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Vol. 52 No. 20


Saginaw Valley State University’s student newspaper

Illustration of what COVID-19 looks like (left, courtesy CDC). SVSU Dining Services implement social distancing policies (right). Vanguard Photo | Brooke Elward

What does college look like during a pandemic? On March 11, SVSU announced that classes will move to online-only amid the COVID-19, or coronavirus, outbreak. At the time, Michigan had two confirmed cases. As of this publication, there are 33 cases, one of whom is a Bay County man who works as a physician at Covenant. The Vanguard staff discussed what the pandemic means for students as they prepare to switch to online-only instruction. Students and professors discuss their thoughts on the decision to end in-person classes, and campus offices talk about how the ban on meetings of more than 50 people affect their services and events.

SVSU facing ‘unprecedented challenges’ amid COVID-19 Kaitlyn Farley Vanguard Editor-in-Chief

SVSU announced Wednesday, March 11 that in-person classes will morph into online courses from Monday, March 16 to at least Friday, April 17. The decision came after Gov. Whitmer declared a state of emergency over COVID-19, or the coronavirus, on Tuesday, March 10, when Michigan saw its first two confirmed cases of coronavirus in Metro Detroit. A day later, the World Health Organization declared coronavirus a pandemic, or a global outbreak of a disease. What is COVID-19? The coronavirus is a respiratory infection that can cause serious illness or even death. Symptoms include coughing, fever and shortness of breath. The CDC recommends suspending unnecessary social interactions to avoid further spreading the virus. This recommendation has led to several universities suspending in-person classes. According to the CDC, the current strain of coronavirus is a previously unknown one that can cause serious illness or even death. It is a respiratory infection that is most dangerous to certain demographics, especially those with pre-existing

medical conditions or older adults. Deciding to go online Each of Michigan’s 15 public universities and many of its private universities have opted to switch to online-only classes. J.J. Boehm, interim executive director of University Communications, said SVSU opted to cancel until April 17 so students could potentially come back for at least a week before finals. J.J. Boehm “If health

protocols dictate it is safe to resume in-person instruction at that time, that may allow for a more orderly conclusion to the semester,” he said. “By the same token, if the guidance is that we need to continue to take measures to minimize large gatherings, we may extend it beyond that.” Professors are expected to contact students by Wednesday, March 18, to explain to students how to expect their remote classwork to be delivered. A March 11 email from University Communications stated that the university is “continuing to work with faculty and staff on laboratory and performance classes.”

Nursing professor discusses COVID-19 Kaitlyn Farley Vanguard Editor-in-Chief

Kathleen Schachman, Harvey Randall Wickes Endowed Chair in Nursing, said she hopes students exercise precautions but refrain from panicking about COVID-19. Schachman, who also works at a clinic, said students and patients alike can take “common sense” steps to avoid contracting or spreading COVID-19. “There are a number of things we can do to minimize spread,” she said. “The universal precautions are handwashing, covering your mouth and staying home if you are ill.” Although young, healthy students are not as likely to contract COVID-19, Schachman said that is not true of everyone in a student’s life. Even if students are not personally afraid of contracting it, Schachman said their friends or

loved ones with immune deficiencies or who are seniors could be harmed if they contract COVID-19. As such, it is crucial for everyKathleen one, even the Schachman healthy, to take precautions. Schachman said her clinic will begin integrating more telehealth services to avoid unnecessary social interactions. “At my clinic, my plan for patients is to integrate more telehealth,” she said. “Medicare recently loosened the rules for telehealth.” Previously, Medicare required

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“We are working diligently to work through those specialized academic concerns for classes with labs, senior design or things of that nature that have very specific requirements,” Boehm said. “We will be working with faculty and the deans to come up with guidance for students and professors in those unique situations.”

8 p.m. for dinner. On Saturday and Sunday, the Doan will be open 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. and again from 5 p.m. to 8 p.m. Panda Express, Subway, Starbucks and the C-Store will also have shortened hours. All other dining locations will be closed.

Dining and residential halls

All university-sponsored international travel will be canceled effectively immediately until at least June 30. SVSU-sponsored domestic travel by faculty, staff and students is strongly discouraged. Athletic Director John Decker said sports that were traveling for the season have returned home. The NCAA and GLIAC have both canceled all athletic related activity until May 31. He said this includes games and practices. Aaron Mowen, director of Campus Recreation Programs, said club and intramural sports have also been canceled. As of March 13, volleyball and cheer still had out of state tournaments that had not been canceled. Mowen said it is expected that they soon will be, and, if they are not, SVSU will most likely not permit them to attend. A March 13 email from the Ryder Center stated that fitness and pool hours have also changed. Ryder will be open 6:30 a.m. to 8 p.m. on

Boehm said SVSU will keep residential halls and most dining options open. “Our plan at this time is that residence halls and campus dining will remain open,” he said. “We are going to make some adjustments with campus dining to make some more ‘grab and go’ options and take other steps to reduce communal dining, but our residence halls and campus dining will remain open at this time.” On March 13, SVSU announced that the Doan would be renovated by March 16 to abide by the CDC’s goal of having one person per table or having each person six feet apart. All Doan stations will be converted to full service, and take out containers will be available for those who do not want to stay at the Doan. On weekdays, the Doan will be open 8 a.m. 10 a.m. for breakfast, 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. for lunch and 5 pm. to

Sports and recreation

weekdays, and from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Saturday and Sunday. Some equipment has been moved, and other equipment has been closed off to allow social distancing. Academic and student support, business operations, residential halls and dining services will remain open. RSOs and SVSU-sponsored events As of this publication, current CDC guidelines suggest that any public gatherings with crowds of 50 or more people should be canceled or postponed. As such, SVSU announced March 12 that all SVSUsponsored events with an anticipated crowd of 50 or more have been canceled until April 17. As of this publication, SVSU has not canceled or postponed May commencement. “The guidance we are receiving from local, state and federal agencies is changing almost daily,” Boehm said. “So, we want to be mindful of that, particularly with something as important to students and families as commencement. We would want to hold that ceremony if at all possible in whatever way possible. We have some time before we make our final decisions.”


