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Congratulations and best wishes to all who graduate from SVSU on Friday!

THE VALLEY

Monday, December 12, 2011

VANGUARD

Saginaw Valley State University’s student newspaper since 1967

Vol. 44 No. 14

Trouble on the road The first snow storm of the season hit Saginaw at 8p.m. on Nov. 29, causing more than 40 crashes on I-75, according to local reports. Since Michigan residents will soon face snowstorms as the winter season approaches, local law enforcement, automotive professionals and winter driving experts urge students to start preparing now. Top 10 Winter Driving Tips 1.“Slow down and give yourself plenty of extra time to get where you are going. It goes without saying but always remember to wear your seat belt,” said Ronald Trepkowski, University police chief. 2.“Check the weather reports. If there is a big snow storm coming, sometimes it is better to just stay home,” Trepkowski said. 3.“Focus your driving a quarter mile ahead of yourself, not off the hood of your car. This way you have more time to react if something happens out in front of you,” an Atlas Auto and Towing employee said. 4.“Brake and accelerate gently to keep from sliding into others. You should also give yourself at least six seconds worth of reaction time from the car ahead of you,” said Tim Donaldson, a Real Skills Academy Drivers Training employee. 5.“Be sure to clear off your windows. We see numerous students driving around on campus who still have snow covering their cars,” Trepkowski said. 6.“If you live in a more rural area, put together an emergency kit. It should include non-perishable food items, candles, a first aid kit, a blanket and water,” Donaldson said. 7.“Back into parking spaces when you can. It is easier to pull forward out of a spot, rather than back out if you get snowed in,” Donaldson said. 8.“If you under steer (when the front wheels begin to slip and are not turning tight enough), slowly let off the accelerator and the car should correct itself. Don’t slam on the brakes; that will only cause you to slide more,” a Belle Tire employee said. 9.“Slow down and get over when you see emergency vehicles and tow trucks. We are just trying to help you out and do our jobs and not end up as road kill,” said Brandon Kaifesh, Troy Auto Care employee. 10.“If you drive a rear-wheel-drive car or truck then be sure to put some weight over the rear axle to keep from losing control. This isn’t “Fast and the Furious: Tokyo Drift” and you aren’t Vin Diesel,” Kaifesh said.

By Patrick Snyder Vanguard Staff Writer

Top 10 Winter Maintenance Tips 1.“Winter tires are going to be your best investment. If you can’t afford winter tires be sure to have the best tires rotated to the rear of the vehicle,” a Discount Tire employee said. 2.“Be sure your tire pressure is correct. Having a low tire may result in losing control since your car can be pulled side to side,” an Atlas Auto and Towing employee said. 3.“If your wipers streak, squeak or leave you in a fog, it’s time to replace them,” an Advanced Auto Parts employee said. 4.“Make sure your windshield wiper antifreeze is full. You should carry around an extra bottle just in case,” said Tim Donaldson, Real Skills Academy Drivers Training employee. 5.“It’s always better to keep your gas tank above half full. If you get delayed in traffic it can prevent you from becoming stranded,” said Ronald Trepkowski, University police chief. 6.“A common issue we see are belts breaking. Be sure to have your belts checked and replaced if necessary,” said Bob Robinson, Firestone Complete Auto Care employee. 7.“Maintenance requirements and specifics such as tire pressure, oil levels, etc. can make a big difference and also vary from vehicle to vehicle. You should always visit a licensed facility to ensure your car is winterized properly,” Robinson said. 8.“Be sure your battery is charged and is putting out enough cranking amps to get you started on those cold mornings,” a Belle Tire employee said. 9.“Learn if your car has a working anti-lock braking system. If it’s broken, get it fixed. If you can’t afford it, then learn how to pump the brakes and correct your steering; otherwise I’ll be the one pulling you out of a ditch,” said Brandon Kaifesh, Troy Auto Care employee. 10.“Buy a pair of jumper cables and learn how to use them, among other do-it-yourself auto repairs. On a cold and snowy morning it’s going to take at least an hour wait for a tow truck,” Kaifesh said.

Driving a point home Sleep loss, not a quick fix By Blake Allen

By Chris Oliver

Vanguard Staff Writer

Students aren’t just losing sleep because of snoring roommates. At the end of each semester, some students feel the need to study harder for exams and give up sleep to write term papers. Yet studies have shown that lack of sleep can be more harmful than students know. Julie Dowis, a registered polysomnographic technologist and a certified repertory therapist from the Covenant Sleep Disorders Center understands that students at this time of

the year often put sleep on the backburner. “Everyone knows what exam week brings,” Dowis said. “Students tend to burn the midnight oil.” However, Dowis said that sleep is a necessity, especially for college students. “Sleep is as important as the air we breathe, the water we drink and the food we eat,” Dowis said. “You really need it to survive, and for college students, sleep is vital for retaining information and studying.” Sarah Devitt, occupational therapy sophomore, said that she agreed that sleeping is essential in a college student’s career. “I don’t get enough sleep,” Devitt said with a laugh. “But I try to get six to eight

hours a night and it really affects the way you retain information and it’s really hard to focus and to pay attention in class.” Although understanding the need to sleep, Devitt is one of the many students facing exams and term papers. “I get even less sleep now,” Devitt said. “I’m usually up studying more or writing.” Chuck Hutchins, art senior, argues that sleep isn’t as vital as others say. “A Monster (energy drink) on a full stomach equals hours of energy,” he said. Recently, Hutchins said he stayed awake for 36 hours working on projects.

Vanguard Staff Writer

What do a stationary golf cart and root beer floats have to do with drunken driving? Both were used to educate students on Dec. 8 through an event sponsored by the Program Board and Peer Health Educators, which collaborated to help students be aware of the dangers of drunken driving. The DUI Simulator emulated real road driving conditions. The simulator was designed to realistically show participants the dangers of driving while under the influence of alcohol. A Drunk Driving Simulator allowed students to drive in a simulated drunk mode.

See DUI, A2

See SLEEP, A2

Poli sci is “what you make of it” By Andrea McBride

Vanguard Staff Writer Political science has a market. Among the current 200 political science undergraduate students, many are discovering the importance of scooping up internships and getting involved in campus organizations. “So much of your post-grad success is going to depend on how you set yourself up,” said Erik Trump, political science professor. Paul Lafata, a political science and communications freshman, has taken this advice to heart. “There’s resources here that you can use, but once you’re gone you don’t have those resources anymore,” Lafata said. He plans to look into the College Republicans organization and also hopes to complete an internship in Lansing or Washington, D.C., this summer.

John Kaczynski, political science professor, said that only 50 percent of political science students understand the value of an internship. He said they may struggle to find employment having never completed one. “You’ve got this degree in hand, but what can you bring to the table?” Kaczynski said. Hailey Kimball, a political science senior, has helped with the campaign for Gary McDowell of the First Congress District and has also interned at the Michigan Court of Appeals for Stephen Borrello, a criminal justice professor. Kimball gained knowledge from her internships and enjoyed experiencing the career first-hand. “Rather than just listening to lectures, you get to see what goes on in those environments,” she said. Kimball is gaining experience in other ways, too. She is a part of Model United Nations,

moot court, law club and is the president of the College Democrats organization. Although the major is a common choice for aspiring lawyers and those wishing to work in government, political science can be considered a liberal arts degree. Individuals possessing this degree may use it to become professional grant writers, business entrepreneurs, managers at a public agency or may go on to study library science. “It’s a degree that teaches you how to understand how people work,” said Stewart French, political science department chair. A political science major is eligible for nearly any job that includes community involvement, which makes the job outlook promising. Kaczynski said that throughout the next 10 years jobs in the public sector are expected to open up due to the retirement of baby boomers.

Vanguard Photographic | Arianna Paver

Students had the opportunity to experience drunken driving without having to risk their lives.

See Politics, A2

See DUI, A2

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police briefs

Police briefs are written according to reports from University Police. These indicate preliminary descriptions of events and not necessarily actual incidents.

Stalking

• At 5:30 p.m. Friday, Nov. 11, a female student reported that her ex-boyfriend keeps sending her threatening and harassing text messages. This is her third report so a warrant will be sought. • On Sunday, Dec. 4, and Monday, Dec. 5, a group of roommates filed complaints against another group of roommates. Both are accusing each other of harassment and this case stems from a prior vehicle damage case.

Larceny

• At 9:50 p.m. Thursday, Dec. 1, a female student’s iPod was stolen from the Fitness Center. She left her iPod and when she went back to get it, it was gone. Officers reviewed footage and determined who took it. They contacted the male and he admitted to taking the item. A warrant may be sought. • Between 8:30 and 9:30 p.m. Thursday, Dec. 1, a student left a cell phone and iPod in the costume room while working on a play. The case is under investigation. • At 8 p.m. Wednesday, Dec. 7, a male student was playing basketball and his wallet was stolen. Video footage saw a male ex-student take the wallet and the case is still under investigation.

Minor in Possession

• At 2:30 a.m. Friday, Dec. 2, a resident assistant noticed a female student passed out in a study room in Living Center North. The female did not have her keys and smelled of alcohol. The 18-year-old female admitted to drinking and was given a citation. • At 12:40 a.m. Saturday, Dec. 3, a resident assistant from Living Center Southwest reported that a male student was crawling to his dorm room and vomiting in garbage cans. He was given a citation and transported to the hospital. • At 7:40 p.m. Tuesday, Dec. 6, campus police were dispatched to the University Village because a resident assistant could smell marijuana while doing health and safeties. Officers found residue in the bathroom and the male resident admitted that it was his. The case is still under investigation.

