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Thunder Bay’s arts & culture alternative

Editor-in-chief Darren McChristie Editor Adrian Lysenko Assistant Editor Rebekah Skochinski Senior Editor Tiffany Jarva Copy Editor Amy Jones


Marketing & Sales Manager Meagan Griffin Photographers Patrick Chondon, Bill Gross, Scott Hobbs, Chad Kirvan, Dave Koski, Marty Mascarin, Darren McChristie, Laura Paxton, Tyler Sklazeski Art Directors Steve Coghill, R.G.D., Dave Koski, R.G.D.




■ 26 ■ 29

Thunder Bay Movies about Dessert and Love Dressing the Part


■ 36 Kids in the Kitchen ■ 38 Ask an Author ■ 39 Get Ready to Sweat ■ 40 Slow Down and Get Cozy ■ 42 Neighbourhood Profile



■ 55 Classical Concoctions ■ 56 Melody McKiver ■ 58 Imitation is the Sincerest Form of Flattery ■ 60 David Koch ■ 62 Classical Cocktail Party at The Chanterelle ■ 64 5 Power Ballads for February ■ 67 Sunshowers


■ 70 The Prince Arthur HEALTH

■ 72 Hospital Planning for

Cardiovascular Surgery


■ 73 Cash for Home Renovations


■ 78 Arctic Outbreaks and

their Downstream Effects

■ 17 Drink of the Month ■ 46 Stuff We Like ■ 48 This is Thunder Bay ■ 68 Off the Wall Reviews ■ 74 Tbaytel February EVENTS ■ 76 Music EVENTS ■ 77 LU Radio's Monthly Top 20 ■ 80 The Wall ■ 81 The Beat ■ 82 The Eye

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Any Other Name… ■ 18 The Sweet Life ■ 19 Rebel Salad ■ 20 Dry vs. Sweet Finishes ■ 19 Rebel Salad

■ 30 Red Fox Forge ■ 31 Me ■ 32 Sarah Mason ■ 34 Gail Bannon

Copyright © 2018 by Superior Outdoors Inc.

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The Walleye is a free monthly publication distributed on racks throughout Thunder Bay and region.

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CoverStory: The Sweet Spot ■ 8 Twelve Tantalizing Treats ■ 12 The Baked Goods ■ 14 Sweet Sally Ann ■ 15 CAKE! ■ 15 Just Desserts

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From Our Instagram Feed

We Are Family I’ve been listening to a lot of 70s music lately. Call it reflection. Call it a distraction. Call it sticking my head in the sand, because most days I can’t bear to scroll through my Twitter feed. Recently, a song with a very specific memory stood out to me. I remember dancing on the playground, linked arm-in-arm with my friends, to “We Are Family,” belting out “I got all my sisters with me.” We felt like family. We were family. My family has changed since then but my idea of what constitutes a family hasn’t. They are people I feel a kinship with: friends, relatives, a neighbour who regularly brings me pasta and helps me shovel my walk. It’s hard not to think about love and family in the month of February. There’s Valentine’s Day— the day that people either love, or love to hate—and Family Day. Both are rife with expectations and “shoulds.” You should eat chocolate, buy flowers, go for a romantic dinner. You should have the perfect day. Everyone should get along. I think deep down the intentions are good (love, a sense of community) even if the limitations and pressures are less than ideal. No one likes to be told what to do, or when.


The Walleye

Which is why our cover story is about dessert. What makes dessert so wonderful is that it’s a choice! No shoulds, all coulds. And we’ve laid out twelve options for you. Whether chocolate makes your heart go pitter-pat, or cheesecake makes you weak in the knees. Blondie, brownie? Yes please. We also visited two bakeries in an amicable north side vs south side feature and Tiffany Jarva went on a Sally Ann scavenger hunt—wait to you see what she found. February might be the shortest month but there’s no shortage of things to do. Cambrian Players’ presents Hamlet, there’s a Classical Cocktail Party at The Chanterelle, and you don’t want to miss reading about Gail Bannon and her beautiful birch baskets. This month also marks a change in the size of our magazine, which will make it easier to tuck into your bag. Plus we’ve updated the design. Let us know what you think. And finally, no matter who you love or how, if you’re a family of two or ten, or it’s just you and your plants, I hope that February is good to you. -Rebekah Skochinski

In Error

On page 48 of our January issue (Vol.9 No.1) we incorrectly listed the price of the Lovely Body Shaving Cream, it should be $10. The asterisks in this same issue for our Best of Winners denote past winners.

Featured Contributor Josh Armstrong During his postdoctoral studies in Halifax, Josh developed his knowledge and taste for all things beer by avidly homebrewing, judging beer competitions, and hanging out with a bunch of Brewnosers. After a triumphant return to his hometown of Thunder Bay, Josh has continued his passion for home brewing and began writing regularly for The Walleye in August 2017. Check out Josh’s Brew It Yourself column on page 20.

On the Cover S’more from Red Lion Smokehouse Photo by Chondon Photography.



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TheTOPFive TheTOPFive

TheProducers Producers 11 The February 7–10 & 14–17 February 7–10 & 14–17 Paramount Theatre Paramount Theatre

Directors Lawrence andand Candi Badanai bring the the raucous meta-theatrical Directors Lawrence Candi Badanai bring raucous meta-theatrical comedy, The The Producers, to Thunder Bay Bay this this month withwith an enthusiastic castcast comedy, Producers, to Thunder month an enthusiastic of the city’scity’s bestbest young actors. Based on the 19671967 Mel Mel Brooks filmfilm of the same of the young actors. Based on the Brooks of the same name, the the TonyTony award-winning musical centres around two two theatre producers name, award-winning musical centres around theatre producers whowho concoct a scheme to get richrich quick by putting on aon Broadway flop—but concoct a scheme to get quick by putting a Broadway flop—but theirtheir planplan goesgoes awryawry when the the show is a is huge smash. The The original production when show a huge smash. original production of The Producers, featuring Nathan LaneLane andand Matthew Broderick, hadhad a 2,500 of The Producers, featuring Nathan Matthew Broderick, a 2,500 performance run run on Broadway, but but you you can can onlyonly see see it here for eight nights. So So performance on Broadway, it here for eight nights. get get youryour tickets early—they’re $10-$20 andand available at Maple Tops. tickets early—they’re $10-$20 available at Maple Tops.

One TBSOMasterworks Masterworks2:2: OneWoman WomanFearless— Fearless— 22 TBSO 3 3 Thunder Romantics ThunderBay BaySummit Summit Romantics

February 99 February

February 1010 February

Victoria InnInn Victoria

Superior Images-Jarron Childs

Thunder Bay Bay Symphony Orchestra’s Thunder Symphony Orchestra’s second Masterworks concert of the second Masterworks concert of the year,year, The The Romantics, is a is celebration Romantics, a celebration of youth, creative imagination, andand of youth, creative imagination, the the virtuosity of three musical giants: virtuosity of three musical giants: Wagner, Tchaikovsky, andand Mendelssohn. Wagner, Tchaikovsky, Mendelssohn. The The TBSO will will playplay sideside by side withwith TBSO by side the the Thunder Bay Bay Symphony Youth Thunder Symphony Youth Orchestra, andand the the spotlight will will be on Orchestra, spotlight be on TBSO concertmaster Thomas Cosbey TBSO concertmaster Thomas Cosbey as he Tchaikovsky’s heroic violin asplays he plays Tchaikovsky’s heroic violin concerto. Tickets are are $11.50-$42.25 concerto. Tickets $11.50-$42.25 andand available at the Thunder Bay Bay available at the Thunder Community Auditorium box box office. Community Auditorium office.

Superior Images-Jarron Childs

Thunder BayBay Thunder Community Auditorium Community Auditorium

Northern NorthernFibers Fibers 44 Retreat Retreat

Calling all fearless women (and(and Calling all fearless women we think you you are are ALL ALL fearless): do do we think fearless): you you want to be by other want toinspired be inspired by other fearless women? Are Are you you looking fearless women? looking to make meaningful connections to make meaningful connections in your community? ThenThen the the in your community? OneOne Woman Fearless—Thunder Woman Fearless—Thunder Bay Bay Summit is where you you want to to Summit is where want be. The impressive lineup of local be. The impressive lineup of local speakers includes empowerment speakers includes empowerment coach Nicole Moorey, business coach Nicole Moorey, business growth strategist Roz Roz Murray, entrepreneur andand city city councillor Shelby Ch’ng, growth strategist Murray, entrepreneur councillor Shelby Ch’ng, andand executive director of PARO Rosalind Lockyer. The The costcost is $49, andand you you can can executive director of PARO Rosalind Lockyer. is $49, register online. register online.

SerenaRyder Ryder 5 55 5 Serena February 2727 February

The The last last timetime Thunder Bay Bay sawsaw Thunder Serena Ryder waswas backback in 2016, when Serena Ryder in 2016, when she she rocked everyone’s faces off at rocked everyone’s faces off at Blues Fest.Fest. ThisThis month, the the Canadian Blues month, Canadian singer-songwriter, whowho is currently singer-songwriter, is currently based between Toronto andand the the Los Los based between Toronto Angeles, is returning to TBay as part Angeles, is returning to TBay as part of her tourtour in promotion of her newnew of her in promotion of her six-track EP, Electric Love. The The EP, EP, six-track EP, Electric Love. which waswas written andand recorded overover which written recorded the the course of three years in Nashville, course of three years in Nashville, Los Los Angeles, Toronto, andand London, Angeles, Toronto, London, contains a sneak peekpeek of songs thatthat contains a sneak of songs will will be featured on Ryder’s nextnext album, due due out out laterlater this this year.year. Tickets are are $45$45 be featured on Ryder’s album, Tickets andand available at the Thunder Bay Bay Community Auditorium box box office andand online. available at the Thunder Community Auditorium office online.

Evaan Kheraj

HaveHave there everever beenbeen three cozier there three cozier words put put together in one phrase words together in one phrase thanthan Northern Fibers Retreat? ThisThis Northern Fibers Retreat? five-day event, presented by North five-day event, presented by North House FolkFolk School in collaboration House School in collaboration withwith the the Grand Marais Art Art Colony, Grand Marais Colony, celebrates all things fiberfiber arts,arts, celebrates all things including coursework, seminars, including coursework, seminars, andand community gatherings. Learn community gatherings. Learn to felt a blocked felt felt hat,hat, bindbind a a to felt a blocked fibrefibre journal, knitknit socks, make a a journal, socks, make beaded doily,doily, or just taketake in allin all beaded or just the the wonderful wooly goodness— wonderful wooly goodness— whether you you are are a beginner or aor a whether a beginner seasoned fiberfiber artist, there will will be something for you to enjoy. seasoned artist, there be something for you to enjoy.

North House Folk School, Grand Marais North House Folk School, Grand Marais

Evaan Kheraj

February 14–18 February 14–18

Thunder BayBay Thunder Community Auditorium Community Auditorium

TheThe Walleye Walleye Walleye 1 7 1


The Sweet Spot Twelve Tantalizing Treats

Photos by Patrick Chondon, Nik Fiorito, Damien Gilbert, Laura Paxton, Lana Pribic, and Brooke Towle


e don’t trust people who say that they don’t like dessert. That’s like saying they don’t like puppies, or rainbows. Desserts rule—and we’ve done the research to prove it. Here are 12 desserts that will satisfy nearly everyone’s sweet tooth, several times over. -RS

Lemon Tart

Pot de Crème

Address: 727 Hewitson St.

Address: 202-1/2 Red River Rd.

Phone: 628-8588

Phone: 346-4447

The Price: $9

The Price: $7

The Basics: Sweet crust, Earl Grey infusion, blueberry sauce, buttermilk cream.

The Basics: French custard with St. Paul Roastery blend coffee, vanilla cream, candied hazelnuts, and chocolate shavings.

The Lowdown: The soothing custard filling of this tart is infused with Earl Grey tea, which imparts rich notes of bergamot and mellows the acidity of the citrus. It’s bright and lemony. A baked pastry shell that resembles a buttery shortbread yields softly with a fork, and the pairing of sweet blueberry sauce and an indulgent yet light buttermilk cream elevates the simple to the sublime. Like eating a wedge of sunshine.

The Lowdown: On Tomlin’s menu since day one, this smooth operator’s inadvertent removal caused such a ruckus that it was immediately reinstated. Underneath a lavish dollop of vanilla cream sprinkled with rich chocolate and buttery hazelnuts, the silky French cream custard accentuated with smoky, sweet roasted coffee melts all your memories and changes them into gold. There’s really no need to ask why one wouldn’t seek maximum joy by indulging in such an ethereal concoction.

The Place: Caribou Restaurant + Wine Bar

-Rebekah Skochinski

The Place: Tomlin Restaurant

-Betty Carpick

Saskatoon Berry Butter Tart The Place: The Silver Birch Restaurant Address: 28 North Cumberland St. Phone: 345-0597 The Price: $9 The Basics: Classic butter tart filling, saskatoon berries, pastry crust, apple butter ripple ice cream. The Lowdown: You may think there isn’t much that can improve upon this Canadian classic, but you’d be wrong. The Silver Birch weaves a tart surprise into the butter custard with saskatoon berries locally harvested by Windy Sunshine Farm, bakes it in an exquisitely golden crust, and finishes with a scoop of house-made vanilla ice cream ribboned with cinnamony apple butter. We’ll stand on guard for this modern twist on a true north treasure. -Kirsti Salmi


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Carrot Cake

Address: 271 Bay St.

Address: 242 Red River Rd.

Phone: 285-7775

Phone: 285-3188

The Price: $8

The Price: $7

The Basics: Cream, sugar, freshly-squeezed lemon juice, and candied lemon zest.

The Basics: Classic carrot cake with a twist.

The Place: Nook

The Place: The Foundry

The Lowdown: Nook’s signature dessert, the Positano, is named after a city in the Amalfi region of Italy known globally for its lemons. This cool and creamy dessert cleanses the palate of the previous course (whether handmade pizza or pasta) while delivering a smooth taste that is just the right combination of sweet and tart, and the candied lemon zest adds colour and texture to the custard-like dish.

The Lowdown: The Foundry delivers classic carrot cake—moist and dense and dreamy. Candied walnuts crest the top, adding satisfying crunch to temper each chewy bite. There’s ginger cream cheese icing for a tangy twist, and the icing to cake ratio is generous (for those of us who love icing as much as the cake itself!) Finished with a drizzle of caramel, the portion is a healthy size, and qualifies for at least two servings of veggies, so it’s a dessert you can feel good about.

-Nik Fiorito

-Kirsti Salmi


The Place: Red Lion Smokehouse Address: 28 South Cumberland St. Phone: 286-0045 The Price: $7 The Basics: Graham wafer, marshmallow, and peanut butter ice cream dusted with cinnamon-almond crumble. The Lowdown: This isn’t your typical campfire classic. Red Lion elevates S’mores to a masterclass in texture, complementing flaky graham wafer with gooey marshmallow and crisp cinnamon-almond crumble with creamy peanut butter ice cream. Top to bottom, this avant-garde take on your childhood fave is made in-house. But as always, Red Lion’s ice cream is the unequivocal highlight of the dish, tying every flavour together and melting our hearts (as well as in our mouths!) -Kirsti Salmi

The Walleye



Crème Brûlée The Place: Bistro One Address: 555 Dunlop St. Phone: 622-2478 The Price: $10 The Basics: Milk, cream, and sugar blended with white chocolate and Frangelico hazelnut liqueur and finished off with a teeny blowtorch to caramelize the top. The Lowdown: Crème brûlée may be the fanciest comfort food out there. From the satisfying cracking of the crispy amber sugar topping with your spoon to the smooth, sweet creaminess beneath, it’s the dessert equivalent of fluffy slippers. At Bistro One, it’s a mainstay of the holiday menu, but still gets so many requests in the new year it’s tough for the kitchen to rotate it out. Rich and butterscotch-y, it’s ideal for sharing (or keeping all to yourself, if it’s been that kind of day). -Bonnie Schiedel

Chocolate New York Cheesecake The Place: Thyme

Address: 311 Victoria Ave. Phone: 286-6778 The Price: $10 The Basics: New York cheesecake dipped in chocolate and butterscotch bits, topped with caramel crème, and elegantly garnished. The Lowdown: Like unwrapping a gift from someone special, this dessert is as beautiful to look at as it is to eat. Beneath its delicate jacket of chocolate and crunchy butterscotch is a smooth and creamy cheesecake. Each bite is a different and delicious combination: airy swirls of caramel crème, a tart raspberry and sliver of sweet strawberry, a square of cherry chocolate, a moon shaped meringue, and a tiny ivory snowflake that melts in your mouth. Perfection. -Rebekah Skochinski

Diablo Brownie with Mexican Fried Ice Cream The Place: El Tres

Address: 269 Red River Rd. Phone: 344-3443 The Price: $9 The Basics: A dark chocolate brownie spiced with chili, topped with Mexican fried vanilla ice cream and drizzled with cajeta (a sweet caramel sauce made from goats milk). The Lowdown: More like fudge than cake, this lavish square of warm chocolate would be enough of a treat on its own, but teamed up with a snowball-sized scoop of ice cream, whose toasted coconut and cornflake crust you break into like a piñata, will have you thinking you’ve died and gone to Mexico. It tastes so good you won’t want to share it; it’s so substantial that you’ll have no choice. -Rebekah Skochinski

10 The Walleye


Fruit Crumble


Address: 116 South Syndicate Ave.

Address: 965 Cobalt Cres.

Phone: 623-5001

Phone: 622-2169

The Price: $5

The Price: $6

The Basics: Mixed berries, honey, rolled oats, flour, butter, brown sugar, cinnamon; served with vanilla ice cream.

The Basics: Coffee, chocolate, ladyfinger cookies, and mascarpone cheese.

The Place: Blue Door Bistro

The Place: Daytona’s Kitchen + Creative Catering

The Lowdown: Lots of desserts are touted as being just like your mother used to make, but this one truly does take you back to a simpler time, with both sweet and tart mouthfuls and just a hint of cinnamon. For this fruit crumble, a berry mix is the foundation but the fruit component changes with the seasons. Good old vanilla ice cream melting into the buttery crumble is the perfect topper.

