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JMAR/APR 2012 P R O M O T I N G T H E S T A F F O R D S H I R E B U L L T E R R I E R

The Stafford Knot

ISSUE #2 VOL 3 FREE

The Stafford Knot promotes Health Tested Staffords

Cover Story on Page 4

VACCINATION

REACTIONS CAN MIMIC DISEASE SYMPTOMS

PHIL DRABBLE

PAGE 7

PAGE 14

PLAYING COI: USING INBREEDING COEFFICIENTS

PAGE 22

FEATURED

RESCUES

KENNEL BLINDNESS

BULL & TERRIER

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

PAGE 28

PAGE 34

‘STRUCTURE’ PAGE 40

BRAGS PAGE 42

HEALTH TESTING INFO PAGE 44

PAGE 46


The Stafford Knot Behind the Scenes If you are interested in securing a future cover on The Stafford Knot please contact us for details. Stud Gallery Page 48 Classifieds Page 52 Breeder Directory page 53 Illustrated Breed Standard page 55 & scattered throughout issue Back Issues page 64

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All historical and/or current photos and articles used in this publication were sent to us by our readers unless otherwise stated. In such instances all permissions were acquired prior to publication. We take no responsibility for use of images widely available on the internet or sent to us by owners or breeders of dogs mentioned in this publication. If you wish to have photo credit given it is the responsibility of the photographer to send to us in writing during the current issue publication your wish and we will do our best to accommodate. Full Color Ads of Top Staffords, Kennels & Vendors Dog/Kennel Ads, Brags, Breeder Directory, Club Announcements, Stud Gallery Litter Announcements & Informative Articles WORLDWIDE Publication 24/7 Accessibility, No Waiting For Delivery! DIRECT DISTRIBUTION to Stafford Judges Worldwide No PAID Subscriptions needed!

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Interactive Advertisements Back Issues Archived online Lynn Caswell Chris Kerrigan - Erika Phillips Linda Strange Worldwide Guest Authors/Historians -

Sr. Editor , Ad Design Columnist Columnist Administrator Article Contribution

Special thank you goes to those selfless people who assist with Stafford rescues on a regular basis - if you can help transport, foster, donate or adopt - there is sadly always a need! TSK is here to raise funds to aid in these rescues. Please be a part of the solution! We welcome Fundraiser representatives and article contributions from interested parties. Please contact us if for more information how you can get involved. Thank you also to our Rescue Coordinators Worldwide The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected & cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of The Stafford Knot Thank you. Contact Us TSK benefits Stafford rescue worldwide Š 2009 - 2012 BrownDog Design


Placing an ad on TSK is as easier than ever! SIX ISSUES PER CALENDAR YEAR

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CH RICHMAX DREAM CATCHER “EDDIE” (SA IMPORT) L2-HGA/HC/CARDIAC CLEAR SIRED BY SA BIS CH RICHMAX DREAM MAKER OUT OF BETHANE BLACK BESS (UK IMP)

EDDIE FINISHED WITH (3) 4 POINT MAJOR WINS AND 3 SINGLE POINTS AND IS RAMSTAFF KENNELS 16TH CHAMPION! ANGIE WAS NOT ONLY PART OF THE ORIGINAL TSK TEAM, BUT ALSO ONE OF THE STRONGEST WOMEN MANY OF US HAVE MET TO DATE. SHE WAS ALWAYS SMILING AND HAD A PLEASANT WORD TO SAY ABOUT EVERYONE. SHE WAS USUALLY FOUND RUSHING TO THE RING, TALKING PEDIGREES, CHEERING UP A FRIEND OR RELAXING WITH FRIENDS ENJOYING THE DAY. ANGIE HAD A SMILE THAT SHE WAS KNOWN FOR AND LOVED LOVED LOVED HER DOGS. SHE WAS A HARLEY RIDER, A WONDERFUL FRIEND AND WIFE AND SOMEONE MANY OF US WILL TRULY MISS.

REST IN PEACE ANGIE.

PLEASE JOIN US IN PERRY GEORGIA WHERE WE WILL BE PRESENTING ‘THE ANGIE BEEZLEY BEST OF BREED SOUTHEAST COMMEMORATIVE TROPHY’ AT THE SE REGIONAL SPECIALTY ON SATURDAY APRIL 14. THIS WILL BE A PERPETUAL TROPHY IN REMEMBRANCE OF ANGIE’S RINGSIDE SPIRIT, GOOD SPORTSMANSHIP & HER POSITIVE ATTITUDE.


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SBTCA National Specialty Weekend Perry, Ga Don’t miss out on a fantastic weekend of Conformation, Agility, Obedience, Rally, Membership Meeting, Auction, Banquet, Fun & Festivities full of Southern charm and hospitality all in one indoor location! Thursday, April 12th – SBTCA Supported Entry & Friday, April 13th – SBTCA Supported Entry

Valdosta KC - Thursday Judge - Judy Webb Valdosta KC - Friday Judge - Gary L Doerge

Superintendent www.onofrio.com Shows close Wednesday 3/28/12

Saturday, April 14th - SE Regional Specialty Show - Sunday, April 15th - SBTCA National Specialty Show

SE Regional Specialty Show

SBTCA National Specialty Show

Atlanta KC - Saturday Regular Classes Judge - Elliott B. Weiss Sweeps Judge: Mrs. Angela Addair, Frontier Staffords - USA

Combined Specialty Clubs of Ga - Sunday (Judge Change) Breed Specialist AKC Judge Mr. Christopher Jacksic, Jaxstock Staffords - USA Sweeps Judge: Ms. Lynn Heimbuch, ClassyStaffys - USA

Saturday evening SBTCA Annual Meeting/Banquet/Auction beginning at 6:30pm Buffet Dinner: $25.00 per person to include Carving Station with Roast Beef & Turkey, 3 sides, salad, desert, tea and coffee. PayPal: http://www.sbtca.com/apps/donate/index.php - "SBTCA National Specialty Reservations" or send check made payable to "SBTCA" to: Michelle Bryant - SBTCA Treasurer 25150 Rolling Oak Road Sorrento, FL 32776 Please note on check "National Banquet" Trophy Sponsorships and donations also accepted by Paypal

Host Hotel Microtel Inn & Suites 110 Fairview Drive Perry, GA 31069 I 75 & Exit 134 1-478-987-4004 $59.99 Single - $69.99 Double - $79.99 Suite Rooms listed under Staffordshire Bull Terrier Club of America

Don’t miss seeing the Angelika T Beezley memorial perpetual trophy which will be awarded to our BOB winner each year at this show.

Auction Items Needed Please contact Susie Keel rugbystaffords@gator.net Staffordshire Bull Terrier Club of America Area 2 Regional & National Specialty Weekend

T-Shirt Sales If interested in a T-Shirt, please contact Angie Addair for more information. T-Shirts must be ordered & paid for in advance! $20 Angela Addair frontierk9@windstream.net www.sbtca.com

Show Chair: Vickie Candeto


Volunteer positions available at The Stafford Knot for 2012:

Sales - we need people around the world to help us sell advertising. Ads are how we raise money to donate to Stafford rescues. If interested please send email to sales@thestaffordknot.com

Editing - if you are familiar with ‘Pages’ software and work on a Mac please send us an email to editor@thestaffordknot.com

Database - If you are interested in building a database of health tested Staffords and are able to volunteer please let us know - send email to health@thestaffordknot.com

Reporters - We are looking for show reporters from around the world to send us results from major shows. If you would like to volunteer for this new position please email editor@thestaffordknot.com

Writers - we are always looking for writers to send in articles for each issue. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if your are interested and available

www.aht.org.uk/genetics_tests.html

dnatesting@aht.org.uk


Vaccination Reactions Can Mimic Disease Vaccination is often thought of by the conventional veterinary community as a benign procedure intended to prevent acute diseases, with side effects occurring only rarely. However, vaccination in certain sensitive individuals can result in a chronic disease state that is long lasting or even fatal.   Vaccine-induced disease, called “vaccinosis,” is understood as the disturbance of the life force or chi of the patient that may result in mental, emotional and physical changes. These are induced by laboratory modification of a virus or bacterium to make a vaccine. Then, instead of seeing acute expressions of disease, we are seeing symptoms of chronic illness over years or even a lifetime. For example, symptoms of acute distemper virus infection in dogs include eye and nose discharge; conjunctivitis; vomiting, diarrhea and loss of appetite; watery feces with blood, mucous and often a foul odor; spasms or seizures and paralysis; eruptions around the mouth; swelling of feet often with red foot pads; pneumonia; skin eruptions; and in chronic cases, emaciation.   What I have seen in my many years of private practice is that distemper and other vaccines administered to prevent acute illness can contribute to symptoms seen in chronic disease and pathologies. Some symptoms often seen in chronic canine illness include chronic runny eyes and conjunctivitis (tear stains in dogs, dry eye, chronic eye allergies); chronic vomiting, diarrhea, appetite issues; emaciation; pancreatitis, inflammatory bowel disease, GI lymphoma;  chronic spasms and

seizures (epilepsy, brain tumors); skin eruptions and swelling of feet and red feet pads; itching from lifelong skin allergies; and eruptions around the mouth (seen in lip fold dermatitis).  That is, adverse reactions from vaccination may mimic symptoms of the very disease the vaccine was meant to prevent.  Reactions may occur immediately or months or even years later. Symptoms of acute rabies infection include restlessness, viciousness, avoidance of company, unusual affection, desire to travel, and inability to be restrained. Other symptoms are self biting; strange cries and howls; inability to swallow resulting in gagging when eating and drinking; staring eyes; swallowing wood, stones and other inedibles; destruction of blankets, clothing, etc.; convulsive seizures; throat spasms; increased sexual desire; disturbed heart function; or excited and jerky breathing. My biggest concern with pets are behavior changes presenting after vaccination with either the distemper or rabies vaccine. This is usually along the lines of aggression, suspicion, unusual fears, etc. The essential aspect in rabies vaccinosis is loss of impulse control. (Read more from Dr. Dym about reactions seen after the rabies vaccine.) Many pets may exhibit behaviors such as “reverse sneezing” and increased mounting by neutered pets. Conventional medicine does not explain these odd symptoms, but homeopathically these pets may be exhibiting symptoms of rabies vaccinosis.  In my opinion, they are fairly common.

