JAN/FEB 2011 P R O M O T I N G T H E S T A F F O R D S H I R E B U L L T E R R I E R
The Stafford Knot
ISSUE #1 VOL 2 FREE
The Stafford Knot promotes Health Tested Staffords
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ARTHRITIS ON PAGE 5
HOW CASSIE BECAME AN AUSTRALIAN OBEDIENCE CHAMPION ON PAGE 8
WHAT IS L2-HGA? ON PAGE 17
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The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected & cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of The Stafford Knot Thank you. Contact Us TSK benefits Stafford rescue worldwide © 2009 - 2011 BD Design
TEACHING BITE INHIBITION
ON PAGE 22
ON PAGE 27
THE TRUTH ABOUT
THE EUKANUBA EXPERIENCE
ON PAGE 36
QUESTION & ANSWER ON PAGE 39
HEALTH TESTING INFO ON PAGE 41
BREED STANDARD ON PAGE 43
Thank you to this hard working team of Stafford devotees Lynn Caswell Editor , Design/Tech Support Erika Phillips Columnist, Co-Editor Linda Strange Administrator, Copy editor Kimberly Washington-Smith - U.S. Sales Andy Bohane U.K. Sales Donna Treadwell Australia Sales Dayna Lemke Q & A Coordinator Angie Beezley Marketing Rep., Distribution Guest Authors/Historians - Article Contribution Thank you also to our Rescue Coordinators We welcome sales representatives worldwide. Please contact us if interested. Worldwide Thank you also to our Rescue Coordinators and Article Contributors Worldwide Look for us on FaceBook & Twitter
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Arthritis Arthritis is a general term that encompasses a large number of entities. The simplest of explanations would be to say that arthritis is an inflammation of the joint.
dysplasia also have an increased incidence. PREVENTION In many parts of the world arthritis is nonexistent. People who eat a diet largely based on fruits and vegetables
Osteoarthritis is the most common never complain about joint disease. form of inflammatory joint disease both On the canine side, there is much talk in humans and in Canines. about Osteoarthritis being largely associated with malnourishment, deficiency and toxic build-up. It is Interestingly enough there are hardly any recordable cases in the Feline species.
Osteoarthritis is a progressive disease that can be classified by two pathological processes:
1. degeneration of the articular cartilage with a loss of proteoglycan and collagen, and 2. proliferation of new bone. In addition, a variable inflammatory response occurs within the synovial membrane.
Overall, Osteoarthritis is an inflammatory disease that causes stiffness, pain, swelling and limited movement.
The risk of Osteoarthritis generally increases with the age of the dog, usually affecting dogs over the age of 7. Clinical signs are more prevalent in working dogs, obese dogs and dogs that are kept outside in cold or damp conditions. Dogs who suffer physical trauma and developmental disorders such as patella luxations or hip
hence not a stretch to assume that excessive waste from carbohydrates, grains and other inappropriate proteins create toxic waste and when not properly eliminated become a cesspool for disease. When there is an excess of waste that cannot be eliminated by the liver, skin and other vital organs, the excess nitrogenic waste in the form of urea is typically deposited in the joints when the kidneys can no longer work efficiently or effectively. In order to alleviate the debilitating effects that arthritis has on the human body most wholistic health care
fruits and vegetables are not part of a carnivoreâ€™s diet so therefore it stands to reason that these ingredients would serve to create excessive waste production in the body. If canines were fed a species appropriate diet it would make sense that the body would process and convert proteins appropriately. Essential fatty acids or Omega 3 originally known as Vitamin F have proven to reduce inflammation in both humans and animals. These oils are essential to the health of your dog. The question lies within its source; if carnivores cannot assimilate plant or grain matter then it would be correct to assume that oils from plants are not effective for dogs. Fish would be the best source of EFAs for a carnivore. It is also important to note that high amounts of EFA Omega 6 caused increased collagen induced arthritis in rats and exasperates vasculitis in autoimmune mice.
professionals suggest a vegetarian diet of whole foods such as fruits and vegetables with limited amounts of whole grains. The idea behind this diet is to meet what the body needs but not to exceed it. The body easily eliminates fruits and vegetables and complex carbohydrates (for an omnivore) are easily converted into useable energy without putting excess wear and tear on the body. Apply that same theory to carnivores and since dogs are carnivores we apply that theory to them. Cereals, grains,
Continued on next page
Continued from page 5
“... If we can start with good genetics then it reduces the chances by some small degree. “ It is important also to note that Omega 3 reduces inflammation and Omega 6 tends to promote inflammation. Clearly, a balance is important. Obesity can contribute to inflammatory conditions. If your dog is overweight it puts unnecessary stress on the digestive tract which in turn puts pressure on the joints themselves. If the body is under stress from excess weight then it cannot perform its function properly. Keep your dog lean and fit. Choosing a good breeder that regularly tests for Hip and Elbow dysplasia is a great place to start. If we can start with good genetics then it reduces the chances by some small degree. What is very interesting is that inflammation is central to the cutaneous manifestation of psoriasis and atopic eczema. This brings us to the skin being a sponge for toxins, absorbing excess waste from unusable proteins. An important rule to remember is; to meet but not exceed what the body needs. Some natural aids and preventatives
HERBAL SOLUTIONS Licorice root is a natural corticosteroid and stimulates the secretion of hormones by the adrenal glands. It is an anti-inflammatory and reduces swelling and eases some skin conditions. . Boswellia- Stimulates tissue immunity, repairs damaged tissue, compare with Ibuprofen.
Bromelain- A protein digesting enzyme that relaxes muscles, helps with spasms, anti-inflammatory.
Acid salicylicum 6c - Aggravated by movement, joints are tender to the touch
Comfrey – reduces bone inflammationosteitis Cayenne- For pain
Actaea rac 6c – heaviness in limbs, stiffness and awkwardness while moving.
Chamomile- anti-inflammatory, good for spasms, relieves pain and reduces swelling.
Calc fluor 30c – swelling of the joints especially useful when the carpus is indicated.
Curcumin- Anti-inflammatory, reduces pain, swelling, tenderness Ginger – reduces inflammation, pain and swelling. Blocks the body’s production of inflammatory chemicals such as prostaglandin and leukotriene Gotu Kola- Stimulates Collagen synthesis for healing tendons and ligaments
HOMEOPATHIC REMEDIES The following is a basic guideline. Potency and dosage are dependent on the state of disease and the individual animal. Be sure to have a good Materia Medica for reference or a good relationship with a homeopathic practitioner. Rhus tox 30c - If pain and stiffness is better after movement. Arnica 30c- for bruising, aching, soreness Ruta grav 30c- helps ease inflammation. Hypericum 30c – if pinched or injured nerves may be involved. Has particularly good action on the sacrum and the coccyx Bryonia 30c- If the animal prefers to stay in one place.
There is an amazing correlation between joint injury and the skin. Most cases of arthritis has some relationship to skin disease of varying degrees. When treating pain and discomfort always remember to look at the whole picture including the immune system. Remember to find as similar a picture as possible between the remedy of choice and the individual dog. Herbal, Homeopathy, Acupuncture, TCM and other alternative modalities have high success rates in the care and management of pain in dogs with Arthritis. Generally the use of NSAIDs is not necessary or recommended.
Erika Phillips Studied Homeopathy at British Institute Of Homeopathy TSK Staff Columnist ‘The Controversial Canine’
L 2 - H G A & H C DATA B A S E P RO J E C T THE STAFFORD KNOT ONLY ACCEPTS ADS FROM OWNERS AND BREEDERS OF DOGS WHO HAVE BEEN HEALTH TESTED. THE MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS ARE L2-HGA & HC TESTING. WE PROVIDE INFORMATION ON WHERE TO GO TO HAVE THESE SIMPLE AND INEXPENSIVE TESTS PERFORMED. DOCUMENTATION IS REQUIRED TO BE SCANNED AND SENT IN TO THE EDITORS FOR APPROVAL. FURTHER HEALTH TESTING (CARDIAC, CERF, PHPV, HIPS, ELBOWS, PATELLA, ETC) IS ALSO ENCOURAGED. IT IS HIGHLY RECOMMENDED TO BUYERS THAT THEY SEE THESE DOCUMENTS PRIOR TO PURCHASING THEIR NEW STAFFORD. IF ALL BREEDERS AND OWNERS WERE TO TEST, STAFFORDS WOULD ALL BE BETTER OFF SIMPLY BY THE FACT THAT WE WOULD HAVE MORE INFORMATION REGARDING WHERE THIS BREED IS GOING AS FAR AS HEALTH MATTERS ARE CONCERNED. TO FURTHER THIS POINT, IF ONLY CLEAR TESTED (L2-HGA & HC) STAFFORDS ARE BRED FROM THESE TWO GENETIC DISEASES COULD BE ERADICATED IN THREE GENERATIONS OF BREEDING. THAT’S CERTAINLY SOMETHING TO THINK ABOUT. SOME ARGUE THAT THIS WOULD NARROW THE GENE POOL TOO MUCH AND IS NOT A NEEDED STEP TO IMPROVING THE FUTURE OF THIS BREED. TO THOSE I SAY, POSSIBLY, HOWEVER - IS THAT CARRIER STUD DOG SO STRUCTURALLY SUPERIOR TO HIS CLEAR TESTED BROTHER THAT YOU WOULDN’T CONSIDER USING THE BROTHER INSTEAD? JUST SOMETHING TO THINK ABOUT. TSK IS COMPILING REGISTERED NAMES AND SCANNED DOCUMENTS OF ALL TESTED (CLEAR, CARRIER AND AFFECTED) STAFFORDS FOR A FUTURE DATABASE PROJECT SO THAT DOCUMENTATION WILL BE ON HAND FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS. IN THE U.S. OUR REGISTRIES DO NOT DOCUMENT THESE TEST RESULTS AS THE K.C. DOES IN THE U.K. THEREFORE TOO MANY PEOPLE WHO OWN ‘CLEAR BY PARENTAGE’ STAFFORDS HAVE NO PROOF IN HAND SEVERAL GENERATIONS DOWN THE LINE. IN TIME, WE AT TSK HOPE THE DATABASE WILL HELP THOSE WHO WISH TO KNOW THE STATUS OF A PARTICULAR DOG OR LITTER. IF YOU HAVE A TESTED STAFFORD - PLEASE SEND ONE EMAIL TO HEALTH@THESTAFFORDKNOT.COM CONTAINING THE FULL REGISTERED NAME, REGISTRATION NUMBER, SIRE AND DAM REGISTERED NAMES AND SCANNED COPIES OF ALL HEALTH TESTING DONE ON YOUR DOG. PLEASE ONLY SEND ONE EMAIL PER DOG. IN TIME, WE HOPE TO BUILD A NAME ONLY DATABASE WITH THIS INFORMATION. THANK YOU FOR SUPPORTING
How Cassie became an Australian Obedience Champion I was after a bitch to start being serious about obedience. I did do obedience with Kirra ( Aust Ch Hapustaff Black Magic CDX AD JD ) but she hated it so had to find another. I then rang John and Nola ( Bajed ) to see if they had any bitch pups. She said she had 3 bitches but she wasn't sure what they were keeping and that she would let me know when they have made there mind up so when they were 3 months I went up to Mount Larcom and had a look at the 3 girls. Bearing in mind the pup was going to be owned by my son Michael so she had to be prepared to be pulled around and hugged and stuff. So I picked them all up and the other 2 didn't like cuddles so I picked up Cassie and she just laid there. I said to Nola “ this one please” and that's how we picked her out of her sisters. I didn't check mouths or anything as that wasn't a major part to me as I wanted her for Michael and to be my next champion in obedience. We bought her home and she fitted in really well and Kirra and her we inseparable. They are the best of friends and have never had a fight. She had her first show at 4 months and kicked some butt and every show she went in she either won or got 2nd so I thought wow I have a stunner here in the show ring so we kept showing her and she did very well. She did especially well in the specialty rings with many in show awards and her recent winning RBCC & Best State Bred In Show at our SBTCQ 2010 under Mrs Griet Coetzer ( Zeracious SBT ). She loves to show and especially loves it when kids show her in junior handlers. She makes a very good junior handler dog and has qualified quite a few kids for the finals in handlers. She gained her Australian Championship title at 2 ½ yrs of age and thoroughly enjoyed it and I had a ball showing and still show her on occasions now. We started her obedience career at the age of 12 months. She loved doing it and was always eager to please me and hated doing anything wrong so I had to encourage her when she wasn't sure just to let her no its ok to do somethings wrong. She didn't think so though. In her mind she had to do everything right the first time so we started training and back when she started they never had the new title CCD title available so we went straight into Novice (CD). It is all off lead and she didn't mind it much but had to keep reminding her she had to stay beside me and not about half metre away. She didn't take long to train for the CD so off we went to her first Novice sweepstakes.You have to get a sweepstakes of 150 to qualify first before you can compete in CD