SA discusses upcoming changes Kaitlyn Farley Vanguard Editor-in-Chief

Student Association President Hunter Koch is working with SVSU administrators to address student concerns while also looking internally to restructure SA. In light of SVSU canceling in-person instruction and all meetings and events with crowds above 50 people, Hunter said SA will cancel formal office hours and committee meetings for its members. “My biggest focus will be working through the allocations system,” he said. “I met with our allocations director earlier (last week) to talk about some of the potential to go online. We had been already considering going online for some of the allocation process, so that will be rolling out within the next few days.” Koch said many RSOs and students have already withdrawn their allocation requests since their conferences or other events they wished

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to receive SA funding for have been canceled. Nonetheless, Koch wants SA to be available for students who still need funding or who have lost money on canceled events. “Conferences have been canceled all over the world, and some people may not be able to get all their money back for certain things,” he said. “Figuring out what that looks like may take a short while to finally figure out what is going to be clear and consistent to handle those cases. … The allocation process is the most critical internally at this time, so individuals and organizations are still getting what they need.” Koch has also been working with other university student governments to “monitor student reactions” and how universities are communicating with students. “SVSU at this point is very student friendly and has made sure that, when these exercises of caution are made, they’re made with other circumstances in mind,” he said. “We COVID-19 Special ..........A2 Opinion ..........................A3

need to make sure we keep our moral high-ground so all students are safe and healthy from COVID-19, but also safe and healthy as students themselves. So, they have a roof over their head, food to eat and anything that is absolutely Hunter Koch necessary to be

successful and complete the semester.” Besides reworking SA meetings and services, Koch has also met with administrators to stress what SA sees as students’ needs in “this time of crisis.” “I know the university has been willing to address issues from students in a way that is much more accessible than in general times

A&E ....................A4 News.............A5-A6


COVID-19 special Page A2 | Monday, March 16, 2020 | thevalleyvanguard.com | The Valley Vanguard

SVSU offices address how COVID-19 affects their services The Vanguard staff reached out to on-campus offices and departments to discuss how the switch to online classes and the ban on all meetings and events over 50 people will affect their services, events and classes. The Vanguard will update this list online as more offices respond or update their plans or services offerings. John Decker, Athletics Director “We were informed (March 13) by our athletics conference GLIAC that all athletics activities at all member schools are canceled, effective immediately, through May 31.” “... The actions that are being taken by SVSU, the GLIAC and the NCAA are being done solely with the utmost consideration for the health, safety and welfare of our student-athletes. During this time, our student-athletes will continue to focus on successfully pursuing their academic studies and we do not anticipate any interruptions relating to financial aid.” Norman Wika, Band Director “Everything until at least April 17 has been canceled or postponed. Some events after that date may proceed if it is deemed safe to do so. The concert band concert on April 22 may still happen.” Kevin Simons, Choir Director “I am going to provide alternate work during the switch to online – the concert for April 21

CHALLENGES, continued from A1 Boehm said RSOs that have fewer than 50 members are also able to still meet at the discretion of the RSO. “Based on my understanding, (RSOs) would be a small gathering,” he said. “Make sure you’re practicing good hygiene and following those proper precautions that we all should be doing. At this time, those would not be canceled. This is a rapidly changing environment, so we may issue new guidelines with relatively little notice. But right now, RSO meetings and things of that nature can continue.” Student workers Boehm said student workers can choose whether or not they feel comfortable coming to work at this point. “For the remainder of this (semester), if you are a student employee, you are certainly welcome to come in,” he said. “... If they feel uncomfortable coming in for an advising appointment or a student job, they

SA CHANGES, continued from A1 when things like this aren’t going on,” he said, “so that has decreased the number of issues we have heard about, but that doesn’t mean we aren’t here to hear those concerns and talk to administrators about those concerns as well.” The highest-priority need Koch sees for students is keeping housing and dining open. “A lot of times, even some students overlook the needs students have,” he said, “in particular, of international students and other students who may not have a home to go to or cannot get home.” Koch said he hopes SVSU keeps these services open “as long as it is absolutely possible to do so.” “We know this is an evolving situation,” he said. “My stance has been that unless there is any sort of evidence to suggest it would be critical to close those facilities, then we would be opposed to closing dining and housing options.” Koch said he understands students’ frustrations but hopes they keep perspective. “There are some concerns that this may be an overblown problem,” he said. “If we look back in three, four, five months and say that we’ve overblown it, then we’re in the best-case scenario. It’s not bad to look back and see we may have overblown the situation. Just as experts say, though, there is a large line between caution and panic.”

SCHACHMAN continued from A1 patients still be in a clinic even for telehealth visits. Schachman said Medicare is not enforcing the rule right now to help limit contact and possible exposure to COVID-19. “The requirement that a patient be sitting in the clinic has been waived to reduce contact and vulnerability,” she said. Schachman said she wanted to stress to students that it is critical to “err on the side of caution.” “A lot of people are vulnerable,” she said. “Put their needs first.”

should notify their supervisor. We want students to feel empowered to make their own decisions regarding their health and welfare.” Refunds and updates On March 13, Provost Deborah Huntley said SVSU is currently not offering refunds for housing, declining balance or meal plans. Deb Huntley Updates will be forthcoming on the issue as necessary. Huntley also said the last day to withdraw from a course with a “W” will be extended until the week before finals. “We understand that the necessary transition to online or remote instruction may prove challenging for some students,” she said. “We have extended the date to withdraw with a ‘W’ grade through the final day of classes, Friday, April 24.”

has been canceled. I am hoping that we will be able to have an informal performance if we’re able to return to in-person classes this semester. I am also going to schedule an additional concert early in the fall semester.” “Private lessons will take place over Skype, Facetime or some other platform. I can’t speak for others, but for concert band members, they will be given specific practice assignments and asked to submit them on video. They will be given feedback and asked to resubmit incorporating the feedback. It’s not ideal, of course, but it’s the best we’ve got right now.” David Rzeszutek, Theatre Department Chairman “All of our classes have been adapted so they can be delivered online. The productions will be remounted in the upcoming fall semester.” Jason Schoenmeyer, Associate Dean for Student Life “Right now, we have canceled many of Student Life’s traditional events till April 17. These events include Valley Nights movies, Coffee On-campus services Huntley’s March 13 email states, “Students planning to register for upcoming terms should know that Academic Advising has made arrangements to be able to hold advising appointments via Microsoft Teams or by phone, as well as in person for the time being.” The email goes on to note that on-campus computer labs will remain open. SVSU suggests students practice social distancing while in the labs, and signs reminding students of social distancing will be posted in the labs. Future updates Updates can be found via University Communications emails sent to students’ SVSU email. Students can also call a campus hotline at 989-964-2110. Someone will be available to talk from 8 a.m. to 7 p.m. on weekdays and 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. on Saturday and Sunday. Huntley stated in the email that SVSU still

