JUL/AUG 2011 P R O M O T I N G T H E S T A F F O R D S H I R E B U L L T E R R I E R
The Stafford Knot
ISSUE #4 VOL 2 FREE
The Stafford Knot promotes Health Tested Staffords
HIP LEGISLATION DYSPLASIA PAGE 7
PREFERRED BREED TYPE
THE PROBLEM WITH DOG PARKS PAGE 27
ARE SAYING ABOUT THE RAW DIET PAGE 30
A INTERVIEW WITH TONY BRINDLEY ( CABRINDLE )
HOW IT ALL BEGAN PAGE 38
HEALTH TESTING INFO PAGE 47
ILLUSTRATED BREED STANDARD
The Stafford Knot Behind the Scenes If you are interested in securing a future cover on The Stafford Knot please contact us for details.
Subscribe online for FREE www.thestaffordknot.com
What we offer: Full Color Ads of Top Staffords, Kennels & Vendors Dog/Kennel Ads, Brags, Breeder Directory, Club Announcements, Stud Gallery Litter Announcements & Informative Articles What you can expect: WORLDWIDE Publication 24/7 Accessibility, No Waiting For Delivery! DIRECT DISTRIBUTION to Stafford Judges Worldwide No PAID Subscriptions needed! Interactive Advertisements Back Issues Archived online as PDF’s Kennel Logo Design available
Look for us on FaceBook & Twitter LIKE us on FB
Thank you to this hard working team of Stafford devotees Lynn Caswell Chris Kerrigan - Erika Phillips Linda Strange Jim Caswell Kimberly Washington-Smith - Damon Folmar Andy Bohane Donna Treadwell Dayna Lemke Angie Beezley Guest Authors/Historians - Thank you also to our -
Sr. Editor , Design Editor. Columnist Columnist Administrator CFO CA Fund Raiser SE Fund Raiser UK Fund Raiser Australia Fund Raiser Q & A Coordinator Marketing Rep. Article Contribution
We welcome Fundraiser representatives and article contributions from interested parties. Please contact us if for more information how you can get involved. Thank you also to our Rescue Coordinators Worldwide
The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected & cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of The Stafford Knot Thank you. Contact Us TSK benefits Stafford rescue worldwide © 2009 - 2011 BD Design
Placing an ad on TSK is as easier than ever! Click Here for Advertising FORM
AD R AT ES SIX ISSUES PER CALENDAR YEAR
Fill out form, pay and upload photos & health certificates all at once!
ADVERTISING RATES MAY CHANGE AT OUR DISCRETION
All currencies accepted via Paypal.
SEND SCANS OF HEALTH TESTING TO
You do not need a Paypal account.
Advertising Rates Effective thru AUG 30, 2011
SEE PAGE 12 FOR DETAILS
PLEASE SUPPORT TSK!
Questions? Email us! Payment in full, all images, logos, health testing scans and text must be received no later than the 1st of the month prior to next issue or your ad will not run! REMEMBER: The better your images the better your ad will be! YOU will be responsible for final proofing of your ad for any errors, misspellings, etc. We will email you a PROOF prior to uploading your ad to the current issue. PLEASE make all corrections AT THAT TIME or the ad will run the entire month AS IS! No mid-issue changes. Please submit ads as 200 dpi jpg
PER ISSUE AD FEES (2 MONTHS) GALLERY AD 1/2 PAGE - $45, FULL PAGE OR COVER AD - $85 (WAIT LIST) RE-RUN AD - $11 PER ISSUE BRAG BOX - $10 CLASSIFIED AD - $8 Paypal transaction fees are non-refundable.
or png, 8” wide by 5” high for half page, 8” wide by 10” high for full page. Remember small/thin type may be
Y E A R LY A D FEES
difficult to read when shrunk for online viewing. Use bold fonts & sharp images. Dont overcrowd with too much text or your ad may be
BREEDER DIRECTORY $40 YR (THRU 2011)
difficult to read.
STUD GALLERY (PER DOG) $30 YR
TSK is not responsible for view-
ability of all ads designed out of house or once proof has been approved.
All refunds or cancellations are subject to approval. Paypal transaction fees included in ad sales and are non-refundable.
COVER STORY GRAND CHAMPION HOMEBREWED PAGE THREE GIRL DAPHNE IS MY PET. HOWEVER, SOMEHOW THIS YEAR DAPHNE MANAGED TO WIN BEST OF BREED AT 6 SHOWS AND BECOME THE #1 STAFFORD IN AMERICA AS WELL AS EARNING HER GRAND CHAMPION TITLE. IT WAS THEN I REALIZED THIS WAS ABOUT AS FAR AS I COULD REALISTICALLY TAKE HER FOR A NUMBER OF REASONS. NOW WE ARE APART AND I CANNOT THINK ABOUT IT TOO MUCH OR I GET TEARY EYED. DAPHNE IS ON TO A NEW ADVENTURE WITH HOLLEY ELDRED. I AM PROUD OF THIS DECISION BECAUSE HOLLEY WILL RESPECT AND CARE FOR DAPHNE FAIRLY AND I BELIEVE THAT A DOG THAT WINS UNDER BREED SPECIALISTS AND ALL ROUND JUDGES NEEDS TO BE SEEN AT HIGHER LEVELS. I DO NOT CLAIM THAT DAPHNE IS A PERFECT STAFFORD BUT SHE IS A BEYOND PERFECT DOG TO ME. DAPHNE’S MOST IMPORTANT CRITIQUE BY LORELEI CRAIG: "DAPHNE'S CHEERFUL SPIRIT AND WILLINGNESS TO SHARE HER HOME WITH FOSTERS, TAKE CARE OF HER BABIES, STAND IN THE SPOTLIGHT, GREET ALL VISITORS AT MY OFFICE WITH A SMILE, AND BE MY SIDEKICK MAKE HER THE SPARKLING DIAMOND IN MY LIFE. SHE IS NOT JUST A DOG, SHE IS AN ADVENTURE." DAPHNE, I PROMISE WHEN YOU COME HOME YOU WILL NEVER GO AWAY AGAIN! TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT DAPHNE INCLUDING HER JUDGES CRITIQUES PLEASE VISIT WWW.HOMEBREWEDSTAFFORDS.COM OR WWW.CIERASTAFFORDS.COM
BSL article on Page 7
No Additi ves * No Preser vati ves * No Artificial Colors * No Flavor Enhancers * No Nitrites * No MSG
Breed Specific Legislation What is it? Breed Specific Legislation, or BSL are sets of Mammalogists and the Smithsonian Institute) finally laws that some municipalities have, or try for that restricts admitted that dogs and wolves were actually the same or bans certain breeds of dogs that are considered dangerous (by some). There is always a reactionary
species, and officially re-classified the dog as “Canis Lupes Familiaris”. That extra Latin word doesn’t sound like a big
outcry to ban breeds after a tragedy involving a dog,
deal, but it speaks volumes about every dog breed from a Toy Poodle to an Alaskan Malamute. Dogs have been domesticated and wolves haven’t, but we should remember that our pets still have the instincts of a wolf, regardless of the breed. Even the instinct that drives our beloved Labs and Goldens to chase down a ball or a bird is pure, prey drive that has been inherited from their days as wolves, hunting in packs. Some dog people are fond of the phrase, “Know what you have at the end of your leash”, which is a way to remind ourselves that our pets aren’t human; also what they’re capable of. The breeds most associated with Breed Specific Legislation are the Rottweiler and the “Pit Bull”, but there are dozens of others, some might even surprise you. It varies from county to county, or city to city; it all depends on who’s breed ban it is.
regardless of the breed. It’s easier and more convenient to blame abused, starved, abandoned or neglected animals than it is to blame irresponsible or sadistic owners. There are at least 36 different breeds of dogs affected directly. In some cities, any dog over one hundred pounds is illegal.
A Dog is a Wolf is a Dog
We like to think of our dogs as loving, devoted members of our families, and they are, but it’s also important to remember that they have those teeth for a reason; they’re predators. The official zoological classification for the dog used to be “Canis Familiaris” and the name for wolf is “Canis Lupes”. Upon closer DNA examination, the scientific community (The American Society of Continued on Page 10
Continued from Page 7
Breed Specific Legislation The Rottweiler is an old and noble breed; people think they have German origins, but their history actually goes
breed that resembles a Pit Bull type dog, it could easily be considered a “Pit Bull” by your local Government. I’ve
back to the Roman Legions. They’ve been serving us for thousands of years, guarding their territory (our homes)
even seen “Pit Bulls” that could be mistaken for smaller, smooth haired terriers or larger, leggy sight hounds. Since
and packs (our families). They’re not a perfect breed for
they aren’t a speific breed, there is no breed standard that covers “Pit Bulls”. They can be smaller than a Cocker Spaniel or as large as a Bullmastiff. They can be lean, athletic and agile like a Terrier or bulky and heavily muscled like a Bulldog, they can resemble hounds or Jack Russell Terriers, they can be bat eared, or the ears can be half prick, full drop, cut, or anything else; a “Pit Bull” can be any color. Unfortunately, many of the dogs that are thought of as vicious are the real victims. These dogs have become street corner status symbols for people that are generally not responsible enough to own a plant, let alone any pet, especially a large, potentially dangerous dog. “Pit Bulls”
and Rottweilers have been misused, fought, beaten, every family or every home, but they do their job well and starved and abandoned in completely disproportionate a good Rottweiler will give its life for its family. They’ve numbers to other breeds; don’t take my word for it, visit been selectively bred for thousands of years to be wary of any big city’s animal shelter. You’ll find scores of strays strangers; if you have a Rottweiler, you should understand that have been picked up from the streets, awaiting their that. Thousands of years of selective breeding isn’t going death sentence. to be overcome with hugs and kisses; they want to There is protect, it’s in their DNA. Rottweilers deserve good, nothing worse suitable homes, they deserve to be understood, and they for a dog than do not deserve to be banned into extinction. abandonment, The “Pit Bull” isn’t really a breed of dog, it’s more of a group. There can be as many as 16 breeds of dogs that
they will look for a pack, they will turn feral
in time, they some consider “Pit Bulls”; it’s more like six or eight, but legislators drafting these (illogical) laws are usually clueless will become predators on and don’t bother learning much before voting ‘yay’ or ‘nay’. When we see statistics on Pit Bull attacks, we need our streets. to bear in mind that they’re counting many breeds as one. “Pit Bulls” are usually classified as “Pit Bull Type Dogs” to cover as much as possible, and create a huge gray area that can be manipulated. Part of the problem classifying Pit Bulls is identifying them. If a dog is part Bull Terrier, Boxer, Bullmastiff, Bulldog, Boston Terrier or any other
Continued on Page 11
Continued from Page 10
Breed Specific Legislation Irresponsible breeding and irresponsible dog ownership that were allowed to run loose and 3% were from dogs are problems, but it’s important for all of us to understand that lived in kennels. Dogs that are a part of the family, that dogs generally don’t attack for for no reason. If a person understands dogs, they’ll understand the different
living in the home rarely attack their pack for “no reason”. We need to watch our dogs, if they have issues with
types of aggression.
