MAY/JUN 2011 P R O M O T I N G T H E S T A F F O R D S H I R E B U L L T E R R I E R
The Stafford Knot
ISSUE #3 VOL 2 FREE
The Stafford Knot promotes Health Tested Staffords
TALLY HO! LURE COURSING PAGE 6
THE TOP LINE OF THE S.B.T. PAGE 8
THE RULE OF FIVES PAGE 11
INTERVIEW NORMAN BERRY
RENAL DISEASE IN CANINES
HEREDITARY CATARACT IN STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIERS
BRAGS PAGE 34
QUESTION & ANSWER ‘BITES’ PAGE 35
HEALTH TESTING INFO PAGE 37
ILLUSTRATED BREED STANDARD
The Stafford Knot Behind the Scenes Our cover this issue is ‘DayDream Sin With a Grin’ - ‘Trista’ bred by Dayna Lemke (DayDream, USA). Photo credit goes to Valentina Foster for taking this lovely photo of ‘Trista’. If you are interested in securing a future cover on The Stafford Knot please contact us for details.
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Tally-Ho! - Lure Coursing Traditionally reserved for sighthounds, lure coursing is a high speed, fast paced sport that can be enjoyed by many
Lure coursing is an excellent form of exercise for the Stafford. Of course you’ll want to make sure your dog is
breeds, particularly the Staffordshire Bull Terrier. What in good health and can endure a moderate amount of could be more enjoyable to the highly prey driven Stafford exercise. Expecting a ‘sofa dog’ to run 600 yards at full than the pursuit of ‘game’? Okay, not live game but plastic
speed is foolish and can also be dangerous.Your dog will
strips used to simulate live prey.
be inspected by members of the field committee before it is permitted to run to ensure it is in good health and you will be asked to gait your dog to inspect for lameness. Females in season are not permitted to run. It’s extremely important to walk your dog out after each lure coursing run, encouraging them to urinate so they do not get tied up and then offer a small amount of water. It is also a good idea to equip your dog with a lure coursing slip lead/ quick release collar. We were able to find someone to give us a quick lesson on how to use one. The dogs run singularly but without collars so it is very helpful to have a lure coursing lead as trying to contain an insanely mad, screaming Stafford in place before the judges release command of ‘tally-ho’ can be quite tricky!
Ready was introduced to lure coursing at a young age. When I was able to find a coursing club that would allow us to participate during their ‘fun days’, we were there! It was quite clear she enjoyed it. So when I heard the AKC
The Staffords athletic abilities know no bounds. Why not get out there and let your Staffords have fun and ‘get the bunnies’?
had started an all breed lure coursing titling program with the very first trials just a state away, I was very excited! Lisa Luksa We packed up for a long weekend and headed to the trials. After the first day of running my two Staffords I became know as the ‘Tasmanian Devil Lady’ because of the screaming monkey noises that only a Stafford could make, as I carried my dogs to the lure for their chance to run. Each course consists of 600 yards which include 90° turns and hills, to be completed in an allotted amount of time were the dog must stay in pursuit of the lure with out interruption. Three Coursing Ability Test passes and three days later I headed home with the very first AKC lure coursing titled Stafford. There are higher levels of coursing titles to be earned and I think we have just begun!
Photos used by permission juliepoole.com
L 2 - H G A & H C DATA B A S E P RO J E C T THE STAFFORD KNOT ONLY ACCEPTS ADS FROM OWNERS AND BREEDERS OF DOGS WHO HAVE BEEN HEALTH TESTED. THE MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS ARE L2-HGA & HC TESTING. WE PROVIDE INFORMATION ON WHERE TO GO TO HAVE THESE SIMPLE AND INEXPENSIVE TESTS PERFORMED. DOCUMENTATION IS REQUIRED TO BE SCANNED AND SENT IN TO THE EDITORS FOR APPROVAL. FURTHER HEALTH TESTING (CARDIAC, CERF, PHPV, HIPS, ELBOWS, PATELLA, ETC) IS ALSO ENCOURAGED. IT IS HIGHLY RECOMMENDED TO BUYERS THAT THEY SEE THESE DOCUMENTS PRIOR TO PURCHASING THEIR NEW STAFFORD. IF ALL BREEDERS AND OWNERS WERE TO TEST, STAFFORDS WOULD ALL BE BETTER OFF SIMPLY BY THE FACT THAT WE WOULD HAVE MORE INFORMATION REGARDING WHERE THIS BREED IS GOING AS FAR AS HEALTH MATTERS ARE CONCERNED. TO FURTHER THIS POINT, IF ONLY CLEAR TESTED (L2-HGA & HC) STAFFORDS ARE BRED FROM THESE TWO GENETIC DISEASES COULD BE ERADICATED IN THREE GENERATIONS OF BREEDING. THAT’S CERTAINLY SOMETHING TO THINK ABOUT. SOME ARGUE THAT THIS WOULD NARROW THE GENE POOL TOO MUCH AND IS NOT A NEEDED STEP TO IMPROVING THE FUTURE OF THIS BREED. TO THOSE I SAY, POSSIBLY, HOWEVER - IS THAT CARRIER STUD DOG SO STRUCTURALLY SUPERIOR TO HIS CLEAR TESTED BROTHER THAT YOU WOULDN’T CONSIDER USING THE BROTHER INSTEAD? JUST SOMETHING TO THINK ABOUT. TSK IS COMPILING REGISTERED NAMES AND SCANNED DOCUMENTS OF ALL TESTED (CLEAR, CARRIER AND AFFECTED) STAFFORDS FOR A FUTURE DATABASE PROJECT SO THAT DOCUMENTATION WILL BE ON HAND FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS. IN THE U.S. OUR REGISTRIES DO NOT DOCUMENT THESE TEST RESULTS AS THE K.C. DOES IN THE U.K. THEREFORE TOO MANY PEOPLE WHO OWN ‘CLEAR BY PARENTAGE’ STAFFORDS HAVE NO PROOF IN HAND SEVERAL GENERATIONS DOWN THE LINE. IN TIME, WE AT TSK HOPE THE DATABASE WILL HELP THOSE WHO WISH TO KNOW THE STATUS OF A PARTICULAR DOG OR LITTER. IF YOU HAVE A TESTED STAFFORD - PLEASE SEND ONE EMAIL TO HEALTH@THESTAFFORDKNOT.COM CONTAINING THE FULL REGISTERED NAME, REGISTRATION NUMBER, SIRE AND DAM REGISTERED NAMES AND SCANNED COPIES OF ALL HEALTH TESTING DONE ON YOUR DOG. PLEASE ONLY SEND ONE EMAIL PER DOG. IN TIME, WE HOPE TO BUILD A NAME ONLY DATABASE WITH THIS INFORMATION. THANK YOU FOR SUPPORTING
We are also working on a database of semen stored from health tested stud dogs. If you have semen stored from a tested dog and wish to have him included, please email HEALTH@THESTAFFORDKNOT.COM with health scans, pedigree information and contact information. Also please indicate whether or not the semen is available for use.
The Top Line of the S.B.T. When people refer to the top line they mean the vertebrae of the spinal column from the base of the neck to the beginning of the tail. When judge’s critique’s mention that a particular dog has a level top line, they don’t, or at least shouldn’t mean a perfectly level one as this would be an incorrect top line because the seven vertebrae of the withers slope down towards the rest of the top line.
“...SO THE SET OF THE TAIL IS DETERMINED BY THE SLOPE OF THE CROUP”
The part of the top line that should be level is the actual six vertebrae of the back and then the seven vertebrae over the loins should rise very slightly before the three vertebrae of the croup slope slightly towards the tail. The three vertebrae of the croup which are fused together should slope ideally at 30 degrees which then provides the correct angle for the tail to be set, allowing it to hang immediately downwards from the body without first rising at the beginning. So the set of the tail is determined by the slope of the croup. The tail, as a guide should ideally hang down in a pump handle fashion and reach approximately to the hock when being examined. If there is a dip in the top line starting from, or close to the withers, then along the back before having a severe rise over the loins, it is what is known as a sway back.
