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SEPT/OCT 2011 P R O M O T I N G T H E S T A F F O R D S H I R E B U L L T E R R I E R

The Stafford Knot

ISSUE #5 VOL 2 FREE

The Stafford Knot promotes Health Tested Staffords

Cover Story on Page 4

DOG SHOWING

GOT ITCH? PAGE 7

THE BACKYARD PUPPY PAGE 10

SPORTSMANSHIP SPORTSMANSHIP PART 1 - REVISITED

PAGE 14

PART 2

PAGE 18

PAGE 24

Q&A SLIPPED HOCKS PAGE 32

BRAGS

HEALTH TESTING INFO

PAGE 35

PAGE 36

FEATURED RESCUES PAGE 39

ILLUSTRATED BREED STANDARD PROJECT

PAGE 52


The Stafford Knot Behind the Scenes Subscribe online for FREE www.thestaffordknot.com If you are interested in securing a future cover on The Stafford Knot please contact us for details. Stud Gallery Page 44 Classifieds Page 48 Breeder Directory page 49 What is the Stafford Knot? page 51

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All historical and/or current photos and articles used in this publication were sent to us by our readers unless otherwise stated. In such instances all permissions were acquired prior to publication. We take no responsibility for use of images widely available on the internet or sent to us by owners or breeders of dogs mentioned in this publication. If you wish to have photo credit given it is the responsibility of the photographer to send to us in writing during the current issue publication your wish and we will do our best to accommodate. What we offer: Full Color Ads of Top Staffords, Kennels &

Thank you to this hard working team of Stafford devotees

Lynn Caswell Sr. Editor , Design Chris Kerrigan - Columnist Dog/Kennel Ads, Brags, Breeder Directory, Club Erika Phillips Columnist Announcements, Stud Gallery Linda Strange Administrator Litter Announcements & Informative Articles Jim Caswell CFO Guest Authors/Historians - Article Contribution What you can expect: Kimberly Washington-Smith - CA Fund Raiser WORLDWIDE Publication Damon Folmar SE Fund Raiser 24/7 Accessibility, No Waiting For Delivery! Andy Bohane UK Fund Raiser DIRECT DISTRIBUTION to Stafford Judges Donna Treadwell Australia Fund Raiser Worldwide Dayna Lemke Q & A Coordinator No PAID Subscriptions needed! Angie Beezley Marketing Rep. Special thank you goes to those selfless people who assist with Interactive Advertisements Stafford rescues on a regular basis - if you can help transport, foster, Back Issues Archived online donate or adopt - there is sadly always a need! TSK is here to raise Kennel Logo Design available funds to aid in these rescues. Please be a part of the solution! Vendors

We welcome Fundraiser representatives and article contributions from interested parties. Please contact us if for more information how you can get involved. Thank you also to our Rescue Coordinators Worldwide The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected & cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of The Stafford Knot Thank you. Contact Us TSK benefits Stafford rescue worldwide Š 2009 - 2011 BD Design


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COVER STORY INT.CH UCX RO1 AG1 DAYDREAM TALK DIRTY TO ME CDX RE NA  AKA “MIKEY”   WHEN I FIRST MET MIKEY AT A DOG SHOW I FELL IN LOVE WITH EASY GOING NATURE. TWO WEEKS LATER THE 10 1/2 WEEK OLD PUP CAME TO LIVE WITH ME, MY AM STAFF, JENNY AND OLD MAN STAFFORD, ALF.  AMAZINGLY ALL GOT ALONG AS MIKEY RESPECTED ALF'S SENIOR STATUS IN THE HOUSE. FRIENDS WITH BORDER COLLIES TELL ME MIKEY HAS THE WORK ETHIC OF A BORDER COLLIE AND IS VERY WILLING TO PLEASE. WHEN WE ARE WORKING IN EITHER OBEDIENCE OR AGILITY HE SMILES CONSTANTLY AND THE TAIL IS WAGGING A MILE A MINUTE. WHAT I LOVE THE MOST ABOUT MY BOY IS HIS NEVER MET A DOG OR PERSON HE DIDN'T LIKE PERSONALITY.    JUDITH BRECKA

STAFF-TOBERFEST 2011 Fund raiser for Stafford Rescues Fun Day - Sports & Activities plus Fun Match Games & activities for dogs & people October 15, 2011 Wavemaker Staffords, Georgia, USA info@wavemakerstaffords for details (Rain date Oct 16)

Food and drinks included in admission (Some activities addl fee)

50/50 Chuck-a-Duck Raffle Auction table (accepting donations now for trophies & auction items) Well behaved Staffords, Amstaffs & children are invited.


L 2 - H G A & H C DATA B A S E P RO J E C T THE STAFFORD KNOT ONLY ACCEPTS ADS FROM OWNERS AND BREEDERS OF DOGS WHO HAVE BEEN HEALTH TESTED. THE MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS ARE L2-HGA & HC TESTING. WE PROVIDE INFORMATION ON WHERE TO GO TO HAVE THESE SIMPLE AND INEXPENSIVE TESTS PERFORMED. DOCUMENTATION IS REQUIRED TO BE SCANNED AND SENT IN TO THE EDITORS FOR APPROVAL. FURTHER HEALTH TESTING (CARDIAC, CERF, PHPV, HIPS, ELBOWS, PATELLA, ETC) IS ALSO ENCOURAGED. IT IS HIGHLY RECOMMENDED TO BUYERS THAT THEY SEE THESE DOCUMENTS PRIOR TO PURCHASING THEIR NEW STAFFORD. IF ALL BREEDERS AND OWNERS WERE TO TEST, STAFFORDS WOULD ALL BE BETTER OFF SIMPLY BY THE FACT THAT WE WOULD HAVE MORE INFORMATION REGARDING WHERE THIS BREED IS GOING AS FAR AS HEALTH MATTERS ARE CONCERNED. TO FURTHER THIS POINT, IF ONLY CLEAR TESTED (L2-HGA & HC) STAFFORDS ARE BRED FROM THESE TWO GENETIC DISEASES COULD BE ERADICATED IN THREE GENERATIONS OF BREEDING. THAT’S CERTAINLY SOMETHING TO THINK ABOUT. SOME ARGUE THAT THIS WOULD NARROW THE GENE POOL TOO MUCH AND IS NOT A NEEDED STEP TO IMPROVING THE FUTURE OF THIS BREED. TO THOSE I SAY, POSSIBLY, HOWEVER - IS THAT CARRIER STUD DOG SO STRUCTURALLY SUPERIOR TO HIS CLEAR TESTED BROTHER THAT YOU WOULDN’T CONSIDER USING THE BROTHER INSTEAD? JUST SOMETHING ELSE TO THINK ABOUT. TSK IS COMPILING REGISTERED NAMES AND SCANNED DOCUMENTS OF ALL TESTED (CLEAR, CARRIER AND AFFECTED) STAFFORDS FOR A FUTURE DATABASE PROJECT SO THAT DOCUMENTATION WILL BE ON HAND FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS. IN THE U.S. OUR REGISTRIES DO NOT DOCUMENT THESE TEST RESULTS AS THE K.C. DOES IN THE U.K. THEREFORE TOO MANY PEOPLE WHO OWN ‘CLEAR BY PARENTAGE’ STAFFORDS HAVE NO PROOF IN HAND SEVERAL GENERATIONS DOWN THE LINE. IN TIME, WE AT TSK HOPE THE DATABASE WILL HELP THOSE WHO WISH TO KNOW THE STATUS OF A PARTICULAR DOG OR LITTER. IF YOU HAVE A TESTED STAFFORD - PLEASE SEND ONE EMAIL TO HEALTH@THESTAFFORDKNOT.COM CONTAINING THE FULL REGISTERED NAME, REGISTRATION NUMBER, SIRE AND DAM REGISTERED NAMES AND SCANNED COPIES OF ALL HEALTH TESTING DONE ON YOUR DOG. PLEASE ONLY SEND ONE EMAIL PER DOG. IN TIME, WE HOPE TO BUILD A NAME ONLY DATABASE WITH THIS INFORMATION. THANK YOU FOR SUPPORTING

We are also working on a database of semen stored from health tested stud dogs. If you have semen stored from a tested dog and wish to have him included, please email HEALTH@THESTAFFORDKNOT.COM with health scans, pedigree information and contact information. Also please indicate whether or not the semen is available for use.


Mbryant1979@cfl.rr.com Shortrockennels@aol.com


Got Itch? Every year I get loads of people asking me at the office, at parties and even on the street, “ Hey my dog is itching, what can I do?”. I could write volumes about the topic and bore you to tears, but I myself read best if it’s short and to the point. Give me something that I can use and stop talking already. If your dog is over 1 year of age, chances are, your dog is itching due to allergies, so that’s where we’ll start. Most common are inhaled allergies. Dogs can be allergic to inhaled pollens, dust, dust mites, weeds, trees and even

WHEN I SEE AN ALLERGIC DOG MOST OF THE TIME WE CAN TRACE IT BACK TO AN ITCHY PARENT OR GRANDPARENT, JUST ANOTHER THING TO THINK ABOUT WHEN DETERMINING IF AND WHO WE CHOOSE TO PUT INTO OUR BREEDING PROGRAMS. grasses. About 90 % of all dogs with inhaled allergies are also allergic to fleas. What a flea allergic dog is actually allergic to is the saliva in the fleas bite. Even a single flea bite can trigger itchiness in a highly allergic dog. Food allergies alone are responsible for only about 5-8% of allergies. However, some highly allergic dogs have inhaled, flea and food allergies. In a nut shell, here are some easy ways to make an itchy dog less itchy without going to the veterinarian and spending a lot of money. 1. Flea Control. Lots of the very effective topicals are now sold over the counter and there is even a cheaper, generic version of Frontline available. There is also a very effective monthly flea control that is given orally if you don’t like the topical. Get the fleas out of the equation, remember if you’re allergic to bee stings, all it takes is 1, you don’t have to get stung by the whole hive. Flea allergic dogs are the same way so get rid of them. 2.Food. Change the food to a novel protein and carbohydrate source. This means one that your dog has never eaten before. If the dog has never been exposed to it, by definition, they can’t be allergic to it. Bison,Venison, Duck, Fish and even Kangaroo are now available. Remember that any treats given to the dog have to be from the same protein or carbohydrate source and no raw hide chews or beef bones grocery store treats while trying the diet.You’re going to have to feed your dog anyway, you might as well see if it improves the quality of your dog’s life with a novel diet. Give it at least 6-8 weeks before you give up. 3. Omega 3 Fatty Acids. Found in great quantities in Fish

