GOOD INTENTIONS Avery Rogers argues how positive values can lead to opposing views
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The Stanford Daily t An Independent Publication
WEDNESDAY October 9, 2019
Volume 256 Issue 14
WORLD & NATION
Married on Sunday, fired on Monday Professor argues for LGBTQ rights before Supreme Court By GEORGIA ROSENBERG By EMMA TALLEY
Senior Albane Valenzuela (left) and Director of Operations Lauren Dobashi (right) discuss game strategy. Valenzuela’s most recent finish was third at the Molly College Invitational on Sep. 30 and 31 in Oregon.
THE BIG MATCH CARDINAL TO FACE CALIFORNIA IN WOODSIDE By JOSEPH ANDERSON Stanford men’s and women’s golf teams will merge their golfing prowess to tee off against the Cal Golden Bears in the much anticipated “Big Match” at the Menlo Country Club on Wednesday. In what will surely be another
chance to fuel the historic rivalry between Cal and Stanford, expect nothing short of a showdown as Stanford seeks revenge from last year’s down-to-the-wire loss. The battle wages on as each school will pair a man and a woman for a total of six teams to face off in a matchplay tournament.
Progress on GUP stalled
For the women’s head coach Anne Walker, “The Big Match” signifies a bit more than another chance to improve Stanford’s rankings. “We are very excited to play the second edition of the Big Match,”
Please see GOLF, page 8
Stanford Law Professor Pamela Karlan defended an interpretation of federal law that forbids job discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation before the U.S. Supreme Court on Tuesday morning. In her ninth appearance before the court, Karlan argued on behalf of plaintiffs Gerald Bostock and Donald Zarda, who both claim they were fired from their jobs because they are gay. Karlan’s oral argument was the first of the court’s new term. The case is a consolidation of two, Bostock v. Clayton County, Georgia and Altitude Express Inc. v. Zarda,both of which address the fundamental question as to whether Title VII’s prohibition of discrimination based on a person’s sex also includes sexual orientation. Following Karlan’s argument, the Court heard the case of R.G. Funeral Homes v. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, which considers whether Title VII includes employment protections for transgender individuals. “When an employer fires a male employee for dating men but does not fire female employees who date men, he violates Title VII,” opened Karlan. “The em-
How Stanford’s leave of absence policy is changing
Faculty and administrators voice concerns at recent county meeting
ployer has discriminated against the man because it treats that man worse than women who want to do the same thing. And that discrimination is because of sex.” With that argument, Karlan contended that the statute does not need to be updated by the legislature to include sexual orientation, but rather that it should be read and applied exactly as written. This reasoning is part of the plantiffs’ central argument that discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation cannot occur without a consideration of sex. “I think you should read the words exactly as they were understood then, which is ‘men’ and ‘women,’” Karlan said. “Title VII was intended to make sure that men were not disadvantaged relative to women and women were not disadvantaged relative to men.” The employers maintain that accepting this argument would effectively result in rewriting Title VII. They are not arguing that LGBTQ+ individuals do not deserve employment protections, but rather that this constitutes a legislative decision that falls outside of the court’s jurisdiction and should instead be left to Congress. When asked by Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg about how she would reply to the criticism that Congress was not considering sexual orientation when writing the
Please see SCOTUS, page 5
Senate on safety, 5-SURE Senators also discussed student engagement and accountability
By GRACE CARROLL By NICHOLAS MIDLER MAGAZINE EDITOR
By BROOKE BEYER As a stalemate drags on surrounding approval of Stanford’s 2018 General Use Permit (GUP), the University has doubled down on two points of contention with Santa Clara County. In a meeting with the County Board of Supervisors on Tuesday, the University denied that the county has the legal right to require the construction of over 2,000 housing units for GUP approval, and tied future GUP negotiations to the approval of a development agreement. Hanging in the balance of Stanford’s GUP application is 2.25 million square feet of new academic development, 2,600 student beds, thousands of new housing units and much of the University’s expansion plans for the next 16 years. Santa Clara County’s professional staff approved Stanford’s GUP on the condition that it fully mitigate the impacts of its expansion. Specifically, the new residents and traffic that expansion brings to the area must be offset by new housing units, rideshare programs and other benefits. The GUP outlines the terms of Stanford’s land use and expansion through 2035. Stanford submitted the new application in fall 2018 to replace the expiring agreement, which was approved in 2000. The costs of providing full mitigation are uncertain, but County Board of Supervisors President Joe Simitian M.A. ’00 brushed aside Stan-
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Facing accusations of discrimination against students with mental health disabilities, Stanford agreed to change its leave of absence policies in a settlement released Monday. The University had been embroiled in a yearlong class-action lawsuit on the issue. ford’s proposal for $4.7 billion, calling it inadequate. Simitians’ main objection to the plan was the number of housing units Stanford planned to build. Simitian objected to Stanford’s counting of housing projects initiated before the GUP process, such as Escondido Village, toward its total number of new units provided. Constructing new housing is the most expensive part of full mitigation, and is a major reason Stanford is now seeking a development agreement, according to Catherine Palter, Stanford’s associate vice president of land use and environmental planning. Other facets of a development agreement in-
clude additional investment from Stanford into the Palo Alto Unified School District and childcare services, both of which are intended to offset the impacts of the University’s planned expansion. “Any new development is exempt from property taxes,” said Redwood City Council member Janet Borgens at Tuesday’s meeting. “At the same time, [the county’s] need for education, its need for community services, its needs for public safety are all increasing because of new workers and students. Local governments will have
Please see GUP, page 5
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At its 8th meeting, the 21st Undergraduate Senate discussed initiatives to improve Senator efficiency and accountability, affirmed their continued support for Chanel Miller and considered additions to student safety service 5-SURE. Senator Micheal Brown ’22 proposed a resolution to require minimum engagement standards for Senators as part of a push to enhance accountability and communication amongst the Senate and student body. The resolution comes in response to questions of Senate productivity and the proposed transition towards more collaborative work in lieu of personal projects. Brown advocated for changes to Senate training. Traditionally, preparation for incoming Senators contained material on the independent “personal projects” which Senators undertook. “With the job of senator being to attend committees and responding to emails, the focus in training on personal projects does not prepare you for the
Please see SENATE, page 4
2 N Wednesday, October 9, 2019
The Stanford Daily
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Tension between someone’s own deep-seated values can make it difficult for that person to take a firm stance on any prominent issue in the Stanford community.