House, Pinterest with Program Board and any large events that would have 50 or more participants, as mandated by the University. With that said, we have already had meetings to plan ‘virtual’ style events for students. We do not have any ready to promote just yet but hope to have more on that next week.” “Student Life, Valley Nights and Program Board want to offer students virtual events/ experiences that will help them stay connected and give them an enjoyable outlet from the rigors of classes.” Ron Portwine, Chief Business Officer “Residential Life sent out a brief survey in an attempt to gather more information on what residential students were planning to do. ... Approximately 20 percent of the respondents indicated that they plan to leave campus during this period. Another 38 percent indicated they intend to stay, with the balance of respondents communicating they intend to come and go during this period of time. ... Housing has only received one inquiry from a student wanting to turn their key in and check-out.” expects classes to resume in-person April 20. She said SVSU is facing “unprecedented challenges,” and she hopes students and faculty come together and help each other during this transition. Boehm said he encourages students to reach out to SVSU administration or other appropriate channels as the switch to online courses begins. “I hope students know that we really do have their best interests in mind here,” he said. “We’re trying to balance their legitimate desire to meet their academic requirements, which I have seen in some of the questions online, while also being sure we are mindful of their health and welfare. So, we are trying to balance those two things, among other factors. We really do want to work with students and, if students have specific questions, contact their instructor if they have specific concerns. Share that with the appropriate SVSU staff member or work with (Student Association), who can certainly route those to the appropriate administrators. We want student voices to be heard as part of this process.”

Cardinals react to COVID-19: Students and faculty sound off John Baesler, History Chairman “This is absolutely the right decision. The inconvenience of having to move classes online pales in sight of the possibility that the United States could see a severe medical emergency like the one we are currently witnessing in Italy. The time for proactive measures is before you reach a crisis point.”

On March 12, The Vanguard asked our readers if they agreed with the university’s decision to suspend in-person classes. Below are some responses.

Beth Jorgensen, PTW Professor “I’m both frustrated and relieved about the campus going online. Frustrated because I want to provide the best education I can for my students, and face-to-face contact is really important to my curriculum and pedagogy. Frustrated that the country wasn’t locked down faster, so this virus was allowed to spread. Frustrated by a public that thinks it’s an over-reaction or who want to politicize it as some sort of attack against the White House. Frustrated by people who think it’s just the ‘flu’ and don’t take precautions. Scared because my pregnant daughter flew home to Vancouver via Detroit on Saturday. Relieved that my university administration is taking it seriously enough to protect our campus community, and by doing so, protecting the larger ‘herd.’” “Stay safe, my friend. Wash your hands.” Curtis Grosse, Mathematics Lecturer “The evolution of the University for that, let’s face it, trend of the future. Ultimately as a facility and an institution we will look back on it saying, ‘Oh, you know, it got us more current.’” “... I think there is some learning associated with going through something like (canceling classes). It will mimic the extent of the real world. I mean it’s not as cookie cutter, as you know the academic world is. It is not all that different.”

The Valley Vanguard News Editor Hannah Beach | E-mail hnbeach@svsu.edu | Office 989-964-4482 | Instagram @TheValleyVanguard 110A Curtiss Hall

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The Valley Vanguard | thevalleyvanguard.com | Monday, March 16, 2020 | Page A3

Companies are tricking consumers by greenwashing Maria Ranger Columnist Creative Writing mcranger@svsu.edu

Greenwashing, when companies present products as more eco-friendly than they are, is a problem that has surfaced recently. With the general public becoming more aware of issues related to climate change and pollution, there has been an increase in demand for low waste, eco-friendly companies. Companies see this as a profit motive. Sometimes, this involves using trendy buzzwords like “vegan”, “organic,” “nontoxic”, “simple”, “plant based,” “green” or “all natural.” (Many other nature adjacent words are also used.) Other times, it’s as simple as putting something in green

packaging because according to color psychology, consumers will see it and think it’s eco-friendly. It could also include making recycled products with unethical labor practices or sweatshops or exaggerating the truth. The H&M textile recycling program, something that I used to consider a good initiative, is the perfect example of greenwashing. They say that all the fabrics they collect are either recycled and turned into new garments, or donated to charities like thrift stores and shelters, but according to a video essay by Sarah Hawkinson, they ship over 99 percent of the textiles they receive to dumps in developing or “third world” countries. Boxed water is another good example. People believe it’s better than bottled water, but it is not biodegradable, since it’s made of cardboard and plastic, and it’s also not

recyclable because of that. Bottled water is actually better than boxed because it can be recycled. We’ve all seen the Dawn dish soap bottles with cute fuzzy ducklings or other baby animals with the slogan, “Dawn helps save wildlife,” as it donates to help clean up animals after oil spills. However, the soap contains an antibacterial agent, triclosan, that is toxic to aquatic life. Many environmentalists are starting to call for a ban on triclosan. Many consumers are willing to pay more money for a product that they think is ecofriendly or environmentally friendly. This is a problem because companies are profiting off the consumer’s good intentions and unawareness of the greenwashing trend. Many of these products make claims that are not backed up or are only partially true. Products can be labeled “plant-based”

because they don’t have any animal products in them and still have potentially toxic or harmful chemicals in them. Some burgers made of half vegan meat and half beef are labeled as “plant based” as well, simply because they’re half made of plant products. One way you can avoid buying greenwashed products is looking up more information about products online. Many of the claims companies make can easily be debunked online. Additionally, keep an eye out for companies that use a lot of trendy buzzwords, excessive green packaging or promotions and a heavy amount of nature imagery. This sort of marketing is done to trick consumers into thinking a product is more sustainable than it truly is. Keep in mind that if a claim seems too good to be true, it probably is.

