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SEPT/OCT 2012 P R O M O T I N G T H E S T A F F O R D S H I R E B U L L T E R R I E R VOL 3 ISSUE #5 FREE

The Stafford Knot,

Inc.

The Stafford Knot promotes Health Tested Staffords while benefiting Stafford Rescues Worldwide

Cover Story on Page 4

TSK PHOTO CONTEST WINNERS PAGE 4

THE SPORTING BULL & TERRIER KLUB POLSKA     PAGE 10

FEATURED

KARYN DAWES TRIBUTE PAGE 14

DEMODEX Q&A PAGE 30

PROGRESSION IN ANIMAL/ HUMAN BEHAVIOUR

PAGE 36

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

BRAGS

HEALTH TESTING INFO

‘DISGUSTED’

PAGE 45

PAGE 46

PAGE 40

RESCUES

PAGE 48


The Stafford Knot Behind the Scenes If you are interested in securing a future cover on The Stafford Knot please contact us for details. Stud Gallery Page 50 Classifieds Page 53 Breeder Directory page 54 Illustrated Breed Standard page 56 & scattered throughout issue Back Issues page 71

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All historical and/or current photos and articles used in this publication were sent to us by our readers unless otherwise stated. In such instances all permissions were acquired prior to publication. We take no responsibility for use of images widely available on the internet or sent to us by owners or breeders of dogs mentioned in this publication. If you wish to have photo credit given it is the responsibility of the photographer to send to us in writing during the current issue publication your wish and we will do our best to accommodate with no guarantees. The Stafford Knot offers WORLDWIDE Publication 24/7 Accessibility, No Waiting For Delivery! DIRECT DISTRIBUTION to Stafford Judges Worldwide No PAID Subscriptions needed!

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Sr. Editor , Creative Director Columnist Columnist Administrator Article Contribution sales@thestaffordknot.com

Special thank you goes to those selfless people who assist with Stafford rescues on a regular basis - if you can help transport, foster, donate or adopt - there is sadly always a need! TSK is here to raise funds to aid in these rescues. Please be a part of the solution! We welcome Fundraiser representatives and article contributions from interested parties. Please contact us if for more information how you can get involved. Thank you also to our Rescue Coordinators Worldwide The Stafford Knot, Inc. is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected & cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of The Stafford Knot, Inc. Thank you. Contact Us TSK benefits Stafford rescue worldwide Š 2009 - 2012 BrownDog Design


Placing an ad on TSK is as easier than ever! SIX ISSUES PER CALENDAR YEAR

Click Here for Advertising FORM Fill out form, pay and upload photos & health certificates all at once!

ADVERTISING RATES MAY CHANGE AT OUR DISCRETION PLEASE SUPPORT TSK AND SUPPORT STAFFORD RESCUE!

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You do not need a Paypal account.

HEALTH@THESTAFFORDKNOT.COM

Advertising Rates Effective thru December 2012 Questions? Email us! Payment in full, all images, logos, health testing scans and text must be received no later than the 1st of the month prior to next issue or your ad will not run! REMEMBER: The better your images the better your ad will be! YOU will be responsible for final proofing of your ad for any errors, misspellings, etc. We will email you a PROOF prior to uploading your ad to the current issue. PLEASE make all corrections AT THAT TIME or the ad will run the entire 2 months AS IS!

No mid-issue changes

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(THERE IS A WAIT LIST FOR COVERS) RE-RUN AD - $11 PER ISSUE BRAG BOX - $15 PER ISSUE CLASSIFIED AD - $15 PER ISSUE Paypal transaction fees are non-refundable.

Please submit ads as 200 dpi jpg, 8.5” wide by 5.5” high for half page, 8.5” wide by 11” high for full page.

Y E A R LY A D FEES

Remember small/thin type may be difficult to read when shrunk for online viewing. Use bold fonts & sharp images. Don't overcrowd with too much text or your ad may be difficult to read. TSK is not responsible for viewability of all ads designed out of house or once proof has been approved.

BREEDER DIRECTORY $40 YR. (THRU 2012) STUD GALLERY (PER DOG) $40 YR. (THRU 2012) All refunds or cancellations are subject to approval. Paypal transaction fees included in ad sales and are non-refundable.


S TA F F O R D S & WAT E R

PHOTO CONTEST

TSK received over 45 entries and more than 3000 votes

1st Place - ‘Gus’ submitted by Kim Young. Clandara’s Angel Boy, CD, CRX MCL, ADC, AGDC, NCC, NJC, NAC, FDCh-G, DDCh, BDD, RPT, NJ, CGC, GCN Breeder: Tracy Donnelley - Owner: Kim Young

It was July, 2005, one month before Ontario, Canada, implemented BSL at the Provincial level. I was completely devastated - thinking in “lasts”…the last time they will get to play at the beach, the last time they will get to hike like normal dogs, etc.  I just wanted to give my dogs as many experiences as I could before our freedom came to an end.

2nd Place - ‘Bubbles’ was submitted by Melissa Ness

The days leading up to the implementation date were tense...the media had quite effectively whipped up a frenzy, the public was hostile, the politicians were like vultures circling for another “incident” involving “of type” dogs. I just wanted the freedom to enjoy each moment and didn’t want any interaction at all with other people, or dogs.   While I was throwing a toy into the lake for Gus, a large, dead fish washed up on shore.  My other two dogs, a Stafford and a Whippet, became obsessed with this new “toy”…I couldn’t get them to leave it alone!  So, I hooked a stick into its gills and threw it back out into Lake Erie.  Much to my surprise, Gus swam out after it and delivered it right to my feet!!!  In that moment, some of the stress and tension I had been carrying disappeared, and was replaced with laughter and tremendous love for this clever little dog.   Gus is now 13 ½ years old.  He has lived more than half his life under the oppression of BSL.  I continue to honour the commitment I made to my Stafford’s many, many years ago by giving them the fullest lives as possible.  I could not possibly love them any more than I do today. - - - Kim Young  

3rd Place - ‘Ryder’ was subbitted by Melissa Jones

1st place winner received a silver Stafford charm compliments of Exquisite Charms of London and is featured on our cover. 2nd & 3rd place winners received a Walky-way collar compliments of The Stafford Knot


Honorable Mention 2 - ‘Violet’ submitted by Nichole Hamilton

S TA F F O R D S & WAT E R Honorable Mention 1 - ‘Eddie’ submitted by Belinda O’Shea

PHOTO CONTEST

Volunteer positions available at The Stafford Knot Inc: Web - Seeking a Macintosh savvy web designer and SEO manager with knowledge of iWeb and RapidWeaver or Sandvox. If interested and available please send email to editor@thestaffordknot.com

Sales - we need people around the world to help us sell advertising. Ads are how we raise money to donate to Stafford rescues. If interested please send email to sales@thestaffordknot.com

Editing - if you are familiar with ‘Pages’ software and work on a Mac please send us an email to editor@thestaffordknot.com

Database - If you are interested in building a database of health tested Staffords and are able to volunteer please let us know - send email to health@thestaffordknot.com

Reporters - We are looking for show reporters from around the world to send us results from major shows. If you would like to volunteer for this new position please email editor@thestaffordknot.com

Writers - we are always looking for writers to send in articles for each issue. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if your are interested and available


sales@exquisitecharmsoflondon.co.uk


http://www.psbtc.org

staffordtimes@psbtc.org

Issue out now!


L 2 - H G A & H C DATA B A S E P RO J E C T THE STAFFORD KNOT ONLY ACCEPTS ADS FROM OWNERS AND BREEDERS OF DOGS WHO HAVE BEEN HEALTH TESTED. THE MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS ARE L2-HGA & HC TESTING. WE PROVIDE INFORMATION ON WHERE TO GO TO HAVE THESE SIMPLE AND INEXPENSIVE TESTS PERFORMED. DOCUMENTATION IS REQUIRED TO BE SCANNED AND SENT IN TO THE EDITORS FOR APPROVAL. FURTHER HEALTH TESTING (CARDIAC, CERF, PHPV, HIPS, ELBOWS, PATELLA, ETC) IS ALSO ENCOURAGED. IT IS HIGHLY RECOMMENDED TO BUYERS THAT THEY SEE THESE DOCUMENTS PRIOR TO PURCHASING THEIR NEW STAFFORD. IF ALL BREEDERS AND OWNERS WERE TO TEST, STAFFORDS WOULD ALL BE BETTER OFF SIMPLY BY THE FACT THAT WE WOULD HAVE MORE INFORMATION REGARDING WHERE THIS BREED IS GOING AS FAR AS HEALTH MATTERS ARE CONCERNED. TO FURTHER THIS POINT, IF ONLY CLEAR TESTED (L2-HGA & HC) STAFFORDS ARE BRED FROM THESE TWO GENETIC DISEASES COULD BE ERADICATED IN THREE GENERATIONS OF BREEDING. THAT’S CERTAINLY SOMETHING TO THINK ABOUT. SOME ARGUE THAT THIS WOULD NARROW THE GENE POOL TOO MUCH AND IS NOT A NEEDED STEP TO IMPROVING THE FUTURE OF THIS BREED. TO THOSE I SAY, POSSIBLY, HOWEVER - IS THAT CARRIER STUD DOG SO STRUCTURALLY SUPERIOR TO HIS CLEAR TESTED BROTHER THAT YOU WOULDN’T CONSIDER USING THE BROTHER INSTEAD? JUST SOMETHING ELSE TO THINK ABOUT. TSK IS COMPILING REGISTERED NAMES AND SCANNED DOCUMENTS OF ALL TESTED (CLEAR, CARRIER AND AFFECTED) STAFFORDS FOR A FUTURE DATABASE PROJECT SO THAT DOCUMENTATION WILL BE ON HAND FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS. IN THE U.S. OUR REGISTRIES DO NOT DOCUMENT THESE TEST RESULTS AS THE K.C. DOES IN THE U.K. THEREFORE TOO MANY PEOPLE WHO OWN ‘CLEAR BY PARENTAGE’ STAFFORDS HAVE NO PROOF IN HAND SEVERAL GENERATIONS DOWN THE LINE. IN TIME, WE AT TSK HOPE THE DATABASE WILL HELP THOSE WHO WISH TO KNOW THE STATUS OF A PARTICULAR DOG OR LITTER. IF YOU HAVE A TESTED STAFFORD - PLEASE SEND ONE EMAIL TO HEALTH@THESTAFFORDKNOT.COM CONTAINING THE FULL REGISTERED NAME, REGISTRATION NUMBER, SIRE AND DAM REGISTERED NAMES AND SCANNED COPIES OF ALL HEALTH TESTING DONE ON YOUR DOG. PLEASE ONLY SEND ONE EMAIL PER DOG. IN TIME, WE HOPE TO BUILD A NAME ONLY DATABASE WITH THIS INFORMATION. THANK YOU FOR SUPPORTING

We are also working on a database of semen stored from health tested stud dogs. If you have semen stored from a tested dog and wish to have him included, please email HEALTH@THESTAFFORDKNOT.COM with health scans, pedigree information and contact information. Also please indicate whether or not the semen is available for use.


