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Wow, we can’t believe this edition is number 50! We would like to thank all of our loyal readers and advertisers that have been with us throughout our time with The Wealden Eye. We look forward to bringing you many more issues in the future. As you may have seen, this issue is a 3-month edition for February, March & April, but will return to bimonthly for May/June, July/August, September/ October and so on. As Valentine’s Day, Mother’s Day and Easter all fall in this issue we would like to remind you that throughout this edition you will find independent shops and restaurants for that special gift for your loved ones, from a three-course dinner to that cute fluffy teddy bear or even a new garden hose for the green fingered person in your life you will be able to find the right present, so be sure to shop local. Hook & Son Organic Dairy Farm from Longleys Farm in Hailsham have two great events coming up in April, first the annual Turn Out Day and then the 10km Mad Marsh Run, all of the details can be found on page 24 and The Wealden Eye team are really looking forward to seeing Phil and Steve grow this great asset for Hailsham.





We hope you have a great few months and as always thanks for reading.



The Wealden Eye Team

THE WEALDEN EYE EDITOR: Charlotte Collinson-O’Toole..................07834 785748 ADVERTISING: Jarred O’Toole.............................07715 936394 LANDLINE...............................................................01323 351176 ARTWORK & DESIGN: 936394 We have taken care to ensure that the information in this magazine is correct. The publisher, contributors or the Wealden Eye can not take responsibility for loss or damage resulting from errors or omissions. The Wealden Eye does not endorse the accuracy of the advertisements or the quality of the products/services being advertised. Information provided by businesses and community organisations are provided directly by their own representatives; please direct any queries or comments regarding content directly to the organisation, the Wealden Eye accepts no responsibilty for error or omissions. ©2018: No part of this magazine may be reproduced in part or whole without express permission of the editor.


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18/01/2019 15:27





Brexit and medicines supplies By Chandni Yadav, Pharmacist Manager at Kamsons Pharmacy, Hawkswood Rd, Hailsham There have been talks of medicines shortages occurring because of Brexit but we are already seeing supply difficulties occurring for other reasons. There are a number of reasons- prices for generic medicines in the UK are one of the lowest in Europe so manufacturers are prioritising other markets to send their stock to. A major generics manufacturer has shut down which has led to some shortages and many manufacturers of branded medicines have been restricting supply

to many pharmacies. We waste a lot of time having to chase up manufacturers to allow us to have more stock of eg certain blood thinning medicines to ensure our patients receive what they are prescribed. However, we are in good position to reduce the impact of shortages. Unlike many big-chain pharmacies we are not tied to one wholesaler. We receive five deliveries a day from three different wholesalers so can obtain most medicines very quickly. We also

Chandni Yadav

have our own warehouse just a few miles away and also have the benefit of being to obtain stock from any of our forty pharmacies in Sussex. The government is advising pharmacies and patients not to hoard medicines in the run-up to Brexit and have said that they will ensure supplies continue. Please be assured that at Kamsons we do everything possible to ensure our patients can obtain the medicines that they need.



Beautiful Things in-store and online


TREE SURGERY ARBORICULTURE CONSULTANCY SPRING TREE CARE TIPS • Check over your trees for any damage that may have occurred over the winter months. • Check mulch to see if additional material needs to be added. Ideally the mulch should be 3-4 inches deep. • Pests and diseases become more active during the spring months. Check your trees and shrubs regularly for any signs of pest activity. • If the spring weather is particularly dry, it is a good idea to water your trees and shrubs when necessary. Water uptake is critical during leaf and shoot development. • Avoid using herbicides beneath trees that warn against such use on the label. The same herbicides that kill dandelions can affect trees if they are not applied properly. • Fertilise your trees and shrubs as part of your normal annual program. • Weed beds, cut back perennials and trim Autumn flowering shrubs as appropriate.

• Fully qualified and knowledgeable arborists • £10m public liability insurance • All waste recycled • Free estimates and advice • East Sussex County Council B.W.C approved trader For further information please contact Sam Spiers

T: 01323 441038 M: 07812 910957 E: W:





Quick Crossword Across


7. Gambling emporium (6) 8. Char, sear (6) 9. Wind instrument (4) 10. Backpackers, hikers (8) 11. Large houseplant (6,5) 14. Matching pants and jacket set (7,4) 18. Without penalty, got off ____ ____ (4-4) 19. Animal prized for its fur (4) 20. Tear-inducing vegetables (6) 21. Incorrect, false (6)

Down 1. Sheltered place to moor boats (7) 2. Climb, ascend (4) 3. Medic (6) 4. In addition, also (2,4) 5. Props to keep paperbacks tidy (4-4) 6. Frightening (5) 12. Pub seating (3,5) 13. Junior king of beasts (4,3) 15. Civil disorder (6) 16. To make equal, balance (4,2) 17. Perfume, fragrance (5) 19. Nocturnal insect (4)