dominance or food (or toy) possession, they need to be
In my opinion, Karen Delise compiled the definitive study of dog attacks in her book “Fatal Dog Attacks”. She did painstaking research, and took a close look at every fatal
broken of that, we should understand their territoriality issues, etc. If we know a bit about dog behavior before we bring dogs into our homes, we can eliminate a lot of the problems.
dog attack in the US over the course of about forty years. She broke it down from every conceivable angle. We read Karen Delise wrote two books on the subject, one is in terrible newspaper accounts that the family pet fatally “Fatal Dog Attacks”, the other is “The Pit Bull Placebo”. If mauled a child, and they “never saw it coming”. Delise points out that is almost never the case, most of these
you’re interested in the subject, I recommend her books, they’re informative and well written. More good reading
people didn’t even really know their own dog. She breaks on dog behavior and the human/dog relationship that is dogs into categories, “Pets” and “Resident Dogs”. A Resident dog lives outside the home, loose in the yard,
interesting and helpful is “The Culture Clash” by Jean Donaldson.
tethered or kenneled. They’re responsible for a disproportionate number of attacks. 25% of fatal dog
- John Cocchiola (Gold Coast Staffords)
attacks in the US in the past forty years were by dogs that were chained up for most of their lives, 17% were by dogs
L 2 - H G A & H C DATA B A S E P RO J E C T THE STAFFORD KNOT ONLY ACCEPTS ADS FROM OWNERS AND BREEDERS OF DOGS WHO HAVE BEEN HEALTH TESTED. THE MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS ARE L2-HGA & HC TESTING. WE PROVIDE INFORMATION ON WHERE TO GO TO HAVE THESE SIMPLE AND INEXPENSIVE TESTS PERFORMED. DOCUMENTATION IS REQUIRED TO BE SCANNED AND SENT IN TO THE EDITORS FOR APPROVAL. FURTHER HEALTH TESTING (CARDIAC, CERF, PHPV, HIPS, ELBOWS, PATELLA, ETC) IS ALSO ENCOURAGED. IT IS HIGHLY RECOMMENDED TO BUYERS THAT THEY SEE THESE DOCUMENTS PRIOR TO PURCHASING THEIR NEW STAFFORD. IF ALL BREEDERS AND OWNERS WERE TO TEST, STAFFORDS WOULD ALL BE BETTER OFF SIMPLY BY THE FACT THAT WE WOULD HAVE MORE INFORMATION REGARDING WHERE THIS BREED IS GOING AS FAR AS HEALTH MATTERS ARE CONCERNED. TO FURTHER THIS POINT, IF ONLY CLEAR TESTED (L2-HGA & HC) STAFFORDS ARE BRED FROM THESE TWO GENETIC DISEASES COULD BE ERADICATED IN THREE GENERATIONS OF BREEDING. THAT’S CERTAINLY SOMETHING TO THINK ABOUT. SOME ARGUE THAT THIS WOULD NARROW THE GENE POOL TOO MUCH AND IS NOT A NEEDED STEP TO IMPROVING THE FUTURE OF THIS BREED. TO THOSE I SAY, POSSIBLY, HOWEVER - IS THAT CARRIER STUD DOG SO STRUCTURALLY SUPERIOR TO HIS CLEAR TESTED BROTHER THAT YOU WOULDN’T CONSIDER USING THE BROTHER INSTEAD? JUST SOMETHING TO THINK ABOUT. TSK IS COMPILING REGISTERED NAMES AND SCANNED DOCUMENTS OF ALL TESTED (CLEAR, CARRIER AND AFFECTED) STAFFORDS FOR A FUTURE DATABASE PROJECT SO THAT DOCUMENTATION WILL BE ON HAND FOR FUTURE GENERATIONS. IN THE U.S. OUR REGISTRIES DO NOT DOCUMENT THESE TEST RESULTS AS THE K.C. DOES IN THE U.K. THEREFORE TOO MANY PEOPLE WHO OWN ‘CLEAR BY PARENTAGE’ STAFFORDS HAVE NO PROOF IN HAND SEVERAL GENERATIONS DOWN THE LINE. IN TIME, WE AT TSK HOPE THE DATABASE WILL HELP THOSE WHO WISH TO KNOW THE STATUS OF A PARTICULAR DOG OR LITTER. IF YOU HAVE A TESTED STAFFORD - PLEASE SEND ONE EMAIL TO HEALTH@THESTAFFORDKNOT.COM CONTAINING THE FULL REGISTERED NAME, REGISTRATION NUMBER, SIRE AND DAM REGISTERED NAMES AND SCANNED COPIES OF ALL HEALTH TESTING DONE ON YOUR DOG. PLEASE ONLY SEND ONE EMAIL PER DOG. IN TIME, WE HOPE TO BUILD A NAME ONLY DATABASE WITH THIS INFORMATION. THANK YOU FOR SUPPORTING
We are also working on a database of semen stored from health tested stud dogs. If you have semen stored from a tested dog and wish to have him included, please email HEALTH@THESTAFFORDKNOT.COM with health scans, pedigree information and contact information. Also please indicate whether or not the semen is available for use.
Hip Dysplasia Hip Dysplasia is a terrible genetic disease because of the various degrees of arthritis (also called degenerative joint disease, arthrosis, osteoarthrosis) it can eventually produce, leading to pain and debilitation. Â The very first step in the development of arthritis is articular cartilage (the type of cartilage lining the joint) damage due to the inherited bad biomechanics of an abnormally developed hip joint. Traumatic articular fracture through the joint
THERE ARE A NUMBER OF DYSPLASTIC DOGS WITH SEVERE ARTHRITIS THAT RUN, JUMP, AND PLAY AS IF NOTHING IS WRONG AND SOME DOGS WITH BARELY ANY ARTHRITIC RADIOGRAPHIC CHANGES THAT ARE SEVERELY LAME.
subchondral bone, resulting in pain. In an attempt to stabilize the joint to decrease the pain, the animal's body produces new bone at the edges of the joint surface, joint capsule, ligament and muscle attachments (bone spurs). The joint capsule also eventually thickens and the joint's range of motion decreases. Â No one can predict when or even if a dysplastic dog will start showing clinical signs of lameness due to pain. There are multiple environmental factors such as caloric intake, level of exercise, and weather that can affect the severity of clinical signs and phenotypic expression (radiographic changes). There is no rhyme or reason to the severity of radiographic changes correlated with the clinical findings. There are a number of dysplastic dogs with severe arthritis that run, jump, and play as if nothing is wrong and some dogs with barely any arthritic radiographic changes that are severely lame.
Courtesy OFA surface is another way cartilage is damaged. With cartilage damage, lots of degradative enzymes are released into the joint. These enzymes degrade and decrease the synthesis of important constituent molecules that form hyaline cartilage called Photo depicting OFA Elbows Normal and Hips Good proteoglycans. This causes the cartilage to lose its thickness and elasticity, which are important in absorbing mechanical loads placed across the joint during movement. Eventually, more debris and enzymes spill into the joint fluid and destroy molecules called glycosaminoglycan and hyaluronate which are important precursors that form the cartilage proteoglycans. The joint's lubrication and ability to block inflammatory cells are lost and the debris-tainted joint fluid loses its ability to properly nourish the cartilage through impairment of nutrient-waste exchange across the joint cartilage cells. The damage then spreads to the synovial membrane lining the joint capsule and more degradative enzymes and inflammatory cells stream into the joint. Full thickness loss of cartilage allows the synovial fluid to contact nerve endings in the
PREFERRED BREED TYPE WHY THE STAND-OUT BEST DOG CAN BE A LOSER E. Katie Gammill © TheDogPlace January 2009 Reprinted in TSK with written permission
“The best dog you’ll ever breed may be the hardest dog you ever finish!” The Best of the Best or one that looks like the rest? Let’s be honest. Something called “preferred type” is flooding the rings today and in many breeds, it has little to do with the Breed Standard. When “current type” does not equal correctness, the best dog can lose because in many rings, the fatal flaw is being a stand-out. A dog show friend, absent from the sport for several years, attended some local shows with me. Welcoming the opportunity to view dogs in general after her sabbatical, she became visually distressed. Her despair increased when a “less than average” class dog received BOB. The waning quality in her beautiful breed breaks her heart. She stated it would be wasted effort to show a dog correct to the standard today, as some judges feel compelled to award dogs conforming to the majority of the entries.
Observing other breeds, she remarks on the lack of neck, restricted front movement and the lack of rear follow through; we discuss “gay tails” and breed type variances. We watch faulty movement and see coats dragging the ground. Weak pasterns and sickle hocks complete the picture. She wonders what causes this to happen to functional dogs in such a short time. It seems the correct dogs have fallen victim to what one may refer to as the “Perfection of Mediocrity”. Today, many breeders and owners turn to performance, choosing not to participate in a “crap shoot” where such variety in type confuses both judges and ringside. I make this statement at the expense of being tarred and feathered but increasingly, the best dog you’ll ever breed may be the hardest dog you will ever finish. It will be the “odd man out” and look different from the majority of dogs represented in the ring. Why? Some judges, insecure in a breed and therefore lacking courage, choose to walk “different” dogs rather than stick their neck out. Understandable, but should those lacking confidence be passing judgment on another’s dog? My old mentor said, “The pendulum of type swings to and fro, but those remaining true to the standard triumph in the end.” Those dedicated breeders have the knowledge to restore a breed to its initial form once it hits bottom. Should a judge reward a dog to suggest it could possibly assist in correcting breed faults? NO! It is a breeder’s responsibility to incorporate such animals into their programs, regardless of success in the show ring. Judges are to judge to the written standard to the best of their ability, fairly and efficiently.