www.aht.org.uk/genetics_tests.html

dnatesting@aht.org.uk

http://www.staffordarchive.com


T H E S P O RT I N G B U L L & T E R R I E R K L U B P O L S K A WHEN WE LIVED IN FRANCE WE ORGANIZED THE "SPORTING DAYS SBT" WHICH WAS AN OVERVIEW OF OUR FUTURE CLUB. NOW WE ARE IN POLAND AND THE SPORTING BULL & TERRIER KLUB POLSKA IS PROMOTING ACTIVITIES THAT YOU CAN PRACTICE WITH YOUR SBT (OBVIOUSLY ALL OTHER BULL & TERRIER TYPE DOGS ARE WELCOME IN OUR CLUB). THERE WAS NO CLUB LIKE THAT IN POLAND BEFORE. THE FIRST EVENT TOOK PLACE DURING THE NATIONAL CLUB SHOW "BULLIADA" WHICH WAS ORGANIZED BY THE POLISH CLUB OF BULL & TERRIER TYPE. THE SHOW WAS THE 7 JULY 2012 AT ZAKROCZYM. THE JUDGES WHO WERE INVITED FOR THE SHOW WERE THOMAS M.HEHIR AND GERARD COX FROM IRELAND. WE WOULD LIKE TO THANKS THE PEOPLE OF THE POLISH BREED CLUB FOR BEING SO OPEN TO ALLOWING US TO PRESENT OUR ACTIVITIES LIKE THE SPRINT 100M, THE A-FRAME, THE TUG OF WAR, THE FLIRTPOLE. WE HAD A VERY WARM WELCOME FROM THE OWNERS WHO WERE VERY SURPRISED TO SEE THEIR DOGS PARTICIPATED IN ALL THESES ACTIVITIES WITH SO MUCH ENERGY, AS IT WAS A FIRST TIME TO DISCOVER ALL THOSE DOG'S SPORT FOR THE DOGS! THE SPORTING BULL & TERRIER KLUB POLSKA TRY TO SHOW ANOTHER OF IMAGE OF OUR STAFFORDS, DIFFERENT FROM THE "DOG SHOW" ALTHOUGH NORMALLY THE STAFFORD SHOULD BE SHINING ON THESE TWO TABLES! WE THOUGHT EVERY GOOD STAFFORD SHOULD BE ABLE TO RUN, JUMP AND MOVE WITH AGILITY AND THE SAME DOG CAN BE PRESENT IN THE SHOW RING. I THINK IT'S IMPORTANT TO SHOW WHAT OUR STAFFORDS ARE ABLE TO DO, WHICH IS WHY WE OFFER TO EACH PERSON WISHING TO COME TO OUR CLUB, SOME SIMPLE AND FUN ACTIVITIES FOR BOTH OWNER AND HIS DOG, THE STAFFORDS NEED ACTIVITIES TO REMAIN A REGULAR AND STABLE DOG IN GOOD PHYSICAL CONDITION. TO ILLUSTRATE THESE ACTIVITIES WE WOULD LIKE TO SHARE SOME PICTURES OF THE FIRST EVENT. (AT LEFT & ON FOLLOWING PAGES) WITH THE SUCESS OF THE FIRST EVENT, WE WILL BE PRESENT AGAIN AT THE NEXT POLISH CLUB SHOW, THE III ALEC WATERS MEMORIAL ON THE 9 SEPTEMBER 2012. KEEP YOUR STAFFORD HEALTHY AND IN GOOD CONDITION."

CHRISTOPHE CORDEL, HOTKINGSTAFF


T H E S P O RT I N G B U L L & T E R R I E R K L U B P O L S K A


alan@ramblix.fsnet.co.uk

www.staffordbook.com


www.staffierescuescotland.co.uk


Karyn Dawes

by Cindy Long, with help from Karyn herself

I am sitting at Karyn’s desk, drinking a Sammy Adams Summer Ale and eating chips. Yep, I am at Karyn’s and not drinking a Margarita! Just how weird is that? But I have to be honest ~ I don’t know how to make one because she always made them for me!

There have been requests for me to say something about my dear friend. This is a very hard task for me

“THE FIRST TIME I EVER LAID EYES ON A STAFFORD I WAS AT A FLYBALL TOURNAMENT IN LAS VEGAS NEARLY 13 (*15 ) YEARS AGO. I WAS RUNNING MY APBT, BULLDOZER, WITH A TEAM FROM SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA. THE STAFFY WAS PART OF A VERY FAST TEAM FROM CANADA. THE LITTLE BLACK DOG LOOKED JUST LIKE A TINY PIT BULL! I WAS MESMERIZED! I SPENT A LOT OF TIME TALKING WITH THE TEAM MEMBERS ABOUT THEIR DOGS AND ABOUT THE BREED. THE CANADIANS WERE THE FIRST FLYBALL TEAM TO RUN STAFFORDS AND HAD BEEN SUCCESSFUL WITH THEM FOR SEVERAL YEARS. BY THE END OF THE TOURNAMENT I KNEW I HAD TO ADD A STAFFORD TO MY FAMILY.” - KARYN

because I am still feeling so lost. And, there are so many others writing memorials and articles, others who are much more eloquent then I. Then, aha! While looking for pictures I found an article she had written; what better way to pay tribute to one of

!

the most extraordinary women I have ever met…. Quotes as she wrote, about herself! This was written a few

HONOR

years ago because Radar was 15 yrs old in March, but this is Karyn, by Karyn.

*As we all know, and luckily for us, Karyn became addicted to these crazy little pig dogs. She went on to produce multiple champions and multiple performance titled dogs. She always felt it was more then simply looks; our standard says “all purpose” and she believed it! When I first met her, she she was more into Performance. She hated Conformation but if she wanted me to travel with her, she had to show my dogs cuz we all know how well I show!

THIS IS HONOR, OUT OF RADAR'S FIRST LITTER. KARYN AND I SPENT MONTHS GOING BACK AND FORTH OVER THE STUD DOG ~ IT HAD TO BE A VERY ACTIVE, HIGH DRIVE . . . WHEN THE LITTER WAS BORN I CAME DOWN TO SEE THEM AND KARYN SAID, PICK YOUR PUPPY! I WAS SO EXCITED. ALL THE WAY BACK UP NORTH I KEPT SAYING,  "OH, WHAT AM I GONNA NAME HER, THIS IS SUCH AN HONOR"  AND  "I AM SO HONORED THAT KARYN WOULD GIVE ME A PUPPY, " OH WHAT AM I GONNA NAME HER, I CAN'T BELIEVE KARYN WOULD HONOR ME SO MUCH"  SUDDENLY THE LIGHT WENT ON........DUH  "HONOR" - CINDY


KARYN DAWES CONTINUED

CARTING

RADAR CONFORMATION SWEEPS KAYRN SHOWING SHAUNSHAR’S ENGLISH DANCER “CALI”

SHE GREW BORED EASILY. IF THERE WAS SOMETHING NEW TO TRY, SHE DID.


Radar was my connection to Karyn. I had gone to a Breed Specific Legislation meeting  (1997)  with an AmStaff friend.  I had known Karyn from other dog shows; I was so glad to see her show up I made it a point to sit next to her.  We all put our business cards on the table next to our notebooks so we could get to know each other.  She looked at mine and said  "Oh, you have American Staffordshire Terriers!".   I looked at hers and said"  And it looks like you have Staffordshire Bull Terriers! " I laughed when she said, "Hey, most folks don't even know what they are!"   She told me "This is Radar, my 8 week old puppy!" We went outside at the coffee break, started talking and almost missed the rest of the meeting! That was the beginning of our most wonderful friendship! - Cindy

R A DA R

"I selected a pretty little black bitch from a “herd” of pups at the breeder’s home. I didn’t do a lot of pedigree research because the thought of showing and breeding had never crossed my mind. I wanted a Flyball Stafford so I picked the pup that tested best for performance potential in the battery of puppy tests we put them through. Within a week she had her name, “Radar”, because she was so black we needed radar to find her in the dark and the little clicking sounds she made while snuffling the ground served as her radar locater. By the time she was 3 months old I knew beyond a doubt that I didn’t have a Flyball dog. She’d look at the ball with disdain as if to say, “you want that dirty old thing, you go get it”.

Not to be deterred by her lack of ball drive, we started showing conformation and earned Radar’s Championship shortly after her first birthday. Meanwhile she was training for agility and obedience competition. She was an extremely successful competitor, earning her CDX and U-CDX in obedience and agility titles in AKC, UKC, NADAC and USDAA, also qualifying for the USDAA National Finals. At 10 years of age she earned her UKC Weight Pull Championship, making her eligible to become a UKC “Super Dog”. A dog must be a conformation champion and be titled in agility, obedience, and weight pull in order to be a Super Dog.

As I mentioned, I hadn’t really planned to breed when I purchased Radar, but as time passed I knew I had a quality female with a lot of ability and some good qualities to pass on to the breed. I also wanted a young dog to show. I selected Ch. Dumbriton Double Diamond at Berlscarg as the sire. The litter was born in March 2000. From these first pups, Radar produced 3 champions: Ch. Sureshot’s Duplicate Copy, Ch. Sureshot’s King Louie, and Ch. Heart N Soul’s Honor of Sureshot (the only 3 from the litter shown) and 2 top performance dogs. "  - Karyn


KARYN DAWES CONTINUED

LURE COURSING

WEIGHT PULL

AND OF COURSE, IF THAT WASN’T DIFFICULT ENOUGH, LETS TRY IT IN THE SNOW!

CH. LINESTAFF COACHMAN

Coach was Karyn's second stafford and her first male. She never planned on campaigning him until he took BOB at the SBTCI Specialty at Great Western. I don't think I traveled so much in my entire life as I did with Karyn the following year!   That's when I learned all about RV parks, (one of our favorites was the Rogue River RV park) sleeping in Roadside Rest's and just how many Staffords you could cram into a GMC van,  aptly nicknamed "LongFellow". One of the very first shows we went to was in Yuba City. We were late, she had a cart with staffords and I had a cart with staffords. We ran to ringside...well she ran and I hobbled. I didn't know all of her's all that well yet so I kept looking into crates and seeing all these little black faces! The ring steward knew me from all the shows I was ring-mom for Stacie, so he'd whisper into Karyn's ear the registered name from the catalogue name  (you know he couldn't simple yell it out to me!)  and she'd tell him the call name or nick name and he'd say,   "Hey Cindy, bring RAY RAY" or "next online is "STEVIE" and I'd yank out a stafford and run it over to her! Right then I was sweating bullets but we laughed hysterically afterwards!    - Cindy


“IT ISN’T ANY SECRET THAT I LOVE TRAINING DOGS. STAFFORDS MAKE IT PARTICULARLY FUN AND ENJOYABLE. THEY ARE CHALLENGING. THEY ARE CLOWNS. THEY ARE SMART. THEY ARE FUNNY. THEY ARE SIMPLY THE BEST! TRAINING, WHETHER IT IS SIMPLE TRICKS OR COMPETITION OBEDIENCE ENHANCES THE RELATIONSHIP WITH YOUR DOG, TAKING IT TO A WHOLE NEW LEVEL OF UNDERSTANDING. IT IS GENUINE QUALITY TIME WELL SPENT.” - KARYN