Answers on p38

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16/01/2019 17:03

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Dare we venture further back into the fifties this time? Yeah, why not, so take several deep breaths as we visit the year when Winston Churchill resigned as prime minister due to ill health, with Anthony Eden replacing him. And, when Ruth Ellis was the last woman to be hanged in this country for fatally shooting her lover David Blakely. It was also the year when Ian Fleming published “Moonraker”, his third to feature his fictional British Secret Service agent James Bond, and Agatha Christie’s Hercule Poirot solved the murder in “Hickory Dickory Dock”. So what of the music? Rosemary Clooney’s “Mambo Italiano” sat at the top of the singles chart in February. The American singer and actress rose to fame in the early fifties with “Come On-A My House” but her career dipped during the sixties due to drug addition. However, it was revived a decade later when Bing Crosby invited her to celebrate his 50th anniversary in show business. Her quirky single prevented Dickie Valentine from immediately hitting number one with “Finger Of Suspicion”. Born Richard Maxwell in London, he took voice lessons to start a career performing in nightclubs, where he came to the attention of Ted Heath who signed him to join his band. From here, Dickie went on to enjoy solo success spanning several years. “Finger Of Suspicion” actually

F E B R U A RY / M A R C H

1955 topped the chart twice, interrupted by Rosemary’s “Mambo Italiano”. Nudging both of these records with increasing sales was “Softly Softly” from Northern Irish singer Ruby Murray. She eventually reached the top with this as her next singles “Heartbeat” and “Let Me Go” entered the listing. Then came Bill Haley with his twelve-bar blues song, merging rock ‘n’ roll with country music, “Shake Rattle And Roll”. My, did this raise eyebrows: suddenly the music business was thrown into turmoil by this new fast-paced music from America. And this was only the start because not only was it the first rock ‘n’ roll record to hit the British chart, but it went on to sell a cool million copies. Dean Martin, Mario Lanza and David Whitfield were among the crooners in the upper section of the chart, but it was a cute version of “Mr Sandman” by The Chordettes that attracted much attention. As this American female quartet requested him to “bring me a dream”, an association with his folkloric figure, they enjoyed their first hit single. Tennessee Ernie Ford became an American household name by playing the ‘country bumpkin’ in three episodes of the iconic “I Love Lucy” television shows, starring, of course, the wonderful Lucille Ball and her real life husband Desi Arnaz. What an absolute joy they were. Anyway, Ford’s “Give Me Your Word” was the number one single in March. British teenage idol, Billy Fury also had a minor hit with the song in 1966, his last release on Decca Records. Hot

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on Ford’s heels was Ohio-born Teresa Brewer’s “Let Me Go Lover”. One of the most popular female vocalists of the fifties, she recorded approximately six hundred songs! The single was based on an earlier song “Let Me Go Devil” about alcoholism, but most folks will probably remember Kathy Kirby’s more vibrant version in 1964, earning her a top ten entrant. There’s no denying this March’s chart was open to all when Cuban bandleader Perez Prado marched upwards with “Cherry Pink Apple Blossom”. Then less than a month later, British trumpeter Eddie Calvert took his version to the top for a four week stay. Alongside American favourites of Johnny Ray and Nat “King” Cole, Johnny Brandon kept the British flag flying with “Tomorrow”. This singer/ songwriter went on to compose several off-Broadway musicals, before releasing his first solo album “Then And Now” in 2005. And now breathe normally. Sharon Davis “Soul and Motown Show”: 6pm – 8pm every Saturday on Hailsham 95.9 FM


If you have owned your own home for any length of time, it has probably proved a very rewarding investment, and for most people represents a substantial store of wealth.

At the end of the plan, when you die or go into a home your property will be sold and the proceeds will be shared according to the remaining proportions of ownership.

But you can’t just sell your home and get at the money. You need a place to live, and downsizing might not be practical. Equity release can provide the solution, by letting you access the equity, or the value tied up in your home, while letting you continue to live in it.

Retirement interest-only mortgages. Although it will not provide you with cash, a retirement interest only mortgage can let you use the value of your home as a security for a mortgage that will let you continue living in it.


There’s no minimum age, but these mortgages are generally aimed the over 55s, over 60s and pensioners who might find them easier to qualify for than a typical interest-only mortgage. You only have to prove you can afford the monthly interest payments. Like other equity release products, the loan is usually only paid off when you die, move into long term care or sell the house. Which would you choose?

