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Close to the Land Embracing the Winter Season





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Thunder Bay’s arts & culture alternative

Editor-in-chief Darren McChristie Editor Adrian Lysenko Assistant Editor Rebekah Skochinski Senior Editor Tiffany Jarva Copy Editors Amy Jones, Bonnie Schiedel


Marketing & Sales Manager Martina Benvegnu Photographers Patrick Chondon, Bill Gross, Scott Hobbs, Chad Kirvan, Dave Koski, Kay Lee, Shannon Lepere, Marty Mascarin, Darren McChristie, Laura Paxton Art Directors Steve Coghill, R.G.D., Dave Koski, R.G.D.



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■ 53 Meet the Alternative ■ 55 Radio Connected to ■ 56 ■ 59 ■ 64

the Community What’s Inside.... A Flower Shop? Small Conveniences The Fundamental Gift of the Humanities


■ 67 A Dazzling Season Finale ■ 68 Connecting Paths ■ 70 Luke Warm and the

Cold Ones ■ 72 Neil Young ■ 75 White-Abbey ■ 76 Iain McKay ■ 79 Something to Show for It ■ 80 With a Punk Rock Twist


■ 84 Thunder Bay’s Oldest Residence




■ 89 Walk For Your Hygge WEATHER

■ 94 Blizzards of the Past


■ 42 Not Your

Grandmother’s Fibre Art ■ 44 The Nest Studio ■ 46 Mixing Passion and Profession ■ 48 Tane

■ 50 Freeheeling for Adventure



■ 86 Getting the Conversation

■ 32 Copenhagen Road ■ 34 Fly Fishing Film Fest ■ 37 Magnus Theatre


All Rights Reserved. Editorial and Advertising: Submissions must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope. Superior Outdoors cannot be held responsible for unsolicited material.

■ 22 DIY Truffles ■ 25 OutLaws Burgers and Fries ■ 26 Fresh, Local, and Seasonal ■ 29 Going for High Gravity ■ 30 Hygge In Your Mug!

Presents Huff ■ 38 Mamma Mia! ■ 39 Anastasia ■ 40 Winter Movies ■ 41 Qaleidoscope

The Walleye is a free monthly publication distributed on racks throughout Thunder Bay and region. Reproduction of any article, photograph or artwork without written permission is strictly forbidden. Views expressed herein are those of the author exclusively.

CoverStory: Close to the Land ■ 8 The Trap Life ■ 9 Where We’re Rooted ■ 10 Spending Time on the Land ■ 11 Black and Tan ■ 12 Seeking Hides ■ 14 Fur Trade: Past and Present ■ 16 ■ 17 Darren Lentz ■ 18 Learning from the Land ■ 20 Thunder Bay Hiking Association ■ 21 Seek out New Trails with the WAYfinder App

and Modern Times

■ 23 Drink of the Month ■ 60 This is Thunder Bay ■ 62 Stuff We Like ■ 82 Off the Wall Reviews ■ 90 Tbaytel February EVENTS ■ 92 Music EVENTS ■ 93 LU Radio's Monthly Top 20 ■ 96 The Wall ■ 97 The Beat ■ 98 The Eye

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From Our Instagram feed

Adrian Lysenko

Ice Fishing Adventures


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crash course on Dennis Franklin Cromarty High School’s land-based classes, go on a winter trek with the Thunder Bay Hiking Association, and chat with Roger Mayer, the creator of Keeping with our theme, we present ideas for winter camping in Stuff We Like, Justin Allec delves into telemark skiing, and our film columnist Michael Sobota shares some of his favourite winter films. Also in this issue, we preview Consortium Aurora Borealis’ 40th anniversary concert, help spread the word about LU Radio’s funding drive, and Chef Rachel Globensky serves up a delectable truffles recipe. Still feeling the winter blues? With Magnus Theatre’s production of Huff, Cambrian Players’ production of Anastasia, as well as Paramount Live’s production of Mamma Mia!, our film and theatre section is jam-packed with things to do this month other than hibernate. So hopefully this month’s issue encourages you to go outside and enjoy the season. Because as of February 1, there are only 47 days left to do so. - Adrian Lysenko

Featured Contributor Savanah Tillberg Shine Photo Studio


used to joke that my dad ruined fishing for me at a young age. Back then, I would have rather watched cartoons instead of getting woken up before dawn for an early morning cast. That being said, ice fishing was different. My first experience was on Lake Huron and it was like travelling into a different world. Riding on snowmobiles across the lake, we would arrive at a group of huts where, for the rest of the day, our family would sit in a hut warmed by a wood stove while we waited for the fish to bite. I know this might sound boring to some, and even surprising (as a kid I had a short attention span—there were no iPads then) but through my frosted rose-coloured glasses, I remember it as an adventure—an opportunity to bring us closer to the land, closer together as a family, and if we caught a fish, well that was a bonus. With the cold months upon us, our cover story for February is all about being close to the land. From fur trapping to fishing, we profile individuals and groups who, rather than hibernate, embrace the winter season. As part of the cover story, we talk to Darren Lentz about his passion for winter camping, get a

Born and raised in Thunder Bay, Savanah is a fourth-year political science student (minoring in English) at Lakehead University and is scheduled to graduate in April. She’s also a dance instructor, specifically teaching acrobatics. When she’s not at school, teaching acrobatics, or writing for The Walleye, Savanah can be spotted around Chapters with Solo, her golden retriever. Check out Savanah’s story on Magnus Theatre’s production of Huff on page 37.

On the Cover Close to the Land Photo by Laura Paxton (L-R) Jamie Black, Katie Ball, Julia Prinselaar, and Karli Strohschein

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Day 1 Thunderwolves on the Waterfront February 3

Prince Arthur’s Landing We love winter! And as part of Winter FunDays, there are a tonne of exciting activities lined up from now until March to celebrate the outdoors. On February 3, you can skate with some of your favourite hometown hockey players, then take the fun indoors with a warm-up in the Baggage Building Arts Centre for some craft activities. CAHEP will be looking at the different ways that humans and non-human animals interact with water through water-painting, flow-painting, and collage projects. Plus you can make train wheels with yarn and weave them together on an embroidery ring as part of a train yarn installation outside. Best of all, it’s free! Check out the website for a full list of activities.

Josh Laframboise

February 8 & 9

Italian Cultural Centre Sarah McPherson

This upcoming TBSO concert series will have everyone seeing passionate shades of red with the vibrant and infectious music that originated in the Andalusia region of southern Spain. It will feature local talent Matt Sellick, a much soughtafter flamenco guitarist, composer, and recording artist who brings his own unique approach to traditional flamenco rhythms. Invited by special request by music director and conductor, Paul Haas, Sellick will perform several original solo guitar for orchestra compositions. The shows begin at 7:30 pm, are open to all ages, and tickets range from $12 to $42.50. Don’t miss your chance to see a spectacular evening of spirited music. Olé!

Flying Fishing

4 Film Tour February 16

Thunder Bay Community Auditorium

3 Hygge Festival February 8–14 Grand Marais

Though it’s just recently caught on worldwide, the Danish concept of hygge has been around for a very long time. Hygge is about getting cozy and surrounding yourself with the warmth of family, friends, community, and fire. Now in its third year, the Hygge Festival in Grand Marais includes a host of activities to warm your hearts and lift your spirits during the winter season. Planned events include a fireplace tour, a stars and crosscountry skiing tour (bring your headlamp), knitting lessons, and a performance by a cappella group SVEA, which will include Scandinavian folk songs as well as a storytelling around a bonfire at Drury Lane Books. There’s also fat biking up a frozen riverbed, an annual Mukluk Ball, and more. Layne Kennedy

Northern Lights 3: 2 Matt Sellick Flamenco Red

5 Music for the Gym February 22

Oliver Road Community Centre Come out to hear some great music for a great cause. It’s year number four of Music for the Gym—an annual benefit concert to raise money in support of The Underground Gym. Since The Gym officially opened its doors in 1999, it has offered free use of exercise equipment to children and youth in the community who might not otherwise have access to such resources, as well as acted as a mentoring and gathering place. Joining returning performer John Dolce is local singer/songwriter Quayson Williams—a young and up-and-coming musician. Tickets are $10 and are available at the door and at Music World. The doors open at 7 pm and the music starts at 7:30 pm. Coffee, tea, and baking will be available.

Do you have a serious case of cabin fever? If so, there’s a cure. Presented by the North Shore Steelhead Association, the Flying Fishing Film Tour is a fundraiser to support conservation efforts in the Thunder Bay area. The film tour features epic fishing films from around the Alignment by Darcy Bacha world including Alignment from British Columbia and Tarpon from Florida, which was filmed almost 35 years ago in Key West and is what many consider to be the first of the modern fishing films. The evening will appeal to everyone from anglers and conservationists to nature lovers and film buffs. There’s a symposium and vendor fair at 6 pm that includes giveaways, with the screenings beginning at 7 pm. Tickets are $15 and available at the Thunder Bay Community Auditorium box office.

(L-R) Quayson Williams and John Dolce

The Walleye Walleye

7 1


The Trap Life

What Modern Trapping Looks Like By Kim Latimer


twisting, bubbling, frigidly beautiful river flows alongside Katie Ball’s rustic home near Shabaqua. Fittingly, she lives on an old voyager portage route, where she works as a trapper and fur designer just an hour and a half from her family trapline. A modern portrait of the dynamic next generation of trappers, Ball grew up spending time with her dad on the trapline. He was a Lakehead University-trained forester who began their line near Armistice Lake, south of Armstrong. Ball is tall and lean, with slight hands and a wide, elegant smile. She once had professional stints working in vet clinics and as a fashion model in the United States, but chose to give those up to pursue what she says is her “passion”: a life of trapping and fur design. “I was an only child, but my dad


The Walleye

never made me feel that I couldn’t do anything,” she says. “I always knew I could be a trapper and I don’t see trapping as a male-dominated profession—to me and even in our history it’s always been in couples or in pairs, and I’ve always known a lot of women in trapping who taught me to put my strengths first.” She says trapping is rooted in family, and she and her husband Richard Tomiak trap together. She’s become a certified furrier and five years ago she opened Silver Cedar Studio. Ball is also president of the Northwestern Fur Trappers Association. Recently, Tomiak built a 1000-square-foot studio of dedicated space where Ball dries and cleans pelts, and designs, sews, and preserves the furs from her own trapline. The work is laborious: a single pair of full fur mitts designed

from one of her pelts can take up to six hours to make (including the time it takes to block, stretch, and dry the fur). Not to mention the physicality and nature of trapping. “I use slings to carry my 60-pound beavers out—a slip knot around the front legs and around the back and I can carry them out like a backpack,” Ball says. Ball is eager to dispel myths about trapping and address the anti-fur supporters. She says she’s seeing more and more people lean toward the positive side of trapping and support her way of life. “If you actually look at what goes into trapping an animal, what goes into preparing an animal and what goes into making a garment, there is no blood lust. There is no joy of killing or wiping out a population,” she explains. “If I wipe out a population I’m out of a business, I’m out of a food source and this is my life and my passion. I love animals and I’m out there studying them in the bush and when I’m working with their fur.” “Fake fur is pollution to make and it’ll be pollution after you’re done with it. It will be in the landfills for 100 years, in the earth, air and water. When you’re done with a piece of fur it’ll go back to nature within a few weeks or months, depending. It comes from nature and goes back to nature.” With new restrictions on tags for harvesting wolf and coyote, Ball

says she traps with ecology in mind and to protect the populations from starvation and diseases like mange. Trappers are obligated to report signs of starvation and disease found on their traplines. Ball adds that “coyotes are very bold. They’re opportunists and they’re coming into areas we’ve never had them before. Now there’s a separate licence for both wolf and coyote but they’re decimating moose, deer, and caribou numbers. It’s an unmanaged resource right now.” Having said that, membership to the Northwestern Fur Trappers Association is on the rise. The Association is also expecting record numbers at the Convention in Thunder Bay in March. “What we’re seeing is that trapping numbers have been increasing. People want to get back to their roots and learn how to survive. It’s helping boost our numbers—people seem to want to get back to nature. It’s a clean source of food, clothing, warmth and it’s a part of our heritage.” The Northwestern Fur Trappers Annual Convention is March 1 and 2 at CLE Coliseum and is free to the public. Silver Cedar Studio is one of several vendors from across Northwestern Ontario who will be participating. There is also a wild fur fashion show on the Saturday at 2 pm. There will be skinning demonstrations, fur handling and competitions, live and silent auctions, and exhibits.


Where We’re Rooted A Steward of Water, Fish, and Land By Jolene Banning


amara Spence has been fishing, hunting, and trapping as far back as her memory goes. At first, it was as a helper and keen observer. Thirty-one years later, she can’t imagine a life not out on the land, despite the barriers she’s faced. Spence was born and raised in Thunder Bay, and is a Lake Helen Red Rock Indian Band member. Her trap shack is nearly three hours outside Thunder Bay. One of her earliest memories of fishing is of helping her family pull a fishing net. Once the net is wet with fish it becomes extremely heavy. “People have this idea that you’re getting 300 fish but the reality is you’re lucky if you get about eight fish because you want a healthy harvest so you check each and every fish,” says Spence. These days she fishes with a rod, reel, and tackle. It’s much easier on her body, she says.

As much as Spence loves hunting, she still faces barriers. “Being a female I have some limitations to what I can do because of strength. But with snaring, it doesn’t matter how strong you are, as long as you take care of your work, take pride in your snare, you’re always going to be successful, she says. Without vehicle access or cell service, she traps only what she is strong enough to carry herself. She’s also very particular in what she will hunt. She won’t kill a cow (female moose) or a calf (baby moose). “I did manage to see the most majestic thing this year—a baby and his mom so gracefully going through the water. I had to take a moment and love it,” says Spence. Another barrier that she continually faces is racism and prejudice. “People seem to think we’re not entitled to the land that our original

peoples are from and a lot of it has to do with this idea that we’re overharvesting or illegally harvesting. But you don’t necessarily see local groups invite us to talk about it,” says Spence. She even questioned herself and felt internal racism as a young woman, caught between two worlds of being Anishinaabe and white but not enough of one or the other. Connecting to the land is where Spence came to learn who she was and where she fit in the world.

Spence is a steward of water, fish, and land. She practices catch-andrelease with the hope that people watching her will follow suit. And if you can’t fish, hunt, or snare, she recommends you take a drive down an old dirt road and go for a walk. Get outside and in touch with nature. It’s where we’re rooted. To keep up with her outdoor adventures, follow Spence on Instagram @greymatters87

The The Walleye Walleye 9 9


Spending Time on the Land Discovering the Intricate Relationships of the Natural World By Adrian Lysenko


arli Strohschein’s passion for the outdoors started before she could even walk and talk. “My dad worked shifts at the steel mill, and brought me everywhere on his days off, which was perch and walleye fishing on Lake Erie, and trout and salmon trolling with downriggers on Lake Ontario,” she says. “When you’re young, your parents are your world, and being involved at a very young age is crucial in fostering a love for the outdoors.” Strohschein didn’t start hunting until attending McMaster University, but her interest began during ice-out canoe tripping and trout fishing with her now-husband, Patrick Gidley. “One of our first forays was meeting up with my 80-year-old great uncle at his canvas tent moose camp outside of Timmins,” she says. “Having a pot of catch-of-the-day stew simmering on the wood stove after a

10 The Walleye

long day of walking trails, sharing stories, and listening to his wisdom earned through a lifetime out in the bush, brought it all together.” After living in Timmins for a year, Strohschein and Gidley moved to Thunder Bay in 2012. “My grandfather and great uncle actually came to Thunder Bay in the 50s when my family first immigrated to Canada. They settled in Timmins, and finally Hamilton, and by chance we made the opposite migration.” Most of what Strohschein enjoys about the outdoors revolves around acquiring food and spending time with her bird dog, Wilma. In each of the places that she’s lived, hunting, fishing, foraging, and gardening have helped create a sense of home. She states how important it is for her to savour everything an animal or plant gives and learning to cook each with respect, not wasting the less

appealing pieces. “It doesn’t always necessarily mean coming home with pockets full, and I’ve learned that each season that comes around is different, and I have no control over any of it except putting myself out there to make the most of it.” Strohschein is also an artist and it’s no surprise that the natural world inspires her work. Her art disciplines include sculpture (primarily hand-built ceramics), as well as combining printmaking, drawing, found/collected materials, images, and sounds. She also works in illustration, making custom designs for wedding stationery suites with clients all over the world. “I’m not exactly into weddings, but my niche is in creating something that reflects the couple and their home through their local landscape, flora, and fauna,” she says. And if that isn’t enough, in her downtime she carves duck decoys. An ongoing project that Strohschein has been working on began with the very first bird she shot and cleaned for eating. “When I opened up the gizzard a tiny handful of shimmering stones lay inside. I’ve

collected and tagged each birds’ gizzard stones (gastroliths) since, with the location, date, and species. Some of these birds, like grouse, don’t migrate, and that is reflected in the stones inside,” she says. Over the years the project has evolved into something larger, drawing maps from all of the GPS data collected from each outing (thanks to a GPS tracker on her dog), tracing her migrations over the past 11 years. As part of the project, Strohschein began attempting to germinate the seeds she’s collected from the birds’ crops and gizzards and has created sculptures that aim to capture some of her favourite moments and spaces along the way. “For me, and many of hunters I’ve had the pleasure of talking to, hunting has a deeper purpose beyond filling a game bag,” she says. “There’s a deep respect for the intricate relationships between everything in the natural world, and it’s important to me to show that side of hunting.” To see some of her work, visit


Black and Tan Creative Takes on Taxidermy


or wildlife artist Jamie Black, preserving animals isn’t just a hobby, it’s her full-time job. After half a decade of running Black and Tan Taxidermy, she still finds her work endlessly fascinating. Black turned to taxidermy as an occupation after she was laid off from her job in the mining industry. She originally launched Black and Tan Taxidermy with the help of a government grant that provided her with business training and start-up funds. Now, as one of only two taxidermists in the Thunder Bay area, she has a seemingly endless supply of work. She runs the business out of a shop attached to her rural home, where she regularly puts in 12-hour workdays. What keeps her going through endless hours of skinning, tanning, sculpting, and painting? Black truly enjoys what she does. “I can’t emphasize that enough,” she says. “Like they

say, if you love what you do you’ll never work a day in your life. And that’s honestly how it seems most of the time.” Although her work is often solitary, Black understands the value of good advertising and interaction with the public. She reaches out to potential customers through trade shows such as the Central Canada Outdoor & Recreation Show, NOSA Gun Show, and Northwestern Fur Trappers Annual Convention. Black sees many repeat customers, including avid hunters who bring in their trophies year after year. She especially loves preserving the fish and birds brought to her by parents and grandparents who want a token of their child or grandchild’s first fishing or hunting trip. As a female in a primarily male-dominated profession, Black was occasionally met with some suspicion. Now that her business is

Nuttall Photos

By Emma Christensen

established, she prefers to let the quality of her work speak for itself. She refuses to accept the archaic assumption that taxidermy is all “blood and guts,” or that women shouldn’t handle its messier side. “That’s really such a minor part of what I do,” she says. Realistic, lifelike form is important to Black. She uses her own observations and pictures provided by her customers to re-create the animal as it appeared in life or soon after death. “I really aim to have more creative, dynamically positioned mounts,” she says. She’s aware that displaying an animal on a wall isn’t for everyone, given

current home decorating trends, so she also offers products like antler coffee tables and candle holders. Despite the long hours needed to turn her passion into a profession, Black doesn’t regret starting a business. She adamantly urges others to seek out work that they are excited to return to day after day. “I’ve always felt that you’re going to be happiest and most fulfilled if you do what you love, and honestly there are billions of jobs in the world. If you don’t like what you’re doing, change it.” Learn more at

The Walleye


Adrian Lysenko


Seeking Hides

Julia Prinselaar Uses Time-Tested Traditional Methods to Create Buckskin

Lacing up hide in Sioux Lookout

By Bonnie Schiedel


’m fascinated by the transformative process of turning one part of an animal into many useful things,” says Julia Prinselaar. One of her main projects is teaching others how to tan deer hides using traditional methods: soaking, scraping, stretching, and smoking. Always interested in the natural world after a childhood spent canoeing, camping, and picking blueberries in and around Thunder Bay and Nipigon, her interest intensified when she travelled to the west coast in her 20s and took a variety of traditional skills workshops ranging from trapping and celestial navigation to wild edibles and medicinal mushrooms. “I had this deeper desire to connect and engage on a more visceral and meaningful level, in terms of what sustains me and my lifestyle,” she says. “Out of all the different

12 The Walleye

skills and practices that I was introduced to in those experiences, for some reason deer hide tanning felt right. When I moved back to Thunder Bay there was such a community of people who hunt, and accessibility to deer hides, so I had a space to get to work and practice.” In 2013 she started collecting donated deer hides from local hunters and began honing the techniques she had learned. After a hide soaks for a week, it takes a further four days of fairly physical—and sometimes stinky— work to create a supple, beautiful piece of breathable natural fabric. Prinselaar uses her hides to craft practical items like wallets for fly-fishing flies and glasses cases. Last summer, she offered hide-tanning workshops for groups of five or six, locally at Corbett Creek Farm & Creative Centre in Murillo,

Buckskin eyeglass cases

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as well as in Sioux Lookout. Her students are mostly women, and both Indigenous and non-Indigenous people. “It’s been this really positive space and environment for people to come together and work toward a shared goal,” she says. “It’s definitely a labour-intensive, strenuous process, and I see people working together, encouraging each other, telling stories.” This past fall, she also taught hide tanning to high school students as part of the pilot program for Hammarskjold’s Indigenous Cultural Academy, otherwise known as Kendomang Zhagodenamonon Lodge. Prinselaar’s traditional skills don’t stop with tanning: she also

creates soap and skin salve made from bear fat donated by a couple of hunter friends, hunts deer and grouse, fly fishes for steelhead salmon, does some sustainable foraging for wild edibles like springtime fiddleheads and nettles, and grows a medicinal herb garden. “I love living where I do because of the access to wild spaces,” she says. “The more you connect with these wild spaces, the more engaged and aware you can become of how the seasons change, different habitats, and what wild things like to grow there. It just kind of opens up the larger scale; the bigger picture.” For more information, visit Rivermoon Wildcraft on Facebook.

