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THE STAFFORD KNOT, INC. All historical and/or current photos and articles used in this publication were sent to us by our readers unless otherwise stated. In such instances all permissions were acquired prior to publication. We take no responsibility for use of images widely available on the internet or sent to us by owners or breeders of dogs mentioned in this publication. If you wish to have photo credit given it is the responsibility of the photographer to send to us in writing during the current issue publication your wish and we will do our best to accommodate with no guarantees.

We welcome Fundraiser representatives and article contributions from interested parties. Please contact us if for more information how you can get involved. Thank you also to our Rescue Coordinators Worldwide

Lynn Caswell Chris Kerrigan - Erika Pardy Lorelei Craig Worldwide Guest Authors/Historians Advertising Sales Health Database -

Sr. Editor , Creative Director Columnist Columnist Columnist Article Contribution Sales Health

Special thank you goes to those selfless people who assist with Stafford rescues on a regular basis. If you can help transport, foster, donate or adopt, there is sadly always a need! TSK is here to raise funds to aid in these rescues. Please be a part of the solution! The Stafford Knot, Inc. is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from like minded Stafford enthusiasts whose common goal is to support the health testing of purebred Staffords and benefit Stafford rescues worldwide. We reserve the right to approve or disapprove any material submitted. All material on this site is copyright protected & cannot be used unless indicated without the written consent of The Stafford Knot, Inc. Thank you. Contact Us TSK benefits Stafford rescue worldwide © 2009 - 2013 BrownDog Design

TABLE OF CONTENTS Volunteer Positions Available .............................................................................................. 3 Advertising Rates & How To’s ............................................................................................. 4 Illustrated Breed Standard & Judging Seminar Links ......................................................... 5 Stafford Health Database Project ........................................................................................ 7 Saxon the Stafford, Service Dog in Training - Christina Jacobs ....................................... 10 Staffordshire Bull Terrier Hindquarters – A General Overview - Mick Smith.......................18 How I Trained My Service Dog - Judith Brecka................................................................. 24 Evolution of The Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Standard - Jason Nicolai ..................... 30 Pumpkin Seeds: A Natural Solution For Worms.................................................................35 Staffords of the Past (Pictorial) - Brian Owen ................................................................... 38 Health Testing Information ................................................................................................ 40 Letters to the Editor ........................................................................................................... 41 Brags, Shows, Litter Announcements ............................................................................. 42 Rescue Organizations Worldwide ...................................................................................... 45 Classified Advertisements ................................................................................................ 47 From the Editor .................................................................................................................. 48 Back Issues ....................................................................................................................... 49 2


VOLUNTEER POSITIONS AVAILABLE Database - our health database is IN PROGRESS - send email to health@thestaffordknot.com if you would like your dog to be included. All previous submissions will automatically be included so if you wish your dog to be EXCLUDED you will need to let us know ASAP. If you submitted proof of testing your entry will show VERIFIED status. You will also be able to create an account and update or add your own information. Web - Seeking a Macintosh savvy web designer and SEO manager with knowledge of iWeb and RapidWeaver or Sandvox. If interested and available please send email to - editor@thestaffordknot.com

Sales - we need people around the world to help us sell advertising. Ads are how we raise money to donate to Stafford rescues. If interested please send email to - sales@thestaffordknot.com Editing - if you are familiar with ‘Pages’ software and work on a Mac please send us an email to editor@thestaffordknot.com Reporters - We are looking for show reporters from around the world to send us results from major shows. If you would like to volunteer for this new position please email - editor@thestaffordknot.com

Writers - we are always looking for writers to send in articles for each issue. We look for original articles and stories as well as historical ones. All permissions must be granted prior to publishing. Please email editor@thestaffordknot.com if your are interested and available.

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Rates may change at our discretion Ad prices include design fee!

Paypal transaction fees are included and are nonrefundable. All refunds or cancellations are subject to approval. Design fees are included should you wish our staff to design your ad for you. Gallery ad - per issue

Cover - $125 per issue 1/2 page - $45 per issue Full page - $95 per issue Re-run ad - $15 per issue Brag Box - $15 per issue Classified - $15 per issue Click Here for Advertising FORM

Fill out form, pay and upload photos & health certificates all at once! All currencies accepted via Paypal. You do not need a Paypal account. Advertising Rates Effective thru May 29, 2013

Please support TSK and support stafford rescue! Send scans of health testing to health@thestaffordknot.com

Back issues archived online and available as free downloads. Your ad will be available for view at any time once placed. Feel good about advertising with TSK - proceeds benefit Staffordshire Bull Terrier rescues worldwide. If you have a specific registered rescue you wish to support please indicate name and contact information with your ad submission.

Questions? Email us!

The Fine Print Payment in full, all images, logos, health testing scans, certified pedigree and text must be received by deadline or your ad will not run! REMEMBER: The better your images the better your ad will be! YOU will be responsible for final proofing of your ad for any errors, misspellings, etc. We will email you a PROOF prior to uploading your ad to the current issue. PLEASE make all corrections AT THAT TIME or the ad will run AS IS! No mid-issue changes

Please submit ads as 300 dpi jpg, 8.5” wide by 5.5” high for half page, 8.5” wide by 11” high for full page. Remember small/thin type may be difficult to read when shrunk for online viewing. Use bold fonts & sharp images. Don't overcrowd with too much text or your ad may be difficult to read. TSK is not responsible for view-ability of all ads designed out of house or once proof has been approved. Please do not wait till the deadline to submit your ads! Get them in early or chance being left out. Deadline is always 2 weeks prior to publish date or will be announced on our FB page 4


ILLUSTRATED BREED STANDARD & JUDGING SEMINAR CLICK HERE to read or download the TSK Staffordshire Bull Terrier Illustrated Breed Standard


to read or download a version of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Seminar which was given at the AKC Advanced Terrier Institute in Orlando Florida on December 14,

Also - CLICK HERE to view a 30 minute video of this presentation on You Tube HUGE thank you goes to all who contribute to the Illustrated Breed Standard and Judge Seminar projects. We could not present here such a collection of information were it not for all the work done by so many people in this breed and others. We cannot name all of you but many many thanks are indeed passed on to each of you. Thank you also to those who sent in images of dogs to be used. We consider the projects to be invaluable educational tools. Take from them what you will with the understanding that we cannot all agree on all points but should continue to work together in efforts to protect this wonderful breed we all cherish. Updates will be uploaded as more info is sent in to TSK. Please check back or email editor@thestaffordknot.com for details or to contribute.




In Progress! Please submit your Staffords Health Certificates!

