MAR/APR 2011 P R O M O T I N G T H E S T A F F O R D S H I R E B U L L T E R R I E R ISSUE #2 VOL 2 FREE
The Stafford Knot
What we offer: Full Color Ads of Top Staffords, Kennels & Vendors Dog/Kennel Ads, Brags, Breeder Directory, Club Announcements, Stud Gallery Litter Announcements & Informative Articles What you can expect: WORLDWIDE Publication 24/7 Accessibility, No Waiting For Delivery! DIRECT DISTRIBUTION to Stafford Judges Worldwide No PAID Subscriptions needed! Interactive Advertisements Back Issues Archived online as PDF’s Kennel Logo Design available
CHERISH EVERY MOMENT
NUTRITION IN NATURAL
ON PAGE 9
The Stafford Knot promotes Health Tested Staffords
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The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected & cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of The Stafford Knot Thank you. Contact Us TSK benefits Stafford rescue worldwide © 2009 - 2011 BD Design
WHAT IS CERF?
ON PAGE 14
ON PAGE 17
ON PAGE 22
HOW DIATOMACEOUS EARTH WORKS
ON PAGE 29
QUESTION & ANSWER ON PAGE 36
HEALTH TESTING INFO
ILLUSTRATED BREED STANDARD
Thank you to this hard working team of Stafford devotees Lynn Caswell Sr. Editor , Design Chris Kerrigan - Editor Erika Phillips Columnist Linda Strange Administrator, Copy editor Kimberly Washington-Smith - CA Fund Raiser Damon Folmar SE Fund Raiser Andy Bohane UK Fund Raiser Donna Treadwell Australia Fund Raiser Dayna Lemke Q & A Coordinator Angie Beezley Marketing Rep., Distribution Guest Authors/Historians - Article Contribution Thank you also to our Rescue Coordinators
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Cherish Every Moment Tammy (Araidh Sweetest Taboo) has just turned 15 years; years she’s lived to the full, packing so much into her
and if the tumour had spread to major organs euthanase her on the operating table or she could come home and we
lifetime. In April 2009, at age 13, Tammy and our three other Araidhs headed to
do nothing - but there was nothing really to make her comfortable and it
Sydney, Australia via Bangkok! Thirty days in quarantine and the family reunited again; over the next year she’s
may be kinder to let her go.
still fit and healthy attending veteran parades at SBT shows in Melbourne, Brisbane, Sydney and Canberra. Ever the ambassadress she attends our local council ‘doggy breakfast in the park’ getting lots of attention and in May 2010 stars in the lunchtime agility demonstration at the Queensland SBT Club Championship show at 14 years 8 months to rapturous applause. July this year we noticed her slowing down, not wanting to come for a walk but sitting on a hill on our acreage and watching, sleeping more, needing out during the night to wee but otherwise fine, all symptoms of an older lady! By August Tammy’s nocturnal wees were hourly, we took turns taking her out and she slept with us so she could let us know. I suspected a urine infection, the vet prescribed antibiotics but to no avail. Over the next weeks she became very inactive just wanting her bed. When she didn’t finish her dinner a couple of times in a row, we returned to the vets - she was very quiet, something seemed very wrong. She had spasms at the vets, they took bloods, suspecting a tumour that was bleeding, wanting to x-ray and scan planning to act quickly if necessary. The vet rang: Tammy had a spleen tumour. The options were to operate on her
this time I thought we’d gone past the line with her, I wanted to let her go there peacefully, with us outside in the sunshine, but Andy wasn’t ready to let her go. As if to seal it, she jumped his leg and threw herself over for belly rubs……..
My husband returned from work. En Bloods were sent off again. The news route to the vet we discussed what was was she was in renal failure with best for her. In my heart I thought the possibly a few hours or at most a day little dog I’d dropped off that morning or two. After three days at the vets we was simply not strong wanted to take her home even if just enough……………when we arrived for a few hours, she was perky on the having had plenty of fluids she literally fluids. The vet staff who are all jumped through the air to get to us… wonderful had ‘that look’ and were how could we deny her a chance? That subdued. Andrew was duty vet, so Friday afternoon we took our darling Stafford spirit was fighting. girl home…….. The operation lasted 4 hours, midway one of the vets rang saying a tumour the size of a large orange was on her spleen, going down to her stomach and intestines, Andrew was working to remove it and had removed one cancer riddled kidney. Finally they rang. All had gone well but the next 5 days were crucial.
Tammy said ‘I want out’ - home she came, 1kg lighter but otherwise fine. After five days she was still well but then spasms started again. Suspecting toxin build up because the remaining kidney was overworking she was readmitted for two days ‘flushing’; she came home again but within days the spasms returned. Things didn’t look good - the kidney wasn’t coping. Andrew wanted to try three days and two nights flushing the toxins but didn’t hold out much hope - this was her last option. We visited twice a day; Tammy always leapt out of her cage, pulling us outside, sometimes she fell over. During Continued on next page
Continued from page 6
“...opening the cage door to let her out I had to catch her mid-flight! “ She’d been given a pain killer that was detrimental to her kidney but as she had no time it didn’t matter - they said let her do and eat what she wants……………….. she did, running around the acreage (with stitches in), Yorkshire pudding and roast chicken for dinner and then jumping off a low wall; not content with that jumping it coming on walks. She’s deaf but still the again. It was like we were allowed the first there when I make sandwiches for ‘Old Tammy’ back for an afternoon. Andy no matter how deep a sleep she’s That night she couldn’t settle, wandered in!!
aimlessly, stood over her water bowl but not drink. She finally slept. I rang the vet at 8am for an appointment when surgery ended. She woke wanting left over pudding and chicken and had second wind, running round, sitting in the sun, interacting with the other dogs……. The appointment was rescheduled for Monday…………….. after that nights were OK, she slept albeit still needing frequent wees.
The Monday appointment was cancelled! A week later she went to have stitches out. They are as gobsmacked as we are! She is now on k/d diet. September and her birthday arrived and now a month later, she’s
That month was one of the worst I’ve had but throughout she’s let me know she wanted to be here. I feel stronger; before the thought of losing her was unbearable but during that time, I wondered if she was just fighting for me – we’ve been inseparable for 15 years. I told her she didn’t have to fight if she was tired, that it was OK, I’d be alright…………… maybe I underestimated Stafford spirit and determination and love of chicken and Yorkshire pudding!
Life goes full circle; a litter of Araidh puppies are just finding their feet. Named after their Great Great Aunt Tammy - ‘Araidh Cherish the Day’ and ‘Araidh Inspiration’ - with names like those I’m sure they’ll do her proud.
*Editors note - TSK is proud to honor ‘Tammy’ with the cover. She was a legend in Staffords and will never be forgotten.
L 2 - H G A & H C DATA B A S E P RO J E C T THE STAFFORD KNOT ONLY ACCEPTS ADS FROM OWNERS AND BREEDERS OF DOGS WHO HAVE BEEN HEALTH TESTED. THE MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS ARE L2-HGA & HC TESTING. WE PROVIDE INFORMATION ON WHERE TO GO TO HAVE THESE SIMPLE AND INEXPENSIVE TESTS PERFORMED. DOCUMENTATION IS REQUIRED TO BE SCANNED AND SENT IN TO THE EDITORS FOR APPROVAL. FURTHER HEALTH TESTING (CARDIAC, CERF, PHPV, HIPS, ELBOWS, PATELLA, ETC) IS ALSO ENCOURAGED. IT IS HIGHLY RECOMMENDED TO BUYERS THAT THEY SEE THESE DOCUMENTS PRIOR TO PURCHASING THEIR NEW STAFFORD. IF ALL BREEDERS AND OWNERS WERE TO TEST, STAFFORDS WOULD ALL BE BETTER OFF SIMPLY BY THE FACT THAT WE WOULD HAVE MORE INFORMATION REGARDING WHERE THIS BREED IS GOING AS FAR AS HEALTH MATTERS ARE CONCERNED. TO FURTHER THIS POINT, IF ONLY CLEAR TESTED (L2-HGA & HC) STAFFORDS ARE BRED FROM THESE TWO GENETIC DISEASES COULD BE ERADICATED IN THREE GENERATIONS OF BREEDING. THAT’S CERTAINLY SOMETHING TO THINK ABOUT. SOME ARGUE THAT THIS WOULD NARROW THE GENE POOL TOO MUCH AND IS NOT A NEEDED STEP TO IMPROVING THE FUTURE OF THIS BREED. TO THOSE I SAY, POSSIBLY, HOWEVER - IS THAT CARRIER STUD DOG SO STRUCTURALLY SUPERIOR TO HIS CLEAR TESTED BROTHER THAT YOU WOULDN’T CONSIDER USING THE BROTHER INSTEAD? JUST SOMETHING TO THINK ABOUT. TSK IS COMPILING REGISTERED NAMES AND SCANNED DOCUMENTS OF ALL TESTED (CLEAR, CARRIER AND AFFECTED) STAFFORDS FOR A FUTURE DATABASE PROJECT SO THAT DOCUMENTATION WILL BE ON HAND FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS. IN THE U.S. OUR REGISTRIES DO NOT DOCUMENT THESE TEST RESULTS AS THE K.C. DOES IN THE U.K. THEREFORE TOO MANY PEOPLE WHO OWN ‘CLEAR BY PARENTAGE’ STAFFORDS HAVE NO PROOF IN HAND SEVERAL GENERATIONS DOWN THE LINE. IN TIME, WE AT TSK HOPE THE DATABASE WILL HELP THOSE WHO WISH TO KNOW THE STATUS OF A PARTICULAR DOG OR LITTER. IF YOU HAVE A TESTED STAFFORD - PLEASE SEND ONE EMAIL TO HEALTH@THESTAFFORDKNOT.COM CONTAINING THE FULL REGISTERED NAME, REGISTRATION NUMBER, SIRE AND DAM REGISTERED NAMES AND SCANNED COPIES OF ALL HEALTH TESTING DONE ON YOUR DOG. PLEASE ONLY SEND ONE EMAIL PER DOG. IN TIME, WE HOPE TO BUILD A NAME ONLY DATABASE WITH THIS INFORMATION. THANK YOU FOR SUPPORTING
We are also working on a database of semen stored from health tested stud dogs. If you have semen stored from a tested dog and wish to have him included, please email HEALTH@THESTAFFORDKNOT.COM with health scans, pedigree information and contact information. Also please indicate whether or not the semen is available for use.