What do we really value? It’s important to recognize that opposing arguments can both come from good intentions By AVERY ROGERS STAFF WRITER
I’ve never been one to take strong stances on political issues. If there are arguments to be made on either side of a contentious topic,
I’m usually able to empathize enough with both viewpoints so as to temper my own leanings. I’m wary of absorbing my parents’ or peers’ values wholesale, and I’m much better at playing devil’s advocate than actually standing up for
any particular position. Recently, I’ve realized that my trouble with taking sides arises not so much from indecision, but rather a series of deep-seated value conflicts. If an issue has two (or more) sides, I’ve noticed, there is nearly
PATRICK MONREAL/The Stanford Daily
A total of 2,000 computer simulations were run to determine the fire risk of unread Stanford Daily copies, and the algorithm spit out the image shown above after completion of each simulation.
Daily papers cause fires Stanford University Fire Marshal’s Office issues a formal warning By AYUSH PANDIT STAFF WRITER
The Stanford Daily has been cited by the Stanford University Fire Marshal’s Office for distributing “highly flammable and hazardous materials across campus.” Referring to the “Amazon rainforest’s worth” of unread copies of the (esteemed? occasionally relevant?) publication that litters campus, the official citation comes after yet another close call with a dorm fire involving the newspaper. “I was just trying to get lit, and all of sudden, next thing I know, Uj is about to burn down!” explained an anonymous student at the site
of the incident. While attempting to “lighten up” the dorm, stray sparks from a student accidentally lit a copy of The Daily on fire, starting a chain reaction that quickly threatened to claim the dorm, which has had two other fires in the past year. “We had no idea there were that many copies of The Daily here, but I guess it makes sense. No one reads or gets rid of them, so they just kind of stack up,” a staff member explained. “Honestly, now that I think about it, the last time I’ve seen so many copies of The Daily disappear is when we had our last two fires.” Okada staff members disagree with the Fire Marshal’s assess-
ment. One Residential Assistant (RA) said, “Oh no, they’re totally right about it being a fire hazard, but that also has its advantages. Like the last time we made Korean BBQ, it really came in clutch! Those papers got the grill lit faster than lighter fluid. Now we actually actively keep issues around for the next time we’re grilling.” Stanford’s journalism faculty did not have as cheery an outlook on the citation. A faculty member who wished to remain anonymous responded to a request for comment saying, “I mean flammable or not, I think we can all agree
Please see FIRES, page 7
always a set of good values in tugof-war beneath the surface. Let’s take climate change, for example, since many people write off conflicts around this issue as science-believers versus science-deniers. These two groups, however,
are not homogeneous or completely value-aligned. Within the group who believes climate change is real and potentially catastrophic, there is still an inherent tension between
Please see VALUES, page 7
Wednesday, October 9, 2019 N 3
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ARTS & LIFE BOSP Photo Contest Winners: Urban & Natural World The Bing Overseas Studies Program (BOSP) announced the winners and honorable mentions for its 2018-19 photo contest. Over 140 photos were submitted from students in overseas seminars and faculty-initiated pro-
grams. Five winners and honorable mentions were selected in four categories. The Daily has printed the winner and honorable mention photo from each category, leading up to today. The final category is ‘Urban & Natural World.’
Resurfacing in ‘On the
Waterfront’ The film explores ambition and the quotidian By AMIR ABOU-JAOUDE SENIOR STAFF WRITER
D AVERY TALLMAN/Bing Overseas Studies Program
WINNER: ‘The Train Behind the Wall’ — Berlin, autumn 2018-19 seminar. Avery Tallman ’20 sees a fast-paced, modern-day city through remnants of the long-gone but unforgotten Berlin Wall.
Caroline Steyer/Bing Overseas Studies Program
HONORABLE MENTION: ‘The Climb!’ — South Africa seminar. This photo came after a 2-hour climb to the peak of Table Mountain, which stands high above Cape Town, South Africa’s capital.
irector Elia Kazan was not equivocal when asked about the meaning of his film “On the Waterfront.” Kazan had been a left-wing activist in his youth, and, in April 1952, he was called to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee, or HUAC. The leaders of HUAC were convinced that communists were ubiquitous, especially in the liberal entertainment industry. When he appeared before HUAC, Kazan offered the names of eight colleagues who had once been members of the communist party. HUAC determined that, because he had been a cooperative witness, Kazan could keep directing plays and films. The peers that he named, however, were promptly blacklisted. Kazan received sharp criticism for his actions, even from his closest friends. Arthur Miller had chosen Kazan to mount his most renowned play, “Death of a Salesman,” on Broadway. After Kazan’s testimony, Miller stopped speaking to him. The writer Budd Schulberg remained an ally, and two years later, Kazan collaborated with him to write “On the Waterfront.” In his autobiography, “A Life,” Kazan asserted that the movie was connected to his divisive testimony. “Every day I worked on that film,” he wrote, “I was telling the world where I stood and my critics to go and fuck themselves.”
A cursory summary of the plot seems to support Kazan’s claim. The film is set in Hoboken, where the mob has taken over the dockworker’s union. Ex-boxer Terry Malloy is a loyal operative in the corrupt organization who falls in love with the innocent Edie Doyle. The mob killed Edie’s brother, and she urges Terry to testify against it. It is easy to draw parallels between Terry and Kazan, between the mob and the leftist intelligentsia who castigated him. Still, Kazan’s testimony alone cannot explain its popular success and enduring appeal. “On the Waterfront” remains compelling because it explores the difficult dilemmas of pedestrian people. The renowned director Martin Scorsese recalls watching the movie in theaters during its initial release in 1954. As a teenager, he did not pick up on the film’s political commentary, but he felt the film had been “shot on Elizabeth Street, or Mott Street, or Mulberry Street,” in the New York City neighborhood where he lived at the time. Kazan and his designers had paid particular attention to detail — “the texture of the paint on the walls ... the bar, the shirt the bartender wears” were all familiar to Scorsese from quotidian experience. Certainly, some movies before “On the Waterfront” possessed a realist aesthetic. During the Depression, directors had not shied away from the hardscrabble existence of the everyman.