There are actually three types of Equity Release products. Lifetime mortgages. With a Lifetime mortgage you take out a new mortgage on your property. You can choose to make repayments or simply allow the interest to roll up. The loan amount and any accrued interest will be paid back to the lender when you die or when you move into long-term care, and your home is sold. You can normally release up to 60% of the value of your property, in stages or as a lump sum, but how much exactly will depend on your age and the value of your property. The percentage you can take tends to increase with your age when you take out the lifetime mortgage.

Everyone’s needs and financial circumstances are different, and just as ordinary mortgages vary from lender to lender, so do equity release providers.


Lifetime Mortgages should have a “no negative equity guarantee”, to protect you as even if the amount left is not enough to repay the loan to your provider, neither you nor your estate will be liable to pay any more. Home Reversion. With Home Reversion, you actually sell some or all of your home to a Home Reversion provider, in return you’ll get a lump sum or regular payments, usually up to 60% of the value of your home. You have the right to continue living in the property until you die, rent free, but you have to maintain and insure it. Equity release will reduce the value of your estate and can affect your eligibility for means tested benefits. The value of your pension and investments, and the income from them, can fall as well as rise and you may get back less than you invested. Your home may be repossessed if you do not keep up repayments on your mortgage. Estate planning is not regulated by the FCA. INVESTMENTS







CRAIG PARKINSON Mortgage & Protection Consultant T: 0208 462 0022 M: 07841 829 101 E:

5 Stephenson Close, Hailsham, BN27 3GQ

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01323 488848


Volunteer with Hailsham FM! 95.9 At Hailsham FM, we are always on the look out for new team members. We are a voluntary organisation – we have no employees – and run only because of the work our members put in, most often behind the scenes. While there may be voices you hear in our broadcasts, for every one you hear on air, there are three more you don’t hear working to ensure the station keeps broadcasting. We have a dedicated band of volunteers who help to organise fundraising events, running outside broadcasts, keeping the technical aspects of the station running smoothly, and carrying out all the administrative tasks that are required to satisfy Ofcom and the various licensing authorities that we have to satisfy. We are always looking for more likeminded people. If you have a few hours each week you might be able to give, and some basic organisational skills and enthusiasm for how a

local radio station can support the community, perhaps there’s a slot for you at Hailsham FM. You simply need to join the Friends of Hailsham FM, an organisation set up to support the station through fundraising and other activities, and which also looks to make links with and support other community organisations in the town, and join us for social events and to get

involved behind the scenes or even on air! E-mail for details of how to join us and help Hailsham FM to make a real difference to the town.

For more information about Hailsham FM visit www. or e-mail

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I had the privilege of touring around this lesser known East African country at the end of November and what a delight it was in so many ways. The first surprise was how cheap it was to get there – about £375 per person return with Turkish Airlines and, apart from the ungodly hour I arrived (04:00) the service was good and the change over time in Istanbul reasonable.

I checked in to my hotel and had 3 hours sleep before setting off for the Mahamba Swamp which was a very bumpy hour away. This is one of the places to see the fabled Shoebill Stork who remained elusive to very end of the trip in a dugout but very worthwhile seeking it in a dugout. Add in the host of other birds on the swamp (various types of kingfishers, osprey, marsh harriers, lily trotters etc) and 3 nosy spotted necked otters and you have an expedition of delight. Uganda is a colourful country with rich soil that supports almost all fruit and vegetables and with stunning

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Experience Holidays

6 Cortlandt, 18 George Street, Hailsham, East Sussex, BN27 1AE

01323 446550

Uganda’s wildlife is making a good recovery after past mismanagement with slowly increasing numbers of lion, elephant and all the other animals that love the plains, swamps and forests. There is a real feeling of wanting to bring back nature and allowing the locals to benefit from living alongside what can be difficult neighbours.

views. The climb out of the Rift Valley gave wonderful vista towards Lake Albert, the Volcano region with extinct volcanoes at regular intervals providing rich farm land, dense forest ideal for many kinds of monkeys and apes. Trekking to see the gorillas in the Impenetrable Forest and chimps in the Kibale Forest National Park must be a highlight of any trip here and occasionally these animals will come to see you in your lodge environment. However, waking up prior to dawn in the lodge along the River Nile to see hippo cropping the grass 20 feet away is a treat. Then seeing

This is a beautiful, colourful country with the wildlife, bird life, people and vegetation adding their own mix to your senses. With the Rift Valley, 92 extinct volcanoes, the Mountains of the Moon, colourful village markets and Lake Victoria just some of the highlights for visiting the variety of scenic views and experiences are too numerous to list.

them in the water as you take a boat cruise up the Murchison Falls to see the Nile squeezed through a gap of just 7 metres and fall 43 metres. A spectacular sight in a truly African setting.

