the Wake Forest Review
The Independent Newspaper at Wake Forest Universityâ„˘// Vol. II, Issue 2 // Spring 2017
Koch on Campus
Wake Forest Faculty Attempts to Silence Eudaimonia & Free Speech
Anthony S. Palumbo
Our First Year Sabin R. Sidney
Harold J. Eustache
We're Human Woman Farahn Morgan
Our Anniversary Issue: The Story of Us
A NOTE from THE STAFF Dear Readers, Welcome back to another print edition of The Wake Forest Review. We hope you enjoyed your spring breaks and Easter celebrations since our last time together in January. And for our student readers, keep going! Summer is just on the horizon. Can you taste the sweet, cold, refreshing Arnold Palmer yet? If you noticed the front cover, we call this issue "Our Anniversary Issue: The Story of Us." That is because we are excited and humbled to celebrate one year since Review was founded. This past year has certainly been incredible and life-changing for all of us. The Review has had an extremely positive impact on all of our lives, and we truly believe we have found a cause worth fighting for. Even though this has only been our first year, we have grown exponentially. Thank you to all who have been here with us in our journey, inluding students, mentors, donors, alumni, parents, and community members. In this issue, we cover one of the greatest attacks to free speech committed by the Wake Forest faculty. This year, the Charles Koch Foundation donated $3.7 million to the Eudiamonia Institute, the new organization dedicated to studying human flourishing, and the faculty had nothing short of an epic meltdown. Editor-in-Chief Anthony Palumbo gives the whole breakdown of the story, and calls out the liberal faculty for its blatant hypocrisy. Additionally, we also feature two conservative alumni: Farahn Morgan ('09, JD '14) and Harold Eustache (JD '14) who tell us their stories. Finally, Sabin Sidney tells our story from this past year. We are pleased to serve as the leadership for Review and work alongside a dedicated group of free-thinking conservatives. Thank you very much to our Editorial Board and our business staff. And welcome to our newest additions to the conservative conspiracy: Nick Gorman, Daniel Gemma, Maia Kennedy, Charles Knox, Jordan Lancaster, Ben Neugebauer, and Harrison Popp. Finally, thank you for being here with us this past year. As we close out our first year of Wake Forest Review, we are eager to share this last issue with you for the semester. We sincerely hope that you have a blessed summer vacation, and good luck to all students on finals!
Here's to Year 1.
Anthony S. Palumbo Editor-in-Chief
the Wake Forest Review Founder & Executive Director Sabin Sidney Editor-in-Chief Anthony Palumbo Managing Editor Michael Blevin Associate Editors Ciara Ciez Claire Tuffey Michael Tuffey Contributors Griffin Bennetti Zach Kuchan Camille Cummings Jordan Lancaster Daniel Cordero George Little Michael England Tyler Miller Trey Gibson Ben Neugebauer Nick Gorman Harrison Popp Daniel Gemma Nick Reitzel Maia Kennedy Jacob Selvey Charles Knox Tom Vander Woude President Owen Pickard Vice President J.P Hayes Carl McPhail Director of Strategic Operations Ryan J. Wolfe
Sabin R. Sidney Founder & Executive Director
Board of Directors George Aldhizer, Jill Bader, Tom Brister, Brooke Burr, Allan Louden, Todd Poole, Joseph Macy, Robert Wall, Robert Whaples The Wake Forest Review is an independent student publication produced by The Winston-Salem Review, Inc., a 501(c) (3) nonprofit organization. The opinions expressed in arti-
cles, features, photos, cartoons, artwork, ads, editorials are
solely those of the individual author(s) and do not necessary reflect the opinions of the Editor or Editor-in-Chief. Wake
Forest University is not responsible for the content of The
Wake Forest Review, nor is The Wake Forest Review responsible for the content of Wake Forest University. Member of the Collegiate Network.
The Winston-Salem Review, Inc. P.O Box 6525 Winston-Salem, NC 27109
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Printed by Sir Speedy in Winston-Salem.
SPRING 2017 // VOLUME 2 // ISSUE 2 ICYMI
From the Forest Tyler Miller
Yays! and Nays Camille Cummings
Not a Zip Code Nick Reitzel
'All in the Chemistry' Harrison Popp
The Beginning of Many Mike Tuffey and Ben Neugebauer
The Story of Us A Photo Essay
North Carolina Champions Once Again Tom Vander Woude
Our First Year Sabin Sidney
The Myth of Republican Conformity Daniel Cordero
Country Club Dues Increase Trey Gibson
Strength in Numbers George Little
Practice What You Chalk Michael England
Survivor Works to Equalize Jordan Lacaster
A Year of Volatility Nick Gorman
Curbing the Toxic Epidemic Griffin Bennetti and Michael Blevin
For Sale: U.S Federal Government Zach Kuchan
In Support of a Common Goal Ciara Ciez
First Year Speaks Against Sanctuary Ryan Wolfe
Schiller to Lead Students Daniel Gemma
Letter to the Editors: Internet Privacy Ted Yerdon
One Flag Harold Eustache (JD '14)
Koch on Campus Anthony Palumbo
Equal Sons and Equal Daughters Farahn Morgan (B.A '09, JD '14)
ICYMI New York, New York!
FROM I the
Springfest Road Trip ends with Big Apple 'Shag on the Mag'
t is no secret that our beloved Wake Forest University values its traditions. From rolling the Quad after a sweet victory, freshman walking through the Arch during Orientation, and even the beautiful lighting of the Quad and Lovefeast. But in the Springtime, Shag on the Mag is one of the many hallowed Deacon traditions. This year's "New York, New York" dance was on Friday, March, 31st on the Manchester Plaza (aka "The Mag"). Shag on the Mag is the iconic conclusion to Student Union's Springfest, and this year's theme was "Road Trip," in which each day represented a stop on a trip across America. One featured day was "New Orleans" on Thursday that had Cajun-style cooking, a firebreather, and a man on stilts. On Friday, in New York City, Deacons put on their best attire and had a night of fun, music, and dancing.
Conservative to Speak at Commencement
Historian Jon Meacham will Deliver 2017 Commencement Address
istorian and Pulitzer prize winner Jon Meacham will deliver the 2017 commencenet address on Monday, May 15th. Meacham has published many highly acclaimed biographies on United States leaders such as Thomas Jefferson, Andrew Jackson, and George H.W Bush. He has also written essays and reviews for The New York Times, The New York Times Book Review, The Washington Post, and The Los Angeles Times Book Review. In a Wake Forest press release, President Nathan O. Hatch stated, "Jon Meacham has the ability to analyze contemporary politics through the eyes of an historian. There is no better time for us to understand and appreciate how the past informs our future. We are honored he will deliver Wake Forest's commencement address."
The 48-Hour Election
Schiller wins Student Government Presidency after Tight Runoff
nce a year, students of the Wake Forest undergraduate community vote for their President. This year, they voted twice. On Tuesday, April 4th, all offices for Student Government (Senate, Secretary, Treasurer, Speaker, and President) were open for election. However, none of the three presidential candidates, Spencer Schiller, Suyash Keshari, and William Morgan achieved the required majority. Thus, the election was sent to a runoff for another 24 hours on Thursday, April 7th between Schiller and Keshari. The two campaigns were put to the test with getting out the "re-vote" and collecting Morgan's votes. To put a twist on the election, at exactly midnight on Thursday morning, Morgan endorsed Schiller. In the end, Spencer Schiller won the vote with approximately 53%, getting the required majority. Schiller will be one of the few outspoken conservatives to hold such high office. Tyler Primm Miller is a freshman from Thomasville, NC, planning on studying both History and Philosophy. He is a Contributor for The Wake Forest Review.
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YAYS & NAYS YAYS
1. Relocation of Chobani Station: I feel like my eyes have been opened to a new world as the Chobani is now located in prime Pit real estate. 2. Tie Dye Nation: Congratulations to our Deacon basketball players on a great season, beating #8 Louisville, and their first March Madness appearance since 2010! 3. Carolina Cup: A day long party surrounded by Lilly Pulitzer dresses, floppy hats, and the sweet smell of horses and hay. 4. Shag on the Mag: Bravo Student Union, well done on another successful Springfest! 5. Summer: Hang in there Deacs, just a few more weeks until we pack up and go home, get ready for summer classes, move to another city for internships, or even travel – whichever, it’s exciting! 6. Student Government elections: Congratulations to all who won, and a ‘hats-off-to-thee’ to Spencer Schiller for winning the Presidency after a grueling runoff! 7. Easter: I don’t know about you but Easter is a great time for family, reflection, Christ, and a sweet ham! He is Risen! 8. Beauty and the Beast: For Harry Potter fans and Disney fans alike, this is a tale as old as time and a must-see movie. 9. Crafted: A great new restaurant in downtown Winston-Salem. I recommend trying the Big Truck Rice Bowl (rice, pulled chicken, mac & cheese, onion strings, BBQ sauce, and a dash of heaven).
1. Busses breaking down: After a long, long day at Carolina Cup, worst case scenario is the bus breaking down. It did indeed occur this year. 2. Looming finals: *Cue "Jaws" music* The daunting finals are approaching rapidly... 3. All classes being full: Guess this is because I am a freshman still, but I was not able to get any of my top five classes as they were all full. 4. March Madness brackets: I don’t know about you, but mine started out strong, and ended terribly… hope this isn’t an omen for how my year will end… 5. Not having an ice cream shop on campus: I am just now learning that we used to have an ice cream parlor above the Pit. What and who in the world decided it was a good idea to shut it down? 6. Easter only being “observed”: If only all classes were canceled observing Easter and the resurrection of our Savior. 7. April Fool’s Day jokes: One of my friends got me good by confessing she was transferring from Wake…let’s just say I had a minor heart attack. Camille Cummings is a fresh8. Repeal of HB2 bill: Welp, I guess the NCAA will be ok with having man from Tallahassee, FL, games in North Carolina again… and is currently undecided on 9. Seniors graduating: This gives me anxiety about myself graduating, a major. She is a Contributor even though I have three more years. for The Wake Forest Review. 10. This being the final print issue of The Wake Forest Review this year!
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A Photo Essay of The Wake
77 Published Articles
(Top): Ryan Wolfe's first article creates a firestorm and shared on national media.