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FUR TRADE Past and Present

Castor canadensis

is the largest rodent in North America. An adult wieghs 16-32 kg, measuring up to 1.3m long (including the tail)


The Beaver Hat

European colonization of North America coincided with the growing European demand for beaver pelts to produce beaver hats. It could take up to 5 full-grown pelts to produce one hat, a 7-hour procedure

Trading Post

Young men employed by North West Company and the Hudson’s Bay Company to transport furs and other goods by canoe


The currency used by trading companies. One MB was equal to 1 large beaver pelt, 1-2 lynx, 1-7 marten or 9-14 muskrats Made Beaver (the value varied depending on season)

Fort William was the North West Company’s rendezvous and midway transshipment point between the inland fur trading posts and Montreal. It was also a trading post for local Indigenous groups

Fur Bales

In 1800, a 40 kg fur pack could contain 44 beaver skins, 12 otters, 5 bears, and 6 fishers

4 14 The Walleye

1,000 2,200

registered traplines in Northwestern Ontario

$1.6MILLION value of furs sold in Ontario

registered traplines in Ontario



People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) was founded in 1980 and is the largest animal rights organization in the world. The fur industry has been hurt by ongoing anti-fur campaigns by PETA and other animal rights groups

price for a beaver pelt $10-13 Average (Fur Harvesters Auction, 2018)

Modified Leghold

The leghold, used for fox, lynx, racoons, and wolves, is also referred to as a “restraining trap”


drop in pelt production from 1987-1990


Body-grip trap

A lethal trap for raccoons, fishers, martens, beaver, otters, and mink. Often referred to as the “conibear” after 1950s Canadian trapper and inventor Frank Conibear

Average price for a skunk pelt (Fur Harvesters Auction, 2018)


zero number of wild mink and otter pelts sold at the Fur Harvesters Auction 2018

Traps used in Canada must be certified under the Agreement on Interational Humane Trapping Standards

It’s all about the hood

Canada Goose revenues have grown 77% since 2015, increasing demand for coyote pelts



trappers must check their restaining traps

2-3 DAYS

for body-grip traps



sources:,,,,,,, Baltimore Hats Past and Present (ebook)

108,000 (2015)

coyotes trapped in Canada The 5 TheWalleye Walleye Walleye 15 15


Roger Mayer Reels in Northern Ontario’s Fishing Community By Lindsay Campbell


oger Mayer’s been hooked on fishing since he was three years old. Many years later, he’s found a way to share his passion with others and fostered a close-knit community of anglers. In the mid-90s, Mayer created a website with the sole goal of showcasing photos of fish that he and other friends had caught. Since then, the site has evolved into what is now known as, a forum for anglers and hunters alike from Timmins all the way to the Manitoba border. While the site’s original purpose was fairly simple, Mayer says he’s proud of the role it’s played within northern Ontario’s fishing community, adding that it’s helped grow a number of local

16 The Walleye

tournaments. “Shebandowan Smallmouth Showdown, for example, it’s a very popular tournament here… It all started off with,” he says. “Just me and two other guys started discussing why aren’t there any tournaments around here, and then we thought we would make one. We met for coffee, set the ground rules, and now it’s one of the most popular tournaments in this area for smallmouth bass.” In addition to the start-up and support of local fishing events, Mayer credits his site with improving overall knowledge and well-being for anglers in the area. Members of the site are able to discuss anything from fishing techniques and hotspots to ice reports and dangerous areas. “Right now there’s a

discussion going about a guy wanting to know where a good ice fishing spot on the Kaministiquia River would be,” Mayer explains. “But other members are stating that he should stay off the Kam River. It’s moving water and you can’t guarantee safe ice anywhere. Now everybody knows and no one is walking without a false sense of security.” With goals for the future, the Thunder Bay Fishing owner says he plans on keeping site membership free, but hopes to build on the content and include informative videos that will create more engagement with his followers. “Eventually, I hope to have members I don’t even know be featured in videos with me,” he says. “It’s a constant work in progress, but if people want to keep checking it out and

participating in it, that’s great.” And when asked about the legacy he might leave, Mayer points to an important lesson he lives by each day. “I hope that I’m able to teach people to protect and respect the resource because you’re allowed to eat fish, but fishing is like a handful of sand,” he explains. “There’s lots of sand, but if you keep taking grains out and not giving back, you’re going to run out. I love fishing so much that I don’t need to eat them everyday. If you keep some for tomorrow, you can continue to do this intriguing thing that’s kept me coming back since I first started.” For more information, visit


Darren Lentz

Embracing a Winter Landscape Lens By Tiffany Jarva


hen you walk into the office of Kingsway Park Public School principal Darren Lentz, his love of the land immediately hits you: there is a stretched beaver pelt, traditional snowshoes that he crafted himself, and a myriad of pictures of him (drawings by students and photos) in the great outdoors. “A big part of the connection to the land for me is to understand and appreciate what we have. Land sustains,” explains Lentz. “I try to build a relationship with the land to myself, to my community, and to the world at large.” Lentz’s interest in the outdoors started off as experiential learning—he initially moved to Thunder Bay to pursue a degree in Outdoor Recreation, Parks and Tourism at Lakehead University, and he stayed. Now, he says he loves having opportunities as an educator to help instill the values of stewardship and a love of land during all seasons. He has run dog sleds in the past and has

camped in many areas of the northwest region. He recommends trying winter camping as a really meaningful and unique way to connect with family and friends. “You are looking at things with a different lens when you look at the winter landscape. Even the sky is different,” says Lentz, stressing the importance of discovering and enjoying all the seasons. “The environment is alive all times of the year. It’s a different point of view during the winter. There are different animals to see.” Winter is special because it is a little bit out of the ordinary, requiring proper planning and preparation. It also has a special appeal because it’s an opportunity for Lentz to use and test things he likes to make, such as snowshoes, specialized sleds and shovels. He also has a trapline that he checks on regularly in the winter, whether he decides to camp or stay in his cabin. Over the years, Lentz says he has really appreciated the ability to hone his skills—like his better

understanding of ice conditions, cooking methods, hunting, canoe building, and trapping—by spending time with his father-in-law and Indigenous Elders. “They shared knowledge with me that’s on an entirely different level because of their lifetime of living on the land,” Lentz says. He hopes that as he gets older he will spend more continuous time outside in the winter, such as a month-long trip travelling by traditional means, like snowshoes or dog sled. “I am most proud of my kids having an appreciation for the land,” says Lentz. “My son and daughter went winter camping for the first

time at ages 3 and 4. And now they spend time in the outdoors on their own.” He recalls an especially favourite winter camping outing when he and his partner brought their girls out together for the first time. “It was a magical time on the land. We built a snowman. We fished. We did all sorts of things.” At school, Lentz encourages students to embrace the outdoors, which includes providing snowshoes. “If we provide opportunities for kids to be on the land, then they’ll be protective of the land. It does wonders for them,” says Lentz. “The best investment we can make in our children is to teach a love of the land.”

The Walleye



Learning from the Land Land-Based Education as the Original Classroom

Story by Ayano Hodouchi Dempsey, Photos by Geoff Lindberg


inter is the most challenging season of all, but it’s an important part of our life and has a lot of teachings,” says David Thompson, land-based coordinator at Dennis Franklin Cromarty High School. The school incorporates land-based activities into both their courses and their extracurricular activities, and in the winter months, the students go out on the land to fish, snare rabbits and trap martens, and learn dog-sledding and survival skills. Although DFC has been taking students out on the land for years, the program was expanded since the deaths of seven youths attending school in Thunder Bay. Emphasis on land-based education came about as

18 The Walleye

a way to address the anxiety and fear of students and parents, so that the students could “reconnect with our traditions, our culture, our language and especially the land, because everything comes from the land,” explains Thompson. Special education teacher Geoff Lindberg finds that taking students out helps those struggling at school. After getting the green light from the Ministry of Education, he tailored one of the phys-ed courses to focus on the land. “There’s been a great difference [in the students]; there’s someone in a classroom setting who doesn’t want to engage, then all of a sudden, you take them out on the land, and they’re a new person.” He has led students on various

CoverStory trips maintaining traplines, snowshoeing, and netting fish the oldschool way by cutting down trees and making holes in the ice to thread the net through the ice. Some of the students who come from more traditional communities have a wealth of knowledge that they can share with their peers, and they learn leadership skills by mentoring the others. Elders also accompany these outings, teaching in their native language as well as English. DFC has an Elders’ room at the school; the main Elder John Gagnon is there every day, and there is a rotating cast of others. If the students bring back rabbits from an outing, the Elders show them how to skin it, prepare the hide to be used for trim, make rabbit stew, and have a feast. Sometimes the game is moose, or partridge, or beaver, and the Elders show what to do with each animal. They make bannock for the students to snack on and are essentially like kokums (grandmothers) at the school. They are there not just to teach, but to listen. “I was taught

that an Elder should never walk away when a younger person wants to talk to you, or you lose their respect,” says Gagnon. “Wintertime is also a time of close interaction with people,” says Thompson. “It’s our time of storytelling. You can find stuff in a book, but you won’t find a lot, because we have an oral literacy. To get the essence, the spirit of learning, you need to communicate with the Elders and knowledge keepers.” “Once you get out on the land, it’s the original classroom,” he adds. ”We’ve gone through this dark period in Canadian history where our culture, language, and land were lost, but now we’re going through a period of resurgence. And it’s very important to bring it in to the schools, because for young Indigenous students, it builds up self-esteem and makes them stronger human beings. Our Elders emphasize the importance of maintaining that core of our cultural teachings, because without that, you’d be lost, and less successful outside of your comfort zone.”








(807) 623-0515

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hikes at Cascades. “I love to touch the trees, touch the leaves—involve all of my senses. I know that trail so well, I feel that I know where the lichen and moss grow, every inch of them,” she says. If you’re looking to get out and explore with folks of all ages, check out or the Thunder Bay Hiking Association Facebook page. New members always welcome; it’s a steal at $25 a year ($35 per family).

Thunder Bay Hiking Association Peter Summers

Connecting Friends in Nature for 35 Years By Kat Lyzun


here is a saying that you need “special shoes for hiking— and a bit of a special soul as well.” The Thunder Bay Hiking Association has been connecting those souls together since 1984, when founding members Elizabeth S. Peters and Rob Farmer answered an ad for folks who wanted to hike. “Only three of us showed up that day,” laughs Peters, now 85. She and Farmer found more friends and began organizing regular hikes that included canoe trips and cross-country skiing in the winter. By 1988, they had 60 members; today, there are 144. Hikes are scheduled at least once a week yearround. They’ve added snowshoeing, kayaking, biking, and trail running as interests broaden. Schedules are posted online and emailed to members, with a detailed description of what to expect on each hike. “It’s great because it offers you the opportunity to do fitness activities in the wilderness in a safe environment, where you won’t get lost,” says president Teresa Legowski. Safety is top priority; hike leaders are certified through Hike Ontario courses, and no hiker ever falls behind the group. This is key because while there are hikes for novice and moderate hikers, some treks are

20 The Walleye

several hours long with gruelling terrain. The association uses a clear classification system so hikers can easily identify whether an expedition is right for them. For Lauren Halsey, joining the Thunder Bay Hiking Association gave her instant access to like-minded people. “When I moved to Thunder Bay [two years ago] I didn’t know anyone. I love to be outside and enjoy the outdoors. This was a way of meeting people and getting to know the area all at once, areas that I may not have experienced otherwise.” Longtime member Peter Summers says he loves the stress relief that hiking brings. He counts Kakabeka Falls Provincial Park as a top spot for cross-country skiing and Silver Falls for winter hiking, but his favourite overall is Ruby Lake near Nipigon. “The first time I did it, going to the top of the ridge and coming upon Ruby Lake, and seeing Lake Superior beyond that lake…it’s pretty spectacular,” he says. Legowski is a fan of the long, challenging hikes along Lake Superior, like the 53 km Casque Isles Trail between Rainbow Falls and Schreiber beach, and new trails near Big Trout Bay close to the border. And Peters still enjoys her quiet

Guided Tours

+ join us for seasonal tour offerings during the cozy winter season Katherine Couzelis

+ choose an urban food tour or an outdoor adventure + celebrating local food, stories and place Visit: Or Call: 807-701-7100

Seek out New Trails with the WAYfinder App

Maybe you want to explore trails on your own but don’t know where to look, or you’re worried about getting lost? Well, my friend, there is an app for that—and it was created right here in Thunder Bay. WAYfinder Trails

& Recreation is the brainchild of Katherine Couzelis and Graeme Saukko-Sved. As forestry students at Confederation College, the pair came up with the idea of accumulating local trail data and embedding it into mapping software. With encouragement from their mentor, they partnered with the Northwestern Ontario Innovation Centre, Shout Media, and area tourism groups to build and finesse the app. After two years, Wayfinder launched in early December with exceptional download rates. “We’ve received a lot of positive feedback

from people…how it has already helped users navigate trails, feel safer and find new places to explore. Most of all, users want to help us collect data and expand. There are so many avid outdoor enthusiasts eager to be part of this beneficial tool,” Couzelis says. For a good winter snowshoe, she recommends Flett Tunnel; for spectacular icicle pics, High Falls near the border; and Mazukama Falls in Nipigon for a real challenge. Download the app on your iPhone or Android today and get exploring!

In Northern Ontario, we’re changing the electricity landscape together. SYNERGY NORTH is pleased to announce the official merger of Thunder Bay Hydro Electricity Distribution Inc. and Kenora Hydro Electric Corporation. Customers will continue to enjoy the same local services in Thunder Bay and Kenora.

(807) 343-1111 The Walleye



Cookie Truffles Makes about 40

2 x 227g boxes mint Girl Guide cookies*

Pulverize cookies in a food processor until you have fine crumbs. *Instead of Girl Guide cookies, you can use 36–40 Oreo or other sandwich-type cookies, or about 45 2 ½” diameter chocolate chip, sugar, or ginger cookies

1 block (250g) cream cheese, softened

Pinch off lumps of cream cheese from the block and add to cookie crumbs in food processor. Process until crumbs stick together and cream cheese is incorporated.

1-2 Tbsp heavy cream**

Add liquid to food processor and pulse to combine. The mixture should be soft but not mushy. **Instead of all cream, you can use some cream, some liqueur, or some vanilla/almond/etc extract. Whatever you wish!

Scrape truffle mixture into a bowl, cover, and refrigerate two hours. Use a small scoop or tablespoon to portion truffles, and place on parchment-lined cookie sheet. Roll into balls and freeze for at least two hours. Have chocolate ready to go before taking truffles out to coat. Tempering Chocolate 1 ½ - 2 lbs dark, milk, or white chocolate, finely chopped (I used regular old Baker’s Chocolate) Place 2/3 chopped chocolate into a metal or glass bowl set over a saucepan of simmering water, ensuring bottom of bowl doesn’t touch the water. Stir frequently with a rubber spatula, and place a candy thermometer in the chocolate as it starts to melt. Make sure the temperature of the chocolate doesn’t go above 120°F for dark chocolate or 105°F for white/milk chocolate, and don’t get any water or condensation in the melting chocolate, or it will seize, and you’ll be left with a grainy mess and will have to start again with new chocolate. Remove from heat, and wipe the bottom of the bowl with a dry towel. Add in some of the reserved chocolate, and stir well between additions. Let the chocolate cool to 82°F as you stir occasionally.

DIY Truffles By Chef Rachel Globensky


n anticipation of a December cookie exchange, I made some dark chocolate-covered truffles using mint-chocolate Girl Guide cookies I’d stashed just for the occasion. Oh Mylanta were they good! The truffle recipe I used was ridiculously easy, but I knew that the treats had to be covered so they’d hold up being re-boxed and transported to various holiday parties. Tempering chocolate (as opposed to using the waxy “melting wafers” or messy cocoa/icing sugar dusting) was a little tricky and a lot time-consuming but it was definitely the way to go. Having not tempered chocolate again after learning how to do so 12

22 The Walleye

years ago, I thought I’d give it another go. Miraculously, it worked! The resulting chocolate is shiny and smooth, and has a great little snap when you bite into it, whereas the un-tempered variety will be dull and rough, with a kind of gummy texture. I consulted my trusty Joy of Cooking by Irma S. Rombauer, found my candy thermometer, bought pounds of chocolate, and went for it. Here is an easy and customizable truffle recipe, and directions on tempering chocolate. Bingobango, Bob’s your uncle: decadently delicious treats for yourself or for sharing with your sweetheart.

Once the chocolate has cooled to 82°F, place it back over simmering water. For dark chocolate, reheat to 88–91°F; for white and milk chocolate, reheat to 85–87°F. Remove the bowl from the water and dry the bottom. Spread a small spoonful of chocolate on a piece of wax paper. If it looks dull or streaky, re-temper the chocolate, starting at the “melting, but not exceeding 120°F (dark)/105°F (milk and white)” step. If the chocolate dries quickly with a glossy finish, you’re good to go. Once chocolate has been tempered, you’ll have to use it before it cools and sets. If it cools to 84°F but is still liquidy, you can reheat it 5–10 seconds at a time, over the simmering water, stirring and checking the temperature frequently. If your chocolate has cooled and solidified, you’ll have to re-temper it. Covering Truffles Set yourself up with a parchment-lined baking tray on one side of you, a small bowl of decorations (sprinkles, nonpareils, cookie crumbs, etc), your bowl of tempered chocolate in the middle, and your pan of frozen truffles on the other. Scoop up a truffle on a fork, and drop it into the chocolate. Use the fork to scoop chocolate over the truffle, and lift it up to the surface again, creating a smooth exterior. Carefully tap the fork and scrape the bottom against the side of the bowl, so excess chocolate can drip off. Use the skewer to help the truffle off the fork and onto the cookie sheet. Repeat steps, leaving a small gap between the coated truffles. If you’d like to sprinkle cookie crumbs or other decorations on top, do that while chocolate is still warm. I piped tempered white chocolate on the truffles, once the dark chocolate had cooled. Refrigerate when pan is full. When the chocolate has cooled completely, you can cut excess chocolate from the bottoms of the truffles using a sharp paring knife. Store in airtight container in fridge or freezer and enjoy thoroughly!



