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Saunas The Ins and Outs






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■ 9 CoverStory: Saunas ■ 10 Some Like It Hot ■ 12 Saunas Facts ■ 14 Sweating it Out ■ 16 Islands in the Steam ■ 17 Kari Jamsa

Thunder Bay’s arts & culture alternative

Editor-in-chief Darren McChristie Editor Adrian Lysenko Assistant Editor Rebekah Skochinski Senior Editor Tiffany Jarva Copy Editors Amy Jones, Bonnie Schiedel


Marketing & Sales Manager Martina Benvegnu Photographers Patrick Chondon, Bill Gross, Scott Hobbs, Chad Kirvan, Dave Koski, Kay Lee, Shannon Lepere, Marty Mascarin, Darren McChristie, Laura Paxton Art Directors Steve Coghill, R.G.D., Dave Koski, R.G.D.

■ 30 Local Writers Telling



■ 38 Journey #15 ■ 40 Meet the Local Makers ■ 42 Man Changing into

■ 48 Fast-Paced,


Grass-Diving Fun


■ 52 Pour La Saveur ■ 57 Kumbaya Kombucha ■ 60 Hike For Hospice’s Surprise ■ 62 Erase the Stigma ■ 64 A Newfoundland


■ 75 Energy to Burn ■ 77 Small Band, Big Sound ■ 78 Stevie Nicks ■ 80 Logan McKillop ■ 81 Outcasts Unchained ■ 83 A Showcase of the Arts ■ 84 A Ferocious Power Trio ■ 86 A Night of Rural Escapism ARCHITECTURE

■ 90 Kangas Sauna HEALTH

■ 92 Highlighting Diverse

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■ 98 The New Growing Season GREEN

■ 101 A Dose of Vitamin N ■ 19 Drink of the Month ■ 50 Stuff We Like ■ 58 This is Thunder Bay ■ 88 Off the Wall Reviews ■ 94 Tbaytel May EVENTS ■ 96 Music EVENTS ■ 97 LU Radio's Monthly Top 20 ■ 102 The Wall ■ 104 Horoscopes ■ 105 The Beat ■ 106 The Eye


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Thunderbird ■ 44 DIY Studio ■ 46 Framing Beauty

The Walleye is a free monthly publication distributed on racks throughout Thunder Bay and region.

Editorial and Advertising: Submissions must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope. Superior Outdoors cannot be held responsible for unsolicited material.

■ 18 SFW Sauna Sausage ■ 21 Hail Caesar! ■ 22 Utepils ■ 24 Culture Kitchen ■ 27 Bay Village Coffee on Court ■ 28 Creative Cookies FILM&THEATRE

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Reproduction of any article, photograph or artwork without written permission is strictly forbidden. Views expressed herein are those of the author exclusively.


■ 66 Tech Works Here ■ 67 Write NOWW LitFest 2019 ■ 68 Stitching Through Time ■ 70 Friendship, Love, and Unity ■ 73 Finns Outside of Finland


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Telephone (807) 344-3366 Fax (807) 623-5122 E-mail:


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From Our Twitter feed

Our banya (sauna) on Strawberry Creek

The Banya


hroughout my life I’ve always enjoyed the good sweat that saunas offer. It probably started as a teenager, when my high school outdoor education teacher Mr. Burton taught our class how to make camping saunas during canoe trips. Moving up to Thunder Bay, I hardly ever passed up an invitation to join some friends at Kangas or at camp for a splash and steam. Not to say you have to be a Finn to enjoy a sauna, but I’ve felt a little bit like an imposter, especially when sweating it out with Nordic friends. That was, until my first time in Ukraine, when I experienced a banya. Although most people associate saunas with the Finns, other cultures have their own variations of the tradition. Middle Eastern and Turkish cultures have hammams, Japan has mushi-buros, and Slavic countries have banyas. For our May issue, we’re celebrating saunas. Betty Carpick looks at the history of the sauna and the significance in our community, and from a gondola sauna to what rocks are the best for sweating it out, we present an infographic with some sauna stats and facts that you might not know. Plus, Kim Latimer


The Walleye

Featured Contributor

explores the remote saunas on Lake Superior, I chat with sauna builder Kari Jamsa, and we asked and you’ve delivered—our cover story includes a spread of unique saunas submitted by our readers. Keeping with our cover story, Stuff We Like features ideas for the sauna, Laurie Abthorpe delves into the history of Kangas Sauna for our architectural spread, and Chef Rachel Globensky shares memories of cooking sauna lenkki on hot rocks. Also in the issue, Neil Burke gets screeched in as part of the Taste of Newfoundland fundraiser, Nancy Saunders visits Roots to Harvest’s Culture Kitchen to see what’s cooking, and just in time for Mother’s Day, Amy Sellors gets a sneak peek of Cambrian Players’ funny and heartwarming season closer The MOMologues. So it doesn’t matter if you have a Finnish background or not, the sauna is a place to bring people together. To quote Professor Harold Tier, president of the Finnish Sauna Society: “The idea is not to have the best sauna on the block, but to get the entire block in the sauna." -Adrian Lysenko

Keegan Richard Born in Thunder Bay and raised in Kakabeka Falls, Keegan is a freelance filmmaker, photographer, and graphic designer. A graduate from Confederation College’s Film Production program as well as the Interactive Media Development program, his photography work focuses on landscapes, architecture, landmarks, and live local performances and events. Diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder at a young age, Keegan credits the arts (especially photography) as a way to overcome the syndrome. Check out his photos of the Sleeping Giant Folk Music Society's season closer with the Barrel Boys and The O'Pears on page 86.

On the Cover Saunas The Ins and Outs Special thanks to models Brent Clark and Holly Watson, and to Linda and Randy Gaudette for generously allowing use of their barrel sauna. Photo by Darren McChristie


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▲Shift Into Spring Credit offer (value up to $1,000) is available on in-stock 2018 and 2019 Mazda models for a limited time and may change without notice. Amounts vary by model: $300 on all 2018 Mazda3/Mazda3 Sport, on all 2019 CX-3 and on all 2018 & 2019 CX-5 models. $475 on 2019 MX-5 ST GS models. Maximum $1,000 on all 2018 MX-5 ST/MX-5 RF, on 2019 MX-5 ST GS-P & GT, on all 2019 MX-5 RF, on all 2018 Mazda6, on all 2018 & 2019 CX-9 models. NOTE: Shift Into Spring Credit offer not available on 2019 Mazda3 and 2019 Mazda6 models. †Finance Pricing for new 2019 MX-5 GS (L2SK69AA00) is $34,943 financed at 2.99% over 84 months equals weekly payments of $99 with $2,435 down payment, cost of borrowing is $3,530 with a total obligation of $38,472. As shown, 2019 MX-5 GT (L2TK69AA00) sale price of $41,943. ††Offer available on retail leases of new 2019 Mazda3 GS AWD (DXSN89AA00)/2019 CX-5 GS AWD (NXSN89AA00)/2019 CX-9 GS AWD (QXSM89AA00) with a lease APR of 2.35%/2.95%/1.95% and 130/104/130 bi-weekly payments of $139/$169/$199 for 60/48/60 months, the total lease obligation is $21,102/$21,421/$30,312, including down payment (or equivalent trade-in) of $2,975/$3,845/$4,395. Lease payments include freight and P.D.E. of $1,695/$1,895/$1,895, $10 OMVIC fee (all models), $20.00 Tire Stewardship Fee, $100 Air Conditioning charge, $150 Lease Dealer Service Fee and PPSA of $90.95/$75.28/$90.95. First monthly payment is due at lease inception. 20,000 km per year mileage allowance applies; if exceeded, additional 8¢ per km applies (12¢ per km for CX-9 models). Offers exclude HST. *To learn more about the Mazda Unlimited Warranty, go to


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1 BPP’s Cranked to 11 May 1–5

Black Pirates Pub To celebrate their 11-year anniversary, what else would Black Pirates Pub do but crank it to 11?! This year’s bash includes four nights of awesome music with 20 bands including local favourites like Morning Light, The Bay Street Bastards, Phoebe the Feeb, and The Married Singlemen. Rolling in from out of town are Villain, Dead Quiet, and Lucky Monkey. May 1 kicks off with an all-ages showcase, then it’s 19+ fun with Metal Night, followed by Punk & Heavy Night and Jam/ Rock night. $5 gets you in the door but you’ll want to bring some extra cash to buy a cool anniversary tank top. Check the event page for the full schedule and showtimes. Come ready to party!

2 Spring Craft Revival Downtown Port Arthur

Patrick Chondon

May 5

Now that we’re in the it-finallyfeels-like-spring weather, the Spring Craft Revival is ready to take over downtown Port Arthur. This all-day celebration of creativity spans 26 venues and will showcase the work of over 200 talented artisans and crafters. You can peruse paintings, prints, jewelry, home décor, wood carvings, beauty products, and baked goods. In addition to shopping, there will be live music and performances, live art displays, and a chance to win a ton of prizes. The Revival runs from 10 am to 5 pm and there will be a free Craft Revival shuttle bus that will loop around the Waterfront District and Bay Algoma Neighbourhood to make sure you can visit every stop. Hop on, hop off!

Cambrian Players 4 presents The MOMologues May 8–11 & 15–18

Cambrian Players Studio Matt Goertz

Just in time for Mother’s Day, Cambrian Players is bringing to the stage an original comedy written by Lisa Rafferty, Stefanie Cloutier, and Sheila Eppolito. The MOMologues is a play that strips away the perceived notions of motherhood to reveal its overwhelming, exhausting—and yes, funny—reality. Told through four (L-R) Leane Shuttleworth, Jennifer Jones, characters in a monologue style, Shannon Vancook, and Mary Davis the play explores everything from infertility to labour to the mundane tasks like reading the same book to a child over and over again. Catch The MOMologues nightly at 7:30 pm or at a special Mother’s Day matinee and tea on May 12 at 2 pm. As always, Cambrian offers reduced ticket prices for Wednesday nights and for seniors/students. NB: there is strong language and mature content, so it’s not suitable for children.

The Great North Shore 3 Beer Fest

May 10 & 11

Sleeping Giant Brewing Company Thirsty? The inaugural Great North Shore Beer Fest has just the thing. Sleeping Giant Brewing Co. is having its first local collaboration with Dawson Trail Craft Brewery and it’s going to be epic! Not only have the head brewers teamed to create an exclusive one-off beer for the event, but there will be fifteen unique beers supplied by other breweries to sample. Choose from a tasting session ($25) and enjoy an unplugged set from The Honest Heart Collective, or sit at the Brewmaster’s Table for dinner ($90), which features a five-course farm-to-table meal by Pinetree Catering and local farmers. Each course will have expertly crafted beer pairings. We told you it would be epic. Tickets are limited, so hurry, hurry!

Northern Landscapes 5 Festival

May 31–June 2

North House Folk School, Grand Marais Spring has sprung! Discover the dynamic and rich northern landscape that surrounds us, be it birds, wildflowers, or insects, at this year’s Northern Landscapes Festival in beautiful Grand Marais. The festival offers several daytime workshops including a Boreal Birding Workshop with Bob Janssen, Birding by Ear with Ann Russ, Wildlife Tracking Through Remote Camera Photography, and everything you need to know about lichens. There are also evening presentations and plenty of activities that will appeal to all ages. New this year, the festival welcomes the Raptor Center, and Michaela Brevig, Raptor Center interpreter, who will conduct a full-day workshop, family program, and a public presentation. She’ll also be joined by a few feathered friends! Visit the website for the full schedule.

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The Walleye



Saunas I

Lia Knudsen

n Thunder Bay, we’re people who feel strongly about the sauna. In fact, because of our huge Finnish population, the tradition of the steam bath is so deeply embedded in the culture of our city that you’ll find saunas everywhere—at camp, in the basements of homes, in fitness facilities around town, and on islands along parts of the North Shore. We also have Kangas Sauna, an institution famous for the fact that you can eat your pancakes before or after you have a good steam. But what makes the sauna experience so special? Besides how wonderful it is to sit in humid cedar-rich air and inhale the rising steam from sizzling sauna stones, of course, it’s that while its original purpose may have been a way for workers to get clean after a long day spent toiling in the bush, today the sauna brings everyone together, young and old, Finn or not.

The Walleye


In Praise of Sauna Traditions By Betty Carpick

Two men clearing path to sauna


or such seemingly reticent people, Finlanders are known for their relaxed approach to communal nudity in close-knit, dimly lit, steamy quarters. The location, construction, and basic elements of the sauna alongside freshwater forest lakes are considered with nuanced detail. The classic two-room sauna layout was essential for the activities of daily life, particularly for early immigrants. As a fragrant sanctuary for hygiene, detoxification, social ritual, and restoration of the mind, body,

10 The Walleye

Photo courtesy of the Thunder Bay Finnish Canadian Historical Society Collection. Lakehead University Archives

Some Like It Hot

Photo courtesy of the Thunder Bay Finnish Canadian Historical Society Collection. Lakehead University Archives


Algoma Steam Bath, formerly on Algoma Street, Port Arthur and spirit, the sauna provides equanimity with a sensory potency that dissolves barriers. In all seasons and during all times of day, rocks are heated in a spruce or cedar wood-fired stove reaching temperatures of upwards of 80°C. Throwing water on the hot stones creates vapours known as löyly, which conduct heat directly to the skin and open up the pores. A plunge into a lake or snow provides a counterpoint to the intensity of the heat and the relaxation of the meditative sweat.

During the Middle Ages, saunas were common all over Europe. With the proliferation of syphilis in the 1500s, sauna culture sizzled out. Finland was the exception. Saunas were an integral part of the way of life, representing a place to acknowledge life cycle milestones— birth, marriage, and death. A place to heal ailments, diseases, and broken hearts. A retreat for corporeal and spiritual cleansing. Purification and healing traditions tied to ancient sauna rituals and practices passed on from generation to

generation to exemplify Finnish character. At the end of the 19th century, when hundreds of Finlanders begin to arrive in resource-rich Northwestern Ontario to work in bush camps, the longing for home and familiarity would have been intense. Women and men lived in rooming houses without private bathing facilities and, for the Finns, the accustomed form of a thorough clean—the sauna. Public bathing was not only a necessity but a way to socialize. Near the Finnish

Hardwick Lake bush camp, a satellite camp to Onion Lake, which was run by Leonard “Pappi” Maki, an anti-union timber contractor

Replica of a sauna in Centennial Park as part of logging camp

Photo courtesy of the General Archives Collection. Lakehead University Archives

quarter on Bay Street, the Algoma Steam Bath provided a balm after the rigours of work and homesteading. A vestige of the city’s public saunas and a popular destination for residents and visitors, Kangas Sauna, founded in 1967, features 18 private saunas and a restaurant. Designed by Kalevi Kangas, son of the original Finnish owner, the building provides a modern day version of the Nordic experience. Today, the enthusiasm of the rituals of saunas in Thunder Bay is emblematic of camp life. While still a place to bask in the heat and reflect in solitude, the contemporary practice of sauna has an unhurried social ambiance that’s part of the pattern of escaping from the city. Basic rules such as no eating or drinking in the sauna and not discussing certain subjects have relaxed. There may not be vihta (birch bath brooms) to stimulate a bather’s skin or sauna lenkki (sauna sausage), and kalja (homemade beer) to enjoy in the dressing room or porch, but while sauna experiences may vary, the primality of the elements of water, air, fire, and earth in the sauna gives everyone of all ages moments to rejoice.

Photo courtesy of the Thunder Bay Museum


Sauna in stages of construction

The Walleye



There are an estimated


Million Saunas in Finland

Saunas Facts

(more than the total number of cars in the country), used by a population of 5.5 million.3

By Bonnie Schiedel

According to research studies, spending time in a traditional sauna can contribute to a

lower risk of high blood pressure, neurocognitive diseases like dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, and cardiovascular disease. It can also improve lung function, and help soothe conditions like tension headaches, rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, and osteoarthritis.5 (If you have an existing cardiovascular condition, check with your doctor.)

In a 15-minute sauna, you can lose up to one litre (4 cups) of sweat.2 In a typical day (without a sauna) you lose between 0.5 to

50 1.5L (2 to 6 cups) of sweat

“Saunassa ollaan kuin kirkossa” is a traditional Finnish saying that means “One should behave in the sauna as you would in the church.”8


biggest sauna in the world is in

1,787.88 Sinsheim, Germany. It’s

12 The Walleye

Teuvo, in western Finland, holds a biannual mobile sauna festival where competitors exhibit tiny mobile saunas created created from phone booths, cars and other small spaces. Six thousand people attend.11

square feet (155.10 square metres).1


In Finland, you can find saunas in a Helsinki Burger King (but it’s electric, for shame), Parliament (for MPs only), private boxes at a big arena, an airport shuttle bus, and the world’s only sauna ski gondola. The world’s deepest sauna is


(4,600 feet) down

the Pyhäsalmi copper and zinc mine in central Finland. Sadly, plans for a sauna at the central branch of the Helsinki library did not come to pass.10 How hot is too hot? Remember that the World Sauna Championship was discontinued in 2010 after one finalist died and another was hospitalized after spending six minutes in a

110°C (230°F) sauna.6

The world record for the most nationalities in a sauna is a stunt held by a Japanese sports drink company in 2013.4 (Thunder Bay, can we beat this?)


It’s believed that the first Finnish saunas, built into hillsides, date to the

eighth or even the fifth century


Igneous or metamorphic rocks

are considered the best sauna rocks. Around Northwestern Ontario, that includes granite, gneiss, gabbro, and black basalt. Avoid sedimentary rocks shale which can split or shatter if heated and cooled.7 Lake Superior beach cobbles are desirable because they have already withstood transport by glaciers and tumbling from waves and have proved their toughness. Best size? About the size of a fist or potato. 2 3, 4 most-nationalities-in-a-sauna 5, 6 https://www. 7 8 9 10,,,, https://www.cnn. com/travel/article/burger-king-sauna-spa-helsinki-finland/index.html , 11 1

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▲ This sauna submitted by Phoebe Leishman has been at her family’s camp on Dog Lake since the early 1980s (the sauna was purchased from Eino’s Saunas, which used to be on Lakeshore Drive)

Sweating it Out


n old Finnish proverb states that “a house without a sauna is not a home.” While many homes in Thunder Bay have them, we would argue that around here, saunas are more often associated with people’s camps. But with saunas on everything from trailers to pontoons, it’s clear that people are dedicated to getting their sweat on. Here are some photographs of saunas submitted by our readers.

▼ Monique Gouthro’s sauna located on Lake Superior at Coral Bay Drive

14 The Walleye

▲ “Built out of pallets and other recycled items from the trapper that lived there before us,” Sara Peters says about her sauna on Black Bay ▼ The Wolfe family’s homemade sauna: “It's on a trailer, so I take it on quick lake trips or camping. Best camping accessory,” says Maarit Wolfe


▲ Kirstin Aleksandra’s sauna on One Island Lake “It’s [located at] my grandparents’ house out there and he’s an old Finn guy who just likes to build things” ▼ Gary Erickson’s floating sauna at his camp on Big Dog Lake

▲ Calley Onchulenko’s sauna on Superior Shores, Black Bay

▼ Kirstin Aleksandra’s sauna on One Island Lake “It’s [located at] my grandparents’ house out there and he’s an old Finn guy who just likes to build things”

The Walleye



A group of hardy workers build a sauna

Islands in the Steam Lake Superior’s Island Saunas By Kim Latimer


n a clear day with a good vantage point from Mink Mountain or Sandy Beach, you may spot a boat or two cruising way out in the distance toward an archipelago of Lake Superior. Unofficially, Spar Island, Flatland Island, and Thompson Island are known as the “Sauna Islands,” as they all have had saunas built on them at some point. Further north, another sauna is nestled on St. Ignace Island. Also, just east of Sleeping Giant Provincial Park, Porphyry Island gained sauna status in 2018. Locals in the boating and tourism community know these destinations well, and having saunas on them has really upped their attractiveness. “In my opinion, there should be saunas on many more islands. There should be saunas on the shores at Sleeping Giant Provincial Park and there should be docks and access for all of the boaters,” says Gregory Heroux of Sail “It’s a fantastic opportunity for tourism, but it’s something that is difficult because of potential liability.”