( Novice ). She was just over a yr old and gained her first sweepstakes pass of 182/200 and 1st place on the 22/5/05. I was very pleased with her and thought I had something special in the obedience ring. So we kept training for CD and getting ready for her first trial on 4/6/05 where she scored 188/200 and 1st place and this was her 1st pass for her CD title. We then didn't train much as I found out I couldn't with her as she just hated being trained. She would rather just get out there and do it. She was very smart and only needed minimal training which many people didn't like because they had to train, train and train there dogs but with Cassie just maybe 1 day a week was all she needed. She then went onto gain her next pass in CD on the 2/7/05 with a score of 187/200 and yet another 1st place. I then went onto to get her CD title 2 weeks later with an awesome score of 192/200 and 1st place again. So that was her CD title and looked good on her paperwork to show she had brains as
AOC AUST CH BAJED MISS BLACKBERRY AD SIRE: CHERABAH THDIVIL NBLACK / DAM: BA JED MISS PLUM - BORN 3RD MAY 2004 well as beauty. I was training her for CDX while competing in CD so she was just about ready to trial in CDX ( Companion Dog Excellence ) . Just had to get the out of sight stays down pat which she didn't have a problem with at all. She loved the jumps and the dumbbell but did everything at a nice pace not a psycho pass. She was very calm when doing what she had to do but if she did something wrong and I corrected her by saying “no” she would just fall apart so then I new she was a soft dog to train so we went about training differently. We introduced a tennis ball. Well that was a BAD mistake. She is a ball freak so it made it easier for her after she had done something right I would throw the ball and that was her reward. She loved the food as reward but preferred the ball I think and then she excelled in the training for her CDX title. I then entered her in her first CDX trial on the 30/7/05 and she had a ball gaining 176/200 with a 3rd place. I new she wasn't really ready but thought what the hell only way to learn is to put her in the trial so we did and was pleased she gained her 1st pass. Continued on page 10
Continued from page 8
â€œBoy what a challenge UD is to train a dog...â€? We were still showing her as well and we don't do trials every weekend as we wanted to get her Championship title so then we did some shows then thought buggar it will enter her in obedience again and on the 15/10/05 and she gained her 2nd pass in CDX with a score of 174/200. Wasn't a great score for her but was pleased as she was still learning the exercises and was still very young. I then though 1 more pass to go for her CDX title so I put her in a trial only a week later and she gained her CDX title with a score of 178/200 and with a 2nd place. This was a great achievement for one so young and just only completing her CD title. I entered her in a couple more CDX trials and she scored an awesome score of 187/200 and 1st place. This was to be her last CDX trial as she was then shown and she started her UD ( Utility Dog) title training.
Boy what a challenge UD is to train a dog. There is a lot more things involved in UD and takes a while to train a dog. Usually some dogs take over a year just to train for all the exercises but Cassie wow she was awesome. I think it took her about 5 or 6 months to train for every exercise.
one I touched and it took her a while not to pick up the sewed down ones and she finally found the loose one I had touched. So we did this with all the articles and this would have had to be the hardest one to teach any dog because they don't like the metal on their teeth.
It was a challenge as she had to find just one article ( metal, leather and wood) amongst 12 other articles of the metal , wood and leather. Was a challenge to teach her just to scent for the one I touched and she wasn't sure what I wanted her to do so I had to sew all the 12 articles onto a white sheet so she couldn't just pick up anyone. So I put the article I touched onto the sheet with the sewed ones on it and hoping this will teach her to only get the one with my scent on it as the others should couldn't get as they were sewed down. I sent her out to find the
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w w w. c o r n e r s t o n e s t a f f o rd s . n e t
Continued from page 10
“I never thought a Stafford could refuse food. “ When we were doing this exercise I kept the 3 articles the same all the time so it had my scent on them and was easier for her to find them and no what she had to do and that she
found if I kept training her in UD she would just get bored so we only trained a little everyday of 2 exercises and she was ok with that.
had to sniff them out to find the right one. When she started We then entered the Royal QLD Show for the 1st time in 08 using her nose I took all the cotton off the sewed ones and where she went onto get her UD title with a score of they were all loose. Now the time had come to see if she 176/200 and 3rd place. This was a great achievement for her could really do it and find the one I touched amongst all the as the grounds were awful. Cows had been doing there other loose ones. I put the one I touched on the sheet and business where we were trialling so all the UD dogs did a sent her to “find”. She went out and to my amazement she found the right one so I knew the method had worked. She
very good job. This was the best feeling to get her title at such a great show.
did all 3 good so now was to train for the box and jumps. She loved this one and didn't take long before she learnt that Then the fun began going for her Australian Obedience as well. I then taught her to find the “seek back”. Its a piece Champion (AOC) title. of leather dropped by the judge. This was kind of easy for Cassie to learn and I found this the easiest one to teach her. After that I had to teach her the stand, drop and come so I was speaking and doing the signals at same time. Then I cut out the speaking and she new what the signals meant.
Then came the food refusal. I never thought a Stafford could refuse food. She learnt very quickly not to touch the food. So she had concurred the whole of the UD exercises and I thought might as well enter her in a trail. Nothing to loose and will give her a bit of practise in a trial situation. Lets say in her 1st trial we got a couple of 0's. She just wasn't sure on what she was meant to be doing as it was a different place and not the back yard. So we kept entering her in UD as well as showing her.
On the 16/2/08 she gained her 1st pass with an awesome score of 188/200 and a 1st place. This was an awesome score being in UD as I was told. I was just going for a score of 170/200 which is the qualifying score for a pass in UD. So I was pretty stoked with her. We then started to have trouble with her eating the food in “food refusal' and she was loosing out on a pass. So we kept going with the food and just did more training with her and she then got her 2nd pass on the 19/4/08 with another great score of 187/200 with a 2nd place. As we font trial every weekend it was good that she new what she had to do even with little training. I Continued on next page
Continued from page 13 We needed 5 more passes of 185 or more and Iâ€™m like that is going take awhile. So our campaign started to get her OC. We entered more trials and was close on some occasions for an OC pass but she would either eat the food or sit in the stand for exam.
This title makes her the 1st Stafford and Stafford bitch in Queensland (QLD)
So we did some showing to get her mind away form obedience and then went back back to it. She then gained her 1st pass towards her OC on the 4/7/09 with a score of 186/200 with a 2nd place. Now then I new she could do it and entered her in the next weekend trial where she gained another pass of 187/200 with a 1st place. So I was like awesome now we only need 3 more passes and she will be an AOC dog.
I knew she could do it but not as quick as she has and she has achieved a lot in her show and obedience career and could not have asked anything else of her. Mind you she has been a mother twice so there's time out of training and just goes to show you she did it in limited training and time.
Well then we became into trouble yes you guessed it the food again. So we had to teach her the gloves. She new the directions of where the gloves were as I had taught her the leathers for UDX so she had an idea of where I wanted her to go. She took to these easy so out with the food refusal and in with the gloves. So the moment came when we did yet another trial with the gloves this time and she did everything beautiful. She scored 187/200 and 1st place and her 3rd pass. I'm now thinking mmmm maybe she will get her title. She was now trialling in Agility (AD) as well and she loved it. Something to keep her mind active and a break from obedience. She loved all the equipment involved and with 4 trials she gained her AD (Agility Dog) title. I'm started to think there is nothing this girl can do. So we started doing Jumpers (JD) too and she gained 1 pass in that as we haven't entered anymore as we were trying hard to get her AOC title before she was due in season at the end of November. So we went back to trials trying hard to get her last 2 passes. We came so close and were running out of trials. We did little training with her as by now she new all the exercises so I would just put her into trials and hope for the best. We had 2 trials in a weekend with only 4 trials left after these 2. I thought just get one pass and we have a few more to get the rest. So she went awesome and she got her 4th pass with a score of 186/200 and 2nd place. I'm now thinking we are so close to gaining this and we have a few trails left so that cool with me. Then she pulls out another great pass of 187/200 and a 2nd place and gains the title of Australian Obedience Champion. This was the best feeling and all the training and heartache was well worth the effort.
to gain this title.
She is a one in a million dog and is always ready to please. She was easy to train and always wanting to please.
Cant thank John & Nola ( Bajed ) enough for allowing Cassie to become a major part of our lives and Michaels girl and the foundation of Magicmine Staffords.
Her son Tonka ( Magicmine A Pot Of Black CCD CDX ) and her daughter Ice ( Magicmine Black Ice ) have both taken after there mother in the obedience and both are excelling as well.
Paula Hill http://www.magicminestaffords.com firstname.lastname@example.org
What Is L2-HGA? L-2-HGA (L-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria) in greater number of carriers than affected animals in a Staffordshire Bull Terriers is a neurometabolic population. It is important to eliminate such carriers from disorder characterised by elevated levels of L-2-hydroxyglutaric acid in urine, plasma and
a breeding population since they represent a hidden reservoir of the disease that can produce affected dogs at
L-2-HGA affects the central nervous system, with clinical
The test is available now and information on submitting
signs usually apparent between 6 months and one year (although they can appear later). Symptoms include
samples is given below.
epileptic seizures, "wobbly" gait, tremors, muscle stiffness
belonging to one of three categories:
as a result of exercise or excitement and altered behaviour. The mutation, or change to the structure of the gene, probably occurred spontaneously in a single dog but once in the population has been inherited from generation to generation like any other gene. The disorder shows an autosomal recessive mode of inheritance: two copies of the defective gene (one inherited from each parent) have
Breeders will be sent results identifying their dog as CLEAR: the dog has 2 copies of the normal gene and will neither develop L-2-HGA, nor pass a copy of the L-2HGA gene to any of its offspring. CARRIER: the dog has one copy of the normal gene and one copy of the mutant gene that causes L-2-HGA. It will not develop L-2-HGA but will pass on the L-2-HGA gene
to be present for a dog to be affected by the disease.
to 50% (on average) of its offspring.