DuI

Michigan has two legal standards of drunken driving

continued from A1 The simulator demonstrates the dangerous effects of DUI/DWI driving, such as delayed response to controls and “tunnel vision.” Kari Lewis, applied studies senior, said that using the simulator allows students to experience drunken driving and to make an impact. “Since we are using an actual car, this high-fidelity tool really brings the ‘do not drink and drive’ message home,” she said. The in-vehicle simulator also facilitates the usage of mobile devices to demonstrate the dangers of driving while distracted by texting or similar activities. The demonstrations were done in short sessions with spectators observing while each student was driving. Participants in the event received root beer floats for their involvement. Andrew Boyle, vice president of Program Board, said that the organization has wanted to do something like this for a while. “We tried to get a simulator in the past, but the reality was that it was too expensive,” he said. Lewis said that she hoped students would understand the meaning of the program. “The obvious point of this program is don’t drive drunk,” she said. Under Michigan law, it is illegal to drive while intoxicated, or impaired, by alcohol, illegal drugs, and some prescribed medications. Lena Stoddard, professional technical writing junior, said that the simulator offers the chance to experience drunken driving without the danger of hurting anyone. “It’s a real good concept, but it would be interesting to drive the simulator, just to what kind of damage you could do,” she said.

• •

Having a bodily alcohol content of 0.08 or more is considered drunken driving. A bodily alcohol content of 0.17 or more is considered “super drunk.”

Penalties differ based on level of intoxication. Penalties for drunken driving include: • • • •

A mandatory 6-month driver license suspension, A mandatory 1-year driver license suspension for a first conviction of operating with a BAC of .17 or higher. Five days to 1 year of consecutive jail time. A reinstatement fee of $125 if your driver’s license was suspended, revoked, or restricted.

Additionally, the laws make the following drunken and drugged driving offenses felonies: • • •

A third conviction in the driver’s lifetime. A conviction for drunken or drugged driving that causes death. A conviction for drunken or drugged driving that causes serious injury to another person.

The Valley Vanguard svsu.edu/vanguard editorial staff vanguard@svsu.edu

(989) 964-4482 Toni Boger, editor-in-chief Alyssa Sutton, design editor Brandy Abraham, campus editor Joshua Roesner, campus editor Courtenay Powell, copy editor Justin Brouckaert, sports editor Molly Young, A&E editor Jessie Ellison, photo editor Frankie Roller, web editor professional staff vanguard@svsu.edu

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Since 1967, The Valley Vanguard has provided coverage of campus and

Sleep continued from A1 While not sleeping, Hutchins completed three classes and worked two full shifts at the Marketplace at Doan. “I felt like crashing about four or five times,” Hutchins said. “But strangely enough, I found that I was actually retaining more, paying attention more and getting plenty done, especially in geography. It basically felt like one very long day.” While energy drinks and caffeine seemed to be effective for Hutchins, Dowis said that she believes that coffee and caffeinated drinks should only be used

in moderation. “I’m OK with coffee but only as a quick fix,” Dowis said. “It shouldn’t be used continuously and it really gets your heart racing.” Dowis also said that students driving while exhausted from lack of sleep can be dangerous. “For the students who are driving home after exams, make sure you get enough sleep beforehand,” Dowis said. “You should drive during the daytime and if you’re driving a long distance, take a break every two hours.” Dowis said that she understands that not all situations are ideal and sometimes energy drinks are essential. “If you’re driving and

you feel drowsy or tired, grab a coffee or energy drink and pull over in a safe location,” Dowis said. “You can drink your coffee or energy drink and rest for a few minutes, sometimes even take a short 20-minute power nap.” Some students have even planned ahead in order to get enough sleep. Kate Nankervis, elementary education sophomore, has a set schedule. “I actually scheduled myself this semester and it really has helped keep myself awake during the day,” Nankervis said. “I try to get around eight hours of sleep, but I do think some students get too much sleep and feel tired throughout the day.”

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The Vanguard is published by the students of Saginaw Valley State University weekly in the fall and winter semesters, with one issue published in the summer. Our office is located in Curtiss 125 on the campus of SVSU, at 7400 Bay Road, University Center, MI 48710.

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Corrections and Additions If you see an error, please let us know as soon as possible by contacting editor-in-chief Toni

Boger (989) 964-4482 or acboger@ svsu.edu. In addition to printing a correction in our print edition, at

Politics continued from A1 French remarked that there would always be people running for office, meaning that jobs involving campaigns will continuously be available. Along with having a knack for working with people, political science majors and minors must be well-developed writers with

the ability to think critically. Kimball said that she appreciates how Trump takes the time to correct grammar in her papers and not just read for content. “He’s trying to make you a better writer rather than slapping a grade at the end of the paper,” Kimball said. To ensure that they become good writers, some political science majors choose rhetoric and professional writing as a

minor or a double major. Criminal justice, accounting, communications, economics and sociology are other recommended minors. Kaczynski said that his doors are always open to students and he will do everything in his power to help them succeed, including helping them achieve their dream internship. “I don’t think there’s a student that’s come in yet and stumped me,” he said.

the online version of the story will reflect the correction.

Please Recycle

Aggravated Felony Assault

• At 7:32 p.m. Thursday, Dec. 1, campus police received a call from a female student saying that an assault occurred in Pine Grove. A female non-student got into an argument with her boyfriend, who is a male student. He had locked himself in his room and would not let her in. She got upset and stabbed the door with a knife. Officers found the female in the Arbury Fine Arts Center. They took her back to Pine Grove and she was identified. The 17-year-old female was taken to jail and given a no-trespass letter.

Fire Alarm

• At 2:30 a.m. Saturday, Dec. 3, a fire alarm was set off in Living Center South because students were cooking hamburgers. Vanguard photos | Tyler Bradley

Female members of SVSU’s club dodgeball team clown around during a photo shoot with The Valley Vanguard. “The best thing is the bruises,” said junior dodgeballer Lindsay Maynard.

Vanguard photos | Arianna Paver

Members of Standing in the Gap, one of the Christian ministry RSOs, hosted their annual Christmas Party last week. The group meets each Wednesday at 7:30 p.m. in the Thompson Student Activities Room.

ntinues

Cincinnati Rhea turday, The Valley Vanguard e campus editors Brandy Abraham and joshua j. roesner e-mails bmabraha@svsu.edu and jjroesne@svsu.edu office (989) 964-2629 he Rhea 125 Curtiss Hall

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News and events from on and around campus

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courtyard The Valley Vanguard | valleyvanguardonline.com | Monday, December 12, 2011 | Page A3

Dumbledore’s Army wants you, keeping ‘Harry Potter’ alive so many fans seem to have for the franchise,” she said. Since the publication of J. K. Rowling’s “Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone” in 1997, the series has gained worldwide recognition and notoriety from readers of all ages. Those who graduated from high school in the midlate 2000s usually consider themselves particularly invested in the series, as they have grown up alongside Harry, Ron, Hermione and all other characters whose adventures they read about in the books. Now that the book series has come to an end, along with the most recent theatrical adaptation in July 2011, fans question what the future holds for Harry Potter. Elementary education senior Joshua Guerrero said that he is happy to see this RSO commemorating the series. “It’s great to see clubs like Dumbledore’s Army because it shows that there are still so many other Harry Potter enthusiasts out there,” he said. He added that he wonders about the longevity of the series now that there are no new books or movies to look forward to. Mahaffy said that she is confident that the support she’s seen from students shows that although the Harry Potter series is over, the franchise has not come to an end. Some of the proposed activities that Mahaffy said

By Adam Haenlein

Vanguard Staff Writer

The books may be written and the movies have ended, but Harry Potter fans on campus are determined to keep the series alive. For graphic design senior Jenna Mahaffy, the Harry Potter series has always been an important part of this generation’s upbringing. “I remember sitting on the school bus when I was in fifth grade reading the first Harry Potter book, and I knew right then that this was going to be a huge phenomenon,” she said. Mahaffy is the cofounder, along with secondary education junior Shannon Davis, of the newly created Harry Potter RSO named Dumbledore’s Army. “We began the process for registering the club this fall,” Mahaffy said. “Now that we have everything in the works, we have big hopes that there will be even more interesting once the semester picks up next year.” She said that she and Davis initially thought up the idea around the release of the second part of the final film, “Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows.” “Shannon and I are huge fans of the series, and we both thought that starting a Harry Potter RSO would be a great opportunity to harness the enthusiasm that

Dumbledore’s Army would like to offer next year are cooked meals from the Unofficial Harry Potter Cookbook, screening events for the movies and making T-shirts for the club. Dumbledore’s Army is still in its early stages of development, so Mahaffy said that other themes and activities that are iconic to the Potter series, such as Quiddich and Hogwarts house affiliations, are welcomed to be explored. “We’ve had interest across all class rankings here on campus, so overall this is really exciting to be a part of,” Mahaffy said.

