Page 1

Issue 13

Volume 24

Cuban fiesta

Keeping campus safe

war on terror

Spanish clubs hosts PG 6

obey traffic laws PG 2

patriot act problems PG 6

First Copy Free

SINCE 1994

•March, 31 2014•

WSU Vancouver salutes Women of Distinction Inspiring women on and off-campus celebrated with ceremony, reception By rob schubert The VanCougar With 29 nominees for the annual Women of Distinction awards this year, both students and members of the local community found many women who have inspired, mentored or empowered them. While every nominee, speaker or other person involved in the event deserved recognition, the award committee had to choose three women of the year. Lauren Clark was the winner in the high school student

2014 Women of Distinction nominees. Photo Credit | Kerry Layne Jeffrey

category. Described as “a young person that should give us great hope for the future,” Clark earned the award through her hard work and dedication both in school and in the community. Though young enough to still eagerly anticipate learning to drive, Lauren is a guiding figure to many local Girl Scouts, helping them develop life skills on the way to becoming confident, self-driven adults. She also has spearheaded a project to teach younger children about Internet safety and how to protect themselves and their See “Women of Distinction” on page 5.

Complaint filed against 2014 Elections Board ASWSUV Vice Presidential candidate challenges execution of 2014 election citing by-law violations The VanCougar A formal complaint has been filed with the Student Government (ASWSUV) Judicial Board by one of the Vice Presidential candidates, Ashlyn Salzman. The complaint has been filed against the 2014 ASWSUV Elections Board regarding the execution of the 2014 ASWSUV elections that began on March 11, 2014 and ended March 13, 2014. Salzman’s formal complaint addresses her reasoning and the Official Notification of Hearing from ASWSUV Judicial Board Chief Justice Nicholas Trudeau outlines the actions that will take place in the following week. As stated by Trudeau, there

will be a Judicial Board hearing on Thursday, April 3, at 9 a.m. in the Firstenburg Student Commons, Room 104. This hearing will be open to the public. Some of the issues addressed in the complaint were violations of ASWSUV elections regualtions prohibiitng the use of stickers and banners. Additionally, the conplaint addresses a concernt that the polls were opened late on March 11 and closed early March 13. The formal complaint and the Official Notification of Hearing, along with more information, can all be found at Stay tuned on the web for more updated information. n

From Left to Right | ASWSUV VP Candidate Ashlyn Salzman, Lowder/Salzman campaign supporter Emily Vis, & Pres. Candidate Carly Lowder awaiting 2014 election results. Photo Credit | Audrey Miller


Official student email Students and the search system gets an update for the elusive campus job

Work-study jobs and students jobs can be found using JobX and Vancouver Human Resources By Ryan Griffith The VanCougar

for seeking employment on campus. If students are looking for future or current employment off campus, however, then Career Services is where they should go. The Career Services staff works with students to provide access to not only potential jobs, but also the tools needed in order to succeed in getting a job. Interview assistance, resume and cover letter prepping, as well as tips on where and how to look for employment in local, national and international settings can be received at Career Services. For students looking for employment both after and during school, they can help prepare them to succeed in the job market at either time. The JobX website can be found at career. Human Resource job listings can be found by going to the HR webpage at Vancouver. and looking under student/temporary work. Students can also open up the WSU Vancouver webpage and type "Jobs" into the search bar to find both JobX and the HR listings.n

By Teresa Hoyt The VanCougar Students have likely seen notices in their Zzusis account regarding a new email upgrade since winter break. The reason being is Microsoft Office 365 is now the official email program for students at every Washington State University campus. The intercampus email system is the primary method of communication between students, faculty and administration. Despite the new look, the student-email address format “firstname.lastname@” has not changed. In August 2013, the WSU student email accounts were upgraded due to the launch of the latest Microsoft email interface. According to Casey Hansen, information technology services director at WSU Pullman, the final phase of the upgrade happened in early January 2014. WSU Pullman’s ITS Department established the upgrade. Only students are affected by this upgrade because WSU faculty and staff email is hosted on-site at Pullman by WSU’s Exchange Server. Prior to the Microsoft Office 365 upgrade, WSU students had