Go soon, have close encounters with chimps and gorillas and enjoy the colour, the scenery, the people and difference.Just give me a call to discuss your itinerary. Article & photography by Peter Ellis

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Now you can shop local online Vicarage Field - Hailsham 18 w w w . t h e w e a l d e n e y e . c o . u k

Winners of The Queen’s Award for Voluntary Service


We have operated regular bus services in East Sussex since 1976 connecting communities not served by commercial operators We link to the towns of Seaford, Hailsham, Eastbourne, Lewes, Heathfield and Brighton We run town services in Seaford & Hailsham and weekend leisure services in the eastern South Downs National Park Our mini-buses are driven by trained friendly volunteers and operate 363 days a year Find more information about our services & volunteering opportunities by visiting our website: or call 01323 870920 or talk to a volunteer at Hailsham Farmers Market on the second Saturday morning of each month

is the trading name of Cuckmere Community Bus Ltd

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For most, the holiday season is a time for celebration, togetherness and family. Christmas and New Year are a chance for us to come together and relax, and look forward to the year ahead.

Nus Ghani, MP

underreported issue, something we simply don’t talk enough about in the media. Loneliness does, however, often come up in my regular advice surgeries.

for Suicide Prevention are both big steps towards tackling this taboo and making it the ‘done thing’ for people to talk and be open about issues such as loneliness.

However, for many people, young and old, the post-Holiday blues are very real, and for them it can be a time of loneliness and sadness. So much so, that the third Monday in January is traditionally thought of as ‘the most difficult day of the year’, or “Blue Monday”.

In Parliament I used to chair the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Ageing and Older People, which focussed considerable time and effort into tackling loneliness in older people. I also worked closely with the late Jo Cox MP and the Loneliness Commission which was set up two years ago in her memory.

I hope everyone had an enjoyable and relaxing festive season, but I would urge you to spare a thought for your neighbours around us in Wealden who may be lonelier than you realise. It’s amazing how much impact the simple act of knocking on your elderly neighbour’s door for a chat can have.

Loneliness is one of the most important issues I have campaigned on since I was first elected in 2015 - Age UK have estimated that for almost four million people, television is their main form of company. It’s an all too often

Tackling loneliness is about community spirit, but recent moves by the Government in this regard have also been welcome. The appointments of a Minister for Loneliness this time last year as well as a separate Minister

So this January, as we get back to the grind, why not pop round, say hello and have a cup of tea with your neighbours? Something so simple could make such a difference.

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LEAVE IT TO LUCK Prepare, protect and play a part in your loved ones lives with our Wills and Probate specialists at Barwells Solicitors, Hailsham. Services include: • Making & updating a Will • Inheritance & Tax Planning • Lasting Powers of Attorney • Estate Administration • Contested & Challenged Wills & Estates Find out more at or contact 01323 814010 to book an appointment with our friendly professional private client team.

Barwells Est. 1896, a QualitySolicitors Firm


2 Market Square, Hailsham, East Sussex, BN27 1AG

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Healthy Winter Warming Today’s papers show the country making the most (or the best) of the snow. It’s a tricky time of year because the inclination is to take on the calories: yet Christmas and its excesses are not far behind us, and there’s little inclination to get out and about. If you want to avoid fatty, stodgy food, try Zuppa alla Valpellinense, a delicious Alpine hotpot of layered bread, cabbage, fontina cheese and veal (or vegetable) stock. This will be served at our next Winefeast on 7 February. Spaces are available so get in touch for details. Another great winter dish is Penne all’arrabbiata. This was an easy, warming choice when we returned from our staff Christmas outing in London. It was -4 so we tumbled into the house and lit the wood burner. I squashed a garlic clove, broke a dried chilli, and put both into a generous amount of cold olive oil in our frying pan. Then I got the heat going, not high, just enough to infuse the flavours. Before the garlic darkened I added passata then simmered very gently while the pasta boiled. I ladled a small quantity of the starchy pasta water from the pan into the sauce then drained the pasta and poured it on top. After gently stirring for a couple of minutes I served with a generous grating of Parmigiano Reggiano. This dish is for all diets - adjust the spice according to taste, choose gluten free pasta, use pecorino or vegan cheese. All ingredients are available from Cuculo. Finally the wine. This time of year we drink less but spend a little more. Our choice is Tenuta Moriniello’s Tuscan Syrah. It has intense pepper flavours

which give way to lovely cherry notes with currants and blueberries. The tannins are fine and the wine is beautifully balanced. At £31.45 it’s not cheap but it’s the perfect winter warmer. Cuculo currently has a wine sale on.

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Down at Longleys Farm…..

