Rapids and Waterloo receive the majority of refugees settled in the archdiocese. Other communities have included Hiawatha, Oelwein, Marshalltown and Postville. “Most of our refugee families are coming here with nothing – literally nothing but the clothes on their back,” Morrison said. “They have been forced to leave their home country often times under the fear of death. Most refugees have been living in camps for 5-10 years on average and

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they have a heart for this and are dedicated to helping refugees as they begin their new lives in this country.” The contract that Catholic Charities has with USCCB covers about 60% of the expenses of the Refugee Resettlement Pro­gram. The remaining 40% is funded through private donations. Morrison said that each refugee receives only $1,125 from the government when they arrive in the U.S. With that they have to pay rent (and make the security deposit) for their new apartment and purchase items such as a mattress. Refugees also must repay their travel expenses to the gov­ernment after six months of their arrival. Since the refugees have such limited funds to work with, Catholic Charities relies heavily on partnerships with parishes and individual volunteers to help. “The parishes and parishioners have been so eager to provide assistance and support to these families once they arrive,” Morrison said. “They help with finding an apartment, donating furniture, providing transportation to appointments and serving as mentors, just being someone they can call when questions arise.” As they look to the future, Morrison said she and her staff are taking things one day at a time. “At this point, the message we are getting from the U.S. State Department is that the refugee resettlements are still happening during this period,” Morrison stated. “There have been changes day-today, but right now we are still considering our program active.” She said, “If the 120-day moratorium on refugee resettlement is reinstated, we as an organization are committed to retaining the infrastructure that we have built over the past 75-plus years. We are confi-

TWD 02/17

A video that goes with this story is at: www.thewitnessonline.org

so they need an intensive level of support upon arriving in the U.S.” Catholic Charities helps them find housing, furniture, food and clothing and assists them in getting a job and enrolling their children in school. The agency also helps them secure any benefits for which they might be Tracy eligible and lines up mediMorrison cal examinations (which is in addition to the exam they already have gone through at the governmental level). “Most importantly, though, is that cultural orientation piece, helping the refugee family understand how to live in the United States,” Morrison said. “We also help them learn English as a second language – because most of them come here speaking only their native language.” This process all takes place within a jampacked 90 days. During this time, Catholic Charities case managers work closely with the refugees as they help them get established. “We have the equivalent of 2 ½ case managers, and with refugees scattered in different communities, those managers are stretched really thin. They are on call 24 hours a day, seven days a week, and it’s not unusual that they receive calls from refugees in the middle of the night,” Morrison said. “It’s a real ministry for them –

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Catholic Charities works in partnership with the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB) as a contractor of the U.S. State Department for refugee resettlement. Each year, the U.S. government determines the number of refugees it plans to resettle in the country. The State Department contracts with 10 agencies to facilitate those resettlements, with the USCCB being the largest of those contractors.

“There have been changes day-to-day, but right now we are still considering our program active.” Tracy Morrison, Executive Director, Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Dubuque “I encourage anyone interested to learn more about the plight that refugees face. Their journeys will shock, amaze and inspire you,” she said. “You can also volunteer to support refugees that are already living in the Archdiocese of Dubuque. We always need volunteers.” Donations to support the program can also be made by visiting the agency’s website: www.catholiccharitiesdubuque.org. While she said she understands concerns some people may have over national security, Morrison expresses confidence in the screening process the U.S. State Department conducts for refugees. “I think this time is a real opportunity for us to raise awareness and help educate people about the screening and vetting process,” Morrison said. “The process is very thorough, very extensive. There’s a min­imum of 18-24 months of screening, background checks, interviews and other measures before a refugee is approved for resettlement.” (See the flow chart for more details). Morrison said when she and her staff at Catholic Charities initially learned about the president’s executive order they were devastated for their refugees, especially the 59 currently in the pipeline for resettlement. “Fifty-nine might just seem like a number to some, but we have these individual’s profiles, we have the information on their families and what countries they are fleeing from, what challenges they have faced. So we feel like we already know them,” Morrison reflected. “We are committed to this ministry and remain confident that we’ll eventually be able to assist these brothers and sisters of ours from around the world in the way Christ intended us to.”