Running a thousand hours for education, sprinting toward finals ask questions,” she said. “There are less distractions, too, because there aren’t any TVs or anything like that.” The event had snacks and prizes available for those who attended. “Just like when you are taking a test, it helps me relax when I have gum or something,” Pilat said. “It stimulates the brain and calms you down.” Each night was geared toward different majors. Monday was for science, engineering, technology and health and human sciences. Tuesday was directed towards business management and art and behavioral sciences majors. The final night was for education along with any other courses not covered. Jari Wilson, secondary education sophomore, attended the studyation on Wednesday, the day for education majors. She preferred going somewhere where

By Joey Oliver

Vanguard Staff Writer

Vanguard photos | Arianna Paver

Last week, the Residence Hall Association hosted a studyathon for students preparing for final exams. The event offered studying tips, help from tutors and a place to work with a group.

Sometimes a marathon comes down to the final sprint. For students, it means capping a semester of steady reading and writing with frantic cram sessions. To help students with their lastminute studying, the Residence Hall Association hosted a studyathon each night from Monday, Dec. 5, through Wednesday, Dec. 7, which featured activities and studying tips from tutors. The event allowed students to experience the benefits of working in groups rather than working alone. One student was nursing sophomore MacKenzie Pilat. She prefers group studying to studying alone because of the extra help available. “When you’re in a group you can

other people were also studying because it prevented her from procrastinating. “It helped me because I have been staying up all night studying,” she said. Having a night specified for different majors helped because tutors were also available for students. It was a easy way for students to study for exams. “I think being in a room with other people studying helps,” Pilat said. “When you look around and see other people are working hard it just makes you want to study more, too.” Those who came were able to seek help from tutors when needed and could also get help from those around them. “Some people might think that being with your friends or others while studying could be distracting,” Wilson said. “But it was actually the opposite because it was easier to relax with people you knew.”

Building snowmen, winter traditions Snow, ice can create

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With the upcoming winter break, many students are looking for time to relax. But most of all, they are looking forward to spending time with friends and family. Jeremy Oldham, communication junior, said he will spend some quality time with his family and friends now that the semester is over, “(more) time where many of us are not afforded with such demanding classes and homework schedules.” Kelly Reilly, social work sophomore, said she is excited for Christmas so that she can see her relatives that she doesn’t normally get a chance to see. One tradition, she said, is that her family always goes to church on Christmas Eve. She also plans to go shopping with her mom and sister. Oldham, however, said his family doesn’t go out as much. “My family is pretty old fashioned,” he said. “Getting together, playing cards, having good conversation.” And, of course, it is hard to spend a lot of money on activities after spending so much on gifts. But that doesn’t mean you can’t enjoy the holidays with your friends and families. The following is a list of ideas for winter break activities for cheap or for free.

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hallenge a friend to a race C down the sledding hill. Check out sledriding.com to find a sledding hill near you. Take a trip to Frankenmuth to walk around the Bavarian village and stop by Bronner’s Christmas Wonderland to see the lawn display of holiday lights and decorations. Drive or walk around to see Christmas lights. Check out freelandlights.com to find the house with the synchronized light show in Freeland. Tune in to 93.9 FM to enjoy the show. It runs 5:30 p.m. to 10:20 p.m. each night through Jan. 1. Play cards or board games with family and friends. Visit a nearby art museum. A lot of them will offer a discounted rate for students. The Flint

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Institute of Arts offers free admission 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. on Saturdays. Every other day is only $5 for students. Visit flintarts.org for more information. Build a snowman or snow fort with your kids, nieces and nephews or cousins. Check out weather.thefuntimesguide. com for tips on building a snow fort or for some other fun snow activities. Enjoy a night in watching some classic movies and indulge in leftovers from holiday dinners. Or make a bowl of air-popped or stove popcorn. Coat the popcorn in melted butter and then sprinkle on cinnamon sugar for a sweet alternative. Check out your city’s chamber of commerce or library webpage for any free festivals or events.

While rain is encouraged to come back another day, snow is generally welcomed by students of all ages as a means to get the day off from school. Schools have different standards than businesses in regards to what constitutes “too much snow.” At Saginaw Valley, students and employees are expected to get to campus unless it poses a serious risk, in which case, people must use their own judgement about driving to campus. When there are significant amounts of snowfall, the decision to close campus can be made for any appropriate reason, but the decision is usually based on the condition of main roads leading to campus, the condition of roads on campus, the availability of parking spaces free of snow and the condition of heat and other utilities on campus. The process for closing campus involves the vice president for administration and business affairs making a decision after consulting Campus Facilities, the department responsible for snow and ice removal. If campus is closed, media outlets are contacted, campus facilities places the message on SVSU’s weather information line and a message appears on the SVSU website. The decision to cancel classes that begin before 4 p.m. is made prior to 6:30 a.m. The decision to cancel classes beginning at 4 p.m. or later is made by 2:30 p.m. The process differs for classes that are being canceled individually or for classes that are off campus. At the Macomb and St. Clair campuses, the decision to cancel is made by the dean of the college of education, and if the decision is made students are notified immediately by faculty and staff in the college of education. At the Cass City campus, when evening classes at the SVSU campus are canceled, classes at Cass City are also canceled. Also, when the Cass City School District is closed, evening classes at Cass City are canceled. In addition, individual classes can be canceled at the discretion of professors if they are unable to attend due to adverse driving conditions. For these cases, the permission is received by the office of the dean for the appropriate college for classes between 7:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., and for classes that are between 4:30 p.m. and 7 p.m., evening services is contacted. Deans’ offices and evening services are responsible for posting the notices of canceled classes, but the faculty members that cancel their class are responsible for notifying the students, so students are encouraged to check for an email before leaving for class. Since SVSU has such a large amount of commuting students, faculty, and staff from a large geographic area, the decision is often difficult to make where it is appropriate for each area. However, the decision always considers the safety of the students and their right to receive instruction.

The Valley Vanguard campus editors Brandy Abraham and joshua j. roesner e-mails bmabraha@svsu.edu and jjroesne@svsu.edu office (989) 964-2629 125 Curtiss Hall

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opinion

Page A4| Monday, December 12, 2011 | valleyvanguardonline.com | The Valley Vanguard

The Vanguard Vision | vanguard@svsu.edu

Some words of encouragement for our fellow students during finals week

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s we prepare to end this semester, we wanted to use this space to encourage our fellow students in making it through finals week. We felt that it was important for us to do this because we are feeling just as much stress as every other SVSU student. We’ve found that an encouraging word from someone in the same situation can be helpful, so we’d like to try and help if we can. If you are stressed from hours of studying and writing papers, we would like you to take a moment, breathe and congratulate yourself for making it through this semester. You have made it to the end. You survived. Every semester in college is a struggle and this semester has been no exception. Even with only four of us on the executive board, here are the challenges we collectively faced this fall: • Working multiple jobs and going to school full time; • Demanding classes with difficult assignments and exams; • Living with multiple roommates in a small space; • Recurring illness; • Death of a family member; • Birth of a family member;

The issue - With finals week, stress is at a high level for most students and some may feel too overwhelmed to relax. Our position - Breathe, get a full night of sleep and congratulate yourself for surviving the semester. Winter break is much closer than it seems. • High and fluctuating gas prices; • Expensive textbooks; • And frustrating group projects. We realize that the above challenges don’t come close to the worst some students have faced this semester. However, we are still proud of what we accomplished and we hope that every student will take time to reflect on his or her accomplishments from this semester. We encourage everyone to use this brief time of reflection to get the confidence they need to finish the last week of the semester with a bang. The light at the end of the tunnel is finally in sight, but we know that it can be difficult to make it through finals. The most important advice we’d like to share is to take time to breathe. You must find a balance between time for yourself and time for studying. Too much homework and little or no time to yourself doesn’t make for a good situation (Think of “The Shining”:

Editorial Board, December 2011- January 2012

Meeting times

Permanent members Toni Boger, editor-in-chief Brian Hlavaty, adviser

“All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy”). We also hope that you make time for a full night’s sleep and don’t rely on power naps and caffeinated or energy drinks to make it through the week. It’s difficult to retain information without a full night’s sleep and it will be difficult to focus on studying or the actual final if you’re running on two hours of sleep and five energy drinks in your system. Finally, we hope that you keep thinking positive thoughts this week. You have made it this far and you can make it through a few more days. If you have doubts about whether or not you will be able to do it, take some time to reflect everything you’ve done and be proud. You will soon be rewarded for all of your hard work with a winter break that allows you to relax with family and friends. In the meantime, hang in there.

Editorial board meetings take place at 6:30 p.m. every Sunday during the fall and winter semesters.

Rotating members

University students, faculty and

Ashley Schmidt, Staff Writer Chris Oliver, Staff Writer Kaelyn Ward, Staff Writer

staff are encouraged to share their views with the Vanguard.

The Vanguard Vision The Vision is based on a collaborative effort from the participants at our editorial board meeting. Columns and Commentaries Columns and commentaries do not represent the views of the Vanguard staff. Opinions are solely those of the individual.

Letters and Op-Ed policies How to submit Op-Ed We accept op-eds from faculty and staff on any topic. Interested parties should e-mail editor-in-chief Toni Boger at acboger@svsu.edu to arrange an op-ed. Letters Send letters to vanguard@svsu.edu or visit our submission form at svsu.edu/vanguard.

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Letters may be edited for content, grammar and length. Letters containing abusive content will not be published. Letters should be sent to The Valley Vanguard and no other publication. Letters for publication must be no longer than 350 words. Students writing letters must include their major and class standing. All others must provide a title or job description. We do not publish open letters, news releases, public postings or notices of any kind.

