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The Summa Vol. 5, Issue 8

But It Was Just a Kiss... A simple kiss can lead to much more than just heartbreak. Find out the truth behind the mysteries of mono.

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Thursday, February 7, 2013

SPORTS & CLUBS

HEALTH

University of St. Thomas

The Texans Season in Review Even after an explosive #BullsOnParade run to the playoffs, The Texans still have a lot of work to do.

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ustsumma.wordpress.com NATION

CAMPUS LIFE

W.J. Flynn Center for Irish Studies Celebrates 10 Years Gun Control Legislation Draws Fire, Controversy

Irish Studies center to commemorate ten years of culture contributions to UST, Houston community

By CHRIS POWERS Staff Writer

By STEPHANIE HERNANDEZ News Editor

The William J. Flynn Center for Irish Studies celebrated its 10th anniversary on Jan. 23. The center commemorated the occasion with an open house to inform students of upcoming and ongoing cultural activities that the department sponsors. “Dr. Joseph McFadden, the former president of the University, created the Center for Irish Studies,” said Lori Gallagher, Director of the Center for Irish Studies. “It passed through the University Board of Directors in 2002, as a Center for Excellence; we are one of six of the University’s Center for Excellence.”

Claire Logue / The Summa

A CULTURAL GEMSTONE The William J. Flynn Center for Irish Studies celebrated 10 years of cultural contributions with an open house at its 4209 Yoakum building on Jan. 23, followed by a private dinner for benefactors.

The open house followed a private dinner for Gallagher’s Flynn Advisory Board, which is made up by members of the Houston Community. “Dr. Gallagher talked about what we do here at the Center, to promote Irish

culture and history. We had an open house from 11 a.m. to 7 a.m., [and] we probably had a few hundred people walk in during that time. I myself gave numerous tours [of the Center],” said Nathan Main, president of the Irish Club.

CAMPUS LIFE

In the 10 years since the establishment of the Center, the program has expanded from only teaching students in the classroom, to

FLYNN CENTER, Page 2

On Dec. 14, 2012, 20 children and six adults were murdered by a gunman at the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Conn. In the history of school shootings in the United States and mass murder in American elementary schools, the Newtown massacre is the second deadliest, exceeded only by the 2007 Virginia Tech shooting. The Newtown massacre has intensified the longstanding political debate about gun control. On Jan. 22, Nevada Senator Harry Reid introduced the Sandy Hook Elementary School Violence

GUN CONTROL, Page 2

CAMPUS LIFE

Women’s Organization, Society of Macrina, to Esteemed Music Critic Ponders Hold Sexual Responsibility Week On Campus Life’s Meaning, Rock and Roll By STEPHANIE HERNANDEZ News Editor

The University of St. Thomas will host the annual event, Sexual Responsibility Week, during the week of Feb. 11-16. This year, the newly established young women’s club, the Society of Macrina, will be the main host of activities. “The Society of Macrina is a women’s society on campus, whose goal is to encourage and empower young women, with genuine friendships and connections with other women at UST and in the community,” said Brittany Garza, the founder and chief council member of the Society of Macrina. The Society of Macrina (SOM) was officially recognized by the UST

Council of Clubs in the Fall 2012 semester. “This year, we will be passing out flowers to the men of St. Thomas, and the Knights of Columbus will be giving flowers to women,” said Garza. “We are also doing an action item, and working towards getting posters put up in the women’s and men’s restroom. These posters will inform students, faculty, and anyone else on campus what to do in case of a sexual assault incident.” To spread awareness about sexual assault, the Society of Macrina will begin this action item the week of Sexual Responsibility Week. “These informative posters would hopefully be in Plexiglas cases, that would allow their continuity in the restrooms of UST,” Garza said. “Right now, we are doing

a lot of research on how other Catholic universities have approached this issue.” One in four college-aged women have reported rape or attempted rape, according to the New York University’s National Statistics About Sexual Violence on College Campuses report. The report also states that 80-90 percent of completed sexual assaults are done by someone known to the victim, and 35 percent of these known perpetrators are usually classmates. In addition to putting up these permanent posters and giving away flowers, the Society will be giving out information on what to do in case of sexual assault. “[We want] to give them access to help, and let them know where to go if it

MACRINA, Page 2

Irish Columnist, John Waters talks to students about rock music, faith By STEPHANIE HERNANDEZ News Editor

The UST Office of Academic Affairs and the Crossroads Cultural CenterHouston hosted “Three Chords and A Longing for the Truth” on Jan. 23. The lecture held at Cullen Hall, drew approximately 75 people and was given by John Waters, an Irish journalist, writer and music critic. “I think that John Waters has thought very seriously on the importance of rock music, and why that was interesting is because we think of rock music as mere entertainment, something to enjoy as part of

our life, as background music,” said Dominick Aquila, vice president for academic affairs. “But he thought of it in terms of its deeper significance and meaning. He talked about some particular artists: Bono, U2, Bob Dylan, Mumford and Sons - even some older folks who were at the roots of rock and roll such as Muddy Waters, a little bit of Elvis Presley, a lot of Bruce Springsteen.” The event consisted of Aquila and Waters’ discussing the deeper meaning behind rock music. “The connection he was trying to make was not so much with Catholic faith in a doctrinal sense, but in a spiritual sense,” said Aquila. “It goes to the fundamental question of why people like this music. What John Waters

LECTURE, Page 2


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The News

The Summa FLYNN CENTER Continued...

immersing the students in Irish culture by studying abroad every year. “The 10th is quite a milestone for us because we started from scratch,” Gallagher said. “We have reached a wonderful place on campus in terms of our position in providing courses for our students. We have terrific support from the Irish government to provide Irish language classes; they also provide scholarship money for students in all four levels. We really feel like one of our main goals is to really reach out to students as much as we can.” To enable students to travel to Ireland, the Center provides generous scholarships. This summer, the department has plans to take as many as 12 students to study in Ireland. “I am teaching a Northern

MACRINA Continued... happens,” said Chloe Jester, a member of the Society of the Macrina Council. “A lot of people don’t know what to do if it happens. They are embarrassed, so we want to give them an outlet, and contacts, so that they can get their life back on track. Also to see what they can do, to help themselves as well as friends.” As a club at a Catholic GUN CONTROL Continued... Reduction Act. According to Open Congress, the Act would “ban the sale, transfer, manufacturing of importation of 150 specific firearms including semiautomatic rifles or pistols that can be used with a detachable or fixed ammunition magazines that hold more than 10 rounds and have specific militarystyle features, including pistol grips, grenade launchers or rocket launchers.” The bill contains a broad blueprint to reduce gun violence, it will exempt government officials and would ‘grandfather’ a list of guns and magazines used for recreational purpose (i.e. hunting). According to critics of the proposed legislation, elimination of the 1994 sunset clause violates the Second Amendment of the United States Constitution, which insures the people’s right to keep and bear arms. For this reason, the Republican Party, which currently holds a majority of seats in the House of Representatives, and Senate

Ireland Peace Process class,” Gallagher said. “I will be awarding [study abroad] scholarships of $4,000 for students. It is three credit hours and we have access to the Irish government and to some of the top people in their government. Students can do in three weeks what I didn’t have the opportunity to do in nine months of study abroad there.” In addition to providing students with access to Irish culture, the Center has taken an active role in the Irish Peace Process. “The Irish Studies Center does a lot to promote peace and unity between the two nations that occupy the isle of Ireland,” said Main, whose parents are from Ireland. “The man that the center was named after, William J. Flynn, an Irish American, was instrumental in getting the U.S. government to intervene in certain conflicts in Northern Ireland.” university, the Society will approach the issue of sexual health in a manner different from other universities. “It’s not so much about reproductive health,” Jester said. “It’s more about getting awareness about what sexual assault is, and what rape is. Also, to let people know that it’s ok and that it is not your fault. We want to help people to identify what sexual assault is, and to find resources, both on and off campus.” Democrats from pro-gun states will likely oppose the proposed ban. “While Congress is more favorable to some type of gun control legislation than it was prior to the Newtown massacre, the proposed weapons assault ban has a very low chance of being passed into law by Congress,” said Jean-Philippe Faletta, UST associate professor of political science. “If the ban actually happened, then they would no longer be able to purchase those weapons. Based on my understanding of this bill, you would ‘grandfather’ in [weapons purchased before the ban]. But it’s a really low chance of this getting through Congress.” Resolved by the Newtown massacre and the recent Lone Star College - North Harris shooting on Jan. 22, in Houston, lawmakers from the state of Texas and the National Rifle Association have denounced Sen. Feinstein’s bill. “Texas lawmakers are considering a bill that allows college students and faculty with concealed-carry permits to carry their concealed