That’s my bit of pasture! Turnout day 2016

We lost our official TB free status back in April when we had an animal fail a TB test. Before this happened, we were selling 3,500 pints of raw milk on line to customers around the country. These sales stopped overnight. Our business has been severely hit, as we haven’t been able to sell raw milk, cream and butter since then. We quickly installed a pasteuriser, as we can sell pasteurised milk cream and butter, but nonetheless it has been a tough time, especially with the drought last summer. Hay and straw prices went up, and as we cannot sell any animals as we’re under TB restrictions, we’ve got more mouths to feed! In 2018, we had three whole herd TB skin tests, and one whole herd Gamma blood TB test, and have had 17 animals taken as ‘positive reactors’ all of which had no signs of TB at post mortem examination and testing. Indeed, these animals that were taken as positive

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TB reactors all go into the food chain! It seems bizarre to me that we cannot sell our milk as raw from our cows that passed a TB test, whereas government can sell our animals for beef, and you could have a rare fillet steak from a TB reactor! There is a huge double standard in terms of protecting public health! We launched a crowdfunding campaign before Christmas to help our cashflow and to also help raise working capital for five log cabin style glamping units on the farm. There are some great glamping rewards. Do have a look at our crowdfunding website for further information. Any support you can give is invaluable to us at the moment. If you can share

the link too, that would be great. The glamping units will be on the farm on the Pevensey Levels. A beautiful spot, with wonderful views of the marsh, great for birdwatching and a great opportunity to get away from all the hustle and bustle of the south east! Dates for your diaries! We will be holding the following events:


– Easter Bank Holiday Monday, 22nd April On the farm, this is the best day in the year! It is the day the milking herd that has been housed indoors for the winter months, run back out onto a lush grassy field, hopefully bathed in sunlight, and they absolutely love it! Even the older cows butt each other and run around like children in the playground. It is the

Duo Jumping

only day in the year they do this. It’s a wonderful sight. There will also be farmers market stalls, Bar-B-Q, and tractor and trailer rides around the farm onto the Pevensey Levels.


will include jumping ditches, fallen trees, crawling through bog, climbing straw bale walls, as well as open field running. Tickets are on sale, for individual participants, group rates and spectators! For more information, go to

This is a brand new 10km extreme cross country run across our fields on the beautiful Pevensey Levels, that

Although we hope to get back to selling grass fed raw milk, we are in the process of making our farm viable when we

– Sunday 28th April

can’t sell it. This Spring we are hoping to start a 500 bird organic poultry unit on the farm to produce fresh organic local eggs by May. In addition to the new egg enterprise, we are also looking to increase our sales of our popular grass fed organic dairy beef, start to produce a cheese, and also some baked products. Our produce is available for doorstep delivery locally, with our own milk rounds in Hailsham, Hellingly, Eastbourne, Polegate, Hastings, Bexhill, Heathfield and Lewes. Even if we get our TB free status back and raw milk is available again, we will still have our organic grass fed milk, cream and butter available as pasteurised as well as raw. If you would like more information about our beautiful organic farm and our produce, please contact the office on 01323 449494, or go to our

website where you can also subscribe for our newsletter to hear the latest from the

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My dog won’t come back! With over 25 years of working with dog behaviours Lesley offers a little help for you and ‘man’s best friend’ It’s useless falling out with your dog if it doesn’t come when you call. Instead of getting angry – think dog! Nothing can spoil a walk more than a dog that doesn’t come back! The dog is not deliberately plotting to annoy you, there are several factors at play. The main reasons that a dog won’t come back are fairly simple: the dog has never been taught in a way that it understands what’s expected of it; the pay-off for what the dog is currently doing - finding scents, chasing prey, playing with others, is greater than the pay-off for returning to a human who may be no fun, potentially angry or to have the lead put on. If your dog won’t willingly come to you in the house or in from the garden, there is little chance of it reliably coming when there is a wealth of exciting distractions out and about.  If you don’t have control of the dog at home, you are very unlikely to have control on walks. Think about the breed of dog that you have chosen and how this will affect their behaviour. For example recall problems with Border Collies are often born out of a need to chase something; jogger, car, cyclist etc.  Some Terriers have a desire to head down a rabbit hole and problems with

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Gun breeds such as Springer Spaniels are often caused by the dog getting carried away following the scent of something. What motivates your dog not to respond to your call is the very key to training it. Take the Collie as an example.  Scenario 1:  A cyclist whizzes past on his bike this looks like great fun, the dog can engage in the behaviour that it is genetically hardwired to do and ‘herd’ the bike, probably resulting in ‘nipping’ at the bike tyres or the ankles of the cyclist.  NOT a desirable behaviour!  Scenario 2: A cyclist is approaching the dog knows that it’s guardian will call it because the cyclist is a trigger for an exciting game of ball.  The result; the dog gets to ‘herd’ the ball, has great fun, the cyclist passes by unharmed, dog and human carry on their walk in a happy and harmonious way.