Th e

For the most part, students are coming to WSU Vancouver to attain an education that will help them find a career in the future. One difficult part, though, is paying for that education. Some students' families are able to pay for them to attend, some students have to work in order to pay while attending and some get their funding financial aid. The common theme is that education costs money and time. Working and going to school can, for the most part, dominate a student's free time, especially if their job is not on campus. Instead of having to spend the time and gas driving to and from classes and work, many students look to getting a position working on-campus, eliminating the need for a second commute. It is at this point in which Career Services, JobX, and the Human Resources Department at WSU Vancouver become involved with assisting students in the pursuit of employment, both on and off campus. There are a variety of

positions and internships offered to students, by a number of departments on campus. Those departments include the Student Services Center, Office of Student Involvement, Office of Diversity and ASWSUV, as well as the library and café. Being eligible for work-study gives working students the potential to earn a slightly higher wage than minimum, but also gives them access to work-study specific jobs, such as a teacher's assistant at the Child Development Center. Work-study does not apply to every job, however, and students are only allowed to work up to 19 hours per week so as to not expire the budgeted funds before the end of the semester. For the most part, student positions both work-study and otherwise can be found on JobX or Human Resources job page. This online process allows students to bring up any and all current job listings on campus, as well as the information regarding each position, and gives them the ability to get in contact with the varying departments that are hiring on campus. Department websites, CougSync, and word of mouth are also other avenues

and makeover

a different email with the same username, except the email ended with “live@edu” rather than “” During the upgrade, students were still able to use other Microsoft features such as email, SkyDrive and Messenger. Since the upgrade to Microsoft Office 365, WSU can no longer change the password of former Microsoft student accounts because WSU now administers Office 365 accounts. After the upgrade, students should expect to access their email at “” Microsoft Outlook and the Microsoft Outlook Web app are both used to view and send email, but students will have to use a different website to sign in, depending on what is used. Also, if a student uses Internet Explorer 6 or 7 as a web browser, it is advised that the student should upgrade to a newer version in order to have access to Office 365. Students are able to set up their WSU office 365 email accounts in their Zzusis portals. However, if a new student has any issues with setting up the email and needs urgent help, the student is encouraged to contact the IT Department at WSU Vancouver at (360) 546-9770. n


THE OFFICIAL STUDENT NEWSPAPER OF WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY VANCOUVER The VanCougar is a student-run newspaper serving the students, faculty and staff of WSU Vancouver. The VanCougar is available at distribution sites in the lobbies of most WSU Vancouver buildings. The VanCougar may be viewed online at

Editor-in-chief..................................... Audrey Miller .

Correction Policy

Managing Editor................................. Sara Seyller .

It is the policy of The VanCougar to correct errors. Please contact the editor via e-mail at


The existence of advertising in The VanCougar is not meant as an endorsement of any product, service or individual by anyone except the advertiser.

Advertising Manager......................... haley elmer . Web and Social Media Manager....... Alicia Uhacz. Graphic Designer................................. Now hiring Photographer...................................... Kerry Layne Jeffrey



Washington State University is an equal opportunity/affirmative action educator and employer.

Rob schuberT

Michael Williams

Letters to the Editor

The VanCougar welcomes brief letters (250 words or fewer) from members of the WSU Vancouver community on current issues. Letters must include the author’s full name, contact information and WSU affiliation, year and major for students, department for faculty and staff, degree and year graduated for alumni. The VanCougar does not publish anonymous letters. Priority is given to letters that relate directly to stories printed in The VanCougar. The VanCougar also welcomes guest commentaries of 550 words or fewer addressing issues of general interest to the WSU Vancouver community. Letters and commentaries should focus on issues, not personalities. Personal attacks and anonymous letters will not be considered for publication. The VanCougar reserves the right to edit for space, libel, obscene material and clarity. The views expressed are solely those of the individual authors. Letters and suggestions may be delivered to the Office of Student Involvement, the VanCougar office (VCLS 212), dropped in a suggestion box at a VanCougar distribution rack or e-mailed to