How you treat your daughter will affect them as a bride Nicole Vogelpohl BFA - Photography navogelp@svsu.edu

Some of you reading this might already be married, others might be recently engaged and prepping for their wedding and some of you still may be looking for the right “one” (do not worry, they are out there, and you will get that ring). Regardless, the way our parents raised us, especially when it comes to body image, can affect us in some of the deepest and darkest ways. Even more so, the things our parents say to us can affect us far into the future, including bridal gown shopping. I have been working in the bridal industry for three years now as a bridal stylist and consultant. Essentially, I help bride’s say “yes to the dress” and work closely with their bridal parties. At least once a week for the last three years, I have had a bride explain to me, sometimes even crying while half-naked in the fitting room with me, how she does not like this or that about her body. The sad part is why she does not like

certain features – even her entire body, on occasion. Time and time again, my brides tell me what their parents would say to them growing up, specifically the mothers. So many women are body shamed by their own mothers, often starting at a young age. Whether it is out of jealousy or ignorance, body shaming is never OK and is considered emotional abuse in my book. About five months into working as a bridal stylist, a mom of one of my brides said directly to me, “She’s always been fat, and she will never be able to get rid of it. Unhealthy trash.” That has stuck with me to this very day. As I saw the wave of guilt and shame wash over my bride’s face, I kindly but firmly stood up for my bride, explaining to her mom that she is beautiful and she should not want to change her daughter’s body in vanity. Rather, she should try to find the beauty in her own daughter and not take her blessings for granted. I am still unsure of how I did not infuriate my bride’s mom, but she conceded and apologized. Later, as I was in the fitting room with my bride, she cried in my arms and thanked me, explaining that no one has ever defended her and her body like that.

Over the years, I have seen so many mothers walk in with their daughters for a bridal appointment, but the outcome goes one of two ways: The bride has a phenomenal appointment and finds “the one” or she walks out disappointed and, sometimes, in tears. It has always broken my heart when it is the latter outcome. Either way, a good bridal appointment always has a supportive mother. That could simply mean that they are body positive or are just there for moral and emotional support for their daughter during this important time in her life. Regardless, it is important as a parent to be there for your child and have a strong bond that only you two understand, especially during such a stressful time such as wedding shopping. If you are planning on going bridal gown shopping in the near future, bring a small group of the most supportive and trustworthy people you know to make bridal shopping fun and less stressful. Hopefully your mom is one of those supportive people you trust to bring in your entourage, but if not, ask her to be genuinely supportive on this day at least, for you. When you are a mother, remember to shower your children with love and

adoration. Tell your children how much you love them. Tell your children how beautiful they are because you made them. Show your children what they deserve in a relationship, any kind of relationship. Set the standards. Love your children for who they are with all of your being. How you treat them as a child will stick with them throughout adulthood. Make good impressions on your children so you can create lasting memories and continue the memories through both of your lifetimes. Whatever you do, be there for your child always. I love working with brides and will continue to do so for as long as I feel necessary. I cannot stress enough, however, the importance of being there for your daughter physically, mentally and emotionally during her bridal experience. Do not try to make this any harder or stressful on her than it already is. And brides, remember: Love yourself for who you are because clearly someone loves you enough as you are to want to spend the rest of their life with you. Make some happy memories and do what you need to do in order to have the experience you want. You are worth it, always.

Society is too focused on race and gender Connor Rousseau Elementary Education csrousse@svsu.edu

Society’s current obsession with race and gender is only causing more division and discrimination between Americans. The United States has taken great strides in the fight for civil rights and liberties over the last century, and while our system is not perfect, it cannot be denied that it is exceptionally better than it was decades ago. Both men and women can vote and run for office, homosexual couples can marry and people of color have equal rights when applying for jobs and being employed. While our legislation does not judge people based on race, gender, sexual orientation, etc., individuals and groups within our society still cling to many of these factors. Much like India’s caste system, discrimination is legally outlawed, but some of its effects have unfortunately been burned

into America’s culture. Today, too many people are obsessing over what gender and race someone is without considering other far more relevant traits. Our society does not realize that this kind of obsession is still a form of discrimination. A great example of this is the 2020 presidential election. Many people are up in arms because our president will most likely be another man who is white. I am not denying that it would be great to see a female and/or minority as president who would set a new precedent in highlighting women’s and minorities’ capabilities. However, we are witnessing people who are attacking candidates Bernie Sanders and Joe Biden based solely on their gender and the color of their skin. Ad hominem attacks directed toward these candidates are discrediting their eligibility on the mere basis of their skin color and gender. Those characteristics are irrelevant when it comes to their caliber and presidential capabilities, just as the gender and/or race of nonwhite candidates is irrelevant. The qualities that should be thoughtfully

examined are the candidates’ policies, beliefs, job-related abilities, promises, morals and work ethic. People seem so tied up in gender and race that their selective attention narrows their perspectives, and they therefore miss out on the characteristics that carry more weight. I am certainly not suggesting we become insensitive to race and gender. Sensitivity to others and their feelings and experiences is critical in a society like ours that is striving to reduce the divisions of our nation, to become more unified, more understanding, more appreciative of each other and to value our differences. When a person makes the decision not to vote for a particular candidate on the sole basis of their skin color or gender and nothing more, they are letting stereotypes and prejudices get the better of them and influence, maybe even determine, their decision. Whether they are choosing not to vote for someone because they are black, white, Hispanic, male, female, homosexual, Latino, Asian, it doesn’t matter. This issue goes both ways and must be fought head on.

The renowned civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr. spoke out against judging people by the qualities that are not in their control in his 1963 “I Have a Dream” speech, saying: “I have a dream that my four children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character.” Does this not still ring true today? If people can agree that what Martin Luther King Jr. said on the matter is true, then should Biden and Sanders be judged by the color of their skin and their gender, or by the content of their character? The overarching issue in today’s society is that we can be so hung up on what gender someone is and what race they are that we can overlook the qualities that have a much more significance in defining who we are as people. One’s character is not determined by their gender or race but by who they are within, and these qualities are what people should be looking at. We must expand from the narrow lens of mere gender and race and achieve a new appreciation and respect for the qualities that truly hold value.