16 The Walleye

The Canadian Lighthouses of Lake Superior (CLLS) group have one of the newest island saunas, on Porphyry Island. It’s insured by the group’s membership. It was built in 2018, prefabricated on shore, floated out by tugboat, and skidded up to its final resting place, a safe distance from the lighthouse. “Saunas are a defining aspect of our culture,” says Paul Morralee, managing director of CLLS. “The Patterson Foundation generously gave us funds to construct and add the sauna to Porphyry Island … Parks Canada identified it as one of the main attractions and a unique feature of the north shore.” “The value is that we had 660 visitors last season at lighthouse and we saw that the sauna was used every second day,” Morralee explains. “The people living in the house would all go down once in a while and have a sauna. Kayakers used it, and so did the tour groups. For groups of 10 we get remunerated (they buy a membership or support us) and it’s another added value to the experience.” Further south on Lake Superior

is Spar Island, which Heroux says used to have a sauna on it, and at some point someone put a “private” sign on. Rumour has it that it was an older sauna that many people had caught word of, but because it was on Crown land and being treated as private, the Ministry of Natural Resources chose to remove it. The sauna at Flatland Island, located six miles south of Squaw Bay, is also allegedly gone. For decades it was well known to paddlers and boaters alike, according to a book called The Opposite of Cold: The Northwoods Finnish Sauna Tradition by Michael Nordskog, Aaron W. Hautala, and David Salmela. The book chronicles the saunas built along the islands highlighting Flatland and others dating back to the 1950s. According to the book, “[L]ocal weekend fleets have colonized several coves and narrows along the Ontario shore by building ad hoc saunas on public land in the tradition of unlocked wilderness buildings everywhere […] Motorboaters had already erected a rustic sauna at Flatland Island deeper within the wide bay. More recent paddling blogs say that the sauna has been removed. However, the Thompson Island sauna, the most well-known island sauna popular with local boaters, is still there. Thompson Island is accessible from the Thunder Bay Marina and is at the halfway point

toward Isle Royale National Park. A group of community volunteers and the Thunder Bay Yacht Club built and continue to maintain this sauna. Due north, Nipigon-Red Rock way, on the south side of St. Ignace Island, is another privately owned and maintained sauna. It’s located at the CPR slip at Squaw Harbour and owned by the Dougall Family. In 2013, Liz Harvey-Foulds published an article called “Travels on the inland sea a real trip,” highlighting the sauna there: “A fine welcome awaited us on Wednesday evening as we paddled into the CPR slip,” she writes. “A huge thank you to the volunteers who maintain the sauna and bunk house at CPR slip and to the Dougall family who allow boaters to use the harbour.” According to Sue Hamel, owner and lead guide of Seek Adventure & Tours Inc., there is a Squaw Harbour Fund that helps maintain the sauna and Squaw Harbour facilities. People can donate and contribute to it at the Zechner’s Food Market in Nipigon. All said, Finnish sauna culture has been tied to Lake Superior’s north shore for decades. This culture that was born out of necessity for the labourers of fishing, lumber, and geology has now spilled over into modern-day enjoyment and a place where community comes together. “There’s something more characteristic about the sauna and life on the north shore, and it aligns well with that history of bush camps and people gathering to share their experiences,” says Morralee. He adds that it is also about safety. “It doesn’t only present an opportunity to clean up because the water is so cold, but it’s an emergency back-up so we can warm up.” And let’s be honest, Lake Superior rarely warms up. For the summer weekend warrior, it is a more hospitable way to experience a swim along the north shore. Perhaps a Lake Superior island sauna has become to boaters what après ski is to Nordic culture—the cherry on top. “They’re amazing to come in to see and use at the end of a long sailing day. I would say they’re fantastic to have,” says Heroux. “There should be tonnes more and there should just be an organization that does Superior saunas as their mandate.”


Kari Jamsa The Sauna Builder

Story and photos by Adrian Lysenko


ari Jamsa believes it should be every Finlander’s mission in North America to promote saunas. For the 71-year-old Thunder Bay carpenter, sauna-builder, business owner, and jack-of-all-trades, saunas have always been part of his life. Growing up in Finland he remembers his family gathering in a large sauna. “It would take all day Saturday to heat it up but then you could go there Sunday morning and still could have a sauna there,” he says. Even when his family moved to Thunder Bay in 1957, the tradition continued. “Our big treat was we’d go to the Algoma Steam Bath,” he says. “That was our Saturday trip. We’d go there with Dad and me and my two brothers and we’d weigh ourselves on the big scale (that’s now in the Hoito) to see how much we weighed before we came in and when we came out.” Although it wasn’t many years later before Jamsa began building saunas, he noticed how their popularity started to grow in the 1960s. “The first time when Finland donated a sauna to President Kennedy as a gift—I still have the LIFE Magazine with the article somewhere—that’s sort of a key point when companies started springing up in North America.” With a background in carpentry

going back to 1966, Jamsa began making prefab saunas in 2000, building them in his workshop and then assembling them on location. “I’ve developed my own unique way of building them that’s very easy.” He got the idea when condos were being built on Hilldale Street along with the Chartwell Hilldale Retirement Residence. “A lot of Finlanders wanted to move in there and they were hoping there would be a sauna.” Jamsa built five saunas in the condos and one in the retirement residence. When asked what makes a good

sauna, Jamsa states there are many factors but says the most important thing is that people are proud of it. And if it’s by a lake, that’s a bonus. “If you know some Italians, they say, ‘my wine is the best wine,’ so that’s the way the Finlanders are too. Everybody is proud of their sauna, so you don’t go criticize their sauna, that’s their project that they’ve built,” Jamsa says. “I listened to them and said, ‘You know what? There’s a lot of misconceptions about saunas, I was conceived in a sauna and I was born in a sauna!’ and then they shut up,” he says with

a chuckle. Although lately he’s spending less time building saunas and more on running his new business JASA Spring Water, Jamsa is making a mobile sauna which will be raffled off at this year’s Finn Festival, with all proceeds going toward the Finnish Canadian Cultural Federation. Last year, Jamsa biked from Thunder Bay to Toronto to raise funds but with this year’s festival being here in city he wanted to do something else. “I’m not cycling this year, so I figured I would build a sauna instead.”

The Walleye



SFW Sauna Sausage By Chef Rachel Globensky


grew up in Nolalu, the rural equivalent to the Bay/Algoma area and home to many Finn families. Mailboxes lining the side roads of the village were labelled with names such as Niemi, Maki, Ranta, and Seppala. Contrary to popular belief, “Nolalu” isn’t a Finnish name, but rather an acronym of NOrth LAnd LUmber, where many of the early immigrants to the area worked. Since the mid-70s, my family has lived in a 100-plus-year-old hand-hewn log house on what used to be the Rajala homestead—complete with what looked like a bootlegger’s still and prohibition-era bottles behind the now completely collapsed root cellar. Although our house had running water when I was a kid, we didn’t have an indoor bathroom. What we did have was an outdoor “biffy” that was a good jaunt from the house, and a “honeypot” to use at night. To get cleaned up, three or four evenings a week we’d light the sauna, or, in the summer months, “shower” down the road at Kolehmainen’s Falls. Only when my brother was born in 1984 did we build an indoor bathroom,

complete with a toilet and a shower! During my childhood, the family sauna was a small building located about 50 metres from the house. It was divided into a change room and the sauna room, and both were lit by a single oil lamp that sat in a small window between the two rooms. A large wood-burning sauna stove located in the sauna room pumped out enough heat to keep the change room all right for sitting, too. Some weekend nights, we cooked rings of sauna sausage (sauna lenkki) bought from European Meats, in a cast-iron pan atop the sauna stove rocks (kiuas). As we bathers enjoyed the steam (löyly), the lenkki skin crisped and cracked, as its juice seeped out and sizzled in the pan. When the sausage was cooked through and the steam got too hot for us, we moved to the change room benches. There, chunks of lenkki were doled out and dipped in spicy Finnish mustard (sinappi), and washed down with swigs of snowbank-stashed stubbies of Molson Canadian (or water for the kids). If you’ve never had your meal sizzling along with you in the sauna, you’re missing out!


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Iced Honey Lavender Latte The Habit

Local Experiences. Every Season.

Story by Rebekah Skochinski, Photo by Adrian Lysenko Spring always makes its way somewhat tentatively to us here in the north. April showers bring May flowers to some parts of the country while we often find ourselves still facing surprise snowstorms. However, now that it’s May, it’s pretty safe to say that we’ve made it! Let’s start dreaming of flower blossoms, shall we? To help solidify our spring state of mind (and while we wait for the ground to wake up completely), Kaya at The Habit has created a drink that uses local flavours that taste of the moment. Her Iced Honey Lavender Latte creation consists of creamy whole milk combined with a full-bodied JJ Bean espresso for subtle sweetness and a housemade lavender syrup made of local honey and dried lavender, sugar, and water. It’s a lovely balance of old and new, sweet and light, floral and earthy. Nature’s perfection in a glass! Drink up. The Habit 308 Red River Road 250-918-8686



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Hail Caesar! By Jeannie Dubois, Certified Sommelier


uds are breaking through the bare ground here in the great northwest, so it’s officially time to cross the Rubicon, Thunder Bay, and set our sights on more summer-worthy bevvies! Enter the Caesar, a classic Canadian drink, created in 1969 by Walter Chell, manager of the Calgary Inn (today the Westin Hotel), in order to usher in the hotel’s new Italian restaurant. Sources debate the origins of the cocktail’s name, but my personal favourite account is of a regular British patron who exclaimed, upon trying the concoction, “Walter, that’s a damn good bloody Caesar!” and thus a Canadian legend was born. With an estimated 350 million Caesars

served yearly in Canada, it’s no wonder that May 16 is hailed as National Caesar Day, something worth raising a glass to! While the recipe itself has remained steadfast in its preparation, the one element of the Caesar that has evolved dramatically is the garnish. Ranging from garden variety skewered shrimp, dill pickle, or pepperoni stick to the slightly more eye-raising oyster on the half shell, mini grilled cheese, or pork slider to the wildly extravagant lobster tail, crispy spring roll, or spicy fudge brownie, the sky’s the limit. What will you garnish your Caesar with this May 16? Think:

Classic Canadian Caesar Ingredients: 1 oz vodka 2 dashes hot sauce 4 dashes Worcestershire sauce 3 grinds fresh cracked salt and pepper 4 oz Clamato juice Celery stalk for garnish Lime wedge for garnish Celery salt for rim

Method: Run a lime wedge around the lip of a highball glass and then dip in a plate of celery salt to create rim. Fill glass with ice. Add ingredients in order listed. Stir well and garnish with the celery stalk and lime wedge.

Classic Bloody Mary

(our southern neighbours’ Caesar)


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Ingredients: 2 oz vodka 4 oz tomato juice 2 dashes Tabasco sauce 2 tsp horseradish 2 dashes Worcestershire sauce 1 pinch celery salt 1 pinch black pepper Celery salt for rim Lemon wedge Lime wedges Celery stalk for garnish Parsley sprig for garnish Green olives for garnish

Method: Run a lemon wedge around the lip of a highball glass and then dip in a plate of celery salt to create rim. Fill glass with ice. Squeeze the lemon and lime wedge juice into a shaker and drop the fruit in. Add the remaining ingredients and ice and shake gently. Strain into the rimmed highball glass. Garnish with the parsley sprig, two green olives, a lime wedge, and celery stalk.

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Brew it Yourself


Enjoying Beer in the Great Outdoors By Josh Armstrong, PhD, Certified Beer Judge


think that early May is one of the greatest times of the year to sit outside and enjoy a beer in Northwestern Ontario. Our awful winter weather has finally gone, the spring sun brings new warmth, the black flies have yet to emerge, and you can feel the green coming back into your life. For most beer lovers, the first outside beer of the year brings a great deal of joy and satisfaction. This is especially true for northerners after a long, cold winter. The Norwegians even have a word for the emotional aspect of enjoying the season’s first beer with those closest to you under the springtime sun: utepils (pronounced “OOH-ta-pilz”). Living in Thunder Bay, we have ample outdoor space to utepils. Whether it be in a backyard or on a patio, there are plenty of great outdoor spaces to appreciate a beer with friends under the sun. While

22 The Walleye

we lack a legitimate beer garden in the city, the patio culture in Thunder Bay is growing. With the city now allowing pop-up patios at a number of restaurants and with the Red Lion Smokehouse’s fantastic patio at their new location, times are good for beer lovers in the Lakehead. If I had to pick one style of beer to utepils with, it would have to be a pilsner (or pilsener or pils). Originally developed in the Czech Republic, this pale, golden lager has changed the brewing world. In fact, the style accounts for 95% of global beer volume currently consumed. The two main versions on the pilsner beer style are Czech and German. While both tend to be thirst-quenching, palate-rinsing, and refreshing, the Czech versions typically have a richer malt character and less pronounced hop flavour. The German style pilsners tend to be drier and have a

crisper, more bitter finish. Classic commercial examples of pilsners from Europe include Pilsner Urquell (Czech) and Wernesgrüner (German), both regularly available at the LCBO. Ontario produces many pilsners like Steam Whistle and Bellwoods Brewery’s Paper Tiger and Biergarten. The characteristic ingredients for brewing pilsners include pilsner-style malt, German or Czech hop varieties, clean lager yeast, and soft water (Lake Superior water is perfect for the style). Pilsner malt is lighter in colour than other base malts and adds a wonderful mild, malty-sweet flavour that can remind some people of honey. The European hops add floral and spicy notes in addition to a pronounced yet soft/rounded bitterness. The lager yeast that is used should have good attenuation so that the beer has a clean, crisp, dry finish. This spring we brewed up a Czech-style pilsner called “Czech Your Perception.” The recipe was relatively simple, consisting of pilsner malt and saaz hops (see recipe sidebar). We chose to try Czech Budejovice Lager yeast from White Labs (WLP 802) for the first time. It’s a lager yeast strain from southern Czech Republic and is known to produce dry and crisp lagers with a good average attenuation (80%). We were aiming for a highly sessionable pale beer that pairs nicely with patios, shellfish, salads, and sunshine. Whether drinking your own homebrew or enjoying your favourite commercial pils, I hope that you get the chance to experience utepils this month with your closest friends and family. Prost!

Czech Your Perception – Czech Premium Pale Lager (38 L, all-grain) OG = 1.046 FG = 1.009 IBU = 39 SRM = ~2.9 ABV = 4.6% Water 67 L of Lake Superior Malt Bill 6.75kg Pilsner malt (97.8%) 155 g Acidulated malt (2.2%) Hops 150 g Saaz hops (% alpha acid) with 60 minutes left in the boil 100 g Saaz hops (% alpha acid) with 10 minutes left in the boil 150 g Saaz hops (% alpha acid) for 25 minutes in whirlpool at 80°C Yeast White Labs - Czech Budejovice Lager Yeast WLP802 Instructions Adjust your water chemistry with gypsum, calcium chloride, and Epsom salt. Protein rest for 15 minutes at 50°C. Mash for 60 minutes at 65°C. Boil for 90 minutes, add hops as indicated. After completing the whirlpool, cool wort and pitch yeast. Ferment at 10-12°C, perform a diacetyl rest, and allow beer to age at a cool temperature for a minimum of two weeks before consuming.

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Culture Kitchen

Serving Up Community in Thunder Bay Story by Nancy Saunders, Photos by Noles Dennhardt


ach Wednesday at the newly renovated Roots to Harvest headquarters, subscribers to the Dinner Dash component of the Culture Kitchen program gather to pick up aromatic and mouth-watering offerings. The dishes are prepared by 10 newcomers to Thunder Bay who use traditional ingredients and techniques to share and showcase food from their homelands. Participants of the Culture Kitchen program received seven weeks of training, two days per week, including certification in Safe Food Handling. They then moved

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into providing the Dinner Dash service, where customers sign up for six weeks of meals. The first six weeks proved very successful, and a second session began this month. The women are employed and paid through an Ontario Trillium seed grant. Facilitator Airin Stephens explains that they “identified groups who were facing economic insecurity and social isolation” and targeted them to participate in the program. “The Culture Kitchen has provided a place for women to go, to be a part of the broader Thunder Bay community. When the women

come into the Roots to Harvest kitchen space, it feels like their second home. Tea is made, stories are shared and they are welcomed into the Roots to Harvest community of people,” says Stephens. Participant and cultural and language navigator Aya Wadi explains that the training portion gave the women “the opportunity to improve communication between us, know each other, get used to each other, not have difficulties when working in the kitchen and to start selling the food.” She adds, “most of us are from Arabic countries, mostly from Syria. We just have two others, one from Jordan and one from Morocco.” Wadi works two days a week, while the rest of the participants work on Wednesdays, preparing, cooking, serving, and planning the next week’s dishes. Participants take turns supervising, making

meal plans, choosing their favourite foods to include. Not all of the traditional ingredients, particularly spices, are available in Thunder Bay. “Fortunately, we have a woman here with us, Lubaba Shesho, who makes her own mixtures, so she did one for us. If we have difficulty in finding spices, we always, always ask Lubaba.” Stephens underscores Wadi’s role, stating that “the biggest challenge has been navigating the cultural and language differences. Having [Wadi] has helped me understand the women and the women understand me.” Participant Adoula Ali, who understands Arabic but does not speak it and works with Wadi for interpretation, says her reasons for participating in the program include “being interested in cooking and wanting to learn more skills. I am excited to be part of the Culture Kitchen program. It is a way to be with other people, it helps me to be involved in the community, and let people know about our culture and our food.” “There are few places in Thunder Bay that have welcomed newcomers to be a part of an organization. We have found that by having the newcomer women be a part of Roots to Harvest, we are opening ourselves to new ways of learning, communicating, and understanding diversity in the city,” says Stephens. “Every week I read the women the notes from people that they have made the food for, and they are thrilled that the people of Thunder Bay are liking their food. One woman commented that, ‘through food the people of Thunder Bay will get to know us.’” For more information, visit

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Bay Village Coffee on Court

Same Great Atmosphere at New Second Location By Pat Forrest


ary Mack has been a people person his whole life and, since his early 20s, also a home baker of delicious pastries and desserts. So when he and his husband Alan Forbes started to brainstorm what their next career move would be it seemed a logical choice to look at the possibilities to open up a homey and welcoming café where top-notch coffee, soups and sandwiches, and lots of cakes, cookies, and doughnuts were on the menu. Forbes had worked in management at the casino for almost two decades, while Mack had spent 25 years in social services. It was time for a change for them both. When Bay Village Coffee went on the market, the pair jumped at the chance to fulfill their dream. “We knew we wanted to work for ourselves in a hospitality business,” says Mack. “When we were presented with the opportunity to buy Bay Village Coffee, it felt like the

(L-R) Gary Mack and Alan Forbes planets were aligning.” With a new décor and menu and friendly, well-trained staff, Bay Village Coffee rapidly attracted a strong client base with lots of return customers. Many of their customers worked in the downtown core, though, and didn’t always have the time to make it to Bay Street for a sit-down lunch. That’s what spurred the couple to rent a former hair salon at 18 North Court Street. Bay Village Coffee on Court will offer the same products available at the Bay Street location, but

on Court the focus will be more on takeout, with sandwiches, wraps, baking, and soups on the menu. There will also be a line of Narrow Gate kombucha products available as well as a meeting room and some sit-down space. “We’ll offer the same great atmosphere, food, and beverages, but it will just be more convenient,” says Forbes. “Our goal is to always remember what has made us so popular and that is that we both are outgoing, and we love what we do. All our staff share the same outlook.”

Giving back to the community is one of the main pillars of their business plan. They’ve contributed in a variety of ways to causes that are important to them—for instance, by having cupcake fundraisers, and providing 224 scones with clotted cream and jam to Community Living Thunder Bay, among other activities like selling tickets for community draws and events. Bay Village Coffee on Court is open 8 am–8 pm Monday to Friday, with shorter hours on Saturday. They are closed on Sunday.

The Walleye



Creative Cookies The Vision of the Binocular Baker By Krista Power


haron Peters has always had an interest in baking, and has spent more years than she can count in the kitchen creating delightful confections for friends, family, and community events. After her retirement, Peters decided to expand her passion for baking into a home-based business, and the Binocular Baker was born. Peters creates adorable cookies decorated with almost any image you can imagine, highlighting the originality of the shape of the cookie with icing like a true artist. Her cookies are decorated with royal icing in a variety of colours depending on the design on the cookie. The flavours vary, and Peters says she can decorate anything that can be

28 The Walleye

rolled flat. Lemon, chocolate, and cardamom are just a few of the flavours she uses. A graduate from a masters class in royal icing, Peters has spent a great deal of time learning and honing her skills as a cookie artist. It took about three to five years to be proficienwt in the art of cookie decorating following some courses and training, but one of Peters’ greatest abilities is the art of patience. “Patience is essential and when you are starting out you can’t be too hard on yourself,” she advises. “It can take a lot of time to learn how to get the colours and the shapes just right.” Peters is most often hired to bake for celebrations such as baby

showers, wedding showers, anniversaries, and other special occasions. She has made every kind of cookie you can think of, decorated with images of everything from elephants to a wheel of fortune to images of people. Her most interesting job was for a cookie with the skeletal system of a dog. The challenge is part of the fun for Peters. Her next project is to perfect the art of watercolour art on cookies and use that skill to enhance her dainty delights. If you are looking for the perfect addition to an upcoming event for family and friends or your small business, the Binocular Baker will have an option that will hit your sweet tooth just right. Cookies are priced between $4 and $7 depending on the type and how elaborate the design. Orders are for a minimum of one dozen and you can find some photos of Peters’ creations on Instagram at @sh.peters or contact her by phone at 767-3637 or email to find out more.