Continued on Page 19
STAFF-TOBERFEST 2011 Fund raiser for Stafford Rescues worldwide Stafford Fun Day - Sports & Activities plus Fun Match Games and activities for dogs & people October 15, 2011 Grayson, Georgia, USA info@wavemakerstaffords for details (Rain date Oct 16)
Food and drinks included in admission (Some activities addl fee)
50/50 raffle Auction table (accepting donations now for trophies & auction items)
Continued from Page 16
They avoid awarding “drags of a breed” when possible but judges have little insight into the Pandora’s Box of breeding. A respected dog person of long standing approached me with this statement while at a seminar. “A judge CAN NOT GO WRONG by putting up winners conforming to the majority of the type of dogs in the ring on a given day.” My response was “Surely not!” Well, I believe it now! After observing an all breed judge from ringside, I watched two outstanding individuals “walk” because they looked different from the rest of the short neck, sickle hock, smaller than average dogs lacking side gait that toddled around the ring like fuzzy little caricatures of the breed. This strange “look alike” perspective takes over in many breed rings and not just among judges. Asking a breeder what their standard said about head planes, the response was: “What are parallel planes?” We discussed the occipital bone, short and medium muzzles, balanced heads, etc. Reading a standard and applying it can be two different things. Judges should have the ability to articulate why one dog wins over another. So is that why they make terminology common among standards to make it easier for judges? If anyone can describe a bulldog and an afghan using the same language, please step forward. Removing the “point system” from the old standards has had a negative affect. In a final decision between two comparable individuals, one has an idea where to hang their hat regarding prioritizing. “Should we just BREED TO WIN or should we BREED TO THE STANDARD and expect judges to judge to the Standard?” It is a "Judas Kiss" to any breed when a judge puts up a dog simply because it looks like the majority in the ring. It encourages people to breed to “winners” rather than to a breed standard. In judge’s education, they address soundness but type takes priority. Educators assume that new applicants understand structure
and corresponding movement. Type without soundness is as detrimental to a breed as soundness without type. A bad front and bad rear working in sequence produces “balance”. Do two wrongs make a right? The goal is “a balance between type and soundness”. A breed must be able to walk to the water bowl without falling over its own feet! This brings us to the next question. Are not judges “protectors of the breed standards?” Judges education is NOT at fault. Perhaps the problem is what some judging applicants do NOT bring to the table! It is a privilege to pass judgment on a breed but one has the responsibility of understanding “Basic Dog 101”. The AKC’s required anatomy test neither assures someone’s knowledge nor is it any guarantee a judge has the ability to analyze structure and movement. Some breeder judges today send dogs with a handler giving little thought as to their quality or future effect on a breed. Shouldn’t breeder judges be especially careful to send correct dogs for public observation? Breeders have a responsibility to put out “the best of the best” rather than a dog that wins simply because it “looks like the rest.” By so doing, they are sending false signals to both ringside and new judges. When judges say, “This must be what the breeders want as the ring is flooded with this type” it is detrimental to any breed. It IS NOT about “what breeders want.” Breeders and judges have a responsibility to breed and judge to standard. Should handlers show dogs for clients when they KNOW the dog or bitch is not a good representative of the breed? Breeders and exhibitors have a responsibility to promote only dogs that DO represent their breed standard and to sell as pets those who do not! A good handler should make every effort to finish a dog but they too are responsible and should be more selective regarding client dogs. Continued on Page 21
Continued from Page 19
Handlers who read the standard and who have the courage to turn down an inferior dog are to be admired. Advertisement does not always mean a dog represents “breed excellence”. Handlers do not always present “good dogs”. Advertising carries some influence and if a judge selects winners on advertising alone, they do a disservice to the breed and it reflects on their ability as a judge. “Priority judging” can be detrimental to breeds as Judges become caught up in selecting for individual virtues be it eye, ear set, feet, or coat color. That is why some specialty judges “put up pieces” rather than the whole package.Virtues are important, but a dog should “fill the eye”. A single virtue cannot take precedence over a plethora of faults! Priority judging explains why many judges take so long to judge a class. Dismayed exhibitors approach me with serious concerns regarding the direction of our sport. Time and effort is required to understand what makes a breed “breed specific”, and what constitutes “breed excellence”. There is no short cut. Everyone is entitled to his/her opinion. However, it should be a knowledgeable opinion. Personal preference only enters in when two dogs are equal according to the breed standard. Another issue is “spot entering”. Granted, today people enter under specific judges where they feel there is a chance of winning. However, why on a four-day weekend, do we see one point on Thursday, a major on Friday, one point on Saturday, and a major on Sunday? Should not one support the person who supports them by entering all four days? If there is a major, don’t break it by not attending. Don’t bump up a bitch or dog to BOB without first asking the other exhibitors their preference. Many people drive
miles only to find someone failed to show up ringside or” bumped up” a new champion and broke the major. This co-operation is something we used to be able to count on. Today it is “iffy” at best. This is “sportsmanship”! Watch dogs go around the ring. Some are structurally inefficient. Some shoulders do not open up, the dog reaches from the elbow. Ask yourself why one dog out-moves another. Go analyze short coated dogs. Take this knowledge to your own breed ring and “look beneath the coat”. Understand top lines, body shape, breed specific movement and toy/moderate/ giant. Do some study and then some soul searching. Ringside observers and breed enthusiasts look on in dismay today, wondering where the functional dogs of the past have gone. Sadly, some faults are so prevalent today they are viewed as “virtues”. "Winning because of an exceptional breeding program takes the breed and breeders toward breed excellence. That should be the goal yesterday, and today." Requested to address this issue, I decided to take time to sit back and see the “big picture.” The “big picture” is upon us, folks, and it is not pretty! My reason to become a judge was the challenge to select the best of the best according to a written standard. I love dogs! I love SOUND dogs with BREED TYPE! Both virtues, believe it or not, can be present in the same animal! Through combined efforts and a willingness to call “a spade a spade”, our breeds WILL survive. Breeding for the sake of winning is a downhill slide. This alone assures the future of our breeds. Turning things around will take dedicated breeders and judges, critical handler selection, and educated exhibitors. Our sport deserves nothing less than the best of our intentions.
Continued on Page 24
Continued from Page 21
ASK YOURSELF THESE QUESTIONS: 1. Why do breeder judges “put dogs with handlers when they know the animal does not represent breed excellence? 2. Why do handlers accept such dogs knowing once they finish, they will be “petted out”? 3. Are you kennel blind and do you breed to standard? 4. Should breeders and newcomers read the standard prior to stud and bitch selection? 5. When will more mentors open up to newcomers? 6. And lastly, are “gas money” and “filler” dogs destroying our sport? Putting a breed back on track requires ETHICAL HANDLERS, DEDICATED BREEDERS, AN UNDERSTANDING OF BREED STANDARDS and KNOWLEDGEABLE JUDGES WITH THE COURAGE TO MAKE RESPONSIBLE SELECTIONS. Being a judge is not for the faint of heart. Sending the best dog to the next level and being a part of its journey to the pinnacle of success is a thrill of a lifetime. There is but ONE standard. “Preferred breed type” is like a flavor of the month, very fleeting! BREEDERS, JUDGES AND EXHIBITORS HAVE A RESPONSIBILITY TO PROTECT THEIR BREED STANDARDS. CURRENT FADS AND PERSONAL OPINIONS ARE FLEETING AND DESTRUCTIVE.
w w w. c a f e p re s s . c o m / t h a n k d o g
email@example.com OR ProSBTHealth@aol.com
THE PROBLEM WITH PARKS ( Dog Parks that is...) As I drove down a road that I frequent often, I pass yet again the popular designated area that dog folk go to gossip and meet up while allowing their dogs off leash with out the hassle of being harassed by local animal control officers. The only “legal” place your dog may be allowed to be a dog. I drive past for the 10th time this week alone. I drive down to the other end of town to a quiet part of the beach and look around to make sure not a single dog is anywhere near. I don’t do this because I have a bad dog, on the contrary I do this because I have a GREAT dog. A very social, friendly and well mannered dog. So why you wonder would I not bring him to a dog park and let him play with others of his own kind. Well quite simply because I want him to stay a GREAT dog.
Why I do not condone dog parks
Sadly these parks are used by the less experienced of dog owners. Those that do not understand canine language and interaction, those that have little responsibility for their own dogs, those that are busy, pre-occupied, socialites who only seek to benefit from their own social outing than that of their dogs. Dog parks are a place to show off their dogs or at the very least to show off I DON’T DO THIS BECAUSE I what great HAVE A BAD DOG, ON THE doggy CONTRARY I DO THIS BECAUSE parents I HAVE A GREAT DOG. they are by bringing their dogs to the dog parks. Now if these people want to show off their parenting skills, then why don’t they concentrate on how well their dogs behave or how mannerly their dogs are or how well they pay attention to what they are doing.
Let’s put it in perspective a little. If these dog parents were actual human parents at a park would they let their little humans run around humping other kids, or pull other kids around by their ears or chase smaller humans around until they are so beside themselves that the very mention of going to a park again puts the living fear of Jesus into them. Have these parents ever heard of BULLYING! Do you remember the age when children go through a biting stage? We certainly do not encourage it or at least we try and find out what caused it. They usually ‘pick’ it up from another child and the phase usually passes quickly. We surely do not put children in an environment which encourages this type of behaviour. Seriously do you think the little gagging Bichon at the end of the leash trying to crawl up your pant leg is having a good
time being harassed by the Labrador puppy? How about the dog that is being chased around by a gang of adolescent pups about twice the size of the victim is he having a good time? Here is the thing. Why would you want to purposely encourage behaviours that are not acceptable outside the dog park. Barking, chasing, biting, prey drive, stalking, marking, jumping are all things we want to stop or at least that’s what I am told when I go to people’s houses. So if these are things that I do not want in my everyday life why would I think it was okay to let my dog do these things SOME of the time.
These things are all ok for puppies up until the age of about 16 weeks. After that time it’s time for baby to start acting like a well respected member of the community. You must be thinking that my dogs live a pretty sad and boring life. Not exactly. My dogs play, hang out, drive in cars, go to the beach, play with other dogs, play fetch, play ball, chase rabbits and are model citizens but they do this in a controlled and mannerly fashion. They are not allowed to harass other dogs, they are always reminded to play nice, they are never allowed to bark incessantly or simply just because. They are not allowed to hump “just because they’re dogs” They aren’t allowed pick on other dogs or to bully their friends. They do know what timeouts are, how to lay down and stay when they have over stepped their boundaries. They can and do remain calm even when playing. We never encourage nor allow them to become ‘over - stimulated’ or out of control. Basically it comes down to this; how well mannered do you believe your dog should be. Dogs are no longer considered pack animals, they develop family unites just the same as we do. So the “need” to hang out with and socialize with strangers is not as necessary as we had originally thought. They need to learn social skills, yes, but they aren’t exactly going to grow up, leave home and get a job. We are their family unit and as long as they learn and understand what is acceptable for us and they learn the family ‘language’ then they A student of Animal Behavior/ are as happy as they Nutrition and Alternative Medicine since 1990. She has studied at Guelph can be. University in Canada, Glasgow University in Scotland and attended the British institute of Homeopathy. Erika Phillips Erika has bred, raised and competed with many breeds of dogs in all aspects of dog sport. She currently consults on Animal Nutrition, Animal Behaviour and Alternative Health , including herbs and homeopathy and owns The Controversial Canine. She currently resides in Ontario, Canada.
w w w. s t a f f i e s o n l i n e . o r g . u k
WHAT VETERINARIANS ARE SAYING A B OUT T HE R AW DI ET DO DOGS OR CATS REQUIRE GRAINS IN THEIR DIET?