WRITERS Danielle Blumhardt colleen burke Ryan Griffith teresa hoyT

The VanCougar | Classroom Building (VCLS) Room 212 | 14024 NW Salmon Creek Ave. | Vancouver, Wash. 98686 | 360-546-9524

Washington State University Vancouver

Linda otton Guiselle Santacruz Cambri Shanahan Sarah Thurman

gregory walker james vera

campus police enforce speeding and traffic laws By Michael williaMs The Vancougar Washington State University Vancouver campus is relatively isolated from the busy streets of Vancouver, which may or may not serve as a temptation for some students to take a chance and put the pedal to the metal when trying to beat the morning rush, or get that good parking spot. However, students should be aware that despite WSU Vancouver’s isolated, country setting, the law still applies. WSU Vancouver police cruisers may sport the crimson and grey, but campus police are the real thing. According to vancouver.wsu. edu, the WSU Vancouver Police Department employs a staff of three full-time commissioned police officers, one part-time commissioned police officer, and one campus security guard. The WSU Vancouver Police Department is responsible for the enforcement of applicable city, county, state and federal criminal laws on the Vancouver campus. For students who may not know, this means that getting pulled over by the crimson and grey campus cruisers is the same as getting pulled over by the police in downtown Vancouver and are subject to the same traffic laws. Although there have been incidents of speeding on campus, there have not been many. According to Lieutenant Dave Stephenson, Department Head of Public Safety and Police Services, less than 20 citations or warnings were given out to drivers on campus in the last year. “We do a lot of traffic patrol and make a lot of vehicle stops with intent to enforce speed and safety laws through education. The WSU Vancouver Police

Department prefers to gain compliance through education rather than citation in most cases. Unless a violation puts a person or property in danger, we will most likely take the educational track and issue a warning. Dangerous violations, repeat offenders or a demonstrated attitude that warning and education will likely not be effective will probably generate a citation,” Stephenson said. While there are plenty of signs posting the speed limit around campus, stretches of road such as the Salmon Creek Avenue entrance or the entrance the fiftieth avenue would presumably be considered trouble areas for excessive speed. However, according to Stephenson, the 15 MPH zone on the campus main roadway between the cougar statue and the last parking lot entrance generate more complaints. “The reason for the 15 MPH speed zone is that there are seven crosswalks in the area that are heavily used. The most frequent complaint we receive is vehicles not stopping for pedestrians in a crosswalk or speeding in this area. Campus roadways where not posted as 15 MPH are posted as 25 MPH,” Stephenson said. WSU Vancouver Police do more than simply monitor campus grounds and roadways. Stephenson concluded that “WSU Vancouver Police is the Public Safety Department for the campus. Police officers are on duty on campus during all regularly scheduled classes. We have mutual assistance agreements with other area law enforcement agencies and have provided officers to serve with regional special operations units like SWAT and Mounted Patrol.”



monday, march 31 friday , april 4

n Gender Inequality in the Workplace Engage-In 2 - 5 p.m. FSC

tuesday , april 1

n Spanish Club Tabling Hang-out 11 a.m. - 1 p.m. QUAD

n Outdoor Soccer 4:30 - 6:30 p.m. Sport’s Field

n “Voices Unheard” - A three night film event focused on marginalized cultures in the United States 7 - 9 p.m. VLIB 129/130

n Senate Meeting 4:15 - 5:15 p.m. FSC 104

n Learn More From Lectures Workshop 4 - 5 p.m. FSC 104

monday, april 7

n Capture the Flag 9 - 11 p.m. WSUV QUAD

n Coug Cru Monday Meeting 2 - 3 p.m. VLIB 260

n Learn More From Lectures Workshop 4 - 5 p.m. FSC 104

n Maximize Test Performance 4 - 5 p.m. FSC 104

n A-Z Financial Aid & Scholarships Workshop 5 - 6 p.m. SSC 101

n Job and Internship Seeking Strategies 4:15 - 5:15 p.m. SSC 101

wednesday, april 2

n Outdoor Soccer 4:30 - 6:30 p.m. Sport’s Field

n Students with Disabilities Club Meeting 12 - 2 p.m. VLIB 240

wednesday, april 9 n Psychology Club Meeting 3 - 4 p.m. VLIB 260

n Interviewing Skills 12 - 1 p.m. SSC 101

n Arbor Day Kickoff with the Chancellor 3:30 p.m. WSUV QUAD

n Psychology Club Meeting 3 - 4 p.m. VLIB 260

n “Voices Unheard” - A three night film event focused on marginalized cultures in the United States 7 - 9 p.m. VDEN 129/130