Individuals with one copy of the defective gene and one copy of the normal gene - called carriers - show no
symptoms but can pass the defective gene onto their offspring. When two apparently healthy carriers are crossed, 25% (on average) of the offspring will be affected by the disease, 25% will be clear and the remaining 50% will themselves be carriers.
AFFECTED: the dog has two copies of the L-2-HGA mutation and is affected with L-2-HGA. It will develop L-2-HGA at some stage during its lifetime, assuming it lives to an appropriate age.
The mutation responsible for the disease has been
Carriers can still be bred to clear dogs. On average, 50%
identified at the Animal Health Trust. Using the
of such a litter will be clear and 50% carriers; there can be
information from this research, they have developed a DNA test for the disease. This test not only diagnoses
no affected produced from such a mating. Pups which will be used for breeding must be DNA tested to determine
dogs affected with this disease but can also detect those dogs which are carriers, displaying no symptoms of the
whether they are clear or carrier.
disease but able to produce affected pups. Carriers could not be detected by the tests previously available which involved either a blood or urine test detecting elevated levels of L-2-hydroxyglutarate or magnetic resonance imaging. Under most circumstances, there will be a much
Courtesy AHT - Please see our ad on page 10 in this issue The Animal Health Trust (AHT) is a veterinary charity dedicated to improving the health and welfare of horses, dogs & cats. Despite popular belief, disease and injury are the most common threats to animal welfare, and we exist to reduce and prevent any unnecessary suffering.
w w w. c a f e p re s s . c o m / t h a n k d o g
email@example.com OR ProSBTHealth@aol.com
My name is Daphne and I am a Staffordshire Bull Terrier and this is my wish for all Breeders and dog owners for the New year. This last year I have had to share my space with several visitors who had been unfortunate and fallen on hard times. Even though sometimes I am not so friendly I did my best to share. I was also required to be present at several meetings where townspeople were arguing about Breed SpeciAic Legislation and mandatory spay and neuter laws. I have learned thru all this that being Responsible is more than just puppy contracts, and food and water and health care. Maybe being a responsible dog owner or breeder is also about helping our communities to educate the uneducated, aide those who cannot afford, and assist the city leaders in deAining stiffer penalties for irresponsible pet owners.
It won’t change if we don’t change.
In closing I would like to wish everyone a Happy New Year and hope that everyone has food in their bowls, toys to play with and a super comfy bed at night. Oh, and a very special thank ��you to all the judges in Long Beach at the Eukanaba Week in December; Mr. Lawrence E. Stanbridge, Mr. Peter J. Green, Mrs. Roberta L. Campbell and Eukanaba 2010 Judge Mrs Lynne Myall for awarding me Best Opposite Sex at all 4 shows.
ASIA is available through SBTCA
Asia is a golden girl in every sense of the word. She is sweet and quiet and The dog world needs to become part of the solution. We all kind. She travels well and walks on the leash nicely. It was mentioned that she need to leave our comfy beds and Aind out from our local shelters and rescue groups how we can help to educate our is dog aggressive however, she communities and solve problems. If your city does not have composed herself with dignity around local rescue groups or does not appear to have a problem my hoodlum dogs. Sometimes the old ones are the best companions and Asia consider having a Responsible Dog seems to be no exception. We really Ownership booth at local events. We need to lead and encourage everyone to hope there is a forever home for this worthy gal. Please take a moment to do the right thing. . If the Dog World look at Asia's pictures and her videos. does not do it, we will continue to Aight Here are the links: Asia on YouTubenew legislation and this will affect the future of dogs everywhere. Part I and Asia on YouTube-Part II
Teaching Bite Inhibition out to "lick your wounds," instruct your pup to come, sit, and lie down and then, resume playing. If your puppy does not respond to your yelp by easing up or backing off, Certainly puppy biting an effective technique is to behavior must eventually be stop all play, turn, leave the eliminated. We cannot have room and shut the door. Allow an adult dog playfully mauling the pup a minute or two timefamily, friends, and strangers out – he will eventually put in the manner of a young together the association puppy. However, it is essential between his painful bite and that this be done gradually the immediate departure of and progressively via a his favorite human playmate. systematic two-step process: It is important to show that first, to inhibit the force of you still love your puppy, only puppy bites and second, to that his painful bites are lessen the frequency of puppy objectionable. Have your pup mouthing. come and sit and then resume playing once more. Ideally, the two phases should be taught in sequence, but It is much better for you to with more active puppy biters walk away from the pup than you may wish to work on both to physically restrain him or stages at the same time. In remove him to his either case, you must teach confinement area at a time your puppy to bite or mouth when he is biting too hard. So gently before puppy biting make a habit of playing with behavior is eliminated your puppy in his long-term altogether. confinement area. This
Teaching bite inhibition is the most important aspect of your puppy's entire education.
Inhibiting the Force of Bites The first step is to stop your puppy from hurting people: to teach him to inhibit the force of his play-bites. Physical punishments are certainly not called for. But it is essential to let your puppy know that bites can hurt. A simple loud high pitched "Ouch!" is usually sufficient. When the puppy backs off, take a short time-
technique is remarkably effective with hard-headed, stubborn dogs, since it is precisely the way puppies learn to inhibit the force of their bites when playing with each other. If one puppy bites another too hard, the bitee yelps and playing is postponed while he licks his wounds. The biter soon learns that hard bites interrupt an otherwise enjoyable play session. He learns to bite
more softly once play resumes. The next step is to eliminate bite pressure entirely, even though the "bites" no longer hurt. While your puppy is chewing his human chewtoy, wait for a bite that is harder than the rest and respond as if it really hurt, even though it didn't: "Ouch”. Your puppy begins to think, "Good Heavens! These humans are soooooo sensitive. I'll have to be really careful when mouthing their delicate skin." And that's precisely what you want your pup to think: that he needs to be extremely careful and gentle when playing with people. Your pup should learn not to hurt people well before he is three months old. Ideally, by the time he is 6 months old — before he develops strong jaws and adult canine teeth — he should no longer be exerting any pressure when mouthing.
Continued on page 24
Continued from page 22
“The main point ... is to practice stopping the pup from mouthing, Decreasing the Frequency of Mouthing
for this training. Cut the food into tiny pea sized bits.
Once your pup understands the "Off" request, use food as a lure and Once your puppy has been taught to a reward to teach it to let go when mouth gently, it is time to reduce the mouthing. Say, "Off" and show him some food as a lure to entice your frequency of mouthing. Your pup must learn that mouthing is okay, but he must stop when requested. Why? Because it is inconvenient to drink a cup of tea or to answer the telephone with forty pounds of wriggling dog dangling from your wrist. That's why. It is better to first teach "Off" using food as both a distraction and a reward. The deal is this: once I say "Off," if you don't touch the food
that they teach their dog to discontinue mouthing people altogether by the time he is six to eight months old. However, it is essential to continue bite inhibition exercises. Otherwise, your dog's bite will begin to drift and become
pup to let go and sit. Then praise the pup and give the food as a reward when he does so.
harder as he grows older.
The main point of this exercise is to practice stopping the pup from
way to maintain the dog's soft mouth than by regular play-fighting.
mouthing, and so each time your puppy obediently ceases and desists, resume playing once more. Stop and start the session many times over. Also, since the puppy
For owners who have good control over their dog, there is no better
However, to prevent your puppy from getting out of control and to fully realize the many benefits of play-fighting, you must play by the rules and teach your dog to play by
wants to mouth, the best reward for treat in my hand for just one second, stopping mouthing is to allow him to I'll say, "Take it" and you can have it. mouth again. When you decide to stop the mouthing session Once your pup has mastered this altogether, say, "Off" and then offer simple task, up the ante to two or
three seconds of non-contact, and
leg, and hair have no nerves and cannot feel. Therefore you cannot provide the necessary feedback
then to five, eight, twelve, twenty, and so on. Count out the seconds
your puppy a Kong stuffed with his favorite treat. Frozen stuffed Kongs are even better as it lasts longer.
We also offer frozen marrow bones. and praise the dog with each second: "Good dog one, good dog By the time your pup is 4-6 months two, good dog three," and so forth. If old, he must have a mouth as soft the pup touches the treat before you and reliable as a fourteen-year-old are ready to give it, simply start the working Labrador Retriever: your count from zero again. Your pup puppy should never initiate quickly learns that once you say mouthing unless requested; he "Off," he can not have the treat until should never exert any pressure he has not touched it, for, say, eight seconds, so the quickest way to get
when mouthing; and he should stop mouthing and calm down
the treat is not to touch it for the first eight seconds. In addition, regular hand-feeding during this exercise
immediately upon request by any family member.
encourages your pup's soft mouth. We use dehydrated liver or chicken
Whether or not you allow your adult dog to mouth on request is up to you. For most owners, I recommend
Play-fighting teaches your puppy to mouth only hands, which are extremely sensitive to pressure, but never clothing. Shoelaces, ties, pant
when your pup begins to mouth too hard and too close to your skin. The play-fighting game also teaches your dog that he must adhere to rules regarding his jaws, regardless of how worked up he may be. Basically, play-fighting gives you the opportunity to practice controlling your puppy when he is excited. It is important to establish such control in a structured setting before reallife situations occur. Adapted from the book ‘AFTER You Get Your Puppy’ by Dr. Ian Dunbar
w w w. s t a f f i e s o n l i n e . o r g . u k
The Truth About Dog Vaccinations that might find their product to be unnecessary and/or harmful? And it is certainly understandable if some veterinarians are reluctant to advise against annual vaccinations, when those vaccinations represent a substantial portion of their annual revenue. The risk of a Vaccine Administered Adverse Event (VAAE) increases when multiple vaccines are given simultaneously. Canine vaccinations play an important role in protecting dogs from contagious and lethal disease. However, they are not without cost. Despite increased publicity in recent years about the adverse effects of vaccinations, many people still assume annual vaccines for their dogs are necessary and many veterinarians continue to administer them. The question is not whether to vaccinate, but for which diseases, when, and how often? Dog vaccinations are a double edged sword. Studies have shown that most canine vaccinations provide immunity from seven years to life, if given when a dog's immune system is mature. However, vaccinations also have considerable potential for harm. Dog owners should be informed of the benefits and risks in order to make appropriate decisions for their pets. The seemingly obvious source for this information are veterinarians and vaccine manufacturers, but a conflict of interest exists between them and the education of the public. For what vaccine manufacturer wants to fund a study
The key to reducing vaccine reactions in dogs is to reduce the number and frequency of vaccinations given. Before examining the potential unwanted consequences, here is a brief look at vaccines and their effect on the canine immune system.
rapidly produce more antibodies i.e. to mount immunity against that pathogen. The most common dog vaccination is a combination cocktail called DHLPPC which includes pathogens for: • Distemper • Adenovirus-2 • Leptospirosis • Parainfluenza • Parvo • Coronavirus all in a single injection. Other vaccinations often given at the same time are: • Rabies • Bordatella (Kennel Cough) • Lyme Disease • Giardia
This Chihuahua receives the same amount of vaccine as a Great Dane!