Karyn Dawes continued

ET

“OWNING THE BULL AND TERRIER BREEDS HAS INTRODUCED ME TO PEOPLE ACROSS THE COUNTRY AND AROUND THE WORLD, MANY OF WHOM I NOW COUNT AMONG MY FRIENDS – MY STAFFORD FAMILY. IT HAS TAKEN ME PLACES I NEVER THOUGHT I’D GO. MOST PEOPLE ONLY DREAM OF WESTMINSTER OR GOING TO CRUFTS IN ENGLAND – I HAVE BEEN THERE BECAUSE OF MY STAFFORDS. I HAVE ALSO BEEN PLACES I WISH I DIDN’T HAVE TO GO – TO LOS ANGELES FOR LEGISLATIVE HEARINGS – TO SACRAMENTO FOR BSL HEARINGS – TO COUNTY COUNCIL MEETINGS REGARDING DOG LEGISLATION – TO RALLIES AGAINST MANDATORY SPAY/NEUTER – BUT IT’S PART OF THE RESPONSIBILITY THAT COMES WITH OWNING AND LOVING THE BULL AND TERRIERS. I HOPE I NEVER SEE THE DAY WHEN I AM UNABLE TO OWN MY BREED OF CHOICE. LIKE A GAME STAFFORD, I WILL FIGHT TO THE DEATH TO HELP ENSURE THAT I NEVER LOSE THE PRIVILEGE OF OWNING ANY OF THE BULL AND TERRIER BREEDS. THEY HAVE GIVEN ME SO MUCH THAT I WILL DO ANYTHING I CAN TO GIVE SOMETHING BACK TO THE BREED AND HELP PRESERVE OUR RIGHTS AS DOG OWNERS.” - KARYN COACH


KARYN DAWES CONTINUED KARYN WAS MY FRIEND, MY MENTOR, MY SISTER IN ALL THINGS; THE DOG WORLD, THE REAL WORLD. WE TRAVELED TOGETHER SO MANY TIMES SHE USED TO SAY WE WERE THELMA AND LOUISE. I WAS LOUISE. OF COURSE, I’D ALWAYS SCREW IT UP: “HERE’S ANOTHER FINE MESS YOU’VE GOTTEN US IN TO, WILMA!” SHE’D SNORT OUT A LAUGH AND SAY, “IF YOU CAN’T GET MY NAME STRAIGHT, DON’T GO BLAMING ME FOR GETTING US INTO TROUBLE!” AND WE’D BOTH LAUGH! IS THERE MORE THAT I COULD SAY ABOUT MY REMARKABLE FRIEND? HELL YES! BUT IT WOULD TAKE ANOTHER LIFETIME.

Below 1932 Fairchild - bi wing which she started restoring with her Dad. When he passed she completed the restoration and flew it. She kept her pilots license active and was also an instructor.


KARYN DAWES CONTINUED

DITTO

FEISTY

NEON

A VERY SPECIAL THANK YOU TO ALL PHOTOGRAPHERS WHO TOOK ALL THE PHOTOS USED IN THIS TRIBUTE - YOU ARE TOO MANY TO NAME BUT WE LEFT YOUR SIGNATURE/WATERMARK WHERE POSSIBLE.

DITTO, ET, HONOR - TOTAL DOGS


Karyn’s Record Breaking Number of SUPER DOGS with notes by Cindy Long FO UWPV UWPCHX UACH UCDX GRCH Sonshine's Fly By Night Staffordshire Bull Terrier Owned by Karyn Dawes

Radar, Karyn's 1st stafford.   3/18/1997  dob and still toddling around! Her story is on page 3 of this article

CH UWP UCDX UACH Showking's Bungie Jumper American Pit Bull Terrier Owned by Karyn M. Dawes Bred by Karyn Dawes' third Super Dog reached this status at the age of 11 years. At the age of 12, Bungie qualified for her last Open leg to earn her UCDX. If I am not mistaken, she's the oldest APBT to complete the requirements for this title. Gotta love the old ones who are still willing to work! It wasn't pretty, but she got the job done! - Karyn

Bungie, ILP AmStaff, when I first met her she was people shy and Karyn was working her out of it.  At the age of 11 Karyn retired her and then she got her Eukanuba Invitational so she came back out again to run at Eukanuba.   UCH UWPCHX UCD UACH UFO Duvall's Sureshot Kamakazi American Pit Bull Terrier Owned by Karyn Dawes Bred by Sharon Duvall and Jerry Duvall

Banzai ~ Karyn was looking for another dog to do everything after she lost her Bull Dozer. Sharon (Duval) was a close friend of mine and they had just had a litter.  Banzai has done everything and is now ranked in the top 5 in Agility and we are waiting for her invitation to go to FL.  Karyn was so excited, both Feisty and Banzai made the top 5.

UCD UWPO UWPCHX UAGII GRCH Heart N Souls Honor Of Sureshot Staffordshire Bull Terrier Owned by Karyn M Dawes Bred by Karyn M Dawes

Honor - you can read her story on 1st page of this article


A Super Dog is an unofficial title given to dogs who earn a title in each of the following five UKC all-breed events; conformation, obedience, agility, rally obedience and weight pull UCD UWPO UWPCHX UAGII GRCH Karma's Ain't No Sunshine Staffordshire Bull Terrier Owned by Karyn M Dawes Bred by Susan Krauth

Neon, smarts and beauty in one package!   Karyn and I both thought she had the perfect head! She was also what some would call "hot".  Couldn't run her with any of the staffords, but Mooney, Karyn's  AmStaff, was the  one who never reacted to Neon's snarfs and growls.  Karyn would tell me to put a bone or ball in Neon's mouth and then she and Moonie would take off down to the big kennel, as fast as they could run, Neon grumbling and growling all the way with a mouth full of ball!  Neon:  beautiful, energetic, athletic, oh how she could fly!  FO UCD UWPV UWPCHX UACH GRCH Sureshot's Duplicate Copy Ditto is the daughter of SuperDog #14 Staffordshire Bull Terrier Owned by Karyn Dawes Bred by Karyn Dawes

Ditto, (Dibby, Dibby Doo) Honor's litter sister.   (Duplicate Copy because she looked so much like Radar!)  She is missing her mama so very much.

UCD FO UAG1 UWP GRCH Sureshot Gemini Movn on Up Staffordshire Bull Terrier Owned by Beth Lloyd, Edward Lloyd and Karyn M. Dawes Bred by Karyn M Dawes Uppy is a 3rd generation SUPER DOG. Uppy is daughter to the #21 SUPER DOG and granddaughter to the #14 SUPER DOG

Uppy

UCD RO2 UAG1 UWPO UWPCH GRCH Sureshot Gemini Feelin' Feisty Staffordshire Bull Terrier Bred by Beth and Edward Lloyd Owned by Karyn Dawes Feisty is a 4th generation Super Dog. Super Dog #14 is her Great Grandmother, Super Dog #21 is her Grandmother and Super Dog #44 is her Dam.

This is Feisty ~ and she IS. She is fantastic and fast and so very busy!   LOL  But Karyn can feed and run all of the Radar girls together;  I almost fainted the first time she put 5 food bowls down and then let them all out!


GRCH UCD URO1 UAGII UWPS UWPCHX Sureshot's Little Bit of Luck Staffordshire Bull Terrier Bred by Karyn M Dawes Owned by Karyn M Dawes

This is Itty Bitty, of course, Honor's puppy.   3 puppies survived, a male and two females.   (CH) Sureshots Mustang Sally was black brindle, like Honor),  Itty was her adorable pied self, I knew the minute I saw Itty, she was never gonna leave, even tho Karyn denied it all the way until her first show! UGRCH UWPS UWPV UWPCHX UCD URO3 UFO Sureshot's One Step Beyond SBT Bred by Karyn Dawes Owned by Karyn Dawes

ET - most of you already know the story of how he got his name A VERY SPECIAL THANK YOU TO ALL PHOTOGRAPHERS WHO TOOK ALL THE PHOTOS USED IN THIS TRIBUTE - YOU ARE TOO MANY TO NAME BUT WE LEFT YOUR SIGNATURE/ WATERMARK WHERE POSSIBLE.

SHE SENT ME AN EMAIL ONCE AND SAID: “YOU KNOW, THERE ARE THINGS IN LIFE THAT MAKE YOU SAD. THEN THERE ARE THINGS THAT TRANSCEND SAD AND MAKE YOU FEEL LIKE YOU HAVE FALLEN INTO THE DARKEST ABYSS AND YOU'LL NEVER GET OUT.” LAST WEEK THE ABYSS OPENED UP AND SWALLOWED ME WHOLE, GIRLFRIEND! I KNOW YOU WOULD WANT ME TO CLIMB OUT, ALL OF US, YOUR FRIENDS, YOUR STUDENTS, THE STAFFORD WORLD. YOU LEFT SUCH A LEGACY. WE WILL MOVE ON; AS YOU WOULD TOLERATE NOTHING LESS BUT KNOW THAT I MISS YOU, WE ALL MISS YOU AND THE STAFFORD WORLD WILL NEVER BE THE SAME. THERE IS A LARGE SPACE THAT NO ONE WILL EVER FILL. CINDY LONG HEART N SOUL STAFFORDS


limitededitions1@verizon.net


www.showdays.info


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Demodex Q & A With Animal Naturopath, Dr. Jeannie Thomason

Q. What is Demodex? A. Demodex or demodectic mange, is also called "demodicosis" or red mange. It is actually a microscopic mite of the Demodex genus. Three species of Demodex mites have been identified in dogs: Demodex canis, Demodex gatoi, and Demodex injai. The most common mite of demodectic mange is Demodex canis.

A. The immune system is a living thing that can be boosted or suppressed, it is not fixed. Conventional veterinarians may not understand the life of a demodex mite and how the body can be helped to fight it off on its own, without toxins being taken internally and/or applied externally which by the way,

Q. How do dogs get it?

have long-lasting and often very detrimental effects on the

A. Most all dogs (all mammals in fact) have a naturally

dog. Neither do they have a thorough knowledge of canine

occurring, microscopic mite population in small numbers already in residence. These mites are just a normal part of

nutrition to understand the extremely important role that diet has on the immune system. What is happening is that we

the flora of the skin and in a healthy dog cause no clinical

have had at least hundreds of generations of dogs in

problems.

existence that have been born to over vaccinated and kibble

Due to their habitat being deep in the skin, transmission is only usually possible via prolonged direct contact, such as the dam (mother)-to-pup transmission during nursing. As a result, the most common sites for early appearance of an out of control population of the mites are demodicodic lesions commonly found on the face, muzzle, and forelimbs as well as

fed sires and dams still being over vaccinated and fed kibble. Over so many generations, this tends to alter the DNA and to wear down the immune system of each successive generation until today you hear about demodectic puppies all the time. Science has found and proven that you can take a dam that has produced an entire litter of demodectic pups;

the per orbital regions.

put her on a grain free, raw diet with supplementation for a year, breed her again and she will not produce any demodex

When the animal’s immune system is not mature yet

in the subsequent litter!

(puppies) and/or the immune system has been compromised or suppressed, it may not be able to keep the mites under control. They then begin multiplying out of control and attacking the puppy or dog. Dogs that are over-run with or

Q. My vet says it is caught from the mother but she does not have it. A. While some veterinarians will tell you they believe

infected with demodectic mange are immunodeficient. In

heredity plays a part in dogs that show signs of demodectic

other words, their immune system is not able to naturally

mange; it is more that they actually do not understand just

fight off or keep under control the mites as a healthy dog

what genetic means or how important the immune system

would be able to do.

being strong and in balance is to heredity. Demodex is NOT in a pet's genetic make-up.

“...OVER SO MANY GENERATIONS, THIS TENDS TO ALTER THE DNA AND TO WEAR DOWN THE IMMUNE SYSTEM OF EACH SUCCESSIVE GENERATION UNTIL TODAY YOU HEAR ABOUT DEMODECTIC PUPPIES ALL THE TIME.” Q. Does that mean that my dog is unhealthy if he has mites?