Please see WATERFRONT, page 5
4 N Wednesday, October 9, 2019
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OPINIONS The Stanford Daily
Vamsi Varanasi Established 1892
Bubbling Questions T How often do
onic water is one of the few tastes that I picked up while abroad at Oxford — Bartender Nick’s PS1.60 G&T’s at the OKB kicked up the class a tad on many a questionable Tuesday night. These days, I’m not pretentious enough to stock bottles of Fever Tree in my room, so airplane refreshments are just about the only time I get my fix. So begins our story. On my flight home the other day, American Airlines served me an abnormally fizzy tonic water. Like, ferociously fizzy. Not a shaken-upNatty fizzy, but an almost painful, carbon dioxide-saturated-Fourthof-July-in-your-mouth kind of fizzy. Think liquid Pop Rocks — I had to take a break after every few sips. As I sat mustering up the courage in between rounds, I started inspecting my plastic cup. It was textured, with little crags and crevices along the inside of the cup — perfect nucleation sites for bubbles to cling to. And cling they did, a constellation of them huddled like bats hanging onto the ceiling of a plastic cave. Every once in a while, a bubble would extricate itself from the pack and hurry up to the surface, where it would remain for a minute or so before the diffused out and the bubble vanished. Here’s where it got interesting. When two or more such bubbles were both on the surface, they acted like little homing missiles, zooming towards each other with preternatural intent. But they wouldn’t coalesce — no, they would all cluster, forming a small collection of bubbles all seemingly stuck together. The bubbles eventually diffused normally, winking away just as they would had they remained individually at the surface. Now, I understood nucleation, the process in which molecules “clump up” into a bubble: a hydrophobic molecule prefers to fraternize with another molecule or the nonpolar plastic cup over the highly polar water. I understood why bubbles then detach from the surface (minute vibrations and perturbations from the environment decrease contact area with the plastic), rise to the surface (gaseous CO2is far less dense than water), and finally diffuse out into the atmosphere (Are you still reading? If the science bores you, push on — perhaps you’ll be inclined to loop back once you’ve read to the end). But for the life of me, I couldn’t figure out why these bubbles attracted each other the way they did. I must’ve looked crazy, staring intently at my drink for twenty minutes, my mania cut short only by the flight attendant’s nudge to fasten my seatbelt for landing. Only once I’d been shaken from my reverie did I realize how out of place that experience was for me. And I study physics — a discipline whose adherents profess to seek to explain the world around them (and venerate those who have mastered the art). But my education has instead largely consisted of slogging
SENATE Continued from front page job,” Brown said. “It’s important that we are approachable and able to be held accountable,” Senate Chair Munira Alimere ’22 added. Alimere suggested the implementation of Senate office hours in campus community centers in order to remove the distance between the Senate and the student body. Community engagement was a focus of the resolution. Senator Martin Altenburg `22 advocated for “wider perspective on students at Stanford.” Senators discussed specific measures, such as requiring members to attend a certain number of critical University events each quarter and ensuring Senators submit updates to be published at specific intervals which would be determined by the Senate. However, Senator Sarah Saboorian ’22 raised the question of enforcement, pointing out that the only punishment is complete removal from the Senate. If a Senator failed to submit a resolution, for example, they would not be punished until the end of their term, at which point such punishment would not hold meaning. The Senate voted to push this resolution to next week for further deliberation. Senator Mustafa Khan ’22 pro-
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posed his bill to fund a newly developed ASSU-5 SURE mobile application SafetyNet which aims to improve campus safety and increase 5 SURE services. “The idea is to get awareness about this out,” Khan explained. The bill proposes funding to support the app’s development and server costs with the goal of increasing student use of the service. However, there were doubts about the app’s effect on 5-SURE’s efficiency, seeing as the service is already understaffed. The app would not solve the issue of lack of 5SURE drivers, and would potentially exacerbate this issue. While Senators disagreed about the long-term effectiveness of the app, they reached a consensus that greater efforts should be made to enhance campus safety through community programs. The Senate decided to push this bill to their next meeting, though the app has already launched. The Senate also reaffirmed their continued support for survivor Chanel Miller, proposing the bill as a statement to the Faculty Senate and university at large. “We are urging the provost to issue an official apology and instate the quote suggested by Chanel Miller,” said ASSU Executive Erica Scott ’20. The bill reiterates calls for the addition of a quote from Miller’s victim impact statement to the oncampus memorial plaque. The Senate also discussed the
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through nasty integrals to solve contrived problems rather than endeavoring to learn about the world. If this is the status quo in physics, the discipline that self-identifies as looking to explain things, I can’t imagine that other disciplines without this explicit primary focus do much better. As such, the classical technical education focuses on teaching techniques that can be used to study the world, without digging into not only how they manifest in real life (a common complaint), but why we should care to study the world in the first place. While a liberal arts education professes to equip students with an appreciation of the humanistic world around them, there is little focus on building an appreciation (not just an “understanding”, whatever that may mean!) of the physical one. So why should we, college educated youth, by and large with the privilege and energy to be curious, be curious? When was the last time you thought about bubbles? Not cultural theory, or your favorite sorting algorithm, but plain old bubbles? Broadly, how often do you notice the little things, those enriching details about our physical world that make life more vivid? Are you inured to their existence, or instead, when something catches your eye, do you want to know how it works? Why? Hell, do you want to want to know? At the crux of it all is our valuation of curiosity without any instrumentalist justification. And joined at the hip, our valuation of truth (and our valuation of knowledge of truth, yada, yada). Macroscopic physical truths, the kind we can observe with the naked eye, are as close to universal as truths get — within the right limits, the sky is blue everywhere in the world. Millennia of philosophers have devised and revised theories for why we should seek out absolute truths of all kinds, and to be honest, I haven’t read any of them. Instead, in the spirit of curiosity, I’ve simply thought about it. Specifically, I’ve wondered (in an attempt to dodge the weightier general arguments for the pursuit of any arbitrary truths): why pursue insignificant, irrelevant truths, explanations for phenomena which have little conse-
you notice the little things ... that make life more vivid?
