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4 new Articles for October 2010 issue #10 Plus a new Q & A What is The Stafford Knot? Illustrated Breed Standard Brags & more! Subscribe online for FREE

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Living With ‘Cushings’ Disease Living with "Cushings Disease", or would it simply be better to say "Coping with Cushings Disease". Not an easy task however you put it and now, in hindsight knowing what we know, we aren't too not sure we could go through it all again. This doesn't mean to say that we wouldn't if we are unfortunate to have another of our dogs develop the disease. "Lulu" was our first one in over thirty years, although we have since learnt terriers of all sorts are prone to this problem – at the moment, we are strong enough to think it might have been less selfish not to subject her to all the necessary treatment – BUT, who knows how we are going to be feeling if we ever have to make the choice again? The heart may rule the head!! To prevent her suffering when she started badly hemorrhaging from her bowel, we ended up having to put "lulu" to sleep just after her twelfth birthday. She had survived for over three years from the time of the initial diagnosis of Cushings Disease although we now suspect she probably was suffering the onset for about a year before then. I guess the first symptoms weren't that easy to recognize, loss of hair! Yes, we did notice we were constantly cleaning the kitchen floor because there seemed to be plenty of loose hair around – but having six other dogs at the time you simply assume they are all moulting rather only one of them and just get on with the job of cleaning it up. She never had a heavy coat, but a nice tight close one, so it wasn't immediately obvious that is was only her that was shedding her coat – particularly since it was from the flanks and belly area. "Lulu" always had a healthy appetite and would pinch any leftover food so that when she started putting on weight, albeit round the middle, we didn't see this as a warning either – until we put her on a diet and she still didn't lose the spare tyre. We then became aware that she was drinking rather

more than normal, she always seemed to be emptying the water bowl – in fact, several times she was treated for cystitis since she had to spend a penny all the time and sometimes could only just make it onto the door step before she made a puddle. Eventually we decided we needed to get to the bottom of the problem, we were not happy with how she looked, by now she was practically bald from the chest downwards, she was ravenous all the time and now snatched food if you offered her anything (something she had never ever done before, she was always so gentle) and she was getting very lethargic. Having read up various diseases we hit on Cushings Disease but because we had never come across sit before, we weren't at all sure. The Vet didn't think this was what she had – he thought it might be a thyroid deficiency so we left her there for the day for various blood tests to be carried out – the results came back after a couple of days – no, it wasn't Cushings but thyroid and would be quite easy to control. Sheer relief at the result but short lived, sadly, two days later the Vet rang – the laboratory had made a mistake and we needed to have the tests done again (this time, free of charge). The next results showed that indeed she did have Cushings. We were told "Now comes the difficult part; the art of controlling the disease is getting the correct dosage of the drug". You soon realize what the Vet means – priced about £1.80/capsule, the drug is a very expensive one and, of course, isn't easy because they only came in one strength. (By the way, nearly three years later, they do make a half dose, but it is almost the same price as the full dose). To begin with, it means a dose every day at the same time, a day's stay at the Vet for blood tests about every month, and fairly accurate monitoring of water intake –

then, if you are lucky enough to get the disease stabilized – you see an improvement in the animal. It took about three months of these visits to sort our "Lulu" but we were very lucky because she responded extremely well, water intake slowed down, appetite decreased and hair started to grow back (I now understand a lot of people aren't so luck and lose the battle after only a few weeks). In fact, we often laughed at how much hair eventually grew on her tum and just how thick her coat became. Over the next two years, we believe she was happy and had a reasonable quality of life – In turn, of course, we had to make sure she had her medicine regularly, keep a constant eye our for the start of any sort of infection (because the disease shatters the immune system) and foot the hefty bills for the medicine and checkup blood tests to ensure that everything was going well. Not that we complained – we loved her and were prepared to do the best we could. The last twelve months of her life were not so good – one of her blood tests showed she needed a lower dosage of the drug – but when we tried a dose very other day – she didn't respond well. We then had to try a does every two days, which was worse. It was then decided what she really needed was a smaller dose every day – but, as I previously said, at the time they only manufactured a 60 mg capsule. Our Vet was extremely helpful and managed to have the capsules emptied and the powder split and put into smaller capsules – a difficult and unpleasant task as the drug is not without its hazards, but the smaller dose every day put things back on track once again. not one of them ever resisted. Continued on next page

“Hair loss is a typical symptom of this disease...” (continued) "Lulu" then had her good and bad days. Sometimes she would eat and then it was no problem to give her the medication – when she had a bad day, it was sheer hell. She was suspicious of any tidbit on offer, refused everything, and simply clamped her teeth together in order to avoid anything being put into her mouth – the mouth was staying firmly shut and that was that!! Exasperation wasn't the word I had in mind – but I'm sure you will all understand. On a good day, she would go about her usual routine, pretending she didn't know you were only giving her special little treats because there was something nasty tucked away inside and so we managed, until just before Christmas when she developed a bad bout of diarrhea which really knocked her


decision and let her go – the good days were becoming rare. Then things were taken out of our hands anyway – she had another bout of diarrhea that ended up with severe hemorrhaging and when the Vet came in, there really was no choice but to let her go to sleep peacefully in her own home, in familiar surroundings – without further suffering. It's only days since she went and we still miss her dreadfully, so its hasn't been easy writing this article. No matter how many dogs you have, or have had, it is never easy to lose one – even if you know they have had a long life, been loved and cared for – there's always going to be that empty space they used to fill. However if it perhaps means someone recognizes the symptoms and obtains an early diagnosis of Cushings (before it gets too much of a hold) – they may not have to face the problems we did. MARY & HARRY COBLE

back and we really thought this was the end. But on no, she was a fighter and although by now her back legs were extremely frail and weak (Cushings causes extreme muscle wasting too), she struggled against all odds, recovered and for a short while seemed to have a new lease of life. However, it wasn't to be for long at the end of January she lost her appetite, started to lose weight and most of the time didn't seem to take much interest in what was going on around her but in spite of this, she still used to assert her authority over the other dogs in the evening when they all came into the lounge – she had first choice of the basket near the fire! Strange thing is, not one of them ever resisted. By early March it was obvious that sooner, rather than later, we were going to have to make that awful

Historic SBT Images

Don’t You Dare Steal My Joy On the  occasion  of  my  tenth  anniversary,   my  husband  asked  me  how  I  wanted  to   celebrate.  I  asked  that  we  take  a  very   dear  friend,  my  adopted  grandmother   and  one  of  the  greatest  of  all  the  great   southern  ladies,  out  to  dinner  with  us. At  dinner,  my  husband,  Brian,  presented   me  with  a  diamond  ring.  It  was  gorgeous   and  I  was  speechless,  but  even  as  I   thanked  him,  I  worried  about  the   expense  and  extravagance  of  such  a  gift.   As  if  he  knew  that  the  next  line  belonged   to  my  grandmother,  my  husband   excused  himself  from  the  table. He  was  barely  out  of  sight  when  she   reached  across  the  table  and  grabbed   me  by  the  shoulder,  "I  know  what  you're   thinking,  I  know  you  think  he  couldn't   afford  it  and  it's  too  extravagant.  I  don't   care  if  he  had  to  put  a  second  mortgage   on  the  house  to  buy  it,  don't  you  steal   his  joy!  It's  beautiful.    Accept  it  as  the   token  of  his  love  that  it  is  and  say   nothing  about  how  he  shouldn't  have   bought  it  for  you."  Then  she  repeated,   "Don't  you  dare  steal  his  joy!"   That  was  the  end  of  the  conversation.   She  sat  back  in  her  seat,  smiled  at  my   returning  husband,  and  we  had  a  lovely   dinner.  I  took  her  advice  and  put  my   reservations  out  of  my  mind.  The  ring   has  never  come  off  my  Ginger,  but  most   importantly,  I  learned  a  wonderfully   important  lesson,  never  to  steal  another   man's  joy. Are  you  a  joy  stealer?   "You  know  if  my  dog  hadn't  gone  down   on  the  sit,  I  would  have  won  the  class",   said,  unfeelingly,  to  the  winner.   "I  sure  didn't  think  your  dog  worked   that  high  a  score."   "I  can't  believe  you  placed,  I  thought   Jane  Oneup  and  her  dog  would  beat you."   "I  thought  I  had  that  class  won!  My  dog   had  a  great  performance,"   said  to  the  winner.”