(Top): WFR visits Mike Pence rally in Winston-Salem as credentialed media on August 30, 2016.
(Top): Wake Forest Review officially lauches on August 19, 2016. (Right): WFR hosts a panel on the future of the Republican party in the Wake the Vote hub on October 26, 2016.
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(Bottom): WFR visits Donald Trump rally in Charlotte as credentialed media on October 14, 2016.
ry of Us
e Forest Review's First Year
Dollars Raised Jan - Mar
100 Percent Student-Run
(Top): WFR premieres "Truth without Fear" podcast with Anthony and Ciara on March 1, 2017. (Top): WFR visits the 58th Inauguration of President Donald Trump. On January 19, 2017, Sabin Sidney, JP Hayes, and Anthony Palumbo were blessed to visit Senator Richard Burr.
(Top): Second edition of WFR print comes out on February 10, 2017.
(Top): Winston-Salem Review is granted 501(c) (3) nonprofit status on December 16, 2016. (Left): WFR prints first-ever hard copy magazine on November 17, 2016.
(Bottom): Harold J. Eustache visits with WFR and College Republicans to discuss campus activism.
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Our First Year
A Year-End Revew of 'The Review' Sabin R. Sidney
omething strange is happening at Wake Forest. Remember that? That’s how I started my first column in The Wake Forest Review. I answered the ever-so-famous question, “Why we exist” as a publication. And in about one-thousand words, more or less, I answered that it’s to “balance the discussion” and “stand up to the liberals.” All very true, but what we really need to ask now is, “What have we done?” On May 1st, 2017, The Wake Forest Review will officially celebrate its one-year anniversary. And on that night, I will cheerfully pour myself a drink and raise it to that very same magazine, which is now framed and hanging on my dorm room wall. As I take a sip, I will be thinking, “What have we done to get ourselves here?” What is “here” though? Well, it’s being the only college conservative magazine at Wake Forest University. It’s being the only college conservative newspaper in North Sabin Sidney is a junior from Cedarburg, WI, studying Finance in the School of Business. He is the Founder and Executive Director of The Wake Forest Review.
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Carolina to host a weekly podcast and feature a U.S Congressman, U.S Senator, and chairman of the American Conservative Union. It’s being the only college conservative newspaper in North Carolina to report on two presidential campaign rallies as credentialed media. It’s hosting our own panel on conservatism, attending the Inauguration, becoming a nonprofit, raising over $10,000 in just three months, and printing our third hard copy magazine built entirely by students. This is what being “here” means. On May 1st, The Wake Forest Review will celebrate one of the most challenging and most rewarding years of our lives. The Beginning of the Rest of our Lives People always ask, “How did this get started?” My response to this is always that I started The Wake Forest Review in my dad’s coffee shop. I made my first contact on May 25th, 2016. It was to Anthony Palumbo. Then followed Michael Blevin, Owen Pickard, JP Hayes, Ryan Wolfe, and finally Ciara Ciez. All within about one month we became the original staff of The Review. And I’m pretty sure we had no idea what we were getting ourselves
into. It certainly was the beginning of the rest of our lives. One of our primary tasks was to complete the business plan. This was the original picture of our newspaper. It explained who we are, what we’re doing, our market, and finally our potential. Anthony, Owen, and myself worked on this throughout June, getting it ready for our first-ever grant proposal through the Collegiate Network. The Collegiate Network was the first contact we made outside of our new-born staff. It is a group of independent college newspapers, mostly conservative, that provides workshops and financial support. Throughout the summer, I was in touch with Jacob Lane, who is now working with the parent organization, Intercollegiate Studies Institute. In late July, I attended the Collegiate Network’s Editors Conference, in which many of these publications came together at Bryn Mawr College in Philadelphia for two days of collaboration, workshops, and even late-night viewings of the Republican National Convention. Additionally, Ryan and JP were working on other various projects to get the Review ready for our big debut before the school year started. JP was working on get-
FEATURES ting a fact-checking database set up and other sources in which authors could refer to when writing their articles. Ryan, on the other hand, was building a website as well as recuiting some other potential staff members. With everyone working hard over the summer, and taking their own time to build this publication from the ground-up, we could tell we were building something special. We were all-in. A few weeks before the semester, on August 19th, we officailly released our first article, "All Aboard the Trump Train," written by Ryan Wolfe. Now, this would not be the most controverisal article Ryan will have written for us. No, Ryan J. Wolfe lit one of the greatest fires a week into the fall semester in less than 500 words. Sink or Swim? We officially began our first semester with the first-of-many pitch meetings. All of the students who we recruited over the summer, about fifteen, came and pitched their ideas to write about. We had different categories written on the white board, such as "Campus" and "National" and even "Politics." During our pitching, Ryan raised his hand and suggested that we write a brief "Welcome to Wake" story for the incoming freshmen. We decided to call it "How to Survive College as a Conservative." As of today, that story has over 3,700 views. After that story came out, it was clear that we weren't just testing the waters. We jumped right into the deep end. Question was though, were we going to sink or swim? One of the major advantages of starting in the fall was the 2016 election. It gave us content almost daily, in which we focused on heavily to bolster our image as a conservative newspaper. Two events allowed us to experience the Presidential campaign at the forefront. The first was in Winston-Salem,
when then-Governor Mike Pence visited. Ryan suggested we apply for media credentials, even though it would be a long-shot. The day after we applied, I got an email from their press office. So, on the first day of classes, Ryan, JP, sophomore Matt Sebesta, and myself visited the campaign rally as "the media." We all got a few boos. Additionally, then-candidate Donald Trump came to Charlotte on October 14th. We again tried for press credentials, and once again we were granted access. In the Queen's City, we brought Ryan, JP, and freshman Tom Vander Woude for his first day on the job. JP took pictures, Ryan and Tom worked the table, while I ran point between the two. Finally, the last big event of the first semester was hosting our very own panel in late October. Wake the Vote offered us the opportunity to moderate a panel on "the future of the Republican party." We had four students: Ryan, Ciara, Joe Macy, and Lucy Porter. That night, many of our friends from the Review, as well as many of our new friends on the Left, showed up. The panel lasted about an hour, and it was a great opportunity from the school. These three main events really bolstered the Review's image and we carried this momentum to our very first print copy. The semester ended smoothly, and we swam our way to winter break. The Interim Between December and January, most of the interim was spent preparing to become a 501(c) (3) nonprofit. We recruited a board of directors, held our first meeting, and officially became a legal entity: The Winston-Salem Review, Inc. Calm, but Busy There was absolutely no time to waste coming back from winter break. We had our first pitch
meeting the first week of classes with Anthony as the new Editor-in-Chief. Familiar faces came back, and we even saw some new ones! The beginning to the spring was quieter than the fall. We were adjusting to our new roles, as half of us were trying to run the newspaper, while the other half was running the nonprofit. Further, we struggling to find stories, now that Trump had been elected and the political scene was fairly calm. However, all of that calmness would go away soon. The Wake Forest Review had the incredible opportunity to attend the Inauguration in Washington. So, Anthony, JP, and myself spent three days in the capital meeting alumni and viewing the Inauguration. We were able to connect with Jill Bader, Jack Kalavritinos, Jimmy Kemp, Farahn Morgan, and even Senator and Brooke Burr. It was probably the busiest 72 hours since the new semester started. The rest of the semester was calm, as we published articles here-and-there online, printed our second magazine in mid-February, and started the online "Truth without Fear" podcast featuring Anthony and Ciara. While not much was happening at the forefront, a lot was happening in the background with fundraising and community engagement. So for us, it was a calm, but busy, semester. As I take the last sip of my drink, I can look to all of our accomplishments we have made. The Wake Forest Review is not just a newspaper- it's an idea, built by students. I am forever grateful to anyone who has helped us become who we are today, including alumni, faculty, parents, students and leaders. Thank you to our students who believe in our cause and take their time to write for us. And finally, thank you for being here with us. We look forward to what the future holds. But in the meantime, here's to Year 1.
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Americans Must Transcend the Evils that Divide Us Harold J. Eustache
In 2004—amid the thick of summer—I entered my initial Infantry training at Fort Benning, Georgia. Whenever a drill sergeant walked in the room we would all have to stand up and yell in unison – “dead man walking drill sergeant!” Five years later and nine months into my deployment on a Chinook helicopter flying to a rescue mission in Afghanistan, I finally understood what that meant. My team was asked to plan a rescue mission for a Kiowa OH-58 helicopter that was shot down in the Pech River Valley. Fearing for the lives of the pilots, we quickly grabbed our gear and attended an intelligence briefing to prepare for the logistics of the mission. The Kiowa was shot down just miles from the Pakistan border in an extremely mountainous region of the country. We locked arms on the tarmac and said, as was customary, Harold J. Eustache (JD '14) is an Assistant District Attorney for Forsyth County. He is also a veteran of the United States Army.
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a quick prayer asking that if this be our last mission then we die with righteousness and that our brothers would be safe – and we were indeed brothers. Within an hour of getting
the call we were wheels up headed to the insertion point. I was tasked with running point and navigating the team of nearly fifteen from the insertion point to the objective. I had done this countless times before, but I knew that one false move or mistake could be fatal. We all did. At the beginning of the hour long
flight I looked at my GPS and map and ensured I understood our route. Then, I began to look around at the men whom I knew so well. I could see their eyes from the green glow of the night-vision googles. They were men that had the unmistakable stare of war. They were from every corner of the country; people whom I would have never known but for our common bond as brothers-inarms for America. The issues that seem to cause the most bickering stateside like race and political affinity were the furthest thing from our minds. We were united by our common mission, our common purpose, and we looked at ourselves as Americans first. My experience in the military allowed me to understand that it was possible for us as Americans to transcend some of the evils that divide us. In the fall of my sophomore year at Morehouse College, I began working on the George W. Bush presidential campaign. While working on the campaign I built a network with college Republicans across the state of Georgia and nationally. This prompted me to organize a College Republican chapter at Morehouse. In preparing all the
FEATURES "As a nation, the thing that defines us is not our race. When people ask me about being a black conservative, I respond by saying that 'I’m just a conservative like any other, although race is an important thing, it is not nearly THE most important thing about who I am.' We as Americans must feel the same way." founding paperwork I was notified that it was the first College Republican chapter ever at a Historically Black College or University (HBCU). I was proud to chart new territory, in fact; the chapter continues to thrive. However, establishing the chapter was no easy feat as I encountered resistance from some students, faculty, and administrators. Diversity of thought was only tolerated if it was thought shared by many of the more liberal students and faculty. Still we pressed on. I was able to grow it into a sizeable organization and eventually discovered that there were far more conservatives on campus than anyone had imagined – many were reluctant to speak out. Unfortunately, in 2017, the climate on college campuses and the nation as a whole has become even more polarized. I was called a bigot for supporting President Bush back then, but rarely did it affect
my social life or friends on campus – even as a Republican I was named Mr. Sophomore by my fellow students. Today, however, students are routinely slighted by faculty, their grades are undercut for voicing conservative positions, and sometimes they are even kicked out of the institution. What a shame. As a nation, the thing that defines us is not the color of our skin. When people ask me about being a black conservative, I respond by saying that “I’m just a conservative like any other, although race is an important thing, it is not nearly THE most important thing about who I am.” We as Americans must feel the same way. We are united by one flag and pledge of allegiance. Whenever we play to our most basic instincts and tribalism, we forget that the founders of the country played to their highest instincts when they leveraged the Constitution. That is who we are.