Stafford Health Database Project How you can help our breed The Stafford Knot only accepts ads from owners and breeders of dogs who have been health tested. The minimum requirements are L2-HGA & HC testing. We provide information on where to go to have these simple and inexpensive tests performed. Documentation is required to be scanned and sent in to the editors for approval. Further health testing (Cardiac, CERF, PHPV, Hips, Elbows, Patella, etc) is also encouraged. It is highly recommended to buyers that they see these documents prior to purchasing their new Stafford.

point, if only clear tested (l2HGA & HC) Staffords are bred from - these two genetic diseases could be eradicated in three generations of breeding. That’s certainly something to think about. Some argue that this would narrow the gene pool too much and is not a needed step to improving the future of this breed. To those i say, possibly, however - is that carrier stud dog so structurally superior to his clear tested brother that you wouldn’t consider using the brother instead? Just something else to think about.

a database project so that documentation will be on hand for future generations. In the U.S. our registries do not document these test results as the K.C. does in the U.K. Therefore too many people who own ‘clear by parentage’ Staffords have no proof in hand several generations down the line. In time, we at TSK hope the database will help those who wish to know the status of a particular dog or litter.

If all breeders and owners were to test, Staffords would all be better off simply by the fact that we would have more information regarding where this breed is going as far

TSK and StaffyHQ are compiling registered names and scanned

If you have a tested Stafford - please send an email to

as health matters are concerned. To further this

health@thestaffordknot.com containing the full registered name, registration number, pedigree, sire and dam registered names and scanned copies of all health documents testing done on your dog. of all tested Please only send One email (clear, carrier per dog. and affected) Staffords for

Thank you for supporting TSK and promoting health testing of Staffords worldwide.

We are also working on a database of semen stored from health tested stud dogs. If you have semen stored from a tested dog and wish to have him included, please email HEALTH@THESTAFFORDKNOT.COM

with health scans, pedigree information and contact information. Also please indicate whether or not the semen is available for use. 7



Saxon the Stafford Service Dog in Training by Christina Jacobs My name is Christina and I live and work in Maine with my boyfriend, two cats and my Service Dog in Training, Saxon. Saxon is a Staffordshire Bull Terrier who I adopted two years ago when I was going through a rough time after my grandfather passed away. Saxon’s first family could no longer care for him because he proved to be too high energy for their three young children. He was 5 months old, about 20 pounds and absolutely insane! He chewed up all sorts of things that he shouldn’t have, he chased the cats around the apartment and he even had a few accidents in the house. With some training and LOTS of patience, though, he eventually became a beloved family member that we couldn’t imagine not having him. Then, late last summer (2012), I was finally diagnosed with Anxiety (with compulsions) and Panic Disorder (Panic Attacks), which I had suffered with my entire life, but never had a proper diagnosis. Shortly after, a friend suggested a Service Dog (SD). It was something I'd never thought of for myself. I knew that SDs could help people with a variety of disabilities, both physical and mental, but I'd never thought of myself as disabled. So, I did my research and discovered that I would qualify under the Americans with Disabilities Act and I could probably benefit from the use of a SD. I talked to my psychologist about it and she agreed that it was something I should pursue. Five month old Saxon



Saxon the Stafford Service Dog in Training I also learned that one option is for a disabled individual to train his or her own SD, if, for whatever reason, they decide a program dog is not right for them. Most people are aware of SD programs, but few are aware that individuals with disabilities may also train their own SD. This is what I decided to do. There are many reasons that I decided to owner train: I thought it would be beneficial to me to be more involved in the training process than most programs allow, I had a difficult time finding a program that trained dogs for mental illness that wasn’t caused by military service and I didn’t want the typical Labrador or German Shepherd as my SD, I wanted a Stafford, and not just any Stafford, I wanted Saxon. Saxon was a little less than two at the time and, while he was well trained, he needed a lot more training before he could even be considered a SD candidate. I made a few mistakes in


the beginning: I brought him out into public too early, I began public access training before task training, and I didn't use enough reinforcement when training tasks. Luckily, though, none of my mistakes were too damaging and Saxon is doing amazingly well with his training. In fact, he recently passed the AKC’s Canine Good Citizen (CGC) test! He still has a lot of training to go before he will be ready to work as my SD, but he is amazingly attentive and eager to please. In order for a dog to be a SD, he has to do more than just provide comfort for his disabled handler. He has to perform specific tasks that help mitigate the handler's disability. Saxon's main tasks will be distracting/redirecting me during a panic attack, leading me to an exit or other safe space when I am feeling overwhelmed or having a severe panic attack, and interrupting my compulsions. We will most certainly be adding more tasks as time goes on! He will also be trained to retrieve dropped items as I sometimes have difficulty doing so myself as a result of joint pain. Because the pain is not severe enough to be considered disabling, this does not count as a task to mitigate a disability, but is a bonus. In addition to all of that he provides great comfort to me and I have fewer panic attacks when he is around, but that is not a task, it is just a wonderful and comforting bonus. While owner training is a perfectly valid and legal way to train a SD, it's also a very difficult thing to do, especially without support. I was a member of a few online communities, which definitely helped, but it can be nice to have the backing of a program to help you if you run into any issues.



Saxon the Stafford Service Dog in Training Thankfully, a few months ago, I met a local SD partner who told me about a program called Possibility Dogs Inc. (http://possibilitydogs.org/) that trains rescue dogs with proper temperaments to be SDs for people with mental disabilities. I contacted the group and, because I adopted Saxon, they welcomed us to the program and offered to help us in any way they can! They will assist us with any fundraising we may need for training or equipment, will provide us with a program ID and patches for his vests and harnesses (which are not required by the ADA, but help prevent access issues), and will document and administer a test called Public Access Test (PAT) later this year. A PAT is not required for a dog to be a SD, but it is a good test to take to ensure that the dog can effectively do his job in public without being distracted by what is going on around him, because there will be a lot of distractions! Many people are unaware that you should not pet or try to distract a SD while the dog is working. When public access training with Saxon, I have had people run up and pet him, make kiss sounds to get his attention, squeal about how cute he is, take our picture without asking and we even encountered someone working in the mall who chased us with a


remote controlled toy car! These were all great training opportunities for Saxon and me, but inappropriate ways to act around a SD. While I am not likely to be hurt if Saxon isn't focused on me for a minute or two, there are some SD handlers who can be injured or become ill if their SD is distracted from working. This is why it is so important for people to understand that SDs are working and should not be distracted from their job. This comical Public Service Announcement from the Norwegian Association of the Blind does a great job of showing many of common ways that people distract SD’s. (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nf6-i5C0Bwg&) Instead of distracting the dog from working, talk to the handler (not to the dog) to ensure that it is ok to pet the dog and don't be offended if the handler says that you can't. I will often let people pet Saxon while he is in training if they ask nicely and it is an appropriate time to do so. Another thing that some people are unaware off, is that Service Dogs get time off! Saxon is not on duty 24/7 and he gets a lot of time off to play and cuddle and be a dog. Here are a few pictures of him enjoying his time off! I am so thankful that that Saxon came into my life when he did and I am so thankful to all of the people who have supported me throughout this journey. In my experience with the breed and with Saxon specifically, I have come to the conclusion that Staffordshire Bull Terriers can make great Service Dogs or Therapy Dogs (well trained and friendly pets that visit patients in hospitals, hospice, nursing homes, etc.) if the individual dog has the proper temperament. I hate to even think about it, but when it is time to retire Saxon and begin training his successor, I hope to train another Stafford. 12