Other vaccines may also contribute in their own way to chronic illness in our pets. Bordatella (kennel cough) vaccination can lead to chronic coughing (diagnosed as collapsing trachea, COPD, or possibly eventual heart disease). Leptospirosis vaccination often leads to chronic liver or kidney disease down the road, as well as chronic skin allergies.You certainly need to follow the law with regards to rabies vaccination, however, most other vaccinations are optional,  particularly in adult pets vaccinated as puppies. A homeopathic remedy given at the time of some immunizations can help reduce adverse reactions. Seek out a veterinarian trained in homeopathy. If your pet is suffering from cancer or another acute or chronic disease, know that more and more states and localities will allow an exemption to rabies vaccination.  We hope that states will soon allow a rabies antibody titer blood test instead of vaccination. (Please see the nonprofit study of the rabies vaccine by the Rabies Challenge Fund). If your pet is suffering from the above chronic disease symptoms, especially in the days to months following a vaccination, he/she should be evaluated by a homeopathic veterinarian to try to cure this disease state over time.  Important note:Vaccine labels state that vaccines are to be administered to “healthy pets only.” -----

Dr. Michael Dym

To learn more about Dr Dym, see his website at www.canineworld.com/drdym To schedule a homeopathic phone consultation, please phone 856-577-8064 or 609-413-2194.You can also e-mail Dr Dym for a homeopathic or holistic consultation.


www.psbtc.org

www.psbtc.org


The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected &Â cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of The Stafford Knot Thank you. Contact Us

For more info go to http://psbtc.org or email staffordtimes@psbtc.org


w w w. s t a f f i e s o n l i n e . o r g . u k

http://www.staffie-rescue.org


laureen.williams43@ntlworld.com Merchandise also available at www.cafepress.com/thankdog


motoxgrl83@yahoo.com www.lbellestaffords.com


L 2 - H G A & H C DATA B A S E P RO J E C T THE STAFFORD KNOT ONLY ACCEPTS ADS FROM OWNERS AND BREEDERS OF DOGS WHO HAVE BEEN HEALTH TESTED. THE MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS ARE L2-HGA & HC TESTING. WE PROVIDE INFORMATION ON WHERE TO GO TO HAVE THESE SIMPLE AND INEXPENSIVE TESTS PERFORMED. DOCUMENTATION IS REQUIRED TO BE SCANNED AND SENT IN TO THE EDITORS FOR APPROVAL. FURTHER HEALTH TESTING (CARDIAC, CERF, PHPV, HIPS, ELBOWS, PATELLA, ETC) IS ALSO ENCOURAGED. IT IS HIGHLY RECOMMENDED TO BUYERS THAT THEY SEE THESE DOCUMENTS PRIOR TO PURCHASING THEIR NEW STAFFORD. IF ALL BREEDERS AND OWNERS WERE TO TEST, STAFFORDS WOULD ALL BE BETTER OFF SIMPLY BY THE FACT THAT WE WOULD HAVE MORE INFORMATION REGARDING WHERE THIS BREED IS GOING AS FAR AS HEALTH MATTERS ARE CONCERNED. TO FURTHER THIS POINT, IF ONLY CLEAR TESTED (L2-HGA & HC) STAFFORDS ARE BRED FROM THESE TWO GENETIC DISEASES COULD BE ERADICATED IN THREE GENERATIONS OF BREEDING. THAT’S CERTAINLY SOMETHING TO THINK ABOUT. SOME ARGUE THAT THIS WOULD NARROW THE GENE POOL TOO MUCH AND IS NOT A NEEDED STEP TO IMPROVING THE FUTURE OF THIS BREED. TO THOSE I SAY, POSSIBLY, HOWEVER - IS THAT CARRIER STUD DOG SO STRUCTURALLY SUPERIOR TO HIS CLEAR TESTED BROTHER THAT YOU WOULDN’T CONSIDER USING THE BROTHER INSTEAD? JUST SOMETHING ELSE TO THINK ABOUT. TSK IS COMPILING REGISTERED NAMES AND SCANNED DOCUMENTS OF ALL TESTED (CLEAR, CARRIER AND AFFECTED) STAFFORDS FOR A FUTURE DATABASE PROJECT SO THAT DOCUMENTATION WILL BE ON HAND FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS. IN THE U.S. OUR REGISTRIES DO NOT DOCUMENT THESE TEST RESULTS AS THE K.C. DOES IN THE U.K. THEREFORE TOO MANY PEOPLE WHO OWN ‘CLEAR BY PARENTAGE’ STAFFORDS HAVE NO PROOF IN HAND SEVERAL GENERATIONS DOWN THE LINE. IN TIME, WE AT TSK HOPE THE DATABASE WILL HELP THOSE WHO WISH TO KNOW THE STATUS OF A PARTICULAR DOG OR LITTER. IF YOU HAVE A TESTED STAFFORD - PLEASE SEND ONE EMAIL TO HEALTH@THESTAFFORDKNOT.COM CONTAINING THE FULL REGISTERED NAME, REGISTRATION NUMBER, SIRE AND DAM REGISTERED NAMES AND SCANNED COPIES OF ALL HEALTH TESTING DONE ON YOUR DOG. PLEASE ONLY SEND ONE EMAIL PER DOG. IN TIME, WE HOPE TO BUILD A NAME ONLY DATABASE WITH THIS INFORMATION. THANK YOU FOR SUPPORTING

We are also working on a database of semen stored from health tested stud dogs. If you have semen stored from a tested dog and wish to have him included, please email HEALTH@THESTAFFORDKNOT.COM with health scans, pedigree information and contact information. Also please indicate whether or not the semen is available for use.


Staffordshire Bull Terrier

By Phil Drabble

Like most of the worthwhile things

were quite heavy "cloddy" dogs of

new, was that the colliers and

in life, a good Stafford is not

up to 50 lbs in weight. Others,

ironworkers of Staffordshire were

attained without effort on the part

which took after the terriers, were

so attached to dog-fighting that the

of his owner. If he is thoroughly

only between 10 and 20 lbs. There

sport became practically localised in

trained and well exercised, no dog

was no "type", as the term is

the Midlands.

could possibly be a more delightful

understood by modern dog-

companion. On the other hand, an

breeders. Men did not care what

Half a century went by without the

untrained, under-

they looked like so long as they

popularity of dog fighting waning,

exercised Stafford can do more

would fight; and, if they would not

despite spasmodic brushes with the

mischief in a few moments than any dog I know.

fight, they went in the water-butt no police. Nothing had been done to matter how good looking they standardise any type, for courage were.

This is easily understood when it is

and physical fitness were still the only things which mattered. Any dog

realised that Staffords have been

Between 1860 and 1870 these bull

which proved unusually successful in

bred for more than a century for

terriers were split into two camps.

the pit was certain to be used as a

the sole purpose of dog-fighting.

James Hinks, of Birmingham, who

sire irrespective of his looks and

When bull-baiting finally ceased,

had always loved a game dog,

there was still a wide variation of

about 1835, the men who

produced a white strain which he

types which have since become

worshipped at the shrine of the

registered at the Kennel Club as

curiously localised. In the Walsall

Game Dog transferred their devotion from the bull-ring to the

"English Bull Terriers". It is believed that they were produced by

district it is common to find dogs of 34-38 lbs which are tall enough to

dog pit. Dog-fighting had long been

crossing the original bull terriers

convey a suggestion of whippet in

very popular and bulldogs had been

with Dalmatians, and much of their

their ancestry.

crossed with various terriers to

gameness was quickly sacrificed for

produce the combination of

looks, which was the only

dauntless courage with agility and

commodity paying dividends in the

endurance which was even more

show ring. The original breed, which

necessary in the pit than the ring. At was still unspoilt by crossing with first, the resulting crossbreds, which

dogs which had not been bred for

must have been anything but uniform, were called "bull-and-

gameness, was now barred from the official title of Bull Terrier and it

terriers" and, as the best of them

gradually became known as the

were used for breeding, a new

Staffordshire Bull Terrier to

breed was gradually evolved which

distinguish it from the newer breed.

became known as 'bull terriers."

The reason that Staffordshire was

Some of these bull terriers took

used as the qualifying term, to

after their bulldog ancestors and

distinguish between the old and the


Staffordshire Bull Terrier "terrier faced." They are smaller altogether and lighter boned, turning the scale at from 25-38 lbs, and occasionally] even lighter. The Darlaston men say all the others "must have been crossed with mastiff" and that "theirs" are the only real Staffords.

By Phil Drabble

type is "right" and the others "wrong"? Who can say that this dog is a "real" Stafford and that is not? Until very recent years, nobody minded very much so long as each was willing to give a good account in the pit. But that is changing now.