Back on the Chinook in Afghanistan, the issues of division on American soil were far from all of our minds as we began to approach the insertion point. I could hear on my headset that we were three minutes out and we all stood and checked our weapons and gear. Each man was loaded with nearly a total of one hundred pounds of gear in order to complete the mission. I remember looking every man in the eye. We were ready. We were no longer dead men walking, but rather men living to fulfill the mission of our country. As the Chinook landed and the ramp opened we were poised to do what American warriors have done since 1776 – so with eyes pierced and weapons raised we plunged once again into the darkness, united.
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Koch on Campus Wake Forest Faculty Attempts to Silence Eudaimonia & Free Speech.
ast month, Wake Forest’s Faculty Senate convened for their monthly meeting where an Ad Hoc Senate Committee presented their report about their concerns with the Eudaimonia Institute (EI) following their investigation. EI is a new institute on Wake Forest’s campus whose mission, “is to explore the elements of and institutions that support eudaimonia, or genuine human flourishing.” Following the Ad Hoc Committee’s presentation, members of the Faculty Senate voted 17-9 in favor of a resolution to strip the Institute’s funding from the Koch Foundation and affiliated “Koch Network” groups. According to the committee’s report, “In September, 2016, the University announced that the Charles Koch Foundation (CKF) committed $3.69 million to support the newly created Eudaimonia Institute over the next five years.” The report formulates its argument based on what Dr. Ford referred to as, “well-educated speculation.” Nonetheless, this speculation has no concrete evidence to back it up because the Committee did not have access to the grant agreement between the Wake Forest and Charles Koch Foundation. After evaluating the gift agreements of other universities that receive Koch Foundation funding, two of the major claims central to the Ad Hoc Committee’s report fall apart. Based on the reports and gift agreements from a Anthony Palumbo is a sophomore from Cary, NC, studying Communications and Politics and International Affairs. He is the Editor-in-Chief of The Wake Forest Review.
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number of schools including Florida State, University of Kentucky, West Virginia University, and Utah State University, the claims that the Charles Koch Foundation is trying to convert students, co-opt higher education, and control faculty hiring and curriculum are incorrect. Claim 1: The Charles Koch Foundation is trying to “convert students to their free market ideology” while conducting a “strategic effort to co-opt higher education.” The first major claim that the committee makes is that CKF is trying to convert students to their free market ideology by “co-opting” higher education. This statement is one of the biggest stretches the committee makes in the entire document. The committee uses words that make it seem like the Koch Foundation is attempting to delegitimize education at Wake Forest and control students that are researching in the institute. Dr. Otteson, the Director of EI, responded to this claim by explaining this institute has no ideological leanings. He pointed to their faculty advisory board as an example of the diversity of thought at EI. Indeed, the faculty members that serve on the board are from a diverse number of departments and disciplines that truly encompass all viewpoints. So, claiming that the institute is trying to teach a singular ideology and is “brainwashing” students into believing in the free markets is invalid. The Ad Hoc Committee has yet to produce a single bit of evidence that proves any misconduct on the part of the Koch Foundation. Instead, they tend to base their conspiracies on the contracts
and agreements from other schools that supposedly indict the Charles Koch Foundation for being the villains the report claims they are. However, after evaluating the contracts of other schools, there are clear protections for academic freedom that debunk this claim. First in the Utah State contract in the first section, second page, of the agreement there is a declaration of independence from the Charles Koch Foundation. The agreement reads: “The parties expect that the research of the Professors will compliment, inform and build upon USU’s existing strengths in business, finance, economics, institutions and property rights as they relate to and inform the foundations of prosperity, social progress and human well-being. Nothing contained herein shall be constructed to restrict the academic freedom of USU or its faculty with respect to the activities of USU.” A second contract the committee pays particular reference to is the one from the University of Kentucky. In this agreement, the lack of control by CKF is stated in the first section of the agreement. The section is titled “Promoting Academic Freedom” and it states: “The Donor’s grant is intended to help promote an environment at the University where ideas can be exchanged freely and useful knowledge will benefit the well-being of individuals and society. Thus, the Parties agree that the academic freedom of the University, the Institute, and their faculty, students, and staff is critical to the success of the Institute’s research, scholarship, teaching, and service.” If a section labeled “academic freedom” is not enough for
FEATURES the Committee to be convinced, a third contract showed further proof of academic and institutional independence from the Koch Foundation. This includes evidence that pertains to faculty and staff being selected by University standards rather than CKF standards. Claim 2: The Charles Koch Foundation controls hires, curriculum, and operations of the Eudaimonia Institute.
IMAGE BY WAKE FOREST UNIVERSITY
Another conspiracy the committee takes part in is the idea that CKF has complete control over the hires that are conducted through the institute, the “curriculum” that is taught, and the general operations of the institute. Once again another overblown conclusion made by the committee members. Building off Ford’s idea of well-educated speculation, it is important that one go right to the agreements that the committee cites in their report. The committee cites the Florida State report as one that has particularly high amounts of evidence of CKF overstep. The report of the Florida State University “Faculty Senate Ad Hoc Committee Review Report” (2011), the equivalent of the faculty senate committee who produced the Wake Forest Report. In that report there are a few findings that debunk the argument of the Wake Forest Committee. The first of which being the second finding made by the committee: “The committee finds that the faculty hiring to date associated with the agreement has been appropriately governed and managed by FSU faculty and administration.” In other words, the committee could find no evidence that CKF was interfering with the hiring of faculty for the program they fund at Florida State. In the sixth section of their report, the committee investigated a course that critics
raised concerns about. The course was ECO 3131, “Market Ethics: The Vices, Virtues, and Values of Capitalism.” At first glance one can assume why critics took a problem with the course, but the committee looked into it and came up with the following finding: “That new course proposal was vetted through the regular university process, which includes department, college, and university curriculum committee approvals.” The West Virginia agreement also has multiple provisions
Professor Jay Ford that combat the committee’s claim. The agreement then goes into an in depth analysis of how the hiring decisions will be made by laying out the following: “All searches for Donor Supported Professorship Positions shall be conducted in accordance with the University’s established procedure for selecting faculty.” “No funding for a Donor Supported Professorship Position will be released without the approval of the Dean of the College of Business Economics, in consultation with Professor Russell Sobel [program leader] or his successor.” In the first quote the agreement sets its standards for how professors will be chosen, and ensures that it follows the standard university policy that every other professor at the university must abide by. Then in the second excerpt it estab-
lishes what steps must be followed in order for a professor to be terminated, guaranteeing that there is no chance that CKF can terminate a professor for unsubstantiated reasons. In one more excerpt from the West Virginia agreement, the two sides establish a clear method of operation: “CGK Foundation acknowledges that it will have no right to direct such research, scholarship, teaching and service, or to receive the benefits thereof, separate from what is set forth in this Agreement.” In the Utah State agreement there is an entire section dedicated to the selection process of professors and the procedure they go through. Some of the various provisions that this contract lays out include the following: “All searches for the Professors shall be conducted in accordance with USU established procedures for selecting faculty of similar positions.” “The candidates for Professors will be subject to the same rigorous standards and procedures as are required for similar positions at USU as outlines in the USU Faculty Handbook.” These statements outlines in all these agreements show that the curriculum at these institutes are not controlled by CKF and are almost always standardized by university hiring and firing procedures. While the report laid out by the Wake Forest Senate Committee relies on no concrete evidence from the Wake Forest and Koch Foundation Agreement, their “well-educated speculation” seems to be another stretch. The committee claims that the donor agreements at these other universities are what indict the Charles Koch Foundation, yet the evidence was not there. Could this be because of the Charles Koch Foundations ideology?
