__MAIN_TEXT__
feature-image

Page 1

MAY/JUNE 2012 P R O M O T I N G T H E S T A F F O R D S H I R E B U L L T E R R I E R

The Stafford Knot Special History Edition

ISSUE #3 VOL 3 FREE

The Stafford Knot promotes Health Tested Staffords

Cover Story on Page 4

SCSBTS 75TH ANNIVERSARY

OF 1ST SHOW PAGE 8

HINTS TO THE NOVICE: JOE DUNN PAGE 26

OUR DOGS - REVIEW OF 1936 HN BEILBY

FEATURED

RESCUES

THE BREED ACCORDING TO FRED PHILLIPS

PAGE 30 PAGE 36

PICTORIAL LETTERS TO EARLY THE EDITOR STAFFORDS “WEAK SCATTERED STRUCTURE’ THROUGHOUT

PAGE 46

BRAGS PAGE 47

HEALTH TESTING INFO PAGE 51

PAGE 52


The Stafford Knot Behind the Scenes If you are interested in securing a future cover on The Stafford Knot please contact us for details. Stud Gallery Page 54 Classifieds Page 58 Breeder Directory page 59 Illustrated Breed Standard page 61 & scattered throughout issue Back Issues page 73

Look for us on FaceBook & Twitter LIKE us on FB

All historical and/or current photos and articles used in this publication were sent to us by our readers unless otherwise stated. In such instances all permissions were acquired prior to publication. We take no responsibility for use of images widely available on the internet or sent to us by owners or breeders of dogs mentioned in this publication. If you wish to have photo credit given it is the responsibility of the photographer to send to us in writing during the current issue publication your wish and we will do our best to accommodate. The Stafford Knot offers WORLDWIDE Publication 24/7 Accessibility, No Waiting For Delivery! DIRECT DISTRIBUTION to Stafford Judges Worldwide No PAID Subscriptions needed!

Subscribe online for FREE www.thestaffordknot.com

Interactive Advertisements Back Issues Archived online Lynn Caswell Chris Kerrigan - Erika Phillips Linda Strange Worldwide Guest Authors/Historians -

Sr. Editor , Ad Design Columnist Columnist Administrator Article Contribution

Special thank you goes to those selfless people who assist with Stafford rescues on a regular basis - if you can help transport, foster, donate or adopt - there is sadly always a need! TSK is here to raise funds to aid in these rescues. Please be a part of the solution! We welcome Fundraiser representatives and article contributions from interested parties. Please contact us if for more information how you can get involved. Thank you also to our Rescue Coordinators Worldwide The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected & cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of The Stafford Knot Thank you. Contact Us TSK benefits Stafford rescue worldwide Š 2009 - 2012 BrownDog Design


Placing an ad on TSK is as easier than ever! SIX ISSUES PER CALENDAR YEAR

Click Here for Advertising FORM Fill out form, pay and upload photos & health certificates all at once!

ADVERTISING RATES MAY CHANGE AT OUR DISCRETION PLEASE SUPPORT TSK AND SUPPORT STAFFORD RESCUE!

All currencies accepted via Paypal. SEND SCANS OF HEALTH TESTING TO

You do not need a Paypal account.

HEALTH@THESTAFFORDKNOT.COM

Advertising Rates Effective thru JUNE 2012 Questions? Email us!

Payment in full, all images, logos, health testing scans and text must be received no later than the 1st of the month prior to next issue or your ad will not run! REMEMBER: The better your images the better your ad will be! YOU will be responsible for final proofing of your ad for any errors, misspellings, etc. We will email you a PROOF prior to uploading your ad to the current issue. PLEASE make all corrections AT THAT TIME or the ad will run the entire 2 months AS IS!

No mid-issue changes

AD R AT ES (2 MONTHS) GALLERY AD 1/2 PAGE - $45 PER ISSUE FULL PAGE OR COVER AD - $95

(THERE IS A WAIT LIST FOR COVERS) RE-RUN AD - $11 PER ISSUE BRAG BOX - $15 PER ISSUE CLASSIFIED AD - $15 PER ISSUE Paypal transaction fees added at checkout & are non-refundable.

Please submit ads as 200 dpi jpg, 8.5” wide by 5.5” high for half page, 8.5” wide by 11” high for full page.

Y E A R LY A D FEES

Remember small/thin type may be difficult to read when shrunk for online viewing. Use bold fonts & sharp images. Don't overcrowd

BREEDER DIRECTORY $40 YR. (THRU 2012) STUD GALLERY (PER DOG) $40 YR.

with too much text or your ad may be difficult to read.

(THRU 2012)

TSK is not responsible for view-

All refunds or cancellations are subject to approval.

ability of all ads designed out of house or once proof has been approved.

Paypal transaction fees added at checkout & are non-refundable.


CH GENTLEMAN JIM

Below - Joe Mallen, Staffordshire iron worker, and his dog Ch.Gentleman Jim

THE BREEDS FIRST DOG CHAMPION - . HE BECAME CHAMPION AT BATH CH SHOW UNDER JUDGE A W FULLWOOD. (FIRST BITCH CHAMPION WAS CH LADY EVE WHO BECAME CH AT THIS SAME SHOW)

AboveJoe Mallen at work with Gentleman Jim and Good Lad The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected &Â cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of The Stafford Knot Thank you. Contact Us


Volunteer positions available at The Stafford Knot:

Sales - we need people around the world to help us sell advertising. Ads are how we raise money to donate to Stafford rescues. If interested please send email to sales@thestaffordknot.com

Editing - if you are familiar with ‘Pages’ software and work on a Mac please send us an email to editor@thestaffordknot.com

Database - If you are interested in building a database of health tested Staffords and are able to volunteer please let us know - send email to health@thestaffordknot.com

Reporters - We are looking for show reporters from around the world to send us results from major shows. If you would like to volunteer for this new position please email - editor@thestaffordknot.com

Writers - we are always looking for writers to send in articles for each issue. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if your are interested and available

For more info go to http://psbtc.org or email staffordtimes@psbtc.org


laureen.williams43@ntlworld.com Merchandise also available at www.cafepress.com/thankdog

www.aht.org.uk/genetics_tests.html

dnatesting@aht.org.uk


SCSBTS 75th Anniversary of 1st Show A version of this article was recently first submitted to and published by ‘Our Dogs’ in the UK and was graciously sent to us by David Levy, Southern Counties Staffordshire Bull Terrier Society President. See following pages for details of events.

There were a number of unusual events during Terrier day at Crufts around the Stafford ring.

years of “The Stafford Magazine”, who’s founder and first editor had been Mr Nap Cairns in 1948.

The Southern Counties Staffordshire Bull Terrier Society

To commemorate the 75th anniversary the Southern

provided a fabulous cake (courtesy of Lee and Karina

Counties Society is also holding a series of events around

Page) commemorating the 75th anniversary of the first ever SBT breed club show held anywhere in the World.

London and the Home Counties including supporting the reunion show being held by Battersea Dogs and Cats

This first show was organised by the Society in 1937, just 2 years after the breed had been recognised by the Kennel

Home in September. The

Club.

over popularity

Once judging was completed, referee Mrs Liz Cartledge,

of the breed has led to nearly 70%

dog judge Dr Sarah Hemstock and bitch judge Mrs Elaine Pearson cut the cake which was shared around the many UK and international Stafford fanciers. The Society also presented a cheque to the value of £2,012 to Dr Mark Vaudin, Deputy CEO of the Animal Health Trust. The sum had been raised from sales of the Society’s book “Treasury of The Stafford” edited by Mrs Jean Loughborough and published in 2008 celebrating 60

of rehomed dogs recently being Staffords or Stafford crosses. It is the Society’s way of saying thank you for all

C AKE PRES ENTED AT CRUFTS

the help that the staff at Battersea give to the breed.

