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Monday, October 15, 2018

Inside A

Inside A4

Inside A5

Phi Kappa Tau’s Oktoberfest charity campaign kicks into gear.

Art professor’s illustrations bring life to new book on Orwell.

Men’s soccer draws against Northern Michigan once again.

Saginaw Valley State University’s student newspaper since 1967

Vol. 51 No. 6

Red Pride on display during Homecoming

Left: Tyler Boylen and Kayla Flintoft accept their Homecoming King and Queen crowns from President Don Bachand and Dean of Students Sydney Childs at halftime during Saturday’s football game. Right: Members of Phi Sigma Sigma perform at the Lip Sync Battle on Tuesday, Oct. 9. Vanguard Photos | Danielle Cecil & Nicole Vogelpohl

Abby Welsh


Vanguard Reporter

omecoming kickoff began with a circus-themed party on Sunday, Oct. 7, in the President’s Courtyard. The party included several circus acts like fire-tamers and sword-walkers. In addition to the attendees, some students with a good view watched from their dorm room windows. On Monday, Oct. 8, Macho Volleyball, where teams of male students coached by women competed, took place at 9 p.m. in the Ryder Center. Many of the teams were from fraternities and lead by sorority members. The Law Club took first place. “It was fun and a good friend-making athletic event,” said Alpha Sigma Alpha team member Jerrid Pline. “I played last year and

was asked again this year, so I gladly said yes to the opportunity.” Tuesday, Oct. 9, saw a campus favorite, the lip sync battle. Hamilton gym was packed with students as they watched RSOs compete by lip syncing songs. Many dressed up in themed costumes like “American Horror Story” or performed to songs such as “Anaconda” by Nicki Minaj. Sigma Pi won the competition. A new event, the Quiz Bowl, was put on Wednesday, Oct. 10. The trivia tournament took place in the TSAR at 9:30 p.m. and had several participating teams, mainly RSOs. They also had free snacks for students, as plenty spectators came to watch. Kappa Tau Epsilon took the Quiz Bowl victory. “Quiz Bowl was challenging but fun,” said Forever Red team member Crystal Schultz. “It was surprising how many people came to sup-

port their teams.” The Powderpuff Football game took place on Thursday, Oct. 11, on the Intramural Fields. Several all-women teams participated, led by male coaches. Most teams were RSOs or sororities. The women’s rugby team took first place. Free pictures for students were available at the Zahnow Amphitheater on Friday, Oct. 12. Students showed up sporting red and blue as donuts were provided. The window decorating competition also ended Friday, and Alpha Kappa Lambda took first place. The Homecoming parade and football game both took place on Saturday, Oct. 13. The parade consisted of floats created by RSOs, fraternities and sororities. Many of the floats represented their respective organizations, and members threw candy to the watching crowd.

“(The parade) was super cool, and I can’t wait to experience it again,” said freshman Brittany Ahlgrim. “I personally had no idea that college Homecoming was a thing, and I love it. The energy was high, and the floats were awesome.” The Cardinals won the Homecoming game against Northern Michigan University with a final score of 30-10. The winners of the voting for Homecoming King and Queen were announced at halftime. Tyler Boylen and Kayla Flintoft took their respective crowns. “I think Homecoming has truly shown the best SVSU has to offer when it comes to engaging students,” said Student Life employee Jack Duly. “It is always great when you get to see over 20 clubs facing off against each other in the spirit of friendly competition.”

SA president creates cabinet

ITS rolling out new login protection Abby Burgess

Kaitlyn Farley

Vanguard Reporter

Vanguard Editor-in-Chief

Starting in June 2017, the ITS department has worked to implement multi-factor authentication to increase security for students and faculty alike. The new security precaution adds a third level to the standard two-step username and password process. This third step requires an additional form of recognition like texts or a phone call. “Multi-factor authentication is an SVSU strategic initiative to help protect our users with an additional layer of Larry Emmons protection,” said Larry Emmons, director of ITS. “We all have a (username) and password, something we know. Multi-factor authentication adds a third factor, something we have.” Emmons said the authentication process is being implemented on a rolling schedule. “We started with a pilot group of users in June of 2017, and once we had overcome obstacles and barriers discovered through the pilot, we began the rollout for the (university) administration and Business Affairs in March of 2018,” Emmons said. “In July of 2018, we began the rollout to the Academic and Student Affairs offices and the President’s Office.” Emmons said the rollouts have been halted temporarily, allowing students, staff and faculty time to adjust. However, they will resume implementing the new process Oct. 15, beginning with adjunct faculty members. Emmons said the goal is to implement multi-factor authentication for all members of the University, both on and off campus.

Student Association President Caitlin Coulter recently created a cabinet of five advocacy chairs for this academic year. Last year, former SA President Lauren Kreiss opted not to create a President’s Cabinet, as it is up to each president to decide whether or not one is needed. This year, the positions were assigned through an application and interview process open to any SA representative. Coulter said 10 representatives applied this year. The advocacy chairs will cover Title IX, academics, environment and sustainability, funding and campus safety issues. “There’s been a lot of ideas always floating around SA that are talked about, but a lot of the time, they aren’t assigned to anybody,” Coulter said. “My main goal was to assign those goals to people to get them done.” Each advocate has been assigned a topic that Coulter believes is relevant to the student body. “With the recent assault on campus, I heard a lot of campus safety concerns as well as some concerns about the police station not being open 24 hours,” she said. Besides working on making Campus Police open all day, campus safety advocate Codey Cook said he hopes to fix the lack of parking available on campus. “It’s just a small thing that I believe we can easily fix, and, once we do, it makes it not only easier, but safer for students,” he said. Other goals for Cook include advocating for mental health resources and safe rooms, which he will work on with the Abigail Lawson, the Title IX advocate. Lawson hopes to develop a relationship between SVSU and a sexual assault nurse practitioner and to “employ prevention and


Members of the SVSU forensics team and advisor Amy Pierce pose with their awards from the recent MISL competition. Courtesy Photo | University Communications