Saxon the Stafford Service Dog in Training When choosing an adult Stafford as a candidate for Service Dog work, you want to make sure the dog has the proper temperament. What I would look for would be a dog with no (or very low) prey drive and dog reactivity, who is not fearful of loud noises or crowds, is eager to please, is food motivated (helps with training!), and is alert. If possible, you should have someone experienced in training Service Dogs evaluate the candidate, as well. When choosing a Stafford puppy as a candidate for Service, you definitely want to have a relationship with a few breeders and really know how their puppies are as adults. Obviously make sure the parents are health tested and free of common genetic issues. You’ll want to meet the parents and some dogs from past litters. Don’t put all your eggs in one


basket, it may take a couple of litters/ breeders before you find the right puppy. Then, talk with the breeder(s). Tell the breeder(s) the traits you are looking for and the work you plan to do with the dog. Ask the breeder(s) to choose a puppy from the litter that s/he believes will grow up to have the traits you are looking for. The breeder will best know how her/his puppies grow up and should be able to tell you better than any test which puppy will be best suited for work. If you can, it would also be helpful to have someone experienced in training Service Dogs evaluate the litter(s) you are interested and see if s/ he agrees with the breeder(s)’ assessment. Always have a back up plan in place in case the puppy turns out not to be a good candidate or needs to be retired early as a result of unforeseen temperament or health problems.

To see more of Saxon follow him on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/saxonthestafford 13




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Staffordshire Bull Terrier Hindquarters – A General Overview by Mick Smith (Willowstaff) Having discussed the forequarters in a previous article it would seem appropriate to proceed to the hindquarters. As mentioned before, the forequarters have to cope with 60% of the weight of the dog and are obviously of great importance. The rear quarters are nevertheless of equal importance as they provide the propulsion and drive for forward locomotion.

and rear angulations are complimentary and symmetrical. The extremes however must be avoided, as well as asymmetry front and rear. ‘Well let down in the hock’ is a well known term and often misunderstood, but basically it means the Stafford should be short in the hock. A well let down hock is beneficial in terms of fatigue, however to understand how short hocks improve stamina we must look at the mechanics of the hock and consider the principles of levers.

When examining the hindquarters, I believe the croup should be taken into consideration. A sloping croup provides that extra effort and power when required, particularly with reference to a dog originally The hindquarters are illustrated in Figure 1 which bred for combat. It must be emphasised that a sloping indicates the point of the hock (os calsis) and the hock croup IS NOT INDICATIVE of a poor topline. joint Without going into the complicated musculature anatomy, it is important to stress that the muscles of the hindquarters (e.g. first and second thigh) should not be short and bunchy; they should be of good length and not be overloaded and bulky. Short, bunchy muscles lack flexibility and during exercise retain lactic acid and fatigue quickly due to lack of oxygen. Correct angulation is important, and a Stafford should have well bent stifles and the hocks should be well let down in accordance with the Standard. Angulation and specific angles are well documented; suffice to say that straight stifles are undesirable and produce the all too common stilted action and invariably are a cause of knee and hip joint problems. Over angulation is also detrimental and places undue stress on the knee and hock joints, and results in the ‘bobbing up and down’ action and ‘crabbing’ movement. What is of greater importance is that front



Staffordshire Bull Terrier Hindquarters – A General Overview by Mick Smith (Willowstaff)


To reduce the effort at the point of hock The hock is operated by muscle running down the back of the leg attached by the

the distance of the point of hock from the hock joint must be increased. This is however

Achilles tendon to the point of the hock, as depicted in Figure 2.

within limits governed by nature, so the other alternative is to reduce the length of the rear pastern. This effectively lessens the working arc of the rear foot reducing the amount of work done, thus requiring less effort per step. Practical examples of the characteristics of hock length are the rabbit and the coyote. The rabbit has a long hock and can accelerate from a standing start very quickly; conversely the coyote is short in the hock and is renowned for its endurance. In essence relative to the femur, tibia and fibula, the hock is shorter when stamina is required. The length of the hock invariably affects the length of the other bones in the rear assembly. Long hocks are usually accompanied by shorter upper and lower thighs, which in turn have shorter muscles making them less efficient, i.e. the longer the muscle the more they are able to contract, giving a greater capacity to pull. Long hocks


are also contributory to ‘crabbing’ as in theory the rear feet can reach further under the dog’s body, interfering with the front assembly.



Staffordshire Bull Terrier Hindquarters – A General Overview by Mick Smith (Willowstaff)


When viewed from the rear, hind legs should be straight and well boned with good width at the stifle and strong hock joints to withstand the rigours of combat. The stifles should not turn outwards and the hocks should not turn inwards. When moving, close movement should not be confused with ‘single tracking’. Close movement is a result of mis-aligned bones, e.g. ‘toeing in’/’cow hocks’. Single tracking is the tendency of the feet to converge to the centre of gravity when moving forward at a good pace. As a general rule, when the hind feet are placed approximately in line with the rump the rear pasterns should be perpendicular and the topline level. Sickle hocks – where the hocks slope backwards – are indicative of over-angulation and are often accompanied with a sloping topline (similar to the German Shepherd). A Stafford should have a strong, positive rear action and when viewed from the rear should ideally be parallel when moving at a steady pace. Movement should not be assessed when the animal is moving at a rapid pace, as they will invariably single track. The hind feet cannot be omitted and are a vital feature of the rear quarters. They absorb the rear driving forces and receive more wear and tear than the front feet, particularly on the toes. The back pads are smaller than the front pads and therefore it is essential that the rear feet are strong and compact and not weak and splayed. Finally, the tail requires a mention. A typical low set tail (akin to an old fashioned ‘pump handle’) is also indicative that the correct slope of croup is in evidence. In general, a well set tail without any malformations is 20 a good indicator that the spine is anatomically sound.