The Lowdown: This classic Italian delicacy is the newest creation from sous chef Kristin Benedet’s station in Daytona’s kitchen. Rich, creamy mascarpone cheese lies above and between coffee-soaked ladyfinger cookies that make up the dessert’s base. The sweetness of the chocolate shavings and powdered icing are offset by the notes of coffee in the cookies, making for a mouthful of flavour in every spoonful. With its generous serving size, it’s perfect for splitting (or for big appetites!)

-Pat Forrest

-Nik Fiorito

Gingerbread Molasses Blondie The Place: Madhouse

Address: 295 Bay St. Phone: 344-6600 The Price: $7.50 The Basics: A gingerbread molasses blondie with housemade salted caramel sauce and vanilla ice cream. The Lowdown: There is no doubt the gingerbread is the star of the show in this dessert. It’s a winter warmer that you will want to enjoy at a slow pace. The spice of the gingerbread and the warm, sticky, soft texture paired with the sharp contrast of salted caramel and sweet vanilla ice cream make this the ultimate indulgent dessert. Good enough to share but so much better all to yourself! -Daniel Griffin

The Walleye



The Baked Goods Signature Sweets

Photos by Shannon Lepere NORTH SIDE

Donato’s Bakery


hen I want to grab a freshly baked sweet (or two), I’m pretty lucky to live where I live: local goodies are around many a corner in my hood. I do love sweets, but not too sweet. My personal favourite haunt is Donato’s—rooted in a tradition

Mini Cannoli We all have our weaknesses, and, well, cannoli is at the top of mine. I am thankful (and feel so virtuous) when I can pick a mini cannoli instead of full size. The combination of the crispy tubular shells and the creamy ricotta filling is delightful. And when paired with an espresso, it’s like a little bit of Italy on the North Shore.

12 The Walleye

of Italian baking for over 100 years, originating in Simbario, Calabria. Give me an old-fashioned, family-run bakery with friendly banter and good-natured ribbing any day of the week and I’m deliciously happy—especially when there are cannoli to be had. -Tiffany Jarva

Cinnamon Bun


The dough is a family secret recipe. Loads of cinnamon. Loads of butter. Big enough to share with my kid. The end.

It really doesn’t matter what cheesecake (lemon, cherry, or blueberry) I choose, I’ve never been disappointed. If you twisted my arm, today I’d say lemon. And yesterday it was blueberry. Tomorrow it’s cherry. It’s a cheesecake where you can taste the cheese. It is old-fashioned, creamy, and dense, but not too heavy. I totally love it because it’s always a hit at dinner parties, and is absolutely decadent the next morning (shh) with the first cup of coffee.



Holland Bakery


’ve been eating the baked goods, including those dream-inducing doughnuts, from Holland Bakery since I was a kid. In high school I’d make my way there with friends on our lunch break, spilling crumbs and secrets on the walk back. And through the years, Holland Bakery supplied the countless pies and tarts that marked special family occasions.

What keeps me (and everyone in the neighbourhood) coming back to the display case with the neatest and sweetest rows is that it’s families serving families, and that the more things change, not a thing about this place has. There is good service, a friendly smile, and a taste of nostalgia, theexactly-as-I-remember-it, baked into every bite. -Rebekah Skochinski

Glazed Doughnut

Cinnamon Twist

Almond Tart

If Shakespeare were alive today, he would have written at least one sonnet about these oblong objects of desire. They are so light and airy it feels as though you’re nibbling on a cloud. I think the secret could be in the careful handling of the yeast-based dough before they hit the fryer. Often mistakenly referred to as honey-dipped (there’s no honey, just sugar—blessed, blessed sugar), it’s impossible to stop at just one of these gorgeously glazed goods. And really, why would you?

Made from a 100-year-old family recipe that’s been passed down through four generations, these pastries have just the right amount of sweetness and cinnamon. But it’s their texture that makes them such a standout. Somewhere between a sweet-flavoured bread or dessert pretzel, they are toothsome and satisfying, making for a lovely addition to an afternoon cup of tea or steaming mug of joe. Or for breakfast. Or as a midnight snack. Or just because. You get the idea.

A traditional Dutch delicacy, these are so adorably petite I think they qualify as tartlettes, and they’re not something you’ll find at just any bakery around town. The colourful decorative topping changes with the season and on the baker’s whim. And as with everything from Holland Bakery, the quality shows: the pastry doesn’t crumble and the almond paste filling is superb in taste and consistency. Perfect for those who like their sweets to be a little less so.

The Walleye



Sally Andrea

Persian Sally Ann

“It came to me in a dream,” says Myles Nucci. Named after his fiancée, the Sally Andrea is made with peanut butter, diced peanut butter cups, and a dreamy ganache finish.

So pretty to look at. Even prettier to taste. It’s a cinnamon vanilla cake with persian butter icing inside and on top.

Sweet Sally Ann Four Takes

Story by Tiffany Jarva, Photos by Shannon Lepere


he Sally Ann, a cute, pucklike mini-cake, is another one-of-a-kind Thunder Bay treat dating back to at least the early 50s. Like its persian counterpart, its history is a little tricky to pinpoint. “Originally, I think it was a Thunder Bay variation of the Austrian dark chocolate sachertorte,” explains Nucci’s Bake A Deli baker Allen Krebs, whose family ran Vienna Bakery for

more than half a century. Vienna started selling their Sally Ann— dark chocolate cake with a white centre and fudge-like icing— in 1957. “It’s really tough to say where the name came from,” says Krebs. “I have no idea.” He explains that in the early 50s, Port Arthur bakeries like Snow and Aunt Martha’s sold their versions of the Sally Ann, shaped using a shortcake form. There was even

a white cake version for a while that was named the Mary Ann. For many years, we’ve been tempted by the traditional Sally Anns found across the city from corner stores to gas stations, but just recently, thanks to Nucci’s, there are three new Sally Anns on the scene, all with their own flair and flavour—which we think is just pretty darn sweet.

Vienna Sally Ann


Inspired by the original Sally Anns that mimicked the European dark chocolate sachertorte, the Vienna take is a decadent chocolate cake with a chocolate ganache topping.

Nucci’s spin on the traditional Sally Ann using white cake with white buttercream in the centre, smothered in chocolate frosting.

1414 The The Walleye Walleye


Just Desserts Five Fun Facts

By Kirsti Salmi


Canadians don’t fool with dessert. In 2014, staffers at McGill University baked the world’s largest brownie, weighing in at two tonnes and estimated to feed 20,000 people. Made entirely with fair trade ingredients, the brownie was meant to entice people in for a bite and a bit of conversation around McGill’s efforts to eradicate world poverty. Bragging rights didn’t hurt, either.



Jennifer Riley’s Rise to the Top Story by Tara George, Photos by Mike Johnston


ften unexpected results come of watershed moments; this was the case for Jennifer Riley. Unfortunate circumstances lead her to ultimately finding her passion—becoming the owner and operator of CAKE! by Jennifer Riley, and being named one of the top ten cake decorators in the world by Top Teny, just one of her many accolades over the past four and half years. Riley says it all started when she was recovering on the couch from knee surgery and saw her first episode of Cake Boss. It was then that Riley, previously trained as an early childhood educator, knew what she wanted to do next in life. Her first attempt at cake decorating would suggest that she rethink her decision, but luckily for us she decided that more knowledge was what she needed.

She enrolled in the Confectionary Arts Program at the Bonnie Gordon School of Confectionary Arts in Toronto, where her talents were unleashed and she gained the tools necessary to lead her on her creative journey. With her education and some experience under her belt, Riley moved back to Thunder Bay and opened her own small business out of her home. From the outside looking in, it has essentially been a whirlwind from there—she’s taken the local, national, and international stage by storm. She’s been featured in seven international magazines, and just this past November her succulent cupcakes were featured on KTLA Morning Show in Los Angeles. Insider (Food) featured the top viral foods on the show, and her beautiful cupcakes were enjoyed by the hosts and deemed a must-try.

Riley’s main passion is creating the bigger, elaborate cakes. “I can just get lost in them and there are no limitations,” she says. In fact, the next step in her business venture is to teach us others to make these elaborate cakes. This month she will host, for the first time, classes on how to make a unicorn cake— unicorns being all the rage, of course. She has plenty of other ideas for instructing and I’m looking forward to seeing what’s next for this ambitious entrepreneur. If there is one thing we can be certain of from Riley’s story, it’s that with hard work and determination you can have your banana cake (her favourite) and eat it too. For more information or to contact Riley go to facebook. com/CAKE708 or @cakethunderbay on Instagram.

Talk about happy accidents: the beloved chocolate chip cookie was a complete fluke. Legend has it that in 1938, baker Ruth Wakefield tried to add chopped chocolate chunks to cookie dough as a shortcut to chocolate cookies. The chocolate didn’t melt all the way, leaving the dough embedded with gooey bits that made their way into history. Chocolate chips were invented to keep up with the demand a few years later.


Keep a close eye on your ingredient list for hints of beaver butt. Castoreum, used as vanilla flavouring in candies and baked goods, is actually secretion from anal glands of those cute castoridae.

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Dessert debt is a high price to pay: the Aztec famously used chocolate as currency, demanding chocolate as tribute from both their citizens and foreign peoples they conquered. Memory matters when it comes to baking. Pound cake was so named for its one pound of butter, sugar, eggs, and flour. Before widespread literacy, this recipe was a simple one to remember. Pass it on! (Sources: Michael Krondl via New York Times Book Review;; Delicious History blog;; Global News;; FactRetriever. com;

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Kanafeh serves 12

A Kanafeh By Any Other Name… By Chef Rachel Globensky


hen it comes to rich desserts, our neighbours to the east have got it going on. Kanefeh, Künefe, Riştə Xətayi, Kataïfi, or Kadaif: Palestinians, Turks, Iranians, Greeks, and Bosnians all have their own variations on this theme of soft, mild-flavoured cheese, surrounded by crispy, shredded, butter-soaked pastry, drenched in a rosewater, orange blossom, or cinnamon-scented syrup. These baked birds’ nest-lookalikes are then topped with chopped walnuts, pistachios, pine nuts, or a dollop of clotted cream or applesauce, depending on region.

Though this dish looks grand, and tastes impossibly decadent, it’s simple to make, and perfect for a board-game night appetizer! You’ll need to search out the shredded phyllo-like pastry (the Greek version is called kataifi, and can be found in the frozen pastry section of a well-stocked local supermarket). The mild meltiness of Palestinian Nabulsi cheese can be approximated by using feta (that’s been soaked in water to remove its saltiness), and mozzarella, which we all know to be a star at melting into a gooey, stringy delight.

2 cups feta, crumbled

Soak feta in water for about an hour, changing the water once or twice. Drain well before using. Preheat oven to 350℉.

½ lb shredded phyllo pastry (called: kataifi or kunefe), thawed as directed on package

Break or cut pastry apart into 2” long pieces. Mix butter and pastry together in a bowl, until well combined. (Optional: stir in some orange food colouring to get the traditional kanafeh colour.) Press half of the pastry into the bottom of an 8” or 9” round metal cake pan.

½ cup unsalted butter, melted

Pulse mozza and drained feta in a food processor, until it resembles a coarse meal. Press cheese into the dough-bottomed pan. Press the remaining dough onto the cheese, and bake for about 20-30 minutes, or until pastry is a light golden brown.

A few drops of orange food colouring (optional)

Simmer water and sugar until sugar has completely dissolved. Stir in lemon juice.

2 cups shredded mozzarella ½ cup water ¾ cup sugar ½ Tbsp fresh lemon juice Flavourings: ½ - 2 tsp orangeblossom or rose water*, or a combination of both OR ½ tsp cinnamon and ¼ tsp cardamom

Add in a few drops of orange/rose flavourings to your taste (a little rosewater goes a long, long way). Or, stir in cinnamon/cardamom. You really can’t go wrong with adding any or all of these flavours. Pour syrup over baked dish, and let soak in a few minutes before devouring.


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2018 Outlander SE AWC Anniversary Edition/2018 RVR SE AWC Anniversary Edition/2017 Lancer SE Anniversary Edition/2018 Mirage ES 5MT model shown has an MSRP of $34,998/$29,398 /$25,198/$10,998. 1 On the purchase of select vehicles. No payments for up to 90 days available on new and unused 2017 Lancer, 2018 Mirage, 2018 Mirage G4, 2018 RVR or 2018 Outlander (excludes Outlander PHEV) models financed through Mitsubishi Motors Financial Services subvented financing programs on approved credit through participating dealers to qualified retail customers until January 31, 2018. Leases excluded. Offer includes no payments of monthly/bi-weekly payments for approximately 90/74 days, subject to weekends and statutory holidays. Interest charges (if any) will not accrue during the first 60 days after purchaser signs contract. After the first 60 days, interest (if any) starts to accrue and the purchaser will repay principal and interest (if any) monthly, or bi-weekly (as applicable) over the term of the contract. Some amounts may be due upon signing. See participating retailers or visit for complete details. 2 Trade-Up Rebate consists of Loyalty or Trade-In Rebate. Up to $1,500 in rebates available on the purchase of any new 2018 Mitsubishi Outlander (excludes Outlander PHEV)/RVR/Mirage/Mirage G4 and 2017 Lancer to current owners and eligible others or when you trade in a currently licensed car/SUV of any automotive brand in reasonably good condition. Amounts vary by model and will be deducted from the negotiated price after taxes; 2018 Outlander/RVR are eligible for $1,500 Trade-In or Loyalty Rebate (Outlander PHEV excluded) and 2018 Mirage/Mirage G4/2017 Lancer are eligible for $1,000 Trade-In or Loyalty Rebate. Trade-Up Rebate applies to vehicles purchased and delivered between January 3, 2018 and January 31, 2018. Trade-Up is Loyalty or Trade-In; it is not stackable. § S-AWC standard on Outlander GT. ¤ 2018 Mirage ES (5MT) MSRP is $10,998. Dealers may sell for less. Some conditions apply. ∞ $1,000 consumer incentive offered on the retail purchase of a new 2018 Mirage ES (5MT) model from participating retailers from January 3, 2018 to January 31, 2018. $1,000 will be deducted from the negotiated price before taxes and will take place at the time of purchase. Some conditions apply. Offers are subject to change without notice. ** Whichever comes first. Regular maintenance not included. See dealer or for warranty terms, restrictions and details. Some conditions apply.


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The Sweet Life

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By Jeannie Dubois, Certified Sommelier he brittle chill of short winter days and long winter nights lies heavy upon us here on the north shore of the great lake this time of year. Coldstiffened fingers and frost-bristled hearts long for warm, heady, and robust libations to soothe the cool that has settled in for the season. To bring back some heat back into your heart, look no further than a glass of an ageless fortified, dessert, or truly Canadian icewine— time-honoured tonics for the mid-winter blues.


Classically, the four pillars of fortified wine have long included port, sherry, Madeira and Marsala. Produced by simply adding grape spirits back into a still table wine, fortifieds were produced in warm climates where higher alcoholic strength prohibited microbial activity that would produce spoilage in standard wines. However, they have long been favoured by cooler climate consumers for their hearty and heavy characteristic. Dessert wines, by nature, run a much broader gamut and are


indicative not of alcoholic strength but instead of a higher level of sweetness, and therefore lend themselves perfectly to an after-dinner drink to replace (or pair with!) that piece of pie our winter hibernal habits are encouraging us to enjoy. The methodology for the production of dessert wines is just as varied, running from directly adding sugar and raisin-ing of grapes to using “nobly” rotted bunches and freezing fruit on the vines. Which brings us directly to the Canadian specialty that,


albeit having historical roots in Germanic cold-steeped winters, has nevertheless put Canada on the international wine map. Icewine is a deliciously delicate, viscous dessert wine that is hard won from the clutches of cold winters through a grueling process of frosty, often evening harvests and twilight pressings. Rendering the sweetest of juices to ferment from frozen bunches, icewine is the antithesis of winter—floral, softly sweet, and warm to the core.



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2018-01-09 9:59 AM

Rebel Salad


Good For You, Good To the Earth Story by Betty Carpick, Photos by Brooke Towle


esigning a personalized salad may not seem like a rebellious act until you forgo the limited options in your home kitchen and pantry to visit Rebel Salad on Bay Street. Inside this friendly, casual establishment, you’ll find a windfall of fresh, healthy, and straightforward quality ingredients that will honour your resolve to be wholesome without it seeming like you’re partaking in any seasonal or health conscious penance. When the proprietors of the Growing Season—Jelena Psenicnik, Amy Kelterborn, and Sara Boyer— realized that they were outgrowing capacity, they decided to create a specialty salad restaurant in the neighbourhood. The concept was to offer salads made for the exact specifications of their customers using a convenient six-step process for a fixed price. In essence, they wanted those who want to build their own salads to feel as rebellious as their insouciant name suggests. In reality, it’s the threesome who are the rebels. They’re home cooks without formal industry training who’ve used their entrepreneurial knowledge and community spirit to deliver a good-for-you, good-to-theearth experience that’s distinctive to Thunder Bay. Using a blackboard menu, visitors can mark their salad choices

on cards starting with a roughage or rice foundation before amplifying with proteins (chicken, avocado, tofu, etc.), vegetables (marinated, roasted, or raw), toppings (seeds and dried fruits), and house-made dressings, and adding a side of corn chips or a Murillo bread. Each salad is carefully composed by the behind-the-counter staff. Even though each outcome is tailored for specific taste buds, imagination, and dietary considerations, every combination results in a generous meal-sized serving of flavourful and nutritious deliciousness. Diners can eat in or take out. The restaurant uses local, seasonal produce when available and helps support some of the community’s growers and producers, including Roots to Harvest, Thunder Oak Cheese Farm, and Heartbeat Hot Sauce. Extending the Growing Season ethos, the restaurant shows environmental responsibility by minimizing waste and providing alternatives for single-use materials. In the end, the salads are the thing. By proving that a salad can be a great and satisfying meal, Rebel Salad can keep visitors in their comfort level or take them on directions they never expected to go. Keep up with Rebel Salad online on Facebook - REBEL Salad.