n MBA Stakeholder Speaker Series: Leadership and Managing Through Change 6 - 8 p.m. VDEN 129

thursday, april 3

n Lee Montgomery, “Publishing Platforms: Old v. New” 7 - 9 p.m. VLIB 265

n Meyers-Briggs Type Indicator Workshop 9 - 10 a.m. SSC 101

thursday, april 10

n Clasp Workshop: Writing in The Discipline and Assessing Writing 12 - 1:15 p.m. SSC 101

n Strong Interest Inventory Workshop 9 - 10 a.m. SSC 101

n Theater @ WSUV weekly Meeting 4 - 6 p.m.

n Student Media Board meeting 12:15 - 1:15 p.m. FSC 104

n Kappa Omicron NU Spring Initiation 7 - 9 p.m. RSVP April 3 VUB 225

n Theater @ WSUV weekly meeting 4 - 6 p.m. WSUV n Networking 101: Learn and practice networking with local professionals 4 - 5:30 p.m. FSC 104

n Basketball Tournament 8 - 10 p.m. Alki Middle School

friday, april 11 n Spanish Club Tabling Hang-out 11 a.m. - 1 p.m. WSUV QUAD n Spanish Club Meeting Hang-out 11 a.m. - 12 p.m. VCLS 214 n Travel Cafe 2014 - Exploring Your Possibilities 12 - 5 p.m. VMMC 103/107 n Senate Meeting 4:15 - 5:15 p.m. FSC 104 n “Voices Unheard” Film Showing 7 - 9 p.m. VDEN 129/130

friday, april 11 n Soda Peaks Lake Backpacking All Day Sign up by April 9 $10 student / $15 nonstudent

saturday, april 12 n Stream Team Tree Planting 10 a.m. - 2 p.m. Pond by Sport’s Field

monday, april 14 n Open Soccer 4:30 - 6:30 p.m. Sport’s Field n Neurobiology of Sleep: Cerebral Slow Wave Form and Function 3:10 - 4:10 p.m. VESC 12

Want your event featured here? Email details two weeks in advance to

See “Campus police” on page 6.

LiKe us! VanCougar Newspaper

2014 Student Research Excellence Award Washington State University Vancouver Library

Cash Prize for the Best Paper or Project

Apply Now

Award will recognize excellence in undergraduate research that demonstrates evidence of significant inquiry using the library, its resources and collections. The competition is open to any individual undergraduate student in any field.

Photo credit | Michael williams

Applications due by April 25th. For application materials go to:

Washington State University Vancouver


WSU Vancouver salutes Women of Distinction

continued from page 1 identities. Of the many VanCougs nominated, Kim Stewart was ultimately chosen as the best example of inspiration, empowerment and mentorship. Beyond her many commitments to personal life and family, Stewart also volunteers her time with the Big Brothers Big Sisters Program, extending that same feeling to children in need. As part of the IMA/BAP executive team, Stewart began a peer-topeer tutoring program to help people find study partners which was so successful, it may be adopted as an official program by the WSU Vancouver school of business, ensuring it would continue to operate on campus after Stewart's graduation. Non-student award winner Brenda Alling the director of marketing and communications at WSU Vancouver but her accomplishments go far beyond that. “I don't know how many hours Brenda works, but it's

way more than 40. Nothing falls through the cracks,” said the person who nominated her. From her work mentoring young writers to volunteering her time to be VanCougar faculty adviser for a time, Alling takes any opportunity to help anywhere she is needed. As the mother of a son with learning disabilities and wife of a husband battling cancer, the people around Alling all agreed they were inspired by the emotional strength she showed them every day. Other nominees were recognized with honorable mentions: high school student Krti Hariharan, WSU Vancouver students Audrey Miller and Shavey Winters, and non-students Jennifer Horrowitz and Jasenka Cehajic. While not every woman nominated could win the award, they all can take pride in knowing that they impacted the life of someone in a positive way.