Demodex Q & A continued

natural hormone release in the body. Studies of the effects of

Q. My pup was OK when I got it from the

Amitraz use with animals showed that it caused episodes of

breeder. Why is it that now at 6 months of age

increased aggression, as well as some central nervous system

there are little bald patches appearing?

depression.

A. Again, signs of this dis-ease appear only when mites

Many veterinarians use Ivermecten instead of Amitraz for

reproduce unchecked and occur in unnaturally high

generalized cases of mange. The problem is that Ivermecten is

numbers. Outbreaks are seen around the eyes, lips and/or

still a highly toxic chemical. Dr. Jean Dodds has written

lower limbs when the numbers of these mites increase due

extensively about the use of Ivermectin as a trigger for

to the over-worked or stressed immune system no longer

immune-mediated diseases. Ivermectin should never be used

able to keep the mite population balanced. Because the dog's immune system does not fully mature until 12-18 months of

in combination with Amitraz, whether the dip or the Amitraz tick prevention collars. These medicines are all members of

age, a dog with demodectic mange that has not had its

the monoamine oxidase inhibitor group; when they are used

immune system kept in good, strong condition, may have

together their effects combine together creating sedation

relapses until good health has been brought back.

and adverse neurologic effects. Conventional treatments of

Q So adults can have out-breaks as well as puppies? A. Demodectic mange in dogs over 2 years of age is usually classified as adult-onset, and normally occurs secondary to an underlying cause. Dogs with immune suppression due to illnesses like hypothyroid disease, and Cushing's disease, are also candidates for demodectic mange. Demodectic mange can also occur in very old dogs because the function of the

dips, topical drops or the use of the Amitraz collars will often appear to work for a time however, at what expense to your dog's health? Since conventional veterinary medicine relies heavily on a highly toxic method of treatment, and suppressed immune function is the cause of repeated demodectic outbreaks, please consider an alternative. Q. Are there any Alternative/Natural treatments available for this condition?

immune system often declines with age due to poor nutrition

A.Yes! Using a combination of a raw, species appropriate diet

and chemical bombardment throughout its life time.

and supplements will naturally support the immune system while it strengthens and brings the body back into

“... THE PROBLEM IS THAT IVERMECTEN IS STILL A HIGHLY TOXIC CHEMICAL. DR. JEAN DODDS HAS WRITTEN EXTENSIVELY ABOUT THE USE OF IVERMECTIN AS A TRIGGER FOR IMMUNEMEDIATED DISEASES. IVERMECTIN SHOULD NEVER BE USED IN COMBINATION WITH AMITRAZ, WHETHER THE DIP OR THE AMITRAZ TICK PREVENTION COLLARS.� Q. What is the treatment for this condition?

homeostasis or balance. Immune suppressed dogs especially require a * raw meat and bone based diet. Dogs are carnivores and as such are naturally designed to thrive on raw species appropriate diet.* At the very least, a home cooked diet with the meat only very lightly heated (not cooked) no grains, fruits or vegetables along with appropriate supplements. Demodex mites feed on cellular proteins, systemic yeast, dietary yeast and/or sugar (carbohydrates) in the system. If you break the cycle, you can weaken or starve the systemic

A.A lot of convectional medicine veterinarians still use a

yeast and the mites will no longer be able to colonize in the

chemical called Amitraz orIvermectin to kill the mites. These

pores. This is the reason for a no grain diet (NO WHEAT,

types of products reduce the function of the hypothalamus,

OATS, CORN, BARLEY OR YEAST OF ANY KIND which

which regulates the body's metabolism by controlling un-

includes brewers or nutritional yeast), fruits or vegetable


Demodex Q & A continued diet with only meat, bones and organs (if you currently feed a raw diet and your dog has demodex, stop feeding any vegetables or fruits all together) -- in other words, only foods that do not readily turn to sugar within the system. Q. That sounds good what are the supplements I can give to help? A.Antioxidants for one, as these are crucial at this time for the immune system. While our dogs are true carnivores and I do not recommend the use of any supplement unless the animal is in an ill state, the use of antioxidants and specifically Proanthocyanidins (a flavonoid/antioxidant found in many plants that can be used as a dietary supplement to enhance immunity and to strengthen connective tissue) appear to potentiate the immune system via enhancement of T-lymphocyte activity and modulation of neutrophil and macrophage responses). Antioxidants also decrease various chemicals (histamine, interleukin, tumor necrosis factor) that cause cell damage. Because antioxidants minimize damage to cells, they are useful whenever dis-ease is present and immune support is needed. Some antioxidant sources are:

Vitamin C (with bioflavonoids) Vitamin E Vitamin A Selenium Zinc Omega 3s found in Fish Oil (Dr. Jeannie recommends Wild Salmon Oil) Chinese Wolf Berry, also known as Goji berry. According to an independent laboratory test the Chinese Wolf Berry is known have the highest ORAC (Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity) rating. Blueberries Acai berries

“... BECAUSE ANTIOXIDANTS MINIMIZE DAMAGE TO CELLS, THEY ARE USEFUL WHENEVER DIS-EASE IS PRESENT AND IMMUNE SUPPORT IS NEEDED.� The following supplements are also highly recommended to boost the immune system and fight bacterial infections. Beta Glucan Bovine Colostrum Probiotics The role of the intestinal tract in nutrient absorption is well recognized. However, the micro flora that naturally inhabit the intestinal tract and their vital role in maintaining normal functioning of the gut and immune system are often overlooked. The intestinal tract and its flora (good bacteria/probiotics) is most often the first line of defense for the body and must be in good balance and working order for the animal to maintain a healthy immune response. Enzymes Enzymes are the foundation of energy and the life force in all living things. They are responsible for building, detoxifying, and healing the body. They are also the force that allows your body to digest and absorb food. Enzymes also regulate tens of thousands of other biochemical functions that take place in the body every day. Even thinking involves "enzymes". Without enzymes, seeds would not sprout, fruit would not ripen, leaves would not change color, and life would not exist. Science has now confirmed (LEL) Low Enzyme Levels as the world's #1 killer, based on the late Dr. Edward Howell's 40-year research covering more than 700 worldwide studies. HERBS Echinacea Milk Thistle Burdock Root Exercise, Sunshine and Proper RestAlong with a raw meaty bone and organ diet with supplements, it is very important that the effected dog/puppy gets plenty of rest but still some good daily exercise. Time playing outside in the sunshine and fresh air will keep the lymph moving and the Vitamin D from the sun is very therapeutic.


Demodex Q & A continued Q. My dogs skin looks very sore is there anything I can put on the affected area its self to ease the discomfort and speed healing? A. Yes, but first consider the degree of sensitivity of the open sores. If your dog is very sore and sensitive it may be best to leave the sores well enough alone until they are in less pain. You can diffuse some Essential Oils (Caution use ONLY pure, therapeutic grade essential oils such as Young Living Essential Oils such as Lavender, Peace & Calming, etc.). These essential oils and oil blends will actually take the edge off the pain and make the dog more relaxed and comfortable. Pain adds stress and stress should be avoided. Topical use of essential oils once the pain level is under control can be effective at easing the itch and healing the sores. You should experiment to find the most effective solution with the least discomfort. Start out carefully with a dilution to see how much your dog can tolerate however, medical/therapeutic grade lavender is the most soothing and very helpful for healing the skin.

“... PAIN ADDS STRESS AND STRESS SHOULD BE AVOIDED..” Some Other natural remedies/therapies you may want to try. Grapefruit Seed Extract (can be used in the dog’s water to drink or applied in a diluted state topically to the sores.Oxy-Doc Combine Colostrum with Oxy-Doc to form a paste and apply to soresYoung Living's Purification blend diluted with up to 9 parts almond oil or virgin coconut oil. Can be applied to sores and infected areas. Mix equal amounts of yellow dock (herb) extract or tincture with Echinacea extract, dilute with four ounces of distilled water and apply.Yellow dock is effective as an anti-itch treatment. Other herbs that help with itching are calendula and aloe vera.You can make up a mixture of three tablespoons fresh lemon juice (use organically grown, pesticide free lemons whenever possible) mixed with two ounces of witch hazel and four ounces of distilled water and sponge on sores a few times a day. Add 10 drops of grapefruit seed extract and six drops each of golden seal root, olive leaf extract, and pau d'arco. Keep away from the eyes. Spray or dab onto sores once a day. If you have never used natural modalities with your dog before, or your dog has been vaccinated and/or is on a kibble or a canned food diet, I recommend you have a consultation and/or care for your dog with demodex under the supervision of a veterinary naturopath or true holistic veterinarian. Dr. Jeannie is a Veterinary Naturopath, Species Appropriate Animal Nutritionist, founder of the Natural Rearing Breeders Association, co-founder of the American Council of Animal Naturopathy and a Natural Rearing Dog Breeder. Dr.Thomason's passion has led her to dedicating herself to extensive education and research; as well as an exploration of hands-on experiences in practicing animal nutrition and natural health with her naturally reared dogs as well as with those seeking a healthier lifestyle and longer life for their pets for last 23 years. Dr. Jeannie has found that species appropriate nutrition is the single most important aspect and the greatest influencing factor upon an animal’s health.

The Whole Dog: http://www.thewholedog.org Natural Rearing Breeders Association: http://www.nrbreedersassociation.org American Council of Animal Naturopathy: http://www.animalnaturoopathy.org


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Progression in Animal/Human Behaviour by Erika Pardy There has been a tremendous shift in the mindset of people over the last several years. The threads of individuals that exist that still meet change with resistance constantly shock me. Why does our society still insist on using compulsion and coercion to control their environment? I have heard rumors and notions that we, as a whole, are entering into a more enlightened existence. Native Americans, Gandhi, and the Dali Lama believe that you can judge a society based solely on how they treat their animals. The article you are about to read is written from an animal behaviour perspective but you must know that all cognitive beings learn the same. We learn at different speeds, different styles and different capacities but ultimately it is the same. This is nothing new in science. True behaviourist/psychologist know that this is un-disputed scientific fact. The problem lies within society.The fact that compulsion is perpetuated because they believe the myth that it is better to vent rather than prevent is truly a shame and a huge disservice to people and animals! The Dogma associated with controlling the masses instead of allowing free thinking, serves to continually support and promote oppression.

The most important thing one must understand when deciding what method of training suits them best is to know the difference between what science has termed; • Negative reinforcement • Positive Reinforcement • Positive punishment • Negative punishment • Aversive stimulus Negative reinforcement- Any form of stimulus that the animal will work to avoid. To explain this better we can use examples such as choke, pinch or simple buckle collars. It does not matter what the object is, it only matters that it IMPEDES or changes a current action. • When you were younger and you accidentally put you hand on a red hot stove and was burned, you would have learned that touching a hot stove would burn your hand. This is considered negative reinforcement because it changed or stopped certain behaviour from happening. • If you had a rat in a maze and he pressed the red light button and it shocked him, then after the second time, he would no longer press the red button (Skinner et al.) • You are speeding along, you see a police car, you get pulled over, and he gives you a ticket.You learn that speeding gives you a ticket.