The Walleye



▲ Christiana Joy Goetz Fidler and Jordan Blaxill in Clicket ▼ Melissa Tempelman and Annette Pateman in Oakhurst

▲ Richard Pepper and Kevin Cunningham in Letting Go ▼ Gloria Dowton and David Belrose in Memory

Local Writers Telling Stories Through Vibrant Community Animation The Seventh Annual 10x10 Showcase

Story by Michael Sobota, Photos by Marty Mascarin


he Seventh Annual 10x10 Showcase was presented on April 12 and 13 at Magnus Theatre. The showcase is a presentation of ten 10-minute plays by 10 playwrights. But 10x10 is much more than the showcase itself. The 10x10 team (Sheena Albanese, Jessica Krasnichuk, Nicholas Palinka, Jelena Psenicnik, and artistic director Cathi Winslow) offer playwriting workshops, followed by a script submission deadline in January, play and director selection, auditions, casting, rehearsals, and marketing. It is, in a very real, supportive sense,

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vibrant cultural community animation. And Thunder Bay has responded enthusiastically, participating at all stages in the process and supporting the final showcase with sold-out performances. For practical reasons, it is impossible to critique all 10 productions. I will highlight here some of the strengths in this year’s showcase. Susan Rogers, a returning playwright, asked several profound questions in her bright comedy Worth Less. What do we want? What are we worth? Perhaps even, who are we?

The ensemble cast of Sheena Larson, Kelsey Agnew, Colin Stewart, and Donna Simon under Janis Swanson’s direction played the situation straight—that is, for the most part, this big comedy was performed with an adroit light touch. Special kudos to Stewart underplaying the comedy and giving his character a sympathetic, even tragic touch. John Pringle, another returning playwright, skillfully crafted a tone poem about aging, love, and momentary losses. His play, Memory, displayed an acute awareness of daily life in its simple joys and

numerous irritations as we grapple with staying present. Shelby Ch’ng’s Charlotte Lucas was one of several plays that reinterpreted other literary genres. Here Mari Lukkaroinen and Kenneth Horton were beautifully matched in this mild, lusty farce under Sarah Mendek-Walker’s playful yet focused direction. Sue Blott created the perfect atmosphere for both real and existential angst in her play Baggage Check. Director Nadia Cheechoo animated the story of two individuals enroute to the airport but

ultimately finding themselves. Bronson Carver, another returning playwright, sent Hamlet out of sight in his farce Poor Yorick. Thomas McDonald gave his play an exuberant and wickedly delicious staging, guiding Chris Jason, Mary Davis, Eric Laughton, and Kirk Maurer into skillful calisthenics, lusty humour, and perfect timing. Ginette Roy and Barbara Saxberg moved me greatly with their grounded performances in Della Maki Bitove and Katja Maki’s play Who Do You Think You Are? under Julie MacCoy’s deft direction. Kevin Cunningham gave one of the highlight performances of the evening with his thoughtful, focused examination of someone trying to figure out a way forward, a way to be in the world. Credit Michael Lehto’s strong dialogue for that role, and John Condon’s insightful direction of Lehto’s play Letting Go. Annette Pateman gave another of the highlight performances, directly and simply telling us a gut-wrenching story, using John Pateman’s words in his play Oakhurst. Unadorned and free of artifice, her performance came straight through to our hearts. A third highlight performance in

this showcase came from Michael Hinsperger under Amy Poetschke’s direction in Jordan Lehto’s play The Lost House. Both Lehto and Hinsperger are repeat presences in the annual showcase. Lehto’s play uses a journey structure but the kick is that the journey is both physical and internal. Hinsperger captured that duality with understated nervousness and grounding. Amanda Doig’s Clicket received the broadest audience response at the showcase performance I saw. It is a clever satire about sex in its most basic form: how, actually, you do it. “Quill in an inkwell?” “Bee in a honeypot?” Alison Miecznikowski guided a strong ensemble cast of Tara Rowe, Christiana Joy Goetz Fidler and the final highlight performance of this showcase—Jordan Blaxill is a force of nature in his role as a young man determined to get it right on his wedding night. Perfect comic timing and energy. Congratulations to the 10x10 team, especially to Winslow for guiding this through another successful year. Bravo to all the participants in the 2019 Showcase. The success of this is huge, and an important pillar in building a strong culturally diverse Thunder Bay.

▲ Mari Lukkaroinen and Kenneth Horton in Charlotte Lucas ▼ Beverley Gravelle-MacLeod, Barbara Saxberg, Barb Philp, and Ginette Roy in Who Do You Think You Are?




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MOM’s the Word

Cambrian Player Presents a Funny and Heartwarming Season Closer Story by Amy Sellors, Photo by Matt Goertz

(L-R) Leane Shuttleworth, Jennifer Jones, Shannon Vancook, and Mary Davis


hey say that “Mother knows best.” Whether or not that is true, audiences will certainly have the opportunity to learn a great deal about what mothers know in Cambrian Players’ upcoming production of The MOMologues. A comedic, educational, and heartwarming look at the highs and lows in wanting to be a mom, becoming a mom, and all the steps in between, the programming team at Cambrian felt this play would be the perfect way to celebrate Mother’s Day this year. Written by women for women, The MOMologues reflects many different ways of raising a family with no judgement. This play was conceived by director and writer Lisa Rafferty, who searched in vain for a play that offered an honest, funny look at motherhood. Rafferty teamed up some fellow moms, Stefanie Cloutier and Sheila Eppolito, and wrote a show based on stories and experiences of raising children. Not all laughs, this play

32 The Walleye

is a frank look at some of the more challenging sides of motherhood— infertility, miscarriages, and the delivery room. In a realistic and relatable way, The MOMologues broaches topics you might not bring up at the dinner table, or that new moms might be afraid to discuss. In casting this show, director Nathalie Roy searched for excellent storytellers to bring these characters to life. Mary Davis plays Ellen. Sarcastic, full of ideas, and a bit paranoid, Ellen connects with other moms on the playground as they all engage in a bit of friendly competition. Shannon Vancook plays Stef. She cites the “big emotions” as both her favourite part of the show and her biggest challenge. Jennifer Jones and Leane Shuttleworth complete the cast. This play is for mothers, and anyone who has a mother. Why not treat your mother to the theatre? For this show, the Cambrian Players have added a Mother’s Day matinee on May 12 that includes a tea at

intermission, complete with finger sandwiches and little cakes. Some important information: this play deals with strong language and mature content. Having kids and raising a family isn’t always pretty. If you’re thinking of bringing kids to the show, consider that you might have to explain some challenging topics on the drive home. The MOMologues plays at

Cambrian’s new home at 818 Spring Street. Tickets are $20–$25 for evening performances (May 8–11 and 15–18 at 7:30 pm) and $30 for the Mother’s Day matinee (May 12, 2 pm). Purchase tickets at Calico Coffeehouse, Fireweed Crafts, and Eventbrite. Visit Cambrian Player’s Facebook and Instagram pages to learn more.


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A Tale as Old as Time

All the Daze Productions Presents Beauty and the Beast By Michelle Kolobutin


hey are at it again—All the Daze Productions is returning to the stage this spring with their youngest cast of actors to present Disney’s Beauty and the Beast. The cast, consisting of 30 youngsters 7–12 years old, are busy learning the song repertoire, dances, and script. This version of the classic tale follows the popular Disney script, with a young Belle opposite the young prince who is trapped in a spell of disguise as a Beast. If the Beast can learn to love and be loved, the curse will end and he will return to his former self. Beauty and the Beast is the directorial debut for twin sisters Katelyn and Ashley Luoma, who have been mentored over several years by All the Daze production director Marcia Arpin. Together they have been rehearsing the ensemble through a busy 12-week practice schedule. Watching the ensemble practice at the Baggage Building, it is easy to see the energy and excitement among the cast. Madelyn Stewart, a veteran of All the Daze, plays one of the village “silly girls” in the performance and says she loves the stage, the costumes, practicing, and meeting new friends. There are several children who return year

after year to participate, but for others this is the first production, as is the case for Hannah McClelland, who is making her debut in a lead role as Belle. “This is a place where young people develop leadership skills, a strong work ethic, community involvement, and team-building skills while gaining confidence and self-esteem,” shares Arpin. The community’s response to their plays has been outstanding. All the Daze used to perform at the Confederation College theatre, but has since needed to move to a larger venue— Redwood Park Church Auditorium, where they have 500 seats. Recently they sold out their production of Les Miserables at the auditorium, and that cast will be returning for an encore performance on June 18. Beauty and the Beast runs May 30 and 31 at 7:30 pm at Redwood Park Church. To purchase tickets in advance, head to the Baggage Building gift gallery or at the door before the show (if they aren’t sold out yet). Beauty and the Beast is only one of four shows All the Daze is presenting this spring. For details on the other shows visit All the Daze Productions on Facebook.

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FilmTheatre The Second Most Pleasurable Thing We Do In the Dark. A Column About Movies

Sauna Movies

By Michael Sobota

You see it, God, you see it. The innocent child’s death and my revenge. You allowed it. I don’t understand you. Yet now I beg your forgiveness. I know no other way to be reconciled with my own hands. I know no other way to live. -Tore (Max von Sydow) in The Virgin Spring


he sauna experience in movies has been used primarily in two ways: for horror stories or for rituals—that is, a form of cleansing of both body and mind. Here are four movies that include a sauna experience.

The Virgin Spring (1960)

I first saw this movie as a young man in university and it haunts me still. One of Ingmar Bergman’s earliest—and in my opinion, one of his finest—films, it is based on a 13th century Swedish ballad. Karin (Birgitta Valberg), a young woman with wealthy parents, is enroute to town with her step-sister. They are set upon by three goatsmen. While her step-sister escapes, Karin is raped and killed by the herders, who then take her clothes with them. Later, when they turn up at the parents’ home seeking shelter, one of them tries to sell Karin’s dress to the mother. Recognizing the dress, Tore (Max von Sydow) vows vengeance. There is an extraordinary scene outdoors where Tore wrestles with a birch tree in a rainstorm. He wrestles it to the ground. Taking birch branches, he goes into a sauna to cleanse himself before murdering the rapists. All of these sequences are ritualistic, including the murders, which are gruesome (one by stabbing, another by burning, and the third, of a young boy, by throwing him against a wall). Tore questions his faith and God for allowing all this to occur. The film, shot in black and white, is a profoundly moral epic, intimate and simultaneously grand.

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Steam: The Turkish Steam of Life (2010) Directors Joonas Berghäll and Mika Bath (Haman) (1997) While not technically about saunas, this is a movie about a commercially run Turkish bath house, not unlike Kangas Sauna in Thunder Bay. Marta and Francesco are a couple running a design business in Rome. When they receive word that Francesco’s long-forgotten aunt has died in Turkey, leaving him property, he travels to Istanbul to oversee the sale of the bath house. But director and scriptwriter Ferzan Ozpetek is after more than a domestic business transaction. Once in Istanbul, Francesco falls for a handsome man and, discovering his bisexuality, wavers about selling the bath house. Marta arrives and more secrets are revealed. Overlaying the relationship stories is an examination of cross-cultural practices, both ethnic and sexual. Cinematographer Pasquale Mari uses a soft, muted palette, bathing much of the film in a warm glow.

Hotakainen’s documentary gives us the essence of what sauna is. Using an entirely unknown cast of regular Finnish guys, the movie captures them simply hanging out with each other in and around saunas, having extended conversations about birth, life, death, marriage, and existential angst. There is nothing much to do in a sauna other than to break sweat and, occasionally, break the silence with conversation. In the course of an hour and a half we are drawn into this simple intimacy and almost want to be part of these conversations. Each person’s story is different (and some of them are unpleasant) and no effort is made to link them or provide a throughline, other than the commonality of sweating together. The cumulative experience is profoundly touching—much like having a real sauna.

247°F (2011) This is supposed to be a horror movie about two couples who arrive at an isolated camp for a weekend vacation, and for preposterous reasons find themselves locked inside a sauna, unable to escape. Co-directors Leven Bakhia and Beka Jguburia seem to have had serious intentions in making the film. It is not a low-budget porno horror film (all the actors wear bathing suits in the sauna—who does that in real life?), and at the beginning, I took it seriously. Then the plot became both shallow and ludicrous simultaneously and I began to enjoy it as an unintentional comedy. The cast is young and attractive; they are also unknown, and will likely remain so. This is a movie that will not be helped by seeing it on the big screen.

And six more sweaty movies that have one or more sauna scenes: Lost in Translation (2003), O’Horten (2007), Vapor (short – 2010), The Good Son (2011), The Happiest Day in the Life of Olli Mäki (2016), and Sauna (short – 2018).


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From Thunder Bay Art Gallery’s Collection

Journey #15 By Andrea Terry, Acting Curator, Thunder Bay Art Gallery Artist: Rick Rivet Title: Journey #15 Date: 1994 Medium: Acrylic on canvas Dimensions: 165.5 × 348 cm


orn in Aklavik, Northwest Territories, Rick Rivet is an artist who draws on his

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experience growing up in a Métis family who trap, hunt, and fish. Rivet pursued his Bachelor of Arts at both the University of Alberta and the University of Victoria. He then completed his Masters of Fine Arts (1985) and Bachelor of Education (1986) at the University of Saskatchewan. “Journey #15” is an

excellent example of his characteristic style for which he has become internationally known. It is on view at the gallery this month. “Journey #15” is a large-scale, visually captivating painting that showcases Rivet’s exploration of what he refers to as “a MétisCanadian sensibility with modernist concerns.” He explains further, stating, “My work involves combining and reinterpreting the iconography of ancient peoples in a contemporary perspective, using abstract poetic symbolism. Intuition, sensuality, emotive content, and creative thought are all combined in an individualistic consideration of means and method.”

From late 1991 to early 1992, the Thunder Bay Art Gallery hosted a solo exhibition by this artist, entitled Directions: Recent Work by Rick Rivet. In 1998, it acquired “Journey #15” for its permanent collection. In total, the gallery’s holdings include six works by Rivet. The perspective of the imagery is from a bird’s-eye view, meaning that the artist has depicted two rowers travelling along an expansive field of greens, blues, and whites from an elevated perspective, as a bird might see it. The rich tonal variations, accents, and textures deserve to been seen in person, so please visit the gallery and take this in painting at your leisure.

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TheArts of friends in founder Maelyn Hurley’s parents’ home in 2014 has blossomed to an event featuring 200-plus artisans, in 26 different venues, with upwards of 50 performers. Over the past five years, each event has seen an increase in both artisans and venues, and the event now draws in the range of 3,000-plus people to the Waterfront District and the Bay Algoma Neighbourhood. New this season is a free shuttle bus—generously sponsored by The Creative Studio, the Waterfront District, Bay Algoma Neighbourhood, and CILU 102.7 FM—that lets visitors park and ride, allowing a seamless transportation experience around Port Arthur (and with the rumour of some good onboard music too!). The Craft Revival is all about valuing the community where we live, work, and play. “We value the inclusive and open artisan community and the vibrancy they exude,” says Hurley. “Craft and culture go hand in hand, and we celebrate the items

Meet the Local Makers

The Craft Revival Returns for its Spring Event Story by Sarah Kerton, Photos by Patrick Chondon


hunder Bay loves a good craft show—so much so that the Craft Revival has gained stunning popularity. As Thunder Bay’s largest artisan takeover event, it is an opportunity for local appreciators of arts and crafts to spend a day interacting with Thunder Bay’s creative

community. Locals can meet the makers and learn more about their crafts, as well as shop for unique items in a lively environment that is approachable for everyone, full of music, performance art, and delicious eats. What began as a small gathering


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TheArts created by individuals as well as the performances and experiences.” She adds, “It is a great platform for people who are just starting out, as well as our long-time artisans.” What lies in the Craft Revival’s future? The economic impact has been significant and has led to partnerships with Thunder Bay Tourism to assist in promoting the event to a broader audience. Hurley and her right-hand organizer, Kara Pratt (a past vendor who reached out to assist with the organic growth of the event) think perhaps becoming a not-for-profit organization is next, as well as using the event as a platform to assist vendors throughout the year with workshops on topics like social media and how to make their table stand out. We’ll see you there.

Various locations May 5, 10 am–5 pm

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(L-R) Armand Ruffo and Norval Morrisseau

Man Changing into Thunderbird Norval Morrisseau Exhibition Explores Trajectory of Artist’s Life By Ayano Hodouchi Dempsey


ntil May 19, the Thunder Bay Art Gallery is hosting an exhibition of Norval Morrisseau’s works from its permanent collection. The gallery has 117 works by the “Picasso of the North,” (also known by the powerful name Copper Thunderbird) acquired over the years from people in the region who purchased or were gifted his paintings, prints, and drawings. “The exhibition charts Morrisseau’s development as an artist in the 60s, and features paintings from the 60s through to the 90s so that visitors might see how the artist honed his practice over several decades,” says curator Andrea Terry. For those looking to gain deeper insight into these works, writer and poet Armand Ruffo’s biography Norval Morrisseau - Man Changing into Thunderbird may prove instrumental. Ruffo read excerpts of his book at an event at the gallery on April 14, providing background to the displayed works. Ruffo, who is of Ojibway heritage, recalls

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seeing Morrisseau’s work for the first time as a young man. “It was amazing, because he was affirming Anishnaabe culture, and that was just... wow,” he says. "When you’re young, that’s what you need—you need role models, you need affirmation, and for generations we never had that,” he adds. “We’ve always been marginalized. Our culture was never validated; it was looked at as primitive in a very negative way, and here was this guy doing this work. It wasn’t like today—you couldn’t go to an art gallery like the National Gallery and see Indigenous painters. You couldn’t go to a bookstore and buy Indigenous authors.” Since Morrisseau’s death 12 years ago, his work has been celebrated, despite charges that some of his work may be forged. “His best work is only becoming more and more valuable, not only in monetary terms, but also culturally,” says Ruffo. What’s important, he says, is that all the trauma of Morrisseau’s life—the abuse in residential school

and various addictions that plagued his life—gets left behind and does not become what defines him as an artist. “When we stand in front of his art, that’s what we see, and that is something that is enduring, that is something that affirms Indigenous

culture in the greatest way. I think that it’s something for the whole country to celebrate, especially Indigenous people.” For more information, visit

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DIY Studio

Create Your Own Masterpiece By Wendy Wright


oming in May is a unique experience to put on your Thunder Bay to-do list—DIY Studio, a paint-your-own-pottery studio and café. At a paint-your-own-pottery studio, you choose a pre-made but unpainted piece of pottery to paint from a vast selection that ranges from kitchenware to figurines to children’s items. At DIY Studio, they have an extensive collection of paints, stencils, brushes, and stamps to get creative with, and someone is always on hand to help with ideas or colour schemes. Once the piece is painted, it is left at the shop to be fired in the kiln, with turnaround time being about a week. DIY Studio’s owner, Hannah Sears, is a first-time business owner as well as being a newcomer to Thunder Bay and a new mom. Sears and her family moved from New Brunswick for Sears’ husband’s career a few years ago. While working at another job, she knew she wanted to start her own business and started planning, researching, and observing her new city to see what a good fit might be. A friend in Moncton started a DIY Studio business that grew quickly and became a huge success for the area. After getting to know Thunder Bay and seeing some similarities, Sears decided to try the

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same thing here. DIY Studio is a family affair, with Sears’ husband helping as well— incorporating her family into any business endeavour she was going to take on was one of her first considerations while researching ideas. With additional help from her friend in New Brunswick and new friends in the city, DIY Studio in Thunder Bay is now set to open this month. The large, open main space accommodates small to large groups and drop-ins are welcome. Located at 71 South Algoma Street, DIY Studio is a fun place for a girls’ night, date night, or birthday party in the private party room, and Sears strives to make any event wok— even if that event is just an afternoon to relax on your own. Coffee, tea, baked goods, and kid-friendly snacks will be available in the café thanks to partnerships with St Paul Roastery, International House of Tea, and Pineapple Express. These local collaborations are an important principle for Sears and her husband. “I have found Thunder Bay business owners very helpful,” she says. Make some time to unplug and create a masterpiece at DIY Studio. For more information, visit or find them on Instagram @diystudiotbay.