Heartbeat Hot Chocolate St Paul Roastery

Story by Rebekah Skochinski, Photo by Adrian Lysenko There are a lot of things to like about February—including Valentine’s Day. We like the colour red (and most shades of pink!), finding hearts swirled through fresh snow, eating loads of chocolate, and of course, we like love. No, wait. We love love. We also love Heartbeat Hot Chocolate from St Paul Roastery. OMG, it’s our new favourite thing. Made with Tomlin Restaurant’s chocolate syrup from their pals up around the corner, they add cream and the not-sosecret ingredient: Heartbeat Hot Sauce. Can we just say this might be a hot chocolate game changer? It’s not sweet, but you won’t miss it. In place of the traditional sugar bomb is a creamy and spicy concoction that will tingle you from tip to toe and make your heart beat a little faster. Treat yourself, a friend, someone you love, or a stranger. The world could use a little more warmth and kindness and this has all of that and more, in one delightful cup.

St Paul Roastery 11 St Paul Street 344-3900

“My teacher believes I can do anything” At Lakehead Public Schools, we offer consistent high-quality programming from Junior Kindergarten to Grade 12.

You belong here Committed to the success of every student


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Hygge is

Join us in celebrating Hygge | February 8-14 Scandinavian-themed dining, live music all week long, fireside gatherings, candlelit skiing, guided snowshoe adventures, late night stargazing, lodging specials and more.

Fireplace Tour | February 1-28

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24 The Walleye

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OutLaws Burgers and Fries


There’s a New Burger Joint in Town Story and Photos by Susan Pretty


ave Law is the charming frontman of the newest burger joint in town, and he recalls struggling with the name before opening the doors. His wife gets kudos for coming up with OutLaws, which is a witty combination of surname plus a tongue-incheek nod to being in close proximity to the police station. Law, formerly of Wasabi, sold the Japanese restaurant to his brother once this location on Central Avenue became available. Having his eye on the building for some time, he knew there was a market for fast and delicious burgers in this industrial area. This snappy new resto is art deco-ed in a red and black theme and the style is simply serve yourself. One can spot the Japanese sensibilities still in play—neat rows of sauces and a clean and organized mise en place can be seen in the open concept kitchen window. There’s a walk-up counter to place your order, and you help yourself to your own bevvies and wait for your number to be called before joyfully plucking your meal from the open concept kitchen window. OutLaws uses 100% fresh beef with no fillers or breadcrumbs, the fries are made from B&B Farms potatoes, and the cheese is from Thunder Oak Cheese Farm. Patrons

have the option to build-a-burger exactly to their liking. Free toppings abound on your single, double, and triple patty burger, so folks can dress up or down as they wish. Feeling indulgent? Add-ons such as bacon, cheese, and avocado will help seal the deal. Gluten-free buns are available, and a request for a lettuce-wrapped patty is met with no resistance whatsoever. Not into beef burgers? Hot dogs, chicken burgers, and veggie burgers are also at the ready—truly something for everybody. Plans for the summer include a patio area and walk-up window. Did I mention the interesting ice cream experience? Hard and soft ice cream in an array of flavours are featured, including milkshakes, sundaes, parfaits, banana splits and twisters. OutLaws is open 11am–8pm every day of the week, and dine-in and takeout available, as well as ordering through Prices are reasonable, staff are friendly, and the food is delicious. If you haven’t already grabbed the in-laws (and outlaws) and started heading over, here’s the clincher: the gravy is homemade. See you there.

801 Central Ave 286-1118

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Fresh, Local, and Seasonal The Bridge Kitchen

Story by Pat Forrest, Photos by Kristen Pouru


▼ Anali Kazakos

26 The Walleye

e all need some takeout now and then to get us through a busy week or just for a break from the kitchen. A new business on Bay Street is offering takeout you don’t have to feel guilty about because its focus is on ingredients that are fresh, local, and seasonal. That is, in fact, their motto. The Bridge Kitchen owner Anali Kazakos is motivated to reduce the carbon footprint of the food we eat. But that’s not the only reason she’s started this venture. “Local food tastes better! We are lucky to have some really great farms to choose from in the Thunder Bay area,” she says. Kazakos has had a wealth of food experiences in her career, including a year on a cheese farm in France, cooking in remote northern Ontario camps, and working as a pastry chef at Bight Restaurant and Tomlin Restaurant. The hours weren’t ideal for family life, though, so she switched to catering. With the recent arrival of baby girl Neko, having a weekly pick-up allows her tiny assistant to be part of the fun. The Bridge Kitchen’s ever-expanding list of farmers, growers, and producers includes Tarrymore Farms, Sandy Acres Farm, Forrest

Farm, Mile Hill Farms, Thunder Oak Cheese Farm, Walkabout Farm, Giantview Farms, Brule Creek Farms, Slate River Dairy, Whitefish Valley Vegetables, Spruce Pond Apiary, Roots to Harvest, and Root Cellar Gardens. Menus are posted weekly to their Facebook page for their freshly baked goods and frozen meals. The most popular items, the spanakopita triangles and cardamom buns, are available every week. There is usually one other sweet and savoury option. The Bridge Kitchen utilizes only reusable and/or biodegradable packaging. You can bring your own containers for baked goods or they’ll provide paper bags. For frozen meals, they offer Pyrex containers (a small deposit fee applies) or you can bring your own glass bakeware in advance. Payment is by cash, cheque, or email transfer only. Food is available for pick up on Saturdays from 11 am–2 pm or until sold out. Ordering in advance will help guarantee your tasty treats. Email orders to TheBridgeKitchen@ by noon the prior Wednesday.

363 Bay Street 630-0888

Avenue II Community Program Services (Thunder Bay) Inc.

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It’s a New Year Time to Think About a New Career!

Avenue II provides support to adults with developmental disabilities in all aspects of daily living. Requirements: Secondary Education, Developmental Service Worker Diploma, Social Services Worker, Child and Youth Worker, or an equivalent combination of education and experience may be considered.Casual positions are expected to work a flexible schedule which includes: weekdays, weekends and statutory holiday coverage. Casuals may apply for internal positions upon hire. Valid driver’s license,reliable vehicle with appropriate insurance, a vulnerable sector criminal records check and a valid First Aid certificate are all requirements for employment. For more information please visit: Please submit a cover letter and resumé to:

801 Red River Rd. (807) 767-0000

Order online at or by mail to: Georgie Ostrowski Human Resources Officer Avenue II Comunity Program Services Inc. 122 S. Cumberland St. Thunder Bay, ON P7B 5R8

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435 Memorial Ave., Next to Super 8 Open Daily 11am - 1:30am (807) 345-4946

Open to residents of Ontario 18+. Must be 19 or older to be served alcohol. Government issued photo ID may be required. For full details, visit the Customer Service Desk. This event is sponsored by Superior Shores Gaming Association and Ontario Lottery and Gaming Corporation (OLG) assumes no responsibility or liability therefore.

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Brew it Yourself

Going for High Gravity

Brewing Big Beers at Home By Josh Armstrong, PhD, BJCP Certified Judge


he cold winter months tend to change my taste preference in beer. Gone are the days of enjoying lagers in the sunshine or tossing back a malty pint of märzen after raking the leaves. The cold days of winter get me in the mood for something with high gravity (lots of malt and therefore, a higher percentage of alcohol). There’s something about the intense flavours of big beers that are both warming and comforting to the soul—not to mention that they also pair perfectly with sitting around a fireplace on a cold February night. High-gravity beer, also known as “big beer,” tends to bring bold and powerful flavours due to the large amount of malt used in the process. The term “gravity” comes from the measurement of sugars in brewing. Beer recipes often have two primary types of gravities to be measured: original gravity (OG) and final gravity (FG). OG refers to the measurement of the sugar in the liquid prior to fermentation (higher gravity = more sugar). During fermentation, some of these sugars are consumed by the yeast to produce alcohol and carbon dioxide. After fermentation is

complete, brewers take a FG reading to measure the amount of sugar remaining in the beer. The difference between the two gravity measurements will inform the brewer of the amount of alcohol that the yeast produced. For high-gravity beers, the OG will be typically over 1.075. Commercial examples of high-gravity beer include Wellington’s Imperial Russian Stout—an 8% stout designed after the roasty bittersweet ales that England used to export to Russia— and Stone Brewing’s Arrogant Bastard Ale, an assertive malty and bitter beer that lives up to its name. And one of my favourites, Schneider Weisse Aventinus—produced by a notable brewery in Munich, this beer has notes of ripe bananas, raisins, and dark roasted coffee. Brewing high-gravity beers also comes with some challenges for the homebrewer. First, using a large amount of malt will have an impact on the mash and brewhouse efficiency. Because large beers use so much more grain to be produced, the ratio of grain to water gets drastically increased, which will have an impact on the amount of sugars you can extract from the grain. To

lovely Your feelings, your look.

compensate for this, you will have to adjust your recipe using whatever brewing software package you are using. Another challenge is that big beers can taste “hot” from too many fusel alcohols. This can be avoided by fermenting at cooler temperatures, ideally with full fermentation temperature control in some sort of chamber (e.g. a fridge). In addition to lower efficiency and fusel alcohols, yeast can also cause a wide range of problems in high-gravity brewing. Some yeast strains won’t tolerate higher levels of alcohol, so choose your strain wisely. Furthermore, it is important to pitch the proper amount of yeast into the beer (you will most likely need to build a large yeast starter for this) and to aerate your wort well. It is also wise to use some

yeast nutrient to support your yeast. All of these approaches will increase your chances of getting full attenuation. To further assist in reaching a decent level of attenuation, simple sugars can be added to bump up the OG and provide fermentables that are easily converted by the yeast. Even then, yeast in big beers can often stall out and need a boost or some rousing to get going again. Finally, fermenting and conditioning a big beer can take much longer than a beer of standard strength. You will have to exercise patience, which all homebrewers know is a challenge when it comes to their brews. Despite these challenges, brewing big beers at home can come with great rewards and bold flavours. Cheers.


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Hygge In Your Mug! By Jeannie Dubois, Certified Sommelier


ygge, defined by the Danish and Norwegians, is a word that describes coziness and comfort associated with feelings of wellness and contentment. Pronounced much like the English word “hug” which is thought to have Scandinavian roots, its meaning translates to “cherish oneself; to keep or make oneself snug.” Now up here on the North Shore, we have had our fair share of desire for coziness against the cold weather and absolute abundance of snowy storms this winter. What better way to get snug after enjoying the great outdoors—whether it be forging new snowshoe trails or taking the toboggan out for a turn—than with a warm cuppa comfort to defrost the tips of fingers, noses, and toes. Take the time to make up one of these warm mugs, but don’t forget to hygge yourself and light a candle, grab a blanket, snuggle up, and be a creature of comfort after your adventure in the great white north. Skål!

Kentucky Nyquil

Warm White Russian

Coconut Rum Hot Cocoa

Hot Gin Punch

Ingredients: 2 ounces bourbon 1/3 ounce honey 1/3 ounce of ginger syrup ½ ounce lemon juice 5 ounces hot water

Ingredients: 5 ounces hot coffee 1/2 ounces coffee liqueur 3/4 ounces vodka 1 ½ ounces warm cream

Ingredients: ½ cups milk ½ cup half and half ½ ounces bittersweet or dark chocolate finely chopped 1 ounce coconut rum Whipped cream

Ingredients: 2 cups gin 2 cups sweet Madeira (or any sweet wine) 1 tbsp dark brown sugar Peel and juice of 1 lemon Peel and juice of 1 orange 1 pineapple peeled, cored, and sliced 3 whole cloves 3 cinnamon sticks Nutmeg

Method: Combine all ingredients in a large wine glass and stir. Garnish with a lemon peel.

30 The Walleye

Method: Pour hot coffee into mug. Add coffee liqueur and vodka. Warm cream over low heat for a minute or two (it burns easily so stir and watch entire time). Once warm add to mug. Garnish with a dash of cocoa powder.

Method: In a small saucepan over medium heat, warm milk and half and half until almost to a rolling boil. When milk starts to coat the bottom of the pan, it’s done. Remove from heat and add chocolate and rum. Stir until fully melted. Pour into a mug and top with whipped cream and a dash of nutmeg.

(For a Group)

Method: Place all ingredients in a medium-sized pan over medium heat. Bring to a simmer and cook for 30 minutes. Taste and adjust for sweetness with sugar or brightness with lemon juice. Pour mixture into a teapot and serve into teacups.



REGISTER TODAY: LAKEHEADU.CA/MARCHBREAK THUNDER BAY CAMPUS MARCH 11 - 13, 2019 g Get the inside scoop on academic programs, student services, and student life g Tour campus with a student guide g Be a student for a day: Attend classes g Meet your future professors



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Copenhagen Road Local Short Film Screens at SilverCity Story by Adrian Lysenko, Photos by Chen Zhang


ometimes you can manage to tell a big story in a small amount of time. This is what Thunder Bay filmmaker Lee Chambers has set out to accomplish with his new short film. Copenhagen Road is about a mechanic (Matt Connors) who reluctantly agrees to help a desperate young woman (Diana Cofini) with a flat tire, in a car all too familiar to him. Cofini also serves as producer on the short film. “I met Diana at the Regina International Film

▼ Matt Connors

32 The Walleye

Festival in 2017 and we have been looking for a way to work together,” Chambers says. “Features are a slow process and expensive, so we decided to do a short.” The film is written by Chambers and his frequent collaborator, local screenwriter and journalist Kris Ketonen. “Kris and I have co-written many award-winning shorts and features together over the years,” says Chambers. “We were working on a feature script that was set in a garage and because it took eight

years to get [the feature film] The Pineville Heist made, we decided to write and make a short set in a garage for fun.” Chambers says that they wanted to utilize a garage location available to him at Confederation College, where is he is also a professor in the film production program. Filming took place last October and other than Chambers, the crew was made up entirely of students and grads from the program. “The students were pros,” says Chambers. “The

▼ Diana Cofini

making of the film was also a chance to educate the students on proper set etiquette and good planning.” As for future projects, the filmmaker says he’s working on writing and directing more shorts, and putting things in place to make The Sum of Random Chance, a feature-length screenplay written by himself and Ketonen. Copenhagen Road will screen on February 25 at 6, 7, and 8 pm at SilverCity with proceeds going towards WE Charity.


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Fly Fishing Film Fest Global Showcase Returns to Thunder Bay By Kris Ketonen

NexGen by Arian Stevens


rom saltwater angling on the Australian coast to a season of snowboarding and steelhead fishing in northern British Columbia, this year’s Fly Fishing Film Tour 2019 program is a varied one. This year’s festival, which runs on February 16 in Thunder Bay, includes a lineup of several films, all of them shorts. And while they obviously have a fly-fishing focus,

that’s certainly not all the films have to offer viewers, festival committee member Terry Kosolowski says. “We like to stress that the film fest isn’t just for fly fishers,” he says. “It’s for everybody, even if you don’t fish. We’ve had a lot of people that don’t even fish come through.” The event is a touring one, with the films themselves selected by the festival. Events like the one in

Thunder Bay can then sign up and screen the films locally. “These aren’t released on the Internet, or shown anywhere else prior to this festival,” says committee member Russ Desjardine. “Some of them can almost come off as a travel film as opposed to a fishing film. You’re seeing these exotic locations and places you can go, and fishing, that’s only one aspect of it.”

Where It All Started by Liam Gallagher

34 The Walleye

The festival is also a fundraiser for the North Shore Steelhead Association—Kosolowski is the association’s vice president, and Desjardine a director—with all proceeds going toward its conservation efforts in and around Thunder Bay. “That’s probably why most of us—at least for myself, anyway—joined the club to begin with, is the conservation side of things and keeping these coldwater species healthy and available for the future,” Desjardine says. “Things aren’t getting better on their own.” And the festival, Kosolowski says, helps raise awareness about the Steelhead Association among the general public.“There’s still a lot of people not aware of our club, even though we’ve been around for over 40 years,” he says. “A lot of people think it’s just a fishing club, but really, it’s not a fishing club.” The Fly Fishing Film Tour will take place on Saturday, February 16 at the Thunder Bay Community Auditorium. The symposium and vendor fair start at 6 pm, and the screenings begin at 7 pm. Tickets are $15, and available through the Auditorium box office. For more information, visit or

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Magnus Theatre Presents Huff A Journey of Self-Destruction and Redemption By Savanah Tillberg

Cliff Cardinal


agnus Theatre, along with award-winning playwright Cliff Cardinal, are preparing to bring a gripping show to Thunder Bay. Huff, which is written and performed by Cardinal, is “an analysis of issues facing Indigenous youth today,” says Thom Currie, artistic director of Magnus Theatre. Currie adds that with all that has been in the news lately and given Thunder Bay’s current political climate, that the arrival of Huff is quite timely for both Thunder Bay and Magnus Theatre. Each year Magnus features a

piece of Indigenous theatre. Currie explains that they chose to produce Huff this year because it has become a globally acclaimed piece of theatre which succeeds in delivering a heavy and important message while at the same time is able to make the audience laugh. He adds that the show is a “brilliant one-person depiction” of challenges within Indigenous communities and that Cardinal is “riveting in the role that’s he’s in.” The monologue-style show touches on subjects involving addiction and suicide, among other things, as it follows the journey of

a young man’s struggle through many of the real issues affecting Indigenous youth throughout Canada and in our own community. “All performing arts are, by some extension, a commentary on society,” says Currie. He wants their audiences to be challenged by Huff, and adds, “I really think that this type of difficult story is something that people need to see.” Currie recognizes that Magnus’s decision to produce this show has the potential to upset some audience members. However, the greater hope by presenting Huff is that the play will

make people think about their own reality in Thunder Bay as well as the reality of their fellow community members. “I hope a tonne of people come to see this show. I hope it makes people angry and makes them think and makes them question their own experience,” says Currie. The opening gala for Huff is on February 8 with shows running until February 23. Student pricing is available for those with valid identification. Tickets are available online and at the Magnus Theatre box office.

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Mamma Mia!

Badanai Theatre Presents Smash Hit Musical By Amy Sellors


magine a white beach, a blue sky, and the sun on your face. Now add laughter, love, and the music of ABBA. This February, Badanai Theatre’s production of Benny Andersson and Björn Ulvaeus’ Mamma Mia! will transport you to a Greek paradise. ABBA fans already know why this show is a hit. As soon as the amateur rights became available, Badanai Theatre jumped at the chance to produce this show with local talent. If you’re not yet an ABBA fan, the story will take you on a wonderful rollercoaster of emotions. “In producing Mamma Mia!, you have a lot to live up to. The reputation of the movie, the show on Broadway, and many people saw it in Toronto,” says Lawrence Badanai. “You can’t just re-create the movie. Many people have already connected to the show and decided how it should be, and this is our re-telling and interpretation of the characters. We want to make it new and keep it familiar.”