PAINTING S SU CH AS T HE AB OVE WILL BE ON D ISPL AY AT THE EXHIBITION


SCSBTS 75th Anniversary of 1st Show CONTINUED Another event will actually be held in 2014 when The Kennel Club Museum will host an exhibition of

"International Parade". Any club affiliated to the KC, AKC or FCI will be able to nominate a dog and/or bitch to

Staffordshire Bull Terrier related art. Throughout the 2012 anniversary year the Society is inviting anyone to notify

represent them during the lunch interval.

the Society’s President, David Levy (alidav@tesco.net) if

Of course it’s hoped that many international friends of the

they are be able to loan suitable pieces they may own. All those who provide exhibits will be invited to the opening in February 2014. The exhibition will run for about 4 months. A number of unique items have already been offered from all over the World. The Championship Show in October 2012 will be a very special day and it is hoped that Staffords from all round the World will come to the show to take part in an

breed will want to come to England and enter the show but for the parade, any dog can be nominated so, if they are well enough, it would be fantastic to see some of the great dogs of recent years taking a bow for their club and country. † Photographs courtesy of Mr Peter Loughborough and copyright “The Stafford Magazine”

Diary of SCSBTS 75th anniversary events. February 2012

Members Limited Show* at Navestock opened by Prof Steve Dean (KC Chairman) March 2012 Celebration cake and cheque for £2,012 presented to the Animal C HEQUE PRESENTATION AT CRU FTS Health Trust at Crufts May 2012 Society will be at the National Pet Show, Olympia June 2012 Society Open Show* at New Haw Community Centre (Judge: Mrs Margaret Cairns) September 2012 Society will be supporting the Battersea Dogs and Cats Home reunion show at Battersea Park. October 2012 75th Anniversary Championship Show* at Furzehill, Potters Bar (Judges: Mr Paul Stanway and Mr Tec Norton). November 2012 Society will be at Discover Dogs at Earls Court February 2014 Staffordshire Bull Terriers in art exhibition at the Kennel Club Museum, Clarges St, Piccadilly, London.

* There will be special commemorative gifts for all exhibitors at the Society’s 3 shows in 2012. All class winners at the Championship Show will be invited to have their dog’s photo, subsidised by the Society, in a special full page feature in OUR DOGS.

For further details on the above events please go to the society’s website, WWW.SCSBTS.CO.UK.


motoxgrl83@yahoo.com www.lbellestaffords.com


www.staffordwelfare.com


E A R LY S TA F F O R D S - O U R H I S TO RY Cinderbank Beauty Founder of the ‘C’ Line Owner Mr. C Hardwick

Photo taken in 1900 in Aberdare, Glamorgan, Wales

1935 Owner: Mr. R. Timmins

The Great Bomber of Old Cross Guns Brooks Fury 1930 Owner: Horace Griffiths Netherton, Dudley


L 2 - H G A & H C DATA B A S E P RO J E C T THE STAFFORD KNOT ONLY ACCEPTS ADS FROM OWNERS AND BREEDERS OF DOGS WHO HAVE BEEN HEALTH TESTED. THE MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS ARE L2-HGA & HC TESTING. WE PROVIDE INFORMATION ON WHERE TO GO TO HAVE THESE SIMPLE AND INEXPENSIVE TESTS PERFORMED. DOCUMENTATION IS REQUIRED TO BE SCANNED AND SENT IN TO THE EDITORS FOR APPROVAL. FURTHER HEALTH TESTING (CARDIAC, CERF, PHPV, HIPS, ELBOWS, PATELLA, ETC) IS ALSO ENCOURAGED. IT IS HIGHLY RECOMMENDED TO BUYERS THAT THEY SEE THESE DOCUMENTS PRIOR TO PURCHASING THEIR NEW STAFFORD. IF ALL BREEDERS AND OWNERS WERE TO TEST, STAFFORDS WOULD ALL BE BETTER OFF SIMPLY BY THE FACT THAT WE WOULD HAVE MORE INFORMATION REGARDING WHERE THIS BREED IS GOING AS FAR AS HEALTH MATTERS ARE CONCERNED. TO FURTHER THIS POINT, IF ONLY CLEAR TESTED (L2-HGA & HC) STAFFORDS ARE BRED FROM THESE TWO GENETIC DISEASES COULD BE ERADICATED IN THREE GENERATIONS OF BREEDING. THAT’S CERTAINLY SOMETHING TO THINK ABOUT. SOME ARGUE THAT THIS WOULD NARROW THE GENE POOL TOO MUCH AND IS NOT A NEEDED STEP TO IMPROVING THE FUTURE OF THIS BREED. TO THOSE I SAY, POSSIBLY, HOWEVER - IS THAT CARRIER STUD DOG SO STRUCTURALLY SUPERIOR TO HIS CLEAR TESTED BROTHER THAT YOU WOULDN’T CONSIDER USING THE BROTHER INSTEAD? JUST SOMETHING ELSE TO THINK ABOUT. TSK IS COMPILING REGISTERED NAMES AND SCANNED DOCUMENTS OF ALL TESTED (CLEAR, CARRIER AND AFFECTED) STAFFORDS FOR A FUTURE DATABASE PROJECT SO THAT DOCUMENTATION WILL BE ON HAND FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS. IN THE U.S. OUR REGISTRIES DO NOT DOCUMENT THESE TEST RESULTS AS THE K.C. DOES IN THE U.K. THEREFORE TOO MANY PEOPLE WHO OWN ‘CLEAR BY PARENTAGE’ STAFFORDS HAVE NO PROOF IN HAND SEVERAL GENERATIONS DOWN THE LINE. IN TIME, WE AT TSK HOPE THE DATABASE WILL HELP THOSE WHO WISH TO KNOW THE STATUS OF A PARTICULAR DOG OR LITTER. IF YOU HAVE A TESTED STAFFORD - PLEASE SEND ONE EMAIL TO HEALTH@THESTAFFORDKNOT.COM CONTAINING THE FULL REGISTERED NAME, REGISTRATION NUMBER, SIRE AND DAM REGISTERED NAMES AND SCANNED COPIES OF ALL HEALTH TESTING DONE ON YOUR DOG. PLEASE ONLY SEND ONE EMAIL PER DOG. IN TIME, WE HOPE TO BUILD A NAME ONLY DATABASE WITH THIS INFORMATION. THANK YOU FOR SUPPORTING

We are also working on a database of semen stored from health tested stud dogs. If you have semen stored from a tested dog and wish to have him included, please email HEALTH@THESTAFFORDKNOT.COM with health scans, pedigree information and contact information. Also please indicate whether or not the semen is available for use.


alan@ramblix.fsnet.co.uk

www.staffordbook.com


limitededitions1@verizon.net


Mrs. Knight, George Jackman, Arthur Smith, Jack Sayce, Jack Dunn Two Dogs - Old Cross Guns Cradley Type (left) Ch Thirnhill Pride (Right)

www.thecontroversialcanine.ca controversialcanine@gmail.com


http://www.staffordarchive.com


N OVE M B ER 9 T H 1 9 3 6 BIRMINGHAM DOG SHOW SOCIETY CHAMPIONSHIP SHOW JUDGE: MR.A.DEMAINE

Dogs

Bitches

1st-Vindictive Montys Son

1st-Lady Eve

2nd-Gentleman Jim

2nd-Emden Conquest

3rd-Iron Jack

3rd-Colleen


The beginning of dog shows in the Staffordshire Bull Terrier fancy This was the first rally, no prize cards were given and it was arranged by permission of the Kennel Club to see how the owners of The Staffordshire Bull Terrier would accept shows. Twenty Seven were recorded and shown, and under Kennel Club rules at that time only specials could be offered. It was held at The Conservative Club, Cradley Heath on 20th April 1935 and was judged by Fred Holden. After this rally, it was decided to form a club. Application was made to the Kennel Club for the title of the Original Staffordshire Bull Terrier but was disallowed and the title Staffordshire Bull Terrier was given. This caused a lot of controversy amongst the Bull Terrier Club members, who objected to the word Bull in our title, but this was over ruled and Mr. joe Dunn stated we were more entitled to the word Bull than any other Terrier of British breeding. - Freddie Phillips Exhibits named as follows: Silvers Queenie, Foxalls Lady, Jim The Dandy, Fearless Joe,Tranters Bessie, Shell Of Gold, Homers Shell Of Gold,Williams Brindle Tigress, Chestonian Snow Drift, Homes Bahram, Hardwicks Flossie,Vindictive Monty, Brindle Our Paddy, Mallens Brave Nell, Quick The Devil

This is the first show under Kennel Club rules that had Stafford classes and it was Hertfordshire Agricultural Society held in Hatfield Park and the two classes were judged by Mr. Sam Crabtree of ‘Bulldog Fame” on June 11th 1935. Hatfield Park was the residence of Henry Cecil, the famous racehorse trainer. Please note that the club was not formed when this show was held and no breed standard had been drawn up. The first Staffordshire Bull Terrier Club show was held 17th August 1935 and was judged by Mr. H beilby, of ‘Wire & Smooth Fox Terrier’ fame. - Freddie Phillips