The importance of nutrition in natural healing Holistic or alternative methods of healing can be successful in all living beings but first we must assess the diet of the animal in question. If true healing is to take place, the body must be in proper nutritional condition. If there are deficiencies or toxic levels of indigestible foodstuffs, chemicals or nutrients, then the body is too busy to concentrate on complete healing. As Hippocrates stated to physicians of his day, “Throw away your chemist’s pots and heal thy patients with food”. If we take the time to understand what each vitamin and mineral represents then it is easy to see the connection to current health issues.
• Are they structurally sound or do they have splayed feet, arthritis, hip or elbow dysplasia, eye conditions, bad teeth…? • Finally, is your dog suffering from any number of digestive issues such as EPI, acute pancreatitis, intermittent vomiting or diarrhea, obesity, anorexia or bad breath? • Other issues such as cancer, reproductive problems, milk production, cushings, self-mutilation, allergies, kidney disease, diabetes, liver function, are also believed to be directly or indirectly related to nutrition. All metabolic issues are also due to nutritional imbalances.
The saying “you are what you eat” cannot be overstated. It is believed that ninety percent of all health and behavior problems can be resolved with correct nutrition. Since the DNA of domestic canines has been proven to be genetically identical to their carnivorous cousin, the wolf, the controversy of Omnivore vs. Scavenger should no longer be an issue. Some people present the argument that wolves eat the stomachs of their prey in order to get the “vegetable” matter. According to people who have witnessed and study wolf kills, wolves and other carnivores enter through the stomach to get to the vital organs. The stomach contents themselves are not ingested. However, if you are still unsure of your beliefs let’s look at feral dogs as scavengers. Usually these feral dogs have limited reproductive lives, terrible skin and coat conditions, sadly underweight and malnourished, parasitic, infectious, weakness, short life spans. Coyotes, fox and wolves also look similar in environments that experience food shortages. Now compare these same wolves and wild canines when the food source is abundant with meat and game. These animals have bright, shiny, plush coats that are free of parasites, strong bones and teeth, healthy and prolific with excellent muscle development and growth. So with that said; here are some points to ponder. • Do you feel your dogs are thriving on their current diet? • Is their energy level normal for the breed? • Is their temperament stable or are they obsessive, aggressive, fearful, timid, or sound sensitive?
“THROW AWAY YOUR CHEMIST’S POTS AND HEAL THY PATIENTS WITH FOOD”.
Genetics play a part in disease. Specific bloodlines carry certain diseases but not in the way we think. Normal genes are healthy genes, mutated and damaged genes are diseased. Deficiency and toxicity damage genes on a cellular level. Mutated genes are passed on from parent to offspring. Breeding two healthy parents does not necessarily mean we will get healthy offspring. Poor nutrition, vaccinations, chemical dewormers, steroids and other medications may not produce noticeable “harm” to the current generation but can have serious effects on the second and third generations. What can we do? Start with healthy animals free of genetic and degenerative disease. Breed only clear animals. (editors remark – or if you must use a carrier please be committed to test each and every one of the resulting offspring) Improve your dog’s nutrition. Breeders are especially responsible for providing the building blocks for the next generation. If breeders are conscientious of health and nutrition we will be able to slow the progression and eventually stop disease. Assess your dog’s immune system. Is he/she strong enough to handle vaccinations? Do your research. Read books, make wise and informed decisions.Vaccinations are an UNNATURAL introduction of disease. Continued on page 11
Continued from page 8
The larger the ingredient list is, the less of each ingredient there is in the food. Here are some points to evaluate your current feeding program. Protein: 17 – 22% maximum dried protein. 10 amino acids with a high amount of Methonine and Tryptophan. Balanced Omega 3 and 6 0 simple carbohydrates – such as white rice, sugars of any sort
Most of us are aware that the “cheap” foods are not of adequate quality and should not be used as a mainstay dog food. Most of these products are manufactured in very large quantities using the 5 Ds:
The larger the ingredient list is, the less of each ingredient there is in the food. So although there are healthy ingredients listed, the amount of each ingredient is minimal and not enough to give any health benefits.
Specific meat in a meal is preferred to the wet weight. Look for chicken meal for example instead of chicken. The latter is weighed before the cooking process and once the water has been removed leaves little left over.
Limited complex carbohydrates - good ones are brown rice, oatmeal or peas
Minimal vegetable proteins
Unfit for Human consumption.
7-10% animal fat
Beware of ingredient splitting. This is where the list of ingredient includes 3-5 Higher end foods are also guilty of variations of the same ingredient such unscrupulous marketing techniques that as middlings, glutens and by-products. leave us confused with well hidden and better disguised labeling. Avoid anything that has by-products.
0 chemical preservatives 0 fillers including beet pulp, tomato pumace, brewers rice, wheat, soy
Continued on page 13
Continued from page 11
“...you can begin to reverse the damage that has been done by improper nutrition and chemical overload.” Don’t be fooled by marketing and advertising that uses pictures necessary to facilitate the assimilation into the body have been of “real” fruits and vegetables or berries and other things. These destroyed in the cooking process. ingredients are attractive to humans but unnecessary and unavailable to our dogs. These ingredients are cooked and any nutritional content is lost through processing. Any cooked food is dead food, period!
We only have to imagine ourselves cooking berries, yogurt, salad, apples and cranberries before we ate them.
Raw meat contains natural digestive enzymes and requires little help from the pancreas. Cooked/dead food however does not have the enzymes necessary to aid in the digestion. Without these enzymes food will not digest properly, we therefore end up with malabsorbtion or maldigestion problems. Processed foods make the pancreas work overtime, putting excessive stress on the pancreas. The pancreas eventually wears out. Kidneys are also jump started into working overtime from not only eliminating toxins from chemicals in the system but also from excessive nitrogenic waste products from indigestible and excessive proteins. Two-year-old dogs have the kidney equivalent to a dog of seven years or older, and eventually they too wear out.
Essential fatty acids or EFAs are needed to facilitate the transportation of fat-soluble vitamins. Most commercial dog foods have insufficient amounts of EFAs. Without proper amounts of EFA our bodies eventually breaks down and malfunctions. It is imperative to have balanced Omega 3s and 6s. Without balance, or too little of one and too much of another will create disease in itself. High amounts of Omega 6 can create tumor formations.
The other serious problem is the addition of “copious” amounts of vitamins that are added by manufacturers to compensate for those lost during processing. These vitamins cannot be assimilated by the body because the enzymes
Once these vital building blocks are in place and the body is in proper condition to take care of any health issues, you can begin to reverse the damage that has been done by improper nutrition and chemical overload. We can assist the body in healing by adding herbs and homeopathy and avoiding chemicals, synthetic medicine, steroids, antibiotics and other symptomatic treatments. Introduce natural de-wormers and parasite control Control external pests naturally Treat acute disease using herbs and homeopathy Prevention Avoid vaccinations unless in areas where epidemics are prevalent
Stay tuned for natural remedies for acute disease, emergency protocols, natural de-wormers, parasite repellents, immune boosters, detoxifying herbs, and chronic disease in the future issues. Erika Phillips has been studying Animal Behavior/Nutrition and Alternative Medicine since 1990. She has studied at Guelph University in Canada, Glasgow University in Scotland and attended the British institute of Homeopathy. Erika has bred, raised and competed with many breeds of dogs in all aspects of dog sport. She currently consults on Animal Nutrition, Animal Behaviour and Alternative Health , including herbs and homeopathy and owns The Controversial Canine. She currently resides in Ontario, Canada.
Dedicated to the elimination of heritable eye disease in purebred dogs through registration and research.
date of the exam and afterwards the dog must be reexamined and recertified to maintain its' registration with CERF.
WHAT IS CERF?