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Nation

PAGE 14 February 19, 2017

Briefs Congress urged to pass conscience protections for health care providers

WASHINGTON (CNS) — Cardinal Timothy M. Dolan of New York and Archbishop William E. Lori of Baltimore have urged the House and Senate to past the Conscience Protection Act of 2017. They called it “essential legislation protecting the fundamental rights of health care providers ... to ensure that those providing much-needed health care and health coverage can continue to do so without being forced by government to help destroy innocent unborn children.” The two prelates made the plea in a joint letter dated Feb. 8 and released Feb. 10 by the USCCB. Cardinal Dolan is chairman of the bishops’ Committee on ProLife Activities and Archbishop Lori is chairman of the Ad Hoc Commit­tee for Religious Liberty. In the Senate, the Conscience Protection Act of 2017 is known as S. 301, and in the other chamber it is H.R. 644. The companion bills would provide legal protection to doctors, nurses, hospitals and all health care providers who choose not to provide abortions as part of their health care practice. In the House, Republican Reps. Diane Black of Tennessee and Jeff Fortenberry of Nebraska introduced the measure Jan. 24. Republican Sen. James Lankford of Oklahoma sponsored it in the Senate Feb. 3 and it now has at least 16 co-sponsors.

NCEA leader says school choice support can help Catholic parents

SAN FRANCISCO (CNS) — The Trump administration’s apparent endorsement of parental school choice could present a “huge opportunity” for Catholic school parents, the president of the National Catholic Educational Association told a group of Catholic high school teachers in San Francisco. “This could be a huge opportunity for parents wanting to choose the right school for their children,” Thomas Burnford, NCEA president, told participants at the Archdiocese of San Francisco’s annual high school teachers’ consortium Feb. 3. “Whatever your politics, the current administration proclaims some understanding or belief in support of school choice,” Burnford said in his talk at Archbishop Riordan High School. In his remarks, he did not mention President Donald Trump directly, saying in later comments he did not want to politicize the subject of parental choice. His speech was given four days before Betsy DeVos was confirmed by the Senate as the nation’s education secretary following a tiebreaking vote by Vice President Mike Pence in his capacity as president of the Senate. DeVos, former chairman of the American Federation for Children, a school choice advocacy group, has long been an advocate of school choice.

Longtime married couples discuss keys to lasting unions By Ed Langlois Catholic News Service NEWBERG, Ore. (CNS) — A common faith, thinking as a team, being flexible and arguing candidly but respectfully describe some of the keys to a strong marriage for Claude and Yvette Arrington, named Oregon’s longest married couple by Worldwide Marriage Encounter. “We’ve had a super life,” said Claude, 95. “We’ve always had God at the top and we let him decide,” added Yvette, 93. The couple was married May 23, 1942, at St. Elizabeth Church in Van Nuys, California. Claude, who was raised Baptist, became Catholic before the wedding and says his faith provided a foundation for a good, long marriage. He was born in Los Angeles, and Yvette was born in a small town near Winnipeg, Manitoba. By 1940, they were both at Van Nuys High School. They met there and married soon after graduating when it became clear Claude should join the Navy. During his 20-month tour, the couple only corresponded with occasional letters. Yvette, home with a baby girl, did odd jobs while Claude sent home what money he could. The household got by but without much to spare. Claude’s ship headed to Hiroshima just after the atomic bomb was dropped. He and his shipmates were about to go ashore into the contaminated zone when orders came to leave the region. The vessel then picked up emaciated prisoners of war and survived a typhoon before returning to the United States. The couple would have four children — three girls and a boy. Today, they also have eight grandchildren, nine great-grandchildren and three great-great-grandchildren. They said they agreed on how to raise a family before they married. “We did a lot of talking to find out our likes and dislikes, religion and everything else,” Yvette told the Catholic Sentinel, newspaper of the Archdiocese of Portland. To help make ends meet for the growing family, Yvette opened a home child care and eventually worked for the local school district. Claude became a mail carrier, but cleaned schools in the evenings and a restaurant on weekends. He delivered the Los Angeles Times early in the morning,

including to the home of Liberace, the piano star. On weekends, a relative would come watch the children while Claude and Yvette went on a date and in later years, they took longer trips. Through it all, they have kept lines of communication open. “You have to talk to each other,” Yvette said. “If he doesn’t like something, he tells me. If I don’t like something, I tell him.” The couple came to Oregon 11 years ago to be near their daughter, who drives them to St. Peter’s Church for Mass each weekend. Yvette belongs to the Catholic Daughters and has a deep devotion to Mary. “Our Lady has been very good to us,” she said. Across the country in Nebraska, two couples — one married for more than 70 years and the other, more than 60 years — can tell similar stories of faith and perseverance that have seen them through life’s challenges. William and Evelyn Schulte, members of St. Wenceslaus Parish in Dodge, Nebraska, relied on their faith during wartime separation, the death of a son, health issues and other challenges. The Schultes were married Feb. 12, 1946, at Sacred Heart Church in Olean, Nebraska. But before that, William was away for four years during World War II, including two years in the Pacific theater. “I thought the war would never end,” Evelyn told the Catholic Voice, newspaper of the Archdiocese of Omaha. “But we just trusted in the Lord and we went on.” Faith also was a source of strength for William who said he only missed Mass twice while he was in the service “and those were for legitimate reasons,” he said. Frequent letters also sustained the couple during the war, many of which Evelyn saved. “The servicemen really appreciate mail and always liked hearing from home,” she said. Separation because of military service also was a challenge for Richard and Barbara McMahon, members of St. Patrick Parish in Gretna, Nebraska, who have been married more than 60 years. As they planned their wedding, Richard’s assignment in the Air Force was going to prevent him from coming home for their wedding date, so Barbara’s sister,