In 1935 it occurred to a band of owners that, as the police had become so extra-ordinarily fussy about dog-fighting since the To confound them Great War, it might be a good both, there is a third idea to arrange dog-shows as an type to be found in alternative attraction. the Cradley Heath Accordingly, a schedule was area a few miles to the drawn up to depict a scale of west. This time it is points for judging and the Kennel obvious that some Club obliged by "recognising" the members in the breed as the Staffordshire Bull pedigree had more Terrier. than a nodding acquaintance with a It was natural that the men who bulldog. Short, thick drew up the scale of points muzzle and broad should model their ideal from skull, tremendous their own particular strains, spring of ribs and which happened to be the breadth of chest, "bulldoggy" type in favour in the muscles which seem Cradley Heath district. The result to be symbolic of has been very far-reaching. Due My own theory of this is that a power, everything combines to to the publicity acquired from faint cross of bull terrier was convey an impression of organised dog shows the sometimes used to impart doggedness. This time agility has popularity of Staffords has endurance to whippets and it is possible that the offspring of one been sacrificed for strength and soared and their market value yet there is an unmistakable has been inflated in the same of these crosses displayed resemblance between all three ratio. This attracted a new type sufficient aptitude for fighting to types. The expression of the face of owner who is interested more have been crossed back to bull in the value than the gameness of terriers, for agility in the pit is as is the same and the way the tail the breed, and who is loud in his necessary as courage. Only a few is carried drooping like a pump handle; the characteristic highassertion that the show type is miles from Walsall, in the pitched staccato bark and the "right" and that the show Darlaston district, the Staffords mincing springy walk, which enthusiasts will "standardise" the obviously favour their terrier emphasises the constant craving breed and eradicate all which do forbears. They are much "finer" for action. Who can say that one not conform to the standard. in the muzzle and obviously


Staffordshire Bull Terrier I feel very sorry about all this for I think it is a great pity to try to "breed out" all the types which do not conform to such an arbitrary standard. Fighting was the original purpose of the breed, yet all which do not waddle round the show ring without any display of fire are penalised. I have heard long arguments about which type is best for the pit. Some like the "reachey" dog, like the Walsall breed, because he can "fight down" on his adversary. Some like the stocky Cradley type because they are hard to knock off their feet. Some like the little terrier-like dogs which are so nippy and can do such damage by shaking. In the pit one triumphs today and another tomorrow. Despite the fact that failures were not given the opportunity to perpetuate their like, there were many good dogs of each type that there could have been nothing to choose for prowess. Yet the money to be by made by selling "pedigree" dogs is inducing owners not only to "standardise" to an arbitrary type but to exaggerate the points of that type, so that it appears more powerful by being thicker and lower to ground and bigger in skull than was any dog which fought in the pit. This extraordinary variation in type of Staffords is by no means confined to physical appearance. All good Staffords are game, but some are essentially boisterous and rough while others are

equally docile and gentle, both characteristics being passed on through strains as definitely as physical appearance. Two very famous dogs, which I happen to have known very well, exhibited these tendencies to a marked degree - - Ch. Gentleman Jim and Great Bomber. Jim was all that his name implies, and generally speaking his offspring are tractable, intelligent and easily trained. Bomber on the other hand just could not keep still, was overflowing with boisterous friendliness and extremely headstrong. His type need an exceptionally firm (and occasionally heavy!) hand to control, whereas it is easy to hurt the gentler type's feelings and make them deeply offended with a few harsh words.

By Phil Drabble

Stafford will go back so long as he can crawl across. Despite this the breed is not naturally pugnacious, and it is unusual for a Stafford to begin his first fight. He is either "set on" by someone or attacked and fights back in self defense. But once he (or she, for bitches will fight) has tried fighting there is nothing they would rather do. And that is why I advise no one but a real enthusiast to embark upon the ownership of one of these dogs. The man who wants a dog for a household pet, but who expects it to run loose and look after itself will soon regret his choice. I have known them run loose in the streets and play with other dogs for two or three years. But sooner or later they either get hurt playing or mixed up in someone else's quarrel and No dogs are physically tougher suddenly realise what fun they than Staffords, for they seem have missed. From that time almost impervious to pain. I have forth they need no second seen my own bitch, which is invitation and they fight to kill. "broken" to ferrets, go into the Neither water nor any of the ferret pen to see what she can usual remedies will part them scrounge. One of the ferrets and I have seen a dog fighting a "pinned" her through the lip and collie twice his size in a canal, hung on, which must have been where the owner of the collie pretty painful.Yet she didn't get had thrown them to part them. annoyed or make any fuss but But the terrier could not loose calmly came to find me to have it and they both very nearly throttled off. It is this drowned before we could get indifference to pain which makes them out. And owners who are them such peerless fighting dogs. not enthusiastic are often averse Almost any dog will fight if he is to getting sufficiently mixed up in winning, but it takes an the bother to choke their dog exceptional dog to fight a long off, which is the only effective losing battle and then go back way. for more, when he has the chance not to; yet a good


Staffordshire Bull Terrier Anyone who is willing to take the necessary pains to train and exercise a potential handful of trouble will be amply rewarded by finding it far less onerous than he thought. He will get devotion undreamed of in lesser breeds-and "Stafford men" regard all other breeds as curs. He will get a dog which is a peerless companion for children, though it will be necessary to watch that he doesn't "help" too vigorously if his young master has a quarrel with a playmate. He will have a dog which is unbeatable on rats and will be game to have a go at any other quarry his master selects. Some Staffords have made very fine gun dogs but, oddly enough, a high proportion are gunshy, though often not initially. My own bitch for instance, came shooting quite happily at the beginning of her first season. She gradually took a dislike to the gun and it almost seemed as if it

By Phil Drabble

wasn't the bang to which she objected but that she came to realise that something got killed when it went off and that my marksmanship wasn't so hot. Similarly many Staffords make fine water-dogs and I have seen them matched to beat spaniels and retrievers over a distance, but it is necessary to introduce them to water gradually and in warm weather, or they often will not take to it at all. In a word, the Stafford is a dog of very exceptional character. Take great pains to develop it and direct it into useful channels and there is no breed in the world as good. Let it grow haphazard without training or care and you will have a villain whose only aim in life is to fight. "And to keep a fighting dog", they say, "you have to be a fighting man."

Phil Drabble  ,  naturalist,  polemicist  and  broadcaster.  A  devoted  countryman   and  militant  naturalist.  He  presented  BBC's  One  Man  and  His  Dog  -­‐    born  May   14  1914,  died  July  29  2007 This  article  originally  was  published  in  The  Field  in  1941 He  continued  to  write  for  the  magazine  for  more  than  40  years,  resigning  in   1989  in  protest  at  the  appointment  of  a  woman  editor  who,  he  claimed,  was   bent  on  appealing  "to  what  traditionalists  call  'green  wellie  wallies'."  From   1964  he  wrote  a  regular  column  in  the  Birmingham  Evening  Mail,  but  was   sacked  in  1990  in  a  letter  from  the  editor  informing  him  that  research  had  shown  that  "the  countryside   holds  little  interest"  for  the  paper's  readership. He  began  recording  programmes  for  BBC  radio  in  1947,  beginning  with  one  about  the  bull  rings  of  the   Black  Country.  He  contributed  to  various  programmes,  including  Country  Lover,  presented  by  Freddie   Grisewood.  Drabble  eventually  inherited  the  programme,  which  was  renamed  Countryside,  then  In  The   Country.  Later  he  became  a  stalwart  of  Any  Questions  and  wrote  scenes  for  Tom  Forrest  in  The   Archers. Drabble  Virst  appeared  on  television  in  1957,  with  an  item  about  his  pet  badger  on  a  children's   television  programme.  He  went  on  to  feature  on  many  other  programmes,  including  Badger  Watch,   Animal  Magic,  and  My  Favourite  Things  with  Roy  Plomley. When  he  was  Virst  invited  to  present  One  Man  and  His  Dog,  Drabble's  initial  reaction  was  to  refuse   because  he  thought  the  format  would  be  so  repetitious  that  viewers  would  be  turned  off.  The   unexpected  success  of  the  series,  he  felt,  was  down  to  the  fact  that  it  made  "a  refreshing  change  from   the  incessant  sex,  violence  and  politics  spewed  over  our  television  screens"  and  fed  people's  nostalgia   for  the  "deep  values  of  true  country  folk".


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Playing COI: Using inbreeding Coefficients First printed in Double Helix Network News, Spring 2000 by C.A. Sharp

Breeding dogs is a numbers game. Even though math problems are the last thing on your mind, what you are doing when you breed is calculating the best odds for getting a desired result. But a little applied mathematics, in the form of a coefficient of inbreeding (COI) can be helpful and even enlightening. Now that technology allows even the mathematically challenged to put them to use, they are a tool that should be applied by every breeder. Research in the fields of genetics, immunology, and veterinary medicine, is turning up more and more information indicating that high levels of inbreeding can have deleterious effects on health. Inbreeding depression, a complex of behavioral and physical reproductive problems, have long been recognized. Inbreeding can increase the frequency of a disease in a population, sometimes quite rapidly. Inbreeding leads to increased incidence of immunemediated disease and cancer. But, all pure breeds of domestic animals are inbred. (Keep in mind that to a scientist “inbreeding” means the breeding of related animals, which would include what we call “linebreeding.”) But how much is too much? Without it, the breeds could never have been developed and would not breed true to type. However, almost all breeds of purebred dog already have well-established type.

There is no mistaking a Chihuahua for a St. Bernard. Or even a Greyhound from a Whippet. Given this, breeders would be well advised to retain as much genetic diversity as possible within the existing breed population in order to avoid or reduce such unwanted health problems as those mentioned above. Along with screening and maintaining detailed health records, another tool available to you is the Coefficient of Inbreeding. Track COIs on your breeding stock. Calculate them on proposed matings, with an eye to keeping the numbers low if they already are or lowering them where possible.

for various breeds.