TIPS •Teach your dog what your chosen recall command means, remember they don’t speak English. •Set your dog up for success, if your calling only ever means the end of fun, what is the point of coming?

•Call your dog to you regularly during walks to either give it a treat or play a short game and then send it on its way. •Have a sliding scale of praise and reward. Don’t punish your dog when it finally arrives, simply put the lead on and quietly walk on. •If your dog has developed a recall problem engage a good dog trainer to help you. •Don’t call the dog to you for something he doesn’t like or is afraid of (ear drops, nails clipped are a couple of common ones although a dog can be taught to accept these, but that is another article!) •Using a whistle can be very effective, it doesn’t show emotion and can be transferred to all members of the family. Remember to train the dog what the whistle means! Dog’s learn in a very simple way; if something is rewarding they tend to repeat it if there is no reward then a behaviour tends to die down. Just remember that the reward of running free in the countryside is very high and therefore you need to be one step ahead of the game!

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Supp lier Top S s of & Rec oil Aggre ycled gates

01323 441396

Wide range of skip and rolonof sizes available Grab and tipper lorries for hire Weekly cardboard collection service Credit cards accepted


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Any two courses £9 Monday to Friday 12:00–3:00 01323 842400


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Daniel White & Son - Part One In “Hidden Sussex-The Towns,” Warden Swinfen and David Arscott comment that, “Hailsham was never under the influence of a powerful landowning family, and its growth in Victorian times was controlled by a small group of public spirited men.” In this pre radio and TV era there was emphasis on community development and many societies and organisations, social, educational and sporting were established which paid an important part in the life of the town. Arising through these developments a number of citizens, became leading members of the community in both a voluntary and elected capacity. One such family was the White family who through four generations made substantial contributions to the life of the town.

Daniel and Mary White, married 1837

First to make an impact was Thomas White who in 1816 purchased the grocery shop on the site of Sherriff’s Place in the Market Square, currently the premises of The Link. The business had been in operation for 100 years prior to Thomas White’s purchase. The firm, who according to Charles Robertson, “had considerable local fame,” (Hailsham & its Environs 1982), were retail grocers, cheesemongers, tea blenders as well as wine & spirit merchants.

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Daniel White & Son

Thomas White became of the towns leading citizens as evidenced by his membership of the Board of Guardians and also the Vestry, the forerunner of the parochial church council which had both parochial and administrative responsibilities later transferred to the Parish Council (1895). Thomas White developed the grocers and drapery business and remained the owner until 1852 when he was succeeded by his son Daniel. Thomas White was married four times. He was one of the founders of Zoar Chapel, Lower Dicker. He died on 3 February 1857 and is buried in the churchyard at Zoar Chapel. Daniel White was a Miller using two mills at Sidley Green and Ninfield. Additionally he had been Overseer of the Poor for the parish Bexhill, then a small village. Daniel White was described as, “broad and strongly built, about 5ft 9ins in height.” One of his feats was to carry 7cwt (about 890 kilos) of corn on his back on level ground and then up the steps into the mill, so the great hogheads (a large cask) of sugar and molasses and the puncheons (large cask holding from 72 to 120 gallons) and half puncheons of

syrup which he handled in the grocery trade presented no real difficulty after his milling experience. Daniel White developed the Hailsham business further and by 1870 he was described as a “wholesale and retail grocer, tailor draper, hatter, wine and spirit merchant, purveyor of china, glass and earthenware and agent for the Norwich Union Fire & Life.” He was also responsible for issuing government licences for hawkers, guns, male servants, carriages, horses and mules, armorial bearings, horse dealers, dogs, gamekeepers and game. Daniel White’s suppliers included several London based provisions merchants including Thomas Cooper & Co. of Fenchurch Street, London, EC who supplied “Titlers.” Titler was a trade name for the large cones or pyramids of sugar which the grocer then cut into cubes with a special chopper. Other items purchased included cheese

by Paul Endersby

Photographs Hailsham Historical and Natural History

from Merry & Nutter of Whitechapel. Provisions from London came by both sea and carrier. Whites sold many cheeses both local cheeses as well as from other parts or the UK, Somerset, Cheshire, Leicestershire and Scotland, they also sold cheeses shipped in from New Zealand, Holland, Canada, Australia, South Africa and Russia. In the 1880’s Daniel’s son, Josiah John White was taken into partnership and the words “& Son” were added to the shop front. Josiah was born in Bexhill in 1849. He married Louisa Augusta Alberta Wratten in June 1873 and was another member of the family who played a leading role in the town. In 1881 stood for election to the Hailsham School Board. In his election leaflet Josiah stated that he was, “in favour of unsectarian education, the advantage of which has been proved by the success obtained by the present unsectarian Board School at the late Examination when 93 out of every 100 passed. At that time the amount of the government grant to schools depended on the annual inspection. A high level of performance resulted in a higher level of grant, and vice versa. Josiah White