38 The Walleye

Sitting in the director’s chair are Spencer Hari and Candi and Lawrence Badanai. This team draws on their individual strengths to put fantastic community theatre on stage. Mamma Mia! touches on many themes—mothers and daughters, love, new beginnings, different family structures, do-overs, and dreams—all woven together with humour and ABBA’s greatest hits. For Mamma Mia! virgins, here is the basic plot: Donna is preparing for her daughter Sophie’s wedding at Donna’s small hotel in the Greek islands. Donna’s two best friends are on hand to help and add to the fun. Unbeknownst to Donna, Sophie has secretly invited three men from Donna’s past to the wedding in the hopes of meeting her real father and having him walk her down the aisle on her big day. Stephenie Stirrup plays Donna. New to working with Badanai Theatre, Stephenie is thrilled to work on this show. “Donna is a force to be reckoned with. She’s a woman

standing on her own, raising her daughter and finding her way in the universe,” says Stirrup. Andrew Bryan plays Sam, one of Donna’s ex-boyfriends. An accomplished musician, this will be his first time on stage as an actor. “I’ve never taken a drama class, done a five-minute skit, or been in a play,” says Bryan. He’s loving this experience and the onstage chemistry between he and Stirrup is obvious in

their banter. “This is a big city theatre experience, right here in Thunder Bay,” says Bryan. “We will deliver that. It’s a beautiful ride. Your heart will be full and spent and happy.” Mamma Mia runs February 6–9, 13–16, and 20–23 at 7:30 pm at the Paramount Theatre. Tickets are $25 and are available at Maple Tops. Call 344-4080 for more information

(L-R) Bailey Giroux and Stephenie Stirrup



Cambrian Players Bring Production to their New Home Story By Deanne Gagnon, Photo by Matt Goertz


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fter 70 years, Cambrian Players finally have a permanent home at 818 Spring Street and are thrilled to present Anastasia, written by Marcelle Maurette in 1954 and adapted in English by Guy Bolton. In Russia in 1918, the Tsar, his wife, and five children were all murdered—or were they? Rumours surface that youngest daughter, Anastasia, has survived. Nearly a decade later in Berlin, three ex-patriate Russians concoct a deceitful plan. If the Tsar’s mother, Dowager Empress, believes that Anastasia is still alive, as surviving heir she could claim the Tsar’s fortune. Enter Anna, an amnesiac woman in an insane asylum who the three co-conspirators persuade to “become” Anastasia. She has to learn the family’s history and ultimately convince the grandmother that she is Anastasia. Will their devious scheme pay off? Will the Empress be fooled? Who is Anna really? This suspenseful drama and will keep you guessing right until the end. “People should come prepared to really enjoy themselves,” says director Eva Burkowski. “This is a crowd-pleasing play. It’s got

emotion, intrigue, suspense, and fun things to look at; each act will look a little different on the stage. It will keep you entertained.” The production consists of 13 actors and a dedicated crew. Mari Lukkaroinen, playing Anna in her first leading role, says it is “a fantastic opportunity as an actor, in each act, to become a different version of this girl. At first she is not remembering who she is or where she came from, and then you see this progression where she starts to become this person that these co-conspirators want her to be. The audience is trying to decide, who is she?” This is actually the second time Cambrian has staged Anastasia as an inaugural production—it was the first play presented at the University Centre Theatre in 1964, where Cambrian performed for many years. Performances run from February 27 to March 2 and March 6 to 9, 2019. Tickets are available on Eventbrite, from outlets Fireweed, Calico, both Thunder Pet locations, and at the door. Adult admission is $25; students and seniors $20. Wednesday performances are $20.

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FilmTheatre The Second Most Pleasurable Thing We Do In the Dark. A Column About Movies

Winter Movies

By Michael Sobota

Oh, I hate the snow. The unnatural light it throws on everything. And the unnatural feelings it makes everybody have. - Ursula (Jennie Linden) in Women In Love


ovies that take place outdoors and feature winter activities usually fall into two basic categories. They are either serious dramas/thrillers or dumbed-down comedies involving a lot of slapstick. There are exceptions of some brilliance in each of these categories. Here are four examples:

Way Down East

Women In Love

Ice Age

Force Majeure

(1920) This is one of D.W. Griffith’s best scandalous, moral melodramas. A young, naive country girl (Lillian Gish) is “taken advantage of by a cad.” This silent era melodrama has a plot about class, privilege, seduction, childbirth out of wedlock, shunning, and shaming, and has a thrilling cinematic conclusion. The plot is as timely as any contemporary soap opera. But once poor Anna (Gish) is thrown out of the mansion into the snow, the screen gives us one of the most thrilling sequences of the silent era. Anna, wandering in the winter snowscape, arrives at a swiftly flowing river. A block of ice on the river bank breaks away and she becomes adrift in the cold, flowing water. The hero, David (Richard Barthelmess) who has been following her, jumps onto another flowing ice chunk and leaps from ice block to ice block in the dramatic rescue. I saw this as part of a film course when I was in university, and thought the sequence was real.

(1969) This is Ken Russell’s period masterpiece—the story is set in 1920. Working from a screenplay by Larry Kramer based on the novel by D. H. Lawrence, the movie is ground-breaking in its visualization of Lawrence’s surgical examination of male and female relationships. Russell cast Glenda Jackson, Jennie Linden, Alan Bates, and Oliver Reed as the two central pairs of lovers. All of them were young and approaching the peak of their acting careers (Jackson won an Oscar for her role as Gudrun). The outdoor sequences come in the final third of the movie. The principal characters arrive in a horse-drawn sleigh to a mountain chalet in Switzerland. The Matterhorn shines in the distance in the clear sunlight. Within minutes they are engaged in a snow fight. Later they jump on wooden sleds and careen down the mountainside. The start of this sequence is one of the happiest in this rich, layered, complicated film. At its conclusion, Gerald, Oliver Reed’s character, walks by himself deeper and deeper into the mountain snowscape on snowshoes until he collapses, isolated emotionally and physically. The cinematography by Billy Williams is breathtaking.

(2002) This is the first of a longlasting franchise that runs to seven films (so far). Co-directed by Chris Wedge and Carlos Saldanha, the film introduces us to a sloth (Sid), a woolly mammoth (Manny) and a sabre-toothed tiger (Diego) who are forced to become friends when they discover a human baby in the snow. Reluctantly they agree to collaborate on returning the child to its human tribe. The plot becomes a journey narrative with these three likeable characters, with all the complications animation can provide in an ice age. The dialogue is crisp and witty, sequences are startlingly fresh, and the pace is just right for a winter story.

(2014 ) This is my favourite winter film of all time. Written and directed by Ruben Östlund, it takes place on a family skiing trip in the French Alps. Östlund takes a lot of time to establish the family: a mom, dad, a preteen son, and daughter. They all ski together. They get their group photo taken. At night, in their Alpine hotel, they all sleep together in a large bed. Everything is warm and lovely and normal. One morning, the family is having breakfast out on a deck, in the clear sunshine. In the distance snow guns go off, setting off a controlled avalanche. The family and other hotel guests watch the avalanche begin, fall, and then panic as it rushes directly toward their outdoor deck. In the confusion that occurs, the father runs, while the mother remains clutching their children. While the avalanche is not lethal, dad’s actions nearly are, and Östlund spends the remainder of the film showing us how the family breaks apart. Can they come together again? There is gorgeous cinematography, both exterior and interior, by Fredrik Wenzel, and effective usage of Vivaldi’s storm music from his Four Seasons composition.

And here are six more winter escapes that you can watch at home after your daytime outdoor activities: The Gold Rush (1925), Doctor Zhivago (1965), The Sweet Hereafter (1997), The Snow Walker (2003), Let The Right One In (2008—the original), and Chasing Ice (2012).

40 The Walleye


Thirza Cuthand

Qaleidoscope Queer Film on Tour By Adrian Lysenko


ueer City Cinema’s QALEIDOSCOPE: Queer Film on Tour will be making a stop in Thunder Bay this month. With over 20 films and videos on tour split into two programs, there is a mix of documentary, personal narrative, experimental, animation, and comedy. The films cover a wide spectrum of topics and subjects including trans identities, racism, cultural identity, suicide, disabled bodies, homophobia, and AIDS. “Queer City Cinema has always been interested in ensuring that there is a wide variety of expressions and representation, especially with regard to experimental and

non-narrative video, which aptly reflects the fluidity of queer identity,” says Gary Varro, executive and artistic director of Queer City Cinema and Performatorium. Queer City Cinema started to tour its film programming in 2000 in western Canada and then in 2011 going coast to coast. Varro says the interest in bringing the tour to Thunder Bay began in 2013 when he was contacted by Jake Hume, then the director of Pride Central at Lakehead University. “[Hume] invited me to curate a program of short LGBTQ videos for an event called Northern Exposure Film Festival,” says Varro. “He then inquired about

the possibility of bringing the tour to Thunder Bay, which prompted consideration of other smaller urban centres in Canada for future tours.” The tour was created to promote the artistic vision of QTBIPOC (Queer/Trans/Two Spirit persons who are also Black/Indigenous/People of Colour) Canadian media artists whose work might not otherwise be shown within these urban centres in Canada. Varro notes that about half of the films in this year’s festival are made by First Nations artists. As part of the tour, filmmaker Thirza Cuthand will be in attendance to give a talk (and possibly a workshop) as well as a performance,

and Q&A following her screenings. Varro hopes that participants will be encouraged to create their own work after the screenings. “By providing the opportunity for audiences to see new ideas and ways of conveying personal expression, it may inspire artists who have not ventured into film/video making to do so,” he says. “Make a film and maybe it will go on tour.”

Definitely Superior Art Gallery February 15 and 16, 8 pm

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Not Your Grandmother’s Fibre Art

Fibre Arts Exhibition Returns for its Fourth Year Lived in (Tanner), Randi Pert, embroidered bedsheet

By Wendy Wright


hat do your hand-knit socks, Grandma’s quilt, weaved wall hangings, and macramé have in common? They are all examples of fibre art. This dynamic art form is enjoying a resurgence of sorts. A visit to the Baggage Building Arts Centre’s Fibre Arts Exhibition will transform your ideas of the medium, and introduce you to some of the best local fibre artists around. This is the fourth year for the exhibition, which also incorporates what used to be the quilt show. But it’s more than just quilts involved—fibre arts run the gamut from toques to bags to wall hangings to clothing to macramé and embroidery. It includes anything the artist dreams up that involves wool, silk, linen, thread, or any other natural or synthetic fibres put together

Whispers in the Wind, Elaine Wiersma, up-cycled materials

42 The Walleye

in any number of ways, such as stitching, weaving, knitting, knots, sewing, or applique.The beauty of the art form is that some things are functional, and others are for display. Many are both. As the art form grows in popularity, so does the variety of materials and the way they are used. “Wool is like the paint or the words for the artist,” says Leona McEwan of Bee Weave Creations, who is among the exhibitors that are taking part. There will be around 20 artists with at least two pieces each in the show, so the myriad examples of today’s fibre arts will be on display. The Fibre Arts Exhibition runs January 15 until March 24 at the Baggage Building Arts Centre For more information visit BaggageBuildingArts.

Layers, Kim Sutherland, silk, cotton, linen and unknown


Crash, Kim Sutherland, silk and cotton blends on linen

Fungophobia, Meghan Hannam, roving wool, wire, porcelain doll parts, moss, and driftwood

Winter Birch Under Glass, Leona McEwan, framed hand woven wall art made from wool, cotton, and wool

Green Silk Scarf, Darlene Hecnar, silk

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The Nest Studio

A Space for Making and Showcasing Art Story and Photos by Leah Morningstar


Tracy Barry

Tracy Barry and Justin Miller

GO RETRO! 44 The Walleye

s a young woman, Tracy Barry crisscrossed over the country, volunteering with Katimavik and working as an artist, teaching classes, and studying business and marketing. Her work experience prior to setting down roots in Thunder Bay was preparation for a vision: an artistic hub of creativity and community. Enter: The Nest Studio. This new establishment is in the same building as The Painted Turtle and Gallery 33; it hosts painting parties and painting classes, but that is just the beginning. The Nest Studio is a space to make art and showcase art, but the main vision is about helping, networking, and consulting. It’s about artists helping artists by exchanging resources and building a strong, vibrant community. Barry says there are three major services offered by the studio. The first is the monthly networking meetings she’s calling “iBird Mastermind.” Any artist or creative is welcome to attend for like-minded fellowship where two questions will be asked: what do you want and what is stopping you? The idea is to share resources and accomplish goals. The second major service will be short term personal assistant help. Barry is calling it the “T in 3,” or one task in three hours. A potential client would hire The Nest Studio to complete a small but possibly

overwhelming task, such as editing a paper, setting up Facebook page, learning how to sell on Etsy, making important phone calls, or helping to write a grant. The third major service is a yearly membership to the studio. Members are given 10% off a variety of products from local businesses and assigned a personal assistant to help with small tasks over a full year, plus fifteen hours of service for larger tasks. After fluttering around the country for so many years, it would appear that Barry has indeed found a solid nesting spot. She is excited to be based in Thunder Bay because she believes the city is bursting with talent in every form. “If artists and crafters and retailers and writers were able to come together, I believe Thunder Bay could achieve art harmony,” says Barry. “My purpose is to help people. I want to bring agents, consultants, and personal assistants back. A team is so important, but not everybody knows how to bring a team together.” As a teacher, an artist, a businesswoman, and of course, Thunder Bay’s newest mother bird, Barry can’t wait to help hatchlings take flight. The Nest Studio is located on 4 Balsam Street. For more information visit


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Mixing Passion and Profession LU’s International Studies Art Installation By Marcia Arpin

46 The Walleye


rtist Crystal Belanger has infused her passion for painting with her profession as an educator in the International Department at Lakehead University. Working in this newly constructed space, Belanger began to envision how to use its white walls as a canvas. While dreaming of adding vibrant colour to her environment, she taught English as Second Language daily. From the moment this artist and Lakehead University alumni recognized the potential universal language for everyone in the department was visual art, she energetically worked to develop a mural of culture for this space. In two years, Belanger has moved from developing the concept to mentoring staff and students to contribute their ideas on seven columns in the department. Voluntarily meeting every Saturday to paint, students and staff bonded as they created their tapestry of culture, experiences, and knowledge. No art experience or background was required, but instead Belanger expertly guided each painter to represent their ideas. The process became an extension of their curriculum as they told stories of “home” and connected with the other participates. Each column now represents one continent of the world and many of its visiting students. With the pillars now complete, the community is invited to view the details of this unique art display at Lakehead University. The International Department is a public space and welcomes everyone to participate in its activities and tour the space. “Students have been inspired as they visit the pillars. It has connected their stories and their conversations, and served as gathering place,” Belanger says. Belanger is proud of the project and sparkles as she dreams of her next project. For community visitors the art work serves as a mini geography lesson while honouring the diversity of each student attending Lakehead University.


The Draft An Athlete program helps support the costs for each and every athlete, one at a time. A $500 donation will draft one athlete to participate in the Games but more importantly it will let one athlete live their dream of participating.

PURE HEART The Special Olympics Canada Winter Games will be held in Thunder Bay February 25 to 29, 2020. Participants will compete in eight sports: Alpine Skiing, Cross Country Skiing, Curling, Figure Skating, Floor Hockey, Snowshoeing, Speed Skating, and Five Pin Bowling.

PURE INSPIRATION The Draft An Athlete program helps support the costs for each and every athlete, one at a time. A $500 donation will draft one athlete to participate in the Games but more importantly it will let one athlete live their dream of participating.





From Thunder Bay Art Gallery’s Collection

By Andrea Terry, Acting Curator, Thunder Bay Art Gallery Artist: Sarah Link Title: Tane Date: 2001 Medium: Shigaraki clay Dimensions: 10 × 366 cm


eramic artist Sarah Link’s career spans five decades. Many of her installations, such as Tane, were created during international artist residencies. Her works demonstrate her ongoing interest in the conservation, preservation, and protection of the environment and its inhabitants.

48 The Walleye

In 2001, Link was selected to take part in a three-month-long summer residency at the Shigaraki Ceramic Cultural Park in Japan’s Shiga Prefecture, where she made Tane (meaning seed/source). This multicomponent ceramic installation is on display now as part of the group exhibition Lessons: The Artistry of Learning (ending March 3). It explores genetically modified produce, as well as, in Link’s words, “a sense of place.” Tane is composed of over 60 pod forms (each measuring 73 cm long)

made from black Shigaraki clay. This clay comes from one of Japan’s six ancient kiln sites and has been used for 800 years to produce functional pottery. Link spent approximately 34 hours firing the pods, which were then shipped to Canada and exhibited at the Thunder Bay Art Gallery and the Canadian Clay and Glass Gallery as part of the touring exhibition Farm (2001–2002). The Thunder Bay Art Gallery acquired Tane in 2005; that same year, Link was inducted into the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts (RCA).

Link is a thoughtful, talented, and accomplished artist who has received numerous honours and awards. Her work is located in public collections around the world, such as the Canadian Clay and Glass Gallery, the McMaster University Medical Centre, and the Shigaraki Ceramic Cultural Park, Shiga Prefecture, Japan. She holds a BA from the University of California, Berkeley, and a Master’s degree from Stanford University.







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Freeheeling for Adventure

The Addictive Style of Telemark Skiing Story by Justin Allec, Photos by Eric Berglund


sk a dozen skiers or snowboarders about why they love their sport, and you’ll probably get a dozen different answers. A dozen telemark skiers, though? They’re all about one thing: the pursuit of technique, and are beholden to the snow gods in a way most mortals don’t want to be. Look up the hill on an average day at Loch Lomond or Mount Baldy and you may see one or two telemarkers, people you’d mistake for regular skiers until that tell-tale drop knee turn happens—gracefully if they’re a decent telemarker, and catastrophically if not.

50 The Walleye

Telemark skiing combines elements of Alpine and Nordic skiing. Skiers use flexible Alpine skis with specially designed bindings that fix only the toe of the ski boot to the ski, creating the “free heel.” Veteran skier Richard Culpeper calls telemarking “the mad, grand waltz”—a difficult dance that can take you down, across, or even up the mountain with the potential rewards of backcountry skiing’s magic and alpine’s adrenalized commotion. Despite a slight boom in the 2000s, though, telemark skiing has mostly maintained the same marginal popularity throughout its quiet


existence. Founded in Norway in the 1860s, telemark skiing got its modern boost in the United States in the 1970s thanks to some curious ski bums. Eventually the sport was adopted by the ski industry, but always at the periphery. Part of that may be because telemark skiing is almost too versatile, a hybrid of alpine, backcountry, and cross-country skiing that grants too much freedom. Despite the slim popularity of the sport, though, telemarkers are downright poetic about going down a hill. “There’s a sense of flow you get when you link together a perfect line down the mountain,” says local Eric Berglund. He isn’t the only one: telemark skiing is the joyful search for the perfect line, and the hints they get keep telemarkers coming back. It’s passion that’s earned, though. Telemarking is a difficult style to learn compared to alpine skiing on parabolic skis, and groomed runs suddenly become consistently challenging. The ski industry has largely decided to leave telemarking behind, as there are few companies dedicating resources to innovation, which means less publicity overall. As for the gear

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Meet the Alternative By Pat Forrest she finally perfected a brand that the couple is proud to share. Meet the Alternative offers affordable products that are 100% plant-based, specializing in vegan deli meats, cheeses, and condiments. They pair these with local breads to create signature sandwiches and have also developed a line of sweets. Their initial ventures into the retail market have been going very well. Bonobo’s Foods started selling their products last December and sold out within two days. They continued to sell out each time they re-stocked their shelves, right up until they closed for the holidays. In late January, they started offering their vegan “chick’n wings” for a


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new year finds many of us looking into ways to eat healthier, ideally without sacrificing taste. Help has arrived. Meet the Alternative, a newly launched local business, promises a delicious and healthy alternative to eating animal products, offering classic deli taste through a plant-based meal you can feel good about. The business was created by longtime residents of Murillo, Tammy and Derek Sawyer, and was inspired by their passion for creating delicious meals where the main ingredient is health. After years of Tammy sharing her love for cooking and baking with family and friends,

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week-long special. January saw Meet the Alternative take their spot on the second floor of the Thunder Bay Country Market. On their first outing, they sold out of their subs and most of their vegan deli meats (turkey, pastrami, roast beef, pepperoni, and bacon alternatives) long before closing. Their dairy-free “cheese” stylings include smoke-flavoured gouda, mild cheddar, pepper jack, mozzarella, dill havarti, Swiss, and brie, and for those with a sweet tooth, they’re also

selling fudge-topped brownies. Finally, they’re also working with The Sweet North Bakery, who will be incorporating their meat- and cheese-style products into some sandwiches on their menu. All and all it’s been a good start, says Derek. “We’ve been thrilled with people’s reaction to what we offer. It feels good to provide a healthy product that people so obviously are enjoying.” For more info visit meetthealternative.

The Walleye


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54 The Walleye


(L-R) Greg Mahood, Scot Kyle, Fritz Lehmberg, and Jen Metcalfe

Radio Connected to the Community Lakehead University Radio’s Fund Drive Returns with Various Events By Sarah Kerton


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FEB. 27 - MAR. 2 & MAR. 6 - 9 • 7:30pm Cambrian Players Theatre, 818 Spring St. Tickets at Calico • Fireweed • Thunder Pet at the door & WED. $20 • THU. - SAT. $25 • Senior/Student $20


season spent largely indoors, winter is a great time to get familiar with local radio stations. I tend to keep my Tivoli locked on CILU 102.7, for its incredible selection of independent music you won’t hear anywhere else, its quirky shows, and close connection with the community. CILU currently broadcasts 46 locally produced radio shows, including the only locally produced jazz, classical, and blues show in Thunder Bay, as well as an additional number of syndicated shows. CILU broadcasts 24/7, 365 days a year from the little white radio house on the Lakehead University campus at 707 Oliver Road. Running such a big ship with a small staff (two full-time and two part-time) means that CILU is volunteer-powered. Over 50 volunteers contribute to the station as board members and programmers (DJs), and include both Lakehead University students and community members of all ages. The station is partially funded by the student body of Lakehead University, with about 60% of operating costs covered by the student

levy. The remaining 40% of operating costs are raised through sponsorships, year-round fundraising events, and the annual Fund Drive. Station manager Tiina Flank says, “We are a community of listeners, contributors, donors, and volunteers and every year at Fund Drive, our listeners overwhelm us with their generous support.” This year the Fund Drive will take place from March 8–March 15. During this week, people can expect to hear some extra special Fund Drivethemed radio programming and there will be lots of prize giveaways for donors! You can call the station at 3438881 during the Fund Drive and make your pledge by cash, cheque, or credit card, or donate online by clicking the PayPal button at CILU will be at the Thunder Bay Country Market both Saturday March 2 and Saturday March 9 accepting donations and with a “donate what you can” raffle for some cool event tickets and CILU swag.