How I Trained My Service Dog by Judith A. Brecka

Mikey aka Daydream Talk Dirty To Me, U.D., R.E. AXJ and AX is one of the few Staffords working as a service dog and medical alert dog. When I met Mikey at age 11 months, I spent time at a busy dog show seeing how he reacted to people and other dogs. Mikey has the sort of temperament that is necessary in a service dog ie. he is not aggressive to other dogs, animals and people. Since service dogs perform many of their duties in public, it is essential that they have good attention but that they can be taken anywhere including places where there are other dogs and animals. We first started with some basic obedience and then went to work with a competitive obedience trainer for the absolute attention that is require for him as a service dog and obedience competition dog. I have a friend who has worked for Guide Dogs for almost 20 years and when she met Mikey at an obedience competition in Sacramento, CA a couple of years ago, she absolutely loved him and his steady temperament. I do call on her for ideas on how to train certain skills and I will keep training Mikey until I am no longer able to do so. Even in AKC obedience competitions the AKC rules allow handlers who suffer some sort of disability to use some aids and to place the dumbbell on the retrieve on the flat and retrieve over the high jump instead of throwing it. Since my

arthritis causes swelling in my wrist joint, and fingers throwing the dumbbell was painful and sometimes I would cry out. The first time I placed the dumbbell in Open B was a Pasanita Obedience Club’s trials in 2012 as I found that even gripping the steering wheel was painful that morning. My trainer told me about the placement but suggested we try to do that at least once before going into the ring. She was skeptical that Mikey would do it without further training. However, Mikey proved her wrong and was so concerned about working for me he ended getting 2nd place with a 198 in a very competitive class. Since the arthritis has attacked many other joints Mikey seems to know which joints are hurting and also tries to provide some TLC. Some of the ways Mikey helps me is by picking up a jacket or sweater if I drop it and retrieving for me. He uses his strong and steady back to help me up if I fall down. He also retrieves other objects for me if needed. Since I also have some loss of peripheral vision due to a detached retina in 2009, Mikey sees what I may not see on my left side. Particularly important since skateboarders have sometimes almost hit me on the left side from behind since I cannot see how close they are coming. Mikey gets me out of the way. Of course, what the skateboarder is doing by riding on the sidewalk is illegal but I prefer to not be injured.

How I Trained My Service Dog by Judith A. Brecka Mikey is quite popular with waiters and theater staff. I always try to sit in an outdoor patio if possible in a location away from people to avoid Mikey getting stepped on by a staff person. Mikey will put his paws up on the counter at the movie theater with the ticket in his mouth. So far he has not swallowed one. At one theater the staff person went to the refreshment counter and got Mikey a dish of ice so that he would have some water during the movie. There is special seating for disabled people and I usually sit on an easy chair or settee when watching a movie with friends. I am very aware of the fact that many people think he is a “pitbull� and may be afraid of him so we always walk slowly and steady. I do insist that if Mikey is wearing his service vest, people MUST ask permission before petting him. Mikey does LOVE children and often on our walks to lunch, theater or shopping, we will take the time to talk to children and show the parents the proper way to pet him. Because of his public stature as a service dog, Mikey has to be an ambassador for the breed and even if I am not feeling well or in a hurry, we do try to accommodate people with questions or those who might want to pet him. Mikey also serves as my medical alert dog as sometimes an asthma attack sneaks up on me and Mikey alerts me by hitting my knee with his big head and whining. I then immediately use my rescue inhaler or use my nebulizer machine to give my lungs a better treatment. I did not teach him this skill but I do reward him each time he alerts me. Mikey will accompany me on his first plane ride to St Louis, Mo for the SBTCA nationals. We have our seat assignment and I have spoken several times with American Airlines special relations person for those who may need special assistance in getting on the plane and deplaning. I will probably be the nervous one as I have not flown since October, 2009. I would like to mention that Mikey has provided some grief therapy for three of my clients. The first one lost his 18 year old son unexpectedly as his son died in the night of a heart attack. The day the father came to see me he was having difficulty in


speaking to me about it so that I could try to see what legal issues may have to be to be dealt with. Mikey went over to him very quietly and placed his head on his knee. Since my client did not want me to see him cry, he kept his head down and was petting Mikey on his head. I thought Mikey was bothering him until client advised that he would like Mikey to stay right there. Two other clients had received word from their doctors that they had a month or a few weeks to live due to cancer. Both of them came to my office individually and told me that they just wanted to hug Mikey. Mikey was happy to assist them. I left my office for a few minutes so that the each woman could have some privacy dealing with her emotions and compose herself before leaving.





Evolution of The Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Standard by Jason Nicolai (Homebrewed) Crufts 1939. Notice the moderate substance and variation in size up to 18 inches which was called for in the original standard. Photo ~ J. Gordon

However, the breed standard was not The Staffordshire Bull rooted the US disco Terrier was accepted by era. In the UK there the AKC for registration existed 40 years of in 1974 with show evolution to the status granted the standard prior to AKC following year. acceptance. It is important to consider this history not only to have a better understanding of today’s standard, but ultimately to provide important context that will assist in our interpretation of the modern breed and our evaluation thereof.

The first standard was written in the UK in 1935. It began by describing the ideal Stafford as 15 to 18 inches tall. Dogs were to weigh 28-38 pounds with bitches 24-34 pounds. Compare this to our current standard which brings the heights down to 14-16 inches, yet leaves the weights exactly the same. This is by far the most significant

change to the breed standard throughout its evolution in terms of how it impacts our interpretation of the balance between bull and terrier as well as the subjective descriptors found throughout the rest of the standard. These early show dogs came directly from fighting stock, hence the wider variation in size and rather efficient proportions compared to our modern show dogs. At the same time the language under “General Appearance” in today’s standard was taken directly from the original in 1935: “…great strength for his (its) size, and although muscular should be active and agile.” The interpretation of “active and agile” went from a mid-standard dog who carried approximately 2 pounds of weight per inch of height to one that now carries nearly 2.4 pounds per inch; a 20% increase in overall mass. It’s important to note that this evolution is very often misquoted and misunderstood. You may hear some incorrectly state that the current heights and weights that define proper substance were derived by the fighting fancy, so allowances should be made for 30


Evolution of The Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Standard by Jason Nicolai (Homebrewed) our modern show dogs to carry more mass or to be conditioned to a weight considerably more than the breed standard call for. As a result you may see exhibits that are shown with an overall substance or a simple lack of conditioning resulting a weight that is well above today’s standard for their height. In reality, the modern standard already takes into consideration the breed’s transformation from a fighting dog to a show dog. The argument that it’s acceptable for our modern show dogs to carry more mass than the current standard calls for is an unfounded and unfortunate misinterpretation of the breed’s history. Some tolerance for variation should certainly be given.

1938 Crufts winner. Ideal for his time. Photo ~ B. Boylan


However, remember that the current standard explicitly states under “Size, Proportion, Substance” that “non-conformity with these limits is a fault.” Be careful not to consciously select for a fault just because it looks “impressive.” From 1935 through today the Stafford is still described as active and agile dog.