What Is a Vaccine? A vaccine is one or more disease antigens that, when injected into a dog's body, causes his immune system to produce specialized proteins known as immunoglobulins, or antibodies. Antibodies fight infection and disease and neutralize the antigens by binding to them. The cells that created the antibodies (a form of white blood cell) have a memory of the antigen so that when the antigen is encountered again, the cells' "memory" enables them to
There are two types of vaccines, killed (inactive), and modified-live (MLV). A killed vaccine takes a virus or bacteria and renders it unable to reproduce with heat or chemicals. The immune system doesn't readily recognize dead antigens, so the antigens are combined with substances called adjuvants. An adjuvant slows the release of the antigen and lengthens the dog's exposure to it in what is known as the "depot" effect. The immune response is improved and less antigen is required. Oils, aluminum salts, and proteins are examples of adjuvants. Killed vaccines contain preservatives such as thimerosal (which is 49% mercury), to kill germs that might have accidentally contaminated the vaccine. Continued on page 29
Continued from page 27
“MLVs have the potential to revert to the virulent form of the disease. “ Adjuvants and preservatives share culpability for some of the adverse reactions dogs experience.
owner has peace of mind, and doesn't have to pay for expensive treatment when the dog becomes infected. The MLVs are created from isolated bacteria risks are harder to assess as unwanted side effects vary in type, number and and viruses that have been attenuated, severity from dog to dog. The likelihood or weakened so as to not cause the disease. They do reproduce in the dog's of a dog having an adverse reaction depends upon his sex, age, size, health cells, and provoke immunity by and genetic predisposition as well as mimicking infection with the virulent the type and number of vaccines disease agent. MLV products are administered. preserved by freeze drying, or with small amounts of antibiotics. They Potential Side Effects produce a stronger immune system response with fewer doses than do A Vaccination Administration Adverse killed vaccines, and do not require the Event (VAAE) can be subtle or severe. addition of adjuvants. MLV vaccinations Anaphylaxis, characterized by the are thought to sometimes over sudden onset of symptoms such as stimulate the immune system, causing it vomiting, diarrhea, seizures and shock, is to malfunction. They are an immediate and life threatening contraindicated for dogs with already response to vaccines that some dogs suppressed immune systems. MLVs have experience. The dog may experience the potential to revert to the virulent cardiac and respiratory failure leading form of the disease. to death unless immediate treatment is available. Anaphylactic reactions most often occur with killed variations of vaccines such as those for Rabies, Leptospirosis, and Coronavirus. Less dramatic adverse reactions can include the following: • localized pain and swelling at the injection site • fever • loss of appetite • aggression Delay "puppy shots" until the puppy • depression is eight weeks old and longer when • skin allergies safe circumstances make it possible. Dogs with seasonal allergies sometimes worsen after vaccination. The distemper vaccine can cause encephalitis (inflammation of the brain). Some dogs and more commonly, cats, have The benefits are obvious. The dog developed cancers on injection sites. doesn't get the diseases for which he Pregnant dogs vaccinated with MLV has been vaccinated and the dog's
Risks and Benefits
Small white dogs are more susceptible to auto-immune disease and adverse reactions to vaccines. products are at increased risk for abortion.
Canine Auto-Immune Disease The most pervasive side effects of vaccination cover a spectrum known collectively as auto-immune disease. There are many different auto-immune disorders, but they all share an immune system gone awry. The dog's immune system begins to destroy his own cells as if they were the disease causing agent. Some canine diseases thought to be either caused by, contributed to or triggered by (in the case of genetic predisposition) canine vaccinations include: • Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia • Addison's Disease • Inflammatory Bowel Disease • Lupus • Rheumatoid Arthritis • Thyroid Disease • Epilepsy
Continued on page 31
Continued from page 29
“Limit the number of vaccinations the dog receives.” A partial list of breeds known to be vulnerable to vaccine related autoimmune disorders includes:
Limiting Risk: Less is More adverse side effects increased with the
• American Cocker Spaniel • Akita • Boxer • Dachshund • German Shepherd • German Shorthaired Pointer • Golden Retriever • Great Dane • Greyhound • Old English Sheepdog • Shetland Sheepdog • Shih Tzu • Vizsla • Weimaraner • Standard Poodle as well as many white coated (particularly small) breeds or those with coat color dilution genetics such as merling (Collies, Australian Shepherds), harlequin Great Danes, blue and fawn Doberman Pinschers, etc. A dog may exhibit symptoms in one or multiple areas.The weakened immune system leaves the dog vulnerable, especially when neither owner nor vet recognizes the real culprit and multiple vaccines continue to be administered. Vaccinations are not the only culprit in canine auto immune disorders; certain dog food preservatives, environmental toxins and pesticides are also suspect.
the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) Council on
number of vaccines given In 2002, a landmark report published by
Biologic and Therapeutic Agents (COBTA) stated in part, "...the practice of revaccinating animals annually is largely based on historic precedent supported by minimal scientific data; unnecessary stimulation of the immune system does not result in enhanced disease resistance and may expose animals to unnecessary risks...". It is clear that the "one vaccination protocol fits all" mentality of previous years must be reviewed, and that the benefits of vaccination must be weighed against the potential risk for an individual dog and his circumstances. It is important that dog owners not feel intimidated into giving more vaccines than they feel is wise. The only vaccination mandated by law is the Rabies vaccine, and even that is three years into a seven year
simultaneously. When a dog is vaccinated with multiple pathogens, his immune system is forced to respond to them all. The various pathogens "compete" for the immune response, resulting in a lesser response over all. Consider vaccinating only for the "core" (potentially fatal) diseases: Distemper, Parvo and Rabies and Adenovirus-2. Consider the non-core vaccines in light of a dog's individual risk. There is no need to vaccinate for Lyme disease unless the dog lives in or is traveling to an area where Lyme is prevalent AND the dog's habitat or lifestyle puts him at risk. A tick carrying Lyme Disease generally must be attached to the host for 24 hours to communicate the disease, so rapid, habitual detection and removal of ticks negates the need for the vaccine. As much as possible avoid multiple disease "cocktail" vaccinations.
(grass roots - consumer funded) study that hopefully will demonstrate seven year efficacy. Dogs that spend time
Limit the frequency of vaccinations with both puppies and adults. A puppy
around other dogs, that are boarded frequently, or who attend dog shows
is typically given a series of "puppy shots" that begins as early as six weeks
and dog parks, may need more careful
of age and concludes around sixteen
monitoring than dogs that never leave home. Regardless of circumstance, the
weeks, followed by a "booster" at around one year. These vaccinations are
good news is that there are ways to minimize risk.
wasted when the puppy is still protected by the immunity he received from his mother. Maternal antibody interference
One key to reducing adverse reactions is to reduce the overall number of vaccinations given.
Limit the number of vaccinations the dog receives. More is not necessarily better.
is the most common cause of vaccine failure. Exactly when the immunity
A study published in 2005 in the Journal conferred by the mother wears off of the AVA (American Veterinary varies between puppies, but it is known Association), determined that the risk of to last longer than previously thought. Continued on next page
Continued from page 31
“...be aware of disease risk and to make intelligent choices.” Up to twenty percent of 18 week old puppies have enough maternal antibodies present to interfere with successful Parvo immunization. One option is to delay vaccinating entirely until the puppy is over 22 weeks of age. Delayed vaccination undoubtedly reduces the risk of VAAEs, but requires vigilance on the part of the puppy's owner to be aware of disease risk and to make intelligent choices when exposing his puppy. The time period prior to such delayed vaccination overlaps one critical to socialization, so it is important the puppy be socialized only in places where the other dogs are known to have been immunized, such as friends' homes, and not public places such as Pet Smart where the status of dogs encountered is unknown. Certainly the beginning of a vaccination series should wait until the puppy is at least eight weeks old and longer when possible. Allow a minimum of three weeks between vaccinations. Have adult dogs titered, and do not vaccinate when titers are adequate. A titer (pronounced TIGHT-ER), test measures the antibodies in a dog's blood, and indicates if his immune system was mounting immunity at the time his blood was drawn. Titer tests are a bit problematic in their interpretation. The dog may show no antibodies to a particular pathogen and yet his cells be fully capable of producing them when needed. The lack of antibodies doesn't always indicate a lack of protection, but rather that the memory of the pathogen had not been provoked at the time of the test. One way around this frustration is to deliberately expose the dog to the vaccine a week or ten days prior to his titer test. This is done by purchasing and mixing a vaccination of the type he is to be titered for, but instead of injecting it into the dog, put it on a cotton ball or tissue and allow the dog to sniff it, or perhaps even rub a bit of it on his nose. This increases the likelihood of the titer test result's accuracy.
Ongoing Research Two researchers are at the forefront of the field of canine immunology, Ronald D. Schultz, Ph.D, DVM and W. Jean Dodds, DVM. They are currently working together on a Rabies Challenge study that is underway at the University of Wisconsin's School of Veterinary Medicine where Dr. Schultz is a professor and the current chair of the Department of Pathobiological Sciences. Dr. Schultz has been studying the efficacy of vaccines and immunity since the 1970's. Regarding the practice of annual vaccination, he says, "...we have found that annual revaccination, with the vaccines that provide long term immunity, provides no demonstrable benefit and may increase the risk for adverse reactions." Dr. Dodds, an expert on Canine Autoimmune Thyroid Disease and founder of the first private non-profit blood bank for animals, Hemopet, is equally recognized as an authority on canine vaccines and immunology. Dr. Dodd's limited vaccination protocol is widely followed by purebred dog breeders concerned about the incidence of adverse reaction. Regarding titering at the one year period, she says, "If the titers are sufficient, then a booster isn't needed."
Other Considerations One concern for small dog owners in particular, is the amount of vaccine given. A Chihuahua is vaccinated with the same amount of pathogen as a Great Dane. Some researchers maintain that since at the cellular level there are the same number of receptor sites in every dog, that there is no reason to adjust dosages for body size. However studies show that the smaller a dog, the greater his potential for vaccine reaction. There is a period of vulnerability, particularly with Parvo, when a puppy's maternal antibodies prevent his immunization with a vaccine, and yet
are insufficient to protect him from actual infection with the virus. This is important to remember with puppies in areas with widespread incidence of Parvo. Just as with humans, there is an emerging body of evidence on the role inflammation plays in the canine body. Long thought to be a cause of healing, it is increasingly thought to be a causative agent in disease, and not a cure. The natural response in a dog's body to vaccination is an increase in inflammation
The study of canine immunology will be ongoing into the foreseeable future.
Dachshunds are among the breeds known to be vulnerable to vaccine related auto-immune Troubling questions remain for which there are no absolute answers or all encompassing solutions.Vaccination decisions are unique to every dog and should be determined by the dog's age, health, breed, etc. Links for further reading as well as to some of the latest and most conservative vaccination protocols have been provided.