Students place in forensics competition Madison Savard Vanguard Reporter

The forensics public speaking team competed in a Michigan Intercollegiate Speech League competition on Saturday, Sept. 29, at SVSU. Six of the seven members of SVSU’s team placed in the competition and will compete again at the competition at Oakland University in December. The event consisted of a tournament in the morning followed by afternoon workshops, where students honed their competition skills. The tournament portion consisted of three rounds across four categories of events, including dramatic interpretation, prose, impromptu and informative. “The purpose of the competition was to introduce new students to the activity by combining a limited tournament experience with educational seminars related to individual events,” said Amy Pierce, a communications professor and the team’s advisor. The majority of the team members were competing for the first time and did not expect to place. “I ended up doing way better than I expected,” said communications major Courtney Perrou. “I earned second place in the prose category. I was so honored and proud. The person I lost to was outstanding, so I

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wasn’t even upset. It only encouraged me to keep practicing and keep getting better.” Fifth-year communications major Ashley Murdock echoed the pleasant surprise at the team’s success. “I did not expect to place, but I was excited to find out that I did,” Murdock said. “Each participant created unique arguments, and I felt encouraged to continue in the future.” Forensics team members said lot of preparation goes into their competitions. The team members spend months rehearsing and practicing, meeting as a group three hours a week and individually with coaches to receive feedback on their speeches. “Topic and script selection are the most time-consuming and important aspects of early preparation,” Pierce said. “Topics must be recent, socially significant, and have universal appeal. Platform events require eight to 15 sources within the last calendar year.” Being on the forensics team brings team members more than just a place in a competition. “Competitive speaking provides students with skills in areas as diverse as research, writing, critical thinking, presentation, literary selection, time management, and interpersonal communication,” Pierce said. The forensics team is currently preparing for their next competition in December at Oakland University.

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Page A2 | Monday, October 15, 2018 | | The Valley Vanguard

police briefs Police briefs are written according to reports from University Police. These indicate preliminary descriptions of events and not necessarily actual incidents.

Suspicious Situation On Oct. 6 at 2:25 p.m., a male student walked into Dining Services and stated that he got an email to come and fill out paperwork for employment. Staff members did not recognize the email, so they asked to read it through. The student became nervous and quickly left the office. The situation was still under investigation. Vehicle Break-ins University Police on Sunday, Oct. 14, reported that several vehicles on campus were broken into and had property stolen from them sometime during the night of Saturday, Oct. 13, or early in the morning on Sunday. Most of the break-ins occurred in the J-2 parking lot outside Curtiss Hall. University Police advised people who park on campus to lock their doors and not store valuables in their vehicles. Anyone with information on the thefts or other suspicious activity are asked to contact University Police at (989) 964-4141.

The Valley Vanguard 110A Curtiss Hall

CABINET, continued from A1 education-based tactics regarding sexual assault and harassment.” She wants to bring free feminine hygiene products to campus as well. “This will be a collaborative effort between not only SA, but the administration and possibly other RSOs,” she said. “… This particular idea has been implemented among several other college campuses and truly allows each woman to feel they are valued and respected by their university.” Both the Title IX and the campus safety advocates will work to create safe rooms on campus. “LGBTQ affinity housing was removed this past year,” Coulter said. “So, safe rooms would be a cool option. This could be a good place for people to go if their roommates are gone and they’re home alone, or maybe they’re struggling with mental health or if something bad has happened.” Resources for mental health, such as contact information for the counseling center, would be available in the safe rooms. Lawson said that these safety rooms would also help “anyone having dealt with, or is dealing with, sexual violence or domestic abuse.” Denver Milam serves as the academic advocate. “I don’t feel like (SA) ever advocates for academics,” Coulter said. “The academic advocate is looking to start building relationships with all the different colleges on campus so that, if student concerns come up, then there’s an easier pathway to handle those issues.” Morgan Jensen is the funding advocate. “Many organizations don’t receive any university funding,” Coulter said about the new role. “Student Association receives funding based on tuition dollars, so someone who’s taking 18 credits is paying a lot more than someone who is taking three or four credits. ... We’re going to be looking into finding more of a flat rate so some people aren’t paying more than others.” The funding advocate will also seek fundraising options for RSOs that need more help than SA can provide through allocations. The last chair will be the environmental advocate, Waliul Matin. “He specifically plans on getting recycling bins in every classroom,” Coulter said. “We’re also looking at getting paper bags at the P.O.D. and the Marketplace.” Coulter noted that Matin wants to work to-

PKT’s Oktoberfest raises funds for charity

Jeremy Rabie, PKT’s vice president of recruitment, took several pies to the face for charity on Monday, Oct. 8, during their kickoff for Oktoberfest. Vanguard Photo | Jolie Wyse

Abby Welsh Vanguard Reporter

On Monday, Oct. 8, at 2 p.m. in the President’s Courtyard, fraternity Phi Kappa Tau (PKT) hosted their first event in their month-long charity campaign called Oktoberfest. Monday’s kickoff event was called “Pie a Phi.” Students paid money for a pie to throw in a Phi member’s face. The fraternity set up chairs and tables and began to pie one another to get students’ attention. The event raised money for their philanthropy SeriousFun Children’s Network. SeriousFun Children’s Network is an organization of camps for severely ill children. PKT’s Fundraising and Philanthropy Chairman Tyler Hanna supervised and organized the event. “The turnout for this event was great,” Hanna said. “We had a lot of students stop by, and those who didn’t have money went and pulled ward sustainability goals for SVSU, largely through creating a “green endowment.” Office hours of advocacy chairs are posted outside the SA office for those interested in discussing these topics with the new cabinet.