When the top line is as level as it should be, the initial thrust that is generated from the rear legs is transmitted more easily and more powerfully up the sloping croup and along the vertebrae of the loins which also take the shock of the front feet as they hit the ground and the attached muscles generate the power to lift the front legs again to the normal level. Sometimes a dog will have short front legs in comparison to the back legs which would make for the back end to be higher than the front and more so if the stifle is straight, not having sufficient angulation. If the slope on the croup is too severe and the rear legs go somewhat further under the body than necessary the thrust would be more upwards causing lack of drive in the forwards direction. The seven vertebrae of the withers have spires on them that angle towards the rear of the dog to support ligaments from the neck. The six vertebrae of the back have spires that point slightly towards the front to support the ligaments from the rear. Where the spires of the withers meet the spires of the back there is a little niche. This is where the ninth rib is and if it is followed down to the sternum (breast bone) which should be parallel with the ground up to this point, the length of the ribs start to decrease in length. If the ribs start to decrease in length before the ninth rib, the heart and lungs will be robbed of valuable space. Tony Brindley - (Cabrindle)
If the dog has a rise starting soon after the withers and has a severe rise over the loins, it is commonly known as a roach back. Both of these of course are faults because it means that the five vertebrae of the actual back will not be level. If the spine slopes towards the front it will be taking up valuable space from the thorax cavity, which is needed by the lungs and heart. Also when the spine slopes to the front, the neck will be set low on the body affecting the head carriage. The neck and head are used in ways of helping balance when moving and if a sudden stop is required the head is jerked backwards and has some affect in acting as a brake. So a neck that is set low on the body is not as anatomically sound as when the six vertebrae of the back are level. Joe Dunn with the first champion Stafford - Ch Lady Eve
THE RULE OF FIVES THE RULE OF FIVES HAS BEEN REPRINTED ON MANY SITES AND PRINT PUBLICATIONS. IT IS A FRESH APPROACH AND A GOOD TOOL IF YOU JUDGE WORKING, TOY, OR TERRIER BREEDS Excerpted from (Akita, Chihuahua, Mini-Bull, Toy Fox Terrier) AKC Judges’ Seminar Handbooks
Breed Type. You should know it when you see it. Richard Beauchamp put it this way “Breed type is such an elusive thing… It is something that can’t be taught but it can be learned. Even when type is present to the fullest, one person may see it and the person next to him may see nothing at all. It is clearly visible – yet defies description.” You’ve had it happen as you sit ringside with a friend. No two dogs are identical and no two standards put equal emphasis on the same features of type. Working breeds may emphasize soundness whereas Toys stress esthetic beauty and Terriers want temperament that never quits. All are critical to Breed Type and it is by your knowledge of Type that you will be judged. Rules and schedules aside, it is Breed Type that you are duty-bound to observe, protect and preserve. Have you ever thumbed through photos of dogs from say, fifty years ago? Some
represent advances in soundness or grooming but for example, how closely did Saddler resemble the Fox Terrier of today? The Akitas of the Seventies could not win in the ring today. But a Chihuahua is still a Chihuahua, even the Taco Bell dog was immediately recognized as a Chihuahua. Many judges take the easy way out – picking winners on soundness, faces, advertisements, or an opportunity to advance. They may get by, indeed, they may get a lot of assignments by making popular decisions but they will never be known as great judges. If anyone takes this personally, they should not be here. I'm nobody, just a messenger trying to deliver methodology learned from some of the greatest judges. I will give you Five Rules which properly applied, will gain the respect of breeders as well as your peers. Prioritizing these rules will protect your integrity. You will have done your job. Hopefully this will help you judge every dog according to its breed standard and nothing else. There are many more "finer points" you will study but above all, you should clearly demonstrate your commitment to the preservation of overall Breed Type. First Things First. As a judge, you have to quickly weigh many factors, the most important of which is the overall health, condition, and temperament of the dog. If it is sick, malnourished, unkempt, lame, can't be examined, or threatens to attack, you will disqualify, excuse, or mentally eliminate it from consideration, depending on the situation. The Breed Standard. That out of the way, you will then compare each dog to the AKC Standard. To do so you must constantly refresh your memory on every breed you judge because our minds play tricks on us, some of which can be embarrassing. Continued on Page 14
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One judge admitted that a good friend took him aside and said he had been awarding dogs with a very obvious breed fault and that people were talking. Re-reading the standard, he realized that something said by a handler-friend had seated itself into his subconscious but indeed, it was in direct contradiction to the breed standard. The judge recalled many times, when weighing a hard decision, he had unwittingly selected for the fault instead of against it.
Applying The Rule Of Fives
The best judges read the standards on a regular basis and when in doubt, they refer to them in the ring.
Michele Billings once admitted she was having a hard time “getting a handle” on Akitas. I suggested she talk to Roy Ayers,Virginia Hampton, Eleanor Evers, etc. A few years later she did the Akita National Specialty, drawing rave reviews, even from those who won nothing. What higher compliment can a judge receive? The best judges agree the following five priorities help them define type in each and every breed.
Seminars. Given the plethora of seminars and some of the people selected to present, you really do need to read the breed standards on a regular basis! You should also bear in mind that presenters who, having a problem in their own breeding program, tend to over-emphasize a fault beyond that which is conveyed by the standard, or they settled for ignoring it and consequently, tend to minimize that fault in seminar discussions. If you have any doubts about something said in a seminar, ask the presenter for clarification. If still not sure, go ask two top breeders working in two different bloodlines. There are judging techniques not covered by AKC Breed Standards but which are very important to ring craft, particularly for judges crossing over into another Group. Protocol on how to approach and "go over" certain breeds. No matter how many pages you take home today, they cannot take the place of examining and observing real dogs.
Okay, here comes the difficult part of judging. Many standards emphasize one feature over another and that helps but what can you do in every breed, every time, that will earn the respect of exhibitors? If you recognize and select Breed Type with unerring skill, you will become known as someone who “has an eye for a dog” rather than a “popular judge.”
Breed Character. When the dog enters the ring or is undistracted by the handler, note whether it carries itself with the correct attitude. A Bully will bounce; an Akita is dignified, purposeful; a Chihuahua may twirl or play; a Toy Fox will strut to the end of the lead and survey his ring. If you don’t know how the breed should act, go visit with breeders.
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w w w. c a f e p re s s . c o m / t h a n k d o g
firstname.lastname@example.org OR ProSBTHealth@aol.com
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If the dog acts tired, it could be the end of a long day but if the handler can't bring the dog around by sparring, baiting, or gaiting, you must disregard it because you are unable to assess breed character, i.e. Type. It matters not what the reason (and handlers are full of excuses), it is a dog show and you are to judge them on the day. It may be a dog you adore but if it is showing badly, you will be seen as a fool if you put it up. You judge dogs, ringside judges you.
A beautiful dog that lacks character misrepresents the breed. Therefore Character is the first Priority. Outline is #2 on your checklist. There are breeds with very similar silhouettes but you are supposed to know the difference. Proportion, topline, angulation, tailset, ear carriage - all are distinguishing features of breed type. If you use the ink-blot test and the dog fails, forget it. You know why....
It is a puppy? First show? Okay then be forgiving but don’t award it unless it is as outstanding in type as this Akita puppy! You will be doing no favor to the breed, the handler, or your own reputation. Even a structurally correct dog is a bad example if it fails to display proper breed character and personality. There’s always another day and another chance for the dog to convince another judge that it has correct temperament and type for its breed. It's been said before but must be repeated here. An Akita performing like a Minpin has a serious lack of Breed Character. A dog that droops or is bored is something other than a toy breed. And while a Chihuahua may shrink back from a stranger, a terrier that does so should be mentally eliminated. Sure there will be inbetweens but if you apply for the breed, you should know it well enough to judge the degree of un-typical behavior and its significance in that particular breed.
A Havanese is not a Lhasa outline. An unclipped Poodle will still have that up-on-leg “poodley” profile that separates it from the Lowchen. If a dog in the ring makes you wonder if you would know its breed if you saw it on Park Avenue, for goodness sake, reject it. That is after all, why the public chooses a purebred. Silhouette then, is Rule #2. Head and Expression is #3 in most breeds. Doesn’t matter if it is a head breed or not, the head is what owners look at every day. An Akita with a GSD head cannot possibly have the intimidating expression of a courageous hunter of bear, boar, and burglars but please, any suggestion of a chow scowl is a serious no-no. Size notwithstanding, a Chihuahua with Papillion skull couldn’t possibly have those huge luminous eyes so typical of the breed. So even if the standard fails to emphasize the head, it is an indispensable feature of breed type. It may take a keen eye to distinguish fine differences between the Toy Fox, Toy Manchester, and Minpin head but that is the mark of a great Toy Judge.
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to the point, which is more important to preserving that breed? This is Priority #4.
You have a duty to know and award the dog who acts like it’s breed, presents an easily recognizable profile, and whose head and expression define it as such. If you are down to the ribbon but find yourself confused by a Bullie head with a significant stop, remember priority rule #3. Movement - Soundness versus Type is a worn out debate. Everyone knows you “can get a sound dog at the pound” so we will not repeat that discussion other than to stress that movement is indicative of a lot more than soundness. It clearly demonstrates correct type for that breed. In many breeds, it is the critical test of correct conformation. Should a Peke move like a Pom? A Bullie like a Boston? Of course not, so beyond soundness, movement exemplifies breed Type. Please, on this one thing, do not get lazy. If the Collie moves like a Shepherd, it may be exciting and dramatic but it is all wrong! Do not fall into the trap of generic judging, especially as regards movement. Okay, so ringside will cheer for the big moving dog but does that make the Clumber moving like a Cocker an outstanding dog? And let's face it, Bull Terriers, Miniature or Standard, should move like a weight lifter, not like a sporting dog! Do you want to be known as a “movement judge” or as someone who “really knows the breed.” Which is the greater compliment? More
Coat is on this list because it constitutes an important element of type in many breeds and is essential or can be a disqualification in many. Go beyond the Maltese or the Old English. Sure, they are uniquely coated, but if you really know your stuff, you know even breeds with similar coat types have subtle but important differences. An Akita does not have the longer flatter coat of a Malamute but does have a stiffer, fuller coat than a Siberian. The differences can often only be determined by touch. (That does not mean a massage.) Reading about coat does not allow your tactile senses to learn type. A Mini-Bull does not have the coat of a Staffie-Bull. Both will be short, flat, and glossy but the Bullie’s coat feels harder because the hair shaft is slightly thicker. While the Toy Fox Terrier’s coat looks like a Minpin’s, it is ever so much smoother, as though the dog was wrapped in tight-fitting satin. Each hair has a smaller diameter and tighter cuticle, and not to put too fine a point on it, that is the finer point of type. In some breeds, coat can be the difference between survival and death or fitness for the job the dog was bred to do. In others, it is window dressing but if you know Type, you must give coat a top five Priority rating.