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Attention to Attenuation: Dry vs. Sweet Finishes By Josh Armstrong, PhD, Certified Beer Judge


ome brews and beer in general can finish within a wide range of sweetness, much of which is dependent on the brewing process. Dry beers like pilsners and pale ales tend to be thirst quenching and great after mowing the lawn, where sweeter beers like oatmeal stouts and scotch ales are good for sipping on cold winter nights. At a basic level, the terms “dry” and “sweet” refer to the level of residual sugar in a beer. In brewing beer, a grist of malted barley is soaked in water (mashed) to create a sugary liquid known as wort. The sugars in the wort are what brewer’s yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) convert into ethanol and carbon dioxide during the fermentation process. The yeast’s efficiency in doing this conversion is known as attenuation. Calculating the rate of attenuation requires a simple formula: Attenuation = ((OG-FG)/(OG-1))*100 OG represents the original gravity—the amount of sugar that was initially in your wort. FG represents the final gravity of your beer—how much sugar remains after the yeast is done fermenting. In computing the

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difference between the two measurements, you estimate the rate of attenuation you achieved in your brew. Most brewing software will help you calculate this, so the above math is for illustrative purposes only. The main factors that affect attenuation can be found in two parts of the brewing process: wort production and fermentation. Wort production involves all the brewer’s steps prior to fermentation. The decisions a brewer makes during this process will impact the fermentability of the wort. The two crucial decisions in this respect are choice of malts in the recipe design and the temperature of the mash. The ingredients you choose in designing a recipe will directly impact the fermentability of the wort. For example, crystal/caramel malts provide sugars that the yeast cannot convert, and therefore will impact the level of attenuation (making it sweeter by increasing the amount of residual sugars). The temperature of the mash also has a massive influence on rate of attenuation. This is due to complex processes involving two enzymes (alpha-amylase and

beta-amylase) and their ability to convert starches into sugars during the mashing procedure. The temperature of the mash will dictate their activity levels. Lower temperatures lead to drier beers, higher temperatures will produce a sweeter finish. The second component of the brewing process that has a major impact on attenuation is fermentation. Choice of yeast strain (different types of yeast have different levels of anticipated attenuation), how much yeast you add, the temperature of where you ferment your beer, and the amount of time you give the yeast can all impact the level attenuation you achieve in your beer. Achieving a proper level of attenuation is important in brewing good beer. The level you aim for should depend on the style of beer you are trying to brew. You wouldn’t want your pilsner to be cloyingly sweet, nor would you want your oatmeal stout to be bone dry. Attention to attenuation is crucial for brewing better beer.

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Girls on the Hunt

French Film about Four Female Hunters

Julie Lambert/retouched by Marc Biron

By Audrey Debruyne


hen I first arrived in Thunder Bay from France, I was surprised to discover the hunting culture around here. Enthusiasts, and well seasoned hunters, would gather with friends and family at camp during the hunting season to share their stories around the fire. Many of my female colleagues would show me photos from their hunting trips on social media, and talk about recipes using freshly caught game meat. Before long, I myself was introduced to indoor sports shooting.

As part of Vox Pop documentary nights, Club culturel francophone de Thunder Bay (formerly Club canadien-français de Thunder Bay) partners with Vox Popular Media Arts Festival to present a documentary titled Un film de chasse de filles (Girls on the Hunt) about women who hunt. Girls on the Hunt is the story of four female hunters ranging in age from 14 to 72. The idea to create the documentary stemmed from the fact that, in Québec, although the number of hunting licenses has

decreased, the percentage of hunting licenses assigned to women has increased substantially. The film touches on the lives of these four women and on the emotions they experience while hunting, such as compassion, love, care, and sensitivity—emotions that non-hunters would normally be incredulous to think can characterize a hunter. “Throughout the film shoot, I was surprised to see how much compassion, love, care, and awareness there was in the practice of hunting,” says director Julie Lambert.

Lambert received prizes at the Québec movie festival in 2014, and a prize from Conseil des arts et des lettres du Québec in 2016. Girls on the Hunt immerses you in the world of women hunters who are determined to take to the woods. You might look at hunting differently after following their adventure, I know that I certainly did. Girls on the Hunt will screen February 8 at Trinity Hall at 7 pm, free admission. English subtitles included.


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Presented By:

Fly Fishing Film Tour

North Shore Steelhead Association Event Welcomes All By Davis Viehbeck


f you’re looking for a way to help cure a case of cabin fever, the 2018 Fly Fishing Film Tour hosted by the North Shore Steelhead Association may be just the solution! This year’s event takes place on the evening of February 17 at the Thunder Bay Community Auditorium. The festivities kick off at 6 pm with a symposium and vendor fair, which will include displays from artisans and the products of some local fishing and outdoor companies. The night of short films will begin at 7pm and will showcase incredible scenery captured from fishing-related adventures throughout the world, including Africa, Dubai, Alaska, and Honduras, to name just a few. This year’s film tour also includes a screening featuring local fly angler and

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photographer Rebekka Redd in her pursuit of the famous tiger fish of Africa. Speaking from experience, you don’t have to be a fanatical fly angler to appreciate these films. They will appeal not only to diehard anglers and fly fishing enthusiasts, but also to anyone who has an interest in the environment, nature, travel, and adventure! Your ticket provides an evening of incredible films as well as the chance to take home some impressive prizes with numerous attendance draws taking place during the intermission. Tickets are $15 and can be purchased online, by phone, or at the TBCA box office. Proceeds from the 2018 Fly Fishing Film Tour will go towards local cold water fishery enhancement and rehabilitation projects supported by the NSSA.

MARCH 3 2018


From Denmark to Thunder Bay

Cambrian Players Present Hamlet Story by Justin Allec, Photos by Matt Goertz


eing in a theatrical production demands hard work, but Jordan Blaxill knows that playing the lead in Cambrian Players’ production of Hamlet will be a highlight of his acting career. “Who doesn’t know ‘to be or not to be’?” he says, laughing in that polite British way. “It’s one of the most famous speeches, and I get the chance to perform it… along with 1500 other lines.” Hamlet is a gargantuan play, and it’s a difficult, demanding task playing the tragic Danish prince—yet Blaxill is electrified. Since moving from Britain to Thunder Bay (for love), Blaxill has been impressed with the local theatre scene, specifically Cambrian Players and their level of experience and creative dedication, both on stage and behind the scenes. Bolstered by the competence of his cast members, Blaxill sees his Hamlet as part of a broken family destroyed by greed and mistrust. “Hamlet spends a lot of time in his head, and he suffers for his knowledge,” he says. “People think him miserable, but I think he would’ve been a likeable person, and I want people to feel his turmoil.”

The rehearsals are intense (and sometimes involve sword fighting), but memorizing Hamlet requires a lot of effort. Blaxill’s secret is to “read it again, and do more research,” as he finds his version of the character in the text. Director Eva Burkowski, who’s produced several Shakespeare plays, is excited to see how the cast is coming together. “The characters… are becoming real people, so in rehearsals we discover new ways to clarify the text for an audience.” As a way to make the play’s setting more current, Burkowski has chosen to update medieval Denmark to a “vague version of the 1930s,” where palace intrigue is based in a modern corrupt military regime. The familiar setting may draw your eye, but Blaxill’s convinced that, as always, bringing a timeless story to life is what will persuade and move the audience. “Hundreds of years later, Hamlet’s speeches still reverberate,” he says. “These are some of the most famous lines in the English language—how could you not be awed?” Performances of Hamlet will run February 28-March 3; March 7-10 at First-Wesley United Church, 7:30 pm. Rehearsing for Hamlet at Cambrian Players new studio.

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FilmTheatre The Second Most Pleasurable Thing We Do In the Dark. A Column About Movies

Movies about Dessert and Love By Michael Sobota


ebruary is our month for love, romance, and desserts. Movies have indulged all three of those themes, sometimes with sensitive insights and sometimes with wretched excess. Here are five films where desserts—their physical creation and even airborne dynamics—contribute important elements to the story. And yes, I have been on the receiving end of a pie-in-the face, several times (mine was on stage with Kam Theatre, rather than in films).

The Battle of The Great Race the Century (1927) (1965) The first pie-in-the-face captured on screen happened in 1909, in a silent film called Mr. Flip. The recipient was the comic Ben Turpin. A pie-in-the-face and pie fights have become standard comic business over the decades because they are initially funny and they are vividly cinematic. In 1927, Laurel and Hardy created what was, up to that time, the grandest movie pie fight ever made. It was filmed in a street and nearby shops, and involved dozens of actors and 3,000 cream pies. What makes the threeminute sequence memorable is how the comedy is built and structured, initiated by an accident and building and evolving into complex character interactions. Part of the completed film was lost and only recently recovered. You can Google and watch the pie-fight sequence at home.

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Comedy director Blake Edwards, with a sharp eye on that Laurel and Hardy record, inserted a pie-fight sequence into this rather tepid story. Using 4,000 cream pies and shooting over five days, Edwards’ creamy sequence lasts just over four minutes on screen. It takes place in a multi-level bakery. Before it is done, Natalie Wood, Tony Curtis, Jack Lemmon, Peter Falk, and several dozen other initially clean actors are all splattered in lemon, blueberry, and raspberry cream gunk. The pies whiz through the air and land with the same sound that farts make. The scene is over-the-top and ultimately, not funny. It’s worth seeing at least once, partly because it is in colour, and partly to compare it to the older, classic masters of cream pie comedy.

It smells like love - Robert (Daniel MacIvor) about a cologne he has just received as a gift, in The Five Senses.

The Five Senses Waitress (2007) (1999)

Canadian director Jeremy Podeswa, working from his own script, made a lush, intelligent tone poem about human relationships as seen through each of our five senses. He opens on the moist face of Anna (Molly Parker), afloat in a float tank. She emerges nude to receive a massage from Ruth (Gabrielle Rose). The film is only minutes old and we are already swirling in sensuous pleasures. We meet an ophthalmologist (Philippe Volter) who is gradually losing his hearing and ponders whether to give up his season tickets to the symphony orchestra. Rona (an exquisite Mary-Louise Parker) is a professional baker who has no sense of taste. That is, she makes extraordinary cakes that look fabulous and have no flavour. When she tells her newly arrived Italian boyfriend that how they taste doesn’t matter, he counters her argument with sensuous cooking. The entire film is an exciting rediscovery, and I urge you to consider it during our month of romance.

Jenna (Keri Russell) is married, unhappy, and working as a waitress while carrying on an illicit affair with her obstetrician/ gynecologist (Nathan Fillion). And yes, she’s pregnant. What she also is, in the diner where she works, is a fabulous baker. The movie is a lush, layered ode to pies— all intended to be eaten, not thrown. She makes pies motivated by her moods— some are angry, some depressed, some joyous and happy. She saves money and squirrels it away in hiding places at home, and plans to enter a pie-making contest to secure the final funds to break free from husband Earl (Jeremy Sisto). She sings an extraordinary pie song to and for her baby. This is the life of pies.

Labor Day (2013) Adele (Kate Winslet) is a depressed single mom who takes in a stranger (Josh Brolin, in one of the finest performances of that year). Frank (Brolin) is an escaped convict and gradually he reveals his background to Adele. The memorable dessert in the film is Brolin baking a peach pie. For visual sensuosity, the sequence rivals the pottery wheel scene between Demi Moore and Patrick Swayze in Ghost. This is yet another movie where a screenwriter (Jason Reitman) uses dough as the tie that binds romance and, with a little heat, transforms it into genuine love.

Here are five more titles where desserts are a critical—if not always tasteful—part of the story: Shane (1953), Stand By Me (1986), Marie Antoinette (2006), A Boy and His Samurai (2010), and The Help (2011).


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FilmTheatre Magnus Theatre’s Head of Wardrobe, Mervi Agombar Story by Kyle Poluyko, Photo by Scott Hobbs


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orking in theatre was the biggest dream possible for Mervi Agombar, Magnus Theatre’s head of wardrobe and production wardrobe designer. As a child in Finland, Agombar relished play acting in her parent’s attic, transforming and adorning herself in a treasury of clothing and accessories. At the age of 12, she began to sew and ultimately studied the fine intricacies and techniques of the craft—building and pattern making. For 10 years Agombar worked steadily in Finland’s fashion industry, where clothing and textiles have a long history. Agombar came to Magnus 11 years ago as a seamstress and, when the resident costume designer departed, stepped into the role. Since then, she has built and refined a wardrobe collection that Canadian theatre journalist and artist Richard Ouzounian said is better than that of the Stratford Festival. When designing for productions, Agombar says the script is her greatest resource even though the pages may not give many specifics. “You have to read between the lines, looking for anything you can find,” she says. “You also interpret the script,” she adds, finding suggestions in time, place, and the characters themselves. Fittings will also reveal what works and what can be enhanced. There are many contradictions,

she points out, in designing for a Magnus production. For example, a smaller show with a three- or four-person ensemble is not necessarily easier for costume building than it is for a large production such as Miracle on 34th Street. “It could be a small cast but there could be a number of costume changes,” she says. Just one costume, for instance, could be built from ten different pieces—pants or skirt, shirt, vest, shoes, socks, belt, jacket, jewelry, wig, purse, or bag. Agombar counts the 2017/2018 season opener We Will Rock You, which boasted a cast of 12, as one of her greatest and rewarding challenges. “The production was not a replica or copy (of other productions), so all designs were from scratch,” she says. “I had to begin building weeks before the cast came in, followed by fittings in between all the rehearsals.” The long hours aren’t without personal reward. “It’s hard work but it’s fun work,” she says. “It’s enjoyable.” As Magnus Theatre moves towards the February staging of Jez Butterworth’s The River, an intimate mystery-thriller with a cast of three, Agombar is relishing the ease of designing for its small cast following the period detail for Miracle on 34th Street and its cast of 10. Regardless, be it a large or small production, Agombar is excited by her work every day. “It’s still a dream.”

Valentine's Day Wednesday February 14th

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Red Fox Forge Ancient Trade, New Ideas

Story and Photos by Emma Christensen


Colin Pendziwol

or hobby blacksmith Colin Pendziwol, a centuries-old trade has evolved into a business that markets creative versions of everyday items. Pendziwol, the owner of Red Fox Forge, acquired his blacksmithing skill set while working at Fort William Historical Park. When he left the job, Pendziwol and his brother, Ryan, took the opportunity to build a coalfired forge of their own. Locally sourced and recycled materials are at the heart of

30 The Walleye

Pendziwol’s designs. Salvaged ash and birch logs become handles for axes and knives. A leaf spring from an old vehicle is fashioned into an axe tip. A used chainsaw blade is repurposed as a knife, after being repeatedly heated and forged into a new shape. Pendziwol plans on boiling the new blade in vinegar to bring out textures and shapes hidden within the metal. “I make a fairly wide variety of things,” says Pendziwol. He lists items as he calmly tends the forge,

Colin Pendziwol

where a glowing-hot axe head lies in a nest of burning coal. He’s made shelving brackets, S-hooks, drawer pulls, jewellry, fire forks, meat turners, and bottle openers. He lingers on the subject of the trade axe, also known as a tomahawk, something he learned to make alongside a mentor at Fort William Historical Park. “We were making historically accurate axes that we could put into the exhibit,” he says. Traditionally, these axes were made out of low-carbon steel wrapped around a high-carbon steel bit. Pendziwol’s design closely matches that of the trade axes used during the fur trade. Pendziwol’s first show took place at last November’s Craft

Revival. “Lots of people were interested,” he says, adding that bottle openers were his best-selling item. He plans to continue to run Red Fox Forge as a side business in addition to work, school, and sports. For him, exploring this ancient trade provides a creative outlet in a busy contemporary life. To learn more or place a custom order, email or visit Red Fox Forge at facebook. com/RedFoxForge.

TheArts From Thunder Bay Art Gallery’s Collection


By Nadia Kurd, Curator, Thunder Bay Art Gallery Artist: Ruth Tye McKenzie Title: “Me” Date: Date unknown Medium: Acrylic on canvas Dimensions: 61 x 91 cm Refreshingly candid and colourfully bold, Thunder Bay multidisciplinary artist Ruth Tye McKenzie’s self-portrait is simply titled “Me.” In the painting we see Tye McKenzie pursuing her favourite pastime: cross-country skiing along the many trails that can be found in the region. Wearing a traditional red Finnish hat and holding onto ski poles, she has her head slightly tilted as she gazes directly at the viewer. Artist self-portraits are compelling because they can be intriguing and introspective, but also revelatory in how they convey a keen sense of the artist’s personality. In “Me,” Tye McKenzie brings the viewer into her world, sharing with us her love of the natural environment. Born and raised in Edmonton, Alberta, Tye McKenzie studied art at the Banff School of Fine Arts and the Ontario College of Art and Design, where she studied under

Group of Seven artist A.Y. Jackson. Upon moving to Thunder Bay for the second time in 1976, she joined the Lakehead Visual Arts Club and subsequently opened the Painted Turtle Art Shop in 1982. The recipient of numerous grants and awards, Tye McKenzie was awarded the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 7th annual Thunder Bay Arts & Heritage Awards Ceremony in recognition of her continuous contribution to the regional arts community. The Thunder Bay Art Gallery purchased this painting in 2011.