"Isn't that  judge  an  idiot?  I  can't  believe  the  dogs  he  put  up!"   said  to  the  winner.   "Boy,  aren't  you  glad  Mrs.  Winallthetime  wasn't  here  today  or  you  might  not  have   won."   "You  passed  that  Master  test  because  the  water  blind  was  so  easy." "That  was  the  stupidest  set  of  water  marks  I've  ever  seen.  No  trial  should  end   that  easily,"   said  to  the  winner.   Do  you  discourage  or  encourage  fellow  competitors?  Do  you  tell  them  their  goals   are  too  lofty  and  their  dreams  too  big?  Are  you  trying  to  be  helpful  or  trying  to   keep  them  from  accomplishing  something  that  you  never  had  the  ability  or   perseverance  to  do  yourself?  It  is  equally  as  harmful  to  steal  joy  by  destroying   the  dream. "No  Basset  Hounds  get  UD's,"   said  to  the  owner  of  the  Bassett  in  Utility  class. "I've  never  seen  a  Rottweiler  that  could  do  fronts  and  Ginishes",  said  to  the  owner   of  the  Rottweiler  practicing  fronts  and  Ginishes. "Do  you  have  any  idea  how  hard  it  is  to  get  a  UD  and  a  Master  Hunter?  Do  you   know  how  few  people  have  ever  done  it?"   said  to  the  Girst  time  dog  owner  setting  out  to  do  both. When  FC  AFC  OTCH  Law  Abiding  Ezra  had  both  his  Gield  championships  and  65   OTCH  points  including  all  the  necessary  Girst  places,  someone  had  the  guts  to   come  up  to  me,  his  owner,  trainer  and  handler  and  say,  "No  dog  will  ever  be  a   Gield  champion  and  an  obedience  champion."  My  jaw  drops  when  I  think  about  it.   Isn't  it  unfortunate  that  I  remember  this  attempt  at  stealing  my  joy  much  more   than  I  remember  all  the  cards  and  letters  and  congratulations  I  received  when   those  last  35  points  were  earned?   Continued on next page

Continued If you  are  willing  to  destroy  someone's  dream,  perhaps  you  don't  realize  that  it  is  the  JOY  of  pursuing  the  dream  that   keeps  the  dreamer  motivated,  not  just  reaching  the  accomplishment.   My  husband  and  I  travel  and  compete  together.  I  remember  an  event,  early  in  our  relationship  when  I  watched  his   Doberman  fail  articles.  "Darn  it,  "  I  said,  as  he  came  out  of  the  ring,"  she  didn't  even  try  to  Gind  the  right  one!"  "Oh",  he   replied,  "but,  weren't  her  heeling  and  signals  wonderful?"   Unknowingly,  I  had  almost  stolen  his  joy.  He  was  celebrating  the  improvement  on  the  exercise  that  had  been  giving   him  trouble,  and  I  was  focused  on  the  failure.  Since  that  experience,  Brian  and  I  have  learned  that  the  best  response  to   a  questionable  performance,"What  did  you  think?"  That  way,  if  the  handler  is  excited  about  some  aspect  of  the   performance,  you  can  share  that  excitement.  If  the  handler  is  disappointed  in  another  aspect,  you  can  share  the   disappointment.  You  are  safely  removed  from  being  a  joy  stealer.   I  hope  you  have  a  lot  of  dreams  and  goals  for  your  dogs  in  (the  coming  year).  Undoubtedly  there  will  be  moments  of   disappointment  as  you  venture  through  the  landmines  of  injury,  failures  and  other  setbacks.  Remember  that  the  joy  of   the  journey  is  worth  the  difGiculties  along  the  way  and  don't  let  anyone  steal  that  joy.  Guard  it  well  and  at  the  end  of   the  road  you  can  own  it  and  revel  in  it  with  all  the  other  memories  of  the  trip. by  Connie  Cleveland   This  article  is  a  reprint  from  Connie  Cleveland's  book "Dogs  Are  Problem  Solvers,  Handlers  Should  Be"

HC DNA Clear, L2-HGA Pending

Happy 15th Birthday Tammy!

What Is Natural Rearing? Natural Rearing  is  a  term  that  was  coined  by  the   great  pioneer  in  natural  feeding  &  rearing  practices,   Juliette  de  Bairacli  Levy.  An  English  woman,  in  1930,   who  started  studying  to  be  a  veterinarian.  She  began   feeding  raw  foods  and  rearing  her  Afghan  Hounds   naturally  and  treating  diseases  with  herbs.  Her  book,   The  Complete  Herbal  Handbook  For  The  Dog  And   Cat  has  been  used  by  dog  owners  and  breeders  for   many  years.  

lofty goal,  worthy  of  the  extra  effort  it  takes  to  accept   the  responsibility  and  think  for  yourself.   Eliminating  the  over-­‐vaccinating  of  our  animals  and   not  using  chemicals  in,  on,  or  around  our  companion   animals.   The  basic  principals  of  natural  rearing  are  both   simple  and  elegant.  Yet  to  the  newcomer,  the  wealth   of  detailed  information  can  be  overwhelming.   Probably  the  hardest  part  is  Girst  "un-­‐learning"  what   we  have  taken  for  granted  for  most  of  our  lives.   Simply  stated  it  means  going  back  to  nature,  keeping   things  as  simple  and  true  to  species  as  possible.  

Natural Rearing  can  actually  be  called  a   "preventative"  in  that  it  is  the  feeding  &  husbandry   method  that  most  closely  raises  your  dog's  overall   general  health  and  builds  and  maintains  a  strong   immune  system.  Natural  Rearing  proponents  view   the  animal  as  a  "whole"  individual  being,  much  more   The  Natural  Rearing  Breeders  Association  is  here  to   than  just  the  sum  of  its  parts.   provide  you  with  accurate  and  time  tested   information,  education  and  support  whether  you  are   This  method  is  actually  as  old  as  mother  nature   a  breeder,  a  pet  owner  or  care  giver.   herself  and  it  basically  requires  that  your  animals  be   fed  a  diet  and  be  cared  for  as  close  to  how  they   No  unauthorized  use  is  permitted!  Only  express,  written   would  live  and  eat  in  the  wild,  Along  with  this   permission  may  be  considered  authorization.  Permission   includes  living  in  a  pack  environment,  on  clean   granted  to  reprint  in  TSK  granted  by  Dr.  Jeannie  Thomason ground,  having  plenty  of  free  access  to  fresh  air,   sunshine,  clean,  pure  drinking  water  and  plenty  of   Copyright  2009  -­  2010  All  rights  reserved.   free  running  exercise.   Bitches  and  Queens  are  allowed  to  raise  and  wean   their  young  on  their  own  schedule  (that  is  without   humans  removing  puppies  or  kittens  from  their   mothers  care  to  "artiGicially  wean"  them)  and  along   with  this  goes  the  all  important  disciplinary  lessons   taught  by  the  dam  to  her  young!  It  is  part  of  a  natural   method  of  learning  canine/pack  or  feline/pride   social  skills  and  is  extremely  important  in  the   formation  of  stable  temperament!  