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The Sum of These Five Priorities? Summarily exclude any dog that fails any two of these priorities. I say that because there are varying degrees of departure from the utterly correct, even in these five areas. If the dog acts like a duck and waddles on the down-and-back, it is wrong no matter how beautiful its head, how perfect the structure, and how faultless its coat. Judge each dog against the standard, not the competition. You know that but in the real world, if a dog catches your eye and excels in all but one of these priorities while the competition is of average quality with no glaring fault, which will you choose? It is disappointing when you have to pick the “best of a bad lot” and astute judges complain that it happens too often. Is there a solution? Of course!! WITHHOLD ribbons. Be understanding, offer to discuss your decisions but be firm when there is no above-average quality. In the long run, it is a kindness not to mislead the novice into wasting more entry fees, or worse yet, taking the dog home to breed. If you are certain in your knowledge, if you have applied the “Rule of Fives” and found no dog you are comfortable with, then your duty is clear. The reason you have before you dogs that lack Type is because too many other judges did not know or select for type. They have allowed breeders and handlers to think you will just routinely give something in the ring the points. Please. Disappoint them. - from Judges' Seminar Guidebooks prepared by Barbara (BJ) Andrews JEC Chairperson, Akita Club Of America Founder and First President, Miniature Bull Terrier Club Of America Toy Fox Terrier Club Of America Approved Presenter, AKC Gazette Columnist Author of two Chihuahua Breed Books, BIS, BISS, and Group Winners
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An interview with Norman Berry (Rendorn) established 1965 by Chris Kerrigan (Leadstaffs) Established in 1965 this is the all time UK winning Kennel ever with 80 CCs and RCCs and 26 stud book numbers, this from a total of 37 litters. Norman made it very clear from the start that The Rendorn kennel was not about him but is and always has been a full partnership between himself and his wife Dorothy. Although there is only Normans name as the ownership both are not only fully involved in all aspects of the kennels breeding program but included themselves in other outside activities within the bred by having served more than thirty years on the committee of their local Staffordshire Bull terrier Club.
might be a useful addition to the set up has a guard /protection. The question what breed should we buy? A friend suggested a Stafford, being a medium sized dog and easy to maintain. Never having heard of the breed this set us off on the search high and low for someone who bred them. After walking a few streets and knocking on a few doors came across a man who was a well known professional handler who kenneled and exhibited dogs for various well heeled owners. I must add at this point; (in our home town as it turned out there happened to be just one breeder of Stafford’s), having put the question to the man in he replied with a cynical
Chris K Q: How did you start in Staffords and where did you get your first dog?
smile, which to us, read “who the hell wants to buy a Stafford” directed us to the said person I was searching for.
Norman A: The period was 1960. We had started a new business which was not in the most salubrious part of the town giving us the thought that a dog
The person Mr. Norman Entwistle of the Vengill/Venchristo affix as it happened had a litter, unfortunately, just one puppy, a dog. At the time he
was reluctant to sell. Being determined to have a stafford we left WE BRED OUR FIRST CHAMPION IN 1976 CH DEADLY NIGHTSHADE AND HE WAS HANDLED AND MADE UP BY DOROTHY, SO SHE WAS THE FIRST OUT OF THE TWO OF US TO MAKE UP A CHAMPION. it a couple of weeks and called back, this being just before Christmas and knowing he had two small children he might change his mind. Well we got the dog, having to pay over the odds, the price being 10 guineas; the normal going rate at that time was 5 guineas. The pup was born on the 5th of November and fittingly his name was ‘Vengill Firecracker’, interestingly, my very last dog bred ourselves was himself born on same ‘Guy Fawkes’ day. The previously mentioned was never a great guard dog; however, he kindled the flame to start us on the long path of 50 years within this unique breed. However. it must be said; neither were any of the others with regard guarding until our last one, he, the most suspicious dog I have ever known, and thus, it would seem, it to be a long time to wait for our original requirement. We formed a partnership with Norman who introduced us to the local club and duly attending our first show never dreaming it would extend to the present. However, after 5 years in partnership we decided very amicably to go our separate ways and the Rendorn kennel was established in 1965.
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Issue out now!
Continued from page 24 Chris K Q: How long did it take to make up your first Champion? Norman A: We bred our first champion in 1976 CH Deadly Nightshade and she was handled and made up by Dorothy, so she was the first of the two of us to make up a champion. Dorothy was determined to show this dog to success as she had been told by someone viewing the litter that we would not be able to sell this dog as no one would buy it. This struck a nerve with Dorothy and she set out to prove them wrong and prove them wrong she did has she went on to gain 8 CCs and a BOB at Crufts 1980, handled by Dorothy. Later she went on to campaign Ch Rendorn Devils Timpany to her title. I WOULD BIDE MY TIME AND NOT RUSH OUT AND BUY THE FIRST DOG THAT CAME ALONG.
Norman A: I read every book I could get my hands on about the breed and bent the ear of every person I could who would give me the time, I was always to be found at the ring side studying the dogs and putting all the information together, I formed my own opinions. Chris K Q: What in your opinion is a good one? Norman A: I like Staffords that are middle of the road in terms of build, they are much more than just a head and I dislike exaggerations. Good solid construction, style, balance. clean out line and most certainly, good movement are my priorities.You ask me to describe style: I think the term represents how a given task is made to look easy. In the case of the Stafford it should have the necessary refinements and appears to be enjoying its self without too much help from the handler.
Chris K Q: How soon after getting into showing Staffords did you start Judging?
Chris K Q: Are you still a reluctant judge.
Norman A: I started judging in 1969 but I was a very reluctant judge and after the first time I said “never again”.
Norman A: No I enjoy judging now but no matter how long I have been doing it I still prepare for my appointment the same as I always have by spending days before by reviewing the breed standard, etc along with various points of ring procedure which may leg one up if not prepared. This happens before every show I judge.
Chris K Q: Why was that? Norman A: Because I thought they all looked the same and I didn’t have a clue which one to chose. So thought, “I am not going through that again”. A couple of years followed when I was approached by Mr. Harry Latham of the famous ‘Topcroft’ affix who pointed out that by my reluctance I was letting the side down and after thrusting my arm up my back he persuaded that I should have another go. This time I suitably armed myself by studying finer points which I thought may come up. . Chris K Q: How did you study; there are no courses for this kind of thing.
Regrettably, Dorothy no longer judges. Her last appointment was Crufts 2001 and she made the decision to bow out while she was at the top and still in good health, rather than go on and run the risk of taking that one judging appointment too far and rather than allowing her name to go forward for an appointment then finding herself having the unenviable task of having to cancel. Chris K Q: Do you still breed
Norman. No, we no longer breed and our last litter was 11 years ago, we just have the one dog at home now from that litter of which I earlier described. Our reasoning being; we considered that when one approaches a certain age it is not fair to load dogs onto reluctant relatives and friends and particularly rescue societies who are bursting at the seams. Sorrowfully we just don’t know what we will do when our last of the line leaves us. Chris K Q: When you started out with your first Stafford did you imagine you would have done the things you have done and achieved the success you have? Norman A: No, I just loved going to shows and could not wait until the next one (a week, then, seemed a very long time) never really had the thought of what would happen in the future. Chris K Q: Did you have any objectives in your mind when you were breeding and do you believe you have achieved them? Norman A: Yes when it came to breeding we always set out produce healthy typical Staffords and in most part we achieved that objective, ok there were some that perhaps weren't he best in terms of confirmation but not that many as the statistics will show in terms of litters bred and success achieved from those litters. We pride ourselves we were never numerically top breeders as our record shows; we produced a champion ever fourth litter without having more than one champion in any successful attempt Chris K Q: You have a written a few articles over the years, what sparked your interest in these subjects. Norman A: I have written a few that have been published in various books and magazines. The subject matter and my interest have been sparked by Continued on page 27
Continued from page 26 various experiences over the years. I became interested in genetics and especially were it relates to colour. I recall a veterinarian in the 1970s who was working with the view of achieving a ‘master’s degree’ by his study of colour transmition in the Stafford. He finishing with a written dissertation of 500 foolscap pages of the subject – I recall him having a small pair of scissors and going round to people during a show asking if they wouldn’t mind if he took a snip of hair from their dog for him to carry out his findings. There are articles on handling, genetic colouring of the Stafford, the choice of stud dog, construction and movement, etc. All inspired by my own personal experiences and recently; an explanation of the Merle gene described in layman’s terms.