Event emcees Shyanna Reyes and Bethany Miles. Photo Credit | Kerry Layne Jeffrey


Student nominees Elizabeth Brodie, Erica Zutz & Audrey Miller. Photo Credit | Kerry Layne Jeffrey

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VanCougs Spring Break in Grand Canyon By caMBri shanahan The Vancougar Spring Break 2014 marked the third annual backpacking trip for WSU Vancouver’s Office of Student Involvement Recreation Office. On Saturday, March 15, 11 VanCougs headed to Arizona to explore the mighty Grand Canyon. 125 dollars was the sign up price and seven VanCougs were waiting outside the recreation office the morning of sign ups. Recreation Coordinator Anthony Deringer and Outdoor Intern Jonathan Rader chose this canyon for multiple reasons. For the past two years, they took students to the canyons in southern Utah. Deringer, Rader and Adventure Facilitators Natalie Ferraro and Cambri Shanahan led the group of seven. A place with a diverse terrain and a hot climate is often times the destination choice made by Recreation for Washingtonian students to escape during spring break. The temperature in the canyon averaged around 60 degrees. After 20 hours of driving

over two days and a dip in Utah’s Crystal Hot Springs, the group arrived at the Grand Canyon National Park on Monday, March 17. This was the beginning of their five-day backpacking excursion and the most physically challenging day, requiring the group to descend 4,000 feet in elevation into the canyon. They set up their first camp in the backcountry near Cottonwood Creek. When picking the route through the canyon, Deringer and Rader had to make sure there were good water sources along the trail for the group to stay hydrated. Breaking camp mid-Tuesday, the group continued on the Tonto Trail. They found water in multiple places that day and settled for camp near Grapevine Creek. This creek offered another constant water source for cooking and drinking. The smaller side canyon carved by Grapevine Creek was exactly the kind of canyon environmental science junior Manuel Mendoza had hoped for on the trip. Mendoza explored the canyon with members of the

group and he declared it was one of the highlights of his trip. “My favorite part of the trip was undoubtedly exploring the many side canyons and finding picture-perfect backdrops within them to spend some time getting to know my backcountry mates,” said Mendoza. The second major side canyon Mendoza and the group discovered was at their base camp on Wednesday and Thursday. The dry Cremation Creek bed and side canyon provided the perfect place to camp and explore. This was Mendoza’s first trip with the recreation office and he said it was “truly unforgettable.” “The most unexpected delight was the life-long friendships I made while in the Grand Canyon. I look forward to taking more trips with OSI to build more friendships and memories,” said Mendoza. Thursday the group headed to Phantom Ranch on the Colorado River. Leaving most of their supplies at their base camp Cremation Creek, the group brought only light daypacks with water bottles and other goods.

Phantom Ranch is a popular base camp for many travelers and is stocked with supplies brought in by a mule train. After an afternoon at the ranch, the group then ascended back up the side of canyon to their camp at Cremation Creek. Friday marked the final ascent out of the canyon. Starting well before the sun, the group ascended around 4,000 feet in four miles. This hike was a personal accomplishment for psychology junior Erol Berkeley. “Getting to the top of the canyon was the best part of the trip,” said Berkeley. “Not because I was ready to leave, but because I knew I had just accomplished something some people never get to do, and with a group of people I’ll always remember. From start to finish, the group hiked over 30 miles of trail over 5 days. For a handful of members it had been their very first time backpacking. Berkeley had never experienced backpacking or camping, and tried it all for the first time with OSI recreation. “I was amazed at how knowledgeable the leaders were

and how well they all worked together to make our trip as epic as could be,” said Mendoza. “Their expertise in the wilderness insures that even novice adventurers will feel comfortable in the outdoors.” The recreation team surprised the group at the end of the trip with rooms at the Maswik Lodge near the canyon. The group hollered with excitement for the luxury of toilets and hot showers after their week in the backcountry. They started their journey home early Saturday morning. Spencer Hot Springs in Nevada offered a warm oasis for the group on their last night together. Sunday led a straight stretch back to Vancouver and arrival back to campus just before sundown that evening. “The Grand Canyon is an amazing national park that everyone should visit in their life. I am glad we were able to bring students to it and see a side less traveled,” said Rader. n