The information  contained  on  this  web  site  is  intended  as   education/information  only.  It  is  not  intended  to  replace   your  veterinarian.  Please  use  your  good  judgment.   Thank  you.   Dr.  Jeannie  Thomason NaturalHealthCareForDogs/?yguid=256562763

Nutrition is  of  utmost  importance  and  the  canine   and  feline  diet  should  reGlect  the  dog's  and  cat's   carnivorous  design.  Dogs  and  cats  fed  a  raw,  meaty   bone  based  diet  enjoy  overall  superior  health,   evidenced  by  clean  white  teeth,  fresh  breath,  pink   healthy  gums,  shiny  eyes,  glossy,  odor-­‐free  coats,   small  Girm  odorless  stools.  There  is  no  substitute  for   fresh,  wholesome  food,  clean  water,  exercise,  plenty   of  fresh  air,  sunshine  and  avoidance  of  chemicals  and   drugs  to  the  greatest  extent  possible.   One  of  the  goals  of  natural  rearing  is  to  minimize  the   need  for  any  veterinary  assistance.  Prevention  of  ill-­‐ ness  and  fostering  of  well-­‐ness  can  be  achieved  if  a   total  program  is  followed.  Providing  your  animal   with  the  best  chance  of  "being  all  that  it  can  be"  is  a  

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w w w. s t a f f i e s o n l i n e . o r g . u k

w w w. c a f e p re s s . c o m / t h a n k d o g

Using a Genetic Pedigree to Select Against Genetic Disease may have little or no information on most of the dogs. In addition, the genped may not show many key relationships if those dogs are not in the registry. For example, the sire of a dog you are interested in may have been breed to several other dams. The litters from those other dams may hold crucial information A traditional pedigree shows the about whether or not the sire is a parentage of a purebred dog back carrier. So the genped becomes through three or more generations. If you take a traditional pedigree and more useful as you research and add missing pieces. begin filling in the rest of the close relatives (siblings, half-sibs, We create our genpeds with a offspring, multiple matings, etc.), program called Progeny (designed you’ve got the beginnings of a for human medical genetics work) genetic pedigree (lets’ call it a which takes the information on a genped for short). family of dogs from our registry or customer-supplied database and The genetic pedigree can be as automatically draws the chart. simple or as complicated as you want, but the goal is to help you see Usually we will base the genped on a particular dog that a breeder is the relationships among as many dogs as possible in a family group. If interested in. We then customize the chart to show the relationships you are trying to select against a involving that dog as clearly as particular genetic disease, it is possible. In extremely complex essential that you find out which genpeds we may add a subdogs in the family group have been pedigree or remove dogs in order to affected with the disease, and use show the significant relationships that information to make estimates about the risk that any particular dog more clearly. helps you keep track of particular genetic traits and possible carriers ! can be expanded as you learn about and add more dogs ! typical size is 50-75 dogs !

COPYRIGHT 2005 George Packard (permission to reprint in TSK granted by author - March 2010) – Part 3 in a series of 4

Disclaimer: In creating this pedigree and explaining its possible use in making breeding decisions, GDC takes no responsibility for the accuracy of the information or for the results obtained by breedings based on information in this pedigree. GDC offers this pedigree only as a starting point and general guide for breeders. In providing a genetic pedigree to a breeder GDC is in no way offering advice of any type on the suitability of specific dogs or family lines for breeding.

Introduction On the following three pages you’ll find a short introduction to the basic concepts involved in using genetic pedigrees to help make the decision about whether or not to breed two dogs. Generally you would need to have two separate pedigrees, one for the possible dam and one for the possible sire. GDC creates genetic pedigrees using a program called Progeny, and uses data either from the GDC registries, or from information you supply from your own database. (A simple pedigree can be created from just a handful of dogs. Contact GDC for more details. What is a genetic pedigree? A genetic pedigree focuses on the relationships among dogs within 2-3 generations, and : ! shows the relationships among many dogs in a family group ! based on a particular dog of interest to a breeder or buyer

of interest to you has for being affected or a carrier.

A typical genped might include 50-75 dogs. Each dog is represented by a square (male) or circle (female). Lines drawn between dogs show that they have been mated, and lines descending from those mate lines show the litters they have produced. Your GDC/SIGHT genped will have a key explaining all symbols and text. Simple genpeds are easy to understand. Complex genpeds require some patience before you can make sense of the complicated relationships. Ideally, each dog in the genped has been screened for at least one of the genetic diseases that you’re trying to select against. But, in reality, you

Small genpeds can fit on a single 8.5x11 sheet of paper. Big genpeds are printed on several sheets of paper and then taped together.

Historic SBT Images

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http://www/ OR

Continued from page 16 What is the purpose of a genetic pedigree?

learn more by talking with breeders, owners and researching extended pedigrees.

helps breeders select against one or more genetic How do you use the genped? diseases ! Identify as many affected ! lowers the risk of producing dogs as possible affected or carrier dogs ! Identify known carriers ! helps analyze the risk that (parents and progeny of any particular dog may be a affected dogs) carrier or affected ! Identify 50%-risk carriers ! identifies dogs or litters (parents and progeny of where more information is known carriers) needed ! Estimate carrier risks for The basis of a good breeding particular key dogs and for program is to select for the traits you litters from possible matings want, and to select against the traits ! Consult with a genetic you don’t want. If you choose a dam counselor about risks of and a sire at random you’ll tend to producing carriers or get a litter that’s more or less the affecteds for a particular breed average of good and bad mating traits. But ideally you want to produce puppies with a higher than Most of the genetic diseases of breed average set of good traits and concern to dog breeders and owners a lower than average set of bad are recessive traits. In general that traits. All traits, of course, both good means both parents must be and bad, are the results of the genes carrying one or more of the key a puppy inherits from its parents. defective genes for there to be any possibility of producing affected So a genped helps you to visualize puppies. Many genetic diseases the complicated relationships among affecting dogs (like lens luxation) are dogs and to estimate the likelihood associated primarily with a key that any particular dog does, or defective gene. This key gene may doesn’t, have the set of genes that be regulated in complicated ways by influences a particular trait. other genes, but in general, a dog with two copies of that gene is at Many canine genetic diseases are very high risk for becoming affected. caused by a key gene that is Other diseases, like hip dysplasia, defective (recent research is involve a number of key genes showing that gene interactions are which can combine in an individual vastly more complex than we to produce various forms of the believed, and that the “one gene/one disease (hip dysplasia, for example, disease” concept is very simplistic). ranges from mild to severe). So your goal as a breeder is to find out as much as you can about which The genped can tell you only a few dogs in a genped are carrying, or things for sure, but most of the have a certain risk of carrying, the information you will be dealing with key defective gene associated with a is in the form of probabilities and risk particular disease. estimates. !

The genped is basically a way of organizing your knowledge about a family group of dogs. The most important knowledge you need to have about each dog is: 1) Which dogs is it closely related to? and 2) Is it carrying the genes associated with a particular genetic disease? As you work with a genped, you’ll pencil in information on each dog as you

Step #1: Identify significant relationships in the genped --fix yourself a pot of coffee or tea, take the cap off a fresh highlighter pen and get friendly with the genped. You can always print out fresh copies, so don’t worry about spills or mistakes. Highlight all of the

key lines of relationship through which genes could be passed along to the dog you are interested in. Use a second color to highlight relationships to common parents or grandparents, or other lines of relationship where a single dog’s genes head for your dog from two, or more, separate directions. --write down all the questions you have, all the notes or comments that come to mind, all the breeders or owners you know who may be able to provide more information about any key dogs. --If you are considering mating two particular dogs, remember that the information you are looking for is some guesstimate of the probability that either dog is a carrier. If you are dealing with a late onset disease, and if either of these dogs is younger than the age of onset of the disease, then you are also interested in the probability that this dog might become affected. And you are also looking for a guesstimate of carrier or affected risk for the offspring of this mating. Step #2 Identify all known affected dogs Rationale: Assume that there are more affected dogs in the population than are reported in registries. If the disease you are interested in is late onset, assume that any young dog could still become affected. Identify a dog as affected only if you are certain that the diagnosis is based on the best screening test available. (GDC, SIGHT, and OFA/CHIC registries do not identify a dog as affected without written veterinary confirmation.) Hearsay information should always be suspect. !

do everything you can to find all the affected dogs in this family group. If you have access to a breedwide pedigree database, get complete listings of offspring from all key dogs and make an attempt find out if there were any affecteds in any of those litters. Continued on next page

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Step #3: identify known (“assumed” or “obligate”) carriers (These dogs are parents and offspring of affected dogs) Rationale: According to the rules of classic Mendelian genetics for recessive traits, an affected dog must have two copies of the defective gene: one inherited from the dam and one from the sire. (Note: Current research suggests that genes do not always behave exactly according to the rules of classic genetics, but even so, breeders can make significant progress by following the rules.) !


for a recessive trait or disease that is primarily associated with one gene (autosomal recessive), there is a very high probability that both of the parents and all the offsping of an affected dog are carriers of one copy of the defective gene. for a recessive trait that is polygenic (associated with many genes), there is a reasonably high probability that both parents and all offspring will be carrying a significant number of the defective genes.