CH Rendorn Right Marker Photo courtesy Ian Cook
I have also given many seminars for the benefit of several breed clubs on various topics relating to our breed. Chris K Q: If you were starting over again would you do anything different and if so what would it be. Norman A: I would bide my time and not rush out and buy the first dog that came along. I would learn from the people who are winning consistently, and go to them for the best bitch you can get from the best stock. Does not have to be the pick of the litter because the breeding will still be there (the pick of the litter does not guarantee the best producer) and start with that. I am a believer in breeding like to like keeping pedigrees tight and be careful not to introduce faults. I believe genetics can be a great tool in helping to prevent mistakes but can be a little unpredictable to rely on entirely when forming a breeding program. Chris K Q: Thank you for your time and perhaps if we ask nicely we can republish some of you articles.
CH Rendorn Drummer boy of Kazemick Photo courtesy Ian Cook
CH Rendorn Apollyon Photo courtesy Ian Cook
Norman A: Be my guest Norman Berry
CH Rendorn Deadly Nightshade Photo courtesy Ian Cook
The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected &Â cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of The Stafford Knot Thank you. Contact Us
RENAL DISEASE IN C ANINES Chronic renal disease appears in more than 20% of pet dogs, with the mortality rate of more than 5%, kidney disease is the second most common cause of death with Cancer being the first. Kidneys are made up of tiny structures (glomerulus and tubule) called nephrones. These nephrones filter and cleanse the blood and remove waste products from the body. The kidneys help control sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate, PH, Phosphate and magnesium. Eventually over time these nephrones break down and literally wear out, which is a natural part of aging. However sometimes the ageing process is artificially stimulated by environmental factors. Most premature ageing associated with kidney disease is either directly or indirectly associated with inappropriate and artificial nutrition. There are generally 4 stages of renal disease; 1) Loss of Renal reserve – this phase has no clinical signs and therefore is difficult to detect. 2) Renal insufficiency is also difficult to diagnose, as clinical signs are hard to spot. 3) Azotemia – Signs become more apparent but may still go undetected. 4) Uremia – this phase is when all clinical signs are noticeable. Chronic Renal Failure can occur in dogs of all ages but is more common in older dogs. In a study conducted at the university of California the average age of Azotemia onset was 11.34 years and progressed to death in a little less than two years. Most Veterinary text will suggest putting affected dogs on lower protein diets. Some of these diets have less meat, more carbohydrates and high amounts of fiber. These texts are based on their belief that dogs are omnivores. This is a sad conclusion, as it does not address the real problem.
The oversight of dogs being carnivores has been disastrous. It isn’t the amount of protein that is the problem but the TYPE of protein. Waste products such as vegetables, grains, carbohydrates and high amounts of fiber are what age the kidneys. Waste products are turned to nitrogenic waste, which is in turn is converted to urea and eliminated through the kidneys. The more waste, the harder the kidneys must work. There are several other aspects of kidney disease such as acute renal failure, chronic interstitial nephritis, chronic progressive renal failure, congenital renal failure, familial nephropathy, glomerular capillary hypertension, Glomerular hyperfiltration, glomerulopathy, hypertension, metabolic acidosis, nephrocalcinosis, proteinuria, renal osteodystrophy, renal secondary hyperparathyroidism and uremia/uremic syndrome are the most common terms used in kidney disease. Glomerular Diseases are those that attack the blood filtering system of the kidneys. Diabetes and hypertension are two leading diseases that cause damage to the glomeruli. This type of disease causes more cases of chronic kidney failure than any other. Often Glomerular disease is triggered by an abnormal reaction of the immune system. The body turns on itself and mistakes the kidney as a foreign object and launches an attack. These attacks may also be triggered after an infection such as staph, strep, or other bacterial type infection. Interstitial Nephritis – Apparently the most common for of kidney disease in the dog. Acute interstitial Nephritis is commonly caused by the Leptospira species and is bacterial or viral in nature. This is a life threatening disease and must be diagnosed and treated rapidly to avoid death. Clinical signs are anorexia, pain, dehydration, increased thirst, vomiting, fever, discomfort and pain over the lumbar region with decreased amounts of urine. Continued on page 31
From the past...
Buckhill Black Bomber
Continued from page 29
Pyelonephritis – This disease, which is almost entirely associated with bitches, is caused by the bacteria corynebacteria renale. This organism attaches itself in the pelvis area of the kidney. Common signs of this disease are the presence of pus and blood in the urine. It is not uncommon to have cystitis as a precursor. Nephroses – This is the degeneration and eventual necrosis of the tubules part of the kidney. This type of kidney disease is generally connected to toxic and chemical damage from poisons both environmental and infectious. Clinical signs are decreased urine output from blocked kidneys; there may be a complete blockage of urine. Urolithiasis – stone formation. This type of disease is generally acute and is most common in male dogs. To slow the progression of kidney disease especially that of Chronic Renal Failure the animal should be given a species appropriate diet. Fresh raw meat of various protein sources with adequate amounts of bones and organ meats will naturally supply and regulate phosphates, sodium, PH and all the other minerals and vitamins needed to keep the kidneys healthy. If the sick animal is just coming off a kibble diet the addition of herbals can help cleanse and strengthen the endocrine system and help the kidneys function normally. Remedies useful in treating various forms and types of kidney/bladder disease are: Chelidonium, Berberis, Cantharis, Phosphorus, Apis, Arsen alb, Aconitum, Cannabis sat, Colchicum to name a few. Herbs – Uva ursi, pao d’arco, barberry, nettle, Urtica urens, are some examples.
Each individual needs to be assessed based on their own symptom picture and personality and should be treated specific to his/her needs. Please note that fear type aggression can be an early sign of kidney damage/disease. Stay tuned for natural remedies for acute disease, emergency protocols, natural de-wormers, parasite repellents, immune boosters, detoxifying herbs, and chronic disease in the future issues.
Erika Phillips has been studying Animal Behavior/Nutrition and Alternative Medicine since 1990. She has studied at Guelph University in Canada, Glasgow University in Scotland and attended the British institute of Homeopathy. Erika has bred, raised and competed with many breeds of dogs in all aspects of dog sport. She currently consults on Animal Nutrition, Animal Behaviour and Alternative Health , including herbs and homeopathy and owns The Controversial Canine. She currently resides in Ontario, Canada.
email@example.com Merchandise also available at www.cafepress.com/thankdog
Hereditary Cataract in Staffordshire Bull Terriers Hereditary Cataract in Staffordshire Bull Terriers has been recognised as an inherited condition since the late 1970’s. Affected dogs develop cataracts in both eyes at an early age. The condition is not congenital, so the lenses are normal at birth but cataracts appear at a few weeks to months in age, progressing to total cataract (and resulting blindness) by 2 to 3 years of age. The mutation, or change to the structure of the gene, probably occurred spontaneously in a single dog but once in the population has been inherited from generation to generation like any other gene. The disorder shows an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance: two copies of the defective gene (one inherited from each parent) have to be present for a dog to be affected by the disease. Individuals with one copy of the defective gene and one copy of the normal gene - called carriers - show no symptoms but can pass the defective gene onto their offspring. When two apparently healthy carriers are crossed, 25% (on average) of the offspring will be affected by the disease, 25% will be clear and the remaining 50% will themselves be carriers. The mutation responsible for the disease has been identified at the Animal Health Trust. Using the information from this research, they have developed a DNA test for the disease. This test not only diagnoses dogs affected with the disease but can also detect those dogs which are carriers, displaying no symptoms of the disease but able to produce affected pups. Under most circumstances, there will be a much greater number of carriers than affected animals in a population. It is important to eliminate such carriers from a breeding population since they represent a hidden reservoir of the disease that can produce affected dogs at any time. The test is available now and information on submitting samples is given below. Breeders will be sent results identifying their dog as belonging to one of three categories: CLEAR: the dog has 2 copies of the normal gene and will neither develop L-2-HGA, nor pass a copy of the L-2HGA gene to any of its offspring. CARRIER: the dog has one copy of the normal gene and one copy of the mutant gene that causes L-2-HGA. It will not develop L-2-HGA but will pass on the L-2-HGA gene to 50% (on average) of its offspring. AFFECTED: the dog has two copies of the L-2-HGA mutation and is affected with L-2-HGA. It will develop L-2HGA at some stage during its lifetime, assuming it lives to an appropriate age. Carriers can still be bred to clear dogs. On average, 50% of such a litter will be clear and 50% carriers; there can be no affected produced from such a mating. Pups which will be used for breeding can themselves be DNA tested to determine whether they are clear or carrier. Courtesy AHT
The Stafford Knot Brags, Shows, Litters Send us your BRAGS, Litter Announcements, Seminar and Show announcements and we can post them here. Be sure to fill out the BRAGS form found HERE
DAY D R E A M NEW TITLES UCD, RO1, AG1 Daydream Talk Dirty to Me, CDX, RA (Aust Ch Tuaregs Murphy's Law X Ch Daydream When In Rome) 2010 was a great year for Mikey. He obtained the following UKC titles, UCD, RO1 and AG1 with 3 High in Trials. In the AKC he obtained his C.D.,C.D.X. R.N. and R.A. all with placements usually lst place. He was named Obedience Dog of the Year for WLAOTC as well as high scoring terrier and high scoring open dog Clear by parentage L2-HGA, HC
L-BELLE NEW TITLE L-BELLE FO URO3 UCDX UWPO UGWPCH UAGII UNJ GRCH Dynamo Sureshot Smart as a Fox CDX RE OA NAJ SPD NJ-N TT CGC (UKC SUPERDOG) (CH Sureshot's King Louie x Karma's Edna Mae Leedee)
Foxy is now a UKC Dual Grand Champion. She completed her UGWPCH title by taking Pound for Pound. She pulled 2160# for 74.48 times her body weight. L2-HGA & HC Clear
ALL articles published in TSK during the 2010 year may be viewed HERE
Each month TSK will take questions from our readers and present them to breed specialists, experienced breeders, veterinarians, geneticists or experts in the field of the particular questions being asked. We hope you enjoy the information provided based upon YOUR feedback!