Thursday, February 7, 2013

LECTURE Continued... was trying to point out is that there’s something about the music that calls out to us as human beings; it expresses the innate human desire for something great.” According to Kristina Leyden, a staff member for the School of Nursing, Waters’ struggle with alcoholism and other obstacles ignited his heavy involvement with the Catholic Church. “He talked music, even rock and roll; sometimes considered the devil’s music, [and how it is] really an expression of longing for something more. That something more is the infinite,”

Leyden said. The Crossroads Cultural Center of Houston has hosted past events at UST, in hopes to bring understanding and unity between faith and culture. “My friend Francesca Guerri and I started it in Houston [as] a branch of the New York Crossroads, which was started in 2004 by a few members of Communion and Liberation, an international movement in the Roman Catholic Church,” said Leyden. “We share an interest in the relationship between religion in culture, and our goal is to offer opportunities for education, making it possible for people to look

with openness, curiosity and critical judgment of every aspect of reality. We do face-to-face events, which are about interviewing people who are truly interesting, regardless of any cultural or religious boundaries and also events on current topics, events that shape our world. ” Future events hosted by Crossroads cultural Center include a lecture by Keith Kaiser, about the risk of education, and an April lecture by physicist Lucio Arossi, one of the discoverers of the “God Particle.” For more visit www. crossroadsculturalcenter.org.

A Recycling haikU for you to read Please read this copy Then pass it on when finished then please recycle!

Date

Security Dept. Crime Report Incident

01/07

3807 Graustark Security officer responded to a burglary of a motor vehicle. A report was taken, then referred the case to the Constables.

01/07

3807 Graustark A security officer, responding to a burglary of a motor vehicle, found the window broken of a second vehicle.

01/18

5419 Montrose (CVS) A UST employee, while at CVS, was hit from behind and robbed of her purse.

01/23

3807 Graustark Complainant reported that her vehicle was damaged while parked in the Moran Parking Garage.

Report incidents to UST Security (713) 525 - 3888 and call 911 in emegencies.

Santi Carmona, @santi_281 / Courtesy Photo

“SCARED STRAIGHT” Santi Carmona, a graphic design student at Lone Star college - North Harris in Houston, Texas, tweeted this image of students in lockdown procedures with the message “Scared straight at lone star north Harris.”

weapons on campus,” said Jose Bolivar, president of UST Student Government Association. “If passed, this bill would apply to all public Texas universities and colleges, but private universities and colleges, i.e. UST, Rice and Houston Baptist would be exempt and able to either opt-in

or opt-out.” In spite of opposition, California Senator Diane Feinstein, who has cosponsored the Act, has resolved for the Sandy Hook Elementary School Violence Reduction Act to pass through House and Senate. “This has always been an

uphill fight, this has never been easy — this is the hardest of the hard,” Sen. Feinstein said in a Jan. 27 Roll Call interview. The Act is currently in Senate Committees. Students can express support or opposition of the Act by calling their Senate and Congressional Representatives.


THURSDAY, February 7, 2013

The Opinion

The Summa

3

“I never considered a difference of opinion in politics, religion, philosophy, as cause for withdrawing from a friend.” - Thomas Jefferson

Saint Valentinus By CHELSEA FERRAMOSCA Opinion Editor

Feb. 14 celebrates the Feast of St. Valentinus, the patron saint of love. Although it is the second most celebrated holiday around the world -after New Years- many people are unaware that the Church still does not know exactly who we are celebrating. As it happens, there were two Valentinus in Rome who were martyred on the same day, which of these men we have customarily celebrated every year remains a mystery. However, the circumstances surrounding their martyrdom, although different, give us the same message: love is worth dying for. The two Valentinus’ lived in Rome during the persecution of Christians by Claudius II. The first Valentinus was a priest who performed wedding ceremonies for Christian couples, which was illegal at the time. This Valentinus was arrested and imprisoned by the orders of Claudius II, and was further sentenced to death by stoning after attempting to convert the emperor to Christianity. After the stoning failed to kill him, the priest was publicly beheaded along with several other prisoners. The other Valentinus was a bishop, who was also imprisoned for practicing Christianity. In an attempt to disprove Valentinus, the outspoken Judge Asterius, the man responsible for imprisoning him, brought his blind daughter to the jail. He told Valentinus that if he could heal the girl, he would accept Jesus as the Son of God and return his freedom. Valentinus laid his hands over the girl’s eyes, and she was given sight. The judge then asked Valentinus for forgiveness, destroyed all the idols he possessed, and got himself

and his family baptized. He then freed Valentinus and all the other Christians he had imprisoned. However, Valentinus was later arrested once again, this time being brought to Claudius II, who ordered him to be put to death if he did not refuse Jesus as the Son of God, therefore, Valentinus prepared for death. The daughter of Judge Asterius, whom Valentinus had cured,had fallen in love with the priest and begged for his life. Although she was unsuccessful, Valentinus left her a written message stating, “Farewell, from your Valentine.” Valentinus was then publicly executed, alongside the first Valentinus. Although we know both of these men existed and were executed on the same day, the rest is legend, nonetheless our Valentine’s Day tradition was born. Today it includes flowers, candy, cards and romance. It can be hard to see the true message of St. Valentine around the ogling couples and annoying PDA, but that does not mean that it shouldn’t be celebrated. Valentine’s is a day to celebrate all of those that we love, not just our spouses. People forget that there is more than one kind of love in the world. It is the love for our family and friends that we depend on when romantic love goes awry. Instead of thinking of it as “singles awareness day,” celebrate it with your family or have a day out with your friends. Just because you are single doesn’t mean that the holiday does not apply to you. Whether St. Valentine refers to the priest who married those that were not allowed to love, or the man who left his last words for the girl who loved him, it is a day to celebrate those in our lives. A little commercial, yes, but it is nice to be reminded that we are not alone.

The Summa

University of St. Thomas Student Newspaper

3800 Montrose Blvd. • Houston, TX 77006 • 713.525.3579

The Summa is the official newspaper of The University of St. Thomas in Houston, Texas. It has a circulation of 2,000 copies. The Summa is a student run organization, whose purpose is to inform, comment, and interpret events of local, national, and worldwide importance. This paper serves as an open forum of student expression and welcomes letters from the UST community. All submitted materials are due by the last Friday of the month. The Summa is dedicated to serving as a model of ethical journalism, acting with honesty, objectivity, and integrity.

Pro-Life Movement Against Women? By STEPHANIE HERNANDEZ News Editor

I have been involved in various capacities with the pro-life movement for most of my life. This year has been the first time in almost a decade that I did not attend the Right to Life Rally in Austin. In middle school, I volunteered at a crisis pregnancy center, during my high school and early college years, I regularly prayed outside Planned Parenthood on Saturday mornings, and went the March of the Surviving Youth Rally. Years of activism made me realize several things about the movement; first, it has become too polemical and too focused on bringing down the enemy. Second, it is far too religious. A Jan. 14 Times Magazine cover story, entitled “What Choice?” states how access to abortion has never been more difficult than it is now. In 2011, 92 abortion regulating provisions were signed into law; all laws crafted by pro-life organizations and supported by mostly republicans law makers. What will all these do? It will make a teenager go across state lines to find a doctor who won’t care about the paperwork. Pro-life organizations have heralded the fact that abortion has remained illegal in Ireland, in spite of recent legislation to change this law. What this means is that the number of abortion ships (which sail off the coast of Ireland to perform the abortions legally) will increase, and women are going to pay more to get the procedure that life circumstances have driven them to need. Does this sound like prochoice rhetoric? Perhaps it does. But that’s the thing about some pro-choice statements: they are simply stating facts about women’s lives, and the circumstances that drive them