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Equal Sons and Equal Daughters Move Past Identity Politics and Settle as Equals
Note to the Reader: The views e pressed in this column represent those of the writer at the time of publication and do not reflect views held by any elected official or candidate for public office. one of my dresser drawers, Isaysnthere’s this boxy t-shirt that “human woman” in bold,
sans-serif, lower-case letters. It’s the vendor’s attempt to sell political outrage and chic, minimalist style to political hobbyists on chic, minimalist budgets. Got me right in the crosshairs. But here’s the thing I want to know about the universe of my t-shirt and the universe at large: is the emphasis here supposed to be on “woman?” Because I can’t stop thinking about the word “human." No doubt, there’s a strong focus on gender and identity in America and--maybe especially--in American politics. Every Farahn Morgan ('09, JD '14) is Communications Director for Representative Jack Bergman (MI-1). She is a "Double Deac" earning both her B.A and J.D
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person reading this column has, at some point or another, been reduced in the political realm to a stereotype. Race, gender, place of birth, socioeconomic status— those are just some of the factors politicians and pundits use to predict how the public will behave (or more to the point maybe, vote). But the biggest problem with the whole identity politics thing isn’t that it eclipses individuality (it does) or that it undermines autonomy (does that too), it’s that it’s inherently bigoted. It presumes to know who you are and how you will behave based on "what" you are or what you appear to be. Identity politics is at best unfortunate and at worst dangerous. Think about instances in history or even in the modern era of degradation, oppression, and genocide. So much of the ugliness in the world boils down to emphasizing identity at the cost of humanity. But let’s move away from the bird’s eye view. What does identity politics mean for say … a 30-year-old woman living in Washington and working in politics? (Spoiler alert: I’m talking about me, guys.) What does it
mean for any woman working or hoping to work in any male-dominated field? Well, for starters, it means that the media gets to decide how it will define [read: limit] her role. During the presidential primaries, for instance, ABC News ran a story under the headline “How Carly Fiorina Deals with Being the ‘Other Woman’ in the Presidential Race.” The article compares Carly Fiorina to Hillary Clinton based on their respective views about “women’s issues” and reads in part “And while Fiorina is quick to tell voters she is not asking for their support on the basis of her gender but her qualifications, her gender identity serves as a contrast with the only other woman in the race.” Um. What? Setting aside the awful, sexualized headline, a couple of things stand out. For starters, ABC is so focused in this article on the fact that two Presidential contenders are women that it more or less neglects what those women have accomplished and what they might accomplish as … oh, I don’t know … leader of the free world. The piece emphasizees
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FEATURES "But the biggest problem with the whole identity politics thing isn’t that it eclipses individuality (it does) or that it undermines autonomy (it does that too), it’s that it’s inherently bigoted. It presumes to know who you are and how you will behave based on what you are or what you appear to be." the “women’s issues” contest between the candidates and entirely neglects to mention where they stand on issues like economic growth, national security, infrastructure development, and renewable energy. My best guess is that the author reserves those issues for men because, even in the 21st century, women just don’t take them seriously. Super just kidding, guys. Those issues impact everyone, and women who have given them serious thought should be given serious treatment in the media. Still, what’s most trying about the article--and scores of articles just like it--is that it acknowledges that the candidates want to and should be considered on the basis of their qualifications and then ignores that standard entirely. Why? Because according to identity politics, gender outranks equality and identity out-
ranks ability. Equally damning is the tendency of identity politics and, in this case, the women’s movement to elevate certain issues at the exclusion of others and to berate and banish women who don’t adhere to leftist orthodoxy. An example of the sort of thing I’m talking about reared its ugly head in January at the Women’s March on Washington when the pro-life group New Wave Feminists had their partnership status yanked because their decidedly life-loving views threatened to cause dissension among the ranks. That, if anything, is a display of identity politics’ weakness. It is absolutely unable to recognize the originality, variety, and complexity that is the hallmark of human existence. It’s a paper doll world that relegates women and minorities to the tiny spaces it creates for them.
The thing I don’t have to tell you is that gender- and other identity-based oppression still exists, and it’s terrible. But you know what? It doesn’t exist because the oppressor is focusing too much on the oppressed’s humanity. It exists because the oppressor is focusing on the oppressed’s identity at the cost of her humanity. It exists because it is doing the exact same thing identity politics tells us to do: divide and conquer. We have to demand more, for ourelves and for each other. We have to move past identity politics, respect each other as equals under the law, and stand on the courage of our own convictions with confidence. We have to stop allowing limits to be set for us by movements and organizations and media and other people. It's time for us to stop being led and start being leaders. Why? Because we’re human women.
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SPRING 2017 // 15
Survivor Works to Equalize
he remembers being held down on her bed. She couldn’t’ see anything. He told her to “shut up.” He lasted for two hours, forcing himself on top of her. He left, and she called the police. Three weeks later, her assailant was arrested, and after an exhausting legal process lasting more than a year, she got justice. Now, almost ten years later, Kimberly Corban tours across the country describing her life-changing assault and the need to protect the Second Amendment, not just for women, but for everyone. On Tuesday, March 21st, Turning Point USA at Wake Forest University had the pleasure to host Kim and hear her story of overcoming the trauma from the violent sexual assault. After shocking the audience by beginning her talk with a recording of her 911 call, Corban came on stage and relayed the series of events that changed her life forever. Corban described the series of events immediately following the rape, from when she was examined and questioned for nearly three hours, and even the embarrassing moment when she was pulled in by the police to identify possible pairs of underwear, trying to lighten the mood at certain points with her sarcastic tone. One of the most traumatic experiences following the assault was when the police played an audio recording of her assailant’s voice,
Jordan Lancaster is a freshman from Greensboro, NC, planning on studying Business. She is a Guest Contributor for The Wake Forest Review.
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causing her to melt down in the police station. But even after her rapist was caught, detained after being spotted hunting down his next victim, her trials did not end that day. After a long and draining junior year at University of Colorado, Corban experienced the judicial system while being at the center of attention. In the events leading up to the trial, Corban experienced sei-
zures, which landed her in and out of the emergency room six times in a single weekend, that were the result of her trauma. Shortly after, she began an entirely new therapy, called electroshock therapy, which allowed her to envision the events from electrical stimulation. On the day of her trial, Kim had an entire entourage of supporters, including friends from high school sitting in the courtroom listening to her story. Kim bravely gave a three-hour testimony for the jury, despite her attacker's mother standing outside the courtroom solely to intimidate
her. An hour and a half into deliberations, the jury found the defendant guilty of second degree murder and he was sentenced to twenty five years to life in prison. However, he is eligible for parole in December 2018, and Kimberly plans to attend his hearings. Her experience brought her to the realization that the government does not protect you, only you can protect yourself. In the spur of the moment, nobody else was there to help her. No government policy could save her from the brutal attack. That, she explained, is why she is a second amendment advocate. Her campus tour title, “The Great Equalizer,” expresses her desire to make herself equal to someone who may attack her by carrying a firearm, enabling her to protect not only herself and her family. Corban has empowered many through her talks encouraging self-defense, self-empowerment, and second amendment rights. Her advocacy ultimately brought her to the stage of a CNN Town Hall where she questioned Barack Obama on his increased gun regulations, sharing her story with him and showing how his policies would affect the lives of ordinary citizens simply looking for protection. Not only has she helped herself, but she has enabled victims to speak out who may have been afraid to before, as well as encouraged others to take steps to protect themselves.
IMAGE BY KIMBERLY CORBAN
Kimberly Corban Shares her Inspiring Story with Wake Forest.
Curbing the Toxic Epidemic
Administration and Students must Cooperate in Greek Life.
IMAGE BY ONWARD STATE
hile attending a rush party at Beta Theta Pi at Pennsylvania State University, Timothy Piazza collapsed down a flight of stairs and was rendered unconscious from the fall. Despite the fact that he had clearly suffered serious injuries, those present at the party failed to call for medical assistance until almost 12 hours after the initial incident, at which point he was rushed to the hospital in a condition far beyond saving. He died early the following morning on February 4th, 2017. In response to this, Penn State permanently banned Beta Theta Pi from its campus and placed severe restrictions on future events held by all Greek organizations part of their school, including but not limited to, the ban of hard liquor and kegs at parties. These new policies stray significantly from the status quo of the relationship between Greek life and school administrations. Naturally, this departure from the typical deference most universities grant Greek life has brought many dissenters, both from within and without the existing system. In the face of this vocal dissatisfaction, Vice President for Student Affairs Damon Sims offered the following retort: “We’ve determined we don’t need, as a university, to find consensus around these things. Today, Penn State is drawing a line and
imposing critical changes. Enough is enough.” As national attention focuses on this critical juncture in the evolving relationship between Greek life and college administrations, the vigorous debate on the existing role of Greek life on college campuses nationwide has been renewed. Many elements of Greek life are statistically linked to toxic
Michael Blevin is a sophomore from Greenwich, CT, studying Mathematical-Economics. He is the Managing Editor for The Wake Forest Review.
Griffin Bennetti is a sophomore from Moorpark, CA, studying Physics. He is a Contributor for The Wake Forest Review.
and socially destructive behaviors which demand serious attention and reform. Yet, Sims’ stance neglects to address a critical question: Just because the administration can act without agreement, does that mean it should? Shifting the scope of this discussion to Wake Forest, we can
see that reform and increased oversight of the Greek community is indeed necessary. In fact, Wake Forest had a record high number of hospitalizations among the freshman class. This alone is sufficient evidence to suggest that the culture of reckless, unhealthy binge-drinking prevalent at Greek sponsored events has spiraled to unprecedented levels. Wake Forest has responded in a similar fashion to Penn State, taking unilateral action to impose strict, borderline invasive rules limiting on-campus parties. But, is this the best way to curb this epidemic? The answer is a resounding "no." Deeply ingrained in the subconscious of American society is the need for the consent of the governed to legitimize actions undertaken by policy makers. The Wake Forest community is no different. When faced with rules that students regard as unfair or unrealistic, they will choose to express themselves rather than comply with said rules. This creates a climate in which students are encouraged by campus policies to more frequently host and attend off-campus parties, which are nearly impossible to oversee and moderate from both sides of the equation. Furthermore, it would be in the best interest of both parties to foster a sense of cooperation and transparency, and work together to create new policies which both protect the health of the student body and leave Greek organizations feeling as if their rights have been protected. Not doing so would be a missed opportunity for Wake Forest to reform the critical state of Greek life.
SPRING 2017 // 17
In Support of a Common Goal
Annual Wake N Shake Fundraiser Exceeds Expectations.
ow long can you dance? 12 hours straight? Good, now you can participate in next year's Wake N Shake. On Saturday, March 18th, Wake Forest University students, faculty, alumni, and friends laced up their boogie shoes for the 12th annual Wake N Shake dance marathon, the largest philanthropy event, in terms of participants and amount raised. This year, Wake N Shake was proud to announce that last year’s record setting donations were shattered; over $334,000 was raised by approximately 1,430 dancers and 31 executive members, all students, in the name of defeating cancer. Wake N Shake has swiftly become a hallowed tradition at Wake, as it brings people together for a cause which affects so many members of the Wake Forest family. “Raising over $300,000 for cancer research is remarkable and unprecedented for a school our Ciara Ciez is a sophomore from Jacksonville, FL, studying Politics and International Affairs with Computer Science. She is an Associate Editor for The Wake Forest Review.