MULTI-FACTOR, continued from A1 “We have quite a few compromised accounts at the University each year, and while we have protections in place to alert us, the number of compromised accounts should go down once we implement multi-factor authentication,” said Joe Wojtkiewicz, a manager of the IT Sup-

some from the ATM because they wanted to participate. Students passing by began stepping up to pie us in the face, especially when they heard we were doing it for philanthropy.” Pie a Phi was just one of many Oktoberfest events. Today, there will be a Spider Web Toss in the President’s Courtyard from 2 p.m. to 4 p.m. On Thursday, Oct. 25, Leaman’s Green Applebarn will provide cider and donuts in front of Zahnow Library from 8 a.m. to noon. On Monday, Oct. 29, an all-day fundraiser will occur at the Buffalo Wild Wings on Tittabawassee Road. All money raised during Oktoberfest will go to SeriousFun Children’s Network. “My favorite event has to be the cider and donuts,” PKT President and Valley Vanguard advertising manger Nicholas Polhill said. “Leaman’s makes delicious cider donuts, and I get the feeling I’m going to make a few donations at that event. Expect us to do Pie a Phi and Cider and Donuts in future Oktoberfests.” port Center. He said students should not be concerned about accessing their accounts. “Adding in multi-factor authentication will be an additional layer of added security,” Wojtkiewicz said. “The best part of this is it works on Wi-Fi or a cellular network, which means it will work anywhere on campus.” Wojtkiewicz added that if the authentication is left incomplete for 55 seconds, users will be presented with security questions. Once implemented, use of the multi-factor authentication will be mandated for anyone with an SVSU network account.

@VVanguardNews News Editor Brian Fox | E-mail | Office (989) 964-4482 | Twitter


Page A3 | Monday, October 15, 2018 | | The Valley Vanguard

Ignorance of political power hamstrings Democrats Brian Fox Vanguard Columnist

Brian Fox is a political science major. Reach him at Because Democrats are so bad at politics, we’re probably less than a decade from “The Handmaid’s Tale” turning out to be a clairvoyant documentary. While Republicans have appointed their second Supreme Court justice in as many years, the leaders of the Democratic Party are still sniveling over the erosion of civility and political norms instead of crafting a coherent message for the November midterms or 2020 elections. During Brett Kavanaugh’s nomination hearings, Democratic lawmakers were still crying about congressional Republicans’ obstruction of Barack Obama’s Supreme Court nominee, Merrick Garland. They actually tried turning Republicans’ own argument back on them, that the Kavanaugh nomination should be stalled until after the midterms. As if Mitch McConnel was sincere in arguing that the people should have a voice in the nomination via voting. As if Republicans hadn’t already proven

themselves willing to ignore their stated values when politically advantageous a thousand times over. As if they didn’t just elect a president who leads a less Christlike life than Charles Manson. Yes, Republicans cravenly stole a Supreme Court seat. That’s because they understand the point of political power, and that it’s not about being fair to people whose platform and ideology you’d like to see swept into the dustbin of history. Power in American politics means winning control of the government through an earnest platform of ideological red meat and policies that would advance the interests of your base. Then, it means extracting as many concessions from the other side as possible by any means available. It means crushing them totally, ceding no ground and keeping them impotent and out of power for as long as possible with no concern for fairness. But not, infuriatingly, to Democrats. They remain focused on pointing out hypocritical rhetoric, even while on the losing side of the power dynamic described above. They think if they own Republicans hard enough on Twitter and C-Span, conservatives and the political actors who view President Trump as a useful idiot for their imposition of corporate oligarchy

and Christian theocracy will reverse their entire worldview through the realization that Trump is a mean and dishonest person. They know. They don’t care. They never will. Backing Trump was a completely rational choice to advance their interests, and it’s a deal with the devil that’s paying off in spades. They’re getting their desired tax breaks, trade wars, state-sponsored racism and abortion restrictions, and now their will is going to be imposed on the rest of us through Supreme Court decisions for at least a generation. And it’s not as if Democrats are totally innocent of overturning norms when politically convenient. Harry Reid, slightly more realistic in his outlook on power but woefully shortsighted when executing it as Senate majority leader, eliminated filibusters on most federal appointments in 2013. Republicans now enjoy that advantage and have expanded it in a far savvier way to include Supreme Court nominees: lifetime appointments. For at least the next 30 to 40 years, even when in power, Democrats won’t be able to undo the damage of Republican control of the Supreme Court. If Democrats don’t come to terms with

the fact that their leadership’s childish obsession with civility and fairness could destroy their entire political project, then the party is unsalvageable. If they don’t recognize this by 2020, they’ll make a naïve attempt at a unity ticket to heal the nation and restore order or some other such nonsense. They will nominate for president some milquetoast centrist like Michael Bloomberg, who presciently just switched his party affiliation from Republican to Democratic. He will lose to Nikky Hailey if Trump doesn’t seek reelection, or to Trump if he does because like all centrists, Bloomberg believes in nothing and appeals to no one. If this happens, Republicans would then nominate at least two more Supreme Court Justices and elect Hailey as the first woman president, either in 2020 or 2024. Roe v. Wade will be gone by then, and conservatives would continue using their power to suit their anti-multiculturalist purposes, intensify class warfare against working people and finally strangle the last bit of life out of organized labor. In November and in 2020, vote for real progressives who demonstrate an understanding of how to gain and exploit real political power to win some battles in the culture war and advance the interests of the many, and not just the few.