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Framing Beauty North River Photography

Story by Ashley Crompton, Photos by Andy Beaver


hen cheese gets its picture taken, what does it say? Local photographer Andy Beaver (aka North River Photography) would likely know. Although Beaver is only 22 years old, he has already been sharing his skills for two years now. He started with his phone, taking small candid photos and exploring the beauty around him. He soon found passion in the career and graduated to a Canon Rebel camera, which he says is “one perfect camera for landscapes.” Education is very important to Beaver—it’s what brought him to Thunder Bay, where he currently studies at the Matawa Education and Care Centre. “Everyone was telling me, ‘get your education’ and so on so I decided to take that advice,” says Beaver. “I’ve been in school here for three years now.” He has been practicing the art of editing and photo merging. In Beaver’s future he plans on expanding into his own studio and travelling to Iceland, which is his dream location for photography. Beaver is inspired by all the beautiful landscapes and wildlife of his home, Nibinamik (Summer

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Beaver), located 530 km north of Thunder Bay. As Beaver’s favourite subject is hard to capture, he feels like he lives in the wilderness. “Everything there is living as a family…it helps give me strength,” he says. “Basically my plan is to show people how precious things are.” Beaver uses photography to capture particular moments in the ever-changing scenery of the northern landscape, “just taking pictures and seeing how beautiful the landscape is.” Rather than choosing a focus for a picture, he says it “calls out” to him. “There is this one picture of a loon couple that wasn't really scared of me,” he says. “I was able to get amazing pictures of them.” To those just starting out, photography can be really intimidating at times. Beaver suggests beginners should “go out and take pictures, don't stop, just keep taking pictures,” As North River Photography, Beaver also does side jobs that include portraits and weddings. He is very proud of his work and continues to strive for his success to further his career and his passion. For more information visit


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Fast-Paced, Grass-Diving Fun Thunder Bay Ultimate Turns 10

Story by Kat Lyzun, Photos by Patrick Chondon


ight years ago, Rita Murphy was a new kid in town, doing a placement at the hospital and looking for a way to meet people. Her second weekend in the city she played her first-ever game of ultimate at a just-for-fun tournament and that was it: she was completely hooked. “I like to say that my falling in love with ultimate coincided with my falling in love with Thunder Bay,” says Murphy, who is now vice-president of Thunder Bay Ultimate, the not-for-profit organization that coordinates and promotes league play in the city. “Everyone was so welcoming and the sport has such a natural camaraderie.” So what exactly is “ultimate”? Well, it is not disc golf (Murphy kindly assures me people often make that mistake). That’s also fun, but it’s not the fast-paced, grass-diving team sport that is ultimate. Ultimate is played on a field similar to soccer, with players on each side trying to score by catching a pass while in their opponent’s end zone. What makes it truly unique is that players govern themselves through a concept called Spirit of the Game, which emphasizes sportsmanship and respect in the absence of a referee. That’s not

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as easy as it sounds: games get intense, and fouls and disagreements happen. Keeping your cool takes real effort. “Ultimate isn’t refereed at any level,” Murphy explains. “It means you have to keep your head on straight and be mindful of your feelings even when there’s high competition. That’s not to say we don’t want you to play hard. We do!

It’s a really active, fun sport.” Ultimate is played competitively around the world and growing in popularity every year. Lakehead University’s women’s team won the Canadian University’s Ultimate II championship this past October, a huge accomplishment and a first for Lakehead. Thunder Bay Ultimate is a big supporter of the university athletes, furthering the sense of

community within the sport. In their 10th year, the organization is focused on building up the league and connecting with the broader community. For the first time they are offering a youth league for Under 12 and Under 15, coached by some of their top players. The summer league is now called Trailblazers, honouring players like Tom Newman who made

Outdoor important contributions to the growth of ultimate in Thunder Bay. The league also donates a portion of its profits to a local organization that represents a trailblazer for community enhancement. Last year it was Roots to Harvest; this year it will be Hospice Northwest. “What I love most about the sport is that the most fundamental rule is Spirit of the Game. It flows so obviously in our league–that respect for the integrity of all players,” Murphy says. “We hope to introduce more people to the game.”

Ultimate: The Basics

The Field: A rectangular shape with end zones at each end. A regulation field is 70 yards by 40 yards. Played locally at: Lakehead University, Fort William Stadium, various high school fields Equipment required: Disc, athletic shoes or cleats, and good attitude. Number of players on the field: Seven per team How to play: Each point begins with both teams lining up in front of their end zone lines. The defense throws or “pulls” the disc to the offense. Each time the offense completes a pass in the defense’s end zone, the offense scores a point. The disc can be advanced in any direction by completing a pass to a teammate. Players cannot run with the disc. The person with the disc (“thrower”) has ten seconds to throw the disc. When a pass isn’t completed (e.g. out of bounds, dropped, intercepted) the defense gets the disc and becomes the offense. Play continues until the set number of goal points (usually 15) is reached. For more information on Thunder Bay Ultimate leagues, season, and schedules, visit their Facebook page or

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Stuff We Like For The Sauna

By Rebekah Skochinski



he sauna is an institution in Thunder Bay. No question. Part ritual, part relaxation, it’s something everyone does here year-round, whether there is a cold lake nearby to jump into or not! We’ll also school newcomers ever so nicely on the correct way to pronounce it: it’s sow-na, not saw-na. Now that that’s out of the way, are you ready to strip down and get sweaty? Here’s Stuff We Like for the Sauna.

Dog Lake Firewood

3079 Dog Lake Road One of the best things about the sauna experience is the snap, crackle, and pop from the woodstove. The problem is, not all of us have a forest in our backyard. Good thing Dog Lake Firewood has white birch for sale by the cord so that we can keep the sauna home fires burning for as long, and as hot, as we please.

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Copper Mug

The Kitchen Nook

168 South Algoma Street Technically this is a Moscow Mule mug, but we won’t look a gift mule in the mouth, because copper is great at keeping cold things cold. Fill it with whatever you like: a cocktail, iced tea, beer, or a refreshing glug of Lake Superior’s finest H20.


Body Wash Hygge Loft

286 Bay Street A bar of soap can be slippery. Stay sauna safe with this gorgeous body wash from Juniper Ridge. Their 100% natural fragrances are wildcrafted and smell absolutely lush. We like Coastal Pine for its notes of citrusy conifer, resinous pine, and clean, crisp air. Forest + bathing = ahhhh. (And shhh, don’t tell our hairdresser, but we’ll even use this on our locks in a pinch.)


Sauna Bucket Set Finnport

290 Bay Street There will never be a hole in your bucket with this lovely bucket set from Rento Pisara. Made from an ecological biocomposite that consists of renewable pulp fibres and clean plastic polymers, the items are pleasant to the touch, and make an excellent choice to withstand the heat and humidity of the sauna. We can’t get enough of the clean lines and cool colours. Plus, they’re recyclable!



290 Bay Street Why should you be the only thing cooking in the sauna? It may sound (and look) a little peculiar, but stuffing a sausage of your choosing into this soapstone cooker means that you can sit down next to your supper. It sizzles, you sizzle, everyone’s a weiner!



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Vintage Tote Kangas Sauna

370 Oliver Road As you know, wearing anything other than your birthday suit in the sauna is strictly verboden. However, if you’re not comfortable going full Finn, we’ve got you covered. Literally. These super fun vintage totes (originally distributed in the 70s!) come with a bench towel and wrap, and hail from Finland. Like so many good things.


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Sauna Sausage Cooker

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Pour La Saveur

A Different Way of Choosing Your Cannabis By Justin Allec


ow do you choose your strains? Do you go by price? THC content? What has a cool name? This is a big question, one that the cannabis industry is very interested in, and which is especially difficult for consumers in Thunder Bay to answer as we don’t have access to a brick and mortar store. It’s a question that touches on branding, familiarity, and, given the way the industry is going, taste. Cannabis is an incredibly complex plant, and there’s a lot more going on with it than the simple indica/sativa binary that’s been the

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marketing focus thus far. Get ready to hear an awful lot about terpenes. If THC and CBD are the engine, terpenes are the actual vehicle for your journey. They are aromatic hydrocarbons found in the essential oils of many plants, such as conifers and citrus trees, but cannabis has oodles of them. Research has identified more than a hundred different terpenes in cannabis, and each one does something different. Terpenes are stored in the same glands of the plant as cannabinoids like THC and CBD, and are responsible for a strain’s smell and taste.

Let’s look at an example: Ghost Train Haze. But let’s get even more particular, and look at WeedMD’s strain. This strain, which typically has close to 20% THC and minimal CBD, has 13 prominent terpenes. The biggest one is beta-Pinene (around 28%), a terpene found in other plants like dill, parsley, and basil. Though we covet those plants for their flavour, surprise, they also have medicinal benefits, too. Pinene is being researched as an “anti”-terpene: anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, and antiproliferative (which means it

slows the spread of cancer cells). It also increases memory retention. Interestingly, beta-Pinene can actually block some of the effects of THC, which means that Ghost Train Haze will induce less paranoia in the consumer. Of course, by consuming this strain you’re also getting the benefits of the other 12 terpenes, each of which has their own molecular makeup and which will interact with each other—what’s known as “the entourage effect.” Things get more complicated when you look at other brands of Ghost Train Haze. In addition to WeedMD, the Ontario Cannabis Store has three other brands available: Indiva, Aurora, and High Tide. Each brand’s description lists fairly similar terpenes, but there’s no telling how they’re ordered or what percentage of the terpene entourage they make up. They’re all the same strain genetically, but different terpenes become prominent due to growing conditions and harvesting practices. They’re all selling the same thing, but the differences are subtle. We’re definitely at a disadvantage when it comes to choosing cannabis online, but luckily there’s plenty of resources online that have done the homework for you. Additionally, a good rule to follow is that if a strain smells good to you, you’ll probably enjoy it. So when it comes to choosing your next strain, ignore the percentages, and follow your nose.

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Kumbaya Kombucha It Will Grow On You

Story by Ashley Crompton, Photo by Marty Mascarin


ocal kombucha brewmaster Bryce Epp has found that the industry has really been growing. Epp got started making kombucha four years ago, when a friend introduced him to its health benefits. “Digestive health is number one,” Epp says. “It has digestive enzymes to help process your food. It’s the same philosophy of people drinking red wine with meals. Fermented grapes have the enzymes to help digest that food. Kombucha is the same thing.” Epp adds, “Also the B vitamins; you get B12, B3 so you get the natural yeast. With people being vegan these days and looking for sources of B12, kombucha is great”. Kombucha is made with steeped organic loose leaf green and black tea (Epp’s is supplied by International House of Tea) combined with symbiotic culture of bacteria and yeast (aka SCOBY), which is then allowed to ferment for a week to a month depending on the environment. The result is a tart, fizzy drink with a flavour range that becomes infinite depending on the creative mind. Kumbaya Kombucha’s most popular flavour is ginger and seasonal blueberry. Epp uses many organic products in the flavour step of making his kombucha and takes the remaining fruit to make his homemade fruit roll-ups. Along with the fermented drink,

Kumbaya Kombucha also sells kimchi, a traditional Korean fermented vegetable dish, which they make with organic produce from local vendors. “I’ve been a fan of kimchi for awhile. I had been buying it from Safeway and just through luck I met Cuc [Cuc Nguyen, now the head chef of Kumbaya Kombucha] and she offered to help me make it,” Epp says. They have been sampling the kimchi with The Sapling Bakery’s chips. Epp has found kimchi has made a great impression on Thunder Bay residents. Epp and Nguyen are planning on adding more traditional foods further on in the future. Kumbaya Kombucha has been at the Thunder Bay Country Market for a year and a half now, along with a store after the business flourished at the market. Epp is planning on staying with the market for a long time due to the community and atmosphere there. “My dream is to get it out into the community,” says Epp. He is also excited to announce he and Nguyen will be offering free classes on how to brew your very own kombucha; in the future, they will also offer classes on kimchi making. Visit Kumbaya Kombucha at 320 May Street or downstairs at the Thunder Bay Country Market. For more information visit their website at

Starting Fresh

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This is Thunder Bay Interviews by Nancy Saunders, Photos by Laura Paxton This month, we asked The Walleye readers to tell us about their most memorable sauna experience.

Matt: I really don’t have a memorable sauna experience, no. I’m not really a sauna person. I prefer hot tubs over saunas.

Phil: I would have to say my most memorable sauna experience was several

years ago at my friend’s camp, out at Pike Lake. I definitely love saunaing. He’s Finn and has a sauna at his grandparents’ camp. Years ago we would go there in the summer and have a sauna and then jump in the lake, and it was always a bit of a contest to see who could stay out in the lake the longest, and I’m proud to say it was usually me. But yeah, sometimes it was him. And it was always fun to see who could also last longest in the sauna, and it was usually him for that.

Madison: We like to have saunas at our house and we invite all our friends over,

and one of the things we like to yell when it gets very hot in the sauna is, “Toivo, your sauna is hotter than hell!” And that’s when it’s the hottest. It’s wonderful.

Clay: There was one time I was taking a sauna with my friends—back at my

mom’s house when I was growing up we had one—and we’d always run out and jump in the snow. My mom has these rock gardens all over the yard, and so there was a little metal solar lantern hiding underneath the snow, and on my first step as I was dashing into the yard I stepped right on it and put a huge gash into the bottom of my foot. I ended up having to go to the hospital and getting, I forget how many stitches, like seven in the bottom of my foot. And, I remember once we were polar bear swimming and the lake had started breaking up. There was a sandbar in the bay, and we had to drag a canoe out kind of across the ice. And then paddle across a section of open water to get to the next section of ice, to get to the next hole, then go back to the sauna.

58 The Walleye

Jukka: One of the recent most memorable sauna experiences was introducing Tara

Slone with Rogers Hometown Hockey to a bit of Finnish history followed by a sauna at my friend Pat’s place on Superior on a frosty January morning. We had her film crew rolling as she was jumping in the lake… she forgot everything we’d done during our dry run and had a rather entertaining and bouncy entry into Lake Superior, followed by an equally hilarious and rapid exit from the lake. I 1-888-266-8004 @pattyhajdu

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CityScene School to Boulevard Lake, where they will begin the 3 or 5 km walk. Along with the memorial wall, a flower release ceremony will offer a chance for participants to honour and remember loved ones. There will also be some great prizes for hikers and some fantastic raffle prizes, including a 50/50 draw with a potential pot of $5000, a vacation raffle with the top prize of a WestJet trip for two, and $1000 Visa card. People can get involved by registering online at hikeforhospicetbay. ca or by calling the office at 6265570, ext. 5573. They can also show up at the early registration day on May 3 from 9 am to 7 pm at Hike for Hospice’s office at 63 Carrie Street. Final registration will be at St. Ignatius High School from 12:30 to 1:30 pm on the day of the hike.

Hike For Hospice’s Surprise A Spark of Joy for Walkers By Ashley Crompton


he annual Hike for Hospice has a special treat this year for walkers: a butterfly memorial wall, created by Luc Despres of Despres Metal Artwork. On the morning of the hike on May 5, the memorial wall, which measures over one metre in height and three metres in length, will be placed temporarily on the retaining wall by Boulevard Lake (between the tennis courts and the dam) and then taken down after the hike. It will be erected in its permanent location in the butterfly garden off Adelaide Street sometime in June, when the ground is thawed enough to pour the concrete base. “This wall will be a permanent structure at Boulevard Lake so that during the walk people can pause and reflect, tie a ribbon on the wall. But it’s also going to be there yearround for folks to sit and reflect on somebody they may have lost,” says Cherie Kok, executive director of Hike for Hospice. Ribbons will be provided for people to tie around the wings of a butterfly in memory

60 The Walleye

of their loved ones fighting or a loved one who has passed away. Dan Fulton is excited for the piece to be installed. The memorial wall contains a butterfly for his mother Joyce, a longtime volunteer with Hospice Northwest. One can see her name written on the butterfly reaching out of the wall’s borders. Hike for Hospice Palliative Care is a nationwide event, hosted by hospices and palliative care organizations across the country, that takes place annually on the first Sunday of May. Kicking off National Palliative Care Week, the event raises awareness and funds to ensure individuals living with a life-threatening illness and their family members receive support at no charge. The event will have lots of entertainment, including musicians Robin Ranger and the Thunder Mountain Women’s Drumming Group. There will also be face painters, clowns, and a children’s area. A bagpiper will lead the hikers across the street from St. Ignatius High

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CityScene inaugural memorial walk was held in Thunder Bay in 2010. About 200 people attend each year—some returning families, and some new. “The scary thing,” Hajdinjak says, “is that there are new people every year.” Her hope is that the walk help erase the stigma around mental health and let people know it’s okay to come out and say “I lost someone to suicide,” while helping them celebrate the lives of the loved ones they have lost. “It’s not going to stop it, but I think it’s going to help take that stress off the people who have lost someone to be able to talk about it,” she says. “I think if I would have lost my son to a car accident or cancer more people would have said ‘that’s really horrible.’ When it’s suicide,

Erase the Stigma

Out of the Darkness Memorial Walk By Deanne Gagnon


n November 2005, Margaret Hajdinjak experienced every parent’s worst nightmare: her son Steven took his own life. He was 26 years old. It was this tragedy that inspired her to bring the Out of the Darkness Memorial Walk to Thunder Bay. “A few years after his death, I went to New York City, and they were holding a walk there,” she says. “I flew to New York by myself and

62 The Walleye

went to this walk and it was just so powerful. It was an amazing experience, just to walk in remembrance of somebody. Even though you don’t know the people around you, you still felt connected to somebody.” Moved by the experience, Hajdinjak returned to Thunder Bay and approached Leadership Thunder Bay about doing a Community Action Project. With their support and help from volunteers, the

they don’t know what to say.” The afternoon will feature guest speakers, including an opening prayer by Rev. Hugh Walker and a talk by Scott Chisholm with the Collateral Damage Project, performers, and mental health education booths in addition to the 3 km walk around the grounds at Confederation College. There is also a memorial wall where people can post pictures of loved ones or write their loved ones’ name on a butterfly.

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A Newfoundland Experience The East Coast Taste of Newfoundland Fundraiser Kicks Off By Neil Burke


fter Janice Pampu visited Newfoundland, she was intent on bringing some of the province’s culture back to Thunder Bay. The result is the very first Taste of Newfoundland fundraiser, taking place on May 11 at the Port Arthur Royal Canadian Legion Branch #5, starting at 7 pm. The fundraiser is to raise money for a barrier-free washroom in the club room. When visiting her sister and brother-in-law in Newfoundland, Pampu was served a Jiggs dinner, which the entertainment chair for the Legion describes as “Newfoundland style salted beef.” She adds that “the beef is cured, meaning it lasts for a long time. It’s also boiled to get rid of some salt and fat. The meal also comes with root vegetables, like carrots, potatoes, turnips and cabbage, and is

64 The Walleye

served with stuffing and gravy.” Besides the Jiggs dinner, there will also be what Newfoundlanders call a “screech-in” ceremony, in which attendees will be invited to take a shot of Screech (Newfoundland rum), kiss a cod, and perform a recitation, and “at the end of it, each person will become an honorary Newfoundlander with an authentic certificate,” says Pampu. The screech-in ceremony will be followed by traditional East Coast music from the band Quest. Tickets are $25 each, but there are only 150 available, so get them while they’re hot.