-Step #4: Identify all dogs with a 1:2 (50%) probability of being carriers (These dogs are parents and offspring of known carriers)

are carriers themselves. This is misleading because it suggests that if a carrier produces a litter of 8 dogs, exactly 4 will be carriers. However, like a flipped coin, each offspring of a carrier has an equal chance of being a carrier or not. If you flip a coin 8 times, you won’t always get exactly four heads and four tails.) !

If a dog in your genped has a 1:2 chance of being a carrier, you should do everything possible to find if that dog has produced an affected, because then you will have positive identification of the dog as a carrier. Try to obtain progeny lists for that dog, and contact the breeder of each of the litters.


Tracking down the offspring of each known carrier will give you another list of dogs with a 50% chance of being carriers themselves. If any of those dogs is closely related to the dog you are interested in, you must try to find out if any offspring (second generation from the known carrier) are affected, because, once again, you should try to identify all the known carriers in the genped.

Step #5: Analyze the carrier/ affected risk for a particular dam and sire and their litter

Rationale: If you have identified affected dogs, carriers, or 50%-risk carriers directly related to the dam Rationale: According to classic or sire you are interested in, you can genetics, at least one of the parents use relatively simple probability of a known carrier is also a carrier. calculations to give an estimate of Therefore each parent of a known risk. (Note: This type of analysis will carrier has a 1:2 (50%) probability of have a wide margin of error, also being a carrier. In addition, because as we’ve noted above, each offspring of a known carrier genes don’t always follow the rules has a 1:2 (50%) probability of being of classic genetics. But with no other a carrier. (Note: You may have read available information, this risk that 50% of the offspring of a carrier analysis may at least help you make

a breeding decision if all other factors are more or less equal.) !

If at all possible, we urge you to consult with a genetic counselor at this point, after you’ve gathered as much information as possible in your gen ped.

Historic SBT Images


The Stafford Knot Brags, Shows, Litters Send us your BRAGS, Litter Announcements, Seminar and Show announcements and we can post them here. Be sure to fill out the BRAGS form found HERE

WAVEMAKER NEW LITTER WAVEMAKER Sabahouse Touch of Class at Zoellies x UWP UKC-CH AKC pointed Cazomic Look Busy, CGC (Cragails Dancing Brave x UK CH Cragails Black Hassle )(Cragails Dancing Brave x Willowstaff Hot Gossip at Cazomic )

Wavemaker Staffords is thrilled to announce a healthy litter of six (3 dogs, 3 bitch’s) whelped 29 AUG , 2010 Frozen Semen AI, Pups clear by parentage for L2-HGA & HC, ‘Nealie’ CERF 2010, OFA Cardiac, ‘Tyler’ clear PHPV. All health documents available by request.

BOUNDER NEW TITLE EMAIL Homebrewed Dutchess of Hardin, FD, FDX, FDCH (CH Bowtman's Homebrewed Cellar Keeper/ CH Carnig Dot Com)

Bounder running at her first flyball tournament Clean Break Summer Sizzler 2010 received her 1st three flyball titles - FD, FDX, FDCH L2-HGA, HC Clear by Parentage

The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected & cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of

The Stafford Knot Thank you. Contact Us


Toramyn Annalea (Ch Satiety Horace Whitesox ex Jackaranne White Dove )

Keira has recently achieved her Tracking Title (TD) tracking at the age of 13! Well done Keira! Spayed, not bred from

E LV I D S TA F F NEW LITTER ELVIDSTAFF Farsyde's Lightning Strikes Twice X Brick House Sweet Caralena CGC, OFA Born September 9th, 2010 We are exceedingly pleased to announce the safe arrival of four new puppies, three males and one female. The puppies and their lovely mom are all thriving. Thanks again to Jean and Dave for all their help in making this litter possible! Pups clear by parentage for L2-HGA & HC, certificates available by request


Send in YOUR Brag for only $5 per issue (plus Paypal fees) We are happy to share your Brag, Litter Announcement, Show Announcement, Club News, New Title or anything you want to share!

TSK Brags section is here to share your exciting news! All dogs in Brag section must show proof of health testing, as in any section of TSK

Each month TSK will take questions from our readers and present them to breed specialists, experienced breeders, veterinarians, geneticists or experts in the field of the particular questions being asked. We hope you enjoy the information provided based upon YOUR feedback! Send your question to ASK TSK

Ask TSK - Q & A Question: Hi TSK Q&A, I have a seven month old male that has gone through puppy socialization, obedience and listens and responds to all the basic commands when he is in class and in our house or backyard beautifully. I am having trouble with the basic walk at times. There are so many distractions that it is very difficult at this point to get his concentration back to me for more than a moment. Once I give the “let’s go” command after I have brought him back to me he starts to pull again. I vary between a regular collar and a prong used in his training. We will be taking an advanced distraction class in two weeks that will be all outside with the trainers dogs. Any advice will be greatly appreciated on how to help me manage his prey drive so we are both happy. I look forward to all the great suggestions.

Answer: At such a tender age personally I would not be using a prong collar. Older dogs with established problems maybe the prong has it’s place but only if it is both fitted and used correctly but personally I would rather achieve the result I wanted with praise/reward and consistency in training; and as he’s still a puppy, I would be very against using it at all.

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At 7 months, it is and should be an inquisitive age, everything is new, we want or should be exposing our puppy to new sights and sounds in an controlled manner. There is a vast difference between training at home and having your puppies undivided attention and then having all the distractions of an outside walk, but keep up the work at home, puppy needs to learn that YOU are the best thing since sliced bread and that giving his attention to you is where his bread is buttered! Work on ‘watch’ exercise, this can be done when you are sitting down I tend to use cut up sausage and wear a bait bag, (the food can be phased out later if wanted, but at this stage it’s needed), teach him the word ‘watch’ get his attention even initially if it’s just for a second or two, and slowly work upwards, don’t go to fast as you need to ensure he knows what the word means, the food is instant and is coming from your bait box/hand. You need him in a sit or down and not jumping up for it, if he does withhold it, remain consistent as with all training it really is the key to success. Once he actually knows the word, use it outside in your garden, take him up the road 20 steps a few times and use the word, then you can move on to more interesting walks, and occasionally call him in to ‘watch’ always treat him instantly both with the sausage and a few good words, at this stage a nice happy voice it all adds up to you being the best thing in his life, why wouldn’t he want to give you his attention.  Do be consistent at all times. If you continue to have issues with the walks after this, then I would up the benefits to him, improve the titbits for his walk chopped liver/cheese or whatever rings his bell!  Set him up in situations where it’s easier for him, ie remember he is only 7 months.  One of my girls as a puppy I had to bring in primula cheese for her during clockwise heelwork as she just would not do it, we only used it for that exercise and it worked well. With regards to your advanced distraction class; I’m sure you’ll have a great time as will your puppy but don’t ever be frightened to go back a stage or two.  When training for example for stays and all goes well, then you bring in stays with distractions ie other dogs, balls bouncing past ect sometimes you just need to go back a stage or two and get your basics covered again before moving on, it gives your dog the confidence as well as it goes against all their urges to get up and get that bouncing ball!  When I trained for Working Trials a 10 minute out of sight stay was one of the exercises, now if I only ever trained for the 10 mins my girl would I’m sure do it, but how boring, vary things and most important have fun, working together…….. you have years together have fun and slowly but surely you’ll have a great dog to be proud off who in return will be happy and love his special time with you. Wendy

This months Q&A is answered by Wendy Clewley who is the author of the article called “Training Your Stafford” which appeared in the September issue of TSK and can be found HERE Wendy not only is the editor for the EASBTC newsletter she is also an accomplished author in her own right submitting articles for many publications. . She has written for TSK on numerous occasions, including her tribute to her bitch Tammy (Araidh Sweetest Taboo) found HERE - “Pets As Therapy” found HERE - “The Holy Grail” found HERE and more. THANK YOU Wendy!