The Walleye



Wall Space

What’s Inside.... A Flower Shop? Story and Photos by Leah Morningstar


rittany Cordeiro studied psychology in university, but now here she is, the owner of Thuja Floral Design. When designing the space, Cordeiro wanted to avoid copying traditional flower shops. She wanted something fresh, vibrant, and unique; she says, “I like to let the plants do the talking.” The bright lights, white walls, and minimal green accents give the store a spacious feel despite the small floor plan. The entire store smells amazing, which is one way the plants really do speak for themselves. Longstemmed roses, single carnations, and sprigs of various greenery are

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available almost all year round, in addition to the amazing seasonal items that are arriving weekly: peonies, snapdragons, sunflowers, air plants, succulents, and bonsai trees. Everything is sourced almost exclusively in Ontario. Between customers, Cordeiro steps into the back room, where she is continually creating beautiful arrangements for weddings, funerals, and special occasions like Mother’s Day and Valentine’s Day. “I like to keep everything as fresh as possible and that’s why new floral pieces are always in production,” she says. In the back room, she works with sharp clippers and a bunch cutter (which

CityScene is basically a miniature guillotine for flowers) and everything comes together on a sleek metal worktop. Cordeiro is constantly surrounded by soil, rocks, moss, baskets, ribbons, vases, and brown craft paper, and flowers and greenery fill every available corner on delivery day. From receiving a delivery, to getting her hands dirty with flower arranging, to seeing the happy reactions of her customers, every day is a creative journey. Cordeiro feels energetic and full of life when surrounded by beautiful flowers. Not everybody can own a flower shop, but almost everybody can bring a bit of that vitality and freshness into their homes, courtesy of Thuja.

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58 The Walleye


Small Conveniences


Cannabis Capsules By Justin Allec


here are many ways to consume cannabis. “Edibles” is shorthand for any product that you eat, where digestion introduces the cannabis into your system. The ubiquitous “weed brownie” and similar products won’t be available until October of 2019 at the earliest, but in the meantime, the Ontario Cannabis Store offers some cannabis pills and capsules. Now most people, including me, hear the word “pill” and think of something ordinary like Tylenol or potentially deadly like Oxy—cannabis doesn’t come to mind. I was skeptical, even though these are the closest non-prescription thing to medical CBD pills. Easier to consider them, then, as a cannabis delivery system that eliminates the drawbacks of smoking. No mess, no paraphernalia, and the identical dosage of each pill means you know what you’ll get every time. You may look at edibles and think, “Hey, why don’t I just eat a bunch of raw cannabis? It works in the movies!” You’d be wrong. In order to activate the cannabinoids, you need sustained heat that produces a chemical conversion. This is called decarboxylation, and it’s why smoking and vaping work almost instantly. For edibles to work, however, the cannabis needs to be decarboxylated in a way that preserves its physical structure before it’s mixed with other materials

for ingestion. It’s possible to do at home, but constructing pills is a bit too much trouble for most people. I purchased Liiv THC capsules (10 mg THC, <2 mg CBD/pill) and LBS Sunset softgels (2.5 mg THC, 0.7 mg CBD/pill); both come with 15 pills per bottle for around $28. LBS’ softgels use their mild indica strain Sunset, while Liiv uses an unidentified hybrid, and in both products, the cannabis is infused with a variety of vegan-friendly oils. Compared to smoking, which tends to hit fairly hard before tapering off, both products gradually came on, lasted several hours, and never introduced burnout. The THC pills mirrored what you would feel after the peak of smoking a moderate sativa strain: fairly calming with a slight disorientation, just enough to feel comfortable. The softgels were very unobtrusive, being such a low dose of THC. One softgel was the equivalent to the afterglow of a long, warm evening bath, just overall relaxing and pleasant. Though my experience with these products was positive, I think regular consumers would find the dosage too mild. As such, I would recommend these pills if you use cannabis only occasionally. Though they do require more patience, I enjoyed both products, and I would definitely keep some of these in the back of the cupboard for the odd evening.

The Walleye



This is Thunder Bay Interviews by Nancy Saunders, Photos by Laura Paxton To acknowledge February as the month of romance, The Walleye asked you about your worst Valentine’s Day.

Dan: I think a lot of guys mess it up because they get lost with the idea behind it. They don’t live up to the expectation. You don’t need Valentine’s Day to tell someone they’re special; do it every day. That’s the way it is with me.

Mary and Ewen: We don’t have a worst Valentine’s memory. We’ve been married for 40 years this year and every Valentine’s has been a great one.

Garrett: No bad Valentine’s Day. They’re all good, all pretty positive. I usually have dinner with my family, eat a lot of chocolate.

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Stuff We Like For Winter Camping By Rebekah Skochinski


e’re knee-deep in a traditional winter here in Northwestern Ontario, and it has us daydreaming about getting cozy under some evergreen boughs and waking up to sunrises reflecting off of the snow. Winter camping might sound extreme, but it’s completely possible if you’re prepared for it. And the payoff is totally worth it: peaceful seclusion in a pristine wilderness. Without, we might add, any bears or bugs. Here’s Stuff We Like for Winter Camping.


Gear Up for Outdoors

894 Alloy Place The geodesic dome shape of this three-person four-season Eureka tent isn’t just easy on the eyes—it’s also great for supporting heavy snow and strong winds. With a four-pole aluminum frame that is specially formulated with a cold weather shock cord, it has two vestibules for storage space and a nylon canopy to minimize condensation and prevent ice buildup. Plus the continuous mesh rod sleeves simplify setup. Home sweet home!



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710 Balmoral Street Strapping on a pair of snowshoes is essential for traversing through the wilderness. Break trail with these Canadianmade beauties that have a tradition that goes back 50 years. Made of lightweight aluminum, the GV Mountain Trails offer great flotation on all surfaces, and have ergonomic binding as well as a ratchet-style buckle that allows for an effortless adjustment of all bindings without having to remove your mitts. Keep warm and carry on!

797 Memorial Avenue It’s impossible to know everything about everything, which is why we need guide books like this one by Kevin Callan. With advice on everything from how to set up a shelter to choosing a proper sleep system and warm clothing, as well as educating readers on both hot tenting (camping with a small stove in the tent) and cold tenting, you’ll feel confidently prepared before heading out on your wintertime adventure.




Gear Up for Outdoors

894 Alloy Place Don’t be left in the dark on your big excursion. Pack this Petzl headlamp and you’ll be the light of the party! It offers 350 lumens of power and has a reflective headband that includes an integrated whistle. It also has IPX4 waterproofing and white and red lighting, features a multi-beam design for proximity lighting, movement, and distance vision, and comes with a rechargeable core. Shine on!

Wool Pants Chaltrek


Elk Jerky

Thunder Bay Country Market

850 North May Street Stay nourished on the trek in to set up camp with a snack that won’t weigh you down. We like Rainy River Elk Company jerky because it’s made of 100% grass-fed elk that is naturally low in cholesterol and fat, yet high in protein. It’s also really delicious. It has a full red meat flavour with a hint of sweetness that is not gamey in the least.

62 The Walleye

$9.25/80 g

404 Balmoral Street Keep your assets comfortably warm and protected with these Filson field pants and join the long history of miners, loggers, anglers, mariners, and explorers who have worn these in the most rugged and harsh conditions. Constructed of 100% pure virgin Mackinaw wool, they are naturally water repellent, breathable, and provide superb insulation. Available in sizes 28 to 42, they have suspender buttons and six pockets for all of your extras.



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349 Mooney Avenue An axe is a necessary tool if you plan to head into the woods, so that you can chop down some of it for fire. We like this Hultafors Aby Forest Axe, which is a hybrid style that makes it perfect for felling, carving, and splitting. It has a good finger notch below the head and a long, thin ergonomic handle. Hand-forged in Sweden, the edge is sharpened and polished and ready to go and it comes with a leather sheath.


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The Fundamental Gift of the Humanities Understanding Our World Through Learning By Betty Carpick


he humanities are a window into the understanding of human nature and society. They lead us to exploration and reflection. As a critical study, the humanities help us process and document the human experience using subjects such as literature, art, music, philosophy, history, religion, and language. In recent decades, with the difficulty of putting a job market value on an academic emphasis that’s difficult to quantify, the humanities received an undeserved bad rap. Unsurprisingly, research evidence now demonstrates that studying the humanities benefits individuals, employers, and society. In our rapidly evolving technological and business-focused landscape, people with empathy and cultural understanding combined with creative and critical ways of thinking, analyzing, questioning, and communicating have remarkable value. To serve and enrich its distinctive communities, Lakehead University offers its community-based outreach program, Humanities 101, on both the Thunder Bay and Orillia campuses, so that people 17 years of age or older recommended by a community service agency can gain free access to university level education regardless of financial and social barriers. The one-semester, non-credit course runs from September to December and provides a range of weekly topics in the disciplines of Humanities and Social Sciences. In 2004, Dr. Christina van

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Barneveld of the Faculty of Education and other educators began the ongoing process of implementing, revising, and sustaining Humanities 101 at Lakehead University. The program is supported by a large network of community affiliates and volunteers including the Thunder Bay Art Gallery and the Thunder Bay Symphony Orchestra. People from a variety of backgrounds with different reasons for wanting to move towards their potential are attracted by the accessible approach. “You never know what doors will open.” says van Barneveld. “What we do is create opportunities.” To keep the focus on learning, 25 students a year have the benefits of a wide variety of academic, personal, and financial support, including an orientation day to gain familiarity with the university and a ”pathways workshop” for exploring educational opportunities after the graduation ceremony. During the evening programming, students attend weekly three-hour classes, which include a meal. Students are required to interact and complete assignments as they gain experience in higher education. Humanities 101 provides a unique individual and community-directed experience. It’s a way that education can open doors so students can find their own place to make way for personal positive change. For more information, visit becoming-involved.

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66 The Walleye


A Dazzling Season Finale

Consortium Aurora Borealis Wraps Up 40th Season By Ayano Hodouchi Dempsey















SATURDAY | MARCH 30 | DOOR 7PM w w w. t h u n d e r b a y b l u e s s o c i e t y. c a


onsortium Aurora Borealis’ last concert of the season will be dazzling as promised, kicking off with contemporary Welsh composer Karl Jenkins’ Palladio Suite (1st mov.), known to many as the “a diamond is forever” theme from De Beers’ TV commercial in the 1990s. Concertos by Wassenaer, Geminiani, and Vivaldi follow, including the B minor concerto for cello by Vivaldi that fans missed hearing at the concert on November 17 last year when a massive power outage across the city shut down the concert shortly after it started. After the intermission, Geminiani’s Concerto in D minor after Corelli’s “La Folia” leads into another concerto based on the same theme, this one by local violist and composer Patrick Horn. Horn has been performing with the ensemble since 2001 (and is also a member of the Thunder Bay Symphony Orchestra), and composed “La Folia” in 2017. He chose the theme because of its enduring popularity; it has been documented since the seventeenth century but likely originated earlier. Over the centuries, more than 150 composers have used it in their works, but Horn wanted to make a modern version of his own. “The theme has been around for so long; it’s universal. The origins are thought to be from Spain, according to the French or English, or from Portugal, according to Wikipedia, and the Italians think

it’s theirs. So I went back, gave it a Spanish sound and used an Arab scale, because Spanish music was formed with Moor influence,” Horn explains. “I’m interpreting La Folia to mean revelry in general with a bit of madness thrown in,” he adds. The music spans different countries (including a brief foray into Argentina with some tango) and ages, including modern pop music, with the organist switching over the the synthesizer. “All of this will be bookended by a celestial, out-of-thisworld context,” says Horn. “Because this theme is going to outlive this planet and keep going, so I wanted to send it out to the stars.” The evening wraps up with Vivaldi’s Concerto Grosso in D minor, followed by an informal reception to celebrate the end of the fortieth season—a truly significant milestone. For those looking ahead, the ensemble will be selling their season passes for the next (2019– 2020) season at this concert. Jeremy Bell, appearing with the Consortium for the twelfth time, leads the expanded string ensemble, Sean Kim will perform on the harpsichord, organ, and synthesizer, and artistic director Elizabeth Ganiatsos will be playing the viola as well as the harpsichord.

St. Paul’s United Church March 2, 8 pm

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Music Nick Sherman’s songs reflected similar experiences, though his music is tied much more to the moodiness and isolation of the north. Sherman’s a troubadour, fortified with his voice and a guitar, so his songs are sparse, stripped down to snapshots; with the symphony’s backing, though, they became lavish panoramas. Like Hovorka, Sherman is young, but he looked and sounded at ease with the spotlight. The evening closed in a (somewhat) traditional manner. Following Simard’s final words, the full company—Hovorka, Sherman, the children’s choir, the drummers, the orchestra—played the “Travelling Song,” a chance for all to sing “see you later.” Given the talents of the guest artists, I have no doubt we’ll be seeing more of them.

Connecting Paths

Thunder Bay Symphony Orchestra’s Noondaagotoon Story by Justin Allec, Photos by Lois Nuttall


ne of the greatest aspects of the Thunder Bay Symphony Orchestra’s collaborative performances is that they highlight how versatile our symphony is while providing a bigger stage for the talents of eclectic guest artists. The collision of musical talent—symphony and solo artist—changes the orchestra’s usual dynamic from formal recital into intimate concerts. In the case of TBSO’s Noondaagotoon on January 11 at the Italian Cultural Centre, it allowed two young Indigenous singer-songwriters to take centre stage with the most accomplished backing band around. As much as the TBSO and conductor Paul Haas are involved throughout, the evening belonged to the guests. Speaker Dave Simard provided traditional stories and prayers throughout, often accompanied by his drumming. His words helped ground the concert in its themes of harmony, reconciliation, and the intersections

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between past and present for the two guest artists, Shy-Anne Hovorka and Nick Sherman. Their music was the pillar of Noondaagotoon, and showed just how strong and adaptable contemporary Indigenous musicians can be. It was Hovorka’s second year of being involved in Noondaagotoon, and her warm presence suffused the evening. She brought lots of help to add even more depth to her songs. Nipigon’s George O’Neill Public School Choir provided additional voices, and the Lake Superior Women Drummers contributed traditional beats and rhythms. Hovorka’s voice easily traded genres, going from poppy love song to orchestral reimagining of her culture’s stories. Now, we know Thunder Bay loves a standing ovation, but Hovorka earned it with her song “Only the River Knows.” A testament to the “seven feathers” and also a one-time performance, this song was absolutely gutting.


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Visit one of our local branches: Campus Hill 1072 Oliver Road, Unit 2 (807) 346 2810 James Street 405 James Street South (807) 626 5666 Kakabeka Falls 43 Clergue Street (807) 475 4276 2019-01-17 11:5269 AM The Walleye


Luke Warm and the Cold Ones Local Band Looks to Make Strides in 2019 Story by Kris Ketonen, Photos by Kay Lee


uke Warm and the Cold Ones hope 2019 will be something of a milestone. The Thunder Bay band will certainly keep playing live shows in front of an ever-growing audience. But also on the agenda this year is some time in the studio, putting together an EP. “We’re looking to make some more strides,” band member AJ Haapa says. “We don’t just want to be a bar band in Thunder Bay.” Luke Warm and the Cold Ones, which also includes Greg Chomut, Carlo DeAgazio, Hillary McDowell, and Kyle Oikonen, formed in 2014, debuting at an annual party Chomut hosts. “For that show, we had three weeks to prepare for it, and I just think some good songs came out of that crunch,” Chomut says. “It just seemed like a good thing that we didn’t want to let go.” Getting together to jam, write songs and play shows has proven to be a valuable outlet, as well. “Every time we play a show, it gets all of our friends together,” Chomut says. “When you get a career and everything going, you don’t see your good friends as often. For me, that’s a big part of it. You get to see all

70 The Walleye

these people you don’t really get to see in the busy day-to-day.” But the band’s growing popularity isn’t just a matter of support from their friends. “If they didn’t like the music, they probably would have stopped coming,” Oikonen says.Speaking of that, the Luke Warm and the Cold Ones sound is a varied one. Nobody in the group listens to the same music; their influences range from folk to hip-hop to punk to metal, and it shows in the songs. “It’s all of our input, for sure,” Haapa says. “And I think that what makes our music good is that we do disagree sometimes, and that we don’t just go with it. Music, you dump part of your soul into something, I think. We have a vision and we want it to sound a certain way, and I think that when we butt heads, it just makes better music.” Luke Warm and the Cold Ones play the Foundry on March 1, and Mount Baldy on St. Patrick’s Day. For more, visit or


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Neil Young Shakey and the North

Story by Gord Ellis, Photo by Darren McChristie


f you had to vote for singer/ songwriters of the rock generation who have had a massive impact on both music and the world, the list of nominees would be relatively short. Bob Dylan, obviously, Lennon/McCartney, Joni Mitchell, Paul Simon, and Leonard Cohen. Maybe even Jagger/Richards, for “Satisfaction” alone. But no list would not include Neil Young. Shakey, despite a career full of band-jumping and genre-switching, has created a songbook both vastly influential and artistically true-toself. No one can ever say Neil Young didn’t do exactly what he wanted, when he wanted, throughout his long career. Opinions on Young’s greatest songs vary widely, depending on which part of his career you prefer. For me, it’s hard to imagine a world without “Only Love Can Break Your Heart,” “Sugar Mountain,” “Mr. Soul,” “Heart of Gold,” “Powderfinger,” or “Rockin’ in the Free World.” And of course, no guitar player from northern Ontario would not have

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“Helpless” at the ready around a campfire. It’s an anthem for a certain town in northern Ontario and for Young, who confesses in the song that the “all my changes were there.” Okay, so debate rages about whether in “Helpless” Young was writing about Thunder Bay or his childhood home town of Omemee in the near north, but whatever the case, it speaks to his roots in Ontario. And for those who don’t know, Young had some very seminal moments in Thunder Bay. Much of this history has been very well documented in the book Shakey by Jimmy McDonough and I highly recommend any Neil lover read it. However, I will tell you that Neil Young and the Squires played a lot in this town in the 60s, and brushed shoulders with many local Thunder Bay musicians of a certain age. Certainly Neil Young’s presence in the music scene can be felt to this day. A band like Greenbank owes at least a nod to Neil, and the thread runs back to Rodney Brown and the Jarvis Street Revue.

Neil Young and the Squires also recorded music here, under the production of longtime radio fixture Ray Dee. These recordings were basic, but showed Young’s early promise, and would end up being released as part of his archived recordings. Several years ago, when I was on a fishing club board with Dee, the phone rang at his home where we were having a meeting. “Ray, it’s for you,” said Dee’s wife. “It’s Neil.” The rest of us at the meeting just looked at each other with hilarious shock. Neil Young was on the line! Even though I have been a Neil fan since the mid-70s, the first album that really grabbed me is one that is widely considered a “weird” one. Trans, from 1982, is indeed strange Neil Young music. It’s littered with electronic sounds, and much of Young’s voice is recorded with a filter that makes him sound like a bad robot. It was albums like Trans that led record mogul David Geffen to sue Shakey for not making “Neil Young music.” Yet the

album rocked in a weird way and was ahead of its time. I still like it all these years later. In 1992, the antithesis of Trans came out—the second part of the Harvest trilogy of albums, called Harvest Moon. It’s a gorgeous, largely acoustic album that I will forever associate with the birth of my eldest son. Seeing Devin’s mother dance to “Harvest Moon” while she held him is an enduring memory. Despite my long fandom I didn’t see Young live until 2012, when I travelled with my spouse to see him at the Bell MTS Place in Winnipeg with his longtime band Crazy Horse. It was not a mellow time, with Young wailing out feedback drenched guitar solos in front of gigantic speakers. Ears were ringing. In early February, we will be back to Winnipeg to see him again, this time at the small Centennial Concert Hall. From the second row. It will be very cool to be that close to one of Canada’s greatest musical gifts to the world.