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Sarah Mason Finding her Path By Kat Lyzun


n one of Sarah Mason’s favourite pieces, a peachy-white bird swoops down toward a tiger seated comfortably in the doorway of a house, a table set for two in front of them, dark, snowy woods behind. In creating “House Guests,” the 21-year-old Toronto-based illustrator was thinking of her parents’ home

in rural Thunder Bay and the wilderness she missed. She submitted the piece to the art and design journal Creative Quarterly, and was shocked to be selected as a top student illustrator. Her work will be featured in the journal and in a New York gallery next year. Mason is humble about this

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32 The Walleye

The Birds, 5x7, watercolour

Two Crows, 8x10, mixed media and acrylic

Polka Party, 12x12, watercolour

achievement, as well as her recent feature in Forge magazine. As a third-year student in the illustration program at OCAD University, she admits she is still finding her path. “My style is always changing,” she says. “This is probably the first year I really developed a style. I’m doing more of what I want to see myself doing versus what are maybe more popular styles.” Mason’s style has a folk art feel that’s similar to the naïve or “outsider” styles of art. She admires self-taught artists like Henry Darger, whose incredible watercolours and

collage paintings became revered in American folk art, and the whimsical illustrations of Audrey Helen Weber. “I don’t like to take myself very seriously,” she says. “I never really plan things out, and that’s sort of half the fun—that you never really know where it’s going.” Mason isn’t sure what her plans are after university but she has a soft spot for her hometown. In high school she become involved with Definitely Superior Art Gallery’s Die Active youth program, and she continues to help with those amazing wall murals each summer. She







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credits her Die Active mentors for encouraging her to pursue art as a career, and she loves being able to give back. “Die Active is such a great program,” she says. “I’m always envious when I’m gone and can’t do things with them because I just always want to be a part of it. It’s really cool

to see kids being scared to step up to the wall and start painting, and then they just go for it. I would love to see more of that—art is a great way for youth to be seen in this city.” Check out more of Sarah Mason’s work at or on Instagram @kidmason.

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House Guests, 8x10, watercolour and acrylic

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Gail Bannon The Beauty of Wiigwaas

Story by Tiffany Jarva, Photos by Lana Pribic


ince I was a wee one I’ve been drawing and painting,“ says artist Gail Bannon. “My mother would draw with me and my father would whittle.” Bannon is becoming more and more well-known for her creative work with wiigwaas (birch bark). “A lot of the appeal is how you can just go out and get it,” she explains when asked why this medium. “It’s so versatile.” Her baskets come in a multitude of sizes, some with wood burning etches, some with cedar, dogwood, red willow, basswood, or leather trim. She’s

created clipboards, picture frames, mail carriers, a baby basket and “bitings” for her granddaughter, and even her business cards are made from leftover scraps of birch bark. The process can be challenging, says Bannon. “You have to steam it, bend it and form it; sometimes it just doesn’t form the way you want it to.” “Let me tell you something about Gail that she’s not saying,” shares co-worker Helen Pelletier. “She is super talented and creative. It’s not easy to do what she does with birch bark.” Bannon creates her own

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34 The Walleye

TheArts patterns and does custom work, including weddings. She also teaches basket weaving, mostly to the youth of Fort William First Nation. “I think I was a birch tree in my past life,” Bannon says. “It’s so useful. It’s so beautiful.” Bannon assures that the way she harvests the outer bark (in the spring when the sap is flowing so she doesn’t damage the cambium—inner bark) does not kill or hurt the tree in any way. “I put out my tobacco and thank the tree before my hatchet goes into it.” Bannon says her dad was her most inspiring teacher. “He would say ‘Just do it.’ Even after his death,

he’s still my greatest teacher.” As the mountain keeper and cultural coordinator at Fort William First Nation, Bannon is clearly connected to the land. She has studied forestry and, along with educator and canoe builder Darren Lentz, started a summer canoe building program for youth three years ago that can be seen in Goh Iromoto’s beautiful film The Canoe. “Working on the mountain and with our youth is the best job I’ve ever had,” Bannon says. Check out Gail Bannon’s work on Instagram: @wiigwaas14.

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CityScene is now spent outside the home,” says Miller. “Condos are being built with kitchenettes, not kitchens. It’s important to pass on skills to the next generation.” Accordingly, a cooking lab went on the wish list and then the must list for the Kingsway Park renovation, which saw Hyde Park Public School students join the student population. In the program’s first week, the students learned about everything from proper hygiene and kitchen safety to ways to hold a knife and if insects can be eaten. They made muffins where each group had a slightly different ingredient or quantity, to learn about accuracy, and did a scavenger hunt to find kitchen tools like a potato masher. And, of course, they cooked: in addition to the muffins, they made two kinds of pancakes, salsa, four different kinds of egg dishes, hummus, pitas, and mac and

Kids in the Kitchen Culinary Arts at Kingsway Park School Story by Bonnie Schiedel, Photos by students Tori Van Ginkel, Amber Druhar, and Emma Gainer


t Kingsway Park Public School, 20 grade seven students perch on stools in the new Culinary Arts classroom, paying total attention to teacher Todd Miller slicing an avocado. When he pops out the pit with the tip of his knife, one boy says, “Whoa!” As Miller goes on to demo how to make guacamole, his every move clearly visible in the angled mirror that’s mounted on the ceiling (“It’s like a cooking show!” as one kid observed), he peppers his teaching with questions about the safest knife to use, how to prevent avocados from browning, and what cilantro is. This is the first week of classes in the new facility, and the

36 The Walleye

kids are right into it. Learning about food safety, cooking equipment, and the hands-on techniques of cooking and baking used to be part of grade seven and eight home economics programs, which were gradually discontinued in the late 80s and early 90s, when new curriculum was introduced. Now, however, it’s back in a four-day program that all grade sevens and eights in the southside public board will take (the board is looking at ways to get a similar facility for northside students). Along with cooking know-how, students incorporate some of their science and math skills too. “In Canada, up to 40% of a household’s food budget

cheese (including making a roux). On the day I visited, hands shot into the air to ask and answer questions about “best before” dates before the kids broke off in their groups to make Three Sisters soup by peeling butternut squash and sautéing veggies they chopped themselves the day before. Next year, the program hopes to get all the students certified in safe food handling—a certification that lasts five years—and will introduce the grade eight curriculum, including skills like roasting a chicken and making a casserole. Favourite part of the class so far? “Muffins,” says Tasha. “Making the pitas,” says Faith. And “the thin pancakes, because they were challenging,” says Ben. Their teacher Ms. Tenkula reports that some students have even gone home and cooked for their families. Best homework ever.


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Ask an Author Inaugural Literary Event

By Susan Rogers, Vice President of NOWW


ix authors. Three hours. Twenty minute conversations. That’s the format for a first-time event being held by the Northwestern Ontario Writers Workshop (NOWW) at the Waverley Resource Library on February 24 from 1-4 pm. Readers, writers, and wannabe writers will have a chance to sit down for one-on-one conversations with one or more of these local authors. Instead of taking out a book, you can sign up to ask the authors questions! Jean E. Pendziwol, author of The Lightkeeper’s Daughters and nine children’s books, says she’s ready to

Jean E. Pendziwol

38 The Walleye

talk about the challenges of being a writer in the north. “I’m grateful for the opportunity to potentially support other writers on their journey,” she says. Pendziwol can also answer questions about pursuing traditional publication of children’s books. Ma-Nee Chacaby says she wrote her book, A Two-Spirit Journey, because she wants to encourage other Indigenous people to write about their own lives. “We don’t talk or write enough about our own lives and history,” she says. An OjibwayCree elder, Chacaby is open to questions about writing her autobiography, which chronicles overcoming

abuse and alcoholism, and coming out as a lesbian. Indie writer H. Leighton Dickson has seven books published on Amazon, including the award-winning Dragon of Ash & Stars. She can answer questions about editing, the differences between traditional and indie publishing, and “how long is it until you start making money writing books?”

Ma-Nee Chacaby

Other authors available for conversations at the Ask an Author event are Marion Agnew (creative nonfiction and short fiction), Michelle Krys (young adult fiction), and Jordan Lehto (playwriting). Half of the time slots are available for pre-booking, and the rest will be open for walk-ins. To schedule a time, contact the library at 684-6816.


Get Ready to Sweat One Beat Cycle Studio at Fresh Air Story and Photo by Marianne Stewart

like riding your bike at a MuchMusic dance party! Speaking of bikes, you won’t find any run-of-the-mill stationary bikes at One Beat. They’ve spared no expense on RealRyder indoor cycles that articulate in three planes, which brings the feel of the road into the studio and promises to engage your core and burn 20% more calories than a conventional indoor bike— perfect for helping roadies get in peak shape for the upcoming season.

The studio offers 45 minute classes Monday to Friday, five times daily, with a 30 minute lunch hour express and two classes Saturday mornings. With a variety of instructors (including drill sergeants barking orders if that’s your jam), there are classes that cater to everyone from the beginning cyclist to the grizzled veteran and everything in between. Check their website for opening specials and find them on Facebook for the latest details. Ride on!

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the beginning of February. I got an exclusive sneak peek at the space as it was undergoing its transformation. This is definitely not your typical pain-cave setup, comprised of a trainer in front of an aging television with only a tattered Ryder Hesjedal poster and a couple of Spinervals for company. Instead, this studio is a bright, modern space that features a 20-foot video screen, 3000 watt stereo system, and neon lights that are choreographed to the music. It’s

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as the recent cold snap got you hibernating and your 2018 fitness goals are quickly waning? Well, Thunder Bay’s newest indoor cycling studio has a cure for that. Jeff and Pete from Fresh Air have joined forces with cycling aficionados Josh Gillingham and Trevor Stein to create an indoor cycling boutique like our community has never seen. Located in the back of the Fresh Air building, the all-new One Beat Cycling Studio will be opening at

TheThe Walleye Walleye 3939


Slow Down and Get Cozy

Hygge Festival in Grand Marais Story by Katie Krantz, Photos by Layne Kennedy


demonstrations, cross-country skiing twilight tour, knitting lessons, and a fireplace tour. Participating resort and restaurant owners throughout Cook County will keep their fireplaces blazing during the entire month of February, so visitors can drop by to warm their fingers and toes, and possibly enjoy a warm or cold beverage. Eighteen fireplaces will be featured on the tour, including wood, gas, outdoor hearths, and fire pits. “The whole point of hygge is to slow down and get cozy,” says Linda Jurek, executive director of Visit Cook County. “After enjoying activities like snowshoeing through the woods, stargazing, drinking hot chocolate, and watching Lake Superior, we hope visitors will take time to sit by the fire and snuggle. And we hope some visitors rise to the challenge of relaxing next to all of the fireplaces featured on the tour.” For more information and a schedule of events, visitcookcounty. com/hygge.

Visit Cook County MN

he Danish concept of “hygge” (pronounced hoo-gah) has been around for a long time, but it began to catch on in the United States and Canada last year. It refers to the ritual of embracing life’s simple pleasures. Feeling relaxed, cozy, and surrounded by the warmth of family, friends, community, and fire all encompass the idea of hygge. Trend-setting Grand Marais, Minnesota hosted the first annual Hygge Festival last February. With winter beauty, adventure, relaxation, and coziness for miles, the beautiful little harbour village on Lake Superior is the ideal hygge destination. In honour of the second annual Hygge Festival, running February 9-15, local businesses will be bringing back a few of last year’s events and also introducing some new ones. Favourites from last year include bonfires with live music, the Mukluk Ball with Plucked Up String Band, and hygge themed menus. A few of the new events include fat tire biking

40 The Walleye

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Bay & Algoma Story by Tiffany Jarva and Rebekah Skochinski, Photos by Marlene Wandel


he Bay and Algoma community has continued to grow into something pretty special. It’s always been a natural place to gather, with the Finnish Labour Temple and the Hoito, the Italian Hall, and Maltese Grocery all within its boundaries. It’s been a cultural hub for both Finns and Italians; Squitti’s (a cornerstone of Bay for decades), Finnport, The Finnish Bookstore, and The Scandinavian Deli have all become institutions of their own. You can still find homes with custom-built Finnish saunas, and you can still find the well-maintained urban Italian gardens. However, today the neighbourhood is more diverse than ever, with both longstanding shops like comic book and music store Comix Plus on Algoma, and new shops like Thuja Floral Design popping up all the time. The Bay and Algoma neighbourhood continues to be a sought-after

42 The Walleye

place to live for both the young and old, and for artists and musicians, and also to set up shop for enterprising entrepreneurs. We love the tree-lined streets like Pearl and Ambrose, with their two-and three-storey character brick homes. We love the many steps, stoops, and stairways. We love the back lanes, the Magnus red brick, the back-toback churches, the castle-like law school, and the proud, steadfast armory. We love that it’s hugged by Hillcrest and Waverley parks, and is just a hop and a skip to both the entertainment and waterfront districts. We love the neighbourhood pub and having more than one café to frequent. We love that it is absolutely one of the city’s most interesting, diverse, and walkable neighbourhoods. Bay and Algoma is a layered community that continues to change yet still be full of history, grit, and grace.

1 Secord Street

2 Hillcrest Steps

It’s lovely to see the addition of brand new apartment buildings on Algoma juxtaposed with these homes on Secord Street, where Finnish immigrants settled. Many boarders lived in this area and used the meal services from the nearby labour temple.

The view from Hillcrest Park is iconic Thunder Bay. These steps, which connect lower and upper Bay Street, lead to where many immigrants first broke ground. The steps nearby at Ambrose Street do the same.



3 Wilson Street Park What kind of northern neighbourhood would this be without a skating rink? It’s also a great place to shoot some hoops when the weather is slightly more balmy.



4 Kivela Bakery Mural Murals, sculptures, and older buildings are also a huge part of this neighbourhood’s charm.



7 Fireweed Crafts

5 Maier Hardware 6 Finnish Labour Temple It’s getting rarer and rarer to find a neighbourhood hardware store these days. It’s especially helpful if you’re in need of a scythe or an axe. A cozy and friendly place, Maier Hardware is a little like going back in time. We love that it’s been locally owned and operated for over 90 years.

A focal point of the Bay and Algoma shopping district, the Finnish Labour Temple was renovated in 2010 to celebrate being part of the community for 100 years. Sandwiched next to it is Calico Cafe— one of several vibrant cafes that are magnets for social get-togethers and work meetings and everything in between.

The hard-to-miss funky yellow and blue Fireweed Crafts shop on Algoma has been a supporter of artisans since the 80s. Find one-of-a-kind handcrafted pottery, stained glass, wood work, fine art, and jewelry from artists and craftspeople in the region.

8 Algoma Laundromats Whether you’re a seasonal tree planter or someone residing in an apartment building, it’s nice to know that this hood has not only one but two laundromats in easy walking distance.

9 Upper Dufferin It’s tough to beat the view of the Giant and Lake Superior from the vantage points of Dufferin Street or nearby Hillcrest Park, especially at sunrise or sunset.



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The Bay Needs Babies Family Day

By Charles Cirtwill, President and CEO of Northern Policy Institute


his Family Day, why don’t you think about, well… growing your family? Not all of us can, or are ready to, but many of us are in a place where growing our family is an option. Having a young and growing population is critical not only to the success of our community, but to your personal wellbeing in your “golden years.” Maybe robots could shovel your snow, buy your groceries, get you to your doctor’s appointment on time, and all the rest. But even those robots will cost money and that means someone—preferably your kids and grandkids—will need to be generating the money. Without robots, those kids and grandkids become even more essential! All kidding aside, Thunder Bay’s population is aging. Between 2001 and 2016 the average age has risen from 38 to 42 and that is forecast to rise even further—to 48—by 2036. At the same time, family size has been falling steadily since the 70s and fell

a further 7% between 2006 and 2011. Some good news though, is that this number has stabilized since 2011, at just below thrwee people per household. We can use fancy words like demographic dependency ratios and population aging, but the real question is: who is going to take care of you when you can no longer take care of yourself? We are not alone in this. Governments around the world have identified more prolific procreation as being in their society’s best interest. “Do it for Denmark” is one of my

favourite examples of a response to declining birth rates (trust me, it’s worth Googling.) The witty campaign offers a creative, practical, and applicable solution to Denmark’s population challenges. Taking public information campaigns to a whole new level, the campaign includes faux advertisements, such as one encouraging Boomer parents to pay for trips to sunny locales for their childless adult children, based on statistics that show the chances of getting pregnant spike while on vacation. In Russia, one of the themes of National Day of Family, Love & Fidelity is the patriotic act of growing your family. And cities in several countries have begun replacing park benches with love seats

to encourage greater intimacy. Even staid, old Canada is beginning to encourage family growth once more, and true to our inclusive nature we support growing families— all families, in all sorts of different ways (we fall short in some areas, but that is another column). Thunder Bay has some beautiful parks and scenic vistas, so take a walk, build a bond, and make a life changing (and city changing) decision. Do it now. Do it for Thunder Bay. Northern Policy Institute is an independent social and economic think tank with its head office in Thunder Bay. Visit them at or follow them on Twitter or Instagram @NorthernPolicy.

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Stuff We Like

For Family Day By Amy Jones


Birdhouse Building Kit

e all love a day off. But sometimes a day off in the middle of winter with a couple of stir-crazy kids can be… challenging. Before you give up and lock yourself in the bathroom with a stack of old magazines and a bottle of Merlot while your offspring turn the living room into a WWE wrestling ring, take a deep breath, conjure up some images of babbling brooks and gently lapping waves, and try one of these ideas for taming those wild beasts. Who knows, you might even enjoy yourself, too. Here is Stuff We Like for Family Day.


447 North May Street The best part of this birdhouse building kit is that it’s two activities in one. You and your budding engineer can build the birdhouse together, then put it up in the yard and watch for feathered friends to come visit. Just make sure to keep the cat indoors!


Vault Assault


Inside Up Games

Mario’s Bowl Local board game impresario Conor McGoey, of Summit fame, is back with Vault Assault, a cops-n-robbers dice rolling game for 2-4 players age 8 and up. Each game takes around 10-20 minutes, so if you have any drama llamas in your pack, you can keep the games going until everyone wins!

710 Memorial Avenue Who doesn’t love bowling? Chances are, you spent an evening or two at Mario’s Bowl when you were a kid, and it’s time to pass on that tradition. Lace up those rented shoes, come up with a few silly names for the scorecards, and you’re all set for the afternoon.

$14.95 per person for two hours of all you can bowl


Escape Room

Countdown Escape Rooms

Canoe Playing Cards Chaltrek

404 Balmoral Street Sometimes there’s nothing more fun than a good old-fashioned card game. And the best part is, a versatile deck of cards can entertain any age—from playing Go Fish with the wee ones to poker for jellybeans with the teens. Just stay away from 52 Pickup.


and Other Real Recipes: A Cookbook for Preschoolers and Up Chapters

Snowshoeing Kamview Nordic Centre

851 20th Side Road We have it on good authority that an afternoon of fresh air and physical activity will knock your kids out good. So enjoy some beautiful scenery, get your 10,000 steps in, and we predict your reward will be a quiet evening of Netflix uninterrupted by requests for one more glass of water.