Hints to the Novice By Joseph Dunn

19

35

1. Exhibitors should not be in too great a hurry to *get there*. Knowledge can be acquired by actual experience and by paying for such. Experience is undoubtedly the best, and by gaining this slowly the desired object is more quickly achieved 2. When starting in the fancy go to someone of repute, state your wants and the price you are prepared to pay. You will be advised honestly and your foundation will be sound. 3. Purchase only good strains 4. Dont go to extremes in size, some judges like big ones, whilst others like to put up little ones, a 34 pound stafford is a safe size 5. Go to shows as often as you can, getting your terriers to show themselves requires great patience. A good terrier will ruin its chances by being aggressive or shy 6. Follow the judging and try to understand it and pick out for yourself the merits and faults in the exhibits 7. Be unscrupulously clean in your kennels. Give your dog plenty of freedom 8. Dont put too much faith in the opinions of your friends, take your dog to a show, enter in one class, you will then get the opinions of an expert. After the judging is over ask the judge his opinion as to the faults and the good points of your dog. You will find he will readily give you his opinion 9. If you intend breeding and have secured a bitch, try mating her with a dog that will correct her faults. Do not think the successful show dog is bound to be more a successful sire, it is much better to mate her to a proved sire, also make sure the dog is sound 10. Feeding is a big item where the general health of the dog is concerned, each owner has his own way as to the feeding of his dog

This also appeared in the January 2010 issue of TSK and is available for free download in PDF form from our Issuu library


E A R LY S TA F F O R D S - O U R H I S TO RY


w w w. s t a f f i e s o n l i n e . o r g . u k

http://www.staffie-rescue.org


w w w. c a f e p re s s . c o m / t h a n k d o g

jo@scruffydogs.co.uk OR ProSBTHealth@aol.com

easbtc@thedoghouse89.freeserve.co.uk


Our Dogs - Review of 1936 - Staffordshire Bull-terriers are Progressing By H. N. BEILBY

Staffordshire Bull Terrier breeders have every reason to be satisfied with the progress made by

club shows, and although the best dogs of a year ago are still perhaps our best, there is evidence

the variety during the past twelve months.

that some of the younger dogs are going to press hard for premier honours in 1937.

Kennel club registrations show a steady increase, which suggests that breeders are now registering quite a fair proportion of their stock, and in this

The club has now been in existence for fully 18 months, and puppies bred by members since it's

connection I would suggest to breeders that when they have a litter of promising puppies it is a sound plan to register them all under the litter registration scheme-even though you do not intend to keep them all yourself, it is undoubtedly

inauguration are beginning to make their appearance at shows, and it is both gratifying and significant to note that many of these youngsters show a closer and more uniform approximation to standard type than was the case twelve months

a "selling point" if they are registered.

ago. This, of course, is as it should be, and suggests that the meeting together of breeders and the The breed club has done it's bit towards advancing discussions and exchange of opinions that take the Staffordshire, and five shows have been staged place are bearing fruit, and that we are gradually-or in 1936, the first four being held at Cradley Heath dare I say, fairly rapidly-reaching an understanding and the fifth and last show of the year, at Hanworth, near London.

as to what is required in a typical S.B.T.

The entries and judges were successively as under: As regards open shows, show secretaries have put on quite a number of classes for our breed this January - 48 - Mr. Phillip Dee year, an guarantees have been given both by the April - 100 - Mr. Demaine May - 56 - Mr. Boylan September - 81 - H. N. Beilby November - 100 - H. Pegg

The enthusiasm and interest displayed at these events have been remarkable, and the entries are most encouraging. A feature which is agreeably noticeable is the number of new dogs which keep appearing at the

club and by other sporting individuals interested. Crufts, Blackpool, Thame, Maldstone, Wembley, The Kennel Club, and Birmingham all had reasonably well-filled classes; but the two Scottish efforts, Pert and the S.K.C., did not draw so well; of course, the S.K.C. and Wembley were on successive days, and this may may have (in fact did) affected entries at the former. I am told the exhibits attracted a lot of interest at Edinburgh, and I personally know of two sales that have been made to breeders in that city.


Our Dogs - Review of 1936 - Staffordshire Bull-terriers are Progressing CONTINUED

By H. N. BEILBY

In some previous note which appeared in "Our Dogs." I Mulberry Move On and Corinthian Rogue hold pride of gave it as my opinion that the two most prevalent faults place at present; and in bitches I do not know of any in Staffordshires bad mouths and stilted hind action. As

more typical than Brave Nell, although, mind you, all

a result of fairly careful observation throughout 1936 I

have their faults, and some of the younger terriers

believe that mouths are improving, and certainly out of

coming on are going to give them a run for their

30-35 dogs that I examined at our club show in

money in 1937.

September only four had really bad mouths-in all cases undershot. Faulty hind action, due to lack of flexion at

Most breeders will have noticed that although we have

the stifle, is still much too prevalent, and some of our

a fair number of reasonably good dogs there is a

otherwise best exhibits are handicapped by this lamentable scarcity of equally good bitches, and in imperfection. After all with an active sportsman such as mixed classes bitches rarely score. As a firm upholder the Staffordshire, good propelling machinery is a

of the belief that a breed stands or fails on the quality

fundamental requirement, and a dog with stiff, straight

of it's bitches, I am naturally rather uneasy at the

back legs with no spring or life in them is going to be

present position, and I am sure that many thinking

left at the post!

breeders will agree with me. If, by the end of 1937, we could produce a few really good bitches, we would be

During the year we have lost two outstanding dogs,

entitled to feel that the breed was really

Cross Guns Johnson had probably more firsts and

progressing ,and that we had accomplished a good

specials to his credit than any other dog of his breed.

years work.

His wonderful balance, glorious body properties and movement, make one regret as he was only a young

I would ask all breeders to offer a very empathetic

dog he had comparatively small opportunity of

"thank you" to our club secretary , Joe Dunn. Only

transmitting these to posterity. He is a great loss.

those of us who are in close touch with him know how

Fearless Joe was a smaller dog of much the same type,

devoted he is to the cause of the Staffordshire Bull-

and if the history of the breed ever comes to be

Terrier, and the enormous amount of unpaid work he

written it will be found that this game little dog has

puts in for the club's welfare; he does indeed set us a

played a very important part in the building-up of the

great example of "playing the game for it's own sake."

breed, and that his name figures with distinction in a large number of pedigrees. I would venture to state that in Birmingham district at least he is the the most successful sire of the last six years. Incidentally, he was grand sire to C. G. Johnson.

Here's good luck to us all in 1937! . This aeticle first appeared in 1936 in Our Dogs Newspaper.Thank you for allowing us to re-publish it to share with TSK readers. http://www.ourdogs.co.uk/

Of living dogs it is rather difficult to speak, but of our fully matured adult dogs I think it would be generally agreed that Jim The Dandy, Game Lad and possibly


www.sbtcv.org.au

http://forum.bullbreedsonline.com


nozac.hubery@googlemail.com


The dark brindle puppy is Hyena with Tommy Westasll. The lighter colored dog is Rum Bottle. This photo is dated 1923

This photograph is dated 1906 and is Mr. George Collet with his white bitch and puppy - breeding not known.


Typical Stafford Head Shapes


The Breed According to Fred Phillips Fred Phillips was raised in the Black Country of England and was acquainted with many of the old-timers and contemporaries of the breed. He had very strong opinions on breed type.

“...THE OLD BULLDOGS WERE MORE LIKE A STAFFORD THAN THE PRESENT-DAY BULLDOG, BUT IT WOULD BE A NIGHTMARE TO TODAY'S STAFFORD BREEDER IF HIS STAFFORDS LOOKED ANYTHING LIKE A BULLDOG.� The origin of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier have never been told. Although books were written in the 1930's none have ever given any description of the dogs and bitches from which present dogs have originated. I know that a great deal of controversy will start when I say that in my opinion there is very little Bulldog in the make-up of the Stafford. The only thing that, I think, compares to the Bulldog is it's courage. The Old Bulldogs were more like a Stafford than the present-day Bulldog, but it would be a nightmare to today's Stafford breeder if his Staffords looked anything like a Bulldog. The Stafford's head should be tight without wrinkle over both skull and foreface. He must be devoid of any sign of lippiness. A lippy dog, if fought, would risk losing half his face in the first few seconds of any serious encounter. The essential thing is that the dog's appearance should convey his ability to do his rightful work, even if he doesn't have to fight and is bred only for show. The Bulldog's mouth is undesirable for a Stafford and the prized flews of the Bulldog are well and truly out with the Stafford. The dish and down face, and the head without a stop, should also be avoided. The White English Terrier, now extinct, had all the similarities of the Stafford, other than showing great strength and power for size. The head was as clean-cut as the Stafford, but not strong enough and not deep enough to fit a well-balanced Stafford. The head resembled a wedge, whereas that of the Stafford resembles a half-brick. The skull and foreface of the English were parallel to each other, thus avoiding either dish or down face, and the stop should be deep, since it determines the size and shape of the eye, which should be round with a shallow stop. The foreign eye shapes appear and destroy the typical expression. Ears were small and rosed - if they were large they were cropped. The neck of an English was longer than the Stafford, without the power. The old-timers wanted a neck of reasonable length and great strength and demanded a crest of neck. This permitted a wide range of vision without presenting a vulnerable target, and gave the Stafford the regal stance.