noted this as he continued, “The Examination has been so good, will cause the Grant from Government to be about £180, thereby lowering our Rates for the present year.” No pressure on the teachers then!! Having then stated that he strongly desired, “Bible teaching, but of an unsectarian character,” he concludes by saying that, “In the event of your electing me as a Member of the Board, it will be in my interest, as a Ratepayer, to keep the expenses as low as possible.” In addition to the grocery business, Josiah White went into partnership with William Beeny a local coal merchant. The new business, “White & Beeny” had premises in the station yard plus an office next to the grocery the Market Square. The firm also had their own freight trucks. Blending and selling tea and other like products was an integral part of the grocery business certainly up to beginning of the 20th century. At Daniel White & Son they had a malt mill, a tea mill and a pepper mill. The malt mill crushed the malt. The tea mill broke the

The children of John Josiah & Louisa White – L to R Archibald; Reginald; Hubert; Mabel; Harry; Leo.

John Josiah White

larger leaves, thus improving the infusion by liberating the juices and increasing the amount of tea in the spoon used to measure the quantity put in the pot. Besides groceries another important trade was paraffin and candles, especially in the villages where gas was not available. In the early 19th century quantities of old tallow candles were sold. Other goods sold included Epsom salts which were purchased by the grocer by the hundred weight, and gunpowder!! Josiah White died in 1923 aged 74 at his home, St Wilfrid’s (on the site of the present St Wilfrid’s Green) a large property reflecting the prosperous nature of his business. A lengthy obituary in the Sussex Express outlined Mr White’s contribution to both the town and the county. He was both a Justice of the Peace and a County Councillor. The obituary stated that Mr White, “was best known as a public man, and he devoted a tremendous amount of time to public work……he was associated with practically every body and institution in Hailsham.” The writer then proceeds to list all the organisations with which Mr White was associated either at the time of his death or in previous years, far too many to include in this article, something acknowledged by the writer who stated, “it would be difficult to enumerate all the many offices that Mr White held in Hailsham.” However they total at least twenty four, and in many cases he served as chairman. To be continued...

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Sugar Sugar you can be informed as to what type and amount of sugar is in the product.

Daily Sugar intake

For hundreds of years, sugar was very expensive and considered a “fine spice”, however from the 1500’s, technological improvements began to turn sugar into a much cheaper, bulk commodity although still very much out of reach from the majority. We have come a long way since then with the modernisation of sugar cane production. Our market is now flooded with modern day versions of the sweet stuff including the less well-known ‘High-fructose Corn Syrup’ (HFCS) made from cornstarch. This product is highly processed and is found in many of our breakfast cereals, soft drinks, biscuits and confectionaries.

High Fructose Sugars HFCS and sugar have been shown to drive inflammation, which is associated with an increased risk of obesity, diabetes, heart disease and cancer. So what can we do to reduce our consumption? Become aware of Hidden Sugars It’s really important to educate yourselves to identify foods that contain Hidden Sugars. It is found in many Breakfast cereals, Pasta sauces, Salad dressings, Yogurts and Alcohol. Always read the Ingredients labels so

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As a guide Adults should have no more than 30g of free sugars a day, (roughly equivalent to 7 sugar cubes). Children aged 7 to 10 should have no more than 24g of free sugars a day (6 sugar cubes). Children aged 4 to 6 should have no more than 19g of free sugars a day (5 sugar cubes). To get some perspective a 30g Bowl of Coco Pops is 11g sugar and a tablespoon (15g) of Nutella has 11g of sugar. It is very easy therefore to exceed daily sugar intake when a child may have already had over half their daily intake just at breakfast time.

Sugar Alternatives Stevia is a natural sweetener that’s extracted from the leaves of a South American shrub. Several studies show that stevioside, which is one of the sweet compounds in stevia, can lower high blood pressure by 6–14%. It has also been shown to lower blood sugar and insulin levels, which may help fight diabetes. Xylitol is a sugar alcohol with sweetness similar to sugar. It’s extracted from corn or birch wood and found in many fruits and vegetables. Several studies show that it can improve dental health by reducing the risk of cavities and tooth decay. Xylitol may increase your body’s absorption of calcium. Xylitol is generally well tolerated, but eating too much of it can cause digestive side effects like gas, bloating and diarrhea.