{ Want your voice

Editorial Cartoon Rashad Baiyasi is a physics and chemistry junior and the Vanguard’s cartoonist. Reach him at ribaiyas@svsu.edu.

heard?

Columnist | Noah Essenmacher

A defense of Christmas cards

F

Noah Essenmacher is the Vanguard weekly columnist. Reach him at ntessenm@ svsu.edu.

ewer Christmas cards this year could be just another sign of the

The Valley Vanguard 125 Curtiss Hall

custom going away completely anytime in the near future. In 2010, there were still more 2 billion boxed and individual Christmas cards purchased in the U. S. The Christmas card industry relies on a holiday sales for a large share of its business, and it’s not just large corporations that benefit when college students and others send traditional cards. There are more than 3,000 greeting card publishers in the United States, and many are individual graphics and printing studios and small family businesses. In the current economic decline, many businesses are struggling to make ends meet, and so are young people who find it increasingly difficult to find seasonal employment the way they used to. For many, this lack of work means fewer dollars for Christmas shopping and holiday travel. Sometimes students are short on cash for Christmas and cannot afford the gifts they’d prefer to give their loved ones. Rather than stressing about how much they have to spend on gifts, they should consider sitting down to write one of those cards that someone will hold on to. There are good reasons to take a more traditional approach to holiday cards, so pick up a box this year and share a unique and thoughtful greeting—especially if you’re never sent them before. Next season, you may just find a mailbox full of cards from others sharing in the Christmas spirit.

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times. There’s been a dramatic decline over the last five years or more in the number of people sending Christmas cards. According to a Unity Marketing survey of greeting card customers, 77 percent purchased Christmas cards in 2005. In 2009, that figure dropped to 62 percent. Industry experts suggest social networking is a significant factor in this decline. Adults aged 20 to 30 are sending fewer cards than their parents, preferring to send instant holiday greetings via Facebook and Twitter, e-card apps, email and text message. For college students, online Christmas greetings are a welcome convenience. There are no paper cards or postal stamps to buy. And there’s no more time required than to choose an e-card template and to type a short message. It’s no wonder traditional cards can seem a little oldfashioned to the online generations. However, digital messages are no replacement for the traditional Christmas card, and I believe handwritten holiday greetings should make a comeback, especially among those college students who communicate online the most. We get those short and tothe-point updates from friends on social media sites and from email messages each day. We don’t receive nearly as many mail correspondences these days, so a card arriving in the mail can be something special. In addition, an e-card doesn’t have the sentimental quality of an individualized, handwritten message. The

notes we often inscribe inside a traditional Christmas cards are usually more personal and thoughtful than the messages we quickly type in the digital alternatives. And cards should seem breeze compared to the papers we’ve been laboring over all semester. Traditional cards are not all that expensive, either. They start at about 50 cents each, still a reasonable price for the college student on a tight budget. And sure, you can find an e-card from your couch, but each day you probably pass several places selling seasonal cards. With about 100,000 retail stores around the country selling them, you can find Christmas cards just about anywhere. People worldwide send an estimated 500 million e-cards every year. But the Greeting Card Association representing publishers responsible for about 95 percent of card sales in the U. S. says the people sending e-cards are sending traditional cards, too. E-card senders frequently use them for the “spur-ofthe-moment gesture or for an occasion too informal for a traditional card.” It’s rare that people send an e-card in place of a traditional card. And it’s no wonder. People feel an attachment to a physical, personalized card. “Giving a greeting card creates a lasting impression and emotional bond between sender and receiver,” says the Greeting Card Association, finding in a notional survey that “nearly one-third of respondents said they keep the special cards they receive ‘forever.’” Traditional Christmas card sales may decline, but I don’t foresee this still-popular

editor-in-chief Toni Boger office (989) 964-4482 e-mail acboger@svsu.edu

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opinion

The Valley Vanguard | valleyvanguardonline.com | Monday, December 12, 2011 | Page A5

Vanguard Staff Writer | Opinion

Vanguard Staff Writer | Opinion

The danger of letting media influence so much

Perry ad proves his inability to lead

W

hile having a conversation last week on Facebook, I had a serious question come to mind. The topic of discussion was centered around the Internet speed on campus and the ITS department in general. One girl in particular had much to say about this issue and when I suggested moving off campus, she said she did not feel safe living in Saginaw as a woman by herself. Why? Knowing quite a few women who live in Saginaw alone or have resided there in the past, my train of thought shifted to the way the media portrays the world, but more specifically, on how I see the media as painting a negative, fearful picture of Saginaw and other urban areas in Michigan. When you turn on the television and watch the evening news or a larger news network such as Fox News or CNN, you will not have a long wait before you get to hear about a crisis or event in the world. Obviously, it’s the network’s job to report events in respect to their audiences, local news covering local events and world news covering international issues. However, I see more and more spin put on stories. Instead of just reporting the happenings, these reports often have an emotional lining intent on bringing out an emotional response in their audience. Most of the time when I see this, it is subtle, such as a news anchor mentioning how horrible a certain story is after the initial reporting is done. On some networks, such as Fox News, it is more blatantly obvious. This, I find, is to be beyond their purview as a mass media outlet. One particular example I have is the reporting of America’s first televised war, the Persian Gulf War in 1991. The technology involved fascinated the American public at

Chris Oliver is a PTW and history sophomore and a Vanguard Staff Writer. Reach him at cgoliver@ svsu.edu home while news cameras showed an up close and personal view of things such as missiles flying down air vents of a single building. Incredible! Yet, as great progress was being reported, early in the conflict you could see reporters follow up the progress with hushed tones about the “Elite Republican Guard.” The Republican Guard was an Iraqi military unit made up of specialized soldiers whose sole purpose was protecting then dictator Saddam Hussein. The reports around the battlefield created an image that this unit was made up of 10-foot-tall desert warriors who had never lost a battle. One of my favorite comedians put it best when he said: “Well after two months of carpet bombing and not one peep from these guys, they simply became the Republican Guard. So they went from the ‘Elite Republican Guard,’ to the ‘Republican Guard,’ to the Republicans made all this up about there being guards out there.” In order to remain separate from uneducated masses, one must remain informed about the state of the world and the events happening on our planet. We must not allow mass media or any one source to alter our perception of the world we live in. People must remember to read, think critically and consider all the information at hand and avoiding the knee-jerk reactions that we are all sometimes guilty of. Another example I’ve seen of the media completely taking over

and blowing up an issue is the recent firing of long-time head football coach at Penn State, Joe Paterno. While Paterno himself was never accused of any crime, the general consensus with ESPN and other media outlets was that Paterno did not do enough to stop horrible things from happening on his watch. This sort of media coverage with individuals constantly speaking ill of Paterno soon led to a mass call for the head coach’s head, which was then executed without much dely. Paterno was never accused of a crime, but simply served as a figurehead for the emotional responses of individuals who follow sports or tune into any sort of news. When the emotional side takes over rational thinking, negative consequences are going to be at hand. Debates over what Paterno should or should not have done raged on national television between people and reporters and the constant barrage of “think of the children” eventually took its toll. While there is no doubt that what allegedly has happened at Penn State was absolutely terrible and action must be taken, one cannot let a mass emotional response overtake rational thinking. Not only were children harmed, but a man’s job was lost and his reputation of being a moral, goodhearted individual was tainted forever. The point I am trying to make is that don’t let unwarranted fears run your life and do not let the media incite an emotional response in order to frighten or sicken you. Don’t let the media determine the way you live. The world is only as frightening as you believe it to be.

R

ick Perry filmed a commercial that is simply disturbing. While trying to promote religion, he bashed the rights of the LGBT community. “I’m not ashamed to admit that I’m a Christian, but you don’t need to be in the pew every Sunday to know that there’s something wrong in this country when gays can serve openly in the military, but our kids can’t openly celebrate Christmas or pray in school.” That is by far one of the worst campaign ads that I have ever heard. It’s offensive and rude. I wish I could ask him what was going through his mind when he filmed this and thought it would be a good idea. Perry was behind in the polls before releasing this ad. He stuck his foot in his mouth, to say the least. Instead of boosting his ratings, I have a feeling that this is just going to push him out completely. The first problem I have with this statement is that the freedom of religion is the First Amendment in the Bill of Rights. As long as students or faculty members are not forcing one another to practice a religion, prayer is allowed in schools. Secondly, the great thing about America is that its citizens can practice any religion they choose. Christianity and America do not equal one another; they can’t be intertwined. By referring to Christmas and Christianity, he’s making it seem like that’s the only one that is practiced. Christmas is not the only holiday celebrated in December. Solstice, Kwanzaa and Hanukkah are also celebrated. What gives Perry the right to criticize the sexual orientation of other people? That’s the kind of opinion to be kept to yourself. As far as I know, the First Amendment gives you the right to say whatever you like, as long as it isn’t offensive to someone else. If this doesn’t hurt

Ashley Schmidt is a sophomore and a Vanguard Staff Writer. Reach her at ajschmid@svsu.edu

someone’s feelings, then I’m not sure what will. Serving in the military is a big sacrifice for those who enroll, and I want to thank everyone who does. I don’t see Perry signed up to be shipped overseas, thousands of miles away from his family and loved ones. They are risking their lives for our freedom. Why does it matter what their sexual preference is? It doesn’t. It’s not going to change how a soldier defends our country or carries out his duties. Nobody has the right to judge someone else. That is their business and only theirs. They should be treated equally, just like it says in the Preamble to the Constitution. I found this ad so controversial that I shared it with family and friends. Some of the expressions on their faces were of astonishment. For a few of the people I know, they had never heard of Perry, or knew little about him, and they were offended. LGBT rights are a huge topic right now, and to put something like this out where everyone can see it is just asking to be not voted for. As a public official, I’d think he would have the common sense to not say something as stupid as this. After all, being president means representing the whole country. If Perry is going to discriminate against sexuality and religion, is he the right person to represent our country?