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Jane, who was planning her own wedding, invited them to share a double wedding with her. The couples were married Aug. 18, 1956, at St. Joseph Church in York, Nebraska. And they’ve shared their anniversary celebrations every year since. “We usually have a dinner out,” Barbara said, “and we had a big celebration for our 50th anniversary with an open house.” The Schultes and McMahons shared similar stories of long, productive careers, hard work and child rearing, with faith always at the center. After the war, William Schulte had a 30year career as a mail carrier while Evelyn was busy at home raising their four sons and one daughter. They now have nine grandchildren and 11 great-grandchildren. Over the years, William and Evelyn have often volunteered in their parish, William serving at weekday Masses, Evelyn bringing Communion to residents of the local nursing home. Like most married couples, the Schultes experienced the joys and struggles of marriage and family life, including health challenges and the death of a son, regularly turning to the Lord in prayer, she said. The McMahons, who raised one daughter and five sons, also experienced the loss of a child and share a similar commitment to faith and prayer. “We’ve always had a strong faith ever since we were young,” said Barbara. “I don’t know what people would do without it. We pray every day for the strength to meet the challenges.” Following four years in the Air Force, Richard McMahon worked 30 years for Union Pacific, and Barbara, once their chil­ dren were raised, spent 27 years man­aging temporary employment agencies. They have 13 grandchildren and 12 great-grandchildren. As the Schultes reflected on more than 70 years together, William said: “Marriage is just like a beautiful bouquet of roses, beautiful flowers but some stickers. You just overlook them and you work together.” “There are always problems in life and we’ve had a lot of things you don’t expect, but you just go with it and you pray a lot,” Evelyn added.

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PAGE 15 February 19, 2017

Sainthood cause of Fatima visionary moves forward Diocese of Coimbra completes its phase

The Marian apparitions at Fatima began on May 13, 1917, when 10-year-old Lucia, along with her cousins Francisco and Ja­ cinta Marto, reported seeing the Virgin Mary. The apparitions continued once a month until Oct. 13, 1917, and later were declared worthy of belief by the Catholic Church. Father Romano Gambalunga, postu­ lator of the visionary’s cause, said that while “Lucia is already a saint in the eyes” of many people, “the prudent path of the church is that she is proposed to all, not just those who believe.” “Lucia became holy over the years, not because of the apparitions,” Father Gam­ balunga told Agencia Ecclesia, the news agency of the Portuguese bishops’ confer­ ence. Without providing details, he said she had a “spiritual experience” in the convent. While many hope her heroic virtues will be recognized by the church soon, it is im­ portant “not to do things in a hurry,” he said Feb. 13. The evidence and testimonies gathered for Sister Lucia’s cause, he said, provide “a great occasion for spiritual and theological deepening,” and the material will help “il­ luminate the history of the church over the last 100 years.”

By Junno Arocho Esteves Catholic News Service VATICAN CITY (CNS) — The Diocese of Coimbra concluded its phase of the saint­ hood cause of Carmelite Sister Lucia dos Santos, one of the three children who saw Our Lady of Fatima in 1917. Bishop Virgilio Antunes of Coimbra for­ mally closed the local phase of investiga­ tion into her life and holiness Feb. 13 in the Carmelite convent of St. Teresa in Co­ imbra, where she resided until her death in 2005 at the age of 97. The ceremony included the sealing of 50 volumes — 15,000 pages — of evidence and witness testimonies detailing the life of Sister Lucia. The documents sealed at the ceremony were to be shipped to the Congregation for Saints’ Causes at the Vatican. After a thorough review of the materi­ als and a judgment that Sister Lucia hero­ ically lived the Christian virtues, her cause still would require the recognition of two miracles — one for beatification and an­ other for canonization — attributed to her intercession.