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James Ellard

Tech Works Here Campaign Aims to Grow Region’s Tech Workforce By Kris Ketonen


ooking for a job in tech? You may not have to look too far— opportunities abound right here in Northwestern Ontario.That’s the message of the Northwestern Ontario Innovation Centre’s (NOIC) new Tech Works Here campaign. “We need to fuel some tech talent and get people aware that there are some opportunities,” says Judy Sander, NOIC manager. “I counted

in the last two client surveys that we did [that] there are 100 new tech jobs in the last two years from our clients alone,” she says. “This isn’t unique. This need for tech is everywhere.” The Tech Works Here campaign hopes to help build the tech workforce in the city and region, thereby helping to meet that demand. The campaign itself is built around five “tech heroes” who work in the


region, says James Ellard, NOIC’s marketing and branding specialist. “They’ve done some really cool stuff with tech,” Ellard says. “We wanted to feature them and what they’re doing. They can kind of give the message to people that they can do it themselves, here. Tech exists here, and it’s a viable career choice.” The five tech heroes and their stories are featured on a series of ads, as well as on the techworkshere. ca website, Ellard says. The other part of the Tech Works Here campaign took place in Thunder Bay elementary school classrooms: professionals working in tech fields—everything from coding to GIS to biotech—visited students


in more than 40 Lakehead Public Schools classes this year, Sander says. “The response at the schools was outstanding, both from the teachers and the students, but also from our entrepreneurs and our tech people that went in,” she says. “They were so pumped.” Adds Ellard: “They said it was really fun to connect with the students and interact with them,” Sander says the NOIC hopes to expand the campaign next year, and bring the Tech Works Here message to more even more classrooms. For more information, visit, or contact the Northwestern Ontario Innovation Centre.


Write NOWW LitFest 2019

Two Days of Literary Celebrations By Marcia Arpin


orthwestern Ontario Writers Workshop (NOWW) will give people the chance to meet Canadian author Deborah Ellis at this year’s Write NOWW LitFest. Young readers will recognize Ellis’ books as their favourites and many of her titles are studied in classrooms. For adults, she is a familiar name in Canada as an award-winning international bestselling author of more than 30 books for children. Among the many awards she has won are the Governor General’s Literary Award, Sweden’s Peter Pan Prize, and the Vicky Metcalf Award for Children’s Literature for a Body of Work. She has also been named to the Order of Canada. “She is so humble,” organizer Jean E. Pendziwol says. “I just emailed her and asked for her to come and she agreed.” The evening event with Ellis will take place on May 10 at the Thunder Bay Art Gallery. Ellis will speak about her bestseller The Breadwinner, which debuted as a feature film produced by Angelina Jolie in 2017. She will also share her passion as a feminist and a peace activist. It is this devotion that

helped pen her variety of beautiful works of fiction and non-fiction about children all over the world. All ages are invited to attend to be inspired as writers, readers, and human beings. Participants will be invited to ask questions of the author and engage in conversation. On May 11, Ellis will facilitate a writing workshop at Mary J.L. Black Library that will look at how to shape stories, how to bring the larger world into the smaller world of a child, and how to keep a child's point of view at the centre of the story. The author will complete her visit to Thunder Bay as the keynote speaker at a gala event celebrating writing excellence in Northwestern Ontario. The night’s festivities will feature the musical accompaniment of Masoud Manzouri playing the Tar and Maryam Amini playing the Kamancheh. This will be followed by a formal program announcing the winning entries from the 21st Annual NOWW Writing Contest, and the presentation of the Kouhi and Phillips Awards and a 10x10 Showcase play. For more information visit

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Wall Space

Stitching Through Time Stitches By SC

Story and Photos by Leah Morningstar


he initials SC in “Stitches by SC” come from Rosslynn Manduca’s Fort William Historical Park character, Sally Collin. Manduca spent many summers in costume, sitting quietly with a needle and thread in hand, speaking to tourists as Miss Collin, a delightful young woman gifted in the art of embroidery. Manduca no longer works at the park and doesn’t answer to Miss Collin anymore, but the name lives on in Stitches by SC. She currently works from home as a stay-athome mom, but carves out time each day to work on her craft. Her home is littered with very obvious signs of a child on the premises. It’s not messy, but it’s clearly a child-friendly environment—that is, until you pass over the threshold

68 The Walleye

and enter the “the office.” Aside from little bits of embroidery on children’s clothing, Manduca’s office is a child-free oasis. It’s tidy and organized, yet bursting with supplies: needles, thread, embroidery hoops, yards and yards of recycled fabric, countless scissors and tools, as well as inspirational art and sentimental items. For instance, a hand-embroidered Lord’s Prayer is framed and hung on the wall: a very important piece made by Manduca’s great-grandmother almost 80 years ago. There’s also a commemorative plate depicting the Rosslyn Village church, which holds a bit of sentimentality: Manduca was actually named after Rosslyn Village. “My parents really liked the name but wanted to be a bit different too

so they added an extra ‘n’ to my name,” she says. Manduca’s office is in the front of the house; a big window lets the sunshine pour in, lighting up every tiny stitch and detail. Behind a spacious desk and covering almost the entire wall is a huge pegboard. It’s full of tools, scissors, hoops, thread, zippers, and even flashlights. It’s important for each tool to be ready the moment it’s needed. It’s also important for Manduca to seek out and find recycled fabric at yard sales and thrift shops. “There’s just so much unused fabric out there. Each bit of fabric I add to my collection was a treasure waiting to be found and given new life!” As for her subject matter, Manduca tends to be inspired by our local geography, funny puns,

religious themes, and hilarious off-colour humour. If you find yourself offended by one of the designs featuring a big bold curse word, you might feel more comfortable with a delightful design inspired by a hymn, such as “It is well with my soul.” If you’d rather avoid both themes, Manduca has a lot of designs featuring Lake Superior and other local Canadiana. She is also more than willing to take commissions. It’s always encouraging and exciting to watch young people explore art. It’s doubly exciting to learn that this art is a family tradition, passed down from generation to generation. Manduca is already looking forward to the days when she can share this passion with her own children. Manduca will be at the Craft Revival on May 5 from 10 am to 5 pm at Red Lion Smokehouse. To see more of her work, find her on Instagram.




stories online



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Creative Jamboree Committee Member and Choreographer Marnie Wolowich practices the mass routine with students from Agnew H. Johnston Public School

Friendship, Love, and Unity Creative Movement Jamboree By Tiffany Jarva


ll You Need is Love” floats from the Agnew H. Johnston elementary school gym at lunch recess. There are over 50 students moving their bodies to a medley of Beatles’ tunes, creating hearts with their hands. “Try showing the moves as BIG as you can,” instructs teacher Marnie Wolowich, her arms lifting into the air. “And don’t forget to smile!” The room immediately brightens with wall-to-wall smiles.

70 The Walleye

This year marks the 30th anniversary of Lakehead Public School’s Creative Movement Jamboree—a unique non-competitive evening showcasing students from the city’s elementary public schools moving to music, with up to 800 local students participating, and over 1,000 spectators. “My favourite part of the Jamboree is that it encourages kids to get involved in something,” says

teacher Jen Kashuba. “It’s for those kids who may not want to play sports, or those who may not have an opportunity to take dance. It’s inclusive. Anyone can join, including special needs kids.” Wolowich agrees. “Everybody makes the team.” Both Wolowich and Kashuba are longstanding Jamboree committee members responsible for choreographing the mass routine for all participating schools. Each school also creates their own choreography— this year Agnew will be creating a piece to Queen. All practices are held during non-school times and are run on a volunteer basis. “The kids really do enjoy it and look forward to it year after year,” says Kashuba, who is in her 19th year

as a volunteer. “It really does create lasting memories.” “It’s really not so much about the exact dance steps,” explains Wolowich. “It’s about moving to music. I get excited. The night of the performance I get butterflies seeing them. It’s like watching a kaleidoscope on the floor.” It’s also a huge night to give back to the community says Kashuba. Donations are collected for Shelter House as well as the Lakehead Public Schools Foundation (formerly known as the Lakehead Learning Foundation). Creative Movement Jamboree: 30 Years in Motion takes place at the Fort William Gardens on May 16th at 6:30 pm.

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Finns Outside of Finland By Alex Ross, Senior Data Analyst, Northern Policy Institute


s The Walleye’s cover story this month takes a look at saunas, NPI has put together some statistics on the Finnish population and language in Thunder Bay. As you may know, there is a high proportion of Finnish people in the Thunder Bay District—11.04% according to the 2016 census. As a matter of fact, the Thunder Bay District represents the highest proportion of Finns in all of Canada, with Greater Sudbury and Algoma districts in second and third place. Figure 1 shows that among the top ten districts ranked by

percentage of population self-identifying as being of Finnish ethnic origin, northern Ontario encompasses seven out of the 10 districts, and northern Ontario alone makes up 23% of the total Finnish population in Canada. In addition to having the highest proportion of people with Finnish ethnic origin, Thunder Bay District also has the highest population of Finns in Canada at 15,785, compared to the Greater Vancouver district in second place at 14,085, Toronto district at 8,160, and Greater Sudbury at 7,375.

Figure 2: Proportions of Finnish People Under 25 and Over 65 Region

Percentage of Finnish population under 25

Percentage of Finnish Population over 65







Thunder Bay District



According to Statistics Canada, “ethnic origin" refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the person's ancestors. An ancestor is usually more distant than a grandparent.

Figure 1: Top Ten Districts Ranked by Percentage of Population with Finnish Ethnic Origin

Finally, Figure 3 examines which Ontario cities have the highest number of first generation Finns. We can see that in 2016, 990 Finns in the City of Thunder Bay reported that they were “first generation”

which is defined as “persons who were born outside Canada… people who are now, or once were, immigrants to Canada.” (Statistics Canada, 2016).


Finnish Ethnic Origin


Thunder Bay




Greater Sudbury








Rainy River




Mount Waddington




Division No. 9 (Alberta)




City (CMA/CA)










Thunder Bay

990 695


Figure 3: Number of First Generation Finnish People, by City First Generation Finnish People 2605





Greater Sudbury / Grand Sudbury





Ottawa - Gatineau


Ottawa - Gatineau (Ontario part )


Sault Ste. Marie




St. Catharines - Niagara






When examining the proportion of those who have knowledge of the Finnish language, it’s not surprising to see that the cities of Thunder Bay, Greater Sudbury, and Sault Ste. Marie again rank the highest in Ontario. The proportion of the Thunder Bay (CMA) population that speak Finnish is nearly 2%, whereas Greater Sudbury and Sault Ste. Marie are at approximately 1%. In all other cities in Ontario, only a fraction of 1% have knowledge of the Finnish language.

Although the number of people with Finnish ethnic origin in Thunder Bay is high, they also represent an aging demographic compared to the Ontario and Canadian proportions. Figure 2 shows that out of the entire Finnish population in Thunder Bay, the proportion of Finns under 25 is lower than that of the province, and the country. As well, the proportion of the Finnish population over 65 is higher in Thunder Bay District than the province and the nation.

The data demonstrates that northern Ontario has strong ties to the Finnish community, and that Thunder Bay and Greater Sudbury appear to have done a great job in the past at attracting first generation Finnish immigrants to Canada.

Continuing to do so, while targeting working-age Finns could have the potential to both curb the effects of the aging Finnish community in the district, as well as support northern Ontario’s immigration efforts.

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Energy to Burn

Ray Fuller and the Bluesrockers By Ken Wright


y day, Ray Fuller was a pragmatist, a backhoe operator laying sewer pipe. By night, the Columbus, Ohio native flexed his artistic side, turning clubs into blues temples where he and his band the Bluesrockers led the locals gathered to worship inspirational heroes like Muddy Waters, John Lee Hooker, and John Mayall. Proudly presented by the Thunder Bay Blues Society, Ray Fuller and the Bluesrockers will be promoting their latest album, Pay the Price here in Thunder Bay on May 31. It all began when Fuller got his first guitar, a Gibson Melody Maker, at the age of eight, and was instinctively drawn to the blues that he heard on the radio and television. An alumnus of Columbus College of Art and Design, Fuller became the "go to act" in the American Midwest, opening for and learning from many blues luminaries and leaving audiences gasping for more of his trademark nasty slide guitar and high energy rock ‘n’ roll. Interestingly, Fuller uses a front axle bushing from a Harley Davidson motorcycle instead of a traditional glass slide. Extolling the Bluesrockers’ style,

Guitar Player Magazine commented, “Sounds like Elmore James and Hound Dog Taylor tempered by the rowdiness of George Thorogood.” On hearing Fuller play, Muddy Waters quipped, “That was some hot slide boy. I could smell the smoke backstage!”—the ultimate praise for both Fuller's pragmatic and artistic ear. Tours of Europe in 2014 and 2016 had international festival favourites the Bluesrockers playing sold-out venues throughout France, Germany, Holland, and Belgium, with smitten crowds demanding up to five encores. Fuller has released eleven CDs, most notably Live at Buddy Guy’s Legends (2014), which spent 16 months on the Roots Music Report blues and rock charts. With guitar, harmonica, hard-driving bass and drums, and energy to burn, Ray Fuller and the Bluesrockers are the quintessential blues band and a must-see act!

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Story by Kris Ketonen, Photo by Terence Sawtell


f the music of Vancouver’s Phono Pony can be described as anything—besides catchy— it’s big. The full sound produced by the glam-garage band may be a surprise, given that Phono Pony is made up of just two people, Shay Hayashi and Michael Kenyon. The duo, however, isn’t particularly limited when it comes to instruments. “We have kind of like a core setup, where Shay’s got a keyboard and her drum kit, and I’ve been playing theremin on stage, as well as playing guitar and vocals,” Kenyon says. “But growing up, I played the piano; I was really lucky my parents put me in piano when I was very young.” Hayashi also adds her vocals to the mix, something she admits wasn’t always among her goals as a musician. “I never thought I would sing, so it was definitely at the bottom of the list of instruments for me,” she says. “I like to think I’m a little less tone-deaf than I used to be.” “My dad taught me drums when I was young,” Hayashi says. “In my hometown, there wasn’t a lot of

live music. I grew up in a really small [city] in Saskatchewan ... so I knew how to play, but I didn’t really start playing until I had moved to Vancouver.” These days, though, despite their instrumental abilities, Hayashi and Kenyon are working to make sure the things they do in the studio can be reproduced on stage. “We’re kind of going back to a more strippedback aesthetic,” Kenyon says. “We’ve just been focusing just on the basics of things—the keyboard, the drums, the guitar, vocals, and the theremin.” “It’s nice,” he adds. “Limitations make options, right?” Phono Pony’s upcoming stop in Thunder Bay will be their first-ever performance in the city. The show, Kenyon says, will include a taste of the band’s upcoming album, which he and Hayashi hope will be released by the end of the year.

The Foundry May 13

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Stevie Nicks

The Wild Heart of Rock

By Gord Ellis


n the fall of 1975, I was 13 years old and in Grade 9. My taste in music was still largely radio pop oriented, with Elton John my main musical obsession. However, one evening while I was babysitting the neighbour's kid, I began looking at their parents’ record collection. The album on the turntable was called Fleetwood Mac, and I turned it on and looked at the record sleeve. It all sounded good, but the song that really jumped out at me was haunting and had what could only be described as a witchy vibe. The song was called “Rhiannon.” It goes without saying that Stevie Nicks has carved a place in rock and roll that is almost singularly her own. In Fleetwood Mac she was the rocker songstress, the muse and foil of one-time lover Lindsey Buckingham and the harder-edged California counterpoint to bandmate Christine McVie. As important

as the whole band is to the sound of classic FM sound, the grit and break in Stevie's voice was always a key. Listen to “Dreams,” from Rumours, and hear how perfect she was able to balance vulnerability and accusation in her delivery. Buckingham's swelling guitar wrapped around her voice perfectly. It’s pure ear candy that I’ve heard a million times and never get sick of. This year, Stevie Nicks did what no other woman in popular music has done: she was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame for the second time. The first was with Fleetwood Mac; this time it was as a solo artist. It was surely a worthy induction, as Nicks has had a massive influence on many female artists and has gone out of her way to encourage women in bands to explore their own music outside of them. Stevie Nicks had more music in her than Fleetwood Mac could

manage and this lead to her successful career as a solo artist. For those who were not around in the late 70s and early 80s it is hard to imagine just how big a star Stevie Nicks was on her own. She has released quite a few solo albums, but her first, Bella Donna released in 1981, was the monster. It had both “Stop Draggin’ my Heart Around”, a massive worldwide hit sung with (and written by) Tom Petty, and “Leather and Lace,” which was a duet with Don Henley. Both were slightly different from her Fleetwood Mac work and showcased her vocal prowess. Yet it was “Edge of Seventeen”—a grinding, hypnotic rocker—that veered into areas that Nicks had never explored. It was dark, sexy, and a bit scary. You could not help but turn it up. Her next album The Wild Heart, released in 1983, was not as much of a surprise as Bella Donna, but once again featured several memorable hits. Perhaps the most striking and

unexpected was her slice of synthesizer rock that both borrowed from and featured Prince. The song “Stand Back” was Nicks at her most assertive and powerful. A huge hit, it cemented her place as a solo artist. Rolling Stone crowned her as the reigning queen of rock and roll. No one was going to argue that. Nicks’ story and career has not been without trial and heartbreak. She has struggled with health, drugs, and love. Her ongoing personal and professional relationship with Lindsey Buckingham took a sour turn last year when she apparently demanded he be fired from Fleetwood Mac. The farewell tour the remaining band has been on was just postponed due to Nicks’ health issues. Even her Rock Hall of Fame induction speech was a bit of a hot mess. However, Nicks has nothing to prove and no reason to apologize. At this point, it is all footnote material. Her career and influence speaks for itself.


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Music enrolled in the jazz guitar program. And, in 2010, a gig arose that solidified not only his love for touring, but helped him establish an identity in his genre of choice. “I was given the opportunity to accompany fellow singer/songwriter Alana Levandoski for a tour in the U.K. After having the time of my life touring throughout England and Scotland, I knew that a career in folk music was for me,” explains McKillop. In 2013, McKillop released his debut album Prairie Sky and has since released his sophomore album Anchorless this past March. The album, McKillop shares, “deal[s] with themes of overcoming struggle and hardship. That is ultimately what Anchorless is all about. I really wanted the songs to come across as honest as possible, and I think we captured that.” He also explains that the album features diverse instrumentation, with “a string section, a rhythm section, piano, pedal steel, banjo,

Logan McKillop Storytelling Singer-Songwriter to Play The Foundry

Story by Melanie Larson, Photo by Austin Mackay


or Manitoban singer-songwriter Logan McKillop, it seems music runs in his blood. Coming from a family of musicians, songwriters, and singers, it was only natural for the Onanole native to follow in their footsteps. “It all started when my dad bought me an electric

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guitar for Christmas one year,” recalls McKillop. “I started learning Black Sabbath riffs and that was it—I was hooked.” After discovering his passion for performing, songwriting, and playing guitar, McKillop took his skills to Brandon University, where he

mandolin, vibraphone, clarinet... the list goes on.” Joined by Winnipeg pianist and guitarist Sophie Stevens, Logan McKillop will bring both Anchorless and his previous musical repertoire to life on The Foundry stage on May 11. “We’ll be playing three 45-minute sets of original music. We’ll be diving deep into my catalogue of songs,” McKillop says of the show. “People can expect to hear stories and songs about rusty old cars, the highs and lows of the human condition, a really terrible day involving trouble at the border and getting T-boned in Sault Ste. Marie, and much, much more.” It’s sure to be an afternoon full of McKillop’s passionate musicianship and engaging storytelling.

The Foundry May 11


Outcasts Unchained

Alienatör Have Arrived Story by Justin Allec, Photo by Peter David Wragg


rad King, guitarist and vocalist for local metal trio Alienatör, dutifully reminded me to include the umlaut in their name. It shows their regard for Motörhead, but it also tells me that they follow the metalhead principle of “everything louder than everything else.” What’s more important than principle, though, is practice. For evidence, check the two-minute mark of “Wish in One Hand” from Alienatör’s new full-length Pariahs. Up to this point, the song’s been all crenelated leads blooming into a mile-wide sludge riff riding rhythmic thunder and the bleach-soused echo of “we pass out but never sleep.” The song bridges between this frantic rush and a call-back to the first half’s open leads. It’s Alienatör’s sludgey roots growing forward, up into the air, and it’s absolutely thrilling. “We like to take chances and get weird, but we also write simple, stripped-down tunes with big riffs and an in-your-face sound,” King says, which is an apt description for song writing this addictive. King started Alienatör back in 2013 when he landed in Thunder Bay after leaving East Vancouver. After jamming with a buddy,

Alienatör on the outside looking in drummer Jonny Nastor, they decided to try the band as two-piece, and played a few shows starting in late 2015. A short EP was recorded in 2016, but the usual set-backs and line-up changes ensued, and everything was chaotic until last summer, when drummer Josh Hogan and bassist Sean Skillen of Norris fame joined up. The resulting three-piece are ready for the stage. “We haven't played live a whole lot… but now,

we hope to be more of a live presence [in town], get down and dirty, sweaty and raw,” King laughs. Given how well the band worked even before this new iteration and powerful new material, expect this trio to dominate a $5 show and own any opening slot you’re lucky enough to see them in. The band’s long-term plans are modest at this point—play shows, do some small tours, build the

name. All of that seems possible given Alienatör’s command of decibels. Come May 1, Pariahs—all 13 tracks—will be available through online distributors like Bandcamp and CDs will be available for purchase at shows or by contacting Alienatör. Oh, and final word of advice from King, if you’re on your way to an Alienatör show: “bring hearing protection.”