Ask TSK - Q & A
Good job! Your article on bite was very good; however, in spite of the AKC's breed description as to bite and the acceptability of a "level" bite, you indicate that the "level" bite is undesirable. It may be undesirable in England but in the US, it is acceptable. This leaves judges and others who are not familiar with the breed with the impression that a level bite is a fault. It is not a fault in the US. Would you mind clarifying the above in your next issue?
Answer: The AKC standard for the Staffordshire Bull Terrier states: Mouth--A bite in which the outer side of the lower incisors touches the inner side of the upper incisors. The lips should be tight and clean. The badly undershot or overshot bite is a serious fault. Reply #1: “The Standard says that a "badly undershot or overshot bite is a serious fault". This wording then leaves the impression that a slightly overshot or slightly undershot bite is NOT a serious fault and thus acceptable. It would also mean that a level/flush bite is also acceptable. It also would mean by silent implication that these bites while not ideal would be acceptable and perhaps to be considered a minor fault. That's the way I interpret & view the current AKC Standard. As a breeder I take these things into consideration and as a judge I would also.” Continued on page 36
Ask TSK - Q & A continued from Reply #1: “...If scissors is ideal and a serious fault is the severely over/under, then slightly over/under and level is a minor fault---therefore more acceptable than the serious fault issues. “
Reply #2: “I'd say that a level bite is still a fault - albeit not so serious as badly over or under - since in a level bite the outside of the lower incisors does NOT touch the inside of the upper. It clearly states what the bite should be so to me that implies any other bite is a fault, badly over or under a serious one. As for judging, if I have two dogs who are dead even in every other way then a flush mouth would lose to a scissor bite.”
Reply #3: “Based upon the AKC written breed standard a level, or flush bite would be considered a fault, albeit a minor one, since the standard specifically states ‘outer side of the lower incisors touches the inner side of the upper incisors’ and this isn’t possible with a flush bite.’ The KC Standard states similar “Lips tight and clean. Jaws strong, teeth large, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.”
Wanted Samples for PHPV/PPSC Research. If you own or have bred a dog diagnosed with either of these eye conditions, could you help by supplying mouth swabs from the affected dog plus its parents and litter-mates.
Any PHPV positives found in litter screenings are not reported in the Breeds Record Supplement, nor are any cases of PPSC - hence this appeal.
If sufficient samples from affected cases can be obtained, it is hoped that research to determine the inheritance of both conditions may be commenced, possibly leading eventually to DNA tests similar to those available for HC and L-2-HGA.
A copy of the eye test certificate and a copy of the dogs pedigree would also be appreciated. All samples and information will of course be confidential just in case anyone has any concern's about that.
If you can help with this and thus help the Stafford , can you please contact one of the following who can supply swabs and any information required.
Diane Taylor - 01670 823635 email - firstname.lastname@example.org Lesley McFadyen - 01205 871762 email - email@example.com Archie Bryden - 01772 715807 email - firstname.lastname@example.org Many thanks for your co-operation.
The Stafford Knot wishes to provide the following information for your convenience. TSK encourages health testing of all Staffordshire Bull Terriers, especially those used for breeding purposes and/or performance events. The testing is made available to be used as a tool to eliminate certain diseases from a breeding program. Used wisely, this can be accomplished. The following testing information is provided as a service to you, however should not be used as the only health checks your Stafford receives. There are many more health issues to be considered when breeding dogs, caring for dogs and when looking to buy a purebred dog. As always, please seek the advice of your personal veterinary specialists for your day-to-day needs of your dogs. Thank you!
* * * Please note - a CERF or PHPV test done by a canine ophthalmologist is NOT the same test as the one done to check for HC. BOTH tests should be carried out * * * ***PLEASE send in your test results for the databases. Accurate records are valuable to the breed*** Remember, if you choose to breed from a carrier you must test the entire resulting litter to determine clears & carriers. Thus if you choose to keep a carrier from that litter, the same must be done for each subsequent litter resulting from breeding carriers. If you sell carrier pups, please consider spay/neuter so that more carriers are not produced. With the advent and ease of genetic testing many of these diseases could be eliminated by only breeding clear to clear. To use a known carrier requires an extra step of responsibility. There is no excuse to breed an untested dog.
Testing Facility For L2-Hga & HC Animal Health Trust Lanwades Park, Kentford
Testing Facility For L2-Hga Onl y Ca nine Genetic Diseases - University Of Missouri
New Market, Suffolk CB87UU Phone: 01638 751000
321 Connaway Hall
F ax: 01638 750410
Columbia, Missouri 65211-5120 USA
Ema il: info@a ht.org .uk We bsite: www.aht.org.uk
F ax: 573-884-5414
www.a ht.org .uk/ genetics_tests.html#ca nine
Ema il: HansenL@missouri.edu We bsite: www.caninegeneticdiseases.net
Testing Facility For HC in USA:
Continued on next page
Other labs offering L-2-HGA test in Europe: France www.antagene.com Czech Republic www.genomia.cz Germany www.laboklin.de / www.laboklin.co.uk Testing Facility For Hip, Elbows, Patella and Cardiac Certifications * Orthopedic Foundation For Animals (OFA) 2300 E Nifong Boulevard Columbia, Missouri, 65201-3806 USA Phone: 573-442-0418 Fax: 573-875-5073 Email: email@example.com Website: www.offa.org *Note: A Board Certified Cardiologist must perform all Cardiac exams. A qualified licensed Veterinarian can provide X-Ray films for hips, elbows and Patella. Testing Facility For Eye Certifications* Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) 1717 Philo Rd P O Box 3007 Urbana, IL 61803-3007 USA Phone: 217-693-4800 Fax: 217-693-4801 Email: CERF@vmdb.org Website: www.vmdb.org/cerf.html *Note: A Board Certified Canine Ophthalmologist must perform all CERF exams. CERF exams are annual exams for breeding stock.
The Stafford Knot
Asia - 10 Year Old Female - Northern California Asia is a sweet veteran girl who's owners are no longer able to keep her. We are looking for a loving forever home where she will be the ONLY pet for her to spend her golden years. Please contact Rescue@sbtca.com to adopt Asia or to sponsor her. Funding and foster care is always needed!
===================================== Rippley - 10 Year Old Female - Cornwall, UK She ended up at the National Animal Welfare Trust Cornwall (N.A.W.T.) as her previous owners circumstances had changed and was no longer able to care for her. She has now been with us here at the Cornwall branch of the National Animal Welfare Trust for the best part of a year and a half bless her. We know that she has had at least 2 homes before coming into us, so we really want to get her into her forever home. She is a very loving girl and would suit a quieter home or maybe a 1-1 type home, that has had experience with rescue dogs or SBT. She could live with children 12yrs plus as long as they are sensible and used to dogs. She will need to be the only animal in the home as she doesnt get along with other animals. She LOVES water and could paddle/swim all day if you let her although she isnt to keen on going out when its raining. She is good to walk on the lead and loves To sponsor Rippley click HERE. being out and about or having a good play. Please e-mail or the centre's phone number is: 01736 756005. To make a donation click HERE CORNISH ANIMAL RESCUE CENTRE Wheal Alfred Kennels Wheal Alfred Road HAYLE Cornwall TR27 5JT
Let them know you saw her on TSK. Thank you!
The Stafford Knot
Below are TSK Featured Staffords currently in rescue and in need of homes. We list these dogs as a courtesy. The dogs are NOT here with us. They are in different parts of the world. We have NO connection to any of them, TSK lists them in order that they may gain more exposure and find great permanent homes. Please do not send us questions about these dogs as we have no further information than what is listed below. There are links and contact info on each dog. We encourage sponsorship of these dogs in order to lessen the burden of foster care and kenneling. Thank you for considering rescue!