Pros and cons of social media both intensifying Marq Williams Vanguard Reporter Marq Williams is a communications major. Reach him at mlwilli4@ Social media has become a staple in today’s society. Many apps including Instagram, SnapChat and Twitter have become captivating sources of entertainment. These apps allow us to keep up with friends and family members from all over the world at the touch of a button. But as great as the advantages of social media sound, are all of these applications hurting or helping society as a whole? Social media has a way of mesmerizing its users and people, especially children and teenagers, who spend hours at a time on their phones. It’s so addicting that people are using technology as a crutch for learning and not experiencing the joys of everyday life. But what causes this addiction? These apps actually appeal to the natural dopamine that is in the human mind. Dopamine causes us to explore, yearn and examine. According to Courtney Seiter, a social blogger for the Buffer app, dopamine is

activated by unpredictability, reward cues and small bits of information. Social media has all of these characteristics, which result in people constantly checking their phones and clicking on notifications that pop up on their screens. Another pitfall of social media is the collective information, comments and opinions that are shared on these platforms instantaneously. There is something called “selective perception,” which occurs when a person chooses to see what news and messages they want to see. This selectivity can lead to misinformation and misunderstanding, ultimately resulting in conflicts. When on social media, people are connecting with others that they barely know. Social media users think a follow on a social media platform is equitable to an actual friendship. Social media puts an unnecessary standard on how life is supposed to be lived. Take, for example, the movement of #RelationshipGoals. This hashtag ruins the perception of

what actual relationships are supposed to be. Some use the hashtag to gauge the value of themselves and their relationships.

Vanguard Illustration |Jolie Wyse

Even though some claim that they are not affected by what they see online, social media has a subconscious effect on people to find the perfect match. In reality, there is no perfect fit for a person. You have to be able to accept the good with the bad when it comes to finding a partner.

Although there are a lot of negative aspects of social media, there is a litany of good things that can be classified with it. It has opened up endless job opportunities and new avenues for people to create revenue for themselves. Many people use it as a medium to monetize their talents and specific skills. Apps like Instagram and Twitter even pay people to post about their everyday lives. Podcasts are also a growing fad. Podcasts consist of one or more persons collectively sharing their ideas and posting them to the masses. Social media has also given people a platform to expose the pressing issues in society. For example, Colin Kaepernick has used social media and his NFL platform to expose the issues of police brutality in America. Nike saw Kaepernick’s movement picking up momentum and decided to do a Nike campaign on social media with him. This caused controversy, but it is also sparked conversation, which is necessary to improve social issues over time. Social media’s prominence has constantly grown over the past decade in our society. It will be interesting to see how we will continue to use it. Will people use it as a tool to make connections and do good? Or will social media run rampant and negatively affect our society?

Authentic testing offers a better way to gauge learning Melanie Frasca Vanguard Reporter Melanie Frasca is an English education and theatre major. Reach her at A debate in today’s education world is whether we should continue utilizing standardized testing. In an introduction to communications course, most college students will hear a persuasive speech about such a topic. The speaker will talk about the discriminatory aspects of the ACT, or how standardized tests are an unfair



Editorial Staff

Kaitlyn Farley: editor-in-chief Brian Fox: news editor Dylan Powell: sports editor Taylor Stockton: opinion, a&e editor Kyle Will: photography, design editor Kylie Braun: business manager

assessment for students who have test anxiety. However, most people fail to offer an alternative to standardized testing, such as authentic testing. Authentic testing is when, rather than regurgitating memorized knowledge in a multiple-choice question format, students must apply their knowledge through activities, such as designing an experiment. This new way of testing measures a student’s ability to utilize their knowledge rather than just memorizing facts. Authentic tests show teachers how well students understand the knowledge they have learned. Studies have shown that when static,





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active and interactive testing are used, interactive testing is the best way to measure how well students apply the knowledge they learn. Standardized tests only require a student to recognize or recall information. Authentic tests require a student to analyze, synthesize and apply what they have learned. Through this process, students create new meaning and understanding. Authentic tests focus on higher-level thinking and real-world situations, which allow students to learn in a way that will help them in their day-to-day lives. There are criticisms for authentic testing due to its subjective nature. Teachers do not use traditional rubrics. Therefore,

Publishing The Vanguard is published by the students of Saginaw Valley State University weekly in the fall and winter semesters, with one issue published in the summer. Our office is located in Curtiss 110A on the campus of SVSU, at 7400 Bay Road, University Center, MI, 48710.

grades can lack reliability. But many forget that grades are restricting. Too often students strive for the “A” by memorizing material instead of taking the time to deeply understand it. Authentic testing frees students from the grading scale and gives them the opportunity to interact with the material and push themselves. Authentic testing is the future of assessments in education, and teachers should use it more often. The education system must free teachers and allow them to push past their teach to the test mentality. It is more important for students to truly learn than to just focus on passing a test and getting the next “A.”


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The Valley Vanguard Opinion Editor Taylor Stockton | E-mail | Office (989) 964-4482 | Twitter @SVVanguardNews 110A Curtiss Hall


Page A4 | Monday, October 15, 2018 | | The Valley Vanguard

Carman Bugan gives lecture on poetry and politics Katherine Manwell Vanguard Reporter

Various items related to “The Spirit of Detroit” are currently on display in the Marshall M. Fredericks Museum as part of the 60th Motor City Icon: The Spirit of Detroit exhibition. Courtesy Photo | Marshall M. Fredericks Sculpture Museum website

Marshall Fredericks Museum hosts Motor City Icon exhibition Katherine Manwell


Vanguard Reporter

he Marshall M. Fredericks Sculpture Museum (MFSM) will host the 60th Motor City Icon: The Spirit of Detroit exhibition through Jan. 19, 2019. The exhibition is made up of many parts, including historical documents, photographs, objects that have “The Spirit of Detroit” displayed on them, a 30-second animated film and contemporary artwork by Kresge Visual Artist Fellowship receivers. Marilyn Wheaton, the MFSM director, explained the importance and purpose of the modern artists’ exhibition. “The gallery is comprised of works by 19 Kresge Visual Arts Fellows,” Wheaton said. “These fellows accepted the invitation and challenge to create artwork that speaks to the people, culture, personal identity and history of Detroit, or what Marshall Fredericks’ sculpture ‘The Spirit of Detroit’ means to them.” The Marshall M. Fredericks archives are available to the public and include original sketches, presentation drawings, newspaper clippings, photographs,

maquettes and correspondence of “The Spirit of Detroit,” which help illustrate the story of how the city monument came to be in 1958. The public has donated different paraphernalia displaying “The Spirit of Detroit,” ranging from business cards to t-shirts to glasses. Visual artists Melissa and Kimberly Hunley, twins originally from Warren, Michigan, donated one of Melissa’s pieces: a close-up ink drawing of the hand of Fredericks’ “The Spirit of Detroit.” “I wanted to focus on one part of the sculpture,” Melissa Hunley said. “I wanted to do an iconic piece to honor Detroit.” The 19 pieces of artwork by the Kresge Visual Arts Fellows include paintings, sculptures and video. The materials used vary greatly and include everything from acrylic paint to elastic cord and steel. Jeanne Bieri’s piece titled “The Cape” is made from fiber, an army blanket, felt, silk and army suture cotton. Bieri has hand-stitched WWII army blankets and army suture cotton to create artwork for over 20 years. She talked about the relational aspect of art in her biography next to her artwork.