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quence to your daily life? My working theory is as follows: why do people climb mountains, or seek vistas when they sightsee? Beyond showing you how small you are in the grand scheme of things, a vista allows you to zoom in and out of a landscape, honing in on how features fit into a swath of our world. Common to all humans, exposure to and appreciation of intricacy drives the experience of beauty. Noticing details about our universe essentially entails gaining a perspective on the beautiful intricacy weaved into our very existence. And just as understanding the technique behind an elaborate painting leads to a deeper appreciation of the detailing, so too does understanding, the explanation, the second layer of cu-
riosity. Further, the deeper level of understanding permits synthesis — a view of how disparate paintings (and, by analogy, physical phenomena) utilize similar techniques (physical processes) to excite the similar effects in viewers (similar physical behavior). Such unity is beautiful, too. We are, or rather should be, curious, because curiosity reveals such beauty, and appreciation of beauty is a source of happiness. As are an infinite number of phenomena one could be curious about, curiosity is a master key that unlocks a bottomless reservoir of potential joy. Now, I’m aware that there holes in my reasoning that I haven’t figured out yet. I’ve identified for myself that intricacy and unity are vec-
tors of beauty and beauty drives happiness, but haven’t wrapped my head around how. Maximizing happiness is also an instrumentalist justification for curiosity (it’s a result, after all!), but definitely of a different sort than the I-want-to-learnabout-things-so-I-can-build-usefulstuff mentality we often find around here. I’m sure some answers to my ponderings lie in musty philosophy books. Regardless, I’m still digesting this, and if you’ve made it this far, I hope you are too. But maybe you’ve got it all figured out. If so, or (especially!) if you can explain how those damn bubbles work, drop me a line.
resignation of Senator Joshua Pe and considered the addition of a 15th Senator as a replacement, perhaps a current member of the Senate Associate Program. The bill will be discussed further and finalized next week. While the Senate did not move to
vote on any of the new resolutions discussed during the meeting, they did pass bills deliberated upon at their last meeting, including those regarding improving communication with the student body, facilitating respectful on-campus political movements and improving the func-
tion of the appropriations committee and personal projects. “The work that we will do will change the Senate for a very long time,” concluded Alimire.
Contact Vamsi Varanasi at vamsijv @stanford.edu.
Contact Brooke Beyer at bbeyer@ stanford.edu.
BROOKE BEYER/The Stanford Daily
Senators discussed improvements to accountability and campus safety and reaffirmed their support for Chanel Miller’s words to be featured on a memorial plaque on campus. Senators also reflected on the role of Senate.
Wednesday, October 9, 2019 N 5
The Stanford Daily POLICE BLOTTER: OCT. 1 – OCT. 7 By SOPHIE REGAN STAFF WRITER
This report covers a selection of incidents from Oct. 1 to Oct. 7 as recorded in the Stanford University Department of Public Safety (SUDPS) bulletin.
TUESDAY, OCT. 1 I Between
3:20 and 3:34 p.m., a vehicle parked on Constanzo St. near Campus Drive was burglarized. I Between 1:30 and 3:15 p.m., a vehicle parked on Lomita Drive was burglarized. I Between 10:30 a.m. and 9 p.m., a bike was stolen from outside of Junipero in Wilbur Hall. I At an unknown time, there was an incident of criminal impersonation through an internet website in Junipero in Wilbur Hall.
THURSDAY, OCT. 3 I Between 5 p.m. Oct. 1 and 11 a.m.
Oct. 3, a bike was stolen from outside of the Rains Apartment Complex. I Between 3 and 3:45 p.m., a vehicle parked on Palm Drive was burglarized.
FRIDAY, OCT. 4 I Around
12:21 p.m., a grand theft occurred at Tresidder Memorial Union. I Between 12:30 and 1:20 p.m., a bike was stolen from outside of Schiff House.
GUP Continued from front page less money than ever. Stanford properties are exempt by law, and until that law is changed we need to hold non-property-tax-payers and developers accountable for their development.” Redwood City Vice Mayor Diane Howard also attended the meeting to speak to the issues that could arise with the approval of the GUP. “There is a crisis in our community due to the lack of childcare spaces available to families and the rising cost of childcare,” she said. “By adding 5,500 new jobs, Stanford will dramatically increase demand for childcare. Those demands will not be met solely on their campus and will exacerbate the crisis that already exists.” “We are committed to a process whereby the County and Stanford work together to deliver muchneeded housing for the region,” wrote Robert Reidy, Stanford’s vice president for land, buildings, and real estate, in a letter to the county. “To do that, we respectfully request that we meet regularly to discuss a collaborative development agreement which can be the vehicle to deliver this housing.” A development agreement codifies what Stanford would build, preventing the addition of any new requirements from the county while the GUP is in place. Palter said Stanford is seeking a development agreement because it is planning to front-load many of the community mitigation benefits the county recommended. “Such an Agreement will enable us to satisfy the County’s requests and provide the kinds of significant benefits our neighbors seek,” Palter wrote in a letter to the Board. “In return, Stanford receives the predictability that a Development Agreement affords.” The lack of such an agreement continued to be a major point of contention throughout the Oct. 8 meeting. At the board’s previous meeting, on Sept. 24, Stanford had threatened to withdraw its GUP permit if the University wasn’t granted a development agreement. Stanford currently has five separate development agreements in place with neighboring cities, but the current GUP does not encompass such an agreement. “Stanford did not seek a development agreement in 2000 because we were not asked at that time to provide benefits outside our aca-
8:45 a.m., there was an act of vandalism at Escondido Village Studio 6. I At 11:40 p.m., someone was cited for disorderly conduct near the Sigma Nu fraternity house.