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If you are a faculty member wishing to write your opinion in The Valley Vanguard, please contact Editor-in-Chief Toni Boger at vanguard@svsu.edu

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a&e

Page A6| Monday, December 12, 2011 | valleyvanguardonline.com | The Valley Vanguard

Film society projects plans for new year

‘Sins’ launches Fall issue

By Tyler Bradley

Vanguard Staff Writer

Movies that are not usually seen in theaters are continuing to show at the University. For more than 30 years the Valley Film Society (VFS), which originally started at Delta College, has screened movies from all over the world. VFS kicked off this year’s season with “A Man and a Woman” in October and will launch the second half of the screenings Friday, Jan. 13, with “Elsa and Fred.” In May, members vote on between 50 and 100 movies to show for the next season. The films are narrowed down to 15 to 17 films to present throughout the academic year. Judy Johnson, a box office manager, said she enjoys getting to pick films she usually wouldn’t see around the area. Although the price for a student at the University costs $5, compared to the regular price of $25, the group is mainly composed of residents of the surrounding TriCities. A trial membership available for non-students allows two admissions for $6. At 7:30 p.m. Fridays in Curtiss 100, VFS presents one to two classic or contemporary films. Films from the group were originally featured on show reels, but switched over to DVDs when Groening Commons was built, which moved the group’s screenings to its present location. Members of VFS enjoy the location because of the theater atmosphere and sound quality available there. The screenings generally bring around 50 members. The group saw a spike in

Vanguard photos | Sean Dudley

Nathan Phillips, secondary education freshman, reads his first-place creative nonfiction piece, “The House of Light and Dark.” The piece won him $100 and recognition for achievement in the publication for the creative nonfiction category. By Tyler Bradley

Vanguard Staff Writer Authors published in this semester’s edition of “Cardinal Sins” celebrated their achievements last Tuesday. The post-publication party brought about 30 guests to showcase selected works and unveil the new issue. The editorial staff did a blind vote to choose which student, faculty and staff works were published in the magazine. “It’s always a difficult process,” said Emily Krueger, editor-in-chief. Works were submitted in early fall with eight categories, including black and white art and photography, color art and photography, creative nonfiction, short fiction, flash fiction and poetry. “We had less artwork (submissions this year), but perhaps more written than usual,” Kruger said. “I think we had 120 poems submitted.” Large-print versions of the winners’ pieces in each art and photography category were displayed throughout

the Robert Allen Reading Room during the reception. Artists had the opportunity to speak about their selected pieces. Some authors read their work to give a voice to their written words. Nathan Phillips, secondary education freshman, read his winning

It’s true we look at pharmacies for answers. We ask them to do everything for us.”

D. Scott Edwards English and communication postgrad

creative nonfiction piece, “The House of Light and Dark,” which detailed living in South Africa. Phillips took a three-week

missionary trip to South Africa where he spent eight hours per day in townships performing tasks such as building churches. “I had read about it and developed an affinity for it,” Phillips said. Another winner, D. Scott Edwards, an English and communication theater postgraduate read his piece, entitled, “Side Effects.” This was Edwards’ first time submitting work to “Cardinal Sins.” He received his bachelor’s degree in creative writing and for a period after graduation found himself with writer’s block. “I knew a couple of people who submitted in the past,” Edwards said. “And they had hounded me to submit for a long time.” Inspired when listening to a drug commercial on the car radio at four in the morning, Edwards wrote his piece about how people use pills to escape their own humanity. “It’s true we look at pharmacies for answers. We ask them to do everything for us,” he said.

See sins, A10

Rolling in the Books

numbers at a showing last year when it presented “The Girl With the Dragon Tattoo.” Some active members enjoy sharing their interests in films with other members. “It’s fun meeting all the different people,” Jane Peters, a box office manager said. Due to the retirement of one of the board members, there were not as many showings during the fall semester as the winter semester is set to have. “It took a while to get things going,” Johnson said. Johnson has been active within VFS for over 30 years. Johnson believes many will enjoy the film, “The Cup,” set to screen Friday, May 11. “It might be interesting to students,” she said. “In it, monks want to see the World Cup, but don’t have a TV to watch it on.” Many members believe “The Day of the Jackal” will draw in a large audience. Filmed in 1973 in the United Kingdom and France, its storyline revolves around an assassin that is hired to murder the French president. “You can experience other cultures and how they survive,” Johnson said. “I would really like to see some foreign students come to our events.” From January to March the group will show the following films: “Iris,” “I Served the King of England,” “The Long Good Friday,” “Smiles of a Summer Night,” “The Day I Became a Woman” and “The Innocent.” April and May screenings include “Bride Flight,” “Water” and “All the Mornings of the World.”

Crossword Editor | Kirsten McIlvenna

Down

1. odd shaped fruit 2. capable 3. singer: “Skeleton Song,” “Mouthwash,” and “Foundations” 4. be smugly happy 5. A long time ____ in a galaxy… 6. Use this to stay up late to study 7. knowledges 8. as a doornail 9. a word to join apples, bananas 10. character in “To Kill a Mockingbird” 11. vessel for hot drinks 17. one of the most commonly used polymers 19. It’s just around the corner 22. really cold 24. ___ _____ Tap: share taxi in Haiti 25. you just might have one up your sleeve 26. Bald Eagle builds the largest one of North America 27. uncertain 28. odd or unmatched 29. Navy ____ in Chicago 31. eats 33. Groom and Bride share their first one at the reception 34. holidays are usually spent with this 36. you will write many in lit. classes 39. cram these before the exam 40. found in candy, soda and fruit to stay up late 42. count your ABCs, 18-21 44. in this game, only first place wins 45. thousands of dollars 46. 75 degrees from south 47. 1/60 of a minute 48. earlier in time than 49. this paper will guide you 50. Royal Marines Reserve

CONGRATULATIONS TO LAST WEEK’S WINNER: JORDAN ENGELHART

Across 1. might have one in your stomach if really hungry 5. gives heartburn 9. Aladdin’s monkey friend 12. Mount _____ and Mount Gerizim 13. ____ with the Wind 14. conjunction used with neither 15. in addition to 16. you can do this to lights; turn them _____ 18. Winehouse should have taken her own advice 20. passerine bird found in Madagascar 21. scores by ground the ball in in-goal area in

Rugby 23. home of gnomes 27. fluid pressure in the eye, interpreted for risk of glaucoma 30. Early Childhood Education 31. “__ I Even Need to Say It” – The White ___ Affair 32. Rebecca Black’s infamous song 34. this week 35. She’s a super_____ 36. Clifford’s foot 37. a cat, dog, snake, or ferret 38. a kitty’s toy

39. most people have three 41. short hairstyle 43. discontinued citrus soda by Coca-Cola with lots of sugar and caffeine 47. This one officially ends Dec. 21 51.the great mother of all, Greek mythology 52. Paleozoic or Mesozoic for example 53. division of the academic year 54. Gets an A on an exam 55. intuitive measure of a weapon system’s precision 56. 1922-1991 socialist state 57. a breath between notes

*LOOK FOR LAST WEEK’S ANSWERS ONLINE AT VALLEYVANGUARDONLINE.COM

The Valley Vanguard A&E editor Kirsten McIlvenna office (989) 964-2629 e-mail mryoung1@svsu.edu 125 Curtiss Hall

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a&e

The Valley Vanguard | valleyvanguardonline.com | Monday, December 12, 2011 | Page A7

art briefs

Prof on research: ‘The more you learn the less you know’

Work ‘n Progress

Vanguard Staff Writer

•Work ‘n Progress, student improv group, will have their last show of the season at 10 p.m. Thursday, Dec. 15, in the Rhea Miller Recital Hall. This show will be slightly different than past shows in that it is a running improv play, rather than improv games. $3.

Arts from the Heart • At 6 p.m. Thursday, Feb. 9, at the Mid-Michigan Children’s Museum, the fifth annual Arts from the Heart will take place. There will be music by the Robert Lee Review, a silent auction, food, drinks and interactive games for adults. Visit midmicm. org for more information and tickets. Ages 21 and up. $45 per ticket or two for $80.