Do you agree with SVSU’s decision to switch to online only classes?

Professional and editorial staff

Corrections and additions



About us

Kaitlyn Farley: Editor-in-Chief Hannah Beach: News Editor Denver Milam: Sports Editor Shelby Mott: Opinion, A&E Editor Brooke Elward: Photography, Design Editor Emily Wahl: Business Manager

If you see an error, please let us know as soon as possible by contacting vanguard@svsu.edu.

The Valley Vanguard is published by the students of Saginaw Valley State University weekly in the fall and winter semesters, with one issue published in the summer. Our office is located in Curtiss 110a on the campus of SVSU, at 7400 Bay Road, University Center, MI, 48710.

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The Valley Vanguard Opinion Editor Shelby Mott | E-mail smmott@svsu.edu | Office 989-964-4482 | Instagram @TheValleyVanguard 110A Curtiss Hall

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Page A4 | Monday, March 16, 2020 | thevalleyvanguard.com | The Valley Vanguard

Professor speaks about intersectional feminism Melissa Vennix


Vanguard Reporter

ociology professor Dawn Hinton stresses the importance of intersectionality and black feminism. According to Hinton, intersectionality affects every person. Intersectionality is the point at which all a person’s identities interact and influence their life experiences. Hinton said that the experiences of white women are different from black women’s, which are different from Asian women’s. Beyond race and gender, sexual orientation, socio-economic status and education levels can even be taken into consideration. “All of these things work together at how we see the world,” Hinton said. “It is impossible for me to wake up and say I don’t want to be black today. ... I can’t say I don’t want to be a woman.” Hinton shared some statistics about what men and women of the white, Hispanic and black race groups make at work in the United States. She noted that black women get paid the least out of any group, even though women in general are more likely than men to get a bachelor’s degree. “This helps us to see economic inequality does not fall evenly on everybody,” Hinton said. “Everybody doesn’t get their fair share.” She stressed the importance of talking about race despite how uncomfortable people feel talking about it. Black feminism,

Hinton says, allows black women to use the images that portray them to create realistic and accurate images of themselves. “There is power in being able to define who you are,” Hinton said. Hinton said she is passionate about how the way black women are portrayed in the world influences how they are treated. In her presentation, she described different types of black women present in media. The first that she covered was the mammie, the caretaker or domestic worker. She discussed how the mammie is viewed as asexual and placed in a servant’s role. To prove her point, Hinton asked the audience whether they knew about Mrs. Butterworth syrup. The shape of the bottle is in the image of a mammie, with the apron, heavy set figure and hair in a scarf. Other examples she gave were the matriarch, welfare recipient and jezebel. The matriarch is the strong independent woman who is thought to castrate men and often be a single mom who works but supposedly does not spend enough time with her children. The welfare recipient was painted most aggressively by former president of the United States Ronald Reagan. He coined the stereotype of a “welfare queen” who sat at home, living off government benefits and doing nothing. The last image Hinton described was the jezebel, the sexually aggressive black

woman. Hinton played the music video of “Trip Drill” by Nelly to explain her point of the image portraying black women as sexual objects. After discussing the images, Hinton talked about safe spaces for black women, including music, writing and friendships with other black women. She read several poems, including Sojourner Truth’s poem “Ain’t I a Woman.” Hinton also played songs such as Salt-NPepa’s “None of Your Business.” Hinton said such spaces show ways black women have created their own realistic definitions for themselves. She also spoke about Billie Holiday, who sang “Strange Fruit” in clubs where black people could perform but not take part as an audience. Holiday sang as her form of protest against discrimination and lynching of black people. Hinton’s goal was to educate others of the reasons black feminism is so important for black women and why other people should understand it. “There’s power behind having the ability to define yourself for yourself,” Hinton said, “particularly if you come from a community where people have historically defined you in ways that have been objectifying, in ways that have been not favorable.” Olivia Nelson, a pre-occupational therapy sophomore, said the lecture opened her eyes to a lot of issues. She said she enjoyed the discussion of

Dawn Hinton discusses intersectional feminism in America with students and staff. Vanguard Photo | Adam Stepanski music and literature and how they give black women a way to connect with each other. “I don’t think intersectionality is talked about enough because I really wouldn’t have been able to find it before this lecture,” Nelson said.

SVSU faculty pursues passion for guitar with local band Denver Milam Vanguard Reporter

By day, Riley Hupfer is known to the SVSU community as the director of Cardinals for Community Engagement and the adviser for the Alpha Kappa Lambda fraternity.

What many do not know about Hupfer is that he is a rhythm guitarist for Last Night Saved My Life, a pop rock/punk band that plays medium-sized venues around the state and is looking to travel out of state soon. The band formed slowly after its 2010

Band members of Last Night Saved My Life. Courtesy Photo | Riley Hupfer

start, with breaks for the members to focus on undergrad coursework. When Hupfer was 14 years old, his parents bought him a guitar and signed him up for lessons. “I wanted a PlayStation,” Hupfer said. “I was not happy that I got a guitar.” After starting lessons, Hupfer was able to find another guitarist who was looking for other people to play music with. “(Bandmember) Justin and I began playing Blink 182 music in the garage,” Hupfer said. They could not have a band with only two people, so the pair started looking for more members. “I was in the milk line and saw the kid in front of me and told him he looked like he played an instrument,” Hupfer said. “He ended up becoming our drummer. We found (bandmember) Ryne at church, and we found our singer Wilson on MySpace.” Hupfer said getting a singer was the last piece of the puzzle for the band. “We debuted at the Freeland High School talent show, where we covered ‘Sugar We’re

Going Down’ by Fallout Boy,” he said. Over the years, the band started selling merchandise as well as doing its own advertising and songwriting. “It is starting to become like a business,” Hupfer said. “We play our instruments, book our shows, sell our merch. ... It’s all on us.” Last Night Saved My Life has released its own songs on various platforms. “We have written and released 37 songs through EPs and one album,” Hupfer said. “We are planning three more songs in the next few months, which we hope to follow with an EP and maybe an album.” Hupfer said he enjoys a lot of what comes with being part of the band. “It’s definitely a balance between the writing and sharing creativity,” he said. “But there is nothing more freeing than being on stage and people are singing your songs back to you.” As of March 15 Last Night Saved My Life will be playing at the Pike Room in Pontiac on March 21 updates can be found on the band’s Twitter @LastNightSaved.