In the 1949 revision a “Characteristics” section was added. Today it appears verbatim in the AKC standard under “Temperament” which is still the only standard to mention a breed’s affection for children. In 1935 there was no description for movement in the standard. In 1949 the “Parent club” intended on adding movement as a portion of the old 100 point judging system, but the Kennel Club changed its policies and would not allow this scoring system to be published. No description was added at that time. The original AKC standard for the breed was taken directly from the 1949 UK standard, and thus also had no mention of gait. Essentially Movement slipped through the cracks for the first 50 years of breed standard history. The first description did not appear until 1987 (UK) and consequently 1989 (US) where it remains; “Free, powerful and agile with economy of effort. Legs moving parallel when viewed from front or rear. Discernible drive from hind legs.” The language for Head, Body, Forequarters and Hindquarters have also changed a bit over time with the addition of greater details, but many of the primary descriptors have remained the same throughout every revision of the standard for nearly 70 years. 31


Evolution of The Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Standard by Jason Nicolai (Homebrewed)


Head: “Short, deep through, broad skull,

very pronounced cheek muscles, distinct stop, short foreface…” This particular language is unchanged from the 1935 standard. Modern additions to this section include details of the correct scissor bite, tight, clean lips and dark eye rims with an allowance for pink on a dog with white around the eye. Body: Originally a separate section; now combined with Neck, Top line and Tail descriptors. “deep brisket”, “level top line”, and “[rather] light in loins” are all carried through from 1935 to today. “Short back” evolved into “close coupled” and “forelegs set rather wide apart” was simplified to “wide front.” Even though many of the adjectives that describe the Staffordshire Bull Terrier have remained the same throughout the evolution of the standard; e.g. “deep”, “wide” and “broad”, the interpretations have changed. How we visualize subjective words like these is mandated by the above referenced changes that were made to increase the overall substance of the dog. How wide is “wide?” In 1935 the same word was used, but as predicated by their original function the dogs from 70 years ago were more moderate compared to what today’s standard call for. If you compare the 1935 standard to modern standards for other breeds you will find that the substance of the original Staffordshire Bull Terrier was something

Modern performance Stafford conditioned with substance somewhere between the original standard and today’s standard. Photo ~ L. Luksa akin to today’s American Water Spaniel or in taller examples, the Wheaten. This shift in how we translate the descriptors found within the standard does not suggest free, subjective interpretation today. The guidelines for substance are still given, and they are in fact referenced in today’s standard as “limits.” Non-conformity outside these limits is not a disqualification, but it is to be faulted. The modern show Stafford should be exhibited in the condition outlined in the breed standard: “although muscular, should be active and agile.” The standard call for him to be “rather light in the loins.” A Stafford in proper show condition exhibits what is often referred to as “tuck up” at the loin. The relatively short history of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier in the US is that of a family companion, show dog, and performance sport animal. Fortunately he has never been a known as a fighting dog in this country, but he should never lose the strength, athleticism, and agility that is a reminder of that original purpose. 32


Evolution of The Staffordshire Bull Terrier Breed Standard by Jason Nicolai (Homebrewed)

Modern Stafford bitch with correct balance and feminine head. Photo ~ J. Windrow One other significant change that occurred in the breed standard prior to the Stafford ever making its way to the US was alluded to previously. This was the elimination of a 100 point judging system that weighted the importance of the various elements of the standard. This is of considerable interest in understanding what the original architects of the breed found to be most important. Originally adopted in 1935, below is the last proposed version that was to be submitted for approval in 1949, but by that time the Kennel Club (UK) had eliminated the 100pt scoring system from all breed standards. General Appearance  and  Coat  Condi0on    








Legs and  Feet    




General Movement  and  Balance    



Today, when people ask if the Stafford is a “head breed” we can look back and see that even though it’s certainly not everything it was in fact quite important to those who originally decided how to prioritize the foundations of breed type. The original, 1935 version of this scale actually had the head as 30 points before the revision was made attempting to address “movement.” The head was of particular importance to a group of people trying to standardize and obtain consistency with a new breed. Over the years breed type has tightened up as the standard has evolved. The purpose of the standard is, after all to describe the ideal specimen of the breed. The more strictly we adhere to it, the more consistency we will see as the breed continues to improve alongside the words that are used to outline its makeup.

Modern show Stafford (dog) exhibiting correct blend of Bull and Terrier for today’s standard. Photo ~ C. Dillon 33

www.staffordbook.com alan@ramblix.fsnet.co.uk


Pumpkin Seeds


A Natural Solution For Wormsi

Feeding Directions Pumpkin seeds can be fed whole as a treat for your dog. Don’t feed him the salted seeds from the grocery store; find some raw, organic seeds instead.

Spring is arriving for another year and it’s time once again for the bugs and nasties to start coming back out. Spring is a time when pet owners might start seeing the signs of worms in their dogs. These sigs can include squiggly worms or “rice bodies” in his stool, a thrifty looking appearance, scooting and licking his rear, vomiting and diarrhea. If your dog shows any of these signs, you might want to take a look in your cupboards before reaching for the toxic dewormers. There might be something in there that could rid your dog of worms without the adverse effects on his health that veterinary dewormers deliver.

Pumpkin Seeds Fight Worms Raw, organic pumpkin seeds have been used to treat a variety of parasitic and other ailments since the colonists first came to the New World and discovered the benefits of this Native American crop. The flesh and seeds of the pumpkin were used by the Native American tribes to heal wounds, cure kidney ailments and urinary problems and were used as a parasitic treatment on humans. In recent times, herbalists have discovered that the seeds of the pumpkin also work as an effective deworming agent against tapeworms and other intestinal parasites in dogs and humans. Pumpkin seeds contain the amino acid called cucurbitin, which paralyzes and eliminates the worms from the digestive tract. Pumpkin seeds have other health benefits too – they are loaded with protein, amino acids, fiber, iron, copper, phosphorus and magnesium, calcium, zinc, potassium, folic acid and niacin; all important nutrients to your pet’s overall good health.

If your dog doesn’t enjoy them as a treat, you can grind them in a coffee grinder or Magic Bullet and add them to his meals. Give him a teaspoon per ten pounds of body weight once or twice a day until he’s rid of the parasites. *NOTE FROM EDITOR We grind the seeds and feed as a powder for easier digestion







TSK merchandise available at http://www.cafepress.com/thestaffordknot Profit from sales benefit Stafford rescues worldwide



STAFFORDS OF THE PAST special would like to send a very c. In ot, Kn d or aff St e Th use of his Owen for allowing the ian Br r. M to U YO K THAN . of early UK Champions personal photo collection

of We will feature several 13. his photos throughout 20

ork Joe Mallen & Jim at w

Tom Wall

M. Boam & Ch Black Tu


Photos Š Brian Owen - use by written permission for TSK, Inc.



STAFFORDS OF THE PAST special would like to send a very c. In ot, Kn d or aff St e Th use of his Owen for allowing the ian Br r. M to U YO K THAN . of early UK Champions personal photo collection

Ch Brindle Mick, 1949

of We will feature several 13. his photos throughout 20

@ Bath

Nap Cairns Ch Constones Cadet &

Ch Game Flash

Photos Š Brian Owen - use by written permission for TSK, Inc.



HEALTH TESTING The Stafford Knot wishes to provide the following information for your convenience. TSK encourages health testing of all Staffordshire Bull Terriers, especially those used for breeding purposes and/or performance events. The testing is made available to be used as a tool to eliminate certain diseases from a breeding program. Used wisely, this can be accomplished. The following testing information is provided as a service to you, however should not be used as the only health checks your Stafford receives. There are many more health issues to be considered when breeding dogs, caring for dogs and when looking to buy a purebred dog. As always, please seek the advice of your personal veterinary specialists for your day-to-day needs of your dogs. Thank you!