SATURDAY, OCT. 5 I At
12:10 a.m., someone was cited for disorderly conduct near the Sigma Nu fraternity house. I At 12:10 a.m., someone was cited for disorderly conduct near the Sigma Nu fraternity house. I Between 10:30 a.m. and 12:45 p.m., a vehicle parked on Palm Drive was burglarized. I Between 2:40 and 4:10 p.m., a vehicle parked on Palm Drive was burglarized.
Despite director Elia Kazan’s controversial testimony to the House Un-American Activities Committee, he went on to create ‘On the Waterfront,’ which examines the cost of rising and returning to the top.
SUNDAY, OCT. 6 I An incident of sexual battery took
place in or around the Sigma Nu House. The incident was reported at 1:40 a.m. I Between 9 p.m. Oct. 5 and 9 a.m. Oct. 6, there was a burglary at the Sigma Nu house. I At 3:40 p.m. there was an instance of soliciting lewd conduct at Green Library.
MONDAY, OCT. 7 I Between
12:01 a.m. Oct. 6 and 10:30 a.m. Oct. 7, a bike was stolen from outside of Florence Moore Hall.
Contact Sophie Regan at sregan20 @stanford.edu. demic mission anywhere near the magnitude that we are being asked to provide today,” Palter told the board during the Oct. 8 meeting. The county’s professional staff approved the GUP but recommended a series of mitigation measures Stanford should commit to before the Board of Supervisors gave final approval. The development agreement clearly outlines what expansion and mitigation measures Stanford will perform, ensuring no changes are made to planning permits. The flexibility that the GUP provides allows the university to develop new facilities that can meet academic and scientific innovations as they arise over the next few decades. Chester Graham, dean of the School of Earth, Energy & Environmental Sciences, addressed the board in support of the GUP. Graham referenced the research that Stanford conducts on climate issues directly impacting citizens of the county, such as wildfire prevention, sea level rise and water shortages. “We seek to bring truly impactful sustainability benefits to the country, the state, the country and the world,” Graham said. “To do this, we will need to build new laboratories, teaching facilities, and spaces to convene the community partnerships.” Frank M. Longo, chair of the Department of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, also attended the meeting in support of the GUP. Longo spoke to the importance of the “reliable development plan” that the permit affords Stanford faculty. He implored the board to consider the cutting-edge healthcare that these doctors and researchers provide to surrounding communities. “If I can’t recruit or retain [faculty], other universities around the country will be happy to solve my problem,” he said. “Those faculty will be okay — they’ll end up at other universities. The people who won’t be okay are the ones living in this county. I’m here representing them. Please don’t let these patients and families down.” The Board of Supervisors is scheduled to begin its decisionmaking process after the final public hearing on Nov. 5. However, without an official development agreement in place, Stanford’s Office of Government and Community Relations is hesitant to confirm that this will be an adequate time frame. Contact Grace Carroll at firstname.lastname@example.org and Nicholas Midler at email@example.com.
GRACE CARROLL/The Stanford Daily
The General Use Permit (GUP) lays out the guidelines of Stanford’s use of land, campus growth and engagement with the surrounding community. Stanford submitted a new GUP application in 2018.
WATERFRONT Continued from page 3 In postwar Italy, filmmakers employed non-actors to better capture the circumstances of the commoner. Still, “On the Waterfront” was made in America during the prosperous 1950s. Kazan’s commitment to realism was unusual. Seeing the film, Scorsese realized that “the character of Terry Malloy was very close to people [he] knew, people lived with.” For all his screen presence, Marlon Brando does play Malloy as an ordinary guy. He comfortably uses the colloquial speech of the dockworkers, he maintains an amicable facade and his eyes light up when he sees the pretty Edie flitting by. Yet, Brando also indicates that Malloy is consumed with resentment and regret. Once, he was a boxer, fit, sleek, and quick on his feet. After losing a pivotal match, Malloy retired and is now a stooge for the mob. Malloy unleashes his fury in the film’s famous taxicab scene. His brother futilely tries to convince him that he should not take a stand
against the mob. His boxing history comes up during the conversation. Malloy reveals that he missed his chance because the mob bosses forced him to throw the fight. As he reveals this information, crucial to his character, Brando’s eyes narrow and burn. His gestures become tense and erratic. At this moment, screenwriter Schulberg allows Brando to deliver one of the most memorable monologues in cinema. “I coulda been a contender,” he explains. “I coulda been somebody, instead of a bum, which is what I am, let’s face it.” These words have been endlessly quoted, but they are quintessential to the power of “On the Waterfront.” Not only does the film take place in a mundane milieu, but it is peopled with bums. Early in the film, mob boss Johnny Friendly proudly recounts his ascent to prominence. Lee J. Cobb, who plays Friendly, could masterfully portray the pathetic. After all, he originated the role of Willy Loman, the saddest salesman in the annals of art. Cobb’s frantic, self-promoting account makes us realize that Friendly is no supervillain, just an undistinguished crook. Malloy’s brother is content to be Friendly’s second-
in-command. His complacency is unsurprising. Even the parish priest doubts whether he can make a difference in the community. Of course, by testifying, Malloy does become a contender. In the film’s thrilling conclusion, he is enshrined as a hero of his time. Yet, his return to preeminence is not as simple as it appears to be. By the end of the movie, Malloy has destroyed what little influence Friendly had. While the priest and Edie convinced Malloy to speak out, they are sidelined in the film’s final seconds. Though Malloy can call himself a contender, he will never enter the ring again. He has become a contender in another arena, and New Jersey state politics are much less glamorous than the prizefight. Kazan sold the film short in his assessment. Even if he refused to consider the consequences of his own testimony, “On the Waterfront” forces us to reflect on the repercussions of rising back to the top. The film is an uncompromising examination of the every day and the price of striving to be somebody. Contact Amir Abou-Jaoude at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Students in Karlan’s undergraduate Thinking Matters course, “Justice and the University,” witnessed her preparations for the Supreme Court in a mock court last week. While Karlan argued before the court this week, decisions are not to be released until summer 2020.