Above | Students Manuel Mendoza, Hans Grav, Jonathan Rader and Cambri Shanahan. Below Top | A view from inside the canyon. Below Bottom | Anthony Deringer and Tommy Culhane. Photos Cortesy | Cambri Shanahan

Washington State University Vancouver


Spanish Club hosts salsa dancing, Cuban culture fiesta By Gregory walker The VanCougar The Washington State University Vancouver Spanish Club invited students to experience an evening of Cuban Salsa dancing. The event was free and was held at the Firstenburg Student Commons (FSC) on March 14 from 4–6 p.m. Students were taught the basics of Cuban salsa dancing and had an opportunity to dance along to live music. The music was performed by local Cuban band “Pilon D’Azucar.” The band’s members are all from Cuba and studied music in the nation’s capital city, Havana. In addition to dancing, students were encouraged to bring their appetite, as the event featured traditional Cuban foods. Among the dishes served were moros y cristianos (black beans and rice) and ropa vieja (shredded steak in a tomato sauce). Cuban salsa dancing is known also as “Casino” in Cuba. The name originates from the dance’s birthplace - the dance halls of Havana casinos. One significant difference between Cuban salsa dancing and American salsa dancing is the direction of the dancer’s movements. American salsa requires the couple to dance

in a linear motion, while dancers move about in a circular motion in Cuban salsa dancing. Spanish Club co-chair Kim Takenishi told the VanCougar the club decided to focus on Cuban salsa dancing after receiving positive feedback via a poll posted on the club’s web page. Takenishi also explained that during this semester all of the club’s events are “dedicated to Cuba” in preparation for the upcoming summer trip to Cuba led by Washington State University Vancouver Spanish instructor María Lee-López. López is also the faculty advisor for Spanish Club. According to López, the evening of Cuban salsa dancing was an opportunity for students to experience Cuban culture first hand. Having been born and raised on the island nation, López knows Cuba personally. She explained that “dancing is [Cuba’s] culture. Everybody dances.” She also affirmed that Cuban salsa can be learned by anyone as long as they are eager to dance. For more information about Spanish Club sponsored events, students are encouraged to visit the club’s Facebook page and CougSync profile. n

Doorways to education By rob schubert The VanCougar On March 6, 2014, Washington State University Vancouver's Office of Student Diversity once again opened the doors of the Firstenburg Student Commons to local Hispanic families for the annual Noche de Familia event, This event, run by the WSU Vancouver Diversity Team, was an evening of talks, workshops and a complimentary dinner, all aimed at helping not just local Hispanic students, but also their families, better understand the process of attending college, provide help with financing education, and for current WSU Vancouver students of Hispanic origin to share some of their own experiences. Cesar Moreno, a member of the Diversity Team who grew up in Mexico City, took the lead on organizing and running the event. When he was asked his participation with the event, Moreno said, “I feel passionate about education, and I think that based on my knowledge of the Latin American community, I can contribute something to this event.” After an optional campus tour, the evening began with several members of the Student Diversity Team sharing their experiences pursuing college education. Though the event itself was in Spanish, the Diversity Team had made a recorded translation available for listening via earpiece. The Office of Student Diversity had made Washington State University Vancouver

additional resources available as well, such as information and applications for financial aid and details on resident tuition rates. All information was provided with the ultimate goal of helping students and their families understand exactly what they needed to go to college, and just as importantly, why they needed to. “I'm hoping that students and parents come out inspired to take on this challenge. Our theme is 'You Deserve What You Dream.' We are hoping that by dreaming big, we can encourage students to pursue college,” Moreno said. Following the conclusion of the evening's lecture segment, the assembled group broke up into various workshops aimed primarily at students in middle or high school. The workshops were intended to help the prospective students turn the vague goal of “going to college” into a more manageable set of tasks to overcome. Though pleased with the turnout and his part in making the evening a success, Moreno still hopes for improvement. “I would hope that in the future, this event will keep evolving to best address the needs of the Hispanic community,” he said. By hosting Noche de Familia, the Office of Student Diversity not only aims to attract Hispanic students and give them an opportunity for higher education, but in doing so, to enrich the student body as a whole by increasing diversity. n