* * * Please note - a CERF or PHPV test done by a canine ophthalmologist is NOT the same test as the DNA test for HC - BOTH tests should be carried out * * * ***PLEASE send in your test results for the databases. Accurate records are valuable to the breed*** Remember, if you choose to breed from a carrier you must test the entire resulting litter to determine clears & carriers. Thus if you choose to keep a carrier from that litter, the same must be done for each subsequent litter resulting from breeding carriers. If you sell carrier pups, please consider spay/neuter so that more carriers are not produced. With the advent and ease of genetic testing many of these diseases could be eliminated by only breeding clear to clear. To use a known carrier requires an extra step of responsibility. There is no excuse to breed an untested dog.

======================================= Testing Facility For L2-Hga & HC

Testing Facility For L2-Hga Only

Animal Health Trust

Canine Genetic Diseases - University Of Mo.

Lanwades Park, Kentford New Market, Suffolk CB87UU

321 Connaway Hall Columbia, Missouri 65211-5120 USA

Phone: 01638 751000

Phone: 573-884-3712 

Fax: 01638 750410

Fax: 573-884-5414



Direct Link



Direct Link

Testing Facility For HC in USA:

Other labs offering L-2-HGA test in Europe:


France www.antagene.com

Testing Facility For Hip, Elbows, Patella and Cardiac Certifications * Orthopedic Foundation For Animals (OFA) 2300 E Nifong Boulevard Columbia, Missouri, 65201-3806 USA Phone: 573-442-0418  Email

Fax: 573-875-5073


*Note: A Board Certified Cardiologist must perform all Cardiac exams.   A qualified licensed Veterinarian can provide X-Ray films for hips, elbows and Patella.

Czech Republic www.genomia.cz Germany www.laboklin.de / www.laboklin.co.uk Testing Facility For Eye Certifications* Canine Eye Registration Foundation (CERF) 1717 Philo Rd P O Box 3007 Urbana, IL 61803-3007 USA Phone: 217-693-4800 Fax: 217-693-4801 Email


*Note: A Board Certified Canine Ophthalmologist must perform all CERF exams. CERF exams are annual exams for breeding stock .

Coat color testing for those wishing not to produce blues, dilutes or black and tan can be found at many labs now. Contact us if you cannot find one. 40


LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Send your letters to editor@thestaffordknot.com or - Send your Q&A question to ASK TSK

The Stafford Knot, Inc. runs Letters to the Editor as they are sent - no editing. They are not necessarily the opinion of this publication or those who are associated with it. TSK -

I’m not sure if you can answer this question for me, or if it is even a real question but I am curious about why your publication and the registery parent clubs around the world are not working together in order to centralize information for judges, breeders and puppy buyers. Your breed is a difficult one to understand as there are so many variations and so many differing (strong) opinions and viewpoints regarding what they are to look like, act like and be judged like. It seems to me that it would be advantageous to the breed as a whole if your publication could somehow help lead the way to more unity in this breed. Just wanted to send this question in to see if you have an answer or ideas. (unsigned email)

be open to working with any and

of the mind that lack of

all interested parties on some level to help achive this goal of

exaggeration equals balance.


We are currently working with an artist to improve our Illustrated

We would also like to say that

Breed Standard to simplify it and

one reason The Stafford Knot was to give the readers better images. started was because by not being associated with one particular

Additionally, I would like to

governing body, this frees us up

take this opportunity to invite any

to publish ALL articles, opinions

registry parent club to join our

and images without having to go through the politics involved in

efforts of education, promotion of health testing and financial

trying to please everyone.

support of rescue.

We try very hard to portray all

Thank you for your letter. I

aspects of the breed from many

hope we were able to satisfy you

viewpoints in an unedited and

somewhat with answers. Please

unbiased manner. Additionally we

feel free to write to us at any time.

make changes and updates often

Perhaps an introduction would be

as new or proven information is

nice so that we can continue

sent to us as needed for improvements.

correspondence and work on some concrete ideas how we can make your requests a reality.

We are a 100% volunteer group of Stafford fanciers from all

Dear Anonymous (your hotmail address email was not signed) We feel that your questions and suggestions are certainly justified and valid and we would

across the globe. Each of us has a slightly differing opinion but with the goal to portray a healthy, balanced animal which meets the breed standard. This slight differing of ideas is natural with any group, but we strive to remain

Thank you! to our readers for sending us your feedback. We include a FEEDBACK form on the website. Please feel free to submit your questions, suggestions & comments. TSK cannot survive without all of YOU!



BRAGS, SHOWS, LITTER ANNOUNCEMENTS Supported Shows EMAIL SBTCA AREA 3 REGIONAL SPECIALTY WEEKEND Please join us in sunny California for another beautiful show by the bay at GWTA Mr. Eric Galvin (Scousious - UK) - Friday Ms. Kimberly Washington-Smith (Chavier - US) - Sweepstakes Friday Ms. Karon Jackson (Jackabyte - UK) - Saturday Ms. Kyana-Ann Mick (Qwik N Thik - US) - Sweepstakes Saturday Mr. Colin Davies (Mimcol - UK) - Sunday Mr. John Diaz (Black Country - US) - Sweepstakes Sunday June 21-23, 2013 - Long Beach, California

Entries Close Wednesday, June 5th www.jbradshaw.com

Club Shows EMAIL NESBTC "CLASSIC" WEEKEND Join us for another NESBTC "Classic" Weekend filled with fun, food, and a great time. Jodie Sing (Pranksta - AU) - Friday Michelle Murphy (Brockmar - IRL) - Sweepstakes - Friday Liz Stanway (Waystaff - UK) - Saturday Judith Heller (Moonstruck - US) - Sweeps - Saturday

September 27-28 St James, Long Island New York North East Staffordshire Bull Terrier Club

New Title EMAIL FO URO3 UCDX UWPO UGWPCH1 UACH UNJCH GRCH DYNAMO SURESHOT SMART AS A FOX VCD2 TD CDX MX MXJ RE CAA SPD NJ-N TT CGC CH Sureshot's King Louie x Edna Mae Leedee ‘Foxy’ finishes her 5th title of 2012!

New Coursing Ability Advanced! Breeder: Paul & Patricia Menard

Owner: Christine Edwards

Health testing status on file with TSK 42


BRAGS, SHOWS, LITTER ANNOUNCEMENTS Qualifying Trials & High Score EMAIL CH ELIVID'S SHAKEN NOT STIRRED RN BN CAA CGC CH Bowtman's Homebrewed Cellar Keep x GCH Ashstaff So Sioux Me At Elivid RN CA CGC Congratulations to Bonnie and Deb for participating in the 2013 SBTCA National Specialty & Qualifying in Rally & Obedience! Additionally, on Saturday they were awarded High Scoring Champion of Record!