“Handwork adds to the contemplation of the art-making process and the careful organization of the parts,” Bieri said. “It is about collecting and asking why, a wondering about the past, the current and future, an excavation of memory and forgetting, permanence and loss, the expression of vaporous ideas realized through the act of making an image permanent in paint or mending it to make it whole.” The exhibition is eclectic and pays homage to not only the city of Detroit, but also to Fredericks. Each featured piece varies from the one next to it in color, style and execution, but the intent of each piece binds them together, giving an overall cohesiveness to the exhibition that people notice upon entering. Lina Allen, an artist from Grosse Pointe, came to support one of her friends whose piece is on display and felt this sense of cohesion when walking through the exhibit. “The art shows here are always top notch, so I go out of my way to see them,” Allen said. “The people and the stories behind the art shows how art connects us to life. It’s inspiring to see.”

Super Smash Bros. tournament raises money for charity hometown,” Hynes said. “I thought it would be a good idea to raise money. ... It’s

Many people came with their own consoles and controllers. When everyone was ready, the Cardinal Radio and Press Start organizations set up two consoles hosted a Super Smash Bros. per table and assigned two tournament in the Student Life players to each. Center on Wednesday, Oct. 10, at Before the tournament began, 4 p.m. representatives from Cardinal The organizations collaborated Radio and the Underground to raise money for the Railroad both spoke to thank Underground Railroad, a resale everyone for their donations. shop that offers emergency shelter Players were then assigned and services to victims of domestic based on their familiarity with abuse. the game. The tournament style Karlie Sherwood, the president proceeded as winners from each of Cardinal Radio, coordinated bracket moved on to the next the event between the two student round. organizations. The tournament had four “We wanted to do a charity winners, and they each received event, and one of our members a percentage of the money raised. brought up the idea,” Sherwood The first place winner, Seth said. “We also wanted to bring Students played Super Smash Bros. for charity during the Reed, received 20 percent. video game tournament on Oct. 10. Vanguard Photo | Jolie Wyse together the student organizations Luke Davila, the second place for a good cause.” a strange power trip, but I have a good team winner, received 12 percent. Brenden Hynes, the public relations who helped put it all together.” The third and fourth place winners coordinator for Cardinal Radio, helped come The event began with gamers paying $10 received 5 percent and 3 percent, respectively. up with the idea for the event. to register and $5 to use the organizations’ The remaining 60 percent was donated to “We used to do this kind of thing in my video game consoles. the Underground Railroad.

Abby Welsh

Vanguard Reporter

Critically acclaimed poet Carmen Bugan gave a lecture on how poetry is influenced by politics on Monday, Oct. 8th, in Founders Hall. She began by explaining how poets must balance their private and public identity when writing during a time of political upheaval. Literature, and poetry in particular, has the power to interact with the language of oppression, feel with those oppressed and imagine a way out. Bugan chooses to write mainly about oppression, dissidence and exile in her poetry while attempting to answer the question: How can one offer a historical account of political oppression in poetry? Having grown up in Romania as the Cold War was ending, Bugan experienced similar controlling methods to that of Nazi Germany. The secret police in Romania were tasked with consolidating power, controlling the public view and assuring the regime. Her father protested, and her mother was under surveillance for marrying a “political agitator,” and still, her parents typed anticommunist flyers on an illegal typewriter and distributed them in hopes of inciting ordinary people to revolution. In the early 2000s, Bugan was given access to an extensive archive kept of her family. This archive of information, totaling 4,500 pages, was gathered from close surveillance, including microphones placed in her home. “If there is a legacy of this secret surveillance, it is the distrust of people towards each other,” Bugan said. “The language we were silenced by was cold, intimidating and practical.” Despite the oppression, Bugan found a means of expression through poetry. She wrote poems about loss when her father was incarcerated and gave them to her mother and sister to read quietly so the microphones wouldn’t hear. She has continued to use poetry to help her declare her freedom. The concept of using language to express freedom resonated with secondary education sophomore Rebecca Dubs. “I really liked how (Bugan) said she can write herself free,” Dubs said. “I think it’s true with a lot of people in poetry, and it speaks strongly about oppression.” Toward the end of the lecture, Bugan related her experience walking with her father through the prison he had once been incarcerated in. She found writing on the walls in the extermination rooms where people waited to be executed. “People reached into language for words and had written prayers on the walls to themselves,” Bugan said. “This is what kept them human. Before torturers destroyed their bodies, they freed their souls.” Bugan believes poetry must return to the place where its validity is born and give voice to the past. Listening to her father’s story showed her that oppression was taking place in her country largely because of silence. Secondary education sophomore Mackenzie Baldwin was affected by Bugan’s perspective on the powers of language versus silence. “(Bugan) said poetry is where silence has been imposed, and I think that’s important,” Baldwin said. “Poets write about personal situations, and it helps them through everything.” Bugan’s prayer is that she can reach into the language of poetry so that freedom and oppression can have a fair fight. After her family escaped to America in 1989, they watched the fall of the Berlin Wall together on a television that was donated to them. “This all gave me first-hand knowledge of the power of language,” Bugan said. “It can be used as an instrument of oppression and an instrument of knowledge.”