The Breed According to Fred Phillips CONTINUED

the body, with a very short space between the last rib and the hind quarters. This correct conformation gives that characteristic devil-may-care gait that is so different from other terriers, which have narrow shoulders and rib-cage,

The front of the Stafford is of great importance. The legs

and slightly longer back, making their movement like an

must be set in line with, and squarely underneath, the

articulated truck. Hence all that desired compactness is lost.

shoulders, with the rounded brisket lying snugly between

The Stafford should strike one as jaunty and extremely light

them. They should be straight to the pasterns, with the feet

on its feet, despite his strong build. He should never appear

turning out a little, to enable the dog to brace himself and

to be ponderous, or to give the impression of heaviness,

resist being thrown, or bowled over by another dog, as a wrestler makes a stand. The structural efficiency was most

which is found in the Bulldog cloddy type of dogs. Terriers, which we can assume to be part of our ancestry and were

important with two evenly matched Staffords. Many judges

similar in build, are the Manchester Terrier and White English

judge a Stafford from the front. They admire the great

Terrier. The main difference is the coulour. Liver and black

breadth of chest and shoulders and large head, without determining whether this is in balance with the rest of the

and tan were not to be encouraged. A black Bulldog is never

dog, and many broad-fronted dogs have what is known as a

Therefore if the Stafford came from the White English

Bulldog front with no breadth of rib-cage, and no indentation

Terrier and the Bulldog, how did the black Staffords

behind the shoulders into the ribs. The Stafford should be

originate? After looking back at what was supposed to be

nothing like the Bulldog, whose shoulders appear to be just

our main ancestors, one can only assume that other breeds

tacked on with the body slung between them.

had to be applied. Having examined the origin of the breed, one moves to the characteristics, and it is from the past

“...THE STAFFORD SHOULD STRIKE ONE AS JAUNTY AND EXTREMELY LIGHT ON ITS FEET, DESPITE HIS STRONG BUILD. HE SHOULD NEVER APPEAR TO BE PONDEROUS, OR TO GIVE THE IMPRESSION OF HEAVINESS, WHICH IS FOUND IN THE BULLDOG CLODDY TYPE OF DOGS.�

history of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier that the modern dog

Breeders today are trying to breed dogs like our terrier ancestors, not like the Bulldog which they are supposed to have come from. The faults which are now so noticeable have come from the Bulldog, not the White English Terrier, and I state that the topline should be level, another terrier

seen, as the Bulldog standard bars the colour black.

inherits his character of indomitable courage and high intelligence, his great affection for his friends - children in particular - his quietness, and his trustworthy stability, which makes him the foremost all-purpose dog. The Stafford is not indiscriminately aggressive with other dogs, but if challenged usually responds with eager briskness and his memory is long. If he is attacked by a dog of another breed he will harbour a dislike for all members of that breed, in or out of the show ring.

attribute that is totally unlike the Bulldog, who has a pronounced dip behind the shoulders with roach back and stern higher than the shoulder. We do not want the straight stifle and hock of the Bulldog. When the Stafford is seen from behind, the hind legs must be in a straight line from the hip to foot, again the shape of the Terrier with the bone strength, and without the cowhocks, which are such a feature of the Bulldog. The Stafford is, or should be, a strongly built compact dog, and the ones which are termed very square are the ideal type. The rib-cage should extend for a good two thirds of

This article has appeared in many many places around the internet TSK is in posession of many of Fred Phillips booklets - The Staffordshire Bull Terrier. Many articles and images compiled in these wonderful booklets are seen here in The Stafford Knot. We have made every reasonable effort to secure permission to publish. Our respect to those who compiled information and images of the breed before us and worked to preserve its history and protect its future.


E A R LY S TA F F O R D S - O U R H I S TO RY


www.staffierescuescotland.co.uk


erica@rawinstinctmagazine.com

www.rawinstinctmagazine.com


E A R LY S TA F F O R D S - O U R H I S TO RY


rescue@sbtca.com


www.showdays.info

Left to right - Jack Barnard, Joe Mallen (Judge) and Mr. I Johnson at Three Counties Show


E A R LY S TA F F O R D S - O U R H I S TO RY


TOM WALLS WITH BULLER TOM WALLS WAS THE FIRST PRESIDENT OF SOUTHERN COUNTIES STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIER CLUB


Send your Letter or Q&A question to ASK TSK. The following is the opinion of the submitter and not nessesarily the views of TSK nor its staff. Please submit any comments directed to the writer of the letter or Q&A. We are happy to post replies, comments, questions in future issues. Thank you.

To TSK

Letters To The Editor

I read your magazine an I follow you on FaceBook. I have had Staff Bulls for several years althou I do not show. I enjoy the breed for what they are, have a lifetime in dogs an am not the type to participate in dog shows - I am a student of dogs an I have been to shows over the years to watch. I learned about dogs from my father an grandfather an their friends who owned an appreciated dogs. I understand that this breed is very diversified. I appreciate that an it is exactly one reason I originally got involved in this breed. I do see that some can lean more to the Terrier side and others more Bulldog like. I like both an I have owned both. I appreciate a family or line bred dog. The one thing, however, I do not like seeing is that there doesnt seem to be much improvement or focus on conditioning or health issues in this breed. I felt I had to write to TSK since health is one of your main topics. How is it that so many Staff Bull owners an breeders turn the other cheek when it comes to this topic. Not only the tests that are available but more importantly (to me anyways) paying attention to out of condition animals, too short muzzles, breathing difficulties, lameness, dwarfism, weak toplines, bad bites, weak pastern, poor feet, over angulated rears an straight shoulders? All of these issues are prevalent in dogs being shown an bred from. Staffords with these issues, especially if they are severe or multiple, should not be in the show ring or considered for breeding prospects. Period. Show Champions an breeding stock should be the best possible examples of a particular breed - not only conforming to a standard but also being in good health an having correct structure. It should be taken more seriously and honestly. Weak structure or bad health are no better examples of a breed than those lacking virtue or breed type in my opinion. If those responsible for continuing a breed are blind to this then someone needs to point it out to them. Stop ignoring the pink elephant in the show ring/whelping box/stud gallery, etc. To those who feel this doesnt point in your direction - take a hard look at your dogs an if you dont see any faults/health concerns or structural issues then you had better ask someone to help point them out to you. All dogs have faults an if you dont know/see them then stop breeding until you do. This is one arena where you cannot afford to say - ignore the problems an they will go away. Thank you for the venue to speak my mind without censorship. It is greatly appreciated. Gregory Swanson


The Stafford Knot Brags, Shows, Litters Send us your BRAGS, Litter Announcements, Seminar and Show announcements and we can post them here. Be sure to fill out the BRAGS form found HERE

VINDICTIVE MONTYSON SHOW WIN

Proud to announce the first Staffordshire Bull Terrier C.C. winner! Owner: Mr. H. Boxley

BENEXT BEAU VALE

By Ulstorville Major Ex CH Benext Beauty BE 1- 20 1967 - 8 - 7 1979 This wonderful Champion - winner of 18 c.c’s and 12 res c.c.’s will be a sad loss tot he breed as a whole Gwen & Ken Bailey


The Stafford Knot Brags, Shows, Litters Send us your BRAGS, Litter Announcements, Seminar and Show announcements and we can post them here. Be sure to fill out the BRAGS form found HERE

SUPER TRAMP AT STUD

By Champion Black Tusker Ex The Sting 1-9-79 Owner/Breeder: Mr. & Mrs. E.A. Leyland 39 Kinver Street Smallthorne Stoke on Trent Tel: 817593

CRADBURY LITTER ANNOUNCEMENT

By Cradbury Flash Earl Ex Watstock Molly Malone Breeder: Mr. V. Smart Kings Heath Birmingham


The Stafford Knot Brags, Shows, Litters Send us your BRAGS, Litter Announcements, Seminar and Show announcements and we can post them here. Be sure to fill out the BRAGS form found HERE

B ADGEBURY CHIEFTAN POLICE DOG TRIALS

Proud to announce: Badgebury Chieftoan Clears a 14’ jump at the police dog trials in 1949

PETER THE BOMBER NEW CHAMPION

By Bomber Command Ex Pats The Girl DOB 3-8-1947 Owner: Mrs. E. G. Jolly


Wanted Samples for PHPV/PPSC Research. If you own or have bred a dog diagnosed with either of these eye conditions, could you help by supplying mouth swabs from the affected dog plus its parents and litter-mates.