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size,” said Mike Ford director of philanthropy and legacy programs with the Pro Humanitate Institute in an interview with Old Gold & Black. Kila Tripp (‘19), a co-chair for the Wake N Shake Fundraising Committee, said, “Being involved in Wake N Shake is so special to me because I love how it unites our community in support of a common goal.” Wake N Shake exemplifies one of the characteristics that makes Wake Forest University such a special place- community. Wake N Shake brings people together to dance but really brings people together to share their experiences and support each other through laughter, memories, and tears. Not only does Wake N Shake draw student dancers, but also alumni, faculty, and Winston-Salem community members to share the special experiences of Wake N Shake. During the dance, participants are randomly divided into eight teams with different color shirts, encouraging students to meet people from different groups and organizations around campus. The 12 hours of non-stop dancing are punctuated with inspiring speakers, fun activities, delicious food (The Porch!), and more. Students rave about the positive impact of Wake N Shake in a
way that is so fun and accessible to students. Libby Davis (’19), a dancer in Wake N Shake the past two years, says, “Wake N Shake is so fun and one of the events I look most forward to on campus! You get to shake your booty for 12 hours and raise money for an amazing cause! Your feet definitely hurt the next day but it’s so worth it to know you made a difference beyond yourself.” John Ferrara (’20), a freshman who participated in Wake N Shake for the first time this year, was in awe of the impact of Wake N Shake. Ferrara said, “Wake N Shake was both a fun and meaningful experience because I got to dance and hang out with my friends all day while growing closer with the community and taking an important message away that you are never alone in fighting the hardships that life may bring.” Wake N Shake is a project of passion that countless students, exec members, faculty, and community partners work to put together. 2017 saw yet another successful year of dancing to raise money to defeat cancer. The tireless and enthusiastic spirit that drives Wake N Shake makes a veritable impact in the fight to beat cancer.
Schiller to Lead Students A Conversation with Student Government President-elect Spencer Schiller.
fter a close run-off election, Spencer Schiller (’14) will be our next student body President. Wake Forest Review had the opportunity to sit down with the new President-elect. Why did you run for Student Government President? I ran for student government president for a couple of reasons. I originally got involved with student government when I was in middle school and I found that over the years, it was something I enjoyed as well as something that created legitimate pathways for tangible change. I am very proud of sticking with it in the transition from high school to college, and of the growth I’ve seen within myself because of those experiences. I was close to several other Student Presidents and I knew what I was getting myself into, even when the run-off seemed very close. I actually helped to run the current president’s campaign, and it’s always been in the back of my mind. I wanted to lead and I wanted to make this organization more efficient and build a stronger Wake Forest as well. What issue is most important to you as a student? As someone who has a very international background – I’ve lived on four different continents in six different countries – I think that we Daniel Gemma is a freshman from Barrington, RI, planning on studying Business. He is a Contributor for The Wake Forest Review.
don’t have enough equal opportunity for many students here. Making sure that we have those pathways in the Learning Assistance Center and the Counseling Center in regards to multilingual individuals as well as equal representation within the faculty and administration that create all these academic pathways is important to me. As a student, social spaces on campus are very polarized as a result of di-
was a long and difficult struggle for a lot of students that yielded no result. In the future, it’s important to ask whether an issue directly affects students and whether it’s likely the University government will listen to what we say. Something that’s interesting about student government is that when the constitution is amended, there’s no specific pathway followed to make the edit. As a result, it’s important to make sure that we have the support and mind set to drive it forward. What happened with the sanctuary resolution is that it actually asked the University government to not comply with federal regulations, which I think was more than just a stance of solidarity at the end of the day. Making it clear that we stand with our students is important, but going beyond that isn’t always possible. Now as the President-elect, what will be your top three priorities?
vides within different communities and addressing that is also very important to me. What is student government’s role in regards to federal issues? Student Government was founded on the idea of Student Government. A lot of times I think we get very involved in national or even international politics; I don’t think this is the place to do that. Students felt passionate about both of those issues, that said, I think both involved legislation passed that could not be fulfilled by the University’s government and therefore
My first priority is to transition. I’ve already started talking with Jordan and Tom, the current president and chief of staff, and began figuring out what the best way to move forward is. I’ve also talked to William Morgan, a candidate who was not in the run-off and had the chance to endorse me. It’s important that the animosity created during the election is resolved and that we push forward together. Second, enforcing structure. For example, the individual responsible for making sure Student Government follows certain regulations was not chosen until second semester this year. Making sure that we attack this preeminently is important. I intend to set up a meeting with several of the new and old exec members to make sure that moves forward.
SPRING 2017 // 19
Not a Zip Code
ontrary to popular belief, kindergarten through 12th grade education has seen improvement under Republican leadership in the North Carolina General Assembly and former Governor Pat McCrory. Today, students have more options for education than before, and that is thanks to a cap being lifted which determined the number of charter schools in North Carolina, as well as voucher laws which have been passed for low income and special needs families. These programs have created options for all families, and in turn, have had positive externalities on public school education. Classroom overcrowding is being alleviated, and benefits to teachers, including increases in teacher pay, are being experienced in North Carolina public schools. While non-traditional education in North Carolina is not a new development, its popularity has seen a sharp increase over the past few years. Non-traditional education is comprised of three parts: private schools, charter schools and homeschooling. The difference between private schools and charter schools is that charter schools are funded by the state whereas private schools are privately funded. Just over twenty years ago, in 1996, North Carolina passed the Charter School Act, which enabled publicly-funded charter schools to be established in the state. Private schools have always been available, Nick Reitzel is a junior from Hickory, NC, studying Economics and Politics and International Affairs. He is a Contributor for The Wake Forest Review.
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but until recently, their desirability has been outweighed by the high costs that they pose to many families. Charter and private schools have both experienced growth in North Carolina, and this growth is no surprise to many. Homeschooling has also remained a popular option, but is the least affected form of non-traditional education by the state. A series of Republican-led legislatures have fueled this growth.
While the Charter School Act allowed for the creation of charter schools, it capped the total number of charter schools in North Carolina at just one hundred. In 2011, the General Assembly removed this cap. Between 2011 and early 2017, charter school enrollment has doubled, according to the Charlotte Observer. Additionally, the North Carolina Opportunity Scholarship Act was passed in July 2013, which authorized a voucher program that set aside a fund of $10.8 million for the 2014-2015 school year to provide up to $4,200 per family as a voucher for private school tuition. In addition to a low-income requirement, the child must have
also been enrolled the prior year in a public school or in kindergarten. In the first year of 2014-2015, the program helped just over 1,200 families. The General Assembly did not just expand options for low income families, but also for those families with special needs students. In 2013, Republicans initiated the Children with Disabilities Scholarship Grant, giving families up to $3000 per semester, $6,000 per year, to reimburse special education services for each eligible student. The law received bipartisan support, and immediately went into effect. While public schools have been improving special needs education, this law gives families the choice of a private school education if they deem it to be in their childâ€™s best interest. Non-traditional education measures in North Carolina have helped improve education holistically. However, opposition to such measures still remains. North Carolina Democrats argue that such measures take away from public education and act as subsidies for private schools. While charter schools are funded by the state, they are open to the public and every student has the opportunity to apply and attend. As aforementioned, vouchers for private schools come from a budgeted fund that is separate from public education. Today, in North Carolina, more students have options, and public schools have not been harmed, but rather helped. Every student is unique, and has different abilities and aptitudes for learning. A studentâ€™s education should be determined by the family, not their income level or zip code.
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School Choice Provides Hope for North Carolina.
'All About the Chemistry'
Wake Forest Men's Tennis Season Looks Promising.
IMAGE BY WAKE FOREST ATHLETICS
or the first time in program history, the Wake Forest Men’s Tennis team is No. 1 in the nation per the Intercollegiate Tennis Association (ITA). The Deacs are sporting a 20-1 record with their only loss to No. 2 Ohio State. Wake has recently earned the number one spot due to impressive wins against Mississippi State (No. 17), Georgia Tech (No. 15), Georgia (No. 14), Oklahoma (No. 13), North Carolina (No. 11), Oklahoma St (No. 8), Texas (No. 6), and Virginia (No. 3). The deacs look to keep their winning ways rolling in their upcoming matches against Miami, North Carolina A&T, and Florida State. The Demon Deacons have a very deep roster with only two players below a .500 winloss ratio, four players with 11+ more wins than losses, and an overall match record of 141-67 (prior to the win against UVA). Those four players leading the Demon Deacons are Freshman Borna Gojo, Sophomore Petros Chrysochos, Junior Skander Mansouri, and Redshirt Junior Christian Seraphim. Gojo is from Split, Croatia and is currently riding on a 11-win streak with a 16-2 record and looks to add to it in the big game against Virginia. Chrysochos is a from Larnaca, Cyprus and is coming off a very hot freshman year being awarded the ACC Freshman of the year, ITA Carolina Region Rookie of the Year, and the second Deacon to ever reach the Harrison Popp is a freshman from Greenwich, CT, planning on studying Business. He is a Contributor for The Wake Forest Review.
quarterfinal round of the NCAA Singles Tournament and is currently 24-4. Both Gojo and Chrysochos look to continue their promising seasons thus far as the team reaches the final stretch of their season. Skander Mansouri from Tunis, Tunisia is currently tied for 2nd for the most overall wins this season with a 24-7 record. The player with the most overall wins currently this season is 6'10" Redshirt Junior Christian Seraphim boasting a 25-9
record. Review asked freshman Borna Gojo a few questions regarding his team’s stellar performance thus far and when asked about the remainder of the season he said “I couldn't be more confident than I am right now. Every single guy on that team is a champion and no matter what happens I think there is no better group than us.” Additionally, when asked what the root of their current success stems from, Gojo stated, “for me personally it is all about the chemistry,” and “the guys accepted me well and made my life easier since I got here. So I am ready to do whatever it takes to
help my team win.” Coaching the Deacons to their best ever ranking is Tony Bresky in his fifth year as head coach. Bresky was a part of the class of 1988 Western Illinois Leathernecks and had an impressive career of his own earning Freshman of the Year honors in 1994 and captainship of three years. Bresky’s coaching history includes being on the coaching staff of Virginia and Indiana State and head coach of Cornell and currently Wake Forest. At each school his impact has been very apparent leading each of the schools to their conference championships. Historically, Wake has struggled against the Cavaliers with an overall record of 17 wins and 45 losses, but they changed that on Friday, March 31st as they beat No. 3 Virginia, 5-2 under the lights. The last time the Deacs beat the UVA Cavaliers at home was April 14, 1995. They are now on a twomatch winning streak against Virginia, which they previously had a 24 match losing streak against. The Deacs have improved considerably over the past few seasons. In 2011. when Bresky took over the head coaching job, he first pulled together a 14-15 record. For the next 4 seasons the team respectively went 20-9, 15-14, 24-8, 31-6 and are currently on track to surpass their staggering 31-6 2016 season. The rest of this season and the next few to come seem to be very promising to say the least.