Brett Winn http://www.thecaninescholar.com Additional Reading and Resources
• • • •
Everything Vaccines Canine Health Concern Dr. Jean Dodds Vaccination Protocol AAHA Canine Vaccine Guidelines
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0 3 / 0 6 / 2 0 0 2 - 19/11/2010 Stoneheart Snow Gypsy
Griz I REMEMBER….HOW EVEN AS A BABY YOU’D GRIZZLE AND GRUMP AT OTHER DOGS I REMEMBER….THE WAY THE BLACK AND PINK ON YOUR NOSE MET TO MAKE THE SHAPE OF A BAT I REMEMBER….THE WAY THE FUR BETWEEN YOUR EYES FELT SO SILKY TO TOUCH I REMEMBER….THE WAY THE LITTLE KINK IN YOUR TAIL MADE IT WAG ALL THE FASTER WHEN YOU WERE HAPPY I REMEMBER….THE WAY YOU USED TO CURL UP BEHIND MY KNEES FOR A NANA NAP AND HOW WE WERE THE PERFECT FIT I REMEMBER….HOW YOU USED TO SNEAK INTO THE SHOWER TO BE WITH ME YET GLARE AT ME AS IF I’D PUT YOU THERE I REMEMBER….THE WAY YOU’D SIT ON MY LAP AND PUT YOUR PAWS ON MY SHOULDERS TO PULL ME CLOSER I REMEMBER….THE WAY YOU’D TALK BACK TO ME WHEN I BLEW YOU KISSES I REMEMBER….HOW YOU USED TO LOVE TO SIT ON THE FRONT SEAT AND GO EVERY PLACE WITH ME AND SULK IF I DIDN’T TAKE YOU I REMEMBER….YOUR FIRST BATH IN THE LAUNDRY SINK AND HOW YOU LOOKED AT ME AS THOUGH I WAS MURDERING YOU I REMEMBER….ALL THE TIMES WHEN WE WENT TO KCC FOR A BALL THROW AND HOW YOU’D CARRY ON AS SOON AS YOU WORKED OUT WHERE WE WERE GOING I REMEMBER….THE WAY YOU FELT SNUGGLED UP NEXT TO ME IN BED AT NIGHT I REMEMBER….HOW I NEVER NEEDED TO CALL YOU WHEN I WANTED YOU, I ONLY NEEDED TO LOOK AND YOU’D KNOW I REMEMBER….YOUR BEAUTIFUL BIG DARK EYES I REMEMBER….HOW YOU ALWAYS KNEW IT WAS TIME FOR BED I REMEMBER….HOW YOU USED TO INSIST ON GETTING UNDER THE COVERS BY PAWING ME IN THE FACE I REMEMBER….HOW YOU HAD TO SIT BY ME ALL THE TIME EVEN IF YOU WERE UNCOMFORTABLE I REMEMBER….HOW YOU USED TO LOVE TO PLAY TUG OF WAR WITH THE LEAD I REMEMBER….YOUR LAST TIME IN THE SHOWRING AND HOW FABULOUS YOU THOUGHT YOU WERE AND I HAVE TO AGREE THAT AS FAR AS I WAS CONCERNED YOU REALLY WERE THE MOST FABULOUS I REMEMBER….THE LAST TIME I SAW YOU AND HOW EVEN THOUGH YOU WERE IN ENORMOUS AMOUNTS OF PAIN YOU SEARCHED ME OUT WITH THOSE EYES AND WAGGED YOUR TAIL JUST FOR ME I REMEMBER….KISSING YOU GOODBYE I REMEMBER.… HOW THERE’S NOT A THING I WOULDN’T GIVE TO HAVE YOU BY MY FEET AGAIN AT NIGHT
I REMEMBER….HOW MUCH I LOVED YOU….I WON’T FORGET….
firstname.lastname@example.org Merchandise also available at www.cafepress.com/thankdog
T H E E U KA NU B A E XPE R IE NCE F RO M A B UL LY P O I N T O F V I EW Going to a National Championship with a Staffordshire Bull Terrier, is kinda like going to a sword fight with a pocket knife. But I know that going in. I have shown performance Staffies for almost 15 years now. I just love the fight!! The fight with myself, to prepare my dog to his or her full potential. Being one of the top agility dogs of your breed is a thrill in itself and then getting that invitation in the mail with your ranking on it and your dogs name with all its titles listed, makes you want to compete even if the competition is over 2,000 miles away! Two years ago was the first time I received such an invite, ranked number 5, was just as cool to me as being ranked number one. Going in my expectations were to travel with a friend, also invited for the first time, and just have fun. That I did, we had two clean rounds, my dog had no problems flying, met up with friends & had a ball. Last year, we were ranked #4. Now, I thought I was a little bit smarter, my dog better trained & now my hopes were higher to perform better than the
year before. Unfortunately, a few weeks before the competition, my little Betty, decided that you can do the weave poles anyway you want & that problem followed me all the way to California. We did not have one clean run. All that way, and not one ribbon to show for it. A disappointment to say the least but, but we still had fun & she really ran well except for the poles. This year, Iâ€™m number two, earned our MACH just a few months prior and I decided at the last minute to try my luck again. My always helpful roommate couldn't make it , so I trekked out to Long Beach on my own. I did meet up with other friends once there. For some reason, I really didn't feel much pressure. I'm not sure why? Maybe because i've had the highs & lows of National competition, survived them both & learned a lot along the way. All five ranked Staffies were competing this year & it was fun seeing & chatting with everyone. After the first round, only two Staffies were clean, Betty & Eddie. I thought to myself, Iâ€™ve been here before & a lot can go wrong in a hurry.
The second round, again we ran clean. So far so good. End of day one... The second day, round three, I thought to myself, "just do what I have learned & run relaxed. Again, third run clean!!! Wow, can this be real? Could we some how get a perfect score at a national event? At this point, iIm the only Staffie that is clean & leading by 1 fault. Its not that I wanted to beat the other Staffies, I just wanted to show that our breed is up to the task of a perfect score. I'm not sure why I still wasn't nervous. The final course was very technical at the beginning. It was a hybrid course, only two contact obstacles & a lot of jumps. Continued on next page
Continued from page 36
The start was very slow for Betty because it was so twisty. We got through that part clean, then a discrimination section where the dog had to know the tunnel vs. The a-frame. We got through that ok. Next, three jumps to the teeter, two of which were spread jumps, which Staffies can have problems with, three jumps in a pinwheel to the weaves, change sides at the end of the poles & three jumps out with a 180 turn between the last two. We were wide at the 180 but were able to correct it. We got the last two jumps & there it was ... A perfect score of 400!! I was thrilled. All the hard work, all the training, it all paid off!!! I felt I prepared myself & my dog to do the best we could. A little later, I found out I missed the finals by one place. I was a little disappointed, but still very proud of our accomplishment. We were 11th out of 91 dogs in our height class. I couldn't have been prouder of Betty. She handled the stress of flying, hotel stays & the crowds of people & noise at the ringside . What a weekend in California to remember... Hopefully, i'll be able to compete in orlando next year??
Pam Dural & Betty Oakdell Staffords Burr Ridge, Il.
The Stafford Knot Brags, Shows, Litters Send us your BRAGS, Litter Announcements, Seminar and Show announcements and we can post them here. Be sure to fill out the BRAGS form found HERE
L-BELLE NEW TITLE L-BELLE STAFFORDS FO URO3 UCD UWPO UWPCHX UAGII UNJ GRCH Dynamo Sureshot Smart as a Fox CDX RE OA NAJ SPD NJ-N TT CGC, (UKC SUPERDOG) (CH Sureshot's King Louie x Karma's Edna Mae Leedee) Fox earned her Companion Dog Excellent title fast and in style, taking two 1st places & a 2nd place! Her last leg was well earned as 3 dogs decided to play rather than do their down-stay and they did it directly on top of Foxy! She stayed, GOOOOD GIRL! DNA Tested for L2-HGA, DNA Tested for HC, PennHIP 0.39/0.39, OFA Hips Good, OFA Elbows Normal, OFA Shoulders Normal, OFA Patellas Normal, OFA Cardiac (Echo) Normal, OFA BAER Normal, CERF, DNA
T R A M AC LITTER ANNOUNCEMENT TRAMAC Am Ch. Slam Dance - Chablakmor True Euphoria Congratulations to Tracy McManus on the safe arrival of the first Tramac litter! With gorgeous puppies! Puppies are clear by parentage for L2 and HC. Both parents PHPV unaffected. Litter whelped 11-22-2010 L2-HGA, HC Clear by parentage
Each month TSK will take questions from our readers and present them to breed specialists, experienced breeders, veterinarians, geneticists or experts in the field of the particular questions being asked. We hope you enjoy the information provided based upon YOUR feedback!
Ask TSK - Q & A
Dear Staffordknot, Over and over again I hear people arguing about a couple of things in the Staffy breed standard. One being height and weight and the other being toplines. Our standard says level topline. Does this mean flat like a coffee table or does this mean level at beginning and end or what? I am not new to dogs or staffys but I am not an anatomy student either. Can you please give a credible definition of what is a level topline please? Thank you.
Answer: Great question! For your answer we refer to a paragraph on page 170 of the book Showing & Judging Dogs by Hilary Harmar (1977, Arco Publishing Co. Inc., NY) called “UNDULATIONS OF THE SPINAL COLUMN”
“Owing to the different angles of the spines of the vertebrae from the withers to the tail, it will be seen that the top-line could never be absolutely level. Obviously, since the spinal processes are in four distinct areas and in each area they incline in different directions, where they do meet there has to be a slight dip or rise. There is often a slight dip downwards at the withers and in the show world this is often considered a fault. Structurally, however, it is not a fault;it merely indicates that the spines are long. But where this dipped section meets the five vertebrae of the back, the top-line must change direction and this part of the back must be parallel to the ground. The forward slanting spines of the loins must now meet the more or less upright ones of the back and where they meet there must be another slight undulation, just as there will be where the croup starts. The whole spinal column will not and should not be absolutely straight. Just as the spinal column is not absolutely straight in the human. Yet we erroneously talk about straight backs in both humans and in dogs!”
Wanted Samples for PHPV/PPSC Research. If you own or have bred a dog diagnosed with either of these eye conditions, could you help by supplying mouth swabs from the affected dog plus its parents and litter-mates.
Any PHPV positives found in litter screenings are not reported in the Breeds Record Supplement, nor are any cases of PPSC - hence this appeal.
If sufficient samples from affected cases can be obtained, it is hoped that research to determine the inheritance of both conditions may be commenced, possibly leading eventually to DNA tests similar to those available for HC and L-2-HGA.
A copy of the eye test certificate and a copy of the dogs pedigree would also be appreciated. All samples and information will of course be confidential just in case anyone has any concern's about that.
If you can help with this and thus help the Stafford , can you please contact one of the following who can supply swabs and any information required.
Diane Taylor - 01670 823635 email - email@example.com Lesley McFadyen - 01205 871762 email - firstname.lastname@example.org Archie Bryden - 01772 715807 email - email@example.com Many thanks for your co-operation.