to need the termination. Does this make it alright to terminate an unborn child? It does not, but that is the flaw on both sides of the issue: they focus on the procedure and the termination. The pro-choice side heralds it as the ultimate right over a woman’s body; the anti-abortion side calls it the murder of an unborn child. But we need to look further back than this: why is this procedure even considered a need in the first place? For many women, the need is economic, especially in these times of recession recovery. An Associate Press 2008 article that reported a Minnesota poll of women attaining abortion cited the same reason: not being able to afford a child. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) states that for some ethnic minority groups, 37 percent of this demographic get an abortion; the largest amount of abortions for that population group. The pro-choice movement has considered the right to an abortion to be the ultimate right and control over a woman’s life. But is it truly? After the procedure, she will go right back to the circumstances that drove her there. To be truly pro-life and to actually save babies, the movement should stop attempting to change the path of getting an abortion into an obstacle filled maze, and instead, focus on eliminating the factors that push her into that maze in the first place. Because if she truly feels like she needs it, she will find her way through those obstacles, whether it be to drive across several states to get there or get a judge’s signature to avoid parental notifications. Not all in the pro-life movement are like this: Celts for Life hosts baby showers to get donations of baby items for mothers who need it. Texas Right to Life gives away

things such as cribs, strollers, several months supply of baby food, diapers and formula. Life Advocates give away baby clothing and other things expectant mothers need – all free of charge. If the need is great, free health care for prenatal needs can be provided. These laws will make it all but illegal to get an abortion. How does this realistically help women? From an ideal standpoint, it protects the life an unborn child, but what about the mother who is in that difficult situation where she is considering an abortion? Pro-life people talk about keeping the baby; and in the same breath, profess support for republican politicians who cut benefits for food stamps, CHIP, and other welfare programs that can help women in need care for a baby they can’t afford. A March 2010 article from the New Yorker written by a staunchly pro-choice writer admitted, in words that had an almost audible sigh of wistful regret, “Perhaps it’s harsh to think of every abortion as representing or being the result of a failure of some kind—medical, educational, financial, social, criminal….not every pregnancy that ends in abortion starts out unwanted. But it’s not as though a woman would want an abortion—for its own sake, that is, rather than as the less bad thing. Choice is what’s wanted; abortion is not.” Abortion is not wanted indeed, for all the reasons that lead up to it. While people on both sides focus on the procedure of abortion itself, and not the factors building up to it, abortion will always feel like a choice women need to make, because there simply isn’t any other choice they can make.

Jeremy Heallen • Faculty Advisor Katie Thomson • Editor-in-Chief Chelsea Ferramosca • Managing Editor Stephanie Hernandez • News Editor Claire Logue • Features Editor Chelsea Ferramosca • Opinion Editor Sarah Oyarce • Entertainment Editor Sandra Efraimson • Health Editor Claire Logue • Sports & Clubs Editor

Staff Writers & Photographers Daniel Brown • Mason Burruss Aliyah Cole • Kenneth Depew Maria de Los Angeles Brazos Sandra Efraimson • Chelsea Ferramosca Stephanie Hernandez • Claire Logue Sarah Oyarce • Chris Powers Design Editor

Distribution

James Ramos

Aamir Mazhar

Copy Editors Syeda Batool Hosain Bianca Gomez Brittany James


4

The Opinion

The Summa

Undocumented Texans By MARIA DE LOS ANGELES BRAZOS Staff Writer

The amount of illegal immigrants in Texas nearly quadrupled from 2011 to 2012. Throughout American history there has been a pattern of immigration when there is oppression and an extreme need for a better home by people in certain nations. The entirety of the United States population is made up of people who were immigrants, once upon a time. In 2011 there was a significant rise in the number of undocumented immigrants crossing the border into Texas, but why? During that year life-changing and unwelcome provisions for undocumented residents of Arizona were created, followed by an increase in hostility toward illegal aliens in other border states. What does one do when your future and your family’s future are threatened? You flee to a place where there is less chance of family separation. One thing that increased the number of illegal aliens was the migration from Arizona to Texas. There has also been an increase in Mexican violence, where the corruption of government and police is beyond the control of the citizens. Even with border patrol enforcements, illegal immigration will continue because of the violence and chaos these people are running from. In addition, there were hopeful promises for immigration reform prior to, and during the presidential debates. Fortunately, even though there has been a rise in opposition toward illegal immigrants, there are also groups that support the undocumented people who are doing their best to become educated and informed about ways to become legal. Many people say, or think, that illegal aliens do not pay taxes and receive the majority of government assistance. This is not true. Illegal immigrants pay a large sum into the social security system, but never obtain the benefits. An amount of undocumented workers do, actually, report taxes with an IRS Individual Taxpayer Identification Number. As far as government assistance goes, undocumented workers are eligible for Women, Infant and Child benefits (WIC), but they are not allowed food stamps, any form of Medicaid/Medicare, or unemployment benefits. Following California, Texas is the second state most heavily populated by undocumented inhabitants, many of whom are children. In Texas undocumented students who have resided in the state for more than three years, are allowed the opportunity to pay in-state college tuition. The conditions are that the students fill out an affidavit claiming their intent of becoming a legal resident of the state. Many of these students were brought to the U.S. by their parents, without a choice, and are confused of where they “belong.” I find these stories inspiring because even though these students suffer from confusion and denial because of their status, they are determined to further their education. I don’t find these people as being a threat to America. On the contrary, I think legal citizens and illegal aliens of the U.S. have common goals and could prosper in ways previously unable because of continuous hostility. It’s true that illegal aliens who are a threat to the country need to be dealt with. I understand the problems with drug dealers, terrorists and injustice among undocumented citizens. I also agree that there needs to be a better control of making sure people with harmful intentions do not enter the U.S. But not all illegal aliens are a threat to the U.S. Most of the undocumented population in Texas is doing its best to benefit, prosper and be a positive influence to the society of the United States.

Two Sides to Every Story By THE SUMMA

In our last issue, opinion editor, Chelsea Ferramosca expressed frustration with campus housing policies in her column, “Dear Residence Life.” While her larger point was attacking the basis for certain rules and Residence Life’s enforcement policy,

she specifically referenced an incident where a student was allegedly told her service dog would not be allowed in Guinan Hall. Since then, UST officials with Residence Life and Campus Life have said the episode never occurred and that the university is not only in compliance with the law, but respects and

Thursday, February 7, 2013

Queen of Combat: Should Women be Allowed on the Front Lines of War? By KENNETH DEPEW Staff Writer

The United States Army Infantry proudly claims the title of “Queen of Battle,” because much like the queen on the chessboard, the Infantry is the most mobile, versatile and lethal piece on the battlefield. Currently, the infantry and all other combat arms professions (artillery, cavalry scouts, armor, and engineers) are male only. After spending seven years in the Army infantry, I believe it should stay that way. Men and women are different. All branches of the military acknowledge this in several ways, one of which is the physical fitness standards applied to each gender. To pass the Army Physical Fitness Test, an 18-year-old woman only has to complete 18 push-ups in two minutes and run two miles in 18:54. An 18 year old male has to complete 42 push-ups in two minutes and run two miles in 15:54. The purpose of physical fitness testing is to assess the ability of an individual to perform in combat, but while a woman may be able to pass the evaluation, her physical structure will not allow her to carry the same amount of equipment needed in combat, which often exceeds 100 pounds. If she cannot perform her duties as a member of a small unit, her responsibilities are displaced among the other members, degrading unit cohesion. Additionally, members of a unit must be able to provide aid to fellow members. If a wounded man needs to be moved, it is highly unlikely that a woman in combat gear and under duress could move a male in combat gear. If she can, she is an exception, not a rule. Aside from the physical limitations of women, there are the unique considerations women in training and combat would require. Training for combat units is violent and of high tempo, and during a woman’s menstrual cycle or pregnancy, a unit commander cannot, in good conscience, expect her to perform to the standard in training, much less combat. Given her inability to train with her fire team, a relationship built on experience and trust cannot be sustained because she would miss important trainings for reasons not under her control. Physical differences aside, there are logistical requirements for females that cannot be met. In forward environments the situation does not allow for the provision of separate housing and hygiene locations. The combat outpost I was at in Afghanistan had four pipes in the ground with two feet exposed for

strives to protect the rights of disabled students. It should be noted that Chelsea’s source for the allegation was the student herself. The editorial board stands behind her recounting of what she says she was told. Though she has certainly taken controversial positions on a variety of issues in her years writing for us, her integrity for telling the truth has never been questioned. And although Chelsea