Regardless of the outcome of the dog's exam, the research copy of the CERF form will be sent to the CERF office at The Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) is V.M.D.B (Veterinary Medical Database) where its information an organization that was founded by a group of concerned, will be entered into the database for that specific breed. This purebred owner/breeders who recognized that the quality of information will be used in generating research reports, but their dog's lives were being affected by heritable eye disease. the individual dog's identities will become confidential and CERF was then established in conjunction with cooperating, will never be released. board certified, veterinary ophthalmologists, as a means to accomplish the goal of elimination of heritable eye disease in WHAT CAN CERF DO FOR ME? all purebred dogs by forming a centralized, national registry. The CERF Registry not only registers those dog's certified free of heritable eye disease by members of the American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists (A.C.V.O. ), but also collects data on all dogs examined by A.C.V.O. Diplomates. This data is used to form the CERF data base which is useful in researching trends in eye disease and breed susceptibility. Not only is this data useful to clinicians and students of ophthalmology, but to interested breed clubs and individual breeders and owners of specific breeds. HOW DOES CERF WORK? After the painless examination of the dogs eyes, the A.C.V.O. Diplomate will complete the CERF form and indicate any specific disease(s) found. Breeding advice will be offered based on guidelines established for that particular breed by the genetics Committee of the A.C.V.O. Bear in mind that CERF and the A.C.V.O. are separate, but cooperating entities. The A.C.V.O only provides their professional services and expertise to ensure that uniform standards are upheld for the certification of dog's eyes with the CERF organization. If the dog is certified to be free of heritable eye disease, you can then send in the completed owner's copy of the CERF form with the appropriate fee ($12.00 for the original CERF Registration, or $8.00 if it is a recertification or kennel rate). Hybrid Registration is $15.00 per dog. Re-CERF or kennel rate (10 or more new) is $12.00 per dog. CERF has adopted a policy effective Jan. 1st, 2001 (by post mark) that a permanent identification in the form of microchip, tattoo or DNA profile will be needed for any dog to be registered with CERF. The certification is good for 12 months from the
- Provide a registry of purebred dogs that have been certified free of heritable eye disease. - Provide various memberships which include the CERF Newsletter, and various registration and research reports to keep you up-to-date on various topics in canine ophthalmology. - Provide various reports on the prevalence of eye diseases in certain breeds, including reports generated by the Veterinary Medical Data Base (V.M.D.B.) which compiles data from 24 participating veterinary colleges in the U.S. and Canada. - Provide a centralized source to answer questions like: - "Is there an A.C.V.O. Diplomate located near me?" -"Are there any published materials on eye disease in dogs that can help me to better understand my dog's condition?"
Competition Obedience In my previous article I explained the requirements of Working Trials and just how much fun they are. Well, the
behaviours that will make me give that click: a promise to them that they will receive their reward – and they are
other competitive work we enjoy training is Obedience. The work for this is very precise and the dog is expected
convinced that that puts them in charge.
to look glued to the handler’s left leg in heelwork – this is
puppies are very young they learn that white tiles are
obviously a challenge with a breed like Staffordshire Bull Terriers who are relatively small dogs, have short coats and broad shoulders – all together not everyone’s first choice when it comes to buying a dog if you have ambitions of doing well in the obedience ring! Now, that may well be commonsense, but it has obviously had absolutely no influence on me whatsoever, as I am now training my fifth Stafford for this sport! And it is terribly rewarding to come home with a rosette when every other dog in the class was a Border Collie!
All of our training is reward based; for instance, when the places to find portions of dinner so they are classically conditioned to want to go to sniff the square, white scent cloths when it comes to competing. For the distant control exercise, we play ‘fielding the titbit’ which encourages the dogs to stand at a distance from me while waiting attentively for the next instruction and the thrown titbit. The actual movement into the different positions is taught sitting on the floor with the puppy and luring with titbits, then clicking the desired response – when they can do all of the separate components, then
My dog, Busby (Beraka Hurricane of Copyhold B.Ex CDex they can be chained together for one reward and we end UDex) is the most successful Stafford ever in obedience up with the exercise that will be performed in and has recently been placed in the highest class: Class C. This is a terrific achievement and in order to be there, he
has won through Novice, Class A and Class B, with the
when the dog is getting it right and I give that click, we
type of work needed getting progressively more demanding at each level.
And we may be working on very precise heelwork, but break off and run down the garden to get either the food or toy reward! All exciting stuff. At Busby’s level, he needs
Now, what I could do is continue to explain the exercises in detail and impress everyone with the nigh on
to do heelwork at normal, slow and fast paces and has to stop in the sit, stand or down when told to, remain static
impossibility of training a Stafford for this type of work –
and then rejoin me in the heelwork position on command
but I think I would rather tell you just how much fun we all get from the training and how Busby and Garbo
and all of this is taught as a fun and rewarding game.
(Dazmarnic Firefly at Copyhold) consider all of the ‘work’ as huge games! When we arrive at our obedience
A Straight Present
trainer’s , the two Staffords don’t look at all well behaved as they are both desperate to be the first one out of the car for their training session – that is something I do not mind at all as I know they will wait till they are told they can get out of the car and to work with the concentration needed in the ring, dogs have to be very well motivated. And my two are certainly that!! The magic ingredient to achieve this level of motivation has been clicker training. I am convinced that without this method we would not be nearly so successful – Busby and Garbo are confident that they are able to offer Continued on page 19
w w w. c a f e p re s s . c o m / t h a n k d o g
email@example.com OR ProSBTHealth@aol.com
Continued from page 17
“As the target became further away, he ran faster and faster to it to earn his reward.” There is a sendaway in obedience which is usually to a series of markers and the dog is asked to drop near to these as indicated by the judge. Busby does this exercise at great
that initiates the reward, then I wait until the puppy picks it up for a click and from there, it is just a matter of time until he is happily carrying the article around waiting to hear his reward marker. Because the reward is more important than the retrieve article there is less likelihood of mouthing or other possessive or anxious behaviours. Busby was certainly as successful as he was because of this type of training and young Garbo is coming on very well and should be starting to compete in the ring later this year. With her attitude and enthusiasm, I feel sure that she, too, will be capable of reaching the very top so I have even more excitement to look forward to. Marney Wells
speed as he just loves belting around. To teach him to run in the desired direction, he was trained to target a stick with his nose to earn a click. As the target became further away, he ran faster and faster to it to earn his reward. The control needed is taught separately, so we never lose the enthusiasm by constantly yelling at the dog to go down when he reaches the sendaway point. The one exercise I cannot even imagine training without a clicker is the retrieve and this is a very important part of obedience work. In the lower classes it is a dumb-bell retrieve but once you reach ‘B’ the dog has to retrieve an article provided by the judge. Again, I start when the puppy is very young and click for any interest in the retrieve article. Once he realises that the article is the thing
Understanding Judging Consistency Judging May Be Consistent but not credible. If consistently selecting overdone heads or too much coat, then a judge negates the breed standard. E. Katie Gammill, TheDogPlace Exhibition Editor / November 2010
only be given the importance referenced in the standard. The goal is to find the dog that “fills the eye.” When “piece judging” is given more importance than symmetry, a new “type” or trend evolves. The enhancement of a fault that becomes so common place in the ring it eventually is seen as a virtue? This is interpreted by many as "If it wins, it must be correct".
Judging consistency means to hold to uniformity. Some
Consistency is not always a reflection of knowledge and it may not be possible in a small entry. The opportunity
judges may be consistent but not credible. By consistently selecting overdone heads or too much
to judge a large entry is both challenging and rewarding. It affords the judge an opportunity to be
coat, a judge negates the breed standard.
more selective in their choices, IF they have the ability to prioritize and analyze a standard properly. What if they don’t? Some judges make “off the wall selections”
Imagine a class of fifteen dogs entering the ring. Twelve are similar. Three are “different”. Those who do not fit in are excused in the cut. The other twelve are again judged. Puzzled, observers question why outstanding individuals walked.
reflecting no consistency at all. They may be supported for a time, but eventually, support dwindles. A judge who appreciates soundness or a good front most likely will look for it in breeds other than his/her
own. If one visits this particular judge’s kennel, this Does being different translate as being incorrect to the virtue may be standard? Why does a judge choose from the type most evident in his/ prevalent in the ring? Is this the path of least resistance her breeding or do they fear sticking their neck out? Picking winners stock as well. from the most consistent type sends the wrong message. Perhaps judges should give a verbal critique regarding placements. Then exhibitors could follow the
There one should see
judge’s thought process regarding choices and his/her ability to analyze and consistently apply the breed standard.
consistency in body shape, top line, and
Consistency and predictability are not prevalent in
breed specific movement.
judging today. Some judges are “reliable in their choices” and some appear to just pass around wins. Consistency reveals a judge’s expertise and
Once a judge sorts on
understanding of a breed standard. OR DOES IT? Perhaps it only reflects personal preference. It might be
pieces and makes cuts, chosen dogs re-enter the ring for a second
soundness, color, eye shape, or coat type, but if dogs are judged in pieces, what encouragement is this for breeders to breed to the standard at all?
evaluation. Do judges ever seem confused? Staring at a dog does not make it better. Judges who seek specific virtues often put the entire breed at risk.
When searching for the overall dog, “pieces” should Continued on page 25
w w w. s t a f f i e s o n l i n e . o r g . u k
Continued from page 22
“...They understand that a “different” dog may be the only correct dog in the ring.” Judging is prioritizing according to a standard. If something isn’t called out in a standard, IT DOES NOT MEAN IT IS ACCEPTABLE! Common sense reveals all dogs have one head, one tail, two ears, two eyes, and four feet, hopefully all pointing in the same direction unless otherwise specified in the standard.
ring. A confident judge with expertise, knowledge and courage will reward accordingly. Then ringside will see a picture of the true breed standard and perhaps be better able to identify differences in the future. http://www.thedogplace.org/Judges/Education/GoodJudges-Speak-10094_Gammill.asp
What new judges seek through education is NOT opinion. They are seeking assistance in prioritizing according to the written standard. Breed club members ask what can be done to assure their judges education programs actually address their standard. Changing mentors periodically during an educational period would not be necessary IF educators taught the standard rather than personal preferences. Property Classes confuse judges. “Having one dog represent an eye, another foot, another ear, another a skull, another proper coat and top line is like playing Sudoku with breed characteristics. Can’t these virtues be seen on a single dog or bitch? How is a new judge to find a composite of all virtues combined, when the educators offer a group of dogs and call out each virtue individually on a separate animal? Judges quickly learn breeders differ in opinion as to what they feel is important to them. If the mentoring process is about what a “breeder wants”, why bother to show the new judge the standard at all?