SPRING 2017 // 21
The Beginning of Many
ntering this season, there were certainly far more questions than answers surrounding the Wake Forest Basketball team. Following the graduation of Devin Thomas and Codi Miller-McIntyre, the Deacs were entering the season without two of their three leading scorers from the previous year, and it seemed unclear where Danny Manning would turn for veteran leadership, and crunch time performance. Additionally, the on-court continuity of the team was a concern entering the year, as newly named center John Collins had played just 14 minutes per game in 2015-16, while Austin Arians and Keyshawn Woods, two other starters, were not even members of the program last year. As a result of the uncertainty surrounding the team, pundits were not particularly high on the Deacs. In the ACC preseason polls, the team was picked to finish 13th in the conference, and in the Ken Pomeroy preseason rankings, they were projected to finish as the 76th best team in the country, and expectations were certainly tempered. However, throughout the season the young Deacs grew up in front of the fans’ eyes, and as a result, the team earned the school’s first NCAA tournament bid since 2010. On the court, the Deacs progressed and got stronger, and the results were quite evident. John
Collins, who was ultimately named the ACC Most Improved Player and received All-ACC first team honors, developed into the team’s leader and one of the most feared big men in the country. Meanwhile, Bryant Crawford and Keyshawn Woods emerged as one of the Conference’s most athletic backcourts and Austin Arians, Dinos Mitoglou and Mitchell Wilbekin all improved their 3-point shooting from the previous year.
Michael Tuffey is a sophomore from Douglaston, NY, and is planning on studying Business. He is an Associate Editor for The Wake Forest Review.
Ben Neugebauer is a freshman from Fairfield, CT, planning on studying Business. He is a Contributor for The Wake Forest Review.
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Beyond the progression of individual players, the development of the team was most evident through their performance against some of the country’s top teams. Wake had constantly played hard and remained in games against some tough competition, but simply could not finish out close games against teams such as North Carolina and Duke. However, by the
end of the season, Wake finished off comeback victories at Virginia Tech, on their senior day no-less, and at home against No. 8 Louisville on March 1st, which was undoubtedly the program’s biggest victory of the year. Clearly, the Deacs transformed from an inexperienced group that had won just two conference games in 2015-16, into one of the most feared teams in the country. Although the team’s loss to Kansas State in the NCAA First Four game in Cleveland was certainly disappointing, it absolutely should not overshadow the season that the Deacs played; this was an overwhelmingly successful year for the program. Unfortunately for the program, John Collins declared for the NBA draft, meaning that it is likely that he will not be in Winston-Salem next fall. However, fans should not be any less optimistic about the trajectory of the Deacs due to John’s likely departure. While his presence will obviously be missed next year, the team will still be young and brimming with potential, capable of taking strides to become one of the most competitive teams in the conference. Furthermore, Collins’ development into a highly-regarded NBA prospect under Manning’s tutelage will only help attract future recruits to come play for the program. Clearly, this season is just the beginning of many great one’s to come for the Demon Deacons. After all, in April of 2014, a brandnew Coach Manning told everyone, “We have aspirations of being a championship team.” Maybe his dreams are coming true.
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Demon Deacon Basketball Showed Growth over Turbulant Season.
North Carolina Champions Once Again 2017 NCAA Tourney was Full of Excitement, Upset, and Disappointment.
IMAGE BY THE NEW YORK TIMES
orth Carolina is on top once again. By defeating Gonzaga 71-65, the Tar Heels claimed their sixth national championship, further cementing their place as one of the greatest college basketball programs in the country. The win marks the third championship under coach Roy Williams, the program’s first since 2009. The win was certainly sweet for Carolina, who lost last year’s championship game in a heartbreaking fashion to Kris Jenkins and the Villanova Wildcats. The Tar Heels entered the tourney as a popular pick to win it all. Led by ACC Player of the Year Justin Jackson, the Tar Heels compiled a 33-7 record and finished the year as ACC regular season champions. The first seed in the South region, UNC handily beat Texas Southern, Arkansas, and Butler en route to the Elite Eight. With a Final Four on the line, the Tar Heels matched up with a young, but talented, Kentucky squad. The game came down to the final seconds, with Carolina clinching a 75-73 victory thanks to a clutch Luke Maye jumper with 0.3 seconds to go. In Phoenix, the Tar Heels, behind a career night from big man Kennedy Meeks, held off the Oregon Ducks to reach the Final for the second year in a row. The first half of the game was closely contested, with neither team leading by more than six points. Gonzaga’s sophomore guard Tom Vander Woude is a freshman from Grand Rapids, MI, and is planning on studying the premed track. He is a Contributor for The Wake Forest Review.
Josh Perkins, who didn’t score at all in the team’s previous game, led first half scorers with 13 points. While neither team shot particularly well in the half, the Tar Heels were especially dreadful, shooting only 30.6 percent from the field (and 15.4 percent from three). Gonzaga’s own poor shooting, however, kept the game close and the Bulldogs took a 35-32 lead into the half. After halftime, Carolina came storming out of the gates,
starting the half with an 8-0 run. Since both squads continued to struggle shooting the ball, neither team established a substantial lead until the final minutes. Down three with 17 seconds remaining, Gonzaga guard Nigel Williams-Goss took an awkward looking jump shot which was promptly blocked by Carolina big-man Kennedy Meeks. UNC point guard Joel Berry II, who scored a game high 22 points, gained control of the rebound and tossed the ball to Justin Jackson, who put the game out of reach with a breakaway dunk. After a few Carolina free throws and a missed Gonzaga three, time expired and
the Tar Heels stormed the court in celebration amid the confetti blasts. Unfortunately for Gonzaga, the program’s first ever Final Four berth ended without a championship. Looking to become the first mid-major ever to win the NCAA tourney, Mark Few lead his Bulldogs into March for the 18th consecutive year. The Zags were slotted by the committee as the No. 1 seed in the West region after finishing the regular season with a 37-1 record and the West Coast Conference championship. In the first few rounds of the tournament, Gonzaga took care of business against No. 16 seed South Dakota St. and stumbled past 8 seed Northwestern. From there, the Zags narrowly defeated a very solid West Virginia team, dubbed “Press Virginia” due to their suffocating full court press defense, and demolished upstart No. 11 seed Xavier to reach the first Final Four in school history. Prior to coming up short in the championship game, the Zags took down tourney darling South Carolina 77-73 behind a 23 point effort from Williams-Goss. While the tourney may not have ended as many would have liked, this year’s rendition of March Madness was certainly entertaining to say the least. As always, the hectic opening rounds of the tourney did not disappoint, with Middle Tennessee State, Rhode Island, and others knocking off higher seeds. The tourney had its Cinderellas in South Carolina and Xavier, and the feelgood story of Gonzaga’s first Final Four lasted up until the final buzzer, only to watch Carolina bring another trophy back to Chapel Hill.
SPRING 2017 // 23
The Myth of Republican Conformity
Conservative Value the Individual, Liberals Value Division. or my entire life, I have been told that the Republican Party, and conservative ideas in general, are only for white men that don’t want to see others succeed. What would that make me then? I am the son of Cuban immigrants and a proud conservative. My family and I are walking contradictions to the picture painted by the regressive Left. When I tell people that I’m Hispanic and conservative they are usually surprised as well, it is almost as if they have made a judgment of my character and ideas based on my ethnicity. This is anecdotal though, surely there are not many people like me and my family. In fact, President Trump won the Cuban vote in Florida (where most Cuban-Americans reside) handily. Most people are surprised when they hear the talking heads on CNN or NBC tell them that Trump hates Hispanics and African Americans and that there is no place for them in conservative schools of
Daniel Cordero is a senior from Miami, FL, studying BEM in the School of Business. He is a Guest Contributor for The Wake Forest Review.
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thought. This is simply not true. Most Hispanics and African Americans do vote Democratic by a wide margin, this is not a fact that can be disputed at all, but to say that all minority voters are left-leaning or that all white Republicans are inherently racist is a ridiculous point to argue. The last election cycle is a perfect example of this. Out of a field of 17 candidates hosted by the GOP, four where minorities. Bobby Jindal, Marco Rubio, Ted Cruz, and Ben Carson all ran as Republicans and have been Republicans for the entirety of their political careers. Of the fifteen candidates hosted by the Democratic Party, only two where minorities; Rocky De La Fuente and Willie Wilson. Now let’s suppose for a moment that the far left’s claims of rampant racism amongst conservatives is true. How would that explain national leaders such as Allen West, Tim Scott, Marco Rubio, Jaime Herrera Beutler, and Mia Love? Or state officials like Bobby Jindal, Susana Martinez, and Nikki Haley? The narrative simply does not hold. The truth is that conservatives have been called racist for at least 30 years, and every GOP
candidate has been called the most racist candidate since the last one. This idea is simply not true, and the American people showed that they are not buying it on November 8th, 2016. Conservatives in our generation must break this control of Leftists over certain ethnicities of Americans. They have divided us with identity politics and used the color of our skin to attack conservative principles. But it has been only conservatives in favor of equality. Might I remind you that the Republican party was the anti-slavery party, the Republican party was the anti-Jim Crow party, the Republican party did not start the Ku Klux Klan, and the Republican party was the pro-civil rights party in the 1950s and 1960s. As conservatives, we value people as individuals, not as members of any group or category. And therefore, we must use this message against the leftists who insist on placing us in a Republican Conformity. IMAGE BY CNN
Country Club Dues Increase
Wake Forest Tuition Increases are Excessive with Little Results.