Russell Swift, D.V.M Carnivores cannot make a large quantity of amylase enzyme necessary to properly digest and utilize the carbohydrates. Amylase is the enzyme that is needed to break down grains. At the recent American Holistic Veterinary Medical Association Conference, I discovered that I am not the only one questioning the use of grains in commercial and home-prepared pet foods. Grains, such as oats, wheat, rice, barley, etc, are composed mostly of complex carbohydrates. They also contain some protein, fiber, B-vitamins and trace minerals. However, they are NOT part of the natural diet of wild dogs and cats. In the true natural setting, grains hardly exist at all. Wild grains are much smaller than our hybridized domestic varieties. This means that even a mouse or other prey animal is not going to find much of its nutrition from grains. Therefore, the argument that "dogs and cats eat animals that have grains in their digestive tracts" doesn't hold up to scrutiny. Prey animals that live near
WHAT OTHER CLUES DO WE HAVE THAT GRAINS ARE NOT NECESSARY FOR CARNIVORES
1.) Dogs and cats do not have dietary requirements for complex carbohydrates. 2.) Grains must be cooked or sprouted and thoroughly chewed to be digested Carnivores do not chew much at all. 3.) The other nutrients in grains are readily available from other dietary ingredients. For example, B-vitamins are found in organ meats and trace minerals come from bones and vegetables. (Unfortunately, modern farming has striped many trace minerals from produce and supplementation is usually best.)
farms or other "civilized" areas are likely to have access to grains. This is not a truly wild diet. T. J. Dunn D.V.M "There is ample proof that today's pet dogs and cats do not thrive on cheap, packaged, corn-based pet foods. Dogs and cats are primarily meat eaters; to fill them up with grain-based processed dry foods that barely meet minimum daily nutrient requirements has proven to be a mistake." Joe Demers D.V.M "Another reason for overweight pets is what we feed our pet friends. Commercial pet food is anywhere between 45 percent to 65 percent carbohydrates (grains). Grains are the least expensive part of pet food and can fill the animal quickly. Dogs and cats are more carnivores than we humans are, and we are feeding them almost as much grain (or more) than we humans eat. I feel that this high-carbohydrate commercial pet food is the worst food we can feed our pet friends. Our pet friends need fresh meats, not dehydrated meat by-products. 1 also feel vegetables are an excellent source of fiber and moisture as well as sources of natural vitamins and minerals for our pet Why have grains become so "ingrained" in pet feeding? To the best of my knowledge, grains were mainly introduced by the pet food industry. The high carbohydrate content provides CHEAP calories. In addition, grains assist in binding ingredients. We have become so used to feeding grains to dogs and cats that most of us get nervous when we decide not to use them. I know people who have been "grain-free" feeding and doing very well. My own cat is one example. What are the negative effects? I believe that carnivores cannot maintain long term production of the quantity of amylase enzyme necessary to properly digest and utilize the carbohydrates. In addition, the proteins in grains are less digestive than animal proteins. As a result, the immune system becomes irritated and weakened by the invasion of foreign, non nutritive protein and carbohydrate particles. Allergies and other chronic immune problems may develop.
An interview with Tony Brindley (Cabrindle) established 1981 by Chris Kerrigan (Leadstaffs) Chris: Can you tell me how you started with Stafford's? Tony: Thirty years ago my son wanted a dog and when
Ch Caravella Queen
I eventually agreed I remembered that a neighbour once had a Staffordshire bull terrier. It was a friendly, people loving dog, not too big as far as dogs go and it had an easy to manage short coat.The breed was not so common or popular in those days so via a newspaper I bought a dog from a local breeder. Chis: So how did you go from owning your Stafford to showing it?
head, plenty of substance, a wide chest and muscular.
Tony: As often happens with children, my son became more interested in other past times rather than exhibiting, so I began to handle our 'Sam' myself. Some months later I purchased a bitch from a well known and local breeder/
Chris: Where did you learn; where did you get your information?
exhibitor/judge.When she was old enough I mated her and from the litter I kept a dog whom I named 'Militant Max'.
Tony: Whilst at a dog show, Dean Cund introduced me
About fifteen months later I bought in another bitch which
to James McEwan who really has outstanding knowledge
I exhibited.When she was five years old after travelling
concerning the Stafford's conformation and movement. He
many miles to enter many shows and gaining six K.C. C.
explained about various muscles working in conjunction
C's Caravella Queen became a champion.
with the bones that needed to have the correct angulations
Chris: How did you leap from showing to judging? Tony: Although I had no aspirations to become a judge the secretary of the Potteries S.B.T. club asked me to preside at Alfreton Leisure Centre. I was rather surprised to have an entry of fifty one Stafford's.
that were conducive to good movement, agility and endurance etc. I realized that it was my responsibility and only fair to exhibitors to acquire such knowledge if I was to continue to judge our beloved breed. So I started to talk to experienced people, but found that mainly information is best gained from reading books.
Chris: That was a great Militant Max
entry. Did you enjoy your I REALIZED THAT IT WAS MY RESPONSIBILITY AND ONLY FAIR TO EXHIBITORS TO ACQUIRE SUCH KNOWLEDGE IF I WAS TO CONTINUE TO JUDGE OUR BELOVED BREED.
first appointment? Tony: Not particularly; I found that it needed a lot of concentration.The little knowledge that I had mainly comprised of a
Stafford that had a pleasing expression, large Continued on page 34
Continued from page 32
Chris: The books you used, were they breed specific
Ch Caravella Queen
or general dog construction? Tony: Dogs in general. It is best to learn how construction varies from breed to breed depending upon the function that each particular breed was originally bred for. Chris: Is there a book that you would recommend to others to read? Tony: Yes; the book that I relied on mostly, 'The Dog In Action' by McDowell Lyon.
let down in the hocks' means, let alone the reason as to why it is necessary. IT IS BEST TO LEARN HOW CONSTRUCTION VARIES FROM BREED TO BREED DEPENDING UPON THE FUNCTION THAT EACH PARTICULAR BREED WAS ORIGINALLY BRED FOR.
Chris: Is it true that you have a reputation for liking tall dogs?
Chris: Have you been involved any with clubs ? Tony: Yes, at one time I was a committee member of Newcastle Canine Society. Also I have served the Potteries S.B.T. club for twenty six years, including five years as chairman and ten as president. I was the Breed Council delegate for
Tony: Some folks have given me that 'tag' but others
approximately eleven years, and ran the handling
know me for being a honest judge who likes fit and
classes and match meetings during that same period.
agile dogs that are healthy and sound in conformation
For eight years I organised the annual dinner and
and movement. Along with type and balance, I would
dance, was publicity officer for six years and show
not sacrifice them for an inch or two and many of my
manager for four years. As ring steward, I officiated
winning Stafford's have been very near to sixteen
many times and often did home vetting for Stafford
inches some less than that. The five dogs that I used on
rescue. During the bad publicity nin the media in
my bitches were Thorndyke Chez, sixteen and half
1989/90, along with other breed club representatives I
inches, - Ch. Master Jay, approximately sixteen inches, -
lobbied M.P's at Whitehall.
Shining Black Sabre, Approximately fifteen and half inches, - Winston The Lionheart, approximately sixteen
inches - and Aradaz Downtown Bogeyman seventeen and a half inches. No giants there? Chris: Do you think it should be compulsory for judges to prove some sort of knowledge of construction before they are allowed to judge? Tony: Yes, for the future betterment of the S.B.T. E.g. I believe that there are many aspiring judges, and some experienced judges who do not even know what 'well Continued on page 35
Continued from page 34
Chris: Did you enjoy your day judging at Crufts and do you feel it's as good as it gets?
Tony: I enjoyed it very much. Crufts is the biggest dog show in the world and is the most prestigious. The atmosphere is truly amazing. But to myself, the breed club shows are just as enjoyable. IT DOES HEARTEN ME TO SEE MANY NEW PEOPLE IN THE BREED WHO ARE ASKING QUESTIONS AND READING BOOKS ON ANATOMY AND MOVEMENT, WHICH SHOWS A WILLINGNESS TO LEARN.
Tony: No. At my age (69) it would not be fair to the dog who might live fifteen or more years and would Chris: Do you think you will breed or show again n
need exercise for many of them. Also, if I suddenly
departed from this world I wouldn't it to end up in an over crowded rescue centre.
Chris: Do you think Stafford's are in better shape today or do you think they were better in the past?
Tony: That's a fairly difficult question to answer, but I believe that Stafford's in general are in better shape than they were thirty years ago. It does hearten me to see many new people in the breed who are asking questions and reading books on anatomy and movement, which shows a willingness to learn.There are some learned young judges who have recently awarded, or are about to award Kennel Club Challenge Certificates and that is good news for the dog known as the Staffordshire Bull Terrier. Cabrindle Bullet Many thanks once again to our regular columnist Chris Kerrigan (Leadstaffs) for another fine interview - we look forward to the next one in the September-October issue of TSK
Issue out now!
The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected &Â cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of The Stafford Knot Thank you. Contact Us
How It All Began I should like to tell your readers how and when the Cradley Heath Club was formed at the ‘Old Cross guns’ where the hosts were Mr. and Mrs. Joe and Lil Mallen. I know that Joe claimed that while his wife was the licensee, he himself was just a customer. The purpose of the move was to be able to apply to the Kennel Club for ‘Staffordshire Bull Terriers to be recognised and accepted as a separate breed under Kennel Club rules.’ FIRST REAL MOVE I, myself, left Bliston soon after serving during the first World War. We went to St. Albans, where I had been stationed, and took with us a Stafford as a momento of my Black Country connections. During 1933 Staffordshire Bull Terriers were mentioned in ‘Our Dogs’ after an article in John Bull about the miners’
fighting dogs. A letter appeared in that journal about these dogs that had no written pedigree. It was late in 1934 that a real move was made when a letter appeared in ‘Our Dogs’ from Stewart Poole of Tipton, who asked for anyone interested in the formation of a club for Staffordshire Bull terriers to contact him. I did this, but unfortunately, he received only nine replies, so it was decided to wait a while and use ‘Our Dogs’ to emphasise the betterings about this wonderful breed that had taken a lot of stick owing to bad publicity of the dogfighting days.
By Bill Boylan Article copied exactly as written from Fred Phillips “The Staffordshire Bull Terrier”
O L D C RO S S G U N S
About three months later, Joe Dunn saw Joe Mallen at work and asked him if he would help in the formation of a club, and could a meeting be arranged to take place at ‘The Cross Guns’ and to canvass a small number of the locals to become members for five shillings.
BIL L BOYL AN IN 1939 WITH CH. G AME LA DDIE, B O RN JANUARY 1936 ( BO B CRUF TS, 1938) AND EMDEN C HAL LENG ER, B ORN MARCH 1937).
JIM THE DAN DY Continued on page 40
Merchandise also available at www.cafepress.com/thankdog
Continued from page 38
How It All Began by Bill Boylan . . . continued Mrs. Mallen agreed to it and the meeting was quickly arranged, at which were nine or ten present, one of whom Mrs. Mallen loaned the five shillings membership! I have these names; three of the group were Fred Silvers who owned the original ‘Queenie’, Jack Shaw who owned ‘Jim the Dandy’ and Harry Pegg who owned ‘Fearless Joe’.