The Stafford Knot wishes to provide the following information for your convenience. TSK encourages health testing of all Staffordshire Bull Terriers, especially those used for breeding purposes and/or performance events. The testing is made available to be used as a tool to eliminate certain diseases from a breeding program. Used wisely, this can be accomplished. The following testing information is provided as a service to you, however should not be used as the only health checks your Stafford receives. There are many more health issues to be considered when breeding dogs, caring for dogs and when looking to buy a purebred dog. As always, please seek the advice of your personal veterinary specialists for your day-to-day needs of your dogs. Thank you!

* * * Please note - a CERF or PHPV test done by a canine ophthalmologist is NOT the same test as the one done to check for HC. BOTH tests should be carried out * * * ***PLEASE send in your test results for the databases. Accurate records are valuable to the breed*** Remember, if you choose to breed from a carrier you must test the entire resulting litter to determine clears & carriers. Thus if you choose to keep a carrier from that litter, the same must be done for each subsequent litter resulting from breeding carriers. If you sell carrier pups, please consider spay/neuter so that more carriers are not produced. With the advent and ease of genetic testing many of these diseases could be eliminated by only breeding clear to clear. To use a known carrier requires an extra step of responsibility. There is no excuse to breed an untested dog.

Testing Facility For L2-Hga & HC

Testing Facility For L2-Hga Only

Animal Health Trust Lanwades Park, Kentford New Market, Suffolk CB87UU Phone: 01638 751000 Fax: 01638 750410

Canine Genetic Diseases - University Of Missouri

Email: Website: Direct Link:

321 Connaway Hall Columbia, Missouri 65211-5120 USA Phone: 573-884-3712  Fax: 573-884-5414 Email: Website: Direct Link:

Testing Facility For HC Only VetGen 3728 Plaza Drive,Suite 1 Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48108 USA Phone: 734-669-8440   Toll Free:  800-483-8436  (US & Canada) Fax: 734-669-8441 Website: Direct Link: (Can also test for HC from stored semen)

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Other labs offering L-2-HGA test in Europe: France Czech Republic Germany / Testing Facility For Hip, Elbows, Patella and Cardiac Certifications * Orthopedic Foundation For Animals (OFA) 2300 E Nifong Boulevard Columbia, Missouri, 65201-3806 USA Phone: 573-442-0418  Fax: 573-875-5073 Email: Website: *Note: A Board Certified Cardiologist must perform all Cardiac exams.   A qualified licensed Veterinarian can provide X-Ray films for hips, elbows and Patella.   Testing Facility For Eye Certifications* Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) 1717 Philo Rd P O Box 3007 Urbana, IL 61803-3007 USA Phone: 217-693-4800  Fax: 217-693-4801 Email: Website: *Note: A Board Certified Canine Ophthalmologist must perform all CERF exams. CERF exams are annual exams for breeding stock. Continued on next page

You can now search online for breed specific health information on the Kennel Club website. The Breed Information Centre includes all recommended health tests, breed clubs, Kennel Club Accredited Breeders, breed standards and breed rescues.

==================================== Understanding Recessive Genes Recessive genes are responsible for many aspects in dogs, such as the production of blue or liver coats, and most do not affect the dog’s physical well-being. A few however do cause health problems. Two have been described in Staffords – hereditary cataract (HC), causing blindness in young dogs, and L-2-Hydroxyglutaric Aciduria (L-2-HGA), a metabolic condition that affects the brain, causing seizures that may be misdiagnosed as epilepsy. All dogs have two copies of every one of their thousands of genes with the exception of those on the sex chromosomes in the case of males. One copy of each comes from the sire and the other from the dam. The copies of each gene may not be identical but each will be at the exact same position on the appropriate chromosome. Differences between pairs of genes, mutations, are the result of little biochemical errors occurring somewhere in the replication process between generations. With recessive genes the ‘original’ variant, let’s call it ‘X’, produces the ‘normal’ effect as long as one copy of ‘X’ is present. If a mutation has occurred at some point, resulting in a recessive variant, ‘x’, then the normal effect will be produced as long as it is paired with ‘X’. ‘X’ is thus considered to be dominant to ‘x’, or putting it another way ‘x’ is recessive to ‘X’. X/X will naturally produce the normal effect but if x/x is produced then the resultant effect may be totally different. With both HC and L-2-HGA three gene combinations are possible as you will have realized already – X/X – the dog is clinically unaffected and is not a carrier of the condition, as it does not possess ‘x’, and thus cannot pass it to its off-spring.     X/x – the dog is clinically unaffected but is a carrier as it possesses ‘x’ which, on average, it will pass on to half its progeny.     x/x – the dog is affected with the appropriate condition and were it used for breeding it must pass the defective ‘x’ gene to all its progeny. The aim of any control measures must be simply to prevent any clinically affected animals being born and eventually to eliminate the defective ‘x’ from the breeding population. With the development of laboratory tests for the recessive genes that cause the two conditions (tests for L-2-HGA are already available) the first step must be not to breed two carriers together – ensuring both sire and dam are tested prior to mating should guarantee this. Previously the only way of knowing a dog is a carrier is when it has produced affected off-spring. With careful selection, breeders, who have lines affected with either condition should be able to get rid of the defective genes within two or three generations while hopefully maintaining the quality of stock they desire. Clearly not using any carriers at all in breeding programs would soon eliminate the recessive genes for HC and L-2-HGA and some may advocate this. However, this would cause a possibly serious reduction in the gene pool, even in a breed like the Stafford that has a comparatively large pool, and could inadvertently permit the emergence of other genetic defects.    Continued on next page

Balance = Lack of Exaggeration

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With regard to faults - Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the ‘SERIOUSNESS’ with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its DEGREE.

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It is possible that some breeders and exhibitors do not completely understand what a correct scissors bite should look like. If in doubt, ask your veterinarian or spend some time with an experienced mentor who can give you some hands-on education with a variety of dogs. Remember that bad bites are hereditary and breeding Staffords with incorrect bites will assure the continuation of the problem for generations to come. As breeders, it is our job to let judges know that correct bites are important to us. Similarly judges can let us know that they will accept no less.

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“Heights Being Related to Weights” Size, Proportion, Substance Height at shoulder: 14 to 16 inches. Weight: Dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds, these heights being related to weights. Non-conformity with these limits is a fault. In proportion, the length of back, from withers to tail set, is equal to the distance from withers to ground.