The Stafford Knot wishes to provide the following information for your convenience. TSK encourages health testing of all Staffordshire Bull Terriers, especially those used for breeding purposes and/or performance events. The testing is made available to be used as a tool to eliminate certain diseases from a breeding program. Used wisely, this can be accomplished. The following testing information is provided as a service to you, however should not be used as the only health checks your Stafford receives. There are many more health issues to be considered when breeding dogs, caring for dogs and when looking to buy a purebred dog. As always, please seek the advice of your personal veterinary specialists for your day-to-day needs of your dogs. Thank you!
* * * Please note - a CERF or PHPV test done by a canine ophthalmologist is NOT the same test as the one done to check for HC. BOTH tests should be carried out * * * ***PLEASE send in your test results for the databases. Accurate records are valuable to the breed*** Remember, if you choose to breed from a carrier you must test the entire resulting litter to determine clears & carriers. Thus if you choose to keep a carrier from that litter, the same must be done for each subsequent litter resulting from breeding carriers. If you sell carrier pups, please consider spay/neuter so that more carriers are not produced. With the advent and ease of genetic testing many of these diseases could be eliminated by only breeding clear to clear. To use a known carrier requires an extra step of responsibility. There is no excuse to breed an untested dog.
Testing Facility For L2-Hga & HC Animal Health Trust Lanwades Park, Kentford
Testing Facility For L2-Hga Onl y Ca nine Genetic Diseases - University Of Missouri
New Market, Suffolk CB87UU Phone: 01638 751000
321 Connaway Hall
F ax: 01638 750410
Columbia, Missouri 65211-5120 USA
Ema il: info@a ht.org .uk We bsite: www.aht.org.uk
F ax: 573-884-5414
www.a ht.org .uk/ genetics_tests.html#ca nine
Ema il: HansenL@missouri.edu We bsite: www.caninegeneticdiseases.net Direct Link: www.caninegeneticdiseases.net/DNAtests/Testsnow.htm
***Due to a patent issue Vetgen currently can no longer do the HC test and they have said that they do not know when the issue will be resolved*** Continued on next page
Other labs offering L-2-HGA test in Europe: France www.antagene.com Czech Republic www.genomia.cz Germany www.laboklin.de / www.laboklin.co.uk Testing Facility For Hip, Elbows, Patella and Cardiac Certifications * Orthopedic Foundation For Animals (OFA) 2300 E Nifong Boulevard Columbia, Missouri, 65201-3806 USA Phone: 573-442-0418 Fax: 573-875-5073 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.offa.org *Note: A Board Certified Cardiologist must perform all Cardiac exams. A qualified licensed Veterinarian can provide X-Ray films for hips, elbows and Patella. Testing Facility For Eye Certifications* Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) 1717 Philo Rd P O Box 3007 Urbana, IL 61803-3007 USA Phone: 217-693-4800 Fax: 217-693-4801 Email: CERF@vmdb.org Website: www.vmdb.org/cerf.html *Note: A Board Certified Canine Ophthalmologist must perform all CERF exams. CERF exams are annual exams for breeding stock.
Please view online version at www.thestaffordknot.com
Balance = Lack of Exaggeration
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With regard to faults - Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the â€˜SERIOUSNESSâ€™ with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its DEGREE.
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It is possible that some breeders and exhibitors do not completely understand what a correct scissors bite should look like. If in doubt, ask your veterinarian or spend some time with an experienced mentor who can give you some hands-on education with a variety of dogs. Remember that bad bites are hereditary and breeding Staffords with incorrect bites will assure the continuation of the problem for generations to come. As breeders, it is our job to let judges know that correct bites are important to us. Similarly judges can let us know that they will accept no less.
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“Heights Being Related to Weights” Size, Proportion, Substance Height at shoulder: 14 to 16 inches. Weight: Dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds, these heights being related to weights. Non-conformity with these limits is a fault. In proportion, the length of back, from withers to tail set, is equal to the distance from withers to ground.
Males 14”...... 28lbs 14 1/2”..30.45lbs 15”........32.85lbs 15 1/2”...35.5lbs 16” ....... 38lbs
Females 14” ........24lbs 14 1/2”...26.25lbs 15”.........28.80lbs 15 1/2”...31.31lbs 16”.........34lbs
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A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is ﬁt for function. Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in some breeds adversely...If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present in the right measure. The head should appear clean. No wrinkle or bunched up expression. One should strive for 2/3 to 1/3 ratio head to muzzle with a definite stop but not an EXAGGERATED stop or lack of stop. The stop itself should be almost vertical. The easiest way to determine accurate stop is to place your thumb on the stop and look at the angle of your thumb. Do not be fooled by the profile view of the eye socket and mistake this for the stop. The lip should be very clean, thin and tight to the teeth meeting top and bottom with no flews or wrinkled, fleshy or spongey excess thus giving the Stafford a somewhat serious expression at times. The lip should not turn down at the end or be excessive. Exaggerations of under jaw include total lack or under jaw, weak under jaw or too strong an under jaw. None of these are correct. Depending upon the cleanness of the lip - this can be difficult to asses without a hands on going over. The nose itself may turn up slightly at the tip, but keep in mind the plane of the muzzle and the head - they should be parallel to one another. When the muzzle turns up more than the plane of the top skull the dog has a dish face and if the planes dip downward - a down face - neither is clean, balanced and will be exaggerated in expression. When the muzzle is too short or too long they will lack balance. Ears can deceive on a glance so best to get your hands on the dogs head and feel for placement, thickness of leather and size. More on heads in a later article. Does the dog have sufficient length of leg? Can you see daylight under him/her? If not is it due to a short upper arm or just overall shortness of leg all around? A balanced Stafford should measure the same from the withers to the ground - as it does from the withers to the base of the tail set. Staffords are a square breed. They are not low to the ground or squatty. They are not way up on leg either. Enough leg, enough back - not too much, not too little. Is there massive bone or fine bone? Neither is balanced. Staffords are square - BALANCED with no EXAGGERATION.. Is the animal wider in front than looks natural or is it pinched in front? Neither is correct. The front legs should appear to drop directly down from the shoulder. The front shouldn't appear to be ‘in’ or ‘out’, and MOST CERTAINLY certainly shouldn't look like a bulldog. The legs straight, no weakness at pastern but the tight well padded feet DO turn out a little. Not a lot, and not straight as in other terrier breeds. The rear should appear strong - not HUGE and not weak and narrow - somewhat even to the front when viewed from above. There should be a definite waist line with approximately 4 fingers width between the last rib and the hip bone. One should see that last rib as well, showing no fat or wrinkle and sufficient tuck up from the profile. A Stafford is certainly well muscled, yet not bunched muscle - long and lean muscle is much more suited to the breed and its original intended purpose. Not a heavyweight boxer but more like a middleweight. It must be able to move easily, be active and agile. Too much bunched muscle is exaggeration and the dog will lack balance. Not enough and he will appear soft and will not function correctly. Exaggeration of muscle in either direction will affect movement as well.
Its all about a balance. NO EXAGGERATION. Continued on next page
Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Standards Breed Standard (AKC version) Terrier Group General Appearance The Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier is a smooth-coated dog. It should be of great strength for its size and, although muscular, should be active and agile. Size, Proportion, Substance Height at shoulder: 14 to 16 inches. Weight: Dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds, these heights being related to weights. Non-conformity with these limits is a fault. In proportion, the length of back, from withers to tail set, is equal to the distance from withers to ground. Head Short, deep through, broad skull, very pronounced cheek muscles, distinct stop, short foreface, black nose. Pink (Dudley) nose to be considered a serious fault. Eyes--Dark preferable, but may bear some relation to coat color. Round, of medium size, and set to look straight ahead. Light eyes or pink eye rims to be considered a fault, except that where the coat surrounding the eye is white the eye rim may be pink. Ears--Rose or half-pricked and not large. Full drop or full prick to be considered a serious fault. Mouth--A bite in which the outer side of the lower incisors touches the inner side of the upper incisors.The lips should be tight and clean. The badly undershot or overshot bite is a serious fault. Neck, Topline, Body The neck is muscular, rather short, clean in outline and gradually widening toward the shoulders. The body is close coupled, with a level topline, wide front, deep brisket and well sprung ribs being rather light in the loins. The tail is undocked, of medium length, low set, tapering to a point and carried rather low. It should not curl much and may be likened to an oldfashioned pump handle. A tail that is too long or badly curled is a fault. Forequarters Legs straight and well boned, set rather far apart, without looseness at the shoulders and showing no weakness at the pasterns, from which point the feet turn out a little. Dewclaws on the forelegs may be removed. The feet should be well padded, strong and of medium size. Hindquarters The hindquarters should be well muscled, hocks let down with stifles well bent. Legs should be parallel when viewed from behind. Dewclaws, if any, on the hind legs are generally removed. Feet as in front. Coat Smooth, short and close to the skin, not to be trimmed or de-whiskered. Color Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any of these colors with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black-and-tan or liver color to be disqualified. Gait Free, powerful and agile with economy of eﬀort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hind legs. Temperament From the past history of the Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier, the modern dog draws its character of indomitable courage, high intelligence, and tenacity. This, coupled with its aﬀection for its friends, and children in particular, its oﬀ-duty quietness and trustworthy stability, makes it a foremost all-purpose dog. Disqualification Black-and-tan or liver color. Approved November 14, 1989 Eﬀective January 1, 1990
Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Standards Breed Standard (KC version) General Appearance Smooth-coated, well balanced, of great strength for his size. Muscular, active and agile. Characteristics Traditionally of indomitable courage and tenacity. Highly intelligent and affectionate especially with children. Temperament Bold, fearless and totally reliable. Head and Skull Short, deep though with broad skull. Very pronounced cheek muscles, distinct stop, short foreface, nose black. Eyes Dark preferred but may bear some relation to coat colour. Round, of medium size, and set to look straight ahead. Eye rims dark. Ears Rose or half pricked, not large or heavy. Full, drop or pricked ears highly undesirable. Mouth Lips tight and clean. Jaws strong, teeth large, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Neck Muscular, rather short, clean in outline gradually widening towards shoulders. Forequarters Legs straight and well boned, set rather wide apart, showing no weakness at the pasterns, from which point feet turn out a little. Shoulders well laid back with no looseness at elbow. Body Close-coupled, with level topline, wide front, deep brisket, well sprung ribs; muscular and well defined. Hindquarters Well muscled, hocks well let down with stifles well bent. Legs parallel when viewed from behind. Feet Well padded, strong and of medium size. Nails black in solid coloured dogs. Tail Medium length, low-set, tapering to a point and carried rather low. Should not curl much and may be likened to an old-fashioned pump handle. Gait/Movement Free, powerful and agile with economy of effort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hindlegs. Coat Smooth, short and close. Colour Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any one of these colours with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black and tan or liver colour highly undesirable. Size Desirable height at withers 36-41 cms (14 to 16 ins), these heights being related to the weights. Weight: dogs: 13-17 kgs (28-38 lbs); bitches 11-15.4 kgs. Faults Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog. Note - Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. Last Updated - September 2000
United Kennel Club (UKC version) Terrier Group
Copyright 1992, United Kennel Club, Inc.
Revised April 15, 2007..