I was a founder member and living in St. Albans, at which place was the office headquarters of the Hertfordshire Agricultural Society, which had included a doggie section to be managed by Mr. Jas. Pye and was to include two classes for Staffords to be judged by Sam Crabtree, the all rounder, at the Open Show to take place on June 11th, 1935, in Hatfield Park, in which the residence of the notable Cecil families. Then in residence was Lord Salisbury. I remember seeing the Duke of York there with his Duchess, now of course our beloved Queen Mother. However, this show was the first to be held under Kennel Club Rules and final recognition as a separate breed. Tom Walls was there, his few dogs were under the care of his kennel-maid (Miss Hill) and kennel-man, who was our Southern member, Mr. Haslam; glad to say that he and his wife are still with us at the Society. I myself was there with my Bilston dog, which I had registered as ‘Game Lad’ so this was his first Dog Show as well as my own, and nearly my last one, too.
coming of so much pleasure and friendship of many hundreds of well loved folk of all walks of life.
Of course I was thrilled with this, especially as I had sent the dog by train to Wolverhampton for my friend Arthur Homer of Bilston to collect and take to the show a few days later. Crufts 1936 The first Cradley Club Show was held was another important event for following the event, and took place nine Staffords, as this was the first time our weeks later – 17th August, 1935 – with breed had been on view there, and Mr. H. N. Bielby as judge. All the notable much attention was paid by a man who dogs of that era were there, such as ‘Jim heard so much about these dogs in the the Dandy’ from whom the original past. Mr. Joe Dunn, the club secretary standard was chiefly taken, ‘Cross Guns and founder was chosen to judge. He Johnson’ who six months later secured made Mr. Joe Mallen’s ‘Cross Guns the first award for Best of Breed at Johnson’ Best of Breed and Tom Walls Crufts, ‘Fearless Joe’, his son ‘Vindictive brindle bitch ‘Brother of Looe’ best Monty’ (the first one) and my own bitch. It is sad to report that the dog ‘Game Lad’. In bitches were ‘Brave dies soon afterwards and did not leave Nell’, ‘Queenie’ and from the North any progeny. That was a tragedy which ‘Lioness.’ The awards were: Open Dog could have been avoided, and no doubt and Best in Show ‘Jim the Dandy,’ 2, meant a big loss to us as a breed. ‘Game Lad,’ 3, ‘Cross Guns Johnson,’ Res. Was ‘Vindictive Monty,’ Open Bitch 1, ‘Brave Nell,’ 2, ‘Queenie,’ 3, ‘Lioness,’ The next big event to take place was a Res. ‘Victorius Lass.’ Special awards very well publicised show named other than for best dog and bitch were Wembley National Dog Show held in for best second prize winner and best conjunction with the Star Dog over four years of age were awarded to Tournament. (The London Star evening ‘Game Lad.’ newspaper) This show was managed by Mr. Leo Wilson, a big name in the doggy Press and a world wide judge. The date, 2nd October, 1936, and two classes
History shows what happened to prove what a real Stafford should do. However, we secured ‘Best of Breed’ and my first win was a very welcome seven shillings and sixpence, plus the
Continued on page 41
Continued from page 40
How It All Began by Bill Boylan . . . continued were given Staffords, one of which had 24 entries, and all the named well known dogs were included.
I well remember the arrival of the Cradley coach with those dogs at the Wembley Way. I wondered how they had fared on the journey as they were all in a lively mood and did manage one scrap on the benches. Two contenders were Jack Barnard’s ‘Barham’ and ‘Cloth of Gold.’ Jack had by then bought ‘Jim the Dandy’ and had him there with his others. The well known all rounder, Mr. Jas. Saunders, was the judge for Staffords and for his best dog and Best of Breed was a newcomer to us in Miss Joan Elliott’s good brindle ‘Bocking-Joseph’ with ‘Game Lad’ second. Best bitch was my own ‘Timyke-Mustard’ who was sired by ‘Game Lad.’ By that time Joe and Mrs. Lil Mallen had become our friends, and this developed over the years into real affection, but with the loss of ‘Cross Guns Johnson’ Joe seemed out of things and events, but he soon got a young brindle dog registered as ‘Game Bill’ whom he later sold to Dan Potter. This dog went on to win Best of Breed at Crufts 1937 under Phil Dee.
However, on 25 May of the same year, ‘Gentleman Jim’ was born, bred by Jack Dunn and sired by ‘Brindle Mick,’ who was the dog-founder of the well known M’Line, and incidentally, he was full brother to ‘Cross Guns Johnson.’ That was very satisfactory to Joe and it did help him over his previous bad luck – this turned out what was to be a second good start, as history has proved. Earlier, on 1st January, 1936, I also had bred a litter that included a brindle dog which I registered as ‘Game Laddie’ who later entered for Crufts 1938 at which show ‘Gentleman Jim’ was entered in the puppy class. He was made best Stafford puppy in show, while ‘Game Laddie’ was made Best of Breed. The judge was Mr. H. N. Bielby. Of course it is well known that ‘Jim’ was the first champion of our breed; in fact, he and ‘Laddie’ were the only champion dogs to be made pre-war.
That, I suppose, is how it all began, and started to grow as the second formation was of our own Southern Society, whose first show was held 1st May, 1937, the judge being the well known all rounder Mr. Jas. Saunders, who had an entry of 76 made by 21 exhibitors. There are now about 10 Stafford clubs in Great Britain and others in many parts of the world. I feel certain, that for Staffords to have achieved such a high realm of popularity from that tiny start in the mid-thirties is an outstanding – and almost unbelievable – feat well worth recording.
(l-r) Matt Weaver, Fred Grove, Joe Dunn, Fred Holden, H. Beilby and A. Payton Smith present Mr. Joe Dunn with a gold watch at the Woodman Hotel, Cradley Heath Bill Boylan with CH Game Laddie
Each month TSK will take questions from our readers and present them to breed specialists, experienced breeders, veterinarians, geneticists or experts in the field of the particular questions being asked. We hope you enjoy the information provided based upon YOUR feedback!
Ask TSK - Q & A Question: Hello, Â I like to know if in your description of the Standard, you could do a demonstration explaining the skull. Size ratio. And the different heads, such as the dish-faced. Thank you for everything.
Answer: The staff here is working on integrating examples of "Down and Dish Face", Skull Angles, Stop Angles, Lip, Muzzles - Light, Heavy, Weak, Short, Long, Head Depth, size and ratios and "Tip Tilt" nose into our Illustrated Breed Standard. We are requesting our readers please send images exemplifying the above examples to firstname.lastname@example.org - please make certain you have permission to use the image both from the photographer and owner/breeder of the dog prior to sending them to us. Please do not send photos of dogs being shown. Photos in profile are best so that we can draw the angles showing each example. Names will not accompany images and no negative comments will be made. This is purely educational. In the meantime - we can use the drawings from Alan Mitchellâ€™s book (with his permission) to explain what we are looking for in photography. Have a look at the following pages Continued on page 43
Ask TSK - Q & A Dish-faced - A slight concaveness of foreface, the tip of the nose is higher that the stop, when viewed in profile. Down-faced - where the muzzle inclines downward from the skull to nose.
Continued on page 44
Ask TSK - Q & A
Continued on page 45
Ask TSK - Q & A
The Stafford Knot Brags, Shows, Litters Send us your BRAGS, Litter Announcements, Seminar and Show announcements and we can post them here. Be sure to fill out the BRAGS form found HERE
DAY D R E A M NEW TITLES UCD, RO1, AG1 Daydream Talk Dirty to Me, CDX, RA (Aust Ch Tuaregs Murphy's Law X Ch Daydream When In Rome) 2010 was a great year for Mikey. He obtained the following UKC titles, UCD, RO1 and AG1 with 3 High in Trials. In the AKC he obtained his C.D.,C.D.X. R.N. and R.A. all with placements usually lst place. He was named Obedience Dog of the Year for WLAOTC as well as high scoring terrier and high scoring open dog Clear by parentage L2-HGA, HC
L-BELLE NEW TITLE L-BELLE FO URO3 UCDX UWPO UGWPCH UAGII UNJ GRCH Dynamo Sureshot Smart as a Fox CDX RE OA NAJ SPD NJ-N TT CGC (UKC SUPERDOG) (CH Sureshot's King Louie x Karma's Edna Mae Leedee)
Foxy is now a UKC Dual Grand Champion. She completed her UGWPCH title by taking Pound for Pound. She pulled 2160# for 74.48 times her body weight. L2-HGA & HC Clear
ALL articles published in TSK during the 2010 year may be viewed HERE
Wanted Samples for PHPV/PPSC Research. If you own or have bred a dog diagnosed with either of these eye conditions, could you help by supplying mouth swabs from the affected dog plus its parents and litter-mates.
Any PHPV positives found in litter screenings are not reported in the Breeds Record Supplement, nor are any cases of PPSC - hence this appeal.
If sufficient samples from affected cases can be obtained, it is hoped that research to determine the inheritance of both conditions may be commenced, possibly leading eventually to DNA tests similar to those available for HC and L-2-HGA.
A copy of the eye test certificate and a copy of the dogs pedigree would also be appreciated. All samples and information will of course be confidential just in case anyone has any concern's about that.
If you can help with this and thus help the Stafford , can you please contact one of the following who can supply swabs and any information required.
Diane Taylor - 01670 823635 email - email@example.com Lesley McFadyen - 01205 871762 email - firstname.lastname@example.org Archie Bryden - 01772 715807 email - email@example.com Many thanks for your co-operation.
The Stafford Knot wishes to provide the following information for your convenience. TSK encourages health testing of all Staffordshire Bull Terriers, especially those used for breeding purposes and/or performance events. The testing is made available to be used as a tool to eliminate certain diseases from a breeding program. Used wisely, this can be accomplished. The following testing information is provided as a service to you, however should not be used as the only health checks your Stafford receives. There are many more health issues to be considered when breeding dogs, caring for dogs and when looking to buy a purebred dog. As always, please seek the advice of your personal veterinary specialists for your day-to-day needs of
* * * Please note - a CERF or PHPV test done by a canine ophthalmologist is NOT the same ***PLEASE send in your test results for the databases. Accurate records are valuable to the breed*** Remember, if you choose to breed from a carrier you must test the entire resulting litter to determine clears & carriers. Thus if you choose to keep a carrier from that litter, the same must be done for each subsequent litter resulting from breeding carriers. If you sell carrier pups, please consider spay/neuter so that more carriers are not produced. With the advent and ease of genetic testing many of these diseases could be eliminated by only breeding clear to clear. To use a known carrier requires an extra step of responsibility. There is no excuse to breed an untested dog.