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A Showcase of the Arts

Lakehead Festival of Music and Arts Gala By Noel Jones


hen someone asks you to name a few things that are synonymous with this city, there are a few things that instantly come to mind. There are persians, Lakehead University, and of course, the region’s most notable landmark, the Sleeping Giant. The Lakehead Festival of Music and Art may not be as well known, but could be mentioned along with the other three based on how long the event has been running. Although the 2018 edition of the festival has come to a finish, the public are able to see the best aspects of the festival as part of the gala this month. Coordinator Dawn Sebesta explains that the festival, which has been around for 90 years, includes four days of dance competition and seven days of instrumental acts, run simultaneously. “The dance is huge,” she says. “We have over 800 numbers [and it has] been around,

I would say, at least over 30 years for sure.” As for the instrumental portion, Sebesta says it has vocal, piano, strings, some percussion, and guitar. “It involves anything that’s instrumental,” she says, adding that “the instrumental [component] is really the only thing that these kids in Thunder Bay can actually compete [in] that’s local.” This is reflected in the 700-plus acts that participated in this year's festival. After the competition ends, the awards and scholarships are awarded to the participants at a gala, where the top 22 acts get one more opportunity to showcase their skills before they are rewarded for their hard work and commitment to the arts.

Thunder Bay Community Auditorium May 16, 7 pm

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A Ferocious Power Trio presents ON THE SCENE

Story by Jimmy Wiggins, Photo by Keegan Richard

Band: Action Cat Hometown: Thunder Bay Genre: Hard alt-rock/punk For fans of: Queens of the Stone Age, Monster Truck, Foo Fighters Online: @actioncatactioncat Next show: May 17 (visit TBShows. com for more info)


ade up of Matt Tyska (lead vocals/bass), Jared Schaaf (lead guitar/vocals), and Scott Edwards (drums), Action Cat is a dynamic blend of alternative hard rock with punk influences and elements of blues. The trio met while playing on a number of other projects over the years. Tyska had been playing guitar in the rock band Critical Hit, which eventually led to him joining pop-punk band Aviary Kings, where

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Schaaf played lead guitar. Edwards had also been playing drums in poppunk bands Dry Spell and Finger Things. Things never really clicked for the guys until about 2015, when together along with a few friends they covered Canadian post-hardcore band Alexisonfire at a Cover Show. “The band had been in talks for about a year or so before we actually wound up getting together near the end of 2016 to actually try and get a couple jams together,” explains Edwards. “We talked about what we would like to do as a band together, and just moved forward from there.” As regulars of the Thunder Bay music scene, it’s no surprise that Action Cat is no one’s first rodeo. Tyska was brought up in a very musical household and started teaching himself how to play guitar over 20 years ago. He’s also branched out

to bass and drums as well dabbling with the piano and violin. He takes influence from musician/producers like John Paul Jones (Led Zeppelin) and Jonny Greenwood (Radiohead) as well as grunge icon Kurt Cobain, who initially inspired him to pick up a guitar. With only a few lessons a lot of pointers and encouragement from his older brother and music scene vet Andrew Edwards (The Selfies, Cheap & Easy), Edwards has been playing drums for the last 17 years. He takes influence from hard-hitting and technically skilled drummers like Taylor Hawkins (Foo Fighters), Steve Kiely (Monster Truck), and Chad Smith (Red Hot Chili Peppers). Schaaf, a talented guitarist, has a very eclectic musical taste and finds inspiration from the chaos of Sonic Youth and Radiohead as well as the fuzzy wailing leads of players like

Billy Corgan/James Iha (Smashing Pumpkins) and Jack White. The band name comes from a track off Hesitant Alien, the solo album from former My Chemical Romance lead singer Gerard Way. “Action Cat sounded funny and we all didn’t hate it,” explains Schaaf. “It’s a great song that I’m not sure Scott has ever listened to”. Currently Action Cat is working on the first half of their debut double EP, tentatively titled Stranger Danger, with producer Mack Davis at Quaint Studios. From there the guys will move to the Racket Room to finish the second half with producer Chad Decent. “We liked what both of them did on other records,” explains Edwards. “We’re excited for what both of them can bring to our sound.”

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Music out of the park, their three voices sounding as one. With very sparse instrumentation through most of their set, and lightly choreographed body percussion like clapping, slapping, and stomping, the set really showcased their flawless vocals. Their stand out song for me was “A Candle Burned” from their latest release, Stay Warm. It was a departure from the more formulaic three-part harmony style, and played with elements of dissonance and rhythm that was truly unique in their set. Now that I’ve piqued your interest in the one-of-a-kind acts that the SGFMS has been bringing to Thunder Bay since 2001, be sure to check out next season's line up at

A Night of Rural Escapism

Sleeping Giant Folk Music Society’s Season Closer Story by Steph Skavinski, Photos by Keegan Richard


f you weren’t part of the absolutely packed house at the Sleeping Giant Folk Music Society’s season closer, then I’m sorry to say it, but you missed out! The Barrel Boys and The O’Pears graced the stage, coming to us all the way from Toronto, and gave a performance that made the Port Arthur Polish Hall feel like a cozy living room concert. The Barrel Boys opened with a lively set, using a classic bluegrass instrument lineup of guitar, dobro (similar to a slide guitar), upright bass, and of course what bluegrass band would be complete without a fiddle and banjo? The Boys played mostly original tunes, including one called “Over the Waterfall,” which was about getting out of the big city and getting in touch with their roots—what they refer to as a sort of “rural escapism.”

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The theme of the natural world tied into their song called “Dance Around” off their album Cold Spring. They joked that it’s their best song because it got played on the CBC. You wouldn’t know it just by listening to it, but they told us that the song is actually about an annoying bird that wouldn’t stop making noise while one of the members was trying to write a different song altogether. Ah, the serendipity of art. Then, The O’Pears took the stage. With one note from their pitch pipe, they opened their set in perfect a cappella three-part harmony. After hearing their recordings, I was curious to know how they would hold up in a live performance situation, and I was completely floored. As a musician, one of the hardest things to pull off well is singing in perfect unison, and in these instances they knocked it

On behalf of the Morriseau Family and Keewaytinook Okimakanak behalf the Morriseau Family and Keewaytinook Okimakanak OnOn behalf ofof the Morriseau Family and Keewaytinook Okimakanak Secondary Student Services, we would like to extend our heartfelt On behalf of the Morriseau Family and Keewaytinook Okimakanak Secondary Student Services, would like extend our heartfelt Secondary Student Services, wewe would like toto extend our heartfelt gratitude towards our generous donors: Secondary Student Services, we would like to extend our heartfelt gratitude towards our generous donors: gratitude towards our generous donors: gratitude towards our generous donors:

Christian Morriseau Windigo Education Authority Christian Morriseau Christian Morriseau Windigo Education Authority Josh Kakegamic Windigo Education Authority Northern Bands Hockey Tournament Christian Morriseau Josh Kakegamic JoshMorriseau Kakegamic Windigo Education Authority Lisa Northern Bands Hockey Tournament Northern Bands Hockey Tournament Ontario Native Women’s Association Josh Kakegamic Lisa Morriseau Lisa Morriseau Northern Bands Hockey Tournament Eugene Morriseau Ontario Native Women’s Association Ontario Native Women’s Association Ahnisnabae Art Gallery Lisa Morriseau Eugene Eugene Morriseau Ninesixty Media Group Ontario Native Women’s Association Ahnisnabae Gallery Ahnisnabae Gallery FoodsArtArt Eugene Morriseau Ninesixty Media Group Ninesixty Media Group Renco Mallon’s Corporate Ahnisnabae Art Gallery Renco Foods Renco Foods Ninesixty Media Group Canadian Tire – Thunder Centre Mallon’s Corporate Mallon’s Corporate Impressions Renco Foods Canadian Tire – Thunder Mallon’s Corporate Canadian Tire – Thunder Centre Impressions Nicole & Wesley McKay &Centre Family Impressions Brotherhood Dance Group Canadian Tire – Thunder Centre & Wesley McKay & Family Impressions Brotherhood Dance Group Nicole & Wesley McKay & Family Lydia Meekis & Family Abe & Eva Kakepetum Brotherhood Dance Group Nicole Nicole & Wesley McKay & Family Brotherhood Dance Group Meekis &Internet Family Abe &Max Eva Kakepetum Kakepetum Lydia Meekis & FamilyHigh School Abe & Eva Kakepetum Lydia Keewaytinook Lydia Meekis & Family Abe & Eva Kakepetum Max Internet High School Bill Max Mequanawap Kakepetum Keewaytinook Keewaytinook Internet High School KOSSS Well-Being Program Max Kakepetum Keewaytinook Internet High School Bill Mequanawap KOSSS Well-Being Program Darryl Big George Bill Mequanawap KOSSS Land-Based Program KOSSS Well-Being Program Bill Mequanawap Darryl Big George KOSSS Well-Being Program Wasaya Airways KOSSS Land-Based Program Darryl Big George Keewaytinook Okimakanak KOSSS Land-Based Program Darryl Big Airways George Wasaya KOSSS Land-Based Program North Star Air Keewaytinook Okimakanak Wasaya Airways Keewaytinook Okimakanak Wasaya North Airways Star Air Keewaytinook Okimakanak North Star Air We appreciate your support in making North Star Air the Seventh Generation Memorial Scholarship

We appreciate in making Generation Fundraiser your Gala support a successful event the andSeventh a night to rememberMemorial for Kyle’sScholarship family. We appreciate your support inevent making the Seventh Generationfor Memorial Scholarship Fundraiser Gala a successful and a night to remember Kyle’s family. We appreciate your support in making the Seventh Generation Memorial Scholarship Fundraiser Gala a successful event and abenight to Kyle’s family. The Seventh Generation Scholarship able toremember continuefor tofor provide scholarships Fundraiser Gala Memorial a successful event andwill a night to remember Kyle’s family. The Seventh Generation Memorial Scholarship will be able to continue to provide scholarships to Indigenous youth across the Nishnawbe Aski territory, as they pursue their post-secondary The Seventh Generation Memorial Scholarship will be able to continue to provide scholarships to Indigenous youth across the Nishnawbe Askiwill territory, pursue post-secondary education. The Seventh Generation Memorial Scholarship be ableastothey continue to their provide scholarships Indigenous youth across Nishnawbe Aski territory, they pursue their post-secondary education. to to Indigenous youth across thethe Nishnawbe Aski territory, as as they pursue their post-secondary education. Kyle Peter Morriseau is remembered with education. love by his family, friends, and his home community Kyle Peter Morriseau is remembered with love by his Nation. family, friends, and his home community of Keewaywin First Kyle Peter Morriseau is remembered with love by his family, friends, and home community of Keewaywin First Nation. Kyle Peter Morriseau is remembered with love by his family, friends, and hishis home community Keewaywin First Nation. For more information on the Seventh Generation Memorial Scholarship and how to donate, please visit: of of Keewaywin First Nation.

For more information on the Seventh Generation Memorial Scholarship and how to donate, please visit: The Walleye 87 more information Seventh Generation Memorial Scholarship how to donate, please visit: ForFor more information on on thethe Seventh Generation Memorial Scholarship andand how to donate, please visit:


North Shore

Matt Sellick

Matt Sellick’s latest album, North Shore, is a graceful intersection of rugged northern reflection and the mystical flamenco sound that is his craft. In the dreamlike opening track, “On a Moonless Night,” his tremolo evokes the ripple of wind through leaves while lying by the lake and gazing up into starlit infinity. With the addition of piano (“Sirius”) and flute (“Almost There”), we get a sense of Sellick’s ability to incorporate these timbres seamlessly into the fabric of his unique style, while “Neys Day” captures the essence of a fickle and shifting wind that can change an entire scene in a moment. Listen carefully and you’ll catch the subtle sounds of waves rolling, sandy percussion, and even a loon call. Don’t skip the liner notes, either. With gorgeous photos from Sellick’s various stops along the North Shore, and the stories behind some of the pieces, it is an integral part of experiencing this album as a complete work of art. - Steph Skavinski


Sunday wilde & the 1 Eyed Jacks Sunday wilde

This is what you need—the eighth album from Atikokan’s very own wrecking ball, Sunday wilde. Listen to that voice. Do you feel her creeping in under your skin? You’re right to shudder, because she’s a blues singer with more than one trick—she has range. Wilde’s roars can tear the roof off, but her whispers are positively inoculated with menace. This album also features an all-new backing band, but together with wilde they sound positively honed, as piercing as an icicle’s tip. Arrangements tend to be sparse—bumping organ melodies, shuffling percussion, ringing guitars—which leaves acres of room for wilde’s voice. Songs like “Dead Presidents” and “Spirits up My Friend,” a tribute to late partner Reno Jack, are built on the harsh rhythms of men, money, and misery, and demand to be heard again and again. - Justin Allec

Here Comes The Cowboy Mac DeMarco

With Here Comes The Cowboy, I had hoped to hear the goofy lyricism and reckless style that were the hallmark of DeMarco’s early albums, but absent from much of his recent material. While the album does have tracks like “Choo Choo” and “Here Comes The Cowboy” that initially feel tongue-in-cheek, their unnecessary length causes them to feel like jokes at which we should have already stopped laughing. But DeMarco also has a romantic side, and tracks like “K” and “Heart to Heart” allow his emotive songwriting to shine. Cowboy rests heavily on a folky, acoustic sound throughout, which is on brand with the “cowboy” aesthetic but had me missing the rambunctious, jangly energy of his first two albums. “On the Square” provides some variation with its use of distorted synths that harken back to DeMarco’s more electronic works à la “Chamber of Reflection.” Here Comes The Cowboy sees Mac DeMarco at his most gentle, sentimental, and minimalistic which, although not what I personally anticipated, makes for a pleasant, laid-back listen. - Melanie Larson

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Fishing for Fishies

King Gizzard and the Lizard Wizard King Gizzard and the Lizard Wizard’s latest album Fishing for Fishies has left me wondering, yet again, where their creative juices come from. Formed in 2010, King Gizzard and the Lizard Wizard released eight albums over four years and then followed up that feat by putting out five more in 2017 alone! Given that history, it could be said that KGLW fans have been impatiently waiting an ENTIRE YEAR for a new record. For those of you who know the band, Fishing for Fishies will not let you down. For those who don’t know, this is an incredible record to set you off on your psychedelic journey. How this band keeps churning out fresh new releases is beyond me, but they’ve done it again by somehow squeezing a blues elements into their already jam-packed soundscape. Coming up with a favourite track on this one is tough, but “The Bird Song,” “Real’s Not Real,” and “Cyboogie” are among my top three. - Jamie Varga


Jad Abumrad and Robert Krulwich How are horseshoe crabs helping humans survive? Do plants really have a memory? The vast spectrum of topics discussed on Radiolab make it an interesting and relatable listen. Radiolab is a harmonious blend of scientific topics paired with a unique, philosophical approach. Abumrad majored in music composition and Krulwich served as a science reporter for ABC News. Interestingly, both had previous jobs with several common public radio stations and attended the same college. After collaborating for a year, in 2002 they began their radio show/podcast, recorded by WNYC, a public radio station in New York City. There is no question too odd or subject too taboo. The format is almost storytelling-like and you quickly become absorbed in the topics. Commentary is typically unedited, and is paired with oddly appealing musical interjections throughout. Before you know it the hour is up and you’re anxiously waiting for the next mind-blowing episode to be released. - Andrea Lysenko

Kenora Rock Climbs

Ryan Brown and Chris Munro

Bina: A Novel in Warnings

Midnight Sweatlodge

Told as a series of warnings scribbled on the backs of old envelopes and receipts, Bina’s titular septuagenarian bluntly describes her dangerous encounters with men. Because Bina’s convinced that he’s largely to blame for turning her into an emotional wreck, her main focus is the abusive freeloader, Eddie. She also warns us about a mysterious Tall Man who recruits her into his secret group and subsequently gets her into a whole heap of trouble with the law. While the novel’s unique style could come across as gimmicky in the hands of a less capable author, Schofield shows that she understands the confines of her narrative enough to make it compelling. She starts up close, showing off Bina’s hilariously coarse personality before stepping back and giving us a sobering view of a tragic life. Though the sometimes repetitive nature of the character’s warnings bog things down a bit in the middle, her story is ultimately thoughtful and nuanced.

Waubgeshig Rice’s debut short story collection, Midnight Sweatlodge, provides a rare and compelling glimpse into the sacred sweat lodge. A sweat lodge is a traditional Anishinaabe ceremony that provides cleansing through means of sweat and prayer within a small blanketed dome that represents the love and safety of a mother’s womb. Under the guidance of an Elder and the Seven Grandfathers, the lives of eight young Anishinaabeg are interwoven as they take part in traditional healing and share their stories of abuse, despair, and loss with one another. Rice’s candid and fervent writing over the course of 96 pages provides readers with an experience that is relevant to Indigenous issues today. He thoughtfully touches on land and activism, romance and bloodlines, parenting and addictions. Midnight Sweatlodge beautifully captures the importance of healing and reclamation of culture amongst young Anishinaabeg and is highly recommended for adults and adolescents alike.

Anakana Schofield

Though there may be a little bit of snow hiding in the odd chasm, rest assured that we’re well into the spring climbing season. If you have a hankering to look beyond our area, try heading west and bringing along a copy of Mike Brown and Ryan Munro’s excellent new climbing guide Kenora Rock Climbs. Covering nine areas around Kenora such as the legendary Jones Road (including a subchapter on Jones bouldering) and Gooseneck, as well as still-developing crags like Echo, Brown and Munro have done the work to make their guide a trusted resource. Each area gets detailed drawn maps and a thorough breakdown, from the logistics of camping to full route descriptions including length, grade, and number of bolts. Aside from captivating me based on these “essential” guidebook components (which are sorely lacking in some guides I’ve come across), it’s also a beautifully comprehensive book, with lots of development history, the role of enduring Indigenous influence, colour photos, and anecdotes galore. An excellent companion piece to Aric Fishman’s 2017 guide Thunder Bay Climbing, and another reminder that you’re due for a little road trip.

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Kangas Sauna By Laurie Abthorpe


yyli Kangas and her husband Kalle (Charlie) Kangas arrived in Port Arthur from Finland in 1946. This was second time residing in Canada; they had lived in Quebec from 1930 to 1938 before returning to Finland for eight years. Upon their arrival in the Lakehead, Lyyli and Charlie established Kangas Grocery on Oliver Road. Lyyli’s mother and father had run a successful general store in Finland and, according to an interview with Lyyli Kangas published by the Thunder Bay Post on February 27, 1996, Lyyli states “I was born to be in business!” No doubt she was, as she also opened Kangas Bakery a few blocks away on Queen Street. In the early 1960s, Lyyli recognized the growing popularity of supermarkets and the effect they would have on their store; a change was needed. After considering various business opportunities, it was the idea of a sauna that Lyyli embraced. At the time, five other public

▲Two storey atrium ▼ Seating area in conference sauna

▲▼ The restaurant in the 1980's

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saunas operated in the city, but her goal was to create the best one— not only in Port Arthur, but in the world. By 1963, son Kalevi Kangas, an architect, was already working on the design and layout of the sauna based on his mother Lyyli’s vision. Unable to secure the backing of a bank, the Kangas used personal loans to help to fund the new business. The former Bloom residence along with the Texaco Station to the west of Kangas Grocery were purchased and torn down to make room for Kangas Sauna. Construction began in 1967. The original two storey facility, consisting of a lobby, eight private sauna complexes and a 10-seat coffee bar, celebrated its grand opening on March 19, 1968. By 1972, business was doing so well that the facility was expanded, nearly doubling in square footage. The old Kangas Grocery building was also torn down to allow for parking. In the 1980s, further

expansions took place. Kalevi Kangas was the designer for all of these phases as well. He explains that the design for the building was based both on simplicity and daylight in a style that was original to him. Simplicity is seen in the use of concrete blocks and wood in its construction and the horizontal lines emphasized in the masonry joints, wood siding, window openings, and flat roof. Extensive use of elements such as wood and natural light is also seen throughout the building and highlighted in the two storey atrium. Today, at over 27,000 square feet, Kangas Sauna has grown to include 18 saunas of various sizes and amenities, as well as a hot tub. Lyyli’s original 10-seat coffee bar is now a 40seat restaurant. Kangas Sauna was operated by the Kangas family until it was sold in 2001. It was later purchased in 2003 by current owners Allan and Calley Onchulenko, who continue to preserve Lyyli’s original goal of providing a great sauna experience here in Thunder Bay. Laurie Abthorpe is the heritage researcher for the Heritage Advisory Committee, which advises City Council on the conservation of heritage buildings, sites, and resources, and their integration into development. For more information on the city’s heritage resources, visit www.