Daisy - Adult Female - Lodi, Ca. Daisy is a sweet rescue that needs a home. She is spayed, chipped, and a good girl. She loves children, learning house manners, working on house training, can sit, good on a leash, and calm girl. She was introduced to other dogs and did ok, but should still be supervised. email - Felizstafies@aol.com
===================================== Rio - 1 Year Old Female - California A tiny pure bred Brindle StaďŹƒe only weighing 30 lbs. Rio needs a forever home. She is not yet 1 year old and was found running the streets without tags or a microchip. Given the condition she was in, her home was not a kind home. Yet this angel is charming and a total love bug. Rio gets along great with other dogs and loves to play and go for walks. She is learning how to walk on a leash and she is doing really well. Rio is spayed, UTD on shot, de-wormed and micro-chipped. If you are interested in Rio, please contact Dana or Rita for an application. Home check and adoption fee apply! No out of state adoptions! PLEASE CALL 714 838 4800 for information prior to filling out application. firstname.lastname@example.org
The Stafford Knot
The Stafford Knot lists health tested stud dogs in the gallery, however, it is up to you to verify this testing by asking to see the certificates for each test if they are not made available here for download. We have screened this to the best of our ability, but cannot guarantee dogs listed have been tested. PLEASE ask for copies of certificates before using dogs at stud for the health and the future of our breed. Thank you. Stud Gallery Ads run annually - Form to advertise in Stud Gallery is found
======================================= DayDream Ch. Slam Dance, CGC (Imp UK) “Nigel” DNA - AKC - #P24384 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected, OFA/PennHip Hips, Patella, CERF http://www.offa.org/display.html?appnum=678935#animal email@example.com www.daydreamsbt.com Tel 530-306-0305 Frozen semen available to health tested bitches only. More photos of Nigel available. Health documents available by request.
======================================= DayDream Jayneze Diamonds And Guns (Imp UK) “Tierney” DNA - AKC - #V567946 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected, CERF, OFA Hips good, OFA Elbow normal http://sunnycrest.vmdb.org/CerfWebSearch/Search/Results.aspx firstname.lastname@example.org www.daydreamsbt.com Tel 530-306-0305 Available to health tested bitches only. Health documents available by request.
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Moonstruck Moonstruck Blue Asher, TT “Asher” L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected email@example.com www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 "Available to Heath Tested Bitches with Correct Stafford Temperaments Only" Health documents available by request
======================================= Moonstruck CH Moonstruck The Stamler Express, TT “Stamler” L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected firstname.lastname@example.org www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 "Available to Heath Tested Bitches with Correct Stafford Temperaments Only" Health documents available by request
======================================= Ramstaff Ch Ramstaff American Ikon, TT “Ike” L2-HGA, HC, OFA Cardiac Ramstaff@earthlink.net www.ramstaffkennels.com 770-888-5255
Available to clear tested bitches only Health documents available by request
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Absolute BIS BISS CH Belnore Dream Keeper OFA ‘Beau’ AKC DNA - V426729 Clear of L2-HGA, HC, OFA/PennHip Hips, OFA/PennHip Elbows, Patella, OFA Cardiac - documentation available upon request AbsoluteAST@aol.com www.absoluteamericanstaffordshireterrier.com Tel 337-255-3508
======================================= From the past...
Antrobian Dancing Brave
CH Silver Bomber x Nethertonian Country Miss
CH Ginells Black Tuskyana
======================================= The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected &Â cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of
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The Stafford Knot is offering classified advertising of goods and services which are dog related. Ads are limited to 20 words, no images. For larger ads please consider gallery advertising. The Stafford Knot cannot be held responsible for any items sold through this page. All sales are between seller and purchaser. TSK makes no warranties either written or implied. Information on how to advertise in TSK classifieds can be found HERE
===================================== Bait Me Treats Dehydrated treats for dogs & cats. Nothing added. 100% natural. USA sourced. Hand cut. Hand packed. Wholesale bulk available email@example.com www.baitmetreats.com
Bull Breeds Online Your online forum for all Bull Breed lovers and canine enthusiasts! www.bullbreedsonline.com â€˜Likeâ€? us on Face Book
My Staffy For the Love of Staffordshire Bull Terriers. Staffordshire Bull Terrier merchandise & gifts. T-shirts, plush toys & collectibles. www.mystaffy.com.au
Thankdog - All Breeds Equal Help fight BSL promote responsible dog ownership. T-shirts, Calendars, Stickers, & more. Proceeds benefit Stafford causes. firstname.lastname@example.org www.cafepress.com/Thankdog
Happy Staffy shop for tough & fun dog products tested by staffys for staffys. 5% donated to Staffie Rescue. www.happystaffy.co.uk
Young Living Experience therapeutic benefits of essential oils for your family - pets too! Use Independent Distributor Referral #1166695 CLICK for more info
Scentsy Wickless Candles - safe for pets and children, environmentally friendly. Contact Lori Divine, 678-516-7567 http://divinelori.scentsy.us, email@example.com Avail in UK
Frogge Dog Shop Art, crafts, natural health care products for pets. All handmade! firstname.lastname@example.org Froggedogshop.com
aecollars Handcrafted SBT Collars, Leads & Harnesses Tel 01981 241488 or Int. +44 1981 241488 www.aecollars.co.uk for made to measure service www.staffordleather.com for ready made items
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The Stafford Knot
The Stafford Knot cannot be held responsible for the breeders listed below. Please do your homework and ask to see health certificates, discuss terms and decide whether the Stafford is the correct breed for you prior to purchasing a puppy. Remember, Stafford rescues are also available and make be wonderful pets in the right homes! A Stafford is not the breed for everyone. Please be responsible dog owners and take responsibility for you and your dog in all situations. Contact us with questions.
We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted Form to advertise in Breeders Directory can be found HERE North America Alabama Cornerstone The Folmars Alabama http://www.cornerstonestaffords.net 205-966-8114 L2-HGA, HC
Florida Cloverdale Staffordshirebull Terriers Amy O'Brian & Jeff Markey Sarasota Florida EMAIL www.cloverdalestaffords.com 941-377-9294 L2-HGA, HC
"Staffords that are exemplary in type & balance" California Camelot Staffords Joan Ganz Sacramento, California EMAIL http://www.camelotstaffordshirebullterriers.com 916-342-0854 L2-HGA, HC
Georgia Wavemaker Staffords Jim & Lynn Caswell GA, USA EMAIL www.wavemakerstaffords.com 770-666-6121 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF
“Breeding for temperament and standard.”
“Naturally reared - Promoting health, exercise & the Breed Standard - Wavemaker Staffords....naturally”
California Chavier Staffords Kim Washington-Smith Southern California EMAIL 213 - 760-9081 L2-HGA, HC, CERF
Georgia Ramstaff Staffords Angie & Kevin Beezley Georgia, USA EMAIL www.ramstaffkennels.com 770-888-5255 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Cardiac, CERF
"Breeding Staffords with Charm" “Ramstaff...focusing on the standard blend of bull & terrier with true stafford temperament...always” California Gemini Kennel Beth Lloyd Southern California EMAIL www.angelfire.com/ca2/geminikennel L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF
Illinois 1 of a Kind Staffords Andrew Currier Peoria Il EMAIL 309-691-7134 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac “Unequalled in type, balance, fitness & health”
“From show dogs to GO dogs.”
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Maryland Hi-Impact Staffords (Reg) Rich Newberger Baltimore http://hiimpactstaffords.com 410-323-4141 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV, Hips, Elbows, Cardiac, CERF “Bred to standard not by design” Maryland Moonstruck Staffords Judy Heller Edgewater, MD 21037 EMAIL www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 L2-HGA, HC Quality Staffordshire Bull Terriers of Correct Type & Temperament for Show, Performance & Companion "The Ultimate Nanny Dog” Michigan Blessings' Kennel Cathy Micallef Southeastern MI EMAIL www.blessingskennel.org 734-634-9328 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF “Wonderful companions with show & working potential!” New York Stephanie Crawford Binghamton, NY EMAIL 607-775-1996 L2-HGA, HC, Hips Washington ANGEL ROCK Staffordshire Bull Terriers Spokane, Washington www.angelrockdogs.com “SBT educational articles, tons of photos and rescue info too!"
Wisconsin MSLF Kennels Cindy Bundy EMAIL 262-857-9412 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, CERF, Other “We strive to promote sound minds and bodies.”