By Tyler Bradley

Courtesy |Arra Ross

An obscure Scandinavian goddess is inspiring an SVSU professor’s poetry. Arra Ross, creative writing professor, discussed her research on the mythological figure Freyja at an English colloquium last Thursday. She began her research approximately two years ago. She received a grant for doing her research that she used to travel to places such as Iceland,

Norway and Denmark last summer to understand the significance of Freyja in history. “I’m still exploring all of this material,” Ross said. The colloquium was part of a series of presentations and lectures that Janice Wolff, professor of English, is organizing to showcase the faculty’s research. “We’re pooling creativity and putting expertise together,” Wolff said. Mainly professors from the English department attended the event, but as the colloquium becomes formalized, the events will be open to the public. Freyja is believed to be a symbol of fertility. She has a brother who is known as Odin. She appears often in Scandinavian artwork and literature, often with her love, Óðr, being absent in

the images. Looking for her lost love is believed to be the reason the goddess traveled, which led her to being known by other names in different regions. The word Friday originated from the term, “Freyja’s day,” in which women would leave their homes to spread flax seed. Ross is not positive how she became fascinated with the supernatural figure, but Ross uses Freyja to inspire her poetry. “She points at some sort of fragmented reality,” Ross said. Material she is working on dates to prehistory and may have linkage to Greek and Egyptian mythology. She has encountered difficulties in her research because the culture’s pagan beliefs have little records, due to the rise of Christianity. Christian churches

were placed on pagan ritual grounds to gain followers to the religion. Documentation through written word became more popularized in this time, but information was often left out about the pagan society. Ross turned to archaeology to explore the Scandinavian culture in hopes of discovering more answers. In her 27 days of traveling, she looked at rock carvings and burial mounds from the Bronze, Iron and Viking ages. She investigated examples that included symbols related to Freyja such as golden-haired boars and feline-like figures. Ross discovered figures she never knew existed in her research prior to traveling that she

See ross, A10

Courtesy | DigitalTrends.com

Patrick Snyder is a computer information systems senior and a Vanguard Staff Writer. Reach him at pssnyder@svsu.edu

Steve Jobs

Author: Walter Isaacson Date Published: Oct. 24, 2011 Genre: Biography

extensive details about the phases of Jobs’ life. It outlines family relationships, his business demeanor and some of his most personal secrets. It displays hidden characteristics about Jobs’ personality that explain why Apple devices have become the de facto standard in the industry. There are stories that show how persuasive Jobs was to those around him. Some stories are humorous, such as the way Jobs got the president of PepsiCo, John Sculley, to work for Apple by asking him, “Do you want to spend the rest of your life selling sugared water, or do you want a chance to change the world?” The biography begins with the story of Jobs’ parents’ difficult decision to put him up for adoption and segways into his childhood with his adoptive parents. From there, Isaacson uncovers Jobs’ mischief as a teenager, which propagated through his early-ended college career, in which he met Steve Wozniak, a fellow prankster who co-founded Apple. Jobs’ brilliance comes

By Kirsten McIlvenna Vanguard Staff Writer

Music isn’t always played by the books. Sometimes it’s improvised. “It’s a pretty cool feeling to make up the music on the spot,” said David Tuttle, music education senior and clarinetist. Improv solos were a main component of the Jazz Ensemble’s big band style concert on Thursday in the Rhea Miller Recital Hall. Logan Hahn, music freshman and saxophonist, said that although solos sometimes stress him out, jazz solos are easier on his nerves. “I’ve found if you get comfortable enough with the scales and chords you just feel the piece and it comes together,” Hahn said.

That’s the important part: providing enjoyment and entertainment for our audience.”

Biogr aphy uncover s secr ets of iGener ation mas ter mind

“Oh wow. Oh wow. Oh wow.” These were the last words of the legendary Steve Jobs, according to his sister, Mona Simpson. They were Jobs’ last words but my first words after reading his biography by Walter Isaacson titled, “Steve Jobs.” This book gives incredible insight into the inner workings of the genius that I believe is behind much of today’s technology. It is the story of a college dropout who built an empire and set the pace for future technological development. Isaacson makes an incredible attempt to describe Steve Jobs’ every success and every failure. Isaacson interviewed Jobs more than 40 times over the course of two years, enabling him to uncover the life of a man “whose passion for perfection and ferocious drive revolutionized six industries: personal computers, animated movies, music, phones, tablet computing, and digital publishing,” Isaacson said. The book shares

Jazz ensemble features big band sound

to light when the story switches, talking about his entrepreneur attitude and the beginning of Apple, founded by two pranksters on April 1, 1976: Wozniak, the nerdy computer engineer, and Jobs, the innovative, future-thinking gamechanger. Their venture began in Jobs’ parents’ garage but soon evolved to a corporation eager for the big league. On Dec. 12, 1980, Apple Computers went public with an initial public offering (IPO) in the stock market worth $1.8 billion. Jobs, at the age of 25, was worth $217 million after the IPO. “I went from not worrying about money because I was pretty poor to not worrying about money because I had a lot of money, (and) was rich.” Jobs said. Jobs was infamous for his outlook on money. The biography talks of Jobs’ modest lifestyle. He was a man who didn’t get caught up in material things. He understood what money could do after he witnessed the way it changed his co-workers’

attitudes and values. “Being the richest man in the cemetery doesn’t matter to me,” Jobs said. “Going to bed at night saying we’ve done something wonderful, that’s what matters to me.” The biography displays Jobs’ demanding expectations, his strive for perfection and his low tolerance for those who did not warp to his “reality distortion field.” The concept of Job’s “reality distortion field” is infamous throughout the book. It was the definition given to describe his God complex and apparent ability to set impossible goals and actually get his team to accomplish them. He would bend reality to fit his best interests. If Jobs said something, no matter how ridiculous, it somehow became a reality. The book ascends into Jobs’ obsessive attention to detail and harsh treatment of his co-workers, which eventually led to him being impeached from his CEO status. After being kicked out of Apple, Jobs began his own ventures with

Jeff Hall, artist in residence, taught the class this semester and said that students are usually hesitant at the beginning of the semester to improv. But by the end, almost everyone wants to try it. “As the semester goes on, it’s nice to see the improvement,” he said. And the final improvement was well received by the audience as they cheered on each soloist. Kasey Fry, music education senior and saxophonist, said that the performance went well. Despite the fact that no musical group is able to replicate the way performance goes in rehearsal, she said they sounded good. “And the audience enjoyed it,” she said. “That’s the important part: providing enjoyment and entertainment for our audience.” Tuttle agreed, saying that the sound was great and the balance was good. At the concert, the ensemble played songs such as “Basically Blues,” “After You’ve Gone” and “Bye Bye Blackbird.” Fry said her favorite to play was a tie between “Money in the Pocket” composed by Joe Zawinul and arranged by Russell Scarbrough and “Cubano Chant” composed by Ray Bryant and arranged by Michael Philip Mossman. “’Money in the Pocket’ is quite a workout for the saxophones and the trumpets,” she said. “It takes a decent amount of practice time outside of class to be able to play it well.” But she said it is fun to play and that the soloists did “fantastic.” Fry is actually the reason the ensemble played “Cubano Chant.” She had played it in a previous jazz band and was interested in learning more about it. “I had little training in jazz improvisation at the time,” she said. “And I struggled with the rapid pace of the piece.” Fry took it to Hall in her improv lessons, and Hall decided to find an arrangement for the ensemble so that she could play it again. “Thanks to him, I understand the chords in the solo section better, and improvised much better this time around,” she said. The second half of the evening featured guest artist Matt Corrigan on guitar. After playing a few tunes with Hall on piano and students Ryan Fitzgerald, on bass, and Michael Jarema, on drums, Corrigan joined the entire ensemble to finish off the evening with three more songs. One of these songs was “Valdez in the Country” by Donny Hathaway. It was Michael Koglin’s favorite. He is a welding senior and trombonist, favorite. Koglin said that he joined the ensemble because it is fun to play the

See Jazz, A10

See Jobs, A10

The Valley Vanguard A&E editor Molly Young office (989) 964-2629 e-mail mryoung1@svsu.edu 125 Curtiss Hall

Kasey Fry Music education senior

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sports

Page A8| Monday,December 12, 2011 | valleyvanguardonline.com | The Valley Vanguard

sports briefs Men’s Basketball •Saturday @ Lake Superior State, 3 p.m., Sault Ste. Marie

Women’s Basketball •Saturday @ Lake Superior State, 1 p.m., Sault Ste. Marie

Hockey •Friday vs. University of Michigan - Flint, 9 p.m., Saginaw Bay Ice Arena •Saturday @ University of Michigan - Flint 8 p.m., Flint

Women’s Basketball

Poor shooting a concern in three-game losing streak By Justin Brouckaert Vanguard Sports editor

Jamie Pewinski knew she was in for a challenge when she took over the head coaching job at her alma mater this season, and the first eight games of this season have proved her right. After dropping three straight games to Madonna, Wayne State and Findlay, the Lady Cardinals have started their season 2-6 overall and 1-2 in the GLIAC. But that hasn’t hampered Pewinski’s expectations. “We obviously had hoped to be a little further along then we are right now,” Pewinski said. “Our expectations were not to be 2-6, but that is where we are, and we have to continue to get better.” SVSU fell to Wayne State 59-52 after a second-half surge on Thursday night and lost to Findlay 76-50 on Saturday. The Lady Cardinals struggled to score in both games, shooting 33 percent Thursday and only 30 percent Saturday. “It’s definitely not a secret that we have been struggling to shoot the ball,” Pewinski said. “It was a problem last year and continues to be throughout the beginning of this season.” Pewinski said that she was pleased with the team’s ability to identify good shots, but more work needs to be put into individual shooting. “The only way to become a better shooter is to get shots up during the week and to work on your shot,” Pewinski said. “There is only so much time in practice that we can spend on shooting, so the players will need to take it upon themselves to put the work in during the week.” Despite the team’s struggles, Pewinski said that she did see positives in the team’s recent losses, including a 16-2 run in the second half against Wayne State that gave the team a 42-37 lead with 9:37 remaining. “The first 10-12 minutes of the second half at Wayne State were about as good as we can play on both ends of the floor,” Pewinski said. “Our defense was solid and we rebounded very well. “The energy and effort we gave on the defensive end created better ball movement on the offensive end, so we were able to knock down some shots.” Another positive was sophomore guard Kristen Greene’s game-high 17 points against Findlay. Greene led the team in scoring as a freshman and is one of the key returners on this year’s team. “It was good to see her