Males 14”...... 28lbs 14 1/2”..30.45lbs 15”........32.85lbs 15 1/2”...35.5lbs 16” ....... 38lbs

Females 14” ........24lbs 14 1/2”...26.25lbs 15”.........28.80lbs 15 1/2”...31.31lbs 16”.........34lbs

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A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function. Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in some breeds adversely...If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present in the right measure. The head should appear clean. No wrinkle or bunched up expression. One should strive for 2/3 to 1/3 ratio head to muzzle with a definite stop but not an EXAGGERATED stop or lack of stop. The stop itself should be almost vertical. The easiest way to determine accurate stop is to place your thumb on the stop and look at the angle of your thumb. Do not be fooled by the profile view of the eye socket and mistake this for the stop. The lip should be very clean, thin and tight to the teeth meeting top and bottom with no flews or wrinkled, fleshy or spongey excess thus giving the Stafford a somewhat serious expression at times. The lip should not turn down at the end or be excessive. Exaggerations of under jaw include total lack or under jaw, weak under jaw or too strong an under jaw. None of these are correct. Depending upon the cleanness of the lip - this can be difficult to asses without a hands on going over. The nose itself may turn up slightly at the tip, but keep in mind the plane of the muzzle and the head - they should be parallel to one another. When the muzzle turns up more than the plane of the top skull the dog has a dish face and if the planes dip downward - a down face - neither is clean, balanced and will be exaggerated in expression. When the muzzle is too short or too long they will lack balance. Ears can deceive on a glance so best to get your hands on the dogs head and feel for placement, thickness of leather and size. More on heads in a later article. Does the dog have sufficient length of leg? Can you see daylight under him/her? If not is it due to a short upper arm or just overall shortness of leg all around? A balanced Stafford should measure the same from the withers to the ground - as it does from the withers to the base of the tail set. Staffords are a square breed. They are not low to the ground or squatty. They are not way up on leg either. Enough leg, enough back - not too much, not too little. Is there massive bone or fine bone? Neither is balanced. Staffords are square - BALANCED with no EXAGGERATION.. Is the animal wider in front than looks natural or is it pinched in front? Neither is correct. The front legs should appear to drop directly down from the shoulder. The front shouldn't appear to be ‘in’ or ‘out’, and MOST CERTAINLY certainly shouldn't look like a bulldog. The legs straight, no weakness at pastern but the tight well padded feet DO turn out a little. Not a lot, and not straight as in other terrier breeds. The rear should appear strong - not HUGE and not weak and narrow - somewhat even to the front when viewed from above. There should be a definite waist line with approximately 4 fingers width between the last rib and the hip bone. One should see that last rib as well, showing no fat or wrinkle and sufficient tuck up from the profile. A Stafford is certainly well muscled, yet not bunched muscle - long and lean muscle is much more suited to the breed and its original intended purpose. Not a heavyweight boxer but more like a middleweight. It must be able to move easily, be active and agile. Too much bunched muscle is exaggeration and the dog will lack balance. Not enough and he will appear soft and will not function correctly. Exaggeration of muscle in either direction will affect movement as well. Its all about a balance. NO EXAGGERATION. Continued on next page with written Breed Standards

Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Standards Breed Standard (AKC version) Terrier Group General Appearance The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a smooth-coated dog. It should be of great strength for its size and, although muscular, should be active and agile. Size, Proportion, Substance Height at shoulder: 14 to 16 inches. Weight: Dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds, these heights being related to weights. Non-conformity with these limits is a fault. In proportion, the length of back, from withers to tail set, is equal to the distance from withers to ground. Head Short, deep through, broad skull, very pronounced cheek muscles, distinct stop, short foreface, black nose. Pink (Dudley) nose to be considered a serious fault. Eyes--Dark preferable, but may bear some relation to coat color. Round, of medium size, and set to look straight ahead. Light eyes or pink eye rims to be considered a fault, except that where the coat surrounding the eye is white the eye rim may be pink. Ears--Rose or half-pricked and not large. Full drop or full prick to be considered a serious fault. Mouth--A bite in which the outer side of the lower incisors touches the inner side of the upper incisors.The lips should be tight and clean. The badly undershot or overshot bite is a serious fault. Neck, Topline, Body The neck is muscular, rather short, clean in outline and gradually widening toward the shoulders. The body is close coupled, with a level topline, wide front, deep brisket and well sprung ribs being rather light in the loins. The tail is undocked, of medium length, low set, tapering to a point and carried rather low. It should not curl much and may be likened to an oldfashioned pump handle. A tail that is too long or badly curled is a fault. Forequarters Legs straight and well boned, set rather far apart, without looseness at the shoulders and showing no weakness at the pasterns, from which point the feet turn out a little. Dewclaws on the forelegs may be removed. The feet should be well padded, strong and of medium size. Hindquarters The hindquarters should be well muscled, hocks let down with stifles well bent. Legs should be parallel when viewed from behind. Dewclaws, if any, on the hind legs are generally removed. Feet as in front. Coat Smooth, short and close to the skin, not to be trimmed or de-whiskered. Color Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any of these colors with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black-and-tan or liver color to be disqualified. Gait Free, powerful and agile with economy of effort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hind legs. Temperament From the past history of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier, the modern dog draws its character of indomitable courage, high intelligence, and tenacity. This, coupled with its affection for its friends, and children in particular, its off-duty quietness and trustworthy stability, makes it a foremost all-purpose dog. Disqualification Black-and-tan or liver color. Approved November 14, 1989 Effective January 1, 1990

Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Standards Breed Standard (KC version) General Appearance Smooth-coated, well balanced, of great strength for his size. Muscular, active and agile. Characteristics Traditionally of indomitable courage and tenacity. Highly intelligent and affectionate especially with children. Temperament Bold, fearless and totally reliable. Head and Skull Short, deep though with broad skull. Very pronounced cheek muscles, distinct stop, short foreface, nose black. Eyes Dark preferred but may bear some relation to coat colour. Round, of medium size, and set to look straight ahead. Eye rims dark. Ears Rose or half pricked, not large or heavy. Full, drop or pricked ears highly undesirable. Mouth Lips tight and clean. Jaws strong, teeth large, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Neck Muscular, rather short, clean in outline gradually widening towards shoulders. Forequarters Legs straight and well boned, set rather wide apart, showing no weakness at the pasterns, from which point feet turn out a little. Shoulders well laid back with no looseness at elbow. Body Close-coupled, with level topline, wide front, deep brisket, well sprung ribs; muscular and well defined. Hindquarters Well muscled, hocks well let down with stifles well bent. Legs parallel when viewed from behind. Feet Well padded, strong and of medium size. Nails black in solid coloured dogs. Tail Medium length, low-set, tapering to a point and carried rather low. Should not curl much and may be likened to an old-fashioned pump handle. Gait/Movement Free, powerful and agile with economy of effort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hindlegs. Coat Smooth, short and close. Colour Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any one of these colours with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black and tan or liver colour highly undesirable. Size Desirable height at withers 36-41 cms (14 to 16 ins), these heights being related to the weights. Weight: dogs: 13-17 kgs (28-38 lbs); bitches 11-15.4 kgs. Faults Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog. Note - Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. Last Updated - September 2000

The Stafford Knot

Featured Rescues

Below are TSK Featured Staffords currently in rescue and in need of homes. We list these dogs as a courtesy. The dogs are NOT here with us. They are in different parts of the world. We have NO connection to any of them, TSK lists them in order that they may gain more exposure and find great permanent homes. Please do not send us questions about these dogs as we have no further information than what is listed below. There are links and contact info on each dog. We encourage sponsorship of these dogs in order to lessen the burden of foster care and kenneling. Thank you for considering rescue!

===================================== Please help us find Rippley the forever home she deserves - not a kennel run at the shelter -

Rippley is a 10 year old female Staffordshire Bull Terrier. She ended up at the National Animal Welfare Trust Cornwall (N.A.W.T.) as her previous owners circumstances had changed and was no longer able to care for her. She has now been with us here at the Cornwall branch of the National Animal Welfare Trust for the best part of a year and a half bless her. We know that she has had at least 2 homes before coming into us, so we really want to get her into her forever home. She is a very loving girl and would suit a quieter home or maybe a 1-1 type home, that has had experience with rescue dogs or SBT. She could live with children 12yrs plus as long as they are sensible and used to dogs. She will need to be the only animal in the home as she doesnt get along with other animals.   She LOVES water and could paddle/swim all day if you let her although she isnt to keen on going out when its raining. She is good to walk on the lead and loves being out and about or having a good play. She loves her grub but then what staffy doesnt. She is your typical staffy and has a lot of the 'staffy' traits.   She just loves human company and she has been here far to long now so your help is much appreciated. If you would like or need any more information just let us know.

To sponsor Rippley click HERE. To make a donation click HERE Let them know you saw her on TSK. Thank you!