This is how it works;

When using corrections (negative reinforcement) with choke of pinch (prong) collars in the application of teaching heel (having the dog walk in proper walking position on your left hand side, head parallel to you knee at the same speed as you are walking. (This is very impressive precision work for competitive canine sports.) Traditional trainers will teach you to jerk the dog back into position when the dog either forges ahead or lags behind. What the dog learns by association is to stay close to the spot where he experiences no pain. He learns to avoid the sharp jerk of the collar. He looks for a spot that is ‘safe’. So if the use of the collar changes the


Progression in Animal/Human Behaviour continued dog’s behaviour; it is considered negative reinforcement because the dog learns to avoid. If the dog constantly avoids the jerk then it can be made to look like he understands the heel command. The problem with this type of training is the lack of communication and understanding on the trainer’s part. The training takes much longer and you inadvertently introduce other ‘superstitious’ behaviours. What is missing are a few very important components such as behaviour markers, timing, communication and understanding. Dogs become confused, stressed and despondent. Superstitious behaviours are reactions to stimulus associated with the corrections themselves. If for example you jerk on a dog’s neck at the very moment a cat were to walk into the room, the dog could associate the cat with the pain and hold a grudge towards the cat. The next time the dog sees the cat and he advances towards it, only to be met with another yank on the choke chain. Look out for that cat when the dog is off its leash! Cat + pain = someone’s having Kitty for lunch. Same goes for dogs that exhibit fear at the sound of thunder. Thunder may not necessarily be the root cause of a dog’s fear. What if, let’s say, a chair was accidently placed on the dogs tail just at the time a crack of thunder was heard overhead. The pairing of pain and the association of the noise created a fear/pain response and became a learned or conditioned response to thunder. In the next episode, the dog may exhibit mild signs of agitation to thunder and in an attempt to console the dog; you then indirectly reinforced this fear, inadvertently creating a state of learned helplessness. Here is another example using negative reinforcement. Let’s say you are using a shock collar to stop a dog from barking. While in the car, the dog barks at a child or another dog and you shock him while he is focused on whatever is causing him to bark.You will not only be punishing, or ‘correcting’ as traditional trainers call it, the barking issue, but you will be teaching him to fear whatever it was that elicited the barking in the first place. You also get into the dilemma that the shock collar itself as an aversive stimulus and is only useful WHEN the collar is actually being worn. This is why you hear the comments saying things like “it worked for a short time but it’s not working now” or “it only works when he’s wearing it”. It’s no longer effectively changing the behaviour; it’s simply masking it temporarily. This is what psychologist/behaviourist calls an aversive stimulus. We see a closed sign in a store window, aversive. We see a police car, aversive. We see a hot stove, aversive. A dog hears the clinking of a chain, aversive. These are all antecedents to the negative reinforcement or associated discomfort, either emotionally, mentally, psychologically, or physically. You’ll notice that if you use other aversive stimulus on children, that have been subjected to corporal punishment, such as presenting a belt, showing your hand, ‘the look’, when they have misbehaved, it immediately turns them into emotional wrecks. We now know that this is an unacceptable way to raise healthy, happy, well -adjusted kids. Adults are still suffering from the ill effects of emotional and physical abuse that was long considered acceptable practice in the not so distant past. Have you ever noticed the feeling you get when you see something or someone that you have had a bad experience with? You avert eye contact, you may start to sweat, and you want to get away from the ‘stimuli’ at all costs. You start to exhibit signs of stress relieving behaviours and avoidance behaviours such as walking in circles, pacing, perhaps biting your fingernails and a myriad of other strange and unnatural behaviours or coping mechanisms. Sadly this is how dogs are coping on


Progression in Animal/Human Behaviour continued a daily basis. Dogs that are trained using punishment and corrections are constantly on high alert. It’s only a matter of time when the ticking time bomb goes KABOOM! This type or training creates a cesspool of phobic mania! Fear aggression, bullying, separation anxiety, reactivity, hyper sensitivity, hyper activity and overstimulation are some issues that develop. Ultimately we break a very important bond, that of friendship and trust.

THANKFULLY we have an alternative; POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT.

Just as Negative reinforcement decreases an unwanted behaviour, positive reinforcement INCREASES a wanted behaviour. REWARD THE GOOD BEHAVIOUR AND IGNORE THE BAD BEHAVIOUR and the bad behaviour will disappear, it’s that simple. In order for any action or reaction to become a conditioned behaviour, the action has to be reinforced. In other words as B.F Skinner proved in his study on behaviour, he proved this;

• If an action is reinforced it will be repeated. (You turn the doorknob, the door opens.) • If behaviour is reinforced ALL the time, the behaviour will disappear. ( if you bang your foot every single time you enter room A, you will stop entering room A) • If behaviour is NEVER reinforced it will disappear. • If an action is only reinforced sporadically and without consistency it will become conditioned (permanent) fishing, gambling and other addictive type behaviours.

How does this apply when training your dog, (or spouse and children)? By reinforcing the behaviours you want and ignoring the behaviours you don’t want. It’s really that simple.

Here is where it gets a little complicated. We indirectly reinforce unwanted behaviours all the time. A dog barks at the neighbour, you yell and perhaps correct the dog physically by pulling on the collar or leash. The dog doesn’t understand that he is being told not to bark, he simply sees your distress and he most likely associates your stress with what he is barking at. After all he wouldn’t be barking if he didn’t also feel the object was stressful to him as well. So you have a hard wired instinct (barking) negative reinforcement, pain and confusion. Here is the same example using positive reinforcement. Dog barks at neighbour, nothing happens and he stops barking. Here is the catch though. Dog barks at neighbour, neighbour leaves the vicinity, dog gets reinforced because dog feels his barking made them leave and so is positively reinforced for his barking, barking continues.


Progression in Animal/Human Behaviour continued Ideal situation; Dog barks at neighbour,You wait for him to be quiet, you reward him for being quiet and two things happens, he associates the neighbour with something good and he realizes that quiet also means something good. Barking stops because neighbour is no longer a threat and quiet is reinforced. More on how behaviours decrease and eventually disappear; Let’s say a child goes to a park because he wants to swing but the swing is broken, he’ll turn around and come back home because he couldn’t swing. The next day he goes back to the park and the swing is still broken, he will return back home again. After doing that for perhaps 2 more days, he will forget about the park simply because there was nothing rewarding and depending on the circumstances may lose the desire to swing altogether. Another example this time with a behaviour that is well conditioned; you are watching TV and it comes time to change the channel. When you use the converter or remote to do so, it doesn’t work. You don’t know why but you try it once, then twice. It still doesn’t work. You turn it upside down and sideways and click again, still nothing; you will do that 10 more times before you finally realize that the remote is broken ( or out of batteries) Previously I explained negative reinforcement using heel as an example. I will use the same behaviour substituting positive reinforcement. When we want a dog to walk nicely without pulling on a leash, we wait for the dog to walk calmly beside us and we reward the dog with a treat. It is important to understand timing. When the dog forges ahead or lags behind we do not correct, we simply ignore them. The dog soon realizes that he only gets the treat when in the CORRECT position. At first we introduce continuous reinforcement, allowing the dog to self- reward as long as their head is directly next to our knee or hip. Eventually the dog gives you his undivided attention and he consistently and happily stays beside you. When you can safely guarantee that you have the dog’s undivided attention you can start introducing a variable schedule of reinforcement (VSR) or a decrease in reinforcement that will allow you to eventually wean the dog off of the need for food. In the meantime you are creating a conditioned response or a conditioned behaviour. To introduce VSR you simply change from continuously treating to treating every 3-4 steps and then 5-6 steps then to 10-15 and change it so it is unpredictable to the dog. You are actually successfully brainwashing your dog, without pain, discomfort or corrections. The greatest thing is you are also creating “an unbreakable bond” and developing an even better relationship. Remember the fishing example. People become addicted to fishing because it is on a VSR schedule, you just never know when a fish will bite. If you went fishing and every single time you cast your line, you caught a fish, you’d eventually get bored. Fishing would eventually become like grocery shopping, something you have to do, not something you want to do. The best thing about training positively is that your dogs are happy! If you need confirmation of this look at the dogs in traditional training classes and those in positive training classes. Check the tails and the general look on the dog’s faces and judge for yourself. I know I’d rather have a training partner not a training object. I like to teach my dogs how to think not necessarily what to think.

A student of Animal Behavior/ Nutrition and Alternative Medicine since 1990. She has studied at Guelph University in Canada, Glasgow University in Scotland and attended the British institute of Homeopathy. Erika has bred, raised and competed with many breeds of dogs in all aspects of dog sport. She currently consults on Animal Nutrition, Animal Behaviour and Alternative Health , including herbs and homeopathy and owns The Controversial Canine. She currently esides between Ontario and Newfoundland Canada

Erika (Pardy) Phillips The Controversial Canine 709-770-5970


Send your letters to editor@thestaffordknot.com or - Send your Q&A question to ASK TSK

The Stafford Knot, Inc. runs Letters to the Editor as they are sent - no editing. They are not necessarily the opinion of this publication or those who are associated with it.

Letters To The Editor Letter to the Editor: I am writing an anonymous letter today because I do not wish to argue with anyone about the following - I am sick and tired and disgusted by what I see people doing in Staffies (in many breeds) - I am seeing more and more people come in either from other breeds or maybe just from no place at all - who suddenly begin to purchase dogs from popular named kennels and then exploit them breeding and selling puppies advertised by well known kennel names - or simply by pretending to be something/someone they are not. Too often in Staffies lately I hear stories about certain breeders who brag about how much money they are making off of selling puppies, how many times their stud dog is used, how many litters they have bred - with zero regard to the quality of these dogs they are producing or their lives. To further this problem - they sell the puppies to whoever has cash on hand and no regard to what that person will then do with this dog. With no mentoring or knowledge of the breed, or breeding, this new person does the same thing - therefore a continuous problem exists - like a rolling stone - gathering speed. What are you people thinking? Have you no respect for the breed or the dogs themselves? Do you not care that many of these dogs are moved on from home to home to home? Does this not affect your conscience at all? Well it infuriates me, a long time breeder of several breeds that I have taken years to study and respect. I take offence to what you are doing. I take it very personally. When I got my first Staffies about 25 years ago I was mentored, I studied, I learned - and then 8 years later I carefully did my first well thought out, well planned breeding - I was mentored on which bitch to breed and which to spay. I was mentored on which stud dog was the smart choice and then mentored on which puppy to keep. The rest were sold on spay/neuter contracts to loving pet homes who remained in touch with me for years, like family - I knew - or could easily find out within an hour - where every puppy I produced was almost at any given time.


Send your letters to editor@thestaffordknot.com or - Send your Q&A question to ASK TSK

The Stafford Knot, Inc. runs Letters to the Editor as they are sent - no editing. They are not necessarily the opinion of this publication or those who are associated with it.