Oils, these omega 3’s help to scavenge free radicals and are anti inflammatory. Not only will they help itchy skin but also arthritic joints, hearts and even have some anti cancer benefits. All dogs and people for that matter should be taking them. An adult Stafford should be getting 1000mg’s twice daily. My dogs eat those nasty tasting capsules right off of their food, no opening necessary. 4. Antihistamines. These work best in combination with the fatty acids. They aren’t miracle workers but they do help in some dogs. Benadryl given 1 ½ -2 standard adult sized capsules or tablets up to 3 times daily is what an adult Stafford could use. I also like Hydroxyzine 50 mg twice daily for an adult Stafford. Seems to help calm them down as well. 5. Locally made Raw Honey. Give 1 tbsp twice daily. Honey is made from the pollens from plants and using honey that was made locally insures that the plants from your area are the ones that were involved. The theory on why it works is that by giving by mouth what your dog might be allergic to daily, ultimately your dog will get hyposensitized to the allergens. In other words their bodies will say ” Big deal , it’s just that old rag weed again, no need to get all inflamed”. I have used this in my practice and some clients absolutely swear by the results. No side effects, no harm done. 6. Bathe frequently. Washing and rinsing with cool water helps to rinse off possibly irritating, pollens dander and debris and the cool water rinse is also anti inflammatory. If the dog’s skin is also infected from the constant scratching, I recommend bathing with either Chlorhexidine or a Benzoyl Peroxide shampoo , many times this alone will make an itchy dog better. Remember when you used to roll in the grass and would come home all itchy? The first thing that mom would do was to either bathe you or rinse you off in the hose, just makes sense doesn’t it? Water is still cheap and bathing 2-3 times a week even more frequently in severe cases absolutely helps. Like most problems with dog’s health, most carry a very heritable component and allergies are no different. I’ve heard many times people say that health problems are fixed in the whelping pen. When I see an allergic dog most of the time we can trace it back to an itchy parent or grandparent, just another thing to think about when determining if and who we choose to put into our breeding programs. I hope that you will at least give some of these tips a try , after all, they were free!

Dale Porcher DVM


http://ncsbtc.com

http://ncsbtc.com/staffordshowdown.htm karmastaff@comcast.net


bev@sbta.fsnet.co.uk


The Backyard Puppy I was sitting at my kitchen table having a hot cup of tea

back yard. Puppy was confused and thought this was

first thing this morning, probably about 7 am. As I was

both scary and fun so felt the need to be both

glancing at the potential weather condition wondering

defensive and playful. He began barking and running the

what the day’s attire would be, I noticed my next door

fence. The children found this to be entertaining as

neighbor putting her dog out in her backyard for the

well. They began to chase the dog, throw sticks over

day. At the time it wasn’t particularly concerning

the fence, yell and who only knows what else

because it was something that she has done everyday

happened when no one was looking. As the days prior

for the last month.

to this were all the same, puppy was slowly developing

This day however was gearing up to be slightly different a very serious dislike and hyper “attachment” to children. The neighbor couldn’t understand why the than the other. The sun was preparing to send down puppy was becoming increasingly more difficult to walk rays of exorbitant amounts of heat. Today the temperature would reach 101 degrees. The

and why the puppy had started lunging on his leash

unfortunate thing was that the neighbor had no idea

every time he saw a child.

that this was going to be the case, although common

As this particular day progressed from lunch to mid

sense would have indicated such as it was indeed the

afternoon the sun was getting very hot and puppy had

beginning of summer.

drank all the water in his dish within the first 2 hours

As the day progressed I watched as the 8 month old

of being outside. What he didn’t drink he had knocked

puppy act completely frantic with fear., fear of being

over, so now at 1pm he was out of water and still had

innate need for companionship was to create self

direct sunlight. He had also chewed the legs off the

alone, fear of loud noises, fear of anything that moved. 5 hours to go. When I looked out at 2pm he was in a distressed state and frantic. He had dug craters all It was painful to watch a young puppy become so throughout the yard in an attempt to escape from the stimulated that the only thing to do to appease this destructive behaviours. These self destructive

rattan patio furniture from sheer stress.

behaviours were what the puppy needed to reduce and At 3pm the high school kids came home and as the relieve the stress that he was feeling.

puppy was so desperate for company that he decided

First I watched as the puppy sat in the back yard and

to try and make friends. He started barking with the

howled, barked, whined and howled some more. This went on for about and hour full stop. No breaks in

hopes of eliciting some response to these almost adults. He was ignored at first but the noise was

between, and like a small child that gets himself into

unbearable. The teenagers were eating chicken wings

came home for lunch. Unfortunately these were not

were done eating 30 some wings between them, puppy

hysterics, the puppy eventually wore himself out and lay and thought there would be no harm in throwing a few bones over the fence to the puppy. After all poor down for a nap. The nap did not last long however as the children on the backside of my neighbors property puppy must be starving! Well by the time 4 teenagers the most angelic of children and they do not like the noise that the puppy makes while outside. The children, not having been taught to respect animals and as children do, started playing and screaming in their

had had about as much as his little body could tolerate. Luckily none got lodged in his throat but in 24 hours he would have the worst case of acute pancreatitis a puppy could have. Threatening to end his short precious life. Continued on Page 11


Continued from Page 10

The Backyard Puppy

(continued)

But before that is to happen, the teenagers decide that You can avoid any of the potential scenarios mentioned perhaps since the puppy was lonely, they would come

above by securing puppy in a safe place such as a crate,

and let him out of the yard. They borrow a leash from

behind a barrier and/or hiring a dog walker for an

their house and attempt to take puppy for a walk.

afternoon potty break.

Puppy was super excited so he pulled and jumped while on the leash. At one quick as lightening moment the puppy pulled loose of his collar an bolted down the street. After much chasing and stress the puppy escaped, not to be seen again!

So by the time my neighbor comes home from work after a mere 8 hour absence, she is presented with a

Before you question the cost of a dog walker perhaps you should ask yourself that if you cannot offer this to your puppy because of cost restraints or other financial obligations, maybe now is not a good time for a dog. It is never a safe option to leave you dog unsupervised at anytime, you just never know what could happen.

missing puppy - He is nowhere to be found. Panicked she calls her neighbors, the police, the local vet and

Erika Phillips

animal control. Luckily for puppy, animal control called several hours later saying they had her dog. She paid a hefty fine and brought him back home.

When the neighbor takes in all that has happened, she doesn’t automatically hit herself over the head for being so irresponsible and inconsiderate. She instead blames the puppy for being a handful and unmanageable. He is rushed to the vet and given care and medication for the injuries incurred but has to remain in the hospital for a few days to help with the pancreatitis and bee sting, as well as the poison that was ingested from the deadly nightshade. Total bill including replacing the patio furniture, repairing the fence, and fixing the landscape -

Nearly $2000.00!

As you can probably imagine this is a fictitious story BUT the points made are not untrue. This can and does happen all the time.

A student of Animal Behavior/Nutrition and Alternative Medicine since 1990. She has studied at Guelph University in Canada, Glasgow University in Scotland and attended the British institute of Homeopathy. Erika has bred, raised and competed with many breeds of dogs in all aspects of dog sport. She currently consults on Animal Nutrition, Animal Behaviour and Alternative Health , including herbs and homeopathy and owns The Controversial Canine. She currently resides in Ontario, Canada.


www.showdays.info


motoxgrl83@yahoo.com www.lbellestaffords.com

www.baitmetreats.com

info@baitmetreats.com

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S P O RT S M A N S H I P When it comes to dog show,s what is sportsmanship? 

(PART 1)

complainers and whiners soon become known to most of us.  They continue their negative ways even if they

In my opinion, it is a great deal more than saying

continue to win.  The complaints may change as the

"Thank you" to the judge or giving the winner of the

wins increase but there are some folks whose very

class a big smile and a "Congratulations."

nature it is to complain and whine.  You know the type...those who walk away holding the BOB ribbon

Sportsmanship at a dog show isn't any different than

complaining that the rings weren't big enough or the

"sportsmanship" in life.  Dog shows and life can't be

judge didn't give them sufficient recognition and time

separated for dog shows are simply part of life ... just as to "really move their dog" [I'm not sure what they life is part of dog shows.

think the BOB ribbon symbolizes!]

The "Thank you" and the "Congratulations" are

But in my opinion, sportsmanship is our dog world

outward manifestations of sportsmanship but unless

goes well beyond what we encounter in the ring.  It

they are sincere these two terms become simply

deals with the entire show scene ... and the show scene

gestures, good manners if you wish, but not true

begins long before one arrives at the show site.

sportsmanship.  And don't get me wrong, good manners are part and parcel to sportsmanship but not the whole picture. The ability and the desire to be of help to your fellow exhibitor; to encourage newcomers to the sport; to

If you know someone inexperienced in whelping a litter is expecting their first or second litter, do you offer help?  Do you explain grooming to the newcomer [or even the inept old timer] and offer to help them prepare their dog for the ring?  Do you mentor less

give praise and encouragement to those who need it to experienced breeder/exhibitors? see the positive side of the sport all fall into the category of good sportsmanship.

There may be judges you think are totally incompetent The experienced breeder or handler who jumps in to

[and we all have a few on our DNS lists].  Do you just

help some one who has multiple entries; the junior

write off these judges with the "I'll never show to them

who suddenly appears at ringside to hold dogs between again, they get a whole page in my DNS book" or do classes for an exhibitor without having been asked; the you find a way to meet the judge and take the time to explain your breed to him/her, emphasizing what the steward who knows that someone is hard of hearing and so informs the judge without being asked; the judge standard says, what it stresses, and WHY.  Most judges are eager to learn but can become defensive when the who readily "spots" the newcomer and takes a few extra seconds to put him/her at ease ..... all are

conversations begins with "You did a really rotten job

examples of sportsmanship.  And all are steps to be

today. Probably because you don't know or understand

taken, nay, steps that are to be required if one is to

what our breed's all about."  Not the way to influence

partake of this marvelous sport of ours.

judges.

The rumor mongers, the naysayers, the constant Continued on Page 15


Continued from Page 14

S P O RT S M A N S H I P

(CONTINUED)

But in a relaxing minute an approach of "Mr. Judge, may

figure that if you tell them, you're giving them an "unfair

I ask what you were looking for in coat texture today. 

advantage"?  If the judge obviously dislikes squeaky toys

I noticed a number of dogs did not have the harshness

in the ring, do you tell the competitor that you know

of coat called or in the standard ... did you find the

uses a squeaky toy and may be in a later class?

same?"  I've had relative "newbies" [a term I personally hate!] come to me after judging and in the questions

If a strange face appears in your grooming area and is

they have asked, I have learned much about both my

obviously unsure of themselves do you take a few

judging and my breed.  Remember, judges are human

seconds to introduce yourself and welcome them .... or

beings with the same feelings and defense mechanisms

are you too busy brushing to make sure that you win

each of us as exhibitors have.