CH Gentleman Jim (Brindle Mick x Triton Judy) Bred by Joe Dunn, Owned by Joe Mallen DOB 27 May, 1937 CH Lady Eve (Barney x Gypsy) Bred by J Evans, Owned by Joe Dunn DOB 1939
If one sticks to the standard, it takes less dogs, means less confusion, involves less mentors, and is more encouraging to judges new to the breed. Judging on type with little knowledge of structure leaves winners “all over the board.” This causes “fleeting fads” and generic show dogs. A selection of the best of the best requires a judge to analyze and select the dog that is a balance between “type and soundness”, NOT front and rear. Most judges seek continuous education. Good judges carry a “template” of a breed in their head. They simply select the dog that fits into the template. These are the judges who reflect consistency. They understand that a “different” dog may be the only correct dog in the
Ch. Game Laddie (Game Lad x Mad Molly) Bred & Owned by W. A. Boylan DOB: 2 January, 1936 Year became a Champion: 1939 Number of Challenge Certificates: 4
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The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected &Â cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of The Stafford Knot Thank you. Contact Us
How Diatomaceous Earth Works in Humans and Our Pets When Diatomaceous Earth is taken into the body in any mammal it is working 3 different ways: 1st: As you can see from the picture of Diatomaceous Earth - (magnified 7000 times) - it looks like a cylinder full of holes--kind of like Rice Chex Cereal. This cylinder has a very strong negative charge. As these millions of cylinders move through the stomach and digestive tract, they attract and absorb fungi, protozoa, viruses, endotoxins, pesticides and drug residues, E-Coli, and heavy metals. These are trapped inside the cylinder and passed out of the body. In addition, any larger parasites that happen to be in the stomach or
DIATOMACEOUS EARTH KILLS INSECTS, PROTECTS YOUR PETS FROM FLEAS, TICKS AND WORMS, AND HAS MANY HUMAN HEALTH BENEFITS.
digestive tract are "cut up" and killed by the sharp edges of the Diatomaceous Earth. All of these activities result in a much healthier body with less sickness. We often hear the phrase "I just feel better" with our Diatomaceous Earth users. This better feeling comes from all the "junk" being removed from the body and by giving the immune system the "jump start" it needs. 2nd: Diatomaceous Earth is very hard. On the hardness scale where diamonds are a 9, Diatomaceous Earth is a 7. This is very important, because as those millions of tiny hard and sharp Diatomaceous Earth cylinders pass through the small and large intestines, they "scrub" the walls. After only a few months of taking Diatomaceous Earth, the intestine wall is no longer coated with mucus and molds but CLEAN!! The advantages of this are several:
Regular bowel movements (This is the #1 comment everyone makes about DE) Healthier Colon. This is especially important as we get older. A clean healthy colon keeps away polyps, cancers, and ulcers. Today, many are spending thousands of dollars to get colonics to do the same thing as Diatomaceous Earth does. Many users report increased energy and needing less sleep. This is a result of all the food and nutrients that are taken in being better absorbed into the blood stream. With a coated colon--many nutrients never get absorbed. 3rd: A small amount of Diatomaceous Earth gets absorbed into the blood stream as silica. One of the benefits of Silica is that it helps to destroy bad fats. Everyone that we know that is taking Diatomaceous Earth has lowered their cholesterol by 40-50 points. Everyone is also amazed at how their high blood pressure goes down. Sore joints and ligaments feel better Skin clears up (acne-age spotspsoriasis) Hair and nails are stronger and grow faster Stronger teeth and gums Healthier respiratory tract--less coughing Healthier urinary tract Continued on page 31
Continued from page 29
WORMS AFFECTED BY DIATOMACEOUS EARTH Food grade DE eliminates roundworms, whipworms, pinworms, and hookworms within 7 days of being fed daily. Feed DE for 30 days for roundworms, whipworms, or hookworms, due to their life cycle and needing to catch any hatching eggs, as DE does not kill eggs. DE needs to be fed daily in adequate amounts - at least 30 to 45 days for tape worms and 90 days for lung worms. The animal and human health benefits food grade diatomaceous earth provides are outstanding. DE's ability to eliminate pests such as fleas, flies, etc. makes it an asset to every being's health - human, plant, or animal. Since DE does double duty - inside the gut and then outside in the stool, it makes sense to just feed it 365 days/ year. It keeps fly loads down and can help eliminate them completely if fed regularly and used on the grounds, makes stools smell less, and sweeps bacteria and heavy metals out of the body. Plus of course, it eliminates internal worms and parasites which will lower feed and vet bills and help prevent disease. Many breeders use DE to worm their puppies as well. Worms cannot develop immunity to food grade diatomaceous earth as it simply dehydrates those it comes in contact with - period. Puppies are born with roundworms and hookworms, regardless of how free of worms their mother may have been, eggs hatch in the puppies at birth. Tapeworms are contracted if the puppy comes in contact with fleas or rodents. Fecal tests that indicate whether or not people or animals have worms are only 20 to 25% accurate so why not simply use Food Grade DE and take care of worming just to be safe. Natural DE is not a "poison", but a natural method of eliminating parasites by dehydrating them. Since parasites are a major cause of disease in everyone - human, plants, and animals, as well as the other great benefits of feeding natural DE, feed DE to all rescues or client animals (infested or not, as most often they have parasite issues and the DE will help strengthen their immune systems, get them healthier more quickly, detox heavy metals, provide 15 minerals, and eliminate any worms they may have). A sample DE feeding protocol for worm infestations can be given once or twice per day as follows: Kittens - 1/2 to 1 teaspoon Cats - 2 teaspoons twice/day Puppies less than 10 lbs. - 1/2 to 1 teaspoon Puppies 10 to 19 lbs. - 2 teaspoons Dogs 20 to 50 lbs. - 1 to 1.5 tablespoons Dogs 50+ lbs. - 2 tablespoons Dogs 100+ lbs. - 3 to 4 tablespoons Cattle, Dairy Cows, & Hogs - 2% of dry feed ration & Free Choice Chickens - 5% in feed & Free Choice Goats & Sheep - 2-3 tbsps. per 100#'s of body weight & Free Choice Horses - 1 to 2 cups in daily ration *Humans - 2 to 3 heaping tablespoons daily (1 tbsp. AM, 1 tbsp. PM) Continued on page 31
Continued from page 31
MORE USES FOR DIATOMACEOUS EARTH FOR PUPPIES AND KITTENS WHO ARE EATING ON THEIR OWN, IT IS REALLY EASY TO FEED THEM FOOD GRADE DIATOMACEOUS EARTH BY MIXING THE DE IN A SMALL AMOUNT OF RAW GOATS MILK, YOGURT, OR COTTAGE CHEESE. DE HAS TO COME IN CONTACT WITH THE WORM/PARASITE/BUG TO KILL IT WITHIN 24 TO 72 HOURS. ONCE YOU START WORMING WITH DE, DO NOT STOP THE DAILY DE FOR AT LEAST 3 WEEKS. IF YOU START ONE DAY AND FORGET FOR 3 DAYS, THE INFESTATION AND DEAD DYING WORMS WHICH EMIT BACTERIA, TOXINS, AMMONIA, ETC. CAN CAUSE TOXIC OVERLOAD, WHICH CAN MAKE ANIMALS OR PEOPLE SICKER. YOU CAN FEED TOO LITTLE, BUT YOU CAN'T FEED TOO MUCH DIATOMACEOUS EARTH
Traditional dog and cat flea and tick preventative treatments are toxic to us and our pets. Food grade diatomaceous earth is OMRI (Organic Material Review Institute) listed, does not poison our pets, and simply dehydrates fleas and ticks that come in contact with it within 72 hours. Food grade diatomaceous earth can be sprinkled in your home carpeting, on dogs, cats, and other animals, applied in their bedding, and in all dry outdoor areas that fleas congregate. If your pet currently has fleas, it is essential to feed food grade diatomaceous earth daily at double the recommended daily dose to address the tapeworms your dog, cat, ferret, or other pet will have from ingesting fleas. You must treat everything at once and the reason for this is because ONLY 5 to 15% of the flea and/or tick infestation that you see are the adult fleas and ticks. The remaining 85 to 95% of your flea and tick infestation are the flea larvae and tick eggs that have not yet hatched! Healthy animals rarely succumb to disease, illness, or bad behaviors. When they do, they bounce back more quickly than unhealthy animals. They get plenty of exercise, sunshine, love, natural rearing foods that are biologically appropriate to the specific animal, clean environments, mental exercise in the way of proper, appropriate training, and avoidance of toxins. They have jobs to keep them busy, whether watching the house while we are gone or making sure the couch or cats don't get eaten while we are away. They are part of our family and deserve the BEST possible health care we can give them. When using Diatomaceous Earth make certain you are using FOOD GRADE only!
firstname.lastname@example.org Merchandise also available at www.cafepress.com/thankdog
The Stafford Knot Brags, Shows, Litters Send us your BRAGS, Litter Announcements, Seminar and Show announcements and we can post them here. Be sure to fill out the BRAGS form found HERE
TO RT E Z NEW TITLE TORTEZ Brindle Madison's Curiosity CGC (Inkwood Izzac of Titan X Knowbull's Nina Vom Tortez) Madison is a wonderful Stafford ambassador! This easy going girl earned her Star Puppy & Canine Good Citizen awards. Maddie is owned, loved & trained by Mike Cocchia in Florida. Bred by Victor Kemp. Spayed as pup, never bred
RUGBY SPECIALTY WIN RUGBY CH Rugby's Steeleye London TT (Bradoc Travelling Solo RN CGC x Steeleye Tanqueray TT) November 13, 2010 - SBTCA SE Specialty in Brooksville, Florida, London won Best of Opposite Sex in Veterans Sweepstakes! London is 8 years old. Thank you Judge Angie Beezley (Ramstaff) Breeder/Owner/Handler: Susie Keel Rugby Staffords. Florida USA L2-HGA & HC Clear
ALL articles published in TSK during the 2010 year may be viewed HERE
The Stafford Knot Brags, Shows, Litters Send us your BRAGS, Litter Announcements, Seminar and Show announcements and we can post them here. Be sure to fill out the BRAGS form found HERE
DAY D R E A M SPECIALITY WIN DAYDREAM DayDream Sin With A Grin (Jayneze Diamonds And Guns X CH DayDream Playing For Keeps) DayDream Staffords is proud of DayDream Sin With A Grin - Trista Jayne - on her back-to-back major wins under UK breed specialists Mr. Mansel Frayne (Anselmo) and Mr. Paul Martin (Loyalstaff)!