IMAGE BY WAKE FOREST UNIVERSITY
s the spring semester is wrapping up and another year is on the horizon, it should not be shocking that the Board of Trustees is raising tuition yet again. This year, the Board voted to increase tuition from $49,322 (full sticker price $64,478) to $51,400 ($69,192 in total). Recently, our campus has been undergoing many renovations; new, beautiful buildings are sprouting up all over campus. This is all part of the ten-year, $625 million construction project to “enhance students’” residential experience. The project has certainly been successful with the new Sutton Center, the McCreary Field House, and the beautiful new Maya Angelou Residence Hall among many other projects. In total, Wake has finished about $325 million dollars’ worth of construction with almost $300 million dollars left to go. With all this construction going on, it’s no surprise that tuition is going up; however, with all the donations from alumni and the “Wake Will Lead” campaign, it seems like we could cut some costs elsewhere to avoid making it harder for everyone to afford the steadily-rising tuition. Further, as tuition and fees are increasing, more university and donor money is going to fund scholarships for the ever-growing number of marginalized groups. Recently, a scholarship fund was started for LGBTQ+ students. One Trey Gibson is a freshman from Greensboro, NC, planning on studying Accountancy in the School of Business. He is a Contributor for The Wake Forest Review.
might wonder why exactly it is necessary to set up such a scholarship fund, but it is there anyway. And we are all paying for it. We wouldn’t need so many scholarship funds if tuition were lower because more people could afford tuition on their own. With a moderate tuition rate, Wake could attract more students from the large middle class. Another reason tuition is increasing is to fill the deep pock-
ets of our university administrators. The Nonprofit Quarterly online magazine published a report in 2013 listing some of the highest paid university administrators in the country, and our own President Nathan O. Hatch ranked in at number eleven on the list, making $1,458,499 in the year of the report. Hatch does some important work overseeing our beautiful, wellranked university; however, this huge salary seems somewhat excessive for the CEO of a nonprofit institution dedicated Pro Humanitate. Unfortunately, this rise in tuition is not exclusive to Wake
Forest. Our brothers and sisters at Duke University will be paying 3.8 percent more. College tuition is rising all over the nation, and universities cannot take all the blame. Much of the blame for rising tuition is a result of well-intentioned lawmakers in Washington. An article written in 2011 from U.S. News explains that thanks to federal student aid, students can take out large loans to pay for their education; however, because these loans are so large, colleges can charge even higher tuition and fees because they know they will be paid back by the government no matter what. In 1987, Bill Bennett, the Secretary of Education at that time wrote in a column, “increases in financial aid in recent years have enabled colleges and universities blithely to raise their tuitions, confident that Federal loan subsidies would help cushion the increase.” Further, an article in The New York Times claims “the astonishing rise in college tuition correlates closely with a huge increase in public subsidies for higher education.” While federal loans are helpful and necessary for many students, they are actually one of the causes of increasing tuition costs. There may not be an easy solution to this complex problem, but raising tuition for all students is an unsatisfactory response. The Board of Trustees must focus on priorities to improve our education, and not raise tuition simply to fund their social justice projects. I speak on behalf of my peers when I say that I expect to see positive results next year with all money this school is getting. How about free printing to start?
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Strength in Numbers
Wake Forest Lacrosse Shows Potential for Varsity Program.
ast month, I had the pleasure of sitting down with senior lacrosse captain, Sean Roberts, a reliable defenseman and consumer psychology major from Wilton, Connecticut, to discuss the lacrosse program here at Wake Forest University. Roberts has been an active member for four years strong, since the fall of his freshman year in 2013. According to Roberts, the team had a “brutal” year when he was a freshman, and ended up dropping from Men’s Collegiate Lacrosse Association (MCLA) Division I to Division II before his junior year. Apparently, there have not been truly active, committed seniors, like Roberts, in past years, which may have led to the team being forced to drop a division. This year, however, numbers from all classes increased greatly. The roster this fall and spring consisted of thirty-five to forty serious players from around the country, primarily from the Philadelphia, Baltimore-D.C., Connecticut, and Boston regions. This past fall, the Demon Deacons celebrated huge wins over the Davidson Wildcats and the veteran players of the Old Goats club team, but came up a goal short to a very talented Appalachian State team. The team rounded out out the spring season with 4-4 overall record, but an 0-3 record in the division. As an active, concerned player on the Wake Forest Lacrosse George Little is a freshman from San Diego, CA, planning on studying Business. He is a Contributor for The Wake Forest Review.
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Team, I proceeded to ask Roberts about the direction in which the program is headed in years to come. When asked about about his thoughts on eventually having a varsity lacrosse program, he responded, “If we practiced five days a week, we’d be at the caliber of adding a varsity program in the next five years. Wake absolutely should go DI.” Roberts continued to express his enthusiasm on the matter
by asking us to picture the Wake Forest Varsity Lacrosse Team competing against a team like Duke at W. Dennie Spry Stadium, where the Wake Forest Varsity Soccer Team currently plays. He said there would be huge turnouts, tremendous amounts of excitement, and that Wake Forest is a “lacrosse school,” as a large amount of the undergraduate population, both male and female, played lacrosse in high school. Atlantic Coast Conference varsity lacrosse only consists of five programs: Virginia, North Carolina, Duke, Syracuse, and Notre
Dame. Wake Forest, unquestionably, is competitive with these other universities in football, basketball, and other sports, so many wonder why Wake Forest lacrosse does not have a spot in the ACC. It comes down to a matter of funding, hiring new leadership, and recruiting. Starting a varsity lacrosse program at Wake Forest would cost a tremendous amount of money, time, and effort. To understand how difficult it would be, one should observe what happened at the University of Richmond, a similarly prestigious academic institution. According to Washington Post writer Alex Prewitt, the University of Richmond cut funding for and discontinued its men’s soccer and track teams, in order to add a men’s lacrosse team. This made a great deal of people very happy and excited, but also made a great deal of people very upset and frustrated. “Opponents of the decision, including some Richmond alumni, coaches and student-athletes, have protested, decrying a lack of transparency and the roles of major donors who spearheaded a $3 million endowment that cleared the way for the addition of a varsity men’s lacrosse program at the expense of two others,” Prewitt wrote. However, Roberts and many others in the lacrosse community believe that adding a varsity team will be extremely beneficial and rewarding, and will bring new excitement, interest, and respect the school. The talent and interest is there, now it’s just an issue of commitment to making the program reach its full potential.
Practice What You Chalk
Community Should Respect All Point of Views in Chalking.
ince the times of the Roman Republic, the ancient symbol of fasces symbolized the power of the government. The meaning behind the Roman insignia promoted a democratic ideology that especially resonates with us even today in the Western world. The fasces consist of frail sticks that alone are weak and powerless, but when bundled together creates a strong and reliable force. This is the symbol of Roman strength throughout the republic and the empire, and now it is a symbol of American democracy. Wake Forest’s equivalent to the fasces is chalk. This weak material is a strong means for members of the Demon Deacon community to voice opinions. However, the chalking of Manchester Plaza excludes a pivotal part of democracy that the fasces represent: togetherness. In my year experience as a member of the Wake Forest community, I have observed that the political and personal beliefs expressed via chalk on Manchester plaza are far too often left-leaning. These phrases etched into the Lower Quad include problems with the criminal justice system, a woman’s right to choose, and endless criticisms about President Donald Trump. Irrespective of political affiliation, these issues are heavily contested as evidenced by the recent election. Despite variations in ideologies on Wake Forest’s campus, the
left-leaning protests on the Quad, for the most part, go untouched and are present on campus until the next storm washes the chalk away. However, a few weeks ago, conservative members of the same Demon Deacon community decided to voice their opinions as well by chalking the Quad. Instead of being granted the same respect as their fellow Demon Deacons, the conservative views were defaced by other students at Wake Forest. A
work together despite political differences has been present throughout this country's history. She said: “By the time [the delegates] left Philadelphia, they had begun to see themselves as one nation. That's what made it possible to stand up to a king. That took courage. They had courage. Our founders embraced the enduring truth that we are stronger together. Now America is once again at a moment of reckoning…. We have to decide whether we all will work together so we all can rise together.” Hillary Clinton, the torchbearer of the Democratic Party, attempted to make this the platform of the party, while former presidential candidate and Republican governor of Ohio John Kasich affirmed that, “We are Americans before we are Republicans or Democrats.” Both sides of the aisle should discourage this behavior towards chalking. I do not know who changed the conservative messages on the Quad, but whether they are a Democrat or Republican, the Wake Forest community should have one overwhelming response to whoever wrote over the chalk: practice what you chalk.
"I find that censorship of any political belief, liberal, conservative, or independent, is counterproductive to everything that this country and both parties should stand for."
IMAGE BY WAKE FOREST UNIVERSITY
Michael England is a freshman from Warrington, PA, planning on studying Politics and International Affairs. He is a Contributor for The Wake Forest Review.
statement of support for President Trump, “Pray for our President,” was edited to say, “Pray for our President’s impeachment.” I identify as a Republican. I did not support Donald Trump during the election, and I disagreed with some of the liberal and conservative statements that were on the Quad. That being said, I find that censorship of any political belief, liberal, conservative, or independent, is counterproductive to everything that this country and both parties should stand for. In Hillary Clinton’s Democratic National Convention speech, she described how this struggle to
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A Year of Volatility
resident Donald Trump is making good on his word to take on trade. And he’s not going through Congress. On Friday, March 31st, Trump signed two new executive orders with regards to trade. The first order was directed towards identifying causes of trade abuse. According to Jill Colvin and Josh Boak of the Associated Press, officials will need a little more than two months to create a “country-by-country, product-by-product report that will serve as the basis of future decision-making by the administration.” This will allow the new administration to take cautious and diagnostic measures before making any decision with regards to trade policy. The second executive order issued by Trump was aimed towards rightfully collecting anti-dumping duties, which are protectionist taxes imposed on foreign exports that are priced under market value. These duties are targeted at helping U.S businesses and maintaining steady job growth within the United States. By monitoring the accumulation of the taxes, Trump can have better control over the influence of international trade. Although Trump has made these extremely modest strides in trade regulations, it appears as if it will be hard to pass major bills, especially with regards to trade, so far in his presidency. Nick Gorman is a sophomore from Baltimore, MD, studying Economics and Statistics. He is a Contributor for The Wake Forest Review.