History The Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier is a descendant of the Bull and Terrier crosses made in Great Britain in the late 1700's. It was given the name "Staﬀordshire" in reference to an area where it was very popular, to diﬀerentiate it from the other Bull and Terrier breeds. The Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1975. General Appearance The Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier is a smooth coated dog that possesses great strength for its size. Although muscular, it is active and agile. Characteristics This breed has indomitable courage, high intelligence and tenacity. Coupled with its aﬀection for its friends, and children in particular, its quietness and trustworthy stability make it an all-purpose dog. Head The head is short and deep throughout with a distinct stop. SKULL - The skull is broad and the cheek muscles are very pronounced. MUZZLE - the foreface is short, with strong jaws and clean, tight lips. TEETH - A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite; the outer side of the lower incisors touching the inner side of the upper incisors. Serious Faults: Badly overshot or undershot bites. EYES - Dark eyes are preferred, but may bear some relation to coat color. The round, medium size eyes are set on to look straight ahead. Dark eye rims are preferred. NOSE - The nose is black. EARS - The rose or half-pricked ears are not large. Serious Faults: Full drop ear. Full prick ear. Neck The muscular, rather short neck is clean in outline and widens gradually toward the shoulders. Forequarters The shoulders are well laid back. FORELEGS - The straight, well-boned forelegs are set rather far apart at the shoulders, but show no looseness at the elbow. The pasterns are strong, and the feet turn out slightly. Body The body is close-coupled with a broad, deep chest and well-sprung ribs. The loins are fairly light and the topline is level. Hindquarters The hindquarters are well-muscled. HIND LEGS - The stifles are well-bent. The hocks are well let down. The legs are parallel when viewed from behind. Dewclaws are generally removed from the hind legs. Feet The strong, medium-sized feet are well padded. Tail The medium-length tail is not docked. It is low-set, carried rather low and tapers to a point. It does not curl much, and may be likened to an old-fashioned pump handle. Faults: Too long or badly curled tail. Coat The short, smooth coat is close to the skin. Neither the coat nor the whiskers are to be trimmed. Color Acceptable colors include red, fawn, white, black, any shade of brindle, and blue, with or without white. Serious Faults: Black and tan or liver. Height & Weight Height, measured at the shoulders, ranges from 14 to 16 inches. Weight ranges are as follows: dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds. Weight depends on the height of the individual dog. Gait The free, powerful, agile movement is accomplished with an economy of eﬀort. When viewed from the front or the rear, the legs move parallel. There is a noticeable drive from the hind legs. Disqualifications Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.
Australian National (ANKC version) Group: Group 2 (Terriers) General Appearance: Smooth coated, well balanced, of great strength for his size. Muscular, active and agile. Characteristics: Traditionally of indomitable courage and tenacity. Highly intelligent and aﬀectionate especially with children. Temperament: Bold, fearless and totally reliable. Head And Skull: Short, deep though with broad skull. Very pronounced cheek muscles, distinct stop, short foreface, nose black. Eyes: Dark preferred but may bear some relation to coat colour. Round, of medium size, and set to look straight ahead. Eye rims dark. Ears: Rose or half pricked, not large or heavy. Full, drop or pricked ears highly undesirable. Mouth: Lips tight and clean. Jaws strong, teeth large, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Neck: Muscular, rather short, clean in outline gradually widening towards shoulder. Forequarters: Legs straight and well boned, set rather wide apart, showing no weakness at the pasterns, from which point feet turn out a little. Shoulders well laid back with no looseness at elbow. Body: Close coupled, with level topline, wide front, deep brisket, well sprung ribs; muscular and well defined. Hindquarters: Well muscled, hocks well let down with stifles well bent. Legs parallel when viewed from behind. Feet: Well padded, strong and of medium size. Nails black in solid coloured dogs. Tail: Medium length, low set, tapering to a point and carried rather low. Should not curl much and may be likened to an old fashioned pump handle. Gait/Movement: Free, powerful and agile with economy of eﬀort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hindlegs. Coat: Smooth, short and close. Colour: Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any one of these colours with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black and tan or liver colour highly undesirable. Sizes: Weight: Dogs 13-17 kg (28-38 lbs) Bitches 11-15.4 kg (24-34 lbs) Desirable Height: 36-41 cms (14-16 ins) at withers (these heights being related to the weights) Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its eﬀect upon the health and welfare of the dog. Notes: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
FCI-(Fédération Internationale Cynologique version) ORIGIN : Great Britain.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD : 24.06.1987.
UTILIZATION : Terrier.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 3 Terriers. Section 3 Bull type Terriers. Without working trial.
GENERAL APPEARANCE - Smooth-coated, well balanced, of great strength for his size. Muscular, active and agile. BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT Traditionally of indomitable courage and tenacity. Highly intelligent and aﬀectionate especially with children. Bold, fearless and totally reliable. HEAD - Short. - CRANIAL REGION Skull : Deep through with broad skull. Stop : Distinct. FACIAL REGION : Nose : Black. Muzzle : Short foreface. Jaws/Teeth : Jaws strong, teeth large, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i. e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaw. Lips : Tight and clean. Cheeks : Very pronounced cheek muscles. Eyes : Dark preferred but may bear some relation to coat colour. Round, of medium size, and set to look straight ahead. Eye rims dark. Ears : Rose or half pricked, not large or heavy. Full, drop or pricked ears highly undesirable. NECK - Muscular, rather short, clean in outline gradually widening towards shoulders. BODY Close-coupled. Topline : Level. Chest : Wide front, deep brisket, well sprung ribs ; muscular and well defined. TAIL - Medium length, low set, tapering to a point and carried rather low. Should not curl much and may be likened to an old-fashioned pump handle. LIMBS FOREQUARTERS : Legs straight and well boned, set rather wide apart, showing no weakness at the pasterns, from which point feet turn out a little. Shoulders : Well laid back. Elbows : No looseness. HINDQUARTERS : Well muscled. Legs parallel when viewed from behind. Stifles : Well bent. Hocks : Well let down. FEET : Well padded, strong and of medium size. Nails black in solid coloured dogs. GAIT / MOVEMENT Free, powerfull and agile with economy of eﬀort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hindlegs. COAT HAIR : Smooth, short and close. COLOUR : red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any one of these colours with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black and tan or liver colour highly undesirable. SIZE AND WEIGHT Desirable height at withers : 14-16 ins. (35,5 to 40,5 cm), these heights being related to the weights. Weight : Dogs : 28-38 lbs (12,7-17 kg). Bitches : 24-34 lbs (11-15,4 kg) FAULTS Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its eﬀect upon the health and welfare of the dog. Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified. N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
The Stafford Knot
Below are TSK Featured Staffords currently in rescue and in need of homes. We list these dogs as a courtesy. The dogs are NOT here with us. They are in different parts of the world. We have NO connection to any of them, TSK lists them in order that they may gain more exposure and find great permanent homes. Please do not send us questions about these dogs as we have no further information than what is listed below. There are links and contact info on each dog. We encourage sponsorship of these dogs in order to lessen the burden of foster care and kenneling. Thank you for considering rescue!
Brady - 3 Year Old Male - Victorville, CA ===================================== Brady was rescued from a shelter. He is neutered, fully vaccinated & housebroken. This beautiful boy loves people, but needs to be an only pet. Unfortunately, Brady is heart worm positive, but is on a mild form of heart worm treatment. With some rest & TLC, he should bounce back to good health. Brady is a handsome Staﬀord who desperately needs a loving home. Please contact Rescue@sbtca.com to adopt Brady or to sponsor him. Funding and foster care is always needed!
===================================== Sarge - 6 Year Old Male - Kearny, PA Sarge is a very sweet Staﬀord, who loves all people, especially kids. He is sociable with dogs and cats, but one should never forget he is a Staﬀord. He is well trained, obedient, and healthy, up on all his shots. He is sad to know that his family can't keep him as they are forced to move to a home that doesn't allow pets, and they have no one to turn to. Please contact Rescue@sbtca.com to adopt Sarge or to sponsor him. Funding and foster care is always needed!
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The Stafford Knot
===================================== Asia - 10 Year Old Female - Northern California Asia is a sweet veteran girl who's owners are no longer able to keep her. We are looking for a loving forever home where she will be the ONLY pet for her to spend her golden years. Please contact Rescue@sbtca.com to adopt Asiaor to sponsor her. Funding and foster care is always needed!
===================================== Rippley - 10 Year Old Female - Cornwall, UK She ended up at the National Animal Welfare Trust Cornwall (N.A.W.T.) as her previous owners circumstances had changed and was no longer able to care for her. She has now been with us here at the Cornwall branch of the National Animal Welfare Trust for the best part of a year and a half bless her. We know that she has had at least 2 homes before coming into us, so we really want to get her into her forever home. She is a very loving girl and would suit a quieter home or maybe a 1-1 type home, that has had experience with rescue dogs or SBT. She could live with children 12yrs plus as long as they are sensible and used to dogs. She will need to be the only animal in the home as she doesnt get along with other animals. She LOVES water and could paddle/swim all day if you let her although she isnt to keen on going out when its raining. She is good to walk on the lead and loves To sponsor Rippley click HERE. being out and about or having a good play. Please e-mail or the centre's phone number is: 01736 756005. To make a donation click HERE CORNISH ANIMAL RESCUE CENTRE Wheal Alfred Kennels Wheal Alfred Road HAYLE Cornwall TR27 5JT
Let them know you saw her on TSK. Thank you!
The Stafford Knot
The Stafford Knot lists health tested stud dogs in the gallery, however, it is up to you to verify this testing by asking to see the certificates for each test if they are not made available here for download. We have screened this to the best of our ability, but cannot guarantee dogs listed have been tested. PLEASE ask for copies of certificates before using dogs at stud for the health and the future of our breed. Thank you. Form to advertise in Stud Gallery is found HERE
======================================= DayDream Ch. Slam Dance, CGC (Imp UK) “Nigel” DNA - AKC - #P24384 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected, OFA/PennHip Hips, Patella, CERF http://www.offa.org/display.html?appnum=678935#animal email@example.com www.daydreamsbt.com Tel 530-306-0305 Frozen semen available to health tested bitches only. More photos of Nigel available. Health documents available by request.
======================================= DayDream Jayneze Diamonds And Guns (Imp UK) “Tierney” DNA - AKC - #V567946 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected, CERF, OFA Hips good, OFA Elbow normal http://sunnycrest.vmdb.org/CerfWebSearch/Search/Results.aspx firstname.lastname@example.org www.daydreamsbt.com Tel 530-306-0305 Available to health tested bitches only. Health documents available by request.
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Gamepit Ch Carnig Positive Profile “Frank“ Clear of L2-HGA, & HC, PHPV Unaffected - documentation available upon request email@example.com Tel 0208 401 8182 Clear Tested bitches only need apply.