‘On Thin Ice’ exhibit expresses student’s experience with mental illness Kaitlyn Farley Vanguard Editor-in-Chief

Danielle Cecil didn’t think she would make it through her bachelor of fine arts program. Now, she is set to walk in May and has a photo exhibit detailing her struggles with mental health on display at the Saginaw Art Museum. Cecil, who will graduate with a bachelor of fine arts with a concentration in photography, began working on the exhibit, “On Thin Ice: Therapy through Photography,” in December 2019 with fellow student Shelby Thurston. “The previous show was a requirement in the University Art Gallery to graduate with a degree in Fine Arts,” she said. “The inspiration came from a really not-so-great mental place. I had made a promise to myself to get through the BFA show but felt that I couldn’t handle it due to my mental health. I decided to try to take advantage of my situation to help me get to a better place, while making something worth looking at.” Cecil worked on her photographs for over a year. Art department chairman Hideki Kihata said Cecil used a large format film camera with 4” by 5” film, which is uncommon for students, as they usually use digital. “Her work is all taken using a traditional film camera, specifically the view camera,” he said. “The reason she uses the view camera is that it has large film. It’s a lot better quality than other cameras. So, her images in the Saginaw Art Museum are some of the best-quality photographs around.” Cecil chose this larger frame because it provides a much higher quality print than the standard 35 mm film. “This gives great sharpness in each shot when enlarged and printed,” she said. “It took a full three semesters to get used to the The Valley Vanguard 110A Curtiss Hall

camera and developing the film correctly. Your average person today doesn’t see a point in shooting film when you have access to digital.” Because of the film she used, to get the photos featured in the exhibit, Cecil had to keep resetting up shoots, developing and printing images and reshooting photos. “It was very time consuming, but I knew what I was getting myself into,” she said. Kihata said he worked with Cecil as she developed her exhibit when she was his student. “She worked with me and studied with me to create her exhibit,” he said. “It’s very cohesive and very personal about her life, specifically about her experiences in childhood. It’s a personal statement about her life and is accompanied by a written statement, too.” For the subjects of her photos, Cecil drew inspiration from her personal experiences with trauma and PTSD. “Some of these photographs are based on flashbacks are related to other things in my childhood and are related to feelings during panic attacks,” she said. Her goal, she said, was to make those viewing her works and reading the accompanying statement about PTSD feel less alone if they have experienced similar issues. “People often have the misconception that only war veterans can have PTSD, but this is false,” she said. “Mental health is important, and more people have been in those shoes than a lot of people realize.” Kihata said he was proud of Cecil’s work and encourages others to visit her exhibit. “This is a very special exhibit,” he said, “because the technique she used to produce this portfolio is very difficult and highly technical. It’s professional and high-quality with its detail and sharpness.”

“We’re Repeating the Cycle” uses a broken wine bottle on top of a light table (top). “Hardwired” uses objects from Cecil’s childhood that trigger traumatic memories, opening up a discussion about PTSD (bottom). Vanguard Photo | Nicole Vogelpohl

A&E Editor Shelby Mott | E-mail smmott@svsu.edu | Office 989-964-4482 | Instagram @TheValleyVanguard

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The Valley Vanguard | thevalleyvanguard.com | Monday, March 16, 2020 | Page A5

POLICE BRIEFS Police briefs are written based on reports from University Police. They indicate preliminary descriptions of events and not necessarily actual incidents.

Suspicious situation At 8:18 PM March 2, a 20-year-old female student reported that she was followed by a vehicle from Arbury to Pine Grove. The vehicle was gone when officers arrived to investigate.

Marijuana At 12:33 AM March 3, officers smelled marijuana in a vehicle with five people under the age of 21. The driver admitted that there was marijuana in the vehicle and retrieved it for officers. They also found paraphernalia and edibles.

Special Olympics canceled amid coronavirus concern Hannah Beach


Vanguard News Editor

he Special Olympics Area 22 Games, set for March 27, were called off on March 10 due to health concerns. “The eboard of Cardinals for Special Olympics … along with our general committee, has been working hard as year to prepare, fund-raise and organize the games,” said Mary Brege, vice president for Cardinals for Special Olympics. “It’s sad not to see hard work come to fruition.” “The decision was made by Special Olympics Michigan to cancel not only the Area 22 Games, but also all other practices and competitions in the state of Michigan,” Brege said. “The main factor in this cancellation was the health and safety of our athletes and volunteers, as there are concerns about the coronavirus spreading.” Brege explained that the games bring together hundreds of athletes and volunteers.

“Having that many people in one place at one time when viruses and sicknesses are going around might put everyone at risk,” she said. Like many other RSOs, Cardinals for Special Olympics decided to cancel the rest of their events. “Seeing as classes are remote for basically the rest of the semester, we have decided to cancel the rest of our meetings for the semester,” she said. “We know a lot of people might go home this month, so participation would be low.” Brege said their eBoard tried to make other plans to make up for the cancellation of the spring games. “We briefly discussed having ‘makeup games’ in the summer and fall, but we were just spit-balling ideas,” she said. “It takes a ton of planning and organizing to make the games happen, and it truly does take all year to organize. Holding and impromptu games is something that is not easily done.” Despite all the time and effort lost to the cancellation, Brege said she and the rest of

the organization understood it was for the best. “We’re bummed because our athletes have so much fun at the games, and they won’t get to participate this year,” she said. “That being said, we understand the precaution and support it. We would not want the games to be the reason someone got sick.” Sam Justice, the RSO’s treasurer, agreed that the cancellation was for the best. “It’s a little unfortunate for the volunteers who were looking forward to the games, but it’s probably a good thing that it got canceled, at least for the athletes, since some of them are immuno-compromised,” she said. “Hopefully something can be worked out … because the athletes always look forward to the games.” The decision will be reevaluated on March 31, Brege said, but will continue to depend on health risks. “We care about our athletes and our volunteers, and their health and safety come first,” she said.