Letters To The Editor I then waited for this puppy to mature and when the litter was 3 years old I saw what that breeding had produced and was pleased. I then went thru the entire process again and the second time I didnt do as well so kept nothing. It was 5 years later when I felt I had a good enough bitch to breed from. I went to my mentors and together we chose a stud. THIS is how you breed to improve - not breed a litter from every bitch produced, litter after litter after litter with breeding rights to all bitches sold! Too many of you have a mediocre scatter bred stud dog with some well known names in his pedigree so you let him cover bitch after bitch. Just because you have heard the names of kennels or dogs in a pedigree doesnt mean its a good dog! Do you think by allowing your stud dog or using that stud dog will mean you will get better offspring? Probably not. Probably 1 or possibly 2 in a litter might be better than what you started with - but are you that well educated on this breed to make that correct choice for your keeper? I bet not. Most of us only get it right half the time. Even if it looks better - how will it produce? You havent a clue. No way to know with that knd of toss it all in a bowl and see what comes out type of breeding. What are you thinking this will do? Be honest with yourself and beyond your ego and your pocketbook. I beg of you who read this - please stop this insanity! Take your time - learn - study! Make wise choices. Stop being greedy and egotistical! PLEASE go and read Joe Dunn’s piece “Hints to the Novice” of 1935. You just might learn something. I do of course realize that the people I am talking about will NOT read this and make a change - it is very obvious what their intentions are. Staffies are becoming more popular now and they see an economic advantage to that. They will try to cash in as much as they can and then move to their next victim, breed. We know who you are. You all seem to gravitate towards one another. You are easy to spot. The Staffies deserve better. We are their protectors. We are their future. Lets make it a good one and not further destroy a good thing! ---anonymous


w w w. s t a f f i e s o n l i n e . o r g . u k

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w w w. c a f e p re s s . c o m / t h a n k d o g

jo@scruffydogs.co.uk OR ProSBTHealth@aol.com

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The Stafford Knot Brags, Shows, Litters Send us your BRAGS, Litter Announcements, Seminar and Show announcements and we can post them here. Be sure to fill out the BRAGS form found HERE

BONNIE NEW TITLES EMAIL Elivid's Shaken Not Stirred RN CA CGC, "Bonnie" So far in 2012, Bonnie got her 3rd Q for her RN title, achieved her CA title, 7 Qs towards CAA, AND passed the CGC test! She also ran with Deb and won the women's division of the Jugtown Jog 5k! Breeder: Elizabeth C. Kester Owner: Debra A. Roseman & Elizabeth C. Kester L2-HGA & HC Clear by parentage - certification on file with TSK

AL D G ILL I S ALDGILLIS STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIERS EMAIL

We are a small kennel based in the Netherlands. We aim for healthy and functional Staffords.

Our Staffords are health tested: L2-HGA, HC Clear - PHPV/PPSC unaffected, Hip/Elbow/Patella Health certifications on file with TSK and available by request


Wanted Samples for PHPV/PPSC Research. If you own or have bred a dog diagnosed with either of these eye conditions, could you help by supplying mouth swabs from the affected dog plus its parents and litter-mates.

Any PHPV positives found in litter screenings are not reported in the Breeds Record Supplement, nor are any cases of PPSC - hence this appeal.

If sufficient samples from affected cases can be obtained, it is hoped that research to determine the inheritance of both conditions may be commenced, possibly leading eventually to DNA tests similar to those available for HC and L-2-HGA.

A copy of the eye test certificate and a copy of the dogs pedigree would also be appreciated. All samples and information will of course be confidential just in case anyone has any concern's about that.

If you can help with this and thus help the Stafford , can you please contact one of the following who can supply swabs and any information required. SImply click their name to send an email. Diane Taylor Lesley McFadyen Archie Bryden Many thanks for your co-operation.


The Stafford Knot wishes to provide the following information for your convenience. TSK encourages health testing of all Staffordshire Bull Terriers, especially those used for breeding purposes and/or performance events. The testing is made available to be used as a tool to eliminate certain diseases from a breeding program. Used wisely, this can be accomplished. The following testing information is provided as a service to you, however should not be used as the only health checks your Stafford receives. There are many more health issues to be considered when breeding dogs, caring for dogs and when looking to buy a purebred dog. As always, please seek the advice of your personal veterinary specialists for your day-to-day needs of your dogs. Thank you!

* * * Please note - a CERF or PHPV test done by a canine ophthalmologist is NOT the same test as the DNA test for HC - BOTH tests should be carried out * * * ***PLEASE send in your test results for the databases. Accurate records are valuable to the breed*** Remember, if you choose to breed from a carrier you must test the entire resulting litter to determine clears & carriers. Thus if you choose to keep a carrier from that litter, the same must be done for each subsequent litter resulting from breeding carriers. If you sell carrier pups, please consider spay/neuter so that more carriers are not produced. With the advent and ease of genetic testing many of these diseases could be eliminated by only breeding clear to clear. To use a known carrier requires an extra step of responsibility. There is no excuse to breed an untested dog.

======================================= Testing Facility For L2-Hga & HC

Testing Facility For L2-Hga Onl y

Animal Health Trust

Ca nine Genetic Diseases - University Of Mo.

Lanwades Park, Kentford New Market, Suffolk CB87UU

321 Connaway Hall Columbia, Missouri 65211-5120 USA

Phone: 01638 751000

Phone: 573-884-3712 

F ax: 01638 750410

F ax: 573-884-5414

Ema il

We bsite

Direct Link

Ema il

We bsite

Direct Link

Testing Facility For HC in USA:

Other labs offering L-2-HGA test in Europe:

http://www.animalgenetics.us/Canine/HC.htm

France www.antagene.com Czech Republic www.genomia.cz Germany www.laboklin.de / www.laboklin.co.uk

======================================= Testing Facility For Hip, Elbows, Patella and Cardiac Certifications *

Testing Facility For Eye Certifications* Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF)

Orthopedic Foundation For Animals (OFA) 2300 E Nifong Boulevard Columbia, Missouri, 65201-3806 USA Phone: 573-442-0418  Email

1717 Philo Rd P O Box 3007 Urbana, IL 61803-3007 USA Phone: 217-693-4800

Fax: 217-693-4801

Fax: 573-875-5073 Website

*Note: A Board Certified Cardiologist must perform all Cardiac exams.   A qualified licensed Veterinarian can provide X-Ray films for hips, elbows and Patella.

Email

Website

*Note: A Board Certified Canine Ophthalmologist must perform all CERF exams. CERF exams are annual exams for breeding stock.


The Stafford Knot

Featured Rescues

Maggie - Female - CT Maggie is an adorable 3 yr old, tiny little girl in need of a home! Maggie weighs 35 lbs, and is happy to be picked up and carried around! Maggie is a total love and just wants to cuddle. Maggie loves to be with people, however she really needs to be the only animal in the home. She came from Tennessee. We know that she lived there chained outside. When she arrived at the rescue, she loved people and was horribly dog aggressive. Working with her, she is now much more tolerant of other dogs if they don't invade her space. We have also found out that she likes big quiet male dogs. But, she needs to be kept away from little dogs and cats. She is quite mellow. She loves belly rubs and is very happy to hang out in her crate/ run and not cause any problems. This little girl deserves a good home. She is in Norwalk, CT. Watch Maggie's Video Here: http://bullybreedrescueinc.org/Videos.php She is with: http://bullybreedrescueinc.org/Dogs-For-Adoption.php . CONTACT

===================================== Pepper - Female - NY Pepper is about five years old. She’s sweet, smart, good in the house and loves everyone. She’s not particularly dog aggressive, but she’s not exactly dog tolerant either, so she should probably be in a one-dog home. She loves to sit on the couch or on a chair, right next to her people, she gets excited when she meets and greets, but she settles down quickly. In other words, she’s a typical Stafford. She’ll make someone a great pet. We really cannot believe she is still in a foster home! There is a great video of her here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1F3VvK5YFY&feature=email

CONTACT

===================================== Denver - Female - N. CA Denver's owenrs have lost their home and cannot keep her. She is an older Stafford, born in 1998, who would do best as the only dog. Denver loves to play fetch with the ball, she also loves all people and especially children. She has been to obedience class, and is very eager to please. She loves getting scratched. She loves to take walks, but since she is older, she does not need long walks. She also loves to eat. She is a very loving dog. She is not food aggressive but a little dog aggressive. She needs a final place to call her own in her last days. Please consider giving Denver a place to call home. CONTACT


The Stafford Knot

Featured Rescues

PLEASE consider rescuing a Stafford needing a home before purchasing a puppy. SBTCA always has wonderful dogs who have been screened and are looking for permanent homes. All the applications can be found on the rescue pages of the National club website. We list these dogs as a courtesy. The dogs are NOT here with us. They are in different parts of the country. Thank you for considering rescue. Donations and advertisements in TSK benefit Stafford rescue.

===================================== Rita - Female - NC Rita is a 2-3 yr old female spayed girl who was rescued from a shelter in Scotia, NY and is now being fstered in Raleigh, NC. She is currently around 16 in tall and about 43 lbs, although she is a little over weight and would probably be more around 36-37 lbs at her correct weight. She does great with most other dogs and is fine with cats. At her foster home she lives with 9 other dogs and does great with all of them except one who is a neurotic older border collie that pushes her buttons. She LOVES to play with the other dogs and would do well with another dog in the house to roughhouse with. She also loves her toys. She is debarked so she isn't too loud with she does cry. She is completely house trained and would probably do fine without being crated. . CONTACT

===================================== Crash - Elk Grove - CA Crash is an  adorable, purebred, AKC registered, small, 2 1/2 year old neutered male who is up to date on his hsots and wonderful all-around companion. Great with children, cats, dogs. His owners had to rehome him due to adusted living situations. A terrific dog, crate and house trained and obedient. He would be best with a home that can run/walk him daily.  . CONTACT

=====================================


The Stafford Knot

Stud Gallery

The Stafford Knot lists health tested stud dogs in the gallery, however, it is up to you to verify this testing by asking to see the certificates for each test if they are not made available here for download. We have screened this to the best of our ability, but cannot guarantee dogs listed have been tested. PLEASE ask for copies of certificates before using dogs at stud for the health and the future of our breed. Thank you. Stud Gallery Ads run annually

======================================= DayDream Ch. Slam Dance, CGC (Imp UK) “Nigel” DNA - AKC - #P24384 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected, OFA/PennHip Hips, Patella, CERF http://www.offa.org/display.html?appnum=678935#animal daydreamsbts@cox.net www.daydreamsbt.com Tel 530-306-0305 Frozen semen available to health tested bitches only. More photos of Nigel available. Health documents available by request.

======================================= Absolute BIS BISS CH Belnore Dream Keeper OFA ‘Beau’ AKC DNA - V426729 Clear of L2-HGA, HC, OFA/PennHip Hips, OFA/PennHip Elbows, Patella, OFA Cardiac - documentation available upon request AbsoluteAST@aol.com www.absoluteamericanstaffordshireterrier.com Tel 337-255-3508

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The Stafford Knot

Stud Gallery

The Stafford Knot lists health tested stud dogs in the gallery, however, it is up to you to verify this testing by asking to see the certificates for each test if they are not made available here for download. We have screened this to the best of our ability, but cannot guarantee dogs listed have been tested. PLEASE ask for copies of certificates before using dogs at stud for the health and the future of our breed. Thank you. Stud Gallery Ads run annually - Form to advertise in Stud Gallery is found

HERE

STILL TIME TO RENEW FOR 2012!

Moonstruck Moonstruck Blue Asher, TT “Asher” L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected jlhellr@me.com www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 "Available to Heath Tested Bitches with Correct Stafford Temperaments Only" Health documents available by request

======================================= Moonstruck CH Moonstruck The Stamler Express, TT “Stamler” L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected jjlhellr@me.com www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 "Available to Heath Tested Bitches with Correct Stafford Temperaments Only" Health documents available by request

Concluded on next page


Elvid Ch/U-Ch Heaven's Warrior De El Doradostaff “Bruce” L2-HGA and HC Clear, PHPV Unaffected, CERF, OFA Hips Good, OFA Elbows, Patellas, & Cardiac Normal, AKC DNA - V615701 lizz.kester@gmail.com http://www.elividstaff.com "Health documents available by request. Available at stud to approved, health-tested bitches only."