Now that we’ve soothed the math anxiety, what exactly is a COI? It is the probability that a homozygous gene pair will be identical by descent from both sides of a pedigree. In the formula, FX is your dog’s COI, FA is that of the ancestor common to both sides of the pedigree. n1 and n2 are the numbers of generations on each side between your dog and that ancestor. In other words, if your dog Flux is a double-grandson of FAbulous it tells you how likely it is you can get exactly the same gene passed down to Flux through each of his parents. (In case you are wondering, the So, how is this done? Via a formula probability is 12.5%.) If FAbulous called Wright’s Coefficient of happened to be a Collie Eye Anomaly Inbreeding. It appears directly beneath carrier, Flux would have a 12.5%, or a the title of this article. Before you drop one in eight chance, of having CEA this publication in a math-phobic panic thanks to Old Granddad. Total actual attack, be advised that the only practical risk would be dependent on whether way to use it is with a computer. For there were any other carrier or those who enjoy math or want more affected individuals in the remainder of detailed background, there is an the pedigree, but whatever that might excellent discussion of applying the be, it is evident that FAbulous provided formula hands-on in Malcolm Willis’ a significant part of it. Genetics of the Dog, pages 320-326. For the rest of you, there are other Multiply this times a dog’s 80-100K options. genes and it is apparent how quickly you can concentrate some genes—both The easiest way to incorporate COIs good and bad—while others drift out into your strategy is to purchase a of your kennel’s gene puddle. Multiply pedigree database program that will that by all the people breeding a calculate them. CompuPed (which I particular kind of dog and it can have use), Breeders Standard and Breedmate remarkable effects on the breed’s gene all have functions for calculating COIs. pool, especially if large numbers of Other breeder software may offer this them are making similar mating feature as well.You will also need a selections via the use of popular sires comprehensive pedigree database, or heavy linebreeding on the product of including as many of the ancestors of successful kennels. present-day dogs as possible. Some vendors can provide starter databases


Playing COI: Using inbreeding Coefficients COIs can be calculated on any number of generations, the simple twogeneration example of Flux and FAbulous was useful to make a point (and keep the math simple) but few purebred dogs have only one common ancestor on both sides of the pedigree and the more generations that can be included in the calculation the more common ancestors will be found and the more accurate the COI will be. The typical three to five generation pedigrees in common use are often insufficient. In my breed, the Australian Shepherd, five generations may appear ot be loosely linebred or even outcrossed, but pedigrees extended to 10 generations, especially in show lines, will prove this is often not the case.

back to the founders in such a situation will result in COIs that may vary only by tiny fractions of a percent. Therefore selecting some intermediate number of generations for the calculation is the best option, unless the breed is very recent in origin and only a handful of generations away from those few founders.

For breeds with large populations, sufficient generations should be calculated that the results will have leveled out, so only small numerical differences will be achieved by pushing the calculation back a generation further. For example, if a onegeneration COI is calculated on good old Flux, the COI would be 0%.You are considering only his sire and dam who, obviously, aren’t going to be the same dog. Extending it far enough to include But how far should you go? Even with a FAbulous (two generations) produced computer the complexity of reviewing the 12.5% we saw earlier. What if the many thousands of ancestors and sire’s dam was one of FAbulous.’s calculating large numbers of common daughters? Going into the third ancestors can take hours on the generation would tell us the COI was average PC. Since calculating all available 18.75%. If the dam’s dam was out of information may not be practical, how FAbulous.’s full brother (linebreeding on do you know where to draw the line? the cross that produced FAbulous.), we go back to the 4th generation to How many generations to use will vary include FAbulous’s parents behind his from breed to breed, depending on brother the COI becomes 23.4%. how many founders a breed had, how populous the breed is, whether there With each additional generation the have been genetic bottlenecks, whether COI will tend to climb but at some “new blood” has been introduced, and point the increase from one generation how long the breed has been in to the next will be negligible. COIs existence. should be calculated over sufficient generations so that most current dogs Some breeds descend from a very few will be at this point. individuals, who are it’s genetic founders. Samoyeds, for example, go If breed population is small, preserving back to about 20 dogs. Tracing everyone its remaining genetic diversity is vital.

Calculate COI’s back far enough to reach founders and then, working together, breeders can use them to equalizing representation of those founders in the over-all breed population. For example, if a breed had ten founders but most present individuals descended only from three of them, much of the genetic potential of the breed’s gene pool is at risk of being lost as genes from the lessrepresented founders fail to get passed down by their fewer descendants. Equalizing founder representation by giving breeding preference to individuals that do not descend from the most-represented founders and in avoiding crossing their descendants to each other will help preserve those under-represented genes. Since lowpopulation breeds are at greater risk from genetic disease, due to “no place to go,” maximizing genetic potential in this manner may be the line between extinction and survival. In fact, it is the very technique used by zoos and others who are trying to preserve endangered species in captivity. Some breeds have suffered genetic bottlenecks. By the end of World War II, many European breeds, including the English Mastiff and French Poodle, were reduced to a handful of survivors. Today these breeds trace their pedigrees back to those dogs, who are therefore effective founders. Even though known pedigree exists behind them, there is little point in extending a COI calculation them. The only reason would be to determine how inbred those effective founders were themselves and what their interrelationships might have been.


Playing COI: Using inbreeding Coefficients Sometimes a breed’s gene pool may receive infusions of new genetic material. Some European registries allow registration of decendants of unpapered dogs brought in from the country of breed origin, such as a desert-bred Saluqi from Arabia. Occasionally, even such conservative registries as the AKC will, at a parent club’s request, open a registry to new, undocumented, individuals. This happened about 20 years ago when a few Basenjis were imported from Africa. Obviously, such “new blood” could have significant effects on the average COIs in a kennel or even throughout the breed, depending on how many dogs are added and how often. How much and with whom they are used in breeding will determine their contribution of new genes.. If a breed is long-established and has pedigree documentation going back tens of generations without bottlenecks, you would need a big mainframe computer to compute a full COI in a reasonable amount of time. Since most of us operate PCs and we don’t want to leave them doing nothing but crunching COI numbers for hours on end, some more-or-less arbitrary number of generations must be selected beyond the “leveling-off” point mentioned earlier.. In calculating Australian Shepherd COIs, I use 10 generations because beyond that point my software is known to slow down considerably. A secondary reason is because Aussie pedigrees are rarely complete to ten generations due to the breed’s recent origin. By running 10 generations, I get

pretty much all there is to get for that particular breed. Once you have a PC, software that does COIs, a good breed database, and sufficient knowledge of your breed’s history to decide how many generations to use in your calculations, it’s time to put it all to work. First run COIs on all your own dogs. Since few dogs will have such diverse pedigrees that only one common ancestor will be found, the COI will be a reflection of all the ancestors common to both sides of the pedigree. In order to have a handle on what the numbers you will get mean, in terms of level of inbreeding, it is helpful to keep in mind what various percentages would be equivalent to, if there were only one common ancestor or pair of ancestors in the pedigree:          25.00% - parent/offspring or full brother/sister cross           12.50% - half brother/sister, grandparent/grandpup, or double first cousins crosses           9.75% - great uncle or aunt/great niece or nephew cross           6.25% - first cousins Think back to our pal Flux and his 23.4% COI. He is very nearly the equivalent of a parent/offspring mating. If you bred him to his sister, given their already high level of inbreeding, the pups’ COI would be 44.4%. Anybody glancing at Flux’s pedigree would probably consider him inbred, and certainly heavily linebred. But it is possible to achieve high COIs without this kind of close breeding. Linebreeding

on dogs several generations back can result in elevated numbers if the dogs appear frequently enough on both sides of the pedigree. While this inbred cross of FAbulous’s grandpups might serve the breeder’s short-term goals, it significantly increases the risk of turning up something unpleasant. And so would a linebreeding with a similar COI. What’s a breeder to do? We are breeding dogs not numbers and many factors other than COIs need to be considered when planning a mating. Even so, whenever possible you should try to achieve COIs in the puppies that are at or below the average COI of the two parents. Thus, if the sire had a COI of 20% and the dam was 10%, you would want the pups’ COI to be 15% or lower. If a kennel or line’s average COIs have crept dangerously high, serious consideration should be given to avoiding further crosses to dogs descending from the most frequently seen names in the pedigrees and, as much as possible, to finding mates which are significant outcrosses.

The nice thing about COIs is that they can’t be a secret. If you have a dog’s pedigree, you can calculate the COI. In the privacy of your own computer station, you can figure out the COIs of all the prominent dogs in your breed. You can play with hypothetical matings between any two dogs you choose and see what the pups’ COI would be.


Playing COI: Using inbreeding Coefficients For a real-life example, my dog Tank is the result of a father/ daughter mating and has a COI of 40.9%. No doubt about it, he’s inbred. Using my pedigree software I can set up all kinds of hypothetical social activity for the old boy and see where the COI goes. He is heavily linebred on a particular stud dog of a number of years back. However, that dog is not common in most show-line Australian Shepherd pedigrees, so I can easily find mates—even those with fairly high COIs themselves—who will give him puppies with much lower COIs. If I’m really determined I can hypothetically mate him to working-line Aussie bitches and in many cases I will drop the COI to less than 5%. All of this without having to risk finding out what any of the owners of those bitches (especially the working breeders!) think of the idea of poor old Tank having a fling with their girls. Getting reliable hereditary disease history on your dog’s ancestors and on his potential mates can be difficult to impossible. If you know your dog has family background for a

disease and there is no available testing to let you know whether he might be carrying the genes for it, breeding for low COIs may reduce your risk of producing the problem. With a lower COI you are lowering the probability of doubling up on those unwanted genes you know are back there somewhere. Coefficients of inbreeding are an important tool to apply to your breeding program. Whatever the needs of your kennel or your breed, COIs provide you with a vital bit of information that should be part of your decision-making process. Republished with permission - Copyright 2000 C. A. Sharp.   All rights reserved.   C.A. Sharp is editor of the "Double Helix Network News", the quarterly newsletter for those interested in genetics and hereditary disease in the Australian Shepherd.  

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Typical Stafford Head Shapes


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Kennel Blindness As part of the critical process of choosing a sire and dam, as well as deciding which puppies to keep, below we address the topic of kennel blindness.

by Claudia Waller Orlandi, Ph.D.

may change. Experience with a breed may gradually change the priority a breeder gives to certain features. A stickler for correct heads may gradually start emphasizing angulation and movement, realizing that the latter are also essential aspects of the breed.