Pope Francis is scheduled to visit Fati­ ma May 12-13 and many people hope he will use the occasion to canonize Sister Lu­ cia’s cousins, Francisco and Jacinta, who were beatified by St. John Paul II in 2000. Bishop Antonio Marto of Leiria-Fatima told Radio Renascenca, the Portuguese bishops’ radio station, that while nothing is certain, he is “deeply hopeful” the can­ onization will take place this year, the cen­ tenary of the apparitions. “We are waiting and continue to pray to the Lord. But I hope that, during the cen­ tenary, we will have the grace and joy to participate in the canonization,” he said. Bishop Marto also admitted that “he is a convert,” who, as a priest, was initial­ ly skeptical of the Marian apparitions in Fatima. “I was a skeptic. I didn’t care; I did not take an interest nor did I take a position. I understood it as something for children,” Bishop Marto said. The skepticism changed into belief after attending a conference on the apparitions and reading Sister Lucia’s memoirs, he told the radio station. “I was deeply im­ pressed, both by the authenticity of the testimony she gave and by the seriousness of the problems she dealt with. I read her memoirs three times to find the historical and ecclesial context” of the apparitions.

Bishops seek food relief as Kenya suffers drought Disaster declared

affected livestock and wildlife in 23 of Kenya’s 47 counties. On Feb. 10, Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta declared the drought a national disaster and said the government had al­ located $105 million to fight it. Observing that all purchases of food and other items would be made in a transparent way, he said he would “not tolerate anybody who would try to take advantage of this situa­ tion to defraud public funds.” The bishops said they were receiving re­ ports from diocesan and parish officials with “tales of suffering, desperation, hope­ lessness and in some cases, imminent loss of life.” They said as many as 2.4 million Kenyans were in dire need of food; the Kenyan Red Cross says 2.7 million people face starvation if more help is not provided.

By Francis Njuguna Catholic News Service NAIROBI, Kenya (CNS) — The Ken­ yan government declared the country’s drought a national disaster, three days after Catholic bishops requested such an action. The bishops appealed for food relief Feb. 7, in an effort to get help from other countries. Reliefweb, a specialized digital service of the U.N. Office for the Coordi­ nation of Humanitarian Affairs, said in the last year, Kenya’s food insecurity had nearly doubled, so that now 1.25 million people are affected. The drought has also

The bishops encouraged contributions through Caritas, the church’s charitable agency. Most of the countries in East Africa have been badly affected by the drought, which officials say was exacerbated by last year’s El Nino weather phenomenon. In Somalia, for example, nearly half the population is suffering from food shortag­ es, and the U.N. says there is a risk of fam­ ine in several parts of the country.

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Briefs Be Christians of substance, not appearance, pope says at Angelus

VATICAN CITY (CNS) — Obeying the true spirit of the commandments and not just a literal interpretation of them is what makes Christians become authentic witnesses, Pope Francis said. As seen through Mary’s example, following the commandments “is pos­ sible with the grace of the Holy Spirit which enables us to do everything with love and to fully carry out the will of God,” he said Feb. 12 before reciting the Angelus with visitors gathered in St. Peter’s Square. “May the Virgin Mary, woman of do­cile listening and joyful obedience, help us to approach the Gospel not just having a Christian ‘facade,’ but being Christian in sub­ stance,” he said. The pope reflected on the Sunday Gospel reading from Matthew, in which Jesus explains to his disciples the Mosaic law and warns that “unless your righteousness surpasses that of the scribes and Pharisees, you will not enter the kingdom of heaven.” This righteousness, the pope said, must be “animated by love, charity and mercy” in order to fulfill the true purpose of the law and “avoid the risk of formalism,” which is strict adher­ ence to prescribed laws. In the Gospel reading, Jesus focused on three spe­ cific commandments: against murder, adultery and swearing.

Historic Israeli church reopens in Galilee 20 months after arson attack

JERUSALEM (CNS) — Twenty months after having suffered serious damage from an arson attack, the atri­ um of the Benedictine Church of the Loaves and Fishes was reopened Feb. 12. German Cardinal Rainer Woelki of Cologne, president of the German As­ sociation of the Holy Land, celebrated a Mass to mark the event. Israeli President Reuven Rivlin, who visited the church in Tabgha immedi­ ately following the attack in June 2015, was also among the official guests af­ ter the Mass. “We are bound together. We are all equal before God, and equal before the law,” Rivlin said. “The state of Israel is ... deeply committed to the freedom of religion and of worship for all religions and believers. We stand up for religious freedom because, as a people, we know very well what it means to suffer religious persecution. And we stand up for religious freedom because we are a democratic state.” “The last time I was here, we stood together and looked at the burned walls and the terrible graffiti,” the president said. “Today, I visit here again, and see the renewal of this his­ toric, special, and holy place. I want to thank all the people who worked hard to restore this place, and to say clearly; that hate cannot win.”


PAGE 16 February 19, 2017

A Message from Area Catholic Sisters We invite you to display this poster as a sign of solidarity. Dominican Sisters of Sinsinawa | sinsinawa.org Dubuque Franciscans | osfdbq.org Sisters of Charity, BVM | bvmcong.org Sisters of the Presentation | dubuquepresentations.org Sisters of the Visitation | sistersofthevisitationdbq.org


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