SVSU professor illustrates collection about George Orwell Brian Fox Vanguard News Editor

Professor of art and multimedia communications Mike Mosher met with readers and signed copies of a recently released book that prominently features his artwork on Saturday, Oct. 14, in the Barnes & Noble on Tittabawassee Road in Saginaw Township. The book, “George Orwell Illustrated,” includes original illustrations by Mosher on each page. Mosher’s illustrations accompany the writing of David Smith, a sociology professor at Kansas University and author of several publications who has studied Orwell for years. The two collaborated previously on the book “Orwell for Beginners,” released in 1984, which is included in its entirety in The Valley Vanguard 110A Curtiss Hall

“George Orwell Illustrated.” “George Orwell Illustrated” was published by Chicago-based Haymarket Books in July. The book moves beyond Orwell’s well-known classic novels, “1984” and “Animal Farm,” and delves into Orwell’s personal politics, life history and literary insights.

Mosher’s illustrations appear on every page of “George Orwell illustrated.” Vanguard Photo | Brian Fox

Mosher said he holds those novels in high regard but encourages readers to explore the lesser-known works of Orwell’s extensive catalogue. “I think Orwell’s essays, ‘Politics and the English Language’ for one, and journalistic books like ‘Road to Wigan Pier,’ ‘Homage to Catalonia’ and ‘Down & Out in Paris & London,’ are at least as important as ‘1984’ and ‘Animal Farm,’” Mosher said. The second part of the book includes fresh biographical research. It also has previously unpublished material, including a human rights manifesto written by Orwell, philosopher Bertrand Russel and journalist Arthur Koestler. “In 2015, Smith and I thought we could very quickly complete an updated version by giving it some context in the era of online surveillance, fake news and endless

wars,” Mosher said, “As we were working on it, Smith discovered some unpublished research, so the project ended up taking us three years.” Mosher hopes people will read “George Orwell Illustrated” and come away with an understanding of how relevant Orwell’s writings and values are to modern political issues. Interpretations of current events could be informed by Orwell’s lesser-known writings and personal history, Mosher said. “I find that with almost any political event, you can go back and find in Orwell’s (writings) something that is relevant,” Mosher said. “He wrote in the 1920s about Britain’s involvement in a war in Iraq, and so 15 years ago, 10 years ago, I looked back at his writing, and it was always right on the money, surprisingly germane.”

A&E Editor Taylor Stockton | E-mail | Office (989) 964-4482 | Twitter @VVanguardA_E


The Valley Vanguard | | Monday, October 15, 2018 | Page A5

Men’s soccer ends in disappointing draw Connor Doyle Vanguard Reporter

Football rolls over NMU for sixth victory Thomas Gallagher Vanguard Reporter

SVSU reached its highest win total since 2013 and chose the perfect occasion to do so, defeating Northern Michigan 30-10 on Homecoming on Saturday, Oct. 13. With the win, the Cardinals moved to 6-1 (3-1 in the GLIAC) and reached six wins for the first time since going 9-3 in 2013. The Cards also find themselves in a four-way tie for second place as they prepare to host 7-0 Ferris State, which likely will move up to at least second in the nation after a come-frombehind win Saturday at previously unbeaten and then-No. 2 Grand Valley State. Kickoff against the Bulldogs is set for 1 p.m. Saturday, Oct. 20. SVSU’s victory over Northern on Saturday was never in doubt, as the Cardinals raced to a 17-0 lead over the Wildcats, who came into the game 1-5 overall and 0-4 in the GLIAC. After punts were traded for the first three drives, the Cardinals struck on a 78–yard bomb from junior quarterback Ryan Conklin to sophomore wide receiver Chad Gailliard. On the following Wildcat drive, quarterback Kole Stealy’s pass was intercepted by senior linebacker Michael Alexander at Saginaw Valley’s 49-yard line. The defensive takeaway led to another touchdown connection between Conklin and Gailliard, this one from 19 yards out, giving the Cardinals an early 14-0 lead. Early in the second quarter, the Cardinals offense moved down the field, resulting in a 20-yard field goal from freshman kicker Connor Luksic, increasing the Cardinal lead to 17-0. Wildcat kicker Daniel Riser booted in a 22-yard field goal on their next possession, making the score 17-3. To start out the second half, the Cardinals capitalized on a 12-play, 92-yard drive with a one-yard rushing score by senior running back De’Juan James, providing a 23-3 lead. Just before the end of the third quarter, junior linebacker Austin Egler halted a Wildcat drive, claiming the second Cardinal interception of the day. That allowed for Gailliard’s third receiving touchdown from Conklin, this one from six

Top: Senior running back De’Juan James looks for a hole against the NMU defensive line. Bottom: Junior quarterback Ryan Conklin hands the ball off to sophomore running back Nate McCrary. Vanguard Photos | Danielle Cecil yards, making the score 30-3. The Wildcats put together a 10-play, 41-yard drive capped off by a Latrell Giles 2-yard rush. That made the score 30-10, where the score remained. Redshirt freshman defensive back Raine Potts put out any hopes of making the score look better as he picked off Stealy on the last Wildcat drive. It was the Cardinals’ third interception of the day. James rushed for 119 yards and a touchdown on 19 rushes. Conklin was 15-23 with three passing touchdowns, all of which went to Gailliard. “Chad had a great day receiving,” head coach Jim Collins said. “There’s no doubt that Chad’s performance was special today.” Gailliard’s performance certainly was nothing short of special, as he scored a career-high three touchdowns, netting 212 yards on 10 receptions. Gailliard pointed out the energy provided by the defense leading to the offensive success. “It’s great, especially when (the defense) can create turnovers so that we don’t have to drive the full length of the field,” Gailliard said. “It’s great when the defense is out there shutting down offenses week in and week out.”