Trista Jayne is clear by parentage for L2 and HC and has been CERFd
E LV I D S TA F F NEW TITLE ELVID UKC CH Elividâ€™s Bottle Shock (AKC CH Bowtmans Homebrewed Cellar Keep X AKC/UKC CH Ashstaff So Sioux Me At Elivid ) We are pleased to announce that our "Amy" earned her UKC Champion title on February 13, 2011 at the age of 7.5 months! Thank you to the judges who thought so highly of her! L2-HGA & HC Clear
ALL articles published in TSK during the 2010 year may be viewed HERE
Each month TSK will take questions from our readers and present them to breed specialists, experienced breeders, veterinarians, geneticists or experts in the field of the particular questions being asked. We hope you enjoy the information provided based upon YOUR feedback!
Ask TSK - Q & A
Dear TSK, Can you explain what is meant by ‘lack of underjaw’ please? I would love to see examples of this and compare to examples of strong underjaws too. Thanks.
“The muzzle should start wide and deep. The depth is achieved by a powerful underjaw which can be compared to a familiar object. Make a fist of your hand and look at the shape produced when you look at the thumbside by the second joint of the first finger down to the back of the hand and the angle it makes with the back of the hand. That shape approximates very roughly to a deep underjaw. Now hold up a teaspoon and look at the bowl from the side, the bottom line from the point of the spoon to when the bowl joins the handle is approximately the shape of a weak underjaw which spoils the appearance of the muzzle viewed side on...”
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Ask TSK - Q & A Drawings & text used with express permission for this article only - from Mr. Alan Mitchells book (Second Edition) - do not reproduce without first contacting Mr. Mitchell. Thank you. ‘The Show Stafford Handbook (The Unwritten Standard Explained) A practical Guide With No Frills To Cover All Aspects Of Ownership And Involvement With The Show - Stafford’
Wanted Samples for PHPV/PPSC Research. If you own or have bred a dog diagnosed with either of these eye conditions, could you help by supplying mouth swabs from the affected dog plus its parents and litter-mates.
Any PHPV positives found in litter screenings are not reported in the Breeds Record Supplement, nor are any cases of PPSC - hence this appeal.
If sufficient samples from affected cases can be obtained, it is hoped that research to determine the inheritance of both conditions may be commenced, possibly leading eventually to DNA tests similar to those available for HC and L-2-HGA.
A copy of the eye test certificate and a copy of the dogs pedigree would also be appreciated. All samples and information will of course be confidential just in case anyone has any concern's about that.
If you can help with this and thus help the Stafford , can you please contact one of the following who can supply swabs and any information required.
Diane Taylor - 01670 823635 email - email@example.com Lesley McFadyen - 01205 871762 email - firstname.lastname@example.org Archie Bryden - 01772 715807 email - email@example.com Many thanks for your co-operation.
The Stafford Knot wishes to provide the following information for your convenience. TSK encourages health testing of all Staffordshire Bull Terriers, especially those used for breeding purposes and/or performance events. The testing is made available to be used as a tool to eliminate certain diseases from a breeding program. Used wisely, this can be accomplished. The following testing information is provided as a service to you, however should not be used as the only health checks your Stafford receives. There are many more health issues to be considered when breeding dogs, caring for dogs and when looking to buy a purebred dog. As always, please seek the advice of your personal veterinary specialists for your day-to-day needs of your dogs. Thank you!
* * * Please note - a CERF or PHPV test done by a canine ophthalmologist is NOT the same test as the one done to check for HC. BOTH tests should be carried out * * * ***PLEASE send in your test results for the databases. Accurate records are valuable to the breed*** Remember, if you choose to breed from a carrier you must test the entire resulting litter to determine clears & carriers. Thus if you choose to keep a carrier from that litter, the same must be done for each subsequent litter resulting from breeding carriers. If you sell carrier pups, please consider spay/neuter so that more carriers are not produced. With the advent and ease of genetic testing many of these diseases could be eliminated by only breeding clear to clear. To use a known carrier requires an extra step of responsibility. There is no excuse to breed an untested dog.
Testing Facility For L2-Hga & HC Animal Health Trust Lanwades Park, Kentford
Testing Facility For L2-Hga Onl y Ca nine Genetic Diseases - University Of Missouri
New Market, Suffolk CB87UU Phone: 01638 751000
321 Connaway Hall
F ax: 01638 750410
Columbia, Missouri 65211-5120 USA
Ema il: info@a ht.org .uk We bsite: www.aht.org.uk
F ax: 573-884-5414
www.a ht.org .uk/ genetics_tests.html#ca nine
Ema il: HansenL@missouri.edu We bsite: www.caninegeneticdiseases.net Direct Link: www.caninegeneticdiseases.net/DNAtests/Testsnow.htm
***Due to a patent issue Vetgen currently can no longer do the HC test and they have said that they do not know when the issue will be resolved*** Continued on next page
Other labs offering L-2-HGA test in Europe: France www.antagene.com Czech Republic www.genomia.cz Germany www.laboklin.de / www.laboklin.co.uk Testing Facility For Hip, Elbows, Patella and Cardiac Certifications * Orthopedic Foundation For Animals (OFA) 2300 E Nifong Boulevard Columbia, Missouri, 65201-3806 USA Phone: 573-442-0418 Fax: 573-875-5073 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.offa.org *Note: A Board Certified Cardiologist must perform all Cardiac exams. A qualified licensed Veterinarian can provide X-Ray films for hips, elbows and Patella. Testing Facility For Eye Certifications* Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) 1717 Philo Rd P O Box 3007 Urbana, IL 61803-3007 USA Phone: 217-693-4800 Fax: 217-693-4801 Email: CERF@vmdb.org Website: www.vmdb.org/cerf.html *Note: A Board Certified Canine Ophthalmologist must perform all CERF exams. CERF exams are annual exams for breeding stock.
Please view online version at www.thestaffordknot.com
Balance = Lack of Exaggeration
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With regard to faults - Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the â€˜SERIOUSNESSâ€™ with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its DEGREE.
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It is possible that some breeders and exhibitors do not completely understand what a correct scissors bite should look like. If in doubt, ask your veterinarian or spend some time with an experienced mentor who can give you some hands-on education with a variety of dogs. Remember that bad bites are hereditary and breeding Staffords with incorrect bites will assure the continuation of the problem for generations to come. As breeders, it is our job to let judges know that correct bites are important to us. Similarly judges can let us know that they will accept no less.
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“Heights Being Related to Weights” Size, Proportion, Substance Height at shoulder: 14 to 16 inches. Weight: Dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds, these heights being related to weights. Non-conformity with these limits is a fault. In proportion, the length of back, from withers to tail set, is equal to the distance from withers to ground.
Males 14”...... 28lbs 14 1/2”..30.45lbs 15”........32.85lbs 15 1/2”...35.5lbs 16” ....... 38lbs
Females 14” ........24lbs 14 1/2”...26.25lbs 15”.........28.80lbs 15 1/2”...31.31lbs 16”.........34lbs
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A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is ﬁt for function. Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in some breeds adversely...If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present in the right measure. The head should appear clean. No wrinkle or bunched up expression. One should strive for 2/3 to 1/3 ratio head to muzzle with a definite stop but not an EXAGGERATED stop or lack of stop. The stop itself should be almost vertical. The easiest way to determine accurate stop is to place your thumb on the stop and look at the angle of your thumb. Do not be fooled by the profile view of the eye socket and mistake this for the stop. The lip should be very clean, thin and tight to the teeth meeting top and bottom with no flews or wrinkled, fleshy or spongey excess thus giving the Stafford a somewhat serious expression at times. The lip should not turn down at the end or be excessive. Exaggerations of under jaw include total lack or under jaw, weak under jaw or too strong an under jaw. None of these are correct. Depending upon the cleanness of the lip - this can be difficult to asses without a hands on going over. The nose itself may turn up slightly at the tip, but keep in mind the plane of the muzzle and the head - they should be parallel to one another. When the muzzle turns up more than the plane of the top skull the dog has a dish face and if the planes dip downward - a down face - neither is clean, balanced and will be exaggerated in expression. When the muzzle is too short or too long they will lack balance. Ears can deceive on a glance so best to get your hands on the dogs head and feel for placement, thickness of leather and size. More on heads in a later article. Does the dog have sufficient length of leg? Can you see daylight under him/her? If not is it due to a short upper arm or just overall shortness of leg all around? A balanced Stafford should measure the same from the withers to the ground - as it does from the withers to the base of the tail set. Staffords are a square breed. They are not low to the ground or squatty. They are not way up on leg either. Enough leg, enough back - not too much, not too little. Is there massive bone or fine bone? Neither is balanced. Staffords are square - BALANCED with no EXAGGERATION.. Is the animal wider in front than looks natural or is it pinched in front? Neither is correct. The front legs should appear to drop directly down from the shoulder. The front shouldn't appear to be ‘in’ or ‘out’, and MOST CERTAINLY certainly shouldn't look like a bulldog. The legs straight, no weakness at pastern but the tight well padded feet DO turn out a little. Not a lot, and not straight as in other terrier breeds. The rear should appear strong - not HUGE and not weak and narrow - somewhat even to the front when viewed from above. There should be a definite waist line with approximately 4 fingers width between the last rib and the hip bone. One should see that last rib as well, showing no fat or wrinkle and sufficient tuck up from the profile. A Stafford is certainly well muscled, yet not bunched muscle - long and lean muscle is much more suited to the breed and its original intended purpose. Not a heavyweight boxer but more like a middleweight. It must be able to move easily, be active and agile. Too much bunched muscle is exaggeration and the dog will lack balance. Not enough and he will appear soft and will not function correctly. Exaggeration of muscle in either direction will affect movement as well.