$6 per person/ snowshoeing daily pass $10 per person/ snowshoe rental

46 46 The TheWalleye Walleye

Pretend Soup

1204 Roland Street Escape rooms—the physical adventure games that are as beloved by intoxicated college kids as they are by corporate team builders—can be a great way to bring your family together. And with several playable rooms, you can come back for many Family Days to come.

$25 per person 11 and over/$15 for 10 and under

797 Memorial Avenue Maybe you’ve got a budding chef on your hands—help them whip up one of the dishes in this classic children’s cookbook by the author of The Moosewood Cookbook. Who knows—you may never have to cook dinner again!


Winter Sleigh Ride Gammondale Farm

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This is Thunder Bay Interviews by Nancy Saunders, Photos by Laura Paxton This month The Walleye asked if you have a favourite dessert.

Emma: My favourite dessert is cheesecake. My mom’s homemade cheesecake with cherries on top is hands-down my favourite.

Jason: My favourite dessert would be the natas from Churrasqueira Galo on Red River. The Portuguese custards—those are my favourites. Pretty much if I want a nata, that’s where I go. I usually don’t go for the storebought stuff; it’s not the same. Homemade is best. I go there to get those every few weeks, or if I’m in the neighbourhood.

Craig: I’m going to go with Prime Gelato. Any time, any flavour—that’s where I love going after a meal.

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Avry: My favourite dessert is a popsicle. Just because it’s frozen, and I like the juice when it melts.

Jonathan: I honestly don’t know. I don’t usually order dessert… maybe

crème brûlée? I like the crispness on the top, and how sweet it is. Does it taste kind of like coffee a little bit? I like the texture.

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The Walleye's Top Five in 5 Challenge is back!


Enter for a chance to win one of our cool February prize packages simply by attending one (or more) of our top five events. Tag us in a photo or tell us about your experience and we'll enter your name in our monthly draw. Visit for details.

London Variety Traditional Polish Cuisine

Story and Photo by Michelle Kolobutin


usband and wife team Roman and Aleksandra Okonski opened London Variety, a Polish deli and bakery, in the fall of 2007. In addition to their store, they have been Country Market vendors for many years. Roman is responsible for most of the cooking, while Aleksandra does the baking. Both Roman and Aleksandra grew up with multiple generations living in one house, where everyone helped to make dinner. From a young age they watched people get together to make meals from scratch. Preparing meals and eating together was important. “We want to recreate the feeling of togetherness through our family business and produce the food we enjoyed since we were young,” says Roman. “We hope others taste the love in what we make.”

What sets Polish recipes apart from other cuisines are things like their desserts. “They are the perfect amount of sweet because the flavours come from ingredients other than sugar, like plums or cherries,” says Roman. “I also have multiple uses for the same ingredient to make two different tasting meals, like cabbage that goes in sauerkraut or in Bigos (a hunter’s stew).” Some of London Variety’s top sellers include side salads (specifically orzo, beet, and pasta salad) and vegan buckwheat cabbage rolls. Roman truly enjoys his spot behind his booth at the market and can often be seen joking with customers. “The atmosphere at the market can’t be beat,” he says. “I am very outgoing and I love to socialize with vendors and meet customers.”

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52 The Walleye

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f you’re finding it hard to finish up your latest crafting project—or even if it’s a challenge just getting started—the Thunder Bay Heart and Stroke Foundation has the answer. They’re inviting crafters of all kinds to take part in their Craft for Heart fundraiser craft-a-thon from 9 am to midnight on February 3 at the Coliseum Building on the CLE grounds. It’s a new twist on their annual Scrap for Heart event and it promises to be 15 hours of fun, good food, and learning new crafting skills. With an “I Am Canadian” theme,

the event will feature crafting “make and take” workshops, lunch, dinner, and refreshments, prize draws and raffles, socializing, and of course the time and space you need to work on your crafts. Northwestern Ontario area manager Tara Monteith says that the event has raised more than $100,000 over the past 14 years and that funds go towards research and education with respect to women and heart disease. Monteith also swears that everyone is still in full crafting mode as the midnight hour approaches. “Everyone is so wrapped up in what they’re doing it is sometimes difficult to get them to pack up and go home,” she says. Tickets are just $60 and must be purchased in advance online at If you want to attend with friends, just call the foundation with your names and ticket numbers and they will make the seating arrangements. Doors open at 8:30 am to give everyone time to set up their station.



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FEB 14 - 18, 2018 30+ classes | Community Events Lunch-and-Learns Featured Instructor : Robbie LaFleur

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Check it out on our website at TBSO.CA Thunder Bay Symphony Orchestra Paul Haas Music Director


POPS: Music in the Dark for the CNIB, featuring Clint Harris, Kim Erickson, Allan Komenda, Hunt & Gather and the fabulous TBSO! Saturday, Feb. 3 at the Auditorium. MASTERWORKS: The Romantics. TBSO does Wagner (with TBS Youth Orchestra). Thomas Cosbey performs Tchaikovsky. And more. Feb. 9 at the Auditorium. BREW & BEETHOVEN: Fun filled fundraiser at the O’Kelly Armoury! Feb. 16. Tickets just $30! Go to FAMILY: Once Upon an Orchestra. Conductor-in-Residence leads the TBSO in a variety show for the whole family! Grassroots Church, Feb. 18 TICKETS: (except Brew & Beethoven) and 684.4444

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Classical Concoctions Unearthing Musical Gems By Ayano Hodouchi Dempsey


or a small city far removed from other cultural centres, Thunder Bay has some stellar offerings when it comes to classical music. Besides the Thunder Bay Symphony Orchestra, there is also the Consortium Aurora Borealis, which this year celebrates its 40th season. Their six yearly concerts cover a lot of ground, from Renaissance music to the Romantics, and they pull in a lot of talent, from members of the local symphony to big Canadian names. On January 13, they presented Peter Shackleton (principal clarinet player of the TBSO) and Karine Breton (former principal bassoon player of the TBSO) performing music written by Beethoven’s

contemporaries. The concert’s title, “Classical Concoctions,” turned out to be a modest understatement—many of the works may have been relatively obscure, but they were masterworks in their own right. Breton started off the evening with a quartet by François Devienne for bassoon and strings (Katie Stevens on violin, Mathilde Bernard on viola, and Joe Goering on cello, all from the TBSO). The smooth and buttery tones of her instrument enveloped the church, making us forget, for a while, the frigid cold outside. Shackleton’s performance truly celebrated the seemingly limitless capabilities of the clarinet. Anton Stadler’s solo piece, the Caprice in F major, was free like a bird, taking joy in being able to go wherever it fancies. The concert wrapped up with

Estonian composer and inventor Iwan Müller’s Clarinet Quartet No.1 for clarinet and strings, a quick-witted and scintillating piece that the musicians portrayed vividly. Shackleton’s fluid playing wove through the other instruments, tying it all together. Consortium’s last concert of the season will be on February 24, and will feature flautist Doris Dungan. It may be one of your last chances to see Consortium’s long-serving harpsichord in action—the 32-year-old instrument has gradually succumbed to the harsh climate of our region. A replacement is already on the horizon and will be unveiled this fall. There is a fundraising concert (featuring a Flamenco guitarist) on March 16, with an option to “purchase” a harpsichord key for yourself—for $50, you get to pick a note and call it yours.

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Melody McKiver Reckoning EP Grapples with Residential School Legacy By Kirsti Salmi


udiophiles along the North Shore will want to keep tabs on Melody McKiver, who is rapidly establishing themself as a force to be reckoned with. Raised in Ottawa but currently based in Treaty #3, McKiver deftly juggles the roles of musician, media artist, traditional powwow dancer, artist, and arts educator. McKiver, who has a BFA in music from York and a BA in ethnomusicology from Memorial University of Newfoundland, creates a signature sound by melding classical form with contemporary improvisation, integrating Anishinaabeg histories and philosophies in their compositions. They have scored films for directors Mosha Folger and Christian Chapman, and Reckoning was scored for a theatre production by Article 11, an Indigenous arts company. “Some composers detach themselves from the production, but I need to develop a close relationship with the material,” McKiver says. “I watched the performance 20 times before recording. I situated the creation process between composition and improvisation, a bit like the theatre production.” Released in December, McKiver’s Reckoning score is a haunting aural journey. The recording accompanies the production’s first movement, Witness, which sees a first generation Canadian character reviewing narratives of residential

The Justice Ronald B. Lester Memorial Bursary has enabled local high school graduates facing financial barriers to follow their dreams through post-secondary education. Our family is proud of this legacy in the community.” Susan Lester, Justice Ronald B. Lester Bursary Fund Jordan Lester, TBCF Trustee Create a Legacy Call: (807)475-7279 Visit:

56 The Walleye

school survivors to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. For McKiver, the recording is personal: they dedicated the tracks to the memory of their grandmother, Waa’oo Kathleen Bunting-baa, a survivor of Cecilia Jeffrey Indian Residential School. “I never knew my grandmother because of residential school,” McKiver says. “My mother was adopted. I wanted my work to acknowledge the structural harms that are still present—that lost opportunity that has rippled through generations.” Over six tracks, McKiver teases tension and drama with all the hallmarks of masterful composition: gripping phrases, taut pacing, immersive atmosphere, and lush production. What results is a deeply emotional score for the initial trauma it represents, and the secondary trauma the character goes through while processing the survivors’ stories. McKiver’s ability to drive narrative through composition is remarkable; Reckoning isn’t meant to be comfortable listening, and that’s precisely what makes it effective. “I’m more proud of it than anything else I’ve done. There was a lot of emotional engagement and labour that went into writing the piece, it’s an ongoing personal process. Composing is a way of channeling and reflecting.” For more information visit

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Imitation is the Sincerest Form of Flattery presents ON THE SCENE

Story by Jimmy Wiggins, Photo by Josh Fitz


ike most people who work backstage in entertainment, I got involved in the scene as a musician. Drums were my weapon of choice. Growing up I had zero interest in sports so my parents thought music might be a good creative outlet for their preteen son. We borrowed an old five-piece Ludwig set from a friend of the family, and after some lessons from a handful of different instructors I was able to hold a beat. Once I got the hang of keeping time all I wanted to do was learn how to play songs by my favourite bands. I would play for hours in my parent’s basement, learning and practicing the songs, trying to hit every beat and every cymbal the way the drummer in my headphones was doing it. During those three or four minute songs, I wanted to be Ginger Fish of Marilyn Manson or John Tempesta of White Zombie. Over the years I would go on to join or start several bands. The first practice always started with playing covers. It’s an easy way to get used to someone else’s playing style before you try and write original music. You both already have the structure and notes laid out for you. I was able to find the right group of people who


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shared the same love for the songs I had been learning, and when the time came to pick a band for The Cover Show, we all knew immediately which bands we wanted to cover. The Cover Show started out as a one-off night I put together with some other musician friends and their bands. We were barely out of high school but we all had the same passion and drive for the stage. The basic format is that a band plays a full set of songs by one band as opposed to playing songs by different artists. This format gives people a chance to fully tap into that feeling of impersonating their music idols. We get to play, act, and look like them. Add in three or four other people who share that same feeling and what you get are very memorable performances. There’s this mix of excitement, nostalgia and, hopefully, pride because you’re paying tribute to someone who helped you craft your skills. And that’s exactly why The Cover Show is one of the shows I look forward to the most every year, whether I’m on stage or off. The Cover Show 21 runs January 31 through February 3 at Black Pirates Pub. For more info visit



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David Koch Principal Trumpet, TBSO

By Kris Ketonen Born: Jackson, Michigan Instrument: Trumpet Age you started to study music: 10 How long have you been with TBSO: Since October 2017 What’s on personal playlist: A little bit of everything, from period performance baroque music to electronic dance music David Koch’s first few months with the Thunder Bay Symphony Orchestra have been an adjustment. But that’s understandable. This is, after all, Koch’s first full-time, professional orchestral position. “Up until this point, other than a few concerts with orchestras here and there, the majority of your music education is you sit here, and you are in rehearsals for weeks on end, and then you go and give one concert, and you’re onto the next stuff,” says Koch, the TBSO’s principal trumpet. “In the TBSO, you have a 29-week season, and you’re playing maybe 40 or 50 different programs, so sometimes we’ll only have two rehearsals, then

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a concert,” Koch says. “So you really have to be on top of your game, and really prepared.” Despite the fact that he plays the instrument professionally now, trumpet wasn’t on Koch’s list when he began studying music. Rather, he wanted to be a drummer (his parents talked him out of that, Koch recalls, saying “we’re not having that in our house”). Second on the list was the flute. But Koch’s older brother played trumpet, and there was one readily available. “My mom convinced me to give it a shot, and if I really didn’t like it, then I could go play flute,” Koch recalls. It didn’t take long for Koch to learn to appreciate the trumpet— specifically, its utility. “You could play trumpet in literally almost any musical genre, all the way from a jazz band to the orchestra,” he says. “Some hip-hop artists are using trumpets in their tracks.” He adds, “I do professional playing as a classical musician, but I think that versatility is still really cool.”

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Classical Cocktail Party at The Chanterelle Multidisciplinary Magic

Story by Kirsti Salmi, Photos by Benjamin Steinmetz


t’s been a month and a half since you rang in 2018, and if you’re up for a bit of glitz, glam, and celebration mid-winter, a Classical Cocktail Party at The Chanterelle may just be the ticket. Organized by flutist and Lakehead University music student Marinda Tran, the evening promises to be an multidisciplinary adventure celebrating music, visual arts, poetry, multimedia, and, of course, the art of heavenly libation. Now in her third year at Lakehead, Toronto-born Tran came to Thunder Bay on a full scholarship and views the concerts as an effort to foster community and connect artists, in addition to being a great performing opportunity. After organizing a few concerts and fundraisers in her first and second years, Tran is now comfortable with the swing of event planning and has already organized and performed three of her own concerts this past fall at the Jean McNulty Recital Hall. This evening is a further step in bringing classical music to the community and in giving her fellow artists an opportunity to showcase their work. “I’m a musician who came from the community, so I’m a musician who plays for the community,” she says. “Performing is a high, it’s addicting. And if you’re a musician and you have the ability to perform,

62 The Walleye

it’s an injustice not to share that. Because of my scholarship, I’ve been able to just focus on music this year, and it’s given me more time to connect with other inspiring artists. So I’d like to help them connect with the community.” The current roster for the event will see fellow musicians Nicole Waboose, Alexander Ratz, Morgan Shubat, Derek Oger, and Sean Kim perform alongside Tran. As well, guests will see work from painters Ray Swaluk and Vik Wilen, multimedia from Blake Evans, and poetry from Austin Campbell. In addition to celebrating multidisciplinary artists, it was important for Tran to make the evening relaxed, inclusive, and accessible. She encourages guests to meet and mingle with the artists as an opportunity to create an atmosphere of connection. “Playing at The Chanterelle gives artists the ability to be grounded, at floor level, meeting the audience,” she says. “There’s nothing better than when people come up to you after the show and tell you they’ve been inspired to be creative too.” To purchase tickets for the event, visit

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5 Power Ballads for February By Gord Ellis

1. Heart - “Alone” The Wilson sisters embraced the 1980s with a vengeance. The hair! The makeup! The leather corsets! It all seemed a bit much if you remembered them from their earth mother-ish “Dreamboat Annie” days. Yet Ann could let it rip like few others and had a voice tailor-made for the potential excess of the power ballad. “Alone” has it all: piano opening, spiraling guitar solo, multi-tracked vocal chorus, and all that lusty yearning. The video, which has been viewed 116 million times on YouTube, can only be described as epic. Can you say exploding piano?

Happy Valentine’s Day.

2. Poison - “Every Rose Has Its Thorn” Poison knew exactly how to get legions of male hairmetal rockers to slow dance with their girlfriends—or prospective girlfriends. Sure, they were dancing while making devil horns with their fingers, but at least they were up. It all starts quite mellow with a strummed acoustic. Soon enough Bret Michaels’ plaintive vocal starts in with these eternal truths: “just like every night has its dawn/just like every cowboy sings his sad, sad song/every rose has its thorn.” Then it happens. Boom. In comes the metal hair cavalry. Whammy bar guitars bring it all home as a chorus of Poison voices sing like a heavenly choir about cowboys and thorns. Why can’t I quit you, indeed.



efining what makes up a power ballad is not simple. There are several elements. Generally they start soft, almost at a whisper. Then the song builds and the singer—or singers—twist up the angst. Finally, after every ounce of emotion is squeezed out, it all comes crashing down in an avalanche of fuzzy guitars, echo-laden drums, and string sections. The power ballad has been around in some form or other for decades, but it really found its niche in the bombast of the 1980s. Since love is the key theme of nearly every power ballad, it seems only right during the Valentine month that we look at five classics of the genre.

3. Bryan Adams “(Everything I Do) I Do It for You” No, Canadian rockers are not immune to the power ballad. In fact, Bryan Adams became a master of the idiom. Sure, some of his longtime fans made gagging faces when he trotted out this tune. But it became one of his biggest hits. Adams damped down some of the excesses of his hair metal competition, and he took a little longer to get to the bridge. Yet the soaring vocals, wet with reverb overdriven guitar and thunderous drums, quickly tell us we are in the hallowed halls of the power ballad. And we are all better for it.

4. Chicago - “Hard to Say I’m Sorry”

5. Guns N’ Roses “November Rain”

In the early 1970s, when the Chicago Transit Authority were something of a jazz fusion horn band with a hot guitarist, no one could envision the ear-wormy bombast to come. But when Peter Cetera hit his vocal stride, and David Foster came on board to produce, Chicago became the Kraken of power ballads—a huge, unstoppable beast made up of trombone, trumpet, piano, and synth. Lots and lots of synth. There are so many Chicago power ballads to choose from it’s ridiculous. However, “Hard to Say I’m Sorry,” with Cetera’s pleading vocal on lines like “everybody needs a little time away, I heard her say, from each other,” takes it up a notch. Plus they have the secret recipe of a mid-song key change to amp up the intensity. Pure, stable genius.