"The breeder, to be successful, must look his 3. Blaming the fact that your dog is not winning on bad dogs ...not only in the face, but in the body, front judging, politics or anything except the possibility and running gear. Even to themselves many that there may be something wrong with your dog. breeders will not acknowledge their failure when they fall short of their objective...and in an effort Kennel blind people always have an excuse for why to convince others of the perfection of their dogs, their dog didn't win. While some of their reasoning [they] convince...usually only themselves." may be legitimate, consistently losing under a variety DEFINITION Found in many kennels of purebred dogs, kennel blindness is a "disease" which renders a breeder incapable of seeing faults in his own dogs. Kennel blind breeders tend to twist and distort the standard to justify the dogs they breed. PROGNOSIS Because serious faults can become set in a couple of generations, unless quickly diagnosed and treated, kennel blindness can be fatal to a successful breeding program. SYMPTOMS 1. An inability to see and appreciate the good qualities in a competitor's dogs. Kennel blind breeders tend to focus on negative features in dogs other than their own. Suggestion: Re-read your breed's standard keeping in mind that most standards delineate the essential aspects of a breed, allowing breeders the freedom to express their own concepts of the nonessentials. In this way a range of excellence may be produced in a breed without sacrificing each dog's ability to fit into the standard. 2. The belief that you have bred the "perfect" dog. No "perfect" dog has ever or will ever be bred in any breed. Even your best can always be improved upon. Suggestion: Realize that your concept of what is ideal

of judges usually means a dog does not fit the standard in one or more important aspects. Suggestion: If your dog is not winning, ask several knowledgeable people to evaluate your dog. Tell them to be honest and listen with an open mind. RISK FACTORS Kennel blindness is more apt to be a problem for the following: 1. Breeders who do not have an 'eye' for a dog. Some breeders are simply not born with an 'eye' for a dog. Despite having read and studied their breed's standard, they are incapable of correctly evaluating structure and movement. 2. Novice breeders who are strongly affected by a dog's temperament and personality. Many kennel blind people think all puppies are cute. These owners usually decide to breed their dog, not to improve the breed, but because they love his personality and want more puppies just like him. 3. Breeders who have produced quality animals in the past but are now struggling to stay on top. Many successful breeders who have had past super stars are usually looking for their next big winner. They may be more prone to over-looking faults in their animals. 4. Breeders working with small numbers of dogs. Because small breeders have less to choose from, they may not want to open their eyes to problems in their breeding program.


Kennel Blindness

by Claudia Waller Orlandi, Ph.D.

5. Breeders whose every waking moment revolves around dogs. Making dogs a "live or die" situation can affect objectivity. CHARACTERISTICS OF PEOPLE WHO ARE NOT KENNEL BLIND A. They are truly objective and rarely satisfied with their own dogs, criticizing them more harshly than others would. B. Regardless of time and effort already spent, they are ready to remove from their program dogs that do not pan out, even to the point of starting over with new foundation stock. C. They have an 'eye' for a dog and can appreciate a beautiful one regardless of who bred or owns it. TIPS FOR CURING KENNEL BLINDNESS If caught in time, kennel blindness can be cured before it has a lasting, detrimental effect on your breeding program. Following are some tips: 1. Avoid over-emphasizing a certain feature in your breeding program to the detriment of overall correctness. Although most breeders try to emphasize the excellence of the whole dog, it is human nature to overemphasize certain features. In fact, the importance we give to a particular trait in our dogs is how we express our "breeding personality" and create what we feel comes close to our ideal. One breeder may be a stickler for fronts and another for toplines. .The danger here is that by focusing on just one feature we can become "blind" to other faults that may be creeping into the breeding program. 2. To assess your kennel blindness level, ask someone whose opinion you respect to objectively evaluate your dogs. Some of the best people to ask are knowledgeable breeders who are not kennel blind themselves. Be sure this person really understands the standard and request that they honestly critique the virtues and faults in your dogs. Ask more than one qualified person and compare their evaluations with your own 3. If you are falling short of your objectives, it is most important to admit it to yourself. As difficult as it is to admit failure, the realization that our dogs do not possess certain virtues can be the first step in devising a plan to obtain what we really want. References Byrne, G. 1989. Der Deutsch-Kurzhaar: The German Shorthaired Pointer. Western Australia, Austed Publishing. Harris, B.J. F. 1993. Breeding A Litter. New York, Howell. Onstott, K. 1980. The New Art of Breeding Better Dogs. New York, Howell. Seranne, A. 1980. The Joy of Breeding Your Own Show Dog. New York, Howell.


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Bull & Terrier by Chris Kerrigan The views in this article are my views only

down and if they did write it down

on the horns and got hold and

Many people question the presence it was only their view. So there is

hung on. It required great

of terrier in the Staffordshire Bull

very little written evidence on the

strength, courage, and tenacity as

Terrier. Some believe that the

mixing of different breeds.

to let go before the task was

Staffordshire Bull Terrier should be

The English White Terrier is known

done often meant serious injury

in the utility group.

to have been added to the early

or death.

It also does not follow that those

crosses that produced the English

At the same time Terriers were

who believe this automatically

Bull Terrier as that has been

being used as a general all

prefer the more bully type dog.

documented by Hinks.

purpose working dog used in

When looking at the history of the

Bull baiting was once a popular

vermin control and some of the

breed some things have to be taken past time. When the bulls were

large terriers were also used for

on face value as a lot of the history brought to market dogs were set

guarding purposes. Terriers came

was told in words and not many

upon the bulls as it was thought to

had the means to write things

thought to tenderise the meat. It also provided entertainment on

“...THE TERRIER HAS MORE TO ADD THAN JUST LENGTH OF JAW AND AGILITY. THE TERRIER HAS GREAT TENACITY AND COURAGE.”

in many varieties as their main purpose was for doing the job his owner wanted him to do. The

market day. These dogs were often

vermin they needed to control

called butchers dogs or bull dogs

may have been dependent on

because that what they did. The most successful dogs went in low to avoid getting impaled

where the dog was being used i.e rural or town. Terriers came in all shapes and sizes. If it could do the job required by his owner it didn’t really matter what it looked like. They also came with different types of coats, short, rough and smooth. When people think of terriers, and even terriers that still earn their keep, we think of earth dogs as that is what the term terrier means. Terriers also provided their own entertainment in rat catching contests. The betting was on the dog that could kill the most

CRIB & ROSA 1811

within a certain time frame. Here speed of kill was needed;


Bull & Terrier by Chris Kerrigan the faster the better. Terriers other

tended to be able to be free to

jobs needed great courage. Not all

roam and routine spaying was not a

the vermin the Terrier was used to

thing that was done.

kill were as small as rats. Not all

The description of the

terriers are earth dogs but still worked at pest control and other duties.

Staffordshire Bull Terrier calls for a blend of bull and terrier. When ever any one talks about the

ENGL ISH WHITE TER RIER

When blood sports were outlawed history of the breed it is always people turned to pitting their dogs

thought that the route was for

against each other as this was

terrier to be added to the bull dog

easier to conceal than bull or bear

to gain agility and a longer more

baiting.

punishing head.

I believe the dogs first used were

In saying that I think they do a

the original bull or butchers dog,

disservice to the terrier. The terrier

This pitting the dogs against each

has more to add than just length of

other gave their owners a chance

jaw and agility. The terrier has great

needed to worry a bull, add that to

tenacity and courage. Terriers are

the terrier it would give the

generally loyal and affectionate to

strength and the endurance,

their owners but can be "big

together with its feisty courage and

characters" requiring a firm hand.

speed to make the perfect fighting

The original bull/butchers dog was

dog. Strength, tenacity, courage and

designed to go in low take a hold

speed, made for a much more

of the bull and not let go. This

exciting experience for the

required a strong dog with great

spectator and more lucrative for for

tenacity. Latching on and holding

betting on.

would not have not have made the

As a thought I believe the bull/

to test the gameness of their dogs

most exciting of spectacles when

butchers dog was more of a status

and provide a blood sport

it was dog against dog. The terrier

dog than the more common garden

entertainment that was easier to

was a lighter dog, feisty, courageous

terrier so the presence of terrier

conceal.

bordering on stupidity and fast.

blood was often denied to give a

Straight in for the kill. This might

higher status to the dog owner and

have been more exciting but would

as terrier of choice for rat catchers

mean the fight was over before the

in the 19th century was the black

betting had begun.

and tan terrier maybe why we don’t

cross of Bull and Terrier may even

So you had the great strength of

accept black and tan in the

have been accidental as dogs

the bull dog and the skills

Staffordshire Bull Terrier.

“...I BELIEVE THE BULL/ BUTCHERS DOG WAS MORE OF A STATUS DOG THAN THE MORE COMMON GARDEN TERRIER SO THE PRESENCE OF TERRIER BLOOD WAS OFTEN DENIED TO GIVE A HIGHER STATUS TO THE DOG OWNER...”