February Classes

Fused Valentine Heart Window Hanging Sunday, February 10th 9am – 4pm Lets make a Valentine memory! A fused mosaic style heart to hang in your window. Approximate size 16” x 12”

$85.00 + HST, plus Materials (kiln time is included)

Intro to Stained Glass Saturday, February 23rd & Sunday, February 24th 9am – 4pm Learn how to make your own Stained Glass Art! You will get to choose 1 – 6 designs. We will teach you everything you need to know in this 2 day class. $175.00 + HST everything included.

Drop In Classes Mondays & Fridays 1 – 4pm Drop Ins are your time to come in and work on your own projects. Must have experience but we are here to help. We’ll supply the tools, you supply your own glass, foil and solder. Drop In classes are $25.00 + HST (kiln time extra) Please call ahead to reserve your spot as space is limited.

Must pre-register for all classes.

LESSONS The Artistry of Learning until March 3

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Success Adds Up

February 23rd, 2019 7:30 to 11:00 pm Admission - $10.00


Roots Rock

& Rockin’ Blues!

Port Arthur Legion

BR. 5 Upstairs Club Room

Patrice Bigaignon

Alyssa Westerback

229 Van Norman St.

50/50 Draw Cheap Drinks

Meat Draw

Tahira Yasmin

Ann Paterson

Success is the result of perseverance, hard work and the ability to capitalize on opportunities. MNP proudly congratulates Patrice Bigaignon, Alyssa Westerback, Tahira Yasmin and Ann Paterson on successfully completing the 2018 Common Final Exam (CFE). As a leading national accounting and business consulting firm, here are four more ways we can help your business succeed. For more information, contact our Thunder Bay office at 807.623.2141

74 The Walleye

Shane Norrie 24" x 24” ‘Autumn Afternoon 1’

Shane Norrie 48" x 60” ‘Old Growth, Campbell Valley Park, BC’



Jeans ‘n Classics and TBSO to Celebrate Beatles Milestone By Melanie Larson


ast November, the Beatles’ iconic LP The White Album reached its 50th anniversary and to celebrate, a comprehensive, remastered version—complete with demos and previously unheard material—was released. With Abbey Road quickly approaching the same milestone in 2019, the creative forces behind Jeans ‘n Classics and the Thunder Bay Symphony Orchestra thought it fitting to team up and produce their own unique celebration of these two legendary albums. The result is the White-Abbey concert, which will take to the Thunder Bay Community Auditorium stage on February 15. For those who have yet to be acquainted with the work of Jeans ‘n Classics, it is a “group of musicians who understand orchestra culture and are committed to helping in the building of younger, loyal audiences for symphony orchestras across North America,” says founder Peter Brennan. Over a period of almost 25 years, Jeans ‘n Classics has produced nearly 1,000 original orchestrations and are currently working with over 100 orchestras, with whom it shares its catalogue to determine which locations are interested in what shows. With the White-Abbey show in particular, Brennan explains that Jeff Gibson, the director of operations with the Thunder Bay Symphony


Orchestra, suggested that The White Album be incorporated into Jeans ‘n Classics’ existing Abbey Road arrangement. “We have known him personally and musically for years now, and he knows us very well, what we do and how we work,” says Brennan. “[With] the fiftieth anniversary of the release of The White Album, we thought it would be a wonderful addition to our Abbey Road set.” Along with guest vocalist David Blamires, Jeans ‘n Classics and the Thunder Bay Symphony Orchestra will come together (no pun intended) for a production that is sure to please fans of both the symphony and the Fab Four, including fans of all generations. “We shall present a terrific cross-section of material in the first half from The White Album, which will include features for solo cello and a great guitar concert master duel,” says Brennan. “Then, in the second half, Abbey Road will be performed in its entirety. The orchestra has many feature moments in this show and we are really looking forward to presenting it to the Thunder Bay audience.”

David Blamires

Local Experiences. Every Season.

Thunder Bay Community Auditorium February 15, 7:30 pm

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TBSO spotlight

Iain McKay

Principal Second Violin, TBSO By Kris Ketonen Born: Brantford Instrument: Violin Age you started to study music: 4 How long have you been with TBSO: In his sixth season What’s on personal playlist: Varied, including classical and hip-hop


ain McKay’s choice to study the violin probably didn’t surprise anyone who knew the musician in his younger days. McKay began playing the instrument at age four. At that point, McKay says, his older brother and sister had already begun playing the violin themselves. “I started probably because they were already doing it,” he says. “I’d been listening to it probably from the moment I was born. It was always just a really big part of my life. It would have been a bigger decision to not do it. I’ve always done it, and I’ve always enjoyed playing violin, and playing with other people and for other people. It’s just always

76 The Walleye

been a passion of mine.” McKay would go on to study music at the University of Toronto, and later, of course, joined the Thunder Bay Symphony Orchestra, where he’s currently in his sixth season. “I played in a lot of different orchestras growing up, different youth orchestras, and at university as well,” he says. “I really like the community,” McKay says of Thunder Bay. “The audiences are really knowledgeable and really friendly, and really receptive.” Plus, the TBSO offers flexibility, which is important to McKay. “The season goes from October to May, and then in the summers I get to back to Toronto, and I get to do some travelling and pursue other interests, as well,” he says. “I just basically freelance in Toronto in the summer, so I do some teaching and some freelancing with no one particular group. Just different groups and ensembles, and friends that I have there.”

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A Dazzling Celebration!

40th Season

SPECIAL ANNIVERSARY CONCERT The Baroque Concerto Grosso La Folia and More

Violinist Jeremy Bell – leader with string ensemble Music by Vivaldi, Geminiani, Horn Saturday, March 2, 2019 St. Paul’s United Church 349 Waverley Street, Thunder Bay, ON Concert 8:00 PM • Pre-concert talk 7:30 PM Admission at the door: Adults/Seniors $15; $10 students

Elizabeth Ganiatsos

WWW.LAKEHEADCA.COM @lakeheadregion 78 The Walleye


(L to R) Gary Hare, Chris Saunders, Arley Hughes, Samantha Chong, Carol Pominville, and Mike McFarlane

Something to Show for It Loose Cannon Releases First Album By Noel Jones


oose Cannon’s first album, Dangerous and Unpredictable, can best be described as a labour of love. The self-produced album, comprised of a mix of covers and original tracks, is a memento—a testament of the group’s commitment to each other and passion for music. Bassist Carol Pominville says that he made the album so that he would have “something to show” for his time as a musician. Pominville says that the album just happened by chance. He

thought it might be a good idea to record the band’s final performance in November 2016, as a way to commemorate the time they spent together. Encouraged by his close friend Sean Mundy, he would later remaster it and make into a fullfledged LP. The band was formed five years prior. The two original members, Pominville and his friend Mike McFarlane, had just lost their guitarist. One of Pominville’s co-workers informed him that her daughter (Samantha Chong) was a guitarist. Chong’s audition really impressed Pominville and McFarlane, so they invited her to join. They would also add a keyboard player, a sax player,

and a singer. Pominville says, “It was kinda neat cause we had three older guys in our fifties and above and we had three young people [in their 20s].” The group would go on to perform all over town for the next five years. They performed at local venues and festivals such as The Foundry, Blues Fest, as well as the Canada Day events here in town. They also performed at a few competitions hosted by the Thunder Bay Blues Society—one of which they won, allowing them to participate in a larger competition in Memphis, Tennessee in 2015. The way that Pominville speaks about their time to together should

make any other band jealous. “We got along really well. One of the great things about the band was we didn’t have to call anybody—we knew that Thursday nights we practiced. And the only time anybody called is if somebody couldn’t make it. So, that was really nice cause you knew everybody was gonna be there.” It’s no wonder that he would want to have something to remember the time they spent together. And as it turns out, it was time very well spent. The CD was good enough to make it to the second round of a blues competition in Memphis, which is, without a doubt, a lasting achievement.

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Music Presents ON THE SCENE

With a Punk Rock Twist Story by Jimmy Wiggins, Photo by Daniela Carlino Band: The Selfies Hometown: Thunder Bay Genre: Cover band For fans of: Bad Religion, Me First and The Gimme Gimmes, Jimmy Eat World, Foo Fighters Online: @tbayselfies Next shows: February 2 (The Cover Show 23) at Black Pirates Pub and February 23 at The Foundry


hey say imitation is the most sincere form of flattery and as much as I appreciate original music, it’s no secret I love a good cover. Many young bands start out as cover bands and many musicians learn to play their instrument by playing songs from their idols as a way to ignite their own creative process. But original material is not always part of the game plan and while some purists may turn up their noses at the concept of playing someone else’s music, covers are an important part of the music

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industry. For me, what makes a great cover is taking a song and putting a new spin on it. A TBay cover band that does this very well is The Selfies. Influenced by Me First and The Gimme Gimmes, Weird Al Yankovic, and Richard Cheese (arguably, three of the greatest cover artists around), The Selfies play an eclectic range of rock, pop, R&B, country and even Christmas music—but with a punk rock twist. “We’ve all been playing in local punk rock bands for years and had put a lot of effort into creating original music,” says frontman Andrew Edwards. “With The Selfies we don’t write any originals, but often put our own spin on popular songs by channelling our punk rock upbringing and play a wide range of covers, from Bad Religion and Foo Fighters to Cher and Dolly Parton”. The Selfies features a revolving lineup of members, so you never know which drummer or guitarist

you will see on stage at a show. “The beauty of The Selfies is that we have a baseball team-type depth chart of members,” explains Edwards. “If our drummer isn’t available, we simply move down the depth chart and take the next drummer up to play. We have about five drummers and four guitarists to pull from if needed.” To pull this off you need players who have experience, know their instruments and can put on a good show. All the members of The Selfies have backgrounds in other local bands, some dating back over 20 years. The current roster features any combination of guitarist Andrew Edwards (Not At Fault, Andrew Edwards Band, Orange 95), drummer Derek Shaffer (Grynd, the Seaside Villains, Grand 71), bassist Jordan Lester (Cheapshot, 3F Innovasion, the 92 Jays), guitarist Jared Shaffer (Action Cat), drummer Mike Bone (Canadian Shield, With Regard, I Shot JR), guitarist Matt

Scherban (Fireside Seminar), and drummer Scott Edwards (Action Cat, Dry Spell). With no album releases or tours under their belts as a group, The Selfies focus all their energy into putting on a great show for their hometown fans. Their biggest obstacle they face is choosing a set list. “We have a repertoire of over 200 cover songs so picking a set list for any given show can be like war games sometimes,” says Edwards. This past summer, in honour of the 2018 all female-headlined Bluesfest, The Selfies performed an all-female fronted selection of songs as part of an afterparty during Bluesfest weekend. “That was one of the more musically challenging yet rewarding gigs we pulled off,” explains Edwards. “The crowd at that show was insane so we had a good time and that’s all that we care about.”

Thunder Bay Symphony orcheSTra

TSBO February:

paul haas music director

THE BEATLES February 15th — Jeans ’N Classics and the TBSO celebrate

Back In The USSR Glass Onion Martha My Dear Revolution Julia Helter Skelter While My Guitar Gently Weeps Goodnight Come Together Something Maxwell’s Silver Hammer Oh Darlin’ Octopus’s Garden I Want You (She’s So Heavy) Here Comes The Sun Because You Never Give Me Your Money Sun King Mean Mr. Mustard Polythene Pam She Came In Through The Bathroom Window Golden Slumbers Carry That Weight And a very special encore!





For all TBSO February concerts and tickets, go to MAINSTAGE AND SECOND STAGE SPONSORS

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Julia Jacklin


Webby D

The Pink Album

Don’t be fooled by Julia Jacklin’s soft and fragile voice on the opening track “Body,” off her sophomore album Crushing—the Australian singer/songwriter’s lyrics pack a punch. In the song, Jacklin tells the story about an ex-lover getting caught smoking in an airplane bathroom, which leads to her leaving him: “I know you’d like to believe it baby/ But you’re more kid than criminal.” From the slow melancholy murmur of “Body,” the album takes a faster tempo with “Head Alone.” But the song’s lyrics still fit with the album’s overarching theme, which Jacklin describes as “all-in-the moment narrative of heartbreak and infatuation.” Other standout tracks include “Turn Me Down” and “Good Guy.” Rather than burying song meaning in metaphors, Jacklin lays everything out in the open on Crushing, making it the best album released this year so far.

As someone who is familiar with Peter Sagar through his work as a guitarist for Mac Demarco, I definitely expected a certain sound from my first venture into his solo project Homeshake. However, his fourth studio album, Helium, manages to subvert those preconceived notions, as it sees Sagar’s skills as a guitarist take the back seat to allow synths and drum machines to infiltrate the spotlight. Even on a track like “Anything At All,” which actually does feature guitars, they’re still understated, repetitive, and gentle—almost lulling to the listener. However, “Like Mariah” and “Another Thing” provide some energy to Helium’s drowsy, dreamlike quality with an imposing, funk-inspired bass riff on the former and a quirky, irregular drumbeat colouring the latter. Much like its title, the result is a relaxed, airy— and at times simplistic—soundscape that taps into the warm and fuzzy nostalgia of ‘80s synth-pop and the sultry rhythms of ‘90s R&B. Above all, Helium proves that Homeshake’s sound is far more nuanced than guitar-driven indie pop.

When it comes to hip-hop, I must freely admit that my street cred’s closest rival is likely Steve Urkel. But I do know what I like. In saying that, I have always had mad respect for those people that jump up in front of a crowd with nothing to hide behind but a microphone, and throw down rhymes they scratched out in a notepad. Organic, a new release by Webby D and The Technology Kings, makes for an awesome showcase of exactly what some of our locals in the hip-hop scene are capable of. Written, mixed, and produced by Webby D, the album also showcases my favourite local singer, Nancy Freeborn, as well as Bajmahaj, Jay Sektion, and Rock of Heltah Skeltah. Some of the production is a bit unpolished, but the album is called Organic, after all. Lyrically, the album is great and the messages that weave through tracks like “Imma Be Me and U be U” and “Local Celebrity Status” stepped things up. I really like Webby D’s delivery and I think any hip-hop fan will at least find something they will appreciate.

This album is experience on display. Three dudes who learned the ins and outs of a great song through playing everything from funk to death metal have put that education to work to write some of the catchiest, smoovest, sultriest rock I’ve heard lately. Phoebe the Feeb’s six-song EP isn’t afraid to dim the lights and top up your glass, because the trio know what surprises they have in store for you. Songs pull you in before you realize just how deep they’ve got their hooks, be it with a crooned chorus or a hypnotizing guitar lead. That’s not to say that this is easylistening, either; the moments of intensity flare up stronger because of the soft burn. Bonus for the listener is when you buy this album, all proceeds are being donated to local charities Kitty Care and The Faye Patterson House. Great songs supporting worthy causes—their name teases weakness, but The Pink Album is a strong statement.


- Adrian Lysenko



- Jamie Varga

Phoebe the Feeb

- Justin Allec

- Melanie Larson

Contact us today to find out how you and your family can establish a permanent endowment that will produce a Grant, Scholarship or Bursary for your community in an area of need that is important to you.

82 The Walleye

Springsteen on Broadway Thom Zimny

Netflix’s Springsteen on Broadway is a two-and-a-half hour concert film featuring the Boss performing solo on stage in New York. The production is bare bones. It’s Springsteen unplugged—just him in his black T-shirt and jeans with his acoustic guitar, a piano, and an overhead spotlight. It makes for an intimate setting. This is no ordinary concert, however. It’s Springsteen the storyteller. A good part of those two-plus hours is the Boss sharing his memories about his family, the band’s beginnings and rise to fame, and the stories behind the songs. Springsteen is a good narrator. At times he has the zeal of an old-time preacher. Best songs include “Tougher Than the Rest” featuring Springsteen’s wife Patti Scialfa, who joins him for a duet. And the Boss does a nice job of “My Hometown” as well. I did find myself fast-forwarding through some of the dialogue searching for the next song, but I suspect if you are a big fan of Springsteen you won’t mind all the talk. - Gerald Graham

Uncover: Escaping NXIVM

Josh Bloch and Kathleen Goldhar

Big Lonely Doug Harley Rustad

If you’ve ever wondered how anyone might find themselves dedicating their well-educated life to a cult, this podcast is for you. An investigative series by CBC, Uncover: Escaping NXIVM (pronounced nex-ee-um) provides a detailed inside account into the supposed self-help group run by Keith Raniere. Host and co-producer Josh Bloch got the idea for the show after running into his childhood friend Sarah Edmondson, a Canadian actress. The two had lost touch but quickly reunited after she divulges her tale of being a member of NXIVM for 12 years. Edmondson explains how she came across the group at a low point early on in her career and that the courses she took with NXIVM on self-discovery and personal fulfillment truly helped her to get her life on track. Bloch asks Edmondson probing questions and she answers brutally and honestly, providing details of her harrowing story that may not be for the faint of heart.

In the midst of exploring Vancouver Island on the hunt for the oldest and largest trees, TJ Watt, a photographer for an environmental organization called the Ancient Forest Alliance, stumbled upon a fresh clear-cut with a solitary tree left standing—and it happened to be one of the largest Douglas firs he’d ever laid eyes on. Big Lonely Doug explores how the titular tree came to survive the loggers and become the poster tree for activists’ fight to save the region’s dwindling old-growth forests. Throughout his book, Rustad takes readers through historical, cultural, and political issues that influence current logging practices and environmentalism on Vancouver Island. Though this gives the main narrative a choppy flow, it provides great context for the uneasy relationship between loggers, activists, and the area’s Indigenous population. Never firmly taking sides, the author takes a nuanced look at a topic more frequently presented as black and white, and that alone is probably enough to make the book worthwhile.