Students spend spring break Coronavirus causes club sports to cancel seasons volunteering out of state Connor Rousseau Vanguard Reporter

The Alternative Breaks program sent 60 SVSU students to different states starting Feb. 29. The student-ran organization divided the students into six groups of 10 people, each group traveling to a different location across the 50 states. One group of students traveled to Grantville, Pennsylvania and worked with the Capital Area Therapeutic Riding Association to assist those with special needs and disabilities with different types of therapy that are considered non-traditional. Some students went east to Georgetown, Delaware and worked with another nonprofit, the Sussex County Habitat for Humanity to help provide shelter for the homeless. Another group traveled to Gainesville, Georgia to promote education and encourage literacy to the youth of the area. These 10 students worked with another nonprofit, the Sisu Integrated Early Learning, to make that happen. Two groups traveled to Tennessee, one group working in Memphis and the other in Nashville. The latter worked with Mending Hearts Incorporated to help women suffering from drug addiction as well as mental health issues, a growing concern in the United States. The group that in Memphis worked with a non-profit called Hope House Memphis to educate the youth on HIV and AIDS. The final group of students went to St. Louis, Missouri and worked with LifeWise

STL, another nonprofit, to fight against financial strife by discussing some of society’s obstacles such as racism. The diverse experiences each group of students got to enjoy has created numerous stories they all came back to tell. Justin Weller, a science major junior, traveled to Nashville for his alternative break, and he encourages students to consider participating in alternative breaks in the future. “ … Students receive first-hand experience with the communities affected by social injustices,” he said. “By actively interacting with and serving the communities affected by these social injustices, students are able to change their perspectives and become educated about what actually happens to communities during periods of social injustice.” Weller also said that this experience will contribute greatly to his future career. “I want to become a civil rights attorney working with underrepresented communities that are affected by social-injustices, and interacting with the children affected by HIV/AIDS instilled in me a sense of empathy in action.” First-year students can participate in the alternative breaks program, and Devin Neumann, a biology freshman, did just that. He said that hearing what other people had to say about what they were doing was an integral aspect of the trip. “The most memorable part of my experience was our reflections at the end of each day, where we got to hear everyone’s thoughts about the work we were doing.”

SVSU recognized for conservation efforts Denver Milam Vanguard Sports Editor

Ted Lind and the Saginaw Basin Land Conservancy recently recognized the SVSU Center for Community Engagement with one of their 2020 Osprey Awards. The award has been around for eight years and recognizes regional conservation efforts by environmental professionals, organizations or institutions and volunteers who go above and beyond. Lind said he has enjoyed working with SVSU over the past year. “This past season we saw a growing partnership with SVSU and welcomed more SVSU students to volunteer with us than ever before,” Lind said. “We were fortunate to partner with the Center for Community Engagement to host two of the Alternative Breaks groups for service opportunities in addition to a number of students who volunteered with us of their own accord.” In 2016, the Center for Community Engagement was developed under Josh Ode. At the time, Riley Hupfer, who is now serves as the director of the office, was a graduate assistant under Ode. Hupfer works to build connections between on-campus events and the offcampus community. “What we do is foster partnerships

between the campus and outside community,” Hupfer said. “We do what we can to connect SVSU to the opportunities around it.” Hupfer said the center places a lot of emphasis on volunteer work. “We do a lot of volunteer projects,” Hupfer said. “We collaborate on issues we see in the community or work to provide service with building and supporting our relationships.” The Center for Community Engagement not only helps with events off-campus, but it also strives to bring opportunities to students on campus as well. “We put on Cardinals Vote, which you have seen over the past few weeks,” Hupfer said. “We also do Cardinal Volunteers and the Henry Martin exhibit, along with some of our other events.” Cardinal Volunteers has been a big factor in SVSU receiving the Osprey Award, as the group has worked with the Saginaw Basin Land Conservancy and the community to tackle environmental issues. The office is currently run by Hupfer and Dawn Hinton, three staffed students and four Democracy Fellows students. “In a basic sense, we exist to support,” Hupfer said. “We are excited to win an award, but as long as we are supporting the community and building relationships, I would call that a success.”

Jake Wendorf Vanguard Reporter

Due to the coronavirus outbreak, several club sports tournaments have been canceled. Club teams including dodgeball, volleyball, cheer and dance were all preparing to take their long trips down to various destinations and compete. To say all the teams were disappointed is an understatement. Joshua Rick, the head captain of the dodgeball club, said the sport is “deeper than most people realize.” “People always come to their first practice with a small idea of what the sport is like, Rick said, “but don’t actually understand how deep the game actually goes. Everyone who has attended a practice knows that we are far from the game you used to play in middle school gym class.” Rick also talked to the teams growth over the course of the year. “For people on the team, it means more to them, where it is treated like a varsity sport nearly. The team seems to evolve as the year progresses, as we start as a team and end as a family,” he said. The captain of the club volleyball team, Reese VanLue, was proud of her team overcoming adversity this semester. “We are proud of the growth we had from first semester, losing girls and then rebuilding the teams for second semester was tough but the connections that were formed and the tournaments that we did get to play in together this semester were a

lot of fun,” VanLue said. Like most, VanLue is not happy about the season ending but understands the precautions. “We are extremely disappointed that our national tournament was canceled,” she said. “This was the event that we work towards from the very beginning of our fall season in September. Over the two semesters, we raised thousands of dollars to fund the four-day tournament, as well as travel and stay in Kansas City, Missouri, where the tournament was.” Libby Saint Onge, the president of the cheer team, explained the teams heartbreak. “This last week has been devastating to both me and my team,” Saint Onge said. “SVSU hasn’t had a co-ed cheer team in many years. I don’t even think I can put into words the heartbreak that the past week has given to my team.” Saint Onge also spoke about how hard the team had worked leading up until now. “Since May we have been preparing for our Nationals Competition in Daytona, Florida this April. Almost an entire year has been spent diligently working on a routine that we only get to perform one time.” The president of the dance team, Emily Holup was upset to hear about their cancellation. “It is our only competition each year, Holup said, “so it is extremely disappointing for all of us. Many girls who are freshman do not have the chance to experience it this year and some people that will not be able to come back to the team next year.”

eSports league coming to SVSU Jake Wendorf Vanguard Reporter

SVSU will be introducing an eSports club starting in the fall semester. The project was introduced by Brian Thomas, the associate vice president of Academic Affairs. eSports are competitions through video game matches and leagues. They are used to showcase individuals who are skilled with mechanics in the games. With the growing popularity in eSports, the demand for recruits to join the SVSU club team is very high, said James Stahl, one of the club’s advisers. SVSU is purchasing high -nd equiptment for those in the club to use for competions The eSports club will send out emails in the near future to raise interest in students trying to make their mark at the eSports collegiate level. The eSports club will be focusing on a limited number of games to start off the fall semester, Stahl said. It will first focus primarily on Overwatch and League of Legends. Other games being discussed for the near future include Hearthstone, Tom Clancy’s Rainbow 6 Siege and Rocket League. The club wants to make it clear that it is always open to new games students or players are interested in.