Any PHPV positives found in litter screenings are not reported in the Breeds Record Supplement, nor are any cases of PPSC - hence this appeal.

If sufficient samples from affected cases can be obtained, it is hoped that research to determine the inheritance of both conditions may be commenced, possibly leading eventually to DNA tests similar to those available for HC and L-2-HGA.

A copy of the eye test certificate and a copy of the dogs pedigree would also be appreciated. All samples and information will of course be confidential just in case anyone has any concern's about that.

If you can help with this and thus help the Stafford , can you please contact one of the following who can supply swabs and any information required.

Diane Taylor - 01670 823635 email - taylor@niatona.fsnet.co.uk Lesley McFadyen - 01205 871762 email - easbtc@thedoghouse89.freeserve.co.uk Archie Bryden - 01772 715807 email - archie.bryden@yahoo.co.uk Many thanks for your co-operation.


The Stafford Knot wishes to provide the following information for your convenience. TSK encourages health testing of all Staffordshire Bull Terriers, especially those used for breeding purposes and/or performance events. The testing is made available to be used as a tool to eliminate certain diseases from a breeding program. Used wisely, this can be accomplished. The following testing information is provided as a service to you, however should not be used as the only health checks your Stafford receives. There are many more health issues to be considered when breeding dogs, caring for dogs and when looking to buy a purebred dog. As always, please seek the advice of your personal veterinary specialists for your day-to-day needs of your dogs. Thank you!

* * * Please note - a CERF or PHPV test done by a canine ophthalmologist is NOT the same test as the DNA test for HC - BOTH tests should be carried out * * * ***PLEASE send in your test results for the databases. Accurate records are valuable to the breed*** Remember, if you choose to breed from a carrier you must test the entire resulting litter to determine clears & carriers. Thus if you choose to keep a carrier from that litter, the same must be done for each subsequent litter resulting from breeding carriers. If you sell carrier pups, please consider spay/neuter so that more carriers are not produced. With the advent and ease of genetic testing many of these diseases could be eliminated by only breeding clear to clear. To use a known carrier requires an extra step of responsibility. There is no excuse to breed an untested dog.

======================================= Testing Facility For L2-Hga & HC

Testing Facility For L2-Hga Onl y

Animal Health Trust

Ca nine Genetic Diseases - University Of Mo.

Lanwades Park, Kentford New Market, Suffolk CB87UU

321 Connaway Hall Columbia, Missouri 65211-5120 USA

Phone: 01638 751000

Phone: 573-884-3712 

F ax: 01638 750410

F ax: 573-884-5414

Ema il

We bsite

Direct Link

Ema il

We bsite

Direct Link

Testing Facility For HC in USA:

Other labs offering L-2-HGA test in Europe:

http://www.animalgenetics.us/Canine/HC.htm

France www.antagene.com Czech Republic www.genomia.cz Germany www.laboklin.de / www.laboklin.co.uk

======================================= Testing Facility For Hip, Elbows, Patella and Cardiac Certifications *

Testing Facility For Eye Certifications* Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF)

Orthopedic Foundation For Animals (OFA) 2300 E Nifong Boulevard Columbia, Missouri, 65201-3806 USA Phone: 573-442-0418  Email

1717 Philo Rd P O Box 3007 Urbana, IL 61803-3007 USA Phone: 217-693-4800

Fax: 217-693-4801

Fax: 573-875-5073 Website

*Note: A Board Certified Cardiologist must perform all Cardiac exams.   A qualified licensed Veterinarian can provide X-Ray films for hips, elbows and Patella.

Email

Website

*Note: A Board Certified Canine Ophthalmologist must perform all CERF exams. CERF exams are annual exams for breeding stock.


The Stafford Knot

Featured Rescues

PLEASE consider rescuing a Stafford needing a home before purchasing a puppy. SBTCA always has wonderful dogs who have been screened and are looking for permanent homes. All the applications can be found on the rescue pages of the National club website. We list these dogs as a courtesy. The dogs are NOT here with us. They are in different parts of the country. Thank you for considering rescue. Donations and advertisements in TSK benefit Stafford rescue.

===================================== Maggie - Female - CT Maggie weighs 35 lbs 3 yo, and is happy to be picked up and carried around! Maggie is a total love and just wants to cuddle!! Maggie loves to be with people, however she really needs to be the only animal in the home. She came from Tennessee area. We know that she lived a terrible existence there chained outside and forcibly breed numerous times. When she arrived at the rescue, she loved people and was horribly dog aggressive. Working with her, she is now much more tolerant of other dogs if they don't invade her space. We have also found out that she likes big quiet male dogs. But, she needs to be kept away from little dogs and cats. CONTACT

===================================== Pepper - Female - NY Pepper is a Stafford rescue, about five years old. She’s sweet, smart, good in the house and loves everyone. She’s not particularly dog aggressive, but she’s not exactly dog tolerant either, so she should probably be in a one-dog home. She loves to sit on the couch or on a chair, right next to her people, she gets excited when she meets and greets, but she settles down quickly. In other words, she’s a typical Stafford. She’ll make someone a great pet.. CONTACT

===================================== Leo - Male - FL ADORABLE red & white pied Male, in South Florida, Born 2005, AKC registered, was adopted out and the home he went to was foreclosed on and they returned him. Current on all shots, is neutered, crate-trained, house- broken, heartworm negative. Leo is dog aggressive but he did get along fine with a submissive female he used to live with - experienced home please.

CONTACT


The Stafford Knot

Featured Rescues

PLEASE consider rescuing a Stafford needing a home before purchasing a puppy. SBTCA always has wonderful dogs who have been screened and are looking for permanent homes. All the applications can be found on the rescue pages of the National club website. We list these dogs as a courtesy. The dogs are NOT here with us. They are in different parts of the country. Thank you for considering rescue. Donations and advertisements in TSK benefit Stafford rescue.

===================================== Margo - Female - NC This adorable little girl is about 2 years old. She’s a sweet, gentle, affectionate dog who’s made such great progress at the shelter thanks to the efforts of our volunteers – she’s a great favorite with volunteers and staff. Margo loves everyone she meets; she likes to go for walks, and she’s a great cuddler. Though she gets along with other dogs, she’s had so little in her life up until now that she’s not inclined to share her “stuff ” or her people, so she would be happiest as an only dog. Margo is looking for a calm, loving, low-stress home.

CONTACT

===================================== Denver - Female - N. CA Denver's owenrs have lost their home and cannot keep her. She is an older Stafford, born in 1998, who would do best as the only dog. Denver loves to play fetch with the ball, she also loves all people and especially children. She has been to obedience class, and is very eager to please. She loves getting scratched. She loves to take walks, but since she is older, she does not need long walks. She also loves to eat. She is a very loving dog. She is not food aggressive but a little dog aggressive. She needs a final place to call her own in her last days. Please consider giving Denver a place to call home. CONTACT

===================================== Several Staffords Available - GA A long time breeder has sadly passed away recently therefore homes are needed for a few of her Staffords.. Please help find great pet homes for these wonderful dogs. Varying ages and colors. Available to good , loving & permanent homes.

CONTACT


The Stafford Knot

Stud Gallery

The Stafford Knot lists health tested stud dogs in the gallery, however, it is up to you to verify this testing by asking to see the certificates for each test if they are not made available here for download. We have screened this to the best of our ability, but cannot guarantee dogs listed have been tested. PLEASE ask for copies of certificates before using dogs at stud for the health and the future of our breed. Thank you. Stud Gallery Ads run annually - Form to advertise in Stud Gallery is found

HERE

STILL TIME TO RENEW FOR 2012!