Fighting dogs were mainly owned by the working classes and were also used for vermin control to earn a bit of extra money. The first

BL ACK & TAN TERR IER


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Send your letters to editor@thestaffordknot.com or - Send your Q&A question to ASK TSK

Letters To The Editor Dear Staff Knot Magazine I am new to this breed but showed several other terrier breeds for years. To me no matter the breed you are showing structure should be important - something so many people don’t seem to understand or care about. I see dogs who are beautifully trained to stand in the ring or allow themselves to be stood for exam - but when they move they look like three dogs fighting against one another. Front arms either paddling like mad to keep up or wildly flailing about in circles. Rears that have piston motion or no drive. Soft or roached toplines on the go. When a dog is in motion it quickly becomes apparent whether or not there is a structural issue that needs noting. My reason for writing to your magazine today is only to point out to judges and breeders - pay attention to movement and structure. Get your hands on the dog to see what is going on if something doesnt move smoothly with economy of effort. If it doesnt - something is not correct. Please stop rewarding this. Please stop breeding for this. A Stafford should move effortlessly, not with a rolling gait or sloppy movement or lazy bobbing motion. Learn to look for correct structure, breed for it, reward it. The breed will be better off. Dont mess up a beautiful breed. Thank you for your time. I enjoy the magazine - keep up the good work. (Prefer to remain anonymous since I am new to the breed)

Dear The Stafford Knot, Thank you once again for this very informative publication. I learn something new each time I open an issue. I also appreciate the back issues being made available. I find the magazine easy to read and I love the photos - especially the historic ones. Thank you, Brian Gable, Australia


O U R R E A D E R S F I R S T S TA F F O R D S


The Stafford Knot Brags, Shows, Litters Send us your BRAGS, Litter Announcements, Seminar and Show announcements and we can post them here. Be sure to fill out the BRAGS form found HERE

L-BELLE LITTER ANNOUNCEMENT EMAIL AKC/UKC CH Jayneze Diamonds and Guns RA NA NAJ CGC x FO URO3 UCDX UWPO FO URO3 UCDX UWPO UGWPCH1 UACH UNJ GRCH Dynamo Sureshot Smart as a Fox VCD2 TD CDX AX AXJ RE SPD NJ-N TT CGC (UKC SUPERDOG)

L-belle Staffords welcomes "Racer" and "Rev" to the world! Owner/Breeder: Christine Edwards L2-HGA & HC Clear by parentage

WAVEMAKER NEW TITLES WEBSITE UKC CH Wavemaker Hula Popper, CAT, CAA, CGC (Sabahouse Touch of Class at Zoellies x UWP UKC GrCH Cazomic Look Busy, CAT CGC)

‘Hula’ got her 11th pass in Lure Coursing thus achieving her Coursing Ability Advanced title and one passes towards her Excellent title at the Greyhound Association of North Georgia AKC Lure Coursing CAT tests in Calhoun, Ga. This makes ‘Hula’ the 2nd Stafford ever to achieve this title and the youngest ever to achieve CAA at only 15.5 months old. She also passed the AKC CGC. Bred and Owned by Lynn & Jim Caswell Clear by parentage L2-HGA, HC, PHPV tested unaffected


The Stafford Knot Brags, Shows, Litters Send us your BRAGS, Litter Announcements, Seminar and Show announcements and we can post them here. Be sure to fill out the BRAGS form found HERE

GEMINI NEW TITLE WEBSITE

AKC CH / INT CH/ UKC UAGIII URO3 UCD FO UWP GR CH Sureshot Gemini Movn on Up CD RE NA NAJ

‘Uppy’ got her 3rd and final leg in Rally Excellent at the N.CAL SBT Stafford Showdown. Breeder: Karyn Dawes

Owners: Beth Lloyd and Karyn Dawes

L2-HGA & HC Clear by DNA

WAVEMAKER NEW TITLE WEBSITE UKC GrCH AKC Pointed UWP Cazomic Look Busy, URO1, CAT CGC (Cragails Dancing Brave x Willowstaff Hot Gossip)

‘Nealie’ got her 3rd Q in UKC Rally - winning 1st place for all three trials - therefore earning her URO1 title in Perry, Ga at the Middle Georgia KC shows Clear by parentage L2-HGA, HC, PHPV unaffected, CERF 11, 12, OFA hips good, Elbows normal, Patella normal, Cardiac - all certificates available Bred and Owned by Lynn & Jim Caswell


Wanted Samples for PHPV/PPSC Research. If you own or have bred a dog diagnosed with either of these eye conditions, could you help by supplying mouth swabs from the affected dog plus its parents and litter-mates.

Any PHPV positives found in litter screenings are not reported in the Breeds Record Supplement, nor are any cases of PPSC - hence this appeal.

If sufficient samples from affected cases can be obtained, it is hoped that research to determine the inheritance of both conditions may be commenced, possibly leading eventually to DNA tests similar to those available for HC and L-2-HGA.

A copy of the eye test certificate and a copy of the dogs pedigree would also be appreciated. All samples and information will of course be confidential just in case anyone has any concern's about that.

If you can help with this and thus help the Stafford , can you please contact one of the following who can supply swabs and any information required.

Diane Taylor - 01670 823635 email - taylor@niatona.fsnet.co.uk Lesley McFadyen - 01205 871762 email - easbtc@thedoghouse89.freeserve.co.uk Archie Bryden - 01772 715807 email - archie.bryden@yahoo.co.uk Many thanks for your co-operation.


The Stafford Knot wishes to provide the following information for your convenience. TSK encourages health testing of all Staffordshire Bull Terriers, especially those used for breeding purposes and/or performance events. The testing is made available to be used as a tool to eliminate certain diseases from a breeding program. Used wisely, this can be accomplished. The following testing information is provided as a service to you, however should not be used as the only health checks your Stafford receives. There are many more health issues to be considered when breeding dogs, caring for dogs and when looking to buy a purebred dog. As always, please seek the advice of your personal veterinary specialists for your day-to-day needs of your dogs. Thank you!

* * * Please note - a CERF or PHPV test done by a canine ophthalmologist is NOT the same test as the DNA test for HC - BOTH tests should be carried out * * * ***PLEASE send in your test results for the databases. Accurate records are valuable to the breed*** Remember, if you choose to breed from a carrier you must test the entire resulting litter to determine clears & carriers. Thus if you choose to keep a carrier from that litter, the same must be done for each subsequent litter resulting from breeding carriers. If you sell carrier pups, please consider spay/neuter so that more carriers are not produced. With the advent and ease of genetic testing many of these diseases could be eliminated by only breeding clear to clear. To use a known carrier requires an extra step of responsibility. There is no excuse to breed an untested dog.

======================================= Testing Facility For L2-Hga & HC

Testing Facility For L2-Hga Onl y

Animal Health Trust

Ca nine Genetic Diseases - University Of Mo.

Lanwades Park, Kentford New Market, Suffolk CB87UU

321 Connaway Hall Columbia, Missouri 65211-5120 USA

Phone: 01638 751000

Phone: 573-884-3712 

F ax: 01638 750410

F ax: 573-884-5414

Ema il

We bsite

Direct Link

Ema il

We bsite

Direct Link

Testing Facility For HC in USA:

Other labs offering L-2-HGA test in Europe:

http://www.animalgenetics.us/Canine/HC.htm

France www.antagene.com Czech Republic www.genomia.cz Germany www.laboklin.de / www.laboklin.co.uk

======================================= Testing Facility For Hip, Elbows, Patella and Cardiac Certifications *

Testing Facility For Eye Certifications* Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF)

Orthopedic Foundation For Animals (OFA) 2300 E Nifong Boulevard Columbia, Missouri, 65201-3806 USA Phone: 573-442-0418  Email

1717 Philo Rd P O Box 3007 Urbana, IL 61803-3007 USA Phone: 217-693-4800

Fax: 217-693-4801

Fax: 573-875-5073 Website

*Note: A Board Certified Cardiologist must perform all Cardiac exams.   A qualified licensed Veterinarian can provide X-Ray films for hips, elbows and Patella.

Email

Website

*Note: A Board Certified Canine Ophthalmologist must perform all CERF exams. CERF exams are annual exams for breeding stock.


The Stafford Knot

Featured Rescues

PLEASE consider rescuing a Stafford needing a home before purchasing a puppy. SBTCA always has wonderful dogs who have been screened and are looking for permanent homes. All the applications can be found on the rescue pages of the National club website. We list these dogs as a courtesy. The dogs are NOT here with us. They are in different parts of the country. Thank you for considering rescue. Donations and advertisements in TSK benefit Stafford rescue.

===================================== Margo - Female - NC This adorable little girl is about 2 years old. She’s a sweet, gentle, affectionate dog who’s made such great progress at the shelter thanks to the efforts of our volunteers – she’s a great favorite with volunteers and staff. Margo loves everyone she meets; she likes to go for walks, and she’s a great cuddler. Though she gets along with other dogs, she’s had so little in her life up until now that she’s not inclined to share her “stuff ” or her people, so she would be happiest as an only dog. Margo is looking for a calm, loving, low-stress home.

CONTACT

===================================== Denver - Female - N. CA Denver's owenrs have lost their home and cannot keep her. She is an older Stafford, born in 1998, who would do best as the only dog. Denver loves to play fetch with the ball, she also loves all people and especially children. She has been to obedience class, and is very eager to please. She loves getting scratched. She loves to take walks, but since she is older, she does not need long walks. She also loves to eat. She is a very loving dog. She is not food aggressive but a little dog aggressive. She needs a final place to call her own in her last days. Please consider giving Denver a place to call home. CONTACT

===================================== Several Staffords - GA Several Staffords owner passed away recently so they need new homes. Please help find great pet homes for these wonderful dogs. Varying ages and colors. Available to good , loving & permanent homes.

CONTACT


The Stafford Knot

Featured Rescues

PLEASE consider rescuing a Stafford needing a home before purchasing a puppy. SBTCA always has wonderful dogs who have been screened and are looking for permanent homes. All the applications can be found on the rescue pages of the National club website. We list these dogs as a courtesy. The dogs are NOT here with us. They are in different parts of the country. Thank you for considering rescue. Donations and advertisements in TSK benefit Stafford rescue.

===================================== Maggie - Female - CT Maggie weighs 35 lbs 3 yo, and is happy to be picked up and carried around! Maggie is a total love and just wants to cuddle!! Maggie loves to be with people, however she really needs to be the only animal in the home. She came from Tennessee area. We know that she lived a terrible existence there chained outside and forcibly breed numerous times. When she arrived at the rescue, she loved people and was horribly dog aggressive. Working with her, she is now much more tolerant of other dogs if they don't invade her space. We have also found out that she likes big quiet male dogs. But, she needs to be kept away from little dogs and cats. CONTACT

===================================== Pippa - Female - N CA Meet the New Pippa! Pippa came to us from a Shelter extremely fearful in Nov 2011. She would cautiously crawl on her belly and freeze in fear or try to run and hide. With a team of fosters we have been able to literally bring Pippa out of her shell. Although still fearful she is stellar with people and like kids and gets along well with other dogs. She is approx 12-16 months old and current on her shots but still needs to be spayed.    Pippa is now taking treats and giving eye contact and LOVES to snuggle and hang out with her people. She sits and waits and goes potty on command. She walks well on the leash. Pippa is in Northern California.  