Its all about a balance. NO EXAGGERATION. Continued on next page
Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Standards Breed Standard (AKC version) Terrier Group General Appearance The Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier is a smooth-coated dog. It should be of great strength for its size and, although muscular, should be active and agile. Size, Proportion, Substance Height at shoulder: 14 to 16 inches. Weight: Dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds, these heights being related to weights. Non-conformity with these limits is a fault. In proportion, the length of back, from withers to tail set, is equal to the distance from withers to ground. Head Short, deep through, broad skull, very pronounced cheek muscles, distinct stop, short foreface, black nose. Pink (Dudley) nose to be considered a serious fault. Eyes--Dark preferable, but may bear some relation to coat color. Round, of medium size, and set to look straight ahead. Light eyes or pink eye rims to be considered a fault, except that where the coat surrounding the eye is white the eye rim may be pink. Ears--Rose or half-pricked and not large. Full drop or full prick to be considered a serious fault. Mouth--A bite in which the outer side of the lower incisors touches the inner side of the upper incisors.The lips should be tight and clean. The badly undershot or overshot bite is a serious fault. Neck, Topline, Body The neck is muscular, rather short, clean in outline and gradually widening toward the shoulders. The body is close coupled, with a level topline, wide front, deep brisket and well sprung ribs being rather light in the loins. The tail is undocked, of medium length, low set, tapering to a point and carried rather low. It should not curl much and may be likened to an oldfashioned pump handle. A tail that is too long or badly curled is a fault. Forequarters Legs straight and well boned, set rather far apart, without looseness at the shoulders and showing no weakness at the pasterns, from which point the feet turn out a little. Dewclaws on the forelegs may be removed. The feet should be well padded, strong and of medium size. Hindquarters The hindquarters should be well muscled, hocks let down with stifles well bent. Legs should be parallel when viewed from behind. Dewclaws, if any, on the hind legs are generally removed. Feet as in front. Coat Smooth, short and close to the skin, not to be trimmed or de-whiskered. Color Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any of these colors with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black-and-tan or liver color to be disqualified. Gait Free, powerful and agile with economy of eﬀort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hind legs. Temperament From the past history of the Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier, the modern dog draws its character of indomitable courage, high intelligence, and tenacity. This, coupled with its aﬀection for its friends, and children in particular, its oﬀ-duty quietness and trustworthy stability, makes it a foremost all-purpose dog. Disqualification Black-and-tan or liver color. Approved November 14, 1989 Eﬀective January 1, 1990
Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Standards Breed Standard (KC version) General Appearance Smooth-coated, well balanced, of great strength for his size. Muscular, active and agile. Characteristics Traditionally of indomitable courage and tenacity. Highly intelligent and affectionate especially with children. Temperament Bold, fearless and totally reliable. Head and Skull Short, deep though with broad skull. Very pronounced cheek muscles, distinct stop, short foreface, nose black. Eyes Dark preferred but may bear some relation to coat colour. Round, of medium size, and set to look straight ahead. Eye rims dark. Ears Rose or half pricked, not large or heavy. Full, drop or pricked ears highly undesirable. Mouth Lips tight and clean. Jaws strong, teeth large, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Neck Muscular, rather short, clean in outline gradually widening towards shoulders. Forequarters Legs straight and well boned, set rather wide apart, showing no weakness at the pasterns, from which point feet turn out a little. Shoulders well laid back with no looseness at elbow. Body Close-coupled, with level topline, wide front, deep brisket, well sprung ribs; muscular and well defined. Hindquarters Well muscled, hocks well let down with stifles well bent. Legs parallel when viewed from behind. Feet Well padded, strong and of medium size. Nails black in solid coloured dogs. Tail Medium length, low-set, tapering to a point and carried rather low. Should not curl much and may be likened to an old-fashioned pump handle. Gait/Movement Free, powerful and agile with economy of effort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hindlegs. Coat Smooth, short and close. Colour Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any one of these colours with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black and tan or liver colour highly undesirable. Size Desirable height at withers 36-41 cms (14 to 16 ins), these heights being related to the weights. Weight: dogs: 13-17 kgs (28-38 lbs); bitches 11-15.4 kgs. Faults Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog. Note - Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. Last Updated - September 2000
United Kennel Club (UKC version) Terrier Group
Copyright 1992, United Kennel Club, Inc.
Revised April 15, 2007..
History The Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier is a descendant of the Bull and Terrier crosses made in Great Britain in the late 1700's. It was given the name "Staﬀordshire" in reference to an area where it was very popular, to diﬀerentiate it from the other Bull and Terrier breeds. The Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1975. General Appearance The Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier is a smooth coated dog that possesses great strength for its size. Although muscular, it is active and agile. Characteristics This breed has indomitable courage, high intelligence and tenacity. Coupled with its aﬀection for its friends, and children in particular, its quietness and trustworthy stability make it an all-purpose dog. Head The head is short and deep throughout with a distinct stop. SKULL - The skull is broad and the cheek muscles are very pronounced. MUZZLE - the foreface is short, with strong jaws and clean, tight lips. TEETH - A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite; the outer side of the lower incisors touching the inner side of the upper incisors. Serious Faults: Badly overshot or undershot bites. EYES - Dark eyes are preferred, but may bear some relation to coat color. The round, medium size eyes are set on to look straight ahead. Dark eye rims are preferred. NOSE - The nose is black. EARS - The rose or half-pricked ears are not large. Serious Faults: Full drop ear. Full prick ear. Neck The muscular, rather short neck is clean in outline and widens gradually toward the shoulders. Forequarters The shoulders are well laid back. FORELEGS - The straight, well-boned forelegs are set rather far apart at the shoulders, but show no looseness at the elbow. The pasterns are strong, and the feet turn out slightly. Body The body is close-coupled with a broad, deep chest and well-sprung ribs. The loins are fairly light and the topline is level. Hindquarters The hindquarters are well-muscled. HIND LEGS - The stifles are well-bent. The hocks are well let down. The legs are parallel when viewed from behind. Dewclaws are generally removed from the hind legs. Feet The strong, medium-sized feet are well padded. Tail The medium-length tail is not docked. It is low-set, carried rather low and tapers to a point. It does not curl much, and may be likened to an old-fashioned pump handle. Faults: Too long or badly curled tail. Coat The short, smooth coat is close to the skin. Neither the coat nor the whiskers are to be trimmed. Color Acceptable colors include red, fawn, white, black, any shade of brindle, and blue, with or without white. Serious Faults: Black and tan or liver. Height & Weight Height, measured at the shoulders, ranges from 14 to 16 inches. Weight ranges are as follows: dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds. Weight depends on the height of the individual dog. Gait The free, powerful, agile movement is accomplished with an economy of eﬀort. When viewed from the front or the rear, the legs move parallel. There is a noticeable drive from the hind legs. Disqualifications Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.
Australian National (ANKC version) Group: Group 2 (Terriers) General Appearance: Smooth coated, well balanced, of great strength for his size. Muscular, active and agile. Characteristics: Traditionally of indomitable courage and tenacity. Highly intelligent and aﬀectionate especially with children. Temperament: Bold, fearless and totally reliable. Head And Skull: Short, deep though with broad skull. Very pronounced cheek muscles, distinct stop, short foreface, nose black. Eyes: Dark preferred but may bear some relation to coat colour. Round, of medium size, and set to look straight ahead. Eye rims dark. Ears: Rose or half pricked, not large or heavy. Full, drop or pricked ears highly undesirable. Mouth: Lips tight and clean. Jaws strong, teeth large, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Neck: Muscular, rather short, clean in outline gradually widening towards shoulder. Forequarters: Legs straight and well boned, set rather wide apart, showing no weakness at the pasterns, from which point feet turn out a little. Shoulders well laid back with no looseness at elbow. Body: Close coupled, with level topline, wide front, deep brisket, well sprung ribs; muscular and well defined. Hindquarters: Well muscled, hocks well let down with stifles well bent. Legs parallel when viewed from behind. Feet: Well padded, strong and of medium size. Nails black in solid coloured dogs. Tail: Medium length, low set, tapering to a point and carried rather low. Should not curl much and may be likened to an old fashioned pump handle. Gait/Movement: Free, powerful and agile with economy of eﬀort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hindlegs. Coat: Smooth, short and close. Colour: Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any one of these colours with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black and tan or liver colour highly undesirable. Sizes: Weight: Dogs 13-17 kg (28-38 lbs) Bitches 11-15.4 kg (24-34 lbs) Desirable Height: 36-41 cms (14-16 ins) at withers (these heights being related to the weights) Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its eﬀect upon the health and welfare of the dog. Notes: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
FCI-(Fédération Internationale Cynologique version) ORIGIN : Great Britain.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 24.06.1987.