Please e-mail or the centre's phone number is: 01736 756005. CORNISH ANIMAL RESCUE CENTRE Wheal Alfred Kennels Wheal Alfred Road HAYLE Cornwall TR27 5JT Continued on next page

The Stafford Knot

Featured Rescues

Fred is looking to come home with YOU! He deserves to be in his own home with a loving forever family! Will that be you? Fred came to us originally named 'Ted'. He had lived with a couple since a puppy and as he'd grown up they had realised that like many other Staffords, he doesn't tolerate other dogs.  When he was about four years old the couple found they were having their first baby and were warned by various family members that there could be problems with Ted and the new baby.  They rang our rescue and asked if we would re-home him.  We explained that just because Ted didn't like other dogs didn't mean that he wouldn't adore the new baby and that given sensible advice about how to handle the introductions everything should be fine.  Sadly, whatever we said they would not be reassured so they took to shutting the dog outside in anticipation of the baby's arrival.  We said we would look for a new home for him so long as they could keep him meanwhile, which they agreed to.   A while down the line a couple got in touch who had lost their old Stafford.  They were undecided whether to have a new puppy but as they were an older couple we suggested perhaps a rescue may be better for their situation.  Because they had had a male Stafford and assured us of their experience with the breed we suggested Ted.  One of our rescue helpers who had been to assess Ted, so knew of his full history, went to homecheck the prospective new owners and decided they would be suitable so Ted was duly taken to them for a trial period.    Despite the advice we always give to new owners that the dog needs a little time to 'settle in and adjust' the new folk decided they would take him straight out on a walk and to the vet for a checkover.  On the walk Ted encountered an off lead Labrador, who came straight up, invading his space.  The inevitable happened and Ted reacted as a male Stafford can but unfortunately his lead became undone and in the ensuing melee the Labrador got bitten as did the people who put their hands in the way!  So sadly, within an hour of arriving at his new home we had a call from the couple saying that we had to take Ted back as he was 'vicious' and 'their old dog had never behaved like that'.  It would appear that despite their years of living with a male Stafford, and the warnings they had been given by us about the potential 'nature of the beast' they didn't truly understand the breed.  At this stage, because we had taken Ted from his original home, they now refused to take him back - we had no alternative than to take Ted to kennels.   Fortunately, the kennels we occasionally use do understand Staffords and Ted lives as pleasant a life as possible there, but it isn't a home life.  He has now been at the kennels for over 18 months as we just haven't had any interest in him. After his details had been on our website for a few months, and with no interest, in a desperate attempt to 're-invent' him we changed his name to 'Fred' and put new photos of him on the site.  To no avail, we still have had no interest.  Fred's only crime is that he doesn't like other dogs - he is good in the kennel, is no trouble for the kennel staff and although he is a strong dog, he would respond well to training from an experienced owner.  Probably the reason Fred is overlooked is because he is a middle-aged, brindle male that is intolerant of other dogs.  If he were a cute puppy or maybe even a sad oldie, if he were a flashy colour or dog friendly, no doubt we would've found him a home by now.  Meanwhile, Fred languishes in the kennels.  We are very fortunate in that we have some regular donations from some of our members that help towards his kennel costs but of course it still costs a handsome sum to keep a dog permanently in kennels.   Any help for Fred would be so much appreciated - whether that is financial, in spreading the word about his plight in the hope of finding somewhere for him or ultimately finding that wonderful, experienced forever home that he so deserves! To sponsor Fred by making a donation click HERE and send your email asking how you can help. Let them know you saw him here on TSK. Visit EASBTC Rescue page HERE

FE ATURE D R E S C U E S Ruthie is a LOVELY little purebred staffybull girl in need of a good home - through no fault of her own. She's very smart, up to date on all vaccinations, super willing to please, 2 years old, just under 14 inches, 27 pounds and Made For Speed. Very fast and high drive. Would love a home where she could play flyball, but she'll take a home where she can just play. She loves kids! She has lots of energy, still needs a bit more training and will be somewhat of a puppy for about a year more. Shown here at 8 months. She's filled out more now. She is in the eastern portion of the USA. Shipping might be an option for the right home. A small rehoming fee applies.    Interested persons can request more info and apply to adopt by emailing me - - and as a general rule, I don't place females in homes with other female canines. Nor will I place a staffybull of this age into a home with a cat. Exceptions sometimes made for highly experienced dog owners.

The Stafford Knot

Stud Gallery

The Stafford Knot lists health tested stud dogs in the gallery, however, it is up to you to verify this testing by asking to see the certificates for each test if they are not made available here for download. We have screened this to the best of our ability, but cannot guarantee dogs listed have been tested. PLEASE ask for copies of certificates before using dogs at stud for the health and the future of our breed. Thank you. Form to advertise in Stud Gallery is found HERE

======================================= DayDream Ch. Slam Dance, CGC (Imp UK) “Nigel” DNA - AKC - #P24384 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected, OFA/PennHip Hips, Patella, CERF Tel 530-306-0305 Frozen semen available to health tested bitches only. More photos of Nigel available. Health documents available by request.

======================================= DayDream Jayneze Diamonds And Guns (Imp UK) “Tierney” DNA - AKC - #V567946 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected, CERF, OFA Hips good, OFA Elbow normal Tel 530-306-0305 Available to health tested bitches only. Health documents available by request.

Continued on next page

Gamepit Ch Carnig Positive Profile “Frank“ Clear of L2-HGA, & HC, PHPV Unaffected - documentation available upon request Tel 0208 401 8182 Clear Tested bitches only need apply.

======================================= Zoellies Sabahouse Touch of Class At Zoellies “Tyler” Clear of L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected - documentation available upon request Tel 01994427484 Tel 07817432866

© Stu Coates 2010

======================================= Absolute BIS BISS CH Belnore Dream Keeper OFA ‘Beau’ AKC DNA - V426729 Clear of L2-HGA, HC, OFA/PennHip Hips, OFA/PennHip Elbows, Patella, OFA Cardiac - documentation available upon request Tel 337-255-3508

Continued on next page

Sajojistaff CH Sajojistaff Back In Black ‘George’ L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected Tel 01608 659869 Only clear tested bitches may apply. Health documentation available by request

======================================= Ramstaff Ch Ramstaff American Ikon, TT “Ike” L2-HGA, HC, OFA Cardiac 770-888-5255

Available to clear tested bitches only Health documents available by request

======================================= Moonstruck CH Moonstruck The Stamler Express, TT “Stamler” L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected 301-261-4202 "Available to Heath Tested Bitches with Correct Stafford Temperaments Only" Health documents available by request

Continued on next page

Moonstruck Moonstruck Blue Asher, TT “Asher” L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected 301-261-4202 "Available to Heath Tested Bitches with Correct Stafford Temperaments Only" Health documents available by request

======================================= The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected & cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of

The Stafford Knot Thank you. Contact Us

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The Stafford Knot

Classified Advertising

The Stafford Knot is offering classified advertising of goods and services which are dog related. Ads are limited to 20 words, no images. For larger ads please consider gallery advertising. The Stafford Knot cannot be held responsible for any items sold through this page. All sales are between seller and purchaser. TSK makes no warranties either written or implied. Information on how to advertise in TSK classifieds can be found HERE

===================================== The Whole Dog Your Premier Resource For Natural Dog Care, Consultations, products, articles. Dr. Jeannie Thomason veterinary naturopath.

Thankdog - All Breeds Equal Help fight BSL - promote responsible dog ownership. T-shirts, Calendars, Stickers, & more. Proceeds benefit Stafford causes.

Natural Rearing Breeders Association Breeders, natural animal health care providers, individuals actively contributing to increasing health and longevity of our dogs.

Frogge Dog Shop Art, crafts, natural health care products for pets. All handmade!