SCOTUS Continued from front page Civil Rights Act in 1964, Karlan argued that the “Court has recognized again and again forms of sex discrimination that were not in Congress’s contemplation in 1964.” Gerald Bostock worked as a child-welfare-services coordinator for Clayton County, Georgia, where he headed a program that recruited volunteers to support abused and neglected children in the juvenile court system. He claims that he was fired after joining a gay softball league, though the county maintains that it fired Bostock following an audit of the volunteer program. “Within months of [my joining a gay softball league] the negative comments started surfacing about my sexual orientation ... and weeks later, I’m fired,” Bostock recalled. Donald Zarda was a sky-diving instructor who believed he was fired after he told a female customer to whom he was closely strapped for a tandem jump not to worry because he was gay. Zarda has since passed away, but the court will still consider his case alongside Bostock’s. “We’re in the situation now where in too many parts of the country, a gay or lesbian individual can marry their partner on Sunday, legally, and be fired for their sexual orientation on Monday,” said Thomas Mew, one of Bostock’s lawyers. While some states do protect against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation, this case in-
tends to establish a federal standard. Mew described how inconsistent lower court decisions on Title VII have prevented a uniform standard of protection from being established. Karlan is no stranger to the American court system. She previously clerked for Judge Abraham D. Sofaer of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York and for U.S. Supreme Court Justice Harry A. Blackmun. This fall, Professor Karlan is also teaching the undergraduate Thinking Matters course, “Justice and the University,” alongside her work at the Law School. Students in the course saw Karlan prepare for her argument in a staged moot court last week. “I found Professor Karlan’s logic and reasoning really interesting, and the way that she refuted claims was incredible to watch” said Esteban Cambronero Saba ’23. Saba’s classmate Campbell Jenkins echoed a similar sentiment, saying that he admired Karlan’s “gift of being able to present extremely complicated and nuanced ideas into digestible packages for a broader audience.” Before the case arrived at the Supreme Court, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit ruled in favor of Clayton County. When the court for the 2nd Circuit ruled in favor of Zarda, Bostock’s lawyers petitioned the court to look at Zarda’s case. The two cases were subsequently combined. “We know from history that cases are more likely to be accepted by the [Supreme] Court when there is a split among the circuits,” Mew explained. Karlan joined the Zarda team
when the case was being appealed. Bostock and Zarda’s legal teams began working together when the Supreme Court decided to consolidate the cases. Karlan and her fellow attorneys know that they need to flip at least one of the court’s five conservative seats in order to gain a majority vote. All eyes will likely be on Chief Justice John Roberts, commonly regarded as the court’s ideological center. Justices Brett Kavanaugh and Neil Gorsuch, both recent Trump appointees, will also be closely watched. The Trump administration recently stated that the court should determine discrimination based on sex does not include sexual orientation. The case has taken on a life of its own in popular media, with several LGBTQ+ celebrities speaking out about its national implications. Laverne Cox, star of Netflix’s Orange is the New Black,wore a purse in reference to the case at the 2019 Emmy Awards. The court’s opinion is anticipated to be released in the summer or spring of 2020, rendering the case a potential point of relevance in the upcoming presidential election. While today’s case is extremely personal to him, Bostock recognizes that its implications extend far beyond Clayton County. “Though I didn’t ask for this, somebody needed to face this issue head on, and right now I’ll be the one to do it, because I don’t want anyone else to have to experience what I have over the course of the last six years of my life,” he said. Contact Georgia Rosenberg at email@example.com and Emma Talley at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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SPORTS BAY AREA SPLASH TOP-RANKED STANFORD TO FACE SANTA CLARA
By JEREMY RUBIN The newly minted No. 1 men’s water polo team (11-1, 0-0 MPSF) will look to retain its rank atop the Collegiate Water Polo Association
(CWPA) against Santa Clara (8-4, 00 MPSF) on Wednesday. The Cardinal are a perfect 4-0 on the road and are winners of their last six straight matches. These recent victories came
against many quality opponents, including No. 2 UCLA and twice against No. 3 Pacific. Junior driver Tyler Abramson and sophomore two-meter defender AJ Rossman each scored three goals in the most
recent victory, which was a hardfought, come-from-behind 11-8 win against Pacific. After falling behind early in the game, the Cardinal stormed back, buoyed by five goals in the second quarter. Five other
Senior driver Bennett Williams (above) and the rest of the high powered Stanford will take on Santa Clara on Wednesday afternoon with hopes of continuing their six-game win streak. Williams scored one goal in the Cardinal’s 11-8 victory over No. 3 University of the Pacific on Sunday.
players each scored one goal apiece. Against Santa Clara, the team has a perfect 19-0 record dating back to 2004. Throughout this stretch of dominance, Stanford has scored an average of 17.74 points per match. Last season’s 19-6 victory was led by now-senior driver Bennett Williams’ five goals and Abramson’s four. Both players remain on Stanford’s roster and continue to play key roles for the Cardinal offense. As a team this year, Stanford’s potent offense has racked up 203 goals in 12 games, good for an average of just under 17 goals per game. The stifling Cardinal defense has also been in peak form all season, allowing 7.25 goals per game. Senior goalkeeper Andrew Chun has averaged 9.5 saves per game over the six-game winning streak. After losing to No. 4 UC Santa Barbara on Sept. 20, the Cardinal have been on a roll. After dropping from the No. 1 position earlier in the season, this week Stanford regained its place atop the rankings in the most recent CWPA poll. Santa Clara has won each of its last four matches and in the most recent two, scored 17 and 18 goals, respectively. Senior utility player Ryan Werner dominated in both contests, scoring a combined eight goals by himself. However, he, and the rest of the Broncos offense, will have their hands full against Stanford’s defense. The Bay area clash begins at 4 p.m. on Wednesday at Santa Clara. Contact Jeremy Rubin at jjmrubin @stanford.edu.