Tennis continues to stumble with Northwood loss Melissa Vennix Vanguard Reporter

SVSU’s tennis team took on Northwood on Saturday, Oct. 13, falling in a tough loss, 7-0. The doubles teams came through with some strong sets, but they were not able find a victory. Gyselle Gutierrez and Maddie Miller faired the best, losing 7-6 to Carol ArnezMercado and Tetyana Pavych. “The two new doubles pairings this season have really impressed me with their ability to improve each and every match,” head coach Jennifer Boehm said. “The potential is there for us to continue that trend as well. I have also been extremely impressed with how competitive Maddie Miller has been debuting at the top singles position this year. She has gone toe-to-toe with the best players in the conference and really stepped up.” Despite the disappointing day on the box score, the team decided to view the losses as a learning experience. “I felt I had one of the best matches of my seasons,” Miller said. “Although I lost, we both fought as hard as we could, and (Saturday) was (Pavych’s) day to win.” Miller’s strengths were in her first serves and getting low on her shots. “I got back tough shots that I typically may not have gotten

The Valley Vanguard 110A Curtiss Hall

back in other matches,” she said. Junior Taylor McLaughlin fell 2-0 in her two sets against Elizaveta Velichk, though she was able to use the match to identify her strengths. “I feel I did OK, could have done better,” McLaughlin said. “My strengths were my back and my serve. I also never gave up.” Despite the losses, Boehm is proud of the team’s efforts. “Overall, (Saturday) was one of our best team efforts.” Boehm said. “The score really doesn’t do justice to the close battles we had on court (Saturday). I was really proud of how we came out with a ton of energy and pushed our opponents on every court. We just came up a little short.” The team will look to pick up the pieces when they host the Grand Valley Lakers on Saturday, Oct. 20, at noon. The team will then play again at home on Sunday, Oct. 21 against the Ferris State Bulldogs at 10 a.m. According to Boehm, the team has identified a focus for the team’s upcoming games before their matches against Ferris and Grand Valley. “As we prepare for this upcoming weekend at home versus Ferris and Grand Valley, the main focus is on controlling the controllable.” Boehm said. “We practice and compete at a much higher level when we bring a high level of intensity and energy. ”

The No. 19 SVSU men’s soccer team drew with Northern Michigan last weekend for the second time this season, tying the host Wildcats 2-2 on Friday, Oct. 12. The draw knocks SVSU down to second place in the GLIAC, just behind Wisconsin Parkside. NMU sits in third. “We are left feeling like it was an opportunity missed,” head coach Andy Wagstaff said. “We went into the game believing that we were capable of gaining three points, and once again dominated long stretches of the game, but came away with a disappointing draw.” SVSU also played rival Northwood on Sunday, Oct. 14. However, the game was not yet completed when The Valley Vanguard went to press. Friday, the Wildcats scored almost instantly, as the GLIAC’s leading goal scorer Sam Popp found the back of the net following an NMU corner kick just five minutes in, giving the Wildcats a 1-0 edge. SVSU quickly answered. After shots in the 12th and 16th minute, the Cardinals equalized when senior midfielder Michael Shaikly put away his second goal of the season to knot the score at 1-1. Despite SVSU holding a 9-2 advantage in shots during the first half, the score remained even going into halftime. “They tend to put every player behind the ball and camp out in their half of the field,” Wagstaff said of the Wildcat defense. “They wait for a turnover, and then they counter with some good, quick attacking players that they have.” The remainder of the match was as emotional as it was exciting, as 11 penalties were carded, seven of which were on the Cardinals. Despite the high emotions, SVSU appeared to score the goal it needed in the 70th minute, when junior forward Azaad Liadi scored on a rebound of his own shot, his fifth goal of the season, to put the visiting Cardinals ahead 2-1. “(Michael Hamilton) was dribbling towards the back line, and I made a run in behind, and he found me,” Liadi said. “I was happy to be able to help my team get in front and relieved to have capitalized on another chance after missing one earlier in the game.” Liadi blasted 10 shots in the match, including six on goal. However, it was not long before the Wildcats answered, as Popp again found the back of the net on an unassisted goal, tying the game at two goals apiece. The two goals were the most SVSU has allowed in a single game all season. “The goals we gave away are frustrating and simply out of character,” Wagstaff said. “I think a little bit of complacency crept into our team defensive performance (Friday), which allowed them to grab two goals against us, even though it was completely against the run of play.” SVSU rattled off four more shots following Popp’s equalizer, again outshooting the Wildcats 9-2 in the second half. However, the clock eventually expired, and the game was sent to overtime. Frustrations continued to mount during the ensuing overtime periods, as SVSU was given two cards, one of which was a red card on the team as whole, while Northern was also given its fourth yellow card of the game. “The positives are that we left with at least one point,” junior midfielder Pablo Ortiz said. “The negative is that sometimes, everything that can go against you will go against you. We just have to stay positive.” Neither team conceded in the two overtime periods, and the contest ended in a draw. SVSU’s lone shot of overtime came in the 104th minute off the foot of Liadi, but it was saved by NMU goal keeper Valentin Kliebe. Kliebe recorded five saves in the match. “From a positive perspective, we remain unbeaten for a number of games now and continue getting better each game,” Wagstaff said. “Going to a place like NMU in the freezing cold and dealing with some adversity can only make us stronger and battle-hardened for the GLIAC league run and conference championship challenge.” SVSU continues its GLIAC season next weekend in a huge match on the road against conference leader Wisconsin Parkside. SVSU’s lone loss of the season came at the hands of the Rangers, who will look to extend their GLIAC lead as the regular season winds down. Kickoff is set for 1 p.m. on Sunday, Oct. 21.