======================================= Zoellies Sabahouse Touch of Class At Zoellies “Tyler” Clear of L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected - documentation available upon request firstname.lastname@example.org www.zoellies.co.uk Tel 01994427484 Tel 07817432866
© Stu Coates 2010 www.showstaffs.co.uk
======================================= Absolute BIS BISS CH Belnore Dream Keeper OFA ‘Beau’ AKC DNA - V426729 Clear of L2-HGA, HC, OFA/PennHip Hips, OFA/PennHip Elbows, Patella, OFA Cardiac - documentation available upon request AbsoluteAST@aol.com www.absoluteamericanstaffordshireterrier.com Tel 337-255-3508
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Sajojistaff CH Sajojistaff Back In Black ‘George’ L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected email@example.com http://sajojistaff.webs.com Tel 01608 659869 Only clear tested bitches may apply. Health documentation available by request
======================================= Ramstaff Ch Ramstaff American Ikon, TT “Ike” L2-HGA, HC, OFA Cardiac Ramstaff@earthlink.net www.ramstaffkennels.com 770-888-5255
Available to clear tested bitches only Health documents available by request
======================================= Moonstruck CH Moonstruck The Stamler Express, TT “Stamler” L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected firstname.lastname@example.org www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 "Available to Heath Tested Bitches with Correct Stafford Temperaments Only" Health documents available by request
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Moonstruck Moonstruck Blue Asher, TT “Asher” L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected email@example.com www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 "Available to Heath Tested Bitches with Correct Stafford Temperaments Only" Health documents available by request
======================================= The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected & cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of
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The Stafford Knot
The Stafford Knot is offering classified advertising of goods and services which are dog related. Ads are limited to 20 words, no images. For larger ads please consider gallery advertising. The Stafford Knot cannot be held responsible for any items sold through this page. All sales are between seller and purchaser. TSK makes no warranties either written or implied. Information on how to advertise in TSK classifieds can be found HERE
===================================== The Whole Dog Your Premier Resource For Natural Dog Care, Consultations, products, articles. Dr. Jeannie Thomason veterinary naturopath. firstname.lastname@example.org
Thankdog - All Breeds Equal Help fight BSL - promote responsible dog ownership. T-shirts, Calendars, Stickers, & more. Proceeds benefit Stafford causes. email@example.com www.cafepress.com/Thankdog
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Bait Me Treats Dehydrated treats for dogs & cats. Nothing added. 100% natural. USA sourced. Hand cut. Hand packed. Wholesale bulk available email@example.com www.baitmetreats.com
aecollars Handcrafted SBT Collars, Leads & Harnesses Tel 01981 241488 or Int. +44 1981 241488 www.aecollars.co.uk for made to measure service www.staffordleather.com for ready made items
My Staffy For the Love of Staffordshire Bull Terriers. Staffordshire Bull Terrier merchandise & gifts. T-shirts, plush toys & collectibles. www.mystaffy.com.au
Young Living Experience therapeutic benefits of essential oils for your family - pets too! Use Independent Distributor Referral #1166695 CLICK for more info
Natural Rearing Breeders Association Breeders, natural animal health care providers, individuals actively contributing to increasing health and longevity of our dogs. http://www.nrbreedersassociation.org
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The Stafford Knot
The Stafford Knot cannot be held responsible for the breeders listed below. Please do your homework and ask to see health certificates, discuss terms and decide whether the Stafford is the correct breed for you prior to purchasing a puppy. Remember, Stafford rescues are also available and make be wonderful pets in the right homes! A Stafford is not the breed for everyone. Please be responsible dog owners and take responsibility for you and your dog in all situations. Contact us with questions.
We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted Form to advertise in Breeders Directory can be found HERE North America Alabama Cornerstone The Folmars Alabama http://www.cornerstonestaffords.net 205-966-8114 L2-HGA, HC
Florida Cloverdale Staffordshirebull Terriers Amy O'Brian & Jeff Markey Sarasota Florida EMAIL www.cloverdalestaffords.com 941-377-9294 L2-HGA, HC
"Staffords that are exemplary in type & balance" California Camelot Staffords Joan Ganz Sacramento, California EMAIL http://www.camelotstaffordshirebullterriers.com 916-342-0854 L2-HGA, HC
Georgia Wavemaker Staffords Jim & Lynn Caswell GA, USA EMAIL www.wavemakerstaffords.com 770-666-6121 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF
“Breeding for temperament and standard.”
“Naturally reared - Promoting health, exercise & the Breed Standard - Wavemaker Staffords....naturally”
California Chavier Staffords Kim Washington-Smith Southern California EMAIL 213 - 760-9081 L2-HGA, HC, CERF
Georgia Ramstaff Staffords Angie & Kevin Beezley Georgia, USA EMAIL www.ramstaffkennels.com 770-888-5255 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Cardiac, CERF
"Breeding Staffords with Charm" “Ramstaff...focusing on the standard blend of bull & terrier with true stafford temperament...always” California Gemini Kennel Beth Lloyd Southern California EMAIL www.angelfire.com/ca2/geminikennel L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF
Illinois 1 of a Kind Staffords Andrew Currier Peoria Il EMAIL 309-691-7134 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac “Unequalled in type, balance, fitness & health”
“From show dogs to GO dogs.”
Continued on next page
Maryland Hi-Impact Staffords (Reg) Rich Newberger Baltimore http://hiimpactstaffords.com 410-323-4141 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV, Hips, Elbows, Cardiac, CERF “Bred to standard not by design” Maryland Moonstruck Staffords Judy Heller Edgewater, MD 21037 EMAIL www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 L2-HGA, HC Quality Staffordshire Bull Terriers of Correct Type & Temperament for Show, Performance & Companion "The Ultimate Nanny Dog” Michigan Blessings' Kennel Cathy Micallef Southeastern MI EMAIL www.blessingskennel.org 734-634-9328 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF “Wonderful companions with show & working potential!” New York Stephanie Crawford Binghamton, NY EMAIL 607-775-1996 L2-HGA, HC, Hips Washington ANGEL ROCK Staffordshire Bull Terriers Spokane, Washington www.angelrockdogs.com “SBT educational articles, tons of photos and rescue info too!"
Wisconsin MSLF Kennels Cindy Bundy EMAIL 262-857-9412 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, CERF, Other “We strive to promote sound minds and bodies.”
Wellington, New Zealand Battleaxe Grant & Louise Blackwood dglkblack@XTRA.CO.NZ http://www.battleaxekennels.com 0064 4478-9313 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV
The Stafford Knot January 2010 Issue #1, Vol #1 Articles include: Joseph Dunn - Hints to the Novice SBT=Bulldog+Terrier
February 2010 Issue #2, Vol #1 Articles include: SBT Breed Seminar, Raymond Crilly - Judges Ed Breeders Code of Silence SBT Exhibition Center (Past Crufts Wnners story NOT included) March 2010 Issue #3, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard Balance & Movement - Judges Ed PHPV - Tala’s Story - Health Demodectic Mange - Alternative Therapies for Treatments - Health (WKC stories NOT included) April 2010 Issue #4, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard RX For Whelping & Caesarians Breeders Ed What You See is What You Get The Tragic Loss of Bloodlines & Mentoring in America - Breeders Ed A Very Special Boy Meets His 1st Stafford May 2010 Issue #5, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard Tan Point Markings - AKA Black & Tan Judges/Breeders Ed Staffords in Working Trials Fibro Cartila....what? - Health How to Select Against Genetic Disease with Knowledge, Not Hope - Breeders Ed
June 2010 Issue #6, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard GDC Genetics Interview Breeders Ed Balance in the SBT Judges/Breeders Ed One By One - What YOU can do! The Disappearing Sperm - Breeders Ed/ Health SBT Breed Record Holders, Part 1 July 2010 Issue #7, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Dogs Who Fly - Dock Diving Judging My Way - Judges/ Exhibitors Ed The Holy Grail How to Weight Pull with your Staffordshire Bull Terrier Track Training - Starting Out Flyball - “Organized Chaos” August 2010 - Veterans! Issue #8, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Grey Muzzles & Puppy Dog Tales Staying in the Game My Sunshine Tammy Alf ALSO may be viewed HERE September 2010 Issue #9, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Training Your Stafford Forequarters What Price Glory Early neurological Stimulation ALSO may be viewed HERE
October 2010 Issue #10, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Living With Cushings Dont Steal My Joy What is Natural Rearing Using Genetic Pedigree ALSO may be viewed HERE November 2010 Issue #11, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Miracles Do Happen Nostalgia The Versatile Stafford The Genetic Pedigree Arnica Montana Also may be viewed HERE December 2010 Issue #12, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard The Breed Today Puppies For Christmas Pets As Therapy Understanding Recessive Genes A Tribute To Trilby When Things Don’t Go As Planned Also may be viewed HERE
ALL articles published in TSK during the 2010 year may be viewed HERE
WHAT DOES IT MEAN? WHAT IS THE STAFFORD KNOT? Â Â The origin of the Stafford Knot is a distinctive threelooped knot that is the tradition symbol of the English county of Staffordshire and of its county town Stafford. Although not heraldic in its own right, the Stafford Knot is an ancient symbol that is steeped in history. The earliest recording of the Stafford Knot is the shaft of a stone cross located in Stoke-on-Trent churchyard. The cross itself is traceable to between 750 and 850 AD. However, the knot device could have been added at a later date. There is a seal existing in the British Museum London which was the property of Lady Joan Stafford (later Lady Wake). It would seem that Lady Wake used on her seal a border made up from her husband's badge, the Wake Knot, made up from the initials W and O (for Wake and Ormond) intertwined. The seal quite clearly depicts a cordon of four knots in the shape of the Stafford Knot. The knot was passed down through the Earl's family, and it was gradually used by the citizens and freemen of Stafford, until it was eventually included in the Stafford Borough Coat of Arms. It is incorporated into the badges and symbols of many organizations and companies, viz., Staffordshire Police, Staffordshire Fire Service, Staffordshire Ambulance Service. A popular romantic notion of the Stafford Knot is that it was used in barbaric times by a Stafford County Sheriff who invented it to hang three criminals at the same time, but the evidence above clearly contradicts this idea. The motto of the arms of the County of Stafford is "The Knot Unites".
The Stafford Knot
The Back Page
From the Editor NEXT MONTH UNDERSTANDING JUDGING CONSISTENCY TAMMY WHAT IS CERF? STAFFORD OBEDIENCE A PICTORIAL LOOK AT THE EARLY YEARS ALL TOPICS SUBJECT TO CHANGES BEYOND OUR CONTROL AT PUBLISHING TIME. THE ABOVE TOPICS ARE ESTABLISHED AT CURRENT PRESS TIME.
Ever wonder why Stafford owners and breeders are so protective, proud and rather boisterous when it comes to discussing this breed?
aren’t afraid to voice them either.....loudly too!
This tenacious trait can be a good thing, or it could be perceived as How many people have told stories troublesome. We all want our dogs to about when they first learned of the be well behaved in public, don’t we? ...to breed and their first encounters with represent the breed as true Stafford owners and breeders? Some say ambassadors? its like a nearly impenetrable wall. Or How about all of us owners, breeders that they had to learn a secret and enthusiasts try to do the same? handshake in order to be accepted into Could we? the Stafford family. Sure, fire up when appropriate, but Could the old saying be true that people sometimes its that quiet dog who gets dont choose dogs, but that dogs choose his point across best. their people? Share TSK with someone! Thank you to I think this is the case with Staffords. I all of you for supporting TSK! have yet to meet a Stafford owner Go hug your Staffords! without strong opinions. ..and they Lynn Caswell, Editor