It is now being suggested to DNA test every third generation. Testing Facility For L2-Hga & HC Animal Health Trust Lanwades Park, Kentford
Testing Facility For L2-Hga Onl y Ca nine Genetic Diseases - University Of Missouri
New Market, Suffolk CB87UU Phone: 01638 751000
321 Connaway Hall
F ax: 01638 750410
Columbia, Missouri 65211-5120 USA
Ema il: info@a ht.org .uk We bsite: www.aht.org.uk
F ax: 573-884-5414
www.a ht.org .uk/ genetics_tests.html#ca nine
Ema il: HansenL@missouri.edu We bsite: www.caninegeneticdiseases.net
Testing Facility For HC in USA:
Continued on next page
Other labs offering L-2-HGA test in Europe: France www.antagene.com Czech Republic www.genomia.cz Germany www.laboklin.de / www.laboklin.co.uk Testing Facility For Hip, Elbows, Patella and Cardiac Certifications * Orthopedic Foundation For Animals (OFA) 2300 E Nifong Boulevard Columbia, Missouri, 65201-3806 USA Phone: 573-442-0418 Fax: 573-875-5073 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.offa.org *Note: A Board Certified Cardiologist must perform all Cardiac exams. A qualified licensed Veterinarian can provide X-Ray films for hips, elbows and Patella. Testing Facility For Eye Certifications* Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) 1717 Philo Rd P O Box 3007 Urbana, IL 61803-3007 USA Phone: 217-693-4800 Fax: 217-693-4801 Email: CERF@vmdb.org Website: www.vmdb.org/cerf.html *Note: A Board Certified Canine Ophthalmologist must perform all CERF exams. CERF exams are annual exams for breeding stock.
The Stafford Knot
Below are TSK Featured Staffords currently in rescue and in need of homes. We list these dogs as a courtesy. The dogs are NOT here with us. They are in different parts of the world. We have NO connection to any of them, TSK lists them in order that they may gain more exposure and find great permanent homes. Please do not send us questions about these dogs as we have no further information than what is listed below. There are links and contact info on each dog. We encourage sponsorship of these dogs in order to lessen the burden of foster care and kenneling. Thank you for considering rescue!
Rosa - 5 Year Old Female - Albany, NY Rosa - 14" 30lbs on the chunky side. White with Petey type patch and black/brindle saddle on back. 5 yrs old. ok with cats and male dogs. Skittish around dominant females. Good with puppies any sex. Extremely lovable lap dog!!!! Loves the elderly as well. CONTACT
===================================== CoCo - 2 Year Old Female - Stockton, California CoCo is about 14.5 inches tall and weighs about 32lbs. Not quite 2 years old, sweet Coco is a loving little girl, so willing to learn! This little gal has already mastered basic obedience training and knows how to sit, stay and down! Already housebroken and crate trained, she's an easy keeper who would love to be your friend in life. With proper introductions, Coco may enjoy the company of a polite mature male dog but really prefers to be the only dog in a household. Eager to please, she strives to understand the rules of the house - as with most dogs, she excels with structure and routine. Although she can be cautious in meeting some strangers, she takes to others as her long lost friends. As she's most familiar with a single handler, Coco seems to want that special one-on-one relationship, like a "one man or one woman" kind of dog. CONTACT
The Stafford Knot
Missy - Young Female - New Mexico Missy's is 13 months old and lives in New Mexico. Her owner just died and she is in need of a new forever home. She is a beautiful blue fawn with great legs for speed and agility! Missy is microchipped and house trained and has basic obedience. She is also a high drive eager to go little girl. She is good with other dogs but like all Staﬀords should have proper introductions. Missy has no bad habits that we are aware of just very high energy like most Staﬀords. Missy is spayed and current on all health care. CONTACT
===================================== Rio - 1 Year Old Female - California A brindle Staﬀord weighing 30 lbs. Rio needs a forever home. She is not yet 1 year old and was found running the streets without tags or a microchip. Given the condition she was in, her home was not a kind home. Yet this angel is charming and a total love bug. Rio gets along great with other dogs and loves to play and go for walks. She is learning how to walk on a leash and she is doing really well. Rio is spayed, UTD on shot, de-wormed and microchipped. If you are interested in Rio, please contact Dana or Rita for an application. Home check and adoption fee apply! No out of state adoptions! PLEASE CALL 714 838 4800 for information prior to filling out application.
The Stafford Knot
Buddy - 1-2 Year Old Male - Southern California Buddy is approx 1-2 years old and approx 17" tall. He is sweet, loving and in true Staﬀord fashion is sensitive. Shelter life has been stressful on him but he is in a foster home now getting the TLC he deserves. Buddy was a stray and dropped oﬀ at the shelter by a good samaritan who said he seemed very nice around other dogs. He walks well on the leash, sits and even downs. We are learning more about Buddy each day but our suspicions are that he is a super nice boy. Look for new information on the SBTCA website as it becomes available. Buddy is currently being fostered in Southern California. Buddy will be seeing a vet 6/14/11 to get hs vaccinations and neuter. CONTACT
===================================== Rippley - 10 Year Old Female - Cornwall, UK She ended up at the National Animal Welfare Trust Cornwall (N.A.W.T.) as her previous owners circumstances had changed and was no longer able to care for her. She has now been with us here at the Cornwall branch of the National Animal Welfare Trust for the best part of a year and a half bless her. We know that she has had at least 2 homes before coming into us, so we really want to get her into her forever home. She is a very loving girl and would suit a quieter home or maybe a 1-1 type home, that has had experience with rescue dogs or SBT. She could live with children 12yrs plus as long as they are sensible and used to dogs. She will need to be the only animal in the home as she doesnt get along with other animals. She LOVES water and could paddle/swim all day if you let her although she isnt to keen on going out when its raining. She is good to walk on the lead and loves To sponsor Rippley click HERE. being out and about or having a good play. Please e-mail or the centre's phone number is: 01736 756005. To make a donation click HERE CORNISH ANIMAL RESCUE CENTRE Wheal Alfred Kennels Wheal Alfred Road HAYLE Cornwall TR27 5JT
Let them know you saw her on TSK. Thank you!
The Stafford Knot
The Stafford Knot lists health tested stud dogs in the gallery, however, it is up to you to verify this testing by asking to see the certificates for each test if they are not made available here for download. We have screened this to the best of our ability, but cannot guarantee dogs listed have been tested. PLEASE ask for copies of certificates before using dogs at stud for the health and the future of our breed. Thank you. Stud Gallery Ads run annually - Form to advertise in Stud Gallery is found
======================================= DayDream Ch. Slam Dance, CGC (Imp UK) “Nigel” DNA - AKC - #P24384 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected, OFA/PennHip Hips, Patella, CERF http://www.offa.org/display.html?appnum=678935#animal email@example.com www.daydreamsbt.com Tel 530-306-0305 Frozen semen available to health tested bitches only. More photos of Nigel available. Health documents available by request.
======================================= DayDream Jayneze Diamonds And Guns (Imp UK) “Tierney” DNA - AKC - #V567946 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected, CERF, OFA Hips good, OFA Elbow normal http://sunnycrest.vmdb.org/CerfWebSearch/Search/Results.aspx firstname.lastname@example.org www.daydreamsbt.com Tel 530-306-0305 Available to health tested bitches only. Health documents available by request.
Continued on next page
Moonstruck Moonstruck Blue Asher, TT “Asher” L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected email@example.com www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 "Available to Heath Tested Bitches with Correct Stafford Temperaments Only" Health documents available by request
======================================= Moonstruck CH Moonstruck The Stamler Express, TT “Stamler” L2-HGA, HC, PHPV Unaffected firstname.lastname@example.org www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 "Available to Heath Tested Bitches with Correct Stafford Temperaments Only" Health documents available by request
======================================= Ramstaff Ch Ramstaff American Ikon, TT “Ike” L2-HGA, HC, OFA Cardiac Ramstaff@earthlink.net www.ramstaffkennels.com 770-888-5255
Available to clear tested bitches only Health documents available by request
Continued on next page
Absolute BIS BISS CH Belnore Dream Keeper OFA ‘Beau’ AKC DNA - V426729 Clear of L2-HGA, HC, OFA/PennHip Hips, OFA/PennHip Elbows, Patella, OFA Cardiac - documentation available upon request AbsoluteAST@aol.com www.absoluteamericanstaffordshireterrier.com Tel 337-255-3508
======================================= Ramstaff Richmax Dreamcatcher “Eddie”
L2-HGA, HC, OFA Cardiac Ramstaff@earthlink.net www.ramstaffkennels.com Tel 770-888-5255
Available to clear tested bitches only Health documents available by request
======================================= The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected &Â cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of
The Stafford Knot Thank you. Contact Us
Merchandise now available - proceeds benefit Stafford rescue worldwide!
CLICK to shop and donate to SBT Rescue!
The Stafford Knot
The Stafford Knot is offering classified advertising of goods and services which are dog related. Ads are limited to 20 words, no images. For larger ads please consider gallery advertising. The Stafford Knot cannot be held responsible for any items sold through this page. All sales are between seller and purchaser. TSK makes no warranties either written or implied. Information on how to advertise in TSK classifieds can be found HERE
===================================== Bait Me Treats Dehydrated treats for dogs & cats. Nothing added. 100% natural. USA sourced. Hand cut. Hand packed. Wholesale bulk available email@example.com www.baitmetreats.com
Bull Breeds Online Your online forum for all Bull Breed lovers and canine enthusiasts! www.bullbreedsonline.com â€˜Likeâ€? us on Face Book
My Staffy For the Love of Staffordshire Bull Terriers. Staffordshire Bull Terrier merchandise & gifts. T-shirts, plush toys & collectibles. www.mystaffy.com.au
Thankdog - All Breeds Equal Help fight BSL promote responsible dog ownership. T-shirts, Calendars, Stickers, & more. Proceeds benefit Stafford causes. firstname.lastname@example.org www.cafepress.com/Thankdog
Happy Staffy shop for tough & fun dog products tested by staffys for staffys. 5% donated to Staffie Rescue. www.happystaffy.co.uk
Young Living Experience therapeutic benefits of essential oils for your family - pets too! Use Independent Distributor Referral #1166695 CLICK for more info
Scentsy Wickless Candles - safe for pets and children, environmentally friendly. Contact Lori Divine, 678-516-7567 http://divinelori.scentsy.us, email@example.com Avail in UK
Frogge Dog Shop Art, crafts, natural health care products for pets. All handmade! firstname.lastname@example.org Froggedogshop.com
aecollars Handcrafted SBT Collars, Leads & Harnesses Tel 01981 241488 or Int. +44 1981 241488 www.aecollars.co.uk for made to measure service www.staffordleather.com for ready made items
YOUR AD HERE!
Take advantage now of this incredible deal on classified advertising! These prices wont last long!
The Stafford Knot
The Stafford Knot cannot be held responsible for the breeders listed below. Please do your homework and ask to see health certificates, discuss terms and decide whether the Stafford is the correct breed for you prior to purchasing a puppy. Remember, Stafford rescues are also available and make be wonderful pets in the right homes! A Stafford is not the breed for everyone. Please be responsible dog owners and take responsibility for you and your dog in all situations. Contact us with questions.
We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted Form to advertise in Breeders Directory can be found HERE North America Alabama Cornerstone The Folmars Alabama http://www.cornerstonestaffords.net 205-966-8114 L2-HGA, HC
Florida Cloverdale Staffordshirebull Terriers Amy O'Brian & Jeff Markey Sarasota Florida EMAIL www.cloverdalestaffords.com 941-377-9294 L2-HGA, HC
"Staffords that are exemplary in type & balance" California Camelot Staffords Joan Ganz Sacramento, California EMAIL http://www.camelotstaffordshirebullterriers.com 916-342-0854 L2-HGA, HC
Georgia Wavemaker Staffords Jim & Lynn Caswell GA, USA EMAIL www.wavemakerstaffords.com 770-666-6121 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF
“Breeding for temperament and standard.”