======================================= The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected & cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of

The Stafford Knot Thank you. Contact Us

Merchandise now available - proceeds benefit Stafford rescue worldwide!

CLICK to shop and donate to SBT Rescue!


The Stafford Knot

Classified Advertising

The Stafford Knot is offering classified advertising of goods and services which are dog related. Ads are limited to 20 words, no images. For larger ads please consider gallery advertising. The Stafford Knot cannot be held responsible for any items sold through this page. All sales are between seller and purchaser. TSK makes no warranties either written or implied.

===================================== Bull Breeds Online Your online forum for all Bull Breed lovers and canine enthusiasts! www.bullbreedsonline.com ‘Like� us on Face Book

Pitstars SBT Supplies - Stafford Collars & Leads plus all your Stafford needs. Made & supplied by Stafford people for Stafford peoples Staffords. Pitstars SBT Supplies FB, www.pitstar.co.uk (+44)07958) 355382

Limited Editions FitPaws Canine Conditioning Equipment, Natural Treats + Chews, Toys, Tugs, Collars. Unique accessories for your unique pets. www.limitededitions1.com limitededitions1@verizon.net

Thankdog - All Breeds Equal Help fight BSL promote responsible dog ownership. T-shirts, Calendars, Stickers, & more. Proceeds benefit Stafford causes. thankdog@gmail.com CLICK here to shop

Young Living Essential Oils Experience therapeutic benefits of essential oils for your family & pets too! Use Independent Distributor Referral #1166695 http://www.youngliving.com/en_US/products/

SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT The Stafford Knot, Inc. has applied for 501(c)3 status. If granted, your donations and ad money will be considered tax deductible. We will keep our readers posted as soon as we know.

Hello Stafford! You have seen Hello Kitty & Hello Pitbull - now comes Hello Stafford - available on shirts, mugs, stickers and more. Sales benefit fight against BSL and support rescue and health testing CLICK here to shop

YOUR AD HERE!

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Take advantage now of this incredible deal on classified advertising! These prices wont last long!


The Stafford Knot

Breeder Directory

The Stafford Knot cannot be held responsible for the breeders listed below. Please do your homework and ask to see health certificates, discuss terms and decide whether the Stafford is the correct breed for you prior to purchasing a puppy. Remember, Stafford rescues are also available and make be wonderful pets in the right homes! A Stafford is not the breed for everyone. Please be responsible dog owners and take responsibility for you and your dog in all situations. Contact us with questions.

We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted Form to advertise in Breeders Directory can be found HERE Alabama Cornerstone The Folmars Alabama http://www.cornerstonestaffords.net 205-966-8114 L2-HGA, HC

Georgia Wavemaker Staffords Jim & Lynn Caswell GA, USA EMAIL www.wavemakerstaffords.com 770-666-6121 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF

"Staffords that are exemplary in type & balance" “Naturally reared - Promoting health, exercise & the Breed Standard - Wavemaker Staffords....naturally” California Chavier Staffords Kim Washington-Smith Southern California EMAIL 213 - 760-9081 L2-HGA, HC, CERF

Illinois 1 of a Kind Staffords Andrew Currier Peoria Il EMAIL 309-691-7134 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac

"Breeding Staffords with Charm"

“Unequalled in type, balance, fitness & health”

California Gemini Kennel Beth Lloyd Southern California EMAIL www.angelfire.com/ca2/geminikennel L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF

Maryland Hi-Impact Staffords (Reg) Rich Newberger Baltimore http://hiimpactstaffords.com 410-323-4141 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV, Hips, Elbows, Cardiac, CERF “Bred to standard not by design”

“From show dogs to GO dogs.” Georgia Ramstaff Staffords Angie & Kevin Beezley Georgia, USA EMAIL www.ramstaffkennels.com 770-888-5255 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Cardiac, CERF

Maryland Moonstruck Staffords Judy Heller Edgewater, MD 21037 EMAIL www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 L2-HGA, HC

“Ramstaff...focusing on the standard blend of bull & terrier with true stafford temperament...always”

Quality Staffordshire Bull Terriers of Correct Type & Temperament for Show, Performance & Companion "The Ultimate Nanny Dog”

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Michigan Blessings' Kennel Cathy Micallef Southeastern MI EMAIL www.blessingskennel.org 734-634-9328 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF “Wonderful companions with show & working potential!” Virginia Elvid Staffords Sterling, Virginia http://www.elividstaff.com EMAIL “Staffords that exemplify the Standard both in the home and show & performance rings"

Wisconsin MSLF Kennels Cindy Bundy EMAIL 262-857-9412 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, CERF, Other “We strive to promote sound minds and bodies.”

Wellington, New Zealand Battleaxe Grant & Louise Blackwood DGLKBLACK@xtra.co.nz http://www.battleaxekennels.com 0064 478-9313  L2-HGA, HC, PHPV


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested. Thank you to all who have contributed to this Illustrated Breed Standard and to those who have given permission to use images of your dogs. Thank you to the photographers who have given permission to use the photos in this Illustrated Breed Standard. If we have missed anyone it was not intentional. No harm nor foul is meant. This is an educational tool only. ŠTSK 2012

Balance = Lack of Exaggeration


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

"Non-conformity with these limits is a fault" Any departure from these limits should be considered a fault and the ‘SERIOUSNESS’ with which the fault should be regarded, should be in exact proportion to its DEGREE.


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

The head and neck should extend above and in front of the imaginary horizontal line across the Topline and imaginary vertical line from center of foreleg

Keeping in mind that the distance from withers to ground and the distance from withers to tail set should be equal - this means that the Stafford is NOT a true square breed - remember that the points from withers to forechest and from tailset to buttock extends outside of these parameters making him a tad longer than tall

“Heights Being Related to Weights” Size, Proportion, Substance

Height at shoulder: 14 to 16 inches. Weight: Dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds, these heights being related to weights. Non-conformity with these limits is a fault. In proportion, the length of back, from withers to tail set, is equal to the distance from withers to ground.

Males 14”...... 28lbs 14 1/2”..30.45lbs 15”........32.85lbs 15 1/2”...35.5lbs 16” ....... 38lbs

Females 14” ........24lbs 14 1/2”...26.25lbs 15”.........28.80lbs 15 1/2”...31.31lbs 16”.........34lbs


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

The Stafford Topline The topline is level from the withers to the croup The croup is located after the loin and at the point of the hip bone just in front of the sacrum where there is a slight drop to the tail set (2nd orange arrow) There should not be a severe drop at the croup

The withers are located where the vertebrae face the rear of the dog (between the shoulder blades) and end at the point they begin to change direction where there is also a noticable pad of muscle. There should not be a noticable dip behind the withers (1st orange arrow)

Toplines are designed to help the dog perform a particular function, in this case they must be agile enough to perform the job they were originally designed to do. In very fit dogs there will be muscle pads along either side of the spine. This should not be confused with a dip or roach in the topline. There is a very slight arch over a fairly short loin. The arch occurs over the unsupported-by-ribs portion of the topline (the loin). The strong, flexible loin contributes to the Stafford’s endurance. The topline must be correct or balance is not possible. Illustrations below taken from “The Staffordshire Bull Terrier Handbook” by John F. Gordon, 1951


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

The Stafford Front Elbows tight against the body, showing no looseness, legs perpendicular to ground, dropping straight from the shoulder. The chest drops just to the elbow and no further. Well sprung but not barreled. Moderation is key - Not overdone but showing strength - too much rib spring will hinder efficient movement and too much depth of brisket only adds bulk and heaviness not conducive to agile and free movement. Not enough forechest or brisket weakens movement. The Stafford requires excellent balance to move freely.

Pinched and too narrow with weak pastern

Overloaded shoulder, chest drops below elbow, weak pastern

Bossy shoulder, lacking depth of chest, low on leg

Bossy shoulder, out at elbows, short leg, too thick, not balanced

Illustration at left taken from “The Staffordshire Bull Terrier Handbook” by John F. Gordon, 1951 - showing a correct Stafford front - “Legs reasonably straight in line from shoulders, showing no weakness at pasterns, from where the feet turn out a little.”


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.


The dog on the right has normal Staffordshire Bull Terrier canine placement


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

The Stafford Foot is well padded & tight Illustration at right taken from “The Staffordshire Bull Terrier Handbook� by John F. Gordon, 1951

The feet should be well padded, strong and of medium size.


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

The Stafford Gait Free, powerful and agile with economy of effort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hind legs. If we do not know the mechanical factors involved in movement, our ideas are apt to be unsound. When viewed coming towards you there is no paddling, wading, circling, stilted movement or looseness. The front legs should block your view to the rear legs in parallel motion with effortless ease of movement. When the Stafford is moving away from you you should view its rear pads pushing off effortlessly. There should be decidedly no effort on the Staffords part to get his pads and body support under his center of gravity. Viewed from the side on the move you will see the tip of the front foot reaching the end of the muzzle. The foreleg must reach forward of the line of scapula then on the foot striking the ground, forward momentum would then see the scapula travel over the striking foot which then ends behind the center line of the scapula. Similarly with the rear foot strike and the line of the pelvis.

The Stafford is not expected to move like other terrier breeds. In order to be balanced all the time he is moving he has to place his front feet slightly under his body with each stride . This inward inclination must begin from the shoulder and never from the elbow. The front feet should never touch each other or cross in movement and any looseness in shoulder is highly undesirable. The gait must be light and jaunty with the feet skimming the ground without any wasted movement. The hind legs should drive strongly moving as much as possible parallel with each other. They should never touch or cross each other in movement. The Stafford on the move should show strength, agility and drive. The Stafford will appear extremely light and bouncy on his feet. This is caused by the width of the front assembly with a well developed rib cage , the lighter loin and slightly less width of rear. Also because of the lesser width at the rear, the hind legs although moving parallel will be just slightly inside the line of the front legs. A specimen that is loose in shoulder can be supported by his handler while on the stack however as soon as the dog becomes mobile any structural faults will become apparent. In the show ring, Staffords should be walked at a steady pace and not run. Always ask exhibitors to walk their Stafford on a loose lead. The Stafford is an efficient working machine, not a cloddy bulldog, heavy breather gasping for air in a show ring nor a prancing terrier. Effortless movement with discernable drive from the rear is the goal.