- Andrea Stach

- Alexander Kosoris

Marja’s Skis

Jean E. Pendziwol Marja’s Skis is the poignant story of a young girl who is neither big enough nor strong enough to do everything her older sister Eeva can. Naturally Marja wants to go to school and help with the family’s livestock, but she must wait to grow strong enough. When Marja is finally sent to school, with new skis no less, the reader celebrates with her. Not long after this her family faces adversity and Marja’s inner strength is tested as much as her outer. Each page of text is enhanced by Jirina Marton’s illustrations, which serve to further draw the reader into the story. Marja’s Skis is highly recommended for both families and individuals looking for an inspiring winter tale. - Ruth Hamlin-Douglas

You can give our team the tools they need to save a person’s life. Donate at

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Thunder Bay’s Oldest Residence Glenorchy: The McIntyre House

Thunder Bay Museum

By Laurie Abthorpe

84 The Walleye

he beautiful two-storey Italianate-style frame house known as Glenorchy, or the McIntyre House, was built in 1878 as the retirement home of clerk in charge and later factor of the Hudson’s Bay Company Post Fort William, John McIntyre. First located on the west bank of the Kaministiquia River across from McKellar River, this home is the only surviving house from the original community built along the riverbank. Affectionately known in his later years as “Governor,” John McIntyre was a widely respected member of the community. Born in Scotland in 1817, McIntyre joined the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1841 at the age of 24. His early years with the Company were filled with adventure. McIntyre acted as steward to Sir George Simpson, governor of the Hudson’s Bay Company, during a 20-month journey around the world by way of schooner, birch bark canoe, and horseback. McIntyre spent 36 years with the Hudson’s Bay Company. His last post was in Fort William, arriving to the Lakehead by canoe from New Brunswick House (a Hudson’s Bay Post near James Bay) with wife Jane and four daughters in 1855. John

McIntyre had great faith in the area’s future, and the family—grown to include another daughter and three sons—chose to settle here permanently upon his retirement in 1877. On land purchased from both the McKellar and McVicar farms, Glenorchy—named after his place of birth—was built. The home was constructed in 1878 by the George Lautenschlager Company of Prince Arthur’s Landing at a cost of $2,789.80. Glenorchy was built as a veritable fortress, with its exterior walls constructed using 2 x 8 studs and insulated with sand—the density of which would stop a bullet. The home’s low hip roof, heavy overhung bracketed eaves, and open central pediment (repeated in the second level window surrounds) all indicate the Italianate style. Symmetrical in design, the house also features two projecting side bay windows as well as the open central veranda stretching across the entire front façade. The veranda columns with decorative brackets support a second level porch. Seven years after Governor’s passing, daughter Annie McIntyre sold the property to the Canadian Pacific Railway for $17,500 in 1906. The home itself was then sold to

Marlene Wandel

George Robinson, an investor and carpenter with plans put in place for its removal to a new location. The half-kilometre move to its current site at 1017 East Isabella Street took place during the winter of 1907–08, where it was placed upon a stone foundation that extends 5½ to 7 inches beyond the frame. A two-storey addition on a concrete foundation was later added to the back of the house. The McIntyre House was placed on the City of Thunder Bay’s Heritage Register in 2009. Laurie Abthorpe is the heritage researcher for the Heritage Advisory Committee, which advises City Council on the conservation of heritage buildings, sites, and resources, and their integration into development. For more information on the city’s heritage resources, visit


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Getting the Conversation Started

By Katherine Mayer, Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Centre

Whoever you are, you have the power to reduce the impact of cancer for yourself, the people you love, and for the world. - Union for International Cancer Control (UICC)


t’s time to talk about the “c” word that many people avoid discussing—cancer. It’s no secret that cancer affects everyone, so why are we avoiding the topic with friends, family, and coworkers? Almost 10 million people die from cancer each year. February 4 is World Cancer Day, an initiative of the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC). Their “I Am and I Will” campaign urges personal commitment and action to impact the future. According to the World Health Organization, at least onethird of common cancers are preventable. Do you know your family’s health history? A person’s risk for

developing cancer, or other chronic diseases, can often be linked to the health of their family members. A first-degree family history could determine when and how a person would complete cancer screening. It’s important to talk to your health care provider about your family’s health history. Here are some other ways you can decrease your risk of developing cancer. • Quit smoking. Tobacco use is the single largest preventable cause of cancer. According to Cancer Care Ontario (CCO), tobacco use increases the risk of over 20 different types of cancer.

In Northwestern Ontario, 25% of adults (aged 20 and older) are daily or occasional smokers. It is never too late to quit. • Reduce alcohol consumption. Alcohol is strongly linked with an increased risk of several cancers. Almost 15% of adults in Northwestern Ontario consume alcohol that exceeds the cancer prevention recommendations of no more than two drinks per day for men and no more than one drink a day for women. By limiting how much you drink, you can reduce your risk of cancers. • Increase physical activity. Maintaining a healthy weight and

making physical activity part of your everyday life can help reduce your risk of some cancers, such as colon and breast. All types of physical activity appear to reduce cancer risk according to CCO. Aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous activity every week. In the spirit of World Cancer Day, put awkwardness aside and take the initiative to talk to your family members about their health. Conversations could help save lives. For more information about World Cancer Day, visit To learn about other preventive tips, go to

OPEN FAMILY DAY I 86 The Walleye

♥ Valentines Day


379 Oliver Road, Thunder Bay, ON P7B 2G1 807 344 6761

Visit Our

High School Information Night Wednesday, February 13th | 7:00 p.m. at St. Ignatius & St. Patrick High Schools


Senior Elementary Information Night Wednesday, February 27th | 7:00 p.m.

at Bishop Gallagher, E.Q. Jennings & Pope John Paul II Schools



Enjoy a delicious meal at The Keg and let us be part of what makes Valentine’s Day so memorable. Join us in celebrating from 4pm–1am. Accepting limited reservations.

Balmoral St & Harbour Expy | 807.623.1960 |

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1092 Memorial Ave. (807) 621-5231 INTENTIONAL CREATIVITY is a painting process designed to take you on a personal spiritual journey. Join me for a paint weekend or a retreat to the magical Rock Island Lodge. Either way, the weekend includes yoga, meditation, journaling, journeying, and much painting leaving you with memories, renewal and a beautiful painting that holds your weekend experience. This work is intended for small groups only.



Journey through aspects of self to discover the authentic you.


MARCH 29, 30 & 31 | THUNDER BAY

Discuss the realm of secrets, journal and then create art using painting and stencilling and pockets containing some of your secrets, never to be seen & maybe partially to be seen.


Margie Bettiol


Retreat to an isolated lodge on a peninsula that juts out into Lake Superior, experience beaches, rocky walks, healthy food, nature. The lodge fills up fast so please reserve your rooms as soon as possible.



Gathering of women to share & explore various topics.


Rock Island Lodge, Wawa

alternatives to emotional /physical healing & relaxation. Cranial Sacral Therapy, EFT Emotional Release Technique, Touch for Health, Reflexology, & Electromagnetic Field Therapy.

Teaching English as a Second Language TESL Certificate - Online Program Travel the world teaching English as a Second Language. Interested? Learn the principles and methods of instruction applied to teaching English as both a second or as an additional language. In addition, the program is intended to help develop an understanding of basic linguistics and its application in the fields of addtional language and English language development in second language learners. The TESL Program offered through Lakehead University is now completely online, starting May 6, 2019. For more information, please contact us by calling 346-7915 or email This online certificate program is recognized by TESL Canada.

VISIT 88 The Walleye




Walk For Your Hygge By Caroline Cox, EcoSuperior


ygge is not just about indoor comforts. Often when EcoSuperior staff look out our window, we see neighbourhood children playing on the snow pile in our parking lot. These children are enjoying an important component of hygge: getting outside with friends. Walking to school can be hygge too. Every morning more than a dozen children join a Walking School Bus to École Gron Morgan Public School. These children walk no matter the weather. They don’t walk because their parents make them do it, but because they love spending time outside in good company. Parents who want to drive their children on very cold days are even met with resistance! Several other schools, including St. Thomas Aquinas School and Edgewater Park Public School, also have walking groups. Winter Walk Day, which takes place on February 6, offers the perfect opportunity for enjoying hygge with friends in your neighbourhood. Together, you can listen to the crunch of snow under your boots, spot a chickadee in a nearby tree, and watch your breath freeze. Try

blowing bubbles or playing I Spy. In the eyes of a child, winter has endless possibilities. To participate in Winter Walk Day, simply walk to school on February 6. You can also encourage your child’s teacher to sign up the whole class. Visit ecosuperior. org/WinterWalkDay for details. Top classes can win city-wide awards: the bronze, silver, gold, or platinum laces. Live too far to walk? Try to park and stride: drive most of the way to school and walk the last block or more. If you try walking and love it, keep it up by walking throughout February or celebrating Walking Wednesday. As the kids on the snow pile show, it doesn’t take much to enjoy winter. Zip up your coat, throw on a toque and soak up the outdoor hygge.

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FebruaryEventsGuide February 1, 6-10 pm

Leadership Thunder Bay Bocce & Pasta Night Da Vinci Centre

Looking to connect again with fellow Leadership Thunder Bay alumni? Beat the winter blues with a fun night that includes a pasta supper and bocce game or two mixed with some competitiveness and plenty of laughs. Tickets are $25.

February 1–3

Disrupt It Weekend Northwestern Ontario Innovation Centre

Disrupt It Weekend will bring together bright, passionate, entrepreneurialminded individuals to launch an idea in 54 hours. Individuals can pitch their ideas, and cross-functional teams are formed in order to develop the idea and validate a business model. On Sunday, the teams present a final pitch to a panel of judges in hopes of winning the grand prize.

February 1, 8, 15, 22, 10–11 am

Coffee Talk

NorWest Community Health Centres

Looking for support or want to improve your well-being? Join the NorWest Community Health Centre for conversation, coaching, and coffee. Topics include community support, handling conflict, anger, boundaries, assertiveness, and problem-solving.


February 3, 2–4 pm

Winter Fundays: Thunderwolves Day on the Waterfront Marina Park

This week, the Lakehead University Thunderwolves will be taking the ice. Head on down to Prince Arthur’s Landing to skate with your favourite hometown hockey players. After you’ve enjoyed the outdoors, warm up with a creative activity inside the Baggage Building Arts Centre.

February 3, 4 pm

February 7–23

February 8–14

Slovak Legion Super Dome

Magnus Theatre

Grand Marais, MN

Super Bowl Party

Take in the excitement of the big game with prizes, food, giveaways, an annual perogie-eating contest, and more.

February 4, 11, 18, 25, 1 pm

Yoga and Meditation NorWest Community Health Centres

A free program that is open to all. Registration is required.


February 5, 7 pm


Huff is the wrenching yet darkly comic tale of Wind and his brothers, caught in a torrent of solvent abuse and at high risk of suicide. Wind’s fantastic dream world bleeds into his haunting reality as he’s preyed on by the Trickster through the hallways at school, the abandoned motel he loves more than home, and his own fragile psyche. Ancestral history combines with harsh reality and gas-induced hallucination in a tale of family, love, despair, and the possibility of redemption.

Hygge Festival A multi-day celebration of all things cozy, including live music, a cozy couples dinner, fondue night, night skiing, and dogsled tours. See this month’s Top Five for more info.

February 8 & 22, 11 am–noon

Mindful Movement NorWest Community Health Centres

Discover the power of your breath and your own natural movements. Participants will be invited to practice mindfulness, body awareness, free movement, and breathing exercises to calm their minds by moving their bodies. Everyone is welcome to this accessible event, no experience required.

Lighthouse Speaker Series

February 7, 14, 21, 28, 5–8 pm

Learn the story of our past lightkeepers through Canadian Lighthouses of Lake Superior’s speaker series. Come and hear from past artists-in-residence, host keepers, and volunteers about their excursions and activities working on a Lake Superior island. Free admission.

Royal Canadian Slovak Legion


Catch the Ace is a progressive, multiple-draw raffle lottery. The lottery ends when the ace of spades is picked, when the progressive jackpot reaches $50,000, or when 52 weeks are reached (September 19, 2019). Ticket sales are from 5–8 pm with the draw at 8:30 pm.


The Thunder Bay Literacy Group will be hosting their annual Scrabble fundraising tournament in the Intercity Shopping Centre Promotions Court. Help make the event a success by signing up to play and collecting pledges, giving a donation for the prize baskets, or by volunteering on the day of the tournament.

Mary J.L. Black Library

February 5–6

North Western Ontario Immigration Forum Italian Cultural Centre

A forum for employers, service providers, and government representatives to discuss attraction and retention strategies, economic immigration pathways, and more. Registration is $90, which includes breakfast, lunch, and coffee breaks. facebook/nwolip

Slovak Legion Catch the Ace Lottery

February 8, 6–8 pm

FUNtastic Friday Night

St. Paul’s Anglican Church

Give your kitchen the night off. Take a break from work, school, and schedules and enjoy a home-cooked meal and fun kids’ activities. Bring your family, friends, and anyone you know that could use a fun night out with the kids. No registration required, freewill offering.

February 6–9, 13–16 and 20–23, 7:30 pm

February 8–10

Paramount Theatre

Current River Community Centre

Mamma Mia!

If you’re not yet an ABBA fan, this classic story, as performed by the cast and crew of Badanai Productions, will take you on a wonderful rollercoaster of emotions. See this month’s Film & Theatre section for more info.

Winter Carnival A fun-filled weekend for all ages featuring skating, a bonfire, dog sled rides, snowshoeing, skating, curling, a pancake breakfast, and more.

February 9, 9 am–5 pm

21st Annual Scrabble Fundraising Tournament Intercity Shopping Centre

February 9, 10 am–4 pm

Boreal Forest Wintertime Open House

Kingfisher Lake Outdoor Education Centre

The Kingfisher education team welcomes the general public to a fantastic day of winter activities.

February 9, 5:30 pm

Valentine’s Dinner and Dance Columbus Centre

Including a symposium featuring music by the Gentlemen of Harmony, dinner, and dance with the music of Quest. Tickets are $45 per person.

February 9, 6 pm

Finlandia Hunting & Fishing Club Wind Up Finlandia Club Got the winter chills? Come warm up and join the party in support of the Finlandia Hunting & Fishing Club. Dinner, dancing, prizes, good company, and refreshments. Tickets are $40 and are available at the Hoito or from any committee member.


February 9, 10 pm

DJ Big D Birthday Bash The Foundry

Join Thunder Bay’s best DJ, Delon Thomas, aka DJ Big D, as he celebrates his birthday with music by DJ Sugarman, DJ Supa, DJ Rudone and, of course the birthday boy himself. Admission is $5.

February 10, 8 am–2 pm

Thunderwolves Indoor Marathon

Lakehead University Hangar

This year’s event features a full marathon, half marathon, 10 km run and walk, as well as a marathon relay. The full marathon is a 211lap race and perfect weather is guaranteed! Proceeds from this event support children’s mental health education and prevention initiatives through the Children’s Centre Foundation Thunder Bay. All funds remain local to help families here at home. indoormarathon


Travel Savers – share more, stay connected TM

90 2 The Walleye

Rogers and the Mobius Design are trademarks of or used under license from Rogers Communication Inc. or an affiliate.

February 10, 2–4 pm

February 15 & 16, 8–9:30 pm

Winter Fundays: Qaleidoscope in Bannock Over the Fire Thunder Bay: Queer Film on Tour Marina Park Join the Thunder Bay Indigenous Friendship Centre and learn how to make your own homemade bannock over a fire. Inside the Baggage Building Arts Centre, the Community Arts & Heritage Education Project will be offering craft activities that explore how humans and non-human animals use water for transportation.

February 12, 7 pm

Photography Club Meeting Imagetech

Imagetrekkers is a local photography club founded to create a common community interested in fun, friendship, and photography challenges. Membership is open to all ages and skill levels.

February 13, 5 pm

Development of the Superior Lake Project Victoria Inn

The Thunder Bay Community Economic Development Commission invites you to an update from the Superior Lake Team on their project that is based on the historic Winston Lake Mine, a high-grade zinc deposit.


February 13–17

Northern Fibers Retreat

North House Folk School, Grand Marais

This five-day event celebrates all manner of fibre arts, featuring seminars, community gatherings, and coursework from long-time instructors and new guest artisans. With more than two dozen course options, you are invited to build your own wooly adventure spinning, knitting, felting, sewing, beading and more.

February 13, 7:30–9 pm

What is School For? North McIntyre Recreation Centre

What are you looking for in a school? Explore holistic education for the head, heart, and hands. Hear a presentation, ask your questions, meet the teachers, and experience the space of the Thunder Bay Northern Lights School. Admission is free.

Definitely Superior Art Gallery The screening of QALEIDOSCOPE: Refraction, Abstraction & Play features Canadian QTBIPOC films that explore, question, and play with identity to propose and investigate diverse ways of looking at sexuality, gender, and race. This film series promotes the artistic vision of QTBIPOC Canadian media artists whose work might not otherwise be shown. Suggested donation $5–10 for this 18+ event. See the story in this month’s Film & Theatre department for more info.

February 16 & 17, 11 am–5 pm

Voyageur Winter Carnival

Fort William Historical Park

A weekend of winter fun awaits the whole family at Fort William Historical Park’s Voyageur Winter Carnival. Come out and enjoy the giant snow maze, tubing and sledding hills, skating, winter games and activities, carnival games and contests, indoor and outdoor entertainment, and more!

February 16, 1–4 pm

Seedy Saturday

Oliver Road Community Centre Seedy Saturday is a popular annual celebration of seeds and gardening. Bring packets of your own seeds to trade, or pick up seeds for a nominal charge. There will also be display tables by local nonprofit organizations, seminars on interesting gardening topics, kids’ activities, and refreshments too.

February 16, 6 pm

Fly Fishing Film Tour Thunder Bay Community Auditorium

An evening of short films presented by the North Shore Steelhead Association. See this month’s Top Five for more info.

February 17

Pincushion Mountain Winter Festival Pincushion Mountain Trails

Two miles north of Grand Marais, MN on the Gunflint Trail, cross-country skiers of all ages and athletic abilities and spectators will gather for a oneday event that includes eight skiing events for beginners, intermediate, and advanced skiers in classical, freestyle, and skijoring, ranging from 0.5 km to 30 km.

February 17, 2–4 pm

Winter Fundays: Harry Potter in the Winter Themed Treasure Hunt with Willow Springs Marina Park

Willow Springs is planning a “Harry Potter in the Winter” themed treasure hunt. Head on down to Prince Arthur’s Landing to find your own hidden treasures and, after you’ve enjoyed the activity outside, you warm up with a creative activity inside the Baggage Building Arts Centre.

February 17, 2 pm

Winter Musings

Lakehead Unitarian Fellowship

An intimate musical interlude performed by MuSiC in Common, featuring Heather Morrison on piano, Derek Donrod on French horn, and Peter Shackleton on clarinet, assisted by Bill Heath (readings). Tickets are $20 and available from Fireweed. Proceeds benefit the Thunder Bay Symphony Orchestra.


February 17, 2 pm

NHL Alumni Hockey Game

Fort William Gardens

The 2019 NHL Alumni Benefit Tour brings you hockey’s greatest family, featuring former NHL legends from the original six teams, Stanley Cup winners, Team Canada heroes, and your local hometown heroes all in support of Special Olympics Ontario and the Law Enforcement Torch Run. This fun-filled event provides something for fans of all ages and gives you an exciting opportunity to see a lighter side of these hockey greats while raising money for a great cause. Tickets are $20 for adults, $15 for seniors and children ages 4–12.

February 21, 7–10 pm

Hops for Hearts

Sleeping Giant Brewing Co.

A laid-back fundraiser for local cardiovascular surgery. Guests will enjoy samplings of hand-crafted fine ales paired with sweet and savoury local cuisine. Not into beer? No worries! Wine will also be available for purchase all night long.

February 24, 2–4 pm

Winter Fundays: Cabane à sucre with Club culturel francophone de Thunder Bay Marina Park

Join the Club culturel francophone de Thunder Bay as they make sweet treats at la cabane à sucre. After you’ve enjoyed the outdoor activities, warm up inside the Baggage Building Arts Centre where the Community Arts & Heritage Education Project will be help participants write, design, and draw a comic book story.

Lakehead University, UC 2011

Professor Timothy Caulfield, Canada research chair in health law and author of the bestselling books Is Gwyneth Paltrow Wrong About Everything?: When Celebrity Culture and Science Clash and The Cure for Everything: Untangling Twisted Messages about Health Fitness and Happiness will be presenting a talk as part of LU’s Research and Innovation Week called “Battling the Bunk Machines: Health in the Era of Celebrity, Social Media & Twisted Facts.”

CLE Coliseum


FamJam 2019

Copenhagen Road

Fun-Tastic Castles will bring lots of bouncy castles and the Meltdown. Tala and friends will be doing balloon animals. There will be face painting, music, Zumba dancing, door prizes, crafts, and colouring too!

Local filmmaker Lee Chambers’ new short film tells the story of a mechanic who reluctantly agrees to help a desperate young woman with a flat tire, in a car all too familiar to him. See this month’s Film & Theatre section for more info.

Snow Day is centered around outstanding professional snow sculptures and features activities and entertainment for all ages. There are opportunities to participate in uncommon winter sports, learn snow carving, play modern and traditional winter games and go skating.

Until March 3

Lessons: The Artistry of Learning Thunder Bay Art Gallery

An exhibit featuring work by artists dedicated to the accumulation and sharing of knowledge. Works by Moses Amik Beaver, Zoe Gordon, Sarah Link, Jean Marshall, Riaz Mehmood, Crystal Nielsen, and Mavourneen Trainor come together, collectively making evident how artists both accrue and communicate knowledge.

Until March 3

Tim Caulfield: Battling the Bunk Machines in Thunder Bay

February 25, 6, 7 and 8 pm

Marina Park

Thirty-five years ago, internationally acclaimed artist Carl Beam (1943–2005) from M’Chigeeng First Nation completed his monumental art installation Exorcism. This work was Thunder Bay Art Gallery’s first commissioned work.

February 25, 7 pm

February 18, 11 am–4 pm

Snow Day

Thunder Bay Art Gallery

February 18, 1–5 pm

From the Permanent Collection: Carl Beam’s Exorcism


Until March 3

21 Pillows

Thunder Bay Art Gallery

Enjoy Cheryl Wilson-Smith’s interactive installation exploring our impact on Earth.