(or think you will win as the case may be)?

None of us, judge or exhibitor, like to be criticized in

Corny as it may sound, sportsmanship at the dog show

public.  All of us, judge or exhibitor, like to think we are (and in life in general) is simply following the Golden doing a good job and are appreciative when we are

Rule ... do unto others as you would have them do

told.  If you did not win but think the judge did a good

unto you.  It's a tried and tested, principle that has

job in the ring, what's to stop you from after judging

been around for centuries.

telling him/her that you liked what they did even though you didn't win .... that's not sucking up to the

On the other hand, many of our poorer sports have

judge, that's being a good sport if you are sincere.

their own rule .... do unto others before they have a chance to do it to you!

If you're in the ring and the exhibitor in front of you runs up on the novice in front of him what do you do

Enjoy the shows, enjoy the people, but by all means do

about it?  Do you assume that the judge will notice and it in a manner that would have made your mother say something?  Do you ignore it and think to yourself,

proud of you!

"Well, that person's new, he'll just have to learn and he

by

will in time".  Or do you step forward and quietly say

Gregory Alden Betor

to the person committing the bad play, "Hey, cut it out.  It doesn't do you any great service to act like a jerk."  Perhaps you would want to use slightly less inflammatory language, but you get the idea. Do you share information on the judge with your fellow exhibitors?  No, I don't mean on the list, I mean at the show.  If the judge insists on a loose lead, do you share that information with your fellow exhibitors or do you figure they'll find out in the ring?  Or do you

Republished with gracious permission by the author & www.letsdiscussjudging.com


laureen.williams43@ntlworld.com

Merchandise also available at www.cafepress.com/thankdog


www.aht.org.uk/genetics_tests.html

www.staffierescuescotland.co.uk

dnatesting@aht.org.uk


SPORTSMANSHIP REVISITED

(par t 2)

After my blurb on sportsmanship recently, I received a

remains a proving ground for breeding stock in the eyes

couple of e-mails that asked specifically, "What part does

of most of us ... a judge who is not totally familiar with

the judge play in the sportsmanship in pure bred dogs?"

the breed and the breed standard cannot properly evaluate breeding stock.

A valid question and one that I think should be looked at carefully.

The need for impartiality is the keystone of the dog show.  A judge who fails to maintain that impartiality; who

We all know, and most of us accept, that the judge is the

favors one or more exhibitors for whatever reason is,

"king" of his ring.  He/She is the absolute arbitrator; he/

bluntly, dishonest.  No ifs, ands, or buts about it.  Either

she dictates how the ring is run and how the exhibitors are to perform to permit the evaluation of their exhibits. 

each exhibitor who enters the ring is given a fair shot or the judge is not only violating his/her position but is

He/she may excuse any exhibitor from the ring for

exhibiting the essence of poor sportsmanship.

whatever reason he/she deems necessary.  This ranges from disqualifying an exhibit that has a disqualifying fault

At times the appearance of impartiality is as important as

according to the breed standard to excusing for poor

impartiality itself.  Both good sportsmanship and good

sportsmanship.  No other opinion is required, just that of

manners require that if an exhibitor says, "Good

the judge.

Morning" to a judge upon meeting him/her outside the ring, the judge should return the greeting.  That's called

A JUDGE WHO FAILS TO MAINTAIN THAT IMPARTIALITY; WHO FAVORS ONE OR MORE EXHIBITORS FOR WHATEVER REASON IS, BLUNTLY, DISHONEST.  NO IFS, ANDS, OR BUTS ABOUT IT.  EITHER EACH EXHIBITOR WHO ENTERS THE RING IS GIVEN A FAIR SHOT OR THE JUDGE IS NOT ONLY VIOLATING HIS/HER POSITION BUT IS EXHIBITING THE ESSENCE OF POOR SPORTSMANSHIP.

common courtesy.

What is not common courtesy is the visiting with friends, be they old time friends with whom the judge used to compete, old time friends who became handlers and shared many a show with all its trials and tribulations, or the show chair who hired the judge.  Time for such visits at the end of the day when the judging is complete and there are no more exhibitors to enter the ring.

In view of this, sportsmanship on the part of the judge is at least as important as that of the exhibitor both inside and outside the ring. I'm not sure which is more important, the need for the judge to be totally impartial or the need for the judge to be knowledgeable about the breed he/she is judging.  If there is not an in depth knowledge of the breed, frankly, the judge should not be in the ring for he/she does the breed a disservice by adjudicating in ignorance.  The ring

Sportsmanship relies on actions but it also relies on appearances!  The dog show judge must be as Caesar's wife ... above suspicion.  Sportsmanship does not demand that one ignore old friends ... only that the old friends renew or continue the friendships at the appropriate time and place. And the appropriate time and place is not in the ring while one is adjudicating the classes nor at the gate to the ring immediately before the judging is to begin!!!  Continued on Page 20


www.sbtcv.org.au

http://forum.bullbreedsonline.com


Continued from Page 18

S P O RT S M A N S H I P R E V I S I T E D

( CO NTI N U ED)

Good sportsmanship on the part of the judge requires that he/she be aware of what is going on in his/her ring.  If some new to the sport is in the ring and the newness is shown by their actions, the judge should be aware of the situation.  No time limit is so inflexible that a few seconds can't be taken to put the person at ease; to explain clearly what is required at that particular time, as well as the best way to perform the required action.

partisanship is not acceptable.  I watched the late Roy Ayers, turn to ringside and announce that judging would continue only when ringside could act as adults!  It goes without saying that any judge in the ring should not be influenced by such cheering on the part of an exhibit any more than they should be influenced by the lack of such cheers for an exhibit.  The judge's job is to evaluate the exhibit presented to him/her, not evaluate the popularity of the exhibit.

I remember well at one of the first of my shows, I had not the foggiest notion of what to do in the ring.  The judge quietly came to me and said, "Your puppy has one of the strongest rears I have seen, but I need to see the rest of him.  Turn him so he faces into the center of the ring and not away from it."  Embarrassed beyond belief, I turned the puppy ... and she came to me again, this time saying, "That's too pretty a face not to let the judge see it."  All said with a smile.  That was the day I became hooked on dog shows!  That day I took fourth in a class of twelve.  There's not a BIS that equals the pride as I said, "Thank you" when I accepted that ribbon.  And for many years, that fourth place ribbon held the place of honor in my ribbon collection ... it was the centerpiece of a quilt made for me by a friend using all the ribbons won over the years.

Just as the principal of a school sets the tenor of his/her school so, too, does the judge set the tenor of his/her ring.  If he/she is courteous, impartial, and knowledgeable the exhibitors will reflect this.  Seldom do you see "dirty tricks" played in a ring where the judge runs a "tight ship" and watches over "his charges" ... and each and every exhibitor is a "charge" of the judge, just as each student in a school is a "charge" of the principal of that school.

In going out of her way to put me at ease and instruct me at the same time, that judge showed true sportsmanship.  She gained a "convert" to the sport which is one of the jobs of a judge in my opinion. How many time have you been at a show where ringside loudly applauded and cheered for a particular entry ... only to be stone silent for every other entry.  Or the cheers move around the ring with each little group cheering and being boisterously impolite to the other exhibits?  A notable example on the part of ringside.  And what should the judge do about such situations?  Good sportsmanship on the part of the judge requires that he/she notify ringside such

Good sportsmanship is contagious.  If the judge is infected with good sportsmanship it soon spreads, infecting each and every exhibitor who comes in contact with that judge. Poor sportsmanship is also contagious ... and judges who permit it to flourish do no service to our sport.  The judge who permits an exhibitor to show discourtesy to the judge or other exhibitors; the judge who permits ringside to make loud, rude comments at ringside about either the judging or specific entries; the judge who shows favoritism of any kind; the judge who does not respect his/her ring steward are all examples of poor sportsmanship.  And the judge who exhibits such has not only made a fool of him/herself but has lessened the nobility of our sport .... and that is an unforgivable sin. by Gregory Alden Betor Republished with gracious permission by the author & www.letsdiscussjudging.com