urinating; two burn-latrines where waste fell into a bucket to be burned with diesel fuel daily; and no shower for the first three months. One of the most problematic issues regarding women in combat would be the emotional toll of a woman being wounded, captured or killed in combat on the American public, as was seen with the capture of Private Jessica Lynch during the invasion of Iraq. Just as men and women are different, so is the way men and women are treated. Men hold doors open for a woman to enter first; men stand so a woman can sit; men offer their jacket when women are cold, etc. It is instinctual for a man to protect a woman, and this has the potential to cause problems in combat. If a male soldier sees that a female soldier is injured, he is more likely to disregard the safety of himself and his fellow soldiers and try to help her before the situation permits. Ensuring the unit’s ability to defend itself and not take predictable casualties is the first priority. A woman screaming in agony will elicit a different response than a man screaming, causing the break in doctrine, which could lead to more injured soldiers and a further degradation of combat effectiveness. Women already serve diverse and useful roles in the military. In Afghanistan women commonly serve with medical units to ensure that the Afghan women receive basic medical treatment in the patriarchal society. Women also serve as Military Police and within intelligence units, both of which allow them to interact with local women, ascertaining information men might not be able to. I have no doubt that some women could meet the strenuous requirements of combat as a member of front line units; however, they are few and far between. Women are less than 15 percent of the military, but are more than half of the U.S. population, indicating the desire of women to serve in the military is disproportional. The call for women to serve in combat is from a small, but vocal minority, most of which have no idea what combat is and what is required to survive. Though we cannot allow a tyranny of the majority, the opinions of those affected most, military combat units, need to be heard. If they are candid, I have no doubt they will voice strong opposition. Combat is the last place for social experimentation.

did not report the alleged incident as a news story, but framed it as an allegation to illustrate her broader point, she, along with the rest of The Summa’s staff, strive to ground op-ed pieces in fact. When that doesn’t happen, the author’s opinion and the paper are undermined. In this case, the only two sources—UST and the student—tell two different stories. We believe it’s fair for an editorialist

to express a view about disputed events, since that’s what opinions are by definition. But we also believe that both sides should be heard when sensitive facts are contested. The university didn’t have that opportunity last month and should have. Residence Life has been invited to write a response to Chelsea’s column, which The Summa will reprint in full should it elect to do so.


The Features

THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 7, 2013

The Summa

5

Study habits for a new semester, new year By CLAIRE LOGUE Features Editor

Many of us find ourselves looking at how we studied last semester, and either finding we need to rework our working habits, or enhance the ones we have. We have been picking and choosing what helped and did not help in hopes to better our experience this semester. Everyone has heard their parents say, “manage your time wisely,” “keep up with your work and responsibilities,” “eat a good breakfast,” “go to class,” “work hard,” and, my personal favorite, “if you work hard, you can do anything you want!” We all know that many of these are not the case, but as adults, we should make the decisions that are the best for us. And we can learn from our past mistakes and blunders to create better experiences this semester. As shown by various studies, more than just ineffective studying, there is an overall increase in the lack of studying. According to a study, conducted by Assistant Professor Philip Babcock of the University of California Santa Barbara, and Assistant Professor Mindy Marks of the University of California Riverside, the average college student in 1961 studied 24 hours a week, whereas the average student in 2010 studied 14 hours a week.

Claire Logue / The Summa

Is this a representation of easier access to information or easier access to distractions? It seems as though students enter college with perfect grades, résumés, and work ethics, but these qualities may drop at the first semester. It becomes a challenge to keep your grades and study habits in tip top shape. The Huffington Post, with interesting tactics to dispel the habits of not studying, released a series of study tips specifically for students in college. We have included these tips in the section below. We see from some

students, that the plans are there, it’s just a matter of sticking to them. Samantha Spears ensures that staying organized and sticking to your plan are the most beneficial. “Get a planner and

“Don’t just rely on Sparknotes to get you through your classes.” Amanda Rodriquez Sophomore

hold yourself accountable for your work,” Spears, a sophomore, said. “Don’t expect your professors to check up on you.” It is the responsibility of the student to maintain a good work ethic. It is

seen across the United States, at every college and University that students are studying less. The only way to fix these alarming statistics is to study more and more effectively. Attempt to keep yourself from getting overwhelmed with work. Amanda Rodriguez insists that responsibility aids immensely in studying. “Get your work done ahead of time, and actually do your reading,” Rodriguez, a sophomore, said. “And after my experience working in group projects, make sure that you communicate well.” Making better

decisions about your studying now can help you later. “My worst vice when it comes to studying is stress,” freshman Karina Pinzon said. “Last semester, when I knew I had a lot to do, instead of doing it I would spend up to two hours freaking out about it. “This semester I am making an effort to stay calm instead of wasting time and stressing out.” By learning from our past mistakes and taking initiative we can show professors, parents, peers and those pesky statistics that the trends are changing.

Top Nine Study Tips courtesy of The Huffington Post

1. Alternate study spaces a more effective way to retain information

2. Create homework and study groups. you can hold yourself and others accountable

3. Make Flashcards

the more you write something, the better you can remember it

4. Take Tests affirms knowledge and betters study habits 5. Sleep

a tired mind is a slow mind

6. Don’t Categorize Yourself study in a way that works for you, not for who you think you are

7. the GobesttowayClass to know what’s on the test 8. Don’t Immerse yourself in subject matter quality over quantity 9. Manage your time

don’t swamp yourself with work at the last minute


6

The Features

The Summa

Thursday, FEBRUARY 7, 2013

A Decade In Review

We’re still getting used to writing “2013” on our papers, so we decided to take a look back over the last 10 years. What stories made the top news, which songs topped the charts, how have things changed since 2003? By CLAIRE LOGUE Features Editor

‘03

‘04

The number one hit is “Ignition” by R. Kelly.

The Red Sox beat the Yankees and win the world series.

The space shuttle Columbia crashes, Feb. 1. The US invades Iraq in March.

#1 WordPress is released.

‘06

Saddam Hussein is executed. Thousands march for immigration reform. Myspace becomes the most popular social networking site in the United States. Twitter is officially launched.

George W. Bush is reelected into office.

MySpace is launched.

‘05

Hurricane Katrina devastates New Orleans.

YouTube goes live.

Facebook begins at Harvard University, then reaches 1 millions users.

The number one hit is “Yeah!” by Usher feat. Lil Jon and Ludacris.

Facebook becomes available to High School students.

‘07

How I Met Your Mother and Grey’s Anatomy begin their first seasons.

#1

The housing bubble bursts.

The seventh Harry Potter novel is released. The iPhone is introduced in the US.

‘08

Barack Obama wins the presidential election by a landslide.

Somali pirates hijack commercial ships off the coast of Africa. The number one song is “Low” by Flo-Rida feat. T-Pain. The Dark Knight and Twilight hit the box office.

Facebook begins to allows developers to create games forthe website, leading to Farmville.

‘10

‘09 Michael Jackson dies at age 50.

Twitter users are sending 50 million tweets per day. The Social Network is released in theaters.

#1 The number one song is “Tik Tok” by Ke$ha.

The number one song is “Single Ladies (Put A Ring On It)” by Beyonce.

#1

A 7.0 magintude earthquake shakes Haiti.

‘11

Kate Middleton and Prince William tie the knot.

‘12

Osama Bin Laden is pronounced dead.

Barack Obama is reelected.

Bruno Mars’s “Grenade” and Katy Perry’s “Firework” battle for the number one spot.

Foursquare goes live.

Carly Rea Jepson’s “Call Me Maybe” tops the charts.

#1

Active shooting takes place in Aurora Colorado. Occupy Wall Street gains momentum.

“Here Comes Honey Boo Boo” is launched.

Swine Flu prompts President Obama to declare a National State of Emergency.