General Art Food

Sports Music

February 27–March 2, March 6–9, 7:30 pm


Cambrian Players

A crowd-pleasing play with emotion and intrigue set in Russia in 1918. See the story in this month’s Film and Theatre section.

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FebruaryMusicGuide February 1 James Boraski Solo

Blue Door Bistro 11:30 am • No Cover • AA

Follies 2019: Forever Night Confederation College 7:30 pm • $10 • AA

James Boraski Trio

Cheer’s the Village Pub 8:30 pm • No Cover • 19+


NV NightClub 10 pm • $10 • 19+

Rocksteady w/ DJ Big D The Foundry 10 pm • $5 • 19+

The Cover Show 23 (Night 2) Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

February 2 Folk’n Saturday Nights The Foundry 1 pm • No Cover • 19+

Follies 2019: Forever Night Confederation College 7:30 pm • $10 • AA

Undercover w/ DJ Big D The Foundry 10 pm • $5 • 19+

The Cover Show 23 (Night 3) Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

February 3 All-Star Karaoke

PA Legion Branch 5 3 pm • No Cover • 19+

Open Jam

PA Legion Branch 5 6 pm • No Cover • AA


Dragon’s Den 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 4 Every Folk’n Monday The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 5 Aaron Pritchett: Out On The Town Tour NV NightClub 7 pm • $35–$45 • 19+

Thunder Bay Community Band Jam 250 Park Avenue 7:30 pm • No Cover • AA

The Best Karaoke In TBay The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 6 The Best Karaoke In TBay The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 7 Jazzy Thursday Nights The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

4 The Walleye 92

Prime Time Karaoke PA Legion Branch 5 8:30 pm • No Cover • 19+

Open Stage with Craig Smyth & Tiina Flank The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 8 TBSO presents Northern Lights 3: Matt Sellick (Night 1) Italian Cultural Centre 7:30 pm • $12–$43 • AA

Craig Cardiff

The Study Coffeehouse 8 pm • $10–$20 • AA

Page 38 w/ DJ Big D

Thunder Bay Community Band Jam

February 17 All-Star Karaoke

February 23 Folk’n Saturday Nights

The Best Karaoke In TBay

Open Jam

The 11th Annual Open Your Hearts Concert

February 13 The Best Karaoke In TBay


St Paul’s United Church 7 pm • $10 • AA

Layna’s Throwback BDay Bash

Branch 5 Legion 7:30 pm • No Cover • 19+

250 Park Avenue 7:30 pm • Free • AA

The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 14 Valentine’s Day with Matt Sellick The Chanterelle 6:30 pm • $90 • 19+

PA Legion Branch 5 3 pm • No Cover • 19+ PA Legion Branch 5 6 pm • No Cover • AA Dragon’s Den 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $TBA • 19+

February 18 Every Folk’n Monday

James Boraski Duo

The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

Jazzy Thursday Nights

February 19 Thunder Bay Community Band Jam

February 9 James Boraski Solo

TBSO presents Voices Concert

The Foundry 10 pm • $5 • 19+

Rock Showcase

Blue Door Bistro 11:30 am • No Cover • AA

Seattle Coffee House 6:30 pm • No Cover • AA The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

Hilldale Church 7:30 pm • $12–$43 • AA

Folk’n Saturday Nights

Prime Time Karaoke

TBSO presents Northern Lights 3: Matt Sellick (Night 2)

Open Stage with Craig Smyth & Tiina Flank

The Foundry 1 pm • No Cover • 19+

Italian Cultural Centre 7:30 pm • $12–$43 • AA

Sunday wilde and the 1 Eyed Jacks The Apollo 9 pm • $10 • 19+

Big D’s Birthday Bash The Foundry 10 pm • $5 • 19+

WERQ presents AntiValentine’s Drag & DJ Party Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $10 • 19+

February 10 All-Star Karaoke

PA Legion Branch 5 3 pm • No Cover • 19+

Open Jam

PA Legion Branch 5 6 pm • No Cover • AA


Dragon’s Den 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 11 Every Folk’n Monday The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 12 Paul Brandt: The Journey Tour

Thunder Bay Community Auditorium 7 pm • $49–$150 • AA

PA Legion Branch 5 8:30 pm • No Cover • 19+

The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 15 TBSO presents White-Abbey Concert: Beatles, Jeans ‘n Classics Thunder Bay Community Auditorium 7:30 pm • $12–$53 • AA

250 Park Avenue 7:30 pm • No Cover • AA

The Best Karaoke In TBay The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 20 The Best Karaoke In TBay The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 21 Jazzy Thursday Nights The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

TBSO presents: Wired Concert

Thunder Bay Community Auditorium 7:30 pm • $12–$53 • AA

Country Night ft. Back Forty w/ DJ Big D

A Nobodies Achievement w/ locals

Superior Nightlife presents Sub Zero (Night 1)

Prime Time Karaoke

The Foundry 10 pm • $5 • 19+

Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

February 16 James Boraski Solo

Blue Door Bistro 11:30 am • No Cover • AA

Folk’n Saturday Nights The Foundry 1 pm • No Cover • 19+

James Boraski Duo: Special Valentine’s Candlelight Dinner

Crystal Beach Restaurant 4:45 pm • $TBA • AA

Us As Them: The Beatles The Foundry 10 pm • $5 • 19+

Superior Nightlife presents Sub Zero (Night 2) Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

Black Pirates Pub 8 pm • $6 • AA

PA Legion Branch 5 8:30 pm • No Cover • 19+

Open Stage with Craig Smyth & Tiina Flank The Foundry 10pm • No Cover • 19+

February 22 James Boraski Solo

Blue Door Bistro 11:30 am • No Cover • AA

Music For The Gym Fundraiser

Oliver Road Community Centre 7 pm • $10 • AA

Tourist Bureau w/ DJ Big D

The Foundry 1 pm • No Cover • 19+

James Boraski & MomentaryEvolution The Selfies w/ DJ Big D The Foundry 10 pm • $5 • 19+

February 24 All-Star Karaoke

PA Legion Branch 5 3 pm • No Cover • 19+

TBSO presents: Boy’s & Girl’s Concert Grassroots Church 3:30 pm • $9–$18 • AA

Open Jam

PA Legion Branch 5 6 pm • No Cover • AA


Dragon’s Den 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 25 Every Folk’n Monday The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 26 Thunder Bay Community Band Jam 250 Park Avenue 7:30 pm • No Cover • AA

The Best Karaoke In TBay The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 27 The Best Karaoke In TBay The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 28 Jazzy Thursday Nights The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

Prime Time Karaoke PA Legion Branch 5 8:30 pm • No Cover • 19+

Open Stage with Craig Smyth & Tiina Flank The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+ Brought to you by:

The Foundry 10 pm • $5 • 19+

Ukkon3n Album Fundraiser Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

For more info visit

LU RADIO’S MONTHLY TOP February Show Spotlight



The Paradigm Shift Cafe

Hosted by Wiley Koyote Fridays 1-3 pm With music rooted in the coffeehouses of the 60s, new and classic Canadian folk, roots, and blues, local interviews, and commentaries, The Paradigm Shift delivers thoughtprovoking radio. Join the Wiley Koyote during the second half of the show for “Drop The Needle,” featuring one side of a classic vinyl album every Friday afternoon.

Song of the moment: “Song On the Radio” Amelia Curran They Promised You Mercy


Top 20 1

Dan Mangan* More or Less Arts & Crafts

Castlecomer Castlecomer Concord Georgia Anne Muldrow Overload Brainfeeder


Charles Bradley Black Velvet Daptone


Fever Feel* Fever Feel Self-Released


Music CILU 102.7fm’s Monthly Charts for this issue reflect airplay for the month ending January 22, 2019. Check out our weekly charts online at and tune in to the Top 20 Countdown, Mondays from 4-6pm, or catch one of the rebroadcasts throughout the week! Keep it locked on 102.7fm - online streaming at


Jazzlab Orchestra* Quintessence Effendi


Allison Au Quartet* Wander Wonder Self-Released

16 Phoebe the Feeb* The Pink Album Self-Released


Michael Wolff Swirl Sunnyside

17 Secret Baby* It’s a secret, baby Self-Released


Brodie West Quintet* Clips Self-Released

14 Daniel Romano* Finally Free You’ve Changed 15 Devon Welsh* Dream Songs You Are Accepted

18 Metric* Art of Doubt Crystal Math 19 Vulfpeck Hill Climber Vulf 20 Royal Canoe* Waver Paper Bag

Electronic 1

Kandle* Holy Smoke Self-Released

Hip Hop 1

Georgia Anne Muldroww Overload Brainfeeder


deM atlaS Bad Actress Rhymesayers



Atmosphere Mi Vida Local Rhymesayers

Monster Truck* True Rockers Mascot



Swizz Beatz Poison Epic

Jock Tears* Bad Boys Inky



Shad* A Short Story About A War Secret City

Fucked Up* Dose Your Dreams Arts & Crafts


The Dirty Nil* Master Volume Dine Alone


Luge* Tall Is Just a Feeling Self-Released

Graham Van Pelt* Time Travel Arbutus



Art d’Ecco* Trespasser Paper Bag


Bicicletas Por La Paz Surfeando Un Cometa Self-Released


Dilly Dally* Heaven Dine Alone


Novalima Ch’usay Wonderwheel


Ocean Alley Chiaroscuro Unified



10 Weakened Friends Common Blah Don Giovanni

Ought* Four Desires Merge


11 Foxwarren* Foxwarren Arts & Crafts

Farao Pure-O Western Vinyl


12 Belle Plaine* Malice, Mercy, Grief & Wrath Self-Released

Royal Canoe* Waver Paper Bag Records


Marie Davidson Working Class Woman Ninja Tune

13 The O’Pears* Stay Warm Self-Released


Folk•Roots•Blues 1

Afro Cuban All Stars A Toda Cuba le Gusta World Circuit

Hungry Lake* Townies Self-Released



Orkestar Kriminal* Ryobra Coax

Christine Fellows* Roses on the Vine Vivat Virtute



Jah Cutta* Ladies and Gentlemen Indica

Daniel Romano* Finally Free You’ve Changed


Jonathan Byrd Jonathan Byrd & the Pickp Cowboys Waterbug


Belle Plaine* Malice, Mercy, Grief & Wrath Self-Released

Jazz 1

Alfredo Rodríguez & Pedrito Martinez Duologue Mack Avenue

* Indicates Canadian Content

The Walleye Walleye

93 5


Blizzards of the Past and Modern Times Story by Graham Saunders, Photo by Darren McChristie

Approaching blizzard conditions on Island Lake, MN


he definition of “blizzard” is complicated because it combines several variables, and the exact meaning can depend on where the storm is taking place. As well, the meaning has changed over time. The term was used in the 1860s, perhaps even earlier, by German settlers in Iowa. Its use spread quickly, apparently in occasional use on the Northern Great Plains and the Canadian Prairies by the time it appeared in newspapers. During and after a severe snowstorm in 1881, its use became common in Manitoba and many locations in central North America. But the earliest definition of a blizzard is from the Encyclopedia Americana (1903), and is quite ominous: “particularly fierce and cold wind, accompanied by a very fine, blinding snow which suffocates as well as freezes men and animals.” In Canada today, the official national meteorological service definition of a blizzard is a period of four or more hours with winds above 40 km/h, with visibility reduced to

94 The Walleye

below 400 metres by blowing and/ or drifting snow and with wind chill colder than -25°C. The North American variety of blizzard is often associated with low-pressure systems dubbed “Alberta Clippers.” A typical “clipper” has snowfall followed by strong winds. Blizzard conditions are most common on the Prairies and adjoining American states. Strong winds, reduced visibility, and frigid temperatures contribute to severity. It is not essential for snow to be falling. The fine snow on the ground can become blowing snow because of strong winds. Provinces and territories in Canada and the American Weather Service have slightly different criteria for issuing blizzard warnings. In Atlantic Canada, blizzards are different than their Prairie counterparts—the snow in Atlantic Canada has more moisture, and temperatures can be near 0°C, whereas Prairie temperatures can plummet to –40°C during a blizzard. Thunder Bay and much of the region has experienced two winter storms this winter. Both of these

storms produced considerable snow accumulations, blowing snow, and reduced visibilities. The event on January 7 resulted in all school bus services being cancelled and a “snow day” for many. However, we missed out on the combination of features and duration that constitutes an old-fashioned (or modern) blizzard. I have heard grumbles but no regrets that we missed out on blizzard conditions. Blizzards in Ontario are rare events. The following criteria sets the bar quite high. In Ontario in 1996*, blizzard conditions were defined by the following, with all conditions occurring for four hours or more: • winds of 50 km/h or more • and visibility of 1 km or less • and wind chill colder than -25°C Even Thunder Bay’s super snowstorm of January 1996 only has honourary status as a blizzard. Visibility was seriously compromised for 16 hours and wind chill values were colder than -25°C during and after the snow. But only one hour had sustained winds of 43 km/h and

peak gusts reached 61 km/h. But it was technically a not a blizzard. It took nearly a week to dig out of this legendary storm. It had been a snowy winter prior to January 17. There already was about 38 cm of snow on the ground in the city when snow began. It snowed for 36 hours with a total of snowfall of 63 cm. Snow on the ground in rural areas was typically well over a metre when the storm ended on January 19. The recent storms in Thunder Bay and area had some features in common with the classic snow event of 1996. All had major snow accumulations from Colorado lows that tracked across Lake Superior with onshore easterly winds and, in spite of major disruptions, cannot be consisted as “blizzards.” Those who remember ’96 may be asking if that was merely a storm, could we cope with a real blizzard? * Present requirements of Environment Canada further confirm the 1996 snowstorm was not a blizzard—a hard sell perhaps for those who coped with this storm.


Wool Shop


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807-683-3730 512 Marks St S. (FWCI) (parking off Marks St.)

Painted Feb.13th -16th Turtle Saveon 20 % Markers


t Shop

344-4636 4 Balsam St. (by George’s Market)

Saturday Feb.16th Drop in & Play with Brush Markers

from 1pm - 3pm $10 plus Hst The Walleye



Big Boondoggle Will Ford Finally Unload Big Thunder?

Story and Photo y Darren McChristie

Looking down the porcelain in-run of Big Thunder’s k120m ski jump, summer 1994.


see it almost every day on my commute to work. My hands, normally relaxed on the wheel, clench for that stretch of Highway 61 along the Nor’Wester Mountains just outside Thunder Bay. I try hard not to look at it, but the large analogue scoreboard, with its fluorescent pixels still flipped on, remains clearly visible. To the right, protruding among towering pines and oldgrowth maple trees, the metal tower supporting the in-run of the K120m ski jump juts into the skyline. It is a study of nature at work, on display for all to see, slowly overtaking what was once our pride and joy—the magnificent Big Thunder Sports Park. My personal connection to Big Thunder began in London, Ontario in 1987. I was in my second-last year of high school when my father announced that we were moving to Thunder Bay. I knew nothing about what lay beyond Timmins and Sault Ste. Marie, so Thunder Bay meant little to me. But I did know about the ski jumps. In its day, Big Thunder hosted 39 World Cups and 50 National Championships, and I had seen many of the highlights on TV. When friends asked me why I was moving to such a remote location, I jokingly replied “my mom got a job shovelling snow off the ski jump at Big Thunder.” It was all I knew about this city—the legendary ski jumps, Horst Bulau and, of course, Steve Collins. Less than a year later, I found myself shovelling snow off the ski jumps, having been fortunate enough to land a job shortly after relocating. It was an experience that

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provided all the skills to be a true nothernerner: brush cutting, operating four wheelers and skidoos, and identifying tree species. I did it all at Big Thunder. Over time, I made my way from a general labourer to the assistant operations manager, but most importantly, the experience shaped my personality, fostered my love of the outdoors, and left me with an everlasting sense of connection to Big Thunder. It is this first-hand experience of everything that Big Thunder was and could have been that causes me great frustration on my daily commute—the lack of progress at a facility frozen in time for 22 years. It boggles my mind. At its height, Big Thunder filled hotel rooms with visitors from all over the world and injected millions of dollars into the local economy. Over the decade of my employment, there were countless building projects, most of them in preparation for the 1995 World Nordic Ski Championship—the pace and fury of development was perhaps its own demise. Just prior to its closure, a deep swimming pool—measuring a whopping 75 x 100 feet—was built with the hopes of attracting the national freestyle team to train in Thunder Bay. At the time it was Canada’s only freestyle aerial pool. Lakehead University built a stateof-the-art biomechanics lab on site, complete with high-tech piezoelectric floor to measure force. Two ski jumps were covered in plastic with porcelain in-runs for training in the summer. Helicopters were used to

install light towers for night jumping. An intricate network of trails was designed by a world-renowned expert and cut through stands of rare old-growth pines, yellow birch, and sugar maples, bringing the total length of trails to 60 km. But perhaps the most impressive of all, a two-storey cross-country skiing chalet with large south-facing windows overlooking a bowl-shaped stadium, was built at the base of the mountains—perfect for viewing international cross-country skiing events with the potential for hosting outdoor concerts and weddings. As great as Big Thunder was, it never had a chance to reach its full potential. It was often mired in controversy as a publicly funded facility competing with private businesses. Months after hosting its largest event, it was deemed a cash cow under Mike Harris’ “Common Sense Revolution.” The gates were locked on June 30, 1996. No one is more dedicated to the cause of reopening Big Thunder for public use as Paul DeGiacomo, cochair of the Friends of Big Thunder (FOBT). For over a decade they have been working with other stakeholders, like the city, Fort William First Nation, Neebing Township, and Lakehead University in an effort to develop an acceptable business plan based on facts and figures. DeGiacomo is driven by the idea that opening it is simply “the right thing to do, for the site, and for the people of Thunder Bay.” He is the unofficial champion for Big Thunder, fielding calls and questions on an almost a weekly basis. When the energy drink giant Red Bull contacted him to express interest in holding a large snowmobile event at Big Thunder, DeGiacomo brought it to the attention of the MPP of the day—Bill Mauro—who could not offer a commitment. Despite having done everything right, DeGiacomo and the FOBT continue to be frustrated by the government’s inaction. Media reports about Big Thunder have a common thread—dead ends and a lack of transparency and accountability. The government has denied or turned down expressions of interests, feasibility studies, and business proposals for not meeting the government’s (unknown) criteria. Undaunted, DeGiacomo and the

FOBT have persevered—hopeful the new government will hear out their latest plan that’s in the works. Surprisingly, Big Thunder is not for sale. It never was, according to Infrastructure Ontario, who manages the property on behalf of the government. Their official position on its current status is that the Ministry of Government and Consumer Services is working with them “to identify opportunities for the sale of surplus properties across the government’s realty portfolio.” It’s been the message previous governments have used for 22 years. With Ford’s “Government for the People” and ruthless spending cuts on tap, it’s only a matter of time before they examine the books and discover the Ontario taxpayer continues to foot the bill for the property. A business study prepared by Lakehead University and the FOBT cites six figures a year to heat, maintain, and provide security to the facility—after two decades, it’s likely into the millions. Although most of its moveable assets were mysteriously transferred to the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry in 2015 (and then sold), and the big jumps no longer conform to FIS standards, Big Thunder retains huge potential, perhaps now more than ever. The legacy of the 1995 World Nordic Ski Championships lives on thanks to the tireless work of Paul DeGiacomo and FOBT. The time has come for the government to do the right thing and put a for sale sign on Big Thunder. After 22 years, Thunder Bay and the taxpayers of Ontario deserve action and transparency, and I would like to commute to work in peace.


Dear Self By Brooke Stratton Dear self, Here is a gentle reminder... You are a warrior. There is nothing you cannot handle. You are deserving. You are worth it. Your scars have healed beautifully. You are not done yet. You are still becoming and who you have already become...she is sacred. Worship her, water her. Bloom. Let go. Replant and bloom again. There is so much love and understanding in the spaces of change. Remain soft. Remain open. Grow!

boy Roland, Reminder/Remain, digital Illustration


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Nick Sherman Live at Noondaagotoon

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Profile for The Walleye Magazine

February 2019  

With the cold months upon us, our cover story for February is all about being close to the land. From fur trapping to fishing, we profile in...

February 2019  

With the cold months upon us, our cover story for February is all about being close to the land. From fur trapping to fishing, we profile in...