w w w. c a f e p re s s . c o m / t h a n k d o g

jo@scruffydogs.co.uk OR ProSBTHealth@aol.com

easbtc@thedoghouse89.freeserve.co.uk


www.staffordwelfare.com

rescue@sbtca.com


www.cafepress.com/thankdog www.zazzle.com/thankdog

nozac.hubery@googlemail.com


D O G S H OW I N G DUE TO ITS GREAT POPULARITY OVER THE LAST TWENTY ODD YEARS OR SO, THE 'STAFFORD' HAS BECOME ONE OF THE MOST COMPETITIVE BREEDS TO EXHIBIT. WITH AN AIM TO IMPROVING YOUR CHANCES IN THE RING, CONSIDERATION SHOULD BE APPLIED TO TWO REQUIREMENTS. FIRSTLY, YOUR DOG MUST ATTAIN A STANDARD OF BREED ACCEPTABILITY AND YOU TO ACQUIRE THE EXPERTISE TO ASSIST AND IMPROVE YOUR DOG'S PRESENCE DURING THE TIME IT IS IN THE RING. BRINGING A WELL-TRAINED DOG INTO THE RING, A KNOWLEDGEABLE HANDLER WILL ENHANCE ITS STATUS AND PRESENCE AND INSTALL A FEELING OF COMPLETE PRIDE OF ACHIEVEMENT IN HIS OR HER HANDLING ABILITY. RING PRESENCE AND CHARACTER IS A GREAT ASSET. IF A DOG IS HAPPY AND COMFORTABLE WHEN BEING HANDLED IT IS LIKELY DUE TO THE RAPPORT BETWEEN YOURSELF AND YOUR CHARGE. THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AN EXPERIENCED HANDLER AND A NOVICE IS EXEMPLIFIED BY THE METHOD OF APPLICATION. YOU MUST ENTER THE RING WITH A POSITIVE ATTITUDE BY THINKING 'MINE IS THE BEST' NOT ASKING YOURSELF THE QUESTION 'IS MINE THE BEST' AND DEMONSTRATE THIS BY YOUR SEEMINGLY APPARENT CONFIDENCE. MANY NEWCOMERS MAKE THE MISTAKE BY USING A SLACK COLLAR. THIS CAN PROVE A HINDRANCE. MAKE SURE BEFORE ENTERING THE RING THE COLLAR IS PROPERLY ADJUSTED, ALLOWING YOU GREATER CONTROL OVER YOUR DOG, I WOULD NEVER RECOMMEND SLIP LEADS THESE CAN BE A BIG DISADVANTAGE IF YOUR DOG IS A LITTLE UNRULY. VARIOUS FORMS AND WAYS OF STANDING YOUR DOG CAN BE APPLIED. YOU MAY SQUAT, KNEEL, OR, IF YOU HAVE A WELL-TRAINED DOG, YOU MAY WISH TO HIGHLIGHT THE FACT BY STANDING UPRIGHT BEHIND HIM AND HOLDING THE LEAD IN AN OUTWARD FASHION. THE LATTER MAY SEEM IMPRESSIVE AND APPEAR INFLUENTIAL; UNFORTUNATELY, YOU MAY BE MAGNIFYING FAULTS YOU MAY NOT BE UNAWARE OF FROM YOUR LOFTY POSITION -FOR INSTANCE, UNAWARE OFF A STEEP UPPER ARM OR OVER LOADED SHOULDERS CAUSING THE ELBOWS TO PROTRUDE OR PERHAPS THE TOP LINE HAVING DROPPED A LITTLE. THESE DISCREPANCIES ARE MORE EASILY RECTIFIED FROM A KNEELING POSITION. A FURTHER FAULT I SEE, HANDLERS STANDING IN FRONT OF THEIR CHARGE WHEN BEING EXAMINED FROM THE REAR, BY DOING SO PUSH THE HEAD BACK CAUSING THE TOP LINE TO DIP. STAND TO THE SIDE, PULL THE COLLAR UPWARD AND FORWARD IF YOU THINK YOUR DOG NEEDS FURTHER ENHANCEMENT. HANDLERS HAVE VARIOUS METHODS OF STANDING AND PLACING THEIR DOGS. ADJUST THE FRONT LEGS FIRST IN THE CORRECT POSITION BEFORE PROCEEDING TO THE REAR QUARTERS REMEMBERING TO PLACE EACH FOOT SEPARATELY. I FIND IT IS FAR BETTER TO PLACE EACH LEG INDIVIDUALLY INTO ITS DESIGNATED PLACE. AVOID MAKING THE MISTAKE OF PLACING YOUR HAND BETWEEN THE BACK LEGS TO POSITION THEM; THIS CAN CAUSE THE DOG TO STAND WITH A STRAIGHTER REAR ANGLE THAN ITS NATURAL STANCE. A FURTHER FAULT TO BE AVOIDED IS STRETCHING THE FRONT QUARTERS TOO FAR FORWARD AND THE REAR END TOO FAR BACKWARDS CAUSING THE DOG TO GIVE A VERITABLE IMITATION OF AN OLD FASHIONED ROCKING HORSE RESULTING IN AN UNWANTED DIPPY TOP-LINE.

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http://www.staffordarchive.com


Continued from Page 24

D O G S H OW I N G

( CO NT I NU ED)

'SO FAR, SO GOOD' - NOT QUITE - CHECK THE HEAD IS CORRECTLY ANGLED AND LOOKING STRAIGHT AHEAD. REFRAIN FROM LIFTING THE MUZZLE TOO HIGH; THIS CAN LOSE SIGHT OF DEFINITION AND EXPRESSION. BE AWARE NOT PLACE YOUR HAND OVER THE ANIMAL'S FACE, DOING SO YOU ARE LIKELY TO OBLITERATE YOUR DOG'S GREATEST ASSET. EMPHASIZE YOUR DOG’S FINER POINTS AND TRY TO DISGUISE FAULTS. LOOK ON IT AS A CONTEST BETWEEN YOU AND THE JUDGE. THEY HOLD MOST OF ACES AND YOU REALLY SHOULDN'T SUCCEED, HOWEVER, IT HAPPENS. WE (IN THE UK) HAVE THE FORTUNATE OPTION OF BEING ABLE TO CHOOSE OUR OWN POSITION WHERE TO STAND ON ENTERING THE RING, UNLIKE SOME OTHER COUNTRIES WHERE THE ALPHABETICAL ORDER SYSTEM IS USED. IF YOUR DOG ISN’T THE BEST OF MOVERS, STAND SOMEWHERE IN THE MIDDLE OF THE LINE OR NEAR THE BEGINNING, AVOID BEING AT THE END. BY THE TIME THE JUDGE HAS COMPLETED THE TASK OF GOING OVER EACH EXHIBIT, IT'S POSSIBLE YOUR ANIMAL'S DEFINABLE FRAILTY HAS BEEN OVERLOOKED. MOST JUDGES MAKE THEIR FINAL CHOICE DURING THEIR LAST ASSESSMENT ANYWAY AND IT IS QUITE LIKELY YOUR DOG’S FAULTY ACTION HAS LONG BEEN FORGOTTEN BY THEN. I FOUND THAT A DOG ALWAYS LOOKS ITS BEST AFTER IMMEDIATELY BEING STOOD FOR PRESENTATION. DURING A LARGE CLASS I FIND MANY EXHIBITORS POSING THEIR DOGS LONG BEFORE NECESSARY. IT SEEMS TO ALERT A SIGNAL FOR MANY TO STAND THEIR DOGS, EVEN THOSE AT THE BACK END OF THE LINE UP WHO ARE UNLIKELY TO COME UNDER THE JUDGES EYE FOR A FURTHER TEN MINUTES OR MORE WILL FALL INTO THIS CATEGORY. IN THIS TIME YOUR DOG STARTS TO RELAX, MOVES A FOOT; DROP'S ITS TOP-LINE OR PERFORMS SOME OTHER UNWANTED DISPLACEMENT - WAIT AND WATCH THE JUDGE, ANTICIPATE THE RIGHT MOMENT WHEN TO STAND YOUR DOG FOR ITS FINAL ASSESSMENT. MOST JUDGES WILL COME UP WITH AN OVERALL APPRAISAL. OTHERS PERHAPS, A LITTLE 'PICKY' ON CERTAIN POINTS AND WILL ESCHEW A FAULT THEY HAVE ENCOUNTERED IN THEIR OWN STOCK OR WHICH TYPE THEY PREFER... IT IS MOST WISE AND PRUDENT TO DISCOVER WHAT THESE FOIBLES ARE. KNOWLEDGE WILL EVENTUALLY BE GAINED FROM PAST EXPERIENCE. OTHER THAN THAT, KEEP OPEN A COCKED EAR DURING CONVERSATION WITH SEASONED EXHIBITORS YOU FIND THIS VALUABLE INFORMATION CAN SAVE YOURSELF A FEW QUID BEFORE WRITING OUT YOUR INTENDED EXPENSIVE ENTRY. ON ENTERING THE RING, SETTLE YOUR DOG DOWN WITH A COMFORTING PAT AND A QUIET WORD OF ASSURANCE BEFORE STANDING OR THE CALL TO MOVE HIM. THIS CAN ACHIEVE A SOOTHING AFFECT. DON’T BE AFRAID TO STOP IF YOUR DOG SETS OFF TOO FAST, REASSURE HIM BY A GENTLE PAT AND START AGAIN.

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w w w. s t a f f i e s o n l i n e . o r g . u k

http://www.staffie-rescue.org


daydreamsbts@cox.net


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D O G S H OW I N G

( CO NT I NU ED)

MOVEMENT IS A MOST IMPORTANT POINT TO CONSIDER. FIND YOUR DOG’S BEST WALKING SPEED. ASK A KNOWLEDGEABLE FRIEND TO ASSIST BY POINTING OUT ANY OBVIOUS FAULTS. SHOULD THE ANIMAL WALK WITH A PADDING OR HACKNEY ACTION, OR MOVING CLOSE BEHIND, TRY MOVING AT A SLOWER PACE OR FASTER SPEED UNTIL YOU FIND THE BEST TO SUIT YOUR DOG. A FURTHER TIP – FIND THE BIGGEST MIRROR AVAILABLE BY PRACTISING IN FRONT, THERE YOU WILL IRON OUT A NUMBER OF FAULTS AND MISTAKES MANY PEOPLE FIND IT IS MOST UNCOMFORTABLE STANDING THE WRONG SIDE OF THEIR DOG. MANY PREFER TO USE THE NATURAL HAND SIDE. PROBLEMS SURFACE WHEN THEY ARE REQUIRED TO USE THE SIDE THEY ARE UNACCUSTOMED TO. BEING AMBIDEXTROUS IN THIS DEPARTMENT IS MOST ADVANTAGEOUS. YOU WILL FIND FROM TIME TO TIME JUDGES REQUIRE THIS AWKWARD TASK TO BE PERFORMED BY WANTING A 'SIDE - ON' VIEW. THEY ALSO MAY WISH TO HAVE DOGS STANDING FACE ON OR PERHAPS BACK-TO-BACK. IF UNPREPARED, THIS WILL BE THE TIME FOR YOU TO CURSE YOUR CAK-HANDED PERFORMANCE AND POSSIBLY THE LOSS OF THAT COVETED C.C. OR MERITORIOUS BEST IN SHOW. MATS AT INDOOR SHOWS ARE USUALLY PROVIDED. THESE ARE FOR YOUR DOG'S ASSISTANCE BY ALLOWING MORE STABILITY AND GRIP TO THE FLOOR SURFACE. TAKE COGNISANCE OF THE FACT IT IS DOG WHICH SHOULD BE THE ONE TAKING ADVANTAGE OF THE MAT AND NOT THE HANDLER. MUCH TO MY AMUSEMENT HAVE SEEN THIS LITTLE INDISCRETION APPLIED MANY TIMES. DURING A LARGE CLASS ROOM ON THE MAT MAY BECOME A PREMIUM. AGAIN, IT IS PRUDENT TO MAKE SURE YOU MANAGE TO OBTAIN YOUR OWN LITTLE SQUARE OF OPERATION RATHER THAN FIND YOURSELF PUSHED OFF THE MAT AND TRYING TO STAND YOUR DOG WITH A GREAT DEGREE OF DIFFICULTY ON A HIGHLY POLISHED SURFACE. DON’T ALLOW YOUR DOG TO ENGAGE HIMSELF IN LONG BARKING/GROWLING CONFRONTATION WITH THE NEXT DOG. I FEEL IT IS BAD MANNERS AND MOST UNSPORTSMANLIKE. THE ODD SPAT CAN BE OVERLOOKED, CONSIDERATION SHOULD BE SHOWN TOWARD OTHER EXHIBITS WHICH ARE UNDER THE IMMEDIATE EYE OF THE JUDGE MAY WELL BE AS FEISTY AS YOUR DOG AND THIS DISTRACTION MAY PREVENT THEM FROM SHOWING AT THEIR BEST. GREAT PLEASURE IS GAINED BY WINNING. NO ONE ENJOYS THE MISERY OF LOOSING. IN THE PAST I HAVE EXPERIENCED MY SHARE OF THE LATTER. KEEP IN MIND! DOG SHOWING IS SUPPOSED TO BE A PLEASURE. AVOID TAKING THE WHOLE MATTER TOO SERIOUSLY. TRY TO LOOK ON THE BRIGHT SIDE ALTHOUGH YOU HAVE HAD A LESS THAN SUCCESSFUL ON THE DAY. - NEXT WEEK, 'ANOTHER SHOW - ANOTHER JUDGE' THEY,PERHAPS WITH A DIFFERENT VIEW AND OPINION BRINGING FURTHER OPTIMISM AND HOPE FOR FUTURE SHOWS.