Annie Gill

Honey is a thick, golden liquid produced by honey bees. It contains trace amounts of vitamins and minerals, as well as an abundance of beneficial antioxidants. Eating honey may help raise the levels of antioxidants in your blood. High levels of antioxidants in the blood are linked to a lower risk of disease.

Moderation Treat a Treat as a Treat – once or twice per week and definitely not every day. If you want something sweet have natures sweets – Whole Fruit. This will give you natural, slower releasing sugars and plenty of vitamins and antioxidants.

Annie Gill BA Hons, dip NT CNM, BANT, CNHC

07787 533202


MOROCCAN ORANGE & CARDAMOM CAKE Preparation time: 15 mins Cooking times: 2 hrs

INGREDIENTS •2 oranges, scrubbed •seeds of 6 green cardamom pods, crushed •225g pack xylitol •6 large eggs •200g pack ground almonds •50g polenta •25g self-raising flour •2 tsp baking powder •1 tbsp flaked almonds •Greek yogurt or cream, to serve

METHOD Put the whole oranges in a pan, cover with water and boil, covered, for 1 hr until a knife easily pierces them. If the oranges won’t stay under the water, place a small saucepan lid directly on top to keep them submerged. Remove the oranges from the water and cool, then quarter and remove any seeds and obvious pith where the stalk was. Blitz the oranges to a rough purée with a hand blender or in a food processor and put in a large bowl. Heat oven to 160C/140C fan/gas 3 and line the base and sides of a 21cm loose-bottomed cake tin with baking

Serves: 8-10

parchment. Beat the cardamom, xylitol and eggs into the orange purée, then mix the ground almonds with the polenta, flour and baking powder, and fold in until well blended. Scrape the mixture into the tin, level the top and bake for 40 mins. After 40 minutes, scatter over the almonds, quickly return to the oven and bake 20-25 mins more until a skewer inserted into the centre comes out clean. Remove from the tin and leave to cool. Serve sliced as a cake, or with Greek yogurt or cream as a dessert. Before serving Steam for another 2 hrs.

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A Crematorium for Wealden Opening this Spring

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A DESTINATION AT EVERY STATION! Royal Tunbridge Wells, High Rocks, Groombridge & Eridge A fun packed day out with steam, heritage diesel, exploration, excitement & enjoyment in the glorious High Weald!

The Spa Valley Railway operates wonderfully restored steam and heritage diesel trains every weekend from the beginning of February to the end of October. We also operate on Thursdays from June to the beginning of September with additional Tuesday & Wednesday services in August.

At Groombridge why not alight and pay a visit to the famous Groombridge Place Gardens & Enchanted Forest as well as the historic village too. Joint tickets for the Spa Valley Railway and Groombridge Place can be purchased from our stations. Alternatively stay on board to enjoy the glorious views and alight at

countryside, is lucky to have a destination at every station.You can board our classic and beautifully restored 1960’s heritage trains from the National Rail network at Eridge, some even include our award winning bar car, ‘Kate’. The station itself is also the location of a wonderful public house, The Huntsman! From Eridge you can take a journey to Royal Tunbridge Wells stopping off on route at Groombridge or High Rocks.

access the High Weald countryside and its vast network of woodland footpaths. Arriving at Royal Tunbridge Wells you can disembark from the train and visit the Victorian engine shed, gift shop and buffet car. Furthermore, you can take a relaxed walk into the Spa town and visit the world famous Pantiles and High Street.

Photography David Staines, Jon Nye & Charlie Ralph

A wonderful day out for everyone!

Full details available at or by ringing 01892 537715 P L E A S E M E N T I O N T H E W E A L D E N E Y E W H E N R E S P O N D I N G T O A D V E R T S 37


Quick Crossword



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At Coco we pride ourselves on our one to one care to create the perfect salon experience. Our salon provides a unique style of hairdressing where each client can expect the highest level of haircare. We personalise your cut and colour to perfectly suit your skin tone, hair texture, lifestyle and most importantly YOU. We are confident in all areas of hairdressing and take genuine pleasure in making people feel great about themselves. Our team has a wealth of experience and we always aim to give you beautiful surroundings, excellent refreshments and professional haircare products that you can use at home to make sure your hair looks and feels great all of the time

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The Wealden Eye has teamed up with the Hailsham & District Chamber of Commerce to make an offer you really can’t refuse.

If you are a memeber of HDCC and would like to advertise in The Wealden Eye then simply book 6 issue’s and add the HDCC logo to your advert and you will receive a 25% discount. If you would like the option to ‘Pay As You Go’ then you will receive a 15% discount on your advert. Get in touch to take advantage of this great offer.


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