“Naturally reared - Promoting health, exercise & the Breed Standard - Wavemaker Staffords....naturally”
California Chavier Staffords Kim Washington-Smith Southern California EMAIL 213 - 760-9081 L2-HGA, HC, CERF
Georgia Ramstaff Staffords Angie & Kevin Beezley Georgia, USA EMAIL www.ramstaffkennels.com 770-888-5255 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Cardiac, CERF
"Breeding Staffords with Charm" “Ramstaff...focusing on the standard blend of bull & terrier with true stafford temperament...always” California Gemini Kennel Beth Lloyd Southern California EMAIL www.angelfire.com/ca2/geminikennel L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF
Illinois 1 of a Kind Staffords Andrew Currier Peoria Il EMAIL 309-691-7134 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac “Unequalled in type, balance, fitness & health”
“From show dogs to GO dogs.”
Continued on next page
Maryland Hi-Impact Staffords (Reg) Rich Newberger Baltimore http://hiimpactstaffords.com 410-323-4141 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV, Hips, Elbows, Cardiac, CERF “Bred to standard not by design” Maryland Moonstruck Staffords Judy Heller Edgewater, MD 21037 EMAIL www.moonstruckstaffords.com 301-261-4202 L2-HGA, HC Quality Staffordshire Bull Terriers of Correct Type & Temperament for Show, Performance & Companion "The Ultimate Nanny Dog” Michigan Blessings' Kennel Cathy Micallef Southeastern MI EMAIL www.blessingskennel.org 734-634-9328 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, Patella, Cardiac, CERF “Wonderful companions with show & working potential!” New York Stephanie Crawford Binghamton, NY EMAIL 607-775-1996 L2-HGA, HC, Hips Washington ANGEL ROCK Staffordshire Bull Terriers Spokane, Washington www.angelrockdogs.com “SBT educational articles, tons of photos and rescue info too!"
Wisconsin MSLF Kennels Cindy Bundy EMAIL 262-857-9412 L2-HGA, HC, Hips, Elbows, CERF, Other “We strive to promote sound minds and bodies.”
Wellington, New Zealand Battleaxe Grant & Louise Blackwood DGLKBLACK@xtra.co.nz http://www.battleaxekennels.com 0064 4293-7586 L2-HGA, HC, PHPV
WHAT DOES IT MEAN? WHAT IS THE STAFFORD KNOT? Â Â The origin of the Stafford Knot is a distinctive threelooped knot that is the tradition symbol of the English county of Staffordshire and of its county town Stafford. Although not heraldic in its own right, the Stafford Knot is an ancient symbol that is steeped in history. The earliest recording of the Stafford Knot is the shaft of a stone cross located in Stoke-on-Trent churchyard. The cross itself is traceable to between 750 and 850 AD. However, the knot device could have been added at a later date. There is a seal existing in the British Museum London which was the property of Lady Joan Stafford (later Lady Wake). It would seem that Lady Wake used on her seal a border made up from her husband's badge, the Wake Knot, made up from the initials W and O (for Wake and Ormond) intertwined. The seal quite clearly depicts a cordon of four knots in the shape of the Stafford Knot. The knot was passed down through the Earl's family, and it was gradually used by the citizens and freemen of Stafford, until it was eventually included in the Stafford Borough Coat of Arms. It is incorporated into the badges and symbols of many organizations and companies, viz., Staffordshire Police, Staffordshire Fire Service, Staffordshire Ambulance Service. A popular romantic notion of the Stafford Knot is that it was used in barbaric times by a Stafford County Sheriff who invented it to hang three criminals at the same time, but the evidence above clearly contradicts this idea. The motto of the arms of the County of Stafford is "The Knot Unites".
Please view online version at www.thestaffordknot.com
Balance = Lack of Exaggeration
Continued on next page
With regard to faults - Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the â€˜SERIOUSNESSâ€™ with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its DEGREE.
Continued on next page
It is possible that some breeders and exhibitors do not completely understand what a correct scissors bite should look like. If in doubt, ask your veterinarian or spend some time with an experienced mentor who can give you some hands-on education with a variety of dogs. Remember that bad bites are hereditary and breeding Staffords with incorrect bites will assure the continuation of the problem for generations to come. As breeders, it is our job to let judges know that correct bites are important to us. Similarly judges can let us know that they will accept no less.
Continued on page 36
“Heights Being Related to Weights” Size, Proportion, Substance
Height at shoulder: 14 to 16 inches. Weight: Dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds, these heights being related to weights. Non-conformity with these limits is a fault. In proportion, the length of back, from withers to tail set, is equal to the distance from withers to ground.
Males 14”...... 28lbs 14 1/2”..30.45lbs 15”........32.85lbs 15 1/2”...35.5lbs 16” ....... 38lbs
Females 14” ........24lbs 14 1/2”...26.25lbs 15”.........28.80lbs 15 1/2”...31.31lbs 16”.........34lbs
Ideal Stafford ears should be
Continued on next page
A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance of a breed and ensures that the breed is ﬁt for function. Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in some breeds adversely...If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present in the right measure. The head should appear clean. No wrinkle or bunched up expression. One should strive for 2/3 to 1/3 ratio head to muzzle with a definite stop but not an EXAGGERATED stop or lack of stop. The stop itself should be almost vertical. The easiest way to determine accurate stop is to place your thumb on the stop and look at the angle of your thumb. Do not be fooled by the profile view of the eye socket and mistake this for the stop. The lip should be very clean, thin and tight to the teeth meeting top and bottom with no flews or wrinkled, fleshy or spongey excess thus giving the Stafford a somewhat serious expression at times. The lip should not turn down at the end or be excessive. Exaggerations of under jaw include total lack or under jaw, weak under jaw or too strong an under jaw. None of these are correct. Depending upon the cleanness of the lip - this can be difficult to asses without a hands on going over. The nose itself may turn up slightly at the tip, but keep in mind the plane of the muzzle and the head - they should be parallel to one another. When the muzzle turns up more than the plane of the top skull the dog has a dish face and if the planes dip downward - a down face - neither is clean, balanced and will be exaggerated in expression. When the muzzle is too short or too long they will lack balance. Ears can deceive on a glance so best to get your hands on the dogs head and feel for placement, thickness of leather and size. More on heads in a later article. Does the dog have sufficient length of leg? Can you see daylight under him/her? If not is it due to a short upper arm or just overall shortness of leg all around? A balanced Stafford should measure the same from the withers to the ground - as it does from the withers to the base of the tail set. Staffords are a square breed. They are not low to the ground or squatty. They are not way up on leg either. Enough leg, enough back - not too much, not too little. Is there massive bone or fine bone? Neither is balanced. Staffords are square - BALANCED with no EXAGGERATION.. Is the animal wider in front than looks natural or is it pinched in front? Neither is correct. The front legs should appear to drop directly down from the shoulder. The front shouldn't appear to be ‘in’ or ‘out’, and MOST CERTAINLY certainly shouldn't look like a bulldog. The legs straight, no weakness at pastern but the tight well padded feet DO turn out a little. Not a lot, and not straight as in other terrier breeds. The rear should appear strong - not HUGE and not weak and narrow - somewhat even to the front when viewed from above. There should be a definite waist line with approximately 4 fingers width between the last rib and the hip bone. One should see that last rib as well, showing no fat or wrinkle and sufficient tuck up from the profile. A Stafford is certainly well muscled, yet not bunched muscle - long and lean muscle is much more suited to the breed and its original intended purpose. Not a heavyweight boxer but more like a middleweight. It must be able to move easily, be active and agile. Too much bunched muscle is exaggeration and the dog will lack balance. Not enough and he will appear soft and will not function correctly. Exaggeration of muscle in either direction will affect movement as well.