NORMAN BERRY (RENDORN)


www.thecontroversialcanine.ca controversialcanine@gmail.com

http://www.psbtc.org

staffordtimes@psbtc.org

Issue out now!


www.ramstaffkennels.com ramstaff@earthlink.net


Each month TSK will take questions from our readers and present them to breed specialists, experienced breeders, veterinarians, geneticists or experts in the field of the particular questions being asked. We hope you enjoy the information provided based upon YOUR feedback!

Ask TSK - Q & A Question: Dear The Staffordknot,   I was recently told my Staffbull has slipping hocks. I just thought he was very flexible. My vet said he is double jointed. I would like to know what this means and if it can be corrected. Should I not breed or show my Staffy because of this? Can he do agility? Thanks

Answer: Slipped hocks are not at all the same as flexibility of the joint. A flexible joint can be flexed or extended quite far with gentle, steady pressure. It is very easy to push a normal dog's hock forward until the joint is straight up and down (i.e. 180 degrees). However, there is tension, sort of like when you push sideways on a stretched rubber band or bungee. A slipped hock will fold forward with virtually NO pressure, and the dog will be unable to resist it. To determine a slipped hock, place several fingers on the back of the hock lightly pressing forward until the dog either picks up the foot and steps forward or the joint collapses forward. Continued on page 33


Continued from page 32

Each month TSK will take questions from our readers and present them to breed specialists, experienced breeders, veterinarians, geneticists or experts in the field of the particular questions being asked. We hope you enjoy the information provided based upon YOUR feedback!

The difference being - between pushing the joint forward, and the joint "collapsing" forward. How far forward it goes, i.e. past 180 degrees, is irrelevant. Because a slipped hock can "collapse" forward, a dog with this condition does not have the leverage to drive forward from the rear. A dog like this may actually appear to have fluid movement when running loose but will not be able to generate much power under load. His power will come from the front rather than the rear. Dogs with this condition are capable of doing multi-mile runs with no trouble, but running slowly and building up to that. The muscle they would need to develop from the running will help protect the joints even though it could not improve them. It is up to you whether to show, breed from or allow the dog to participate in sports however - keep in mind that the condition is one that could worsen in old age or could possibly cause the dog pain if it becomes arthritic. There are many factors to consider when deciding whether or not to breed from a dog that are to be taken in when making this decision.


The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected & cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of The Stafford Knot Thank you. Contact Us


The Stafford Knot Brags, Shows, Litters Send us your BRAGS, Litter Announcements, Seminar and Show announcements and we can post them here. Be sure to fill out the BRAGS form found HERE

CHEROKEE POINT NEW TITLE EMAIL GCH Thrashers Red Bull of Cherokee Point (Thrashers Skully Hayes X CH Shizzle My Nizzle) Cherokee Point is proud to announce our new Grand Champion

“Hank”

bred by Dale Porcher and Edison Clemons and proudly owned by Kim Witt

Clear by parentage L2-HGA, HC

MSLF KENNELS NEW TITLE EMAIL GCh MSLF Mo Chroi THD "Cathal" (Ch Guardstock II Mad Hatter MSLF THD TD RN x Ch Cock'N'Bull Hecate MSLF)

“Cathal” is a New Grand Champion. Also AKC Therapy Dog, along with "Dad" Andy. Way to go boys! Cynthia, David and Melania Bundy (262) 857-9412 Clear by parentage L2-HGA, HC, Health test available by request

ALL articles published in TSK during the 2010 year may be viewed HERE


Wanted Samples for PHPV/PPSC Research. If you own or have bred a dog diagnosed with either of these eye conditions, could you help by supplying mouth swabs from the affected dog plus its parents and litter-mates.

Any PHPV positives found in litter screenings are not reported in the Breeds Record Supplement, nor are any cases of PPSC - hence this appeal.

If sufficient samples from affected cases can be obtained, it is hoped that research to determine the inheritance of both conditions may be commenced, possibly leading eventually to DNA tests similar to those available for HC and L-2-HGA.

A copy of the eye test certificate and a copy of the dogs pedigree would also be appreciated. All samples and information will of course be confidential just in case anyone has any concern's about that.

If you can help with this and thus help the Stafford , can you please contact one of the following who can supply swabs and any information required.

Diane Taylor - 01670 823635 email - taylor@niatona.fsnet.co.uk Lesley McFadyen - 01205 871762 email - easbtc@thedoghouse89.freeserve.co.uk Archie Bryden - 01772 715807 email - archie.bryden@yahoo.co.uk Many thanks for your co-operation.


The Stafford Knot wishes to provide the following information for your convenience. TSK encourages health testing of all Staffordshire Bull Terriers, especially those used for breeding purposes and/or performance events. The testing is made available to be used as a tool to eliminate certain diseases from a breeding program. Used wisely, this can be accomplished. The following testing information is provided as a service to you, however should not be used as the only health checks your Stafford receives. There are many more health issues to be considered when breeding dogs, caring for dogs and when looking to buy a purebred dog. As always, please seek the advice of your personal veterinary specialists for your day-to-day needs of

 * * * Please note - a CERF or PHPV test done by a canine ophthalmologist is NOT the same ***PLEASE send in your test results for the databases. Accurate records are valuable to the breed*** Remember, if you choose to breed from a carrier you must test the entire resulting litter to determine clears & carriers. Thus if you choose to keep a carrier from that litter, the same must be done for each subsequent litter resulting from breeding carriers. If you sell carrier pups, please consider spay/neuter so that more carriers are not produced. With the advent and ease of genetic testing many of these diseases could be eliminated by only breeding clear to clear. To use a known carrier requires an extra step of responsibility. There is no excuse to breed an untested dog.

It is now being suggested to DNA test every third generation. Testing Facility For L2-Hga & HC Animal Health Trust Lanwades Park, Kentford

Testing Facility For L2-Hga Onl y Ca nine Genetic Diseases - University Of Missouri

New Market, Suffolk CB87UU Phone: 01638 751000

321 Connaway Hall

F ax: 01638 750410

Columbia, Missouri 65211-5120 USA

Ema il: info@a ht.org .uk We bsite: www.aht.org.uk

Phone:  573-884-3712 

Direct Link:

F ax: 573-884-5414

www.a ht.org .uk/ genetics_tests.html#ca nine

Ema il: HansenL@missouri.edu We bsite: www.caninegeneticdiseases.net

Testing Facility For HC in USA:

Direct Link:

http://www.animalgenetics.us/Canine/HC.htm

www.caninegeneticdiseases.net/DNAtests/Testsnow.htm

Continued on next page


Other labs offering L-2-HGA test in Europe: France www.antagene.com Czech Republic www.genomia.cz Germany www.laboklin.de / www.laboklin.co.uk Testing Facility For Hip, Elbows, Patella and Cardiac Certifications * Orthopedic Foundation For Animals (OFA) 2300 E Nifong Boulevard Columbia, Missouri, 65201-3806 USA Phone:  573-442-0418  Fax: 573-875-5073 Email: ofa@offa.org Website: www.offa.org *Note: A Board Certified Cardiologist must perform all Cardiac exams.   A qualified licensed Veterinarian can provide X-Ray films for hips, elbows and Patella.   Testing Facility For Eye Certifications* Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) 1717 Philo Rd P O Box 3007 Urbana, IL 61803-3007 USA Phone: 217-693-4800  Fax: 217-693-4801 Email: CERF@vmdb.org Website: www.vmdb.org/cerf.html *Note: A Board Certified Canine Ophthalmologist must perform all CERF exams. CERF exams are annual exams for breeding stock.


The Stafford Knot

Featured Rescues

Chief - 6 Year Old Male - East Coast Chief is a super cute boy who has lot’s of potential. He would do well in a quiet home with someone who has time to devote to training and can bring him out of shell. Sweet dog but needs to go to an only dog home. Chief will make you an excellent companion. He is already crate trained and will walk on a lead nicely. Experienced homes would be best for Chief. He is a great dog and he loves to play in the water!  CONTACT

===================================== Arrow - 6 Year Old Male - East Coast Arrow walks on leash well - even with a stranger. He LOVES TOYS! Very toy motivated, perked up with stuffy/squeaky – Loves to chase it around and play – He can be a little bit shy up until toys came out. Arrow needs to go to an only dog home. He needs someone experienced to teach him manners. He is currently being fostered by someone who is teaching him some basic obedience and he is doing very well.  CONTACT

===================================== Susie - 6 Year Old Female - S.C. *Adoption Pending* Susie is a very sweet girl. She walks nicely on lead - even with a total stranger - always wags her tail. She is happy but shy and unsure of herself. She lacks confidence but friendly so with a little love and care she would blossom into a fantastic pet. She also looks to have some obedience potential. Susie needs to go to an experienced home with someone who has lots of love to devote to her!  CONTACT UPDATE: Her foster is falling in love and is considering adoption but please keep Susie’s buddies in mind!