▲ The lobby

▼ The iconic painting above the entry door

The Walleye



Highlighting Diverse Nursing Roles at our Hospital

Kaitlyn Huneau, RPN, Bariatric Clinic

Alanna Marasco, RN, 3A Surgical


“I chose to become an RPN because I have always had a passion for helping others, and nursing allows me to do that every day. In my area of work, I love that I am able to follow my patients from start to finish and help them create a healthier lifestyle for themselves. Similar to surgical nursing, my role in the Bariatric Clinic is to manage patients after their operations; however a lot of my time is spent teaching and creating a supportive environment for my patients. Health promotion, encouragement, and reassurance are huge components of my job. This is achieved by working closely with other members of the multidisciplinary team, such as dietitians and social workers.”

“I entered into the profession of nursing because I wanted a rewarding career that could make a difference in someone’s life. My role as a RN is different from some other nursing professions because I provide frontline nursing care to medical or surgical inpatients. I may be providing care for up to three 12-hour shifts to the same patients. I enjoy the continuity of patient care, and seeing how patients progress and recover over time. We do everything from assessments to medication administration, mobilizing and transfers, and performing various nursing skills. And don’t forget, we have to document everything we do!”

James McNabb, Study Coordinator (RN), Clinical Trials

Rose Lazinski, Manager (RN), Occupational Health and Safety

“Nursing has given me a sense of satisfaction and accomplishment knowing that I was able to help someone in a time of need, whether physically or mentally. My current role in Clinical Trials is much different than acute care nursing, as the focus is more on the patient’s whole journey. Our team follows a patient from the initial screening process, throughout the length of the trial or treatment, and as outpatients well after their study involvement. We strive for new and upcoming research trials to aid in future health advances through pharmaceuticals, procedures, or policies.”

“The nursing role in Occupational Health and Safety is a different area of nursing that encompasses providing care and support for staff. Employees are our patient population. The people we see are not the typical ‘patient’ that nurses usually see on a surgical or acute care floor in the hospital. Nursing is not for the faint of heart. It requires commitment, drive, teamwork, and a willingness to strive for lifelong learning. It demands the trait of working without personal judgment and providing care in a holistic manner.”

By Katherine Mayer, Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Centre he nursing profession has evolved over the past few decades, yet the core of the nursing profession will always remain the same—advocating and caring for patients. Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Centre currently employs 1,373 nurses, which includes 1,061 registered nurses (RNs), 286 registered practical nurses (RPNs), and 26 nurse practitioners (NPs). May 6–12 is National Nursing Week. To highlight the diversity of the nursing profession, we spoke to various nurses at our hospital.

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June 11 – 15 Trunk Show: 5 – 7 pm, Saturday June 15 For details, visit


Sharon Jaspers, NP, Stroke Prevention Clinic “My role as an NP in the outpatient Stroke Prevention Clinic has been very rewarding, as we act as detectives to investigate the possible causes of an individual’s transient ischemic attack/stroke and assist with strategies to prevent recurrences. As an NP, this ‘detective work’ involves collaboration with the neurologists as well as independent practice in helping patients lower their risk for another serious event. My role initiates and manages the care of patients with chronic stable conditions by providing effect pharmacological, complementary, or counseling interventions.”

Ellen Blundon, Independent Home Dialysis Coordinator (RN), Northwest Regional Renal Programc “I have been an RN for over 30 years. In my current area of work, I enjoy the ability to assist patients to overcome potential barriers to perform dialysis in their home, whether it be Home Hemodialysis or Peritoneal Dialysis. My role as a RN is different from other nursing professions as I seek out and create opportunities to bring independent home dialysis closer to home throughout Northwestern Ontario. My role also involves a great deal of education, collaboration, and coordination to support patients in our region.”

Martina Nuttal, Clinical Nurse Specialist (RN), Adult Mental Health “Working in the area of mental health is different from other nursing disciplines, in that you are able to build a very strong therapeutic relationship with the patients and watch them improve. My role as a Clinical Nurse Specialist is a different type of nursing role as we work primarily with the staff who are caring for the patients, as opposed to working with the patients directly. I provide training and certifications to the staff, implement nursing best practice guidelines, and serve as a resource to the staff when they have questions or need help caring for a patient.”

The Walleye


MayEventsGuide April 30 & May 1

May 3, 5:30 pm

Thunder Bay Community Auditorium

Italian Cultural Centre

Rock of Ages Tenth Anniversary Tour Nominated for five Tony Awards, including Best Musical, Rock of Ages captures the iconic era that was the big, bad 1980s Hollywood.

May 1–31

Lifewater Canada 2019 Annual Banquet Enjoy a good meal while hearing about all the good Lifewater Canada has been up to this past year. There will be a silent auction and a short presentation will be shown after the meal.

Spring Up to Clean Up

May 3, 7 pm

EcoSuperior and City of Thunder Bay encourage businesses and community members to participate in the 23rd annual Spring Up to Clean Up throughout the month of May and join the kick-off media event at Bay Village Coffee on May 1 at 10 am.

Modo Yoga Thunder Bay

Various Locations

May 2, 3, & 4, 7 pm

Chitty Chitty Bang Bang JR. Paramount Live

This classic musical adventure is performed by Paramount Live’s young actors and actresses.

May 2, 7, & 9, 6:30 pm

Rain Garden Workshops

Lakehead University

Participants in this two-hour workshop will learn the basic landscaping materials needed and the benefits of the garden.

May 3, 5:30 pm

Tacos Y Cervezas 3 CLE Coliseum

Thunder Bay’s premier taco feast, now in its third year, is a recipe for a good time, with all proceeds going towards New Hope Dog Rescue.

Yoga in the Dark

Take part in blindfolded yoga for a rejuvenated and blissful time, in support of unique programs and services for people in Northwestern Ontario living with sight loss.

May 4 & 5

Folklore Festival 2019 Fort William Gardens

The 46th annual Folklore Festival, presented by Multicultural Association, includes food, music, and entertainment. The festivities also include the chance to win a staycation, courtesy of the Victoria Inn.

May 4, 5:30 pm

Cinco De Mayo

Until May 5

May 6, 13, 20, & 27, 3 pm

May 7, 7 pm

Thunder Bay Art Gallery

program to encourage people to learn or brush up on the English and French language with other community members.

Galaxy Lanes Restaurant and Lounge

Dennis Franklin Language Cafe Cromarty High School Salvation Army Church The Language Cafe is a free drop-in Student Exhibition In the 4th annual Dennis Franklin Cromarty High School Exhibition, students weave their voices and identities to explore art, culture, language, traditions, and perspectives using a wide variety of media and approaches.

May 5, 10 am

Spring Craft Revival Downtown Port Arthur

The Annual Spring Craft Revival is a day of entertainment and sharing time with friends and crafters around the community. See this month’s Art section for more info.

May 5, 12 pm

Mother’s Market at the Moose 434 Fort William Road

Swing by the Moose Hall for a day of great shopping. There will be over 60 tables of local businesses and people selling gently used children’s clothing and much more.

Jennie’s Events on Facebook

Sleeping Giant Brewing Company May 5, 12:30 pm Celebrate Cinco De Mayo with beer, tequila, and tacos. Live music will keep you on your toes plus there is delicious food provided by El Tres.

Hike for Hospice Boulevard Lake

Hike for Hospice is a national fundraising walk. See this month’s City Scene for more info.

May 4, 7 pm

May the 4th Be With You Delaney Arena

This annual mayhem mixer for the Thunder Bay Roller Derby League kicks off the start of their season. There will be the annual chuck-aduck game at halftime with fun activities for the kids.

May 5, 2 pm

May 6, 7 pm

The Final Dream

Thunder Bay Community Auditorium

Dream Dance Company’s 13th and final annual recital is an evening for the whole family to enjoy. Come down to see what the amazing studio has accomplished over the past 13 years.

May 7, 6 pm

Paint Night

Galaxy Lanes Restaurant and Lounge

This relaxing night of painting is fun for friends and family. The beautiful picture that will be painted is “Barn Door Blossom.”

An afternoon of learning about mountain biking, open to the public. This is a great way to get into a new hobby or to meet people interested in mountain biking.

May 7–9

2019 OPFA Annual Conference Delta Hotels by Marriott

Join the Ontario Professional Foresters Association to support their vision of serving and protecting the lands throughout Ontario.

May 8–11 & 15–18

The MOMologues 818 Spring Street

Kamview Nordic Centre

May 8, 5 pm

Fresh Air Trail Run

10K and 2.5K runs are available for participants. There will also be a mini-run for kids to try. A nice healthy way to get out with family and friends, whether racing or taking it slow.

Masala Grille’s May Vegan Dinner Buffet

May 7–11, 7 pm

St. Ignatius High School

This play is a jukebox musical accompanied by classic rock songs from the 1980s. Students from St. Ignatius High School have been practicing hard and are excited to show off their work.

Reason #397 to love us:

Fast Internet for $25/month

94 2 The Walleye


May 7, 6 pm

Visit for full details.

Grab friends and family to create a sign in support of Christy Wright. You will leave with a masterpiece of your very own and feeling better about donating to help a life.

This original comedy about motherhood reveals what all mothers know but don’t always talk about. See this month’s Film and Theatre section for more info.

Rock of Ages: High Blacksheep Info Night School Edition Urban Abbey

Sign and Sip Fundraiser for Christy Wright

Masala Grille

A vegan buffet featuring appetizers, a main course, and dessert.

May 9, 10, & 11, 7 pm

The AristoCats Kids and Ann & Andy Paramount Live

This is a jazzy, upbeat, non-stop entertaining re-enactment of the fancy felines’ adventure, with a special opening act by the Theatre Babies performing the adorable tale of Ann & Andy.

May 9, 8 pm

May 11, 8 pm

Summer Team Tryouts Canadian Playboyz Mamas’ Night Out! Giant Gymnastics Individuals who are athletic, committed, enthusiastic, and spirited are encouraged to try out for Giant Gymnastics and their summer team.

May 10, 8 am

Leadercast Live 2019: Leading Healthy Teams Victoria Inn

Leadercast Live is the largest oneday leadership event in the world. They dive into issues relevant to today’s leaders and help participants to leave as better leaders.

May 10, 11 am

Mindful Movement

Northwest Community Health Centres

Every other Friday, join Northwest Community Health Centres for this wellness practice focused on the mind-body connection: a way to calm the mind by moving the body.

May 10, 6 pm

Cooking Class Celebrating our Mothers

A Fine Fit Catering Studio

May’s class is tailored to honour our mothers, with easy-to-follow recipes to recreate at home all while supporting local market vendors.

May 10 & 11, 7 pm

Write NOWW LitFest 2019

Thunder Bay Art Gallery

Come out for two days of literary celebrations. See this month’s City Scene for more info.

Until May 11

Boeing Boeing Magnus Theatre

A classic 1960s French farce presented by the actors from Magnus Theatre.

Finlandia Association Thunder Bay

On Mother’s Day weekend, take the girls out to see the Canadian Playboyz show off their talents. With their positive and fun attitude it’s sure to be a great night out.

May 12, 7 pm

Paint Night

Shooters Tavern

Come celebrate the end of Nursing Week 2019 at Paint Night. Proceeds from this event will go towards the local RNAO chapter.

May 13, 5:30 pm

Artist Statement Writing

Baggage Building Arts Centre

Artists statements are important in showcasing writing work and applying for funding. This workshop will help participants practice writing statements.

May 14 & 15, 8:30 am

Building Physical Literacy CapacityMaster Trainer Workshop Thunder Bay District Health Unit

This two-day workshop is intended for daycare staff, early childhood educators and supervisors, teachers, and anyone who works with children in the early years.

May 16, 9 am

May 22, 6:30 pm

IG Wealth Management

Our Lady of Charity Catholic Elementary School

The Great Billboard Event for UWTB A fun, fundraising event for the United Way of Thunder Bay.

May 17, 12 pm

National Caesar Day Da Vinci Sports Bar

The official kick-off to summer. Canadians come together from coast to coast to celebrate the Canadian cocktail, the Caesar.

May 18, 11 am

Trashcrafting The Hub Bazaar

Reusing small things can bring so much joy. Join #standup4cleanup and compete for most creative piece while saving our landfills.


Until May 19

Norval Morrisseau: Works from the Permanent Collection

Thunder Bay Art Gallery

An exhibition of the gallery’s works by Norval Morrisseau (1932-2007), one of the most innovative artists of the 20th century. See this month’s Art section for more info.

Until May 19


Thunder Bay Art Gallery

May 15, 5 pm

An exhibition highlighting a significant moment in Indigenous art history: the foundation of the Native Indian/Inuit Photographers’ Association (NIIPA).

Lakehead University

May 19, 1 pm

May After Business Join Lakehead University’s Centre for Advanced Studies in Engineering and Sciences (CASES) for an opportunity to explore the newest addition to campus: an exquisitely designed space expected to be a hub for research, innovation, and job creation for Thunder Bay.

Book Swap Fundraiser

Sleeping Giant Brewing Co.

Book swap for kids and adults will be held upstairs at Sleeping Giant Brewing Co. Bring books, take books, it’s that simple. Leftover books will be donated to Faye Peterson House.

May 16, 6:30 pm

A Taste of Newfoundland

Creative Movement Jamboree: 30 Years in Motion

May 19, 6 pm

An epic fundraiser featuring East Coast music by Quest, an authentic screech-in and a Jiggs dinner. See this month’s City Scene for more info.

A night of movement and fundraising for Shelter House and the Lakehead Public Schools Foundation. See this month’s City Scene for more info.

The Prince Arthur Waterfront Hotel

May 11, 7 pm

Port Arthur Royal Canadian Legion - Branch 5

Fort William Gardens

May 11 & 12, 10 am

May 16, 7:30 pm

Crime Stoppers Fundraiser Sears Canada

It’s time to clean out your cabinets and bring in old electronic waste items to the old Sears parking lot. A list of accepted items are available online.

Lakehead Festival of Music and the Arts Gala Thunder Bay Community Auditorium

A celebration of the top competitors at the annual festival. See this month’s Music section for more info.

Poetry Night Reading Series & Acoustic Performances The Poetry Night is quickly becoming one of Thunder Bay’s best events celebrating the arts all under one roof! Everyone ages 19+ are welcome and encouraged to participate.

May 21, noon

Open Studio

Baggage Building Arts Centre

Open Studio is a great way for artists interested in membership to drop in and get familiar with the space.

Composting 101

EcoSuperior is offering a free workshop to help with the basics on composting in the community. This workshop will answer any questions about how to turn food and garden scraps into soil.

May 22, 7:30 pm

The Illusionists

Thunder Bay Community Auditorium

Straight from Broadway, The Illusionists shows off hilarious yet mind-blowing tricks.

May 23, 4 pm

Vanderwees Mini Golf Tournament

Vanderwees Garden Gallery

Hosted by the Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Foundation in support of the cardiovascular surgery program. Grab a team and putt an 18-hole mini-golf tournament.

May 24, 5 pm

40th Annual Fresh Air 10K and 2.5K Run Kamview Nordic Centre

The annual Fresh Air run will be hosted again at Kamview Nordic Centre and is open to all levels of runners ages six and up.

May 26, 4:30 pm

Spaghetti Supper in Support of Gender Adventures Youth Camp Current River Community Centre

Attend this fundraiser for Gender Adventures Youth Camp, a free overnight camp for gender creative youth ages 12–17 years.

May 27, 7 pm

Jennie Ogilvie: The Comedian Medium Slovak Legion

Jennie is often described as the Comedian Medium, as she believes laughter through painful situations can be as powerful as tears.

May 29, 6 pm

Beer School: Beer & Tacos

Sleeping Giant Brewing Co.

The first Beer School Series of 2019 has an educational component on both beer and tacos. Tacos provided by Red Lion Smokehouse.

May 30 & 31

Beauty and The Beast JR. Redwood Park Church

May 24, 6 pm

This musical features 30 local actors between the ages of 7–12 years old is presented by All The DAZE Productions. See this month’s Film and Theatre section for more info.

Valhalla Inn

May 31, 7 pm

Shrimpfest 2019 Indulge in a nice night out with family or friends to enjoy “wild caught” shrimp, in support of the Lakehead Rotary Club.

May 25, 11 am

Open House in Celebration of National Public Works Week 410 Mountdale Ave, Thunder Bay

Help acknowledge the public workers that keep our city running. This free open house features fun activities for kids, as well as vehicle displays. And don’t forget the barbecue and ice cream!

May 26, 1 pm

Out of the Darkness Memorial Walk Confederation College

This memorial walk was created to support families and friends left behind due to suicide. See this month’s City Scene for more info.

Relay for Life Kick-Off Party Sleeping Giant Brewing Co.

Come to enjoy a night of live music in support of the Relay for Life.

Until June 2


Thunder Bay Art Gallery

Through the selected works, the concept and experience of Francophone identity is at the heart of this exhibition.


General Art Food

Sports Music outofthedarkness

The Walleye Walleye

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MayMusicGuide May 1 Weekly Wednesday Trivia Night with Chris Barstow


The Westfort 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

The Foundry 7:30 pm • No Cover • 19+

May 6 Every Folk’n Monday Night BPP 11-Year Anniversary Bash with Robin Ranger Night 1 The Foundry Black Pirates Pub 7:30 pm • $5 • AA

Danny Johnson’s Piano Bar Shooters Tavern 8 pm • No Cover • 19+

The Best Karaoke In TBay The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

May 2 Jazzy Thursday Nights with Martin Blanchet The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

Prime Time Karaoke PA Legion Branch 5 8:30 pm • No Cover • 19+

7 pm • No Cover • 19+

May 7 Open Mic

Cheer’s The Village Pub 8 pm • No Cover • AA

The Best Karaoke In TBay The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

May 8 Danny Johnson’s Piano Bar Shooters Tavern 8 pm • No Cover • 19+

Chris Webby

Crocks at NV NightClub 9 pm • $20–$300 • 19+

BPP 11-Year Anniversary Bash The Best Karaoke In TBay The Foundry Night 2 Black Pirates Pub 9:30 pm • $5 • 19+

Open Stage with Craig Smyth & Tiina Flank The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

May 3 Merin w/ Pedestrian Lifestyle + Starless The Apollo 8 pm • $TBA • 19+

DJ Big D w/ DJ Blackie Chan The Foundry 10 pm • $5 • 19+

Emotion 2019 Pre-Party ft. Greazus + J.A. DJ + more NV NightClub + Atmos 10 pm+2am • $10–$20 • 19+

10 pm • No Cover • 19+

The Foundry 1 pm • No Cover • 19+

Pelimanni Orchestra’s Spring Concert Hilldale Lutheran Church 7 pm• No Cover• AA

BPP 11-Year Anniversary Bash Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

Us as Them: Fleetwood Mac The Foundry 10 pm • $5 • 19+

May 5 All-Star Karaoke

Port Arthur Legion Branch 5 3 pm • No Cover • 19+

Open Jam

Port Arthur Legion Branch 5 8 pm • No Cover • AA

4 The Walleye 96

Superior Nightlife presents Then, Now & Back in the Day

May 12 All-Star Karaoke

Weapons w/ DJ Big D

The Foundry 10 pm • $5 • 19+

Port Arthur Legion Branch 5 3 pm • No Cover • 19+

Open Jam

Port Arthur Legion Branch 5 8 pm • No Cover • AA


The Westfort 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

May 13 Phono Pony

The Foundry 9 pm • No Cover • 19+

May 14 Open Mic

Cheer’s The Village Pub 8 pm • No Cover • AA

The Best Karaoke In TBay The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

May 9 May 15 Jazzy Thursday Nights with Danny Johnson’s Piano Bar The Summertime Jam Project Shooters Tavern The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

8 pm • No Cover • 19+

Prime Time Karaoke

The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

PA Legion Branch 5 8:30 pm • No Cover • 19+

Open Stage with Craig Smyth & Tiina Flank The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

May 10 Five Man Acoustical Band PA Legion Branch 5 5:30 pm • $TBA • 19+

Teenage Head

BPP 11-Year Anniversary Bash Crocks at NV NightClub 8:30 pm • $25 • 19+ Night 3 Sunday wilde & Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+ The 1 Eyed Jacks May 4 Folk’n Saturday Afternoons