UTILIZATION : Terrier.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 3 Terriers. Section 3 Bull type Terriers. Without working trial.
GENERAL APPEARANCE - Smooth-coated, well balanced, of great strength for his size. Muscular, active and agile. BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT Traditionally of indomitable courage and tenacity. Highly intelligent and aﬀectionate especially with children. Bold, fearless and totally reliable. HEAD - Short. - CRANIAL REGION Skull : Deep through with broad skull. Stop : Distinct. FACIAL REGION : Nose : Black. Muzzle : Short foreface. Jaws/Teeth : Jaws strong, teeth large, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i. e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaw. Lips : Tight and clean. Cheeks : Very pronounced cheek muscles. Eyes : Dark preferred but may bear some relation to coat colour. Round, of medium size, and set to look straight ahead. Eye rims dark. Ears : Rose or half pricked, not large or heavy. Full, drop or pricked ears highly undesirable. NECK - Muscular, rather short, clean in outline gradually widening towards shoulders. BODY Close-coupled. Topline : Level. Chest : Wide front, deep brisket, well sprung ribs ; muscular and well defined. TAIL - Medium length, low set, tapering to a point and carried rather low. Should not curl much and may be likened to an old-fashioned pump handle. LIMBS FOREQUARTERS : Legs straight and well boned, set rather wide apart, showing no weakness at the pasterns, from which point feet turn out a little. Shoulders : Well laid back. Elbows : No looseness. HINDQUARTERS : Well muscled. Legs parallel when viewed from behind. Stifles : Well bent. Hocks : Well let down. FEET : Well padded, strong and of medium size. Nails black in solid coloured dogs. GAIT / MOVEMENT Free, powerfull and agile with economy of eﬀort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hindlegs. COAT HAIR : Smooth, short and close. COLOUR : red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any one of these colours with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black and tan or liver colour highly undesirable. SIZE AND WEIGHT Desirable height at withers : 14-16 ins. (35,5 to 40,5 cm), these heights being related to the weights. Weight : Dogs : 28-38 lbs (12,7-17 kg). Bitches : 24-34 lbs (11-15,4 kg) FAULTS Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its eﬀect upon the health and welfare of the dog. Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified. N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
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Below are TSK Featured Staffords currently in rescue and in need of homes. We list these dogs as a courtesy. The dogs are NOT here with us. They are in different parts of the world. We have NO connection to any of them, TSK lists them in order that they may gain more exposure and find great permanent homes. Please do not send us questions about these dogs as we have no further information than what is listed below. There are links and contact info on each dog. We encourage sponsorship of these dogs in order to lessen the burden of foster care and kenneling. Thank you for considering rescue!
Daisy - Adult Female - Lodi, Ca. Daisy is a sweet rescue that needs a home. She is spayed, chipped, and a good girl. She loves children, learning house manners, working on house training, can sit, good on a leash, and calm girl. She was introduced to other dogs and did ok, but should still be supervised. email - Felizstafies@aol.com
===================================== Sarge - 6 Year Old Male - Kearny, PA Sarge is a very sweet StaďŹ€ord, who loves all people, especially kids. He is sociable with dogs and cats, but one should never forget he is a StaďŹ€ord. He is well trained, obedient, and healthy, up on all his shots. He is sad to know that his family can't keep him as they are forced to move to a home that doesn't allow pets, and they have no one to turn to. Please contact Rescue@sbtca.com to adopt Sarge or to sponsor him. Funding and foster care is always needed!
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===================================== Asia - 10 Year Old Female - Northern California Asia is a sweet veteran girl who's owners are no longer able to keep her. We are looking for a loving forever home where she will be the ONLY pet for her to spend her golden years. Please contact Rescue@sbtca.com to adopt Asiaor to sponsor her. Funding and foster care is always needed!
===================================== Rippley - 10 Year Old Female - Cornwall, UK She ended up at the National Animal Welfare Trust Cornwall (N.A.W.T.) as her previous owners circumstances had changed and was no longer able to care for her. She has now been with us here at the Cornwall branch of the National Animal Welfare Trust for the best part of a year and a half bless her. We know that she has had at least 2 homes before coming into us, so we really want to get her into her forever home. She is a very loving girl and would suit a quieter home or maybe a 1-1 type home, that has had experience with rescue dogs or SBT. She could live with children 12yrs plus as long as they are sensible and used to dogs. She will need to be the only animal in the home as she doesnt get along with other animals. She LOVES water and could paddle/swim all day if you let her although she isnt to keen on going out when its raining. She is good to walk on the lead and loves To sponsor Rippley click HERE. being out and about or having a good play. Please e-mail or the centre's phone number is: 01736 756005. To make a donation click HERE CORNISH ANIMAL RESCUE CENTRE Wheal Alfred Kennels Wheal Alfred Road HAYLE Cornwall TR27 5JT
Let them know you saw her on TSK. Thank you!
The Stafford Knot
The Stafford Knot lists health tested stud dogs in the gallery, however, it is up to you to verify this testing by asking to see the certificates for each test if they are not made available here for download. We have screened this to the best of our ability, but cannot guarantee dogs listed have been tested. PLEASE ask for copies of certificates before using dogs at stud for the health and the future of our breed. Thank you. Form to advertise in Stud Gallery is found HERE
======================================= DayDream Ch. Slam Dance, CGC (Imp UK) “Nigel” DNA - AKC - #P24384 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected, OFA/PennHip Hips, Patella, CERF http://www.offa.org/display.html?appnum=678935#animal email@example.com www.daydreamsbt.com Tel 530-306-0305 Frozen semen available to health tested bitches only. More photos of Nigel available. Health documents available by request.
======================================= DayDream Jayneze Diamonds And Guns (Imp UK) “Tierney” DNA - AKC - #V567946 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected, CERF, OFA Hips good, OFA Elbow normal http://sunnycrest.vmdb.org/CerfWebSearch/Search/Results.aspx firstname.lastname@example.org www.daydreamsbt.com Tel 530-306-0305 Available to health tested bitches only. Health documents available by request.
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Gamepit Ch Carnig Positive Profile “Frank“ Clear of L2-HGA, & HC, PHPV Unaffected - documentation available upon request email@example.com Tel 0208 401 8182 Clear Tested bitches only need apply.
======================================= Zoellies Sabahouse Touch of Class At Zoellies “Tyler” Clear of L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected - documentation available upon request firstname.lastname@example.org www.zoellies.co.uk Tel 01994427484 Tel 07817432866
© Stu Coates 2010 www.showstaffs.co.uk
======================================= Absolute BIS BISS CH Belnore Dream Keeper OFA ‘Beau’ AKC DNA - V426729 Clear of L2-HGA, HC, OFA/PennHip Hips, OFA/PennHip Elbows, Patella, OFA Cardiac - documentation available upon request AbsoluteAST@aol.com www.absoluteamericanstaffordshireterrier.com Tel 337-255-3508
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Sajojistaff CH Sajojistaff Back In Black ‘George’ L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected email@example.com http://sajojistaff.webs.com Tel 01608 659869 Only clear tested bitches may apply. Health documentation available by request
======================================= Ramstaff Ch Ramstaff American Ikon, TT “Ike” L2-HGA, HC, OFA Cardiac Ramstaff@earthlink.net www.ramstaffkennels.com 770-888-5255
Available to clear tested bitches only Health documents available by request
======================================= Moonstruck CH Moonstruck The Stamler Express, TT “Stamler” L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected firstname.lastname@example.org www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 "Available to Heath Tested Bitches with Correct Stafford Temperaments Only" Health documents available by request
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Moonstruck Moonstruck Blue Asher, TT “Asher” L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected email@example.com www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 "Available to Heath Tested Bitches with Correct Stafford Temperaments Only" Health documents available by request
======================================= The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected & cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of
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The Stafford Knot is offering classified advertising of goods and services which are dog related. Ads are limited to 20 words, no images. For larger ads please consider gallery advertising. The Stafford Knot cannot be held responsible for any items sold through this page. All sales are between seller and purchaser. TSK makes no warranties either written or implied. Information on how to advertise in TSK classifieds can be found HERE
===================================== Bull Breeds Online Your online forum for all Bull Breed lovers and canine enthusiasts! www.bullbreedsonline.com â€˜Likeâ€? us on Face Book
Thankdog - All Breeds Equal Help fight BSL - promote responsible dog ownership. T-shirts, Calendars, Stickers, & more. Proceeds benefit Stafford causes. firstname.lastname@example.org www.cafepress.com/Thankdog
Bait Me Treats Dehydrated treats for dogs & cats. Nothing added. 100% natural. USA sourced. Hand cut. Hand packed. Wholesale bulk available email@example.com www.baitmetreats.com
Young Living Experience therapeutic benefits of essential oils for your family - pets too! Use Independent Distributor Referral #1166695 CLICK for more info
aecollars Handcrafted SBT Collars, Leads & Harnesses Tel 01981 241488 or Int. +44 1981 241488 www.aecollars.co.uk for made to measure service www.staffordleather.com for ready made items
Frogge Dog Shop Art, crafts, natural health care products for pets. All handmade! firstname.lastname@example.org Froggedogshop.com
My Staffy For the Love of Staffordshire Bull Terriers. Staffordshire Bull Terrier merchandise & gifts. T-shirts, plush toys & collectibles. www.mystaffy.com.au
Natural Rearing Breeders Association Breeders, natural animal health care providers, individuals actively contributing to increasing health and longevity of our dogs. http://www.nrbreedersassociation.org
The Whole Dog Your Premier Resource For Natural Dog Care, Consultations, products, articles. Dr. Jeannie Thomason veterinary naturopath. email@example.com http://www.thewholedog.org/
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The Stafford Knot cannot be held responsible for the breeders listed below. Please do your homework and ask to see health certificates, discuss terms and decide whether the Stafford is the correct breed for you prior to purchasing a puppy. Remember, Stafford rescues are also available and make be wonderful pets in the right homes! A Stafford is not the breed for everyone. Please be responsible dog owners and take responsibility for you and your dog in all situations. Contact us with questions.