The Stafford Knot

Featured Rescues

Sox - 1 Year Old Male - East Coast Sox is a sweet and happy pup but he is a bit shy. He has beautiful white teeth he will show you when he smiles. He is a bit more comfortable with women but responds fine with men. Sox wags his tail a lot and becomes more playful the longer you spend time with him. He likes to play with toys. Sox needs a quiet home with someone who can spend a lot of time teaching him the ways of the world.   CONTACT

===================================== Onyx - 2 Year Old Female - Georgia Onyx was a singleton pup who had to be bottle fed. She is tiny and oh sooo very adorable! She had never been anywhere so she lacks confidence but despite her limited experience is pretty outgoing given a chance. She is learning how to walk on a leash and doing well according to her foster home. Her foster home is also working hard on some basic obedience skills and says she is coming along beautifully. She LOVES the baby pool! She does well with male dogs. Onyx needs a patient home to love her and help her love life. CONTACT

===================================== Rusty - 1 Year Old Male - East Coast Rusty is a very outgoing and happy pup. He has no real life experience so he needs someone devoted to training and loving him. He is a great dog who deserves a great home and lots of patient consistent training. He will need to learn all the basics but he will be fun to teach! He needs to be in a stress free environment which means a single dog home or a quiet home in the beginning but would probably be a good sports dog with patience and training.    CONTACT


The Stafford Knot

Featured Rescues

Rosie - 3 Year Old Female - S. Carolina Rosie is a very happy, sweet and very attentive girl – She has boundless energy and according to her foster jas a difficult time keeping four feet on the ground at once very typical Stafford! She would be terrific in an active performance home – She has beautiful teeth she will show you when she smiles – Rosie is simply a great girl! She does need work to focus her energy and keep her busy and out of trouble as she learned the ways of the world - An experienced home is best. She may do well with male dog in home however - very experienced owner and patience will be needed! CONTACT

===================================== Sadie - 5.5 Year Old Female - Georgia Sadie is VERY playful and very active. She knows some tricks and gives very good attention so would be super easy to train. Sadie needs an experienced and active home with lots of time to devote to her. She needs a job! She is an escape artist – will get out of most any crate or fence – cannot be left alone if not extremely secured - Sadie is currently being fostered by a trainer who is teaching her more appropriate behaviors so that she will learn to control herself. Her favorite game is playing with the water hose! CONTACT


The Stafford Knot

Featured Rescues

Sadie - 2.5 Year Old Female - Sacramento, California Sadie is a lovely, obedient, fun loving young lady. She is very patient and tolerant of young children and enjoys running around with them. She is a people dog and loves to be wherever her people are. She is eager to do anything her people are doing and loves going for walks, runs, bike rides, car rides and camping. She has learned some very good manners and will not run out of an open door or eat food that drops on the ground unless invited. She knows several commands like sit, stay, come, lie down, heel, shake and drop it. She is very attentive and has learned to take cues from by making eye contact.  She LOVES playing fetch and would play all day. She enjoys gnawing on a good bone or chew toy.  She has so much love to give and is very affectionate. She is a quiet dog and will only bark if she hears a strange noise or we have an unexpected visitor.    CONTACT

===================================== Rippley - 10 Year Old Female - Cornwall, UK

She ended up at the National Animal Welfare Trust Cornwall (N.A.W.T.) as her previous owners circumstances had changed and was no longer able to care for her. She has now been with us here at the Cornwall branch of the National Animal Welfare Trust for the best part of a year and a half bless her. We know that she has had at least 2 homes before coming into us, so we really want to get her into her forever home.   She is a very loving girl and would suit a quieter home or maybe a 1-1 type home, that has had experience with rescue dogs or SBT. She could live with children 12yrs plus as long as they are sensible and used to dogs. She will need to be the only animal in the home as she doesnt get along with other animals.   She LOVES water and could paddle/swim all day if you let her although she isnt to keen on going out when its raining. She is good to walk on the lead and loves being out and about or having a good play. Please e-mail or the centre's phone number is: 01736 756005. To sponsor Rippley click HERE. CORNISH ANIMAL RESCUE CENTRE Wheal Alfred Kennels Wheal Alfred Road HAYLE Cornwall TR27 5JT

To make a donation click HERE Let them know you saw her on TSK. Thank you!


The Stafford Knot

Featured Rescues

Below are TSK Featured Staffords currently in rescue and in need of homes. We list these dogs as a courtesy. The dogs are NOT here with us. They are in different parts of the world. We have NO connection to any of them, TSK lists them in order that they may gain more exposure and find great permanent homes. Please do not send us questions about these dogs as we have no further information than what is listed below. There are links and contact info on each dog. We encourage sponsorship of these dogs in order to lessen the burden of foster care and kenneling. Thank you for considering rescue!

Buddy - 3-4 Year Old Male - Southern California Buddy is approx 3-4 years old and approx 16" tall and 38lbs. He is sweet, loving and in true Stafford fashion is sensitive. Shelter life had been stressful on him but he is in a foster home now getting the TLC he deserves. Buddy was a stray and dropped off at the shelter by a good samaritan who said he seemed very nice around other dogs. He walks well on the leash, sits and even downs. Buddy is currently being fostered in Southern California.   Buddy has played nice with some dogs but shown agression with others.   Buddy is a good looking strong male who will need to NOT be placed in situations where he can fail.   Buddy is wonderful with all people.  CONTACT

===================================== Gypsy - 7 Year Old Female - Long Island, NY Gypsy is a female, approx 7 years old.  She was rescued her from a local shelter, According to the shelter she was a stray that was hit by a car, no injuries, and turned over to the animal shelter. Gypsy was taken to my friends animal rescue where she has been evaluated and loved for many weeks now. We are having trouble placing her because of her dislike for cats and dogs. We believe with time and patience Gypsy may be able to live with another respectful adult male.   For now, I would reccomend Gypsy be the only dog in the home.  Gypsy LOVES all people, regardless of the age. She has become a favorite at the shelter, but it is her time to find her furever home. She is spayed, up to date on all shots.  Gypsy is approx 15" and weighs 35lbs.   She is crate trained and knows some obedience.   Gypsy has no known medical needs or special care problems.  CONTACT


The Stafford Knot

Stud Gallery

The Stafford Knot lists health tested stud dogs in the gallery, however, it is up to you to verify this testing by asking to see the certificates for each test if they are not made available here for download. We have screened this to the best of our ability, but cannot guarantee dogs listed have been tested. PLEASE ask for copies of certificates before using dogs at stud for the health and the future of our breed. Thank you. Stud Gallery Ads run annually - Form to advertise in Stud Gallery is found

HERE

======================================= DayDream Ch. Slam Dance, CGC (Imp UK) “Nigel” DNA - AKC - #P24384 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected, OFA/PennHip Hips, Patella, CERF http://www.offa.org/display.html?appnum=678935#animal daydreamsbts@cox.net www.daydreamsbt.com Tel 530-306-0305 Frozen semen available to health tested bitches only. More photos of Nigel available. Health documents available by request.

======================================= DayDream AKC/UKC CH Jayneze Diamonds And Guns (Imp UK) “Tierney” DNA - AKC - #V567946 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected, CERF, OFA Hips good, OFA Elbow normal, OFA Cardiac http://sunnycrest.vmdb.org/CerfWebSearch/Search/Results.aspx daydreamsbts@cox.net www.daydreamsbt.com Tel 530-306-0305 Available to health tested bitches only. Health documents available by request.

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Absolute BIS BISS CH Belnore Dream Keeper OFA ‘Beau’ AKC DNA - V426729 Clear of L2-HGA, HC, OFA/PennHip Hips, OFA/PennHip Elbows, Patella, OFA Cardiac - documentation available upon request AbsoluteAST@aol.com www.absoluteamericanstaffordshireterrier.com Tel 337-255-3508

======================================= Ramstaff Richmax Dreamcatcher “Eddie”

L2-HGA, HC, OFA Cardiac Ramstaff@earthlink.net www.ramstaffkennels.com Tel 770-888-5255

Available to clear tested bitches only Health documents available by request


Ramstaff Ch Ramstaff American Ikon, TT “Ike” L2-HGA, HC, OFA Cardiac Ramstaff@earthlink.net www.ramstaffkennels.com 770-888-5255

Available to clear tested bitches only Health documents available by request

======================================= Moonstruck Moonstruck Blue Asher, TT “Asher” L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected jlhellr@me.com www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 "Available to Heath Tested Bitches with Correct Stafford Temperaments Only" Health documents available by request

======================================= Moonstruck CH Moonstruck The Stamler Express, TT “Stamler” L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected jjlhellr@me.com www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 "Available to Heath Tested Bitches with Correct Stafford Temperaments Only" Health documents available by request


======================================= The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected & cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of

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The Stafford Knot

Classified Advertising

The Stafford Knot is offering classified advertising of goods and services which are dog related. Ads are limited to 20 words, no images. For larger ads please consider gallery advertising. The Stafford Knot cannot be held responsible for any items sold through this page. All sales are between seller and purchaser. TSK makes no warranties either written or implied. Information on how to advertise in TSK classifieds can be found HERE

===================================== Bait Me Treats Dehydrated treats for dogs & cats. Nothing added. 100% natural. USA sourced. Hand cut. Hand packed. Wholesale bulk available info@baitmetreats.com www.baitmetreats.com

Bull Breeds Online Your online forum for all Bull Breed lovers and canine enthusiasts! www.bullbreedsonline.com ‘Like� us on Face Book

My Staffy For the Love of Staffordshire Bull Terriers. Staffordshire Bull Terrier merchandise & gifts. T-shirts, plush toys & collectibles. www.mystaffy.com.au

Thankdog - All Breeds Equal Help fight BSL promote responsible dog ownership. T-shirts, Calendars, Stickers, & more. Proceeds benefit Stafford causes. thankdog@gmail.com www.cafepress.com/Thankdog

Happy Staffy shop for tough & fun dog products tested by staffys for staffys. 5% donated to Staffie Rescue. www.happystaffy.co.uk

Young Living Experience therapeutic benefits of essential oils for your family - pets too! Use Independent Distributor Referral #1166695 CLICK for more info

Scentsy Wickless Candles - safe for pets and children, environmentally friendly. Contact Lori Divine, 678-516-7567 http://divinelori.scentsy.us, lori_divine@yahoo.com Avail in UK

Frogge Dog Shop Art, crafts, natural health care products for pets. All handmade! froggedogshop@gmail.com Froggedogshop.com

aecollars Handcrafted SBT Collars, Leads & Harnesses Tel 01981 241488 or Int. +44 1981 241488 www.aecollars.co.uk for made to measure service www.staffordleather.com for ready made items

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Take advantage now of this incredible deal on classified advertising! These prices wont last long!


The Stafford Knot

Breeder Directory

The Stafford Knot cannot be held responsible for the breeders listed below. Please do your homework and ask to see health certificates, discuss terms and decide whether the Stafford is the correct breed for you prior to purchasing a puppy. Remember, Stafford rescues are also available and make be wonderful pets in the right homes! A Stafford is not the breed for everyone. Please be responsible dog owners and take responsibility for you and your dog in all situations. Contact us with questions.

We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted Form to advertise in Breeders Directory can be found HERE North America Alabama Cornerstone The Folmars Alabama http://www.cornerstonestaffords.net 205-966-8114 L2-HGA, HC

Florida Cloverdale Staffordshirebull Terriers Amy O'Brian & Jeff Markey Sarasota Florida EMAIL www.cloverdalestaffords.com 941-377-9294 L2-HGA, HC

"Staffords that are exemplary in type & balance" California Camelot Staffords Joan Ganz Sacramento, California EMAIL http://www.camelotstaffordshirebullterriers.com 916-342-0854 L2-HGA, HC

Georgia Wavemaker Staffords Jim & Lynn Caswell GA, USA EMAIL www.wavemakerstaffords.com 770-666-6121 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF

“Breeding for temperament and standard.”