This giant, monolithic mess is the War and Peace of the power ballad. The band pretty much threw everything they had into it and the rest went up their collectives noses. So over the course of nine minutes, flutes, strings, giant sized drums and a wide variety of tempo changes make “November Rain” careen like a runaway cable car. And, to top it all off, Axl Rose provides his most strident vocal performance ever, bringing some serious squeal to the largely nonsensical verses. Slash, however, provides the mammoth guitar licks that makes us not care that “November Rain” is mostly a dumpster fire. He is brilliant. And, in case you were wondering, the “November Rain” video is approaching one billion views on YouTube.

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64 The Walleye

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66 The Walleye

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Dreamy, Rhythmic-Based Sound By Judy Roche





t just 20 years old, and for someone who started playing only six years ago, Daniel Racco (aka Sunshowers) has a sound that pulls from several decades of genres. A multi-instrumentalist, Racco is currently studying percussion at Lakehead University and has plunged himself deep into creating incredibly unique works of sound art. Each and every piece sounds new and fresh. “I started playing music when I was around 14 [and] started out on the drums,” he says. “The live show has a group of us performing, but the project is just something I write and

record myself.” In listening to some demo tracks, it is difficult to classify Racco’s sound. He cites Tame Impala, Mac DeMarco, Vampire Weekend, and MGMT as the biggest musical influences in his own writing. The song “Things I Shouldn’t Tell You But Say Anyway” sounds like Rheostatics piggy-backed Joni Mitchell while she navigated through a new wave phase. Truthfully, it wouldn’t be hard to picture Sunshowers’ music featured on late-night CBC radio streams. But what does he think of his sound? “It’s difficult to judge your own style,” says Racco. “But I strive for a

dreamy, rhythmic-based sound. The music I’ve made so far has echoed out melodies and stuff like that. You might be able to categorize it as ‘dream pop’ if that means anything to anyone.” Where did the name “Sunshowers” come from? Racco says he isn’t sure. “It was just a name I had in my head for a while; there isn’t much of a meaning behind it. I just like the sound of it.” Sunshowers had his debut show at Black Pirates Pub last December and will be releasing songs this month. For more information, follow Sunshowers at sunshowerss/.

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ROYAL CANADIAN LEGION 5 229 Van Norman St, Thunder Bay, ON


tickets available in clubroom $ WWW.CASHMUSIC.CA $



705 Red River Road Suite 3, Thunder Bay, ON, P7B 1J3 1-888-266-8004 ·


The Walleye




Good Lovelies

From the first song to the last this is simply a great recording. The Good Lovelies have built their welldeserved reputation on heavenly harmonies and a mix of acoustic folk, roots, and country. Shapeshifters sees them open their musical wings and fly. It’s a much fuller and richer recording, which is reflected in the range of instruments used including steel guitar, cello, stand-up bass, and harp. The percussion is especially terrific throughout. The wonderful harmonies are still there but the new songs sound more mature and confident and there’s an infectious, inspirational tone to the music. “I Got Gold” is about hanging in when things get tough, and “Hurry Up” has an uplifting lullaby feel to it. Standout tracks include “Lightless,” which features ethereal harmonies laid over a funky dance beat, and “This Little Heart” with its beautiful acapella beginning. If you’re already a fan of the Lovelies you won’t be disappointed with Shapeshifters. If you’re new to their music then this cd is a wonderful place to start. - Gerald Graham


Wrong Creatures



Black Rebel Motorcycle Club Black Rebel Motorcycle Club are one of those bands that have been heavily recommended to me over the years, but I had never followed up them on until now. Their latest work, Wrong Creatures, is a fantastic opportunity to jump into their sidecar and head into the hills. I had heard a bit of their music before and always had a hard time believing that they were some form of bluesy psychedelic rock, but after listening to Wrong Creatures I have to say that they’ve nailed that description right on the money. The album features dark themes and tones that somehow help you feel good on a bad day, like the blues and primal rhythms and melodies that make you want to pump your fist and tap your toes. The psychedelia… well, it’s like the brown sugar on top of that muffin you like—just adding the little extra. Wrong Creatures has definitely opened the gate for BRMC in my music collection and would be a great addition to anyone looking for something new for theirs as well.

Bahamas, aka Afie Jurvanen, is back with that soothing, mellow, Jack Johnson-esque voice of his. But this time he changes things up ever so slightly by taking on an R&B sound. This is in large part due to Bahamas borrowing a rhythm section made in heaven: drummer James Gadson and bassist Pino Palladino (look them up… I’ll wait). When listening to the album’s first track, “Alone” I can’t help but think this is what a collaboration between Joni Mitchell and Leonard Cohen would have sounded like. “Way With Words” sounds like classic Bahamas but with a touch of melancholy. About the new album, Jurvanen says: “I wrote songs about having success, having kids, and having depression. I wrote songs about going on tour, going back in time, and going in circles. I wrote songs about my otherworldly wife, my jerk dad, and my garbage relationship with my brother. Crazy right?!” - Judy Roche

For the Demented Annihilator

Jeff Waters was Annihilator’s lead guitarist when the thrash band started out in the 80s, and he’s tenaciously taken on more duties to keep the band going. As the sole original member, Waters is Annihilator, and so the responsibility for album sixteen, For the Demented, rests on his shoulders. Demented has 10 songs. Two are incendiary and will definitely make it into Annihilator’s career-spanning set list, as they show off every fist-pumping trick Waters has mastered. The rest of the album, however, is maddening, and falls into the trap of “it’s metal cause loud guitars and grrr yelling.” It’s really too bad because Waters is a legit guitar phenom, and on the good songs his latest musical recruits can match the best Annihilator’s lineups of the past. Too often, though, Demented sounds rote, warmed over, and Waters’ horrible lyrics only emphasize those aspects. C’mon Annihilator—people say you’re part of the Canadian “Big Four” of thrash bands. If that’s true, you need to start trying harder. - Justin Allec

- Jamie Varga

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68 The Walleye

30 S. Cumberland St., Thunder Bay Tel: 807-286-SOLD (7653) email:

Uncle, Duke & The Chief

I Am a Truck

There’s a gloriously retro aesthetic to Uncle, Duke & The Chief, and incredibly, it feels more genuine than gimmicky. Clocking in at a succinct nine tracks, Midland boys Born Ruffians return to form with original drummer Steve Hamelin, accounting for a click in chemistry palpably missing in the album’s antecedent, Ruff. While Uncle, Duke & The Chief doesn’t reinvent their dreamy indie rock wheelhouse, nor does it surpass earwormy cuts like “Ocean’s Deep” from years past, the rejuvenated Ruffians bring a raw earnestness to the album that makes it feel like the aural equivalent of an 8-millimetre film rolling on a road trip. Notable tracks include opener “Forget Me,” an optimistic, campfire meditation on mortality, complete with claps and stomps; “Love Too Soon,” a wistful ballad wonderfully executed; the anthemic, Dylan-esque closer “Working Together”; and their newest single “Miss You,” an unrequited love rocker bound for boomboxes held aloft under windows. Not many bands can pull off new material with a nostalgic feel. The Ruffians manage it and the result is a bit of magic.

Not long before Agathe and Réjean’s twentieth wedding anniversary, Réjean’s truck is found abandoned on the side of the road with no trace of him. I Am a Truck explores what happened to Réjean, as well as Agathe’s attempts to start living her life again in his absence. A great deal of personality is injected into Winters’ story by having characters use French, or, rather, the “Franglish” frequently spoken in New Brunswick—words and phrases employed in ways that make meanings apparent. And the author effectively teases readers with answers to the mystery as the story progresses, ramping up intrigue and suspense in the process. While this could have made I Am a Truck something special, events peripheral to the main plot remain underdeveloped and things proceed to an abrupt conclusion. What we’re left with is a sometimes stirring account of coping with change, for better or for worse—though one that felt wanting.

Born Ruffians

Michelle Winters

- Alexander Kosoris

The Prairie Girl Cupcake Cookbook: Living Life One Cupcake at a Time

Wouldn’t It Be Great Loretta Lynn

Jean Blacklock

One of the newest sweet treat cookbooks in our collection is a treat for the eyes as well as the taste buds. I am both a cupcake lover and a rather pedestrian baker. After perusing the recipes in this book, I chose one of the “basics,” banana cupcakes, as I had almost all the ingredients on hand. The instructions were easy to follow, and I was suitably impressed with how the whisk attachment on my stand mixer worked its magic with the butter and sugar. Blacklock provides several basic recipes, then builds on them for more elaborate creations. For example, to make strawberry cupcakes, you start with the basic vanilla cupcake recipe and go from there. She also includes gluten-free and vegan recipes and emphasizes the importance of using quality ingredients for the best results. - Joanna Aegard

Wouldn’t It be Great is Loretta Lynn’s 41st studio album and the third album in a proposed fivealbum set recorded at Cash Cabin Studios in Tennessee. Much like the 2016 release Full Circle, this album features a mix of new and previously released tracks rerecorded specifically for this album. The re-recordings include “Coal Miner’s Daughter,” “Don’t Come Home a Drinkin (With Lovin’ On Your Mind),” as well as “God Makes No Mistakes,” taken from her 2004 collaboration with Jack White. While it’s obvious that the 85-yearold Lynn is still the same spitfire she has been her entire career, the songs on Wouldn’t It Be Great take on a new feeling of honesty, urgency, and finality that feels much like the final American Records output from Lynn’s contemporary, Johnny Cash. Definitely one for the collection, whether you are a long time fan or new to the world of classic country sounds. - Jason Wellwood

- Kirsti Salmi

Help when you need it! If you or a loved one is in distress or experiencing a mental health crisis, contact Crisis Response Services.

Call: 346-8282

Our staff is available to speak to you 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year.

CMHA Thunder Bay is committed to supporting individual recovery and promoting mental wellness within families and communities.

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The Walleye



The Prince Arthur Port Arthur’s Railway Hotel

Story by Laurie Abthorpe, Photos by Patrick Chondon


ow many hotels can say they originated at a card table? The Prince Arthur Hotel can! It was during a late night poker game in 1908 aboard the private rail car of Sir William Mackenzie and Sir Donald Mann, partners and principle promoters of the Canadian Northern Railway, that the mayor of Port Arthur, J.J. Carrick, suggested the notion of a grand hotel for

70 The Walleye

Port Arthur. Carrick offered an ideal building lot along the railway with a waterfront view. Sir Mackenzie’s interest was piqued and he agreed, if construction costs were kept to the $250,000 Carrick estimated. Mayor Carrick did not have authorization to gift the land to the Canadian Northern Railway so the proposal was put to public vote. On April 28, 1909, the ratepayers of Port

Arthur approved the land known as Reserve “A” for the construction of “the big Canadian Northern Railway Hotel and a Greater Port Arthur.” J. D. Matheson, from Warren and Wetmore Architects of New York City, designed the stately rectangular plan hotel with its flat roof and terminating cornice. An original rendering of the design showed wings planned for future expansion of the hotel. Construction of the six-storey, fireproof, brick and stone structure began in 1910 with Toronto firm Imperial Construction acting as general contractors. Much of the important work was entrusted to local tradesmen with materials sourced locally. The cut stone

was supplied by Stanworth-Martin Co. of Port Arthur and brick from the furnaces of the Twin City Sand Co. While construction was well underway, an annex to the building was added to the south end. The two-storey addition was built to house the Bank of Nova Scotia in the basement and main levels with the hotel using the second floor as a drawing room. The Prince Arthur Hotel, with its rich appointments and modern facilities, was officially opened on March 14, 1911, with many distinguished guests in attendance. Built facing the lake with a beautiful vista of the harbour and the legendary Sleeping Giant, the main entrance

Thunder Bay Archives 1991-02-02


was approached by guests arriving by rail and steamship through the hotel’s formal terraced gardens and lawns designed by landscape artist H. F. Boyce of North Battleford, Saskatchewan. The gardens played host to the namesake of the hotel, Prince Arthur, the Duke of Connaught, at a ceremony held during a visit to Port Arthur shortly after he was appointed Governor General of Canada in 1912. Prince Arthur was joined by the Duchess of Connaught and their daughter Princess Patricia. Special permission was previously granted to the hotel for use of the Connaught crest, a British Lion above a ducal coronet. The crest, incorporated with the Canadian Northern Railway monogram, was used on many of the hotel’s furnishings, including its china. In 1912, four storeys were added to the annex addition directly above the bank and hotel drawing room. With this complete, the total cost of the hotel reached nearly $850,000.

The Prince Arthur Hotel has hosted many important events and meetings, one of which has national significance. In 1921, a National Conference of the Great War Veterans Association held here. Madame Guérin, the “Poppy Lady of France,” appeared at the conference to propose a Poppy Day be held in Canada. The idea was embraced and the first poppy campaign was held in Canada, that same year on November 11. The Prince Arthur remained a railway hotel until it was sold to a private firm from Winnipeg in 1955. The hotel, now operating as the Prince Arthur Waterfront Hotel and Suites, has undergone many transformations over the years. Much of the hotel’s original charm is still in place, including the two-storey rotunda with is ornate plasterwork and marble tread staircase leading up to the original dining room. Remnants of two tunnels can be found in the basement of the hotel,

Photo courtesy of the Prince Arthur Waterfront

Duke and Duchess Connaught with daughter Princess Patricia at a ceremony in the gardens of the Prince Arthur Hotel, August 31, 1912.

The hotel prior to the addition of the four storeys added above the bank and hotel drawing room. one of which, now bricked over, leads toward the lake shore. Though more romantic notions abound of what these tunnels may or may not have been used for, their true purpose was most likely to transport goods and supplies arriving by ship from the docks to the hotel, underneath the railway tracks.

Laurie Abthorpe is the heritage researcher for the Heritage Advisory Committee, which advises city council on the conservation of heritage buildings, sites and resources, and their integration into development. For more information on the city’s heritage resources, visit culture_and_heritage.

The Walleye



Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Centre’s Cardiac Catheterization Lab staff participate in a mock procedure.

Hospital Planning for Cardiovascular Surgery By Sara Chow, Thunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Centre


hunder Bay Regional Health Sciences Centre continues to strive to provide quality care closer to home. In recent years, we’ve reached many milestones, especially in cardiovascular care. In 2007 we launched coronary angioplasty services, in 2014 the regional vascular surgical program began, and in 2017 vascular surgical services were expanded to include endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). In 2020, the hospital will open a cardiac surgery program.

No Late Fees on Kids’ Stuff in 2018!

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“Currently, our vascular surgical program provides major surgeries to the aorta and related arteries, EVAR, bypasses to arterial blockages in the extremities, creation of arterial fistulas for dialysis patients, and peripheral angioplasties on leg vessels,” says Arlene Thomson, senior director for the Cardiovascular Surgical Program Implementation. “When the new cardiac surgery program begins, we will also do open heart surgery, including coronary bypasses and valve replacements, and our surgeons will also

be able to support cardiac and chest trauma care.” Admission rates for cardiovascular patients are well above the provincial average. Before they were available here, services like angioplasty and EVAR saw many patients travelling outside of the region for care. To date, the angioplasty program has completed more than 6,600 angioplasties! In the 2016-2017 year, the program completed 760 cases, and this year it is expected to exceed 1,000. These are all patients 345-8275

who would have travelled to southern Ontario in the past. Travelling for care can be a burden for patients and families, and in emergency cases the time required to transport patients can negatively affect outcomes. “The new cardiac surgical program will serve 400 to 500 Northwestern Ontario patients every year,” says Thomson. The significance of local advancements will be experienced first-hand by our patients and their families. “When surgery is required, families will now be present in a familiar environment, travel expenses will be reduced, and post-operative patients won’t need to navigate long-distance travel in the early phase of recovery when they need rest,” she adds. Post-operative follow-up will also be available locally from an expert team, further improving patient care. The new program will operate as a joint program between our hospital and the Peter Munk Cardiac Centre with the University Health Network, a world-leading cardiac and vascular centre located in Toronto. It will also recruit specialized cardiac surgeons, provide cardiac-specialized training for current staff, and launch a major hospital renovation to accommodate the new services. The addition of cardiovascular services to our community is another milestone that highlights the dedication of our community to mark Thunder Bay on the map of health care excellence. Our community is truly being cared for by some of the best in the business. For more information visit


Cash for Home Renovations By Ellen Mortfield, Executive Director, EcoSuperior


f you’re interested in cutting your heating bills (which have surely maxed out in the most recent Arctic blast), the provincial government is offering you plenty of options. But ask a contractor, a furnace installer, and window sales rep, and you’ll get several different answers on which rebate program is best. The sudden influx of funds from cap and trade revenues have led to a confusing plethora of opportunities to cash in on incentives to make your home more efficient. Sadly, not all of the programs begin with a home energy assessment, which provides you with a complete report on how your house works as a system, and a roadmap to which renovations offer you maximum impact. Home energy assessments offer unbiased information based on your specific house—far more valuable than any advice you’ll receive from someone trying to sell windows, doors or furnaces. And the post-renovation testing portion of the home energy assessment confirms that the work achieved actual energy savings. In my opinion, a home energy assessment should be available for every home, but that is another essay for another time. Here’s the “choose your own story” approach to home energy incentive programs:

Do you receive income support or live in eligible non-profit housing? You may qualify for a free energy assessment and free appliance and/or insulation upgrades through Thunder Bay Hydro’s Home Assistance program or the Union Gas Home Weatherization Program. Do you need a new furnace? The Home Reno Rebate program is best for you. It covers the cost of a home energy assessment included in up to $5000 of rebates for installing a high efficiency furnace as well as at least one other measure including air sealing, windows, doors, insulation, air source heat pump, hot water heater, air conditioning, and appliances. This program gives you the benefit of a comprehensive energy assessment as well as the freedom to work with any contractor you like, or do the installations yourself. Considering new windows, doors or insulation? Here’s where it gets more complicated. The Green ON program doesn’t cover the cost of an energy assessment, but it offers much higher rebates on windows, doors, and insulation. If you are interested in an alternative heating system, there are generous rebates for the installation of ground source heat pumps and air source heat pumps too.