Breeder: Lizz Kester, Elivid Staffords

Owner: Debra and Chad Roseman

Health testing status on file with TSK

Qualifying Trials & High Score EMAIL DAYDREAM TALK DIRTY TO ME UD RE AX AXJ Aust. Ch.Tuereg Murphys Law x Ch. Daydream When In Rome

1st pl UtilB 197.5 SBTCA Fri Obed,1st pl RallyEx,2nd pl RallyAdv, H.S.Rally Ex dog,Iron Dog,1st pl UtilB SatJWWX Sat.2nd pl.XStan Sun. 2012 SBTCA Top Obedience Dog.

Breeder: Dayna Lemke

Owner: Judith Brecka

Health testing status on file with TSK

Retiring in Style EMAIL CH HEART N SOUL'S DOCTOR X CH Heart N Soul's Fifth Element X CH Shaunchar English Dancer At the 23rd SBTCA National Specialty - Max won Best in Sweeps Veteran (Judge Yas Par) and

Best Veteran/Veteran Dog under UK Judge Tommy Curd! At the SBTCA Regional Specialty he won Best in Sweeps Veteran (Judge Judy Heller) and Best Veteran/Veteran Dog under Judge David Alexander. Max completed the week end by winning the SBTCA Summer Spectacular Best in Sweeps Veteran (Judge George Urbanski) and Best Veteran/Veteran Dog and Award of Merit   from Judge John Ryder! Breeder: Cynthia D. Long

Health testing status on file with TSK

Owner: Cynthia D. Long Always handled with elegance by Stacie Long-Crow





RESCUE ORGANIZATIONS WORLDWIDE If you wish for your registered Stafford rescue to be featured in TSK free of charge please contact sales@thestaffordknot.com



Advertisement sponsored by members of Bull Breeds Online Decals available from: laureen_williams@ntlworld.com

Merchandise also available at www.cafepress.com/thankdog Proceeds go to the AHT for research into PHPV

DO NOT use this image without written permission from Laurene Williams or Diane Taylor. Thank you.





Hello Stafford now available on shirts, mugs, stickers and more. Sales benefit fight against BSL and support rescue and health testing CLICK here to shop

The Stafford Knot, Inc. has applied for 501(c)3 status. If granted, your donations & ad money will be considered tax deductible. We will keep our readers posted as soon as we know.

Bull Breeds Online

Thankdog - All Breeds Equal

Your online forum for all Bull Breed lovers and canine enthusiasts! bullbreedsonline ‘Like� us on Face Book

Help fight BSL promote responsible dog ownership. Tshirts, Calendars, Stickers, & more. Proceeds benefit Stafford causes. CLICK here to shop

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Polar Collars

Experience therapeutic benefits of essential oils for your family & pets too! Distributor Referral #1166695 CLICK here to shop

Please contact Dayna Lemke (USA sales) or Paddy Enfield (UK sales) to purchase your fleece collars. Many colors, sizes and styles available. Custom embroidery also available.

Ad Design

Your Advertisement Here

Do you need an ad created for your show dog? Litter announcement? Flier? Contact me for reasonable rates. Part of your cost is donated to SBT rescue via TSK. References available.

The Stafford Knot offers classified advertising of goods and services which are dog related. Ads are limited to 20 words, no images. For larger ads please consider gallery advertising. The Stafford Knot cannot be held responsible for any items sold through this page. All sales are between seller and purchaser. TSK makes no warranties either written or implied. No puppies for sale ads. No stud dog ads. The Stafford Knot, Inc. reserves the right to deny advertisements at our discretion.



FROM THE EDITOR We can chart our future clearly and wisely only when we know the path which has led to the present. Adlai E. Stevenson, Lawyer & Politician How important is learning about the history of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier to a new breeder? It is possible to simply get a couple dogs and show them, breed them, sell the puppies and be happy with what you are doing and not be the wiser. There is no rule that states this cannot be the way to go. In fact, this is probably how most breeders around the world operate. However, it is my opinion that learning the history of a breed is an important first step because the ability to learn from other's choices, mistakes and opportunities is valuable knowledge a serious breeder needs. If we didn't learn from others before us and in present time, we would be unable to grow, move ahead utilizing knowledge instead of guessing. We would be making the same mistakes and not improving upon the breed. It is helpful to learn to use information that someone else provided by their experiences years ago. Learning about the past is important so we can start where they left off and move on, instead of just repeating what they did. I am referring to health issues, advances in science, study of pedigrees, importance of nutrition and environment, training and interpretation of the breed standard, past show results, breeders of the past, known issues in a breed which affect behavior, contraception, structure - an array of things which contribute to knowing a breed. Knowing its history is knowng its future in a way. The Stafford Knot has from time to time republished articles

and images from the past that we find still valuable today. There are a lot of new folks in the breed now, many of whom do not have mentors who have been in the breed long themselves - or they do not have mentors at all and are just going about their interest in the breed without the advantage of this knowledge. If you are new to this breed, please take advantage of the many folks who have been a fancier for generations. We are lucky to have a great many historians in this breed. Take the time to introduce yourself to them. Ask questions. Take notes. Always be willing to have an open mind and collect information from several resources so that you can then, with more experience, take all that you have learned and apply it to your own interpretation. Dont rely on repeating what you have heard or accepting a fact or opinion. Take your time and do your own research. Educate yourself and keep learning. For me personally, I try to travel overseas and also attend as many Specialty shows as I can and I try to introduce myself to as many people in the breed as I can. I have found over the last 10 years that by listening and watching I have changed my own opinions and ideas the more I learn. Get yourelf books on the breed from the past and read what those people have to say. Look at their drawings and photos and compare that to what you have learned in your time in the breed. Learn the names of people and dogs and why they are important, what they contributed to the breed if

anything. Learn the about a name you recognize in a pedigree as being a popular stud dog or a big winner according to what you have been told - what were its siblings, grandparents, progeny like? Was that dog popular for good reason or just riding on the steamroller of fame. What specifically did it contribute to dogs you see today who are related that you feel meet the standard and are good examples not just popular names? You may well one day breed or own the ‘next big thing’, but you are more likely to have successful and enjoyable years as a fancier if your focus is not on being a top winner, or producing the most champions, or being #1 every year. If you study the history and learn why and what you enjoy about the breed, learn its history, contribute to helping others do the same, then your ‘next big thing’ may very well be the fact that you are well respected and proud of your accomplishments outside the ring or whelping box. Be a winner because of your willingness to learn and share knowledge. Of course history told is only as people doing the telling remember it to be - which is why it is important to study as much as possible from many sources before making your own deductions.