Logan McKillop, Cheap & Easy w/ Black Slacks

Cheer’s The Village Pub 9 pm • By Donation • 19+

Private Eyes

Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

Friends of the Road w/ DJ Big D The Foundry 10 pm • $5 • 19+

May 11 Folk’n Saturday Afternoons The Foundry 1 pm • No Cover • 19+

Silver Sound Concert St. Paul’s United Church 1 pm • By Donation • AA

Pre-Pride Drag Show Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $10 • 19+

The Best Karaoke In TBay

May 16 Jazzy Thursday Nights with Robin Ranger The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

Prime Time Karaoke PA Legion Branch 5 8:30 pm • No Cover • 19+

Open Stage with Craig Smyth & Tiina Flank The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

May 17 Legendary Duos Show PA Legion Branch 5 7 pm • $25 • 19+

Superior Nightlife presents Then, Now & Back in the Day Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

Morning Light w/ DJ Big D The Foundry 10 pm • $5 • 19+

Pedestrian Lifestyle If I Surrender Release Show The Apollo 10 pm • $5 • 19+

May 18 Folk’n Saturday Afternoons with Sunday wilde The Foundry 1 pm • No Cover • 19+

Legendary Duos Show PA Legion Branch 5 7 pm • $25 • 19+

Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+ The Foundry 10 pm • $5 • 19+

May 19 All-Star Karaoke

Port Arthur Legion Branch 5 3 pm • No Cover • 19+

Alessia Cara: The Pains of Growing Tour

Thunder Bay Community Auditorium 7:30 pm • $49–$89 • AA

Open Jam

Port Arthur Legion Branch 5 8 pm • No Cover • AA

Superior Nightlife presents Then, Now & Back in the Day Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+


The Westfort 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

May 20 Every Folk’n Monday The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

May 21 Open Mic

Cheer’s The Village Pub 8 pm • No Cover • AA

The Best Karaoke In TBay The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

May 22 Weekly Wednesday Trivia Night with Chris Barstow The Foundry 7:30 pm • No Cover • 19+

Danny Johnson’s Piano Bar Shooters Tavern 8 pm • No Cover • 19+

The Best Karaoke In TBay The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

May 23 Jazzy Thursday Nights The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

Prime Time Karaoke PA Legion Branch 5 8:30 pm • No Cover • 19+

Open Stage with Craig Smyth & Tiina Flank The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

May 24 Undercover w/ DJ Big D The Foundry 10 pm • $5 • 19+

May 25 Folk’n Saturday Afternoons The Foundry 1 pm • No Cover • 19+

Rock Showcase Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

Rock/Pop Showcase The Foundry 10 pm • $5 • 19+

May 26 All-Star Karaoke

Port Arthur Legion Branch 5 3 pm • No Cover • 19+

Open Jam

Port Arthur Legion Branch 5 8 pm • No Cover • AA


The Westfort 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

May 27 Every Folk’n Monday The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

May 28 Open Mic

Cheer’s The Village Pub 8 pm • No Cover • AA

The Best Karaoke In TBay The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

May 29 Daniel O’Donnell

Thunder Bay Community Auditorium 7:30 pm • $59–$89 • AA

Weekly Wednesday Trivia Night with Chris Barstow The Foundry 7:30 pm • No Cover • 19+

Danny Johnson’s Piano Bar Shooters Tavern 8 pm • No Cover • 19+

The Best Karaoke In TBay The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

May 30 Jazzy Thursday Nights The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

The Cover Show 24 – Night 1 Black Pirates Pub 7:30 pm • $6 • AA

Prime Time Karaoke PA Legion Branch 5 8:30 pm • No Cover • 19+

Open Stage with Craig Smyth & Tiina Flank The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

Ray Fuller and the Bluesrockers PA Legion Branch 5 7 pm • $25–$35 • 19+

DJ Big D

The Foundry 10 pm • $5 • 19+

May 31 The Cover Show 24 – Night 2 Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

Brought to you by:

For more info visit



Top 20 1

Anemone* Beat My Distance Royal Mountain


Jazzlib* Eazy Peazy EP Self-Released

15 Weakened Friends Common Blah Don Giovanni


iLLism iLLuminate Self-Released

RawkstarGurl’s Rawkin Hours of Rock and Roll Hosted by Tara-Leigh Marcin Saturdays 7-9 pm

RawkstarGurl Tara-Leigh Marcin has been bringing her full-energy, good-vibe rock and roll show to LU Radio for over 12 years, filling Thunder Bay’s airwaves with all sorts of rock, from garage and psychedelic to stoner and punk! Music is part of Marcin’s nature and, everyday life, and it runs in the family. Her husband Wayne Marcin (guitarist for Reverb Bomb) and son are frequent flyers on the show, co-hosting and sharing their favourite tracks. So if you love music and awkward banter tune in every Saturday night! Rawk on Thunder Bay!

Song of the moment: “Wonderlust” Haunt Burst into Flame


LeE HARVeY OsMOND* Mohawk Latent


wild/kind* West Ends Safety Bear


Homeshake* Helium Royal Mountain



PUP* Morbid Stuff Little Dipper

18 PUP* Morbid Stuff Little Dipper


19 Wintersleep* In The Land Of Dine Alone

FIDLAR Almost Free Dine Alone


Butchers* Jerk Self-Released


Ye Goat-Herd Gods* Ashes Shall Be Made of Them Self-Released


School Damage* Hello, Cruel World Self-Released

International 1

Ibibio Sound Machine Doko Mien Merge

20 Ocie Elliott* We Fall In Nettwerk 2

Kaisha Lee* My Love is Rare (single) Self-Released

Electronic 1


Foxwarren* Foxwarren Arts & Crafts

Wangled Teb* Seasonal Depression TwoFifteen

The Specials Encore Island



Royal Canoe* Waver Paper Bag

Toro y Moi Outer Peace Carpark

Arashkha A Tribute to the Dark Venus Les Editions Musjo


Sarah Louise Nighttime Birds and Morning Stars Thrill Jockey


Matt Sellick* North Shore Self-Released

Karen O & Danger Mouse Lux Prima BMG



Living Hour* Softer Faces Kanine


Said The Whale* Cascadia Arts & Crafts



10 Only A Visitor* Technicolour Education Self-Released 11 Hawksley Workman* Median Age Wasteland Six Shooter

Loud 1

17 Silent Winters* The Duke Hotel Self-Released

Broken Social Scene* Let’s Try the After (Vol. 1) Arts & Crafts

CILU 102.7fm’s Monthly Charts for this issue reflect airplay for the month ending April 16, 2019. Check out our weekly charts online at and tune in to the Top 20 Countdown, Mondays from 7-9am. Keep it locked on 102.7fm - online streaming at

14 House Handshake* House Self-Released

16 The Dip The Dip Delivers AWAL




Royal Canoe* Waver Paper Bag

The Comet Is Coming Trust In The Lifeforce Of The Deep Mystery Impulse!


Cory Weeds Quintet* Live At Frankie’s Jazz Club Cellar Live

Hip Hop 1


12 Whitehorse* The Northern South, Vol. 2 Six Shooter

Eekwol & T-Rhyme* For Women By Women Self-Released

Dave Young* Lotus Blossom Modica



13 Hot Pocket* A Slippery Slope Self-Released

Mathematik* ReAL/iS-HiM Urbnet

Allison Au Quartet* Wander Wonder Self-Released


Dead Obies* DEAD Bonsound


Chuck Deardorf Perceptions Origin

Folk•Roots•Blues 1

Townes Van Zandt Sky Blue Fat Possum


LeE HARVeY OsMOND* Mohawk Latent


Colin Fowlie* Amusement Park (EP) Self-Released


Our Native Daughters Songs of Our Native Daughters Smithsonian Folkways


Hungry Lake* Townies Self-Released

* Indicates Canadian Content

The Walleye Walleye

97 5


The New Growing Season Story by Graham Saunders, Photo by Darren McChristie

Leaf buds developing on an apple tree, spring 2019.


here is almost consensus that spring has arrived. Spring was here for climatologists on March 1 and for astronomers on March 20—the date of the Spring Equinox. But, as last month’s snowfall indicated, these declarations of spring were premature in our part of the world. For phenologists—those who observe and note on a calendar the return of bird species, first occurrences of events such as bud burst, sightings of types of insects, flowering of lilacs, and other natural indications—spring is still in the wings. Vegetative growth will take place only if the temperature is above and continues above a threshold or base. These “growing degree days” or GDDs add up accumulated heat that exceeds that base temperature. A base of 5°C is suitable for many native Canadian plants, many “cool” vegetables, and some field crops. So

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on a spring day in May, if the daytime high is 14°C and the overnight low is 2°C, then the daily average is 8°C. The GDD equals the daily average temperature minus the base temperature, in this case 8 minus 5 to equal 3 GDD. If the average daily temperature is at or below the base of 5°C, then the GDD value is zero. In spring, the first evidence of growth of native vegetation depends on the average temperature exceeding 5°C for a number of days. Budding of willows and other native scrubs and growth of grass in the garden does not take place until at least five days have average temperatures warmer than 5°C. Once started, growth may pause if average daily temperatures are below 5°C but will resume with the return of warmer conditions. But five days with an average temperature above 5°C is not a perfect predictor. Drought, late

spring snowfalls, and other stresses can delay or accelerate growth stages. Full disclosure: the base of 5°C can be used to predict the appearance of garden weeds, mossies, and black flies as well. Tomatoes, corn, beans and other “warm” plants have a base of 10°C and some exotics like eggplant and some pepper varieties have a base of 18°C. These vegetables are not likely to germinate or grow at all in such cool conditions below their base temperatures. These bases provide grouping of warm and cool plants, although growth may vary somewhat from plant to plant. Spinach has a base of only 3°C, which means that growth, although minor, takes place even below the “cool” 5°C threshold. Growing degree days are a helpful way to keep track of the progress of the growing season. Monthly and seasonal totals result from adding

daily numbers and can provide guidance for when to plant and which vegetables and crops are likely to reach maturity. Locally, budding and leafing out of shrubs has happened as early as late March in 2010 and 2012. The growing season in 2014 did not get started until the first week of May. Last year the growing season was on hold until April 30, the fifth day in a row with GDDs. Tiny leaves were apparent. Then, near-record highs took place on May 1 in Thunder Bay and 26°C (and higher) was recorded in rural areas. Current bushes and native shrubs were close to total leaf out by late afternoon. General leaf out of poplar, birch and maple did not happen until the Victoria Day long weekend, followed soon after black flies. The growing season has many beginnings!





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n 1965, Rachel Carson wrote The Sense of Wonder. She argued that children should be provided with adequate time and space to make meaningful connections with the natural world. Playing outside is not a new idea. For many of us it was the usual, the everyday, the “normal.” It was not unusual to see children riding bikes in neighbourhoods, playing at the local park unsupervised, or hiding in a nearby raspberry patch. But in recent years, life seems to have changed, and for parents with children of any age it seems to be harder and harder to get them to spend time outdoors, unstructured and unorganized. It has been noted by many professionals that the lives of children in the 21st century are over-scheduled, and with many families having single parents or multiple jobs, finding the time to connect with nature is just as challenging as finding the space. Author Richard Louv is credited for reintroducing us all to the importance of outdoor learning and play,

and connecting to natural spaces. In his award-winning book, Last Child in the Woods, Louv coined the term Nature-Deficit Disorder, highlighting a concern for the shift away from nature-based play. Louv writes “just as children need good nutrition and adequate sleep, they may very well need contact with nature.” There are many benefits to increasing our dose of vitamin N. Not only does it foster a deeper more meaningful respect for our planet, it has been well documented that play is an important contributor to healthy child development. In 2016, author Heather Coe wrote in Canadian Children, “Child-nature connections may help decrease anxiety, depression, and stress among children” and “increase self-esteem, mood, and self-efficacy.” Fostering connections to the environment is not as complicated as some may think. A simple walk through the neighbourhood after dinner, exploration in the backyard with an age-appropriate field guide,


A Dose of Vitamin N By Erin Moir, Program Coordinator, EcoSuperior

or getting out to the nearest park for a family hike all have great benefits to encourage a deep respect for nature. Check out Five Minute Field Trips put together by the Global Environmental and Outdoor Education Council for some great outdoor activities to get you started. The sooner we start encouraging outdoor exploration, the more likely it is to become a lifelong habit. To that end, EcoSuperior is starting up a new outdoor playgroup for caregivers and their lil’ buds. The Lil’ Buds Outdoor Playgroup will be held Thursdays in June (6,

13, 20, and 27) from 10 to 11:30 am at Central Natural Environment Gardens. Children ages 3 and 4 are invited to attend with a caregiver to explore the gardens through four different themed programs. Check out for a full list of activities and how to register.

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Sauna Milestones By Tiffany Jarva


y earliest sauna memories are of my brother and me splashing around in a clawfoot porcelain tub filled with cool water, my mom and mummu (grandmother) on the top bench speaking Finn, swatting themselves with birch branches. At around ages 3 and 4 we would brave the heat and tumble out of the tub and sit on the lowest bench, or even the floor, until we couldn’t take it any longer—we were lucky to make it 30 seconds before we plunged back into the cool water, giggling. And always with the warnings: no running, and no touching the hot stove and

rocks. Safety was probably our first sauna lesson—that and “close the door,” which was never, ever said in a patient, kind voice. It really was about respecting the heat. Near the end of each sauna, my mom would lather our hair with what I always thought was special sauna shampoo, but learned years later was actually Agree. We made beards and mustaches from the bubbles while our mom and mummu threw one more ladle of water on to the rocks, us pretending to be jolly old men in a room full of steam until Mom climbed down through the mist and rinsed us off

using the tub’s hand-held shower, returning us to our tiny, pink—and now super clean—selves. At some point the bathtub in the sauna disappeared. By the time I was 8 or 9, I started eyeing up that top bench. It was now my personal goal to move beyond the first and second benches. I was going to reach that top bench, stretch across it, and outlast all other family members. But where to start? Every time I tried the top, my eyes stung and my chest felt like it was going to collapse. I had to build some sauna stamina. I learned to dip facecloths in cold water and place them on my face, breathing through the cooling cloth. I would dunk sauna buckets with cold water over my head and place my head between my knees. I floated up and down the benches. Sometimes I escaped to the dressing room or if at camp, I would jump in to a cool lake (and even snow!) returning back to the heat four or five times, hoping to last just a little longer each time. And eventually, one Christmas Eve, I did it. I was twelve. Alone, I laid on my back across that top bench, closed my eyes, breathed in my hot sauna success, and smiled. Since I was about five, there would always be Pop Shoppe fizzy drinks after a sauna at my grandfather’s. Lime Ricky was my favourite, and I still feel like I can taste it after saunas today. We would drink our pop in the dressing area, wrapped in towels on the padded benches, our tiny legs swaying above colourful handmade woven mats. Our towels and clothing hung in a neat row on wooden hooks. It was also a Christmas Eve tradition to receive

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sauna towels as gifts—a tradition I started with my own son when he was young. As I got older, I also learned about the importance of sauna etiquette: making sure all the buckets were full of water before you leave, putting wood on the fire if wood fuelled, washing down the benches if you’re shutting down the sauna, respecting no-glass rules, chopping wood if required, etc. Today most of my sauna moments are at camp. There is something truly fulfilling about getting camp sauna ready: chopping wood, starting the fire, and trekking to the lake to fill the sauna buckets. I still love the top bench. I still sauna with my mom and now I get to sauna with my son (whose first sauna experience was in a red bucket in my mom’s home town in Finland). I continue to jump into the lake to cool down, floating in the night water staring at the stars until returning to the sauna to warm up once more, combing conditioner through my lake-washed hair. I missed the sauna community when I wasn’t living in Thunder Bay. I really do think it is embedded in our sense of place, Finn or not. When I went to visit my relatives in Finland, I wasn’t surprised that they all had saunas, including my great aunt who lived in an apartment. What I didn’t know is that neighbourhoods have public and community saunas where anyone is welcome to show up and enjoy a sauna. And I think, this sense of community is also alive and well in Thunder Bay. Thank goodness, because the sauna really does feel like home.

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Horoscopes By Sunny Disposish






Spring has sprung, Ram, and it’s time to have a little fun. With the moon moving into your sign, you’ll have extra energy to celebrate Cinco de Mayo. Margaritas at El Tres? You are feeling generous, so don’t hesitate to pick up the tab. Ay caramba!

You are questioning everything lately, Taurus. Why? Are you going down the right path? What is your purpose in life? Take some time for selfreflection and ponder during a solo stroll around Boulevard Lake. Try to find the inner meaning to the vivid dreams you are having right now. The answer is right in front of you!


Mother’s Day is approaching and you want to find the perfect gift. No sweat! The stars are aligning in your favour for the matriarchs in your life to have a nosh at Nook. Enjoy! Things might get a little carried away so make sure you play it safe and arrange a DD.


Gearing up for the long weekend, Crab? The full moon throws you off, but you can easily recover by sticking to your list. Start Marie Kondo-ing now and you’ll have a sweet send-off. Shop early and avoid those long line ups. You know how last minute some people can be!


Think those thoughts of a tattoo through, Lion. The new moon has you wanting to make things permanent. Take a deep breath and go for it if it feels right! Your aura is golden right now and you are ready to move forward with some big decisions. When in doubt, you can always ask the Magic 8 ball.


There seems to be animals all around you, Virgo, including the skunks getting into your garbage. You are giving off nurturing vibes right now, and the time may be right for a new furry friend in your life. You may want to drink more water and pay attention to the signs your body is telling you.

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Seek the advice of a trusted advisor, Libra. Your airy nature has you doubting yourself. The Mercury Retrograde has brought up some stuff from your past, but you can sort it out with the help of your mentor. You might enjoy keeping a gratitude journal so you can reflect back on what really matters.

You’ll meet someone new that you have a lot in common with. Why not chat over charcuterie at In Common and get to know them better? You have a sparkle in your eye and a winning smile. Go for it! You’ll want to keep an eye on your finances, so maybe get them to pay.

This month’s theme is joy, Archer! The moon will be in your sign midmonth, which will see your vision expand and you receiving increased clarity. Also, your new glasses look great! Keep your chin up. It’s time to get out and meet some new people. Don’t chicken out on wing night, it promises to be a good time.



You are a hard-working goat, Cap, and it’s time for some Netflix R&R. Surround yourself with family and enjoy some quality time together by staying home sweet home. Movie recommendation: The Dirt. If that doesn’t suit, my crystal ball shows the animated version of Trailer Park Boys might be more up your alley.

Gearing up for a big run this month, Water Bearer? Mars in your sign gives you big energy, but consider a sauna at the beginning of the month to rest those weary muscles. Stay the course and keep your eyes on the prize.


Time to catch up on your reading, my fishy friend! Let the kids spoil you on Mother’s Day and tell them all the titles of the books you want! A meal at Rooster’s with the gang leaves you smiling. I hear the eggs benny is delish. Water is soothing for you this month, so why not try a soak at Afloat?

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Grow Slow


By Arley Hughes These words have been in my head Last couple of days... A reminder to move At your very own pace. So much that we see... Says we aren’t fast enough... Like if you don’t do this thing You’ll never catch up So every day... I’m learning to (grow slow) No need to be so fast That you Forget as you go

807.355.3262 AgentSilvanaC Silvana Ciddio Salesperson Royal LePage Lannon Realty

Life can be short We know this to be fact But if you rush the creative You might feel a lack Lack of “this” Less than “that” The feeling of trailing Behind the pack... Well I say “It doesn’t matter” If you love what you do Grow slow with the moment And it will grow with you And before you know it You’ve become a great towering Forest Because that slow growth Creates roots below it Roots that dive And creep all around A concrete foundation Forced deep underground A strong base to hold you So tall and upright Lets you shoot up... And lift toward light Grow slow... Grow slow... Grow slow... My dear It may only last A few days Or a year

View our up-to-date art inventory on our website

Knowing this is steady work... All the way down to its seams It’s ok to Grow... Slow... My Love... It ........Supports .......................Bigger ....................................Dreams

boy Roland, Slow/Grow, digital illustration

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The Barrel Boys at the Polish Hall

Photo by Keegan Richard

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Profile for The Walleye Magazine

May 2019  

For our May issue, we’re celebrating saunas. Betty Carpick looks at the history of the sauna and the significance in our community, and from...

May 2019  

For our May issue, we’re celebrating saunas. Betty Carpick looks at the history of the sauna and the significance in our community, and from...