“In the fall, the eSports club is set to host an inner-campus tournament for the games to determine the players who will represent the university,” Stahl said. Other players will be used as a reserve but will have the same access as the primary team. Stahl said the coronavirus outbreak has unfortunately slowed down the startup of the club. “Due to the outbreak and the school’s decisions on the coronavirus, that somewhat messes with what the board had originally planned,” he said. “We will be working closely with the school and its staff to determine the best course of action. We look forward to the fall semester and the official beginning of the eSports club.” Stahl said he looks forward to students joining the club teams and welcomes suggestions. “This program is for the students,” he said. “We are looking for feedback and suggestions in order to make it as accessible and fun as possible. It’s only going to be as good as the students let it. If you have any interest or questions, please feel free to reach out.” The new eSports club is open to everyone. Anyone interested should contact James Stahl at jastahl@svsu.edu to be added to the email list and receive new information as it becomes available.

The Valley Vanguard Sports Editor Denver Milam | E-mail dtmilam@svsu.edu | Office 989-964-4482 | Instagram @TheValleyVanguard 110A Curtiss Hall

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Page A6 | Monday, March 16, 2020 | thevalleyvanguard.com | The Valley Vanguard

Valley Vanguard staff wins awards Hannah Beach


Vanguard News Editor

n lieu of the award gala canceled by the coronavirus outbreak, Michigan Press Association posted the results of its newspaper contest online Thursday, March 12. “SVSU students possess a tireless commitment to causes that enrich their community,” said Communication Specialist Justin Engel. “They’re giving; they’re passionately goal-driven; they’re devoted to looking out for one another. That same mix of character traits also belong to people who excel at journalism.” Kaitlyn Farley, editor-in-chief of The Valley Vanguard, said the awards celebrate journalism across the state. “The MPA hosts the Better Newspaper Contest both for collegiate journalism and for professional newspapers,” Farley said. “I sent in entries around August 2019 from the previous academic year in various categories. Those include best photographer, best writer, best news story, best page design and so on.” She explained that entries were judged by an out-of-state press association to avoid bias. Entries fell into three divisions: daily publishing, weekly publishing and infrequent publishing (less than once weekly). The Vanguard falls under Division 2, or weekly papers, as do larger papers like that of Michigan State University, Farley said. This can make awards difficult to win. “MPA only gives an award to the toprated entry,” she said. “For each entry that wins a ranking in the sub-categories … they get points in their favor. MSU’s State Newspaper won both this year and last year. The Vanguard did see a few more gains this year compared to last.” Farley received an honorable mention for best writer as well as honorable mention for best news story, “’Intimate’ relationship inquiry led to resignation.” She placed second for best news story, “People are getting hurt out there.” Along with former Vanguard editors Kyle Will and Taylor Stockton, Farley also placed third for non-front-page design. Former photographer Danielle Cecil placed second

for a sports photograph. Farley said she was pleased with The Vanguard’s successes and her staff’s efforts. “The staff worked hard last year and this year to work on more hard-hitting investigative pieces, and that effort was rewarded,” she said. “We developed more robust training, mentorships and workshops that we continued to improve this year, so I am optimistic about our chances of doing even better next year.” Jodi McFarland Friedman, The Vanguard’s adviser, said she was also proud of the newspaper staff, regardless of the results. “The Vanguard staff should be justifiably proud to get this recognition,” she said. “Kaitlyn and the staff of student journalists work hard not for industry accolades but because they believe in the importance of the free flow of information and the power of an informed campus community. However, recognition from Michigan’s professional news community feels good, too.” Engel, a former member of the MPA and a former Vanguard editor-in-chief, said he wasn’t surprised by The Vanguard’s awards. “There is a ton of college journalism talent in the state of Michigan,” Engel said, “and so it’s a significant accomplishment that SVSU talent earned that many awards in writing, photography and design.” In addition to awarding entire newspapers, the MPA also awarded several student reporters scholarships and a fellowship. Farley was one such reporter. “I found out late last semester that I had been given both these honors,” she said. “More importantly, I believe these distinctions reflect on the quality of journalism The Vanguard as a whole is able to produce.” Farley said she hopes the contest pushes The Vanguard staff to put their best work forward. “We don’t have a journalism program, but we’re getting rankings that are higher or equal to newspapers whose schools have robust journalism programs in the state,” she said. “I hope my staff sees these accomplishments as things they can do as they grow in their roles with The Vanguard, too.”

Obituary: Christoper Renna Christopher Renna passed away unexpectedly March 9 in St. Joseph, Michigan. Chris graduated from SVSU in 2002 as a political science and a criminal justice major. He was active in the Student Association, having served as the student representation on the general education committee and grade appeals. Chris established an endowment for public service and other legislation. Chris held law degrees from Cooley Law and the California School of Law. He

was involved in the California Innocence Project and attended Oxford University for a semester. He served as an intern for Congressman James Barcia and Senator Carl Levin. Chris was the Chief Public Defender for Berrien County and was about to start his new position as Chief Public Defender in Kalamazoo County. His funeral was at St. John’s Episcopal Church. Memorial donations in lieu of flowers should be directed to Chris’ favorite organization, the Innocence Project. innocenceproject@org.

The Valley Vanguard Editor-in-Chief Kaitlyn Farley| E-mail kmfarle1@svsu.edu | Office 989-964-4482 | Instagram @TheValleyVanguard 110A Curtiss Hall

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The Valley Vanguard (Vol. 52, No. 20)  

The Valley Vanguard (Vol. 52, No. 20)