My Staffy For the Love of Staffordshire Bull Terriers. Staffordshire Bull Terrier merchandise & gifts. T-shirts, plush toys & collectibles.

aecollars Handcrafted SBT Collars, Leads & Harnesses Tel 01981 241488 or Int. +44 1981 241488 for made to measure service for ready made items

Bull Breeds Online Your online forum for all Bull Breed lovers and canine enthusiasts! ‘Like� us on Face Book

Young Living Experience therapeutic benefits of essential oils for your family - pets too! Use Independent Distributor Referral #1166695 CLICK for more info

Take advantage now of this incredible deal on classified advertising! These prices cant last long!

The Stafford Knot

Breeder Directory

The Stafford Knot cannot be held responsible for the breeders listed below. Please do your homework and ask to see health certificates, discuss terms and decide whether the Stafford is the correct breed for you prior to purchasing a puppy. Remember, Stafford rescues are also available and make be wonderful pets in the right homes! A Stafford is not the breed for everyone. Please be responsible dog owners and take responsibility for you and your dog in all situations. Contact us with questions.

We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted Form to advertise in Breeders Directory can be found HERE North America Alabama Cornerstone The Folmars Alabama 205-966-8114 L2-HGA, HC

Florida Cloverdale Staffordshirebull Terriers Amy O'Brian & Jeff Markey Sarasota Florida EMAIL 941-377-9294 L2-HGA, HC

"Staffords that are exemplary in type & balance" California Camelot Staffords Joan Ganz Sacramento, California EMAIL 916-342-0854 L2-HGA, HC

Georgia Wavemaker Staffords Jim & Lynn Caswell GA, USA EMAIL 770-666-6121 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF

“Breeding for temperament and standard.”

“Naturally reared - Promoting health, exercise & the Breed Standard - Wavemaker Staffords....naturally”

California Chavier Staffords Kim Washington-Smith Southern California EMAIL 213 - 760-9081 L2-HGA, HC, CERF

Georgia Ramstaff Staffords Angie & Kevin Beezley Georgia, USA EMAIL 770-888-5255 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Cardiac, CERF

"Breeding Staffords with Charm" “Ramstaff...focusing on the standard blend of bull & terrier with true stafford temperament...always” California Gemini Kennel Beth Lloyd Southern California EMAIL L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF

Illinois 1 of a Kind Staffords Andrew Currier Peoria Il EMAIL 309-691-7134 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac “Unequalled in type, balance, fitness & health”

“From show dogs to GO dogs.”

Continued on next page

Maryland Hi-Impact Staffords (Reg) Rich Newberger Baltimore 410-323-4141 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV, Hips, Elbows, Cardiac, CERF “Bred to standard not by design” Maryland Moonstruck Staffords Judy Heller Edgewater, MD 21037 EMAIL 301-261-4202 L2-HGA, HC Quality Staffordshire Bull Terriers of Correct Type & Temperament for Show, Performance & Companion "The Ultimate Nanny Dog” Michigan Blessings' Kennel Cathy Micallef Southeastern MI EMAIL 734-634-9328 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF “Wonderful companions with show & working potential!” New York Stephanie Crawford Binghamton, NY EMAIL 607-775-1996 L2-HGA, HC, Hips Washington ANGEL ROCK Staffordshire Bull Terriers Spokane, Washington “SBT educational articles, tons of photos and rescue info too!"

Wisconsin MSLF Kennels Cindy Bundy EMAIL 262-857-9412 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, CERF, Other “We strive to promote sound minds and bodies.”

Wellington, New Zealand Battleaxe Grant & Louise Blackwood dglkblack@XTRA.CO.NZ 00 644 4189-313 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV

The Stafford Knot

Back Issues Jan - July Archive downloads will be made available very soon. For now if you would like TSK to email you a free archive PDF file - please feel free to contacts us at:

January 2010 Issue #1, Vol #1 Articles include: Joseph Dunn - Hints to the Novice SBT=Bulldog+Terrier

February 2010 Issue #2, Vol #1 Articles include: SBT Breed Seminar, Raymond Crilly - Judges Ed Breeders Code of Silence SBT Exhibition Center (Past Crufts Wnners story NOT included)

March 2010 Issue #3, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard Balance & Movement - Judges Ed PHPV - Tala’s Story - Health Demodectic Mange - Alternative Therapies for Treatments - Health (WKC stories NOT included) April 2010 Issue #4, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard RX For Whelping & Caesarians Breeders Ed What You See is What You Get The Tragic Loss of Bloodlines & Mentoring in America - Breeders Ed A Very Special Boy Meets His 1st Stafford

May 2010 Issue #5, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard Tan Point Markings - AKA Black & Tan Judges/Breeders Ed Staffords in Working Trials Fibro Cartila....what? - Health How to Select Against Genetic Disease with Knowledge, Not Hope - Breeders Ed June 2010 Issue #6, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard GDC Genetics Interview Breeders Ed Balance in the SBT Judges/Breeders Ed One By One - What YOU can do! The Disappearing Sperm - Breeders Ed/ Health SBT Breed Record Holders, Part 1

July 2010 Issue #7, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Dogs Who Fly - Dock Diving Judging My Way - Judges/ Exhibitors Ed The Holy Grail How to Weight Pull with your Staffordshire Bull Terrier Track Training - Starting Out Flyball - “Organized Chaos”

August 2010 - Veterans! Issue #8, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Grey Muzzles & Puppy Dog Tales Staying in the Game My Sunshine Tammy Alf ALSO may be viewed HERE September 2010 Issue #9, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Training Your Stafford Forequarters What Price Glory Early neurological Stimulation ALSO may be viewed HERE

WHAT DOES IT MEAN? WHAT IS THE STAFFORD KNOT?   The origin of the Stafford Knot is a distinctive threelooped knot that is the tradition symbol of the English county of Staffordshire and of its county town Stafford. Although not heraldic in its own right, the Stafford Knot is an ancient symbol that is steeped in history. The earliest recording of the Stafford Knot is the shaft of a stone cross located in Stoke-on-Trent churchyard. The cross itself is traceable to between 750 and 850 AD. However, the knot device could have been added at a later date. There is a seal existing in the British Museum London which was the property of Lady Joan Stafford (later Lady Wake). It would seem that Lady Wake used on her seal a border made up from her husband's badge, the Wake Knot, made up from the initials W and O (for Wake and Ormond) intertwined. The seal quite clearly depicts a cordon of four knots in the shape of the Stafford Knot. The knot was passed down through the Earl's family, and it was gradually used by the citizens and freemen of Stafford, until it was eventually included in the Stafford Borough Coat of Arms. It is incorporated into the badges and symbols of many organizations and companies, viz., Staffordshire Police, Staffordshire Fire Service, Staffordshire Ambulance Service. A popular romantic notion of the Stafford Knot is that it was used in barbaric times by a Stafford County Sheriff who invented it to hang three criminals at the same time, but the evidence above clearly contradicts this idea. The motto of the arms of the County of Stafford is "The Knot Unites".

The Stafford Knot

The Back Page


From the Editor


I would like to take this opportunity to thank all of our supporters who regularly send us feedback and suggestions. Please be sure you spread the word about our publication as we strongly feel that not only are we promoting health testing in Staffordshire Bull Terriers, benefitting Stafford rescues worldwide - but we are also educating people about this breed with our articles and the illustrated breed standard.

performance needs to know that their dogs are clear of L2-HGA and HC and also understand the results of other health tests to make informed decisions about the future of the dogs. Anyone buying a Stafford as a pet shuld also know that they come from tested parents.

If you are a fan of this breed you will understand the importance of all three to the future of the breed. Any Stafford who is bred from, and anyone doing

Share TSK with someone today! Thank you and hug your Staffords!


Stafford rescue needs us more now than ever due to the popularity we are currently ‘enjoying’ of this breed. Not sure if thats a blessing or a curse really.

Lynn Caswell, Editor

The Stafford Knot - October 2010, Issue #10  
The Stafford Knot - October 2010, Issue #10  

An internet only Staffordshire Bull Terrier Magazine that promotes health tested Staffords - and donates to Stafford rescue worldwide. Ads,...