Depending on what your house needs, you may be able to successfully “double dip” from both the Green ON and Home Reno programs. If you want the energy assessment, you can enroll in the Home Reno rebate program if there are at least two qualifying measures you plan to do under that program. For example, you might replace your furnace and air conditioner, or your furnace and one window.

But save multiple windows and any insulation job for the richer Green ON program. The catch is, however, the Green ON program is limited to specific qualified contractors, and there aren’t many registered yet in Thunder Bay. It’s worth your while to do some research if you have any energy related renovations in the works this year, as the rebates available are substantial.

The Walleye


FebruaryEventsGuide FebruaryEventsGuide February 1–17

February 2–3

February 7–10 & 14–17

Magnus Theatre

Confederation College Lecture Theatre

Paramount Theatre

Follies 2018: Legends

The River

On a moonless night in August when the sea trout are ready to run, a man brings his new girlfriend to the remote family cabin where he has come for the fly-fishing since he was a boy. But she’s not the only woman he has brought here—or indeed the last. A haunting mystery that will have audiences on the edge of their seats.

February 1, 8, 15

Wet Felted Landscape Workshop Vintage Pixie Studio

In this workshop you will be working with fibres to create a gorgeous work of art. You will learn the technique of wet felting, basic needle felting, simple free motion embroidery, and embellishment with beads and ribbon. For all skill levels.

February 2, 7 pm

Stories of Truth 2.0 Poetry Night

Definitely Superior Art Gallery

Racialized Young Professionals network presents Stories of Truth 2.0 poetry night at DefSup, featuring local poets Jana-Rae Yerxa and Ardelle Sagutcheway, and guests Shadiya Aidid and Nasim Asgari. There will be a poetry open mic to end the event. All are welcome. Tickets are $10 at the door (cash only) or in advance via eventbrite. com. Sponsored by DefSup, Diversity Thunder Bay, Thunder Bay Multicultural Association, and LU Women’s Studies and Political Science departments.

The Producers

Directors Lawrence and Candi Badanai bring the raucous metatheatrical comedy, The Producers, to Thunder Bay. See this month’s Top Five for more info.

On a dark and stormy night travelers take shelter in Mistress Copperpott’s Inn at the Crossroads, to entertain themselves during the long dark night they share stories, legends, myths and a little magic! Musical fun for the whole family proudly presented by the Confederation College Performing Arts Club. Reserve tickets by email.

February 7, 10:30 am–12:30 pm

Eat Smart Free Cooking Series Norwest Community Health Centre


Take home tasty food that you create! Runs the first Wednesday of every month. For February, make dishes with garbanzo beans, the low-cost, high fibre, high protein legume that can be worked into any meal.

February 2–8

Flashback Film Fest SilverCity Thunder Bay

Canada’s only coast-to-coast film festival will offer action, sci-fi and comedy favourites curated with the help of renowned film critic and host of Pop Life, Richard Crouse.


February 7, 8 pm

Rock, Paper, Scissors Tournament

February 3, 9 am–midnight

Craft for Heart

Red Lion Smokehouse

Are you a Rock, Paper, Scissors champion? Pit your skills against the masses to find out. Entry is $5 per person; winner receives $50 cash.

CLE Coliseum

A craft-a-thon fundraiser for the Heart and Stroke Foundation. See this month’s City Scene section for more info.

February 8, 7 pm

Un film de chasse de filles (Girls on the Hunt)

February 4, 2–4 pm

Winter Fundays Marina Park

Trinity Hall

Embrace winter by taking part in a different fun outdoor activity for free. And after you’ve enjoyed the Winter Funday activity outside, you can warm up with a creative activity inside the Baggage Building Arts Centre!

Presented as part of Vox Pop documentary nights. See this month’s Film and Theatre section for more info.


February 9–15

February 6, 7–9 pm

Hygge Festival

Paint and Wine Night 1 EVENTS GUIDE KEY

General Art Food

Sports Music

Grand Marais, MN

Gallery 33

A multi-day celebration of all things cozy. See this month’s City Scene section for more info.

The theme is “Winter Love Birds.” Cost is $35. All supplies included. Must register in advance; maximum 12 people. Bring your own beverage. 19+

February 10, 9 am

February 10, 6 pm

One Woman Fearless—Thunder Bay Summit

Finlandia Hunting & Fishing Club Wind Up Finlandia Club

Victoria Inn

Are you looking to make meaningful connections in your community? Then the One Woman Fearless— Thunder Bay Summit is where you want to be. See this month’s Top Five for more info.

Got the winter chills? Come warm up and join the party in support of the Finlandia Hunting & Fishing Club. Dinner, dancing, prizes, good company, and refreshments. Tickets are $40 and are available at the Hoito or from any committee member.


February 10, 5:30 pm

Until February 11

Valentine’s Dinner and Dance

National Story Blanket Thunder Bay Art Gallery

Columbus Centre

Including a symposium featuring music by the Gentlemen of Harmony, dinner, and dance with the music of Quest. Tickets as $45 per person.

The National Story Blanket is a large quilt composed of individual quilts that are representations of reconciliation and decolonization in local communities across Canada.

February 11, 8 am–2 pm

February 10, 6 pm

Thunderwolves Indoor Marathon

The Creative Art Auction Gala

Lakehead University Hangar

The Chanterelle

This will be a night to get dressed up in your finest and indulge in the culinary, musical and visual arts right here in our city. Featuring dinner by Tomlin and musical entertainment by Robin Ranger and Matt Sellick. Tickets are $125 and available at The Creative, ChocoLitts, Sweet Escape Bakery, From the Heart Florist, and Unveiled Bridal Boutique.

This year’s event features a full marathon, half marathon, 10 km run and walk, as well as a marathon relay. The full marathon is a 211lap race and perfect weather is guaranteed! Proceeds from this event support children’s mental health education and prevention initiatives through the Children’s Centre Foundation Thunder Bay. All funds remain local to help families here at home. indoormarathon

February 10, 6 pm

Valentine’s Dinner and Dance

February 11, 10 am–4 pm

Felted Bunny Workshop

West Thunder Community Centre

This event will feature a buffet dinner followed by an evening of dancing with The CCR BAND. There will also be a bar open for the evening. Tickets are $35 each and there will only be 100 sold.


Vintage Pixie Studio

Create an adorable critter while learning the art of needle felting, in time for your spring and Easter decorating. You will also learn to make a wire armature so your bunny is fully poseable. All materials supplied, includes a light lunch.


Big-time entertainment. Itty bitty price. Limited time offer. Some conditions apply. Services available where access and technology permit. Visit for full details.

274 The Walleye The Walleye




For 12 months with 2 yr commitment

2017 Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. and RatpacDune Entertainment LLC. LEGO, the LEGO logo, the Minifigure and NINJAGO are © & ™ of the LEGO Group. © 2017 The LEGO Group. ©

February 11, 2–4 pm

Thunderwolves Day on the Waterfront Marina Park

Come for a skate with the Lakehead University Thunderwolves men’s hockey team on the rink at Prince Arthur’s Landing. Get some hockey tips, then warm up with a free hot chocolate or coffee from the Tim Hortons Coffee Truck and try a creative activity in the Baggage Building Arts Centre!


February 11, 6–8 pm

February 16, 7 pm

Brew & Beethoven 6: The Final Concerto O’Kelly VC Armoury

Enjoy a pint or two of Sleeping Giant Brewing Co. beer while listening to the TBSO perform works ranging from Beethoven to modern pop classics. Presented in a unique and casual atmosphere, Brew and Beethoven is your chance to hear the musicians up close and personal along with a beer brewed specially for this event.

Paint Night Fundraiser

February 17, 1–4 pm

A fundraising event to help send as many youth to CLAY as possible. CLAY is an excellent opportunity for youth all over Canada to get together for faith, fun, and fellowship while building friendship bonds that last a lifetime!

The 2B Seed Savers in conjunction with Roots to Harvest is pleased to present Seedy Saturday, a popular annual celebration of seeds and gardening. Bring packets of your own seeds to trade, or pick up seeds for a nominal charge. There will also be display tables by local non-profit organizations, seminars on interesting gardening topics, kids’ activities, and refreshments too!

St. Paul’s Anglican Church


February 13, 7–10 pm

A Classical Cocktail Party The Chanterelle

An evening of art, poetry, and music. See this month’s Music section for more info.

February 14, 7:15–9:30 pm

Lakehead Stamp Club Meeting Hammarskjöld High School Library

Program is a speaker and a table auction. Entry is free. Visitors are welcome.

February 14–18

Northern Fibers Retreat

North House Folk School, Grand Marais, MN

This five-day event, presented by North House Folk School in collaboration with the Grand Marais Art Colony, celebrates all things fiber arts. See this month’s Top Five for more info.

February 15, 7:30 pm


Thunder Bay Community Auditorium

Back by popular demand! The world’s favourite Abba tribute, and a Thunder Bay favourite as well!

Seedy Saturday

Oliver Road Community Centre

February 17, 6 pm

Fly Fishing Film Tour Thunder Bay Community Auditorium

February 19, 1–5 pm

February 24, 1–5 pm

February 27, 7–9 pm

Marina Park

Victoriaville Centre

Gallery 33

Snow Day

SnowDay is a free celebration of all things winter, centered around outstanding professional snow sculptures and featuring activities and entertainment for all ages. Participate in uncommon winter sports like fat biking, try making bannock over the fire, learn snow carving, play games, and go skating. Warming activities and craft demonstrations take place inside the Baggage Building Arts Centre and Mariner’s Hall.


February 19, 3:30 pm

Family Fun Day Magic Show The Urban Abbey

In celebration of the 10th anniversary of Miracles Await, Tyler Biloski will produce his first public show in over two years. This hour and a half long show will dive into a world of magic, comedy, and music. Tickets are available online.

February 22, 7 pm

Hops for Hearts

Sleeping Giant Brewing Co.

February 17, 9:30 pm

A brand new event in support of the Northern Cardiac Fund. Enjoy delicious tastings of local culinary goodies, each paired with handcrafted brews. All palates will be very pleased with both salty and sweet snacks on the menu. Not into beer? No worries! Wine will also be available for purchase all night long.

Red Lion Smokehouse

February 14, 7:15–9:30 pm

An evening of short films presented by the North Shore Steelhead Association. See this month’s Film and Theatre section for more info.

Music Bingo

Music Bingo combines your favourite tunes with traditional bingo. Each player receives a music bingo card with a random assortment of songs titles and artists. Instead of calling out numbers, the DJ plays the music. Singing along is recommended. Bring your friends, grab a beer, and get ready to win some prizes!

Lakehead Stamp Club Meeting

February 18, 12:30–5 pm

Clay Wall Décor Workshop Vintage Pixie Studio

A new spin on polymer clay. Create a unique Mandala design in clay, playing with colours and textures. All materials supplied.

February 18, 2–4 pm

Winter Fundays Marina Park

Embrace winter by taking part in a different fun outdoor activity for free. And after you’ve enjoyed the Winter Funday activity outside, you can warm up with a creative activity inside the Baggage Building Arts Centre!


Hammarskjöld High School Library

Program is a quiz and a floor auction. Entry is free. Visitors are welcome.

February 24

20th Annual Scrabble Fundraising Tournament Intercity Shopping Centre

The Thunder Bay Literacy Group will be hosting their annual Scrabble fundraising tournament in the Intercity Shopping Centre Promotions Court. Help make the event a success by signing up to play and collecting pledges, giving a donation for the prize baskets, or by volunteering on the day of the tournament.


February 24, 1–4 pm

Ask an Author Waverley Library

Come out to Northwestern Ontario Writers Workshop’s inaugural Ask an Author event. See this month’s City Scene section for more info.

Science Carnival This one-day community event provides families with the opportunity to participate in engaging and fun science and technology activities, visit with well over 20 exhibitors showcasing presentations, labs, and attractions, all using local and global science concepts and engineering principles. Also enjoy live science shows and entertainment for a festive event!

February 24–25

Sculpting a Petit Fleur Workshop Vintage Pixie Studio

In this two-day workshop you will sculpt a young fairy child. The adorable costuming and embellishing will be done on day two. This is a full body sculpt. No experience required.

February 25, 2–4 pm

Bannock Over the Fire Marina Park

Join the Thunder Bay Indigenous Friendship Centre for Bannock over the Fire. Learn how to make this delicious treat and then cook it over the fire!


Until February 25

Wood Quill Stone: Works from the Permanent Collection

Wine and Paint Night 2 The theme is “White Silhouette.” All supplies included. Must register ahead; maximum 12 people. Bring your own beverage. 19+.

February 28, 5–8 pm

safeTALK Training Norwest Community Health Centre

SafeTALK is three-hour training that prepares those, over the age of 15, to identify persons with thoughts of suicide and connect them to suicide first aid resources.

February 28, 8–10 pm

Pub Quiz Night

Red Lion Smokehouse

The last Wednesday of every month is Quiz Night at Red Lion Smokehouse. Teams of up to 6 players. Cost is $2 per person. Prizes to be won. Booking recommended; walk-ins welcome. Minimum spend of $20 per person.

February 28–March 3 & March 7–10, 7:30 pm


First-Wesley United Church

Cambrian Players presents the classic Shakespearean tragedy. See this month’s Film and Theatre section for more info.

Thunder Bay Art Gallery The gallery is proud to continue to display works from our 1600+ piece permanent collection in this exhibition.

Until March 11

At Pelican Falls focuses on experiential connection and archival intimacy within specific places. Organized and circulated by PLATFORM Centre for photographic and digital arts.

Until February 25

Converging Lines: Recent Art From the Northwest Thunder Bay Art Gallery

Converging Lines features the work of regional Indigenous artists and draws inspiration from the connective, emanating power lines found in the works of established Anishinaabe artists such as Norval Morrisseau, Roy Thomas, and Ahmoo Angeconeb.

February 26, 8 pm

The Debaters Live Thunder Bay Community Auditorium

The Debaters Live is the comedy stage show where comics go toe-totoe in a battle of laughs and logic and the audience picks the winner. This special live event features host Steve Patterson and two of his favourite comics performing stand-up and two hilarious debates in the format made popular by the hit nationally broadcasted Canadian radio program.

At Pelican Falls: Rebecca Belmore

Thunder Bay Art Gallery

Until April 7

Urban Infill: Art In The Core 12 (Series) Presented by Definitely Superior Art Gallery

The next evolution of creative possibilities! Revitalizing our downtown north core by capitalizing on assets of arts/culture and linking/ reinforcing connections through accessible empty spaces and active arts/business/social spaces. Engage with 18 multidisciplinary art projects between January and April, featuring works by 400 regional/ national/international artists at 25 downtown locations. Rediscover the Waterfront District through contemporary art!

The Walleye The Walleye

75 3

FebruaryMusicGuide February 1 Jazzy Thursday Nights


Prime Time Karaoke

February 5 Every Folk’n Monday Night

The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

PA Legion Branch 5 8:30 pm • No Cover • 19+

The Cover Show 21 – Night 2

Dragon’s Den 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 6 Royal Canadian College of Open Stage Thursdays with Organists Presents Concert Craig Smyth & Tiina Flank and Workshop Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 2 Greenbank: Glory Days Album Release – Part 1 The Chanterelle 7 pm • $25 • AA

Brett Kissel

Thunder Bay Community Auditorium 7:30pm • $45-$55 • 19+

Dueling Pianos Rockhouse 9pm • $5 • 19+

The Cover Show 21 – Night 3 Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

Plan B (The Band)

The Royalton 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

Greenbank: Glory Days Album Release – Part 2

First-Wesley United Church TBA • No Cover • AA

Thunder Bay Community Band Jam Night 250 Park Ave 7:30 pm • No Cover • AA

The Best Karaoke In Thunder Bay The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 7 Ewan Macintyre The Foundry 9 pm • $TBA • 19+

February 8 Jazzy Thursday Nights The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

Prime Time Karaoke PA Legion Branch 5 8:30 pm • No Cover • 19+

Open Stage Thursdays

Elle Kay + Reilly Scott + Mike Lucer Beaux Daddy’s 6:30 pm • $5 • AA

Opera Northwest Presents Puccini’s Suor Angelica and Gianni Schicchi St Paul’s Anglican Church 7:30 pm • $TBA • AA


Thunder Bay Community Auditorium 7:30 pm • $39-$59 • AA

Masquerave 2018

Crocks 10 pm • No Cover (before 11 pm with a mask) • 19+

February 11 Open Jam

PA Legion Branch 5 8 pm • No Cover • AA


Dragon’s Den 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 12 Every Folk’n Monday Night The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 9 TBSO Masterworks 2: The Romantics

The Foundry 1 pm • No Cover • 19+

Community Auditorium 7:30 pm • $12-$43 • AA

TBSO Pops 4: Music In the Dark

Harpdog Brown w/ Graham Guest

The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

Honest Heart Collective

February 14 Gord Bamford

Crocks 8 pm • $10 • 19+

Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

February 4 The Green House ft. Miss Temperance, Aticka, Matt Migz, Pat Jones, Steve Michael, ANM

Centennial Botanical Conservatory Noon • No Cover • AA

Open Jam

PA Legion Branch 5 8 pm • No Cover • AA

Dueling Pianos Rockhouse 9 pm • $5 • 19+

DJ Big D

The Foundry 10 pm • $5 • 19+

Mardi Gras Party The Royalton 10 pm • $TBA • 19+

February 10 Folk’n Saturday Afternoons

The Foundry 1 pm • No Cover • 19+

4 The Walleye 76 The Walleye

February 13 Thunder Bay Community Band Jam Night 250 Park Ave 7:30 pm • No Cover • AA

The Best Karaoke In Thunder Bay

Thunder Bay Community Auditorium 7:30 pm • $45 • AA

Melissa Plett

The Apollo 8 pm • $TBA • 19+

February 15 Jazzy Thursday Nights The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

Prime Time Karaoke PA Legion Branch 5 8:30 pm • No Cover • 19+

Open Stage Thursdays The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 23 Dueling Pianos Rockhouse 9 pm • $5 • 19+