ThursdaY, February 7, 2012

The Entertainment

The Summa

7

Les Misérables: Good film, but will never compare to a well done musical By MASON BURRUSS Staff Writer

For the past 27 years, Les Misérables (Les Mis), based on the book by Victor Hugo, has been one of the most successful stage musicals ever made. It is the fourth-longest running musical in Broadway history and won the Tony Award for “Best Musical” in 1987. Many fans know many of its songs by heart, including “I Dreamed a Dream,” “Who Am I,” “One Day More” and “On My Own.” Considering this, it is almost surprising that a film adaptation has taken this long. The final product is a bit of a disappointment, with Tom Hooper’s misguided direction almost undoing the efforts of its extremely talented cast. It is not a bad film, but it is nowhere near what the source material deserves, and will never compare to a well-done stage show. Les Mis tells the story of Jean Valjean, played by Hugh Jackman, an ex-convict in 19th century France who breaks his parole to find a new life for himself. He is endlessly pursued across the decades by Inspector Javert, who holds his duty to the law above all else. His journey will take him

to luckless prostitute Fantine, whose daughter, Cosette, he will rescue from the wicked Thenardiers, and raise as his own. Amidst the backdrop of the student uprising in Paris, she meets and falls in love with young revolutionary Marius, who is so in love with Cosette he does not notice the affections of the ignored Eponine, played by Samantha Barks. These characters react across the decades and as revolution starts not all of them find the redemption they look for. After all, the literal translation of the title is “The Miserables.” Les Mis partially works due to the efforts of its talented cast, especially Jackman and Anne Hathaway. Jackman gives one of his best performances as the longsuffering convict Valjean. Jackman has some wonderful scenes, showing off his voice in “Valjean Soliloquy” and “Who Am I.” Wolverine will be far forgotten. In her relatively short screen time, Hathaway gives all her effort into ever miserable Fantine in a performance that will probably win her an Oscar. They are helped by a better than expected Redmayne, who carries his scenes as Marius opposite a less effective Amanda Seyfried. Barks as

Eponine, reprising the role she played on stage, completely outshining Seyfried as well. Meanwhile, Sasha Baron Cohen and Helena BonhamCarter give ample comic relief as the Thenardiers. Russell Crowe is the weak element here whilst playing Javert, who is usually one of the most interesting characters in the show. Crowe is not nearly as bad and most critics have reported, but his voice is far too nasally to effectively play Javert. A far bigger problem is that despite the numerous talents in this film, they all fall under the direction of Hooper, who clearly has not a clue how to direct a musical. His last film the King’s Speech won him the Oscar for Best Director, but here his decisions detract from the film and hinder the actors. During production, much hype was made about his decision to film all the actors singing live instead of lip-syncing to a pre-recorded tract. While this is a bold move on his part and one to admire, he seemed to have told the actors to subdue their singing in a misguided attempt to force the emotion out of the songs. Singing live means that you have to sing more, not less. In a musical, the music and lyrics are there to guide an actor, therefore

Universal Pictures / Courtesy Photo

the emotions are in the song. Unfortunately, the actors treat it like an obstacle, and the film suffers for it. Hathaway is the biggest follower of this. During her singing of “I Dreamed a Dream” she seemed to be half singing and half crying. While her display of emotion is commendable, she supposed to be singing, not emoting. Hooper also seems to have disregarded the orchestra. The Les Misérables musical has one of the most epic and beautiful scores ever, but for some reason the orchestra seems to have been turned down and half the instruments removed. The music is subtle when it should be epic, which should be especially irritating to anyone familiar with the musical. Hooper also has a bad

habit of shoving the camera in the actor’s face during their solos, which is over-whelming. The addition of a new song absent from the stage show, “Suddenly,” would work better if the song was not completely boring. The result is a movie that is very actor focused, with the music tragically being of secondary importance. Despite Hooper’s best efforts, Les Mis is still a good movie, due to the power of the source material. There are some wonderful moments in the film, but its numerous flaws are hard to forget. It may be more expensive, but the show on stage will almost always be superior. Hooper is a good director and I would like to see what he does next, so long as he never directs a musical again.

Django Unchained: Great western satire, if willing to overlook inaccuracies By DANIEL BROWN Staff Writer

During the late 1960s and early 1970s, “Django” was the name of characters either starring or being mentioned in over 30 different spaghetti western films. Although the name has remained the same, both the characters and the actors who have played them have varied and only one is an official sequel to the original 1966 film Django. The latest edition to this “series” of films is Django Unchained, directed by Quentin Tarantino. Tarantino had wanted to shoot a spaghetti western film set in the southern US for a long time but did not begin production

until 2011. The film takes place during the antebellum era of the Deep South where westward expansion was happening. Django, a recently freed slave, is played by Jamie Foxx. His savior, played by Christoph Waltz, is an eccentric German immigrant named Dr. King Schultz. After revealing himself to be a bounty hunter, he only grants Django his freedom in exchange for aid in collecting several bounties. After persuading Django to become his partner, they become properly acquainted and Django reveals that he plans on rescuing his wife, Broomhilda, who was sold separately from him. Wishing to assist him, Schultz travels

Andrew Cooper / The Weinstein Company / Courtesy Photo

with Django to Mississippi and the two come up with a plan to retrieve Broomhilda from her owner without being noticed. Despite its critical acclaim, there has been controversy and accusations from critics and viewers alike that it is Blaxploitation, and unfortunately, it is easy to see why. Jamie Foxx plays Django as a skilled and subsequently boring protagonist whose only unique quality can easily be seen as the color of his skin. While Django is not unlikable and is shown to have moments of strength and of weakness, he never really has anything interesting to say and goes through the motions when it comes to his personality. The only reason to root for him is for the sake of his wife, played by Kerry Washington, who turns out to be an equally boring damsel in distress. This is made worse by the fact that every single white male in the film, with Schultz being the only exception, is portrayed as the epitome of evil. While on the topic of white males, one of the main antagonists is named Calvin J. Candie, the man who purchased Broomhilda. He is played by Leonardo DiCaprio,

and it quickly becomes obvious that he displays his “I’m-trying-too-hard-towin-an-Oscar” performance throughout the film. Instead of being award-worthy, DiCaprio is a two-dimensional, clearly antagonistic bore. He does everything one can expect the villain to do in a Tarantino film; he is “disturbingly cheery” despite the atrocities he commits and delivers a droning 10-minute-long monologue during the last 30 minutes of the film. The pacing and historical accuracy in the film is atrocious. There are several parts of the films that drag on longer than they need to; for instance, when the two meet Candie for the first time, they try to grab his interest by offering a ludicrous amount of money for one of his Mandingo prize fighters. However, rather than discuss business at their current location, Schultz wants to continue their discussion at his plantation; rather than simply cut to the plantation since it is far away, the editor subjects the audience to half an hour of people riding horses and establishing how evil Candie and his men are. As for historical accuracy, it need

only be mentioned that there is a scene where Ku Klux Klan members gather to attack the duo despite the fact that they should not exist until after the Civil War. The film is not utterly irredeemable. The action scenes are realistic and beautifully brutal. Interestingly, Schultz turns out to be a much more likeable and well-rounded protagonist, and an interesting dynamic is formed between him and Django. By far the best performance in the film is by Samuel L. Jackson, who plays a slave to Candie named Stephen. Stephen is fiercely loyal to Candie, and it becomes disturbing how he uses his loyalty and intelligence against Django. The film has just as many good qualities as bad ones. Jackson’s and Waltz’s performances, as well as the humor and action scenes, can make the film worth the price of admission if one is willing to overlook the aforementioned faults. If story and characters are the more important aspects of the film for the viewer, then there is very little to experience, especially when it is a three-hour long movie that feels an hour longer.