Wellington, New Zealand Battleaxe Grant & Louise Blackwood DGLKBLACK@xtra.co.nz http://www.battleaxekennels.com 0064 4293-7586 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV
WHAT DOES IT MEAN? WHAT IS THE STAFFORD KNOT? Â Â The origin of the Stafford Knot is a distinctive threelooped knot that is the tradition symbol of the English county of Staffordshire and of its county town Stafford. Although not heraldic in its own right, the Stafford Knot is an ancient symbol that is steeped in history. The earliest recording of the Stafford Knot is the shaft of a stone cross located in Stoke-on-Trent churchyard. The cross itself is traceable to between 750 and 850 AD. However, the knot device could have been added at a later date. There is a seal existing in the British Museum London which was the property of Lady Joan Stafford (later Lady Wake). It would seem that Lady Wake used on her seal a border made up from her husband's badge, the Wake Knot, made up from the initials W and O (for Wake and Ormond) intertwined. The seal quite clearly depicts a cordon of four knots in the shape of the Stafford Knot. The knot was passed down through the Earl's family, and it was gradually used by the citizens and freemen of Stafford, until it was eventually included in the Stafford Borough Coat of Arms. It is incorporated into the badges and symbols of many organizations and companies, viz., Staffordshire Police, Staffordshire Fire Service, Staffordshire Ambulance Service. A popular romantic notion of the Stafford Knot is that it was used in barbaric times by a Stafford County Sheriff who invented it to hang three criminals at the same time, but the evidence above clearly contradicts this idea. The motto of the arms of the County of Stafford is "The Knot Unites".
Please view online version at www.thestaffordknot.com
Balance = Lack of Exaggeration
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With regard to faults - Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the â€˜SERIOUSNESSâ€™ with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its DEGREE.
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It is possible that some breeders and exhibitors do not completely understand what a correct scissors bite should look like. If in doubt, ask your veterinarian or spend some time with an experienced mentor who can give you some hands-on education with a variety of dogs. Remember that bad bites are hereditary and breeding Staffords with incorrect bites will assure the continuation of the problem for generations to come. As breeders, it is our job to let judges know that correct bites are important to us. Similarly judges can let us know that they will accept no less.
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“Heights Being Related to Weights” Size, Proportion, Substance Height at shoulder: 14 to 16 inches. Weight: Dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds, these heights being related to weights. Non-conformity with these limits is a fault. In proportion, the length of back, from withers to tail set, is equal to the distance from withers to ground.
Males 14”...... 28lbs 14 1/2”..30.45lbs 15”........32.85lbs 15 1/2”...35.5lbs 16” ....... 38lbs
Females 14” ........24lbs 14 1/2”...26.25lbs 15”.........28.80lbs 15 1/2”...31.31lbs 16”.........34lbs
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A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is ﬁt for function. Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in some breeds adversely...If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present in the right measure. The head should appear clean. No wrinkle or bunched up expression. One should strive for 2/3 to 1/3 ratio head to muzzle with a definite stop but not an EXAGGERATED stop or lack of stop. The stop itself should be almost vertical. The easiest way to determine accurate stop is to place your thumb on the stop and look at the angle of your thumb. Do not be fooled by the profile view of the eye socket and mistake this for the stop. The lip should be very clean, thin and tight to the teeth meeting top and bottom with no flews or wrinkled, fleshy or spongey excess thus giving the Stafford a somewhat serious expression at times. The lip should not turn down at the end or be excessive. Exaggerations of under jaw include total lack or under jaw, weak under jaw or too strong an under jaw. None of these are correct. Depending upon the cleanness of the lip - this can be difficult to asses without a hands on going over. The nose itself may turn up slightly at the tip, but keep in mind the plane of the muzzle and the head - they should be parallel to one another. When the muzzle turns up more than the plane of the top skull the dog has a dish face and if the planes dip downward - a down face - neither is clean, balanced and will be exaggerated in expression. When the muzzle is too short or too long they will lack balance. Ears can deceive on a glance so best to get your hands on the dogs head and feel for placement, thickness of leather and size. More on heads in a later article. Does the dog have sufficient length of leg? Can you see daylight under him/her? If not is it due to a short upper arm or just overall shortness of leg all around? A balanced Stafford should measure the same from the withers to the ground - as it does from the withers to the base of the tail set. Staffords are a square breed. They are not low to the ground or squatty. They are not way up on leg either. Enough leg, enough back - not too much, not too little. Is there massive bone or fine bone? Neither is balanced. Staffords are square - BALANCED with no EXAGGERATION.. Is the animal wider in front than looks natural or is it pinched in front? Neither is correct. The front legs should appear to drop directly down from the shoulder. The front shouldn't appear to be ‘in’ or ‘out’, and MOST CERTAINLY certainly shouldn't look like a bulldog. The legs straight, no weakness at pastern but the tight well padded feet DO turn out a little. Not a lot, and not straight as in other terrier breeds. The rear should appear strong - not HUGE and not weak and narrow - somewhat even to the front when viewed from above. There should be a definite waist line with approximately 4 fingers width between the last rib and the hip bone. One should see that last rib as well, showing no fat or wrinkle and sufficient tuck up from the profile. A Stafford is certainly well muscled, yet not bunched muscle - long and lean muscle is much more suited to the breed and its original intended purpose. Not a heavyweight boxer but more like a middleweight. It must be able to move easily, be active and agile. Too much bunched muscle is exaggeration and the dog will lack balance. Not enough and he will appear soft and will not function correctly. Exaggeration of muscle in either direction will affect movement as well.
Its all about a balance. NO EXAGGERATION. Continued on next page
Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Standards Breed Standard (AKC version) Terrier Group General Appearance The Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier is a smooth-coated dog. It should be of great strength for its size and, although muscular, should be active and agile. Size, Proportion, Substance Height at shoulder: 14 to 16 inches. Weight: Dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds, these heights being related to weights. Non-conformity with these limits is a fault. In proportion, the length of back, from withers to tail set, is equal to the distance from withers to ground. Head Short, deep through, broad skull, very pronounced cheek muscles, distinct stop, short foreface, black nose. Pink (Dudley) nose to be considered a serious fault. Eyes--Dark preferable, but may bear some relation to coat color. Round, of medium size, and set to look straight ahead. Light eyes or pink eye rims to be considered a fault, except that where the coat surrounding the eye is white the eye rim may be pink. Ears--Rose or half-pricked and not large. Full drop or full prick to be considered a serious fault. Mouth--A bite in which the outer side of the lower incisors touches the inner side of the upper incisors.The lips should be tight and clean. The badly undershot or overshot bite is a serious fault. Neck, Topline, Body The neck is muscular, rather short, clean in outline and gradually widening toward the shoulders. The body is close coupled, with a level topline, wide front, deep brisket and well sprung ribs being rather light in the loins. The tail is undocked, of medium length, low set, tapering to a point and carried rather low. It should not curl much and may be likened to an oldfashioned pump handle. A tail that is too long or badly curled is a fault. Forequarters Legs straight and well boned, set rather far apart, without looseness at the shoulders and showing no weakness at the pasterns, from which point the feet turn out a little. Dewclaws on the forelegs may be removed. The feet should be well padded, strong and of medium size. Hindquarters The hindquarters should be well muscled, hocks let down with stifles well bent. Legs should be parallel when viewed from behind. Dewclaws, if any, on the hind legs are generally removed. Feet as in front. Coat Smooth, short and close to the skin, not to be trimmed or de-whiskered. Color Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any of these colors with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black-and-tan or liver color to be disqualified. Gait Free, powerful and agile with economy of eﬀort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hind legs. Temperament From the past history of the Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier, the modern dog draws its character of indomitable courage, high intelligence, and tenacity. This, coupled with its aﬀection for its friends, and children in particular, its oﬀ-duty quietness and trustworthy stability, makes it a foremost all-purpose dog. Disqualification Black-and-tan or liver color. Approved November 14, 1989 Eﬀective January 1, 1990
Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Standards Breed Standard (KC version) General Appearance Smooth-coated, well balanced, of great strength for his size. Muscular, active and agile. Characteristics Traditionally of indomitable courage and tenacity. Highly intelligent and affectionate especially with children. Temperament Bold, fearless and totally reliable. Head and Skull Short, deep though with broad skull. Very pronounced cheek muscles, distinct stop, short foreface, nose black. Eyes Dark preferred but may bear some relation to coat colour. Round, of medium size, and set to look straight ahead. Eye rims dark. Ears Rose or half pricked, not large or heavy. Full, drop or pricked ears highly undesirable. Mouth Lips tight and clean. Jaws strong, teeth large, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Neck Muscular, rather short, clean in outline gradually widening towards shoulders. Forequarters Legs straight and well boned, set rather wide apart, showing no weakness at the pasterns, from which point feet turn out a little. Shoulders well laid back with no looseness at elbow. Body Close-coupled, with level topline, wide front, deep brisket, well sprung ribs; muscular and well defined. Hindquarters Well muscled, hocks well let down with stifles well bent. Legs parallel when viewed from behind. Feet Well padded, strong and of medium size. Nails black in solid coloured dogs. Tail Medium length, low-set, tapering to a point and carried rather low. Should not curl much and may be likened to an old-fashioned pump handle. Gait/Movement Free, powerful and agile with economy of effort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hindlegs. Coat Smooth, short and close. Colour Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any one of these colours with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black and tan or liver colour highly undesirable. Size Desirable height at withers 36-41 cms (14 to 16 ins), these heights being related to the weights. Weight: dogs: 13-17 kgs (28-38 lbs); bitches 11-15.4 kgs. Faults Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog. Note - Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. Last Updated - September 2000
Australian National (ANKC version) Group: Group 2 (Terriers) General Appearance: Smooth coated, well balanced, of great strength for his size. Muscular, active and agile. Characteristics: Traditionally of indomitable courage and tenacity. Highly intelligent and aﬀectionate especially with children. Temperament: Bold, fearless and totally reliable. Head And Skull: Short, deep though with broad skull. Very pronounced cheek muscles, distinct stop, short foreface, nose black. Eyes: Dark preferred but may bear some relation to coat colour. Round, of medium size, and set to look straight ahead. Eye rims dark. Ears: Rose or half pricked, not large or heavy. Full, drop or pricked ears highly undesirable. Mouth: Lips tight and clean. Jaws strong, teeth large, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Neck: Muscular, rather short, clean in outline gradually widening towards shoulder. Forequarters: Legs straight and well boned, set rather wide apart, showing no weakness at the pasterns, from which point feet turn out a little. Shoulders well laid back with no looseness at elbow. Body: Close coupled, with level topline, wide front, deep brisket, well sprung ribs; muscular and well defined. Hindquarters: Well muscled, hocks well let down with stifles well bent. Legs parallel when viewed from behind. Feet: Well padded, strong and of medium size. Nails black in solid coloured dogs. Tail: Medium length, low set, tapering to a point and carried rather low. Should not curl much and may be likened to an old fashioned pump handle. Gait/Movement: Free, powerful and agile with economy of eﬀort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hindlegs. Coat: Smooth, short and close. Colour: Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any one of these colours with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black and tan or liver colour highly undesirable. Sizes: Weight: Dogs 13-17 kg (28-38 lbs) Bitches 11-15.4 kg (24-34 lbs) Desirable Height: 36-41 cms (14-16 ins) at withers (these heights being related to the weights) Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its eﬀect upon the health and welfare of the dog. Notes: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
United Kennel Club (UKC version) Terrier Group
Copyright 1992, United Kennel Club, Inc.