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In general, many investors and corporations are optimistic with the Republicans’ strategy moving forward. They plan on cutting corporate taxes by almost 20%, from 35% to 15%. This would allow companies and retailers to add to their earnings, which could then be placed in the stock market. This seems like a very attractive option for investors as they put more money in the markets. Additionally, the deregulation could boost profits
for business. Investors, as a result, could see a higher return in their stakes in the market. Trump and the other Republicans see eye-toeye on these issues. However, the Republicans fiercely disagree with his harsh trade regulation agenda. Trump wants to establish high tariffs on imports to support American businesses and keep jobs in the United States. However, Republicans believe that international free trade is better for a global economy and establishes the United States as the main power in global markets. Due to this disagreement, Trump seems unable to pass any significant trade
regulations, especially with raising tariffs on imports. If the Trump and the Republicans in Congress do not agree, how will this affect the stock markets in 2017? Trump’s current inability to pass significant trade legislation and other bills, like Speaker Paul Ryan’s healthcare bill in late March, will cause a large amount of volatility in the stock market soon. Due to these failures, investors will be skeptical of Trump’s political capital. At the start of his presidency, investors had been very optimistic about Trump’s legislation being passed. However, after the failures of the healthcare and trade bills, the S&P 500 index has decreased after each time. Specifically, in the weeks leading up to March 24th, in which Trump’s healthcare bill was pulled from a vote, the S&P 500 reached 2385.26, one of the highs of the month. However, the failure caused the S&P 500 to drop to its March low of 2341.59. A similar situation happened with regards to the trade regulation legislation. During the last week of March, the S&P 500 Index reached 2369.93, another peak, before the rejection of Trump’s trade legislation on March 31st. The following Monday, the S&P plummeted .009% to 2358.84. Investors now are very speculative about Trump’s ability to enact legislation in the first year of his presidency. With the voting of future bills imminent, investors will make cautious stakes in the market as uncertainty looms. This speculation, along with the Federal’s Reserve two more predicted rate hikes, will cause of a year of market volatility in 2017.
IMAGE BY ABC
President Trump Gives the Stock Market a Run for its Money.
For Sale: U.S Federal Government National Debt will be a Crisis for our Generation.
hat can $20 trillion dollars get you? With that kind of money, you can buy 839,983,200 Toyota Priuses or even 26.6 trillion Hershey's Chocolate bars. Or, you can buy out the United States federal government. As of April 10, 2017, the National Debt stands at $19.86 trillion, a staggering 106% of our nation’s GDP. Back in 2000, President Clinton’s administration predicted that the U.S. would be able to pay off all its debt by 2009. As our President would say… Wrong! Since 2008, the debt has nearly doubled. Today, each American taxpayer would have to pay about $165,000 in order to pay off the government’s debt. And although the rising debt is a major issue facing lawmakers in Washington, many Americans do not realize the negative effects it could have on their daily lives. A growing economy is necessary to keep any nation healthy. If an economy grows, people make more money, and their standard of living improves. Moreover, growth Zach Kuchan is a sophomore from Chesterfield, MO, planning on studying in the School of Business. He is a Contributor for The Wake Forest Review.
provides a government with increased revenue and an opportunity to pay off its debt. However, a rising debt threatens these benefits because it hinders economic growth. In the case of the United States, an increase in the debt to GDP ratio tells investors that the federal government may be unwilling or unable to pay them back. As a result, demand for U.S. Treasury bonds will decrease as investors perceive a greater risk in repayment. In order to make purchasing American debt more attractive, interest rates on Treasurys will rise, and the national debt will rise more rapidly as the federal government pays more in interest. The mounting interest payments will essentially crowd out investment on public projects. Interest rates on consumer loan products and private investment will also rise because interest rates on Treasury securities act as a benchmark. Taking out a student loan or a mortgage will become less attractive as larger interest payments are required. Investment as a whole will be discouraged by the higher interest rates, and economic growth will be negatively impacted. The rising debt will eventually force the federal government to find a solution. Congress could
choose to cut spending or alter the tax rate. However, neither option seems all too likely. Approximately 65% of the federal budget goes towards programs such as Medicare and Social Security and is non-discretionary, meaning the federal government is legally required to fund these programs. The military accounts for about 19% and although it is discretionary, it too is difficult to cut. Overall, it is nearly impossible to cut the budget by an amount necessary to reduce our debt. A reduction in the tax rate could spur economic growth and thus increase the government’s revenue. However, if the lower tax rate does not create a higher GDP growth rate, the debt will only grow. Alternatively, a higher tax rate could bring in more revenue to pay off the debt. However, it is all too likely that more taxes would have a negative impact on GDP, rendering the tax hike useless. In addition, such a policy would be rather unpopular with the American taxpayer. Clearly, there is no easy solution to reducing our National Debt. However, one thing is for sure: if a solution is not found soon, the United States could be in for a rough ride.
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First-Year Speaks Against Sanctuary An Interview with Maia Kennedy
n the wake of the divides created by the election of President Donald Trump, Wake Forest’s Student Government decided to weigh into the national political scene by proposing a resolution to make the school a sanctuary campus. While the resolution was originally tabled, it was eventually passed during an emergency session. Only one senator had the courage to speak her mind and vote against the resolution. We sat down with Maia Kennedy to ask about her experience standing alone.* Ryan Wolfe: Can you describe what senate was like that night? Maia Kennedy: It was very, very crowded. While Student Senate is always open to the public, this meeting in particular got a lot of traction with students and faculty. People were very emotional before anything had started. I think we can all agree that immi-
Ryan J. Wolfe is a junior from Mickleton, N.J, studying Politics and International Affairs and Communications. He is the Director of Strategic Operations.
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gration is an issue that needs to be addressed. The first time we got the bill we tabled it because we didn’t feel comfortable enough to make an informative vote about this. RW: Why did you choose to oppose the resolution? MK: As soon as I heard we were going to have an emergency senate, I met with students, professors, and faculty to try to get their points of view on sanctuary campuses and cities nationwide. I had a wide range of responses from students people who thought it was against the law, for the law, or didn’t know what it was. There were a lot of people at Senate who spoke in favor of the resolution, but all I could think about at that point was all the faculty and students who were against the resolution. I really thought that it was unfair that on side got to have a voice, while another did not. That is what prompted me to speak at Senate and vote against the resolution. RW: What would you say to those critical of your vote? MK: I’m not against immigrants.
I’m not against Hispanics, my mom is from Mexico. The immigration process is something very close to me. My mom went through it, she had to learn the language and study for the test. The process is long and costly and difficult, it's definitely not easy to do it the right way. If undocumented students are here the solution is to help them, not hide them. I do want to help these students get connected with lawyers and resources, but not have a sanctuary campus. RW: How did you deal with the backlash from your vote? MK: The difficulty of what I said did not end in Senate, it carried on in my daily life. Random people that I never met before tried to intimidate me. I had to call my friends to walk me back to my dorm because I was afraid something would happen. But I never regret saying what I did in Senate, and I am so thankful that I had the opportunity to say what I did. * This interview was edited for clarity and brevity. To hear the interview in full, please listen to Episode 4 of the Truth Without Fear Podcast.
Letter to the Editors: Internet Privacy
Internet Privacy is a Growing Concern and Must be Addressed.
n Monday, April 3rd, 2017, United States President Donald Trump signed off on a congressional resolution to repeal the internet privacy protections passed last October by the Federal Communications Commission under the Obama administration. To promote a fairer business regulatory environment, the repeal gives broadband internet service providers the right to data-mine and sell client information without requiring client permission to do so. Broadband service providers like AT&T, Verizon, and Comcast are now placed on a level playing field with internet-based companies such as Facebook, Google, and Twitter, who have been using consumer online habits to personalize advertising efforts for years. All else constant, the protection measures set forth by the Obama administration last October were scheduled to take effect later this year and ultimately never came to fruition, so, the question remains: what are the implications of the repeal for US consumers, and does it curtail our online security? While the repealed protection measures passed under the Obama administration ultimately never took effect, there is reason for concern in that online usage and information can now be sold by the very companies who provide our wireless service. As mentioned, the repeal enables broadband providers to analyze, mine and sell consumer behavior without ever Ted Yerdon is a junior from Chester, NJ, studying Finance in the School of Business. He is a Guest Contributor for The Wake Forest Review.
needing permission, enabling advertisers to target consumers in a more personalized way than ever before. The central issue lies in the fact that people have become increasingly reliant on the internet and that millennials as a generation likely wouldn't be able to function without it. It is these people who will no longer have the option of having their online usage analyzed and sold. Thus, unlike traditional internetcompanies, broadband providers occupy a different position in the greater internet ecosystem and are far more difficult to boycott compared to internet-based companies like Facebook. While there are ways around using broadband service providers such as VPNs (Virtual Private Networks) which encrypt online browsing and streaming services without ever revealing the client’s address, they are not practical for everyday use. Further, certain websites have protection measures against VPNs and will not work if they do not recognize traffic flow from a broadband service provider. Social media firms such as Facebook, Twitter, and Google will go completely unaffected by the recent repeal and have had, and will continue to have access to your online browsing habits while logged into their apps. If you’ve ever wondered how social media firms so accurately promote products that you’re interested in, it shouldn’t come as a surprise that your online usage has been analyzed and that each advertisement is personalized according to browsing habits, interests, likes, conversations, etc. At the heart of this massive digital advertising market lie numerous
advancements in optimization-focused backpropagation algorithms which constantly attempt to analyze consumer behaviors and display more personalized content. These algorithms are now complex enough where they can learn from mistakes and adapt to changes in individual consumer preferences. Thus, as technology has continues to advance itself, information and consumer data have become assets of intrinsic value: they permit more informed decision making, and, on a corporate level, enable firms to run more personalized marketing campaigns. As broadband providers have access to virtually all their clients’ internet usage, the amount of information that will be accessible to machine-learning algorithms will expand, and it may be reasonable to expect to see advertisement become even more personalized. The tradeoff between online data security and corporate advertising is one that our nation will have to address: to what extent should your online browsing habits be used as a tool for marketing, and at what level can this constant monitoring be viewed as trespassing? Subsequently, for a generation who know nothing but the internet and who rely on it to function, at what point could the pervasive internet oversight impact us psychologically? While internet spying is nothing new and has been going on since the dawn of the internet on both corporate and governmental levels, it is coming to a point where these issues will need to be addressed.
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