CONTACT

===================================== Leo - Male - FL ADORABLE red & white pied Male, in South Florida, Born 2005, AKC registered, was adopted out and the home he went to was foreclosed on and they returned him. Current on all shots, is neutered, crate-trained, house- broken, heartworm negative. Leo is dog aggressive but he did get along fine with a submissive female he used to live with - experienced home please.

CONTACT


The Stafford Knot

Stud Gallery

The Stafford Knot lists health tested stud dogs in the gallery, however, it is up to you to verify this testing by asking to see the certificates for each test if they are not made available here for download. We have screened this to the best of our ability, but cannot guarantee dogs listed have been tested. PLEASE ask for copies of certificates before using dogs at stud for the health and the future of our breed. Thank you. Stud Gallery Ads run annually - Form to advertise in Stud Gallery is found

HERE

STILL TIME TO RENEW FOR 2012!

======================================= DayDream Ch. Slam Dance, CGC (Imp UK) “Nigel” DNA - AKC - #P24384 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected, OFA/PennHip Hips, Patella, CERF http://www.offa.org/display.html?appnum=678935#animal daydreamsbts@cox.net www.daydreamsbt.com Tel 530-306-0305 Frozen semen available to health tested bitches only. More photos of Nigel available. Health documents available by request.

======================================= Absolute BIS BISS CH Belnore Dream Keeper OFA ‘Beau’ AKC DNA - V426729 Clear of L2-HGA, HC, OFA/PennHip Hips, OFA/PennHip Elbows, Patella, OFA Cardiac - documentation available upon request AbsoluteAST@aol.com www.absoluteamericanstaffordshireterrier.com Tel 337-255-3508

Continued on next page


The Stafford Knot

Stud Gallery

The Stafford Knot lists health tested stud dogs in the gallery, however, it is up to you to verify this testing by asking to see the certificates for each test if they are not made available here for download. We have screened this to the best of our ability, but cannot guarantee dogs listed have been tested. PLEASE ask for copies of certificates before using dogs at stud for the health and the future of our breed. Thank you. Stud Gallery Ads run annually - Form to advertise in Stud Gallery is found

HERE

STILL TIME TO RENEW FOR 2012!

Ramstaff Ch Ramstaff American Ikon, TT “Ike” L2-HGA, HC, OFA Cardiac Ramstaff@earthlink.net www.ramstaffkennels.com 770-888-5255

Available to clear tested bitches only Health documents available by request

======================================= Ramstaff Ch Richmax Dreamcatcher “Eddie”

L2-HGA, HC, OFA Cardiac Ramstaff@earthlink.net www.ramstaffkennels.com Tel 770-888-5255

Available to clear tested bitches only Health documents available by request

Continued on next page


The Stafford Knot

Stud Gallery

The Stafford Knot lists health tested stud dogs in the gallery, however, it is up to you to verify this testing by asking to see the certificates for each test if they are not made available here for download. We have screened this to the best of our ability, but cannot guarantee dogs listed have been tested. PLEASE ask for copies of certificates before using dogs at stud for the health and the future of our breed. Thank you. Stud Gallery Ads run annually - Form to advertise in Stud Gallery is found

HERE

STILL TIME TO RENEW FOR 2012!

Moonstruck Moonstruck Blue Asher, TT “Asher” L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected jlhellr@me.com www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 "Available to Heath Tested Bitches with Correct Stafford Temperaments Only" Health documents available by request

======================================= Moonstruck CH Moonstruck The Stamler Express, TT “Stamler” L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected jjlhellr@me.com www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 "Available to Heath Tested Bitches with Correct Stafford Temperaments Only" Health documents available by request

Concluded on next page


Elvid GrCh/U-Ch Heaven's Warrior De El Doradostaff “Bruce” L2-HGA and HC Clear, PHPV Unaffected, CERF, OFA Hips Good, OFA Elbows, Patellas, & Cardiac Normal, AKC DNA - V615701 lizz.kester@gmail.com http://www.elividstaff.com "Health documents available by request. Available at stud to approved, health-tested bitches only."

======================================= The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected & cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of

The Stafford Knot Thank you. Contact Us

Merchandise now available - proceeds benefit Stafford rescue worldwide!

CLICK to shop and donate to SBT Rescue!


The Stafford Knot

Classified Advertising

The Stafford Knot is offering classified advertising of goods and services which are dog related. Ads are limited to 20 words, no images. For larger ads please consider gallery advertising. The Stafford Knot cannot be held responsible for any items sold through this page. All sales are between seller and purchaser. TSK makes no warranties either written or implied. Information on how to advertise in TSK classifieds can be found HERE TIME TO RENEW!

===================================== Bull Breeds Online Your online forum for all Bull Breed lovers and canine enthusiasts! www.bullbreedsonline.com ‘Like� us on Face Book

2010 Chevy Express 2500 Extended Express Van 27,600 miles, Coleman Polar Cub Roof Air + Heat, Finished interior, 30 AMP Hook-up + Extras For details contact - 770-883-5205 or email lramstaff@earthlink.net

Limited Editions FitPaws Canine Conditioning Equipment, Natural Treats + Chews, Toys, Tugs, Collars. Unique accessories for your unique pets. www.limitededitions1.com limitededitions1@verizon.net

Thankdog - All Breeds Equal Help fight BSL promote responsible dog ownership. T-shirts, Calendars, Stickers, & more. Proceeds benefit Stafford causes. thankdog@gmail.com www.cafepress.com/Thankdog

Young Living Experience therapeutic benefits of essential oils for your family - pets too! Use Independent Distributor Referral #1166695 CLICK for more info

YOUR AD HERE!

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Take advantage now of this incredible deal on classified advertising! These prices wont last long!


The Stafford Knot

Breeder Directory

The Stafford Knot cannot be held responsible for the breeders listed below. Please do your homework and ask to see health certificates, discuss terms and decide whether the Stafford is the correct breed for you prior to purchasing a puppy. Remember, Stafford rescues are also available and make be wonderful pets in the right homes! A Stafford is not the breed for everyone. Please be responsible dog owners and take responsibility for you and your dog in all situations. Contact us with questions.

We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted Form to advertise in Breeders Directory can be found HERE Alabama Cornerstone The Folmars Alabama http://www.cornerstonestaffords.net 205-966-8114 L2-HGA, HC

Georgia Wavemaker Staffords Jim & Lynn Caswell GA, USA EMAIL www.wavemakerstaffords.com 770-666-6121 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF

"Staffords that are exemplary in type & balance" “Naturally reared - Promoting health, exercise & the Breed Standard - Wavemaker Staffords....naturally” California Chavier Staffords Kim Washington-Smith Southern California EMAIL 213 - 760-9081 L2-HGA, HC, CERF

Illinois 1 of a Kind Staffords Andrew Currier Peoria Il EMAIL 309-691-7134 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac

"Breeding Staffords with Charm"

“Unequalled in type, balance, fitness & health”

California Gemini Kennel Beth Lloyd Southern California EMAIL www.angelfire.com/ca2/geminikennel L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF

Maryland Hi-Impact Staffords (Reg) Rich Newberger Baltimore http://hiimpactstaffords.com 410-323-4141 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV, Hips, Elbows, Cardiac, CERF “Bred to standard not by design”

“From show dogs to GO dogs.” Georgia Ramstaff Staffords Kevin Beezley Georgia, USA EMAIL www.ramstaffkennels.com 770-888-5255 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Cardiac, CERF

Maryland Moonstruck Staffords Judy Heller Edgewater, MD 21037 EMAIL www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 L2-HGA, HC

“Ramstaff...focusing on the standard blend of bull & terrier with true stafford temperament...always”

Quality Staffordshire Bull Terriers of Correct Type & Temperament for Show, Performance & Companion "The Ultimate Nanny Dog”

Continued on next page


TIME TO RENEW FOR 2012! Michigan Blessings' Kennel Cathy Micallef Southeastern MI EMAIL www.blessingskennel.org 734-634-9328 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF

Wellington, New Zealand Battleaxe Grant & Louise Blackwood DGLKBLACK@xtra.co.nz http://www.battleaxekennels.com 0064 478-9313  L2-HGA, HC, PHPV

“Wonderful companions with show & working potential!” Virginia Elvid Staffords Sterling, Virginia http://www.elividstaff.com EMAIL “Staffords that exemplify the Standard both in the home and show & performance rings"

Wisconsin MSLF Kennels Cindy Bundy EMAIL 262-857-9412 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, CERF, Other “We strive to promote sound minds and bodies.”

YOUR AD HERE!


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested. Updates will begin in June 2012

Balance = Lack of Exaggeration Continued on next page


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

"Non-conformity with these limits is a fault" Any departure from these limits should be considered a fault and the ‘SERIOUSNESS’ with which the fault should be regarded, should be in exact proportion to its DEGREE.