War on terror fought here in America A guest speaker discusses harms and threats to citizen rights with Patriot Act By Colleen Burke The VanCougar Students, faculty and community members filled Dengerink Administration Building (VDEN) 110 March 5 as Washington State University Vancouver hosted “The War on Terror and the New Police State.” The free event featured a presentation by Thomas Nelson, a Portland area attorney and campaigner for the rights of the local Muslim community. Though Nelson has not been accused of terrorism, he has worked closely with those who have. During the presentation, Nelson discussed his most well-known case which involved Brandon Mayfield, an attorney who was falsely accused of being involved in the 2004 bombing in Madrid, Spain. Nelson, who is friends with Mayfield, got involved in the case and, for Nelson, it was a startling look at how the then newly enacted Patriot Act infringes on the rights of the Americans. According to Nelson, the FBI told Mayfield that his fingerprints were found on a bag containing explosive residue at a Madrid train station. The FBI reported that the fingerprints were a “100%” match.” The Spanish authorities contested the match, but, according to Nelson, the FBI disregarded their findings and continued to spy on Mayfield. Mayfield’s home and office were broken into multiple times without a warrant and listening devices were installed. To Nelson and Mayfield this was a clear violation of his Fourth Amendment right, which prohibits unreasonable search and seizures without probable cause. However, Nelson added that the FBI said they were conducting a “sneak and peek” search, which, under the US Patriot Act, allows Federal authorities to search homes for any crime, even misdemeanors. Nelson pointed out that while Mayfield was awarded a $2 million settlement for being wrongfully accused and imprisoned, he lost his battle with the Ninth

Circuit Court to prove that his Fourth Amendment rights were violated. Nelson challenged the room full of students, faculty and visitors: How can a citizen born in America who has served in the Army and has not left the country in over a decade can be wrongfully accused of committing an act of terror thousands of miles away? The majority of Nelson’s clients are Muslim immigrants. Nelson discussed that he is

currently representing Yonas Fikre, a naturalized American citizen who is now living in Stockholm, Sweden and cannot go back to his home in Portland. According to Nelson, Fikre was traveling to Sudan in 2009 for business and to visit family. The FBI contacted Fikre and asked to him to be an informant for a case they were working on in Portland. Nelson believes the FBI wanted Fikre to lure Mohamed Mohamud, whom the FBI would later arrest for trying to detonate a bomb at a Portland tree-lighting ceremony in 2010. Nelson described how Fikre balked at the FBI requests to become an informant. The FBI then warned Fikre that he was on the no-fly list and he would not be removed if he did not help them. Instead of going home, Fikre went to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and was arrested by UAE authorities where he was beaten and tortured for 106 days. Fikre and Nelson believe that he was detained by the request of the FBI. After his torture, Fikre was released, but since he was still on the no-fly list he could not return to the US, so he claimed asylum in Sweden. Nelson described how

representing Fikre has been difficult for him and how he must travel several times a year to meet with him in person, as he is sure his conversations are being monitored. In a previous case, Nelson’s attorney-client privilege was not only broken, but the FBI used an illegally recorded conversation against his client prompting Nelson to take every precaution against similar incidents. Nelson told the WSU Vancouver audience that he believes strongly in the Constitution and believes that the Patriot Act is destroying it. He spoke of his fears that the US is becoming a police state, similar to the one that existed in East Germany during the cold war, comparing federal authorities to the East German police known as the Stasi. “Our surveillance is far superior to the Stasi’s,” Nelson added. Nelson pointed out that, as Edward Snowden’s revelations have shown, the US National Security Agency (NSA) has the ability and carte blanche to spy on virtually anyone. Nelson discussed how German Prime Minister Angela Merkel was spied on though there was no reason at all to suspect her of terrorism. Nelson added that the only reason the NSA did so is because they could and reported being puzzled that these revelations have not sparked more outrage among the American public, particularly college students. “I am shocked there isn’t more unrest on campus,” Nelson said. However, WSU Vancouver students had many questions about the Patriot Act and NSA surveillance. Many students stayed after Nelson’s presentation to ask him questions about the Bill of Rights and the USA Patriot Act. Although apathy about the Patriot Act and NSA surveillance is not nationwide, Nelson is not satisfied. “Do we want to be the kind of country we have become?” Nelson proposed. n