Revised April 15, 2007..
History The Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier is a descendant of the Bull and Terrier crosses made in Great Britain in the late 1700's. It was given the name "Staﬀordshire" in reference to an area where it was very popular, to diﬀerentiate it from the other Bull and Terrier breeds. The Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1975. General Appearance The Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier is a smooth coated dog that possesses great strength for its size. Although muscular, it is active and agile. Characteristics This breed has indomitable courage, high intelligence and tenacity. Coupled with its aﬀection for its friends, and children in particular, its quietness and trustworthy stability make it an all-purpose dog. Head The head is short and deep throughout with a distinct stop. SKULL - The skull is broad and the cheek muscles are very pronounced. MUZZLE - the foreface is short, with strong jaws and clean, tight lips. TEETH - A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite; the outer side of the lower incisors touching the inner side of the upper incisors. Serious Faults: Badly overshot or undershot bites. EYES - Dark eyes are preferred, but may bear some relation to coat color. The round, medium size eyes are set on to look straight ahead. Dark eye rims are preferred. NOSE - The nose is black. EARS - The rose or half-pricked ears are not large. Serious Faults: Full drop ear. Full prick ear. Neck The muscular, rather short neck is clean in outline and widens gradually toward the shoulders. Forequarters The shoulders are well laid back. FORELEGS - The straight, well-boned forelegs are set rather far apart at the shoulders, but show no looseness at the elbow. The pasterns are strong, and the feet turn out slightly. Body The body is close-coupled with a broad, deep chest and well-sprung ribs. The loins are fairly light and the topline is level. Hindquarters The hindquarters are well-muscled. HIND LEGS - The stifles are well-bent. The hocks are well let down. The legs are parallel when viewed from behind. Dewclaws are generally removed from the hind legs. Feet The strong, medium-sized feet are well padded. Tail The medium-length tail is not docked. It is low-set, carried rather low and tapers to a point. It does not curl much, and may be likened to an old-fashioned pump handle. Faults: Too long or badly curled tail. Coat The short, smooth coat is close to the skin. Neither the coat nor the whiskers are to be trimmed. Color Acceptable colors include red, fawn, white, black, any shade of brindle, and blue, with or without white. Serious Faults: Black and tan or liver. Height & Weight Height, measured at the shoulders, ranges from 14 to 16 inches. Weight ranges are as follows: dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds. Weight depends on the height of the individual dog. Gait The free, powerful, agile movement is accomplished with an economy of eﬀort. When viewed from the front or the rear, the legs move parallel. There is a noticeable drive from the hind legs. Disqualifications Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.
The Stafford Knot January 2010 Issue #1, Vol #1 Articles include: Joseph Dunn - Hints to the Novice SBT=Bulldog+Terrier
February 2010 Issue #2, Vol #1 Articles include: SBT Breed Seminar, Raymond Crilly - Judges Ed Breeders Code of Silence SBT Exhibition Center (Past Crufts Wnners story NOT included)
March 2010 Issue #3, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard Balance & Movement - Judges Ed PHPV - Tala’s Story - Health Demodectic Mange - Alternative Therapies for Treatments - Health (WKC stories NOT included)
April 2010 Issue #4, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard RX For Whelping & Caesarians Breeders Ed What You See is What You Get The Tragic Loss of Bloodlines & Mentoring in America - Breeders Ed A Very Special Boy Meets His 1st Stafford
May 2010 Issue #5, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard Tan Point Markings - AKA Black & Tan Judges/Breeders Ed Staffords in Working Trials Fibro Cartila....what? - Health How to Select Against Genetic Disease with Knowledge, Not Hope - Breeders Ed
June 2010 Issue #6, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard GDC Genetics Interview Breeders Ed Balance in the SBT Judges/Breeders Ed One By One - What YOU can do! The Disappearing Sperm - Breeders Ed/ Health SBT Breed Record Holders, Part 1
July 2010 Issue #7, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Dogs Who Fly - Dock Diving Judging My Way - Judges/ Exhibitors Ed The Holy Grail How to Weight Pull with your Staffordshire Bull Terrier Track Training - Starting Out Flyball - “Organized Chaos”
August 2010 - Veterans! Issue #8, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Grey Muzzles & Puppy Dog Tales Staying in the Game My Sunshine Tammy Alf ALSO may be viewed HERE
September 2010 Issue #9, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Training Your Stafford Forequarters What Price Glory Early neurological Stimulation ALSO may be viewed HERE
October 2010 Issue #10, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Living With Cushings Dont Steal My Joy What is Natural Rearing Using Genetic Pedigree ALSO may be viewed HERE
The Stafford Knot November 2010 Issue #11, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Miracles Do Happen Nostalgia The Versatile Stafford The Genetic Pedigree Arnica Montana Also may be viewed HERE
December 2010 Issue #12, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard The Breed Today Puppies For Christmas Pets As Therapy Understanding Recessive Genes A Tribute To Trilby When Things Donâ€™t Go As Planned Also may be viewed HERE
January-February 2011 Issue #1, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Arthritis How Cassie Became an Australian Obedience Champion What is L2-HGA? Teaching Bite Inhibition The Truth About Vaccines The Eukanuba Experience Q&A - Toplines Also may be viewed HERE
March - April 2011 Issue #2, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Cherish Every Moment Importance of Nutrition in Natural Healing What is CERF? Competitive Obedience Understanding Judging Consistency How Diatomaceous Earth Works Q&A - Underjaw Also may be viewed HERE
The Stafford Knot
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From the Editor NEXT MONTH HIP DYSPLASIA THE LIVER GENE PET VACCINATION PREFERRED BREED TYPE WHAT VETERINARIANS ARE SAY ING ABOUT THE RAW DIET SEND US YOUR QUESTION FOR OUR Q&A PAGE! AND MORE.... ALL TOPICS SUBJECT TO CHANGES BEYOND OUR CONTROL AT PUBLISHING TIME. THE ABOVE TOPICS ARE ESTABLISHED AT CURRENT PRESS TIME.
The Stafford Knot exists due to hard work, dedication and team work. Wouldnt it be idealistic of me to think those qualities and attributes could/ would/should flow over easily into everyday life - or - even more wildly into the show dog world? Wow - just think what we could accomplish if we were to put our angry words and fears behind us for just a little while and come together to help support this wonderful breed. The breed is why you are reading these words today - therefore we must have some common ground to stand on, right? Just because you may not like something about another Stafford fanciers dogs/ breeding/decisions - as long as they do right by the breed and act with morality -
why cant we agree to disagree and work together? I say we can - and we should. Begin today - reach out to a fellow Stafford owner you may have had a disagreement with and make amends. Accept them for who they are and their passion for the breed. This doesnt mean you have to agree with their choices - but they may be able to offer you some bit of knowledge you dont have and vice versa. You never know unless you try. Everyone has something to offer. Share TSK with someone! Thank you to all of you for supporting TSK! Go hug your Staffords! Lynn Caswell, Sr. Editor
The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like min...
Published on Apr 27, 2011
The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like min...