8

The Summa

The Entertainment

Thursday, February 7, 2012

UK Singer-songwriter Ed Sheeran kicks off tour at Bayou Music Center By SARAH OYARCE Entertainment Editor

British singer-songwriter Ed Sheeran, 20, or the “Ginger Jesus,” as his fans like to call him, started his first ever headlining tour in America at the Bayou Music Center on Jan. 17. Sheeran is most famous for his multi-platinum and Grammy nominated single “The A-Team” that has received a lot of radio play in America and Great Britain. He does not only pen songs for himself, but has also written three songs for the British boy band One Direction, including their hit “Little Things,” and has collaborated with pop singer Taylor Swift for her latest album Red. Although he is just beginning to make waves in America, Sheeran has been performing for many years in small venues around the UK. In the MTV show This Is How I Made It, he revealed that he had been performing various intimate shows from the time he left his parent’s house at 16 years old. Sheeran also divulges that his momentum,

rise to the top of the charts and substantial fan base only came when he started releasing independent EPs. The shows started getting bigger and bigger, until finally he was headlining his own tour. Even though he is now playing very large shows such as the massive Bayou Music Center venue (the show was originally supposed to take place at the House of Blues, but demand for the show was so enormous that it was moved to the Bayou Music Center), Sheeran still does a phenomenal job of keeping his show so intimate that made one feel as if they were in a small café surrounded by only a few people. Sheeran is probably one of the only performers I know that can get a crowd full of screaming teenage girls to be absolutely silent for some of his slower songs such as “Small Bump” and “Kiss Me” off his debut album +. The only thing that breaks the silence is Sheeran’s beautiful velvety voice, the strumming of his guitar and the occasional beat-box. He has identified his sound as “acoustic soul” as he implements hip-hop, R&B and

Mencap / Courtesy Photo

soul influences in his music, which is very fitting because of the fact that his musical influences are acoustic singersongwriter Damien Rice and rapper Eminem, as he stated in Interview Magazine. One of the songs in which he showcased his beat-boxing and rapping skills is “You Need Me, I Don’t Need You.” One of the more hype songs in his catalog, he encouraged the audience, or as he called us, his “gospel choir for the evening,” to sing the chorus while he played guitar. It was the most interactive concert

I have ever been to and that added to the intimacy and personal connection that the audience had with Sheeran. Sheeran had his guitar most of the time up on stage with him, as is custom with most singer-songwriter performances, but what made his performance unique was that he had a loop pedal, which is a device that allows the performer to record his voice, and then the machine will play it back. Sheeran was allowed to harmonize with himself and add a beat-box to his songs. This was definitely a cool

aspect of his show. I was expecting him to be a great live singer and pretty basic with his guitar, which he was. Even he has stated that his guitar-playing is not the most revolutionary, but what he wants to be remembered for being a great guitarist, but a great entertainer and with that being said, I believe he has achieved his goal. He put on a fantastic show with no band behind him, and only a guitar, loop pedal and his voice. Sheeran is really one of the best entertainers of his generation.

Out and About: Houston in February Compiled by Sarah Oyarce

Feb. 7: Intronaut will be performing at Fitzgerald’s Feb. 8: Blues Control will play at Mango’s Feb. 8: The Molly Ringwalds will be at the House of Blues Feb. 8: Pepe Aguilar will perform at the Bayou Music Center Feb. 9: The xx will be playing the House of Blues Feb. 10: For Today and Upon a Burning Body will play the House of Blues Feb. 10: Blowfly will perform at Walter’s Feb. 12: Imagine Dragons will be playing the House of Blues Feb. 13: Fun. will be performing at the Bayou Music Center Feb. 13: Silverstein will be at Warehouse Live Feb. 13: Tank will perform at the House of Blues Feb. 14: Charlie Wilson will be playing the Arena Theatre Feb. 14: The Used and We Came As Romans will play the House of Blues

The xx Christoph Konzerttagebuch / Courtesy Photo

Feb. 15: Russell Peters will perform at the Bayou Music Center Feb. 16: Mushroomhead will play at the Scout Bar Feb. 17: Flogging Molly will be performing at the House of Blues Feb. 19: Ramona Falls will play at Fitzgerald’s Feb. 20: Mike Tyson will be performing at the Bayou Music Center Feb. 21: P!nk will be playing at the Toyota Center Feb. 21: Ra Ra Riot and the Unknown Mortal Orchestra will perform at Fitzgerald’s Feb. 22: Every Time I Die and The Acacia Strain will play at Warehouse Live Feb. 22: Ricardo Arjona will be performing at the Toyota Center Feb. 23: Graveyard will be playing at Warehouse Live Feb. 24: Don Williams will perform at the Arena Theatre Feb. 25: Toby Keith will be playing at the Reliant Stadium Feb. 26: Gary Allan will perform at the Reliant Stadium Feb. 27: Alan Jackson will play the Reliant Stadium

Toby Keith Jason Merritt / Getty Images / Courtesy Photo

Feb. 28: The Zac Brown Band will be performing at the Reliant Stadium


The Entertainment

Thursday, February 7, 2012

The Summa

9

The Blue Nile offers great Ethiopian cuisine at a good price, location By ALIYAH COLE Staff Writer

My first impression of the Blue Nile, located on 9400 Richmond Ave., was a little unpleasant. The restaurant’s exterior did not make it seem like fine dining, being located in a strip mall with a dollar store and a hair salon. Overall, I thought the restaurant was questionable at best. However, once I went inside the restaurant, my attitudes began to change. Before being seated by a waitress dressed in traditional clothing, I was greeted by the smell of incenses burning. I noticed woven mats hung from the walls along with authentic Ethiopian artwork. Each table had white table cloths with small woven baskets. This was completely different from what I saw outside. Because I went with a large group, we ordered the Ethiopian Traditional Family

Size, which is a combo platter of the best that Blue Nile has to offer. The platter included bonzena shiro, which is beef cubes cooked with powdered peas, onions and powdered red pepper; zilzil tibs, which are beef strips made with onions, bell peppers, spices and the restaurant’s special sauce and gomen, which are collard greens with garlic and bell pepper along with six other sides and a fish fillet. The total came out to $110, but it was well worth it considering our large group. The restaurant has other low cost meals if you are not planning to take a huge group. Blue Nile also serves dishes including the Awaze tibs, which are beef cubes made in Awaze sauce with onions, garlic and tomato. If you are not a meat lover, they do have vegetarian meals such as Yemissir Wot, which is a lentil stew simmered in spices, peppers and berbere sauce. I would highly recommend the

Yebeg Alicha Wot, which are pieces of lamb cooked with the restaurant’s special herbs and spices. If you are having trouble deciding on what to order, feel free to ask one of the very friendly and kind waitresses. Do not expect forks or spoons to come with your meal. Ethiopian food is traditionally served with injera bread, a spongy, pancake-like bread made out of teff flour. Put whatever stew, meat or salad you want on the injera bread, roll it and eat to your heart’s desire. Blue Nile is very affordable. All of their lunch specials are under $15, which is pretty good for a college student budget. They do have Sunday specials but I would suggest that you invite your family or friends because these specials are intended for large groups and will cost more. Blue Nile may be the best of its kind in town, but you do not have to take my word. It

Blue Nile / Courtesy Photo

has been the winner for the best Ethiopian cuisine by the Houston Chronicle in 2003 and 2004. It also won Zagat Awards for 2009, 2010 and 2012. With good food, good service, good prices and just a 15-minute drive from campus, what more could you ask for? Invite your family and friends, so you can share

the food and the fun (and the cost). However, I must give a fair warning, some of the food is spicy, especially anything served in berbere sauce. I would advise the mild ones to stay at home. The Blue Nile restaurant may have been deceiving at first, but the food inside surely makes up for its outward appearance.

Puzzles Corner February Crossword

Sudoku

1

2 5

7

3

Created by Sarah Oyarce 4 6

8

10

12

11

13

Dan Rice / Courtesy

Riddle of the Month!

What’s bigger then you, but doesn’t weigh anything?

A: Your shadow

ACROSS 12. Believed to be the oldest 5. Plays a drug dealer in 21 organized religion Jump Street Dave 13. Zombie Romance Warm 6. Name for a female sheep 7. Performer at Super Bowl DOWN XLI 1. Halloween (1978) director 10. The Amanda Show star John 11. The Weeknd’s first name 2. Mayor of Houston from

1998–2004 Lee 3. City where President Obama was born 4. Linebacker for the Baltimore Ravens Ray 8. The moon rises in the ___ 11. State known as “The Last Frontier”


10

The Health

The Summa

Thursday, February 7, 2013

B Positive, donate blood to save lives By CHELSEA FERRAMOSCA Opinion Editor

According to the American Red Cross, over 45,000 pints of blood are needed by patients everyday in the United States. That is nearly 16 million pints every year. This number is outstanding considering the human body only holds up to 10 pints. The most common need for donations comes from those with cancer, who may need to receive blood daily, as well as those with Sickle Cell Anemia and other chronic disorders. Blood is also commonly given to accident victims, who could be given as many as 100 pints throughout their injury and recovery process. In addition, blood is often given to premature newborns, who are born with less than a cup of blood in their bodies. With the vast amount of blood needed to help these individuals, among others, it is a constant battle to keep hospitals fully supplied. The process of giving blood is simple when compared to the struggles of those who need it. The donor is first given

Sandra says...