“Naturally reared - Promoting health, exercise & the Breed Standard - Wavemaker Staffords....naturally”

California Chavier Staffords Kim Washington-Smith Southern California EMAIL 213 - 760-9081 L2-HGA, HC, CERF

Georgia Ramstaff Staffords Angie & Kevin Beezley Georgia, USA EMAIL www.ramstaffkennels.com 770-888-5255 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Cardiac, CERF

"Breeding Staffords with Charm" “Ramstaff...focusing on the standard blend of bull & terrier with true stafford temperament...always” California Gemini Kennel Beth Lloyd Southern California EMAIL www.angelfire.com/ca2/geminikennel L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF

Illinois 1 of a Kind Staffords Andrew Currier Peoria Il EMAIL 309-691-7134 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac “Unequalled in type, balance, fitness & health”

“From show dogs to GO dogs.”

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Maryland Hi-Impact Staffords (Reg) Rich Newberger Baltimore http://hiimpactstaffords.com 410-323-4141 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV, Hips, Elbows, Cardiac, CERF “Bred to standard not by design” Maryland Moonstruck Staffords Judy Heller Edgewater, MD 21037 EMAIL www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 L2-HGA, HC Quality Staffordshire Bull Terriers of Correct Type & Temperament for Show, Performance & Companion "The Ultimate Nanny Dog” Michigan Blessings' Kennel Cathy Micallef Southeastern MI EMAIL www.blessingskennel.org 734-634-9328 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF “Wonderful companions with show & working potential!” New York Stephanie Crawford Binghamton, NY EMAIL 607-775-1996 L2-HGA, HC, Hips Washington ANGEL ROCK Staffordshire Bull Terriers Spokane, Washington www.angelrockdogs.com “SBT educational articles, tons of photos and rescue info too!"

Wisconsin MSLF Kennels Cindy Bundy EMAIL 262-857-9412 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, CERF, Other “We strive to promote sound minds and bodies.”

Wellington, New Zealand Battleaxe Grant & Louise Blackwood DGLKBLACK@xtra.co.nz  http://www.battleaxekennels.com 0064 4293-7586  L2-HGA, HC, PHPV


WHAT DOES IT MEAN? WHAT IS THE STAFFORD KNOT?   The origin of the Stafford Knot is a distinctive threelooped knot that is the tradition symbol of the English county of Staffordshire and of its county town Stafford. Although not heraldic in its own right, the Stafford Knot is an ancient symbol that is steeped in history. The earliest recording of the Stafford Knot is the shaft of a stone cross located in Stoke-on-Trent churchyard. The cross itself is traceable to between 750 and 850 AD. However, the knot device could have been added at a later date. There is a seal existing in the British Museum London which was the property of Lady Joan Stafford (later Lady Wake). It would seem that Lady Wake used on her seal a border made up from her husband's badge, the Wake Knot, made up from the initials W and O (for Wake and Ormond) intertwined. The seal quite clearly depicts a cordon of four knots in the shape of the Stafford Knot. The knot was passed down through the Earl's family, and it was gradually used by the citizens and freemen of Stafford, until it was eventually included in the Stafford Borough Coat of Arms. It is incorporated into the badges and symbols of many organizations and companies, viz., Staffordshire Police, Staffordshire Fire Service, Staffordshire Ambulance Service. A popular romantic notion of the Stafford Knot is that it was used in barbaric times by a Stafford County Sheriff who invented it to hang three criminals at the same time, but the evidence above clearly contradicts this idea. The motto of the arms of the County of Stafford is "The Knot Unites".


Please view online version at www.thestaffordknot.com

Balance = Lack of Exaggeration

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With regard to faults - Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the ‘SERIOUSNESS’ with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its DEGREE.

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Correct Bites

Faulty Bites

It is possible that some breeders and exhibitors do not completely understand what a correct scissors bite should look like. If in doubt, ask your veterinarian or spend some time with an experienced mentor who can give you some hands-on education with a variety of dogs. Remember that bad bites are hereditary and breeding Staffords with incorrect bites will assure the continuation of the problem for generations to come. As breeders, it is our job to let judges know that correct bites are important to us. Similarly judges can let us know that they will accept no less.

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“Heights Being Related to Weights” Size, Proportion, Substance

Height at shoulder: 14 to 16 inches. Weight: Dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds, these heights being related to weights. Non-conformity with these limits is a fault. In proportion, the length of back, from withers to tail set, is equal to the distance from withers to ground.

Males 14”...... 28lbs 14 1/2”..30.45lbs 15”........32.85lbs 15 1/2”...35.5lbs 16” ....... 38lbs

Females 14” ........24lbs 14 1/2”...26.25lbs 15”.........28.80lbs 15 1/2”...31.31lbs 16”.........34lbs

Ideal Stafford ears should be

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A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function. Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in some breeds adversely...If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present in the right measure. The head should appear clean. No wrinkle or bunched up expression. One should strive for 2/3 to 1/3 ratio head to muzzle with a definite stop but not an EXAGGERATED stop or lack of stop. The stop itself should be almost vertical. The easiest way to determine accurate stop is to place your thumb on the stop and look at the angle of your thumb. Do not be fooled by the profile view of the eye socket and mistake this for the stop. The lip should be very clean, thin and tight to the teeth meeting top and bottom with no flews or wrinkled, fleshy or spongey excess thus giving the Stafford a somewhat serious expression at times. The lip should not turn down at the end or be excessive. Exaggerations of under jaw include total lack or under jaw, weak under jaw or too strong an under jaw. None of these are correct. Depending upon the cleanness of the lip - this can be difficult to asses without a hands on going over. The nose itself may turn up slightly at the tip, but keep in mind the plane of the muzzle and the head - they should be parallel to one another. When the muzzle turns up more than the plane of the top skull the dog has a dish face and if the planes dip downward - a down face - neither is clean, balanced and will be exaggerated in expression. When the muzzle is too short or too long they will lack balance. Ears can deceive on a glance so best to get your hands on the dogs head and feel for placement, thickness of leather and size. More on heads in a later article. Does the dog have sufficient length of leg? Can you see daylight under him/her? If not is it due to a short upper arm or just overall shortness of leg all around? A balanced Stafford should measure the same from the withers to the ground - as it does from the withers to the base of the tail set. Staffords are a square breed. They are not low to the ground or squatty. They are not way up on leg either. Enough leg, enough back - not too much, not too little. Is there massive bone or fine bone? Neither is balanced. Staffords are square - BALANCED with no EXAGGERATION.. Is the animal wider in front than looks natural or is it pinched in front? Neither is correct. The front legs should appear to drop directly down from the shoulder. The front shouldn't appear to be ‘in’ or ‘out’, and MOST CERTAINLY certainly shouldn't look like a bulldog. The legs straight, no weakness at pastern but the tight well padded feet DO turn out a little. Not a lot, and not straight as in other terrier breeds. The rear should appear strong - not HUGE and not weak and narrow - somewhat even to the front when viewed from above. There should be a definite waist line with approximately 4 fingers width between the last rib and the hip bone. One should see that last rib as well, showing no fat or wrinkle and sufficient tuck up from the profile. A Stafford is certainly well muscled, yet not bunched muscle - long and lean muscle is much more suited to the breed and its original intended purpose. Not a heavyweight boxer but more like a middleweight. It must be able to move easily, be active and agile. Too much bunched muscle is exaggeration and the dog will lack balance. Not enough and he will appear soft and will not function correctly. Exaggeration of muscle in either direction will affect movement as well.

Its all about a balance. NO EXAGGERATION. Continued on next page


Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Standards Kennel Club (KC version) General Appearance Smooth-coated, well balanced, of great strength for his size. Muscular, active and agile.

Hindquarters Well muscled, hocks well let down with stifles well bent. Legs parallel when viewed from behind.

Characteristics Traditionally of indomitable courage and tenacity. Highly intelligent and affectionate especially with children.

Feet Well padded, strong and of medium size. Nails black in solid coloured dogs.

Temperament Bold, fearless and totally reliable.

Tail Medium length, low-set, tapering to a point and carried rather low. Should not curl much and may be likened to an old-fashioned pump handle.

Head and Skull Short, deep though with broad skull. Very pronounced cheek muscles, distinct stop, short foreface, nose black. Eyes Dark preferred but may bear some relation to coat colour. Round, of medium size, and set to look straight ahead. Eye rims dark. Ears Rose or half pricked, not large or heavy. Full, drop or pricked ears highly undesirable. Mouth Lips tight and clean. Jaws strong, teeth large, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Neck Muscular, rather short, clean in outline gradually widening towards shoulders. Forequarters Legs straight and well boned, set rather wide apart, showing no weakness at the pasterns, from which point feet turn out a little. Shoulders well laid back with no looseness at elbow. Body Close-coupled, with level topline, wide front, deep brisket, well sprung ribs; muscular and well defined.

Gait/Movement Free, powerful and agile with economy of effort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hindlegs. Coat Smooth, short and close. Colour Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any one of these colours with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black and tan or liver colour highly undesirable. Size Desirable height at withers 36-41 cms (14 to 16 ins), these heights being related to the weights. Weight: dogs: 13-17 kgs (28-38 lbs); bitches 11-15.4 kgs. Faults Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog. Note - Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. Last Updated - September 2000


Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Standards American KC (AKC version) Terrier Group General Appearance The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a smooth-coated dog. It should be of great strength for its size and, although muscular, should be active and agile. Size, Proportion, Substance Height at shoulder: 14 to 16 inches. Weight: Dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds, these heights being related to weights. Non-conformity with these limits is a fault. In proportion, the length of back, from withers to tail set, is equal to the distance from withers to ground. Head Short, deep through, broad skull, very pronounced cheek muscles, distinct stop, short foreface, black nose. Pink (Dudley) nose to be considered a serious fault. Eyes--Dark preferable, but may bear some relation to coat color. Round, of medium size, and set to look straight ahead. Light eyes or pink eye rims to be considered a fault, except that where the coat surrounding the eye is white the eye rim may be pink. Ears--Rose or half-pricked and not large. Full drop or full prick to be considered a serious fault. Mouth--A bite in which the outer side of the lower incisors touches the inner side of the upper incisors.The lips should be tight and clean. The badly undershot or overshot bite is a serious fault. Neck, Topline, Body The neck is muscular, rather short, clean in outline and gradually widening toward the shoulders. The body is close coupled, with a level topline, wide front, deep brisket and well sprung ribs being rather light in the loins. The tail is undocked, of medium length, low set, tapering to a point and carried rather low. It should not curl much and may be likened to an old-fashioned pump handle. A tail that is too long or badly curled is a fault. Forequarters Legs straight and well boned, set rather far apart, without looseness at the shoulders and showing no weakness at the

pasterns, from which point the feet turn out a little. Dewclaws on the forelegs may be removed. The feet should be well padded, strong and of medium size. Hindquarters The hindquarters should be well muscled, hocks let down with stifles well bent. Legs should be parallel when viewed from behind. Dewclaws, if any, on the hind legs are generally removed. Feet as in front. Coat Smooth, short and close to the skin, not to be trimmed or de-whiskered. Color Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any of these colors with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black-and-tan or liver color to be disqualified. Gait Free, powerful and agile with economy of effort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hind legs. Temperament From the past history of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier, the modern dog draws its character of indomitable courage, high intelligence, and tenacity. This, coupled with its affection for its friends, and children in particular, its offduty quietness and trustworthy stability, makes it a foremost all-purpose dog. Disqualification Black-and-tan or liver color. Approved November 14, 1989 Effective January 1, 1990


Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Standards Australian National (ANKC version) Group: Group 2 (Terriers) General Appearance: Smooth coated, well balanced, of great strength for his size. Muscular, active and agile. Characteristics: Traditionally of indomitable courage and tenacity. Highly intelligent and affectionate especially with children. Temperament: Bold, fearless and totally reliable. Head And Skull: Short, deep though with broad skull. Very pronounced cheek muscles, distinct stop, short foreface, nose black. Eyes: Dark preferred but may bear some relation to coat colour. Round, of medium size, and set to look straight ahead. Eye rims dark. Ears: Rose or half pricked, not large or heavy. Full, drop or pricked ears highly undesirable. Mouth: Lips tight and clean. Jaws strong, teeth large, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Neck: Muscular, rather short, clean in outline gradually widening towards shoulder. Forequarters: Legs straight and well boned, set rather wide apart, showing no weakness at the pasterns, from which point feet turn out a little. Shoulders well laid back with no looseness at elbow. Body: Close coupled, with level topline, wide front, deep brisket, well sprung ribs; muscular and well defined. Hindquarters:

Well muscled, hocks well let down with stifles well bent. Legs parallel when viewed from behind. Feet: Well padded, strong and of medium size. Nails black in solid coloured dogs. Tail: Medium length, low set, tapering to a point and carried rather low. Should not curl much and may be likened to an old fashioned pump handle. Gait/Movement: Free, powerful and agile with economy of effort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hindlegs. Coat: Smooth, short and close. Colour: Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any one of these colours with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black and tan or liver colour highly undesirable. Sizes: Weight: Dogs 13-17 kg (28-38 lbs) Bitches 11-15.4 kg (24-34 lbs) Desirable Height: 36-41 cms (14-16 ins) at withers (these heights being related to the weights) Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog. Notes: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.


Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Standards United Kennel Club (UKC version) Terrier Group Copyright 1992, United Kennel Club, Inc. Revised April 15, 2007..

History The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a descendant of the Bull and Terrier crosses made in Great Britain in the late 1700's. It was given the name "Staffordshire" in reference to an area where it was very popular, to differentiate it from the other Bull and Terrier breeds. The Staffordshire Bull Terrier was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1975. General Appearance The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a smooth coated dog that possesses great strength for its size. Although muscular, it is active and agile. Characteristics This breed has indomitable courage, high intelligence and tenacity. Coupled with its affection for its friends, and children in particular, its quietness and trustworthy stability make it an all-purpose dog.

Forequarters The shoulders are well laid back. FORELEGS - The straight, well-boned forelegs are set rather far apart at the shoulders, but show no looseness at the elbow. The pasterns are strong, and the feet turn out slightly. Body The body is close-coupled with a broad, deep chest and well-sprung ribs. The loins are fairly light and the topline is level. Hindquarters The hindquarters are well-muscled. HIND LEGS - The stifles are well-bent. The hocks are well let down. The legs are parallel when viewed from behind. Dewclaws are generally removed from the hind legs. Feet The strong, medium-sized feet are well padded. Tail The medium-length tail is not docked. It is low-set, carried rather low and tapers to a point. It does not curl much, and may be likened to an old-fashioned pump handle. Faults: Too long or badly curled tail. Coat

Head The head is short and deep throughout with a distinct stop. SKULL - The skull is broad and the cheek muscles are very pronounced. MUZZLE - the foreface is short, with strong jaws and clean, tight lips. TEETH - A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite; the outer side of the lower incisors touching the inner side of the upper incisors. Serious Faults: Badly overshot or undershot bites. EYES - Dark eyes are preferred, but may bear some relation to coat color. The round, medium size eyes are set on to look straight ahead. Dark eye rims are preferred. NOSE - The nose is black. EARS - The rose or half-pricked ears are not large. Serious Faults: Full drop ear. Full prick ear. Neck The muscular, rather short neck is clean in outline and widens gradually toward the shoulders.

The short, smooth coat is close to the skin. Neither the coat nor the whiskers are to be trimmed. Color Acceptable colors include red, fawn, white, black, any shade of brindle, and blue, with or without white. Serious Faults: Black and tan or liver. Height & Weight Height, measured at the shoulders, ranges from 14 to 16 inches. Weight ranges are as follows: dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds. Weight depends on the height of the individual dog. Gait The free, powerful, agile movement is accomplished with an economy of effort. When viewed from the front or the rear, the legs move parallel. There is a noticeable drive from the hind legs. Disqualifications Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


The Stafford Knot January 2010 Issue #1, Vol #1 Articles include: Joseph Dunn - Hints to the Novice SBT=Bulldog+Terrier

February 2010 Issue #2, Vol #1 Articles include: SBT Breed Seminar, Raymond Crilly - Judges Ed Breeders Code of Silence SBT Exhibition Center (Past Crufts Wnners story NOT included)

March 2010 Issue #3, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard Balance & Movement - Judges Ed PHPV - Tala’s Story - Health Demodectic Mange - Alternative Therapies for Treatments - Health (WKC stories NOT included)

April 2010 Issue #4, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard RX For Whelping & Caesarians Breeders Ed What You See is What You Get The Tragic Loss of Bloodlines & Mentoring in America - Breeders Ed A Very Special Boy Meets His 1st Stafford

Back Issues

May 2010 Issue #5, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard Tan Point Markings - AKA Black & Tan Judges/Breeders Ed Staffords in Working Trials Fibro Cartila....what? - Health How to Select Against Genetic Disease with Knowledge, Not Hope - Breeders Ed

June 2010 Issue #6, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard GDC Genetics Interview Breeders Ed Balance in the SBT Judges/Breeders Ed One By One - What YOU can do! The Disappearing Sperm - Breeders Ed/ Health SBT Breed Record Holders, Part 1

July 2010 Issue #7, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Dogs Who Fly - Dock Diving Judging My Way - Judges/ Exhibitors Ed The Holy Grail How to Weight Pull with your Staffordshire Bull Terrier Track Training - Starting Out Flyball - “Organized Chaos”

August 2010 - Veterans! Issue #8, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Grey Muzzles & Puppy Dog Tales Staying in the Game My Sunshine Tammy Alf ALSO may be viewed HERE

September 2010 Issue #9, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Training Your Stafford Forequarters What Price Glory Early neurological Stimulation ALSO may be viewed HERE

October 2010 Issue #10, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Living With Cushings Dont Steal My Joy What is Natural Rearing Using Genetic Pedigree ALSO may be viewed HERE


The Stafford Knot November 2010 Issue #11, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Miracles Do Happen Nostalgia The Versatile Stafford The Genetic Pedigree Arnica Montana Also may be viewed HERE

December 2010 Issue #12, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard The Breed Today Puppies For Christmas Pets As Therapy Understanding Recessive Genes A Tribute To Trilby When Things Don’t Go As Planned Also may be viewed HERE

January-February 2011 Issue #1, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Arthritis How Cassie Became an Australian Obedience Champion What is L2-HGA? Teaching Bite Inhibition The Truth About Vaccines The Eukanuba Experience Q&A - Toplines Also may be viewed HERE

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March - April 2011 Issue #2, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Cherish Every Moment Importance of Nutrition in Natural Healing What is CERF? Competitive Obedience Understanding Judging Consistency How Diatomaceous Earth Works Q&A - Underjaw Also may be viewed HERE

May - June 2011 Issue #3, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Tally Ho - Lure Coursing The Topline of the SBT The Rule of Fives Interview - Norman Berry (Rendorn) Renal Disease in Canines Hereditary Cataracts in Staffords Q&A - Bites Also may be viewed HERE July - August 2011 Issue #4, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Breed Specific Legislation Hip Dysplasia Preferred Breed Type The Problem with Dog Parks What Veterinarians are Saying About the Raw Diet Interview with Tony Brindley (Cabrindle) How It All Began Also may be viewed HERE


The Stafford Knot

TSK WANTS YOU! SEND US YOUR ARTICLES, EXPERIENCES, IDEAS PLUS QUESTIONS FOR OUR Q&A PAGE! TSK BENEFITS STAFFORD RESCUES WORLDWIDE BUT WE CANT HELP WITHOUT YOUR HELP THINK ABOUT A GALLERY AD, STUD AD, BRAG, CLASSIFIED OR BREEDER DIRECTORY AS AN AFFORDABLE WAY TO HELP RESCUE PLUS ADVERTISE YOUR DOG, KENNEL, COMPANY OR PRODUCTS.

The Back Page

From the Editor Would rescues exist - if ‘Rescues’ didn't exist? I have often wondered if by providing an outlet for people if we aren't enabling them.You know, making it too easy to toss away an otherwise decent dog. By raising money and providing foster homes and taking them in no questions asked, are we actually making the rescue situation worse?

What if there were no options available but to keep the dog, put in the time needed to train the dog, care for the dog...in other words - take responsibility for the animal you CHOSE to purchase! Would the streets really be filled with strays like the hard core animal rescuers would like you to think? I bet not. I bet that more people would think twice before acquiring the dog.

Maybe its too late now - but if the shelter and rescue business hadn't grown to such gigantic proportions as it has today, then perhaps it wouldn't have become the business that it has become. Yes, I said business. Because most shelters and rescues are in business. They don't do this hard thankless job out of the goodness of their hearts...well most don't. They take dogs in, trade dogs to parts of the country that needs more to ‘adopt’ (read sell) and they even hold auctions and import dogs from other countries. The purebreds bring in the most money. There are even ‘shelters and rescues’ that breed purebred dogs in order to fund their business. Its true. I cant make this stuff up. How do we fix this? I’m not sure we can at this point. Education is certainly the best answer I can come up with. But if public schools cant teach kids how to read, and parents cant teach kids not to act so entitled, I’m not sure we can teach animal responsibility. successfully. Until a solution is found, we will continue taking care of someone else's problems for them. As always - just something to think about. Share TSK with someone! Thank you to all of you for supporting TSK! Go hug your Staffords! Lynn Caswell, Sr. Editor


The Stafford Knot September/October 2011, Issue 5, Vol 2