Sports Editor Dylan Powell | E-mail | Office (989) 964-4482 | Twitter @VVanguardSports


Page A6 | Monday, October 15, 2018 | | The Valley Vanguard

Volleyball finds relief with victory over Walsh Melissa Vennix Vanguard Reporter

This past weekend, the SVSU volleyball team competed in the 2018 Midwest Region Crossover event. The team found a pair of losses against Rockhurst and Truman on Friday, Oct. 12, as well as a victory against Walsh on Saturday, Oct. 13. The tournament’s purpose is to help determine the best teams between the three conferences that make up the NCAA Midwest Region. “We play opponents based on our respective current standings in our conference play,” coach Will Stanton said. “That helps to get head-to-head results between the conferences when it comes time to decide who the top eight teams are for the NCAA tournament in November and December.” Rockhurst started strong by scoring the first two points in their match Friday night. The Lady Cards came back and scored a point due to a Rockhurst attack error. Rockhurst pulled ahead and had the Cardinals by a 6-2 lead.

The sister duo of Hannah and Sarah Tabit started to close the gap with two back-toback kills. The team worked together to keep up with Rockhurst until the end of the first set. The teams went back and forth until the Lady Cards eventually fell, 25-17. The second set carried on in similar fashion to the first set. Saginaw Valley stuck close to Rockhurst until they pulled ahead at a 10-7 split, but it was not enough as the team lost the set, 25-13. The Lady Cards battled for the beginning of the third set, but still fell again to Rockhurst. The team began to make errors and gave up points. The set ended 25-14, leaving the Cardinals with a 3-0 loss. After their loss against Rockhurst, Saginaw Valley challenged Truman and lost 3-1. The Lady Cards put in work to squeeze a tight 25-21 win against Truman. The team kept up until they fell behind, 9-5. They came back 10-10 and worked to stay in the lead for the remainder of the points. In the second set SVSU fought hard, but

still fell short 25-23. The Lady Cards began to show lowered energy in the third set. They continued to fight for points but came out on the bottom 25-19. In the fourth and final set, the Cardinals brought all of their effort to come back. Sophomore Emily Friesl, set up by Hannah Tabit, scored the first two points for Saginaw Valley. The team worked as a unit with multiple attacks to keep up with Truman, but finished the game with a 25-21 loss. The team focused hard through the whole weekend to stay close to their competitors and not let their losses get them down. “Our strength was the way we kept getting better as the weekend went on,” Stanton said. “We didn’t start well, but we didn’t just accept that and scrap the whole weekend. We kept at it and fixed some things and improved as the weekend wore on. We were playing pretty well by the last match.” Saturday Oct. 13, Saginaw Valley faced Walsh and rounded off their weekend with a 3-0 win.

The teams battled back and forth for points until a kill from Friesl began the team’s two-point lead. In a close point battle, the team maintained their two-point lead for a 25-23 victory over Walsh. In the second set, the evenly matched teams fought for points in an intense set. SVSU held their lead in the end and pulled ahead for a 25-19 final score. The third and final set of the weekend played out like the previous sets. Both teams fought hard for points, but the Cardinals rose victorious in a close 25-22 point win. For their next games, the Lady Cards will travel to the Upper Peninsula to take on Northern Michigan on Friday, Oct. 19, at 7 p.m. and Michigan Tech on Saturday, Oct. 20, at 3 p.m. “We will need to prepare for playing Michigan Tech and Northern Michigan on the road,” Stanton said. “They play two very different styles of ball, so we will have to work on defending against NMU’s size and power, and then also against MTU’s speed and pressure.”

Women’s soccer suffers heartbreaking OT loss Dustin Dehne Vanguard Reporter

The SVSU women’s soccer team (9-2-2) took on the No. 1-ranked Grand Valley Lakers (13-0-1) on Friday, Oct. 12, in Allendale. The Friday night matchup under the lights saw the Cardinals falling short in overtime against the Lakers. Just over a minute into the game, Grand Valley struck early, as Sydney O’Donnell took control of the ball in the Cardinals’ goal box and sent it into the net for her first goal of the season, giving Grand Valley the early 1-0 lead in the first minute. The remainder of the first half was controlled by Grand Valley, as they piled nine shots on net against SVSU’s three. However, tides changed as the game headed into the second half, despite the Lakers outshooting the Cardinals 8-7 in the second. “In the second half, we had more ener-

gy and momentum,” head coach Michael O’Neill said. In the 67th minute, the Cardinals brought the game to a 1-1 tie as captain Lindsay Stroebel tapped in a goal for her sixth of the season off a pass from Mallory Hestwood. The Cardinals continued their strong play in the second half, piling up scoring chances and holding the Lakers scoreless. “There was a lot of energy and intensity from both sides heading into overtime,” O’Neill said. “Going into the last 10 minutes of the game and into overtime, we were the better team.” Grand Valley came out strong in overtime, and showed why they are the number one ranked team in the nation, as they garnered six shots on net against the Cardinals’ zero. Then, in the 94th minute, Grand Valley’s Ava Cook headed the ball into the Cardinals’ net off a corner kick. The goal was Cook’s 11th of the season, with as-

sists coming from Riko Sagara and Sydney O’Donnell. The game ended with the Lakers outshooting SVSU 23-10, an offensive attack that proved insurmountable for the Lady Cards. Sophomore goalkeeper Alyssa Watts put on an impressive performance in net, making 13 saves for the Cardinals in the contest. “We were at their home field and definitely had chances to take the game, so I think it just showed us that if we come ready to play, we can compete and it doesn’t matter who our opponent is,” Stroebel said. O’Neill echoed those thoughts as he attempted to make sense of what went wrong for the team. “Even though we lost that game, I think we learned a lot about ourselves and took a step forward,” O’Neill said. “We took that step where we know we can compete with any one at any place and at anytime. We rose to the occasion in this game and if we

do the things we know we can, we can get a win against any team in this country.” The Cardinals will look to turn it around in their next home game against Michigan Tech, which was in seventh in the GLIAC with a 2-4 record (7-5-1 overall). The game will take place on Friday, Oct. 19, at noon.

The Valley Vanguard Dylan Powell | E-mail | Office (989) 964-4482 | Twitter @VVanguardSports 110A Curtiss Hall Sports Editor

The Valley Vanguard (Vol. 51, No. 6)  
The Valley Vanguard (Vol. 51, No. 6)