See Basketball, A10

The Valley Vanguard 125 Curtiss Hall

Men’s Basketball

Back-to-back GLIAC road losses only “small step back” for team By Justin Brouckaert

Vanguard Sports Editor Head coach Frankie Smith had high expectations for his team going into last week’s GLIAC road trip. After two straight losses, Smith’s expectations haven’t changed. “In no way am I pushing the panic button,” Smith said. “I think it’s a small step back; I don’t think it’s a big step back.” The Cardinals came into the road trip riding a three-game winning streak, their first of the season, but lost to Wayne State and Findlay, falling to 4-5 overall and 1-2 in the GLIAC. “At this point, I think the second and third best teams in our league are Wayne State and Findlay,” Smith said. “We did play better against Findlay than we did against Wayne, and we actually had a chance to win that Findlay game.” The Cardinals fell 75-63 to No. 9 Findlay Saturday despite 21 points and 13 rebounds from senior guard Greg Foster. SVSU went into halftime down only three points, but fell into a hole against the Oilers, turning the ball over 19 times. “We actually played really good in the first half, but Findlay got hot shooting the ball,” Smith said. “What really hurt us was that we turned the ball over too much.” The Cardinals committed 19 turnovers, their most in any game this season, after finishing second in the nation last year in turnovers. “It’s uncharacteristic for us to turn the ball over like we did,” Smith said. Poor shooting was the story Thursday against Wayne State; the Cardinals immediately fell into 13-0 deficit, shooting 27 percent in the game en route to a 79-43 loss. “We started off sluggish,” Smith said. “We couldn’t get a shot, and we weren’t playing well defensively.” SVSU was within 12 points at halftime, but Wayne State, which has lost only to Bellarmine, the defending national champion, outscored the Cardinals 41-17 in the second half to clinch the win. “I was trying to make adjustments, and the players were trying to make adjustments, and we just couldn’t get anything going,” Smith said. “It was very frustrating; it just wasn’t a good game.” A bright spot for SVSU in both games was the

play of junior guard Brett Beland, who led the team with 12 points against Wayne State and added 7 in the loss to Findlay. Beland has come off the bench to lead the Cardinals in scoring in two of their last three games, filling in for senior guard Sean Romsek, whose playing time has been minimal due to the lingering effects of a concussion. “It’s important we get everything we can out of Brett,” Smith said. “He’s been able to step up.” The Cardinals will have a week to recover from the losses before they travel to Lake Superior State. SVSU’s first matchup with the Lakers this season was an 82-80 overtime thriller that ended with

junior guard Chris Webb hitting a three-pointer in overtime. Smith said that he expects the game to be a challenge, but expects good things from his team in the near future. “We’ve played two of the tougher teams in the league on the road, and we do have another tough game against Lake Superior State coming up, but then we have five home games in a row,” Smith said. SVSU is 3-1 at home this season. The Cardinals will travel to Lake Superior State Saturday, Dec. 17, for a 3 p.m. tipoff.

Vanguard File Photo

Junior guard Brett Beland led the team with 12 points off the bench in Thursday’s loss to Wayne State. Beland has led the team in scoring twice in the last three games. He is averaging 6.8 points per game.

Co-Ed Dodgeball

Female club athletes grab competition by the balls By Lisa Coffell

Vanguard Staff writer Power and finesse are two of the most important elements in dodgeball, and without the 11 women who play for SVSU, the team picture would be incomplete. “As players, the guys

are more aggressive,” said communications senior Cortnie Thompson. “We can be aggressive, don’t get me wrong, but we’re more like the finesse players.” As the SVSU co-ed dodgeball team has evolved since the winter of 2006, so have the girls’ roles on the team.

Vanguard Photo | Tyler Bradley

There are 11 women on the SVSU co-ed dodgeball team.

“Freshman and sophomore year, I was just a regular JV player,” marketing and management double major Lindsay Maynard said. “But this year, as a junior, I’m vice president of the team, so I have a little bit more responsibility rather than just dodging, ducking, dipping, diving and dodging.” Maynard isn’t alone in filling a new role. In fact, many girls on the team find themselves in new leadership roles that lead them to act as a mentor for the incoming players on the team. In addition to this, the girls strive to keep a level head during games. “I try to be level-headed because I know most of the guys get angry,” said junior nursing major Marissa Hazard. Maynard agreed that the girls on the team are an asset due to their tendency to be more even-tempered. “The guys get heated, they get into the moment and they just get going,” Maynard said. “But when the girls get in there, we play smart. We just try to keep everybody organized, going as a team.” The girls have a very influential role as players on the team as well. Whether they are shadowing, countering a play, or tracking down balls, they are often the last ones found on the court. Shadowing requires a player to cover another player in case an opponent attacks in his or her weak moment. Countering is when a player attacks someone right after they throw. These are two important strategies to incorporate in play so that teammates are not eliminated. “I try to do a lot of shadowing and countering most of the time,” said junior nursing major Allison Maynard. Spencer Jardine, the captain of the SVSU dodgeball

team, said that the women are a valuable asset for the team. “Our girls are probably the best dodgeballers in our league,” he said. Despite the contributions the girls have made to the team over the years, they often face teams that do not necessarily see the girls as equals. “Guys from our own team will throw at us because we told them to,” Thompson said. “We’ve had to talk to other schools captains and be like, ‘Listen we want them thrown at us, that’s why we play. We can take it.’” “I play dodgeball because I want to play,” Hazard said. “So if you’re going to throw at me, throw at me hard.” Believe it or not, the big throws are what many of the girls strive for. In fact, Allison Maynard said that the girls are let down when they take a big hit and don’t end up with a bruise. “The best thing is the bruises,” Maynard said. “They don’t really hurt at all; they just tingle and feel funny at first, then you get over it, and you have a nifty bruise to show off to the guys.” Another favorite of the girls are the all-girls games. As dodgeball is becoming a better known sport, the girls are starting to have the opportunity to have these matchups. “We just started getting girls games going because the National College Dodgeball Association is growing as a whole, and girls from other schools are getting very involved too,” Lindsay Maynard said. “For example, girls at Bowling Green and Grand Valley are starting to grow in numbers. So we’re starting to get some girls games going, but it’s mostly co-ed games.” In addition to the recognition the girls are getting in the all-girls games,

sports editor Justin Brouckaert office (989) 964-2629 e-mail jjbrouck@svsu.edu

Thompson and Hazard were given the opportunity to go to the co-ed National Championship in Kentucky last year. As only 15 players were given this opportunity, it was a huge honor for the two girls. “Our role is to support our fellow guys, so we might be able to throw, but if there’s someone on the court that can throw better than us, we’ll give them a ball,” Thompson said. “That’s what Marissa and I did in Kentucky until our captain was like, ‘OK, you two go up and throw.’” Between opportunities like this and the girls’ drive to better themselves and the team, SVSU’s dodgeball team has a lot to look forward to in upcoming games and the upcoming season. The team’s next matchup is coming up this January when it will travel to Chicago for The Chicago Dodgeball Open. This tournament is hosted by DePaul University and features teams such as DePaul, Moody Bible Institute, Grand Valley State University, and Western Kentucky State University. “We’re looking forward to starting off the year with some really big games and hopefully some really big wins, just a fun time, and some deep dish pizza,” Lindsay Maynard said. Following this tournament, SVSU will prepare to host nationals in April. As practice times for the winter are yet to be determined, students can contact Bryan Janick at bmjanick@svsu. edu or Lindsay Maynard at ltmaynar@svsu.edu for additional information. “I encourage anybody to come out and play dodgeball,” Maynard said. “Every practice is fun, every practice is a tryout for the team, all the games are fun, and shots to the face only hurt for so long.”