INSIDE THE NFL
McCaffrey puts on a show Former Cardinal breaks Panthers franchise record By SHAN REDDY DESK EDITOR
You couldn’t go anywhere near sports Twitter this past weekend without seeing highlights of the best active player in the NFL to have come through Stanford all over your feed. Carolina Panthers running back Christian McCaffrey ’18 put on a stunning performance against the feeble Jacksonville Jaguars defense on Sunday that has put him solidly in the MVP conversation. He racked up an absolutely incredible 176 yards and two touchdowns rushing along with 61 yards and a touchdown receiving, tying his own franchise record with 237 total yards from scrimmage. On the Panthers’ first offensive play of the second half, McCaffrey exploded for an 84-yard touchdown run to put Carolina up two scores. The run was the longest by a Panthers player in franchise history. McCaffrey has had a historic start to the NFL season, and has racked up more yards himself (866) than the entire New York Jets offense (718) so far. He’s on pace to have 2,771 yards from scrimmage, a mark which would break Chris Johnson’s record of 2,509 set 10 years ago. McCaffrey now tops all NFL running backs in just about every statistical category: rushing yards (587), carries (105), yards per game (117.4) and carries per game (21.0). Putting on another strong performance this week was McCaffrey’s former teammate, Houston Texans safety Justin Reid. Reid helped lead a Texans secondary that did their best to slow down All-Pro Falcons receiver Julio Jones, who was held to just three catches for 42 yards on the day. Reid racked up eight tackles, adding to a season total of 32 good for third-highest among all NFL safeties this season. This week saw another strong performances from Stanford’s top-two NFL tight ends: Philadelphia Eagles All-Pro Zach Ertz ’13 and Atlanta Falcons third-rounder Austin Hooper ’17. Ertz led the Eagles in receiving yards (57) on Sunday en route to a crushing 31-6 victory over the Jets, also grabbing a touchdown to end the first half. Hooper backed up a career performance last weekend with another strong day, leading the Falcons in receptions (6) on a team-high nine targets. Ertz and Hooper now rank fourth and second, respectively, in receptions by a tight end this season. Perhaps the weekend’s most unexpected and
Please see MCCAFFREY, page 8
Junior Axel Geller (left) and sophomore Alexandre Rotsaert (right) are Stanford men’s tennis’ top returning players. The duo were exceptional individually in singles and in doubles. They ended the 2018-2019 season ranked No. 21 in the nation in doubles.
Season opener in Oklahoma By SAVANNA STEWART STAFF WRITER
While the Cardinal women opened their 2019-20 tennis season with competition in Malibu at the Women’s Collegiate Classic and in Moraga at the Saint Mary’s Invitational last weekend, Stanford men’s tennis will kick the season off on Wednesday at the ITA All-American Championships in Tulsa, Oklahoma. At last year’s tournament, then-sophomore Axel Geller was the last standing of the Cardinal. He edged out Texas’ Christian Sigsgaard (6-2, 7-5) and Florida’s No. 20 Oliver Crawford (6-7(2), 6-4, 7-5) in a threeset comeback before falling to Georgia’s No 38. Emil Reinburg (6-3, 6-3) in the quarterfinals. Teammate and then-freshman Alexandre Rotsaert was victorious in four matches
of his own, three of which took place in the qualifying singles rounds. In the first round of the Singles Main Draw, Rotsaert secured a win over Wake Forest’s Melios Efstathiou (7-5, 6-4) but was unable to replicate his success in a second-round match against Texas A&M’s Valentin Vacherot, who defeated Rotsaert (6-4, 6-3). Geller and Rotsaert’s successes as young players continued throughout a large portion of the 2018-2019 season, though Geller missed two matches due to an injury. As a doubles duo, the two fought their way to a 13-7 overall record, while snagging the No. 21 ranking in the ITA poll. Both Geller and Rotsaert boasted intimidating singles records as well, with Rotsaert ending the season at No. 63 and Geller never dipping below No. 15. From last season, the Cardinal men graduated two seniors, Sameer Kumar ’19
and Michael Genender ’19. Throughout his Cardinal career, Kumar acquired an impressive 46 dual-match victories, tied for the 32nd-most in program history; he was also selected as the Pac-12 Scholar-Athlete of the Year in 2018 and served as the team’s captain last season. Stanford men’s tennis also adds freshmen Filip Kolasinski and Neel Rajesh to the roster this year. In 2018, Rajesh claimed the title of USTA Boys’ 18 National Clay Court champion andlooks to add strong depth to the Stanford roster this season. While the pre-qualifying and qualifying rounds of the ITA American Championships began on Saturday and Monday, respectively, Main Draw action commences on Wednesday in Tulsa. Contact Savanna Stewart at savnstew@ stanford.edu.