Its all about a balance. NO EXAGGERATION. Continued on next page
Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Standards Breed Standard (KC version) General Appearance Smooth-coated, well balanced, of great strength for his size. Muscular, active and agile. Characteristics Traditionally of indomitable courage and tenacity. Highly intelligent and affectionate especially with children. Temperament Bold, fearless and totally reliable. Head and Skull Short, deep though with broad skull. Very pronounced cheek muscles, distinct stop, short foreface, nose black. Eyes Dark preferred but may bear some relation to coat colour. Round, of medium size, and set to look straight ahead. Eye rims dark. Ears Rose or half pricked, not large or heavy. Full, drop or pricked ears highly undesirable. Mouth Lips tight and clean. Jaws strong, teeth large, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Neck Muscular, rather short, clean in outline gradually widening towards shoulders. Forequarters Legs straight and well boned, set rather wide apart, showing no weakness at the pasterns, from which point feet turn out a little. Shoulders well laid back with no looseness at elbow. Body Close-coupled, with level topline, wide front, deep brisket, well sprung ribs; muscular and well defined. Hindquarters Well muscled, hocks well let down with stifles well bent. Legs parallel when viewed from behind. Feet Well padded, strong and of medium size. Nails black in solid coloured dogs. Tail Medium length, low-set, tapering to a point and carried rather low. Should not curl much and may be likened to an old-fashioned pump handle. Gait/Movement Free, powerful and agile with economy of effort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hindlegs. Coat Smooth, short and close. Colour Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any one of these colours with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black and tan or liver colour highly undesirable. Size Desirable height at withers 36-41 cms (14 to 16 ins), these heights being related to the weights. Weight: dogs: 13-17 kgs (28-38 lbs); bitches 11-15.4 kgs. Faults Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog. Note - Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. Last Updated - September 2000
Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Standards Breed Standard (AKC version) Terrier Group General Appearance The Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier is a smooth-coated dog. It should be of great strength for its size and, although muscular, should be active and agile. Size, Proportion, Substance Height at shoulder: 14 to 16 inches. Weight: Dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds, these heights being related to weights. Non-conformity with these limits is a fault. In proportion, the length of back, from withers to tail set, is equal to the distance from withers to ground. Head Short, deep through, broad skull, very pronounced cheek muscles, distinct stop, short foreface, black nose. Pink (Dudley) nose to be considered a serious fault. Eyes--Dark preferable, but may bear some relation to coat color. Round, of medium size, and set to look straight ahead. Light eyes or pink eye rims to be considered a fault, except that where the coat surrounding the eye is white the eye rim may be pink. Ears--Rose or half-pricked and not large. Full drop or full prick to be considered a serious fault. Mouth--A bite in which the outer side of the lower incisors touches the inner side of the upper incisors.The lips should be tight and clean. The badly undershot or overshot bite is a serious fault. Neck, Topline, Body The neck is muscular, rather short, clean in outline and gradually widening toward the shoulders. The body is close coupled, with a level topline, wide front, deep brisket and well sprung ribs being rather light in the loins. The tail is undocked, of medium length, low set, tapering to a point and carried rather low. It should not curl much and may be likened to an oldfashioned pump handle. A tail that is too long or badly curled is a fault. Forequarters Legs straight and well boned, set rather far apart, without looseness at the shoulders and showing no weakness at the pasterns, from which point the feet turn out a little. Dewclaws on the forelegs may be removed. The feet should be well padded, strong and of medium size. Hindquarters The hindquarters should be well muscled, hocks let down with stifles well bent. Legs should be parallel when viewed from behind. Dewclaws, if any, on the hind legs are generally removed. Feet as in front. Coat Smooth, short and close to the skin, not to be trimmed or de-whiskered. Color Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any of these colors with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black-and-tan or liver color to be disqualified. Gait Free, powerful and agile with economy of eﬀort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hind legs. Temperament From the past history of the Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier, the modern dog draws its character of indomitable courage, high intelligence, and tenacity. This, coupled with its aﬀection for its friends, and children in particular, its oﬀ-duty quietness and trustworthy stability, makes it a foremost all-purpose dog. Disqualification Black-and-tan or liver color. Approved November 14, 1989 Eﬀective January 1, 1990
Australian National (ANKC version) Group: Group 2 (Terriers) General Appearance: Smooth coated, well balanced, of great strength for his size. Muscular, active and agile. Characteristics: Traditionally of indomitable courage and tenacity. Highly intelligent and aﬀectionate especially with children. Temperament: Bold, fearless and totally reliable. Head And Skull: Short, deep though with broad skull. Very pronounced cheek muscles, distinct stop, short foreface, nose black. Eyes: Dark preferred but may bear some relation to coat colour. Round, of medium size, and set to look straight ahead. Eye rims dark. Ears: Rose or half pricked, not large or heavy. Full, drop or pricked ears highly undesirable. Mouth: Lips tight and clean. Jaws strong, teeth large, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Neck: Muscular, rather short, clean in outline gradually widening towards shoulder. Forequarters: Legs straight and well boned, set rather wide apart, showing no weakness at the pasterns, from which point feet turn out a little. Shoulders well laid back with no looseness at elbow. Body: Close coupled, with level topline, wide front, deep brisket, well sprung ribs; muscular and well defined. Hindquarters: Well muscled, hocks well let down with stifles well bent. Legs parallel when viewed from behind. Feet: Well padded, strong and of medium size. Nails black in solid coloured dogs. Tail: Medium length, low set, tapering to a point and carried rather low. Should not curl much and may be likened to an old fashioned pump handle. Gait/Movement: Free, powerful and agile with economy of eﬀort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hindlegs. Coat: Smooth, short and close. Colour: Red, fawn, white, black or blue, or any one of these colours with white. Any shade of brindle or any shade of brindle with white. Black and tan or liver colour highly undesirable. Sizes: Weight: Dogs 13-17 kg (28-38 lbs) Bitches 11-15.4 kg (24-34 lbs) Desirable Height: 36-41 cms (14-16 ins) at withers (these heights being related to the weights) Faults: Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its eﬀect upon the health and welfare of the dog. Notes: Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
United Kennel Club (UKC version) Terrier Group
Copyright 1992, United Kennel Club, Inc.
Revised April 15, 2007..
History The Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier is a descendant of the Bull and Terrier crosses made in Great Britain in the late 1700's. It was given the name "Staﬀordshire" in reference to an area where it was very popular, to diﬀerentiate it from the other Bull and Terrier breeds. The Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1975. General Appearance The Staﬀordshire Bull Terrier is a smooth coated dog that possesses great strength for its size. Although muscular, it is active and agile. Characteristics This breed has indomitable courage, high intelligence and tenacity. Coupled with its aﬀection for its friends, and children in particular, its quietness and trustworthy stability make it an all-purpose dog. Head The head is short and deep throughout with a distinct stop. SKULL - The skull is broad and the cheek muscles are very pronounced. MUZZLE - the foreface is short, with strong jaws and clean, tight lips. TEETH - A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite; the outer side of the lower incisors touching the inner side of the upper incisors. Serious Faults: Badly overshot or undershot bites. EYES - Dark eyes are preferred, but may bear some relation to coat color. The round, medium size eyes are set on to look straight ahead. Dark eye rims are preferred. NOSE - The nose is black. EARS - The rose or half-pricked ears are not large. Serious Faults: Full drop ear. Full prick ear. Neck The muscular, rather short neck is clean in outline and widens gradually toward the shoulders. Forequarters The shoulders are well laid back. FORELEGS - The straight, well-boned forelegs are set rather far apart at the shoulders, but show no looseness at the elbow. The pasterns are strong, and the feet turn out slightly. Body The body is close-coupled with a broad, deep chest and well-sprung ribs. The loins are fairly light and the topline is level. Hindquarters The hindquarters are well-muscled. HIND LEGS - The stifles are well-bent. The hocks are well let down. The legs are parallel when viewed from behind. Dewclaws are generally removed from the hind legs. Feet The strong, medium-sized feet are well padded. Tail The medium-length tail is not docked. It is low-set, carried rather low and tapers to a point. It does not curl much, and may be likened to an old-fashioned pump handle. Faults: Too long or badly curled tail. Coat The short, smooth coat is close to the skin. Neither the coat nor the whiskers are to be trimmed. Color Acceptable colors include red, fawn, white, black, any shade of brindle, and blue, with or without white. Serious Faults: Black and tan or liver. Height & Weight Height, measured at the shoulders, ranges from 14 to 16 inches. Weight ranges are as follows: dogs, 28 to 38 pounds; bitches, 24 to 34 pounds. Weight depends on the height of the individual dog. Gait The free, powerful, agile movement is accomplished with an economy of eﬀort. When viewed from the front or the rear, the legs move parallel. There is a noticeable drive from the hind legs. Disqualifications Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.
The Stafford Knot January 2010 Issue #1, Vol #1 Articles include: Joseph Dunn - Hints to the Novice SBT=Bulldog+Terrier
February 2010 Issue #2, Vol #1 Articles include: SBT Breed Seminar, Raymond Crilly - Judges Ed Breeders Code of Silence SBT Exhibition Center (Past Crufts Wnners story NOT included)
March 2010 Issue #3, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard Balance & Movement - Judges Ed PHPV - Tala’s Story - Health Demodectic Mange - Alternative Therapies for Treatments - Health (WKC stories NOT included)
April 2010 Issue #4, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard RX For Whelping & Caesarians Breeders Ed What You See is What You Get The Tragic Loss of Bloodlines & Mentoring in America - Breeders Ed A Very Special Boy Meets His 1st Stafford
May 2010 Issue #5, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard Tan Point Markings - AKA Black & Tan Judges/Breeders Ed Staffords in Working Trials Fibro Cartila....what? - Health How to Select Against Genetic Disease with Knowledge, Not Hope - Breeders Ed
June 2010 Issue #6, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Illustrated Breed Standard GDC Genetics Interview Breeders Ed Balance in the SBT Judges/Breeders Ed One By One - What YOU can do! The Disappearing Sperm - Breeders Ed/ Health SBT Breed Record Holders, Part 1
July 2010 Issue #7, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Dogs Who Fly - Dock Diving Judging My Way - Judges/ Exhibitors Ed The Holy Grail How to Weight Pull with your Staffordshire Bull Terrier Track Training - Starting Out Flyball - “Organized Chaos”
August 2010 - Veterans! Issue #8, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Grey Muzzles & Puppy Dog Tales Staying in the Game My Sunshine Tammy Alf ALSO may be viewed HERE
September 2010 Issue #9, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Training Your Stafford Forequarters What Price Glory Early neurological Stimulation ALSO may be viewed HERE
October 2010 Issue #10, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Living With Cushings Dont Steal My Joy What is Natural Rearing Using Genetic Pedigree ALSO may be viewed HERE
The Stafford Knot November 2010 Issue #11, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Miracles Do Happen Nostalgia The Versatile Stafford The Genetic Pedigree Arnica Montana Also may be viewed HERE
December 2010 Issue #12, Vol #1 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard The Breed Today Puppies For Christmas Pets As Therapy Understanding Recessive Genes A Tribute To Trilby When Things Donâ€™t Go As Planned Also may be viewed HERE
January-February 2011 Issue #1, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Arthritis How Cassie Became an Australian Obedience Champion What is L2-HGA? Teaching Bite Inhibition The Truth About Vaccines The Eukanuba Experience Q&A - Toplines Also may be viewed HERE
March - April 2011 Issue #2, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Cherish Every Moment Importance of Nutrition in Natural Healing What is CERF? Competitive Obedience Understanding Judging Consistency How Diatomaceous Earth Works Q&A - Underjaw Also may be viewed HERE
May - June 2011 Issue #3, Vol #2 Articles include: Illustrated Breed Standard Tally Ho - Lure Coursing The Topline of the SBT The Rule of Fives Interview - Norman Berry (Rendorn) Renal Disease in Canines Hereditary Cataracts in Staffords Q&A - Bites Also may be viewed HERE
The Stafford Knot
The Back Page
From the Editor
TSK WANTS YOU! SEND US YOUR ARTICLES, EXPERIENCES, IDEAS PLUS QUESTIONS FOR OUR Q&A PAGE! TSK BENEFITS STAFFORD RESCUES WORLDWIDE BUT WE CANT HELP WITHOUT YOUR HELP THINK ABOUT A GALLERY AD, STUD AD, BRAG, CLASSIFIED OR BREEDER DIRECTORY AS AN AFFORDABLE WAY TO HELP RESCUE PLUS ADVERTISE YOUR DOG, KENNEL, COMPANY OR PRODUCTS.
A lot of people rush and skip right past the opening four words of this portion of the Breed Standard - “From the past history” - remember what this breed was bred for originally. When taking in the assessment of the Stafford temperament, this should not be forgotten. No, we don’t want raving lunatic unmanageable dogs on our hands, nor do we want shy fearful cowering animals. What we are striving for is bold confidence. A dog who trusts that his owner will not put him in harms way and who will quietly, confidently be on alert, on his toes, but in control. A confident dog is not a loud dog, nor is he obnoxious and rude.
when owning a Stafford. The responsibility lies strictly on the dogs owner/handler to always be in control of the dog and always make sure the dog knows that. The owner/ handler must be confident in understanding and recognizing canine behavior and always know what to look for - signs, that any trouble may occur. If a Stafford gets noisy in the ring, fires up or ‘talks back’ this is normal and should be accepted. This is no different that other terriers who are on their toes, and asked to ‘spar’ in the ring. A Stafford, needn't be asked to spar, nor should they be - but should already be on his toes, at the ready, but under control. He is, after all, a terrier.
He understands ‘dog manners’ and understands pack order. A bold, confident Stafford will not start a fight, but he will also not back down from a challenge. This is one important thing one must remember
Share TSK with someone! Thank you to all of you for supporting TSK! Go hug your Staffords! Lynn Caswell, Sr. Editor
Published on Jun 18, 2011
Published on Jun 18, 2011
The Stafford Knot is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like min...