======================================= DayDream Ch. Slam Dance, CGC (Imp UK) “Nigel” DNA - AKC - #P24384 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected, OFA/PennHip Hips, Patella, CERF http://www.offa.org/display.html?appnum=678935#animal daydreamsbts@cox.net www.daydreamsbt.com Tel 530-306-0305 Frozen semen available to health tested bitches only. More photos of Nigel available. Health documents available by request.

======================================= Absolute BIS BISS CH Belnore Dream Keeper OFA ‘Beau’ AKC DNA - V426729 Clear of L2-HGA, HC, OFA/PennHip Hips, OFA/PennHip Elbows, Patella, OFA Cardiac - documentation available upon request AbsoluteAST@aol.com www.absoluteamericanstaffordshireterrier.com Tel 337-255-3508


The Stafford Knot

Stud Gallery

The Stafford Knot lists health tested stud dogs in the gallery, however, it is up to you to verify this testing by asking to see the certificates for each test if they are not made available here for download. We have screened this to the best of our ability, but cannot guarantee dogs listed have been tested. PLEASE ask for copies of certificates before using dogs at stud for the health and the future of our breed. Thank you. Stud Gallery Ads run annually - Form to advertise in Stud Gallery is found

HERE

STILL TIME TO RENEW FOR 2012!

Ramstaff Ch Ramstaff American Ikon, TT “Ike” L2-HGA, HC, OFA Cardiac Ramstaff@earthlink.net www.ramstaffkennels.com 770-888-5255

Available to clear tested bitches only Health documents available by request

======================================= Ramstaff Ch Richmax Dreamcatcher “Eddie”

L2-HGA, HC, OFA Cardiac Ramstaff@earthlink.net www.ramstaffkennels.com Tel 770-888-5255

Available to clear tested bitches only Health documents available by request


The Stafford Knot

Stud Gallery

The Stafford Knot lists health tested stud dogs in the gallery, however, it is up to you to verify this testing by asking to see the certificates for each test if they are not made available here for download. We have screened this to the best of our ability, but cannot guarantee dogs listed have been tested. PLEASE ask for copies of certificates before using dogs at stud for the health and the future of our breed. Thank you. Stud Gallery Ads run annually - Form to advertise in Stud Gallery is found

HERE

STILL TIME TO RENEW FOR 2012!

Moonstruck Moonstruck Blue Asher, TT “Asher” L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected jlhellr@me.com www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 "Available to Heath Tested Bitches with Correct Stafford Temperaments Only" Health documents available by request

======================================= Moonstruck CH Moonstruck The Stamler Express, TT “Stamler” L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected jjlhellr@me.com www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 "Available to Heath Tested Bitches with Correct Stafford Temperaments Only" Health documents available by request


Elvid GrCh/U-Ch Heaven's Warrior De El Doradostaff “Bruce” L2-HGA and HC Clear, PHPV Unaffected, CERF, OFA Hips Good, OFA Elbows, Patellas, & Cardiac Normal, AKC DNA - V615701 lizz.kester@gmail.com http://www.elividstaff.com "Health documents available by request. Available at stud to approved, health-tested bitches only.

======================================= The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected & cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of

The Stafford Knot Thank you. Contact Us

Merchandise now available - proceeds benefit Stafford rescue worldwide!

CLICK to shop and donate to SBT Rescue!


The Stafford Knot

Classified Advertising

The Stafford Knot is offering classified advertising of goods and services which are dog related. Ads are limited to 20 words, no images. For larger ads please consider gallery advertising. The Stafford Knot cannot be held responsible for any items sold through this page. All sales are between seller and purchaser. TSK makes no warranties either written or implied. Information on how to advertise in TSK classifieds can be found HERE TIME TO RENEW!

===================================== Bull Breeds Online Your online forum for all Bull Breed lovers and canine enthusiasts! www.bullbreedsonline.com ‘Like� us on Face Book

2010 Chevy Express 2500 Extended Express Van 27,600 miles, Coleman Polar Cub Roof Air + Heat, Finished interior, 30 AMP Hook-up + Extras For details contact - 770-883-5205 or email lramstaff@earthlink.net

Limited Editions FitPaws Canine Conditioning Equipment, Natural Treats + Chews, Toys, Tugs, Collars. Unique accessories for your unique pets. www.limitededitions1.com limitededitions1@verizon.net

Thankdog - All Breeds Equal Help fight BSL promote responsible dog ownership. T-shirts, Calendars, Stickers, & more. Proceeds benefit Stafford causes. thankdog@gmail.com www.cafepress.com/Thankdog

Young Living Experience therapeutic benefits of essential oils for your family - pets too! Use Independent Distributor Referral #1166695 CLICK for more info

YOUR AD HERE!

YOUR AD HERE!

YOUR AD HERE!

YOUR AD HERE!

YOUR AD HERE!

Take advantage now of this incredible deal on classified advertising! These prices wont last long!


The Stafford Knot

Breeder Directory

The Stafford Knot cannot be held responsible for the breeders listed below. Please do your homework and ask to see health certificates, discuss terms and decide whether the Stafford is the correct breed for you prior to purchasing a puppy. Remember, Stafford rescues are also available and make be wonderful pets in the right homes! A Stafford is not the breed for everyone. Please be responsible dog owners and take responsibility for you and your dog in all situations. Contact us with questions.

We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted Form to advertise in Breeders Directory can be found HERE Alabama Cornerstone The Folmars Alabama http://www.cornerstonestaffords.net 205-966-8114 L2-HGA, HC

Georgia Wavemaker Staffords Jim & Lynn Caswell GA, USA EMAIL www.wavemakerstaffords.com 770-666-6121 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF

"Staffords that are exemplary in type & balance" “Naturally reared - Promoting health, exercise & the Breed Standard - Wavemaker Staffords....naturally” California Chavier Staffords Kim Washington-Smith Southern California EMAIL 213 - 760-9081 L2-HGA, HC, CERF

Illinois 1 of a Kind Staffords Andrew Currier Peoria Il EMAIL 309-691-7134 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac

"Breeding Staffords with Charm"

“Unequalled in type, balance, fitness & health”

California Gemini Kennel Beth Lloyd Southern California EMAIL www.angelfire.com/ca2/geminikennel L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF

Maryland Hi-Impact Staffords (Reg) Rich Newberger Baltimore http://hiimpactstaffords.com 410-323-4141 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV, Hips, Elbows, Cardiac, CERF “Bred to standard not by design”

“From show dogs to GO dogs.” Georgia Ramstaff Staffords Kevin Beezley Georgia, USA EMAIL www.ramstaffkennels.com 770-888-5255 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Cardiac, CERF

Maryland Moonstruck Staffords Judy Heller Edgewater, MD 21037 EMAIL www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 L2-HGA, HC

“Ramstaff...focusing on the standard blend of bull & terrier with true stafford temperament...always”

Quality Staffordshire Bull Terriers of Correct Type & Temperament for Show, Performance & Companion "The Ultimate Nanny Dog”


TIME TO RENEW FOR 2012! Michigan Blessings' Kennel Cathy Micallef Southeastern MI EMAIL www.blessingskennel.org 734-634-9328 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF

Wellington, New Zealand Battleaxe Grant & Louise Blackwood DGLKBLACK@xtra.co.nz http://www.battleaxekennels.com 0064 478-9313  L2-HGA, HC, PHPV

“Wonderful companions with show & working potential!” Virginia Elvid Staffords Sterling, Virginia http://www.elividstaff.com EMAIL L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patellas, Cardiac, CERF, Other “Staffords that exemplify the Standard both in the home and show & performance rings" Wisconsin MSLF Kennels Cindy Bundy EMAIL 262-857-9412 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, CERF, Other “We strive to promote sound minds and bodies.”

YOUR AD HERE!


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested. Thank you to all who have contributed to this Illustrated Breed Standard and to those who have given permission to use images of your dogs. Thank you to the photographers who have given permission to use the photos in this Illustrated Breed Standard. If we have missed anyone it was not intentional. No harm nor foul is meant. This is an educational tool only. ŠTSK 2012

Balance = Lack of Exaggeration Continued on next page


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

"Non-conformity with these limits is a fault" Any departure from these limits should be considered a fault and the ‘SERIOUSNESS’ with which the fault should be regarded, should be in exact proportion to its DEGREE.


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

“Heights Being Related to Weights” Size, Proportion, Substance

Height at shoulder: 14 to 16 inches. Weight: Dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds, these heights being related to weights. Non-conformity with these limits is a fault. In proportion, the length of back, from withers to tail set, is equal to the distance from withers to ground.