By Sandra Efraimson Health Editor

It is tough to find fresh produce that does not cost a fortune year-round and even more so during the winter months. If you are a money conscious student like me, you have considered skipping out on vegetables all together just to avoid the expense. The good news is that there are cheaper options available that still have the same nutritional values. If you are low on cash and plan to keep your consumption of five vegetables a day throughout the year like you

a short physical to check blood sugar, hemoglobin level, blood pressure and pulse. The donor then lies down while a pint of blood is taken, enough to give to three separate patients. Once the blood is collected, it gets tested for HIV/AIDS, Hepatitis A, B and C, Syphilis and any other disease that can be passed through the blood. It is then stored in hospitals for up to one month, awaiting the sick and injured individuals who need it. In addition to blood, donors can choose to donate white blood cells, plasma or platelets, which are commonly needed for hemophilia, leukemia and lymphoma patients. A pint of blood consists of 45 percent red blood cells, 55 percent plasma, and less than one percent white blood cells and platelets. If a donor chooses to donate only platelets, the process becomes an aphaeresis, in which the platelets are separated from the blood, which is returned back to the donor. This process takes two to three hours. There are eight blood groups; A-positive, B-positive, AB-positive, O- positive, A-negative,

B-negative, AB-negative, and O-negative. Those with O-positive or O-negative blood, the most common type with nearly 45 percent of the American population, are considered universal donors. This means that your blood can be given to any other blood type successfully, making it the most in demand. Those with ABpositive or AB-negative blood, the rarest type, are universal recipients, meaning they can only give to those in the AB group, but can receive from anyone. However, this does not mean that you should not donate if you are AB. Only four percent of the American population belongs to this blood group, causing a short supply of donors and exact blood matches when needed. Giving blood takes less than 20 minutes and requires little work on the donors part. In order to qualify you must be at least 17 years old, weigh 110 pounds, and be in overall good health To learn more, or to locate the nearest donation center, visit www. giveblood.org or www. redcrossblood.org.

should you should consider frozen produce. It is true that most frozen foods should be avoided because of their preservatives and unnatural chemicals, but produce is not as chemically treated as most of those entrees that give frozen foods their bad reputation. When shopping for frozen fruits and vegetables, make sure that you are looking for plain, uncooked options without sauces and that they are low in salt or sugar. You should rinse them out before cooking or eating them. You can find many varieties of frozen vegetables, such as broccoli, spinach, carrots, edamame and asparagus. There are also premixed options that blend several vegetables together. For a quick and easy snack, just steam broccoli in a saucepan until tender, drain and enjoy. If you prefer, you could put them in the microwave, but keep in mind that microwaves can alter and destroy vitamins and minerals more so than by steaming them

on the stove. I like to add carrots and a little garlic salt to make it mouth watering good. Asparagus makes for a great side anytime. All you need is some olive oil to sear them in medium heat with some lemon juice, garlic salt and pepper. You sear them for five to ten minutes until slightly soft, but crunchy. I like to always have a stash of edamame in the freezer. These soy pods are loaded with vitamins, such as vitamin E, protein, omega 3 and carotenoids. They make for a great snack because all you have to do is heat them up until warm and they can be eaten alone. As for fruit, you can find strawberries, blueberries, blackberries, raspberries and a large array of assorted varieties. Simply rinse and blend them into a juice or smoothie. I prefer to use almond milk with my smoothies, because it contains a proper amount of calcium and protein, it does not contain lactose and it is vegetarian. I blend strawberries, blueberries and vanilla

Joy Lewis / Courtesy Photo

flavored almond milk for a delicious blend. I like to use blueberries rather than other fruits because they are loaded with vitamine E and antioxidants that are healthy. From all the fruits it is one of the most nutritious options you can find. Another affordable and nutritious option, believe it or not, is canned fruits and vegetables. The same rules apply. Look for low sodium or sugar, no sauce and rinse before consumption. Do not buy fruit that has heavy syrup, but look for options with light syrup and even then, rinse out the syrup before eating the fruit. You can make a punch with ginger ale, cranberry juice, pineapple juice and a can of mixed fruit. Chill this mixture and it makes for a refreshing and healthy drink . Vegetables and beans are widely available canned. Some vegetables are actually healthier when canned, such as tomatoes. Canned tomatoes are higher in lycopene content, which is a

heart healthy phytochemical. Other vegetables that are known to be healthier than fresh vegetables are corn and carrots, because when canned they retain almost all unaltered vitamins unlike fresh ones that start losing their vitamin’s chemical structure to light and open air. When buying canned goods make sure that you look for the expiration date and do not buy cans that are damaged. Dents on the can could indicate that there is bacteria or mold growing inside. Canned food generally has a long shelf life, so you can buy in bulk when there are promotions or sales at your local grocery store. Overall, eating five servings of fruits and vegetables a day, whether fresh, frozen or canned, is essential to a well balanced diet. Your body needs vitamins, fiber and phytochemicals that are only found in fruits and vegetables. You should not let a low budget get in the way of your health.


THURSDAY, February 7, 2013

The Health

The Summa

11

Mass shootings prompt increase in psychological trauma By Sandra Efraimson Health Editor

On Jan. 22, the Lone Star campus located in North Harris County had a shooting incident, occurring only a few months after the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting. This attack, involving a few suspected shooters, caused the hospitalization of four individuals, bringing the city on edge as the event unfolded. After so many shootings around the country already damaging our emotional health, having such horrific attack happen so close to home can cause emotional trauma and distress on a large scale around Houston. The City of Houston has increased efforts to reach its citizens with an educational video called “Run, Hide, Fight” that teaches people how to prepare in the event might a similar incident occur in a place of work or public venue such as a school or university. The video is circulating on YouTube, and other medias, and was forwarded to students at the University of St. Thomas. The message includes a scenario involving a shooter and methods to dealing with the situation.

The first thing one should attempt to do, according to the video, is run to safety. One should try to alert anyone who might not know what is happening. Calmly, quietly and quickly run away from the shooter. Also, if someone refuses to run with you due to shock, encourage him or her to run with you but do not let him or her slow you down. If you cannot run away from the situation, it is imperative that you find a place to hide. It is important to remain calm and quiet and hide in a room by locking doors, or by placing an obstruction against the door such as furniture, and remain quiet until you have a clear path. It is important to try to find a place that does not trap you, but protects you. If you do not have the ability to run away from the situation, and do not have a proper place to hide, you should prepare to fight. It is not easy to think of the possibility that one can be facing this type of situation, but if you must fight back for the chance of stopping the perpetrator, gather a group and come up

Mandel Ngan, AFP/Getty Images / Courtesy Photo

with a plan to attack. As we deal with the increasing violence all across America, one should keep in mind that many people are going to experience distress. Trauma caused by this event can take weeks or longer to overcome. Some however, will develop a condition known as Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). If someone is suffering for more than four weeks, they can be diagnosed with PTSD. Mental Health America of Greater Houston posted

an article after the event at Lone Star stating that, “Mental Health America of Greater Houston is concerned about the emotional and psychological distress that experiencing the threat of harm or witnessing serious harm can create.” According to their sources, this stress can affect individuals for a long time after the shooting with symptoms that include flashbacks, nightmares, anxiety, helplessness and fear. If someone you know is struggling with

trauma, one should refer him or her to a counselor. At UST, one can find a guidance counselor to talk to on the second floor of the Crooker at the Counseling and Disabilities Center. As national debates progress regarding the gun laws in America, everyone is afraid. The intensity of the matter is growing, as Americans feel less and less safe, therefore it is important to be ready to deal with these incidents and their aftermaths.