Thank you to our followers for helping to promote health testing in the breed & raising money for Stafford rescues - Share TSK with someone! Thank you to all of you for supporting TSK! Go hug your Staffords! Lynn Caswell, Sr. Editor, Creative Director



BACK ISSUES email editor@thestaffordknot.com for copies of articles if not linked here January 2010 Issue #1, Vol #1 Articles include: Joseph Dunn - Hints to the Novice SBT=Bulldog+Terrier February 2010 Issue #2, Vol #1 Articles include: SBT Breed Seminar, Raymond Crilly Breeders Code of Silence SBT Exhibition Center

March 2010 Issue #3, Vol #1 Articles include: Balance & Movement PHPV - Tala’s Story Demodectic Mange - Alternative Therapies for Treatments

July 2010 Issue #7, Vol #1 Articles include: Dogs Who Fly - Dock Diving Judging My Way The Holy Grail How to Weight Pull with your Staffordshire Bull Terrier Track Training - Starting Out Flyball - “Organized Chaos”

August 2010 - Veterans! Issue #8, Vol #1 Articles include: Grey Muzzles & Puppy Dog Tales Staying in the Game My Sunshine Tammy Alf May be viewed HERE

September 2010 Issue #9, Vol #1 Articles include:

April 2010 Issue #4, Vol #1 Articles include: Training Your Stafford RX For Whelping & Caesarians Forequarters What You See is What You Get What Price Glory The Tragic Loss of Bloodlines Early Neurological Stimulation & Mentoring in America A Very Special Boy Meets His 1st Stafford May be viewed HERE May 2010 Issue #5, Vol #1 Articles include: Info on Health Testing Tan Point Markings - AKA Black & Tan Staffords in Working Trials Fibro Cartila....what? How to Select Against Genetic Disease with Knowledge, Not Hope June 2010 Issue #6, Vol #1 Articles include: GDC Genetics Interview Balance in the SBT One By One - What YOU can do! The Disappearing Sperm SBT Breed Record Holders

October 2010 Issue #10, Vol #1 Articles include: Living With Cushings Don't Steal My Joy What is Natural Rearing Using Genetic Pedigree May be viewed HERE November 2010 Issue #11, Vol #1 Articles include: Miracles Do Happen Nostalgia The Versatile Stafford The Genetic Pedigree Arnica Montana May be viewed HERE

December 2010 Issue #12, Vol #1 Articles include: The Breed Today Puppies For Christmas Pets As Therapy Understanding Recessive Genes A Tribute To Trilby When Things Don’t Go As Planned May be viewed HERE January-February 2011 Issue #1, Vol #2 Articles include: Arthritis How Cassie Became an Australian Obedience Champion What is L2-HGA? Teaching Bite Inhibition The Truth About Vaccines The Eukanuba Experience Q&A - Toplines May be viewed HERE March - April 2011 Issue #2, Vol #2 Articles include: Cherish Every Moment Importance of Nutrition in Natural Healing What is CERF? Competitive Obedience Understanding Judging Consistency How Diatomaceous Earth Works Q&A - Underjaw May be viewed HERE May - June 2011 Issue #3, Vol #2 Articles include: Tally Ho - Lure Coursing The Topline of the SBT The Rule of Fives Interview - Norman Berry (Rendorn) Renal Disease in Canines Hereditary Cataracts in Staffords Q&A - Bites May be viewed HERE



BACK ISSUES email editor@thestaffordknot.com for copies of articles if not linked here July - August 2011 Issue #4, Vol #2 Articles include:

Mar - Apr 20112 Issue #2, Vol #3 Articles include:

Nov - Dec 2012 Issue #6, Vol #3 Articles include:

Breed Specific Legislation Hip Dysplasia Preferred Breed Type The Problem with Dog Parks What Veterinarians are Saying About

Vaccination Reactions Can Mimic Disease Symptoms Phil Drabble Playing COI Kennel Blindness

On Balance Changing Estimates Staff Only Slipping Hocks Puppy Puzzle

the Raw Diet Interview with Tony Brindley (Cabrindle) How It All Began May be viewed HERE

Bull & Terrier Letter To The Editor: Structure May be viewed HERE

Working & Conditioning Staffords Unleashed Q&A Fighting Weight May be viewed HERE

Sept - Oct 2011 Issue #5, Vol #2 Articles include: Got Itch? The Backyard Puppy Sportsmanship, Part 1 Sportsmanship Revisited Dog Showing Q&A - Slipped Hocks May be viewed HERE Nov - Dec 2011 Issue #6, Vol #2 Articles include: The SBT Standard - A Personal Interpretation Breeding - The Big Picture Where Have All The Pure Breeds Gone? The Ostrich Syndrome Foster Mom Finds Rewards The Head of a Staffordshire Bull terrier Q&A - Hocks Let Down May be viewed HERE

May - June 2012 Issue #3, Vol #3 Articles include: SCSBTS 75th Anniversary of 1st Show Hints to the Novice: Joe Dunn Our Dogs - Review of 1936 by HN Beilby The Breed According to Fred Phillips Pictorial Early Staffords Letter To The Editor: Weak Structure May be viewed HERE July - Aug 2012 Issue #4, Vol #3 Articles include: Line Breeding - Past & Present Building Confidence Why The Shit Hits The Fan Flying Bricks - Flyball The Stud Dog

Winter 2013 (New Format) Issue #1, Vol #4 Articles include: The 5 Virtues - Lorelei Craig (Ciera) Tan Point Markings - AKA Black & Tan (Sian Hammond - Hammystaff) Judging Abroad - Chris Jacksic (Jaxstock) Reprogramming the Second Hand Dog - Erica Pardy From Clueless to Champion - Deb Roseman May be viewed HERE Spring 2013 (New Format) Issue #2, Vol #4 Articles include: Important Steps to Safely Foster a Rescue Dog Lorelei Craig (Ciera) An Exceptional Dog - CH Caring Positive Profile Tony Brindley (Cabrindle) We Are Not Judging Statues - Lisa Dubé Forman

All Breed Lure Coursing - Sara Lenahan AKC Judge Letter To The Editor: Judge Competency Champions of the Past (Pictorial) - Brian Owen May be viewed HERE May be viewed HERE

Jan - Feb 2012 Issue #1, Vol #3 Articles include:

Sept - Oct 2012 Issue #5, Vol #3 Articles include:

Faultlessness vs Virtue A Dog Named Tilly BSL - Banning Lassie Meet the Breed What is Your Target?

TSK Photo Contest Sporting Bull & Terrier Klub Polska Karyn Dawes Tribute Q&A Demuxed Progression in Animal/Human

Choice of Stud Dog Letter To The Editor: Imports May be viewed HERE

Behaviour May be viewed HERE

2011 - 2012 Issues also include Illustrated Breed Standard Information on Health Testing Featured Rescues Stud Gallery Breeder Directory 50

Profile for The Stafford Knot, Inc. 501(c)3

The Stafford Knot - Summer 2013, Issue 3, Vol 4  

The Stafford Knot, Inc. is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from li...

The Stafford Knot - Summer 2013, Issue 3, Vol 4  

The Stafford Knot, Inc. is an independent publication and not affiliated with any specific breed club. TSK is a collaborative effort from li...

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