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The Valley Vanguard | valleyvanguardonline.com | Monday, December 12, 2011 | Page A9

Player Profile

Senior miler breaks indoor record, sets sights on NCAAs By Kirsten McIlvenna Vanguard Staff Writer

Sometimes, a goal can be met on the first try. Ashley Meyer, secondary education senior, set out to beat SVSU’s indoor mile record in her first meet of the season and came away successful. Her time of 5:01.41 at last weekend’s SVSU Holiday Classic was good enough to beat the old record of 5:02.61, set in 2006. Meyer said she now has a new goal of coming as close as she can to the automatic qualifer in the event for NCAA nationals. “It’s kind of a high goal, but it’s doable if I put the work in,” she said. This goal is ten seconds faster than her record mile. Because she did so well in her first meet, she now has the entire season to improve. Meyer said she was surprised that she ran a record already because her cross-country season wasn’t as good on a personal level. She said that she wanted to forget about that season and focus on the one ahead of her. Proven by her record time, she succeeded. “Mentally, I think I would have let it get me down,” she said. But as a team, SVSU crosscountry did well this year, traveling to Spokane, Wash. to compete in the NCAA National Championship race for the first time in school history. “As a team, it was awesome,” she said. “It was a great way to end (my last season), especially with all of those girls.” After being seeded 17 entering the meet, the Lady Cardinals finished 13. Meyer said that they wanted to be in the top ten, but were not disappointed. She said that when they realized that making it to nationals was possible, they were working hard to improve. They even wrote “Spokane” on their walls and mirrors to remind themselves. Although running can be an individual sport, Meyer said that the team is important. She said her teammates can help motivate her, and she appreciates them cheering on the sidelines during

the races. “I think that really makes a big difference,” she said. She said that for the team, the GLIAC Championship meet is the most important and that she wants to be motivated to do well for that. “I just really want to help the team,” she said. “I’m sick of not placing in GLIACs.” But these results, of course, don’t come without hard work. Meyer said that she is running 40 to 45 miles a week on average. “I run every day,” she said. “I’m kind of addicted to it.” She said she started running in seventh grade because she knew her dad did it, and she wanted to try it, too. Throughout school, Meyer said that her coaches told her she had a lot of potential, something that made her stick with it all these years. Even when the weather is awful outside, she tries to run every day, knowing that she needs to stay in shape. “If I take a day off, I’m that much more behind,” she said. With the start of track season, she has also started speed training four times a week. During some sessions, the team works on pace while others are dedicated to full-out speed. Meyer said that she hopes to be a part of the distance medley relay team again this season. Last year, the relay team set an indoor school record. All four runners return this season, and hope to improve their record and qualify for nationals. Again, Meyer said it will be hard, but it is attainable. “We have a lot of talented girls,” she said. Meyer said that the night before each meet, she eats pasta. She said she doesn’t know that it is proven to help, but she has been doing it since ninth grade. She also always wears a ribbon in her hair. “Just having it here makes me feel lucky,” she said. And now that the one she wore at the last meet got her a record time, she said she will probably wear the same ribbon for the rest of the season.

Vanguard Photo | Tyler Bradley

Senior runner Ashley Meyer broke the SVSU indoor record in the mile at the Holiday Classic, SVSU’s first meet of the season. Meyer will need to lower her record by 10 seconds to automatically qualify for NCAA nationals.

Club Hockey

Late comeback not enough in team’s second loss By Lisa Coffell and Kirsten McIlvenna

Vanguard Staff Writers Lagging in the first period of Friday night’s game, SVSU made a comeback in the second and third periods, but it wasn’t enough. Davenport University handed the Cardinals their second loss of the season Friday at the Saginaw Bay Ice Arena, defeating them 5-3. With the loss, SVSU drops to 182-1 on the season. “Normally, we have one of the best offenses in the whole nation as far as Division 3 goes,” said senior goalie Jake Chaillier. But Davenport’s offense was the dominant force in Friday night’s matchup. “We weren’t quite ready for

that,” he said. The Panthers had 46 shots on goal, which Chaillier said is a lot more than they are used to. He said the team usually only gives up 20 to 25 shots per game. The Panthers’ offense was strong from the beginning when, within the first two minutes of the game, Davenport scored the game’s first goal. The Panthers followed it up with two more before the end of the first period, making the score 3-0 going into the first break. There were no additional goals in the first half of the second period until, at 11:48, SVSU sophomore Joey Kaiser scored a goal with assists from Brandon Clary and Zack Soulliere. Chaillier said that this goal was a “very influential goal” that got them “rolling” in the game.

“That’s really big for a (rookie) to come up like that, especially in his first year, to score a goal,” he said. “It doesn’t happen very often in the league.” But about a minute later, the Panthers scored again, extending their lead to 4-1. Shortly after, the Cardinals were able to keep their defensive edge up as they were short handed for about four minutes while players were in the penalty box. “When we were down one guy, one of our main concerns was not what our plan of attack was, but how we were going to come back and create some momentum for ourselves,” Chaillier said. SVSU cut the deficit to two goals with 1:58 remaining in the second period, making the score 4-2. The goal was scored by Ryan

Tempich with assists from Steve Hamilton and Scott Walter. The Cardinals were able to keep this momentum into the third period as they scored on a power play, making the score 4-3 only a minute and a half into the period. The goal was scored by Jon Tibaudo with assists from Tempich and Ben Welch. “(Tibaudo) has got the hardest shot, the most accurate shot in the league, hands down, and he was able to score and got us closer tonight,” Chaillier said. “But we were just a couple of steps short on our defensive play to making it happen.” With 3:03 minutes left in the last period, Davenport scored again, making it 5-3. As neither team scored for the remaining minutes, that score held as the final. After the loss, the Cardinals knew

they had to adjust for the rematch at Davenport the very next night. “We’re actually going to switch just a little of strategy up,” Chaillier said after Friday’s game. “I think for tomorrow we’re going to control the tempo of the play a little more as well with the hitting and in between the plays.” Results of the game were not available before the Vanguard went to press. The SVSU hockey team and booster club sponsored a toy drive at the game as part of Toys for Tots where they provided free admission to fans who brought a donation of a $10 gift.

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Senior goalie Jake Chaillier stops a shot during Friday night’s loss to Davenport. The Panthers had 46 shots on net en route to a 5-3 win over the Cardinals. The loss is only SVSU’s second of the season.

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9/28/11 3:27:42 PM

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Page A10| Monday, December 12, 2011 | valleyvanguardonline.com | The Valley Vanguard

Vanguard Photos | Sean Dudley

Left: The fall semester edition of “Cardinal Sins,” SVSU’s literary magazine, was celebrated with a post-publication party last week in the Roberta Allen Reading Room in Zahnow Library. Writers who had their work published in “Sins” had the opportunity to read their work to the crowd. Right: Emily Krueger, the editorin-chief of “Cardinal Sins,” addresses the crowd during the post-publication party.

Jobs continued from A7 NeXT Computers and Pixar Digital Animation Studios, but soon Apple came knocking at his door begging him to come back and save the company from its impending doom. After returning to Apple, Jobs laid the groundwork for the future of Apple by developing the “Think Different” advertising slogan. This slogan became the status quo for Apple product design. From the time of his return, Jobs’ products were at the forefront of the technology industry offering devices to a public that didn’t even know it wanted it yet. “People don’t know what they want until you show it to them,” Jobs said. This mindset led to the triumph of revolutionary Apple products including the iPod,

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iPhone and iPad. Although the concepts for these products had been discussed, Jobs brought them all to fruition. Taking these ideas and producing them was not enough for Jobs. Another of Jobs’ demanding characteristics was his drive for perfection.

People don’t know what they want until you show it to them.” Steve Jobs

Isaacson recalled Jobs’ story of building cabinets with his adopted father, where he learned the value of perfection and precision. No one

would ever see the back of the cabinets, but his father insisted they be as flawless as the front. This explains why Apple products look like pieces of art. Not only the devices, but also the packaging was carefully designed and run through a guillotine of critiques by Jobs. I believe Jobs’ values and ideas will continue to affect the future of technology, and this biography will keep his legacy alive for decades. I recommend this book to anyone who has an entrepreneurial spirit with dreams of being a successful industry leader, and also to anyone with an interest in technology. I’d even suggest it to anyone who has ever owned or used an iPod, iPad, iPhone or Mac computer and wants to understand the rich history of how those devices were created and uncover the secrets of the man responsible for all of it.

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continued from A7 music and a place to relieve stress. The performance, he said, was great: “Great director, great music, great people to play with.” Hahn agreed: “We’ve

sins continued from A7 His writing process began playing with the words “miracle drug,” which led him to creating the fictional Penetrol, a drug with several out of the ordinary side effects. Edwards plans to write his idea for a play over the

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semester break. Krueger expects more submissions in the winter semester. “I’m looking forward to seeing peoples’ great submissions next semester,” Krueger said. The deadline to submit for the next issue of Cardinal Sins is February 3. For more information, visit svsu.edu/cardinalsins.

believes are significant. Ross believes Freyja may originate from Crete, but she would like to explore how waterways looked in those times to investigate linkage of the goddess to other cultures. “When you start to know more and more about it, the less you feel like you know,” Ross said. Although unsure what it will include, Ross is creating a book on Freyja.

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got a talented bunch of musicians, and it’s always a pleasure being a part of a group like this.” Hall said he encourages more students to join. It is a class that anyone can take, not just music majors. He said they are always look for more musicians.

knock some shots down and hopefully that will carry over into next week,” Pewinski said. Next week will be another challenge for the Lady Cardinals as they face Lake Superior State, Pewinski’s former team, for the second time this season. SVSU won the first matchup in convincing fashion, defeating the Lakers 73-58 for its first and only GLIAC win of the young season. “The rematch with

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Lake State will definitely be tough,” Pewinski said. “It wil be our first time this season to play someone for the second time, which is never easy.” Pewinski hopes that the team will continue to improve with a win on Saturday. “There have been some little steps forward, but there need to be some bigger strides made from here on out if we’re going to accomplish some of our goals,” she said. The Lady Cardinals travel to Lake Superior State next Saturday, Dec. 17 for a 1 p.m. tipoff. valleyvanguardonline.com vanguard@svsu.edu


The Valley Vanguard (Vol. 44 No. 14)