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

The Stafford Coat & Colors Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any of these colors with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black-and-tan or liver color to be disqualified. The Stafford coat should shine. It is a single coat and thinner and finer than a fox terrier. It is of medium texture neither course nor silky. The coat should be very close fitting, Because of its fine coat the Stafford feels the wind and rain and if you are judging in inclement conditions expect to see even the best topline with a roach. Staffords are to have a black nose - a brown nose denotes liver. Eyerims should be dark (some white or pied dogs will not have dark rims). Since Staffords do come in so many colors, no judging preference should be made as to color with the exception of Black and Tan (correctly described as Tan Point Markings) or Liver. Black & Tan can mean marked like a Manchester Terrier or Rottweiller. Sometimes this color is not as clearly defined and harder to notice the tan markings. The marks over the eyes, on the face, on the chest, inside the front & rear legs and under the vent can also appear as brindle (on a black brindle) or as cream (on a red or fawn). Liver staffords are recognized by the lack of black pigmentation on the nose (brownish in colour) and usually very light eyes “yellow” (not light brown which some dogs will have) and sometimes light nails. Both of these colours are disqualifying traits and should never be shown, bred or encouraged. When judging the Stafford do not penalise “battle scars” . As a fighting dog it is certainly permissible to have scarring and is part of the history of the breed. All feet in solid coloured dogs should carry black toe nails. When the nails have been subjected to a good deal of wear and tear the black pigmentation can look shabby and worn however if you look at the root of the nail a truly black nail will be seen. Check for good pigmentation in diluted coloured dogs – such as blues and fawns as they cannot have the black nose genetically but still should carry good pigment and not appear washed out. Excellent pigmentation can also show as dark gums and lips and inside the ear leather also being dark. EXAMPLES OF TAN POINT MARKINGS

EXAMPLES OF LIVER

Photo - Ross Anderson of Aberdeen, Scotland ‘Neyo’

EXAMPLES OF GOOD PIGMENT

black nails

Dark gums, lips in a red dog

Dark gums, lips a in a BB dog

inside of ear leather black


Typical Stafford Head Shapes


50 Points of a Stafford


Thank you to all who have contributed to this Illustrated Breed Standard and to those who have given permission to use images of your dogs. Thank you to the photographers who have given permission to use the photos in this Illustrated Breed Standard. If we have missed anyone it was not intentional. No harm nor foul is meant. This is an educational tool only. ©TSK 2012

In Summary The head should appear clean. No wrinkle or bunched up expression. One should strive for 2/3 to 1/3 ratio head to muzzle with a definite stop but not an EXAGGERATED stop or lack of stop. The stop itself should be almost vertical. The easiest way to determine accurate stop is to place your thumb on the stop and look at the angle of your thumb. Do not be fooled by the profile view of the eye socket and mistake this for the stop. The lip should be very clean, thin and tight to the teeth meeting top and bottom with no flews or wrinkled, fleshy or spongey excess thus giving the Stafford a somewhat serious expression at times. The lip should not turn down at the end or be excessive. Exaggerations of under jaw include total lack of under jaw, weak under jaw or too strong an under jaw. None of these are correct. Depending upon the cleanness of the lip - this can be difficult to asses without a hands on going over. The nose itself may turn up slightly at the tip, but keep in mind the plane of the muzzle and the head - they should be parallel to one another. When the muzzle turns up more than the plane of the top skull the dog has a dish face and if the planes dip downward - a down face - neither is clean, balanced and will be exaggerated in expression. When the muzzle is too short or too long they will lack balance. Ears can deceive on a glance so best to get your hands on the dogs head and feel for placement, thickness of leather and size. Does the dog have sufficient length of leg? If not is it due to a short upper arm or just overall shortness of bone? A balanced Stafford should measure the same from the withers to the ground - as it does from the withers to the base of the tail set. Staffords are a square breed. They are not low to the ground or squatty. They are not way up on leg either. Enough leg, enough back - not too much, not too little. Is there massive bone or fine bone? Neither is balanced. Staffords are square - BALANCED with no EXAGGERATION.. Is the animal wider in front than looks natural or is it pinched in front? Neither is correct. The front legs should appear to drop directly down from the shoulder. The front shouldn't appear to be ‘in’ or ‘out’, and MOST CERTAINLY shouldn't look like a bulldog. The legs straight, no weakness at pastern but the tight well padded feet DO turn out a little. Not a lot, and not straight with upright shoulder as in other terrier breeds. The rear should appear strong - not HUGE and not weak and narrow - somewhat even to the front but slightly narrower when viewed from above. There should be a definite waist line with approximately 4 fingers width between the last rib and the hip bone. One should see that last rib as well, showing no fat or wrinkle and sufficient tuck up from the profile. A Stafford is certainly well muscled, yet not bunched muscle - long and lean muscle is much more suited to the breed and its original intended purpose. Not a heavyweight boxer but more like a middleweight. It must be able to move easily, be active and agile. Too much bunched muscle is exaggeration and the dog will lack balance. Not enough and he will appear soft and will not function correctly. Exaggeration of muscle in either direction will affect movement as well.

Its all about a balance. NO EXAGGERATION.


The Stafford Knot

Back Issues

email editor@thestaffordknot.com for copies of articles if not linked here January 2010 Issue #1, Vol #1 Articles include: Joseph Dunn - Hints to the Novice SBT=Bulldog+Terrier

February 2010 Issue #2, Vol #1 Articles include: SBT Breed Seminar, Raymond Crilly - Judges Ed Breeders Code of Silence SBT Exhibition Center (Past Crufts Wnners story NOT included) March 2010 Issue #3, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard Balance & Movement - Judges Ed PHPV - Tala’s Story - Health Demodectic Mange - Alternative Therapies for Treatments - Health (WKC stories NOT included)

June 2010 Issue #6, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard GDC Genetics Interview Breeders Ed Balance in the SBT Judges/Breeders Ed One By One - What YOU can do! The Disappearing Sperm - Breeders Ed/ Health SBT Breed Record Holders, Part 1 July 2010 Issue #7, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Dogs Who Fly - Dock Diving Judging My Way - Judges/ Exhibitors Ed The Holy Grail How to Weight Pull with your Staffordshire Bull Terrier Track Training - Starting Out Flyball - “Organized Chaos”

April 2010 Issue #4, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard RX For Whelping & Caesarians Breeders Ed What You See is What You Get The Tragic Loss of Bloodlines & Mentoring in America - Breeders Ed A Very Special Boy Meets His 1st Stafford May 2010 Issue #5, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard Tan Point Markings - AKA Black & Tan Judges/Breeders Ed Staffords in Working Trials Fibro Cartila....what? - Health How to Select Against Genetic Disease with Knowledge, Not Hope - Breeders Ed

August 2010 - Veterans! Issue #8, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Grey Muzzles & Puppy Dog Tales Staying in the Game My Sunshine Tammy Alf May be viewed HERE September 2010 Issue #9, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Training Your Stafford Forequarters What Price Glory Early Neurological Stimulation May be viewed HERE

October 2010 Issue #10, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Living With Cushings Don't Steal My Joy What is Natural Rearing Using Genetic Pedigree May be viewed HERE November 2010 Issue #11, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Miracles Do Happen Nostalgia The Versatile Stafford The Genetic Pedigree Arnica Montana May be viewed HERE December 2010 Issue #12, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard The Breed Today Puppies For Christmas Pets As Therapy Understanding Recessive Genes A Tribute To Trilby When Things Don’t Go As Planned May be viewed HERE January-February 2011 Issue #1, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Arthritis How Cassie Became an Australian Obedience Champion What is L2-HGA? Teaching Bite Inhibition The Truth About Vaccines The Eukanuba Experience Q&A - Toplines May be viewed HERE


The Stafford Knot March - April 2011 Issue #2, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Cherish Every Moment Importance of Nutrition in Natural Healing What is CERF? Competitive Obedience Understanding Judging Consistency How Diatomaceous Earth Works Q&A - Underjaw May be viewed HERE May - June 2011 Issue #3, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Tally Ho - Lure Coursing The Topline of the SBT The Rule of Fives Interview - Norman Berry (Rendorn) Renal Disease in Canines Hereditary Cataracts in Staffords Q&A - Bites May be viewed HERE July - August 2011 Issue #4, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Breed Specific Legislation Hip Dysplasia Preferred Breed Type The Problem with Dog Parks What Veterinarians are Saying About the Raw Diet Interview with Tony Brindley (Cabrindle) How It All Began

Back Issues

Sept - Oct 2011 Issue #5, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Got Itch? The Backyard Puppy Sportsmanship, Part 1 Sportsmanship Revisited Dog Showing Q&A - Slipped Hocks May be viewed HERE

Mar - Apr 20112 Issue #2, Vol #3 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Vaccination Reactions Can Mimic Disease Symptoms Phil Drabble Playing COI Kennel Blindness Bull & Terrier Letter To The Editor: Structure May be viewed HERE

Nov - Dec 2011 Issue #6, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard The SBT Standard - A Personal Interpretation Breeding - The Big Picture Where Have All The Pure Breeds Gone? The Ostrich Syndrome Foster Mom Finds Rewards The Head of a Staffordshire Bull terrier Q&A - Hocks Let Down May be viewed HERE

May - June 2012 Issue #3, Vol #3 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard SCSBTS 75th Anniversary of 1st Show Hints to the Novice: Joe Dunn Our Dogs - Review of 1936 by HN Beilby The Breed According to Fred Phillips Pictorial Early Staffords Letter To The Editor: Weak Structure May be viewed HERE

Jan - Feb 2012 Issue #1, Vol #3 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Faultlessness vs Virtue A Dog Named Tilly BSL - Banning Lassie Meet the Breed What is Your Target? Choice of Stud Dog Letter To The Editor: Imports May be viewed HERE

July - Aug 2012 Issue #4, Vol #3 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Line Breeding - Past & Present Building Confidence Why The Shit Hits The Fan Flying Bricks - Flyball The Stud Dog Letter To The Editor: Judge Competency May be viewed HERE

The Stafford Knot, Inc. is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords and raise much needed funding for Stafford rescues.

We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected &Â cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of

The Stafford Knot, Inc. Thank you.

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Kayleigh

Bounder

Foxy

From the Editor TSK WANTS YOU! SEND US YOUR ARTICLES, EXPERIENCES, IDEAS PLUS QUESTIONS FOR OUR Q&A PAGE! TSK BENEFITS STAFFORD RESCUES WORLDWIDE BUT WE CANT HELP WITHOUT YOUR HELP THINK ABOUT A GALLERY AD, STUD AD, BRAG, CLASSIFIED OR BREEDER DIRECTORY AS AN AFFORDABLE WAY TO HELP RESCUE PLUS ADVERTISE YOUR DOG, KENNEL, COMPANY OR PRODUCTS.

Open your mind What you do & say affects your life and others We start out in any hobby just doing what we enjoy and trying to learn the ropes. We observe others and either mimic or ignore - depending upon what we want as our final result. We may head down many paths in that hobby before either giving it up or having success and continuing along our way. That path can take many forms the longer you are involved in that hobby and along those paths you meet others who are doing the same as you are.

If we are lucky enough to meet someone on one of our journey who really challenges us, someone we admire and respect or someone who we strive to be more like - then we are very fortunate indeed. If we do not meet someone like this then we are either not looking, not allowing ourselves to be open to meeting those people or simply involved in that hobby for our own pleasure and nothing

more. Thats fine too. I am not here to judge your path. These decisions are up to each one of us.

Kayleigh

For me, personally, I look forward to meeting people who can offer inspiration to me. I enjoy watching and listening to people I respect and even if I may not agree 100% with their philosophies or decisions - I enjoy seeing their happiness and success. In dogs, I have been quite fortunate to meet several people I have admired, respected and learned from. Keep an open mind and keep your ego in check - put it out there that you are open to positive encounters and they will find you. When you lose these people, it can be devastating - but hold close those values you had when you opened yourself up to allow those special people into your life. Those thoughts will help to carry you through. The people you met who had that impact on you had probably done the same thing in order to meet you. Isn’t that a refreshing thought? Thank you for helping to promote health testing in the breed and raising money for Stafford rescues - Share TSK with someone! Thank you to all of you for supporting TSK! Go hug your Staffords! Lynn Caswell, Sr. Editor, Creative Director

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The Stafford Knot Sept/Oct 2012, Issue 5, Vol 3  

The Stafford Knot, Inc. is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from li...

The Stafford Knot Sept/Oct 2012, Issue 5, Vol 3  

The Stafford Knot, Inc. is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from li...

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