Kissing cooties: what to watch out for on Valentine’s Day By Chelsea Ferramosca Opinion Editor

Everyone has heard of the infamous “kissing disease.” The phrase typically refers to Infectious Mononucleosis (Mono), which earned the nickname because of its ability to spread from person to person through saliva. Most people do not know that this is partially a myth. While Mono can be spread through kissing, most incidents of the disease occur in children, who spend their school days at public water fountains and playing with disease coated toys. Nevertheless it remains the one and only kissing disease to society, despite the fact that there are much more severe illnesses that can be spread through kissing. With Valentine’s Day coming up, it is important to be able to separate the facts from myths on what you need to worry about. MYTH. The first major kissing disease myth is HIV/ AIDS. According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), the spread of HIV/AIDS through saliva is possible, but there has never been a case of such happening. However, the chances do increase if the non-

U.S. Navy / Courtesy Photo

infected partner has open sores or bleeding gums. Of the one million HIV/ AIDS patients in the United States today, more than half contracted the virus by sharing needles, not kissing. MYTH. Although easier to spread than HIV/ AIDS, Hepatitis A, B, and C are three more diseases you do not need to worry about this Valentine’s Day. Hepatitis is a form of liver infection that presents with the

same symptoms in all three forms; fever, loss of appetite, body aches, jaundice and severe stomach pains. The good news is that you were most likely vaccinated as a child for Hepatitis A, which is most commonly spread when a chef forgets to wash his hands. There are no vaccinations for Hepatitis B and C, both of which are spread through body fluids, such as blood. However, like HIV/AIDS, although Hepatitis can be found in saliva, there

has never been a reported case of it spreading through kissing. FACT. One of the most common ailments spread through kissing is oral herpes, also known as the cold sore. The CDC estimates that more than 50 million Americans are living with this form of herpes, which shows no symptoms until the first outbreak. As a chronic condition, the herpes virus remains in a person’s system and becomes

active three times a year, on average. The chance of spreading the virus is highest at the time of an outbreak but, it can also be spread while dormant. FACT. Any infection or fungus of the mouth, gums or tongue can be spread through kissing. It is disgusting, but something you should be aware of. A common yeast infection of the mouth, known as thrush, can be caused by a number of things, but most commonly by coming in contact with the saliva of someone already infected and worsened by being immunosuppressed. The same can be said for Periodontal disease and infections of the tongue. FACT. In case you did not already know, do not kiss someone who has a fever for any reason, especially as a result of a bacterial infection, such as strep throat or a cold. The chances of catching it are unbelievably high, even for those who claim that they “never get sick.” Overall, do not worry too much about your Valentine’s Day plans. As long as your date does not have a fever, open sores, or gum disease, kiss away.


12

The Summa

The Sports & Clubs

The Texan 2012 Season in Review: A disappointing end in playoffs

Thursday, FEBRUARY 7, 2013

Upcoming Events Thursday, Feb. 7

Lunar New Year Celebration 12:30 - 2:00 p.m. Crooker Patio

Tuesday, Feb. 12

Mardi Gras Gala 6:30 - 10:00 p.m. Royal Sonesta Hotel Houston

Rick Osentoski / Courtesy Photo

By KENNETH DEPEW Staff Writer

The roof is closed, the seats are empty and the Bull Pen is quiet. For the second year in a row the Texans lost their Division Round Playoff match up on the road in the Northeast to a beatable opponent. Unlike last year, when the teams opening day starting and backup quarterback, Matt Schaub and Matt Leinert, respectively, were injured, there is no obvious straw man to light ablaze with the fire of our anger. We were bit with the curse of high expectation. What makes it worse, is that the expectations were obtainable. We went from 11-1 through the first 12 and ended the last four games of the regular season 1-3. Our offense collapsed, becoming most impotent in the red zone. We showed glimmers of hope in the Wildcard game against the Bengals and were proven to be who the national media said we were in our ill-fated return to New England. Where did we go wrong? Fire Schaub, right? That seems to be what a lot of fans believe will fix the problems we encountered all season, but especially at the heartbreaking end. This is the same Schaub who we were waiting for to return after our loss last year. With him we could do it. We were proven wrong. It is not all Schaub’s fault, though I would say a lot of it was. No matter what, it’s a moot point. At the beginning of the year he signed a four-year extension and at the end of the year everyone in the franchise from Coach Kubiak upwards expressed their trust and commitment to Schaub as the Texans’ starting quarterback. So, for our own sake, we better put up the anti-Schaubery for a few years, at least until Johnny Football turned Johnny Heisman declares his intention to become Johnny Sunday. Let us talk about it though before we do, because if the

defense is the “Bulls on Parade” then Schaub was a steer in a slaughterhouse. At times it seems as if his check-down, the receiver he throws the ball to as a last option, was his first read and the reason why we only picked up five yards on a thirdand-eight. He seemed to be uncomfortable with throwing the ball frequently to anyone not named Andre Johnson and even when he would throw to him, it was almost always too high, too low or behind, never leaving him and allowing him to catch it “in stride” and make the monster yards after catch he’s capable of being a 6 foot 3 inches, 230 pounds bulldozer of defensive secondaries. Now to the issues of Schaub’s coaching. Let him hard count and read the defense; see where the blitz is coming from and let him audible. No one knows for sure if this does not happen because Schaub can not do it or because he is not allowed to do it. Let’s make sure it’s allowed and if it turns out he can not, then why is he a professional quarterback? Schaub was unable to accomplish anything under pressure. When the pocket collapsed he was a fainting goat. He would lock up and fall over, resulting in a loss of yards and then another fivewhen-you-need-eight yard gain on third down. He did not help his own cause. Maybe it was because he was coached to not get hurt so this year would not be a repeat of last year. It did not work. This year was a repeat of last year, but with higher hopes and more potential. A few other factors which did not contribute: James Casey is an awesome tight end, he is big and strong and can catch and block. That does not mean you can line him up in the backfield and proclaim him to be a fullback. It does not work that way. Get a full back modeled on Vonta Leach, or, even better, go get Vonta Leach back. If our special teams were a horse it would have been

taken out back and shot. Develop the young receivers. I, and all of Houston, love Andre, but he does not have too much longer. We do have some things we can be happy about: AFC Defensive Player of the year and likely NFL Defensive Player of the Year, Justin James Watt. Of the six AFC play-off teams, we beat five. There was no discernable difference between how well we played on the road and at home. We won in Denver, Chicago and Detroit. None of which are automatic. There was also Andre’s resurgence. Next year does not get any easier, it did a little bit after a scheduling change, but it is not a walk, we will have to play the Super Bowl Champions on their turf. We no longer have to play in Seattle. Hallelujah. It is a miserable place. Not football wise, but as a city. It lost its basketball team to Oklahoma City. Yes, the one in Oklahoma. Coffee is the only thing it has going for it. Rumor is, Job was sick of it. Not to mention the fact they’re unoriginal. No matter what their fan base says, or how it acts, there is only one “12th Man.” We will not be going there, they will be coming here. So will Denver, Oakland, St. Louis and New England. We will be going to San Diego, Kansas City, San Francisco, Arizona and Baltimore. As always we will visit and host our Conference opponents: Indianapolis, Tennessee and Jacksonville. I am seeing us going 12-4 again, and becoming the AFC South Champions for the third year in a row. We’ll drop one at home to either Seattle or New England and fail on the road to this year’s Super Bowl teams: San Francisco and Baltimore. The fourth loss will be later in the season to a team we should beat and probably in our conference. We will see come the second Sunday in September. Until then, bleed Battle Red.

Wednesday, Feb. 13

Ash Wednesday Masses 7:30 a.m., 12:30 p.m., 5 p.m. Chapel of St. Basil

Friday, Feb. 15

International Street Art Lecture 6:00 - 6:30 p.m. Tiller Hall, Room 103

Saturday, Feb. 16

President’s Day of Service 8:00 a.m. - 12:00 p.m. Crooker Patio and other locations

Tuesday, Feb. 19 Health & Wellness Fair 11:00 a.m.- 3:00 p.m. Crooker Center

Thursday-Saturday, Feb. 14-16

The Fine Arts & Drama Department presents “All in the Timing” 8:00 - 10:30 p.m. Jones Theater

SIDELINE HTX UST Celts Men’s Basketball Jerabeck Center, 4000 Mt. Vernon

Feb. 7 | Celts vs. Our Lady of the Lake Feb. 9 | Celts vs. SW Assemblies of God

UST Lady Celts Basketball Jerabeck Center, 4000 Mt. Vernon

Feb. 7 | Celts vs. Our Lade of the Lake Feb. 9 | Celts vs. SW Assemblies of God

Houston Rodeo

Reliant Stadium, 8400 Kirby Drive

Feb. 24 - March 17 Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo

Houston Rockets (NBA) Toyota Center, 1510 Polk Street

Feb. 8 | Rockets vs. Portland Trailblazers Feb. 20 | Rockets vs. OKC Thunder

Vol. 5, Issue 8 The Summa - Feb. 7, 2013  

Vol. 5, Issue 8 - The Summa, the official student newspaper of the University of St. Thomas in Houston, Texas, USA.

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