Males 14”...... 28lbs 14 1/2”..30.45lbs 15”........32.85lbs 15 1/2”...35.5lbs 16” ....... 38lbs

Females 14” ........24lbs 14 1/2”...26.25lbs 15”.........28.80lbs 15 1/2”...31.31lbs 16”.........34lbs


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

The Stafford Topline The topline is level from the withers to the croup The croup is located after the loin and at the point of the hip bone just in front of the sacrum where there is a slight drop to the tail set (2nd orange arrow) There should not be a severe drop at the croup

The withers are located where the vertebrae face the rear of the dog (between the shoulder blades) and end at the point they begin to change direction where there is also a noticable pad of muscle. There should not be a noticable dip behind the withers (1st orange arrow)

The underline of the dog should show definite tuck up behind the last rib

Toplines are designed to help the dog perform a particular function, in this case they must be agile enough to perform the job they were originally designed to do. In very fit dogs there will be muscle pads along either side of the spine. This should not be confused with a dip or roach in the topline. There is a very slight arch over a fairly short loin. The arch occurs over the unsupported-by-ribs portion of the topline (the loin). The strong, flexible loin contributes to the Stafford’s endurance. The topline must be correct or balance is not possible. Illustrations below taken from “The Staffordshire Bull Terrier Handbook” by John F. Gordon, 1951


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

The Stafford Front Elbows tight against the body, showing no looseness, legs perpendicular to ground, dropping straight from the shoulder. The chest drops just to the elbow and no further. Well sprung but not barreled. Moderation is key - Not overdone but showing strength - too much rib spring will hinder efficient movement and too much depth of brisket only adds bulk and heaviness not conducive to agile and free movement. Not enough forechest or brisket weakens movement. The Stafford requires excellent balance to move freely.

Pinched and too narrow with weak pastern

Overloaded shoulder, chest drops below elbow, weak pastern

Bossy shoulder, lacking depth of chest, low on leg

Bossy shoulder, short leg, too thick, not balanced

Illustration at left taken from “The Staffordshire Bull Terrier Handbook” by John F. Gordon, 1951 - showing a correct Stafford front - “Legs reasonably straight in line from shoulders, showing no weakness at pasterns, from where the feet turn out a little.”


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

The Stafford Foot is well padded & tight Illustration at right taken from “The Staffordshire Bull Terrier Handbook� by John F. Gordon, 1951

The feet should be well padded, strong and of medium size.


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

The Stafford Gait Free, powerful and agile with economy of effort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hind legs. If we do not know the mechanical factors involved in movement, our ideas are apt to be unsound. Better photos coming soon

When viewed coming towards you there is no paddling, wading, circling, stilted movement or looseness. The front legs should block your view to the rear legs in parallel motion with effortless ease of movement. When the Stafford is moving away from you you should view its rear pads pushing off effortlessly. There should be decidedly no effort on the Staffords part to get his pads and body support under his center of gravity. Viewed from the side on the move you will see the tip of the front foot reaching the end of the muzzle. The foreleg must reach forward of the line of scapula then on the foot striking the ground, forward momentum would then see the scapula travel over the striking foot which then ends behind the center line of the scapula. Similarly with the rear foot strike and the line of the pelvis.

The Stafford is not expected to move like other terrier breeds. In order to be balanced all the time he is moving he has to place his front feet slightly under his body with each stride . This inward inclination must begin from the shoulder and never from the elbow. The front feet should never touch each other or cross in movement and any looseness in shoulder is highly undesirable. The gait must be light and jaunty with the feet skimming the ground without any wasted movement. The hind legs should drive strongly moving as much as possible parallel with each other. They should never touch or cross each other in movement. The Stafford on the move should show strength, agility and drive. The Stafford will appear extremely light and bouncy on his feet. This is caused by the width of the front assembly with a well developed rib cage , the lighter loin and slightly less width of rear. Also because of the lesser width at the rear, the hind legs although moving parallel will be just slightly inside the line of the front legs. A specimen that is loose in shoulder can be supported by his handler while on the stack however as soon as the dog becomes mobile any structural faults will become apparent. In the show ring, Staffords should be walked at a steady pace and not run. Always ask exhibitors to walk their Stafford on a loose lead. The Stafford is an efficient working machine, not a cloddy bulldog, heavy breather gasping for air in a show ring nor a prancing terrier. Effortless movement with discernable drive from the rear is the goal.


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

The Stafford Coat & Colors Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any of these colors with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black-and-tan or liver color to be disqualified. The Stafford coat should shine. It is a single coat and thinner and finer than a fox terrier. It is of medium texture neither course nor silky. The coat should be very close fitting, Because of its fine coat the Stafford feels the wind and rain and if you are judging in inclement conditions expect to see even the best topline with a roach. Staffords are to have a black nose - a brown nose denotes liver. Eyerims should be dark (some white or pied dogs will not have dark rims). Since Staffords do come in so many colors, no judging preference should be made as to color with the exception of Black and Tan (correctly described as Tan Point Markings) or Liver. Black & Tan can mean marked like a Manchester Terrier or Rottweiller. Sometimes this color is not as clearly defined and harder to notice the tan markings. The marks over the eyes, on the face, on the chest, inside the front & rear legs and under the vent can also appear as brindle (on a black brindle) or as cream (on a red or fawn). Liver staffords are recognized by the lack of black pigmentation on the nose (brownish in colour) and usually very light eyes “yellow” (not light brown which some dogs will have) and sometimes light nails. Both of these colours are disqualifying traits and should never be shown, bred or encouraged. When judging the Stafford do not penalise “battle scars” . As a fighting dog it is certainly permissible to have scarring and is part of the history of the breed. All feet in solid coloured dogs should carry black toe nails. When the nails have been subjected to a good deal of wear and tear the black pigmentation can look shabby and worn however if you look at the root of the nail a truly black nail will be seen. Check for good pigmentation in diluted coloured dogs – such as blues and fawns as they cannot have the black nose genetically but still should carry good pigment and not appear washed out. Excellent pigmentation can also show as dark gums and lips and inside the ear leather also being dark. EXAMPLES OF TAN POINT MARKINGS

EXAMPLES OF LIVER

Photo - Ross Anderson of Aberdeen, Scotland ‘Neyo’

EXAMPLES OF GOOD PIGMENT

black nails

Dark gums, lips in a red dog

Dark gums, lips a in a BB dog

inside of ear leather black


50 Points of a Stafford


Thank you to all who have contributed to this Illustrated Breed Standard and to those who have given permission to use images of your dogs. Thank you to the photographers who have given permission to use the photos in this Illustrated Breed Standard. If we have missed anyone it was not intentional. No harm nor foul is meant. This is an educational tool only. ©TSK 2012

In Summary The head should appear clean. No wrinkle or bunched up expression. One should strive for 2/3 to 1/3 ratio head to muzzle with a definite stop but not an EXAGGERATED stop or lack of stop. The stop itself should be almost vertical. The easiest way to determine accurate stop is to place your thumb on the stop and look at the angle of your thumb. Do not be fooled by the profile view of the eye socket and mistake this for the stop. The lip should be very clean, thin and tight to the teeth meeting top and bottom with no flews or wrinkled, fleshy or spongey excess thus giving the Stafford a somewhat serious expression at times. The lip should not turn down at the end or be excessive. Exaggerations of under jaw include total lack of under jaw, weak under jaw or too strong an under jaw. None of these are correct. Depending upon the cleanness of the lip - this can be difficult to asses without a hands on going over. The nose itself may turn up slightly at the tip, but keep in mind the plane of the muzzle and the head - they should be parallel to one another. When the muzzle turns up more than the plane of the top skull the dog has a dish face and if the planes dip downward - a down face - neither is clean, balanced and will be exaggerated in expression. When the muzzle is too short or too long they will lack balance. Ears can deceive on a glance so best to get your hands on the dogs head and feel for placement, thickness of leather and size. Does the dog have sufficient length of leg? If not is it due to a short upper arm or just overall shortness of bone? A balanced Stafford should measure the same from the withers to the ground - as it does from the withers to the base of the tail set. Staffords are a square breed. They are not low to the ground or squatty. They are not way up on leg either. Enough leg, enough back - not too much, not too little. Is there massive bone or fine bone? Neither is balanced. Staffords are square - BALANCED with no EXAGGERATION.. Is the animal wider in front than looks natural or is it pinched in front? Neither is correct. The front legs should appear to drop directly down from the shoulder. The front shouldn't appear to be ‘in’ or ‘out’, and MOST CERTAINLY shouldn't look like a bulldog. The legs straight, no weakness at pastern but the tight well padded feet DO turn out a little. Not a lot, and not straight with upright shoulder as in other terrier breeds. The rear should appear strong - not HUGE and not weak and narrow - somewhat even to the front but slightly narrower when viewed from above. There should be a definite waist line with approximately 4 fingers width between the last rib and the hip bone. One should see that last rib as well, showing no fat or wrinkle and sufficient tuck up from the profile. A Stafford is certainly well muscled, yet not bunched muscle - long and lean muscle is much more suited to the breed and its original intended purpose. Not a heavyweight boxer but more like a middleweight. It must be able to move easily, be active and agile. Too much bunched muscle is exaggeration and the dog will lack balance. Not enough and he will appear soft and will not function correctly. Exaggeration of muscle in either direction will affect movement as well.