Heavy Metal Night

Arts & Heritage Awards After Party

Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

The Angies

February 17 Folk’n Saturday Afternoons

Black Pirates Pub 10 pm • $5 • 19+

Open Stage Thursdays

Rockhouse 9 pm • $5 • 19+

WERQ presents Drag & DJ Party

Club Retro / Hodder Tavern 9 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 3 Folk’n Saturday Afternoons

The Cover Show 21 – Night 4

Dueling Pianos

The Royalton 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

PA Legion Branch 5 8 pm • $15 • 19+

PA Legion Branch 5 7 pm • $20 • 19+

Rockin’ Current River

The Foundry 11 pm • $5 • 19+

Thunder Bay Community Auditorium 7:30 pm • $12-$43 • AA

February 16 Johnny Cash Tribute Night 1

The Foundry 1 pm • No Cover • 19+

Johnny Cash Tribute Night 2

Red Lion Smokehouse 9 pm • No Cover • 19+


The Royalton 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 24 Folk’n Saturday Afternoons

The Foundry 1 pm • No Cover • 19+

John Booth

PA Legion Branch 5 7 pm • $20 • 19+

Beaux Daddy’s 6:30 pm • No Cover • AA

February 18 TBSO Family 3: Once Upon An Orchestra

Consortium Aurora Borealis Presents: Celebrating the Flute Featuring Doris Dungan

Grassroots Church 3:30 pm • $3-$12 • AA

Open Jam

PA Legion Branch 5 8 pm • No Cover • AA


Dragon’s Den 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 19 Mini Pop Kids

Thunder Bay Community Auditorium 2 pm • $31-$54 • AA

Every Folk’n Monday Night The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 20 Thunder Bay Community Band Jam Night 250 Park Ave 7:30 pm • No Cover • AA

The Best Karaoke In Thunder Bay The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 22 Jazzy Thursday Nights

St. Paul’s United Church 8 pm • $10-$15 • AA

February 25 Open Jam

PA Legion Branch 5 8 pm • No Cover • AA


Dragon’s Den 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 26 Every Folk’n Monday Night The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

February 27 Thunder Bay Community Band Jam Night 250 Park Ave 7:30 pm • No Cover • AA

Serena Ryder

Thunder Bay Community Auditorium 7:30 pm • $45 • AA

The Best Karaoke In Thunder Bay The Foundry 10 pm • No Cover • 19+

The Foundry 7 pm • No Cover • 19+

Hip Hop Showcase Black Pirates Pub 8 pm • $TBA • AA

Prime Time Karaoke

Brought to you by:

PA Legion Branch 5 8:30 pm • No Cover • 19+

For more info visit

LU RADIO’S MONTHLY TOP February Show Spotlight


Top 20 1 Gord Downie* Introduce Yerself Arts & Crafts

14 The Rural Alberta Advantage* The Wild Paper Bag Records 15 Trevor Sensor Andy Warhol’s Dream Jagjaguwar 16 The Elwins* Beauty Community Hidden Pony

2 Destroyer* ken Merge Records

Up The Creek

Hosted by Becky Suttle Saturdays 4-5 pm Up the Creek has made its home at CILU radio as one of its newest shows. Hosted by Becky Suttle, a wild bush woman from Halifax, Nova Scotia. The show highlights music from all over Canada, past and present. Join in on the discovery of what makes Canadian music unique every Saturday 4-5pm at 102.7FM or Follow on Instagram @UpTheCreek

Song of the moment: Plimsoll Punks Alvvays

3 Weaves* Wide Open Buzz Records 4 Vulfpeck Mr. Finish Line Vulf Records 5 St. Vincent MASSEDUCTION Loma Vista 6


King Gizzard & The Lizard Wizard Polygondwanaland Self-Released

7 Chad VanGaalen* Light Information Flemish Eye

17 Protomartyr Relatives in Descent Domino 18 Blue Youth* Blue Youth EP Grind Central 19 Alvvays* Antisocialites Polyvinyl 20 1971* No Matter Where You Go, There You Are Art of the Uncarved Block

Electronic 1 Petit Biscuit Presence Frontside Group

Hip Hop


1 Malcolm-Jay* The Enemy Within Self-Released

1 Whimm* A Stare Ajar Pleasance

2 Def3* Small World Urbnet 3 Young RJ Blaq Royalty Ne’Astra Music Group 4 Bingx My E.G.O. AVJ Records 5 Touch* Journey to the West Hand’Solo

International 1 Minor Empire* Uprooted Self-Released 2 Lemon Bucket Orkestra* If I Had The Strength Self- Released 3 So Long Seven* Kala Kalo Self- Released 4 The Souljazz Orchestra* Under Burning Skies Do Right! Music 5 Boogat* San Cristobal Baile Inn Maisonette

8 The Pack A.D.* Dollhouse Cadence Music Group


9 Terra Lightfoot* New Mistakes Sonic Unyon 10 Phono Pony* Death By Blowfish Self-Released

2 Fever Ray Plunge Mute

11 Soapboxer* Lush Self-Released

3 Mich Cota* Kijà/Care Egg Paper Factory

12 The Fallers* Get In, Loser Self-Released


13 Moon Eyed* Haleiwa Pleasance Records

CILU 102.7fm’s Monthly Charts for this issue reflect airplay for the month ending January 19, 2018. Check out our weekly charts online at or tune in to the weekly Top 20 Countdown Saturday from 5-7pm (or the rebroadcast Monday 4-6pm) on 102.7fm in Thunder Bay or stream us live world-wide at

Shanghai Restoration Project R.U.R Undercover Culture Music

5 Blue Hawaii* Tenderness Arbutus


PJ Perry Quartet* Alto Gusto (Live at the Yardbird Suite) Cellar Live

2 Alex Pangman* Alex Pangman’s Hot Three! Justin Time 3 Carn Davidson 9* Murphy Self-Released

2 Slow* Against the Glass (Reissue) Artoffact 3 METZ* Strange Peace Royal Mountain 4 Protomartyr Relatives in Descent Domino 5 The Dreadnoughts* Foreign Skies Self-Released

Folk•Roots•Blues 1 Bird City* Winnowing Label Fantastic 2 Buffy Sainte-Marie* Medicine Songs True North 3 The Deep Dark Woods Yarrow Six Shooter 4 Steevn Fools Gold Self-Released 5 Rory Taillon* Only Whispers Self-Released * Indicates Canadian Content

4 Kamasi Washington Harmony of Difference Young Turks 5 Søren Nissen* Departures Self-Released

The Walleye Walleye

77 5


Arctic Outbreaks and their Downstream Effects Story by Graham Saunders, Photo by Julian Holenstein Rod Karhu trekking on Lake Superior near Caribou Island


n the winter season, extremely cold air is normally in place in the high Arctic around or near the North Pole. Thanks to a meandering jet stream, some of this frigid air can be transported to middle and southern North America. Sometimes, especially if this intrusion of bitter air is persistent and/ or penetrates down to the Gulf of Mexico, it is dubbed as a “polar vortex” or “Siberian Express.” A version of the “polar vortex” has existed at least since the last ice age and the term was used in scientific circles in the mid-20th Century.

A few years ago it was widely adopted by the media and the public as a synonym for the misery associated with cold weather. “Siberian Express” is catchy, but while southern Canada may endure similar cold conditions to Siberia, a direct funnel of cold does not take place. Temperatures around the North Pole can be warmer than in Ontario and Minnesota. Arctic outbreaks, especially when coupled with moderate or stronger winds, can have dramatic effects over and next to the Great Lakes. This means there is potential for dangerous wind chill

conditions. For open water on lakes it translates into massive evaporation and often huge snow accumulations when moist air reaches land on the other side of lakes. The arctic airflow can also result in remarkable drops in temperature on land -20 or -25° C in 24 hours is easily possible. The water temperature declines more slowly. As an example, just prior to the winter solstice last December, it was about 0° C in Thunder Bay; the average water temperature of Lake Superior was 3.6° C. This was soon followed by a swath of arctic air

that gripped most of central North America for two weeks—similar in cold and duration to a time in 1886. The abnormally cold air caused ice cover on the Great Lakes to increase rapidly. All of the lower Great Lakes had ice cover at least two weeks earlier than their long-term average. On January 5, Lake Erie was nearly 80% ice-covered and Lakes Huron, Michigan, and Ontario had set records for early ice formation. Lake Superior was the rebel with 11% coverage, which was typical for this far into the winter season. As well, most of the coverage on Lake Superior was not “fast ice,” (fastened to the shoreline and continuous). Lake Superior merely cooled to 2.3° C by the end of the cold snap on January 7. Harbours and bays had ice formation and icebreakers struggled to maintain channels to open water. However, once off-shore, freighters had clear sailing… until they reached locks and canals in the lower Lakes. Typically, (and full disclosure—there is nothing typical about the 2018 winter and ice season) ice coverage peaks by mid-February and various port authorities and shipping companies scramble to get boats carrying various cargoes by late March. Does the accelerated start to ice on the Great Lakes imply that “ice-out” will take place later in the spring? Seasonal or warmer-than-average temperatures would mean typical timing in March. Another severe arctic outbreak or two? Unlikely this winter, but such weather would change the odds.

Power Off and Play! Healthy tip: Build a balanced day! Take time to play without electronic devices.

@ healthykidstbay @ healthykidstbay

78 The Walleye

healthykidstbay www

WASTE & SNOWBANKS DON’T MIX! t h u n d e r b ay. c a /re c yc l e



Recycling! RECYC L






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Administrative Assistant Bookkeeper Receptionist/Medical Receptionist Data Entry Clerk Law Clerk HR Assistants

Sugar, Sugar Story and Photo by Marlene Wandel

Whether you’re fresh out of school or enjoying retirement, temporary staffing has the flexibility to suit your needs. From competitive salaries to transitioning into permanent positions, Phelpsgroup wants to be there for you.


Build your busines


t’s February. New Year’s resolutions and the attendant January detoxes and cleanses are in the rearview, and the heart-shaped boxes of chocolate and candy are on full display for the next onslaught of sugary indulgence. It’s tempting, but now that sitting is the new smoking, and sugar is the new tobacco, can we? Sugar is under fire these days as the new dietary scourge. Sugar hasn‘t suddenly become that much worse for us, but the wolf in sheep’s clothing has become unmasked. For decades, thanks to the influence of the Sugar Association (previously known as the Sugar Research Foundation), the link between dietary sugar intake and cardiovascular health was minimized while fat was demonized as the culprit. Consequently, we eschewed the fat and chewed on jujubes instead. We knew that eating more sugar caused weight gain and was linked to insulin resistance—the precursor to diabetes—and we definitely knew that it wasn’t great for your teeth, but the link to cardiovascular health was mostly buried to the public until recently. Last year’s headlines

80 The Walleye

of research findings over half a century ago (1965), linking a high sugar diet to increased risk of stroke, heart attacks, and heart disease have certainly stoked the fires of the anti-carb burning crowd. The evidence is clear, but the data is confusing. Canadians, on average consume 26 teaspoons of sugar per day. WHO guidelines say ideal consumption of added sugar should be less than 5% of daily caloric intake, but realistic expectations can be set at 10%. Increased risk of fatal cardiac events is seen at sugar intakes greater than 15%, and individuals who get 25% of their daily calories from sugar are twice as likely to die of heart disease. Different sources list that 10% as being anywhere from six to 13 teaspoons. Canadian food labels list sugars in grams and without a recommended daily allowance, simply because there isn’t one. The percent DV (daily value) is based on average, not recommended consumption. Confused yet? It’s difficult for the average consumer to convert the grams to teaspoons to percentages without a pocket calculator and a minimal grasp of chemistry. 1113 Jade Court Suite 104, Thunder Bay, ON P7B 6M7 Phone: 807-345-9638

Build your business b

Own your futu

Soft drinks now tout themselves as healthy for using real sugar instead Become an Investors Group Consultan of high fructose corn syrup and the entrepreneurial environment where yo Canadian Sugar Institute insists that Become an Investors Group Consultant, and without added sugar, some health- entrepreneurial environment where you’re i We’re looking for talented, committed ful foods would be practically inedOwn your future Canadians with a consistent and enga looking for talented, committed peop ible, and so adding sugar actually We’re Become an Investors Group Consultant, and own your future in an fi Build your business by Canadians with a consistent and engaging makes us eat better. entrepreneurial environment you’re in control. helpingwhere others The bad news is, too much sugar Sound like the career you’ve been sear Sound like the career you’ve been searching Become and Investors Group looking for talented, committed people to help us provide is definitely bad for you.We’re The good Consultant, and own your future Canadians with a consistent and engaging financial planning experien news is, too much of pretty much in an entrepreneurial environment anything is bad for you. Sound The penwhere you’re in control. like the career you’ve been searching for? dulum has swung from the low fat We’re looking for talented, committed people to help obsession of the 80s and 90s to the us provide Canadians with a high fat/low carb “keto” We dietsinvite of this you to talkand toengaging us. Together we can consistent decade. No doubt research ten years financial planning experience. decide if this is the right opportunity for you from now will spur other dietary Sound like a career you’ve been searching for? trends. We invite you to talk to us. What we do know is that enjoyTogether we can decide if this is ing the magic of honeybees and the right opportunity for you. maple trees seems de rigueur for us northern folk and there’s something so Canadian about the occasional hot chocolate on a frosty winter day, L. Yocom Donna L. Yocom or a s’more over a summerDonna campRegional Director Insurance produ Donna Regional Investors Group Financial Services Inc. Director L. Yocom Services Inc. Ins Regional Tel: (807) 345-6363 fire. Instead of bandying about teaAssurance Comp Investors GroupDirector Financial Services Inc. Donna L. Yocom Tel: (807) variable-income Investors Group Financial Services Inc. 345-6363 Investors Group. spoons and grams and percentages, Tel: (807) 345-6363 review process. and territories in it’s a start to be mindful of the word only to one office review process. I “occasion,” and have a treat INVESTORSGROUP.COM/EN/CAREERS someand territories in only to one office © Investors Grou times. A birthday just isn’t aINVESTORSGROUP.COM/EN/CAREERS birthINVESTORSGROUP.COM/EN/CAREERS day without cake—but maybe just INVESTORSGROUP.COM/EN/CAREERS don’t eat the whole thing.

Build your business by helping ot

Weinvite invite you to talk to Tu We you to talk to us. decide if this is the right decide if this is the right oppo

Regional Director Investors Group Financial Services Inc. Tel: (807) 345-6363

Insurance products and services distributed through I.G. Services Inc. Insurance license sponsored by The GreatAssurance Company. This is a full-time opportunity to estab variable-income and self-employed business in associa Investors Group. Submissions are subject to an initial and

and territories in Canada. Please submit your Résumé/Ap Submissions are subject to an initial and on

and territories in Canada. Please submit your Résumé/Ap

© Investors Group Inc. 2017 MP1443 (09/2017)

Insurance products and services distributed through I.G. Insurance Services Inc. Insurance license sponsored by The Great-West Life Assurance Company. This is a full-time opportunity to establish a variable-income and self-employed business in association with Investors Group. Submissions are subject to an initial and ongoing review process. Investors Group offices are located in all provinces and territories in Canada. Please submit your Resume/Application only to one office. © Investors Group Inc. 2017 MP1443 (09/2017)


midweek vacation from thunder bay By Noah Cain

Noah Cain teaches high school English, writes, and coaches hockey in Winnipeg. His work is forthcoming or appears in various publications including CV2, carte-blanche, and Hart House Review. Noah grew up and attended university in Thunder Bay.

a jeep man steers with his knees, pours a small tim’s into a robin’s travel mug few glugs of baileys from the bottle under his seat faded tan prowler, faded orange stripe in tow—twelve footer on the roof rack he welded himself beads of condensation cling to the old vienna bottle in his right hand, scans the wrong side of a nameless nolalu road for the turnoff to canthook lake white tail on a pink jig lifejacket zipped tight though the water’s glassy three picks on a stringer putt-putting twelve-and-a-half-horse water from an upturned home depot bucket after a sweat in the makeshift plywood sauna is cleansing

L e dimanche 4 mars / S unday, M arch 4th Thunder B ay International W omen’s J ournée Day internationale de la femme V enez célébrer avec nous !

C ome C elebrate w ith us !

L ’ H eure du thé royal

R oyal H igh Tea

pour femmes et enfants 5 $ - adulte 3 $ - 5 à 12 ans 4 ans et moins -  gratuit

for W omen and C hildren $ 5 - adult $ 3 - 5 to 12 years 4 years and under - free

1ier s ervice : 12 h 30 à 14 h  2e s ervice :  15 h à 16 h 30

1s t s itting - 12: 30 pm to 2 pm 2e s itting - 3 pm to 4: 30 pm

R S V P car les places s ont limitées par s ervice

R S V P (s paces are limited during each s itting)

glowing in the smoulder of a pallet fire long way from the farm (and anything at all) moon rising smell of deet belly full with fish and old vienna he tries not to blame the woman who raised him for how she did it your mother was a real looker tail end of a bender cracks the blue cap off another.

C entre francophone 2 3 4 , rue V an N orm an S treet 807 684 -1955 centrelles .com/res ervation

Le programme de C entr’E lles bénéficie du s outien financier du gouvernement de l'Ontario F unding for C entr’E lles program is provided by the G overnment of Ontario

Your Best Source for Firewood!

Birch | Poplar | Black Ash | Dry Pine Pick-up or Delivery Available

3079 Dog Lake Road

807.632.5220 |

The Walleye


Keegan Richard


The Bay Street Bastards raising the roof at the recent Tumblestone Fundraiser at Black Pirates Pub

OPEN FAMILY DAY I 82 The Walleye

♥ Valentines Day


379 Oliver Road, Thunder Bay, ON P7B 2G1 807 344 6761



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February 2018  

What makes dessert so wonderful is that it’s a choice! No shoulds, all coulds. And we’ve laid out twelve options for you. Whether chocolate...

February 2018  

What makes dessert so wonderful is that it’s a choice! No shoulds, all coulds. And we’ve laid out twelve options for you. Whether chocolate...