Above | Thomas Nelson, Photo Credit | Colleen Burke

Campus police, continued from page 3 In addition to police officers, the WSU Vancouver Police Department employs between two to five Community Service Officers (CSO's). CSO’s are typically student employees that provide basic security services on campus and work under the supervision of the police department, according to WSU Vancouver Police and Public Safety also offer a range

of free services and programs to provide students, faculty and staff a safe environment in which to attend school and work such as assistance with auto-lockouts, jump starts, self-defense classes, property engraving and criminal investigation enforcement and reporting. Additionally, anyone may contact a Public Safety officer for an escort to their vehicle at any time. The WSU Vancouver Public

Safety and Police Services office is located in the Dengerink Administration building (VDEN), Room 160. The entrance to the office is located off the courtyard between the Classroom building (VCLS) and the Dengerink Administration building (VDEN). To contact an officer, please call 360-546-9001, send an email to, or use the WSU Public Safety text pager at 360-690-1527. n

OPINION EDITORIAL | 7 Dear Truly, Ever since I was young, it has always been my dream to go into the criminal justice field. WSU Vancouver has been a great way to start my college experience and take care of prerequisites while staying here in Vancouver, but I really want to make criminal justice my primary focus of study. To my dismay, this school only offers a minor in criminal justice. Do I need to transfer schools as soon as possible, or is there still a way for me to pursue my dream job without leaving WSU Vancouver? Sincerely, Buying Answers to My Apropos Needs

Dear B.A.t.M.A.N., I love watching Criminal Minds (much to the dismay of everyone else in my house) and have always enjoyed a good mystery. I have done some investigation and think I have found some evidence to point to staying at WSU Vancouver. When I think criminal justice, I often think of the FBI so I took a quick look on their website and saw this “The FBI is currently seeking skills and degrees in: hard sciences, such as biology, chemistry, physics, etc.; all engineering fields; computer sciences; information systems; international studies; business, finance, and accounting; and military intelligence. Those with political science, criminal justice, and psychology degrees must have another critical skill in order to be more competitive (for example, military intelligence background, a graduate degree, or a special skill).” What I take away from this is having a degree in some other area than criminal justice may actually help you get a job in law enforcement. Therefore, if you got a degree in business with a minor in criminal justice, you may have a better chance of getting hired than having a degree in criminal justice. Of course, this may not be the case with all law enforcement agencies, so I would look to see what your dream agency looks for in candidates. Having knowledge of criminology is important but so is knowledge in an industry or area. In Criminal Minds, part of why Dr. Reid is successful as an FBI BAU agent is that he has knowledge on many different topics that he can draw on to solve cases.

As you are working on end of semester assignments remember to stop by the library for help with research & ordering materials.

You can also – Call: (360) 546-9686 Email: or IM : find the Chat with a Librarian link on  the  Library’s  home  page

My next suggestion would be to see if you could get some real-life experience around the criminal justice system. See if you can sit down for an informational interview with someone who works for your dream employer to see what that person thinks regarding this, and to learn what it is like on an average day. I would also look into volunteer opportunities related to criminal justice. Many police departments have police activities leagues and neighborhood watch programs you can get involved in. I also think it might be a good idea for you to look into volunteering with programs that work with those currently incarcerated like Books for Prisoners or the YWCA’s WORTH program. You can also volunteer with programs working with juvenile offenders like Clark County’s Restorative Community Service program. Then you have some knowledge and experience on multiple sides of criminal justice. Lastly, have you discussed this with your academic advisor? You can visit more than just once a term for advising. They may have insights on to courses you can take or internships in our area related to your interests. I would also make an appointment with Career Services as Christine Lundeen is a great resource in these kinds of situations. She may have ideas for next steps for you. Keep Sleuthing On, Yours,

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Washington State University Vancouver

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