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VALUES Continued from page 2 climate protection and human development and flourishing. Very few people actually fall entirely on the side of climate protection (i.e. wishing that the human race would go extinct to protect the planet), and few also align purely with the human development side (i.e. “climate change may be real, but let’s burn fossil fuels forever anyway”). Most people fall somewhere in the middle: they want people to be healthy and taken care of, but they also want to put some protections in place to avoid the worst consequences of climate change. They want developing countries to raise living standards without doubling the amount of fossil fuels consumed globally. Most people are navigating a tricky balancing act between climate protection and
human well-being. And until we have perfect substitutes for fossil fuels, plastics and other environmental irritants, the value conflict will continue to play out, often unacknowledged, underneath debates about carbon taxes, clean energy standards, global development and other climate-adjacent arenas. When it comes to climate change, what do I believe? Where do I fall on the spectrum between climate protection and human needs? I honestly have no idea. I don’t know exactly how much environmental damage I’d be willing to accept to bring reliable electricity and sanitation to the poorest parts of the world. I don’t know how much technological progress I would give up to save a species of endangered mollusk. I ran the same thought experiment across many of today ’s pressing issues: wealth inequality and the social safety net, education, immigration, even abortion. I
hoped that some universal value might jump out, some utilitarian principle by which to calibrate all my opinions. In doing so, I discovered something surprising: I don’t even know what values I’d want to permeate in an ideal world, let alone the one we’re dealing with. Would I want us to have a maximally happy world? Not if it was achieved by implanting electrodes in the pleasure-producing parts of our brains. What about a maximally equal world? Certainly there is a strong tension between equality and fairness (equal pay for equal work requires that everyone does equal work). A world without pain? No, because pain often brings meaning to our lives. I don’t have a proper answer to this question, but rather hope that you, too, perform this exercise. Think about issues around you and what deeper values, all wellintentioned, are at work in bringing about the tension. Consider what might be your
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Most of all, think about how others might come to a different conclusion with good minds and hearts. closest-held values and how they work against each other. If nothing else, this is an exercise of empathy: an understanding of how wellmeaning people might so vehemently disagree on important issues. As children, we are led to believe that all of the good values and morals we are taught can coexist harmoniously in our daily lives and our societies. This implies that people who disagree
with us hold bad values and morals since anyone who shares our values should share our vision of society. This simply isn’t true, and accepting the premise of total value-harmony is sickening to us and to society. So be thoughtful about what your values are, why you hold them and any strange cases (e.g. brain electrodes) that would make you change them. Think about situations in which
fuse and an overpowering lack of relevance. This may finally be that missing factor.” When asked about the potential consequences of further distribution of copies of The Daily, the school recommended that the print copies be replaced with town criers at each dorm. The Daily did, in fact, respond to a request for comments, supplying many, most of which cannot be printed. The Daily also warned the fire marshal that they check under their pillow for stray flammable copies tonight. In response to Stanford’s School of Journalism, The Daily said they had no regrets in rejecting a certain faculty member’s undergraduate application in ?88, and that it was the only rejection they had on record. Finally, in response to all other
Continued from page 2 that The Daily is a hazardous material. Half amateur rejected Buzzfeed pitches, half overly pretentious elucidation of trite observations — it doesn’t take a mathematician to realize there’s no room in that pamphlet for real journalistic value.” The School of Earth, Energy, and Environmental Sciences also expressed their concerns about the citation: “For some time now, we’ve been trying to isolate the key factors in Stanford’s environmental impact, and have always been stuck on a mysterious final term in the equation. This term is linked to wildfires, massive paper re-
your ideals oppose each other and how you reconcile them. And, most of all, think about how others might come to a different conclusion with good minds and hearts, and how we might all use conversations about deeper values to propel our society in a more productive, empathetic, self-aware direction. Contact Avery Rogers at firstname.lastname@example.org.
“haters,” The Daily suggested they [redacted]. On a more conciliatory note, to the larger Stanford community, The Daily announced it started a partnership with Chase Bank to look into strategies for responsibly eliminating unread paper content, including newspapers as well as $650 When You Sign Up Today Credit Card offers. With these initiatives, it hopes campus will become a safer — even if less informed — place. Editor’s Note: This article is purely satirical and fictitious. All attributions in this article are not genuine and this story should be read in the context of pure entertainment only. Contact Ayush Pandit at email@example.com.
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MCCAFFREY Continued from page 6 dominating performance came on Monday night at the unrelenting hands of the San Francisco 49ers, who beat down a Cleveland Browns team that looked like a true throwback to their historically horrible teams of earlier this decade. After going three-and-out on their first drive of the game, former numberone-overall pick Baker Mayfield led the Browns to a quick 15-second drive that was cut short by former Cardinal defensive back and NFL All-Pro Richard Sherman ’10, who put on a showing for the 49ers in front of their home crowd. Sherman locked down Browns receiver Odell Beckham Jr. all game long, holding the former Offensive Rookie of the Year to just two catches for 27 yards. With “Run CMC” leading the way, Stanford’s small but mighty contingent of players in the NFL continues to thrive. Contact Shan Reddy at rsreddy@ stanford.edu.
DAVID T. FOSTER III/Charlotte Observer/TNS
Carolina Panthers running back Christian McCaffrey (22) finds running room against the Jacksonville Jaguars on Oct. 6 at Bank of America Stadium in Charlotte, N.C. The Panthers won the game 34-27. McCaffrey tallied 237 all-purpose yards, breaking a Panthers franchise record.
GOLF Continued from front page said Walker. “It is a unique format in college golf, pairing men’s and women’s players together. The long-standing school rivalry between Cal and Stanford never fails to produce drama, which will make for an exciting afternoon.” Stanford women’s golf returns to the green following a decisive first-place victory at the Molly College Invitational on Oct. 1. Leading the Cardinal is senior Andrea Lee, the No. 1 amateur golfer in the world, whose last win set the Stanford record for career women’s golf titles. Following second and third-place respective finishes at The Molly, reigning Pac12 Golfer of the Year Albane Valenzuela ’20 and the promising freshman Angelina Ye provide the one-two-three punch necessary to remain the presumptive favorites in
“The long-standing school rivalry between Cal and Stanford never fails to produce drama.” — ANNE WALKER, women’s head coach this matchup. As for the Bears, they will be looking to rebound from their secondto-last finish as a team at the same invitational. With their sights set on yet another title run this year, the Cardinal men return to Menlo Country Club under the stewardship of head coach Conrad Ray. The tandem for the defending NCAA champions will certainly be in full force behind the swinging power of the returning senior David Snyder and sophomore Ethan Ng. Snyder, who tied for fourth at The Nike Collegiate Invitational will look to make the case for Stanford’s continued dominance in the sport. Seeking to replicate the performance from his
first-ever top-20 tourney finish, Ng will get a chance to go head-to-head in matchups against Cal rivals like James Song, who earned three top20 finishes for Cal as a freshman last season. There should be no shortage of swings for Wednesday’s Big Match. And in the event that the match does not come down to a nail-biting final put, we can enjoy a championship showcasing of the combined forces of Stanford’s men’s and women’s golf teams. Juniors Ziyi Wang and David Snyder begin the battle royale against Cal’s Cooper Hunt and Sophia Lundell at 11:45 a.m. PT. Contact Joseph Anderson at firstname.lastname@example.org.