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

Illustrations below taken from “The Staffordshire Bull Terrier Handbook� by John F. Gordon, 1951


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

The head should appear clean. No wrinkle or bunched up expression. One should strive for 2/3 to 1/3 ratio head to muzzle with a definite stop but not an EXAGGERATED stop or lack of stop. The stop itself should be almost vertical. The easiest way to determine accurate stop is to place your thumb on the stop and look at the angle of your thumb. Do not be fooled by the profile view of the eye socket and mistake this for the stop. The lip should be very clean, thin and tight to the teeth meeting top and bottom with no flews or wrinkled, fleshy or spongey excess thus giving the Stafford a somewhat serious expression at times. The lip should not turn down at the end or be excessive. Exaggerations of under jaw include total lack or under jaw, weak under jaw or too strong an under jaw. None of these are correct. Depending upon the cleanness of the lip - this can be difficult to asses without a hands on going over. The nose itself may turn up slightly at the tip, but keep in mind the plane of the muzzle and the head - they should be parallel to one another. When the muzzle turns up more than the plane of the top skull the dog has a dish face and if the planes dip downward - a down face - neither is clean, balanced and will be exaggerated in expression. When the muzzle is too short or too long they will lack balance. Ears can deceive on a glance so best to get your hands on the dogs head and feel for placement, thickness of leather and size. More on heads in a later article. Does the dog have sufficient length of leg? Can you see daylight under him/her? If not is it due to a short upper arm or just overall shortness of leg all around? A balanced Stafford should measure the same from the withers to the ground - as it does from the withers to the base of the tail set. Staffords are a square breed. They are not low to the ground or squatty. They are not way up on leg either. Enough leg, enough back - not too much, not too little. Is there massive bone or fine bone? Neither is balanced. Staffords are square - BALANCED with no EXAGGERATION.. Is the animal wider in front than looks natural or is it pinched in front? Neither is correct. The front legs should appear to drop directly down from the shoulder. The front shouldn't appear to be ‘in’ or ‘out’, and MOST CERTAINLY certainly shouldn't look like a bulldog. The legs straight, no weakness at pastern but the tight well padded feet DO turn out a little. Not a lot, and not straight as in other terrier breeds. The rear should appear strong - not HUGE and not weak and narrow - somewhat even to the front when viewed from above. There should be a definite waist line with approximately 4 fingers width between the last rib and the hip bone. One should see that last rib as well, showing no fat or wrinkle and sufficient tuck up from the profile. A Stafford is certainly well muscled, yet not bunched muscle - long and lean muscle is much more suited to the breed and its original intended purpose. Not a heavyweight boxer but more like a middleweight. It must be able to move easily, be active and agile. Too much bunched muscle is exaggeration and the dog will lack balance. Not enough and he will appear soft and will not function correctly. Exaggeration of muscle in either direction will affect movement as well.

Its all about a balance. NO EXAGGERATION.


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

Correct Bites

Faulty Bites

It is possible that some breeders and exhibitors do not completely understand what a correct scissors bite should look like. If in doubt, ask your veterinarian or spend some time with an experienced mentor who can give you some hands-on education with a variety of dogs. Remember that bad bites are hereditary and breeding Staffords with incorrect bites will assure the continuation of the problem for generations to come. As breeders, it is our job to let judges know that correct bites are important to us. Similarly judges can let us know that they will accept no less.


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

“Heights Being Related to Weights” Size, Proportion, Substance

Height at shoulder: 14 to 16 inches. Weight: Dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds, these heights being related to weights. Non-conformity with these limits is a fault. In proportion, the length of back, from withers to tail set, is equal to the distance from withers to ground.

Males 14”...... 28lbs 14 1/2”..30.45lbs 15”........32.85lbs 15 1/2”...35.5lbs 16” ....... 38lbs

Females 14” ........24lbs 14 1/2”...26.25lbs 15”.........28.80lbs 15 1/2”...31.31lbs 16”.........34lbs

Ideal Stafford ears should be


We are seeking volunteers to help update this project. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if interested. Knowledge of the breed, structure, genetics and movement is suggested.

Illustration at left taken from “The Staffordshire Bull Terrier Handbook” by John F. Gordon, 1951 - showing a correct Stafford front - “Legs reasonably straight in line from shoulders, showing no weakness at pasterns, from where the feet turn out a little.”


Illustration at right taken from “The Staffordshire Bull Terrier Handbook” by John F. Gordon, 1951


The Stafford Knot

Back Issues

email editor@thestaffordknot.com for copies of articles if not linked here January 2010 Issue #1, Vol #1 Articles include: Joseph Dunn - Hints to the Novice SBT=Bulldog+Terrier

February 2010 Issue #2, Vol #1 Articles include: SBT Breed Seminar, Raymond Crilly - Judges Ed Breeders Code of Silence SBT Exhibition Center (Past Crufts Wnners story NOT included)

March 2010 Issue #3, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard Balance & Movement - Judges Ed PHPV - Tala’s Story - Health Demodectic Mange - Alternative Therapies for Treatments - Health (WKC stories NOT included)

April 2010 Issue #4, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard RX For Whelping & Caesarians Breeders Ed What You See is What You Get The Tragic Loss of Bloodlines & Mentoring in America - Breeders Ed A Very Special Boy Meets His 1st Stafford

May 2010 Issue #5, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard Tan Point Markings - AKA Black & Tan Judges/Breeders Ed Staffords in Working Trials Fibro Cartila....what? - Health How to Select Against Genetic Disease with Knowledge, Not Hope - Breeders Ed

June 2010 Issue #6, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard GDC Genetics Interview Breeders Ed Balance in the SBT Judges/Breeders Ed One By One - What YOU can do! The Disappearing Sperm - Breeders Ed/ Health SBT Breed Record Holders, Part 1

July 2010 Issue #7, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Dogs Who Fly - Dock Diving Judging My Way - Judges/ Exhibitors Ed The Holy Grail How to Weight Pull with your Staffordshire Bull Terrier Track Training - Starting Out Flyball - “Organized Chaos”

August 2010 - Veterans! Issue #8, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Grey Muzzles & Puppy Dog Tales Staying in the Game My Sunshine Tammy Alf ALSO may be viewed HERE

September 2010 Issue #9, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Training Your Stafford Forequarters What Price Glory Early Neurological Stimulation ALSO may be viewed HERE

October 2010 Issue #10, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Living With Cushings Don't Steal My Joy What is Natural Rearing Using Genetic Pedigree ALSO may be viewed HERE


The Stafford Knot

Back Issues

November 2010 Issue #11, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Miracles Do Happen Nostalgia The Versatile Stafford The Genetic Pedigree Arnica Montana Also may be viewed HERE

March - April 2011 Issue #2, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Cherish Every Moment Importance of Nutrition in Natural Healing What is CERF? Competitive Obedience Understanding Judging Consistency How Diatomaceous Earth Works Q&A - Underjaw Also may be viewed HERE

December 2010 Issue #12, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard The Breed Today Puppies For Christmas Pets As Therapy Understanding Recessive Genes A Tribute To Trilby When Things Don’t Go As Planned Also may be viewed HERE

May - June 2011 Issue #3, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Tally Ho - Lure Coursing The Topline of the SBT The Rule of Fives Interview - Norman Berry (Rendorn) Renal Disease in Canines Hereditary Cataracts in Staffords Q&A - Bites Also may be viewed HERE

Nov - Dec 2011 Issue #6, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard The SBT Standard - A Personal Interpretation Breeding - The Big Picture Where Have All The Pure Breeds Gone? The Ostrich Syndrome Foster Mom Finds Rewards The Head of a Staffordshire Bull terrier Q&A - Hocks Let Down Also may be viewed HERE

January-February 2011 Issue #1, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Arthritis How Cassie Became an Australian Obedience Champion What is L2-HGA? Teaching Bite Inhibition The Truth About Vaccines The Eukanuba Experience Q&A - Toplines Also may be viewed HERE

July - August 2011 Issue #4, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Breed Specific Legislation Hip Dysplasia Preferred Breed Type The Problem with Dog Parks What Veterinarians are Saying About the Raw Diet Interview with Tony Brindley (Cabrindle) How It All Began Also may be viewed HERE

Jan - Feb 20112 Issue #1, Vol #3 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Faultlessness vs Virtue A Dog Named Tilly BSL - Banning Lassie Meet the Breed What is Your Target? Choice of Stud Dog Letter To The Editor: Imports Also may be viewed HERE

Sept - Oct 2011 Issue #5, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Got Itch? The Backyard Puppy Sportsmanship, Part 1 Sportsmanship Revisited Dog Showing Q&A - Slipped Hocks Also may be viewed HERE


The Stafford Knot

TSK WANTS YOU! SEND US YOUR ARTICLES, EXPERIENCES, IDEAS PLUS QUESTIONS FOR OUR Q&A PAGE! TSK BENEFITS STAFFORD RESCUES WORLDWIDE BUT WE CANT HELP WITHOUT YOUR HELP THINK ABOUT A GALLERY AD, STUD AD, BRAG, CLASSIFIED OR BREEDER DIRECTORY AS AN AFFORDABLE WAY TO HELP RESCUE PLUS ADVERTISE YOUR DOG, KENNEL, COMPANY OR PRODUCTS.

From the Editor Important Lessons

Are we missing out on important learning opportunities due to our competitive nature? Recently I have begun to ponder whether or not the longer I am ‘involved in dogs’ the more I am missing out instead of the other way around. Have I changed over the years into someone who only speaks and doesnt hear? Do I hear but forget to listen? Am I ready with what I want to say next so that I dont absorb what is being said to me now?

Granted, not all of what I am being told is something I currently subscribe to - but I might be missing out on something I dont yet know. I cant know everything. I cant have all the answers. Even if I read all the books, saw all those dog shows, visited all those kennels....there is simply too much information out there for one person to know. I try to pay more attention to what others around me are doing and saying regarding their own dogs. I have tried not to let personal feelings or ideas jade what I observe.

The Back Page

One thing I learned is even those who do things far differently from myself have something to offer in the way of learning. I cannot pre-judge based upon hearsay, rumor or even on past personal experience. Even the rudest of people may have a great tip. Someone who breeds more often than I do has helpful whelping tips. Someone who might import a lot of dogs is current on canine import laws. Just because you listen doesnt mean you must approve, condone or agree - but by listening and observing we can also learn. Dont dismiss that person just in case one day you need their help. Listen more. Judge less. Other fanciers may be your competition inside the ring, but outside - competition should cease.

The Stafford Knot is looking for active volunteers to help us with this publication. Please consider volunteering or donating today. Spread the word and purchase advertisements. The breed is becoming quite popular, and as it does, rescue is becoming overwhelmed. Thank you for helping to promote health testing in the breed and raising money for Stafford rescues - Share TSK with someone! Thank you to all of you for supporting TSK! Go hug your Staffords! Lynn Caswell, Sr. Editor

Profile for The Stafford Knot, Inc. 501(c)3

The Stafford Knot Mar/Apr 2012, Issue 2, Vol 3  

The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like min...

The Stafford Knot Mar/Apr 2012, Issue 2, Vol 3  

The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like min...

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