We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted Form to advertise in Breeders Directory can be found HERE North America Alabama Cornerstone The Folmars Alabama http://www.cornerstonestaffords.net 205-966-8114 L2-HGA, HC
Florida Cloverdale Staffordshirebull Terriers Amy O'Brian & Jeff Markey Sarasota Florida EMAIL www.cloverdalestaffords.com 941-377-9294 L2-HGA, HC
"Staffords that are exemplary in type & balance" California Camelot Staffords Joan Ganz Sacramento, California EMAIL http://www.camelotstaffordshirebullterriers.com 916-342-0854 L2-HGA, HC
Georgia Wavemaker Staffords Jim & Lynn Caswell GA, USA EMAIL www.wavemakerstaffords.com 770-666-6121 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF
“Breeding for temperament and standard.”
“Naturally reared - Promoting health, exercise & the Breed Standard - Wavemaker Staffords....naturally”
California Chavier Staffords Kim Washington-Smith Southern California EMAIL 213 - 760-9081 L2-HGA, HC, CERF
Georgia Ramstaff Staffords Angie & Kevin Beezley Georgia, USA EMAIL www.ramstaffkennels.com 770-888-5255 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Cardiac, CERF
"Breeding Staffords with Charm" “Ramstaff...focusing on the standard blend of bull & terrier with true stafford temperament...always” California Gemini Kennel Beth Lloyd Southern California EMAIL www.angelfire.com/ca2/geminikennel L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF
Illinois 1 of a Kind Staffords Andrew Currier Peoria Il EMAIL 309-691-7134 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac “Unequalled in type, balance, fitness & health”
“From show dogs to GO dogs.”
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Maryland Hi-Impact Staffords (Reg) Rich Newberger Baltimore http://hiimpactstaffords.com 410-323-4141 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV, Hips, Elbows, Cardiac, CERF “Bred to standard not by design” Maryland Moonstruck Staffords Judy Heller Edgewater, MD 21037 EMAIL www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 L2-HGA, HC Quality Staffordshire Bull Terriers of Correct Type & Temperament for Show, Performance & Companion "The Ultimate Nanny Dog” Michigan Blessings' Kennel Cathy Micallef Southeastern MI EMAIL www.blessingskennel.org 734-634-9328 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF “Wonderful companions with show & working potential!” New York Stephanie Crawford Binghamton, NY EMAIL 607-775-1996 L2-HGA, HC, Hips Washington ANGEL ROCK Staffordshire Bull Terriers Spokane, Washington www.angelrockdogs.com “SBT educational articles, tons of photos and rescue info too!"
Wisconsin MSLF Kennels Cindy Bundy EMAIL 262-857-9412 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, CERF, Other “We strive to promote sound minds and bodies.”
Wellington, New Zealand Battleaxe Grant & Louise Blackwood dglkblack@XTRA.CO.NZ http://www.battleaxekennels.com 0064 4478-9313 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV
The Stafford Knot January 2010 Issue #1, Vol #1 Articles include: Joseph Dunn - Hints to the Novice SBT=Bulldog+Terrier
February 2010 Issue #2, Vol #1 Articles include: SBT Breed Seminar, Raymond Crilly - Judges Ed Breeders Code of Silence SBT Exhibition Center (Past Crufts Wnners story NOT included) March 2010 Issue #3, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard Balance & Movement - Judges Ed PHPV - Tala’s Story - Health Demodectic Mange - Alternative Therapies for Treatments - Health (WKC stories NOT included) April 2010 Issue #4, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard RX For Whelping & Caesarians Breeders Ed What You See is What You Get The Tragic Loss of Bloodlines & Mentoring in America - Breeders Ed A Very Special Boy Meets His 1st Stafford May 2010 Issue #5, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard Tan Point Markings - AKA Black & Tan Judges/Breeders Ed Staffords in Working Trials Fibro Cartila....what? - Health How to Select Against Genetic Disease with Knowledge, Not Hope - Breeders Ed
June 2010 Issue #6, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard GDC Genetics Interview Breeders Ed Balance in the SBT Judges/Breeders Ed One By One - What YOU can do! The Disappearing Sperm - Breeders Ed/ Health SBT Breed Record Holders, Part 1 July 2010 Issue #7, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Dogs Who Fly - Dock Diving Judging My Way - Judges/ Exhibitors Ed The Holy Grail How to Weight Pull with your Staffordshire Bull Terrier Track Training - Starting Out Flyball - “Organized Chaos” August 2010 - Veterans! Issue #8, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Grey Muzzles & Puppy Dog Tales Staying in the Game My Sunshine Tammy Alf ALSO may be viewed HERE September 2010 Issue #9, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Training Your Stafford Forequarters What Price Glory Early neurological Stimulation ALSO may be viewed HERE
October 2010 Issue #10, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Living With Cushings Dont Steal My Joy What is Natural Rearing Using Genetic Pedigree ALSO may be viewed HERE November 2010 Issue #11, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Miracles Do Happen Nostalgia The Versatile Stafford The Genetic Pedigree Arnica Montana Also may be viewed HERE December 2010 Issue #12, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard The Breed Today Puppies For Christmas Pets As Therapy Understanding Recessive Genes A Tribute To Trilby When Things Don’t Go As Planned Also may be viewed HERE January-February 2011 Issue #1, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Arthritis How Cassie Became an Australian Obedience Champion What is L2-HGA? Teaching Bite Inhibition The Truth About Vaccines The Eukanuba Experience Q&A - Toplines Also may be viewed HERE
WHAT DOES IT MEAN? WHAT IS THE STAFFORD KNOT? Â Â The origin of the Stafford Knot is a distinctive threelooped knot that is the tradition symbol of the English county of Staffordshire and of its county town Stafford. Although not heraldic in its own right, the Stafford Knot is an ancient symbol that is steeped in history. The earliest recording of the Stafford Knot is the shaft of a stone cross located in Stoke-on-Trent churchyard. The cross itself is traceable to between 750 and 850 AD. However, the knot device could have been added at a later date. There is a seal existing in the British Museum London which was the property of Lady Joan Stafford (later Lady Wake). It would seem that Lady Wake used on her seal a border made up from her husband's badge, the Wake Knot, made up from the initials W and O (for Wake and Ormond) intertwined. The seal quite clearly depicts a cordon of four knots in the shape of the Stafford Knot. The knot was passed down through the Earl's family, and it was gradually used by the citizens and freemen of Stafford, until it was eventually included in the Stafford Borough Coat of Arms. It is incorporated into the badges and symbols of many organizations and companies, viz., Staffordshire Police, Staffordshire Fire Service, Staffordshire Ambulance Service. A popular romantic notion of the Stafford Knot is that it was used in barbaric times by a Stafford County Sheriff who invented it to hang three criminals at the same time, but the evidence above clearly contradicts this idea. The motto of the arms of the County of Stafford is "The Knot Unites".
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From the Editor NEXT MONTH WHAT IS HEREDITARY CATARACTS THE LIVER GENE THE RULE OF FIVES
AND MORE.... ALL TOPICS SUBJECT TO CHANGES BEYOND OUR CONTROL AT PUBLISHING TIME. THE ABOVE TOPICS ARE ESTABLISHED AT CURRENT PRESS TIME.
The Stafford Knot began as a tool to help raise much needed funding for the ever increasing number of Staffords entering into rescues worldwide. We bring articles and information to you drawn from sources around the world. We are grateful to each and every person who has spent the time to help TSK with our publication, granted permission to use their articles and for those who assist me each issue with the day to day activities required to bring you this publication. The people mentioned on page two of each issue are but a few who actually assist in putting TSK together, researching, asking for ad sales, donating time and sometimes money. There are too many people to thank individually here, but I have made sure to reach out and thank each and every one of you - barring those who
passed before us. Many people who are no longer with us also contributed and for that we are also grateful - for you can never stop learning, never stop opening your mind and your eyes when you have a passion. If you wish to contribute to TSK please contact us - we always need help - financially & creatively! Donations and advertising sales are what keep us going and go to help many rescue centers, club rescues and personal rescues worldwide. Until we get a handle on this problem it is our responsibility to financially assist.
Share TSK with someone! Thank you to all of you for supporting TSK! Go hug your Staffords! Lynn Caswell, Sr. Editor
Issue 2 - Volume 2 - best viewed using Mozilla Firefox or Safari - The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with a...
Published on Feb 23, 2011
Issue 2 - Volume 2 - best viewed using Mozilla Firefox or Safari - The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with a...