Its all about a balance. NO EXAGGERATION.


The Stafford Knot

Back Issues

email editor@thestaffordknot.com for copies of articles if not linked here January 2010 Issue #1, Vol #1 Articles include: Joseph Dunn - Hints to the Novice SBT=Bulldog+Terrier

February 2010 Issue #2, Vol #1 Articles include: SBT Breed Seminar, Raymond Crilly - Judges Ed Breeders Code of Silence SBT Exhibition Center (Past Crufts Wnners story NOT included) March 2010 Issue #3, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard Balance & Movement - Judges Ed PHPV - Tala’s Story - Health Demodectic Mange - Alternative Therapies for Treatments - Health (WKC stories NOT included)

June 2010 Issue #6, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard GDC Genetics Interview Breeders Ed Balance in the SBT Judges/Breeders Ed One By One - What YOU can do! The Disappearing Sperm - Breeders Ed/ Health SBT Breed Record Holders, Part 1 July 2010 Issue #7, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Dogs Who Fly - Dock Diving Judging My Way - Judges/ Exhibitors Ed The Holy Grail How to Weight Pull with your Staffordshire Bull Terrier Track Training - Starting Out Flyball - “Organized Chaos”

April 2010 Issue #4, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard RX For Whelping & Caesarians Breeders Ed What You See is What You Get The Tragic Loss of Bloodlines & Mentoring in America - Breeders Ed A Very Special Boy Meets His 1st Stafford May 2010 Issue #5, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard Tan Point Markings - AKA Black & Tan Judges/Breeders Ed Staffords in Working Trials Fibro Cartila....what? - Health How to Select Against Genetic Disease with Knowledge, Not Hope - Breeders Ed

August 2010 - Veterans! Issue #8, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Grey Muzzles & Puppy Dog Tales Staying in the Game My Sunshine Tammy Alf ALSO may be viewed HERE September 2010 Issue #9, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Training Your Stafford Forequarters What Price Glory Early Neurological Stimulation ALSO may be viewed HERE

October 2010 Issue #10, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Living With Cushings Don't Steal My Joy What is Natural Rearing Using Genetic Pedigree ALSO may be viewed HERE November 2010 Issue #11, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Miracles Do Happen Nostalgia The Versatile Stafford The Genetic Pedigree Arnica Montana Also may be viewed HERE

December 2010 Issue #12, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard The Breed Today Puppies For Christmas Pets As Therapy Understanding Recessive Genes A Tribute To Trilby When Things Don’t Go As Planned Also may be viewed HERE


The Stafford Knot

Back Issues

January-February 2011 Issue #1, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Arthritis How Cassie Became an Australian Obedience Champion What is L2-HGA? Teaching Bite Inhibition The Truth About Vaccines The Eukanuba Experience Q&A - Toplines Also may be viewed HERE

July - August 2011 Issue #4, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Breed Specific Legislation Hip Dysplasia Preferred Breed Type The Problem with Dog Parks What Veterinarians are Saying About the Raw Diet Interview with Tony Brindley (Cabrindle) How It All Began Also may be viewed HERE

March - April 2011 Issue #2, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Cherish Every Moment Importance of Nutrition in Natural Healing What is CERF? Competitive Obedience Understanding Judging Consistency How Diatomaceous Earth Works Q&A - Underjaw Also may be viewed HERE

Sept - Oct 2011 Issue #5, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Got Itch? The Backyard Puppy Sportsmanship, Part 1 Sportsmanship Revisited Dog Showing Q&A - Slipped Hocks Also may be viewed HERE

May - June 2011 Issue #3, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Tally Ho - Lure Coursing The Topline of the SBT The Rule of Fives Interview - Norman Berry (Rendorn) Renal Disease in Canines Hereditary Cataracts in Staffords Q&A - Bites Also may be viewed HERE

Jan - Feb 20112 Issue #1, Vol #3 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Faultlessness vs Virtue A Dog Named Tilly BSL - Banning Lassie Meet the Breed What is Your Target? Choice of Stud Dog Letter To The Editor: Imports Also may be viewed HERE Mar - Apr 20112 Issue #2, Vol #3 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Vaccination Reactions Can Mimic Disease Symptoms Phil Drabble Playing COI Kennel Blindness Bull & Terrier Letter To The Editor: Structure Also may be viewed HERE

Nov - Dec 2011 Issue #6, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard The SBT Standard - A Personal Interpretation Breeding - The Big Picture Where Have All The Pure Breeds Gone? The Ostrich Syndrome Foster Mom Finds Rewards The Head of a Staffordshire Bull terrier Q&A - Hocks Let Down Also may be viewed HERE


The Stafford Knot

TSK WANTS YOU! SEND US YOUR ARTICLES, EXPERIENCES, IDEAS PLUS QUESTIONS FOR OUR Q&A PAGE! TSK BENEFITS STAFFORD RESCUES WORLDWIDE BUT WE CANT HELP WITHOUT YOUR HELP THINK ABOUT A GALLERY AD, STUD AD, BRAG, CLASSIFIED OR BREEDER DIRECTORY AS AN AFFORDABLE WAY TO HELP RESCUE PLUS ADVERTISE YOUR DOG, KENNEL, COMPANY OR PRODUCTS.

From the Editor All Purpose Dog

Big shout out and kudos to all of you Stafford owners who do things with your dogs! As a very busy person myself I can see how easy it is to buy a dog and just let it sit around all day getting bored and not enough attention. I can see how this life would lead to either a very lazy and out of shape dog or a destructive one. Many bored dogs are given up as rescues simply due to owners not taking the time to train them and keep them busy.

By spending quality time with your dog you are not only keeping the dog busy but you are also taking the necessary breaks in life for yourself. Studies show that people with pets live longer, happier and healthier lives. Just as you need to make time for others activities in your life (dentist, grocery shopping, balancing checkbooks, etc.) making time to enjoy your pets is also very much needed. If you work from home try to get up from your desk every few hours and take the dog outside for a few minutes or take 5-10 minutes to teach a new command or trick. Go for walks, attend a class, learn to draw or photograph your pets. Any hobby

The Back Page

where you can incorporate your pets pays you back in so many ways.You can even try Dog Yoga! What will they think of next? If you have time to go to the gym after work or the movies on the weekends then you also have the time to start a sport with your dog. Try taking an agility class – it not only is good exercise for you both but it also builds confidence. Flyball, swimming, lure coursing and other sports are wonderful tools for conditioning your pets and meeting like-minded people. Obedience and Rally Obedience are excellent ways to keep their minds sharp. Some dogs love tracking or visiting for therapy visits. Others may excel at the AKC Canine Ambassador program where you and your dog go into schools and read to kids and/or teach canine safety. All of these activities help you enjoy your dog so much more and keep you both active. Of course who is to say simply taking a nap or watching a movie on the sofa with your dog is a bad idea either. Just involve your dog into your daily life. Its good for you both. Our breed is an ALL PURPOSE one so therefore take advantage of the versatility of the Stafford - try something new. The Stafford Knot is looking for active volunteers to help us with this publication. Please consider volunteering or donating today. Spread the word and purchase advertisements. The breed is becoming quite popular, and as it does, rescue is becoming overwhelmed. Thank you for helping to promote health testing in the breed and raising money for Stafford rescues - Share TSK with someone! Thank you to all of you for supporting TSK! Go hug your Staffords! Lynn Caswell, Sr. Editor

Profile for The Stafford Knot, Inc. 501(c)3

The Stafford Knot MayJune 2012, Issue 3, Vol 3  

The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like min...

The Stafford Knot MayJune 2012, Issue 3, Vol 3  

The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like min...

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded